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Exercise 7A
1 The number of operating theatres is the
independent variable.
The number of operations is the dependent
variable.
2 The number of suitable habitats is the
independent variable.
The number of species is the dependent
variable.
3 a = -3, b = 6.
4 y = -14 + 5.5x
5 y = 2x
6 a S
xx
= 5, S
xy
= 20.
b y = 2 + 4x
7 a S
xx
= 40.8, S
xy
= 69.6.
b y = -0.294 + 1.71x
8 g = 1.50 + 1.44h
9 a S
nn
= 6486, S
np
= 6344.
b p = 20.9 + 0.978n
10 a S
xx
= 10, S
xy
= 14.5.
b y = -0.07 + 1.45x
Exercise 7B
1 y = 6 - x
2 s = 88 + p
3 y = 32 - 5.33 x
4 t = 9 + 3s
5 a y = 3.5 + 0.5x
b d = 35 + 2.5c
6 a S
xy
= 162, S
xx
= 191; y = 7.87 + 0.85x
b y = 22.35 + 2.125h
Exercise 7C
1 6
2 384 g
3 a Extrapolation means using the regression
line to estimate outside the range of the data.
It can be unreliable.
b Interpolation means using the regression
line to estimate within the range of the data.
It is usually reasonably reliable.
4 a £6.00. This is reliable since 7 years is within the
range of the data used.
b 3 years is outside the range of the data.
5 This is not a sensible estimate since 30 minutes is a
long way outside the range of the data.
6 a 3845. This is reliable since £2650 is within the
range of the data.
b 9730. This is unreliable since £8000 is outside the
range of the data.
c 1100 extra books are sold for each £1000 spent on
advertising.
d It suggests that 930 books would be sold if no
money were spent on advertising. This is
reasonably reliable since it is only just outside the
range of the data.
7 a 283
b If dexterity increases by 1 unit, production
increases by 57 units.
c i The estimate would be reliable. 2 is outside the
range of the data, but only just.
ii The estimate would be unreliable. 14 is a long
way outside the range of the data.
8 The equation of the regression line would change.
Mixed exercise 7D
1 a 2.45 mm
b 4.52 mm
c The answer to part a is reliable since 300
0
C is
within the range of the data. The answer to part b
is unreliable since 530
0
C is outside the range of
the data.
2 a t = 1.96 + 0.95s.
b 49.4
3 a S
xx
= 6.43, S
xy
= 11.7.
b y = 0.554 + 1.82x
c 6.01 cm
4 a S
xx
= 16350, S
xy
= 210330
b y = 225 + 12.9x
c 1510
d 255
e This answer is unreliable since a gross national
product of 3500 is long way outside the range of
the data.
5 a y = 0.343 + 0.499x
b t = 2.34 + 0.224m
c 4.58 cm
6 a S
xx
= 90.9, S
xy
= 190.
b y = -1.82 + 2.09x
c p = 25.5 + 2.09r
d 71.4
e This answer is reliable since 22 breaths per
minute is within the range of the data.
7 a 0.79 kg is the average amount of food
consumed in 1 week by 1 hen.
b 23.9 kg
c £476
8 a & e
b There appears to be a linear relationship
between body length and body weight.
c w = -12.7 + 1.98l
d y = -127 + 1.98x
f 289 g. This is reliable since 210 mm is within
the range of the data.
g Water voles B and C were probably removed
from the river since they are both underweight.
Water vole A was probably left in the river
since it is slightly overweight.
9 a S
xy
= 78, S
xx
= 148.
b y = 7.31 + 0.527x
c w = 816 + 211n.
d 5036 kg
e 100 items is a long way outside the range of
the data.