You are on page 1of 2

Typology of Interest Groups

I. Associational Interest Groups

Associational Interest Groups are often established clearly to represent the interest of the
members of the group by attempting to affect public policy through joining political activities,
though these groups activities are not limited to political ones. These groups are characterized
by having systematic way of creating demands. Common in democratic societies, these groups
frequently hire permanent professional personnel. An example of these groups is the Kilusang
Mayo Uno of the Philippines.
II. Non-associational Interest Groups
Non-associational Interest Groups develop from a group of people connected to each
other through kinship or having the same ethnicity, race, language, religion, culture, or class.
These groups have no formal organizations and have no sense of membership, yet are considered
formal with its people as representatives of the group. These groups often echo unspoken ethnic,
cultural and religious interest and have the capability of strongly coming together under the right
situations. An example of these groups is the group formed by African-Americans in
Montgomery, Alabama in 1995 that boycott the citys bus system.
III. Anomic Interest Groups
Anomic Interest Groups are commonly impulsive groups that form all of a sudden when a
group of individuals have the same feedbacks to a crisis or particular event, such as frustration,
disappointment and other strong reactions. They also lack proper organization and no formal
leaders. They are often short-term and show weak coordination of efforts. An example would be
the nationwide protest in the U.S. against Vietnam War in the late 1960s and early 1970s.

IV. Institutionalized Interest Groups
Institutionalized Interest Groups are groups that are initially organized for objective other
than political activity but deals with it to preserve their interests in the governments policy
judgment. They are coherent and long-lasting organizations with steady membership, well-
defined aims, and distinctive knowledge of the right sectors of the government and their clients.
They are part of government, departments or agencies and tend to influence the government from
the inside. An example would be the CHCW or Canadian Health Care Workers.

Grisby, Ellen. 2009. Analyzing Politics: An Introduction to Political Science.
Interest Articulation.
Interest Groups.
Interest Groups & Political Parties: Linking citizens to government.
Mitra, Subrata Kumar. Pehl, Malte. And Spiess, Clemens. Political sociology: the state of the art.
1999. Interest Groups.