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# MATERIALE q normat n q calcul Zona gz ce clasa de g a

daN/mp daN/mp daN/mp importanta
tigla+capriori 80 1.3 104 C 150 0.8 3 2.2
astereala 2,4cm 5 1.3 6.5
vata minerala 15 1.3 19.5 g e 0.3
popi+pane 30 1.3 39
1.3 0 a [grade] 30
1.3 0 1.25
TOTAL 130 169 1.25
1.77
0.66
qz1 normat 45
qz2 normat 63.6 cos a 0.8910
qz1 calcul 265 sin a 0.4540
qz 2 calcul 265
0.8 1
3.60 168
4.04 1.1
0.55
120.46 1
0.8248
168.31 126
583
288.77 589
367
NORMATA [daN] 520
100 324
0.9
10 425
15 589
2.336
2812.5 2.020
375 FALSE
110000 FALSE
BREVIAR DE CALCUL ŞARPANTA
DIMENSIUNI CAPRIORI
8*10; 8x12; 10x12; 10*15; 12*15
l DIMENSIUNI FINALE CAPRIORI
mTi - Coeficient de tratare
VERIFICARE Mr > MI
VERIFICARE RIGIDITATE fmax <= f adm
120
CALCUL [daN]
INCARCARI UTILE
Ric=mui*mdi*Ri/gI [daN/cm2]
INCARCARI PERMANENTE
dc*qz1c*cosa2
mdi=(qc*k+qz1c*k1)/(qc+qz1c)
Rc=pcal*Lc/2 [daN]
MI=pcal*Lc^2/8 [daNm]
MII=(gpcal*Lc^2)/8+(guc*Lc)/4[daNm]
WnecI=MI*100/0,9*Ric [cm^3]
TOTAL INCARCARI
WnecII=MII*100/0,9*Ric [cm^3]
unghi caprior-orizontala
coef.partial siguranta
(dc*qc*cosa) [daN/m]
g I
k
k1
dc - distanta dintre capriori [m]
dp - distanta dintre pane [m]
Lc - lungime caprior [m]
DIMENSIONARE ELEMENTE STRUCTURALE SARPANTA LEMN
CONFORM NP 019-97;NP 005-96; STAS 10101/21-92
INCARCARI CONFORM STAS 10101/1-78 INCARCARI DIN ZAPADA STAS 10101/21-92
TOTAL INCARCARI DIN ZAPADA
DIMENSIONARE CAPRIORI
g F=g a - 0,4*(q n / ce*gz)
rasinoase-clasa II
coef.cond.lucru
CARACTERISTICI LEMN
CONF. NP 019-97 ; NP 005-96
Ri daN/cm2
mui
I ef [cm^4]
W ef [cm^3]
E [daN/cm^2]
f adm. L/200 [cm]
Mr > MI
fmax <= f adm.
CARACTERISTICI SECTIONALE
bc [cm]
hc [cm]
Mr=(Ric*Wef*mTi*mui)/100
f max=fp*(1+k1df)+fz*(1+k2df) [cm]
MI=(pcal*Lc^2)/8
SLEND (Grup Speciala)
cz2
cz1
0,3*ga
3
3 1
0.8 168
1.1
582 0.55
1
795 0.810
124
120 0.9
1376.98
120
15 1005
19 833
0.167
8574 1.1
903 DA
110000 DA
583
12.96 1
3593 120
700 1.25
256 0.8
4.6 1
152 0.961
0.135 92.2
0.9
16 2868
16 3593
3.5 FALSE
104.0
5461 100
18.3 FALSE
5461
Cr > N pop
FORTA AXIALA POP [daN]
coef.partial siguranta
k
k1
mdi=(dpc*k+qz1c*k1)/(dpc+qz1c) l = lf / I
CARACTERISTICI LEMN
CONF. NP 019-97 ; NP 005-96
mui coef.cond.lucru
Ri daN/cm2 rasinoase-clasa II N pop = 2*Rp+gpp [daN]
DIMENSIONARE PANA
Distanta intre popi [m]
Distanta intre pane trans. [m]
Dist. Pop-contrafisa [m]
mui coef.cond.lucru
puc*1,2 [daN]
IPOTEZA I gIc=gpc+gzc [daN/m]
I efp [cm^4]
bp [cm]
g I coef.partial siguranta
k
k1
DIMENSIUNI PANE
10*15; 12*15; 12*17; 15*17; 17*17; 17*19
INCARCARI PERMANENTE
gcal.p/cos a+gppana [daN/m]
qz1c*dp [daN/m]
INCARCARE UTILA
l DIMENSIUNI FINALE PANE
IPOTEZA II gIIc=puc [daN]
W ef p [cm^3]
E [daN/cm^2]
l VARIANTA LEMN ROTUND
I ef = (bp*hp^3)/12 [cm^4]
DIAMETRU [cm]
I ef (f) (p D^4)/64 [cm^4]
gcalc.pana [daN/m]
VERIFICARE RIGIDITATE fmax <= f adm
fmax=fpp*(1+k1df)+fzp*(1+k2df) [cm]
f adm. L/200 [cm]
Mr > MI
CARACTERISTICI SECTIONALE
fmax <= f adm.
A= b*h [cm^2]
Raza de giratie I^2=Ip/A [cm]
g I Lung.flamb. 2*Hp [cm]
l DIMENSIUNI FINALE POP
bp [cm]
hp [cm]
Hp [m]
Ric=mui*mdi*Ri/gI [daN/cm2]
mTi - Coeficient de tratare
ji = 3100/ l^2
VERIFICARE LA STABILITATE s <= R
DIMENSIONARE POPI
Reactiune caprior [daN]
Ri daN/cm2 rasinoase-clasa II
VERIFICARE Mr > MI
Mrp=(Ric*Wefp*mTi*mui)/100
MI=(pcalp*Lpc^2)/8
CARACTERISTICI LEMN
CONF. NP 019-97 ; NP 005-96
hp [cm]
mTi - Coeficient de tratare
mdi=(dpc*k+qz1c*k1)/(dpc+qz1c)
Ric=mui*mdi*Ri/gI [daN/cm2]
PROIECTANT,
ING. Igor Panzaru
s = Npop / j I *A
R - rezist.de calcul la compresiune
s < R
COMPRESIUNE AXIALA [daN]
VERIFICARE POP Cr > Npop
clasa imp. g a g b g c g d g e g f
I 2.8 3 1.8 2 0.4 0.6
II 2.5 2.7 1.6 1.8 0.35 0.55
III 2.2 2.4 1.4 1.6 0.3 0.5
IV 2 2.2 1.2 1.4 0.25 0.45
V 1.8 2 0 0 0 0
Zonele A, B, C, D
SLUR (GF)
SLEN
SLEND (GS)
SLUO
Zona E
SLUR (GF)
SLEN
SLEND (GS)
SLUO
92.66
28.58
121.24
244.94
0.8
0.45
1.039
0.321
COEFICIENTI PARTIALI DE SIGURANTA (Tab. 5)
gF =g a - 0,4*(q normat / ce*gz) >= 0,3 g a
B=120daN/mp - Buzau; Piatra Neamt
0,6 - conditii deosebite
1,0 - conditii deosebite de adapostire
1,1 - obstacole in calea spulberarii zapezii
0,8 - conditii normale
DATE DIN STAS 10101/21-92
INCARCARI DATE DE ZAPADA
A= 90daN/mp - Cluj-Napoca
ZONA DE CALCUL
C=150daN/mp - Botosani; Bucuresti;Cotnari;Harlau;Iasi;Targu-Neamt;Bacau
E=185daN/mp - Vatra Dornei
ce - COEFICIENTUL CONDITIILOR DE EXPUNERE
DATE PT. VERIFICAREA RIGIDITATII CAPRIOR
INCARCARI PERMANENTE [daN/m]
INCARCARI DIN ZAPADA [daN/m]
TOTAL Pn+Pz [daN/m]
REACTIUNEA [daN]
STARI LIMITA ULTIME (Tab. 4)
g0 =g c - 0,2*(q normat / ce*gz) >= 0,3 g c
g1 =g c
0
gF =g b - 0,4*(q normat / ce*gz) >= 0,3 g b
g0 =g d - 0,2*(q normat / ce*gz) >= 0,3 g d
g1 =g f
0.2
K1df
K2df
fp=(5/384)*(Pn*Lc^4)/(E*Ief)
fz=(5/384)*(Pz*Lc^4)/(E*Ief)
2.2
600
12.96
10.8
135
833
418
10.8
135
145.8
178.2
0.8
0.45
0.058
0.044
Greutate proprie pop b*h*H*glemn*1,2 65 [daN]
React. pana ((3*Rc*2)/2)+(gcp*Lpc)/2 1764 [daN]
5461 [cm]
2868 [daN] Incarcare critica Cr = Ric*A*j*mTi
Ip= b*h^3/12
CALCUL CARACTERISTICI PANA
Lungime calcul Lpc=lp-(2*a)/2 [m]
g lemn [daN/m^3]
gcalc.pana bp*hp*g lemn*1,2[daN/m]
INCARCARI DIN ZAPADA [daN/m]
TOTAL Pn+Pz [daN/m]
gpn=pn*Dp/cos a+gnp/1,1 [daN/m]
K1df
K2df
fpp=(5/384)*(gpn*Lpc^4)/(E*Iefp)
DATE PENTRU CALCUL POPI
fzp=(5/384)*(gzn*Lpc^4)/(E*Iefp)
gz normat - qz1n*dp [daN/m]
DATE PENTRU VERIFICAREA RIGIDITATE PANA
INCARCARI PERMANENTE [daN/m]
CALCULUL MOMENTELOR
g normat pana bp*hp*g lemn[daN/m]
MIp=(gIc*Lpc^2)/2 [daNm]
MIIp=(dpc*Lp^2)/8+(gIIc*Lpc)/4[daNm]

MATERIALE q normat n q calcul Zona gz ce clasa de g a
daN/mp daN/mp daN/mp importanta
tigla+capriori 30 1.2 36 C 150 0.8 1 2.8
astereala 2,4cm 15 1.3 19.5
vata minerala 5 1.3 6.5 g e 0.4
popi+pane 15 1.3 19.5
1.3 0 a [grade] 30
1.3 0 1.25
TOTAL 65 81.5 1.25
2.58
0.84
qz1 normat 150 clasa imp. g a g b g c g d g e g f
qz2 normat 150 cos a 0.8660 I 2.8 3 1.8 2 0.4 0.6
qz1 calcul 387.5 sin a 0.5000 II 2.5 2.7 1.6 1.8 0.35 0.55
qz 2 calcul 387.5 III 2.2 2.4 1.4 1.6 0.3 0.5
IV 2 2.2 1.2 1.4 0.25 0.45
V 1.8 2 0 0 0 0
0.6 1 Zonele A, B, C, D
2.50 168 SLUR (GF)
2.89 1.1 SLEN
0.55 SLEND (GS)
42.35 1 SLUO
0.9218 Zona E
174.38 141 SLUR (GF)
SLEN
313 SLEND (GS)
216.72 226 SLUO
145
NORMATA [daN] n 178
100 1.4 115
0.9
10 304 33.77
12 226 27.00
60.77
0.571 87.72
1440 1.443 0.8
240 DA 0.45
110000 DA 0.193
0.154
5 5
2.3 1 600
0 168 9.24
1.1 8.4
226 0.55 345
1
891.25 0.909 3490
139 1162
140 0.9
1117
366
10 408 181.028
14 3490 345
526.028
26.727 296.3
2287 2.5 0.8
327 FALSE 0.45
110000 FALSE 5.857
11.162
313 Greutate proprie pop b*h*H*glemn*1,2 35 [daN]
9.24 1 React. pana ((3*Rc*2)/2)+(gcp*Lpc)/2 985 [daN]
2005 120 3201 [cm]
500 1.25 3373 [daN]
196 0.8
4.0 1
124 0.983
0.203 94.4
0.9
14 3373
14 2005
2.5 DA
50.5
3201 100
16.0 DA
3201
VERIFICARE LA STABILITATE s <= R
l VARIANTA LEMN ROTUND s = Npop / j I *A
bp [cm] COMPRESIUNE AXIALA [daN]
hp [cm] FORTA AXIALA POP [daN]
ING.
140
I ef (f) (p D^4)/64 [cm^4]
PROIECTANT,
I ef = (bp*hp^3)/12 [cm^4] R - rezist.de calcul la compresiune
DIAMETRU [cm] s < R
mTi - Coeficient de tratare
l DIMENSIUNI FINALE POP VERIFICARE POP Cr > Npop
l = lf / I mdi=(dpc*k+qz1c*k1)/(dpc+qz1c)
ji = 3100/ l^2 Ric=mui*mdi*Ri/gI [daN/cm2]
Hp [m] Cr > N pop
coef.partial siguranta Incarcare critica Cr = Ric*A*j*mTi
N pop = 2*Rp+gpp [daN] Ri daN/cm2 rasinoase-clasa II Ip= b*h^3/12
A= b*h [cm^2] k
Raza de giratie I^2=Ip/A [cm] k1
Lung.flamb. 2*Hp [cm] g I
Reactiune caprior [daN] CONF. NP 019-97 ; NP 005-96
gcalc.pana [daN/m] mui coef.cond.lucru
fzp=(5/384)*(gzn*Lpc^4)/(E*Iefp)
DIMENSIONARE POPI CARACTERISTICI LEMN DATE PENTRU CALCUL POPI
I efp [cm^4] f adm. L/200 [cm] K1df
W ef p [cm^3] Mr > MI K2df
E [daN/cm^2] fmax <= f adm. fpp=(5/384)*(gpn*Lpc^4)/(E*Iefp)
VERIFICARE RIGIDITATE fmax <= f adm TOTAL Pn+Pz [daN/m]
VERIFICARE Mr > MI DATE PENTRU VERIFICAREA RIGIDITATE PANA
bp [cm] Mrp=(Ric*Wefp*mTi*mui)/100 INCARCARI PERMANENTE [daN/m]
CARACTERISTICI SECTIONALE fmax=fpp*(1+k1df)+fzp*(1+k2df) [cm] gpn=pn*Dp/cos a+gnp/1,1 [daN/m]
IPOTEZA II gIIc=gpc+puc [daN]
DIMENSIUNI PANE
10*15; 12*15; 12*17; 15*17; 17*17; 17*19
l DIMENSIUNI FINALE PANE
puc*1,4 [daN] mTi - Coeficient de tratare
hp [cm] MI=(pcalp*Lpc^2)/8 INCARCARI DIN ZAPADA [daN/m]
gcal.p/cos a+gppana [daN/m] k gz normat - qz1n*dp [daN/m]
INCARCARI DIN ZAPADA k1 CALCULUL MOMENTELOR
IPOTEZA I gIc=gpc+gzc [daN/m]
qz1c*dp [daN/m] mdi=(dpc*k+qz1c*k1)/(dpc+qz1c) MIp=(gIc*Lpc^2)/2 [daNm]
INCARCARE UTILA Ric=mui*mdi*Ri/gI [daN/cm2] MIIp=(dpc*Lp^2)/8+(gIIc*Lpc)/4[daNm]
Distanta intre popi [m] CONF. NP 019-97 ; NP 005-96 Lungime calcul Lpc=lp-(2*a)/2 [m]
Distanta intre pane trans. [m] mui coef.cond.lucru g lemn [daN/m^3]
INCARCARI PERMANENTE g I coef.partial siguranta g normat pana bp*hp*g lemn[daN/m]
Dist. Pop-contrafisa [m] Ri daN/cm2 rasinoase-clasa II gcalc.pana bp*hp*g lemn*1,1[daN/m]
I ef [cm^4] f adm. L/200 [cm] K1df
fz=(5/384)*(Pz*Lc^4)/(E*Ief)
DIMENSIONARE PANA CARACTERISTICI LEMN CALCUL CARACTERISTICI PANA
W ef [cm^3] Mr > MI K2df
E [daN/cm^2] fmax <= f adm. fp=(5/384)*(Pn*Lc^4)/(E*Ief)
VERIFICARE RIGIDITATE fmax <= f adm TOTAL Pn+Pz [daN/m]
DATE PT. VERIFICAREA RIGIDITATII CAPRIOR
bc [cm] Mr=(Ric*Wef*mTi*mui)/100 INCARCARI PERMANENTE [daN/m]
CARACTERISTICI SECTIONALE f max=fp*(1+k1df)+fz*(1+k2df) [cm] REACTIUNEA [daN]
8*10; 8x12; 10x12; 10*15; 12*15
l DIMENSIUNI FINALE CAPRIORI VERIFICARE Mr > MI
WnecI=MI*100/0,9*Ric [cm^3]
WnecII=MII*100/0,9*Ric [cm^3]
CALCUL [daN]
hc [cm] M=max(MI, MII) INCARCARI DIN ZAPADA [daN/m]
INCARCARI UTILE (daN) MII=(gpcal*Lc^2)/8+(guc*Lc)/4[daNm]
gF =g b - 0,4*(q normat / ce*gz) >= 0,3 g b
g0 =g d - 0,2*(q normat / ce*gz) >= 0,3 g d
TOTAL INCARCARI (daN/m) Rc=pcal*Lc/2 [daN] g1 =g f
mTi - Coeficient de tratare
DIMENSIUNI CAPRIORI
INCARCARI DIN ZAPADA (daN/m) mdi=(qc*k+qz1c*k1)/(qc+qz1c)
dc*qz1c*cosa2 Ric=mui*mdi*Ri/gI [daN/cm2]
INCARCARI PERMANENTE (daN/m) k
permanente+zapada MI=pcal*Lc^2/8 [daNm] 0.2
dp - distanta dintre pane [m] Ri daN/cm2 rasinoase-clasa II
g1 =g c
(dc*qc*cosa) k1 0
gF =g a - 0,4*(q normat / ce*gz) >= 0,3 g a
Lc - lungime caprior [m] g I coef.partial siguranta g0 =g c - 0,2*(q normat / ce*gz) >= 0,3 g c
DIMENSIONARE CAPRIORI CARACTERISTICI LEMN
CONF. NP 019-97 ; NP 005-96 STARI LIMITA ULTIME (Tab. 4)
cz2
g F=g a - 0,4*(q n / ce*gz)
TOTAL INCARCARI DIN ZAPADA 0,3*ga
dc - distanta dintre capriori [m] mui coef.cond.lucru
unghi caprior-orizontala 1,0 - conditii deosebite de adapostire
cz1 1,1 - obstacole in calea spulberarii zapezii
ce - COEFICIENTUL CONDITIILOR DE EXPUNERE
SLEND (Grup Speciala) 0,8 - conditii normale
0,6 - conditii deosebite
COEFICIENTI PARTIALI DE SIGURANTA (Tab. 5)
BREVIAR DE CALCUL ŞARPANTA
DIMENSIONARE ELEMENTE STRUCTURALE SARPANTA LEMN DATE DIN STAS 10101/21-92
CONFORM NP 019-97;NP 005-96; STAS 10101/21-92 INCARCARI DATE DE ZAPADA
B=120daN/mp - Buzau; Piatra Neamt
C=150daN/mp - Botosani; Bucuresti;Cotnari;Harlau;Iasi;Targu-Neamt;Bacau