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You are on page 1of 9

Defining Polynomials

Adding Like Terms

• Monomials - a number, a variable, or a product of a

number and one or more variables. 4x, 20x

2

yw

3

, -3,

a

2

b

3

, and 3yz are all monomials.

• Polynomials – one or more monomials added or

subtracted

• 4x + 6x

2

, 20xy - 4, and 3a

2

- 5a + 4 are all polynomials.

Vocabulary

Like Terms

Like Terms refers to monomials that have the same

variable(s) but may have different coefficients. The

variables in the terms must have the same powers.

Which terms are like? 3a

2

b, 4ab

2

, 3ab, -5ab

2

4ab

2

and -5ab

2

are like.

Even though the others have the same variables, the

exponents are not the same.

3a

2

b = 3aab, which is different from 4ab

2

= 4abb.

Like Terms

Constants are like terms.

Which terms are like? 2x, -3, 5b, 0

-3 and 0 are like.

Which terms are like? 3x, 2x

2

, 4, x

3x and x are like.

Which terms are like? 2wx, w, 3x, 4xw

2wx and 4xw are like.

Add: (x

2

+ 3x + 1) + (4x

2

+5)

Step 1: Underline like terms:

Step 2: Add the coefficients of like terms, do not change

the powers of the variables:

Adding Polynomials

(x

2

+ 3x + 1) + (4x

2

+5)

Notice: ‘3x’ doesn’t have a like term.

(x

2

+ 4x

2

) + 3x + (1 + 5)

5x

2

+ 3x + 6

Some people prefer to add polynomials by stacking them.

If you choose to do this, be sure to line up the like terms!

Adding Polynomials

(x

2

+ 3x + 1) + (4x

2

+5)

5x

2

+ 3x + 6

(x

2

+ 3x + 1)

+ (4x

2

+5)

Stack and add these polynomials: (2a

2

+3ab+4b

2

) + (7a2+ab+-2b

2

)

(2a

2

+3ab+4b

2

) + (7a2+ab+-2b

2

)

(2a

2

+ 3ab + 4b

2

)

+ (7a

2

+ ab + -2b

2

)

9a

2

+ 4ab + 2b

2

Adding Polynomials

1) 3x

3

7x

( )

+ 3x

3

+ 4x

( )

=

6x

3

3x

2) 2w

2

+ w 5

( )

+ 4w

2

+ 7w+1

( )

= 6w

2

+ 8w 4

3) 2a

3

+ 3a

2

+ 5a

( )

+ a

3

+ 4a + 3

( )

=

3a

3

+ 3a

2

+ 9a + 3

• Add the following polynomials; you may stack them if you

prefer:

Subtract: (3x

2

+ 2x + 7) - (x

2

+ x + 4)

Subtracting Polynomials

Step 1: Change subtraction to addition (Keep-Change-Change.).

Step 2: Underline OR line up the like terms and add.

(3x

2

+ 2x + 7) + (- x

2

+ - x + - 4)

(3x

2

+ 2x + 7)

+ (- x

2

+ - x + - 4)

2x

2

+ x + 3

Subtracting Polynomials

1) x

2

x 4

( )

3x

2

4x +1

( )

= 2x

2

+ 3x 5

2) 9y

2

3y + 1

( )

2y

2

+ y 9

( )

=

7y

2

4y +10

3) 2g

2

+ g 9

( )

g

3

+3g

2

+ 3

( )

=

g

3

g

2

+ g 12

• Subtract the following polynomials:

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