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TYPES OF COMPRESSORS

As shown in Figure 4, there are two basic compressor types: positive- displacemen t and dynamic.
In the positive- displacement type, a given quantity of air or gas is trapped in a compression
chamber and the volume it occupies is mechanically reduced, causing a corresponding rise in
pressure prior to discharge. At constant speed, the ai r flow remains essentially constant with
variations in discharge pressure.
Dynamic compressors impart velocity energy to continuously flowing air or gas by means of
impellers rotating at very high speeds. The velocity energy is changed into pressure ener gy both
by the impellers and the discharge volutes or diffusers. In the centrifugal - type dynamitage
lubricating oil to ensure that it would stick to the cylinder
bore, piston rings, and piston rod packing. The additive also caused
the oil to stick to the moving parts of the valve. Sticktion
is defined
as the TYPES OF COMPRESSORS
As shown in Figure 4, there are two basic compressor types: positive- displacemen t and dynamic.
In the positive- displacement type, a given quantity of air or gas is trapped in a compression
chamber and the volume it occupies is mechanically reduced, causing a corresponding rise in
pressure prior to discharge. At constant speed, the ai r flow remains essentially constant with
variations in discharge pressure.
Dynamic compressors impart velocity energy to continuously flowing air or gas by means of
impellers rotating at very high speeds. The velocity energy is changed into pressure ener gy both
by the impellers and the discharge volutes or diffusers. In the centrifugal - type dynami viscous
adhesion of oil between the moving and stationary
parts of a valve, and is detrimental to valve reliability in
two ways.
First, sticktion inhibits plate opening, causing the plate to slam open
when the pressure force exceeds the sticktion force, which can cause
damage not only to the plate but to the underlying springs. Second,
sticktion delays plate closing, which elevates the plates closing impact
velocity. If the plate closes so late that there is
backflow through
the valve, then there is not only a greater potential for plate
damage
but there is also an actual loss of cylinder capacity. In this
case study,
the high oil viscosity and increased lubrication rate contributed
to
the sticktion effects.