Name

:

Chemistry 142

cid/Base Equilibria #1
Question 1.

What ar€1ht:!1H+]and [OH-] in an aqueous solution prepared by dissolving 0.50g of HClO4 in 750 mL of
solution?

0.508 HQ04 I( l~f!C.1DL =
If) ().
{)

. 0 05"'0

[o,*J,,Question2.

Hc.t D.t

11

:::

(). t)c95D

Hu°Lj

~ttc-IDCf

4{0. :t-X 16 3.E-

I. GJt...lo'4

"l5)<

I

+tc.J0 It ""

~t\+-::\

a-I: COW]

What are the pH and pOH of an aqueous solution prepared by dissolving 0.36g of KOH in 250 mL of
solution.

"': :=:;).0 X /D7-~ f\[)ft
[DH-J

O.3"gKDf-) y.~~~:~

V.?-5l-

.

p1
~f+~

Qu~"on3.

~

~

::.

-1°31 ('2.b\C.fO)

:- !. 5'tf
----

IY.O

~

1.SC(:;

{2.41 -

~a.'~~~
~;I~~~N:H~O.2~~;f~t:Q J1m1
D.7-Lfl- Hcl X- Q.t>s-s
::: L 3 XID~~!iC,;I

\-\c.,!+Ajo.b~ --B J0..D

+ Hz..V

(L--

-

tJJ:>H ~-tk~

.

~

L'3XI'h::2.~.k~ -~rO)( \(f3M-,eQ, ifxI03~~

\:nc(}= L~~"1

~

~tf)(..fIi-~

Page1ot2

:::. ';)..x.

r

zr ~Jf- +

~.::::

0t~

~

~

-l fJV ~ XlffJ=t 1-

-

Name:

Question 4.

Chemistry 142

What is the conjugate base of each of the following?

a) HCI

c,-

b) H2P04-

ItfOLjJ-c) CCI3COOH

CC)3CO 0Question 5.

What is the conjugate acid of each of the following?
a) H2P04-

H3P~
b) NH3

P Il-y+
c) CO 32-

HcOi
Question 6.

Identify the Br0nsted-Lowry acids and bases in the following equations.

a) CI02- + H2O ~ HCI02 + OW

1;~

~

<-~ C..~~

b) HS04- + H2O ~ H30+ + S042-

~\~

\)~

C.~

G~bAAa-

c) NH4+ + NH2- ~ NH3 + NH3

1; L-

J.;J ~. ~

t't
,y4
o-.1oMa- C. ~

Page 2 of 2

Name:

Chemistry 142

!Acid/Base Equilibria #2
Question 1.

Write the equation for the ionization for each of the following.
a) HF

+

l-+z..D

H--:sD"+

~

b) CsHsN + H2O

c) HC6HsO-4-~2-'D

d) CH3NH2

+

:;:::

J-)SJJt-t+ + g) l-\

C ~~~O

~ «).::;:::

--

t1s'OT

t-

C~6'\H+-i +-81-+-

Calculate the pH of a O.SOMaqueous solution of ammonia. Kb = 1.8x 10-5.

Question2.

P f,}:

pJ~3-\- 1+,,0~

Kb

~

.:;;:::=

F-

+-f)

~ -~

~.w4+:J[J9l-.r:) . )~<6x16S- -- ~

~

~~:J)
Q

~. 0 X l 0

~:::-

-S
:::.

Q.SO---Y
<LDH-J

f 0 ~ - - ( <J~ C'3.C)'k \«j"3j
~

fit""

ILf.<!;)a~2.'S'2

Page 1 of 2

~

c

::?-. ~'J..

{!.4D

Name:

Chemistry 142

Question 3.

A 0.20M solution of hypochlorous acid has a pH of 4.08. Calculate Ka for hypochlorous acid.

Hoc( ~-

H+- t-

[).VJ
--lL

G

($). 2-0

t< 0-

[) C(-

()

C>

-t7'-

t~

~

~

..."r

J

::- j)-t + It(J -]
J
LJ+OC-t

f [-L- 4-.e 1);"

[1-\ TJ~

l6tt.~

<6-<3,X[O-S-

--y

1)+ '>-J -;;:<6. ~ ~ 1D~

~

c...1-::1 ~ '1

;: "b."'> ..>--\

~]::: Q.W-'.L
Ka.:;

0-S-

=0

<9.2-0-«,.~

~.6X16~l~.SXJO~
() . 2C)

Page 2 of2

W-S-:::OW

~, '3.4,k.10'6

Name:
Question

~

Chemistry
. try 142 Acid/Base Equilibria
#3142

Ch

1.

A 0.0010mole sample of NaOH is added to 1.0L of a solution that is 0.10M NH3 and 0.050MNH4Cl. What
is the pH of the solution after this addition?
a) Write the equation for the ionization of NH3 in water.

~ It~
.

,:)~l.t+t-OH-

+ H~O ~-

b) With which of the solutes will the added NaOH react?

.

~

Jj~f:)UUo- ~I;;twdi~~
fJ~-t'/'fk-~"
~t.JIa-I;~JM>
~ ~"6NIItt-tw.e~
''b-L t) . &-«5 16)Jt1 7L-

- (i

#-

~

~

- (J ')/i"'::1U;W'='~'h~;J°!};~"~
l)

t

~
if

60 10 P\~;L .

d) Calculate the pH of the solution prior to adding the NaOH.

H~.l) c-:

+

flH3

D'l~

-'~
e>.(

C}()-

Ik'.

Y

[~+ J""

~

!).~y

-S'

(I,'b:::-/\~XID

PJtlt~ + 0ff0 .cso
0
t~
tJ

(0.5519

=::

~ l:)' too-~

l~0 ""It>-l~

-

T\f)"J-

,

-s-

-.. ) ~-:;::: 3.b>l..lO

'" 9-. 'D 1\/O-to .}f'!+ ~

Page 1 of 2

9.

C:,

{;

fp~j

Name:

Chemistry 142

e) Calculate the pH after the addition.

~..JW
~~+

0

k"

l\b

::

p~

~o ~

4-

}J H-~
D.lOO

.4-

0

. oolO
--y.-

C/

$""0

-- O.OOlO
rl'-

-!:>- (Q. 04 ~ +1t)><1.~x.tO
)
0" (Ol-~
~

~--y-s--

'-/('::

~ te~ C1>. ~ X Ioj

fO U-~

Question 2.

.0

~ H--

of-

Co

~.fQS-XID

= 4.y ~

<'-

~

-= JJ7H-~

/ f If .::.

'1'. SCc,

To a fresh sample of the buffer in "Question I" calculate the change in pH after 0.010 moles of HCl are
added.

Al*3

+

D

-=oc:::::-IJ (.Ilt

+-

.D O

0.100

- C).OID

()

\+-

0

-t O. 0 to

-)t

+

+
tJ .t)cro-'f
f), () Cot)r'l-

K b=

I. <t< X.l D-~

fit:

{(9.0f>O-t---Y
)~
f). O~D-lL

(c

.

) 1c.= ~ 1+)(

t:t. y~

Page 2 of 2

;..s-

to

= [${J-J