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Full Marks : 100

Pass Marks : 40
Time : 3 Hours
THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF WELDING
Associate Membership Examination
Summer Session, June 2013
Sub : Chemistry (AME - 03)
1
Question 1 to 8 are general type. Question 9 have both multiple
and True/False type.
Answer any five
Parts of a questions should be answered at one place
1. Discuss the theory of bonding in metals. Explain with examples,
the following type of bonds : i) Covalent bond, ii) Co-ordinate
covalent bond, iii) Lonic bond
2. Write names of salts that creates, (I) temporary and (ii) permanent
hardness in natural water. Write name of salts that, if added to
water, does not create any of the above type of hardness in water,
except making it impure. What is meant by softening of hard
water? Describe Lime soda process for removal of hardness in
water. Give some of the related chemical equations. What is the
name of artificially prepared Zeolite.
3. Write short notes on the following topics, with suitable examples :
(i) Natural fuel and Synthetic Fuel (ii) Primary fuel and Secondary
fuel (iii) Solid fuel and gaseous fuel. Give calculation to show that
one B.Th. U is equal to 252 calories of heat. Write the advantages
and disadvantages of solid fuels, preferably in Tabular form
4 Define the term pollution. Name some of the primary pollutants
and write their major sources. Explain clearly the meaning of
ozone hole and its effects on human health. What major safety is
given to us by ozone layer ? What actions can help to decelerate
the damage in ozome layer ?
5. Write short notes with suitable examples (I)Oligopolymer and
Macromolecules (ii) Plastic and elastomers (iii) Polyesters and
Polyamides (iv) Isotactic and syndiotatic polymers. Write name
of Rubbers having symbols (i)GR-S (ii) GR-A, (iii) GR-M, (iv)
GR-I.
6. Discuss the following factors on rates of chemical reactions :
(i) Nature and physical state of the Reactant (ii) Concentration of
reactants (iii) Temperature of reaction (iv) Catalyst (v) Nature of
solvent.
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20
2
7. What is meant by corrosion ? Discuss in detail, with examples
(i) Dry corrosion (ii) Wet corrosion
8. Define crystallography. Name the three fundamental laws on
crystallography and discuss them. How Weiss indices and Miller
are related ? Give the rules for obtaining Miller indices of a plane.
Multiple choice questions.
In each question, only one answer is correct among the given alternative
answers. Write the correct answer only (Attempt any four)
9a i. Types of Orthorhombic unit cells are :
(One, Tow, Four and Six)
ii. The numbers of Bravais lattices for seven crystal systems
are: ( Seven, Fourteen and uncertain)
iii. Amongst the following compounds the highest solubility in
water : (Acetic acid, Acetylene, Ethylene, Ethane.)
iv. Which of the polymers do not fall under the category of co-
polymer : (Polythene, Natural rubber, Nitrile rubber)
v. A compound that posses intermolecular hydrogen bonding
(i) (Ethylene; Acetylene; Ethyl alcohol; Dimethylether.)
vi. A compound that is having only sigma (a) (bond in its
molecular structure : (Ethane, Benzene, Acetylene)
vii. A compound that has both sigma and pi bonds is : (Ethane,
Ethene, Ethyl alcohol, Carbon tetrachloride.)
viii. A benzene can be obtained from polymerisation of (Ethylene,
Acetylene, Methane, Ethane.)
True or False Questions (Answer any Two questions)
9b I. Crystalline materials shows sharp melting point, compared to
amorphous materials. (True or False)
ii. For same molecular weight, molecules possessing hydrogen
bonding capacity shows higher boiling point than those
without hydrogen bonding capacity. (True or False)
iii. Both Diamond and Graphite are allotropes of element
Carbon. (True or False)
iv. Both temporary and permanent hard water shows higher
boiling point than pure water. (True or False)
v. Ethyl alcohol and Dimethyl ether have same molecular mass.
(True or False)
vi. Mixture of Zinc oxide and sulphur is necessary for vulcanising
natural rubber. (True or False)

20
4x3=12
2x4=12
Full Marks : 100
Pass Marks : 40
Time : 3 Hours
THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF WELDING
Associate Membership Examination
Summer Session, June 2013
Sub : Industrial Sociology (AME - 06)
3
Parts of a questions should be answered at one place
Answer any five
1. What do you mean by The term Sociological Perspective ?
Discuss the different types of sociological perspective
2. Define the two terms Status and Role. Discuss the
functionalist and conflict perspective on social stratification.
3. Define the term Culture. Explain different elements of culture.
4. Define the terms Science and Technology. How would you
explain the impact of science and technology on culture and
civilization.
5. What do you mean by the term Environment ? Explain the
socio-economic factors which are responsible for destruction of
an eco-friendly environment.
6. Define the term Women Workers. Discuss the present
condition of women workers in Indian perspective.
7. What is meant by the term Industrial dispute ? Explain the
causes of Industrial disputes and find out its solution.
8. What do you mean by Trade Union ? Explain the nature of
Trade Union movement in Indian Polity.
3+17=20
2+18=20
3+17=20
3+17=20
2+18=20
2+18=20
2+18=20
3+17=20
4
Full Marks : 100
PART - A
Answer any Ten question, each carrying 1 mark
Pass Marks : 40
Time : 3 Hours
1. i. For Maximum power transfer, the thickness equivalent
resistance network must be equal to a) Double the load
resistance, b) Some as load resistance c) Half of the load
resistance, d) None of them.
ii. AT is the unit of a) MMF, b) Reluctance c) Magnetizing force
d) Magnetic flux
iii. When a sigmoidal voltage is applied across R-L series circuit
having R=X , the power factor angle will be a) 30 b) 45 c)
L
45 lag d) Zero
iv. A 10 Volt AC source is connected to a resistance and a coil of
negligible resistance. If the voltage across resistance is 6V,
t h e v o l t a g e a c r o s s t h e c o i l i s a ) 1 0 V
b) 8V c) 6V d) 16V
v. The build is potential of a silicon diode is about :
a) 2 - 4V b) 3V c) 3.1V d) 0.7V
vi. If the ac input to a half wave rectifier has an r.m.s. value of
volts, then diode PIV rating is
a) b) 200V c) 200 2 V d)
vii. CE Amplifier with no load resistance has an a.c load which
is equal to :
a) R +R b) R 11 R c) R , d) R - R
c E c E c c E
viii. Inductive reactance of a coil of inductance 0.24 at 50 Hz is:
a) 62.8 W b) 628 W c) 0.2 W d) 20 W
ix. In an ideal voltage controlled voltage source the value of Ri
and Ro tend to
a) 0, 0 b) 0, c) ,0 d) ,
x. The ripple factor for a half wave rectifier is
a) 0.482 b) 0.41 c) 1.21 d) 1.11
THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF WELDING
Associate Membership Examination
Summer Session, June 2013
Sub : Electrical Engineering and Electronics (AME - 08)
1x10
200
2
V
200
2
V
200 2
V
5
xi. Three resistors of 4W, 6Wand 8Ware in parallel. In which
resistor power dissipated is maximum ?
a) 4 W b) 6Wc) 8 W d) Equal in all resistors
xii. Two lamps each rated at 100 W, 230 V are connected in
series across 230 V a.c main. Each lamp will glow at
a) 50 W b) 100 W c) 200 W d) 25 W

Answer any three question
2. a. State and explain Thereminis Teeorem
b. Find the value of R in the circuit shown below
c. For the circuit below find the potential difference between a
and d
3. a. Explain apparent power, active power and reactive power
with phasor diagram
b. Derive the expression for resonance frequency and
impedance for series R - L - C circuit
c. A coil of resistance 200 Wand inductance 100mH is
connected in series with a 100 p F Capacitor. The circuit is
connected to a 20V variable frequency source. Calculate
resistant frequency, current at resistance, voltage across L
and C and Q factor of the circuit.
4. a. Explain the working principle of polyphase induction motor.
b. An 8 pole lap connected armature has 40 slots with 12
conductors per slot generates a voltage of 500 V. Determine
the speed at which it is running if the flux per pole is 50 m wb.
PART - B
15x3
5
5
4
4
5
7
5
5
c. Explain 3 point starter with diagram for D.C. shunt motor
5. a. Explain briefly the action of a transformer and show that the
voltage ratio of the primary and secondary windings is the
same as their turns ratio.
b. A single phase transformer working at unity power factor has
an efficiency of 90% at both half load and at the full load of
500W. Determine the efficiency at 75% full load and the
maximum efficiency.
PART - C
Answer any three question, Each carrying 15 marks.
6. a. Find the expression of voltage gain of a common emitter
amplifier with a load resistance R from its equivalent circuit.
L
b. Calculate the emitter current in the voltage divider circuit
shown below. Also find the value of V and the collector
CE
potential Vc.
7. a. Explain with neat diagram and the general torque equation
for electrodynamo meter instruments.
b. Explain, how the range of moving iron instrument can be
extended.
c. A 250V moving iron voltmeter takes a current of 0.05 A when
connected to a 250V D.C. Supply. The coil has an inductance
of 1 Henry. Determine the reading of the meter when
connected to a 250V, 100 Hz a.c. Supply.
8. a. Explain with neat diagram the half wave and full wave
rectifier.
b. Find out the value of ripple factor for full wave rectifier.
c. A half wave rectifier is used to supply 10V D.C. to a resistive
load of 1 KW. Calculate the a.c. voltage required.
9. Write short note on.
a. Operational Amplifier
b. P-N-P Transistor
c. Posirtiv and Negative Feedback
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7
8
7
8
5
5
5
5
5
5
3x5=15
6
2
11WL
120EI
3
5WL
348EI
3
WL
48EI
2
WL
48EI

7
Full Marks : 100
Answer question 1 and any five from the rest.
Parts of a questions should be answered at one place
Pass Marks : 40
Time : 3 Hours
THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF WELDING
Associate Membership Examination
Summer Season, June 2013
Sub : Strength of Materials (AME - 07)
10x2=20
1. Choose the correct answer and give explanation (Any ten)
i. Maximum value of Poissons ratio for any material.
a) 1 b) -1 c) 3 d) 0.5
ii. Hooks law holds good upto
a) yield point b) elastic limit
c) plastic limit d) proportional limit
iii. For a circular section of diameter d section modulus is -
3 3 4 2
a) pd /64 b) d /32 c) d /64 d) d /32
iv. The ratio of the strengths of solid and hollow shafts in torsion
both having outside diameters D and hollow shaft having
inside diameter of D/2 will be
3 15 1
a) b) / c) / d) /
4 16 16
v. Shear stress along the principal plane subject to principal
stress s and sis
1 2
a) sb) s c) od) s- s
1 2 1 2
vi. Strain energy stored in a solid circular shaft in proportional to
2 2
a) GJ b) 1/GJ c) (GJ) d) 1/(GJ)
vii. A simply supported beam of span L is carrying a point load W
at the mid span. What is the deflection at the centre of the
beam ?
a) b) c) d)
viii. When shear force along a section in zero
a) Bending moment (BM) is maximum or minimum
b) BM is zero
c) BM is infinite
d) BM is unpredictable
p p p
8
ix. If mean torque, T Nm, find out power transmitted when N is
shaft rotational speed in RPM
a) b)
c) d) none of the above

x. In a cantilever beam loaded with uniformly distributed
loading, shear force diagram is
a) parabolic b) Cubic c) Constant d) Linear
xi. The rate of change of bending moment at any section is equal
to
a) rate of loading at that section
b) rate of change of deflection at the section
c) shear force at that section
d) rate of change of shear force at that section
xii. Point of inflexion or contra flexure is the point where
a) shear force and bending moment cross each other
b) deflection changes sign
c) bending moment is maximum
d) bending moment diagram shows change of sign
2. Give neat sketches of engineering stress strain diagrams for two
kinds of materials with appropriate labeling. Discuss about the
regions of stress strain diagram and the significance of different
points on it.
3.a.The biaxial state of strress on an element is shown in Fig.1. Using
Mohr circle, determine
i) Principal stresses and their planes
ii) Normal stress and shear stress on a plane 25 inclined to y-
direction
iii) Maximum shear stress
b. Using a Mohr circle, derive the expression for principal
stresses in terms of s, s, l
x y xy
4+4+
3+5=16
12
4
2pNT
60
2pNT
60
KW
2pNT
60
HP
Watt
9
4. Draw the shear force and bending moment diagrams for the beam
shown in Fig.2. Also the elastic curve of the beam indicating its
deflection.
Find out the maximum shear force and maximum bending
moment in E, A and I are modulus of elasticity, cross sectional
area and area moment of inertia respectively. Assume any other
quantity not given.
5. a) For a thin walled cylindrical pressure vessel, derive the
expressions for circumferential and longitudinal stresses.
b) The state of stress of a point is given as s= 200 MPa, s=-200
xx yy
MPa and l= 100 Mpa. Determine the principal stresses
xy
analytically and also find out the same through a Mohr circle. Find
out shear stress at a plane inclined at 15 with X-X axis.
6. A stepped shaft is subject to torque as shown in Fig.3. Determine
the angle of twist at the force and at point B and C.
Lengths of each diameter of rod are equal and of 400 mm.
7. Find out maximum deflection and maximum slope of the beam as
shown in Fig.4. Given, EI is constant
8. A beam of I section is 500mm deep and 190 mm wide with flanges
of 25 mm thickness and 15 mm thick web. It is subjected to a
loading conditions as shown in Fig.5. Calculate the maximum
bending stress and maximum shear stress intensity in the section
8 4
when area moment of inertia is assumed to be 6.45 x 10 mm .
Show shear force and bending moment distribution.

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16
16
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10
6
2
4
8
10
Full Marks : 100
Answer any Five question
Parts of a questions should be answered at one place
Pass Marks : 40
Time : 3 Hours
1. a) With neat sketches explain the various allowances provided
on patterns and core boxes.
b) Explain the suitability of any three of the following types of
patterns depending upon the size, shape and its complexity
of the casting and on the quantity of production.
Split pattern, solid pattern, skeleton pattern, match plate
pattern.
2. a) What is the difference between drop forging and upset
forging ?
b) Explain how upset forging is carried out in a forging machine.
c) Explain the various impressions in closed die forging using a
drop hammer with a suitable example.
3. a) What are the properties required in a cutting tool material ?
Name any three cutting tool materials and point out and their
areas of application
b) What is tool life ?
c) How is tool life dependent on the following cutting
parameters ?
Depth of cut, cutting speed, feed and use of coolant.
4. a) In interchangeable assembly, explain what is meant by
tolerance, and allowance.
b) What are hole basis and shaft basis systems of specification
of tolerance ?
c) Explain when each system is adopted ?
d) Illustrate how you would provide the gauge tolerances on go
and no go limit gauges for a shaft assuming gauge tolerance
is 10% of total shaft tolerance.
THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF WELDING
Associate Membership Examination
Summer Session, June 2013
Sub : Production Engineering (AME - 10)
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2
2
11
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10
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e) Explain how the provision of gauge tolerance affects (i)
acceptance of defective shafts, ii) Rejection of components
conforming to tolerances.
5. Explain in detail how any two of the following can be measured in
the metrology laboratory.
a) Effective diameter of a screw thread
b) Pitch circle diameter of a spur gear.
c) Surface flatness.
d) Surface finish.
6. a) Explain what is meant by method study and time study in a
repetetive welding job.
b) Explain why method study should precede time study.
c) In a repetitive welding job, a stop watch time study was
conducted. The observed time was 1 minute 40 seconds.
The worker was rated at 85%. If 25% allowance is provided,
calculate the i) Normal time, and ii) Standard time.
7. a) What is piercing and blanking operations on a sheet metal
in a press.
b) If the thickness of the sheet is 6 mm, and the tolerance on the
punch and die is taken as 10% of plate thickness, calculate
the punch and die diameters in a blanking operation of a
15mm dia blanks. Show the provision of the tolerance on the
punch and the die.
c) What is deep drawing ?
What is it sometimes necessary to heat treat the job between
different stages of deep drawing ?
8. Write short notes on any three of the following.
a) Investment casting
b) Gear shaping.
c) Centre less grinding.
d) PERT and CPM.
e) Re-order point in inventory control.
Full Marks : 100
Answer question 1 and any 4 questions from
among the rest questions.
Parts of a question should be answered at one place.
Pass Marks : 40
Time : 3 Hours
1. In the following multiple choice questions, there may be one or
more options that can be considered correct. You need to write
down the correct option or options.
A. The c/s ratio for an ideal hcp metal is
a) 1.73 b) 1.94 c) 1.63 d) 1.57
B. For a ductile metal
a) Necking is observed in a tension tested specimen
b) Necking is observed in the neck portion of a tensile specimen
c) Is more prominently observed in a torsion tested specimen,
since this test gives a better yardstick for ductility than a
tensile test.
d) Necking is not unique in a ductile metal, since this is also
observed in a brittle metal at a very low strain rate of loading.
C. B y naked eye, ductile fracture surface is characterized by
a) fibrous matt appearance b) shining appearance
c) Striated appearance. d) dimpled appearance
D. In one of the following sets, the crystal structure types (at room
temperature) are not the same. Identify that set.
a) Cu, Ni, Al, b) W, Nb, Fe, c) Sn, Zn, Mg d) Au, Ag, Pt
E. Crack initiation is essentially a surface phenomenon in
a) Fatigue b) Creep, c) Compression failure d) Tensile tearing
F. Transition metals have more than one valence, because
a) There are unfilled electron shells
b) There are variable valence electrons in the outermost shell
c) The bond structures in these metals are not truly metallic
d) The ionization potentials of these metals are variable.
THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF WELDING
Associate Membership Examination
Summer Session, June 2013
Sub : Material Science (AME - 09)
12
1x20=20
13
G. Talking of thermodynamically stable phase in Fe-C diagram we
mean
a) Fe only b) Graphite only c) Fe and Graphite
d) A very low temperature phase not normally shown in the
diagram.
H. In Fe-C phase diagram relevant for steels, phases with the
following crystal structures and found.
a) orthorhombic, fcc, bcc and hcp
b) rhombohedral, fcc, bcc and hexagonal array
c) orthorhombic, fcc, bcc
d) orthorhombic, fcc, bcc, hexagonal array
I. Van der Walls force
a) is not present in solids, b) is present in gases but not in liquids
c) is related to the weak nuclear forces.
d) can be present in all common phases of matter
J. Fatigue fracture surface shows
a) River patterns b) Striation marks
c) Herringbone pattern d) Shear lip.
K. Grain growth in a metallic alloy
a) is a stronger function of changes in time than changes in
temperature.
b) is a stronger function of changes in temperature than in
changes in time.
c) the influence of changes in time and temperature are similar
d) is influenced by a strong electric force field
L. Griffiths theory of fracture comes under
a) Linear elasto-plastic fracture mechanics
b) Linear plastic fracture mechanics
c) Linear elastic fracture mechanics
d) Nonlinear elastic fracture mechanics
M. Vacancies in a metal
a) can be produced by quenching
b) can be produced by cold work
c) cannot be present in equilibrium
d) is always to be present with equal number of interstitials
N. Electronegativity
a) is a measure of the ease by which an atom can accept an
electron.
b) is a measure of the ease by which an atom can accept a
positively charge.
c) increases from left to right in the periodic table.
d) decreases from left to right in the periodic table.
O. Twinning is
a) elastic deformation, b) common in hcp metals
c) common is bcc metals d) more likely at low temperatures
P. Following is unique to polymeric materials
a) elasticity b) Plasticity c) Visocelasticity, d) All
Q. If N electrons are present in the valence shell of an atom, then the
number of covalent bonds they can make are :
a) N b) 8 - N c) N - 8 d) none.
R. Coordination number for closest packed crystal structure is
a) 8, b) 12 c) 10 d) 6
S. The number of crystal systems is
a) 5 b) 7 c) 14 d) 21
T. Elements A and B react to form an ionic compound with a formula
A B. If B has 6 electrons in the outermost shell, how many
2
electrons in the outermost shell does A have ?
a) 6 b) 4 c) 2 d) 1
2. a. What is the difference between engineering stress-strain
diagram, and true stress-strain diagram for metals.
Schematically, draw such diagrams for mild steel and copper,
explaining the various regions in the diagrams.
b. Derive the relation between engineering strain and true strain.
c. Define critical resolved shear stress, and derive the expression
relating this and the applied stress.
3. a. Define phase rule. Explain the validity of this rule for eutectic,
eutectoid, and peritectic transformations in well known phase
diagrams.
b. Explain the difference between solid solution and intermetallic
compound from the viewpoint of internal structure and the way
they appear in a phase diagram.
c. Explain what is meant by sigma phase. Explain its role to
determine the property of a well known metallic system.
10
5
5
8
6
6
14
4. a. Explain what mechanical testing can be used to determine the
ductile-to-brittle transition temperature of a metal, and how the
results are interpreted.
b. Do Charpy Test and the test using CT specimens give identical
toughness property ? Explain.
c. Explain how a fatigue crack is initiated and propagates in a
metal.
5. a. Giving examples, explain the features of all the bond types that
are possible in a material.
b. According to electerodynamics, an electron orbiting around an
atomic nucleus should continuously emit radiations, and
ultimately fall to the nucleus. But in actuality, this does not
happen. Explain how Bohrs model explains this.
c. Do you find any similarity between the electronic
configurations in the transition metals and the rare earth
metals ? Explain.
6. a) Explain what you mean by Miller indices for crystal planes and
directions. Explain how they are arrived at for cubic and
hexagonal crystal systems.
b) What are the close packed planes and directions for cubic and
hexagonal crystal systems.
c) Explain why close packed planes and directions are important.
7. Write short notes on.
a. Preferred orientation in metal microstructures
b. Point defects in ceramics
c. Bauschinger effect
d. Polymorphism
8. a. Take the example of a monomer and explain how a polymer is
formed from this by the process of addition polymerization.
b. Take the example of a monomer and explain how a polymer is
formed from this by the process of condensation
polymerization.
c. Explain the properties, process of making and molecular
structure of thermoplastic polymers. Give examples.
d. Explain the properties, process of making and molecular
structure of thermosetting polymers. Give examples.

6
8
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10
10
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
4x5=20
15
Full Marks : 100
Answer any five questions from the following
Parts of a questions should be answered at one place
Pass Marks : 40
Time : 3 Hours
1. A Coin of 40 mm diameter rolls over a horizontal table without
slipping. A point on the circumference of the coin is in contact with
the table surface in the beginning and after one complete
revolution. Draw the cyclodial path traced by the point.
2. The mind-point of a straight line AB is 60 mm above H.P. and 50
mm in front of V.P. The line measures 80 mm long and inclined at
30 to H.P. and 45 to V.P. Draw its projections,
3. A hexagonal prism, side of base 30 mm and height 65 mm, rests
with one of its base corners on H.P. such that its base makes an
angle of 60 to H.P. and its axis is parallel to V.P. Draw its
projections.
4. A pentagonal pyramid, side of base 30 mm and axis 60 mm long,
rests with its base on H.P. and one of the edges of its base is
perpendicular to V.P. It is cut by a section plane perpendicular to
V.P., parallel to H.P. and passing through the axis at a point 35 mm
above the base. Draw the front and sectional to views.
5. A hollow cylinder of base 50 mm diameter and axis 70 mm long
has a square hole of 20 mm side. The axes of the cylinder and the
hole coincide. Draw the isometric projection of the solid.
6. A cone of base 50 mm diameter and height 65 mm rests with its
base on H.P. A section plane perpendicular to V.P. and inclined at
30 to H.P. bisects the axis of the cone. Draw the development of
the lateral surface of the turncated cone.
7. Draw the following weld symbols and illustrate by a suitable
sketch.
a. Weld all round
b. Shop and site welds
c. Backing strip and
d. Compound welds.
THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF WELDING
Associate Membership Examination
Summer Session, June 2013
Sub : Engineering Drawing (AME - 11)
20
20
20
20
20
20
4x5=20
16
17
1. a) Let A be a 3x3 matrix whose first row is (1,2,1).
If adj A = find the determinant of A.
b) Let A be a 2x2 matrix, If
= = compute A
2. a) Solve by matrix inversion method
x - 3y+2z = 0, x+y+z=3, 3x-y+2z=7
-1
b) If U = Sin , prove that
= tan u
3. a) If u(x,y) = When x y
= 0 when x=y
Show that the function is discontinuous at (0,0)
b) If x = Sin (u+v) y = Cos (u-v)
Show that = sin 2u - sin 2 v
4. a) Find the maxima and minima of the function
3 2 2 2
f (x,y) = x +3xy - 15x - 15y +72x
2 2 2 2 2 2
b) If u = a x + b y + c z where = 1
Show that the stationary value of U to given by
ax = by = cz = a+b+c
5. a) Find the equation of tangent plane and the normal line to the
surface 2xyz + 3yz + z = 6 at (1,1,1)
2 2
b) Evaluate (x + y ) x dxdy over the positive quadrant of the
Full Marks : 100
Answer any five question from 1 to 8
Parts of a questions should be answered at one place
Pass Marks : 40
Time : 3 Hours
THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF WELDING
Associate Membership Examination
Summer Session, June 2013
Sub : Engineering Mathematics (AME - 12)
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
1
a
b
a
3
b
1
1
a
( (
1
2,
3
4 ,
2
5
1
1
( ( ( (
((((
A A
2 2
x +3xy+2y
3x+2y
( (
2 2
3x +y
2x-2y

y
u

x
u
x
+ y

(u,v)
(x,y)
1 1 1
x y z
+ +
18
6. a) Solve y (1+x) dx+x (1+y) dy = 0 at x=y=1
5
b) Solve + 7x +5y = x
7. a) Find the Fourier series of the function
f(x) = -p/ when -
4
p
= /4 when o< xp
b) By integral test prove that the series
is convergent
8. a) Use Fourier method to solve
0xp, y0
U (o, y) = u (p,y) = 0 u (x,0) = x
b) Find the values of x for which the series
is convergent.
px 0
dy
dx
2 2
x d y
2
dx
1
k=2
(log
2
k)

y
u
2

2
x
u
=
x
2
1
2
x
2
2
3
x
2
3
+ + +
10
10
10
10
10
10
Full Marks : 100
Answer any Five Questions
Parts of a questions should be answered at one place
Pass Marks : 40
Time : 3 Hours
THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF WELDING
Associate Membership Examination
Summer Session, June 2013
Sub : Welding Metallurgy - I (AME - 13)
4x5
5
4
4
12
15
5
10
5
1. a. Compare the solidification processes during ingot casting
and weld metal solidification and show how they are different.
Explain the continuous casting process.
b. Explain macrosegretation and microsegregation in ingots
and castings.
c. Explain cold work and recrystallization.
2. a. Define phase rule. Explain what is an isomorphous system.
Draw the phase diagram of Cu-Ni system exhibiting
complete solubility both in the liquid and in the solid states.
b. What is lever rule ? Explain with sketch(es) how
compositions of liquid and solid phases are determined.
c. Draw the Cooling curves (i) for a pure metal without super
cooling, (ii) for a pure metal with super cooling, (iii) for a solid
solution alloy.
3. a. Draw the Fe-C phase diagram showing all phase fields,
compositions and transformations. Write the three invariant
reactions and mark the critical temperatures.
b. For a plain carbon steel, explain with sketches the
microstructural changes taking place as it is cooled from
solidus temperature to room temperature.
c. Explain the effect of alloying elements on the Fe-C diagram.
4. a. What is plastic deformation? Explain with sketches, the
tensile load-elongation curve and the true stress true strain
curves for a ductile material. Define Engineering stress,
Engineering strain, true stress and true strain. Write the
power relation between true stress and true strain.
b. Explain slip and twinning processes.
19
5. a. Explain the following heat treatment processes for plain
carbon steel with the help of Fe-C diagram. Mark the
temperatures.
a. normalizing
b. full annealing
c. recrystallizing annealing
b. Explain quenching and tempering of steel. What is temper
brittleness ?
c. Draw a T-T-T diagram for an eutectoid steel and mark the
fields.
6. a. Draw a microstructure of a typical weldment and mark the
various regions such as weld metal, HAZ and base metal.
Explain the effect of heat input on the depth of penetration,
bead width and HAZ width.
b. Explain the effect of heat input on the HAZ grain size of mild
steel.
c. Explain, with sketches, the microstructural changes taking
place in the HAZ of mild steel during are welding.
7. Write short notes on the following
a. Killed and rimmed steele,
b. Carburizing
c. Porosity and inclusions
d. Strain hardening
e. Single pass and multi pass welding.
8. Explain martensite transformation in 0.8C steel using shear
mechanism. Write about the progress of the martensitic
reactions. Explain the various stages of tempering of martensite.
Write about the effect of alloying elements on tempering.

10
5
5
8
5
7
20
8+6+6
20
Q = -KA
m
DT
Xw
Full Marks : 100
Answer Questions no. 1 and any Five from the rest
Parts of a questions should be answered at one place
Pass Marks : 40
Time : 3 Hours
THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF WELDING
Associate Membership Examination
Summer Session, June 2013
Sub : Heat and Mass Transfer (AME - 14)
1. Choose the correct from the following :
i) Which is the least value of thermal conductivity.
a) Rubber b) Air c) Water d) Plastic
ii) In fluid flow the shear stress is confined in the
a) Boundary layer
b) Inviscid, incompressible flow region
c) Free stream flow
d) Turbulent flow
iii) Heat conduction through a spherical wall of thickness x is
given by
Where Am is the
a) Arithmetic mean of inside and outside surfaces
b) Geometric mean of inside and outside surface
c) Iogairthmic mean of inside and outside surface
d) Harmonic mean of the two surface
iv) For buoyancy - induced fluid flow and heat transfer this
dimension less number is significant
a) Reynolds number b) Prandlt number
c) Grashot number d) Nusselt number
v) It is disired to increase the heat dissipation rate from the
surface of an electronic device of spherical shape of 5mm
W
radius exposed to convection h = 10 / K by encasing it in a
m2
W
spherical sheath of conductivity K = 0.04 / . For maximum
mk
heat flow, the diameter of the spheath should be
a) 18 mm b) 16 mm c) 12 mm d) 8 mm
vi) A surface that reflects all the incident radiation appears
a) Yellow b) White c) Black d) Red
21
1x10
vii) The sun of the energy emitted and the energy reflected from
a solid is called
a) total emissive power b) Irradiation
c) Radiosity d) Total radiant energy
viii) For a balanced counterflow heat exchanger, the temperature
profiles of the two fluids along the length of the heat
exchanger are
a) Linear, b) Parallel c) Linear and parallel d) Parabolic
ix) The counterpart of equimolar counter diffusion in heat
transfer is
a) Heat conduction b) Natural convection
c) Forced convection d) None
x) It is not a property of the fluid
a) Prandlt number b) Reynolds number
c) Shimidt number d) Lewis number
2. a. Why are metals good thermal conductors while non-metals
are poor conductors of heat ?
b. Show that the temperature variation for heat conduction
through a cylindrical wall having uniform K is logarethmic
c. A tube 2 cm o.d. maintained at uniform temperature of T1, is
covered with insulation (K = 0.20 W/mk) to reduce heat loss
2
to the ambient air at Twith h = 15 W/m K. Find (I) the critical
0
radius r of insulation (ii) The ratio of heat loss from the tube
c
with insulation to that without insulation.
3. a. Define fin effectiveness. When is the use of fins not justified ?
What are the criteria of selection of fins ? What makes you
determine the proper Length of fins attached to a surface ?
b. An electric motor is to be connected by a horizontal steel
shaft of 25 mm diameter to the impeller of a pump circulating
liquid metal at a temperature of 540C. If the temperature of
the electric motor is to be limited to a maximum value of 52C
with the ambient air at 27C, what length of shaft should be
specified between the motor and the pump ? Take K for steel
2
= 42.56 W/mk and h = 40.7 W/m K.
4. a. Consider a sphere and cylinder of equal volume made of
copper. Both the sphere and the cylinder are initially at the
same temperature, and are exposed to convection in the
same environment. What do you think will cool faster, the
cylinder or sphere ? Why
22
2
4
12
9
9
6
2
10
10
9
9
5
3
3
8
10
23
b. A hot cylinder ingot of 50 mm diameter and 200 mm length is
taken from the furnace at 800C and then dipped in water till
2
its temperature falls to 500C (h = 200 W/m K). Then it is
w
directly expased to air till its temperature falls to 100C (ha =
2
20 W/m K). The temperature of air and water is 30C. Taking
3
the properties of ingot as : = 800 kg/m , c = 0.2 kj/kjk, k = 60
W/mk, find the total time required for the ingot to reach the
temperature from 800C to 100.
c. What are the uses of Heislers Charts ?
5. a. Define laminar and turbulent flows. What is Reynold number
for flow over a flat plate ? What is boundary layer thickness ?
What is laminar sublayer ? What is critical Reynolds number
and on what factors does it depend ?
b. Nitrogen gas at 0C is flowing over a 1.2m, long 2m wide
plate maintained at 80C with a velocoty of 2.5 m/s. For
-6 2
nitrogen, r= 1.2 kg/m3, C = 1.04 kj / kjk, g= 15.63x10 m /s
p
and K = 0.0262 W/mk. Find (i) the average heat transfer
coefficient and (ii) the total heat transfer from the plate.
6. a. Atmospheric air at 300 K and a bulk stream velocity of u = 10

m/s flows through a tube with inside diameter of 2.5 cm.


Calculate the pressure drop per 100 m length of the tube for a
smooth tube (f = 0.028) and a commercial tube (f= 0.0315)
b. The maximum allowable surface temperature of an
electrically heated vertical plate 15 cm high and 10cm wide is
100C. Estimate the maximum rate of heat dissipation from
both sides of the plateat 20C. The radiation heat transfer
2 -6
coefficient is 8.72 W/m k. For air at 80, take l=21.09x10
2 9
m /s, Pr = 0.692 and K = 0.03 W/mk. For Ra <10 , you may
1/4
use Nu = 0.59 (Ra) .
c. What is nucleate boiling ? Why is it important ?
7. a. What is an opaque body ? How can its absorptity be
increased or decreased ?
b. On what factors does the radiant heat exchange between two
bodies depend ? What is shape factor ? Show that
State and explain the reciprocity theorem
Cosf, Cosf
1 2
2
r
dA , dA
1 2
A F =
1 12

1
p
A
1
A
2
7
5
10
3
1
4 / x4
2
24
c. A pipe carrying steam has an OD of 20 cm and run in a large
room. It is exposed to air at 30 Calculate the loss of heat to
surroundings per metre length of pipe due to radiation. The
emissivity of pipe surface is 0.8 . Find the reduction in heat
loss if the pipe is enclosed in a 30 cm brick conduit of
emissivity 0.9
8. a. Define effectiveness and NTU of a heat exchanger. What is
the limitation of the F - LMTD method ? How is E-NTU
method superior to F - LMTD method, where F - is the
correction factor.
b. In an oil cooler, oil enters at 160C. If water entering at 15
flows parallel to oil, the exit temperatures of oil and water are
90C and 70C respectively. Determine the temperatures of
oil and water if the two fluids flow in the opposite directions.
Assume that the flow rates of the two fluis and U remain
0
constant.
c. What do you mean by fouling factor ? What are the causes of
fouling ?
9. Write notes on : (any four)
a. Planck;s law of thermal radiation
b. Balanced heat exchanger
c. Film condensation
d. Biot number & Fourier number
e. Raynolds analogy
f. Ficks law of diffusion
g. Dimensional analysis in heat transfer.
Full Marks : 100
Answer any Five questions.
Parts of a questions should be answered at one place
Pass Marks : 40
Time : 3 Hours
THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF WELDING
Associate Membership Examination
Summer Session, June 2013
Sub : Engineering Economics (AME - 16)
2x10
10
10
5x4
1. Point out whether the following statements are true or false stating
reasons (any ten)
a) New firm can easily enter in an imperfect competition market.
b) In a very short period the supply can be adjusted to demand.
c) If there are few sellers it is called oligopoly.
d) The demand for tea will fall due to increase in price of coffee.
f) Extension & contraction of demand related to change in
price.
g) Effective demand forcasting is made through statistical
analysis.
h) Variable factors of productions do not change in short period.
i) Return to scale applies to short period.
j) Average cost is always equal to the cost of the commodity.
k) Break-even analysis helps in deciding probable cost.
l) Modern economist use revenue curve instead of demand
curve.
m) Variable factors of production dont change in short period.
n) Investment is fixed assets.
o) Trade discount is shown in journal entry.
2. a. What do you mean by Law of Demand ? Explain with
schedule & curve. Describe the exceptions to the Law of
Demand.
b. Explain internal & external economies in large scale.
3. Explain the effect of Demand with suitable example in the
following cases :
a. Large quantity of inferior goods have supplied in the market.
b. Increases in price of original goods where as price of
complementary goods remain same.
25
c. Decrease in consumers income.
d. Fall in price of substitute articles.
4. a. What is cross elasticity of demand ? Is it positive for
substitutes or for complementary ? Show in a diagram the
curve relating to the demand for coffee to the price of tea.
b. Price of a commodity falls from ` 4.00 to 3.00 per unit as a
result total expenditure on it rises from ` 200.00 to ` 300.00.
Find out price elasticity of demand by percentage method.
5. a. Discuss in details the different methods of production
function.
b. Distinguish between laws of returns & returns to scale.
6. a. What is opportunity cost ? Give some examples of
opportunity cost. How are these cost relevant for managerial
decision.
b. Find out P/V ratio, break-even point in units & amounts from
the following information : Sell Price ` 10.00 per unit. Variable
cost ` 2.50 per unit & Fixed cost ` 20,000.00 Units sold 100
nos.
7. a. Working Capital is the nerve centre of business. Explain.
b. Explain the factors affecting the requirement of working
capital.
8. Write short notes : (any five)
a. Vouchers
b. Nominal account
c. Petty cash book
d. Explicit cost
e. Private cost
f. Trial balance
g. Provision for bad debt
h. Depreciation

`
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
4x5
26
Full Marks : 100
Answer question 1,2 and 3 and any Five from the rest
Parts of a questions should be answered at one place
Pass Marks : 40
Time : 3 Hours
THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF WELDING
Associate Membership Examination
Summer Session, June 2013
Sub : Computational Methods &
Computer Programming (AME - 17)
5x2=10
5x2=10
5x2=10
1. Choose the best answer (all)
a. Which of the following is assignment operator in C
a) = = b) ++ c) = d) None of these
b. Which of the following is used to browse the internet
a) Web Server b) OS c) Web browser d) All of these
c. Which of the following is used to indicate the end of a C
function.
a) end b) END c) } d) ;
d. Which Ram is non volatile
a) Ordinary RAM b) Flash RAM
c) Both of these d) None of these
e. Which of the following is used as input device
a) Scanner b) Mouse c) Keyboard d) All of these
2. State True or False (all)
a. Scant f function in C is used to take input from standard IO.
b. C is a procedural Language as well as object oriented
Language
c. There is practically no difference between structure and
Union in C.
d. C Language program start execution from main function.
e. Android is a OS for hand held devices.
3. Answer all parts
a. What are the functions of a system program ?
b. What do you understand by conditional statement in C ?
c. Give an example of pointer to function in C
d. What is multi diamentional array in C ?
e. Can you write program assuming C for H/W drivers ?
27
4. a. Write a C program to store name and address of five persons
and display accordingly.
b. What are the differences between compiler and interpreters?
5. a. Find the sum of first n terms of a series
b. Write a C program to check whether a given year is a leap
year or not.
6. a. Write a c program to check whether a given no is a prime no.
or not.
b. Write a c program to compute square of a given number
using calling function.
7. a. Write a C program to find number of words in a statement.
b. Write the functions of output devices of any PC
8. a. What is assembly Language programming ? Give an
example.
b. What are the differences among machine level, assembly
level and high level languages ?
9. a. Convert the following nos.
i) 11001 O to octal
8
ii) 56 to Hexa
D
iii) 8A to binary
H
b. Write the differences among DOS, WINDOWS and LINUX.
10. Write short notes on any four from the following
a. Unsigned Interger
b. Personal Computer
c. File IO in C language
d. Bitwise operator in C language
e. Recursion implementation in C language
10
4
8
6
7
7
8
6
6
8
3x3
5
3.5x4
28
1
11
2
21
3
31
n
n1
+ + + + n0
Full Marks : 100
Pass Marks : 40
Time : 3 Hours
THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF WELDING
Associate Membership Examination
Summer Session, June 2013
Sub : Testing and Quality Control (AME - 19)
10
12
10
10
10
5
5
5
5
5
5
8
5
5
1. a. Write notes an yielding and yielding strength for carbon steel
and stainless steel with neat sketches.
b. What is the effect of temperature on the material strength ?
explain with examples.
c. Define toughness and compare its effect with example for
various materials.
2. a. What is Total Quality Management / System ? Explain with its
components.
b. Explain and Compare Quality, Quality Control, Quality
Assurance
3. a. Explain with neat sketches the conductance of Liquid
Penetrant examinations.
b. Explain various tuypes of Liquid penetrant examination
methods.
c. What are the major limitations of Liquid penetrant
examination.
4. a. Explain various failure mechanisms with examples
b. Explain brittle fracture.
c. How non-Destructive examination can be used for the
detection and prevention of failure ?
5. a. Differentiate true and Engineering stress and strain with
sketch.
b. Explain elastic recovery during deformations.
c. Explain Resilience.
Answer any Five questions.
Parts of a questions should be answered at one place
29
6. a. What are the advantages of ultrasonic examination over
radiographic examination.
b. How the selection of sources made for radiographic
examination of heavy thick weld ?
c. Reason out why both a surface and a volumetric NDE
methods specified for critical welds.
d. Which NDE methods are specified as dynamic methods and
why ?
7. a. Define Inspection and examination.
b. Differentiate standard and codes.
8. Write short notes on any three of the following :
a. Ultrasonic Transducers.
b. Quality Audit.
c. Eddy Current Examination.
d. Bend Test
e. Creep
f. Fitness for purpose.

5
5
5
5
10
10
20
30
Full Marks : 100
Pass Marks : 40
Time : 3 Hours
THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF WELDING
Associate Membership Examination
Summer Session, June 2013
Sub : Welding & Allied Processes-I (AME - 15)
10x2=20
4x5=20
7
8
5
1. a. State the role of Tungsten in GTAW ?
b. Difference between MIG & MAG.
c. List four examples for fusion welding process.
d. What is Pulsed GTAW ?
e. List various defects normally encountered in GTAW process.
f. Differentiate between semi automatic & automatic FCAW.
g. How to calculate Heat input in GTAW process ?
h. hat are the various polarities generally employed in Arc
welding ?
I. Role of flux in soldering
j. Why AC is used for GTA welding of Aluminium ?
Group - B
Answer any Four questions
2. Write short notes on any Four the following
a. Soldering
b. Safety measures in Oxy-Gas welding
c. Brazing
d. Inverter based power sources
f. Flame hardening process
3. a. What is duty cycle with reference to a welding power
source? what does 25% duty cycle at 250 A mean ?
b. What is meant by an electrical sickout for GMAW welding ?
What are the effects of increasing the electrical stickout in
welding ?
c. What does open circuit voltage mean.
Answer all questions. All questions carry equal marks.
Parts of a questions should be answered at one place
Group - A
31
4. a. With the aid of diagrams, briefly explain the difference
between Constant Current and Constant Voltage welding
power sources.
b. What is magnetic are blow ? State three methods for
reducing it.
c. Explain the construction and working principle of GTAW with
a neat sketch.
5. a. List in detail the four main modes of metal transfer in Gas
Metal Arc Welding.
b. In GTAW process, the arc voltage is 24 Volts, the arc current
is 200 Ampers, voltage drop at cathode and anode are 9 and
5 volts respectively and 75% of the arc column energy is
untransferred. The work function for Tungsten is 4.5eV and
-5
Boltzmanns constant = 8.62x10 eV/K. Find out the arc
efficiency.
c. Explain in detail the working principle of FCAW process.
6. a. Define welding arc ? Explain the mechanism of arc initiation
and its maintenance.
b. Why coating of electrode is necessary ? What are the
different types of coating ? Explain in brief.
c. How GTAW and GMAW differentiated from each other on the
basis of process, parameters, equipments, uses and
applications ?
7. a. Explain the theory and mechanism of solid state welding with
the help of suitable diagram.
b. Explain the role of shielding gas in gas shielded arc welding
processes. What is the advantage of using gas mixtures for
shielding purpose.
c. Discuss in detail the advantages and limitation of GWAM
process.
32
10
9
9
8
5
6
6
7
5
5
5
5
33
Full Marks : 100
Pass Marks : 40
Time : 3 Hours
THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF WELDING
Associate Membership Examination
Summer Session, June 2013
Sub : Welding Equipment and Consumables (AME - 23)
2+2=4
5+5=10
3+3=6
4
8
4x2
4
10
4
2
1. Write shorts notes to explain any two of following Welding
processes essentially covering :
a) What is the unique feature of the process? >2 marks
b) Sketches / Block diagram of the essential parts of the set
up required for welding > 5 marks
c) Brief Cost - Benefit analysis & Field of Applications > 3 marks
i) Capacitor discharge stud welding equipment
ii) Resistance welding processes for Sheet Metal
iii) Laser welding and cutting
iv) Friction stir welding
2. With focus on equipment aspects, explain with sketche(s)
i) What is the difference between TIG and Plasma Welding
Equipment
ii) Explain the two Arc modes in plasma welding with torch
construction and the typical welding technique used
iii) Write breif notes on a) Plasma spraying b) Plasma Cutting
3. i) Though not practiced, theoratically the heating flames in
cutting torch can be switched off once the cutting starts.
Explain the reasons.
ii) Explain with sketch(es) the essential features of Gas Cutting
equipment.
iii) Describe in breif at least two methods / techniques used to
minimize the loss of material as scrap while Gas Cutting.
iv) Can Stainless Steel plates be cut by gas cutting ? Yes or No ?
Why ?
Answer any Five questions choosing at least two
questions from each Group.
Parts of a questions should be answered at one place
Group A : Welding Equipment
34
4. Write short notes to explain what, why and how aspects on any
four.
i) What is the rating of the Power Source ? What is the basis of
Duty cycle ? Can higher than Name Plate rated current be
used for welding ?
ii) Advantages of Inverter Power Source.
iii) Cooling Methods & Equipment for Welding Power Sources.
iv) Fixtures, Positioners and Manipulators for welding
processes.
v) Need for pre & post heating in welding and equipment used to
do it.
vi) Use of Robotic Welding - when & where ?
Group B : Welding Consumables
1. Write short notes on (Any four) :
i) Basisity Index of SAW Fluxes and its importance
ii) Gas Mixtures in MIG Welding for different Materials
iii) Schaeffler Diagram and its importance
iv) Flux Cored Wires
v) Stellite Welding & Consumables
vi) Titanium Welding & Consumables
2. i) Describe in details the constituents of coating in Basic
Coated MMAW electrodes.
ii) What do you understand by low hydrogen electrode and how
such low hydrogen level is achieved in electrode ?
iii) How deposition efficiency of Basic Coated electrodes can be
improved ?
iv) Why the length of the MMAW Electrode is restricted to 350 or
450 mm ? Why not more or less than that ?
3. i) What process needs the Electrode Coating has to fullfil &
how.
ii) What are the essential properties of SAW Fluxes ?
iii) Describe the manufacturing process of Fused and
Agglomerated Fluxes.
4. Decode in details as per AWS system following classes indicating
type of consumables (e.g. MMAW electrode / wire / wire flux
combination etc.) & intended application areas. (Any four) :
i. E6P2 - EL8
ii. E 8018 - W2
iii. E 308 L
iv. E 6010
v. E347 - 16
4x5=20
4x5=20
4x5=20
8
4
4
4
6
6
8
A1. Which of the following quantities do not have identical
dimension ?
a) Momentum and Impulse
b) Torque and energy
c) Torque and work
d) Moment of a force and angular momentum
A2. The displacement of a particle is given by
5/2
S = t + t + 1
The force on the particle varies with
2 1/2 -1/2
a) t b) t c) t d) t
A3. D Alembert Principle applies to
a) All types of problem in statics
b) All types of problem in Dynamics
c) The problems of dynamics converted to equivalent statics
problems.
d) None
A4. A bullet of mass 0.1 kg is fired with a velocity from a gun of
mass 10 kg. The ratio of kinetic energy of bullet and gun is
a) 1 b) 10 c) 100 d) none
A5. A shot is fired horizontally from a gun from a height of 9 m from
the ground and reaches the ground at a horizontal of 100m.
Find its initial velocity.
a. 780 m/s b) 738 m/s c) 870 m/s d) 87 m/s
A6. M.I. of a triangle of base a and height h above the base is given
by
3 3 3 2
a) ah /6 b) ah /3 c) a h/12 d) ah /6
Full Marks : 100
Pass Marks : 40
Time : 3 Hours
THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF WELDING
Associate Membership Examination
Summer Session, June 2013
Sub : Applied Mechanics (AME - 05)
10x2=20
Choose the correct alternative from the following short question
(Answer any ten questions)
Parts of a questions should be answered at one place
Group A is compulsory
35
36
A7. Find the reactions in the beam shown in figure.
a) R = P/2, R = P/2 b) R = 2P/3, R = P/3
1 2 1 2
c) The problem can not be solved
d) The problem is indeterminate in nature
A8. A praticle is acted by three force of magnitude P and at an
angle of 120 directed radically outward. The particle is
a) In equilibrium
b) Net force 2P
c) Force P at an angel 60 with horizontal
d) The practicle with more in a constant acceleration
A9. For limiting friction, we can conclude
a) Angle of friction > angle o repose
b) Angle of friction = angle of repose
c) Angle of friction < angle or repose
d) None of these.
A10. Members of plane truss carries
a) Only tensile force b) Only compressive force
c) Both d) None
A11. A train starting from rest, goes to maximum velocity of
72km/hr. Two stations are situated 10 km apart. If the train has
travelled 30 secs with uniform speed, find the accleration of the
train
2 2 2
a) 10m/s b) 5m/s c) 20m/s d) None
A12. If the momentum of a body is doubled, its kinetic energy will
a) Increase by two times
b) Increase by four times
c) Remain same
d) Get halved
37
3
5
8
8
4
4
Group B
(Answer any 5 questions)
Parts of a questions should be answered at one place
Figure in the right hand margin indicate marks
B1. a) What is free body diagram and what is its utility? Cite with
example.
b) A solid cylinder of diameter 200 cm rests on the two planes as
shown in the figure B1. Show the free body diagram of cylinder
and Find the reactions at walls.
c) Find the magnitude and nature of forces in all members of the
truss with loading as show in Fig.B2. Solve by the method of
section
B2.a) A uniform wheel of 50 cm diameter weighing 500 N rests
against a rectangular obstacle 20cm high. Find the least force
which when acting through the center of wheel will just the
wheel over the corner of the block. Also find the angle qwhich
this least force shall make with AC as shown in figure Fig.B3.
b) State and prove Lamis Theorem
c) State and prove Varignons theorem for moment. Prove the
theorem for two forces only.
38
3
3
2
8
3
3
10
B3. a) State Laws of friction
b) Show that angle of friction id equal to angle of repose.
c) What is impulse of a force ?
d) In the Fig.B4 shown, find the minimum value of horizontal
force P applied to block B that will keep the system in
equilibrium ? Given wieghts of block A and B are 3 KN and 8
KN respectively. Angle of friction for all contact surfaces is 12
B4. a) What is perpendical axis theorem for determination of Moment
of Inertia (MI). Prove this theorem.
b) Apply perpendicular axis theorem for determination of MI of a
circle about its diametral axis.
c) Find the M.I. Of the section about its centriodal axis (both & Y -
axis)
8
8
8
8
8
8
B5. a) Find the centroid of a quadrant of a circle
b) Two weights 80 N and 20N are connected by a thread and
move along horizontal plane under the action of a force 40N
applied to the first weight of 80N as shown in Fig.B6. The
coefficient of friction is 0.3. Determine the accleration of the
weights and tension in the thread by D Alambert principle
B6. a) A ball is thrown with initial velocity V of 20m/s from a point P
located 1.5 m above the ground. Determine the angle afor
which the ball will strike the wall at point Q located 3.5m above
ground. The total horizontal path traversed by the ball is 20m.
b) A wheeled vehicle is travelling round a curve of radius r on a
track banked at angle a. Find the maximum speed so that the
vehicle may not overturn.
B7 a) Refer to FigB7. Determine the Force F1 and F2 So that particle
is in equilibrium
b) A small block of mass m rests on an inclined plane, starts from
point A and slides down the plane as shown in Fig.B8 what
distance along BC will it travel before it comes to rest ? The
Coefficient of friction between block and the plane is m=0.3.
Assume there is no loss of velocity while changing its motion
from incline plane to horizontal are
39
40
Full Marks : 100
Pass Marks : 40
Time : 3 Hours
THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF WELDING
Associate Membership Examination
Summer Session, June 2013
Sub : Weldment Design & Weld Procedure (AME - 18)
8
6
6
8
8
4
10
10
10
1. a) What are the five basic types of weld joints ? Illustrate with
sketches and explain their suitability for static and dynamic
loading.
b) What types of weld joints are not suitable for fatigue service ?
Why ?
c) Sketch a typical fillet weld and mark the critical dimensions
that are important in weld design.
2. a) Explain modulus of elasticity and elastic limit with reference
to a typical stress-strain curve. What is shear modulus ? Give
its relation to modulus of elasticity.
b) What is stress concentration ? How do weld defects in pipe
welds for static service influence stress concentration -
differentiate between various types of defects.
c) What is endurance limit ?
3. a) What are the typical joint configurations for structures
fabricated using circular tubes or pipes ? Give
two examples where such joints are used.
b) Calculate the bending stress and shear stress
a corss the weld joint given on the left. The
load at the end of the horizontal portion is
1000 kg, I = 200 mm and h = 10 mm.
4) a) Sketch the welds indicated by the symbols in each case and
state what welding process is indicated or suitable for making
the weld.
(Answer any 5 question)
Parts of a questions should be answered at one place
Group - A
10
10
5
5
6
8
6
8
6
6
41
b) Discuss the options for reducing stress concentration in a
weld joint between two pipes of wall thickness 15 and 25 mm,
if their diameters are a) equal b) the diameter of the 25 mm
pipe is greater 5 mm.
5. a) A shell of diameter 1000 x 25 mm wall thickness is to be
welded. Discuss the various options available to design the
joint and their advantages in terms of a) minimizing weld
metal and b) reducing distortion.
b) What is overwelding ? What are the disadvantages of
overwelding ?
c) Discuss the use of plug and slot welds in structures to reduce
costs.
6. a) Fatigue strength of a sheet is higher in the rolling direction
than in the transverse direction. How should the plate be
positioned to fabricate a large horizontal pipe for pressure
service ?
b) State true or false and give reason :
i) Residual stresses can be lowered by elastic loading.
ii) Intermittent welds cannot be used in fatigue loading .
iii) It is safe to operate a structure at its resonant frequency.
iv) Joint efficiency is the strength of the joint divided by the
strength of the base metal.
v) Planar defects like lack of fusion, lack of penetration are more
harmful than porosity or inclusions.
vi) Lamellar tearing can be remedied through joint design.
c) Draw a typical pipe to plate brazed joint and explain the need
for suitable joint clearances.
7. What are the causes of distortion in welds ? Enumerate the
common forms of distortion
a) In butt welded plates
b) Calculate transverse shrinkage of the following weld. Root
opening is 1.5 mm and land is 1.5 mm.
c) What physical properties influence shrinkage and distortion
in welds ?
8. Write short notes on any four :
a) Impact transition curve for steels
b) Residual stresses in longitudinal butt welds
c) Weld joint fitup and its importance in weld design
d) Design of flanged joints for pressure
e) Use of intermittent welds in structures
f) Joint efficiency and its relation to nondestructive inspection
4x5
42
Full Marks : 100
Pass Marks : 40
Time : 3 Hours
THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF WELDING
Associate Membership Examination
Summer Session, June 2013
Sub : Welding Metallurgy - II (AME - 20)
20 1. Against each of the following questions four possible answers are
given. Some of the questions may have more than one answer.
Each question carries 1 mark. Marks will be given only if all the
correct options are selected. To answer please draw a table with
question number in column 1 and write down your answer in
column 2. Note that there are 20 questions numbered using upper
case letters A, B..T. Four lower case letters (a - d) have been used
as possible options for answers.
Q. no. Answer (s)
A
B
..
T
a. Alpha brass is an alloy of (a) Cu & Ni (b) Cu & Sn
(c) Cu & Al (d) Cu & Zn
b. Which of the following elements are always present in
austenitic stainless steel ? (a) Ni (b) Cu (c) Cr (d) W
c. Which of the following grades of stainless steels are / is
ferromagnetic ?
a) AISI 3xx b) AISI 4xx c) AISI 2xx d) AISI 5xx
d. Which of the following grades of stainless can be hardneed
only by cold working ?
a) AISI 2xx b) AISI 3xx c) AISI 410 d) AISI 430
e. Which of the following grades of cast iron has graphite
flakes ? a) SG iron b) White cast iron
c) Grey cast iron d) Malleable iron
1 carefully to answer the same. Answer of all parts of the same question must be
at the same place. Answers should be brief and to the pont
Parts of a question should be answered at one place
Answer questions 1 and four from the rest. Follow the instructions given in question
43
f. What is aluminum bronze ?
a) It is an alloy of Al & Sn b) It is an alloy of Al & Zn
c) It is an alloy of Cu & Al d) It is an alloy of Al & Mg
g. Which of the following statements correctly describes
solubility of hydrogen in metals ?
a) It is proportional to the square root of the partial
pressure of hydrogen
b) It is independent of temperature
c) It increases with increasing temperature
d) It is proportional to the square of the partial pressure of
hydrogen
h. Which of the following alloys can be amenable to
precipitation hardening ?
a) Al - Cu alloy b) Cu-Zn c) AISI 304 d) AI-Zn-Mg
i. Residual Stress that develops in metal is
a) Directly proportional to the elastic modulus of the metal
b) Inversely proportional to its elastic modulus
c) Inversely proportional to its linear coefficient of thermal
expansion
d) Directly proportional to its linear coefficient of thermal
expansion.
j. Which of the following alloy elements increases the pitting
resistance of stainless steel ? a) Cr b) N c) C d) Mo
k. Which of the following problems is of great concern in
welded AISI 321 stainless steel ?
a) Knife line attack b) Hydrogen embrittlement
c) Lamellar tearing d) Weld decay
l. Lamellar tearing occurs in steels having
a) Good through thickness ductility
b) Poor through thickness ductility
c) Elongated inclusions
d) Uniformly distributed pearlite nodules in ferrite matrix.
m. Which of the following expressions denote Ni equivalent in
Schaeffler diagram ?
a) Ni + 30C + 0.5 Mn b) Ni + 30C + 30N + 0.5 Mn
c) Ni + Cr + 30C + 0.5 Mn d) Ni + 30C
44
n. Solidification cracking does not occur while welding
austenitic stainless steel if
a) Effective Cr / Ni ratio is less than a critical value
b) If there is a little ferrite in weld metal
c) If there is no ferrite in weld metal
d) If effective Cr / Ni ratio is greater than a critical value
o. Which of the following factors are responsible for stress
corrosion cracking in austenitic stainless steel ?
a) Presence of tensile stress at the surface
b) Presence of compressive stress at the surface
c) Presence of OH ions in the environment
d) Presence of Cl ions in the environment
p. Which of the following metals / alloys is / are immune to
pitting in saline water ?
a) Fe b) Cr c) Ti d) Stainless steel
q. Which amongst mild steel, aluminium, 304 stainless steel
(active) and copper is the most noble and which is the
most active in sea water ?
a) Most noble copper & most active 304 stainless-steel
(active)
b) Most noble copper & most active aluminum
c) Most noble 304 stainless steel (active) & most active
aluminium
d) Most noble 304 stainless steel (active) & most active
mild steel
r. Preheating is needed during welding of steel plates if
a) Its carbon equivalent is greater than 0.35
b) If its thickness is greater than 25 mm
c) If its carbon content is less than 0.35
d) If its thickness is les sthan .25 mm
s. The microstructure of white heart cast iron must have
a) Graphite flakes b) Cementite c) Ferrite d) Pearlite
t. Heat input during arc welding is
a) Inversely proportional to the travel velocity of the heat
source.
b) Directly proportional to the travel velocity of the heat
source
c) Directly proportional to the welding voltage
d) Inversely proportional to the welding current
45
2. a. What is meant by the term redox potential ? On what does it
depend ?
b. What is the difference between electro chemical series &
galvanic series ?
c. Explain the mechanism of corrosion protection of steel by
coatings of zinc and tin.
d. Why do you need to keep aluminum anodes in a solution
having chloride ions to protect steel from corrosion ?
3. a. Why is Mn present in most grades of commercial steel ? In
which phases or constituents of steel it is likely to be present?
b. Why % Mn in weldable grades pf steel should not exceed
1.8% ?
c. Hot rolled plates made of C-Mn steel often shows banded
structure. What problem one may face while welding such
steels ?
d. A T joint has been made by welding two C-Mn plates having
banded structure. The weld direction is perpendicular the
rolling direction of the both the plates. Which of the two plates
is more susceptible to cracking ? Give reason.
4. a. State the law that governs the solubility of diatomic gases in
metals at a given temperature. What is it known as ?
b. Iron has two different forms of crystal. What are these known
as ? Which of these can dissolve more amount of hydrogen ?
Justify your answer.
c. What are the likely source for hydrogen pickup during
welding ? What is its effect on welded structure. ?
d. Why is high strength steel more susceptible to cold cracking
after welding ? What is due to ? How can you avoid it ?
5. a. What are the factors that determine the magnitude of residual
stress in a welded structure ?
b. Show with a neat sketch the main micro structural features in
different zones of a pair of butt welded aluminum plates. The
plates were cold rolled before welding. The weld joint is
perpendicular to the rolling directions of the plates.
c. Show with a neat sketch the residual stress distribution
pattern in the above welded plates as a function of distance.
Where do you expect the tansile stress to the maximum ?
Give reason.
d. Describe the basic principle of a method of measuring the
residual stress in a welded structure.
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
46
6. a. What is creep resistant steel ? Where is it used ?
b. What are the main alloying elements present in such steel ?
Why are these added ? Under what heat treated condition is
it put into service ?
c. What problems do you anticipate while welding such steel ?
Show with a neat sketch the expected hardness versus
distance plot across the weld joint of such steel.
d. What is the role of preheating before welding ? What is its
effect on the micro structures of the heat affected zone of a
welded structure ?
7. Write short notes on any four of the following :
a. De Long diagram
b. Reheat cracking
c. Weld decay of austenitic steel
d. Cladding techniques
e. Galvanized steel

5
5
5
5
4x5
47
8
8
4
8
6
8
8
6
6
6
48
Full Marks : 100
Pass Marks : 40
Time : 3 Hours
THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF WELDING
Associate Membership Examination
Summer Session, June 2013
Sub : Welding Applications (AME - 21)
1. a. State the composition and physical properties of the material
specified as IS 2062. State its specific applications and
reasons for its extensive use.
b. What is Duplex Stainless Steel ? State its applications and
the specific reasons for its uses.
c. State the factors of steels which determines the weldability
2. a. Explain the functions of the coating of a covered electrode.
State the types of coating and the purpose of their specific
uses.
b. State the codifications of covered electrodes under IS and
AWS under main headings.
c. Explain : The IS classification details of EB 5426 H JX,
3
OR E 7018 H4R
3. a. Explain the term Weldability as applied to different types of
Ferrous and Non Ferrous metals.
b. List the problems normally encountered in welding due to
poor weldability of a metal or alloy.
c. State and explain the steps to be taken to improve the
weldability of a metal or alloy.
4. a. State and explain the design criteria to be followed for
i. Steel structure at normal temperature and distributed
loading.
ii. Steel structure at elevated temperature at concentrated
loading.
iii. Steel structure at cryogenic temperature and distributed
loading.
iv. Steel structure at fluctuating and reversal loading at normal
temperature.
Parts of a questions should be answered at one place
Answer any Five questions
6
6
20
8
12
49
b. Draw and explain a Creep Curve with the stages of material
creep rate. What is a standard creep strength ?
c. A bridge structural member is under a steady constant load
and in addition has a variable reversible load. Draw a graph to
show the maximum total stress and the relationship of the
mean stress with the variable stress.
5. Twenty numbers of bridge girder are to be manufactured from IS
2062 plates as per the drawing given below.
Web 20 x 2000 mm. Flange 20 x 1000 mm Length 10 metre.
Camber 12 mm
i. Which welding process will you choose to weld it ? Why ?
ii. How will you prepare the plates for the joint ?
iii. What should be the fillet weld size as per AWS ?
iv. What should be the sequence of welding to prevent
distortion?
v. How will you impart the camber to the girders ?
vi. Do you propose any pre heating or PWHT ? Why ?
vii. State the welding parameters.
viii. State the weld testing process you would like to adopt
6. a. State the description of the matter for which the code stands
for
I. ASME BPVC Section IX
II. AWS D01.1
iii. API 1104
iv. ISO 9606
v. IS 814:2004
vi. IS 5206 : 1983
vii. ASME BPVC Section V
viii. AWS D10.11
b. What is WPS ? List the essential and non-essential variables
to be written in a Welding Procedure Specification.
5
5
5
5
5x4
7. a. What is Hardfacing ? Why is it used ? Give examples where it
is used effectively.
b. A coal cutting equipment works under heavy wear and
abrasion. What should be the cutters hardness at the cutting
edges and surfaces. State the approximate composition of a
suitable hardfacing electrode to deposit the requisite weld
metal.
c. What is Cladding ? Give examples of cladding used
effectively in the manufactured products. What metals are
normally used for cladding ?
d. What is Wear Plate Technology ? Explain the advantages of
its application.
8. Write short notes on any four :
a. Weld Cracks, Reasons and preventions.
b. Residual Stress and Distortion.
c. Welders Certification Tests.
d. Fitness for purpose.
f. Dye Penetrant Test.
50
51
Full Marks : 100
Pass Marks : 40
Time : 3 Hours
THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF WELDING
Associate Membership Examination
Summer Session, June 2013
Sub : Welding & Allied Processes - II (AME - 22)
20
14
6
10
5
5
10
7
7
10
6
1. Compare submerged arc welding (SAW) process with
GMAW (MIG) process in terms of applications, efficiency,
heat input and its consequences, mode of metal transfer and
automation.
2. a. Describe the different types of work piece manipulators and
torch (welding head) manipulators as well as other
accessories used in SAW. Give sketches wherever
necessary.
b. Give the names of different types of submerged arc welding
fluxes based on chemical composition as well as the method
of making these. Explain various features of these fluxes.
3. a. Show the electrode force and current v/s time diagram for
resistance spot welding cycle. Label the various components
of this cycle and explain the function of each.
b. What special modifications are done in this cycle in order to
produce satisfactory weld in low alloy, hardenable steels.
c. Compare magnitude of spot welding current and number of
A.C. Current cycles for mild steel, aluminium and stainless
steel sheets of same thickness. (Specify these quantities
qualitatively a low, medium and high)
4. a. Explain the principle of thermit welding process and state the
various areas of its application. What are the metallurgical
effects of this process ?
b. What are Carbon and metal-arc cutting processes ? Explain
these and give the special areas of application of these.
5. a. Give the special areas of application of plasma and laser
cutting.
b. Which type of laser is generally used for metal cutting ? What
is meant by pulsed and continuous wave (CW) laser ?
c. Differentiate between transferred and non-transferred type
plasma arc. Which type of arc amongst these will you prefer
for plasma cutting and why ?
Parts of a questions should be answered at one place
Answer any Five question
14
6
14
6
20
52
6. a. Classify various brazing processes according to the methods
of applying heat in brazing ? Discuss the salient features of
these methods explaining the procedure of brazing in each.
Also state the application areas of each of these.
b. What are the various metals and alloys used as filler
materials in brazing ? Give the application of thse.
7. a. Explain the construction and other salient features of
resistance spot welding head, which is mounted on robot arm
in robotic spot welding. Explain the electrical characteristics
(frequency etc.) of the current used for this purpose. Briefly
explain the method of generating such current.
b. How is electrode pressure monitored in production
resistance spot welding machine ? Explain how does this
pressure record (variation) help in monitoring the quality of
spot weld.
8. Write notes on any FOUR of the following.
a. Effect of contact resistance in spot welding
b. Electrode material in resistance welding
c. Principle of laser generation (say in Ruby laser).
d. Purpose of back gouging in welding.
e. Effect of polarity on penetration in SAW.
Full Marks : 100
Pass Marks : 40
Time : 3 Hours
THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF WELDING
Associate Membership Examination
Summer Session, June 2013
Sub : Advanced Welding (AME - 24)
10+5+5
5x4
5x4
5x4
8+8+4
12+8
1. a) Explain with schematic sketches the basic differences in
working principle between the laser cladding and plasma spraying
processes ? (b) What are the primary differences in the quality of
the final surfaces produced by laser cladding and plasma
spraying? (c) To what extent the substrates are affected thermally
and themomechanically in laser cladding and plasma spraying
processes ?
2. Explain with schematic sketches the working principles along with
the primary process variables - (a) diffusion welding, (b) magnetic
pulse welding, (c) friction welding, and (d) electroslag welding.
3. Explain in bullet (point) from the most critical challenges involves
in the fusion welding of (a) Titanium alloys (b) Inconel (c) Cr-Ni-
Mn steels, and (d) Austenitic stainless steel.
4. Explain with schematic sketches the working principles along with
the primary process variables - (a) ultrasonic welding (b) high
frequency welding (c) induction welding, and (d) extrusion
welding for polymers.
5. (a) Explain with schematic sketch the basic principle and the key
variables involved in friction stir welding process. (b) What are the
primary merits and demertis of friction stir welding process
compared to fusion welding processes, in general ? (c) Why
friction stir welding of thick plates in butt joint configuration is
difficult ?
6. (a) Explain with schematic sketches the basic working principles
along with the key process variables the plasma arc welding and
electron beam welding. (B) Provide one examples each for
plasma arc welding and electron beam welding that are not easily
compatible in other fusion welding processes.
Parts of a questions should be answered at one place
Answer any Five question
53
54
7. (a) Why joining of ceramics to metallic materials are considered to
be difficult ? Explain with schematic sketches two basic joining
technologies along with proper examples that are utilized in joining
of metallic materials to ceramics.
8. How the rate of heat input and the expected weld bead dimensions
in a typical square butt joint with zero gap can be estimated
analytically in a typical fusion welding process ? Make any valid
assumption with proper justification.

5+15
6+14
Full Marks : 100
Pass Marks : 40
Time : 3 Hours
THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF WELDING
Associate Membership Examination
Summer Session, June 2013
Sub : General English (AME - 4)
20
20
1. Write an essay in about 300 words on any one of the following
topics : -
a. A visit to a hill station
b. Science and civilization
c. Reservation for women
2. Make a precis of the following passage, not exceeding one-third
the number of words, giving a suitable title and using your own
words as far as possible.
What is machine ? It is a big tool to help man to do his work. Man
has been called a tool-making animal and from his earliest days
he has made tools and tried to better them. His supremacy over
the other animals, many of them more powerful than he was, was
established because of his tools. The tool was an extension of his
hand; or you may call it a third hand. The machine was the
extension of the tool. The tool and the machine raised man above
the brute creation. They freed human society from the bondage of
Nature. With the help of the tool and the machine, man found it
easier to produce things. He produced more, and yet had more
leisure. And this resulted in the progress of the arts of civilization,
and of thought and science. But the big machine and all its allies
have not been unmixed blessings. It the machine has encouraged
the growth of civilization, it has also encouraged the growth of
barbarism by producing terrible weapons of warfare and
destruction. If it has produced abundance, this abundance has
not been mainly for the masses, but chiefly for the limited few. It
has made the difference between the luxury of the very rich and
the poverty of the poor, even greater than it was in the past.
Instead of being the tool and servant of man, it has presumed to
become his master.
Answer all questions
Parts of any question should be answered at one place
55
3. Read the following passage carefully and answer any five
questions.
Burning towers, crying people, heroic firemen, images of
September 11 were everywhere, in news magazines at the super
market, in newspapers at the breakfast table, on the radio, on the
way to school and of course, on television.
Craig Steinman, 10, understands why hes hearing about 9/11 so
much lately - tomorrow makes the anniversary of attack that killed
almost 3,000 people in New York, Washington and Pennsylvania.
But the grader from Catonsville, Maryland, says he really doesnt
want any more reminders about what happened. I have forgotton
about it, Craig said. But when he watched coverage of the terror
attacks on T.V. last year, he was scared for a while. Since then, he
said, he tries to keep his mind away from the subject. I dont think
about it, because it makes me sad and I dont like sad things, he
said.
Not all kids agree with Craig.
A poll of 8 to 12 year olds conducted by Tinie by for kids and
Nickelodeon asked Do you think there has been too much
coverage of the events of September 11th ?
yes. said 31 percent of the 1,176 kids who answered. But 62
percent said there had been just the right amount and 7 percent
said they wanted even more.
The pool also found that a majority of kids think about 9/11 several
times a week or a few times a month.
Iris Esteves, 14, of Alexandria. Vancouver, said, she thinks Its
important to talk about September 11, Perhaps thats because it
touched her life so much. Her school is so close to the Pentagon
that when the plane struck the building, It vibrated the trailors out
back. Some students parents were in the Pentagon when it
happened, she said, and several kids were crying that morning.
Since then, little things have triggered thoughts of September 11
for her. If they show a building being demolished on T.V. that does
it, she said. Fear of flying is another way 9/11 stays in the front of
Iris mind I m going to visit my country in April, said the ninth
grader, who was born in Brazil. My aunt is going to be flying from
Brazil on the 11th. Im scared.
a. Describe the pictures of September 11 published in the
newspapers.
b. Why does Craig Steinman remember September 11 so
intimately ?
c. Why does Craig want to forget the disaster soon ?
10
56
d. State the variation in percentage in terms of the young kids
response to the disastrous episode.
e. What is Iris Esteres responses to the episode ?
f. What does she fear so much about the episode ?
4. Write a Report in about 150 words on any one fo the following
topics.
a. Development and Environmental Pollution
b. Democratic Society and Terrorism
c. Use and Abuse of Freedom of Press
5. A. Fill in the blanks with appropriate prepositions (any six)
a. He was absent ________ the meeting.
b. He has been blamed _______ a theft.
c. She congratulated me _________ my success.
d. Payel is accomplished ________ dancing.
e. Sunil did not aspire ________ a high post.
f. He has confided a secret _________ me.
g. The money was allocated _________ the club _______
social work.
6. Make noun forms of the following words (any eight)
Compose, collide, assign, devote, equip, perform,
transmit, prosper, disappoint
7. Change the voice in the following sentences (any eight).
a. Some one has stolen my watch.
b. Were the farmers ploughing the field ?
c. His pocket has been picked.
d. He was called a fool.
e. The patient was observed carefully by the doctor.
f. Jane Austen has written Pride and Prejudice.
g. The Agni missile was launched flawlessly by the scientists.
h. Heart ailments are caused by damaged heart muscles.
I. The Policeman caught the thief.
8. Fill in the blanks with appropriate conjunctions (any five)
a. He visits London _________ New York from time to time.
b. The situation went ______ of control.
c. Cloth is sold ________ the metre.
d. He could not run fast ______ he is fat.
57
15
6
8
8
5
e. Either you are mistaken ________ I am.
f. _________ you work hard, you will not pass.
9. Combine the following sentence (any four)
a. Some pickets would be kept in the sensitive areas of the city.
They would be kept throughout the night. A senior officer said
this.
b. It was a cloudy noon. He set out in haste from his native
village. He wanted to reach the town before evening.
c. It was evening. Rahim entered the hut. He saw the sparrows.
They were twittering.
d. The evening mist rose. He come to the cave, He drew breath.
He looked down the valley.
e. His mother died. He heard the news. He left at once.
58
8
Full Marks : 100
Answer Question 1 and any five from the rest.
Parts of a Question should be answered at one place
Pass Marks : 40
Time : 3 Hours
THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF WELDING
Associate Membership Examination
Summer Session, June 2013
Sub : Elementary Mathematics (AME - 01)
59
10x1
1. Choose the correct alternatives from any ten of the following
(a) The magnitude of a + b where a = 2i + 2j - k
b = j + k is
a) 10 b) 10 c) 0 d) 6 + 2
b) If for two vectors aand b
a+ b = a- b ,then aand bare
a) Parallel b) orthogonal c) Collinear d) None
c) If A = ( 1,0,5), B = (-1,5,2), then AB is
a) 5 j + 7 k b) - 2i + 5 j - 3 k
c) 2i - 5j + 3k d) none
d) Find the value of
41 42 43

47 48 49
44 45 46
a) 4 b) 1 c) 0 d) 2
(e) If
x 3 7
2 x 2 = 0, then x is equal to
7 6 x
a) - 9 b) 2 c) 7 d) none
f. The value of Z when Z (3+4i) = 2+3i is
a) 18 + i b) (18 + i)
c) (18 + i) d) (18 - i)

1
25
1
25
1
5
-1
g. If y = tanh , then value of is
a) b)
c) d)
h. The value of qin MVT
1
f (a+h) = f(a) + h f (a+qh) is
a) q>1 b) 0 < q<1 c) 0 < q d)q<1
I. A function f (x) is said to have a maximum at x = c if
a) f(x) f (c) b) f (x) f (c)
c) f (x) = f (c) d) None
j. If f(x) is an odd function, then
a) 2 b) 0 c) 1 d)
k. The volume generated by revolving about the x - axis an area
bounded by the curve y = f (x), the x - axis and the two
ordinates x = a and x = b is given by
a) b)
c) d)
l. The value of dx is
a) b) c) d)
2. a) Find the unit vector perpendicular to both 2 i - j + k and
3 i + 4 j - k. Find also the angle between the vectors
b) If |a| = 1 and |b| = 4, then find the volume of the scalar m
for which the vector a+ mband a- mbwill be perpendicular to
one another.
2
2
x - 4x
( (
-2
2
x - 4x
( (
2
2
x + 4x
( (
- 2
2
x + 4x
( (
2
2+x
( (
60
9
9

-a
f (x) dx =

0
2 f (x) dx
a
a

a
p
2
x dy
b

a
p
2
y dx
b

b
p
2
y dx
a

b
p
2
x dy
a
dy
dx

0
p
Sin x
Sin x + cos x
p/2
p
4
-
p
2
-
p
4
p
2
3. a) Show that the vectors i - 2 j + 3 k, -2 i + 3 j - 4 k
and i - 3 j + 5 k are coplanar
b) Using vector method, show that the medians of a triangle
are concurrent.
4. a) Prove that y + 7 x x
y z+x y = 4xyz
2 z x+y
b) Solve the equations using Cramers rule
2x - 3y + 4z = - 4
x + z = 0
-y + 4z = 2
5. a) Simplify :
9 5
(cos 2q+ i sin 2 ) (Cos 3 - i Sin 3 )
9 9
(cos 4q+ i sin 4q) (Cos q- i Sin q)
b) If z = x + i y, then prove that
arg = represent a circle.
6. a) State Rolles therem, Verify Rolles therem
for f (x) = |x| in -1x 1
1/e
b) Show that the maximum value of is e
7. a) Evaluate
b) Show that
c) State Fundamental therem of integral calculus.
8. a) Find the area of the region bounded by the parabola
2
y = 4x and its latus - rectum.
b) Find the total length of the astroid.
2/3 2/3 2/3
x + y = a
q q q
z-1
Z+1
( )
p
4
x
1

x
( (

0
x sin x
2
1 + cos x
p
dx

5
Sin x dx = 0
/
2
p
/
2
-p
9
9
9
9
9
9
2+7
9
9
5
4
9
9
61
1. a) A particle is under simple harmonic oscillation with amplitude
Acm. At what displacement from equilibrium position it has
equal kinetic and potential energy
i) 1 cm ii) 2 cm c) 2 cm iv) 2 2 cm
b) The velocity of light in diamond, glass and water decreases in
the following order.
i) Water > glass > diamond ii) Diamond > glass > water
iii) Diamond > water > glass iv) Water > diamond > glass
8
c) Velocity of light of wavelength 6000A is 3x10 m/sec. What is
its frequency ?
14 10 13
I) 6 x 10 Hz ii) 6000 Hz iii) 6 x 10 Hz iv) 15x10 Hz
d. when light is reflected at the interface between air and glass
coming from air the change in phase is equal to
i) 0 ii) /2 iii) iv) 2
e. Two waves having intersities in the ratio of 9:1 produce
interference. The ratio of maximum to minimum intensity is
I)10 : 8 ii) 4:1 iii) 9:1 iv) 2:1
f. Maximum number of orders available with a grating is
i. Independent of grating element
ii. Directly propositional to grating element
iii. Inversely proportional to grating element
iv. Directly proportional to wavelength
g. If the distance between two charges is doubled the
electrostatic force between them will be
i. Increased by four time ii) Decreased by four times
iii. Remains uncharged iv) Increased by two times.

Full Marks : 100


Answer Q.No.1 and any eight from the rest
Answer any ten from Q.No.1
Parts of a question should be answered at one place
Pass Marks : 40
Time : 3 Hours
THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF WELDING
Associate Membership Examination
Summer Session, June 2013
Sub : Physics (AME - 02)
10x1
62
h. In a LCR circuit discharge will be oscillatomy if
2 2 2
i. R = 4L/c ii) R > 4L/c iii) R < 4L/C d) None
I. Light wave is transverse in nature, can be demonstrated by
observing
i) Dispersion ii) Interference iii) Polarization iv) Diffraction
j. The condition for achromatic combination of lenses in contact
is
i) ii) iii) iv)
k. Spherical aberration can be removed by using
i) Convex lens ii) Concave lense
iii) Plano convex lenses iv) Cylindrical lenses
l. The walls of a hall for organizing music concerts is covered
with wood to
i) Amplify sound ii) Reflect sound
iii) Absorb sound iv) Transmit sound
m. i) Wavelength of ultrasonics is higher than sound waves
ii) Wavelength of ultrasonic is lower than sound waves
iii) Ultrasonic moves faster than sound waves
iv) Ultrasonic moves with same velocity as sound wave
n. In Ruby laser, population inversion is created by
i) Optical pumping ii) Electric discharge
iii) Chemical reaction iv) Injection current
o. Two wires 1 cm apart carrying parallel currents in the same
direction will
i) Attract each other ii) Repulse each other
iii) No force is experienced iv) One rotates around the other
2. a. Two thin lenses of focal length f1 and f2 are separated by a
distance d. Show that spherical aberration for the
combination is minimum when d = f2 - f1. Mention the nature
of the lenses in such combination with specific reason.
b. Explain with the help of suitable figures longitudial and lateral
spherical aberration.
3. a. Discuss why light of same wavelength from two independent
sources cannot produce sustained interference fringes.
b. Find the conditions for maximnum and minimum intensity in a
double slit interference experiment
c. Two straight, narrow parallel slits 1 mm apart are illuminated
by mono chromatic light. Separation of interference fringes
on a screen placed 100 cm from the slits is 0.5 mm. Calculate
the wavelength of light used.
(4+2)+4
2+5+3
=
W
1
f
1
W
2
f
2
=
1
f
W
1
f
2
W
2
-
W
1
f
1
W
2
f
2
= 0
+
W
1
f
1
W
2
f
2
= 0
63
4. a. Distinguish between Fresnel and Fraunhoffer class of
diffraction. How Fraunhoffer diffraction be obtained in
laboratory with source at finite distance ?
b. Draw the intensity distribution in a single slit Fraunhoffer
diffraction pattern and explain.
c. Calculate the angle at which first dark fringe is produced in
diffraction pattern of a single slit of width 0.3 mm when
illuminated by light of wave length 6000 A ?
5. a. How do you distinguish between ordinary light, plane
polarized light and circularly polarized light ?
b. Explain the phenomen of double refraction in uniaxial crystal.
c. At what angle the light should be incident on glass plate
(m= 1.56) to get plane polarized by reflection ?
6. a. Establish the differential equation of a damped harmonic
motion clearly explaning all the terms.
b. Find the condition for critical damping.
c. How time period of oscillation is dependent on resistive
force?
7. a. Write down the characteristics of laser beam.
b. State why at least three level system is required for lasing
action to take place ?
c. Explain the principle of He - Ne laser with energy level
diagram.
8. a. State and explain Rayleigh criterion of resolution.
b. Calculate minimum number of lines in a grating which will first
resolve the Na D-lines of wavelengths 5890A and 5896A.
c. Write down the construction of a single mode optical fibre and
explain how light propagates through it with little loss.
9. a. What do you infer from the dtatement 220V, 50Hz a.c.
supply.
b. Calculate expressions for rms value and mean value of a.c.
voltage.
c. Write down the differential equation of an L-C-R circuit
subjected to a.c. supply. Draw the phasor diagram
corresponding to it.
10. a. Define the terms I)Magneto - motive force ii) Reluctance
iii) Permeance corresponding to magnetic circuits
(2+2)+
3+3
3+4+3
3+4+3
3+4+3
3+3+4
(2+4+
(2+2)
3+3+4
64
b. Compare magnetic circuits and electric circuit to
c. Calculate magnetic flux from a solenoid of length 50 cm,
diameter 2 cm having 500 turns carrying current 5 amps.
11. a. How ultrasonic waves be generated and detected, give some
methods.
b. Explain Sonar with neat diagram
c. State why light wave can be polarized, but sound wave can
not.
12. a. Distinguish between amplitude and velocity resonance.
b. Find the frequency at which amplitude resonance occurs.
c. Define sharpners of resonance and how it is related to
damping constant.
13. a. Write short notes on
i. Bi-quartz Polarimeter
ii. Einsteins A & B Coefficients

4+4+2
4+3+3
5+5
65