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You are on page 1of 3

1.

(i)

**O3: Exp 2 has 4 times [H2] as Exp 1
**

and rate increases by 4 (1),

so order = 1 with respect to O3 (1)

C2H4: Exp 3 has 2 × [C2H4] and 2 × [O3] as Exp 2;

and rate has increased by 4 (1),

so order = 1 with respect to C2H4 (1)

rate = k [O3] [C2H4] (1)

(ii)

5

**use of k = rate / [O3] [C2H4] = 1.0 × 10
**

to obtain a calculated value (1)

3

k = 2 × 10 (1)

3

–1 –1

units: dm mol s (1)

–12

/4 = 2.5 × 10

–13

(iii)

rate = 1.0 × 10

(iv)

rate increases and k increases (1)

–12

–7

–8

/ (0.5 × 10 × 1.0 × 10 )

3

–3 –1

(mol dm s ) (1)

1

1

[10]

2.

(i)

**H2: Exp 2 has 2.5 times [H2] as Exp 1
**

and rate increases by 2.5 (1),

so order = 1 with respect to H2 (1)

2

**NO: Exp 3 has 3 x [NO] as Exp 2;
**

2

and rate has increased by 9 = 3 (1),

so order = 2 with respect to NO (1)

2

**QWC At least two complete sentences where the meaning is clear.
**

(ii)

2

rate = k[NO] [H2] (1)

rate

(iii)

2

1

2.6

/

2

k = [NO] [ H 2 ] 0.10 0.20 (1)

= 1300 (1)

–4

x

allow 1 mark for 7.69 × 10 or 1.3 × 10 (x not 3)

6

–2 –1

units: dm mol s (1)

3

[9]

3.

(a)

(i)

constant half-life (1)

1

(ii)

rate = k[N2O5] (1)

1

**Common error will be to use ‘2’ from equation.
**

(iii)

**curve downwards getting less steep (1)
**

curve goes through 1200,0.30; 2400,0.15; 3600,0.075 (1)

2

(iv)

tangent shown on graph at t = 1200 s (1)

1

(v)

3.7(2) × 10 (1) mol dm s (1)

x

ecf possible from (ii) using [N2O5]

–4

nd

–3 –1

–4

(2 order answer: 2.2(3) × 10 )

2

[7]

4.

(i)

The slowest step (1)

1

(ii)

2NO2 → NO + NO3 (1)

NO3 + CO → NO2 + CO2 (1)

(or similar stage involving intermediates)

2

[3]

5.

(a)

(b)

**rate of forward reaction = rate of reverse reaction (1)
**

concentrations of reactants and products are constant but they are

constantly interchanging (1)

2

2

(i)

Kc = [CH3OH] / [CO] [H2] (1)

1

(ii)

**use of Kc = [CH3OH] / [CO] [H2] and moles to
**

obtain a calculated value (1)

2

–3

–3

**convert moles to concentration by +2: [CO] = 3.10 × 10 mol dm ;
**

–5

–3

–2

–3

[H2] = 2.60 × 10 mol dm ; [CH3OH] = 2.40 × 10 mol dm (1)

–5

–3

–2 2

Kc = [2.60 × 10 ] / [3.10 × 10 ] [2.40 × 10 ] = 14.6 / 14.56 (1)

(c)

(d)

(e)

**If moles not converted to concentration, calculated Kc value = 3.64
**

(scores 1st and 3rd marks)

6

–2

units: dm mol (1)

4

(i)

fewer moles of gas on right hand side (1)

1

(ii)

None (1)

1

(i)

moved to left hand side/reactants increase/less products (1)

1

(ii)

**∆H negative because high temperature favours the
**

endothermic direction (1)

1

(i)

CH3OH + 1½ O2 → CO2 + 2H2O(1)

1

(ii)

adds oxygen/oxygenated (1)

1

[13]

6.

(a)

[PCl 3 ][Cl 2 ]

[PCl 5 ]

Kc =

(1)

(b)

(i)

PCl5 > 0.3 mol dm ; PCl3 and Cl2 < 0.3 mol dm (1)

1

(ii)

**At start, system is out of equilibrium with too much PCl3
**

and Cl2 and not enough PCL5 /

0.3 0.3

0.3 = 0.3 is greater than Kc = 0.245 mol dm–3 (1)

1

(i)

Kc does not change as temperature is the same (1)

1

(ii)

**Fewer moles on left hand side (1)
**

system moves to the left to compensate for increase in

pressure by producing less molecules (1)

2

(c)

1

–3

–3

(d)

(i)

(ii)

**Kc decreases (as more reactants than products)(1)
**

Forward reaction is exothermic/

reverse reaction is endothermic (1)

equilibrium → left to oppose increase in energy/

because Kc decreases (1)

1

2

[9]

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