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# EML 3100 – Thermodynamics NAME:_____________________________

**Quiz 12 and 13 – Fall 2013
**

Open book/Open notes/Laptop and calculators allowed

Fifty minute time limit

1) A refrigerator unit with R-134a as its working fluid has an evaporator temperature

of -10ºC and an adiabatic compressor with a pressure ratio of five to one. The

actual temperature at the exit of the compressor is 55ºC. The ambient room

temperature is 25ºC. Find the isentropic and second law efficiencies of the

compressor as well as the coefficient of performance for the cycle assuming

that all elements of the cycle are ideal except for the compressor. You may

assume that the compressor is adiabatic and ignore kinetic and potential

energy of the refrigerant flow.

Solution:

1 1 1 1 1

2 1

2

2 2 2 2

3 2 3 3 4

2

10 , 1 0.2006 , 1.733 , 392.7

5 1.003

1.003 , 1.733 426.1

55 , 1.003 436.2 , 1.764

, 0 255.7

o

s

o

s

compressor

kJ kJ

T C x P MPa s h

kg K kg

P P MPa

kJ kJ

P MPa s h h

kg K kg

kJ kJ

T C P MPa h s

kg kg K

kJ

P P x h h

kg

h h

1

2 1

2 0 2 1 0 1

2

2 1

1 4

2 1

0.768

( ) ( )

0.788

3.15

nd Law

h h

h T s h T s

h h

h h

h h

EML 3100 – Thermodynamics NAME:_____________________________

Quiz 12 and 13 – Fall 2013

Open book/Open notes/Laptop and calculators allowed

Fifty minute time limit

1) A refrigerator unit with R-134a as its working fluid has an evaporator temperature

of -5ºC and an adiabatic compressor with a pressure ratio of five to one. The

actual temperature at the exit of the compressor is 58ºC. The ambient room

temperature is 20ºC. Find the isentropic and second law efficiencies of the

compressor as well as the coefficient of performance for the cycle assuming

that all elements of the cycle are ideal except for the compressor. You may

assume that the compressor is adiabatic and ignore kinetic and potential

energy of the refrigerant flow.

Solution:

1 1 1 1 1

2 1

2

2 2 2 2

3 2 3 3 4

2

5 , 1 0.2433 , 1.730 , 395.7

5 1.2165

1.2165 , 1.730 429.2

58 , 1.2165 435.2 , 1.748

, 0 266.8

o

s

o

s

compressor

kJ kJ

T C x P MPa s h

kg K kg

P P MPa

kJ kJ

P MPa s h h

kg K kg

kJ kJ

T C P MPa h s

kg kg K

kJ

P P x h h

kg

h

1

2 1

2 0 2 1 0 1

2

2 1

1 4

2 1

0.848

( ) ( )

0.866

3.26

nd Law

h

h h

h T s h T s

h h

h h

h h

EML 3100 – Thermodynamics NAME:_____________________________

Quiz 12 and 13 – Fall 2013

Open book/Open notes/Laptop and calculators allowed

Fifty minute time limit

1) A refrigerator unit with R-134a as its working fluid has an evaporator temperature

of -10ºC and an adiabatic compressor with a pressure ratio of five to one. The actual

temperature at the exit of the compressor is 53ºC. The ambient room temperature is

23ºC. Find the isentropic and second law efficiencies of the compressor as well as the

coefficient of performance for the cycle assuming that all elements of the cycle are ideal

except for the compressor. You may assume that the compressor is adiabatic and ignore

kinetic and potential energy of the refrigerant flow.

Solution:

1 1 1 1 1

2 1

2

2 2 2 2

3 2 3 3 4

2

10 , 1 0.2006 , 1.733 , 392.7

5 1.003

1.003 , 1.733 426.1

53 , 1.003 434.0 , 1.758

, 0 255.7

o

s

o

s

compressor

kJ kJ

T C x P MPa s h

kg K kg

P P MPa

kJ kJ

P MPa s h h

kg K kg

kJ kJ

T C P MPa h s

kg kg K

kJ

P P x h h

kg

h h

1

2 1

2 0 2 1 0 1

2

2 1

1 4

2 1

0.809

( ) ( )

0.821

3.32

nd Law

h h

h T s h T s

h h

h h

h h

EML 3100 – Thermodynamics NAME:_____________________________

Quiz 12 and 13 – Fall 2013

Open book/Open notes/Laptop and calculators allowed

Fifty minute time limit

1) A refrigerator unit with R-134a as its working fluid has an evaporator temperature

of -5ºC and an adiabatic compressor with a pressure ratio of five to one. The actual

temperature at the exit of the compressor is 59ºC. The ambient room temperature is

20ºC. Find the isentropic and second law efficiencies of the compressor as well as the

coefficient of performance for the cycle assuming that all elements of the cycle are ideal

except for the compressor. You may assume that the compressor is adiabatic and ignore

kinetic and potential energy of the refrigerant flow.

Solution:

1 1 1 1 1

2 1

2

2 2 2 2

3 2 3 3 4

2

5 , 1 0.2433 , 1.730 , 395.7

5 1.2165

1.2165 , 1.730 429.2

59 , 1.2165 436.3 , 1.752

, 0 266.8

o

s

o

s

compressor

kJ kJ

T C x P MPa s h

kg K kg

P P MPa

kJ kJ

P MPa s h h

kg K kg

kJ kJ

T C P MPa h s

kg kg K

kJ

P P x h h

kg

h

1

2 1

2 0 2 1 0 1

2

2 1

1 4

2 1

0.825

( ) ( )

0.841

3.17

nd Law

h

h h

h T s h T s

h h

h h

h h

EML 3100 – Thermodynamics NAME:_____________________________

Quiz 12 and 13 – Fall 2013

2) An ideal Brayton cycle is to be modeled as an air standard cycle with k=1.4 and

C

P

=1.004 kJ/kg-K. The engine intakes air at 280 K and 70 kPa, the pressure ratio across

the compressor is 20 to 1, and the combustor is modeled by a heat transfer of 600 kJ/kg.

Find the cycle efficiency, the ratio of the compressor work over the turbine work, and the

temperatures at the exit of the compressor, combustor, and turbine. Based on the

temperatures found above, would the efficiency of this cycle be improved if a regenerator

was added?

Solution:

( 1)/ 0.4/1.4

( 1)/ 0.4/1.4 2

2

1

3 2

( 1)/ 3

4

4

2 1

3 4

4 2

1 1

1 1 0.575

( ) 20

( ) 20 659

1256.6

( ) 533.9

( )

0.524

( )

th k k

r

k k

r

H

P

k k

r

c P

T P

P

T

P T K

T

q

T T K

C

T

P T K

T

w C T T

w C T T

T T

so a regenerator would not improve the performance.

EML 3100 – Thermodynamics NAME:_____________________________

Quiz 12 and 13 – Fall 2013

2) An ideal Brayton cycle is to be modeled as an air standard cycle with k=1.4 and

C

P

=1.004 kJ/kg-K. The engine intakes air at 300 K and 90 kPa, the pressure ratio across

the compressor is 18 to 1, and the combustor is modeled by a heat transfer of 500 kJ/kg.

Find the cycle efficiency, the ratio of the compressor work over the turbine work, and the

temperatures at the exit of the compressor, combustor, and turbine. Based on the

temperatures found above, would the efficiency of this cycle be improved if a regenerator

was added?

Solution:

( 1)/ 0.4/1.4

( 1)/ 0.4/1.4 2

2

1

3 2

( 1)/ 3

4

4

2 1

3 4

4 2

1 1

1 1 0.562

( ) 18

( ) 18 685

1183

( ) 518

( )

0.579

( )

th k k

r

k k

r

H

P

k k

r

c P

T P

P

T

P T K

T

q

T T K

C

T

P T K

T

w C T T

w C T T

T T

so a regenerator would not improve the performance.

EML 3100 – Thermodynamics NAME:_____________________________

Quiz 12 and 13 – Fall 2013

2) An ideal Brayton cycle is to be modeled as an air standard cycle with k=1.4 and

C

P

=1.004 kJ/kg-K. The engine intakes air at 270 K and 50 kPa, the pressure ratio across

the compressor is 21 to 1, and the combustor is modeled by a heat transfer of 600 kJ/kg.

Find the cycle efficiency, the ratio of the compressor work over the turbine work, and the

temperatures at the exit of the compressor, combustor, and turbine. Based on the

temperatures found above, would the efficiency of this cycle be improved if a regenerator

was added?

Solution:

( 1)/ 0.4/1.4

( 1)/ 0.4/1.4 2

2

1

3 2

( 1)/ 3

4

4

2 1

3 4

4 2

1 1

1 1 0.581

( ) 21

( ) 21 644.4

1242.0

( ) 520.4

( )

0.526

( )

th k k

r

k k

r

H

P

k k

r

c P

T P

P

T

P T K

T

q

T T K

C

T

P T K

T

w C T T

w C T T

T T

so a regenerator would not improve the performance.

EML 3100 – Thermodynamics NAME:_____________________________

Quiz 12 and 13 – Fall 2013

2) An ideal Brayton cycle is to be modeled as an air standard cycle with k=1.4 and

C

P

=1.004 kJ/kg-K. The engine intakes air at 280 K and 100 kPa, the pressure ratio across

the compressor is 18 to 1, and the combustor is modeled by a heat transfer of 500 kJ/kg.

Find the cycle efficiency, the ratio of the compressor work over the turbine work, and the

temperatures at the exit of the compressor, combustor, and turbine. Based on the

temperatures found above, would the efficiency of this cycle be improved if a regenerator

was added?

Solution:

( 1)/ 0.4/1.4

( 1)/ 0.4/1.4 2

2

1

3 2

( 1)/ 3

4

4

2 1

3 4

4 2

1 1

1 1 0.562

( ) 18

( ) 18 639.5

1137.5

( ) 498.1

( )

0.562

( )

th k k

r

k k

r

H

P

k k

r

c P

T P

P

T

P T K

T

q

T T K

C

T

P T K

T

w C T T

w C T T

T T

so a regenerator would not improve the performance.