You are on page 1of 76

Raimondi

A TOT t WIR
STRTEGY AGINST
PEKING
Dg 0D. 10D@ LO0D
1/All we need do is to understand how to make the most of
our strengths to attack the enemy's weaknesses. Then we
can snatch victory out of the jaws of defeat. The Chinese
Communist Party is extremely weak, just like a paper
tiger-one poke and you could pierce it th

ough. All the


masses on the mainland are opposed to communism."
-Gen. Teng Chieh
This amazing little book by one of the top leaders of Taiwan's
Kuomintang party, published by Chinese Flag Monthly in December
1988, charted the course for the Chinese students' revolution that
erupted just a few onths later. Preface by Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr.
Exclusive U.S. distributor:
Ben Franklin Booksellers
27 South King St.
Leesburg, VP 22075
(703) 777-3661
$.99 (plus $1.0 postage and
handling for first book, $.0 for
each additional book), Virginia
residents add 4 tax.
Founder and Contributing Editor:
Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr.
Editor: Nora Hamerman
Managing Editors: John Sigerson and Susan
Welsh
Editorial Board: Warren Hamerman, Melvin
Klenetsk, Antony Papert, Gerald Rose, Alan
Salisbur, Edward Spannaus, Nancy
Spannaus, Webster Tarpley, William Wertz,
Carol White, Christopher White
Science and Technology: Carol White
Spcial Services: Richard Freeman
Bok Editor: Katherine Notley
Adverising Director: Marsha Freeman
Circulation Manager: Joseph Jennings
INTELLIGENCE DIRECTORS:
Afica: Mar Llevee
Agriculture: Marcia Merr
Asia: Lind de Hoyos
Counterintelligence: Jefey Steinberg,
Paul Goldstein
Economics: Christopher White
Europan Economics: William Engdahl,
Laurent Murawiec
Ibro-America: Robyn Quijano, Dennis Small
Law: Edward Spannaus
Medicine: John Grauerholz, M.D.
Middle East: Thierr Lalevee
Soviet Union and Easter Europ:
Rachel Douglas, Konstantin George
Spcial Projects: Mark Burdman
United States: Kathleen Klenetsk
INTERNATIONAL BUREAUS:
Bangkok: Pakee and Sophie Tanapura
Bogota: Javier Almario
Bonn: George Gregor, Rainer Apel
Copnhagen: Poul Rasmussen
Houston: Harley Schlanger
Lima: Sara Madueio
Mexico City: H<go L6pez Ochoa, Josefna
Menendez
Milan: Marco Fanini
New Delhi: Susan Maitra
Paris: Christine Bierre
Rio d Janeiro: Silvia Palacios
Rome: Leonardo Servadio, Stefania Sacchi
Stokholm: Michael Ericson
Washington, D.C.: William Jones
Wiesbaden: Goran Haglund
EIRIExecutive Intelligence Review (ISSN 02733!4)is
published weekly (50issues) except for the second week
of July a. nd last week of December b New Solidrit
Interational Press Service P.O. Box 5178, Washington.
DC 2035(202)457-8840
EampeanHemn: Executive Intelligence Review
Nachrichtenagentur GmbH. Postfach 2308.
Dtzheimerstrasse 166. D-620 Wiesbaden. Federal Republic
of Gerany
Tel: (0121) 8840. Executive Directors: Anno Hellenbroich.
Michael Liebig
InDenm: EIR. Rosenvaengets Aile 20. 210 Copnhagen
OE. Tel. (01) 42-15-0
InMexico: EIR. Francisco Dfaz Covarbias 54 A-3
Colonia San Rafael. Mexico DF. Tel: 705-1295.
Jqnsabsemnsmes:O.T.O. Researh Corration.
Takeuchi Bldg . 1-34-12 Takatanobaba. Shinjuku-Ku. Tokyo
16. Tel: (03) 208-7821.
Copyright 1987 New Solidarity Interational Prss Service.
All rights reserved. Repruction in whole or in par without
prmission strictly prohibited. Second-class pstage paid at
Washington D.C . and at an additional mailing ofces. 3
months-$125. 6 months-$225. I year-$396. Single
issue-$IO
Ptmter: Scod aII addmss chaogcs to EIR. F.O. ox
17390. Washiogtoo, D.C. 201-039.
lOH IDC LOIOI
According to the Wall Street Journal of Sept. J, ABC-TV's Peter
Jennings says he did not know when he interviewed Henry Kissinger
on U.S. policy toward the Beijing regime, that Henry had such
extensive fnancial interests in China! Too bad Peter Jennings does
not read the EIR, where we have been reporting about Kissinger's
mercenary ties to the butchers of Beijing since last spring.
Good thing you do read the EIR, because unlike the Wall Street
Journal, or ABC, we also detailed how Henry's Chinese friends are
among the world's biggest dope pushers. This week we are giving
you more of our unique reportage of what is important to know, if
this world is going to have a chance to survive:
The economy and banking system. The U.S. goverment is
churing up optimistic statistics, but even the markets don't seem to
believe them for more than fve minutes. See the lead story in Eco
nomics for why we'd be better off if the crash came sooner rather
than later. On page , read about how this has all thrown a spotlight
in Ibero-America on the fate of persecuted economist Lyndon La
Rouche, who foresaw the crisis and mapped out a solution, based on
classical "American System" principles.
The East bloc. Our coverage begins on page J and includes
a telling glimpse into conditions in East Germany, based on our
conversations with refugees; an exclusive interview with an eminent
Vatican fgure on his recent experiences in Lithuania; and an in
depth examination of the implications for Poland of the Auschwitz
controversy, by Muriel Mirak.
The war on drugs. We-Lyndon LaRouche and his associ
ates-wrote the book on this, literally, starting with EIR's V!
cover story charging that the Interational Monetary Fund and com
pany push drugs. That led to the book Dope, Inc.-frst edition, late
V!, second edition V3 in Spanish, Vin English. This writer
was editor in chief of War on Drugs magazine, and we never feared
to name the names of those "above suspicion" who proft from the
destruction of countless lives. In addition to the Feature, which
surveys the current deployment of the drug mob's front-men, see
pages -+for the update on Colombia's courageous offensive, and
a frst dossier on the drug-running mission of Henry Kissinger's
friend Assad, of Syria.
TilCtent
HlCCWS
39 Monsignor Ladas Tulaba
The former rector of the Pontifcal
Lithuanian College in Rome
discusses the enormous upheaval
taking place in the Baltic nations .
+ Ruggero Raimondi
One of the world's leading
operatic bass-baritones tells why
he has joined the battle against
today' s high musical tunin.
OOKHCVCWS
54 Why America is losing
'the game'
The Game Player: Confessions of
the CIA' s Original Political
Operative. by Miles Copeland.
56 A civil libertarian who
opposes liberty
Why We Act Like Canadians. by
Pierre Burton.
LCQmDCDU
49 Satanwatch
"Black Sabbath" in Sweden.
50 Andean Report
Who will join Colombia in battle?
51 Panama Report
Non-Aligned nations back
Noriega.
1Z Editorial
Who is this man?
COUODCS
4 Take the crash now!
Waiting will make it worse
Rather than madly trying to roll
over about $1.25 trillion of
unpayable debt through short-term
schemes, it would be far better for
our economy, to collapse the
pyramid right now.
6 Baakers fear Lyndon
LaRouche's infuence in
Ibero-America
8 The 'orthodox' road to a
dope economy
Poles considering Jeffrey Sachs's
"economic shock therapy" should
consider how he wrecked Bolivia.
10 Currency Rates
11 The Wyoming mirage
Prospects for a multi-billion U. S.
Soviet agreement are fading fast.
12 Hippie agriculture makes
it to the big time, will
create food shortages
14 Report from Rio
Brazil declares "white
moratorium. "
15 Agriculture
No more cheese for school
lunches.
16 Busness Briefs
tCBUtC
Three prominent advocates of legalized drg-pushing
(lef to right): Carer drug adviser Dr. Peter Boure;
quack economist Milton Friedman; former Colombian
President Alfonso LOpz Michelsen.
18 The drug mob's legalizers
go on the warpath
The footsoldiers of the
intemational narcotics mafa and
their fiendly bankers, have united
in a single chorus to demand that
drugs be legalized. Who are these
spreaders of enemy propaganda,
and how can they and their
masters be defeated? In this
section, EIR provides vital
intelligence for all who can muster
the will to fght.
.
20 Lyndon LaRouche's 15-
point plan for a war on
drugs
22 LaRouche's 20-year war
on Dope, Inc.
24 Foundation seeks end to
dope 'prohibition'
About the Drug Policy
Foundation.
27 A rogues' gallery of drug
legalizers
28 The fallacious case for
legalization
Dr. John Grauerholz refutes their
arguments.
Volume Number 38, September 2, U8U
HUO8DOH8
30 Colombia takes ofensive
again; more aid is urgent
A series of new decrees has
cleared away a number of
bureaucratic barriers which the
drug cartel has been using to
protect itself. But the Army is
running out of such essentials as
gasoline and uniforms. Where will
it get the money?
32 Syria: narcotics center of
the Middle East
35 Moscow loses ground in
East Germany, as exodus
disturbs 'New Yalta' plans
37 Ukrainian freedom
movement gathers
strength, backed by Polish
Solidamosc
41 Auschwitz uproar
endangers Poland at its
historic crossroads
48 What hangs on Zhao
Ziyang's fate
52 International Intelligence
N3DOHmNCWS
Boris Yeltsin asks America
to save the Soviet Empire
The slick "ultra-reformist" from
Russia, on tour in the United
States, acted as Gorbachov' s right
hand man, warning of a cataclysm
unless the West rolls out the
fnancial red carpet for the Soviet
Empire.
b Bush called 'personally
responsible' for LaRouche
b1 Helms amendment on art
funding bill needs support,
criticism too
bZ U.S. press blackout of
KGB-Palme story fnally
broken
b4 Estonian activist seeks
U.S. support
b Judge Bryan: COG in
police-state machine
The judge who railroaded Lyndon
LaRouche seems to be part of the
"secret goverment" he protected.
bb Iowa explosion blamed on
sailor
b7 Eye on Washington
Yeltsin visit: a Soviet deception.
b Congressional Closeup
7 National News
TilEconomcs
Tae te crash now!
,
Waiting wi mae it wore
by Chris White
A number of proposals has surfaced in recent days, from
people who ought to know better, or institutions which should
have other things to be concered with, about what to do with
the past few years' grotesque expansion of unpayable U. S.
indebtedness. The combined efect of the proposals is to
attempt to roll over the mass of debt which has to be serviced
at the end of this month, around about $1. 25 trillion, into the
early part of next year.
Be warned: It would actually be much better to take the
crash now and get it over with. If the monstrous pyramid of
paper is rolled over again, for a few months, the delay will
only ensure that the collapse, when it does come, will be that
much worse. More damage will be done to the equity invest
ment and savings portfolios of ordinary people, more people
will lose homes, and more insurance policies and retirement
accounts destroyed, than if the crash were taken during this
autumn.
Perhaps the most dangerous among the current crop of
proposals was foated on Sept. ! by Comptroller of the Cur
rency Robert Clarke, the Treasury Department offcial who
is responsible for overseeing the nation's banking system.
Clarke wants to see the capital reserve requirements of na
tionally chartered commercial banks sliced in half, from a
ratio of 6% of assets down to 3%. According to Clark, the
proposal was checked with both Alan Greenspan at the Fed
eral Reserve, and offcials in the Treasury Department, be
fore it saw the light of day.
Cutting the banks' reserve requirements in half means
doubling the volume of liabilities secured against the same
margin of capital. So here we have the nation's top regulatory
ofcials putting forward, in all seriousness, as an "improve
ment," a measure which would permit the banks to take on
another $1 trillion of debt as on-the-books liabilities.
This is not the frst time the regulators have changed the
4 Economics
rules when the banks get iqto trouble. Back in 1 982, in the
goo old days, bfor what became known as "crative" or
"innovative" fnancing, bans could only carry debt on their
books until it was 90 days in default; then they had to write it
off. Then the rles changed, so they had to rport delinquent
loans. And then the time was stretched out. And then, in
1 983-84, the rgulators peritted the burgeoning of what 8
now called off-balance she
d
liabilities.
Now they 8 more blat.nt. And now the court system is
getting in on the act as well; A federal district appeals court
ruled in the same week, that commercial banks 8 entitled
to sell, as securities, goverment-secured mortgage paper.
By Sept. 1 1 , that decision was being interprted within the
banking community so as t permit the securitization, and
thus sale, of all bank loans outstanding. This way, banks in
really bad shape, like Banrs Trst, Manufacturers Hano
ver, Bank of America, and Citibank, can get a slice of the
income stream of others like Morgan Guaranty.
The twice-bankrupt Continental Illinois led the way in
this, packaging $30 million or so of banks' leveraged buy
out loans into a security for sale on the credit markets. The
only problem with this, is that of the approximately 15 banks
holding more than $1 billion in buy-out debt, the total of such
loans outstanding, about $40 billion, is 25% greater than their
paid-in capital.
It might well be asked why the regulators and the court
system are coming up with these crazy ideas. The world is
on the eve of the biggest fnancial catastrophe in human
history. More than $20 trillion of indebtedness and specula
tion, based on the dollar alone, is overdue to blow. The best
informed estimates are that this mass of paper wealth could
begin to come down around the second week of October.
Such informed estimates assrt an 80% probability that such
could happn.
EIR September 21, 1989
Te kind of thing bein
g
put forward by Clarke and the
appeals court are part of the hysterical efforts being directed
to attempt to tilt the whole in favor of the residual 20%. Their
plan: Incrase the debt by some magnitude, up to a trillion
dollars perhaps; rdistribute the losses within the banking
system, through securitization of liabilities outstanding, to
provide those who are short of earings with a whiff of
income for the weeks ahead; and set up sales of assets, which
may never be concluded, to appear to offset losses on the
accounts.
If, thrugh such means, the potential October blow-out
is averted, hold on to your hats, and whatever else you can
hold on t, because by January-March of next year, the thus
delayed crsis will erpt in more violent form.
Ceaoemaeoterepeatbistery
The eruption that is about to occur will no doubt take the
for of "runs against the banks. " Some of the older genera
tion, who remember the last time, back in 1933, afer the
prvious summer's Kreditanstalt affair in Vienna, probably
still remember the day when Franklin Roosevelt declared a
bank holiday, and shut down the nation's banking system to
stop pople fom pulling their deposits out. That's the kind
of event that is looming.
Runs against the banks, requiring emergency action by
the executive branch to avert breakdown and chaos, is the
third and last level of bankruptcy. It is the phase which is
waiting to happen. It should have happened in 1988. It was
delayed by the wave of leveraged buy-outs, culminating in
the $25 billion takeover of RJR Nabisco by Kravis Kohlberg
Roberts, and the banks who bankrolled them. Many of the
buy-outs of 1 988 were organized such that interest did not
have to be paid until one year or 18 months after completion
of the deal.
The leveraged buy-outs of 1987-88 were the end of the
second level of bankruptcy, the bankruptcy of the fnancial
system as a whole. During 1985-86 the fnancial system had
gone into technical bankruptcy, unable to generate the reve
nue t serice and amortize debt. The growth of debt and
spculation since then, of all kinds-goverment, house
hold, fnancial and non-fnancial business debt-from about
$tllion to over $20 trillion, is the proof. The norm for the
last years has been not to pay down the debt, but to roll over
the bulk of the claims outstanding, adding $2 trillion per year
in new debt and speculation.
The fnancial bankruptcy took place on top of the frst
level of bankrptcy, the collapse of the physical economy
below brak-even capacity, which took place around 1981-
82, aftr Federal Reserve chairman Paul Volcker's high in
terst rate plicy had delivered the coup de grace. The col
lapse below brak-even is represented by the increasing im
poverishment of the population, the collapse of household
foration and maintenance, the collapse of productive em
ployment, to below 20% of the work force as a whole, ob-
ER September 21 , 1989
solescence of equipment, defcit in prouction of gos, flled
by imported products, and the accumulating defcit in main
tenance of basic infrastructure.
Contrary to the fashionable babbling of recent years, the
growth of the fnancial side of the world economy is ulti
mately collateralized against the growth in productivity and
output of the physical economy. Now we have something
very diferent: The current money costs of break-even fnc
tioning would be between $4 and $5 trillion per annum,
against the $2 to $2.5 trillion paid. However, neither the
trained labor nor the goods exist to be bought to sustain that
level of functioning, even assuming the $5 trillion or so were
available. Indeed, since 1984-85, the combined total of debt
and speculation has been increasing annually by the amount
allocated to cover investment, wages, and material supplies
for the economy.
Ultimately the paper claims embodied in the mass of debt
are only worth the goods they can be converted into. The
economic side has sta
g
nated and declined, the combined debt
and speculative claims against goods have been increasing at
about 14% per annum.
The run against the banks, which is waiting to happen, is
the point at which holders of fnancial instruments scramble
to tum paper claims into tangible goods, in whatever form
that might take. At that point the pile of debt collapses down
the line of leverage by which it grew.
This is the threat which Clarke and the other ofcials are
responding to, when they propose to double the volume of
liabilities banks can hold against a given level of paid-in
capital. The idiocy is brought to absurdity when Clarke ar
gues that this would put commercial banks on the same foot
ing as the savings and loan banks. Back in 1982, Treasury
Secrtay Donald Regan and Paul Volcker prmittd te trifs
that survived 21 % interest rates, to cut their capital standards
in half, too. But it won't take seven years to push the com
mercial banks over the edge like it did the S&Ls. The com
mercial banks are in much worse shape than the S&Ls ever
were. The scramble began back in June with the $1 billion
default of Integrated Resources, the fnancial services com
pany. Integrated was the frst of a steadily growing line of
large leveraged buy-outs that have gone belly-up. Not sur
prisingly, for leveraged buy-outs seem to have been arranged
on the strange principle that debt service charges should
exceed the company's operating income, sometimes by as
much as four or fve times.
Clarke and company should lea that you don't stop a
run on the banks by throwing paper at them; you have to deal
with the fnancial bankruptcy, and the collapse of the econ
omy, which consecutively brought about the conditions for
the run on the banks. What's called for is a retur to produc
tion, with a reorganized credit system to make it possible.
Under those circumstances, the expected losses might be
contained. It will still be much less painful to do that this fall,
than it will be six months later in the spring of 1990.
Economics 5
Baers fea Lydon Laouches
infuence in Iero-Aerica
by Roby QUijao
On Sept. 14, Peruvian Sen. Josmell Munoz and Deputy Man
uel Benza Pfuker, joined Luis Vasquez, secretary general of
the Peruvian Labor Party, at a well-attended press conference
in the offce of the secretary general of the Senate to demand
the freedom of U. S. political prisoner Lyndon H. LaRouche.
"We, as Peruvians, must defend the only voice in the
United States who defends the Third World and defends the
poor of the earth, " congressman Benza told the press. He
continued, "Mr. LaRouche also has stood out for protesting
the prcedures employed by the interational banks for col
lecting foreign debts, and has called them 'usurers. ' "
The call from the Peruvian Senate took place less than
two weeks afer Helga Zepp-LaRouche, the wife of the po
litical prisoner, addressed the Brazilian Nationalist Parlia
mentary Front of Senators and Deputies in Brasilia. Mrs.
LaRouche spoke about the political persecution of her hus
band, afer having been invited by many parliamentarians
who had signed an appeal for the freedom of LaRouche last
April. Her visit was put into the ofcial record of the Cham
ber of Deputies, along with the congressmen's call for La
Rouche to be given a fair trial, and "for the immediate end to
the forced labor regimen and systematic aggression Mr.
LaRouche is being subjected to."
While Mrs. LaRouche was on her week-long three-city
visit to Brazil, the usurers put out the alarm. The Wall Street
Joural ran a commentary by Sergio Sarmiento on Sept. l
entitled "Lyndon LaRouche's Latin American Connection, "
which is a declaration of hysteria over the fact that the infu
ence of LaRouche's ideas is even greater now in Latin Amer
ica than before he became a political prisoner. "LaRouche
of tens seems to fnd the right connection with powerful po
ple at the right time. . . . His August 1982 interview with
Jose Lopez Portillo, then Mexico's President-a meeting in
which he is supposed to have presented a plan for the gover
ment's takeover of the nation's banking system (,Operation
Juarez') just before Mr. Lopez Portillo actually carried it
out-is another example, " laments Sarmiento.
The jailing and character assassination of LaRouche was
to have erased the power of his economic program, Operation
Juarez, which details the way the developing sector can save
itself frm being victims of userers. The LaRouche prgram
was crucial in 1982 when he met with then President Lopez
6 Economics
Portillo. Now, in the contex of the coming fnancial collapse,
it is even more imporant for the survival of the nations of
Central and South America. Thus the mobilization of Ibero
American notables to demand the freedom of LaRouche be
fore his Oct. 6 appeal, has underlined to the very unhappy
bankers that, when teir house of cads comes tumbling down,
possibly this October, LaRouche's economic program could
make policymakers on the continent into a powerful adver
sary to the bank's looting policies.
Days before the event in the Peruvian Senate, the Per
vian magazine Oiga published a wild slander against La
Rouche in its Sept. 1 1 edition. The aricle, entitled "A Stange
Friendship, " caries a photp of President Alan Garcia with
the caption, "He Salutes Laouche as 'the next President of
the United States.' " The four page slander begins by stating,
"Oct. 6 will be a crcial day for Lyndon LaRouche, the
eccentric U.S. plitician who enjoys the sympathies in Peru
of many members of APRA, " the ruling party.
Openly lamenting that his jailing has not lessened the
power of LaRouche's ideas, Oiga states: "But this isn't to
say that LaRouchism is gone. On the contrary, it continues
to operate and penetrate national life, without anyone con
cering themselves with serously analyzing the signifcance
of the presence of this strange person and his racist, danger
ously Messianic message, with money ready to be distributed
to open hands. Although imprisoned, LaRouche's tentacles
continue to spread. Proof of this is that 25 APRA congress
men . . . appear among 1 0 signators of a notice published
not long ago in the New Yor Tmes and the Washington Post,
calling for freedom for LaRouche, 'known for his defense of
the sovereignty of Latin Amrica's nations.' "
Senator Munoz, a leader in the APRA party, declared to
the press at his Senate ofces that Lyndon LaRouche's strg
gle against usury and narcotics trafc "cost him his freedom."
"I have had the honor to know him prsonally, and I know
exactly what abuses and violations have been committed
against him in his trial."
Munoz indicated that such inhumane treatment is not
given in the United States even to drug trafckers, who have
the right to bail, which LaRouche does not.
Congressman Benza noted LaRouche has named the
names of those U. S. fgures who have built "enormous for-
EIR September 21, 1 989
tunes" by laundering drug dollars. Those people are "hunting
down" LaRouche as if he were an animal, only for the crime
of having an independent view, he charged. Benza reported
on the physical mistreatment of LaRouche in jail, and con
tended that if a U.S. politician like Mr. LaRouche, who
rcommended debt moratorium to Mexican President Jose
L6pez Portillo and recommends the same for all Latin Amer
ica, or a rescheduling of payments, is treated that way, "we
have to really worry about what is happening to such a poli
tician in the United States."
Munoz was asked about the Peruvian goverment's po
sition toward the Bush drug plan, and if the LaRouche case
showed the U.S. goverment was in collusion with drug
traffcking. He responded that U.S. aid "is not real aid," since
the frst thing must be to substitute other crops for coca. "This
is a crcial moment for the U. S. goverment in respect to the
anti-drg fght, and we could say that it loses credibility and
moral authority if it does not free the great fghter against
drgs: Lyndon LaRouche.
"Therfore we demand the United States show us its
sincerty in this strggle against drug trafcking, frst by
stopping prsecuting LaRouche, and second by giving all
necessa aid against narcotics trafc."
Durng the same two-week period, the LaRouche case
was coverd with great sympathy on the radio and in news
papers and magazines throughout Mexico. Most of the cov
erage has focused on the hidious jail conditions suffered by
the 67-year-old former presidential candidate known for his
sympathy to the developing sector's cause. The Monterrey
daily La Razon headlined an aricle in its Aug. 30 edition,
"They Have Assigned LaRouche to Hard Labor." The Son
o-Trbu d/Yaui headlined a Sept. 6 aicle: ''They
Thraten the Health of Political Prisoner LaRouche."
Semeeftbemeoiareperts
EI )icense,Guadalajara, Sept. I0, and Diario del Ya
gui, Ciudad Obreg6n, Sept. 1 1 , ''They will Fight to Obtain
LaRouche's Freedom Oct. 6, " aticle by Mexican domestic
wire service Notimex:
"MEXICO CITY, Sept. 9 (Notimex)-The Interational
Commission for the Defense of Human Rights announced
her today that it will fght to obtain the unconditional release
of American political prisoner Lyndon LaRouche ....
"With that in mind, they added, they 8 carrying out a
world-wide mobilization that, among other activities, in
cludes fooding the White House with telegrams demanding
a pardon for LaRouche, who was sentenced last January to
1 5 years in prison . . . .
'1cwar on drugs will be won by feeing LaRouche, '
said the banners, referng to the program presented by that
fgure durng past administrations, and which is considered
mor far-reaching and mor effective than that of George
Bush goverment. . . .
"Lyndon LaRouche is considerd to be a dangerous per-
EIR September 21 , 1 989
son by American oligarchical groups, said [human rights
spokesman] Carrasco, because of his tremendous political
acumen and because of his ideas in defense of the sovereign
ity of the nations of the Third World. Having tured 67 this
Friday, he is the victim of physical and psychological
tures . . . .
"His lawyer, former U. S. Attorey General Ramsey
Clark, believes that his imprisonment violates U. S. consti
tutional precepts, and thus he expects that on Oct. 6, when
his last legal appeal is heard, he will obtain his feedom."
Wall Street Journal , Sept. 1, "Lyndon LaRouche's Lat
in American Connection," by Sergio Sarmiento:
"It may be easy to dismiss LaRouche and his people
perhaps with a joke as I did in Lima-as mere innocuous
lunatics. . . . His plans to establish a human colony on Mars,
or his claims that Henry Kissinger is the leading member of
a conspiracy to control the world, do little to enhance his
position as a serious thinker or politician.
"Now that LaRouche is in jail, some prominent Latin
politicians have risen up to his defense, claiming that he is
the victim of persecution. More than 1 00 Latin American
congressmen signed a statement, published in the Washing
ton Post on April 28, 1989, demanding his release. Not
surprisingly, the signatories included a number of membrs
of Mr. Garcia's pary, the Popular Revolutionary Alliance of
the Americas (APRA), and the Authentic Party of the Mexi
can Revolution (PARM), a group often linked to former
Mexican President Luis Echeverria and that supported lefist
candidate Cuauhtemoc Cardenas in the 1988 Mexican presi
dential election. Morever, the infuential lefist Mexican
newsweekly Pro ceso ran, in its May 29,1989, issue, a heated
defense of LaRouche."
Oiga magazine, Lima, Peru, Sept. 11, "LaRouche in
Peru":
"As of 1985, when APRA took power, LaRouche began
to operate in Peru. His appearance on the scene was through
an adverisement in El Nacional of Aug. 6, 1 985, in which a
so-called Labor Party-LaRouche's font organization in
various Latin American countries, including Peru today
announced: "Neither Kissinger nor Castro. At this historic
moment, we support Alan Garcia." The advertisement in
question urged support for President Garcia's thesis of paying
only 10% of the foreign debt.
"The support was not limited to this. In 1 986, for exam
ple, the Labor Pary and Schiller Institute began to openly
involve themselves in Peruvian politics, with ferocious at
tacks- on Ricardo Vega Llona, Manuel Ulloa, Luis Bedoya
Reyes and others, and calling for the construction of an elec
tric train, the APRA's electoral hobbyhorse for the municipal
elections of that year. At the end of 1986, a bok began to
circulate in Lima entitled Latin American Integration, with a
prologue by Lyndon LaRouche and dedicated to Juan Dom
ingo Per6n and Alan Garcia, 'two illustrious Ibero-American
patriots and world citizens. ' "
Economics 7
The' orodox' road to a dope econolY
William Engdahl descrbes how Haroard's Jefrey Sachs used 'orthodox
monetar shock' policies to tum Bolivia into a cocaine center. Nw he
wnt to apply similar recipes to Poland.
Poland is in the most severe economic crisis of the postwar
period and perhaps of its entire history. Within weeks, if
present policy trends continue, and dramatic new assistance
from outside is not made available, Poland will disintegrate
into a Weimar-style hyperinfation crisis, far worse than the
present infation crisis.
With the value of the Polish currency, the zloty, dropping
almost by the hour, many leading people in the new gover
ment are seriously considering a bold "monetary shock" pro
gram to change the eroding conditions. The man being most
debated at present is Harvard University economics professor
Jefrey Sachs, who has just completed an extended series of
discussions with leading members of Solidarosc and others
in and out of the Polish goverment.
The Sachs program has great appeal for many Polish
patriots. He holds out promise that, if his policy is rigidly
followed, it will give Poland "six months of chaos, improve
ment in one year, and full integration into the European
economy within I0years." Further, for a country which has
had to endure almost 45 years of Stalinist bureaucracy and
central planning inefciencies, Sachs's program offers a
means of sharply reducing the bureaucratic state-run sector.
If Poland should adopt the Sachs "orthodox monetary
shock" program, Sachs and his sponsors will have accom
plished what Soviet troops and 45 years of dictatorship have
not been able to achieve-the destruction of the nation of
Poland and of its will to fght.
Sachs has a cultivated public relations media image as
the world's leading "anti-infation expert. " In reality, his
"shock" policy is nothing but a computerized revival of the
policy of German Reichsbank chief Hjalmar Schacht, who
under Adolf Hitler imposed draconian austerity on Weimar
Gerany in 1923 on behalf of the Versailles debt collection
policy of J. P. Morgan and the Bank of England.
According to published reports, Sachs insists that Poland
must freeze its money supply, eliminate all state subsidies in
the state-run economy, as well as price controls. Poland must
relax foreign trade regulations to free exports and make the
zloty fully convertible to Wester currencies. What this
8 Economics
means, we will see from the case of one of Sachs's previous
victims.
The Bolivia experiment
The interational credentials of Sachs, a 34-year-old
product of the US. liberal establishment, all rest on his one
"success" story. Professor Sachs boasts that he successfully
designed the "stabilization program" which "reduced Boliv
ia's infation rate from 40,00% per year to the current rate
of 15% per year. " Let us exatine what lies behind this claim.
What Sachs's press releases do not mention, is the social
cost of his "infation cure. " In 1985, Sachs became special
economic consultant for the new goverment of socialist
President Victor Paz Estenssoro. He designed Paz Estensso
ro's "shock program," called the Plan Boliviano.
Bolivia is located in a landlocked area bordered by Brazil
on the east, Chile and Peru on the west, and Argentina and
Paraguay on the south. It is one of the poorest nations in the
world, and has an economy which has been dependent for
almost a century on foreign-owned mining and other raw
material exploitation. Its fragile economy has depended on
its being one of the world's largest suppliers of tin. In recent
years this has been supplemented by large discoveries of oil
and natural gas. Bolivia has one of the lowest literacy rates
in the world, and ofcial goverment estimates of 40% illit
eracy are believed far too optimistic.
In 1978, the U. S. Carter administration pressured Bolivia
to end a seven-year military rule under Gen. Hugo Banzer,
and restore civilian rule. This opened up an extended period
of political chaos. During the 1 970s Bolivia, like many debt
or nations, drew on the available interational credit markets
to fnance its national economic investment as well as the
exterally imposed balance of payment defcits caused by the
Anglo-American "oil shock" policies of the 1 970s. That debt
had been contracted, like most Third World debt, at interest
rates which were "foating" Ma fxed level above the London
Inter-Bank Offered Rate (LIBOR) . When U.S. Federal Re
serve Chairman Paul Volcker imposed a version of the Sachs
"orthodox monetary shock" in October 1 979 on the U.S.
EIR September 21, 1 989
money supply, world interest rates "foated" up to the highest
levels of this century. This created staggering problems for
Bolivia's $2. 7 billion foreign debt, already then some 213%
of annual export eaings. By the end of 1 980, Bolivia had
been cut off from all interational access to private capital.
By 1 98 1 the Interational Monetary Fund and World Bank
cut all funds as well.
To counteract the devastating cutof of interational cred
it, the Bolivian goverment, whose state sector dominated
the economy, rsorted to printing pesos to fnance interal
economic rquirements. The post - 1 980 cutoff of interation
al credit to Bolivia, as funds fowed instead into the United
States under the Volcker monetary regime in the early 1 980s,
is the causal origin of the country's hyperinfation.
By early 1985 the goverment of Heran Siles Zuazo had
been fored to cease virtually all forign debt servicing. The
growing infation since 1980 caused goverment tax collec
tion to brak down. Te goverment was becoming increas
ingly discrdited. Stkes and work stoppages, to protest in
fation tat soaed above wage increases, became crippling,
furher aggravating the goverment's revenue crisis.
A "parallel foreign exchange market" was allowed, with
an offcial fxed rate for the peso beside an "informal" or
parallel black market rate for dolla exchange, in varying
degrees until 1 985, when the hyperinfation broke out to
Weimar levels. The economy had become tied to the daily
fuctuations of the available dollar supply on the black mar
ket. In the eyes of the ppulation, the infated peso became
worthless. Bolivia became "dollarized. "
What neither Professor Sachs nor other apologists for his
"ortodox shock" monetarist policy will discuss, is the role
of Bolivia's illegal narcotics economy in eaing prcious
dollas. Wages were paid in worthless pesos, while private
economic tansactions wer increasingly carried out in dol
lars. The prime source of dollars was the cocaine syndicates.
The economy of Bolivia went "underground, " and there was
an enorous expansion of the black market already before
Sachs's 1985 prgram was imposed.
On Aug. 29, 1 985, under Victor paz Estenssoro, the
Sachs program, called the New Economic Policy, was un
veiled. It specifed the following:
The parallel "black market" and offcial pso exchange
rates wer "unifed. " The peso was simply linked to the
dollar. The new rate of the pso was "stabilized" by an ex
ceedingly tight goverment monetary policy and severe gov
erment budget defcit control . As part of the program to
bring te state budget defcit to zero, wage indexation was
abolished, and all markets for goods, credit, capital, and
labor were "liberalized" to "fee market" levels. The central
bank set the daily peso rate according to a daily auction,
where it bought dollars from sellers at the price of the pre
vious day. This "unifcation" of the two exchange rates led
to immediate 93% devaluation of the peso against the
dollar. The ensuing liquidity crisis forced the pubJic to take
EIR September 21, 1 989
their dollars out of hoarding, by selling them to the central
bank.
With the central bank taking in the excess peso liquidity
in the daily foreign exchange auctions, domestic interest rates
were decontrolled from previous fxed low levels and allowed
to "foat" to the "market level. " This immediately hit 35-
40%, where it stays today. While strict credit cutoff to the
large state sector took place, there was no parallel credit
cutoff to the private sector.
Within two weeks, the hyperinfation cycle had been
apparently broken. But then, in order to force the "stabiliza
tion" to continue beyond this initial shock, the goverment
imposed drastic policies, looting the public sector and the
general public to ensure continued supply of "stable" pesos.
Prices for fuel, transportation, and other necessities wer set
at "market levels. " Gasoline, which had been made available
by the state-owned petroleum monopoly at subsidized prices
before the shock program, was allowed to rise to the levels
of the interational petroleum markets. Food subsidies were
ended. This enabled state revenue from these sources to re
vive. Furher, a total freeze on all goverment spending proj
ects ensured that the monies went to the central bank's peso
stabilization.
None of Sachs's economic "shock austerity" would have
been politically possible had the organized trade union move
ment not been completely discredited by the six previous
years of runaway hyperinfation and strikes. This allowed
Sachs to demand unrestricted layoffs of public sector workers
in order to "balance" state budget spending. The imporant
state-run tin-mining group, Comibol, slashed its workforce
fom 31,000 to 6,000 over the next two years. By 1 987, the
output of Comibol was at the lowest in 10 years.
Overall, some 10% of all state workers were fred or
forced to "retire" in order to reduce the goverment defcit
and restore "the exteral balance of payment eqUilibrium. "
Unemployment, according to unofcial estimates, rose as a
result to 25% of the productive labor force by early 1 988.
More than 300 small and medium-sized companies were
forced to close down, as deregulated interest rates soared to
35-40%.
The argument of Sachs is that the "shock" prepars the
way for stabilization of monetary infation so that, with r
sumed interational credits and stable infation, investment
in the economy would resume. This has not happened. While
Sachs treats Bolivia as an "autarky" economically, it is not.
Collapse of interational tin prices in late 1985 as Washing
ton refused to support the tin producers cartel in the London
Metals Exchange, dealt a devastating blow to Bolivian export
revenues. In addition, with its own worsening economic
problems caused by the same debt crisis, Argentina, the
largest user of Bolivian natural gas, defaulted on its pay
ments.
Scarcity of credit and Sachs's 35-40% interest rate levels
increased domestic indebt\dness. The Emergency Social
Economics 9
Fund, i mposed in 1 987 supposedly to miti gate the severe
social effects of the shock program, actually did nothing to
alleviate the problems of widespread unemployment in the
state sector and mining. Between 1 986 and 1 987, because of
growing economic depression in the physical economy and
high unemployment , the state defcit again began to grw
from 3 . 8% of GDP in 1 986 to 1 0. 5%in 1987.
The narcotics economy
There is one gaping hole in the Sachs "Bolivia success
story, " which the absent-minded Harvard professor omits
from his publi shed accounts of his experi ment . He saw to it
that there would be a "loophole" in Paz Estenssoro' s Aug.
29, 1 985 Supreme Decree. Article 1 42, in effect , permits
laundering of illegally obtained dollars at the window of the
central bank and private banks-with no questions asked.
The avai labil ity of the laundered narco-dol lars to the Bolivian
banking system was the key to the entire stabil ization of the
peso!
With the peso now freely convertible into the dol lar by
the central bank, the dol lar profts of the "hidden economy"
of cocaine could now more easily enter normal money fows
of Bolivi a' s economy. This i s refected i n the fact that , after
three years of the Sachs shock program, by the end of 1987,
more than 80% of Bolivian domestic bank deposits were still
in dollars . This forced continuation of high interest rates and
the resulting scarce capital for industrial investment .
Sachs ' s Bolivia "success" is based, therefore, on a crim
inal fraud. He ignores mention of this i llegal "black econo
my. " In a March 1 989 report on Bolivia, Dresdner Bank
esti mates that "drug trafcking alone i s estimated to amount
to some two-thirds of offcially recorded GDP. " None of this
shows up i n offcial government statistics . Sachs' s "success"
is based on statistics which deliberately ignore 66% of the
economy!
Because of Sachs ' s "free market" plan, "fight capital"
did indeed began to return to Bolivia. But he chooses to
ignore what those "hot money" fows were l inked to. Ac
cording to interational law enforcement agencies , 40% of
U. S. cocaine comes from the jungles of Bolivia. Under the
Sachs plan, this cocaine money began to be legally traded in
place of the peso. The returning narco-dollars did not go into
productive investment in the economy.
By choking productive investment in the state sector and
privately through astronomical interest rates, the Sachs plan
enabled cocaine to become the focus of the economy. By
1 988, more than 30% of the Bolivian labor force was linked
to production or distribution of cocaine-double that of only
a few years before the Sachs plan. By esti mate of a former
Bolivian fnance minister, Roberto lordan Pando, $3 . 6 bil
li on of the small country' s $4. 5 bill ion Gross National Prod
uct now comes from cocaine. Between 1 985 , before the
Sachs plan was i mposed, and 1 987 , acreage devoted to coca
bush rose from 1 98 ,000 acres to 372,000 acres.
1 0 Economics
CM cnces
1h6dullIu d6ulS0h6mrk8
New York lte .nr nxtna
|

1.90
7

1.80
1.70
1.60
1.50
7119 8/28 817
Thcd0IIarinycn
New York lte .nrno nxlna
150
8/16 8123 8130 9/6
. .
140

a
130
120
110
7119 8128 817 8116 8123
Thcritishp0undind0IIars
Ne York lte .nr nxlna
1.90
1.80
1.70
1.60 w r
.

8/30 9/6



130
7119 8/28 817 8116 8/23
Thcd0IIarinbwissfrancs
New York lte .nr_ nxlna
1.70
~
r; _

1.60
7
1.50
1.40
1.0
7119 8/28 817 8/16 8/23
8/30 9/6
m
8/30 9/6
"
9112
9/12
9/12
9/12
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
JhcWyOmIngmIragc
by Scott Thompson
On Sept. 8, a White House ofcial confrmed news appearing
frst in EIR that when Secretary of State James Baker and
Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze hold their
meeting at Jackson Hole, Wyoming Sept. 20-22, a major
agenda item will be Secretary Baker's pet project to expand
East-West trade and credits. But, what Baker, together with
Kissinger clone Larry Eagleburger, had originally planned
as a vast enterprise to bail out Mikhail Gorbachov's troubled
perestroika economic policy, looks more and more like a
mirage, because of the threatened economic collapse arising
frm the need to roll over the $20 trillion debt this fall.
Already, the White House ofcial, who spoke on back
grund at a breakfast of the National Association of Manu
facturers on the subject of expanded East -West trade, tried to
downplay reports from former senior White House offcials
and U. S. intelligence sources critical of the policy, that under
Baer's so-called "Wyoming Accords, " the Bush adminis
tration would mobilize sums ranging from the multibillion
to trillion-dolla level. Moscow has already reacted in anger
to the Bush administration's reluctance to aid Gorbachov,
who has signaled since the July 14 Group of Seven Summit
in Paris that he is "out of time" to perform economic miracles
and that the West must cut out the rhetoric to help prop up
his "liberal regime. " No sooner had word reached Moscow
that a White House offcial reneged on the promised aid at
the NAM breakfast, than on Sept. 11, Soviet Foreign Min
ister Shevardnadze was quoted in The Washington Post as
waing that the West must stop equivocating and now deliv-
TABLE 1
USR0SS 00D
[b||||ons$)
Z 4
+
Total corporate and Corporate" Commercial banking
Year financial business business business
1970 747.0 70.3 1Z.7
1973 1,0d3. 90.1 Z3.1
1979 1,9Zd.4 1,Z. 7.4
19dZ Z,bZ.7 Z,1b7.Z 130.d
19d7 4,33b. 3,b17. 1d.d
19dd 4,714.b 3,79Z. 19.b
19d9 4,d47. 3,db9.d 1dd.Z
Includes corporations, partnerships, and farms.
.. Savings and loan banks, savings banks, and insurance companies.
t First quarter only.
EIR September 21, 1989
er real consumer goods and industrial plant and equipment.
Inside sources report that , while Secretar Baker and
Eagleburger remain committed to the "Wyoming Accords, "
it is economic reality, not sudden remorse, that has under
mined their plans. Briefy, as EIR reported two weeks ago,
highlights of the "Wyoming Accords" were to include: l)
waiver of the Jackson-Vanik Amendment, which currently
blocks Most Favored Nation trading status for the Soviets; 2)
waiver of the Stevenson Amendment, which furher limits
the extent of U. S. goverment backing for loans to the
U. S. S.R. through the Export-Import Bank; 3) strong pres
sure upon the Germans and Japanese to greatly increase their
own goverment-backed credit facilities to the Soviets,
thereby mobilizing the yen and deutschemark on Gorba
chov's behalf; and, 4) lifing opposition to the 30% ceiling
upon Wester European impors of East bloc natural gas and
sale of 10-12 other strategic raw materials to the West, so the
Soviets could proft from development of a major natural gas
fnd in the Barents Sea at the expense of North Sea petroleum
products, and thereby ear more hard currency. But facing
the rollover of $20 trillion in debt, there will be no great
amount of credits that the United States can mobilize, even
with these measures.
What about the prospect of mobilizing the yen and the
deutschemark? The Japanese, who do have signifcant liquid
ity, are unwilling to follow Baker's lead for several reasons.
First, they are angered by the failure of the Soviets to retur
the Kurile Islands, captured after their last-minute interven
tion in the Pacifc during World War II. Second, given the
Japan bashing on Capitol Hill, the Japanese are leery of
giving goverment backing to loans, so long as the Bush
administration itself is hesitant to take this step, principal
i
y
because the threatened fnancial blowout militates against
any major new investment programs in the East bloc.

4+
Other"" financial Total banking and
business financial
4.0
100.4
1d9.4
Z3d.7
31.Z
7bZ.4
799.
7.7
1Z3.b
Zb.d
39.b
d1d.0
9Z1.9
9d7.d
Corrected version of
the table which
appeared on page Z
of our Sept. issue,
where some columns
were out of place .
Economics 1 1
Hippie agricuture maes it to te
big time, wil create food shortages
by Robert L. Baer
Suppose you wanted to kill of millions of people, and plunge
the world into a dark age of drudgery and despair. If you
were also smart , you wouldn' t advertise your gri sly goal s,
but would hide them behind propaganda about your good
intentions. So it is with the new, offcial push for "alterative
agriculture" in Washington, D. C.
A grouping of interational fnancial and commodities
interests is promoting schemes that will impoveri sh agricul
ture and starve people. From their warped viewpoint , the
world is overpopulated, millions of "excess persons" should
be eliminated, and productive farmers and abundant food
eliminated. With that in mind, look at how the "alterative
agriculture" campaign is being promoted.
On Sept . !, the Washington, D. C. -based National Re
search Council (part of the National Academy of Sciences)
released its 450-page study, titled "Alterative Agriculture, "
which charged that federal agricultural pol icies work at cross
purposes to the nation' s environmental policies , and discour
age adoption of "alternative agricultural systems . " A l !-
person committee formed by the NRC claimed that mixed
crop-livestock operations , crop rotations , certain soil conser
vation practices , and reduced applications of fertilizer and
pesticides , are al l discouraged by current federal policies .
"Well-managed alterative farms use less synthetic chemical
fertlizers , pesticides, and antibiotics without necessarily de
creasing . . . per acre crop yields and the productivity of
li vestock systems , " the committee stated. "Wider adoption
of proven alternative systems would result in even greater
economic benefts to farmers and environmental gains for the
nation. "
Immediately following the NRC press conference, Assis
tant Secretary of Agriculture Charles E. Hess held a press
conference to praise the report, and announce a full-scale
commitment by the USDA to "alternative agriculture" meth
ods.
Media hype, scare tactics
In the following days , all the major media played up the
new "shif" to low-input farming, including front-page cov
erage in the New York Times, Washington Post, Baltimore
Sun, and so forth. The London Times wrote, "The EPA has
identifed agriculture as the largest non-point source of pol
lution of lakes , streams, and rivers . " The Baltimore Sun
quoted Hess as saying that the NRC report "could be unpar-
12 Economics
aile led" because it has been issued "at a time when society is
highly concered about issus such as food safety and water
quality. "
On Sept . I I , a group of supermarkets announced that it
would not take pesticide-treated fruits and vegetables, and
fve U. S. and Canadian suprmarket chains pledged to stop
selling fresh fruits and vegetables treated with supposedly
cancer-causing pesticides by 1995. Representatives of the
small grocery chains in Caiforia, Arizona, Nevada, and
Boston, Massachusetts said the move is designed to shore up
consumer confdence in the safety of the food supply and
utilize market forces wher the regulatory system has failed.
But representatives of the nation' s largest supermarkets
and produce growers denounced the campaign as an unwar
ranted and irresponsible attack l aunched by "misguided zeal
ots" in consumer groups . In the Washington, D. C. aea,
spokesmen for Safeway Stores and Giant Food, Inc. said
that , while they would agree to talks on reducing pesticide
use, the goverment should assume respnsibility for food
safety issues.
At the end of September. the NRC plans to release anoth
er report on what the new directions for agriculture research
should be. This can be expcted to be more pseudo-science
to justify low-input faring, under the rubrics of "environ
mental protection for groundwater" and "concer for food
purity. " The goal is to replace conventional farming (based
on income-secure family fas using moder technology)
with "alterative faring. "
Where i s the fre behind all this environmentalist smoke?
There is none.
Junking scientifc principles
"Alterative agriculture, " or LISA (low-input sustaina
ble agriculture), is the fad . name that encompasses many
farming techniques that experienced farers already use any
way, but taking them to extremes and adding to them mea
sures that are unscientifc and unnecessary. By creating a
media sensation, and making statements that sound scientifc
but are not backed up by had data, the ecology lobby has
found a way to cripple scientifcally sound food-growing
practices , by stampeding the public into thinking there is a
real problem.
The sinister side of this Rim-Ram, is that food output will
drop and American farers will be split between those who
EIR September 21, 1989
are poor and backward, and a few high-tech mega-farmers
controlled by the food cartels .
The individuals and groups expressing enthusiasm and
soliciting support for LISA state various noble-sounding ob
jectives, such as preserving the family farm, conserving soil
and other natural resources, and improving environmental
quality. In general , private frms that manufacture and market
inputs for agriculture have not been enthusiastic about LISA,
for both technical and economic reasons .
Some LISA enthusiasts downplay the need to maintain
high levels of agricultural prductivity. They argue that even
if the LISA approach resulted in higher prices for farm prod
ucts, the impact on the consuming public would be minimal .
After all , they say, U. S. consumers spend only 1 5% of their
income for food, and only 25% of that expenditure reaches
the farers.
When U. S. food expenditures are analyzed by income
class, however, it is evident that 30% of families spend over
50% of their incomes for food and 50% of families spend
30% of their income for food. Any policy that results in lower
productivity in U. S. agriculture i s the equivalent of a tax
levied on the consumers of agricultural products .
According to Dr. E. T. York, Jr. , chancellor emeritus of
the State University System of Florida and former adminis
trator of the Federal Extension Service, USDA, "There has
been phenomenal progress i n food production since the mid
dle of this century. In fact, from 1950 to 1 984, global food
production went up 2. 6-fold, making possible a 40% increase
in per capita cereal production-despite rapid population
growth during that period.
"Today, many are questioning our ability to sustain such
increases in food production-or even maintain current lev
els . Si nce 1984, per capita production of cereals , worldwide,
has declined each year-for a total of 14% over the four-year
period. Global grain reserves are projected to be at the lowest
level thi s year since immediately afer World War II. "
The Counci l of Science and Technology i n Ames, Iowa,
fored a task force in 1980 to compare organic and conven
tional faing. They estimated a 1 5-25% drop in cereal pro
duction with a switch to low-input systems. There would be
a major reduction in grain acres, as legumes would be added
in crop rotations with grai n, to provide part of the nitrogen
requirement. It has been estimated that for each 1 % decrease
in crop production, there would be a 1 -5% price increase,
depending upon the type of crop. The study indicated that a
conventional faring system using best management prac
tices, including adequate fertil ization, will increase the pro
duction of organic residue and enhance the efects of that
residue on the soil ' s productive capacity, and that low-input
systems, l ike conventional systems , result in a net loss of
nutrients from the far when products are sold.
According to Dr. Don Holt, a scientist and director of the
Illinois Agricultural Experiment Station, "LISA is being in
terpreted by many to mean that there is some system of
EIR September 2 1 , 1989
agriculture that is productive and competitive, and, at the
same time, requires only low inputs per acre or per farm. I
bel ieve there is strong evidence that agricultural systems
involving low variable inputs per unit of fxed assets , e. g. ,
land, cannot sustain themselves in a mature agricultural econ
omy. "
Dr. Holt indicates, "Failure t o estimate the degree to
which alternative systems can be successfully adapted in
global agriculture can lead to eroneous conclusions . For
example, the proposal that forage-livestock systems should
replace grain systems in order to reduce soil erosion and
decrease nitrogen (N) inputs fails to take into account the
relatively inelastic demand for red meat and other products
derived from ruminant animals . "
I n other words , America' s cattle herds have been declin
ing for almost 20 years , so to expand forage-livestock sys
tems as proposed would only drive down prices paid to the
farmer, unless a parity price regulation were passed to ensure
him a fair return.
According to studies done in 1 988 at North Carolina State
University and in 1 987 at the University of Maryland, animal
manures are so variable in nutrient content , storage methods ,
application management , and availability for use on crop
land, that there would have to be a tremendous increase in
animal herds and a huge cost in labor, energy, and equipment
to get the manure in place for optimum use. Large amounts
of animal manures are required to provide needed plant nu
trients in many cropping systems , but manures in such quan
tities are not available to most farmers and would pose a
serious pollution problem if applied in the amounts required
to make "alternative agriculture" successful .
While crop rotation may help in the control of some pests
(in apparent val idation of the views of anti-pesticide advo
cates) , neverhless, serious pest problems can develop de
spite the use of sound rotation practices . Many farming sys
tems do not lend themselves to the types of rotations that
might offer the greatest advantages from the standpoint of
pest control . Perennial fruit crops , for example, pose special
problems .
One further problem with the LISA approach is the failure
to recognize the increase in risk associated with many of the
changes being encouraged. Much of the "proof' to indicate
that such changes are benefcial is anecdotal in nature and
does nothing to assess risks , beyond the occasional admission
that a particular practice fai led. Most of the contents of the
new NRC "Alternative Agriculture" report are case studies
of selected organic farms , not valid scientifc comparative
analyses.
The anti-science bias that characterizes the present "sus
tainable" agriculture movement gives away the true intent
behind it. In the end, those truly interested in the betterment
of the food-producing environment would at least be de
manding fair "parity prices" that would keep food producers
in business.
Economics 1 3
Repor from Rio by Silvia Placios
taZd6Cat6S ' Whl6mutalutum
Can a bankers' accounting trick prevent BrazilJrom dumping the
debt as unconstitutional?
ln Sept . 1 8, Brazil wi l l not be pay
ing the $ 1 . 7 billion in interest on its
foreign debt due that day to its private
bank creditors . Neither will it be pay
ing the $500 million more in interest
arrears that have accumulated since
July. In the last round of negotiations
in the United States, reluctant bankers
and Brazilian negotiators struck a po
litical deal to call what is being termed
a "white moratorium"-that i s, to
prevent the largest debtor in the hemi
sphere from making any dramatic
moves that would unleash panic in the
already weakened interational fnan
cial system.
On Sept . I I , Finance Minister
Manson da Nobrega reported that his
country was seeking a pragmatic six
month agreement with the banks ,
whereby payments would only be
made during that period if they did not
adversely affect the level of reserves
set by the government .
For now, the banking committee
has agreed to an accounting trick,
postponing the deadline until January
so that Brazil can formally request the
release of $600 mil lion, which de
pends on a deal with the Interational
Monetary Fund ( lMF) . That $600 mil
lion would be used to pay the overdue
interest on the debt . According to the
1 988 debt renegotiation contracts , the
deadline was to have been Sept . 30,
but it was known beforehand that the
money would not be paid, since no
agreement with the IMF had been
reached.
At the bginning of September, the
pro-bank faction inside the Foreign
Ministry, headed by Marcilio Mar-
14 Economics
ques Moreira, ambassador to the
United States, and Rubens Ricupero,
ambassador to the General Agreement
on Trade and Tariffs (GATT) , met in
Brasilia for the purpose of making sure
that Brazil ' s anticipated failure to meet
its debt payments would somehow be
contained. Marques Moreira insisted
that a deal with the IMF was forthcom
ing over the next few weeks , and
promised that the Bush administration
would provide some support .
Citibank President John Reed had
already sent a message from the banks
that even a negotiated moratorium,
wi th smal l payments here and there,
might be acceptable, as long as a uni
lateral debt moratorium were avoided.
The banks ' fear is that a unilateral
moratorium would enable Brazil ' s next
President to refuse to make any further
debt payments .
But beneath the "containment" ex
ists a political and economic volcano
waiting to erupt. One matter exam
ined in detail by the banking advisory
committee in a Sept . 7 meeting presid
ed over by Citibank Vice President
William Rhodes, was a bill currently
before the Brazil i an National Con
gress . That bill , presented by Iraja Ro
drigues of the PMDB pary, demands
the immediate suspension of the en
tiret of foreign debt payments until
the Supreme Court can rule on the
constitutionality of the debt contracts .
"That has caused a great deal of con
cer, since we are already talking with
the Brazilian goverment , and they
want to change the rules of the game, "
commented one banker to the daily L
Estado de Slo Paulo of Sept . 8 .
To back up his bill , already ap
proved by the Congress ' s Mixed
Commission on Foreign Debt , Iraja
Rodrigues has prepared a document
which l efect calls upon the nation
to rise up against usury. This docu
ment was presented Aug. 30 at a meet
ing held by a multi-party political
committee favoring the bill . At this
historic moment , says the document ,
we could "free ourselves from the for
eign debt and its agents of occupation,
and we could fnally celebrate the real
independence of Brazi l . "
The argument for the unconstitu
tionality of the debt contracts is based,
among other things , upon the opinion
of eminent legal expert Seabra Fagun
dez, who said of the 1 983 debt agree
ment between Brazil and 600 creditor
banks , "The fact that Brazil explicitly
renounces the right to defend its sov
ereignty. makes this document per
haps the saddest in the country' s po
litical history. "
Deputy Rodrigues' s document
concludes: "The contracts of foreign
indebtedness are invalid, because the
Brazilian goverment , through its
representatives to those contracts , re
nounced the right to invoke their in
validity; renounced sovereign immu
nity and the application of Brazilian
law, and any claim to soverignty. And
it was even imposed and accepted that
in case Oarbitration, the tie-breaking
arbiter would be a U. S . lawyer. "
Beyond the constitutional argu
ments , Rodrigues' s document stress
es: "Today, the entire nation is con
vinced that the burden of the debt is
too high for this country, and it is re
membered that a draining of resrces
far less than that which has been im
posed on us, led Germany into gallop
ing infation, to Nazism, and the world
into World War II and all its horors .
Then the drain was scarcely 2% of
GNP. Here we are bled by much near
er to 5% of GNP. "
EIR September 2 1 , 1989
Arculture by Marcia Merry
Pumut6Ch66S6ut SChuuuuCh6S
Just when USDA runs out ofcheese for school lunches, a
consumer group says it' s badfor kids. Coincidence?
lver the summer, the U . S . Depart
ment of Agriculture made it offcial
that there would be no more govern
ment cheese available for the school
lunch programs until further notice.
Since 1 974, the USDA has distrib
uted cheese and other commodities,
such as butter, beef, pork, eggs , and
four, to school districts and to gov
erment institutions (prisons , nutri
tion programs) , and to food assistance
for the needy. The food distribution is
handled by the Commodities Credit
Corporation.
Now, thanks to the past few years
of federal policies to drastically re
duce milk output, and reduce the size
of the national milk cow inventory,
there are no goverment stocks lef for
food assistance.
An estimated 24 million children
participated in the school lunch pro
grams last year. Half of these came
from low-income families, and for
them, the daily school lunch is an im
portant part of their diet . School nutri
tionists have scrambled to try to make
up for the loss of the cheese-a high
quality source of calories and min
erals-but the immediate impact is to
drive up the price of the lunches , and
to reduce the number of children who
can afford them.
Timed to coincide with the open
ing of schools in September, on Aug.
30 a Washington, D. C. -based con
sumer advocacy group, the Public
Voice for Food and Health Policy, re
leased a report saying that school
lunches have too much fat in them and
that the chief blame lay on the com
modities distributed by the U. S. De
partment of Agriculture. In other
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
words , you are supposed to get the
message that cheese, prk, beef, eggs,
butter, and the other vital foods sub
sidized for school lunches are bad for
your chi ldren.
The specious argument presented
by the Public Voice report is that a
survey they took of school lunch ad
ministrators in 36 states presented a
majority opinion that if there is a prob
lem of fatty lunches , then this results
from the school s' reliance on govern
ment commodities .
In opposition to this survey, the
American School Food Service As
sociation gave a press conference in
which its executive director, Pat Bay
er, said, "In our viewpoint , fat is not
an i ssue. " She cited the record of suc
cess of schools in providing well-bal
anced meal s.
The Public Voice report asserted
that school lunches have on average
39% fat, when what the report calls
"scientifc consensus" for appropriate
levels offat is no more than 30%. Pub
lic Voice spokesman Ellen Haas told
reporters , "Kids are defnitely at risk
from eating to much fat in their diets. "
A survey of recent medical opin
ion does not uphold the nutritional as
sertions of the Public Voice. The
American Academy of Pediatrics , for
example, has recently set the accept
able level of fat for children' s diets at
the 30-40% range.
Calories from fat are important for
energy, bone building, and in the ear
liest months of life, for building the
central nervous system.
In one example of well-inten
tioned nutritional stupidity, a number
of well-to-do parents in Long Island,
New York, were found to be feeding
their chi ldren such extreme diets of
"health foods"-raw vegetables ,
whole grain fatbreads, etc. -that their
family doctors diagnosed the children
as suffering from malnutrition. As a
result , some Long Island pediatricians
bought radio time for public service
announcements to encourage parents
to keep feeding their children "cook
ies and milk" and other such tradition
al "kid stuff, " in order to give them
access to a full balance of nutrients in
their diets .
The loss of the cheese to school
districts has placed great strain on their
budgets . Suburban Washington, D. C.
i s typical . I n the counties of surround
ing Virginia and Maryland, school
lunch prices have gone up from 5 to
30 a meal as a result of the loss of the
cheese, and because of other in
creased costs , especially higher costs
of food resulting from last year' s
drought . The American School Food
Service Association estimates that for
every penny that the price of school
lunch increases , there can be an ap
proximate drop of l% in participation.
USDA cheese will also b cut frm
other food assistance programs such
as food banks ' distribution to the nee
dy and Meals-on-Wheels programs .
Besides cheese, the USDA is also out
of milk powder-a very convenient
and nutritious food product for world
food rel ief.
The USDA cupboard is bare be
cause of the recent years of federal
milk reduction policies . The mid-
1 980s milk "PIK" -payment-in
kind-paid the dairy farmer $ 1 0 for
every 1 00 pounds of milk he did not
produce over a specifed period of
months. Next came the Dairy Herd
Termination Program, in which the
dairy farmer was ofered payment for
eliminating his herd (slaughtering or
exporting) , and pledging not to go back
to dairying for at least fve years .
Economics 1 5
Business Briefs
Dc0I
Malaysian leader
recommends write-of
Malaysia Prime Mi ni ster Dr. Mahathir Mo
hamed told a meeting of the non-aligned
nations Sept . 5 that writing off the whole or
nearly all the i nterational debt i s the only
solution to the foreign debt problem faced
by many members of the Non-Al igned
Movement .
Dr. Mahathir said that the rich countries
will not go bankrupt because of the write
off, and their banks can sti l l be rehabi l i tated.
Goverments and commerci al banks al i ke
must accept losses, he said, according to
Kuala Lumpur International Service.
"The group of ' rich nations ' have taken
it upon themselves to regulate the world
economy and fnances, resulti ng in suffer
ing among the poor nations, " he sai d. One
result i s that countries such as Malaysia have
had their debts doubled by the upward revi
sion of the yen they borrowed.
M0rkcIs
Economist warns,
' Get out by Sept. 1D`
Ravi Batra, a professor of economics at
Souther Methodist University in Dallas and
author of The Depression ofIVV0, whi ch he
wrote in 1 986, told Houston Post editor Lyn
Ashby Sept . | | that a major crash i s coming
and that people should get out of the market
by Sept . 1 5.
Batra said he expects the market to keep
moving to new highs during September and
possibly October, and then expects a rapid
drop, a long-term decl ine which wi l l not
tum around for at least four years . He pre
dicts that the crash wi l l start i n Japan, wi th
a drop i n the Japanese stock market , trigger
ing a domino effect . "It wi l l be an uneven
decl i ne at frst . Junk bonds wi l l be the frst
to fall , then growth stocks and industries
taken over recently by junk bonds . "
1 6 Economics
Batra places the bl ame for this on derg
ulation. "Why did we see so many savings
and loan fai l ures in an economy which has
been growi ng for the past seven years? Be
cause overal l the economy i s very unstable.
Whenever you deregulate the fnanCial sec
tor, the economy becomes unstable. There
are two forces I have found in history that
destabi l ize the economy. One is a growing
concentration of wealth and the other i s der
egulating the fnancial sector. " On the latter,
he says , "when you deregulate the fnancial
sector at the same time las deregulating the
industrial sector] , i t leads to merger man
ia-that along with the rising concentration
of wealth-and stock market speculation,
stock market euphoria, and growing pover
ty. "
kckLc0n0m)
First G-7 meeting on
drug-money laundering
The frst conference on the prblem of drug
money laundering among the Group of Sev
en major industrialized countries will b held
in Paris on Sept . 1 8 at the initiative of French
President Franois Mitterand. Preliminary
reports indicate that the conference will
gather fnanci al , economic, and law en
forcement speci al i sts from the G-7 countries
as was di scussed at the July 1989 summit .
One of the French police ofcials within
the drug di vi sion of the interational police
agency Interpol underlined the need to hit
the drug cartel where it hurts, fnancially,
and stressed the necessity of economic de
velopment to wi n the war against drgs , in
an i ntervi ew with the Paris newspaper Lib
eration on Sept . 7.
The "police solution i s not enough any
more, " he wared. In Colombia "you cannot
jai l 60, 00 people. You can arest Escobar
and a few others , but for each Escobar, how
many assistants , trained over the last dec
ade, who know the trade and who are ready
to fl l the vacuum . . . . Countries of the
North are payi ng the price of the poverty of
the South. For example, in Bolivia, foreign
economic aid amounts to $50 mi l l ion a year.
For the same period, the cocaine traffcking
is worth $20 bi l l ion! The only way to break
the carel is to hi t its fnancial resources, and
to fnance new projects whi ch should be ad
vantage
o
us to the local peasants . "
The Interpol offcial stressed the need to
attack drug-money laundering. "Drug mon
ey is everywhere. The Colombians invest
mor than two-thirds of their profts
throughout the world, in the U. S. , in Eu
rope, in tourist projects , etc. In some coun
tries , laws allowing the seizure of all prop
eries coming frm drug trafcking have ben
passed.
'
But it is very difcult. The trafck
ers have businessmen and fnancial advisers
with them. To safeguard their money, they
had it ciulating ver quickly. Afer 72 hours
of worldwide banking transfer, it becomes
diffcult to know whether money is dirty. "
nrc8mcnI
Japanese agency to
aid developing nations
Keidanren, Japan' s federation of chambers
of commere and industry, has set up the
Japan Interational Development Organi
zation (JAIOO) to aid investment in devel
oping sector nations .
A delegation representing this newly
formed agency visited India during early
Septem
b
er and assessed investment poten
tial in that country .
JAIpo has an authorized capital of 20
billion yen (about $160 million) , and anoth
er 7 billion yen, contributed by over 1 0
private cororations and the Overseas Eco
nomic Coopration Fund (OECF) of the
JapaneS goverment, wil b used for eq
uity investment in developing countries .
ACCrding to the Indian daily The H
i
n
du, JAlDO was created to fnance infra
structui development to improve the via
bility o
f
projects in developing nations . New
areas l ike agro-industries and tourism a
also expected to beneft. The organization
will also look at investment proposals which
could not take off because of inadequate
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
funding or lack of infrastructure. A primary
objective, stated by the delegates , is to make
sur that investment is not tied to the pro
motion of Japanese exports.
M 0ndW0rM0nk
Philippine people still
await their recover
Figures released in the second week in Sep
tmbr by the National Statistics Offce of
the Philippines in Manila rveal that , con
ta to promises by the World Bank and the
Interational Monetary Fund, the Philippine
ppulation is poorer than ever and more peo
ple a on the edge of starvation.
The World Bank promised the Philip
pines that it would have an economic recov
er by 1990, and the Philippines followed
every single World Bank prescription.
According to the fgures, gross national
product rose 5. 3% in the frst six months,
against 6. 8% in same period in 1988. Phil
ippine economists say the goverment needs
to maintain at least 6% growth to stem rising
unemployment . Infation rose sharply in
August, hitting 11. 7%, in a further indica
tion that the supposed economic recovery
ther is faltering. It was the frst time the rate
henterd double digits since April 1 987.
The National Statistics Ofce said the main
cause was a rise in food prices , with heavy
stors in August rsulting in shortages of
fit, vegetables, rice, fsh, and dairy prod
ucts in some rgions .
mng8
Chemical Bank
debt downgraded
Standard and Poor' s downgraded the credit
ratings on some $3 billion of long-term debt
as well as on $9million of prefered stock
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
of Chemical Banking Corp. and certain of
its subsidiaries on Sept . 1 4. Standard and
Poor' s said that the move refects Chemi
cal ' s "slower-than-expected progress in re
ducing high levels of non-performing as
set s, particularly in Texas , and relatively
large exposures to Latin American borrow
ers , particularly Brazil and Mexico. " The
rating service also referred to the corpora
tion' s level of tangible capital and reserves
as being "below average. "
On the same day, Citicorp' s chairman
John Reed expressed similar concerns about
banks ' debt performance in a speech to the
Washington Economic Cl ub, worrying that
suffcient loans might not be obtained to
make the new debt package worked out with
Mexico function. "The diffculty will be to
keep enough new money in. That could be
a serious diffculty, " he said.
L0QtI0l0tns
House committee
votes up tax cut
The House Ways and Means Committee of
the U. S. Congress voted 1 9- 1 7 on Sept . 1 4
to cut taxes on capital gains from the sale of
stocks , real estate, ad other investment s, in
an attempt to make the markets more attrac
tive to investors. The vote was a victory for
the Bush administration, and a defeat for
Ways and Means Chairman Dan Rosten
kowski (D-II I . ) , who called the bill "a fnan
cial disaster for this country. " Eight percent
of the benefts from the bill would accrue to
persons with incomes over $ 1 00, 000, ac
cording to the Congressional Joint Commit
tee on Taxation. House Majority Leader
Richard Gephardt (D-Mo. ) called the bill a
"folly" and di sputed the contention that it
would stimulate the economy.
The New York Times responded to the
bill with an editorial entitled "Soak the Poor!
Trash the Economy ! " which attacked the si x
Democrats on the committee who voted with
the Republicans. The Times characterized
the bill as "a shameless effort to reward the
rich and pervert the tax code. "
Briefy
L. b. MERCHANT shipprs have
agreed to support each other' s re
quests for government subsidies, ac
cording to a story in the Journal of
Commerce Sept . 1 2. "After years of
infghting, " things a now so bad that
"all parties have now agreed to sup
port one another' s wish l i sts . "
OCCIDENTAL Petroleum an
nounced plans to lay off 900 workers ,
or about 20% of its domestic work
force. According to the Sept . 6 Los
Angeles Times, Oxy i s following the
lead of most of the other major oil
companies , who are seeking to cut
costs in the face of weak prices.
THE INDIAN ECONOMY is
showing signs of slowing. Industrial
growth decelerated to 2. 7% over the
April-May period. While exports rose
by 39. 8% and imports by 2 1 . 6%, be
cause of the falling value of the ru
pee, foreign exchange reserves took
a nosedive during this period, ac
cording to India' s Economic Times.
MICHAEL HOSKIN, chairman
of the Council of Economic Advis
ers, cal led on the Federal Reserve to
lower interest rates Sept . 7. "If there
are signs of sofness in the economy
from where we are now, that further
easing would probably be appropri
ate. We see the economy is continu
ing to grow. "
CORPORATE LEADERS of at
least 80 top U. S. companies are cur
rently cruising along the Volga and
Don rivers on a Sept . 7- 1 7 trade mis
sion i n Russia put togteher by Boston
law frm Hale and Dorr, according to
the Sept . 6 Journal ofCommerce.
THE EDISON ELECTRIC In
stitute warned that President Bush' s
clean air proposal wi l l cost the na
tion' s power utilities at least $5. 5 bil
lion a year, resulting in annual rate
increases of 5- 1 0% across much of
the country, with ratepayers being
bil led up to $7 . 1 billion a year afer
2000.
Economics 1 7
TilFeatue
The dg mob's
legaizers go
on te waat
by Jeffrey Steinberg
It is no small irony that exactly at the moment when the goverment of Colombia
launched an all-out war against the drug cartels, sezing tens of millions of dollars
in properties, rounding up thousands of cartel foot soldiers, and extraditing a key
dope money launderer to the United States to stand trial, an interational collection
of prestigious dope mafa apologists have surfaced all at once, to proclaim the War
on Drugs "unwinnable" and to call for unilateral surrender.
From "free market" economist Milton Friedman to the editorial board of the
London Economist to Carter era "drug czar" Dr. Peter Boure, one by one the
same crew of legalizers who have been the subject of many EIR exposes over the
years, have crawled out from undereath their rocks. While their words may have
changed slightly, their tune remains the same.
In early September, the nation's capital was invaded by representatives from
a string of organizations all advocating one or another version of drug legalization:
the Drug Policy Foundation-a three-piece-suit retread of the 1 970s National
Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML)-the American Civil
Liberties Union (ACLU) , the libertarian Cato Institute, NORML, the National
Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers (NACDL) , the Criminal Justice Policy
Foundation, the National Prison Project, and High Times magazine.
Throughout Ibero-America, such longstanding mouthpieces for the dope car
tels as Colombia's Eresto Samper Pisano, who toured the United States during
the Carter years under NORML's auspices, advocated a "dialogue" and "negotia
tions" with the Cartel bosses.
In 1 984, when the Medellin Cartel assassinate Colombia's Justice Minister
Rodrigo Lara Bonilla, a courageous anti-drug fghter, it was former Colombian
President Alfonso Lopez Michelsen who secretly caucused with the drug barons
in Panama and proposed to "mediate" a truce with the goverment. Samper Pisano,
who had served as Lopez Michelsen's presidential ,ampaign manager, called upon
the United Stastes to help achieve "peace" with the drug trafckers, afer the cartel
1 8 Feature EIR September 21 , 1 989
Three chief targets ofthe drug-trafckers (left to right): Lyndon H. LaRouche. Jr . . former presidential . a political prisoner in the
United States since Januar VV,Rodrigo Lar Bonilla. Colombian justice minister. assassinated in April l V4,Luis Carlos Galdn.
Colombian presidential candidate. assassinated in August l VV.
barons assassinated Luis Carlos Galan, the frontrunning pres
idential candidate and a friend of Lara Bonil l a.
Belying the "neutral" character of these proposal s, the
same offer was simultaneously foated by Fabio Ochoa, the
father of the head of the Medel lin Carel , Jorge Ochoa.
In times of war, morale is a critical factor. For precisely
that reason, propagandizing for the enemy cause is rightly
treated as an act of treason. In the context of Colombian
President Virgilio Barco' s declaration of war against the co
caine cartel , the behavior of this army of apologists should
be considered just that: treason.
A red Trojan horse
While one element of Dope, Inc . has responded with
howls of protest over the Colombian goverment ' s all-out
assault-and the Bush administration' s still l imited but con
structive support effort-another major component of the
interational drug cartel has been playing the role of a Trojan
horse. The Soviet Union, through its Bulgarian, Czechoslo
vakian, Cuban, and Syrian satraps , plays a pivotal role in the
entire interational drug trade. Syria' s President Hafez al
Assad is the principal architect of narco-terrorism throughout
the easter Mediterranean region. Bulgaria was identifed
once again this year by Drug Enforcement Administration
investigators in Switzerland as a major launderer of drug
profts and, now, as a manufacturer of heroin and synthetic
"designer drugs"-a fact that the U. S. State Department ,
eager to forge a new detente with Moscow, has attempted to
systematically cover up.
Yet this "Easter Connection" to the world drug trade
was totally ignored in the Bush administration' s drug control
strategy, as was any mention of the other world drug col os-
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
sus , Communist China. In fact, the United Nations Conven
tion on Interational Narcotics Conrol , fnal ized last Decem
ber in Vienna, was principally authored by the Russians . If
it is endorsed by the U. S. Senate, a President Bush requested
in his Sept . 5 television address , te convention would give
the Soviet KGB access to all Western intell igence on inter
national drug trafcking and mon y laundering, and would
permit Moscow to instigate overseas asset seizures and de
mand extradition of those whom oscow decides to label
"drug trafckers . " The Big Lie in roscow' s sudden will ing
ness to collaborate in the War on prugs is evidenced in the
political profle of many of the most outspoken drug legaliz
ers in the West , beginning with th London Economist mag
azine. The very same fnancial c0munity organs screaming
the loudest about the "no win" n ture of President Barco' s
war on drugs, are at the same time the biggest spokesmen for
the appeasement of Moscow and, in most cases , for the
surrender of Lebanon 's sovereignt

to Syria' s drug interests.
In recent editorial comments
'
j some British newspapers
have pointed to the simple truth that those who advocate
legalization of drugs or softpedd e on the need for a true
global war against the narcos , are simply front-men for the
drug runners themselves . Lynd
I
n H. LaRouche Jr. , the
American statesman who was political ly framed up and jailed
because of his 20-year crusade aainst the drug mafa, re
cently endorsed this view, and roposed that the City of
London fnancial institutions standing behind the Economist
be among the frst to be prosecu ed for collusion with the
enemy. A few well-targeted blow like that would go a long
way toward demonstrating just How winnable the War on
Drugs actually i s. Then, the world can watch the legalizers
dive back in their holes .
Feature 1 9
LmUCDCG SD
OIH OU
LB Mar SHl a mSuP
whichWuSread a M coon thct//cyul
dagtp c. 0llhswa cntt/m,
War-lan. "
h3I Wc 8 Dg0Il0g, s |hc0CI8 Ollc
uS0o|hcdr0sD0l0llVlCIImS. tlCD8IlD08l Cfug
If3lDC 8S D0COmc 3B cvd30QDW0O gDVcOm00l IS
OW tghl. l lcQI0ScBl8 I 8 RB3CI3 , Q0ItC3 , 30d
m l8Q QOWCl gH8lcl lB3 lh8l oIC0IID 8IID0S WlIBl
Ic Pm0l088 . lt s 8 gDVcDm0l c s makn war
3g3Sl ClVt\Z00 8IID0S, 8 govcmmcnt upn whcb W0
mu8l d0car WM, a W8l which WC muSI h_Bl Wl0 lDc
W008oIWt, 3B08W8lwhichwe mustwnB|m 53mc
SlftIlhcUn|cdol8C8Hug0ImrmuCD00IIIDB8ldefat
OlNazimbClwecn I 4l
2. 8W-0BOICcmcBl mc|hs mu8I s0ppn I0c m|-
Sdc otlc 8lonOms.mamtcvcuto IaW-
0ulCcmcBl mncsl ns0gsW3t, muSl
Dc I0cQtIClQl0 l03I coUomo0w|h|0dmgtramcor
WlIB thc RB8BCl0t Dt pIIcaI mcs olm IBlcD8IlD08
0lugIf3D0KCD, 8lH8SDB 0tmcWM.
a) prson C8BgD inlf D0DgS, l8 K
0l38800 08 Ctm0t 8UIIDl0DWM, or 88 HD gB
SoIan 0CmyQW0l.
b) PBy Q0l8D0 p0rchan uuIawmI 5uDSI8BCcS, ot
3dVO3lIg lBc lcg8Z8lDBOln s0ch s0bstanccs,
OI 3UVD8Ig l0CBC lB Bll-0Hg lH OI |aw-cn-
lDHcI 00y D8I lhC O0lI O lH B IB
0tug8, lS gUlIy otmc _lVBg a|d d lD
lh0c0cmy Ilm0otWM.
J. tn| aIlancc kUO00dCl Wl, 80Dul0
cSI8DSC0 DIW0B mc Sta|cs a0d vcm-
mclS olDtD-Pm0llC80 8l8lC8 w0|ch ]D0 tbc ar OD
lfug8 8lH8BC0lD cI0 FsmntNcXlCD bas8uD-
scrbcd. LlBCl 8l8l8 80Dul0 C0COuDg00 R ]OD mat
|la|lancc.
4. Undcr the 3u8QtC68 Ib ID8l, prOvsons m
8CIDBS D8]0IIlIC0mm80sh0IdD0Cl8DDGIc0.
c8O fDV5ID5 ShDu0 pnncpIcsCDmmD 8C
lOB, lD lDC tha| 0Cc o]0I0l IHI
20 l03Iuf0
3DC |aw-cnIorccmcnt 8lD d 0DI SuDVcH Ibc IlD03l
SDV0fc g0IyD3yoIthc8I0C 08llDB8DW0DS0
mIlU DQDlIDB8 80COUuCl0. QDVI8D08 shok
include IB0HOWg.
a) hcC8I3DISDCBloDl8IcI8l m!8Ql88K-0S,
Q8tWl80, mDgID0lDC0 naons,
b) Thc Sl3DSmcl oI 8 LDD LDmm8B0, a-
8g00C lD pmv|dc8Q0Ch00 classcs o8S8I$lM60, 38 8u60
bct0QucSIc0 0c8Ig08l0 acnccsa0
otlc mCmDcl SI8lcS, DOlhC blatcraI commandol
IWD SI8IcS,
c) L000I IC ComHOB LDmm8B0, l0cfc should
C8lD50C0 a C0Il8 8BII-0Hg lBKl0BC6 agcncy,
atmgIB|hmodcD10 intelligence andQl80l0ghucton
oI3 mhtmgccl3 SI8, 800provd|ngmc H0CllD8
3CDmD3l w8l-tOm,
d) huCS gOvcOl0g I0c 8CIVlICS DHfcI_B B8IIDB8l8
8S8g0d ID QlOVdc tcchncal 30VICc 0B0 8CCC08 D0 |hc
8DV0tcgBICftlOQDmcmDDoIBC 3ll8BCc.
5. g0l3l , IBSOt 88 ch mcmDCI8I0Bba thc
m088 IO UD 8D, 800 Dl3lC0 8ClDB5 wan
8gan8II3I_clS otlDC WarD0LHg8, sho0Idbccd
Dj 8S8gBc0 OlC08 tm o0 wboc IO
8ClO0 DCCulS. l Wctc QDHD0, wbcn Ql8llC8DlC, K
QDV0C l0c R0mbr D8llDa 088cll8l S0
cQuQm0Bl3D0ugnQlSDB0cl ,rWcrtbhavcn
tchnical-assistance QcfSO0m engaed n combat0c-
tons. 0SDas QD88Dl0
a) LmD8l lI-QC HCll0BS torcu
0c SuQ[t0d80Oul0bcDSIIIClCC toDl8llDBoldccton
sy|cms, 30 tocaccnauQ8 atmm80
3Il-3IlCt8l systems QlDVl000 K 8uQQcmcBl tb8-
lIl0SOalO0al mrccs, 8B0
b)C8SO8Dl0 cXIcBSlD0 l0lclllgCDC0teclnical ad
3Bd8cDlCcS Su@c0 8S alcdQl8D00ltO-
8I00cmclSohcId0Q8lI08 .
. C0BOlDglC8 aprqate Io dc|ccton au comr-
m8lIDB gI0Wg, procssn, 8HC dmgs,
tCu0lgSlCllK-D8SC0datnra-harcdsyIcmsd-
Ic0I1DB, ShDu0bcwthassstanccmc
bI8Ic8. 8 SDD 88 tbcw|nD8nIcVantsCD0~
hmcd HI any 8D3, ummc 8888ul b
dpIoycdtmDC03I0ljkI00tDthat crp d
mlIMgtDuD0-Ht008 cl SCI uQDH
lBSQCIthc samc 8IC8 80C to CD00uCl suchI
OQ0l3llDBS 88 rcg0rcd
'
Tcqets lD Im0
hcId 8D8 opm, 80 a n mc
PmcHC3S, cxccptn mD8 Qf l0cu800
gDVcOm0BIS.
7.Wtha|dottmsamclCC0B0lDgIC8, n
ICI8 Du8Ibc00IcCl00 dconhm,andc0
QlOmQIy n Ihc S800 mM00f 8S hcIds
EIR b0QI0mD0f 2 1 , 1 989
m|cvan|cmps .
8.n 8mi aDOwlIb
o|bc |

must IB
dr0g 8D88 bcrs . AI
CDSS c mbcW8R,
ladID M
aclon. Ibsan
othcr tr d 0COBl8ll
|>ml 0O
0spc w|th I
u u|t M,
rs m

.sys|cmmtti
I Dthctcu
0n U I aso
hcng
DU8hchcd

0. aIC8lMC, b0>0cs8 nan8I |n-


SlIlulDB8, K bc
thc n sn 0m
Iaq|c
and 0 8C a
0 es
0sm I0 Il > hd
wtba0d>0cht>
cIact0r88 c|ts wmcscs.
e D0 s
ll tn ua|m. h qas-stak, thc
0
tbatqu8t8k'a 8l H-
U 8Bv8Oc8
as0atcdwIhc>
0 wcaIIh accumuIatmro thc
trs QI8lIOn8,
D0ClSwm'OI al z


<
J. aI1lll 0 tose
b, l8I8BCC c soens||0-
tonswhch3fc umctcIcmcnu0Kmat|oalhnan-
8 aB
8Bu8y nvcu0cs h
S0ch0|ttcs sbouId cI 5 || R
0c Omcs g8IBSI O' IabOm8 t0
un B8l 0cs
w||b ucb C0lllICS b hcd I0c
lclmS ns n the |n
tmcoI
IJ.Thcoducttmtb
icashas twOgcucraIpbascs.RDecSRcmcatc
IIunlicensed apan
|n n a00 l tt8l
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
CDndtS w|thn |hcHcm8Q0N Ior QD
|rudrugs mm motd g-prducing NgDU8
Omcr [3OS lh wor| d. 0 othcr 8DS 8D, n
QHS0lDl0clmk.
bOulhc8Sl LOUC f8Ug0,stil l tm
and@Wlg souncoIOQIumand derivatives;
GoIdcn Cnsccnt , h s 8 mucb smmcr
pd0ccrlh8the. Go|d cnbut wbcbB88
t 85 8 channel fr tng Go|dcn a
qamtnmIbcc0tI0D8C3m t
mccntIyrapdrevival opium pruction 0
lnda8Dd Lanka,arcvvaID |fIIShI0J
opumprouction;
tncnasc producto drugs n

nce a nnpd0c|o oI0Dg8 IB


ca |sCXlCDlB8l00, Ibc ar D r0sCBICD 8
s wbch |bc wr on thc
udmgsmSDUDC5 tlDHcm|phcm.
I4. U0 WODI r w contnuctomc |n
combattngm tcking, pc asnccpot0C-
ve[meatsoItbc o , : 0c l0CH8SI_ CO
mpuouDgDV0Omc0l3 g00CI0S 0B0 DDBBc , 8S wcII
85 8I t| I|o0s , p|tcaIIy porI0
8 0|cn>I>as>oclatcdw|h |hcr|hca,
0g as such, or pwerl D8UCI8 am business Btersls
assoaudwthCOdullg the rc cnucs otlh0 drg Ir
lhS and rc|a rca us, OHIm l3W-cu-
mncmcnlmethos olCOmD8Ilt0 mcdmgIf8CmI .
800lllD0lDcumpt|o0vcmm BIl8g000S, tbcru
M0pmIcc|cdby the gr tbotpwcm|gm0p
whih 8UVOC8l0 cthcrC_0Z3IIO crtbcdrug trafc, DI
whchcampaign mo orless ef IcUIlj RQtcVBl
t hms Dl 0lCcmcBl l8W 3g3Sl mc usagc and
0dmgs. BV0SIIg0lO haShOwn lR8l 88-
8Ol8llO8 00g8gC0 n:dCh 80VDIcy8Dplitical ams
|hc RB30C8 interts assoatcd wtb thc 0D0uIIg
RVCu0ShomID0drug trafc, anthat |bcym mcmmm
|O bc :~.:-an lh0 D8DDCI.:::-oprato0s
WcNUmd the Llc0 Statcsor|aWar .
I5. Tc War DU LDgS hu ICudc @mcdprov-
sous m alloment O nbBous dollars
38S08 th dmg tramckng lD DcB0hC8l pur-
CCDBDmC0CDml nbaiceccaom|cI8-
stnct0rc, agiculture , 8u0 mdcn d
Tcscmeasurs 50Du|daply :a-ht sovcn|gn8l8l68

tIe lhc HIcI_ as w as JOmc-|chOns


thcr nationals, fcSQ0CIIBg tb lawfl 0Dlg8lDB8
tbosc B8lID8S lD tbc state. act thatII-go|cngans
a tnsferred IDaccounts UlDH.gbank, or fc8lC8UlC
hoIdngsB feign B3ltD8, ac-s ot place l0D80 hDI0ngS
byond reach ofrccovcqbylc I8I0 oIthat 8IDB3.
Feature 2 1
Laouche's 20-yea
wa on Dope, Inc.
by Jeffrey Steinberg
On March 1 3 , 1 985 , at a conference in Mexico City, a
spokesman for Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr. presented La
Rouche' s 1 5-point plan for conducting a hemisphere-wide
war on drugs, a war which would marshal the same commit
ment of materiel and moral resources that went i nto the defeat
of the Nazis during the Second World War. Just weeks ear
lier, Enrique Camarena, a U. S. Drug Enforcement Admin
istration (DEA) agent working in Guadalaj ara, had been kid
naped, along with his Mexican pilot , and torured to death.
One of the authors of the Camarena murder, Mexican dope
baron Rafael Caro Quintero, had escaped scot-free to Costa
Rica, with the complicity of a former president of that Central
American nation. Just when the Camarena murder was to
have sent a message of terror from the dope cartel , the La
Rouche call answered that threat with a ral lying cry for an
international war to the death against the drug trafckers .
To this day, the LaRouche plan (see page 20) stands as
the blueprint for victory in the War on Drugs . And not with
out good reason: It was the fruit of a 20-year effort , spear
headed by LaRouche and his closest coll aborators, to assem
ble the most comprehensive map of who' s who i n the inter
national drug cartel , and to pol l anti-drug specialists from
around the world on the most effective means for combating
them. At every step along the way, LaRouche, above all
other interational political fgures , dared to name the names
of the top drug traffckers-including those Wester bankers
and Soviet and Chinese Communist offcials considered to
be "above suspicion. "
A cultural war
From the very outset , Lyndon LaRouche always empha
sized that the war against drugs was frst and foremost a
cul tural war. To tackle the drug trafckers without taking on
the drug-rock counterculture would be a reci pe for failure.
This identifcation of the counterculture as the key prb
lem has been the corerstone of LaRouche' s anti-drug pro
gram since the mid- 1 960s , when he founded an i nterational
pol itical movement to revive the Ital ian Renaissance tradi
tions of scientifc and technological progress and to destroy
the counterculture.
In 1 967 , in a widely circulated pol itical tract called "The
New Left , Local Control , and Fascism, " LaRouche wared
that the emerging drug-rock culture, with its anti-science bias
and its radical ecology bent , represented the seed-crystals of
a new fascist movement . Setting his sights on the Establ i sh-
22 Feature
ment ideologues and social engineers attempting to shape
this counterculture shocktroop army, LaRouche became im
mediately embroiled in a political war with McGeorge Bun
dy, the "chairman of the American Establishment" and pres
ident of the Ford Foundation. Years l ater, evidence turned
up proving that the Foundation, during Bundy' s tenure, had
not only provided the seed money for the terrorist Weather
men and every radical environmental ist group in the United
States ; they had also funded psychotropic drug experiments
and had been i nstrmental in the peddling of a synthetic
morhine i nvented by the Nazis as a "cure" for heroin addic
tion.
The drug ring in the White House
When Jimmy Carer was installed as President of the
United States i n 1 977 as the rsult of a massive vote fraud
efor, one of the frst undertakings of the Trilateral Commis
sion-run regime was a campaign directed out of the White
House to decriminalize marijuana use. Recognizing this as a
frst phase of a full-scale "Opium War" against the American
people, Lyndon LaRouche initiated a mobi lization to defeat
the dope lobby.
In April 1 977, the U. S. Labor Party, which had nomi
nated LaRouche for U. S. President the previous year, pub
l i shed a repor to the American people, titled "Bust the Drug
Ring in the White House. " In addition to exposing the role of
Carer White House "drug czar" Dr. Peter Boure as a leading
sponsor of marijuana and cocaine legalization, the report
included medical evidence of the dangers of marijuana, and
the frst comprehensive legislative package for carrying out
a multi-national War on Drugs, "The Emergency Detoxi f
cation and Manpower Development Act of 1 977. "
Between the time of Carter' s inauguration and the publi
cation of that repor, LaRouche associates had intervened to
defeat marijuana decriminalization bills i n New Jersey, New
Hampshire, Connecticut , Maryland, Missouri , New Mexi
co, and Hawai i . In late March 1 977, U. S. Labor Party med
ical expers testifed before state legislative hearings that led
to the passage of a bi l l recriminalizing marijuana use i n South
Dakota-the frst such "rollback" in the United States . The
National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws
(NORML) , afer having spent enormous sums of money
fronting for the drug carel i n thi s decriminalization drive,
folded up its tent .
0Q8,n0.
Even with the successful rollback of the Carter-Trilateral
legalization scheme, LaRouche assessed that a powerful in
terational combination of forces i n the East and i n the West
was committed to the proliferation of drugs . And so, i n early
1 978 , he commissioned a comprehensive study of the drug
trade, to be widely distributed as a feld manual for fghting
the war.
Literally hundrds of drg enorcement professionals frm
the Americas , Europe, and Asi a were polled. Archives were
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
combed, and in late 1 978, a 400-page book, Dope, Inc . :
Britain' s Opium War Against the United States, was pub
l ished. Among the groundbreaking concl usions in this book,
which sold over 75 , 000 copies , were that:
The interational fnancial community from the top
down was responsible for l aundering an estimated $300 bil
lion a year i n il legal drug revenues .
The Bronfman family of Canada, Max Fisher of De
troit , the United Brands multinational , and other corporate
giants "above suspicion" were kingpins of the drug trade.
Secretary of State Henry Kissinger had personal ly in
tervened to cover up the role of Communist China in the
Golden Triangle opium trade.
Al l international terrorism was narco-terrorism, a di
rect outgrowth of the spread of the rock-drug counterculture
of the 1 960s .
What today passes for common knowledge was heady
stuff back in 1 978, when no U. S. federal agencies had the
foggiest idea about drug money laundering and the role of
the major fnancial institutions . The best measure of the ac
curacy of Dope, Inc. was the massive propaganda blitz un
leashed against Lyndon LaRouche from such quarters as the
Anti-Defamation League (ADL) of B ' nai B ' rith and the Her
itage Foundation.
In December 1 978, Lyndon LaRouche keynoted the
founding convention of the National Anti -Drug Coalition, an
organization founded as a popular movement committed to
the crushing of Dope, Inc. Within a year, si mi l ar anti-drug
coalitions were founded in Wester Europe and Ibero-Amer
ica. By 1 980, a monthly magazine, War on Drugs, was being
publ ished by the NADC, and simi lar publications would
eventually be publ ished in seven diferent l anguages.
The drug lobby went berserk. Through offcial organs
such as the glossy High Times magazine, and through more
powerful support agencies such as the ADL, and the fagrant
ly pro-drug Chicago Sun-Times, the already ongoing anti
LaRouche campaign escal ated dramatical l y. All of the ele
ments that combined to constitute the "Get LaRouche" task
force that railroaded the four-time presidential candidate and
dozens of associates i n a series of political show trials begin
ning in 1 986, were conspiring by no later than 1 979-80 to
blunt the impact of Dope, Inc. and the anti-drug coalitions.
The Pope in Ibero-America
In Ibero-America, this campaign tured bloody. In the
spring of 1 984, Colombia' s courageous 1ustice Minister
Rodrigo Lara Bonilla was assassinated by professional ki l lers
hired by the cocaine-pushing Medel l fn Cartel . Weeks before
his murder, the minister had written a personal letter com
mending the Colombian Anti-Drug Coal ition for its eforts
and pledging to protect the coalition' s anti-drug efforts .
Shortly afer he was assassinated, a leading member of the
Colombian ADC was kidnaped by narco-terrorists associated
with the Gnostic Church. Her eventual safe release came only
afer an interational mobi l i zation to expose the top pol iti-
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
ci ans, including ex-Colombian President Lopez Michelsen,
who were patrons of the cartel .
With the entire Andean region turned into a ful l -scale
battleground between narco-terrorist forces such as Peru' s
Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso) and increasingly out
gunned goverment anti-drug forces , Pope 10hn Paul II an
nounced plans i n l ate 1 984 to visit the region in an act of
defance against the mafa.
In response, Lyndon LaRouche commissioned the prep
aration and rapid publ i shing of an updated Spanish-l anguage
edition of Dope, Inc . , to be released throughout Ibero-Amer
ica on the eve of the Pope' s vi si t. Included in the updated
edition, which came out in 1anuary 1 985 under the title Nar
cotrafco S. A. , was extensive evidence of the role of the
Bul garian secret police in the attempted assassination of 10hn
Paul II, as well as i n the interational heroin trade.
For the time being boxed in by the massive circulation of
Narcotrafco S. A. throughout the Andean region, and by the
extensive media coverage it received, the drug mob chose
instead to strike out on two other fanks . First , DEA agent
Camarena was murdered in Mexico. Si multaneousl y, Vene
zuelan police units under the thumb of the powerful Ci sneros
fami l y raided the Caracas offces of EIR and seized all copies
of Narcotrafco S. A. , decl aring the book banned in Venezue
l a and arresting and eventually deporting several EIR corre
spondents .
Guatusa
Events i n Ibero-America had defned the fght against the
drug cartel as the major national security i ssue facing every
nation of the hemisphere. Increasingly, the role of the Soviet
Under Lyndon LaRouche' s policy guidance, publications such as
these forced Jimmy Carter' s pro-drug lobby t drastically curtail
their operations. Top left: the Italian Anti-Drug Coalition' s
edition ofWar on Drugs magazine; top right: "Bust the Drug Ring
in the White House, " put out by the U. S. Labor Part in l V,
bottom: the second English-language edition ofDope, nC . , lV.
Feature 23
Union in peddling drugs had become evident as a central
feature of its global irregular warfare program. In the summer
of 1 985, Lyndon LaRouche launched a pilot project to dem
onstrate the viabil ity of his War on Drugs strategy and to
expose the Soviet hand in narco-terrorism in the hemisphere.
Senior military offcials from Guatemala had provided
LaRouche with damning evidence that Soviet- and Cuban
sponsored guerri lla groups in Central America had been in
tegrated into the Ibero-American drug cartel . Afer producing
a documentary flm on this new insurgency, "Soviet Uncon
ventional Warfare in Ibero-America: The Case of Guatema
l a, " LaRouche proposed to the Guatemalan goverment that
it launch a series of special forces assaults on the marijuana
plantations along the country' s northeaster border with Be
lize. The idea was to take out the drug production sites and
capture evidence linking the dope traffcking to the guerrillas ,
thereby exposing to the Guatemalan people the Communists'
role in dope profteering and terrorism.
The proposal was accepted, and a U. S. observer team,
including unofcial representatives of the Pentagon and EIR
anti-drug special ists , was invited to participate in the efort,
which took place in October 1 985 on the eve of the frst
civil ian elections in Guatemala in two decades. The success
of the limited operation, dubbed "Guatusa I , " was further
evidence that the LaRouche War on Drugs plan was a genuine
war-winning strategy.
An English-language second edition, Dope, Inc. : Boston
Bankers and Soviet Commissars, was released in the United
States in Apri l 1 986. Included in the expanded edition was a
preface documenting the virtual takeover of the Reagan
administration Department of Justice by frontmen for Dope,
Inc. One pivotal fgure named in the preface, U. S. Attorey
Wil liam Weld, had been caught red-handed in early 1 985
negotiating a plea bargain with the Bank of Boston that pro
tected the bank' s involvement in laundering over $ 1 billion
in drug money into Swiss bank accounts in violation of U. S .
currency laws . Weld, since 1 984, had been the point man
within the Justice Department for the "Get LaRouche" task
force formed at the behest of Henry . Kissinger and other
Dope, Inc. fgures .
In June 1 986, William Weld was nominated as head of
the Criminal Division. His confrmation in September was
nearly blocked when testimony by a LaRouche associate
detail ing Weld' s involvement with the Bank of Boston, as
well as his close afliations with opium-trafcking Com
munist China, delayed the committee vote. Weld' s nomina
tion fnally passed through the Senate. Within less than a
month afer his arrival in Washington, 400 federal , state, and
county police carried out a paramilitary raid against the Lees
burg, Virginia offces of companies associated with La
Rouche. Six months later, in an unprecedented ex parte bank
ruptcy hearing, in which the Department of Justice was the
only plaintif, four LaRouche-linked companies , including
the original publisher of Dope, Inc. , were forcibly shut down.
24 Feature
ThcDrugLcgaizcrs
OuuduUOu 5CCk5 Cud
lO dOgC ' gtODDtOu'
Plenty of money is being spent in Washington, D. C. to pro
mote one of the most hated policies of the Jimmy Carter
administration: drug legaliztion. As Congress began to gear
up following its summer recess , a series of press conferences
and seminars sponsored by a group called the Drug Policy
Foundation has blitzed the capital city in preparation for a
major conference to be held on Nov. 2-5 , titled "Beyond
Prohibition. "
According to Kevin Zeese, a legal adviser to the National
Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML) ,
the conference wi l l "paint th picture of what the world would
l ook l ike without prohibition, " and will showcase an array of
denizens of the academic, legal , and political spheres who
aggressively demand national surrender to drugs .
The November conference will be modeled, in content
and speakers' list, on a similar conference held l ast year to
promote the same issue. The 1 988 conference featured work
shops on themes including:
"The Dutch Approach, " with a focus on the Dutch and
English models of drug legalization, especially the Liverpool
"Harm Reduction" program of free hypodermic needles, free
drugs , etc.
"Coping with Stress and Corruption: The Police and
Criminal Justice System in te Drug War, " which developed
the idea that drug police are inevitably corrupted by the at
tempt to suppress trafcking.
"The Campaign to Reestablish Heroin and Marijuana
as Medicines, " which outlined a plan to win a favorable
ruling from an administratve law judge which would re
schedule these substances as prescription medicines .
The Drug Policy Foundtion' s subsequent success with
these projects is an indicatin that the schemes outlined at
this year' s conference should not be taken lightl y. Earlier this
year, an administrative law court ruled that Lester Grinspoon
and other pro-marijuana advocates had shown by a prepon
derance of the evidence that a "viable minority" of practicing
physicians has come to accept the value of marijuana in
cerain treatments .
In a series of press conferences in the days prior to the
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
announcement of the President' s national strategy, the Drug
Policy Foundation announced that the November conference
would be highlighted by the award of several $ 1 0, 000 grants
to people deemed to be leaders in the fght for drug legaliza
tion. The most prominent recipient will be Baltimore Mayor
Kurt Schmoke, an outspoken and highly publicized advo
cate of drg legalization.
The high-profle award program has been made possible
by the fnancial largesse of Richard Dennis, a Chicago
based commodities speculator who has put a signifcant part
of his $20 million fortune in the service of this cause. Den
nis' s money has taken the Drug Policy Foundation from the
realm of an obscure network of activists , to the front-line
opposition to the administration policy. Its infuence was
dramatically evident on Sept. 7, when U. S. Drug Policy
Dirctor William Bennett addressed a National Press Club
luncheon, to answer questions from the press about the pro
gram: The Drug Policy Foundation had rented the other half
of the Press Club lobby, and had l aid out a lavish bufet to
fete the press as they left Bennett' s event . With the room
reeking of marijuana-courtesy of a display of clothing ar
ticles made from hemp-the hard-core pot freaks , led by the
Yippie Dana Beal, wandered through the halls distributing
Libertaian Party literature.
The Chicago drug nexus
Richard Dennis , the principal sponsor of the Drug Policy
Foundation, is no political neophyte. He serves as the editor
of New Perspectives quarterly, the magazine of the Center
for the Study of Democratic Institutions, and also sits on the
bards of the Cato Institute, the premier Libertarian think
tank on Capitol Hill ; the Chicago Council on Foreign Affairs;
and People for the American Way.
The Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions was
created by Robert Hutchins of the University of Chicago
for the purpose of spawning malthusian and other counter
culture-orented institutions. It served as a coordinating cen
ter for the radical insurgency which toppled the political
machine of Chicago' s Mayor Richard Daly, Sr. -an accom
plishment which depended on the services of a Republican
federal prosecutor, now the goveror of Illinois , Jim Thomp
son.
This cross-party symbiosis has been remarkably consist
ent on the issue of drugs in Illinois politics. In April 1 986,
Adlai Stevenson III committed political suicide by leaving
the Democratic ticket and mounting an independent cam
paign for the goverorship, rather than run with Mark Fair
child and Janice Har, two LaRouche Democrats who scored
upset victories in the primary. Stevenson' s move was dictat
ed by the Democratic National Committee, and was fnan
cially backed by Richard Dennis .
Dope Democrats meet Buckleyite Republicans
An examination of the Drug Policy Foundation shows
EIR September 21 , 1989
how these dope Democrats are allied with Libertarians and
RepUblicans of the William F. Buckley stripe, in the crusade
for drug legalization. Aside from the big bucks provided by
Denni s' s winnings on the Chicago commodities exchange,
the Drug Policy Foundation sports the participation of a spec
trum of drug pushers with academic degrees and three-piece
suits .
The president of the foundation is Arnold S. Trebach, a
longtime advocate of drug legalization, and ideologue of the
movement during the Carter administration. Trebach, a jus
tice professor at American University in Washington, D. C. ,
is international ly active in the cause of drug legalization.
Other leading fgures include:
Eric E. Sterling, president of the Criminal Justice Policy
Foundation, a related pro-drug institution. Sterling served as
counsel to the U. S. House of Representatives Committee on
the Judiciary from 1 979 until 1 989. He was frst assigned to
the subcommittee on criminal justice to work on rewriting
the Federal Criminal Code under Rep. Robert F. Drinan, SJ.
(D-Mass . ) . From 1 98 1 through 1 989 he was counsel for the
subcommittee on crime, chaired by William J . Hughes (D
N. J . ) , and was responsible for legislation and congressional
oversight regarding drug enforcement, gun control , money
laundering, organized crime, and porography. According
to his biographical summary, he worked actively with the
liberal police department managers who have campaigned
for draconian gun control measures, and credits himself with
a major role in developing the major anti-crime and anti-drug
abuse legislation of the last fve years . He is an adjunct
professorial lecturer at the American University where he has
taught courses at the School of Justice on Interational Nar
cotics Policy and Organized Crime.
One of the Drug Policy Foundation' s principal arguments
on behalf of legalization, claims that the law has been unable
to stop the spread of illegal drugs . Sterling' s curriculum vitae
provides one insight into why that might be the case.
William F. Buckley is represented in spirit by his close
collaborator, foundation board member Richard C. Cowan
of Cowan Investments, in Dal l as Texas. Cowan has written
many articles on drugs, including an insidious piece of dis
information called "How the Narcs Created Crack, " pub
lished in National Review magazine. Along with economist
Milton Friedman, Cowan argues that the aggressive enforce
ment of drug laws promoted the development of crack co
caine.
The National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers
(NACDL) is represented by its president , Neal R. Sonnett,
who is also active in the American Bar Association and var
ious Florida-based legal organizations. In May 1988 he was
named as one of the " l00 most powerful lawyers in the United
States" by the National Law Joural. In June 1989 he re
cieved the Florida Bar Foundation' s highest award, its Medal
of Honor.
The Amercan Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and NACDL
Feature 25
provide the cadre who run the National Organization for
Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML) , and are speciously
demanding that Americans concerned about the Supreme
Court ' s cavalier attitude toward the Bi l l of Rights , must en
dorse their support of legalized drugs . Ira Glaser, the ACLU' s
executive director, is likewise an active board member.
Ethan Nadelmann, J. D. , Ph. D. , is an associate profes
sor at the Woodrow Wilson School , Princeton University.
He authored "The Case for Legal ization" in Public Interest
magazine, and more recently authored a paper on the same
subject for the National Academy of Sciences, an organiza
tion which has supported drug legalization since the Ni xon
admini stration.
Lester Grinspoon, M. D. , of Harvard Medical School ,
has been widely publi shed and consulted on drugs and drug
policies for over two decades . He is part of the legacy of LSD
guru Timothy Leary at the Department of Psychiatry of the
Harvard Medical School . Grinspoon is the author of Co
caine, a book which was central to the popularization of the
drug during the 1 970s .
Andrew T. Weil , M. D. , formerly at Harvard, is now at
the University of Arizona, His entire career has been devoted
to the pursuit of a drugged "nirvana. " As an undergraduate,
Weil produced his honors thesis on the hallucinogenic effects
of nutmeg, and recently authored a book called The Natural
M ind, Chocolate to Morphine, which argues that drug addic
tion, the desire for an "al tered" state of consciousness, is a
biological and instinctive drive.
Wesley C. Pomeroy, a noted "police reformer, " is ex
ecutive director of the Independent Review Panel of Dade
County, Florida, a citizen complaint ofce. He previously
served in the Carter administration White House Offce of
Drug Abuse Policy.
Patrick V. Murphy, former commissioner of the New
York City Pol ice Department , is, like Pomeroy, a leading
fgure in the movement which destroyed traditional law en
forcement practices in police departments around the coun
try. Under the pretext of "anti-corruption" campaigns, Mur
phy' s policies brought demoralization to police departments
and skyrocketing crime rates in the major U. S. cities.
Carl Sagan, propagandist for "New Age" scientifc fak
ery, is also l i sted as an advisory board member of the Drug
Pol icy Foundation.
International representatives of the foundation include:
Luigi Del Gato, M. D. , international Anti-Prohibition
League, Italy; Prof. Dr. Frits Reuter, University of Am
sterdam; Wijnand Sengers, M. D. , European Movement for
the Normalization of Drug Pol icy, the Netherlands; and Car
ole Tongue, European Parliament , United Kingdom.
In short , this organization is a "who' s who" of the people
who destroyed the law enforcement infrastructure of the ma
jor cities in the the 1 960s; spread the "cocaine and marijuana
are harmless" myth from the hal ls of academia and through
out the media; shaped drug and criminal policy from the
26 Feature
highest offces in the land during and afer the Carter admin
istration; and now insist that the nation should declare "Drug
Peace, Not Drug War, " because "law enforcement measures
don' t work. "
What they stand for
As the case of Richard Dennis and his collaborators in
Illinois illustrates, these people do not hesitate to use the
most extreme measures to otlaw and suppress their oppo
nents , even while they decry the supposed "pol ice-state"
measures which are to be aimed at drug users and pushers by
law enforcement authorities.
Oliver "Buck" Revell, head q the
FBI's anti-territ and
counterintelligence operations, told
Congress that he could not rule out
the prbability that a wve q
narco-terrrit violence would occur
and said that i it did, the FBI
would not be able to stop it.
The simple fact is that this lobby is actively prmoting
the legalization of all narcotic drugs-marijuana, cocaine,
heroin, and more. "Crack" cocaine, believed by some expers
to be the deadly product of Soviet chemists , would be subject
to civil penalties only, under their scheme. Wesley Pomeroy
told a press conference on Sept . 1 1 , "We don' t know enough"
to determine if crack should be legalized. Arold Trebach
told the same forum that he favors complete legalization of
all drugs immediately. Trebach recommended that a genre of
"entertainment" shows be created which would advocate the
"responsible" use of drugs. Referring to a well-known "sex
therapi st" who delivers advic on her radio talk show, Tre
bach said that he "would like to see a ' Dr. Ruth' for drugs on
cable TV. " He predicted that "stock page l i stings" of the
price of drugs would not be inconceivable. "I love Nancy
Reagan' s campaign ' Just Say No, ' " he laughed.
This radical Friedmanite, "free enterprise" approach to
the question of drug use is the 'ine qua non of the Liberarian
Paty and the Buckleyite particpation in this campaign. When
Richard Dennis was asked if he would agree to a limitation
on advertising for drugs , much as has been done with ciga
rettes and alcohol , he replied, "I think it is overblown, the
idea that advertising lures people . . . . Adverising should
remain in the realm of protected speech. "
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
Dennis' s comment demonstrates btter than anything else,
that this operation is a front for interests who are involved in
the commercial proft from drug addiction.
At an Aug. 3 1 press conference, the Drug Policy Foun
dation addresssed the violence which has accompanied the
spread of drugs in the Wester Hemisphere, and, predictably,
blamed the violence on law enforcement agencies . "A war
like, violent strategy carried out by the goverment would
eventualy provoke a warlike, violent response by those in
volved in the drug scene, " threatened Trebach. Without
wincing, he lied that "now, U. S. drug violence i s almost
exclusively confned to turf wars between rival gangs and
competing drug traffckers . Almost no violence is directed
purposely at the police or at authority fgures . "
Trebach went still furher, predicting that the drug traf
fckers would begin striking at public fgures in the United
States. "The increased vigor of the American drug warriors ,
and the fact that Colombian trafckers are particularly vi
cious , means that a drug battle of unheard-of proportions
may soon begin in the United States . "
On Sept . 1 1 , Oliver "Buck" Revell , head of the FBI ' s
anti-terrorist and counterintelligence operations, told the
Congress that he could not rule out the probability that such
a wave of violence would occur, and said that if it did, the
FBI would not be able to stop it. His remark i s all the more
startling in the light of Revel l ' s repeated assurances over
many years , that the FBI has domestic terrorism under com
plete control .
The domestic potentials for this violence already exist in
such FBI-controlled assets as Jewish Defense Organization
terrorist Mordechai Levy, who was just released from jail in
New York City, where he was being held afer a shootout
with the police, during which he shot an i nnocent bystander.
It should also be remembered that Dana Beal , who was pres
ent at William Bennett ' s National Press Club speech, in 1 98 1
helped to organize a meeting to plan opposition to the Reagan
administration' s War on Drugs, under the campaign slogan
"Shoot Bush First . "
And sure enough, only two days after Revell ' s predic
tion, syndicated columnist Jack Anderson reported that the
Secret Service is taking seriously a reported plot by the Med
ellin Cartel to assassinate President Bush by November. Ten
cartel assassins are allegedly hiding out on a ranch in the
Mexican state of Chihuahua, waiting for false identifcation
papers to get them into the United States. Once they get there,
they are expected to make Wheeling, West Virginia their
base of operations for terrorist assaults , Anderson reports .
Bush Drug Policy Director William Bennett and Attorey
General Richard Thorburgh are also on the assassins' hit
list . Anderson' s sources told him that the assassins have
"high-powered rifes and ' explosives already in place. ' "
A more dubious news source, the sensational tabloid The
Globe, reports that the cocaine cartel has also targeted First
Lady Barbara Bush for assassination.
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
Documcntation
rogues' galler
of drg legalizers
One of the biggest lies about the advocates of drug legaliza
tion is that they have no connections to the drug mafa. But if
one looks at the U. S. and British legalization advocates
alongside their co-thinkers in Colombia, it is overwhelming
ly evident that - such a distinction i s absurd. Below we list
some of Dope Inc . ' s most prominent interational spokes
men.
Antonio Caballero, widely read Colombian news col
umnist . In the Aug. 29 El Espectador, he wrote that the
mafa' s billions "come from a single factor: that the drug
trade is illegal . If the drug trade were legal it would yield less
mthe sale of coriander. Thus the war [against drgs] should
be the total and universal legalization of the production,
distribution, and consumption of coca. "
Fabio Ochoa, father of three brothers who lead the Med
el l in Cartel along with Pablo Escobar and Gonzalo Rodri
guez Gacha. Ochoa told the Colombian daily La Prensa
Sept . 5 , 1 989: "My sons and all the Colombian drug trafck
ers are repentant and want peace, they want dialogue. I know
that because I am a friend of many, many of them . . . . Drug
traffcking can be halted by legal means . "
Joaquin Vallejo Arbelaez, prominent Colombian econ
omist. In a commentary appearing in the daily El Tiempo on
Aug. 3 1 , he argued that "the only solution, although it will
scandalize many, is free trade of the drug, as was done with
alcohol after the tormenting period of Prohibition between
1 920 and 1 932. "
Augusto Zimmerman Zavala, director of the weekly
Peruvian magazine Kausachum. In its Sept . 5 issue, he wrote:
"Peru can escape the crisis if it sells coca leaves . . . because,
according to the economic laws of capitalism itself, all de
mand generates supply . . . . If the United States goverment
proposes to spend $3 . 5 bil l ion in fghting the drug trade over
the next year, with this same sum it could buy 90% of the
coca leaf production of Peru and Bolivia. "
The U. S. Information Agency (USIA) . The March 1 989
issue ( No. 85) of its magazine Facetas, distributed to U. S.
embassies i n Ibero-America, carried an article favorably cit
ing the arguments of such legalization advocates as Baltimore
Feature 27
Mayor Kurt Schmoke, jouralist William F. Buckley, Jr. ,
economist Milton Friedman, and Prof. Ethan A. Nadel
mann of Princeton, who insist, according to Facetas. that
"the most efcient way of confronting the interational drug
traffcking monopolies is to bankrupt them by legal izing
drugs. "
Alfonso Lopez Michelsen, former President of Colom
bia between 1 974-78 . He told the Miami Herald and various
Ibero-American jouralists that he considers dialogue with
the drug mafas to be "inevitable. " In 1 984, Lopez secretly
met with the heads of the Medel lIn Cartel and negotiated a
deal whereby they would repatriate their bill ions in drug
dollars in exchange for a political amnesty. The Colombian
goverment rejected his proposal .
Ernesto Samper Pizano, Colombian presidential can
didate. He is known as Colombia' s leading drug legalization
advocate, having authored and lobbied for the original pro
posals for marijuana legalization back in 1 977 , when he was
president of the National Association of Financial Institutes
(ANIF) . He has since added cocaine to his legalization pro
posal . Samper was Lopez Michelsen' s campaign manager
during the former President ' s second bid for power in 1 982,
and has publ icly admitted to having accepted substantial
campaign donations from convicted drug traffcker Carlos
Lehder.
Milton Friedman, monetarist economist. His open letter
to U. S. drug czar William Bennett in the Sept . 7 Wall Street
Joural reads in part: "Decriminalizing drugs is even more
urgent now than in 1 972. . . . Postponing decriminalization
will only make matters worse, and make the prblem apear
even more intractable. Alcohol and tobacco cause many more
deaths in users than do drugs . "
The Economist, a London-based weekly, mouthpiece of
the British fnancial el ite. In the issue appearing in the frst
week of September, it editorial ized: "Demand creates sup
ply, despite the panoply of interational conventions and
national laws . . . . Repeal them, replace them by control ,
taxation and discouragement . Until that is done, the slaughter
in the United States , and the destruction of Colombia will
continue. "
The Financial Times, daily mouthpiece of British fnan
cial el ite. Its Sept . 9 editorial advised: "Decriminalize drug
abuse itself, while expanding education and treatment. Ad
dicts would then be able to register and obtain drugs , on a
maintenance basis , through offcial channels. In this way the
link that binds the addict to the black marketeers would be
cut , though the trade itself would remain illegal . "
Dr. Peter Bourne, drug pol icy adviser t o President Jim
my Carter. He wrote in the Sept . 6 London Times. "It makes
no sense for the goverment [of Colombia] to have the coun
try' s largest source of foreign exchange outside the legitimate
economy. Cocaine should be made a legitimate export , reg
ulated and taxed by the goverment . . . . For the U. S . , this
could well mean ultimately legalizing cocaine use. "
28 Feature
The falacious case
for legaizaton
by John Grauerholz, M. D.
A critical fank in the interational drug cartel ' s war against
those who would resist it , is the propaganda which it seeds
behind enemy lines , using arguments with the appearance of
rationality in order to undercut citizens' will to fght them,
and if possibl e, to recrit the gullible into their own ranks.
Even the casual passing on of these arguments t o family and
friends, can give imprant aid to the drug trafckers. There
fore, let us refute them, one by one.
. Legalization ofdrugs will not lead to increased drug
use.
This is one of those perennial asserions which continues
to surive i n spite of a total lack of evidence to suppor it,
and despite the fact that, in every instance in which it has
been tried, it has ben proven wrong. Back in the early 1 96s,
Great Britain decided to control an epidemic of heroin use by
allowing physicians to legaIJy dispense heroin to those al
ready addicted, in order to decrease the incidence of crmes
committed by addicts seekin funds to suppor their addic
tion. The theory was that if heroin were legally available to
the addict population, then th inducement to commit crime,
and to recrit other addicts, in order to support the drug habit,
would be eliminated. But the crimes continued, the use of
heroin continued to spread, and the policy was ultimately
abandoned.
On the other hand, during approximately the same peri
od, the goverment of Japan rsponded to a problem of wide
spread amphetamine abuse by a rigorous law enforcement
campaign, combined with sactions against users, and sig
nifcantly curtailed the extent of the problem.
In the United States, we have the exemplary history of
the methadone maintenance prgram in New York City. The
major accomplishment of this program was to have metha
done surpass heroin as a cause of death, while having no
impact on the spread of heroin use, and no long-term change
in the rate of criminal activity following methadone mainte
nance treatment. iafact, methadone itself became an object,
if not the object , of criminal activities of drug addicts, with
over half of the dispensed dose being sold on the street to
other addicts for abusive use.
Z. Outlawing drugs will hno more successful than pro
hibition ofalcohol.
The comparison between drugs and alcohol is totally
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
inappropriate. Use of beverage alcohol has been common
and accepted in almost every civilized society for millennia.
Widespread use of opiates and hallucinogens has never per
sisted over time in any society or culture which remained
intact. Prohibition failed because it was an effor to outlaw
something which had been legal and widely accepted for
centuries. On the other hand, widespread use of opiates,
hallucinogens, and other such drugs has never been widely
accepted, over time, in any society which was not either in a
state of collapse or already collapsed or under the control of
a colonial power which utilized drugs as a method of keeping
the population in subjugation.
To argue that because a certain number of people abuse a
legal substance-whether it be alcohol or cough medicine
we should therefore legalize substances which are known
destroyers of human civilization, makes sense only if one is
committed to destroying the society in question and/or prof
iting fom the distribution of the drug in question and wishes
to rduce his legal costs . While Prohibition may have failed,
there 8 numerous instances of suppression of illicit drugs
which have succeeded.
J. Marijuana is a harmless euphoriant, unlike so-called
"hard" drugs.
This is a substance which for over 2,000 years has re
patedly been reported to cause mental illness . Besides THC,
the chemical euphoriant found in cannabis , 60 other canna
binoids have been identifed i n addition to hundreds of other
compounds such as sterols, terpenes , favinoids , alkaloids ,
and furan derivatives. The gaseous and particulate matter in
the smoke of a marijuana cigarette reads like the contents of
a toxic waste dump, including carbon monoxide, acetalde
hyde, toluene, nitrosamine, vinyl chloride, phenol , cresol ,
and naphthalene. A marijuana cigarette contains twice the
amount of carcinogenic tars, such as benzanthracene, as a
tobacco cigarette of the same weight .
Experments in animals and humans have documented
that marijuana smoke produces cancerous changes in lung
tissue and impairs the immune cells of the lung to a much
greater extent than cigarette smoke. A group of young vol
unteers who smoked marijuana rapidly developed symptoms
of airay obstruction, which were much more severe than a
compaable group of cigarette smokers .
Prcancerous lesions were found in biopsies of American
soldiers stationed in Germany who had smoked hashish heav
ily for two years.
In experimental animals, exposure to cannabis has been
associated with disruption of all phases of reproduction. This
rsults fom the direct action of the drug on the pituitary
gland as well as on the gonads . In men, cannabi s, THC, and
other cannabinoids cause shrinkage of the testicles , with re
duced sperm counts and lowered hormone levels in the blood.
In humans, marijuana smoking is associated with an in
crased prevalence of abnormal sperm cells .
Cannabinoids cross the placental barrier and appear in
EIR September 2 1 , 1989
maternal milk. Thus the fetus can be afected in the uterus by
cannabis smoked by its mother, as well as by contaminated
breast milk. Experimental studies indicate that the negative
effects on development which have been seen in diferent
animal species may be caused by: preconception exposure to
cannabis with damage to the germ cells (sperm and egg) ;
prenatal exposure in the uterus; and/or postnatal exposure to
contaminated mother' s milk.
In one study, of ten independent factors such as age,
alcohol use, cigarette smoking and race, which were studied
as possible causes of adverse effects of pregnancy, marijuana
use was the most highly predictive of fetal malformations . In
fact, it now appears that a signifcant number of cases of the
fetal-alcohol syndrome may actually represent the effects of
marijuana.
Unlike alcohol , in which the heaviest consumption oc
curs among a small percentage of the total number of con
sumers, regular marijuana consumption is more widely dis
tributed among the total number of consumers . Epidemiol
ogical studies indicate that the abuse potential of cannabis
(its capacity to induce daily intoxication) may be nine times
greater than that of alcohol when it is easily accessible and
socially acceptable.
The popular classifcation of cannabis as a "sof" drug is
misleading in view of its acute and chronic toxic effects . It i s
also an addictive dependence-producing drug, characterized
by tolerance and an abstinence syndrome. Since studies of
large numbers of high school students indicate that 26% of
the population of marijuana users went on to experiment with
opiates, barbiturates , and amphetamines , it is not surprising
that those who are profting from the drug trade are so eager
to legalize thi s drug.
+. Cocaine is a relatively harmless drug.
The following abstract from the June 8 , 1979 issue of the
Journal ofthe American Medical Association (Vol . 241 , No.
23 , p. 25 1 9) says it all ;
Sixty-eight deaths associated with the recreational
use of illicit cocaine were investigated by the Medical
Examiner' s Ofce of Dade County in Florida. Most
fatalities occurred since 1975. Although 29 involved
the use of other drugs (usually heroin) , 24 persons
died directly of the toxic efects of cocaine. Respi
ratory collapse and death occurrd rapidly afer the
intravenous injection of cocaine. Oral or nasal inges
tion resulted in a symptom-free interval lasting as long
as an hour followed suddenly by generalized seizures
and death. Toxicological analysis could not causally
relate lidocaine hydrochloride or other adulterants to
the untoward reactions . The data suggest that the rate
of absorption, the peak blood concentration, and the
prior use of cocaine all contribute to the possibilty of
a fatal reaction. Despite current belief, cocaine cannot
be considered a safe recreational drug.
Feature 29
Colombia taes offensive
aain; more aid is urgent
by Jose Restrepo
The goverment of President Virgilio Barco in Colombia
issued a series of new decrees Sept . 1 4 which recaptured the
offensive in that nation' s war with the cocaine cartels . The
decrees I) provided for the appointment of military com
manders with wide-ranging powers in regions under siege;
2) gave military judges the right to order searches anywhere
that the crime of drug traffcking and related activity is sus
pected; and 3) ordered the lawyers of the drug cartels to
present their clients in person, in any appeal of the extradition
orders against them.
And yet even as the Barco goverment pursues this new
offensive, there has begun to spread a certain degree of alarm
over its ability to fnancially sustain the war against the car
tels . Despite the minimal assistance it has received from
Washington, D. C. , largely in the form of mil itary equipment
and supplies , Colombia is facing the very real question of
whether it can even provide its troops with boots, uniforms ,
and food. Fifteen thousand troops will shortly be fnishing
their tour of duty, and the Barco goverment lacks the money
to outft their replacements . Further, by the end of this month,
the Colombian Army will have used up its entire gasoline
allotment for the year; its tanks may quite l iterally stall in
mid-feld. Experts have estimated that it will take infusions
of at least $2 million a day to give Colombia what it needs to
rout Dope, Inc. from its territory.
Re-taking the high ground
President Barco' s Decree No. 2 1 05 requires such "extra
ditables" as Pablo Escobar, the Ochoas , Rodriguez Gacha,
and others to personally appear before the judicial authorities
ifthey wish to legall y challenge warrants against them. Here
tofore, the cartel bosses have swamped the courts with bat
teries of highly paid attoreys trained to trammel up the
30 Interational
country' s judicial processes, while keeping the drug czars
abreast ofthe latest decisions of the courts. Decree No. 2 1 03,
on the responsibilities of miitar penal judges , basically
hands over responsibility for ongoing investigations of the
drug catels to the Colombian Ared Forces.
The appointment of milita commanders to narcoteror
besieged regions under Decre No. 2099, is especially sig
ni fcant. By giving these commanders broad-ranging pwers
to enforce public order-from imposition of curews , regu
lation of public gatherings , and banning of l iquor consump
tion, to the pursuit and capture of fugitives from the law
the goverment efectively circumvents the protests of a
handful of self-interested plitical fgures , who one week
earlier had succeeded in forcing the suspension of a presiden
tial order providing for the replacement of elected mayors by
military counterars where necessar .
President Barco' s latest measurs follow an outpourng
of urgent appals to the goverment to uphold the concept of
marial law , in time of war. An editorial in the Sept. 9 issue
of El Espectador insisted: "We are in truth at war, an opn
war that has been unleashed with all the explosive ingredients
of teror. In a state of wa, there is marial law . . . such that
the presence of milita men as the supreme authorties within
territories occupied by violence, be it political or criminal , is
not strange in that context. . : . "
A Sept. 1 3 column by respcted jouralist Ramiro de la
Espriella stated emphatically: "War, the state of war, has its
own laws , marial law , which is the only apt response to the
shattering of our system of l aw frm without. " Wrote Col
ombia' s leading constitutional expr Luis Carlos Sachica, in
El Espectador of Sept. 7, "It is impossible to wage war by
the book. A body of judges is not the most adequate forum
for determining how to deal with the enemy. . . . If one
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
wants to save the country, it is necessary to retur to the
concept . . . of discretionary [ presidential] power. "
Even as the Colombian goverment i s stil l hammering
out its war-time strategy against the drug cartels , the ofen
sive against the traffckers continues . The Army and police
are continuing to conduct daily raids and seizures of drug
traffckers ' properties , while at the same time fol lowing the
paper trail that is helping them to dismantle the drug cartel ' s
Colombian infrastructure.
In fact, based on some of the information gathered in the
raids , the Colombian goverment has announced that it in
tends to provide the United States and other countries with
the intelligence necessary to freeze and confscate foreign
bank accounts of the mafa abroad. "We do not have the
specifc names of the banks , but the money is i n the United
States, more than any other place, and also in Europe, " said
acting Justice Minister Carlos Lemos Simmonds . "The mon
ey i s there, the cocaine increases its value there; the money
doesn' t retur to Colombia. They don' t need much money in
their own home. "
I f Colombia succeeds i n winning interational support
for this endeavor, the mafa wi l l be stripped of its abi lity to
fnance its terrorist activities inside Colombia. The confs
cated accounts would also permit the continued fnancing of
the war on drugs, using the resources of the enemy himself.
Outrage, not fear
Throughout the country, but especially in the targeted
city of Medellin, the drug traffckers, on a daily basi s, are
bombing and buring factories, restaurants , offces , farms ,
trucks , buses . Airports are receiving bomb threats . The com
munications media are under constant threat of attack. Par
ents a forced to prsonally tanspr their childrn to schol ,
because school buses have been taken out of service to pre
vent mafa attacks. Housewives are forced to collect and
transport large quantities of water because the drug trafckers
have threatened to poison the aqueducts .
And yet the reaction is one of outrage, not fear. The
common citizens who attended funeral services for the assas
sinated presidential candidate Luis Carlos Galan demanded
that President Barco enforce extradition against the drug ma
fosi . "Shoot the narcos , and we will back you! " they cla
mored. The response of El Espectaor' s directors immedi
ately afer the bombing of their building by the mafa-a
front-page headline decl aring "We will proceed! "-refects
the general attitude of a people disgusted with an enemy so
perverse as to murder the wives and children of soldiers and
judges .
According to a poll taken by the daily El Tiempo and the
Caracol radio cha! n, 75 . 8% of Colombians back President
Baro' s emergency decres against the drg traffckers; 63. 4%
backs the extradition of these criminal s, 77. 6% supports con
fscation of mafa properties; 78. 1 % agrees with the confs
cation of the drug trafckers' bank accounts; 77 . 6% supports
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
President Virgilio Barco a/Colombia (right): 76% a/Colombians
back his emergency degrees against the trafckers.
punishment of holders of ill-gotten wealth; and 92. 2% backs
the actions of the armed forces against the mafa chiefains .
The poll results are an undeniable slap in the face to the so
called "human rights" and pro-drug legalization lobbies at
home and abroad, who have tried to paint the Colombian
mil itary as corrupt and ineffectual , and the war against drugs
as unwinnable.
Bankers and the drug trade
Financial pressure, along with savage brutal ity, is the key
weapon being applied to prevent Colombia' s successful pros
ecution of a war against the drug cartels . The pro-drug lob
byists have long lied that the Colombian economy could not
survive without the profts of the cocaine trade, especially
given the debt burden imposed by its i nterational creditors .
As long ago as November 1 983, the Swiss bankers' news
paper Neue Zurcher Zeitung wrote, "In the past decade, Col
ombia could depend annually upon $2-3 billion which was
available to the country from uncontrolled exports . Were the
moralizing [ anti-drug] campaign of the goverment to reduce
this source of funds , Colombia would fnd itself no longer in
a position to earn the foreign exchange necessary for its
economy. "
And as recently as Sept . 1 2, 1 989, the European edition
of the Wall Street Journal devoted a front-page commentary
to asking the question, "If drug money helped the economy
boom, what happens if the drug war succeeds?" The aricle
argues that the drug trade is "undeniably" a stimulant to the
economy, and suggests that it should be legalized rather than
eradicated. This same line has been repeatedly refected in
editorial columns and commentaries throughout the Colom
bian press .
The daily El Espectador published a defnitive response
to that argument i n its Sept . 6 editorial which, after reviewing
the claims of the pro-legalization lobby, headed by presiden
tial candidate Eresto Samper Pizano, asserts that the drug
Interational 3 1
trade causes "vastly greater" damage to the economy than the
"apparent advantages it represents . . . . The cattle raisers
and farmers who would not hand over their l and have sold
them, at any price, so as to avoid having undesirable neigh
bors or fnd themselves besieged by one of the sides of the
war of the cartels . The rising cost of living in certain cities is
astronomical , precisely because the prices imposed by that
[drug] trade are unpayable by anyone living from honest
work. At the same time, one could say that one of the causes
of disincentive for private investment , above all in the indus
trial sector and in securities, is the threat posed by the spread
ing tentacles of that abominable activity . . . . The much
discussed underground wealth of the cartel ' s narco-economy
is therefore a deception to justify a lack of solidarity by
various national sectors . . . . "
What will the U. S. do?
The ambivalent policy of the Bush administration toward
Colombia' s war on drugs also came under scrutiny when
President Barco wrte a letter to President Bush, criticizing
the United States for undermining Colombia' s biggest legit
imate export when the country is struggling to get free of the
stranglehold of the cartels . Barco' s linking of U. S. policies
that sabotage developing sector economies with the growth
of the drug trade, represents a new attitude on the part of the
Colombian President , who used to be a vice president of the
World Bank, an institution dominated by interational high
fnance and hostile to large-scale development projects in the
Third World.
Barco' s letter protests the July decision by the United
States to collapse the World Coffee Pact , which collapse has
led to a 50% fall in cofee prices on the world market. That
price fall could cost Colombia as much as $40 million a
year, a fgure which stands in stark contrast to the paltry $65
mill ion in mil itary equipment the United States has pledged
to assist the Barco goverment in its anti-drug eforts . Barco
urged Bush to prepare an emergency plan for reviving the
Coffee Pact , before Colombia' s legitimate economy is irrev
ersibly undermined.
Colombia' s war against drugs is , of course, costly, but it
is a war that must be fought for the beneft of every nation.
The help that Colombia has received thus far is inadequate.
The United States and other countries of the advanced sector
have apparently taken the view that Colombia' s war against
drugs is a domestic afair of that country, and have yet to
mobil ize their citizens behind Colombia' s courageous ef
forts . As of this writing, none of the vast properties and bank
accounts of the drug traffckers abrad have been touched.
Equally important , there have been no challenges to the aus
terity conditionalities of such institutions as the Interational
Monetary Fund and World Bank policies which have fostered
conditions for the growth of the drug trade in Ibero-America
and elsewhere.
32 Interational
Syia: narcotics
center of te
Midde East
by Middle East Insider
The/ollowing dossier was printed in the Sept. D, VVissue
0/the European-based newsletter Middle East Insider.
Since the mid- 1 980s , Syria has played an increasingly im
portant role in the interational drug traffc, expanding frm
Lebanon and the Middle East into Europe and Ibero-Ameri
ca. Proceeds from the trade have not only made some of the
leading Syrian personalities wealthier, it became indispen
sable to the functioning of the collapsing Syrian economy, as
well as to the fnancing of its military and intell igence oper
ations abroad.
Narco-terrorism is not merely an Ibero-American phe
nomenon: It started i n Lebanon under Syrian sponsorship in
the early 1 980s . Ofcials of the Syrian goverment in Da
mascus have repeatedly been caught dealing in drugs over
the past years . In 1 984, several Syrian diplomats in Madrid,
including the Consul Hajj Ibrai m, were expelled when Syr
ian-sponsored drug laboratories were discovered in the Costa
Brava of Spai n. In 1 986, three Syrian diplomats were ex
pelled from Rome when a gang of seven drug smugglers,
including Syrian and Lebanese nationals , was caught in the
north Italian port city of Trieste. Syrian diplomatic pouches
are notoriously used to illegally transport both weapons and
drugs into Europe.
Yet , any mention of the Soviet client state of Syria is
singularly missing from U. S . President George Bush' s newly
declared worldwide war on drugs . For several days , MEl
rquested frm Bush' s drug cza William Bennett at the White
Ho
!
se precise answers on the effect this new war would have
on the drug production and drug smuggling activities in the
Middle East , but Bennett ' s offce declared itself as "lacking
expertise to make any comment . "
Why such an omission? I n the present conjuncture, one
reason is that Damascus plays a vital role in the ongoing
discreet , albeit not secret, negotiations between Washington
and Teheran for a rapid normalization of relations between
the two countries . The same rationale prompted the State
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
Deparment to decide on closing down the U. S. embassy in
Beirut long before the actual departure on Sept. 6, which it
tried to blame on Lebanese Prime Minister Michel Aoun.
MEl sources in Washington repor that the Anti-Narcotics
Bureau of the State Deparment is planning to remove Syria
altogether from the list of countries involved in the illegal
drg trade.
Realpolitik has its limits. Under the threat that omission
of countries l ike Syria-without even mentioning Commu
nist China, unilaterally removed from the l ist by Henry Kis
singer in the late 1 970s-could undermine the credibility of
the entire anti-drug package, the administration is coming
under pressure to do something. Already in 1 987 and in 1 988,
Syria played the game. I n 1 987, Syria was offered a $250
million loan from the United States in exchange for buring
poppy felds in the Bekaa Valley, i n the Syrian-occupied part
of Lebanon. Syra obliged by buring enough to match the
$250 million, afer having organized the haresting of the
surlus . The operation also came at a time when Damascus
wanted to clean up its image, after the Syrian embassy in
London was discovered supplying weapons to two terrorists,
the Hindawi brothers . A year later, it did the same agai n,
when exteral pressures were converging on the need for
Syria to reasser its control over the Hezbollahs . Instead of a
militar confontation, it sent out a powerful message by
buring those pppy felds which were under the control of
the fundamentalists.
kegieaa|oragceater
At a 1 6-nation conference in Dubai on March 23 , Dubai
Chief Detective Abul Aziz Mohammed Abdullah wared:
"Up until the 1 980s, we had no heroin problem here. No one
knew the meaning of heroin. Now we have a major drug
prblem. " And another paricipant added that "South Amer
ican cocaine barons are creating a new market in the Middle
East. A year ago ther were virually no cocaine seizures
here. Now, there i s a kilo here, a kilo there. "
Investigations from several drug enforcement agencies
are showing that Damascus is now one of the central points
of transshipment of cocaine frm Ibero-America into the
Middle East. For example, on May 1 4, 1 988, 38 kilos of
coaine were seized in Lebanon, coming from Damascus , in
one of the rare cases of a drug seizure i n Lebanon, attributed
more to interal mafa warfare than a commitment to crack
down on the trade. Subsequent investigations showed that
only the driver of the truck was arested, and no information
was ever released as to the network that had received the
shipment at Damascus airr.
More recently, at the end of August 1 989, a Lebanese
courier with 1 5 kilos of cocaine was arrested in Paris , coming
from Brazil and going into the Middle East. From Damascus ,
the cocaine is then sent to Lebanon, from where it goes to
regional dealers supplying addicts in Israel , Egypt, and the
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
Gulf region.
In mid-August 1 989, an important regional dealer, Mo
hammed Biro, was arrested in south Lebanon. Condemned
to death in absentia in Egypt , Biro was known as the "Drug
King, " handling most shipments of heroin and cocaine to
Israel and Egypt . He was arrested when, on the initiative of
the Hezbollah, he started supplying Israeli addicts with her
oin l aced with rat poison.
Expanding production
When Syria asserted its mil itary control over the drug
production felds , in the Bekaa Valley in 1 982, opium pro
duction did not represent more than a few dozen hectares. In
1 984, it went to 60 hectares. By 1 986 it involved no less than
1 , 50 hectares, with an average production of 25 kilos per
hectare. A year later, and as part of a public relations ploy
toward the United States, it went down to 60 hectares with
a production of 1 5 ,000 kilos . Hashish production, which
involved only some 1 0, 000 hectares in 1 982, is now close to
25 , 00 hectares with an average production of 4 tons per
hectare, and a total production of 88,000 tons. At production
level , the value of the hashish was $80 million in 1 988, and
$3 million for the poppies . However, by the end of 1 983 ,
Syria sponsored the creation of at least 10 laboratories within
Lebanon, bringing in specialists formerly associated with the
"French Connection. " In the last two years , the total proceeds
of the drugs , once refned and sold, have reached much larger
fgures . In June 1 988, local drug enforcement agents esti
mate
d
that the share of the trade owned by the Hezbol lah
could be valued at up to $500 million in the previous two
years-to which the Syrian shares should be added. A con
servative estimate in 1 987 put at $ 1 bil lion a year the value
of the entire trade coming from the Lebanese production,
once grown, refned, distributed, and sold on the foreign
market-with Syrian agents receiving the largest shares of
the proceeds .
In the last two years , despite Syri a' s previous claim that
there was no traffcking on its own territories, but only in
Lebanon, laboratories were opened in the Syrian cities of
Damascus , Hama, and Latakia. The move was made neces
sary to protect the trade from raids by Israel as well as com
mando actions from the anti-Syrian Lebanese forces. With a
laboratory right in the port of Latakia, the traditional role of
the smuggling ports of Ableh and El Minie became less
important , but by no means have they been closed down. The
same holds true for the air base of Rayyak.
Additionall y, Latakia is closer to the borders of Turkey,
which has been a traditional target of Syrian intelligence. In
April 1 987, Giuseppe di Gennaro of the United Nations Drug
Abuse Control Fund was presented with evidence on drug
smuggling operations coming from Syria into the Turkish
province of Hatay , only a few kilometers away from Latakia.
Turkish authorities also supplied evidence of the connection
Interational 33
of the I skanderun mafa of the Hatay provi nce with Syrian
intel l i gence in smuggl i ng operations involving hashish, her
oi n, or, for example, the smuggl ing of 868 , 000 Captagon
pi l l s in Saudi Arabi a, i n April 1 987. Links between Syrian
intel l i gence and elements of the Turki sh mafa were exposed
in the early 1 980s during the heyday of the "Bulgarian Con
nection, " then run by the Sofa-based Ki ntex company. In
recent years , thi s role has been played in Sofa by Globus ,
Kintex' s new name, led by Ivanoff Tochkov and Stoyan
Paunov. The role of this network was recently heralded in
the major case of drug-money laundering i n Swi tzerland in
volving the Zurich-based Shakarshi Trading Company and
all of the major Swi ss banks.
Syria' s Medellin Cartel connection
The creation of three large laboratories on Syri an territory
has coincided with a shif of the Syrian connection toward
the cocaine trade. Its growing i nvolvement in such trade,
which Syria sti l l considers a secret, may go some way toward
explaining its wi l l i ngness to bum poppy or hashish felds as
publ ic rel ations stunts.
A publ i c gl i mpse of Syri a' s Ibero-American connection
was provided in Mexico in August 1 988 , at the peak of the
Lebanese presidential campaign. Damascus then organized
some of its local agents to raise up to $ 1 00 mi l l ion to buy
votes in support of its candidate for the presidency, Suleiman
Franj ieh. Organized by one Pechalani , local representative
of the Syrian National Soci al i st Party, and an associate of
Ernesto Fonseca, the Mexican representative of the Medell in
Cartel , the money was primari ly raised by Emil io Cheka, a
Mexican-Lebanese wanted by the authorities for fraud and
drug-money l aundering on behalf of local drug-lord Rafael
Caro Qui ntero. Cheka had escaped Mexico in April 1 988,
thanks to a passport provided t o hi m by the local pro-Syrian
Lebanese ambassador EI Khazen.
Pompousl y appoi nted as campaign representative of Su
lei man Franj ieh to Ibero-Ameri ca, Cheka was betting that
the election of his protector would give him a prominent
position in a future administration. However, exposes i n the
Mexican daily Excelsior by a local investigative jouralist
whose mother was subsequently murdered in revenge-and
public denunciations by local representatives of the Maronite
community, foi led the plot . Cheka is reportedly still i n hiding
somewhere near the U. S . -Mexican border, while the Le
banese ambassador few to Beirut and decided not to resume
his diplomatic position.
However important the amount of money involved then,
it pales compared to the deals set into motion between Syria
and the Medel l in Cartel since 1 984. One intermediary has
been the rogue Syrian businessman Monzer al Kassar, who
gained fame for his invol vement in the arms-for-Iran-and
the-Contras scandal with Oliver North. AI Kassar has al ways
been presented as a purely private businessman with no in-
34 Interational
volvement whatsover with Syrian ofcial authorities . The
very same attitude is generally displayed by Syrian intel l i
gence when it does not want to be i mpl icated i n terrori st
operations , including those of Ahmed Jibri l , a captain of
Syrian intel l igence.
In real ity, AI Kassar' s ties to the highest level of the
Syrian leadership abound-starting with fami l y ties . The
daughter of Gen. Al i Duba, the head of Syrian intel l igence
whose power has been growing over the last few years , is
married to his brother, Ghassan al Kassar. And there are
extensive business ties . For exampl e, the 1 987 investigations
into the i l legal export of weapons to Iran by the Italian frm
Borletti , revealed that the orders and shipments were coor
dinated from Barcelona by the Bovega company. Joint in
vestigations in Italy and Spain revealed that Bovega was
actual l y run by Monzer al Kassar on behal f of Syrian Vice
President Rifaat al Assad and his son Firaas al Assad. Using
Bovega as a front, AI Kassar was organizing the shipments
of weapons through the services of the East German DSR
Shipping Lines i n Cyprus. However, three weeks before the
Bovega scandal exploded, AI Kassar had been expelled from
Spain for i l legal arms and drg activities .
As of 1 984, the U. S. Drug Enforcement Administration
had identifed AI Kassar as the Syrian drug-lord responsible
for distribution in France, Italy, and Spain. The same year,
Jorge Luis Ochoa was a guest at AI Kassar' s house i n Mar
bel l a. A year l ater, AI Kassar joined with Canadian cocaine
dealer Kenneth Sydney Young i n Rio de Janeiro to establ i sh
a connection between Brazil and Europe which has been used
for heroin and cocaine traffcking, as well as the trafc of
stolen car-a most prftable business for Syri a, which since
the early 1 980s has establ ished in Lebanon a network of
garages to repair cars stolen fom Europe, then sold on the
Middle East markets .
However, involvement of Al Kassar in the Medel l in con
nection may be the best Syrian insurance to counter any move
by the United States. Afer all , at the same time as AI Kassar
was wanted by the DEA and other drug enforcement agen
cies , he was organizing in 1 985 for the shipment of 360 tons
of East bloc-made AK-47 assault rifes to the Contras on
behalf of the U. S. National Security Council . The same was
repeated i n 1 986 through his Vienna-based company Alkas
troni c. AI Kassar has been keeping a low profle since May
1 988, when he was briefy arrested by the West German
police in possession of sevenl Brazil i an passports , and is
back
'
in the Middle East . Underlining the importance of the
Brazil connection was another incident in Jul y 1 988 when
one of Firaas al Assad' s bodyguard was briefy arrested in
Brazil for possessing no fewer than 200 false passports while
accompanying his boss who was on hi s way to Paraguay.
Like those of AI Kassar, some of the false Brazil ian passports
had also been i ssued in the small coastal city of Blumenau,
one of the local paradises for cocaine dealers .
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
Moscow loses ground in East Germany,
H exodus disturbs ' New Yata' plans
by Riner Apel
The West Gerans are struggling hard to provide homes,
jobs , and food for the thousands of refugees fooding in from
East Gerany through Hungary and Austria these days . For
several weeks running, the refugee issue has been the num
ber-one news item in the West .
In East Gerany, the communist SED (Socialist Unity
Pary) regime is getting nervous about this drain of skilled
workers, most of them younger ones below 25 years of age,
into the West. This is a mass-based political discrediting of
the Kremlin' s model socialist state East Germany, of the
myth of a "modem industrial society run under a socialist
administration, " right before the eyes of the worl d.
The stream of refugees, coming on top of some 1 1 0,000
"legal" emigrants to West Germany, is hitting the SED at a
ver vulnerable point: Its next Five Year Plan had assigned
some 50,0young Germans to training in computer skills
and micro-electronics production.
At the expense of other industrial sectors , the SED has
invested a lot i n the past years in the micro-electronic sec
tors-the chief motive here being to provide the Soviet mil
itar-industrial complex with state-of-the-art products from
the high-tech branches of the East German "model econo
my. " The problem is that many of these 500, 000 young East
Gerans who were to work for the SED' s socialist glory and
for the Soviets , are simply running away into the West .
East German youth are turing rebellious. Many of them
who arived in the West, often afer an adventurous escape
from East Gerany, report that they ran away "because there
is no perspective for us anymore. " Especially young East
Germans between ages 1 8 and 22 fear that if they are drafed
into the National People' s Army, they will be ordered, very
soon, to fre on other, protesting young Germans, in the same
way the Red Chinese soldiers did with protesting young
Chinese on Tiananmen Square this past June.
Moscow is aware of the rebel l ion "problem": It happened
before, in many parts of the Soviet Union, in the Baltic, and
in Easter Europe. A secret evaluation compiled by Valentin
Falin, one of Gorbachov' s chief German pol icy advisers ,
wars of "uncontrollable mass riots next spring" in East Ger-
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
many. Fal i n, according to leaks in the West German press ,
noticed a "deep split between the SED party and the popula
tion at large, " a "profound crisis of confdence. "
The Kremlin i s also worried that during Gorbachov' s
attendance at the Oct . 7 ofcial SED party celebrations of 40
years of East Germany' s exi stence as a Soviet puppet state,
mass protests could occur, not unl ike those which haunted
the Soviet leader Gorbachov in Beijing some months ago.
This is why Yegor Ligachov, the Soviet politburo' s "riot
control" expert , was deployed to East Berlin Sept . 1 2 to meet
SED party leaders . Offcially traveling on a "mission con
cering questions of agricultural cooperation, " Ligachov
rather dealt with the political-strategic aspects of the situation
in East Germany. This became clear in his interview Sept .
1 5 with the SED party daily, Neues Deutschland, where he
advertised Gorbachov' s visit for Oct. 7, praised East Ger
many as a "proven ally of the Soviet Union, " and otherwise
emphasized that "the Soviet-German treaties on friendship
and military assistance are vital and will be maintained. "
I n other words: Ligachov gave the SED Moscow' s go
ahead for whatever measures wil l be considered necessary to
reestablish political control , and gave assurances that in case
of deeper trouble, the Soviets would provide "military assis
tance, " indeed.
Detente fantasies swept aside
These kind of signals, broadcast widely over offcial SED
controlled propaganda media, have many in West Germany
worried as well . Returned, all of a sudden, is the almost
buried (under the i mpact of "detente") enemy image of the
"communist despotism" ruling over close to 1 7 million Ger
mans in the East . The SED, many in West Germany fear,
wil l be the party that will fre on Germans , as it did on June
1 7 , 1 953, when workers ral lied in protest against the Soviet
looting policy of the East German industry. Soviet tanks
rol led i n, crushing the revolt .
When Germans in the West , and those who can receive
Western television in the East, saw the fl m footage of the
Tiananmen Square massacre, many of them recalled the
Interational 35
bloody events of June 1 953 . The stream of refugees from
East Germany foreshadows bad things to come.
For many Germans , probably the broad majority, the
world looks , all of a sudden, as if there had never been detente
or "East-West convergence" in the past two decades . West
Germans are getting furious about the prospect that some
thing awful might happen in East Germany, upon directives
from Moscow, very soon.
Most important for the United States in this context , is
the news that the request for American troop stationing in
West Germany as a counterbalance to the 400, 000 Red Army
soldiers in East Germany, is stronger, in this highly precar
ious situation, than ever before in the past 20 years .
This is certainly bad news for the Kremlin, which is
watching the rapid erosion of "Gorbymania" in West Ger
many and is losing ground in East Germany at the same time.
The condominium gameplan is one thing; reality is another.
Economic misery
The intense interest which West German frms are show
ing in the labor potential of the young Germans who have
been feeing the East Germany, is a clear signal that these
refugees can be relatively quickly integrated into economic
life in the West. Most have good chances of bringing their
professional skills up to Wester standards through re-edu
cation and training programs . For the West German econo
my, these Germans from the east are a defnite plus .
This brings up the question of why the great potential of
these Germans could not be realized in the (SED)-controlled
state. The answer comes from the settlers and refugees them
selves, whose stories paint a horrendous picture of the SED' s
economic policies . What follows has been assembled from a
number of such conversations .
For many factories in East Germany, the day ofen begins
with the following scene: Workers gather around to deter
mine who among them will spend the rest of the day shopping
for hard-to-obtain consumer goods for the rest of them. The
designated colleague or comrade may have to travel great
distances in order to buy vegetables and fruits at a specifc
spot in another part of the city (or a suburb) , and then might
have to travel to the opposite end of the city to hunt down
some fresh meat . This is often prepared, days ahead of time,
by telephone calls or word-of-mouth inquiries about whether
the desired item or items will in fact be available at the
promised location; or if, perhaps , they might be available
somewhere else on another day.
It' s only the "poorly informed" people who line up daily
in long queues outside of the food shops . Anyone who has
friends in the party apparatus , in the state-run trade union
(misleadingly named the Free German Trade Union Federa
tion), in the Women' s Association, or in the Free German
Youth association, belongs to the "better informed" catego
ry. This is one of the reasons why the SED has more than 2
million members-fully 1 2% of the total population. But
36 Interational
ironical l y, the bartering which is facilitated by party connec
tions, takes place largely outide of the routes prescribed by
the offcial Five Year Plan.
The system works best with direct barter: Someone has
vegetables , and offers them to a barber, who knows a work
man. The workman gets his vegetables, and goes to the house
of the person who had the vegetables , in order to perform
long-overdue repairs on hi s water pipe. The repair job in this
case could only be done because someone who went on a
detour from another city, ot even from the West, such as
West Berlin, had brught alon te rplacement water valve
a model which since the last Five Year Plan has no longer
been produced in East Gerany.
What does the barber get out of it? Wel l , he supplies soap
and other articles of personl hygiene to the person who
procured the water valve, along with another replacement
part which the workman brings into the barbershop. Keep in
mind that this kind of barer proceeds best when the SED or
one of its front organizations is not i nvolved, since there is a
truism, that the pary is never helpful to anyone without
expecting some political favor in retur. That ' s why many
Gerans in East Gerany ar saying, "No, thanks ! "
How not to run a factory
The situation with consumer goods and private house
holds holds equal l y true for the "People' s Factores, " known
in German as volkseigene Betiebe or VEBs . To see how this
works , let ' s retur to the beginning of our story: In VEB X,
one worker is ordered to go out and make purchases . At the
same time, a female worker is sent out in a tiny two-cylinder
car called a Trabant (people have to wait 1 5 years to buy
one) , in order to hold conversations with certain pople
somewhere else within East German territory. The topic of
the discussion is certain raw materials or replacement pas
which the factor does not have because a shipment from
VEB Y has been delayed, but which are absolutely necessary
for production to continue. It is an urgent matter, since such
things as premiums, trips abroad for selected workers , and
other benefts all depnd on fulflling the production plan.
Were the factor in question to rely on the planning sys
tem itself, i . e. , on the functioning of the party bureaucracy,
it would run the risk of not being able to reach i ts plan taget.
The same goes for the other factory which supplied the re
placement pats . Therefore, the plan target is met by means
which, according to the plan, do not even exist.
There are many VEB' s , however, which do not enjoy
such connections. In such cases, many of the idled workers
fnd themselves spending hours behind the knob of a street
car, or doing other odd jobs about town.
And so, what the SED poclaimed 40 years ago to be
"real , existing socialism in the frst workers ' and peasants'
state on German soil" is going awry, and can only be man
aged at all by huge distortions . No wonder why more and
more people are making their way into the West.
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
Uainia freedoll llovell ent gaters
stengt, backed by Polish Solidaosc
by Oksana Polischyk and Luba George
"If we lose the Ukraine, we lose our head. "-Vladimir .
Lenin
Two singUlar events in September-the founding of the
Ukrainian national movement supported by Poland's Soli
daosc, and the move toward independent trade unions by
Ukrainian strike committees-have underscored that Mik
hail
G
orbachov' s nightmare of a resurgent Ukrainian national
movement has become reality. This has raised to a qualita
tively new threshold the crisis wracking the Muscovite Em
pire. These events in the Ukraine, coming in tandem with the
foration of a Solidaosc goverment in neighboring Po
land, have set of alarm bells in the Kremlin. For Moscow,
the specter has arsen of Poland and the Ukraine, its two most
populous colonies (38 and 5 1 million inhabitants, respective
ly) , simultaneously going out of control.
The importance of the Ukraine was underscored this year
by Gorbachov during a visit to the capital city of Kiev and
the Donetsk coal basin. "You can only imagine what would
happen if there were disorders in the Ukraine . . . . Fifty-one
million pople live here. The whole fabric of the Soviet
Union would be amiss, and perestroika would fail, " he said.
kakbmovement defes Moscow
On Sept. 8, some 1 , 500 delegates (representing 22 dis
trcts, or oblasti) convened in Kiev for the founding congress
of Rukh, Ukraine' s new mass national movement. In def
ance of Moscow, the hall was flled with blue and yellow
Ukrai

ian national fags. The delegates demanded the re


moval of the Ukainian Communist Party leadership, begin
ning with the party secretary and Politburo member Vladimir
Shcherbitsky; an end to russifcation; making Ukainian the
ofcial state language and the language of the school system;
the fowering of Ukrainian literature and culture; and fnally,
the immediate legalization of the Ukrainian Catholic Church,
banned by Stalin in 1946.
Under Shcherbitsky, the Ukraine has gone through two
decades of the most severe post-Stalin repression and russi
fcation imaginable. Thousands of Ukrainians have been ar
rested and subjected to brutal KGB actions; the Ukrainian
language has been replaced by Russian in even many ele
mentary schools; and special interior troops continuously
EIR September 2 1 , 1989
intervene to disrupt even pro-perestroika demonstrations.
At the Kiev congress, Vladimir Cheryak, a member of
the Soviet Parliament, declared angrily: "In the Ukraine,
ofcials see all democratization as destabilization. "
The Rukh Congress was no regional event, but an ocur
rence of interational strategic importance. The conference
was attended by a delegation from Poland's Solidaosc par
ty-and now goverment-which declared to those assem
bled that Polish Solidarosc was "watching with joy the re
birth of Ukraine. "
In the words of one of Solidarnosc's most senior leaders,
Adam Mischnik, who attended the congress and received
thunderous applause: "Long live the free, just Ukraine! So
lidarosc is with you! Poland is with you! May there be a
free, democratic, and sovereign Ukraine! "
Miners press their demands
The second event marking the decisive turing point in
the upsurge of the Ukrainian national movement was the
Sept . 1 1 assembly in Moscow of the leaders of the July coal
miners' mass strikes in the Ukraine and Siberia.
The strike committee leaders have already become the
union leaders for the coal miners of the Ukraine and the
Kuznetsk Basin of central Siberia. In Moscow, they pre
sented the Soviet Union's goverment and ofcial td unions
with an ultimatum: Either the strike committees are recog
nized as the new trade union leaders of the U. S. S. R. coal
miners, or they will formally proclaim the founding of new,
independent Ukrainian and Russian trade unions, modeled
on Poland's Solidarosc. In actual fact, the Ukrainian strike
committees for the coal miners in the Donetsk Basin, the
Lvov area, and other regions of the Republic are already
functioning as such an independent, Solidarosc-style trade
UnIon.
Indeed, the Solidarosc delegation that attended the Rukh
Congress came with the specifc purpose of forging political
alliances with the miners from Donbass-the Ukrainian coal
mining region in the Don River basin, which exploded in
mass strikes earlier this year. In meetings with the Donbass
miners, Mischnik advised that the unions must make political
demands and join the Rukh movement. "No revolution can
Interational 37
be successful if the workers stand alone or if the intel l igentsia
stands alone, " said Petro Poberezhny, a leader of the Donetsk
mining brigade. In talks with Sol idarnosc leaders , the miners
also recei ved advice on how to fnance strikes , how to avoid
strikebreaking by pol ice, and how to get media coverage.
The Jul y strikes were settled when Moscow agreed to
meet the strikers ' demands for higher wages, more benefts ,
better housing, and above all better supply of food and other
consumer goods. The Soviet government had pledged that
all components of the package deal would be implemented
by Oct . . The strike committees suspect that Moscow wil l
not ful fl l all thei r demands by that date, and have warned
that a new strike wave would erupt as early as October.
According to Poberezhny, "We came here [as delegates
to the Rukh Congress ) to play a pivotal role as workers . . . .
This popular front cannot be stopped now by anything. "
A new strike wave wi l l not be confned, as i t was i n July,
to the coal miners . Ukrai nian sources expect workers from
key sectors of heavy industry and rail transpor to join, thus
potentially creating the bi ggest mass strikes in the Ukraine
since 1 904-05 .
Alarm in Moscow
It did not take long for the Kremlin leadership to respond
in emergency fashion to these developments , coming on top
of the consol idation of mass popular pro-independence
movements in the three Baltic republics of Estonia, Latvia,
and Lithuania:
Sept 8. The Soviet Pol i tburo convened and announced
that the long-postponed Central Committee plenum to deal
with the urgent question of national unrest would be held in
September. On Sept . 1 3 , Moscow announced that the date
had been set for Sept 1 9.
Sept 8. Politburo member Yegor Ligachov, speaking in
Frunze, the capital of the Central Asian republic of Kirgi zia,
sounded the most dramatic alarm in public to date. A Radio
Moscow broadcast that day commented: "Yegor Ligachov
decl ared that the Soviet Union faces the danger of disintegra
tion due to inter-ethnic conficts . "
Sept Y. President Mikhail Gorbachov appeared on Soviet
television to stress the "necessity" of solving the Soviet
Union' s "national question. " He didn' t mention the Ukraine
as such, but he didn' t have to. Those who l istened knew
exactly what he meant when he stressed the danger of a new
strike wave. Gorbachov wared that strikes entailed "conse
quences for Soviet society" which "could be very danger
ous . "
' Autonomy' vs. ' independence'
The proceedings at the Rukh Congress documented dra
matically how far and how fast the dissolution process in the
Russian Empire has proceeded. Thi s can best be seen by
comparing the pol itical evolution of the Bal tic Popular Front
movements , with the Ukrainian one.
38 International
The Baltic Popular Fronts were created in 1 988 and were
al l owed to exist as safety valves to defect popul ar motion
away from the goal of national i ndependence, and into the
l i mited goal of an "autonomous" status within the Soviet
Union. It took a good year for thi s state of affairs to end.
Si nce August , at the latest, the Popular Fronts themselves
have been forced to join the overwhelming pro-i ndependence
sentiments of the Baltic populations .
What i s striking i n the Ukrainian case i s not only that
such a process wi l l also occur, as the Rukh imperceptibly,
but decisively over the course of 1 2- 1 8 months shifs from
supporting "autonomy" to i ndependence. Unl ike in the Bal
tic, where at the creation of the Popular Fronts , their entire
leadership was opposed to independence, in the case ofRukh,
a pro-independence minority group, led by Levko Lukyanen
ko, already sits i n the leadership body. Lukyanenko, who has
spent 1 5 years in prison and labor camps , del ivered a l and
mark pro-independence speech to the Kiev congress .
The point that a large minority of Rukh is already pro
independence, was underscored in a Sept . 1 4 Radio Moscow
interview with Rukh' s pro-autonomy chairman, Ivan Drach.
Asked whether Rukh had "Ukrainian nationali sts" in its
membership, Drach repl ied, "There are nationalist extremists
in our movement who want the Ukraine to leave the Soviet
Union, but they are not a majority. "
The pro-independence grouping led by Lukyanenko is
indeed national ist , but i n no way extremist , as clearl y dem
onstrated by Lukyanenko' s speech. He stressed Ukraine' s
independence as "the goal , " adding that the forces t o ensure
this goal being reached "must frst be organized and built
up. " During Lukyanenko' s rcent tour in the West , he strssed
that the cherished goal of i ndependence could only be reached
through careful l y pl anned and coordinated joint strategy and
actions in Poland, the Baltic republics, Belorussia, and the
Transcaucasus . He said: "We cannot go too far, too fast, on
any one front , i n any one republic . . . . We must avoid
thoughtless, rash actions, provocations , and being misled
into inter-ethnic conficts , because that would l ead to crush
ing defeats . "
According to Ukrainian sources , it is irrelevant that the
majority of those present did not support Lukyanenko. In the
three Baltic states , just a year ago, no one at the Popular Front
conference supported independence.
Moscow understands-and fears-this dynamic only to
wel l . It was what the Politbur' s chief of internal security,
Viktor Chebrikov, was referring to in a Sept . 7 speech, ex
cerpted on Soviet television, when he said, "We have to nip
national ist extremist activities i n the bud. "
The Ukrainian KGB went into a crisis session right before
the Rukh Congress opened. Izvestia of Sept . 8 reported that
the KGB and police had met i n Kiev, and called for a crack
down on the "anti-Soviet activities" of the informal organi
zations which it said were guilty of "exaggerating i nter-ethnic
hostility. "
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
Intcrvcw. MonsignorLadasTulaba
Gorbachovs perestroika is poised
in te baace in Batic republics
by Maria Critina Fiocchi
The Baltic Council' s appeal to the United Nations, in re
sponse to the harsh stance taken by the Communist Part of
the Soviet Union against those people' s legitimate demands,
denounces the attempt to "foment distrust" among the Rus
sian people against the Baltic countries. The CPSU' s hard
line raises serious questions about the future ofperestroika
in those countries.
We spoke with M sgr. Ladas Tulaba, former rector ofthe
Pontical Lithuanian College in Rome, and an expert on the
Eastern European nations.
EIR: You have just come back from a trip to Lithuani a afer
42 years of forced absence. How have you found your coun
try changed?
Tulaba: I left Rome on Alital i a, and we arrived at about 5
p. m. local time in Moscow. The passport control was so
incredibly fast that I got done before the person who was
supposed to pick me up i n Moscow could get there . From the
interational airpor I then went to the local airport by taxi .
The taxi driver immediately asked i f I wanted to change
money, which obviously I did not do because it is forbidden.
I got to the ticket counter. At 7: 15 the plane was supposed to
leave for Vilnius and there was no clerk, but there were a lot
of people waiting. Here I had my frst surprise, because I
discovered that they were all my compatriots , but the other
surprise was that no one knew whether we would take off, or
when. I was thirsty, so I asked if it were possible to buy
something to drink or eat, but there was nothing. There were
people sleeping on the foor of the waiting room-a pitiful
sight .
I went to another waiting room, and they gave me my
boarding pass. I asked if the plane would leave and they said
no, because i n Vilnius the weather was bad. Later I found
out this was not true. Finally the person who had come to
pick me up arived, and I asked him to get information. I
wanted to call Vi lnius and let my relatives know, who were
waiting at the airport , but there was no way to communicate
with Vilnius. The plane still did not leave and I started to feel
ill .
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
My companion, worried, made it known that a scandal
could break out: a Vatican fgure getting sick i n Moscow. So
then something changed. They put us in a car and took us to
a plane sitting on the runway, and not long afer, the others
were also boarded.
I told you this brief episode to give you an idea of the
situation in the East: On the one hand there is undoubtedly
political change, but on the other there is misery, disorder,
and disarray. The economic situation and not just the eco
nomic situation, the whole system has completely col lapsed.
EIR: What are people saying?
Tulaba: Naturally people say that you can' t go on this way.
So Gorbachov i s forced to make perestroika. something has
to be changed in the system, they have to do something, they
don' t know what, and I don' t think even Gorbachov knows.
Sure, this situation grants a certain autonomy t o the Baltic
Republics , an economic autonomy to save themselves from
the collapse. But even thi s, I don' t know how much it will
work.
EIR: What is the situation in Lithuania?
Tulaba: In Lithuani a there i s a change. Before everything
was Russi an, and now everything i s Lithuanian. The Com
munist Lithuanian goverment i s no longer pro-Soviet-it is
anti-Soviet . Certainly the contacts with Moscow are close,
because Moscow runs everything, but the Lithuanian gover
ment fnds it hard to carry out economic reforms because
people are not used to working.
EIR: What is the status of relations between the goverment
and the Church?
Tulaba: Even Church-state relations have changed enor
mously in Lithuani a. The goverment helps the Church, it is
giving back de-consecrated churches, and restoring them.
The cathedral of Vi l nius is a marvel , it has been perfectly
restored. They are also restoring the church I love so much,
St. John at the university, which is a Baroque jewel in Sicilian
marble , because Vi l nius is a Baroque city built by Italian
Interational 39
artists and architects , with material brought in from Ital y. For
this church the government has now spent 1 8 million rubles ,
restoring it with pure gold. There are still some problems for
the Church, but the Lithuanian government is no longer mak
ing problems , and to the degree possible it tries to meet us
halfway.
The people in Lithuania are behaving diferently from the
way they acted in 1 940-42; they smile, they talk without fear,
there is criticism even on television.
EIR: What do the Soviets think?
Tulaba: The Soviets are in difculty, yes , but they are still
an empire. Many in the Communist Party no longer bel ieve
in Communism, but they continue to be imperialist and in
seeing the empire unravel they cannot stay stil l , so there is
the danger that something could happen. Even in Lithuania
they are convinced of this and are afraid. If-I hope to God
this does not happen-things were to tur backward, life
would become impossible.
The Soviets work with discretion; I was al lowed to cir
culate freely and to go wherever I wanted in Vilnius, but
al ways under a certain observation. I met all my relatives .
The immense joy of seeing them again was mixed with sor
row when I learned that almost all of them have spent 1 0
LLLl
PLl
PVd||dD|C lO ^55|5l |
1hep|ann|ng and deve|Opment O|
wOOded s|testhrOughOut the cOnt|nenta|
Un|ted States aswe|| as
1he deve|Opment O|urDan and
suDurDanp|ant|ngareasand
1he p|ann|ng O||nd|v|dua|
hOmes suDd|v|s|Ons Or
|ndustr|a| parks
|OrIumer|nIOrmt|On nd v||b|||q
p|ese cOntct |erg LrwIOrd |||
Craword Tcc and Landscapc cmccs
db30 west Ca| umet 9oad
V| |wausee,w|scons|nb3ZZ4
40 International
years in Siberi a. When I asked why, they answered, "We
don' t even know why ourselves . "
The countryside made me sad. I remember a fourishing
agriculture. Now it is all abandoned. Security i s solidly in
the Soviets ' hands and they are not becoming fewer, but
rather are building up their police forces . They justify this by
saying they want to protect the people from criminal s, but I
don' t believe it . In the city of Vilnius alone in the last few
days, more than 1 , 300 new police and about 60 ofcers
arrived.
EIR: What is the danger?
Tulaba: The formation of too many political groups . Per
haps the Soviets are encouraging them to arise, in order to
divide them and set them against each other. This is a grave
danger. In my view right now the Lithuanians should have
only one party, the Lithuanian party, and not form Socialist ,
Christian Democratic, and other parties, because the dangers
are great and diverse. Still , what has happened is a true
miracle. I think that even in the U. S . S . R. they will have to
change something if the opposition i s not going to overtur
the whole thing and i mpose a new Stalinism which this time
would be even worse.
EIR: What is the Tiananmen efect?
Tulaba: It is experienced i n various ways. There is always
uncertainty. The passage from a system which is so rigid, to
an almost pluralistic one, is very hard.
EIR: And the Masonry?
Tulaba: This S
a
j udis ("front" i n Lithuanian) which is lead
ing the Lithuanian political movement has a compass as its
coat of arms , a Masonic symbol . Is that what we' ve come to?
I don' t know, but I know that the Masonry wants to take
power.
EIR: What is your judgment afer this brief experience?
Tulaba: We must be very cautious i n making judgments and
we have to be very much on the inside, not to er and to judge
correctl y. After this experience I pray every day that we will
arrive at a slow evolution, which is not violent , and at a real
change also in the U. S. S. R. , because the Russian people 8
good and have sufered a lot , and now the people are de
manding, they can' t take it anymore. At the Moscow airpor,
as I was waiting, many asked to have their picture taken with
me; they were happy to see a priest , because they had not
seen one for years. I would say that the wind of the Holy
Spirit is blowing even there.
I think Gorbachov is not playing a double game, but that
he has been forced to take the road he has taken. I am more
afraid of Yeltsin, even though he presents himself as a more
radical reformer. He is a typical Russian nationalist . Yeltsin
has a following and this nationalist following is very danger
ous .
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
Auschwitz uproar enda
gers
Polad at it historic crossroads
by Mriel Mira
As summer came to a close in Europe thi s year, a series of
commemorations began, of the outbreak of World War II a
half a centur ago. It is only appropriate that the frst such
solemn event recall the invasion of Poland by the Nazis , and
tae place in Warsaw. But, it would seem wholly inappro
prate that rfection on such catastrophic historical events be
mared by the heated controversy around the issue of the
Carelite convent in Auschwitz.
Yet this issue has infamed passions on all sides to such a
degree that not only are Poles and Catholics being artifcially
pitted against Jews, but the Catholic Church itself is being
threatened with serious rifs. And all this furor is working to
the detriment of those forces in Poland who are painstakingly
seeking a way out for their beleaguered nation.
The controversy centers around a Carmelite convent lo
cated near the Auschwitz concentration camp, now a mu
seum. According to a 1 987 agreement between representa
tives of the Catholic Church and the Jewish community, the
nuns were to move to another location within two years ' time.
When buraucratic and political obstacles made it impossible
to respect this timetable, a group of American Jews associ
ated with the Edgar Bronfman faction of the World Jewish
Congress mounted a provocation, breaking into the convent
and offending the nuns.
The Polish Cardinals Macharski and Glemp responded
indignantly, that under such conditions , the agreements
reached could not be respected. Glemp and Macharski were
accused of anti-Semitism, and the verbal clash escalated rap
idly. Although, after several interventions particularly by the
French Catholic Church, Cardinal Macharski reviewed his
psition and agreed to transfer the nuns , an exasperated Car
dinal Glemp stated that the entire agreement should be rene
gotiated.
Wen Glemp called into question the competence of those
cardinals who had negotiated the 1 987 accord, what had been
presented as a Christian-Jewish confrontation sparked an in
teral Catholic dispute. The Polish primate had been quoted
by the Italian newspaper La Repubblica on Sept . 2, as saying
that the agreement had been signed "by Cardinal Macharski
and by a group of men who are not competent . " He had
rprtedly called for the accord to be "calmly renegotiated"
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
and that Macharski , who "represents onl y the Church of
Krakow, " not be the onl y Polish representative involved, as
"the problem is far more vast . "
Glemp was further quoted as saying that Poland, i n the
throes of a terrible economic crisis , could not fnance the
proposed $2 million ecumenical center slated to house the
Carmelites .
Theo Klei n, former president of the Representative
Council of Jewish Institutions in France (CRIF) and president
of the Jewish delegation to the Geneva accords of 1 987, was
not the only one to take issue with Glemp. The three who
(together with Macharski) had constituted the Catholic dele
gation, Cardinals Albert Decourtray, Godfried Daneels , and
Jean-Marie Lustiger, respectively archbishops of Lyon, Ma
lines-Brussel s, and Pari s, immediately issued a commu
nique, answering Glemp point for point, and reiterating that
the accord be respected.
Cardinal Decourtray, whose earl ier interventions had
contributed to calming things down, declared that he was
"shocked" and "hur" by Glemp' s words, and that he could
not understand what had prompted them.
The most obvious factor behind Glemp' s words, was the
desire of La Repubblica newspaper to provoke an explosion.
The newspapr which had most consistently fanned the fames
of controversy, organized an interview leading the primate
to make his comments . The rest of the press then followed
suit: Headlines announced that Cardinal Decourtray had "de
nounced" Glemp, that the French church was splitting from
Poland, that the Jewish community was up in arms, that
Walesa was di stancing himself from Cardinal Glemp, etc.
To grasp what prompted Cardinal Glemp' s overreaction,
one must view the entire affair-insofar as its political im
plications are concered-as a carfully orchestrated prov
ocation, which aims at undermining the Vatican' s Ostpolitik.
This comes at the moment when Rome' s frst precious fruits
are being borne in the form of the new Polish goverment.
Glemp c1arUies
On Sept . l J , Cardinal Glemp met with the president of
the Foundation for the Restoration of Jewish Monuments in
Poland, Zygmunt Nissanbaum. They discussed the problem
Interational 41
A Solidarnosc demonstration in Warsaw in June,
Eastern Europe.
for several hours , and according to the Pol ish news agency
PAP, they reached an agreement , for which no details were
released to the press .
I n an interview with a weekly magazine i n Kakow, Glemp
also made it clearer what he had meant in the i nterview with
La Repubblica. By saying that the origi nal group who made
the accord on the Carmel ite convent were "incompetent , " he
meant that the delegation on the Cathol ic side should have
been better composed, with more Pol ish representation. The
Jewish component was not matched on the Catholic side,
which only had an informal pastoral grouping, he said. Glemp
knows that any successful pressure on the Catholic Church
in Poland, creates a dangerous precedent .
In the context of the violent upheavals reverberating
throughout the Soviet bloc , the fate of the Pol ish experiment
takes on even more awesome dimensions: If it succeeds , it
may point the way to simil ar transformations el sewhere; if it
fail s, it will signal the dashing of perhaps the only hope for
peaceful development on the troubled easter horizon.
Poland needs support
The conditions for Poland' s succeeding are clear. Lyndon
LaRouche identifed them in his "Berlin proposal" of 1 988,
when he launched the idea that Western Europe, particularly
42 Interational
West Germany, should mobi l ize its economic potential to
industrialize Pol i sh agriculture and provide the necessary
infrastructure for further rapid economic growth.
Lech Walesa of Sol idarosc echoed this concept when,
during a visit to Bonn in early September, he said that the
experimental goverment would stand or fall depending on
what economic support i t would fnd especially from West
Germany and the Uni ted States. Such economic aid would
be the concrete form i n which the West could manifest its
political sol idarity with the new goverment. Conversel y,
denying such solidar
i
ty would be the most efective way of
sabotaging the effors made by the coal i tion of nationalist
forces within Poland.
Interational solidarity means both economic aid and po
l i tical support . By blowing the Auschwitz controversy out of
all proportion, the i nterational press has painted the slan
derous picture of an "anti-Semitic" Glemp. The cardinal can
celed a trip planned to the United States , precisely because
forces rel ated to the Bronfman faction i n the American Jewish
community, had hatched plans for frther prvoations against
hi m. American economic aid for Pol and is not in the works.
In Europe, Poland' s strongest objective allies are France
and West Germany, both countries with a powerful and
wealthy Catholic Church. France i s also the European coun-
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
DCLdCICCODVCDI
The site on which the Carmelite convent was bui lt, was
orginally a "theater," erected in 19 14 by a Polish aristo
crat for the distraction of Austro-Hungarian troops staying
in the vicinity. Durng World War II, the theater was used
by the Nazis to stock Zyklon-B gas . But it was not part of
the Auschwitz camp, and even after the war, when the
camp was tured into a museum, it was not considered
par of it. When, in 1978, the Polish goverment wrote to
UNESCO to have Auschwitz declared a monument in the
"patrimony of humanity, " the theater was included for the
frst time, and designated number 1 8. The Polish gover
ment, appaently not recognizing the theater as part of the
camp, decided in 1 984 to grant it to the Catholic Church.
Cardinal Macharski , who succeeded John Paul II as bish
op in Kraow, took the initiative to build the convent .
Initially, the reactions from the Jewish community
were very wam to the initiative, viewed as a Catholic
ackowledgement of te victims of the Holoaust. H 1985,
a priest from the Netherlands , Werenfried Van Straaten,
launched a drive to support the convent, which was char
acterized in promotional literature as a "fortress of spirit
uality, " and a place to convert the "lost brothers . " It was
this prmotional brochure which was picked up by asso
ciates of the Bronfman faction i n the United States, who
initiated hostilities against the convent.
Responsible paies on both the Jewish and Catholic
sides interened rapidly to fnd a rational solution. Cardi
nal Lustiger and Theo Klein of CRIF met i n Geneva July
22, 1 986. Klein proposed a declaration stating that all
"recognize Auschwitz and Birkenau as the symbolic O-
t with the largest Jewish population, which enjoys cordial
relations with the Catholic Church. Cadinal Lustiger, one of
the protgonists of the Auschwitz convent negotiations, is a
converted Jew of Polish origins. Thus, the easiest way to
sabotage French and German support for Poland, would be
to whip up hysteria around such an issue, and drive wedges
between the national churches if possible. All this would tend
to isolate Poland within Europe; interall y, if a wedge could
be drven between Solidosc and Glemp, then the game
would essentially be up.
In the interests of Poland, its courageous people, and the
promise it embodies for others in Easter Europe, it is to be
hopd that the Auschwitz controversy will not be allowed to
pison interational relations . Those institutions and parties
awae of the international dimensions of the Polish situation,
EIR September 21 , 1 989
cations of the fnal solution in the name of which the Nazis
proceeded to the extermination (Shoah) of six million
Jews , including one and a half million children, only be
cause they were Jews . " This was accepted by Cardinals
Decourray, Lustiger, Macharski , and Daneels. The French
and Belgian cardinals had been brought in on Macharski ' s
request , because they represented countries which had
suffered many victims-Jewish and not-in the Holo
caust . An agreement was reached on Feb. 22, 1 987, that
the nuns would move to a center, to be built outside the
walls of the camp, within two years.
The agreement was unfeasible from the start, consid
ering the bureaucratic and material problems a country
like Poland would have to solve to erect a new center. In
addition, the Communist goverment authorities did ev
erything possible to render the agreement impossible; it
has just recently donated the land destined to house the
ecumenical center.
The nuns of the Carmelite convent are supervised by
Mother Maria Theresa, the prioress . Like all the other
nuns there, she had victims of the concentration camp
among her family members . She accepted moving the
convent out of the "theater, " in the interests of the Judeo
Christian dialogue, which she has fought for in Poland.
She was shocked by the banners sported by Rabbi A vra
ham Weiss' s group, saying "Carmelites , out of Ausch
witz, " and saddened by Wester press reports which ac
cused her of being an anti-Semite and an accomplice in
Nazi crimes.
During World War II, the Carmelite nuns had a very
important role in Warsaw. Their convent was located at
27 Wolska Street , in the building which hosted the general
headquarters of the Jewish resistance. The clandestine
organization "Zegota" was founded by Poles to support
that resistance.
seem to be exhibiting caution and prudence.
Wisel y, the Vatican has kept a diplomatic distance from
events , reiterating the competence of the local church to deal
with such matters. And John Paul II continues his policy of
dialogue, with world Jewry, and with the Communist East.
Just as wisely, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir avoid
ed a trap laid for him by an interviewer for the Jerusalem
Post who tried to draw him out on the question of tensions
between Jews and Catholics. Responding to probes regarding
the Auschwitz case, Shamir said the state of Israel had a
responsibility to its own citizens, and could not represent
world Jewry. He refused to "declare war on all fronts against
the Church" and expressed his desire that "warm, close re
lations" with the Church could be developed, even leading to
establishing diplomatic ties with the Vatican.
Interational 43
Intcrvicw. RugcroRaimondi
' Race to high tuning threatens
the singers' voca identit'
Ruggero Raimondi is one ofthe leading operatic bass-bari
tones ofour time, who has sung in the great opera houses of
Europe and at the Metropolitan ofNew York, excelling in the
bass-baritone and "basso cantante" roles of Mozart and
Verdi operas in particular. He sang the role ofDon Giovanni
in the flm version ofthe Mozart opera. He granted the fol
lowing interview to Liliana and Claudio Celani on April i 2,
i 988, in Bologna, italy where he was singing the part ofKing
Philip in Verdi ' s Don Carl o. First printed in the Italian re
view II Machiavel l ico in July 1 988 ( Vol. V, No. 2) , the
interview has been translatedfor EIR by Bonnie James.
Theframeworkfor this interview is given by the Schiller
Institute' s campaign to restore the tuning fork ofGiuseppe
Verdi , which set concert A at 432 Hertz, which in turn was
calculated from the scientic middle C of 256 Hertz. The
C = 256 tuning. as numerous articles in EIR have shown,
corresponds to fundamental laws of the physical universe.
Before Verdi, the German classical composers Bach, Moz
art, Beethoven, et al. , also composedfor a tuning fork where
C was set at 256.
In July 1 988, legislation to set A at 432 was introduced
into the italian Senate, and some 2, 000 signatures ofprofes
sional musicians, including most of the world' s top opera
stars. numerous voice teachers. and a number ofoutstanding
instrumentalists and conductors, were collected in support
ofthe initiative. In spring 1 989, however, this bill was sub
verted to produce a di erent law, establishing A =440 as the
standard pitch in Italy, but this met with an outcr from the
many leading musicians who had supported the original ef
fort, and they have pledged to carr the battle forward inter
nationally as well as in italy, until the " Verdi A" triumphs.
The tuning controversy continues to stir up debate in the
music world internationall as a unique efort to put art back
on a scientic footing, as it was in ever great renaissance
ofthe past . During the coming 1 989-90 London opera sea
son, a concert version of Verdi ' s opera Rigoletto will be
performed at the Verdi pitch, under the baton of Michel
Sasson and with Piero Cappuccilli in the title role, as a
demonstration that the proposed restoration ofclassical tun
ing is eminently feasible as well as desirable. According to
44 International
Italian press accounts, this Rigoletto will be televised and
made available on recordings.
On Aug. 30, National Public Radio aired a lengthy seg
ment on its Morning Edition, broadcast over some Jradio
stations in the United States, which featured an interview
with the imprisoned statesman and philosopher Lyndon
LaRouche, who inspired the C = 256 tuning campaign in the
frst place.
Q: You have been fghting high tuning for years , you said.
Why?
Raimondi: I fnd various tuning forks , starting with Vienna,
going to the Metropol itan, going to Covent Garden, going to
Pari s . You notice the difference in pitch. And you feel this
in singing roles which have particularly demanding tessitu
ras , because you perceive a lesser or greater comfort [in the
voice] according to whether the tuning fork is lower or high
er. Therefore, I think it is very important to bring back the
tuning fork, afer having read your letter of Verdi ' s , to what
Verdi wanted. If Verdi composed a given musical piece, he
was thinking of a certain pitch when he composed i t, which
does not correspond to what happens today with these or
chestras [ whose pitches are being] pushed to the maximum.
Q: From the standpoint of the register shift for the bass,
what ki nd of problem does this create? Some people think
that a higher tuning faci l i tates the low notes for a bass, where
as some basses have told us that there i s even a problem for
the bass, and even on the low notes .
Raimondi: It shifs everything by a half-step, completely
changing the passaggio both going down and coming up.
Because obviousl y, the passaggio, when going down, i s on
B and C, whereas i n ascending, the C must already be cov
ered by a bass . Instead, with the high tuning it becomes a C
sharp, and if you have to go up to higher notes, the E-fat
becomes a more covered sound, even though it ought be a
sound of preparation for covering the E [ see Glossary] .
Al l this creates sizable problems of placement and it
creates hybrid voices, because a half-step can determine a
much lower voice in an opera, and it can determine the
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
dramatic baritone, the lyric baritone, the light baritone, as
well as the dramatic tenor. Nowadays, these differentiations
that once existed, no longer exist ! Why? Because obviously,
this half-step, and perhaps even more than half-step, has
uniforly created a certain pushed sound. You no longer
hear the sounds supported on the breath, you always hear
pushed sounds, and thi s may also explain why many careers
do not go beyond fve, six, seven years, even in the case of
ver beautiful voices. Obviously, because of this continuing
exasperation of higher sound, they do not succeed in fnding
the rght placement which permits them to sing effortlessly.
Q: Is it tre that many high voices are forced to sing lower
tessituras, for example, many tenors forced to sing as bari
tones?
Raimondi: I have the impression that, yes , there is a great
hybrdization, as I said before, there is no longer a precise
distinction among dramatic roles , lyric, and light-lyri c; and
ver often, some tenors who cannot reach certain high notes
sing baritone, light baritone, just as the baritone who does
not succeed in singing a certain passage, turs into a bass
baritone, and this is due to this differentiation of pitch.
Q: But then what happens to the voice?
Raimondi: Obviously, a voice which is continually pushed,
is under a continuous strain. The vocal cords can have prob
lems , paresis; they can end up with cysts , polyps, nodes, and
this can create some big problems . Thus , the career comes to
an end. I remember some stupendous tenor voices that afer
fve, six years were fnished.
Q: In the postwar period?
Raimondi: Yes . I began my career i n 1 96, and I began
with these voices, very beautiful voices , even basses, which
ae disappearing from circulation. The basso profondo can
not push his voice to an F which becomes an F-sharp, or an
E which becomes an F; he has to be contained within a vocal
range more suitable to the quality of a dark bass, such as
Giulio Neri had. It is obvious that these persons have tremen
dous diffculties, because they have very big, heavy, dark,
deep voices . For example, in [Verdi ' s] Simon Boccanegra
when there is the fnal invective: It goes to F, then becomes
an F-sha. In the last scene, the notes are all very high, the
E becomes F, the Fs become F-sharps, they are already al
most baitone sounds . All this damages the voice and creates
huge problems of vocal identity for the various singers .
Q: You said before that you were led to become a bass
batone because of this.
Raimondi: I do not know if because of this, or for other
reasons . My voice is a l ittle unusual , it tends to baritone and
to bass, it has a cerain range. If this passaggio of a half-tone
lower were there, I would be able to take up some of the more
interesting baritone roles .
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
LOSSOQ
Tessitura: This Ital ian term refers t o the range of notes
in which a given voice moves with the greatest facility;
and hence has also come to refer to the voice type, for
which a composition was designed. While the major
voice species are soprano, mezzo-soprano, contralto,
tenor, baritone, and bass, there are various tessituras
within each species-such as the big distinction be
tween the highest tenor voice ("light tenor") and the
lowest, heaviest tenor ("dramatic")-distinctions which
are refected in different repertoire. Thus, operatic and
classical music respcts individuality in voices which
is totally unknown to popular music-let alone the
rock subculture, where it is ofen impossible to distin
guish the gender of the singer, let alone his or her
tessitura!
Passaggio: The Itali an word for "passage" refers to the
notes between which the voice must pass from a lower
to a higher regi ster, or vice versa. All trained voices
have at least three registers. a term most narrowly
defned as a series of notes produced by a similar pro
cedure; and in the case of the higher tessituras (sopran
os, tenors) as well as many other operatic voices , there
is at least one additional regi ster. The registers, and
their respective shifs , are located in specifc places in
the musical scale, which are unique to each principal
voice species.
Covering: We have here translated as "covered" Mae
stro Raimondi ' s term racco/to, which usually means
"recollected, " or introspective, as in a religious atti
tude. Such terms represent an attempt to describe ver
bally the difference in tone color between a lower reg
ister and a higher one. What Ruggero Raimondi calls
racco/to (covered) is also sometimes described as
"darker, " in comparison to a "brighter, " or "broader"
sound in the middle or low register. Needless to say,
such descriptions can only be approximate until the ear
is trained to appreciate the distinction, which is one of
the great delights of fne singing. "Covering" is the
process which allows trained singers to protect their
voices and still project them, without microphones or
other artifcial aids , while singing notes in the third
(high) register.
Q: Which up until now you have not been able to do?
Raimondi: Up till now, no.
Interational 45
Q: But, is it possible to pass from King Philip to the baritone
role of Rigoletto?
Kam0nd: From the bass of King Philip to Rigoletto? It i s
necessary to have a somewhat exceptional voice. Normal l y,
no.
Q: Would you like the role of Rigoletto?
Kam0nd: Here there is . anothr problem. To me the char
acters are very interesting. I star always from the dramatic
idea, and then I see if I can execute this character vocal l y,
and also musically. If I do not succeed, I abandon the project ,
but as for Fal staff, and Scarpia, they are two roles which I
did because I was extremely attracted by the character, there
fore I examined to the maximum whether it was possible for
my voice to succeed in lri ving at cerain vocal expressions
which are surely not those of a bass. But this came afer some
study. It is obvious that if the pitch were lower it would be
easier.
Q: What attracted you in the character of Rigoletto?
Kam0nd: That ' s a murderous question. But I believe that
there is in this role a very strong drama, which i s refected in
Verdi hi mself, the drama of the father, the interal problems ,
crippled not so much i n the body, but much more i n the mind
itself of the character, the drama of i nnocence, of the una
wareness , of the malevolence, at bottom, of this character
who is redeemed, but at the price of his daughter' s death. Al l
these emotions are able to create interpretive contrasts which
can be very interesting.
Q: How do you fnd yourself in the role of King Phi l i p, here
in Bologna, but also in general ?
Kam0nd: Great suffering, great beauty. It is not that I am
a masochist , I also do such rol es as Mustafa. Philip II is a
character of exceptional interest, also because his emotions
are not on a single plane, they are three-dimensional , because
he is a father jealous of hi son, in love with his wife who had
been betrothed to the son. He sees in Posa a danger which he
does not admit, but which he knows exists , because Posa is
a person who bel ieves in Iw, who makes himself a protector
of the law, and at that time, such a person was dangerous ,
not only for the Church, but also for King Phi l i p. Moreover,
there is his sol itude, due to his problematic inner l i fe, nd an
almost tyrannical character before the people, which makes
him a strong, hard person, whereas in his sol itude he i s an
extremely weak, empty, lost character who asks for comfor
from the Church, from the Inquiition, from the Grand In
quisitor, asks permission to ki l l his son, because he i s creating
terrible problems , and fundamental l y, he feel s guilty-not
so much about the death of his son, but by the fact of pro
tecting Posa-who is very disturbing because he opens the
people' s eyes . In Schiller, the central role i s the Marquis de
Posa. Verdi chose to make Phil i p the central character, pre
cisely because he had these all-consuming, dramatic colors ,
International
The composer Giuseppe Verdi at the time o/the Paris opening 0/
his oper Don Carlos . Where Schiller had made the Marquis de
Posa the central character o/the drama. Verdi shited the/ocus to
Philip H.
i n thi s relationship to his son. But i n Schiller, the Marquis de
Posa is the character who i l l umi nates the entire drama.
Q: So you thi nk that there i s a difference between the Don
CarLos of Schil ler and that of Verdi?
Ram0nd : A difference in the sense that I woul d have given
a greater space to Posa, as a character i n the opera, than to
Don Carl o. I would have made Don Carlo perhaps more
gl i mpsed, less prominent, because it is diffcult to portray a
role like Don Carlo-epileptic, crazy-on a stage.
Q: I found it one of the most successful operas .
Kam0nd : It is one of the most beautiful , and most theatri
cal of Verdi ' s operas , which demands not only singing, but
also interretation, which therefore demands good direction,
preparation, and knowledge, and it is very diffcult to bring
to the stage. It is important to succeed to give an interpretation
as actors , to succeed in conveying emotions not only from
the vocal point of view, but also from the expressive point of
view, to the publ ic. Today' s public no longer goes to the
opera just to hear the "chest high L. Yes , there are still those
who do it, but God wi l l ing, tastes are changing, and people
go to the theater also to see a total ity of things, and not only
to hear a voice.
Returning t o the matter of the tuning fork, if beyond thi s ,
we succeed in bringing an orchestra within thi s pitch l i mi t, I
think there wi l l be no problem in fnding singers to stage a
LIK September 2 1 , 1 989
[Puccini ' s] Boheme or a [Bellini ' s] Puritani; it would be
much easier and much more human. When nowadays an
orchestra conductor refuses to lower the "Gelida manina"
[the famous tenor aria in La Boheme] by a half-step, for me
this is not right. He ought to consider that perhaps at the time
of Puccini , the tuning was a semi tone lower.
Q: But when you have fought for thi s, you have been met
with incomprehension?
Raimondi: With smiles . I have always been interested in
this , speaking with orchestra musicians, with conductors ,
but they have all downplayed it, saying, "but in effect it is
not a semitone, perhaps a quarter-tone, so it is not so impor
tant. " I have always considered this very, very important ,
also for the purose of more correctly identifying the vocal
qualities of each singer.
Q: The baritone Piero Cappuccilli told us that even for the
bass, the high tuning provokes so much tension in the vocal
cords that even the low notes become a problem. How is this
refected in the low notes, for example, in the aria of King
Philip, "Ella giammai m' amo"?
Raimondi: More than in "Ella giammai m' amo, " the prob
lem arises in Simon Boccanegra. because in the invectives of
Fiesco, one goes from a high F, which would be an F-sharp,
to a low F, thus there is an extension of two octaves , but
always in tension, spoken with impetuosity and nastiness . It
is not the legato of the aria "Ella giammai m' amo" in which
a person supports his voice, that does not have the tension
Cappuccilli was talking about, in which the vocal cords are
tense and cannot relax. It is in Simon Boccanegra that this
difculty is created, because the role demands these two
octaves always in tension, and with force.
Q: Another cause of the lack of voices, outside of the tuning
fork, is that the bel canto school is becoming lost. You were
speaking to us before of the experiment which you wanted to
do with recordings of the voices of the past . You said that
they sing better "in the mask" than today' s voices .
Raimondi: First I will say that I am a curious person, very
curious. When these records are heard at 78 rpm, some voices
sound vibrated, very strong in the mask, something that is
ver diffcult to hear in today' s recordings. And so I ask
myself, for amusement , for experiment , why not make some
recordings with the same techniques that were used to record
Caruso, Chaliapi n, Titta Ruffo, and so on, in order to see
what were the harmonic differences of these voices , in order
to be able one day to study the difference from modem-day
voices . Because with recordings at 33 rpm, outside of aug
menting the frequency-the voices have been pushed, and
you no longer know what kind of voices they really are,
because by spinning the records faster, the voice rises . At 78
RPM, one hears that Caruso has a baritonesque voice, of a
dark color. There is that duel in Otello between him and Titta
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
Rufo in which you don' t know which is the tenor and which
the baritone. Why not try to do these things , even if only to
seek to understand what the placement was? Let ' s not forget
that Caruso had been operated on twice for nodules of the
vocal cords . He was a person who pushed. Already then there
were problems of placement .
In order to retur to the sound of yesteryear, it would be
necessary to return to the size of orhestras of the day, it
would be necessary to sing again in the theaters as were built
in that time, to place the orchestras again as they were then,
even as to position. The singers came down to the front of
the stage and they were already within the cupola. From what
I have been told, at La Scala [in Milan] the stage had reached
all the way to the frst row of boxes. Therefore, all these
things created a war or battle between the singers and the
sonority of the orchestra. When one sings in Vienna, for
example, the orchestra is at a very high level with respect to
the stage, in terms of its position. When 1 20 people are
playing all together, if you do not have a great conductor who
knows how to do the pianissimi. it becomes an inhuman battle
between the singer and the sound of the orchestra. How is
one able to tell how it was , if we do not overcome all these
problems which perhaps did not exist in the past? At one
time, the purity of a voice was free to expand in a theater;
nowadays a voice must fght against some distance from the
audience, and against a sonority which I do not believe ex
isted at the time of Stendahl . Speaking of bel canto, when
one takes a score of Bellini or Rossini (Rossini himself com
plained that there were no more interesting voices) , in order
to understand what the situation i s, we would need to retur
to those conditions, and in those conditions produce a singer
of today, that is to say, to re-accustom him to sing in a given
setting.
Q: Returing to the technique of recording, you said to us
before that the new recording techniques tend to level out the
vibrato a l ittle.
Raimondi : I have the impression that most of the sound
engineers do not listen to the singer in a recording studio, but
they have the tendency to reconstruct the sound in the booth,
and therefore they create imaginary sounds , smoothing out a
little the vibrations of this or that other singer, and this de
compensates the harmonics of one singer' s voice or another.
Moreover, I believe that with the technique arrived at today,
there ought to be one microphone for deep voices and another
for high voices, because obviously the way of receiving cer
tain sounds changes. If there is a microphone which favors
the tenor, obviously it disfavors the deep voices , because the
voice of a tenor is much more powerfl , it makes a micro
phone vibrate more easily, while the low voice has less im
pact. All that would have to be taken into consideration in
the recordings .
Q: This is advice that ought to be taken.
Interational 47
Wat hags on
Zhao Ziyags fate
by Linda de Hoyos
Zhao Ziyang, who was ousted as general secretary of the
Communist Party when marial law was imposed on Beijing
in May, is unl ikely to come to trial for his alleged role in the
"counterevolutionary rebellion. " This is the latest word from
the Chinese mainland through Hong Kong, in the words of
Vice Minister of Culture Ying Ruocheng. According to the
South China Morning Post Sept . 1 3 , although Ying is a mid
ranking cadre, "he would not have spoken out on such a
sensitive topic unless authorized by the highest quarers . "
Zhao Ziyang' s fate i s one barometer of the power battle
raging in the People' s Republic of China. Throughout Au
gust , he was the target of diatribes coming from those who
zealously carried out the Beijing massacre of June 4. As the
Hong Kong Standard repored Aug. 23 , "Hardline leaders
including [ President] Yang Shangkun, [Prime Minister] Li
Peng; and [Politburo member] Yao Yilin strongly favored
imposing harsh punishment on Zhao and proposed laying
' anti-party' charges against him. " And in mid-August, Yuan
Mu, a member of the State Council who acted as Beijing' s
frst ofcial spokesman i n the hours following the Tiananmen
massacre, declared that "Should Comrade Zhao Ziyang be
found to have participated in the recent insurgency or plotted
or instigated the movement behind the scenes, he should be
charged criminally. "
According to the Hong Kong daily Cheng Ming Aug. 1 ,
the Communist Pary had composed a special group com
posed of Yang Shangkun, Li Peng, and intelligence services
chiefQiao Shi to examine Zhao Ziyang' s crimes. Since June,
numbers of people known to be associates of Zhao Ziyang
have either fed the country or been arrested. Bao Tong,
Zhao' s former secretary and key aide as head of the Central
Committee' s Research Ofce for Political Reform, was ar
rested even before the June 3 massacre, soon afer Zhao
himself was placed under virual house arrest. Zhao Ziyang' s
eldest son was reporedly arested in the norther port of
Dalian in early August, as he was trying to fee the country.
Other associates managed to escape, such as Yang Jiaqi , and
Chen Yizi , director of the Institute of Restructuring the Econ
omy.
Other Zhao Ziyang associates have been summarily re
placed. The president of the Beijing University was forced
out and replaced by the vice president Wu Shuqing, known
to be close to Zhao' s arch-rival Li Pengo Another is goveror
48 Interational
of Hainan Province Liang Xiang, who was summoned to
Beij ing in July never to retur. His ofcial removal was
announced in September. His replacement is an old cohort of
Li Peng' s from the Energy Ministry. Since Hainan was a key
target for Zhao' s free-enterprise zone policy, his replacement
by a Li Peng stalwar could be a signal discouraging invest
ment from Japan and the U. S . , both of which had been invited
into the strategic island prvince.
According to Hong Kong reports , Zhao Ziyang remains
adamant on his opposition to martial law, and refused to
"self-criticize" at an expande Politburo meeting June 1 8.
Yang Shangkun, whose son-in-law led the attack on the Beij
ing students , has declared that since Zhao Ziyang is respon
sible for creating the democracy movement, he bears respon
sibility for the casualties , a crime that could be punishable
by death. The public attacks against Zhao are epitomized by
the diatribe published in the People' s daily Aug. 7, by new
Beij ing University president Wu Shuqing. Wu charged that
Zhao' s policy of "opning up" is a "road that will lead China
to extinction. This is because if China does not take the
socialist road, then it can only be a vassal to Wester coun
tries, and in the end, will fall under the control of the monop
olist forces of interational capitalism. "
Wu, like others i n the Zhao hanging party, charged that
Zhao had opposed the "four cardinal principles" establishing
the primacy of the Communist Party over all aspects of life.
(Deng had asserted the "four cardinal principles" i n the re
pressive aftermath of the "Beijing Spring" of 1 976-78. ) The
charge is tantamount to a charge of treason.
Why then hasn' t Beij ing taken decisive action against
Zao? Firt, witin the P. R. C. ' s factional tadition, the fored
death of an opponent-as in the case of Lin Biao-is used
only as a last resor signifying a fnal mandate that the victim
and his policies are never to b revived. If the Beij ing lead
ership takes such action against Zhao, it would signal to the
world that the P. R. C. has retreated back to Maoist xenopho
bia and cannibalistic austerity against its own population.
The Chinese leadership may not be able to afford the
interal risk of putting Zhao on trial . Will China' s millions
swallow another Cultural Revolution? Both Deng Xiaoping
and his alleged arch-rival Chen Yun, the godfather of Zhao' s
oppnent Li Peng, are arguing for such factional matters to
be shelved for a couple of years: The party' s unity and power
is too tenuous to aford a public factional brawl . Zhao' s
colleague Chen Yizi reports that "70% of those at ministerial
level and 80% of senior ofcials supported the students be
for martial law . "
The apparent unwillingness of the Chinese leadership to
pillory Zhao calls into question the Beijing clique' s depth of
control . As Chen Yizi stated upon his arrival in Pari s: The
United States would be making a "bad investment" if it re
tured to business as usual with the current regime (including
Deng) . "The goverment' s position is very difcult. It will
have a hard time surviving for two or three years . "
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
Satwatch by Kl Svensson
'Black Sabbath' in Sweden
A leader ]om the Anti-Drug Coalition tells how to mobilize
citizens to fght Satanic rock.
1he suburb of Solna outside Stock
holm on Sept. 6, was holding its brath
awaiting the British hooligans arriv
ing for the World Championship soc
cer qualifcation game between Swe
den and England. Balconies and ter
races were cleard of chairs and other
things that could be used as weapons ,
cars driven off to other suburbs , chil
dren told to stay indoors.
The same day, the Swedish Anti
Drug Coalition had a book stand in the
Solna shopping mall . The signs cried
out: "Stop the propaganda for vio
lence, death cultism, grave desecra
tion, Satanism in the Solna Hall ! Stop
Black Sabbath! " "Support the Colom
bian War on Drgs ! " This campaign
cut rght into the one question that was
on the most people' s minds: What
made people become crazy street
fghters and what should be done to
stop them?
The British hooligans were al
ready on their way to Stockholm. On
the ferry fom Harwich, U. K. to
Gothenburg, on the Swedish west
coast, a fght broke out between sup
porters of different teams. They threw
bottles , threatened the staff, and blew
out fr extinguishers in the bar, driv
ing other passengers into hiding in the
cabins. One boy went overboard, and
disappeard in the waves despite sev
eral hours' search.
At least two witnesses said the
missing boy had taken the narcotic
drug "ecstasy. " A leader of the troub
lemakers also said there had been
"acid" (LSD) around, two of them
were arested by the British police for
drg possession. Coming from down
town Stockholm, where the hooligans
W September 2 1 , 1989
were roaming through the streets
banging windows, cars, and people,
asked the chairman of the Anti-Drug
Coalition, Ulf Sandmark, what they
were doing to stop the street violence.
He told me the ADC was campaigning
"against a show with the Satanist heavy
metal rok band Blak Sabbath, whom
the pliticians in this town think should
be promoted as a part of our culture. "
How do you know the politicians
want that? I asked in surprise. He ex
plained that the ADC had run a cam
paign in the spring against Satanist
rocker Ozzy Osboure.
That campaign, he said, was di
rected at the politicians and the spor
associations leaders controlling the
sprs arna, Solnahallen, wher Ozzy
Osboure was to have his show, and
which was funded by the taxpayers .
The politicians, hard-pressed by the
ADC and parents , said they only let
Osboure in because he was not a Sa
taist "prsonally" and bause he was
going to sing at a beneft concer
"against drgs and alcohol . " These ar
guments are now shattered, as the Sol
na politicians are allowing the leading
Satanist band in the world, Black Sab
bath, into the hall; and also because
Ozzy Osbue, on his way home fm
that beneft concert-which happened
to be in Moscow-in a totally drunken
state tried to murder his wie with a
knie and now is under arrest!
I almost lost my breath, and asked:
What are you doing now when the
powerbrokers apparently want this
Satanist rock band?
Wel l , we found out, Sandmark an
swered, that there is a weapon that can
be used by parents . A hundred of them
went i nto the Ozzy Osboure concert
and changed it, in the same manner as
parents do when they decide do be
home at a pary their kids had planned
to have without them.
Now we skip the immoral politi
cians , he said, and directly mobil ize
for "the presence of parents and anti
Satanist youth" at the concert , both
outside and inside. With the politi
cians out of the picture and the citizens
furious at the violence-mongering Sa
tnists, we can demad that all schols,
youth clubs , etc . , let us and other re
sistance organizations in t explain te
danger of Satanism. This is a great
opporunity for the churches and we
urge them to grab the chance.
So, what can you say in the schols
that will stop this violence in the
streets? I asked.
Well , frm all our discussions with
young people in the streets, we know
that they begin to take a stand against
Satanism, when we tell them about
what Satanists do and about how their
human-hating ideology leads t vio
lence. When the lyrics of the Satanic
rock songs are analyzed in such a dis
cussion, no one can defend this evil .
In shor it opens for the orientation of
the youth back to reality, to projects,
to the search for truth and a healthy
world-view.
Now, do you think you will be
successful in stopping Black Sabbath?
I asked fnally. Vlf Sandmark told me
about many people, especially from
churches , who have promised to show
up at a protest rally at Solnahallen.
The response to the more than 20,00
leafets distributed has been electrify
ing. Before he sold me the ADC mag
azine Stoppa knarket (Stop Drugs) , he
added: The important thing with this
campaign is that we are starting a pro
cess where broader layers are getting
the ammunition to resist the Satanist
culture which powerful interests 8
pushing onto our youth.
Interational 49
Adc RcgoH by Gretchen Sma
Who will join Colombia in battle?
The drug mafa is redeploying into the territor a/Colombia' s
neighbors, Venezuela, Peru, and Brazil .
lne month after the Colombian
government began its full-scale offen
sive against the narcotics empire, mil
itary and police operations on the part
of Colombia' s neighbors by and large
still remain limited to efors to close
their borders to traffckers intent on
relocating their drug operations.
Recognition is growing, however,
that nothing short of an integrated,
continent-wide, militar offensive will
defeat a drug empire which, unl ike the
nations of the area, fully integrated its
operations long ago.
Colombi a' s Andean neighbors are
well aware they are most at risk at the
moment . Venzuelan Defense Minister
Gen. Filmo Lopez Uzcategui an
nounced on Aug. 30 the reinforce
ment of military operations along the
Venezuelan-Colombian border, in or
der "to prevent drug-trafcking and
subversive elements being pursued and
surrounded by the Colombian Army,
from coming into our country. "
Military forces along the border
where placed on alert , and both the
Venezuelan First Task Force and a
30-man battalion spcializing in anti
guerri lla operations , were shifted to
the border region.
Peru' s authorities had already an
nounced a border alert . On Sept . 1 0,
they went one step further, as Peruvi
an anti-drg plice, backed up by U. S.
anti-drug personnel stationed i n Peru,
staged helicopter raids which shut
down three jungle laboratories , open
ing what they characterized as a "fron
tal assault" against trafcking centers
in the Uppr Huallaga Valley, the hear
of cocaine operations in Peru.
Ecuador' s goverment initially put
out the line that while they acknowl-
50 International
edged that traffckers might enter their
territory, they would not settle there,
because the country is "too small . "
Such complacency was soon proven
unfounded. The president of the Ecu
adoran Federation of Agricultural
Producers reported on Sept . 5 that Co
lombian "investors" were buying up
lands in at least two Ecuadoran prov
inces .
The former head of the central
bank, Carlos Julio Emanuel , also pro
tested that impors of chemicals used
in cocaine processing had risen by
more than $ 1 00 million in the frst half
of 1 989. On Sept . 1 3 , Acting Minister
of Goverment Luis Felix announced
that the goverment would open an
investigation.
Little more than expressions of
desperation have been heard from Bo
livian ofcials thus far. With Bolivi
a' s economy devastated by looting by
the interational banks , the narcotics
mafa' s resources have long out
matched those of the goverment . Bo
livia has historically been one of the
two largest producers of coca leaves
in the world, and traffckers had al
ready begun building up operations
there long before Colombia launched
its war.
The Andean countries are not the
only ones targeted. U. S. Drug En
forcement Administration sources ex
pect traffckers to shift resources out
of Colombia and into taffcking rutes
which rn fom Argentina, Brazil , and
Chile i nto Europe, the Washington
Post repored Sept . 5 .
The Brazilian Army and Federal
Police quickly initiated coordinated
border operations with the Colombian
Army after Aug. 1 8 . Traffckers have
established a massive logistical , trans
port , and processing infrastructure in
Brazil ' s vast Amazon region, which
South American ofcials expect they
will attempt to upgrade to sere as their
new headquarters , if Colombia' s war
continues for any length of time.
"Nothing will be gained if the band
of drug traffckers is attacked only in
Colombia, and they succeed i n taking
refuge in Brazil . We must attack them
on all fronts , " Romeo Tuma, head of
the Brazilian Federal Police, prom
ised on Aug. 30. Tuma told reporters
that he suspected that top Colombian
traffckers retreating from the Colom
bian battle, had already crossed into
Brazil in small planes , and were pre
paring to fee to Europe and the United
States.
"The question is far from being
one of just Brazil and Colombia. On
the contrary, one should ask with great
indignation why such a grave problem
was never treated on the continental
level , " Jamal do Brasil stated in an
Aug. 30 editorial . "This is a continent
where rhetoric comes easy; few themes
have been more aired and motivated
than the famous continental integra
tion. But, there is an excellent chance
now to demonstrate that that idea i s
not merely material for speeches. A
neighbor is threatened-and not by a
political or ideological movement, but
by the most manifest criminality. Bra
zil , Peru, Bolivia, Argentina have di
rect interests i n this problem, " Jamal
wared.
That recognition is growing. On
Aug. 28, Argentina became the frst
country to ofer concrete military as
sistance to Colombia, when President
Carlos Menem announced that his
goverment is willing to send up to six
Pucaras to Colombia, small Argentine
planes which amply proved its mili
tary efcacy during the 1 982 Malvi
nas War.
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
Panama Repor by Calos Wesley
Puu-Agu6dualuuSaCk^ut6ga
Most ofthe movement' s UZ members demanded that the U. S.
honor the Canal Treaties and withdraw the extra troops.
Neeting in Belgrade, Yugoslavia,
the Non-Aligned Movement adopted
a resolution on Sept . 8 demanding that
the United States honor the 1 977 Pan
ama Canal Treaties , withdraw the ad
ditional troops sent to Panama by
President George Bush last May, lif
its economic sanctions , and allow the
Panamanian people the right to choose
their own goverment without outside
interference.
The Non-Aligned leaders voted for
Panama afer listening to an eleventh
hour statement by the commander of
the Panamanian Defense Forces
(PDF) , Gen. Manuel Noriega, which
was read by Vice President Carlos
Ozores . In his statement , Noriega
whom the United States goverment
has been trying to force out on drug
trafcking charges which it knows to
be untrue-said that "the anger of the
U. S . administration against my coun
try, is the result of our outright rejec
tion of American attempts to force us
to participate, with troops and special
units of the Defense Forces , in the
aggression against the sister nation of
Nicaragua. "
This was a reference to the black
mail threat issued in a December 1 985
meeting with Noriega by Iran-Contra
fgure, Adm. John Poindexter, then
U. S. National Security Adviser, that
Noriega either back the Contra policy
against Nicaragua, or be crushed by
means of false accusations of being a
drug traffcker.
Noriega charged that the U. S. mil
itary in Panama daily deploys thou
sands of trops, tanks, and aircraf into
areas under Panamanian jurisdiction,
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
"publicly expressing the U. S. admin
istration' s contempt for Panama' s
sovereignty and threatening a military
intervention. " Given this situation, he
stated, "I must inform you that the
Panamanian Defense Forces , together
with the people of Panama, will con
tinue to resist, for as long as neces
sary, whatever the circumstances cre
ated from abroad. " Panama, he added,
is faced with the choice "of continuing
to belong to the concert of free nations
or being a colony. . . . It is a question
of an invaded country, which has as
its main obligation to break the yoke
of a rude intervention in its internal
affairs , which is undermining its sov
erignty, its territorial integrity and the
basic rights of its citizens . "
The resolution was a slap at Ven
ezuela' s President Carlos Andres Per
ez, who had demanded that the Non
Aligned Movement condemn Norie
ga, and cl aimed, ` ` l have the right ,
Latin America has the right, to inter
vene in Panama to ensure that there is
a democratic regime. " He was tured
down by the overwhelming majority
of the countries , including Peru and
Ecuador, who, he felt, "btrayed him,"
according to the Mexican daily Excel
sior Sept . 9. Adding insult to injury,
the Non-Aligned countries also reject
. ed outright Perez' s bid to have Vene
zuela host the movement' s 1 99 1 Inter
ministerial meeting.
Meanwhile, the Bush administra
tion announced on Sept . 1 2 that it will
continue its campaign to oust Norie
ga, by tightening the economic sanc
tions against Panama. At the same
time, the propaganda campaign
charging Noriega with drug traffck
ing assumed Goebbels-l ike propor
tions. The U . S. media asserted almost
daily and without substantiation, that
"it is believed that members of the Co
lombian Medellfn cocaine cartel have
been given asylum by Noriega in Pan
ama. " The U. S. State Department has
been forced to admit the U . S. govern
ment cannot confrm this charge.
In fact , under Noriega' s leader
ship, Panama' s Defense Forces have
intensifed their anti-drug eforts since
Colombia launched its war on the drug
cartel . Colombia' s leading anti-drug
daily El Espectador reported Sept . 9,
that the PDF has arrested nine Colom
bians involved in drug traffcking, and
confscated 10 kilos of pure cocaine
that they were attempting to smuggle
into the U. S. through Panama.
President Bush has rejected a plea
issued on Sept . 2 by Panama' s new
President, Francisco RodrIguez, for
the U. S. to stop its attacks against
Panama, "which, in the fnal analysis ,
does not help many sensible and rea
sonable interests of theirs which we
recognize and accept . "
Bush has refused to recognize the
legitimacy of Rodriguez' s gover
ment , setting the stage for openly re
pudiating the Canal Treaties , which
call for Panama to nominate the new
canal administrator as of Januar 1 990.
Instead, according to an article by
syndicated columnists Rowland Ev
ans and Robert Novak column in the
Washington Post Sept . 1 1 , Bush' s
plans "could include a tightly con
trolled military strike" against Norie
ga. Even U. S . ally Carlos Andres Per
ez had to say that in the event of a
military intervention, "I would lead
Venezuela in opposition. " But, say
Evans and Novak, the administration
believes that "the escalated drug war
and Noriega' s link to it have changed
perceptions of both voters and Latin
American politicians . "
Interational 5 1
Internat
i
onal Intell
i
gence
France blames Kissinger
polcy in Lebanon
French Foreign Minister Roland Dumas
made one of the strongest denunciations to
come from Europe against the U. S. policy
toward Lebanon and its alliance with Syria.
He made his remarks on Sept . 7 during a
parliamentary debate at the National As
sembly, following a speech of opposition
leader Valery Giscard d' Estaing, who an
nounced that the opposition stood frmly be
hind the goverment in its initiatives toward
Lebanon.
Dumas stood up to denounce the "bitter
blow" inficted by the U. S. administration
against Lebanese Prime Minister Michel
Aoun. Dumas said that such a policy was
"coherent with the Kissinger doctrine which
favors an all iance with Syria. "
Britsh Home Secretar
hits drug legalization
British Home Secretary Douglas Hurd de
nounced the arguments in favor of drug le
galization as facile and dangerous . Speak
ing before Conservative Party members in
Derby on Sept . 8 , he decl ared that legal iza
tion would spread "sickness , degradation,
and squalor" through Britain, as users of so
called sof drugs move on to harder sub
stances . Cocaine and "crack" addicts risk
heart attacks , brain seizures, paranoia, and
violence. The "social costs" from crack co
caine in the U. S. are enormous , he said,
leading to a rise in child neglect, child bat
teri ng, and an increase in miscarriages and
prenatal strokes .
Hurd criticized British newspaper arti
cles which have argued for legalization as a
means to reduce criminal activity. Noting
that Colombian drug barons control 80% of
the world' s cocaine suppl y, he said, "They
will not meekly surrender their monopoly to
legitimate frms , and they have the muscle
to buy or scare out legal rivals . . . . Even if
it were legalized, the connection between
cocaine or crack addiction and violence
52 Interational
would not be broken. It i s that connection
which has convinced the most sober and
cautious of us that we are facing a real and
formidable threat . "
Hurd rejected the argument that "soft
drugs" could be legal ized rather than "hard
drugs . " "I do not believe we could distin
guish between the legalization of one i llegal
drug and another. The links in the chain of
drug misuse are too strong to be broken in
that way. Legal ization of cannabi s would
achieve nothing. "
Hurd said the dangers are great , but
"more fool ish still would be to heed the
voices of those newspapers and magazines
which, because there i s no quick or easy way
to defeat the menace of drugs, now tell us
that the answer i s legalization. "
Soviets warn of'proxy
war' over Afghanistan
Soviet Deputy Foreign Mini ster and Am
bassador to Afghanistan Yuli Vorontsov
warned that a "U. S. -Soviet war by proxy"
could develop i n and around Afghanistan
because of a deepening commitment of the
United States to Afghan rebel forces .
In an exclusive interiew with BBC Sept .
8, Vorontsov said this could "spoil recent
improvements" in Moscow-Washington
global relations, and could have a negative
impact on talks on disarmament . He wared
that the Afghan situation might obviate
Moscow' s agreement not to make trouble in
cerain regions that are sensitive to the United
States.
Vorontsov spoke of a "dangerous chain
of events , " linked to the recent dismissal of
the CIA chief overseeing aid to the Afghan
rebel s. He said the United States was now
directly arming Mujaheddin generals , un
like before. Vorontsov also claimed that the
U. S. was building an airbase in Quetta, and
was training pilots out of a base i n Karachi ,
Paki stan.
The Bush administration seriously mis
evaluated Soviet policy in the Third Worl d,
according to sources cited in the Sept . 10
Washington Post. The "mi nd set" had been
that the Kabul regime lacked staying power,
and Gorbachov would accept defeat in the
name of better relations with Washington.
' The prevailing view was that ' Gorbachov' s
New Thinking argued against this sort of
Brezhnevian regional competition, ' " said
one administration ofcial who argued that
the problem was that the administration re
fused to believe Gorbachov' s own statement
of intent .
In a shift in U. S. policy, administration
ofcials told the Sept . 1 0 Washington Post,
a U. S. envoy met with the former King of
Afghanistan, Zahir Shah, who blames the
actions of fundamental ist leader Hekma
tyar, which have included massacres of oth
er guerrilla leaders, for preventing large
scale mutiny of Soviet puppet Naj ibullah' s
troops , and prolonging the war.
Soviet miltar buildup
a 'latent threat' to Japan
The Soviet Union remains a strong military
threat in the Far East, despite the recent re
laxation in East-West tensions, Japan' s De
fense Agency said in a reprt published Sept.
1 2 .
"The developments in the Soviet Far East
forces pose a latent threat to Japan, " the
report said. "Since the advent of Dr. Gor
bachov as Soviet leader in 1 985 . . . the
increase or improvement in the Soviet mili
tary has continued, particularly in the case
of naval and air forces i n the Far East, " said
Defense Agency ofcial Yuuken Hironaka.
The report notes that up to one-third of
Soviet strategic nuclear forces , such as in
tercontinental and submarine-launched bal
l i stic missiles, are deployed in the Soviet
Far East. New Tu-95H Bear bombers which
can carr air-launched cruise missiles are
also stationed in the region, in addition to an
array of tactical nuclear weapons.
The report also documents that North
Korea is strengthening military ties with
Moscow, and i s purchasing more advanced
fghters and missiles . In this year' s Defense
White Paper, just released, the Japanese De
fense Ministry notes, "North Korea has ob
tained from the Soviet Union a supply of
fghters such as MiG-29s and surface-to-air
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989

missiles which are blieved to be SA-5s. "


Soviet economist Abel Aganbegyan,
spaing in Washington, D. C. on Sept. 1 2,
sharly rjected suggestions that the Soviets
rtur four small islands to Japan in ex
change for investment in the Soviet Union.
"No. We will never give up those islands.
Never. We do not need the Japanese, " he
said.
. .pulout/rom Korea
woul imperl peninsula
South Kora' s Minister of Legislation Hyun
Hong-Choo waed in a New York Times
commenta Sept. ! that a U. S. military
pullout frm South Kora would impril the
pninsula, and that the few extremist polit
ical grups in Kora who are calling for that
will not b satisfed shor of a complete U . S.
withdrawal .
Hong-Choo notes that reliable polls re
patedly show that !3% to V4. % of South
Koreans oppse withdrawal or a signfcant
rduction of U. S. troops . "The most alarm
ing aspct of the trop-reduction argument
is te blief that the stability of the Korean
Peninsula would not b threatened by a re
dction o pullout of to ps," he was. "The
South Koran domestic situation, North Ko
ra' s unchanged milita threat, and devel
opments in surounding countries-includ
ing China-rquires grat caution in con
siderng changes in U. S. trop prsence. "
Red Chinese police
minister threatens Muslims
Wang Fang, Communist Chinese Minister
of Pblic Securty, accused the United States
M other pwers of attempting to destabi
lize the Uygur Muslim population in the
Norwest Povince of Xinjiang , Reuters re
prd from Beijing on Sept. 2.
The province contains 6 million Mus
lims, and an equal number of Han Chinese,
who a appinted fom Beijing to admin
ister the province.
ElR September 2 1 , 1989
Speaking while on a tour of the sensitive
area, the police chief said, "Unstable ele
ments in Xinjiang, mostly sepaatist forces
their sources being from the United States
and other countries-have not given up their
. . . subversive secret plots . " China in the
past has directed such chages at groups based
in Turkey, which are active among the Turk
ic speaking Muslim populations which
stretch deep into Asia.
Malaysian prime minister
attacks human rights mafa
Mahathir Mohamed, the prime minister of
Malaysia, lambasted what he called the hu
man rights mafa in a keynote address to the
Non-Aligned Movement meeting in Bel
grade, Yugoslavia Sept. 5.
Mahathir said that he regretted that "the
developed countries have now appointed
themselves as the arbiter of human rights
worldwide. In the name of human rights ,
they have applied all kinds of pressure on
countries unable to defend themselves. Every
now and again, new rules are formulated,
and any country found defaulting is subject
ed to wild publicity and other repressive
measures . Having been responsible for the
killing and torture of millions in the past,
they now adopt a holier-than-thou attitude
and want to impose their new-found ideas
on human rights on the rest of the world. "
In Malaysia, he noted, "a campaign i s
being waged by outsiders t o force the prim
itive jungle tribe, the Penan, to remain prim
itive on the grounds that this is their right .
That these people live a miserable life with
out the amenities that other Malaysians en
joy is not given any thought. That these peo
ple sufer from all kinds of diseases and
consequently have a shorter life span is ig
nored. The outsiders want to retain the so
called picturesque way of life of these un
fortunate people forever. . . . Human rights
and freedom must begin with the right to be
free from hunger and disease, malnutrition,
and illiteracy. Human rights, as defned by
the West, is meaningless, if there is no roof
over our heads, no food on our tables , and
no schools for our children. "
Briefy
IT ALlAN JUDGES have creat
ed a special team of ten judges that
will deal with fnancial crimes similar
to the model widely used by the FBI ,
the Italian daily Jl Messaggero re
ported on Sept. 10 .
PRESIDENT SUHARTO of In
donesia arrived in Moscow Sept . ,
the frst Indonesian head of state visit
to the Soviet Union in 25 years. Re
centl y, Soviet Foreign Minister Ed
uard Shevardnadze praised Mos
cow' s "lively political dialogue with
the Phil ippines, Malaysia, Thailand,
and Singapore. "
POPULATION REDUCTION
of Britain to one-third to one-half of
its current level , will be considered at
the upcoming convention of Britain' s
Green Party.
SIX ISRAELIS face charges for
training Colombian narco-terrorists .
Israeli police investigators will rec
ommend that the trainers , who work
for Israeli security frm, should be
charged with illegally exporting mil
itary knowledge, Reuters reported
Sept . 8 .
GENNADI GERASIMOV, So
viet foreign ministry spokesman, told
the Danish paper Extrabladet Sept. 6
that he was taking a bag of needles to
a friend who requires daily injections
and is afraid of contracting AIDS.
"The needles should be Rus
sian . . . . But it tured out that the
factory was closed, so now we have
thousands of syringes, and no
needles. "
THE NUMBER-THREE man in
the KGB' s First Directorate (forign
intelligence) met with James Lilley,
U . S . ambassador to China and the
man widely expected to be the next
head of the CIA, in Zurich, Switzer
land, during the second week in Sep
tember, according to a sources.
Interational 53
IilBooks
Wy Aerica is
losing ' te game'
by Mark Burdma
Tbc Gamc Playcr:Confcsslons oftbc CU's
Opln Polltlcal Opcratlvc
by Miles Copeland
Aurum Press. London. U8U
2U4 pages. with index. L2. U
If the United States and Wester civil ization survive their
current perilous crises, future historians might have a short
hand name for one of the characteristic afictions of the
United States in the decades following the end of the Second
World War. That afiction could be labeled "Miles Cope
land. "
This i s not to attribute too much importance to Miles
Copeland himself, who is already more than enough of an
egomaniac for anybody' s taste. It is only to say that his
personality and career embody that quality which has brought
the U. S. to the brink of strategic, political , and moral disas
ter.
As the reader of The Game Player will discover, Cope
land is a chief mastermind of CIA "covert operation games . "
He operates at the point where several different "universes"
intersect: the CIA as such, CIA activities in the Middle East
in particular, the strategies and activities of the multinational
oil companies , the "Irangate" political-intelligence complex,
and the degenerate milieux of Hollywood and of the rock
sex-drug counterculture. Since the late 1 960s , dating from
the period immediately afer the June 1 967 Arab-Israeli war,
Copeland has, according to his own account , been a central
fgure in a "private CIA, " which contrives "covert political
action operations" that are "indispensable in a wide range of
54 Books
goverment-to-goverment activities outside the normal scop
of conventional diplomacy and statecraft . " This same "pri
vate CIA" services the multinational (or transnational) cor
porations whose power, Copeland gloats , has grown during
the past years , because of the discrediting and growing inef
fectiveness of U. S. goverment institutions .
On the surface, Alabama-bor Copeland is an ingratiat
ing creature, more or less of the sort that accosted Eve in the
Garden of Eden, or what mor collouially minded folk would
call a "tricky bastard. " The book is itself tricky, and the best
advice to any prospective reader might be to star at the end.
There, we fnd Copeland philosophizing, "Put simply, I see
life as a game . . . . I' ve found that if you selife as a 'game'
a term I use as military, political and business strategists use
it , not in its frivolous seqse-you gain several advan
tages . . . . I must emphasize that here I ' m writing exclusive
ly of ' serious' games , those that the famous mathematician
John von Neumann and the famous economist Oskar Mor
genstern wrote about in their monumental work, The Theor
ofGames and Economic Behavior. and those that I wrote in
my monumental textbook for the CIA, Non-Mathematical
Games for Innumerate Inteligence Ofcers. The ' life is a
game' outlook that I prscrib dosn' t tvialize; it only makes
a person see things in their ptoper perspective, ' maximizing
benefts' and ' minimizing losses , ' to borrow terms from von
Neumann and Morgenster. "
Without boring the reader with all the details about von
Neumann and Morgenster, suffce it to state two details .
One i s that "game theory" i s a radical form of American
pragmatism, elevated to a kind of cult , a cult that has a
signifcant amount of priapist , masturbatory emotional con
tent. "Game theory" manufactures a conceptual aura for the
childish, paranoid-schizophrnic blief in "rles of the game. "
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
In the universe of von Neumann and co-thinkers , physical
economic reality doesn' t matter in the least . But, since the
laws of the universe are efcient , and the "rules of the game"
are not, the "game player" is doomed to fai lure. Real ity must ,
sooner or later, catch up. That , in a nutshel l , is why we are
in trouble today: game theory.
A second point: On numerus occasions , EIR contribut
ing editor Lyndon LaRouche has written of his adversary
relationship to "game theory, " dating back to around 1 950.
It was LaRouche' s disgust with "game theory, " and the
worldview underlying it, that motivated him to develop some
of his most imporant conceptual breakthroughs in economics
and science. It is hardly coincidental , that Miles Copeland is
rpred by intelligence sources to be an integral component
of the interational "Get LaRouche" task force, which has
conspird to frame LaRouche up and jail hi m. Copeland' s
hatrd of LaRouche is s o profoundly intense, that the astute
obserer would conclude that "something more than meets
the eye" is involved.
Ca|ts,orags,aaoSataa|sm
The danger posed by Copeland and his friends is that they
see success prcisely where they have failed. In signifcant
pa, tis is because their "game" is inherently immoral ,
tending in its worst cases to outright satanism, a love of evil
for evil ' s sae.
To put it another way: By his own effective admission,
Miles Copland is objectively an agent of infuence, not only
of the Soviet Union, but also of Satan. He stresses at one
pint, that Soviet strategy against the West, does not mean
fghting a "hot wa, " nor competing in the sense the word
"comptition" suggests in American usage, but on "making
it impssible" for Americans to compete: "Whatever kind of
confict the Soviets engaged in with us, their strategy would
be gead to American weaknesses rather than to Soviet
strngths. " in and of itself, this is tre enough. Elsewhere,
he repors that his son, Miles Ill , advised hi m, as an "intel
lectual exercise, " to " ' game out' what KGB political activ
ists might accomplish if they were to use the CIA' s own
techniques on the American political scene. " Out of this
emerged a paper entitled "A Dozen Ways to Destroy Amer
ica, " which "showed how some particularly infuential
Amercans thought that what we were doing to ourselves was
almost exactly what the Soviets would like to have done to
us, if we hadn' t beat them to it. "
What better "American weakness" to exploit , than to
have a moral imbecile like Miles Copeland supporting drugs ,
cults, mystics, and the like? What greater blow could be dealt
to the United States?
Do we exaggerate? Take the case of Copeland' s boast,
that one of his early CIA-linked units, the Political Action
Staff, spnsord Scientology as a political intelligence op
eration, to gain "useful secret channels into the minds of
leaders not only in Afica and Asia. " This is most interesting,
EU September 2 1 , 1 989
and is an important detail about Scientology that has some
how been missed, or ignored, by the presumptive investiga
tive journalists who have written book-length exposes on
Scientology. Copeland' s admission should be of great inter
est to those who have traced the origins of Satanic killer cults
to Scientology spin-off groups like the Process Church of the
Final Judgment (see, for example, Maury Terry' s The Ulti
mate Evil) , and to those who have wondered more generally
about Scientology' S place in the "New Age" rock-sex-drg
counterculture, typifed by Scientology founder and gur L.
Ron Hubbard' s late- 1 940s relations to the Ordo Templi Or
ienti s, the group of British Satanist Aleister Crowley.
Such activities , writes Copeland, were for a while rn
under a Political Action Staff sub-unit called "occultism in
high places, " or "OHP. " Aside from the Scientology capers
(and related ones involving the odd Moral Rearmament
Movement, which is itself linked to Brtain-based cult groups) ,
this involved using astrologers and mystics to manipulate
politicians. Elsewhere than his book, in the Times of London
May 2 1 , 1 988, Copeland had refered to the same modus
operandi as the CIA' s "Cosmic Ooperations Bureau, " which
he had headed in the last year of its existence, in the mid-
1 950s .
Copeland, of course, likes to porray this all as fun and
games , and of course, very clever. It is all , however, not so
funny, and derives fom a particular entity in the Anglo
American intelligence world that we will identify in a mo
ment.
But for the full favor of the mind, read the passage where
Copeland discusses CIA-sponsored drug experiments (these
were part of what became known as "MK-Ultra, " although
Copeland doesn' t use that term) : "The projects that drew the
attention of the Church Committee were all conducted out
side the CIA by scientists and pseudo-scientists employed by
universities and pharmaceutical companies under contract to
the CIA for what we understood would be strictly experimen
tal . It never hurts to know what can be done. So these ' sci
entists , ' or whatever they were, made pharmaceuticals that
could make a ' target' tell the truth, hallucinate, behave self
destructively or even drop dead for no detectable cause. It
was pretty entertaining stuff . . . . But we were as much
surprised as the general public when the story brke about
the poor guy, to whom some experimenter had fed an LSD
pill , who plunged out of a tenth-story window of a Washing
ton hotel screaming, ' Look, Mom, I canfy! ' Senator Church,
who already had a bead drawn on the CIA, failed to appre
ciate the comic side of the event , and when his investigators
delved deeper into the most arcane corers of the CIA they
found experiments in germ warfare, personality alteration,
memory erasure, assassination and Go knows what else. . . .
But their existence didn' t indicate evil so much as they illus
trated, once again, what can go on in the basements and attics
of a dream factory like the CIA if its top people aren' t forever
watchfuL"
Books 55
"Comic side of the event"? !
All of this i s not Copeland alone speaking, it i s a certain
identifable institution, the so-called "Anglo-American Oc
cult Bureau. " These are the creatures who fnd Satanism and
related atrocities useful for manipulating societies , and rein
forcing their own power. To some extent this "Bureau" goes
back to Churchill ' s efforts to penetrate and manipulate Nazi
occult circles around Hitler, and to World War II Offce of
Strategic Services Switzerland station chief Allen Dulles ' s
cultivation of Gnostic psychologist CG. Jung, although the
ultimate origins lie in the launching of the "New Age" occult
movement in the second half of the 1 9th century. As for the
Jung apparatus , it has been supported by the fnancial-polit
ical interests of the Mellon family, particularly the strange
Paul Mellon and his late wife Mary. Miles Copeland' s main
oil company connection, by his own account , is Gulf Oil , the
company on which Mellon family wealth i s, in part , based.
At the same time, the Copeland family is a real whopper.
His wife is British, by training an archaeologist, and Miles
Copeland has lived, throughout most of the postwar period,
in Oxfordshire, U. K. The Copelands' one daughter and three
sons are all involved in either Hollywood or rock ' n' rol l . His
P civl liberaa
who opposes liber
by Nacy Guice
WyWcActL&cCanamans
by Pierre Burton
PengUin Books Canada, Markham, Ontario,
U87
32pages, paperbound, S. U
This book, subtitled "A Personal Exploration of our National
Character, " would be more truthfully named "A British ex
ploration in cultural warfare against a national purpose. " It
tel ls us much more about Pierre Burton than it does about
Canadian character.
Burton, the author of several best-sell ing Canadian his
tory books , reporter, perennial talk show guest, and a director
of the Canadian Civil Liberties Association, has recently
made public his desire to deny freedom of speech in Canadian
airports to the Party for the Commonwealth of Canada, a
plitical party dedicated to republican ideas and plicies based
56 Books
son Stewart is a drummer, associated with the rock star
"Sting. " Sting is a mystic, linked to the Jungian movements
and to radical environmental ism. Son Miles III is a rock
impresario. On its latest album cover, the "Black Sabbath"
group expresses "special thanks to Miles Copeland, " which
evidently refers to Miles Ill . The album, "Headless Cross, "
has song afer song i n praise of the Devil , and on the same
album cover that expresses the "special thanks, " there are
song excerpts fl led with praise for the Devil , Lucifer, witch
es, etc. Indeed, like father, like son.
Protectors of narco-terrorism
Along simi lar lines, Copeland is integral to that section
of the American Establishment and CIA that backs Syrian
President Hafez ai-Assad, a chief controller of Soviet-backed
narco-terrorism. Copeland' s chief buddies in the U. S. intel
ligence community are Archibald ("Archie") Roosevelt , a
grandson of Theodore Roosevelt , the latter being one of
Copeland' s own fondest heroes; Archie' s cousin Kerit
("Kim") ; and Archie' s wife Selwa ("Lucky") , by birh a
Druze-Syrian princess . Selwa was the chief of protocol of
the U. S. State Department during the Reagan administration.
on the ideas of American statesman Lyndon H. LaRouche.
This same Pierre Burton in the early 1 970s vigorously de
fended the rights of the biggest drug den and distribution
center in Canada-Rochdale College.
No wonder then, that Buron' s description of Canadian
character allows for no human identity in pursuit of higher
ideals but only a supposed love of dictatorial strictures and
institutions which "save us from our so-called instincts. "
Burton' s British hatred of true political freedom i s seen
in his comparisons of Canada and the United States. Accord
ing to him, "life, libery, and the pursuit of happiness" rep
resent "panache and hedonism, " as in the actions oflicentious
miners during the Gold Rush. In reaction to this version of
"liberty, " Canadians prefer 'flaw and order, " to the point of
tolerating gross violations of human rights. Higher ideals or
national purpose do not exist-all that we have is bestowed
upon us from a benevolent master. "Your [American] kind
of democracy sprouts upwards from the grass; ours is dis
pensed from the heavens , l ike gentle rain. " (It is interesting
how Mr. Burton implies that the Queen occupies that highest
place and not God! )
This "gentle rain" i s depicted by Buron i n an account of
Royal Canadian Mounted Pol ice activity: "Consider this:
income tax returs forged, letters faked, innocent pople
intimidated, mail obtained fraudulently and later destroyed,
buildings burglarized and even bured; dynamite stolen; in
criminating evidence planted on innocent people; wires
tapped, phones bugged, left-wingers harassed. Yet no Moun
tie has yet gone to jail . Damaging fles have vanished. Rele
vant evidence has been kept secret . But the Canadian public
has remained relatively unmoved by all these revela-
EIR September 21 , 1 989

Anecdotes about Copeland' s days in Syria can be read in
The Game Player, and in previous books by Copeland. Meth
odologically, his defnition of "Sufsm" tells all: "a perfect
ably respectable system of Moslem mysticism. " In fact, Suf
ism is the brainwashing belief-structure out of which Islamic
fundamentalism and terrorism has been manufactured.
This explains part of Copeland ' s admiration for Kim Phi l
by, whose activities in the Middle East sometimes over
lapped those of Copeland, up to the point that Copeland was
active on the scene, in a curious way, around the time of
Philby' s fight to the Soviet Union. Keep i n mind that Phil
by' s father, St. John Philby, was a top controller of Middle
Easter cults on behalf of the Arab Bureau of the British
Foreign Offce.
'The Bush League'
Would that all of this were just of historical or anecdotal
interest, given Copeland' s advanced age of 76. But it i s,
unfortunately, integral to everything that is rotten in the Bush
administration. Copeland himself served as de facto head of
the Bush for President Campaign in the United Kingdom in
1 988, with a series of letters to British papers during that
tions . . . . We have lived too long with our national myth;
we cannot bear to see it shattered. "
Mr. Burton inadvertently describes the true source for his
idea of the Canadian character in discussing the loyalists , the
losing side in the American War of Independence, many of
whom fed to Canada. It is the loyalists, he says, as well as
the British-bor, who were "the Chosen" and "have had an
infuence out of all proportion to their numbers. "
After te American Revolution, the immigration of
Americans to Upper Canada (Ontario) soon unbalanced the
loyalist-British domination to the degree they became fearful
of losing the province to the United States. But, says Burton,
all that changed when "you Americans declared war on Great
Brtain and tried, unsuccessfully, to take the upper province
by force. " This "horde of ragged frontiersmen, slipping like
phantoms through the trees , squirrel rifes at the alert , each
acting on his own-a mob of wildmen, perfectly prepared to
tae a scalp or bum a house, " created further cause for Ca
nadians to run for the protection of their British masters .
Pier forgets to mention that these British protectors had
been paying the Indians for American scalps for 20 years
pror to the war, and that the British Royal Navy' s "arrogance
on the high seas" consisted of impressing, i . e. kidnaping,
sailors fom American merchant vessel s.
Burton omits the Canadian republicans such as Louis
Joseph Papineau and Thomas Edison' s father Samuel , or the
Quebec collaborators of Benjamin Frankli n, who were com
mitted to cooperating with the United States for the indus
tralization of all of Canada; equally, he ignores the active
suppor of many Canadian patriots , including the composer
of the Canadian national anthem Calixa Lavallee, for Abra-
LlR September 2 1 , 1 989
year, portraying Bush as the perfect candidate of those intel
ligence and corporate "old boys" who wanted a President
who would listen to, and act on the basis of, what they say.
Earl ier than that , according t o what he reports in The Game
Player, Copeland headed a group of intell igence operatives
in 1 980, who supported Bush for President, calling them
selves "The Bush League. "
Copeland i s also hooked i nto Henry Kissinger' s net
works . Among other things , his high-powered personal sec
retary Veronique Rodman was previously, he claims , Henry
Kissinger' s "confdential secretary, " who married Peter Rod
man, Kissinger' s "longtime friend and assistant . "
Finall y, for a good background clue to what makes Cope
land tick, the reader is referred to an article in the Aug. 1 9
Daily Telegraph of London, about how and why the British
elites prefer the worldview of the defeated Souther Confed
eracy over the victorious American Union, precisely, be
cause of the South' s rejection of the "philosophy of America"
favoring scientifc and technological progress . That takes us
back to Alabama-bor Copeland' s worship of Teddy Roose
velt, who embodied the liberal Anglophile views now ex
tolled in the Kissinger-linked Daily Telegraph.
ham Lincoln' s fght against the British funded slavocracy of
the South.
The rest of the lies in this book are of the same stripe as
Burton' s use of the tired excuse that our cold weather freezes
our passions. His method of lying is "false causality, " and
therfore begs the question, why was tis bok wrten? When,
gives a clue. The frst edition came in 1 982 as Canadians for
the frst time were establishing a written Constitution. The
second came in 1 987, during the debate on U. S. -Canada free
trade agreements , and included an added chapter on that
topic.
This book was written to prevent any serious debate of
these two historic issues. For Pierre Burton, national purpose
does not exist; he derides it in the Americans and ignores it
for Canadians, whom he defnes as fxed in their identity by
processes outside of their control . Afer all , if there is no
conscious direction to a nation expressed by its people, no
desire to organize it i n accordance with natural law for the
good, what need has it of liberty? If Canada lacks a clearly
defned national identi ty, it is precisely because of ongoing
cultural warfare by the British, including Mr. Burton' s "ex
ploration, " against a clearly defned national purpose. But
another chance is now given to Canadians to asser their
humanity and play an important role in history. The afore
mentioned assault by Burton on the Party for the Common
wealth of Canada occurs in response to a Supreme Court
battle the party is waging against the Crown for freedom of
speech. Mr. Burton' s hysteria comes from the fact that the
party has already won the frst two rounds of this battle at the
federal , and federal appeals court , levels; certainly not the
result you would expect from Mr. Burton' s Canadians .
Books 57
IilNational
Boris Yeltin asks Aerica
to sae te Sovet Emire
by Kathleen Kenetk
In a desperate effort to secure Western economic aid to pacify
his increasingly restive empire, Soviet dictator Mikhail Gor
bachov deployed his most famous lef-wing critic to the United
States in the second week of September. Boris Yeltsin, leader
of the "ultra-rformist" faction in the Soviet parliament, spnt
over a week criss-crossing the United States, bringing to U . S.
goverment ofcials-Prsident Bush among them-as weIl
as to businessmen, academics, and other infuential s, the
message that unless the West swiftly moves to shore up
Gorbachov with massive economic and other forms of assis
tance, the Soviet Union will coIlapse into political chaos that
will endanger Wester security.
Gen. Will iam Odom, former head of the National Secu
rity Agency, told a Hudson Institute conference Sept . 1 3 that ,
regardless of Yeltsin' s carefuIly orchestrated criticisms of
Gorbachov, the "bottom line was that he came here to sing
for an infusion of U. S. consumer goods into the Soviet Union
in order to help Gorbachov get through the next year or
two . . . . He wants to get $50 bil lion from the U. S. over to
the Soviet Union, and the real evidence of what he came here
for will be shown when we see the results of that request . "
(See article, page 67. )
Yeltsin' s tour, sponsored by the New Age Esalen Foun
dation' s Soviet-American Exchange Program, began just two
weeks before Secretary of State James Baker' s scheduled
meeting with Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze
in Jackson Hole, Wyoming, where economic relations , arms
control , and the prospects for a Gorbachov-Bush summit are
expected to dominate the agenda. There is some reason to
bel ieve that the timing was deliberate, and that Yeltsin' s
assigned task was to shape the outcome of that meeting to
Gorbachov' s l iking.
58 National
But Yeltsin' s appeal may have come too late: Although
as recently as two weeks before his visit, Washington had
committed itself to signing a tajor secret deal with Moscow
at the Wyoming meeting, to vastly expand trade and invest
ment fows to the East bloc, evidence is mounting that the
Bush administration may have decided to temporarily shelve
the "Wyoming Accords . "
The new assessment i s based partly on the belief that
Gorbachov' s political situation has become so acute that he
is beyond help, and will be ousted within a matter of months,
if not sooner; partly because Moscow has not yet come across
with enough economic concessions to the West; and partly
because the re-eruption of the United States' own deepening
economic crisis has forced a reconsideration of whether it
can afford to bail Gorbachov but .
Bailout, or else
And a bailout is exactly
w
hat Yeltsin demanded. Exhib
iting no shyness whatever, Yeltsin repeatedly informed
everyone he met with, that the United States has a vital stake
in preserving perestroika, and that it had better hand over
suffcient money if it wants to preserve its own stability. "It
is necessary to discuss how the United States could partici
pate in measures to rescue perestroika, and I hope to raise
this issue with President Bush if I get a chance, " Yeltsin fatly
declared in New York City on Sept . 1 0. "If perestroika falters
and dies . . . the cataclysm wil l spread not just in the Soviet
Union but in the United States as well , " he told an audience
at Baltimore' s Johns Hopkins University Sept . 1 2.
I n numerous subsequent public speeches, interviews , and
other forums , Yeltsin painted a gory image of what would
happen, both interally and to other countries , if the United
LK September 2 1 , 1 989
States doesn' t "rescue perestroika. "
The Soviet Union has "a crisis i n the economic system,
in the fnancial system-a national crisi s, a nationalities cri
sis, a social crisis, and a crisis in the party as well , " he
declared on ABC' s "Good Moring America" Sept . l l . Gor
bachov has only six months to a year to lead the Soviet Union
to progress or will face a "revolution from below. " This
"revolution from below, " he privately confded to at least one
person, will mean a bloody confict , in which 5 to 7 million
people could die, with Soviet Jews being among the most
likely victims .
Yeltsin was at his most unsubtle in an interview on public
television' s McNeil-Lehrer Report on Sept . l l . Reiterating
his prediction that Gorbachov has less than a year to reverse
the economic and political crises wracking the Soviet Union,
Yeltsin asserted that if he fails to accomplish this , there will
b a "revolution that will push the Soviet Union over the edge
into the abyss . "
And, "If we go over the edge of the abyss, " Yeltsin
waed, "the whole world will be impacted . . . . Don' t think
you Americans can isolate yourselves from it. "
Yeltsin delivered fundamentally the same waring in
public and private discussions in New York, Baltimore, Phil
adelphia, Indiana, Minneapoli s, and Washington state. The
cross-country love-in was interrupted several times, when
representatives of the National Democratic Policy Commit
tee, the political action committee of the LaRouche wing of
the Democratic Party, confronted Yeltsin with evidence that
Moscow was behind the assassination of former Swedish
Prime Minister Olof Palme, and had then run a classic KGB
disinforation operation to pin the blame on Lyndon H.
LaRouche.
Bush hedging bets
Although his original itinerary did not include a meeting
with Bush, Yeltsin loudly proclaimed his desire to meet with
the Pesident almost the moment he alit from his Aerofot jet
in New York Sept. 9. By Sept. 1 1 , the administration let it
be known that Secretary of State Baker would meet with the
man whom some observers have characterized as the "Rus
sian Mussolini . " And by Sept . 1 2, the White House had
invited Yeltsin to stop by for discussions with National Se
curity Adviser Brent Scowcroft and his deputy Robert Gates,
as well as Vice President Dan Quayle and the President him
self.
Yeltsin told reporters aferward that he had presented
Bush with a 1 0-point program that "would serve to rescue
perestroik. " Altough neither he nor the White House would
give details of that program, it was believed to have included
proposals for American construction of mass housing in the
Soviet Union; increasing private investment there; and man
agement assistance frm the United States.
Nor di d Y eltsin or the White House reveal how hi s pro
posals were received. While Bush spokesman Marlin Fitz
water issued a public statement explaining that , "We do want
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
to be clear that United States policy is to support glasnost and
perestroika and the reforms under way in the Soviet Union, "
there were enough signals sent by other members of the
administration to suggest that the Bush crowd is now focusing
its sights on the post-Gorbachov era.
James Baker, the architect of the apparently backbur
nered multi-billion dollar "Wyoming Accords, " was cited in
the press as having complained to Yeltsin that Moscow wasn' t
moving quickly enough on the issues of price reform and
ruble convertibility.
The following day, Sept . 1 4, Baker' s second-in-com
mand at State, Henry Kissinger alter-ego Lawrence Eagle
burger, told a Washington seminar that the West shouldn' t
try t o bankroll Gorbachov' s economic program. "Already we
are hearing . . . we need to take measures to ensure the
success of Gorbachov' s reforms, " Eagleburger said in re
marks at Georgetown University. "This , however, is not the
task for American policy nor should it be that of our Wester
partners . Our task . . . is to devise policies which will serve
our interests whether Mr. Gorbachov succeeds or fails and
our common goal ought to be the maintenance of the security
consensus which has served the West so well for the past 40
years . "
The word now emanating from Bush circles is that the
most that can be expected from the Baker-Shevardnadze
meeting in Jackson Hole is a tentative agreement to conclude
a chemical weapons pact .
These signs should not be interpreted to mean that the
Bush administration has suddenly woken up to the fact that
it is pure insanity for the United States to attempt to expand
economic relations with the East blo, without frst junking
its own post-industrial , neo-malthusian economic policies ,
and without taking the necessary steps to restore the West ' s
military leverage.
What it does suggest is that Washington considers Gor
bachov a lost cause, and has decided to hedge its bets , until
the succession crisis resolves itself. It also may indicate, as
some sources have suggested, that the accelerating U. S. eco
nomic crisi s, signaled by the collapsing Campeau leveraged
buy-out deal , has persuaded some infuential American f
nancial circles that the United States may soon have to start
using all its economic resources to bail itsel out .
Yeltsin himself may be one of the bets which the Bush
administration is hedging. Rumors few through Washington
during his trip, that , aside from trying to wrest some money
out of the United States, another key purpose of his visit was
to present himself to the Establishment as a possible succes
sor to Gorbachov. Calling this "absolutely credible, " one
Midwest lawyer who helped arrange part of Yeltsin' s tour
said that "it ' s obvious from the fact that Y eltsin asked to meet
with top American businessmen, the people who make the
decisions about economic policy. Yeltsin believes that these
are the people who run the U. S. , and he wants to show them
that he' s the kind of person they can deal with. "
Yeltsin drew lavish praise from David Rockefeller, who
National 59
called him a "charming and impressive person, " as well as
Easter Establishment sovietologist George . Kennan, who
commented that Yeltsin is "not to be underestimated. "
Who invited Yeltsin
The main sponsor which arranged the Yeltsin tour was
the Esalen Institute' s Soviet-American Exchange Program.
Esalen regularly organizes seminars on the psychology of
U . S. -Soviet relations, and Esalen leaders frequently travel to
the Soviet Union for discussions on parapsychology, spirit
uality, and the like.
Esalen was founded in 1 962 in Big Sur, Califoria by the
late Aldous Huxley, a key fgure in the creation of the drug
counterculture. (Appeasement of dictators was old hat to the
author of Brave New World: Huxley in 1 937 cofounded with
Bertrand Russell the Peace Pledge Union, which campaigned
for peace with Adolf HitleL) His Esalen Institute became a
mecca for hundreds of Americans to engage in weekends of
T-Groups and Training Groups; for Zen, Hindu, and Buddh
ist transcendental meditation; and for "out of body" experi
ences through simulated and actual hallucinogenic drugs .
DSDCd!!CG` QCISODd!y
ICSQODSD!COILmODCDC
During the week of Sept . 1 1 - 1 5 , Lyndon LaRouche, a
former U. S. presidential candidate and current candidate
for the U. S. Congress, was subjected to gross mistreat
ment in the course of a surgical procedure conducted at
the Rochester Federal Medical Facility in Minnesota. Mr.
LaRouche is a prisoner at Rochester Federal Prison, while
his conviction last year of various charges , in a plitically
motivated trial , is under appeal . While on a severely re
stricted diet and under strong medication in preparation
for the surgery, LaRouche, who is 67 years old, was
nonetheless forced to work eight-hour shifts in his prison
job before and after the procedure.
EIR contributing editor Warren Hamerman issued the
following comments on this situation on Sept . 1 6 from
Rochester:
"The mistreatment of Lyndon LaRouche, in the con
text of previous assignments to heavy labor, refects an
intent of someone in the prison system to kill him in the
obvious way.
"If political prisoner Lyndon LaRouche is forced to
die in the prison system, the world and history will read
60 National
Besides Esalen, Norwest Bank, which was scheduled to
introduce Boris Yeltsin to the chief executive ofcers of
leading Midwest corporations, seems to have special quali
fcations for the job. In 1 985 , Norwest was accused by a
Montana farmer of abetting drug trafcking. In that case,
Dick Kurth, his wife Judith, and his grown son and daughter,
were convicted of marijuana CUltivation. Kurth, named Mon
tana Farmer of the Year in 1 985 , got into dope-growing in
despration; the farm that had been in his wife' s family for
four generations, was going bankrupt .
At the time of his arrest in 1 988, Kurth revealed that an
ofcer at the Fort Benton, Montana branch of Norwest had
suggested that cultivation of marijuana might solve his fnan
cial problems . At the same time that the bank canceled all his
lines of credit , Kurth reported, Norwest employees advised
him on how to deposit the dope money so as to go undetected
by federal regulations designed to spot drug-money launder
ing. The bank denied his accusation and was not investigated.
Kurth was sentenced to 20 years in prison; he has just been
denied parole. Norwest Bank is now trying to take his farm
in a bankrptcy proceeding.
this as President George Bush' s personal intent. Whether
that is true or not, the world will see it so, and fairly. If
Lyndon LaRouche dies in prison, only Bush could be
blamed, and fairly so.
"The work assignment of LaRouche requires an esti
mated intake of 3 ,00 calories per day in the estimation
of LaRouche himself-an expert in industrial engineering
practice with over 20 years' experience.
"The surgical procedure which LaRouche underwent
is traumatic. In the evaluation of his personal physician:
' Under this condition in West Germany, you are advised
by your physician that you have to rest for the time the
laxative is affecting you, usually two days before the pro
cedure, and at least one day after the tratment. To my
great astonishment, I leared that Mr. LaRouche had to
work during a tratment with a supposedly strong laxative,
and was called for duty less than 1 2 hours afer his treat
ment. I feel obliged to raise my utmost concer about this
procedur, and I want to assure you that this is not lege
artis medical treatment you apply to an elderly patient in
Germany. '
"Just as Lyndon LaRouche was targeted, railroaded,
and imprisoned for his politics , so too he is now being
mistreated in prison for the same reason. George Bush,
based on his prsonal knowledge and complicity, in events
central to LaRouche' s imprisonment , shall be held indi
vidually accountable for LaRouche' s fate.
"Furher prcise bulletins on political prisoner Lyndon
LaRouche' s situation shall be released as required. "
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
Helms aendment on a funding
bi needs support, criticism too
by D. Stephen Ppper
Senator Jesse Helms (K) of North Carolina surprised the
Senate some weeks ago when he attached an amendment to
a bill regarding funding of the arts, in which he required that
no public monies go to "ar" that is homoerotic in nature, or
which offends the religious, patriotic, and racial values of
any section of the population. In his amendment he seeks to
deny funding to institutions which have hosted exhibitions of
such works. Not surrisingly, Sen. Patrick Moynihan (D) of
New York steppd forward as the champion of the "gay"
community and of the radical art establishment in heaping
abuse on Helms' s initiative-not surprisingly because
thrughout his checkered career Moynihan has been both the
sodomizer and the sodomized politically, as exemplifed by
his fmous remark of treating the black problem with "benign
neglect. "
Surely no rational citizen could object to Helms' s amend
ment; in fact , it is an example of how far we have fallen that
what should be obvious requires legislation. Representations
tat promote obscene acts , or sacrilege should not rightfully
b considered a, and should cerainly not have any claims
on public money. But this is exactly the case that Helms does
not make, for the senator is actually a Victorian liberal , who
wishes to save the main body from cancer by surgically
remving only the worst parts of the diseased tissue. In this
case, the cancer is the radical expression of the liberal phi
losophy known as moderism. Helms does not contest the
basically immoral defnition of 8 under liberal tyranny, but
he dos wish to deny the use of public monies to fund its most
egregious aspect.
Neverheless, the Helms amendment is useful because
for the frst time it places the role of art on the agenda of
public debate. An example of this was a commentary that
appeaed in the Houston Chronicle and was syndicated in the
Washington Post. The author, Frederick E. Hart , a sculptor
who designed a memorial to the men who fought in Vietnam
(appaently not the wall of inscribed names of the fallen in
Washington, D. C. ) , contrasts contemporary art practices and
those of the Renaissance. He describes "the sorry moral con
dition of M today . . . making it less and less a meaningful
endeavor. " By contrast, during the Italian Renaissance "art
was not thought of as an end in itself but as another form of
KR Septembr 2 1 , 1 989
service. " Hart eloquently continues , "The measure of
achievement in art was determined by the degree to which
that art was considered ennobling. Art and society had
achieved a wonderful responsibil ity for each other. Art sum
marized with wonderful visual eloquence bor of a sense of
beauty, the striving of civilization to fnd order and purpose
in the universe. This service to truth was more important than
the endeavor of art itself. And it was this dedication to service
that gave art its moral authority. "
Toward a genuine public policy on art
To say that Hart ' s essay does not go far enough in no way
denies the value of it. He says things in it which are remark
able to fnd in the newspapers of this country today. From it
one can extract the outline of a genuine public policy for our
republic, and not just the eclectic mess funded by the National
Endowment for the Arts (NEA) .
Where it falls short is that he has no adequate explanation
for how our society went from the magni fcent outlook of the
Renaissance to the squalid conditions of moderism. I could
not possibly do justice to the entire story here, but it is suff
cient to point to the crucial period of the mid- 1 9th centur
when John Ruskin and his Oxford movement, animated by a
fanatical hostility to modem industrial progress, launched a
virulent pagan movement dedicated to primitivism in all
things . From this beginning, there was inherent in all modem
art a Satanic current .
Although it hasn' t always been apparent as it is today,
liberalism, moderi sm, and Satanism have shared values .
The very Satanic character of Robert Mapplethorpe, one of
the "artists" singled out by Helms , has made it clear that an
art premised on the permissiveness of the absolute right to
self-expression will eventually arrive at the condition of the
outright assertion of evi l . For the frst time, the larger public,
which up until now has experienced an inarticulate unease in
the face of moderism, is beginning to see more clearly and
fearfully what the Devil has wrought.
At the same time there is stiring an as-yet-unformed
yearing in the larger public for a new beginning, a rebirh
or renaissance, that would promise for future generations a
love of beauty which today is so blighted by moderism. For
National 61
this to come into focus , a campaign will have to be launched
that carries forward a renaissance public policy for the arts .
The foundation of this policy is the absolute identity of real
works of art and breakthroughs in the realm of science. This
was the underlying condition of the great achievements of
the Renaissance by Brunelleschi , Leonardo da Vinci , Ra
phael , and Rembrandt.
Such a policy should be based on three pillars .
First, the creation ofmeaningul public monuments. A
relatively recent example would be the Lincoln Memorial by
Daniel Chester French, which can not fail to stir ennobling
emotions in every schoolchild who sees it, as I did with my
father at the age of 1 0. It still stirs those emotions at age 50.
I also fnd the Iwo Jima memorial ' s great popularity well
deserved. By contrast, the monument to the Vietnam war in
which the names of the dead are inscribed, reenforces the
sense of desolation of the living, and offers no relief to them
through imparting a sense of meaning. And of course we
reach the nadir with Oldenbourg' s Toothpaste Tube which
celebrates the meaninglessness of human pursuits .
Second, the support of well-ordered public museums
viewed as institutions ofpublic learning. In the Renaissance,
with the Medici col lections , the idea of a systematic preser
vation of worthwhile creations of the past and present became
frmly established public policy. In such museums the im
portance must not be primarily on individual works , but on
the coherent process of development that can be found in
peak periods of human achievement. Nevertheless we must
never lose sight of the role of the individual masterpiece that
creates a genuine sense of awe in the viewer.
Third, we must put art academies back on a frm footing.
This can only be done if the work of art is seen and judged as
a scientifc breakthrough. In the current outlook, the work of
art is considered a product of fantasy, and the artist has no
obligation to fashion a statement regarding reality. In the
Renaissance period, as Leonardo da Vinci insisted, not only
was painting a science whereby the causes of things found in
nature could be discovered, but it was the greatest of sciences
because it made these otherwise invisible processes accessi
ble to vision, the most powerful of human instruments . Aca
demies in the sense of those founded by Gottfried Leibniz 8
based on the view that art obeys lawful principles and there
fore can be taught.
This is a very schematic outline of how a public policy
could be achieved that would rapidly contribute to a new
renaissance. While Helms' s proposal frames the question
wrongly, it has the virtue of opening issues of art to debate.
The quality of Frederick Hart ' s response suggests that there
are still in this country individuals who can contribute to such
a debate, and there may be a broader public ready to pay
attention and respond.
D. Stephen Pepper is the author ofGuido Reni , which re
ceived the Luigi de Luca national prize in Italy for best art
book ofthe year in VV.
62 National
L. C. press blackout
of KGB-Pe stor
faly broken
Weeks afer the publication in major newspapers across Eu
rope of the shocking story of Soviet KGB foreknowledge
of-and probable involvement in-the 1 986 assassination
of Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme, the blackout of these
revelations in the U. S. press has fnally been broken. Major
articles appeared in the Sept . B Washington Inquirer and the
Sept . 14 New York Cit Tribune; the Washington Times ran
briefer coverage on Sept . l l .
The story, as EIR reported in our Sept . 8 issue, has the
potential to rock the foundations of the "New Yalta" deal
between the U. S. Establishmnt and the Soviet Union, by
exposing the fraud of Mikhail Gorbachov' s glasnost poli
cy-that glasnost which allows the KGB to plot the assassi
nation of foreign heads of state.
Sweden' s largest-circulation daily Expressen frst pub
lished the revelations in its Aug. 24 issue, under the headline,
"The Soviets Knew That Palme Would Be Murdered. " Ac
cording to the newspaper' s intelligence sources, the Swedish
Security Police (S
A
pO) had wiretapped the apartment of a
Soviet intelligence ofcer stationed in Stockholm, and over
heard him discussing the Palme murder before it occurred,
on Feb. 28, 1 986. The information was relayed at the time to
the CIA, but both the Swedish and U. S. goverments chose
to cover it up.
Instead, as EIR documented in our last two issues , a
massive Soviet disinformation campaign was launched to
accuse Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr. of masterminding the as
sassination. This was picked up by news media throughout
the Wester world. The outrageous slander of LaRouche in
tum provided a basis for his railroad prosecution on bogus
"national security" grounds .
LaRouche, now a political prisoner, is also a candidate
for the U. S . Congress . His campaign committee, LaRouche
for Justice, distributed half a million leafets on the Swedish
revelations throughout the United States (as of our press
deadline) . The leafets 8 curently circulating throughout
the Pentagon, the Justice Department, the Congress , and the
Washington press corps , among other targeted locations .
Thus , although U. S. State Department spokesman Mar
garet Tutwiler responded to repeated questions from EIR on
the Expressen story by saying State has and will have abso
lutely no comment , the circulation of the leafets succeeded
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
in breaking the media blackout .
The frst to publish the story in the United States, apart
from this news service, was the Sept . 8 issue of the publica
tion of Accuracy in Media, the Washington Inquirer. in a
page-one article by Reed Irvine. The publication circulates
widely in the nation' s capital , including to congressional
offces . Under the headline, "Pal me Murder Coverup-So
viet Role Revealed, " the Inquirer reported that the "Soviet
Union had advance knowledge of the murder of . . . Pal me
. . . and may have instigated the assassination. " The article
pointed out that the story had been blacked out by the U. S.
Establishment media, although i t has been featured i n the
European media. Irvine commented, "The story has become
public at a time when Wester countries are placing high
hopes on Gorbachev as a reformer, and it might be difcult
to justify this if it were established that he had approved the
murder of the Swedish prime minister. "
Irvine further reported that former Polish ambassador to
Tokyo Zdizslaw Rurarz, who defected to the West in 1 98 1 ,
told the Inquirer that even before his defection he believed
that the Soviets did not trust Palme, suspecting that he may
have been working with the CIA. "Rurarz said he always
suspected the Soviets of being behind the Palme assassina
tion. He pointed out that they had produced a very slick fl m
that was shown throughout Europe that put the blame on the
CIA and the Lyndon LaRouche organization to divert atten
tion from their own culpability. "
Following the publication of this report, EIR interviewed
Rurarz on the Palme case. "Two weeks before he was assas
sinated, " he said, "I read a Soviet newspaper article reporting
that [ Soviet Navy Chief Admiral Cheravin had warned
Palme ' not to go too far' in his protests against Soviet sub
marines penetrating Swedish waters . I remember I said to
myself, Palme is a dead man . . . . I had suspected that the
Soviets were behind the murder and they diverted attention
by blaming the CIA, Pinochet, and Lyndon LaRouche. "
"Appeal Chances Good for Man Convicted of Palme
Killing, " was the headline of a much more limited article in
the Sept . 1 1 Washington Times, based on a Reuters wire. It
mentioned the Expressen revelations , and pointed out that
Christer Pettersson, who was found quilty on July 27 , 1 989
of murdering Palme, i s widely perceived as a scapegoat . The
article made no mention of LaRouche.
' Suspicious' Soviet silence
The New York Cit Tribune on Sept . 1 4 ran a front-page
expose, entitled "Soviet Si lence on Pal me Assassination Plot
Found Enigmatic, Suspicious by Observers , " by sovietolo
gist Dr. Albert Weeks .
The article highlighted Soviet cooperation with the U. S.
Justice Department to frame up LaRouche, and attributes the
U. S. media' s near-total coverup to "the depressive effect of
total ofcial U. S. silence on the matter. " "Washington, " the
article noted, "has maintained its discreet silence depsite the
fact that , according to a Swedish government source, SAEPO
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
shared with Wester goverments the text of the bugging
tape within 24 hours of the Pal me murder. "
Weeks wrote:
"Given the evidence that the KGB had foreknowledge of
the impending assassination of Swedish Pri me Minister Olof
Palme, why didn' t the Soviets war the Swedish leader?
"Moreover, if, some think, the ' wet' department (politi
cal assassination) ofthe KGB may have been a co-conspirator
in the plot to kill Palme, what were Moscow' s motives in
liquidating the friendly head of a neutral ' non-aligned' gov
ernment? . . .
"Inquiry as to Soviet motives, while complex and not yet
fully canvassed, is said to revolve about several severe down
turns in Stockholm-Moscow relations at the precise time of
the prime minister' s death . . . .
"Another aspect of the case that appears to implicate the
Soviets is an associated, purported KGB ' provocation' or
diversion. This was launched immediately afer the assassi
nation at a time when speculation ran high as to the ' likely'
perpetrators .
"An evident product of the KGB' s Department D (desin
formatiya) , a function of ' active measures , ' the disinforma
tion took the form of a concocted story that implicated in
Palme' s murder a ' maverick, right-wing' American, Lyndon
LaRouche.
' The Soviet state TV program Vremya on Mar. 2 1 1 986,
at the height of the investigation into Palme' s murder, di
rectly i mplicated LaRouche.
' The broadcast called the controversial fgure a ' U. S.
millionaire [ who] heads an interational pro-fascist organi
zation that is in favor of Sweden' s joining NATO and of
arming the Swedish army with neutron weapons' and who
was ' behind' Palme' s murder.
"Throughout the year and into the next, various Soviet
media carried an extraordinary number of items attacking
LaRouche and/or implicating him in Palme' s murder. Some
of these items were duly echoed in U. S. media.
"LaRouche and si x associates are serving prison sen
tences ranging up to 1 5 years for business-connected ' mail
fraud. ' Their case is being appealed.
"Meanwhile, the LaRouche organization, publisher of
the weekly Executive Intelligence Review, which had earlier
proferred the theory of KGB implication in the Swedish lead
er' s assassination, informed the Cit Tribune that it is inves
tigating on its own various additional ' angles' of the Palme
case as well as the separate case against LaRouche.
'The latter LaRouche i nvestigation includes the manner
in which certain individuals within the Justice Department
appeared to have been ' afer LaRouche' as a vendetta because
of his uncompromising anti-communism and anti-Sovietism,
and his espousal of the Strategic Defense Initiative.
' The LaRouche organization claims to have proof of
KGB involvement via American surogates who persuaded
the Justice Department into action against LaRouche for al
legedly shady business practices . "
National 63
Estonia activst
seeks U. S. support
by Willia Jones
Speaking at the National Press Club on Sept . I I , Tunne
Kelam of the Estonian National Independence Party com
pared present Soviet relations with the Baltic states to that of
a rapist who has ravished a woman, beat her, and then claims
that he wants to do the honest thing and marry her. Before
any such "marriage" can be consummated, said Kelam, "nor
mal conditions must be restored . . . . And normal conditions
mean an independent Estonia. " Kelam was referring to the
fact that Estonia, the northermost of the Baltic states , was
an independent nation until 1 939, when it was forcibly an
nexed by the Soviet Union as a result of the secret protocols
of the Hitler-Stalin Pact .
Kelman is on a whirlwind tour of the United States and
Canada to drum up support for the independence movement
in Estonia. It is his frst time out of the country since World
War II. "The Gorbachov dictatorship has already rocked the
boat , " Kelam said, "and now people are starting to leave i t. "
Kelam was referring to the increasing strength of the inde
pendence movements in the Baltic countries and among the
Soviet republics generally.
Estonia is one of the three Baltic states, now provinces of
the Soviet Union, which border the Baltic Sea. It has its own
language, which is somewhat similar to Finnish, and, ac
cording to the 1 934 census, the majority of Estonians were
Lutherans . Until recently, the Soviet Union has denied the
very existence of any secret protocol s, in spite of the massive
documentation of the protocols which has been published in
the West . With the revision of Soviet history during the
glasnost era, the Soviets have been forced to admit that the
secret protocols did in fact exist.
If the Soviets were to repudiate the treaty, however, they
would thereby admit the illegitimate nature of their control
over the Baltic states, thus requiring that they establish a new
relationship with the Baltic states as independent nations .
But that , the Soviets have not been prepared to do, even
though the overwhelming desire of the peoples of these na
tions is to be independent . At the end of August , when the
banner of independence began to wave in the Baltic repub
lics , the Soviet Central Committee wared that any attempt
by any of the republics of the Soviet Union to secede, would
64 National
not be tolerated.
Nevertheless, the Estonians continue to put forward their
demands for independence. Even if there were a clampdown
in the Soviet Union, Kelam said, "we would continue our
passive resistance. . . . We lost one-fourth of our population
during this last century to Soviet and Nazi terror. We must
have our independence back. " Although the Soviets attempt
ed to "Russify" the area afer the war by a mass infux of
native Russians into Estonia, 5 1 . 3% of the population of the
country ar still Estonians. Kelam strssed that although some
people had talked of armed resistance, the Baltic indepen
dence movements were committed to the methods of non
violent resistance of M. K. Gandhi and Martin Luther King
as the only feasible way of attaining their goals .
U. S. policy, ofcial and otherwise
Ofcially the United States has never accepted the incor
poration of the Baltic states into the Soviet Empire, and still
recognizes Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania as independent
states , with their own legations in Washington. But now in
the era of glasnost and "good feelings" toward the Soviets,
the Bush administration has shown little interest in support
ing any real move by the Baltic nations to actually achieve
their independence. Mr. Kelam was somewhat disappointed
that he was unable to get any high-level meetings at the State
Department.
During the Reagan administration, the Estonian indepen
dence movement had rceived strong moral support from the
administration. According to Marl-Ann Rikken, an Estonian
American activist who helped organize Kelam' s trip, when
ever visitors previously arrived from Estonia, she was always
able to pull together at the State Department a group of people
interested in getting a briefng on the situation in Estonia.
This time, however, only a low-level researcher was assigned
to meet with Kelam. Kelam was also scheduled for discus
sions on Capitol Hill , where he hopes to meet with a more
positive response.
"Soviet soldiers have to leave Estonia, " Kelam stressed
in his remarks at the National Press Club. "The Estonian
Communist Party is not the national party of Estonia. It has
only 4-5% support from the Estonian people. " In response to
a question about the Estonian Popular Front, the major polit
ical umbrella organization, Kelam explained how the Popular
Front is split over whether or not to move for independence.
"There are members of the Communist Party within the Pop
ular Front. There are more differences within the Popular
Front itself than there are between the independence move
ment and the Popular Front . "
Kelam also expressed disappointment with the ambigu
ous Soviet position on the Hitlr-Stalin Pact . "The only thing
that has changed, " he said, "is that the Soviets now admit
that there were secret protocol s. But there is no concrete proof
that the Soviet goverment is prepared to repudiate any of
the fruits of this agreement . "
,
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
Judge Bra: COG in
police-state machine
by Joseph Brewda
On Sept. , U. S. District Court Judge Albert V. Bryan, Jr. ,
who last year presided over the railroad trial of Lyndon
LaRouche, summarily dismissed a suit brought by Fred Wes
terman relating to federal goverment break-ins of his frm,
after another federal judge imposed a gag order on the con
tractor to prevent him from discussing the case with anyone.
The case highlights Bryan' s own deep links to the outlaw
"secret goverment" that wants former presidential candidate
LaRouche silenced-at all costs.
Westerman, a Virginia-based federal contractor, had be
gun in 1 986 to report serious problems in a top-secret gov
erment program designed to rn the goverment in the after
math of a nuclear war. Following his complaints , the Federal
Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) burglarized Wes
terman' s frm on at least three occasions , according to a suit
fled in federal cour in August .
A former Army counterintelligence ofcer for 20 years ,
Westerman had been contracted to provide security and other
services to FEMA' s "Continuity of Goverment" program in
fve states. COG is the code-name for a secret National Se
curity Council-centered interagency team, composed of 1 00
members who are charged with ensuring the continuation of
vital goverment and non-goverment functions-for ex
ample, food distribution-in the aferath of a nuclear war
or oter emergency.
Westerman reported that the alar and security systems
at several highly classifed COG sites were faulty, that water
was allowed to seep into high-voltage areas , and that emer
gency vehicles provided for the secret program were defec
tive, among other serious problems. In November 1 987 ,
Westerman was told by his superiors to cease making com
plaints, according to reports published by Associated Press ,
and was ordered to tum over to the goverment all of his
records pertaining to the prgram. According to these same
rprs, a FEMA operations security division specialist
threatened to put Westerman' s company out of business.
The frst of four burglaries of Westerman' s offce took
place 48 hours after the contractor refused to give his records
to FEMA. One month later, Westerman was told that his
negotiations with the goverment for a new fve-year contract
had been terminated. Afer his expulsion from the secret
program, Westerman went to the FBI and other agencies in
ElR September 2 1 , 1 989
January 1 988 to complain of COG "irregularities . " Within
six months of these complaints , Westerman was forally
informed that he had become a target of a Justice Department
criminal i nvestigation regarding his work for COG.
In response to this harassment , Westerman took out a suit
against FEMA and other agencies , reportedly for burglary
and related crimes. The case is sealed from public scrutiny.
In August , U. S . Di strict Court Judge Norma Johnson issued
a gag order preventing Westerman and his attorey from
discussing the case with anyone.
Westerman then took out a related suit against FEMA,
under the provisions of the Freedom of Information Act,
which demanded that that agency and others give him all
records they have of him obtained through surveillance, wire
tapping, or burglary of his offce. It was this suit which Judge
Bryan summarily dismissed at a Sept . l hearing, relying on
a secret government declaration provided by the Justice De
partment which neither Westerman nor his counsel was al
lowed to see. The Justice Department refused to confr or
deny whether Westerman' s offces had been bugged, or oth
erwise compromised.
Police-state implications
A Federal Intelligence Surveillance Act passed in 1 978
provides for electronic surveillance and surreptitious entr
without a warrant in matters pertaining to national security.
Judge Bryan was on the frst team of 1 0 judges assigned to
work with the FBI and National Security Agency in conduct
ing secret hearings authorizing such buggings and "black
bag jobs . " Only such hearings could have provided Judges
Bryan and Johnson the authority for their recent actions.
The powers provided by the 1 978 act were considerably
expanded in 1 98 1 through President Reagan' s Executive Or
der 1 2333 , which provided for the Atorey General to con
duct legal investigations , such as the one against Westerman,
with no other purpose than harassment , if, it was alleged,
that is in the interests of national security. It was through the
powers invested in EO 1 2333, that the Reagan-Bush White
House bgan in 1 984 extalegal , frivolous legal actions against
LaRouche.
In December 1 988, LaRouche and six other associates
were convicted on a variety of charges for which there was
no legal basi s, i n a railroad conducted by Judge Bryan. Bran
later sentenced the 67-year-old LaRouche to 1 5 years inj ail ,
afer an earlier effort to convict LaRouche in Boston, based
on the same charges , had ended i n mistrial .
To deny LaRouche his abi lity to defend himself, Bran
refused to allow mention of the conspiracy against LaRouche
authorized by Executive Order 1 2333, and refused to allow
the individual questioning of prospective jurors . The foreman
of the jury that convicted LaRouche and his six colleagues
was Buster Horton, FEMA' s representative at the U. S. De
partment of Agriculture and ofcially a member ofthe -
man Continuit ofGovernment team.
National 65
Iowa exlosion
blaed on sailor
by Leo Scaon
In the afermath of the April 1 9 explosion aboard the battle
ship U. S. S. lowa, the Navy' s Judge Advocate General Man
ual Investigation into the incident has chosen to label a Navy
chief petty ofcer a mass murderer, solely on the basis of
hypotheses and psychological profles which don' t even mer
it the description "preponderance of evidence. "
The fateful explosion occurred as the Iowa was being
prepared for a tour of the mil itarily and politically sensitive
Baltic Sea. Twelve days before the explosion, Jirgen Drags
dahl , a Danish jouralist closely tied to anti-NATO, pro
terrorist circles in Europe, made an editorial appeal for the
violent saboteurs of Greenpeace to take action against the
Iowa (see EIR, April 2 1 , 1 989, "Greenpeace: Shock Troops
of the New Dark Age") . Such "targeting" articles routinely
appear in advance of attacks by Soviet spetsnaz commandos
and indigenous terrorists against NATO facilities .
Despite thi s, the Navy report ignored the question of
terrorism, utilizing instead a "victimology" profle prepared
by FBI behavioral scientists , to conclude that Clayton Har
twig had constructed a detonator disguised as a part of the
gun charge, smuggled it into the gun turret, inserted it among
the powder bags being loaded into the open breech, and
caused it to ignite 470 pounds of smokeless powder, instan
taneously killing himself and 47 others .
Psycho-babble
The extraordinary scenario presented in the Navy report
depends exclusively on a curious document called an "equiv
ocal death analysis" prepared by psychiatrists from the Na
tional Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime (NCA VC) at
the FBI Academy in Quantico, Virginia. The report con
cludes: "In summary, it is the opinion of [names deleted] that
the victim was a troubled young man who had low self
esteem, and who coveted the power and authority that he felt
he did not possess . The real and perceived rejections of sig
nifcant others emotionally devastated him. Thi s, combined
with his inability to verbally express anger . . . virtually
ensured some type of reaction. In this case, it was suicide.
He did so in a place and manner designed to obtain the respect
and recognition that he felt had been denied him. "
66 National
The principal problem with this piece of jargon, as with
the technical scenario constrcted to support it, is that there
is no actual evidence to support the conclusion.
The technical investigation
Turret explosions are un

ommon, but by no means un


precedented on battleships , and according to experts who
have looked into the matter, there has never been a clear
expl anation of why one occurs . The case of the Iowa was
typical : The devastation caused by the explosion lef little
evidence and no witnesses. Three weeks into the investiga
tion, the technical team was prepared to hypothesize that a
faulty powder bag ignited as 8result of friction caused during
the loading procedure. They proceeded to conduct some
20, 000 tests at a cost of $4 million, to t to reproduce the
conditions which might have caused the explosion-and they
failed.
Once the hypothesis of deliberate action was introduced,
the technicians examined the molecular composition of the
residue on the 2, O-pound projectile lodged in the barel of
the gun, and did discover some "foreign material . " They set
about creating model detonators designed to look like a piece
of the charge which is inserted among the powder bags at the
point where the ignition was believed to have originated. The
detonators worked, proving that sabotage could have oc
curred. But they have been unable to match the residue cre
ated by their detonators with the material found on the pro
jectile.
The offcial evaluation of these experiments is "inconclu
sive. " Adm. Bud Edney, Vice Chief of Naval Operations ,
bluntly told the press: "We will never know with absolute
certainty exactly what happeed in Turret II . "
Three weeks into the inestigation, the Navy received a
letter from the family of Clayton Harwig, asking for assis
tance in resolving a dispute over an insurance policy the sailor
had taken out before his death. This triggered a new track, a
criminal investigation, on th premise that "fnancial fraud"
may have been involved.
The investigating ofcer, Adm. Richard Milligan, said
that Hartwig "looked l ike a clean-cut sailor; he was a clean
cut sailor. He was a bright sailor. He didn' t smoke. He didn' t
drink and he didn' t carouse on liberty. He did hi s job. " The
admiral reported that he was neither a homosexual , nor emo
tionally unstable, nor any of the other things the FBI leaked
to NBC News during the investigation.
Independent psychiatrists hired by ABC News, examin
ing his letters to friends and family, found "consistency of
mood and tone, structural coherence, presence of humor,
absence of any sense of hopelessness or victimization. He
. . . exprssed loyalty to the Navy, love of family and fiends,
and anticipation of his next assignment overseas . " They con
cluded that "it would be unprecedented in the annals of med
icine and criminal law for a person with Mr. Hartwig' s psy
chiatric profle to have committed the crime. "
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
Ee onWahingon by Nicholas F. Benton
Yeltsin visit: a Soviet deception
Gen. William Odom is "astounded" that more Americans don' t
seem to see the real purpose of the Soviet politician' s trip.
1he high-profle trip to the United
States by Bors Yeltsin, the alleged
factional opponent of Soviet President
Mikhail Gorachov, fts in the cate
gor of Soviet "active measures, " in
the view of Gen. William Odom, for
mer head of the Arms Control and Dis
aament Agency.
Respnding K a question fm this
rporer following his address to a
Hudson Institute conference at the Na
tional Prss Club here Sept. 1 3 , Gen
eral Odom made clear that what he
meant by "active measures , " was sim
ply deception.
"Obviously, to enhance his own
crdibility in the eyes of the U. S. ,
Yeltsin had to say some bad things
about Gorbachov, but the bottom line
was that he came her singing for an
infusion of U. S. consumer goods into
the Soviet Union in order to help Gor
bachov get thrugh the next year or
two, " Odom said.
"He wants to get $50 billion from
the U. S. over to the Soviet Union, and
the ral evidence of what he came here
for will be shown when we see the
rsults of that request. "
Oom sad he was "astundd" that
Yeltsin' s game was not obvious to all .
"It is so transparent to me that it barely
needs identifing. Frm everything I
can see, Yeltsin is well-controlled,
well-brefed, and his script well-re
heased, with enough latitude to per
mit some of his own personality to
dictate his rsponses. "
Odom told the confernce that
while the Soviets may be seriously
committed to altering their military
strategic policy, this is only in an ef
for to enhance their ultimate objec-
KR September 2 1 , 1 989
tive of world domination.
This single-minded objective, he
said, has been threatened by the inter
nal economic breakdown crisis , and
rising interal dissent within the So
viet Union, which may well lead to a
new wave of repression.
Odom said he was particularly
concered for Easter Europe in this
regard, where the pace of reforms is
occurring "too fast , " to the point that
the situation is seen by Soviet leaders
as getting out of hand.
However, while these develop
ments are contributing to a rethinking
of Soviet priorities ("Even the most
tough-minded Bolshevik might be
willing to tolerate a shift in Soviet
strategy if it will improve results, " the
general pointed out) , there has been
no sign of any shif i n the ultimate
Soviet strategic aims.
On the contrary, even the most de
fensive-sounding talk of Soviet mili
tary doctrine retains a potent "coun
teroffensive capability" that can be
launched within 20 days of an attack.
"It i s hard to tel l the difference be
tween prparations for an offensive and
counterffensive," Odom pinted out.
He said that the Soviets have gone
through three periods of a qualitative
upgrading of their military capability:
the frst in the 1 920s with the advent
of aviation, motorization, and chemi
cal weapons; the second in the 1 950s
with the introduction of nuclear weap
ons and rocketry; and the third in the
1 970s with the development of direct
ed energy, mircocircuitry, and genetic
engineering.
Odom pointed to the interest ex
pressed particularly by Soviet Mar-
shal Nikolai Ogarkov in applying the
most advanced new technologies to
build new weapons , and that this has
resulted in the development of capa
bilities which, he said, "are seen as
operationally more attractive for war
fare than nuclear weapons, " because
they can be used with great targeting
precision and without threatening to
trigger an all-out nuclear exchange.
Soviet contingency plans for war
remain, even with the claims of a shif
in Soviet military doctrine toward
"defensive sufciency, " Odom said,
and this requires the Soviet forces to
be able to occupy all of Wester Eu
rope, southwester Asia, the Middle
East , and the rim areas of Asia within
one month.
The old Soviet plan allowed two
months to accomplish that feat, he
said, but advances in technology have
moved their schedule ahead by a full
month.
He said that any reduction in So
viet force strength has to take into con
sideration a number of factors .
First, he said that the Soviets view
winning the war on the diplomatic
front , through their "peace ofen
sive, " as just as useful a means as mil
itary ones for gaining their fnal objec
tives .
Second, any drawdown in Soviet
active forces only swells the ranks of
their reserves , which can be called up
very swifly. In fat, ever Soviet male
remains l iable to reserve callup to age
49.
As far as arms control efforts are
concered, the Soviets go by an old
proverb, he said: "Paper will put up
with anything written on it. "
I f arms control treaties permit the
Soviets to spnd less on fore stngt,
they will take advantage of it, he said,
although any such reductions should
never be confused with an abandon
ment of the ultimate Soviet objective.
National 67
Congressional Closeup by Wiliam C. Jones
Mouse passes ban
on fag desecration
The House voted 380-38 on Sept . 1 2
to ban the physical defacing of the
American fag, afer House Speaker
Thomas Foley (D-Wash. ) reached a
compromise with Republicans and
agreed to allow a vote later this year
on a constitutional amendment . Foley
said that he will call up an amendment
after the Senate acts on the issue in
October.
In a highly controversial ruling this
summer, the U. S. Supreme Court de
cided that it would be an unconstitu
tional violation of the right to "free
speech" to ban the buring of the fag.
Foley i s hoping that Senate Dem
ocrats will succeed in blocking the
amendment , but the compromise vir
tually ensures that the fag-burning is
sue will become the focus of an
amendment initiative.
Most Republicans , fol lowing
President Bush' s lead, want to make
the fag-buring issue the subject of a
constitutional amendment . Most
House Democrats, civil rights activ
ists, and some conservatives are con
cerned that making fag-buring the
object of a constitutional amendment
would open the door for other, dan
gerous amendments , thereby under
mining the stabil ity of the U. S. Con
stitution.
Mamilton to continue
Iran-Contra probe
Rep. Lee Hamilton (D-Ind. ) , who
chaired the House committee that in
vestigated the Iran-Contra afair, said
in a letter made public the second week
in September, that because of new
documents and other evidence that
surfaced in the trial of Lt . Col . Oliver
North, "I do not believe we can con
sider the congressional investigation
68 National
of the Iran-Contra affair to be com
plete. "
I n the letter to Intell igence Com
mittee chairman Rep. Anthony C. Be
ilenson (D-Calif. ) , Hamilton added:
"Most importantly, we still do not un
derstand precisely what were the roles
in these events of President Reagan,
Vice President Bush, and other top
Reagan administration ofcials . "
lregg nomination passes
Senate under cloud
The controversial nomination of Don
ald P. Gregg as U. S. ambassador to
South Korea cleared the Senate on
Sept . 1 2. by a 66-33 vote.
Gregg, a career CIA agent who
was Vice President Bush' s national
security adviser from 1 982 through
1 988, oversaw the administration' s
policy toward the secret Iran-Contra
arms deals . In his May 1 987 testimony
to the congressional committee, many
congressmen believed he was lying
outright , in order to conceal the extent
of Bush' s knowledge of the i llegal
deal s.
The suspicion under which Gregg
was approved was best described by
Sen. Alan Cranston (D-Calif. ) who
said, "It does not take a suspicious or
partisan mind to look at all the docu
mentary evidence, the back-channel
cables , the ' eyes only' memos , and
then to conclude that Mr. Gregg has
not been straight with the U . S. Senate.
Indeed, more than one Republican
senator who looked at the accumulat
ed weight of the evidence against Mr.
Grgg remained unconvinced and
sought Mr. Gregg' s withdrawal . . . .
recognize that most of my colleagues
on the Republican side feel intense
pressure to vote in lockstep for the
President' s man. regret that . But
bel ieve such a decision would be most
unwise and would do signifcant inju
Q to this body. "
Majority leader George Mitchell
(D-Me. ) said that he opposed the
nomination on grounds of Grgg' s
"credibility and judgment . "
But Sen. Charles Robb (D-Va. )
helpe Gregg' s nomination along, ar
guing that the Senate was not just
passing judgment on Grgg, but also
"on the veracity of the Prsident him
self. " Robb admitted that the Grgg
testimony befor the House Forign
Relations Committee had "a few an
omalies , " but claimed that the Gregg
case was merely "a case of guilt by
association. "
Melms porno bill
blocked in House
Opponents of the Helms amendment
that would prevent goverment fnd
ing of "obscene or indecent materals"
or material that denigrates religious
beliefs or people, was blocked on a
procedural motion in the House by a
264- 1 53 vote on Sept. 1 3.
The bill , which was in raction t
an exhibit of blatant sado-masochistic
photographs by homosexual arists
Robert Mapplethore and Andres Ser
rano, was aimed at the National En
dowment for the Ars (NEA) , which
funded the exhibition. One Serano
photograph showed a crcifx sub
merged in a container of his urine, and
was included in a traveling exhibit
suppored by the NEA.
Te Helms amendment ha ps
the Senate and was to be introuced
into the House by Dana Rohracher
(R-Calif. ) . Rohrbacher was blocked
on a procedural vote fm offering the
motion. The NEA has been up in ars
since the Helms measur passed the
Senate, and has put pressure on its
congressional supporers to stop the
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
' . '
bill in te House. House opponents of
the bill wanted to avoid a foor vote on
the sensitive issue and hoped to re
move the legislation in conference.
Copies of Mapplethorpe' s photo
graphs wer put on display outside the
House chamber in an area restricted to
House members , their staff, and the
news media, in
o
rder to give them a
taste of what the "exhibition" was all
about. Two of the pictures showed
children exposing themselves , and
several others showed acts of sado
masochism. The photos were later re
mve by the House sereant-at-ars,
afer numerous members and report
ers crowded around them. Rep.
George Brown (D-Calif. ) , presiding
over the House during the debate, re
fused to allow them to be displayed on
the foor.
The defeat is seen, however, as
only a temporar setback for porog
raphy foes. The House vote, accord
ing to Capitol Hill sources , has set the
stage for a showdown in the Senate,
wher Helms is expcted to seek a rll
call vote on the ban.
(See also article on page 6 1 . )
%edellin Cartel
said to target Bush
Diego Viafara Salinas , a self-de
scribed former medic in the MedeI I fn
drg carel from Colombia, testifed
befor a Senate Goverment Afairs
subcommittee on Sept . 1 4 on the spe
cial tining given to terrist hit squads
that have caried out professional as
sassinations of top political fgures in
Colombia. Viafara shocked the com
mittee by stating that the drug cartel
leaders 8 considering deploying these
hit teams into the United States for use
against fgures who they think are
leading the war against them, includ
ing the President .
ER September 2 1 , 1 989
Viafara testifed from behind a
screen at the hearings , and is partici
pating i n the U. S. Federal Witness
Protection Program.
White House spokesman Marli n
Fitzwater, asked on Sept . 14 by EIR
whether these revelations meant that
the U. S. military now has its own na
tional security interests to take into
account beyond assisting the Colom
bian goverment, replied that "it serves
no purpose for us to comment on such
security matters . "
Japan-U. S. deal on
FSX survives Senate
The Senate failed by one vote on Sept .
1 3 to override President Bush' s veto
of proposed restrictions on the joint
production of the FSX jet fghter by
the United States and Japan. Eight Re
publicans shifted their original votes
on the project to ensure a victory for
Bush and U. S. -Japanese cooperation.
President Bush framed the issue
on constitutional grounds , by assert
ing that the conditions set by the res
olution would infringe on the Presi
dent' s authority to negotiate with for
eign governments . The supporters of
the veto also said that a rejection of
the bill would have forced a renegotia
tion of the agreement to build the FSX,
which the Senate failed to kill in a
narrow 47-52 vote in May.
Liberals attempt rules
change to gut defense
Libral House Democrats, led by Rep.
Patricia Schroeder (D-Colo. ) , have
established a special panel to set fund
ing for strategic weapons , according
to the Washington Times.
Sources told the Times that Armed
Services Committee chairman Rep.
Les Aspin ( D-Wisc. ) proposed the
creation of the panel in order to head
off a back-room effort by liberals to
have House Spaker Thomas Foley (D
Wash. ) appoint conferees from out
side the Armed Services Committee.
The liberals are demanding conferees
who support the deep cuts made by the
House in four key strategic programs
pushed by President Bush-the Stra
tegic Defense Initiative, the MX and
Midgetman missiles, and the B-2
bomber.
The appointment of the 1 6-mem
ber panel takes major strategic deci
sions out of the hands of a few senior
Armed Services members and places
them with a more liberal cross-section
of the committee. The liberal s' efforts
to rshap the confernce was also seen
as a swip at Aspin, who angerd some
of his fellow Democrats by calling the
defense budget in the afermath of the
sweeping House cuts a "Dukakis de
fense budget . "
trank loses support in
prostitution scandal
Massachusetts Rep. Barey Frank (D)
is fast losing voter support, as the
scandal involving a former aide,
homosexual prostitute Steve Gobie,
comes under the scrutiny of the House
Committee on Standards of Offcial
Conduct .
Nearly 7 out of voters living in
Frank' s 4th Congressional District say
he should be disciplined by the ethics
panel , according to a recent poll con
ducted by KRC Communications Re
search.
Although 61 % of the respondents
said Frank, one of the two self-pro
cl aimed homosexuals in the Con
gress , should remain in offce and run
again, only 33% of those answering
thought that a congressman who ad
mits to violating the law is ft to con
tinue to serve.
National 69
Natonal N
Bush could be called
in Poindexter trial
Judge Harold H. Greene decided Sept . ,
afer having considered a request from the
defense attorney for former National Secu
rity Adviser John Poindexter, that President
Bush and his diaries could be subpoenaed in
the Poindexter "Iran-Contra" trial .
"Neither a President nor his papers are
beyond the reach of the law that requires the
production or the giving of evidence, "
Greene said. "Where a defendant in a crim
inal case needs that evidence, this court will
enforce his right to its production. "
Lawyers for Poindexter have said that
any time then-Vice President Bush missed a
meeting in which the Iran-Contra operation
was discussed, he was later prsonally
briefed by Poindexter.
Judge Greene said that Poindexter' s
clai m, "if literally correct, " would clearly
entitle him to get what he is asking for.
Greene gave Poindexter seven days to pro
duce a secret memo explaining "precisely
how the presidential and vice-prsidential
documents would corroborate his claims . "
A source close to the defendant told EIR
that "Poindexter is not going to make any
deal . He wants to go to trial because he feels
righteous about telling the truth of what hap
pened in Irangate. "
Over lawyers
back LaRouche' s appeal
Baltimore attorey R. David Pembroke fled
a motion with the U. S. Fourth Circuit Court
of Appeals on Sept . 1 3 , in the pending ap
peal of political prisoner Lyndon H. La
Rouche, Jr. , in order to add additional sign
ers to his amicus curiae brief. If the court
grants the motion, over 80 of the most
prominent attorneys in the nation will be on
record demanding that LaRouche' s consti
tutional rights be protected. The court had
previously accepted the brief with 377 sign
ers .
Former Attorney General Ramsey Clark
and the other attoreys on the defense team
70 National
a scheduled to argue their appeal for
congressional candidate LaRouche and his
co-defendants in Richmond, Virginia on Oct .
6.
Among the new signers are two former
U. S. Attoreys , six former district attor
neys, fve retired Superior Court judges,
professors from eight l aw school s , the deans
of three law schools , a former member of
the U. S. House of Representatives from
Georgia, a former Attorey General of Col
orado, fve public defenders , the legal coun
sel of the Prisoners Rights Union, two chair
men of the American Civil Liberties Union,
the chairmen of 2 1 bar associations , a for
mer president of the Idaho Prosecuting At
toreys Association, three national ofcers
of the National Association of Criminal De
fense Lawyers , two national ofcers of
American Trial Lawyers Association, the
Vicar General of the Maronite Diocese of
Canada, a former assistant to the mayor of
New York City, the general counsel to the
Phoenix House Foundation, and prominent
defense attoreys .
Legal observers note that the range of
viewpoint s, positions, and sheer number of
attoreys represented by the amici on the
Pembroke brief, has set a record in the an
nals of American law.
Environmentalists lose
to timber industry
Environmentalists suffered a defeat on Sept .
6 when the U. S. Ni nth Circuit Court of Ap
peals overtured an injunction brought by
environmental ist groups, that would have
locked up over 50 mill ion board-feet of
timber, on the fallacious argument of pro
tecting the spotted owl .
The ruling was based on a 1 987 federal
law, sponsored by Sen. Mark Hatfeld (R
Ore. ) , that l imits challenges of virgin timber
sales by the Federal Bureau of Land Man
agement . That 1 987 congressional appro
priations rider forbids anyone from chal
lenging federal timber sales with claims of
new information about impact on wildlife.
Logging is now only rstricted i n those much
smaller areas where either the Bureau of
Land Management or the U. S. Fish and
Wildlife Service know the spotted owls l ive.
UCLA study: Condoms
don' t stop AIDS
A study conducted by the University of Cal
iforia at Los Angeles has revealed that in
laboratory tests the nation' s most popular
condom brands permitted the AIDS virus to
escape.
A copy of the I , OO-page report was
obtained by the Los Angeles Times through
a Freedom of Information Act request and
covere
d
Sept. 1 2 .
I t was found that the AIDS virus leaked
in one
O
f the 10 condoms tested in each of
three brands , and six of 25 tested in the
fourth. Overall , the study found that 0. 66%
of condoms-more than one of every 20-
failed, breaking i n tensile strength tests or
leaking
,
the AIDS virus. The researchers ,
however, still insist that "the chance of us
ing a defective condom i s small . "
Bush clean air bill
a toxic disaster
President Bush' s clean air bill , which man
dates a switch from gasoline to fuels such as
methanol and ethanol , will create a real tox
ic and environmental disaster, according to
experts.
Dr. Tody Litovitz of the National Capi
tal Poison Center in Washington, D. C. found
methanol to be 25 times more deadly than
gasol ine. According to Dr. Litovitz, "the
acute hazard posed by conversion to meth
anol-blsed fuels is unacceptable due to the
predict
e
d i ncreases in fatalities, blindness
and peranent neurologic disability. "
Dr. James Cannon of the environmental
group Inform notes that because of metha
nol ' s toxicity and abi lity to be absorbed
through the ski n, "self-service gas stations
could be a thing of the past with this fuel . "
Aside from detailing the fuel ' s potentially
lethal efects , Dr. Cannon points out that it
could easily contaminate water supplies , be
cause " removal of methanol from water is
virtually impossible. "
The congressional Offce of Technology
LR September 2 1 , 1 989
-
Assesment rates methanol as the most ex
pnsive means of reducing the source of pol
lution from vehicles, volatile organic com
punds .
Los Angeles mayor
faces civil charges
After a six-month investigation into Los An
geles Mayor Tom Bradley' s personal f
nances and professional conduct, City At
torey James K. Hahn fled a six-count civil
suit against the mayor on Sept . 1 3 , and re
leased a 1 , O-page report on his fndings.
Under state law, Bradley could face
penalties totaling $2 million for failing to
proprly report investments , income, real
estate, loans, gifs, and other business deal
ings over a fve-year period. This estimate
is based on more thaq 10 errors allegedly
found in state-required fnancial disclosure
statements fled by Bradley.
The Los Angeles Police Department is
meanwhile continuing to investigate possi
ble criminal wrongdoing by Bradley' s busi
ness partner, Juanita St. John, for her failure
to account for $ 1 80, 000 in city funds that
were allocated to the Task Force for Africa
Los Angeles Relations , a trade promotion
organization.
Operation Rescue
activists are acquitted
Randall Terry, head of Operation Rescue,
and four other anti-abortion activists were
acquitted on Sept. 1 3 of 24 misdemeanor
charges stemming from an Easter weekend
blockade of a Los Angeles abortion clinic.
Municipal Judge Richard Paez declared
a mistrial on thre remaining charges, after
jurors failed to reach a unanimous verdict.
Prosecutors said that they were not sure if
they would rfle the charges.
It was the inhumane treatment of the
demonstrators by police which persuaded
the jury to decide for acquittal . "They were
non-violent, they tried to work with the po
lice, and I can' t believe they came down on
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
these people like that. Mr. McMonagle was
arrested in front of the chief of police and
they nearly twisted the man' s arm out of the
socket," said one jury membr. Jurors agreed
with the defense that police brutality was
used selectively, targeting Operation Res
cue protesters , and not the pro-abortion
demonstrators , some of whom were closer
to the clinic' s doors .
LaRouche associates
fle civil rights suit
A group of Califoria associates of Lyndon
LaRouche fled suit for violations of civil
rights in Los Angeles on Sept. 6, against
California Attorney General John Van de
Kamp, Los Angeles District Attorney Ira
Reiner, Secretary of State March Fong Eu,
Assistant Attorey Generals Steven White
and Ellen Peter, Attorey General Investi
gator John Horton, District Attorney Inves
tigator Ed Messinger, and Department of
Corporations Investigator David Hiaroka.
The plaintiffs in the suit include the Na
tional Democratic Policy Committee and
eight of its local chapters , American System
Publications, the National Caucus of Labor
Committees , and proponents of two anti
AIDS initiatives .
The plaintiffs demand an end t o more
than three years of systematic harassment of
supporters , contributors , subscribers , and
candidates by the Attorey General and Dis
trict Attorey' s ofces . The suit charges that
the defendants used their ofces to carry out
a political witchhunt against those associ
ated with the ideas of Lyndon LaRouche,
violating the plaintifs' constitutional rights
of feedom of association, freedom of
speech, and freedom to petition the gover
ment for redress of grievances . Those vio
lations included the 1 986 raids on the offces
of the plaintiffs resulting in the confscation
of membership and subscription lists .
KFWB, a boomer all-news radio sta
tion, highlighted a Sept . 7 press conference
by Khushro Ghandhi , a plaintiff in the suit,
as one of its lead news stories . District At
torey Ira Reiner, when asked to comment
on the suit by KFWB, said that he would not
"dignify" the suit by commenting on it.
Briefy
PRESIDENT BUSH rled out the
use of U . S. combat troops in the An
dean nations' war on drugs. "Let me
state clearly: None of the Andean na
tions have asked for U. S. troops , and
there is no contemplation of the use
of American armed forces in any
combat role here, " he told the press
on Sept . l l .
SATANIC "high priestess" Mary
Ellen Tracy, of the Church of the Most
High Goddess , who admitted per
forming sex acts with mor than 2,0
men as part of an ancient Egyptian
rel igion, was convicted in Los An
geles on Sept . 8 of running a house
of prostitution.
VICE PRESIDENT QUAYLE
claimed that the U. S. supports the
national independence movements in
the Soviet bloc on Sept. 9. "Let' s hop
that the Baltic states continue in the
direction they want to go, and that is
toward asserting their indepen
dence, " he told CNN' s Evans and
Novak program.
HENRY KISSINGER may tes
tify in a l ibel suit against Seymour
Hersh taken ot by former Indian
prime minister Morarji Desai . In his
unfattering biography of Kissinger,
Hersh assers that Desai had ben paid
by the CIA to reveal Indian secrets .
DAVID DINKINS defeated
Mayor Edward Koh in the New Yor
City Democratic mayoral primary
Sept. 1 2 . He will face former U. S.
Attorey Rudolph Giuliani , who won
the Republican primary. Koch has
been mayor since 1 977.
THE JUSTICE DEPT. will
probably launch an investigation of
the Virginia Beach police department
for alleged excessive use of force
against black students over Labr Day
weekend, it said Sept. 6. An estimat
ed 1 00, 00 students gatherd at the
seaside town for traditional drinking
parties , following which youths loot
ed some 10 stores, leading to 220
arrests .
National 7 1
EtoH
WOO c IOc OOO:
On Oct . 6, oral arguments on behalf of Lyndon La
Rouche and his co-defendants will be heard by the U. S.
Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit . While the
appeal itself will be argued by former U. S. Attorey
General Ramsey Clark, it will be backed up by 804
American lawyers who have fled an amici curiae brief
on behalf of LaRouche' s constitutional rights-these
in addition to European and other American individual
amicus briefs submitted as well .
The men and women who are joining this appeal
would, in most cases , never have supposed that they
would be siding with LaRouche-a man whom most
of them would consider a political maverick. Nonethe
less , the enormity of the miscarriage of justice in this
case, and the ongoing witchhunt against associates of
LaRouche, have made these eminent jurists fear for the
political health of the United States .
The signators include state senators , presidents of
regional bar associations as well as national minority
bar associations , former judges , heads of trial lawyers'
associations , and eminent legal authorities fom the
academic sphere. The signators represent a wide spec
trum of political viewpoints on every issue except their
absolute commitment to the defense of the U. S. Con
stitution.
While we wholeheartedly endorse this constitution
al defense, we can say with certainty, that the defense
of LaRouche is a defense of the United States also
because of the unique role which LaRouche himself has
played in shaping policy. Some of his proposal s, such
Psident Reagan' s Stategic Defense Initiative, have
ben adopted-if only partially. Others , such as the
economic policies urged by LaRouche over the past 1 5
and more years , are now being carefully studied, as a
collapse looms .
The War on Drugs is a case in point , of how La
Rouche has shaped policy, and the bitter results of the
failure of his policies to be properly implemented.
In the late 1 970s , it was LaRouche who frst called
it a war on drugs. At his urging, the book Dope, Inc.
was published and sold interationally. Here was re
vealed the workings of the upper levels of the drug
carel , the reality that drug traffc and terorism are one
72 National
and the same-narco-terrorism; and the links between
the KGB and dirty intelligence networks in the West
were spelled out.
The book was translated into several languages, and
it inspird the publication, aso in many languages , of
the magazine War on Drugs. Anti-Drug coalitions were
fored throughout Europe, tnthe United States, and in
Ibero-America.
Besides exposing how hundrds of billions of dol
lars of drug money were supporting an interational ,
unrgulated black economy, these Coalitions declared
war on those who were urging legalization of drugs ,
often in the form of "decrimnalization. " This was not
merely a literary campaign, although it featured exten
sive documentation of the potentially irversible, de
structive effects of drug use particularly on young po
pie, and polemicized against the corrupting role of rock
music.
In te Unitd States, for example, the National Anti
Drug Coalition took great pride in its role in defeating
Jimy Caer for relection in 1 980, bcause he brught
the marijuana legalization lobby into the White House
and put it in charge of drug policy.
Lyndon LaRouche would not now be serving a 1 5-
year sentence after a railroad tral which is best com
pared to the scandalous frameup of French Capt. Alfred
Dreyfus , had he not made a lot of powerful enemies ,
not least the Soviets who have resented his rpeated
identifcation of their calculated campaigns to spread
desinforatsia. The Soviets fear LaRouche as the man
who best understands their unremitting drive toward
world empire; but perhaps LaRouche' s most bitter ene
mies are the top controllers of the interational drug
cartel .
You can b assured that men lik Hafez Assad, who
is the major narco-terorist controller in the Mideast ,
and his admirr Henry A. Kissinger, are determined
that LaRouche' s period of imprisonment will be a life
sentence.
On Oct. 6, LaRouche' s appeal will be argued in
open court, but it is not he who is really on trial; it is
rather the fate of the United States which is to be deter
mined.
EIR September 2 1 , 1 989
Iil HQCCH MCQOIS
Comprehensive, book-length
documentation assembled by
EIR's intelligence and research
staffs.
The 'Greenhouse Effect' Hoax: A World Fed
eralist Plot. Order #ov00 I . l OO.
Global Showdown Escalates. Revised and
abridged edi tion of the I vo1 report , second in
EIR' s G/obc/Shovdovn series . Demonstrates that
Gorbachov' s reforms were designed according to
Marshal Nikolai Ogarkov' s war plan for the So
viet economy. Order #oo00o . Z5O.
AIDS Global Showdown-Mankind's Total
Victory or Total Defeat. #oo00b . Z5O.
Electromagnetic Effect Weapons: The Tech
nology and the Strategic Implications. Order
#oo00J . l 5O.
The Kalmanowitch Report: Soviet Moles in
the Reagan-Bush Administration. Order
#oo00I . l 5O.

U8. Ca 8 Mco on
I c8t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $396
b mOnUs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 822
mOnUs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Frign
Centr Aerca, West Indies, Venezuela
d Colombia: 1 y. $450. b mO. 24,
mO. $1 35
Sou a 1 yt 4, mo.
mO. .
Europe, Middle East, ACa: yr. OM ! 4UU,
mo. OM 7U, 3 mo. LM 42U. Pale tn
deutschemarks or other European currencies.
oUct countes: yt b+U, mo.
2, mO. 4
Project Democracy: The 'Parallel Goyern
ment' Behind the Iran-Contra Affair. 'Order
#o100 I . Z5O.
Germany's Green Party and Terrorism. The
origin and controlling influences behind this
growing neo-Nazi political force. Order #oo00v.
l 5O.
Moscow's Secret Weapon: Ariel Sharon and
the Israeli Mafia. Order #oo00I . Z5O.
The Trilateral Conspiracy Against the U.S.
Constitution: Fact or Fiction? Foreword by
Lyndon LaRouche. Order #ob0I v . l OO.
Economic Breakdown and the Threat of
Global Pandemics. Order #ob00b . l OO.
First two di gi ts of the order number refer t o year of publ i ca
ti on.
Order from:
''News Service
P. O. Box I 1Jv0, Washington, D. C. Z004 I -0Jv0
P| easei nc|udeorder number Postage andhand| i ngin-
c|uded i nprice.
r------------------
I
wOud kC tO SubSCrbC tO

LXeCultUenlelltgenCe HeUteu lOr


_ 1 yea 0 6 monts 0 3 monts
I enclose $ check or money order
Please charge my 0 MasterCard 0 Visa
Card No. Exp. date
Signature
Name
Company
Phone (
Address
Clty
I
State Zip
I
Make checks payable to EIR News Service Inc . .
1
P. O. Box 1 7390. Washington. D. C. 2004 1 -
I
0390. In Europe: EIR Nachrichtenagentur
|
GmbH. Postfach 2308. Dotzheimerstrasse 1 66.
62 Wiesbaden. Federal Republic of Germany.
I telephone ( 06 1 2 1 ) 8840.
1 mmmmm m-----m-m---
Do you need to be pluged
W to te world's best
itelence serce?
optio
n
,
h
e
Zero
f
1ra
n
gate,
t
w
el
n
ee
d
to
1n
th
e
a
ge
0
o
U
m
ay
very
lasn
o
st,
y
a
n
d
g
f
the
n
e
W
s.
O
H
C
O
Q 0
b
e
R c
o
n
f
-
th
e
E
1
u
bsc
ribe
to
' n
g
yO
U
in
o
n
W
h
en
yO
U
s
.
c
e
w
e
b
f
l
. '
t
w
e
u
se

m
A
lert
servl
'
ca
pa
blh
Y
de
ntl
.
u
e
in
tel
i
g
e

c
e

(C
[|jQC!
C
C
th
e
u
nl
q
_yCC
Q(tI
C
'
e
m
ble
f
to
aSS
.
e
d
revle

CI
jC
u
s
w
m
p
uterize
d
w
e
a
d
d
to
o
u
r
C
?
c
h
g
i
es
US
E
very
day.
ata
b
ase.
W
hl
r
ovide
d
in
tel
igen
c
e
e

s
to
n
e
W
s
ite
m

rld.
A
s
an
insta
nt
aCc
US
al
over
t
e
C
QjO
(C
in-
o
ur
b
u
rea
o
U
get
t
p
b
reak-
b
y
b
sc
rib
er,
y
t
.
m
p
orta
n
t
A
ert
sU
th
e
m
os
1

CS
.
n
o
n
o
ml
'
for
m
a
tl
o
en
ts
in
ec
o
n
.
n0 deve
o
p
m
n
d
sc
ienc
e.
1 0
.
n
e
WS
.
a
strate
glC
. '
se
n
e
WS
u
|
-/

c
o
nCl
a
il
-
1
R
A
lert
b
rin
gs
Y
O
k
by
frst
cla
sS m
E
.
e
a
w
ee
.
oe)
ite
mS
,
twlC
extra
c
h
ar
0
.
or
b
y
f
a
\at
n
o
1 2 M.. COnhdcnIiaIPIcrI annuaI subscripIiOn. $3,500
1 M
COnhdcnIiaI JcIcxPlcrI annuaI subscripIiOn. M 12,000. Inc|udcsQuartcr|yEconomlcRcport

SIraIcgicPIcrI NcvsIcIIcr (by maiI I annuaI subscripIiOn. M 6,000.


a\\c
.
_
a\
c !
\
c!
\

a
s
e
rce
1
N
e
V
S
1 BOX
17
3
90
2
00
41
-03
90
P.
O
. . _
,D. C.
Va

\
i