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Annual Report 2012-13
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Every day we ask ourselves how we can deliver greater value to our
clients and shareholders. And look for ways to help our clients take
on a future that is full of unknown challenges and yet brimming with
opportunities to explore. We clearly see that tomorrow's enterprise will
be nothing like today's. That is why our mission is to enable our clients
to most effectively compete, not just today, but in the years ahead.
Aswe go about our daily business, we keep relentlessly innovating in
order to remain relevant to our clients and their customers.
This tireless commitment to new ideas is in our DNA. It has
powered our success through the last three decades and continues
to guide us as we go about building tomorrow's enterprise for our
clients. We believe each great idea that we bring to life can change
how business works, eventually cascading to change how the world
works. We measure our success by how these solutions help drive the
world and its enterprises forward.
Infosys a company of relentless innovators on a mission.
Innovation across borders is essential to accelerate the pace
of world prosperity.
N. R. Narayana Murthy
Founder and Chairman Emeritus, Infosys Limited
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Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
The spirit of innovation has been an inseparable part of the Infosys
journey across three decades. In the beginning was a vision of
becoming a globally respected company; and an innovative idea
of using the offshore-onsite Global Delivery Model to deliver
business value to clients. It was 1981 a time when computers
were largely unfamiliar objects, the IT services industry was yet to
take shape and the business environment of the country was far
from kind to new enterprises. It required innovative thinking to
turn the tide and prepare the ground for a new sector to take root
and flourish.
Innovators do not always need to speak loudly. It is in the way
they are perceived by their partners, beneficiaries, and peers
that their true worth is known. With consistent client retention
rates of over 95%, we have proof that our clients and partners
have an implicit faith in our ability to innovate and deliver
profitable business transformation. We have almost doubled
the contribution from new and innovative offerings in the last
three years a fact that bears testimony to our commitment to
continuous innovation.
In the late Eighties and early Nineties, we were one of the first
to design a distributor management application for apparel
companies, and customize it for a major global apparel brand.
Finacle

, our flagship banking product, has been a pioneer in


the field, honored as a leader both in Gartner's Magic quadrant
and the Forrester Wave in 2012. Every year, our researchers
at Infosys Labs make new breakthroughs and secure patents for
their innovations, focused on helping our clients build tomorrow's
enterprise. Today, we have built an innovation ecosystem, with
more than 500 patents being filed for approval in the U.S., India
and elsewhere.
Relevance through innovation
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
In 2010-11, we identified some trends for the future of business,
and since then, our innovation efforts have been aimed at helping
our clients reap the best advantage of these trends. Through our
Edge suite of products and platforms, we participate in areas like
mobility, new commerce and digital marketing, where some of the
biggest innovations are taking place today. We have made money
transfers easy for the unbanked millions through our WalletEdge
solution. Innovative thinking has led us to use cloud computing to
disrupt the traditional model of outsourcing.
As a company with well-defined sustainability goals, we spend
a considerable part of our innovation capital in designing
environmentally profitable solutions for ourselves and our clients.
The intelligent buildings on our campuses and our green product
lifecycle management solutions are examples of just that. We have
won several awards for putting our green innovations into practice.
In September 2012, Forbes ranked us 19th among the most
innovative companies in the world. This recognition only makes
us more aware of our responsibilities, more committed to finding
avenues for innovation, more focused on leveraging technology in
every part of the organization, more eager to be relevant to every
aspect of our clients businesses, and more interested in doing
things differently.
We have instituted a US$100 million fund to invest in innovative
ideas to support our strategic objective of creating an ecosystem
for the best minds to come and join us in this great innovation
journey.
Our innovation story is poised at an exciting stage. Fascinating
chapters are waiting to be added to it.
Relevance through innovation
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Relevance through innovation
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Consumers today expect context, continuity and consistency
across the digital world regardless of when and where they
consume content, including when they are on the move. Thisneed
has been driving radical changes in the automotive industry.
Personal vehicles that have intelligent integration of information
technologies and a wide array of immersive digital experiences
open up new opportunities for innovation.
Significant advancements in connectivity, Cloud technology and
software convergence have made a unified digital experience
possible, making connected vehicles a critical new demand in
the automotive industry. The networking of cars, or telematics,
is transforming the linear supplier-assembler relationships in the
automotive industry to a partnership-based ecosystem.
Infosys recognizes the innovation opportunity in this space. We are
one of the first large systems integrators to bring together knowledge
from the high-tech, aerospace, telecommunications, software and
automotive industries into smarter, connected vehicles. The key
differentiation and innovation of our Connected Vehicle solution
lies in generating user intelligence and building customer intimacy.
It is an instance of both market and product innovation, helping
enhance the user experience for drivers, ensuring safety, improving
mobility and providing customized infotainment. Added
sustainability comes in the form of reduced environmental impact,
through timely maintenance, lower emissions and adherence to
regulatory requirements of government and industry bodies.
Driving digital convergence
We designed a solution for our client, a leading global supplier
of electronics and technologies for passenger and commercial
vehicles. Our client is building a solution for connected drivers
to seamlessly consume content while maintaining a safe driving
environment. The key objectives of this initiative are :
Identifying and creating new revenue streams to build upon
the client's core business of electronics and auto components
Being a pioneer in enabling a truly connected lifestyle for the
client's customers by providing services in a safe and secure
manner in a connected vehicle
Effectively educating and increasing the awareness of the
client's customers about the client's offerings and capabilities
in the domain of connected vehicles
An agile solution
Recognizing the importance of time-to-market for our client,
we adopted a distributed agile methodology to deliver and
demonstrate a prototype to our client's customers. Our team was
responsible for the following :
Development of the Human Machine Interface (HMI) in the
vehicle center stack. The implementation focused on enhancing
the user experience and minimizing driver distraction.
Architecture and development of a Cloud-based service
delivery platform that was responsible for delivering content to
the vehicle. The platform also interfaced with external content
providers to acquire and deliver the content.
Architecture and development of a user portal that was
responsible for registration, provisioning, and setting up of
preferences for the end-customers.
Our client was able to showcase the combined strength of its
electronics and software system to deliver an unprecedented
connected user experience. The end consumers were impressed
with the features and immersive user experience provided by the
Infosys-enabled solution. Given the dynamic and evolving nature
of digital technologies, our team believes the connected vehicle
solution is poised to become mainstream in the near future,
delivering a lasting customer connection and more value for the
client's technology investments.
Relevance through innovation
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Relevance through innovation
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
The ways in which consumers can send and receive cash have
dramatically evolved over time. From postal money orders to
various electronic banking solutions, transferring money from one
point to another has become faster and more reliable. However,
most of these methods have found limited success in developing
nations, where large sections of the population remain unbanked.
Unlike access to banking transactions, mobile penetration in these
markets has exploded, opening up new channels of innovation for
a broader range of providers. To address this opportunity, Infosys
developed an innovative platform to reach the unbanked and the
underbanked. Our WalletEdge solution can be leveraged by telecom
companies to provide mobile money services. Our revolutionary
approach, coupled with our technological expertise, has resulted
in new revenue streams for both mobile service providers and
banking institutions.
WalletEdge promotes payment and transfer services to new
constituencies, while also creating business opportunities for
telecom operators to penetrate into their existing customer base
and enrich their lives with new range of services.
WalletEdge is an end-to-end platform, enabling a financial ecosystem
comprising of consumers, merchants, telecom companies, banks,
governments and enterprises. The scalable platform is powered
by Finacle Digital Commerce, and its associated infrastructure,
technology and operations. This helps clients conduct financial
transactions in a safe, efficient, and timely manner. WalletEdge is at
the forefront of the move towards cashless transactions, offering an
easy-to-use, secure platform to conduct financial transactions, both
big and small. This will help small, medium and large businesses
improve their adoption rate and extend the reach of their offerings
and services.
A world of opportunity
According to the Digital India report from the Boston Consulting
Group, the projected fee income in India alone from mobile
payment and banking transactions could exceed $4.5 billion by
2015. Seizing this new business opportunity, our client, a leading
integrated telecommunication company with operations in
Asia and Africa, invested in the innovative WalletEdge solution.
Working together with the client, we created a new model for
mobile payments and transfers and in doing so, have helped the
client gain significant market share in the mobile money space
during the launch year.
WalletEdge provides clients with first-mover advantage, and helps
them establish a leadership position in the market. Delivered
through a private cloud, the platform addresses multiple market
needs. Its shared services framework enables members to transition
from a paper cash-based model to a digital model. The platform
currently supports over 100 transactions per second (live in the
market), employing well-established industry methodology for
merchant on-boarding.
Our client's mobile money service has had a huge impact on the
lives of many of their consumers. For example, members of a self-
help group in South India now repay their loans using this service.
It saves them time and energy, and is an effective means of loan
repayment.
A cooperative milk society in Gujarat allows retailers to pay for
their orders using this service, leading to more efficient processes.
Consumers can also choose to pay their electricity and utility bills
through this service. Mobile money is seen as a convenient way to
make e-commerce payments.
What experts say
The platform created by Infosys is hosted as a shared service
on a private cloud infrastructure providing scale, flexibility, and
robustness to handle millions of customers performing billions of
transactions. Frederic Giron, Vice President, Principal Analyst
serving Vendor Strategy Professionals, and Operational Head,
Forrester India Research Center.
Source : Forrester Research, Inc., blogs, March 7, 2012,
http://bit.ly/yQmOsI
Relevance through innovation
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Relevance through innovation
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
By delivering a competitive edge for clients in the aerospace
industry, Infosys has been instrumental in furthering the course of
innovation in this dynamic sector. We deliver innovative solutions
to address issues related to materials, costs and performance.
Byrecognizing the potential of replacing metals with composites,
resulting in substantial reduction in the weight of aircraft, we have
provided clients with a key competitive advantage. Using our
proprietary Knowledge Based Engineering (KBE) tool sets, we have
developed multiple components of the next-generation aircraft.
Our approach to composite design blends cutting-edge design and
rigorous development processes. By evaluating critical parameters
such as structural superiority, high strength and stiffness, lower
assembly time, and materials that are highly corrosion-resistant
and damage-tolerant, we have helped our clients deploy composite
materials in aircraft design quickly and effectively.
The innovative design approach we deploy for composites also
addresses important sustainability concerns. Working with
stringent sub-assembly weight targets, we are able to reduce the
weight of the aircraft, resulting in remarkable fuel-consumption
savings and a decrease in greenhouse emissions. This in turn saves
millions of dollars for air carriers, creating savings and efficiencies
through innovation.
A future-ready solution
A global aerospace company engaged Infosys to achieve its goal
of maximizing its market opportunity in the profitable twin-aisle
commercial aircraft segment. Together we built a superior and
compelling product featuring better performance and lower weight.
The engineering objectives of this client were met effectively,
defying conventional product development methods. Our unique
approach featured :
Using innovative composite materials in the aircraft to improve
fuel efficiency, carrying capacity and overall performance,
while reducing assembly cycles and time-to-market
Managing a globally dispersed supply chain and providing
a turnkey product development experience, with complete
ownership of large-scale aircraft assemblies
Compressing standard aircraft development cycles to service
aggressive program timelines
Enabling the client to consolidate its market share, maintain its
leadership position and improve its profitability.
Working with a key supplier to develop multiple aircraft structures,
we offered a turnkey experience to our client, and served as an
extension to the client's own design and development operations.
We provided seamless connectivity and dedicated design centers.
We also provided a combination of high-value innovation
resources, including systems engineering experts, program
managers, proprietary toolsets and methodologies that helped
deliver a successful solution to the client.
Blending decades of experience in KBE with aircraft structure
design, we re-engineered and automated complex design and
analysis processes, helping our client reduce critical development
cycle times by 20-30%. Our KBE toolsets have developed
consistent and repeatable composite designs that were compliant
with the aviation regulatory standards, ensuring first-time-right
sub-assemblies.
We also diagnosed critical lags in component assembly by leveraging
best practices in product development across all programs.
Working with multiple component suppliers, we were able to
consolidate key component assembly operations logically to reduce
lag and improve assembly time significantly. We also improved the
assembly timelines of specific components by consolidating key
sub-assembly operations with suppliers and moving them down to
lower tiers, thus boosting overall cycle times.
Continuous innovation
Our aerospace innovation is ever-evolving. Our commitment to
improved aircraft design and carrier operations extends to passenger
comfort and a superior in-flight experience. We also work with the
industry to deliver innovative, technologically advanced, in-flight
infotainment systems featuring latest technology and advanced
product design.
Relevance through innovation
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Relevance through innovation
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
What does it mean to secure a business for the future? Ensuring your
business is future-ready requires many things. The one growing
expectation is that a business must make itself sustainable
financially, socially and environmentally. Increasingly, companies
are realizing that investing in environmental sustainability
results in higher revenue and productivity, in addition to the
obvious benefits to the world in which we live. Infosys has been
a leader in designing innovative solutions that bring considerable
environmental benefits to clients while ensuring a rapid rise in
their productivity and profit margins.
Using our domain expertise in cloud computing, we have been
providing infrastructure transformation solutions to our clients,
bringing in tangible benefits across IT operations, business
processes, products, services, and markets. The mark of true
innovation in these large-scale transformation programs is in the
way they make our clients businesses environmentally sustainable.
This dual benefit is achieved through the ability of the solutions
to provide consolidated metering and billing and ensure a unified
view of how the cloud resource is being used.
Technology solutions have traditionally focussed on generating
higher revenues and greater productivity through transformation
of processes or operations. Our business transformation solutions
take the next step, by addressing the concerns of global corporations
in becoming more energy-efficient and reducing pollution.
For our work in Eco-Enterprise Innovation, and helping clients
reduce their environmental footprint while reducing cost,
wewon the Oracle Excellence Award at Oracle OpenWorld, 2012.
Ourwork with a key client has been validated by the 2012 Green IT
Award for Best Cloud / Virtualization Project of the Year. We also
won appreciation from industry analysts for our vision of a cloud
ecosystem integrator and the success of our cloud deployments for
clients.
Change for the better
We implemented a private cloud for a global strategic client
in Europe, and were a catalyst in furthering their business and
environmental objectives. The pioneering end-to-end data center
transformation program delivered a scalable and agile private cloud
that met the growing needs of the customer, rationalized its data
centers and reduced its carbon footprint significantly.
When the engagement began, the client was looking to streamline
and optimize its IT operations. As a result of a number of
acquisitions, the IT environment of the company was spiralling
out of control running 26 Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)
instances and 122 processes. A need for standardization was also
felt, in the light of the pan-European and global requirements for
its printing, document management and IT services.
We delivered two major business-IT transformational programs :
A centralized ERP platform using the Oracle suite of products
to migrate the client's existing business processes and its
current live users.
A data center strategy designed to make use of a 100% private,
virtualized cloud to standardize and streamline business
processes, rationalize data centers across Europe and reduce
the client's carbon footprint.
The client realized greater business value because both these
transformational programs delivered on the client's environmental
goals.
Reduce and win
The new ERP platform and private cloud implementation have
resulted in the removal of approximately 1,600 servers and an 85%
reduction in its energy consumption equivalent to taking 3,500
cars off the road each year. The client is committed to reducing
their energy consumption by 87.5%, by 2050.
The transformation programs have helped the client meet their
worldwide environmental impact reduction goals set in three
areas energy conservation and prevention of global warming,
resource conservation, and recycling and pollution prevention.
Ithas been an exciting journey for us to co-create with the client to
bring sustainable and profitable benefits.
Relevance through innovation
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
In our increasingly digital world where social media, the Internet
and multimedia have become pervasive and ubiquitous the
unprecedented growth in data volume will continue exponentially
for the foreseeable future. For most CIOs, enabling business
to make faster and better decisions is among the top priorities.
However, businesses are realizing that the traditional approach to
data warehousing is inadequate to address the Big Data demands
of enterprises.
When it comes to implementing Big Data, what enterprises are
truly looking for is the ability to quickly discover, analyze and act
on information to drive business decisions. While there are a few
solutions in the market that address this need, they have inherent
limitations. Such solutions either demand deep technical expertise
and implementation time or are designed for specific business
scenarios and need constant investment for new applications.
There is no single solution in the market that addresses the Big
Data needs of business and technology decision makers alike.
Technology teams need the flexibility for rapid development of
industry-specific Big Data applications while business needs the
agility for insights and actions.
Infosys BigDataEdge is the best data platform for empowering both
technology and business to rapidly develop and action industry-
specific insights. With a repository of over 250 algorithms, over 50
visualization options and industry-specific applications, businesses
can generate insights up to eight times faster and action decisions
in real time.
The Insight Builder capability of Infosys BigDataEdge, empowers
business users to create insights in three simple steps. First, they
select the source of information from an available list of over
50 enterprise systems (for example : CRM, ERP) and external
sources such as Facebook or Twitter. Next, they build the insight
using our repository of pre-built algorithms using intuitive drag,
drop, and configuring options on a rich visual interface. Finally,
they select the visualization output from over 50 available reporting
options. With this, the insight is created and is ready for use in a
matter of minutes and not days as was normal. The Collaboration
Wall allows users across functions and regions to interact on
insights and effect smart business decisions. These decisions
can be operationalized in real time, using the inbuilt Integrated
Workflow capability.
Harnessing the power
BigDataEdge creates opportunities for clients to innovate by
harnessing the power of their data to analyze, develop and introduce
new products and services. Our compliance-ready solution also
enables real-time discovery of data across both internal systems
and external sources.
A leading U.S. Bank expressed the need for a non-traditional
solution to calculate its Total Borrower Exposure (TBE) through
a single view of all the borrower's points of engagement to make
credit decisions. Some of the challenges and opportunities in
understanding the TBE included :
The inability to correlate data from multiple internal systems
capturing borrower data, each with different structures and
depths of information
The burden of processing over huge volume of data in a
reasonable amount of time using traditional information
processing systems
The difficulty finding an affordable, simpler way of bridging
the missing relationships between data from diverse internal
and external sources
The stunted ability to gain insights from external public
domain data
BigDataEdge employed our expertise to build a proof of concept
with a sophisticated algorithm match to identify borrower
relationships and uncover hidden relationships across internal and
external sources.
Correlate data, connect better
Our BigDataEdge solution concept enabled the client to understand
non-traditional ways of creating new insights such as hidden
relationships between customers, behavioral patterns deduced
from social, public and unstructured data, and correlation of data
with counterparty details and fund information in a very short
span of four weeks from gathering data to delivering insights.
Relevance through innovation
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Organizations the world over are taking proactive steps to ensure
that their businesses are not just profitable but environmentally
viable. Energy conservation is now not only a social goal, butalso
a business goal, particularly for large companies like Infosys.
Spurred by our goal of becoming carbon neutral by 2017, we have
used innovative and cutting-edge solutions to tackle resource
conservation across our development centers.
Our annual energy consumption for 2011-2012 was about
268million units from buildings. Data from energy consumption
tracking meters reinforced the fact that the best way to reduce our
energy consumption was to make our buildings intelligent. Our
implementation of intelligent building systems is a result of smart
integration across technology, building infrastructure, and energy
management systems.
To be energy-efficient, the building design has to factor many
variables, such as occupancy, weather conditions, operating hours,
occupant behavior, and equipment efficiencies. While this range
of variables is challenging to deal with, our intelligent building
systems use a combination of controllers, sensors, actuators, and
feedback systems to make operations more efficient. Over time,
we discovered that a substantial amount of energy conservation
could be achieved by pushing boundaries. By using innovative
approaches to dynamically understand building requirements, we
have been able to scale down operations from peak levels and save
energy.
Our rigor in energy conservation and other sustainability
initiatives has been widely recognized. Several buildings across our
development centers have received the Platinum certification in
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED). The LEED
Green Building Rating System is a globally accepted benchmark
for design, construction and operation of high-performance green
buildings. The Platinum-certified buildings on our campuses
now cover an area of over 1.8 million sq. ft., with more buildings
applying for the same certification. We received the National
Energy Conservation Award 2012 for the energy conservation
efforts at our Jaipur and Pune campuses.
Smarter operations
Our expert implementation of intelligent building systems has
made our buildings smarter by conserving 15% more energy than
conventional buildings. Our innovative approach meant that we
could create the next generation of high-performance buildings
that are 66% more energy efficient than our existing structures.
We have designed and incorporated artificial intelligence that
tracks lower outdoor temperatures when the weather is favorable,
and dynamically responds to changing air conditioning loads.
Our intelligent building systems provide meticulous data, control
energy usage and eliminates waste by monitoring floor-wise
energy consumption. We have set up smart meters to monitor
the granular energy consumption of our lighting systems, plug-
loads, air conditioning, and other devices. Using this capability,
we have been able to reduce our lighting consumption by up
to 50% and the building-level computing energy consumption
and other plug loads by up to 20% in our smart buildings in
fiscal 2013.
Performance metrics
One of the key benefits of intelligent buildings is that they can
record data to improve future designs. For instance, earlier designs
were equipped with 6.5 watt / sq. ft. of electrical power density.
Newer data-driven designs come with 3.5 watt / sq. ft. of electrical
power density. This saves over 40% in capital cost on electrical
equipment, for our new buildings.
Intelligent buildings also deliver high standards of indoor
environmental quality, which positively influences employee
comfort and productivity. Our buildings now deliver an energy
performance index, as low as 84 kWh / m2 / year. This also
contributes to a reduction in our per capita energy consumption.
We have achieved reductions from 297 kWh per person per month
in 2007 to 178 kWh per person per month in 2013. These steps
have helped us cut down our energy needs and strengthened
our commitment to running our business sustainably. The most
important outcome from our intelligent building systems
implementation will be our ability to design smarter and more
resource efficient buildings for tomorrow.
Relevance through innovation
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Relevance through innovation
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Contributing to the welfare of our local communities is an essential
part of our social commitment. Therefore, we were quick to
respond to a call for aid by the Karnataka (India) government to
build homes for those affected by the devastating floods of 2009.
The floods had damaged more than 95,000 homes in nearly 300
villages. Infosys Limited and the Infosys Foundation, our corporate
social responsibility arm, set up the North Karnataka Flood Relief
Program to help construct homes in the worst affected areas.
We promote volunteerism among employees to help them serve
the larger communities and lead fulfilling work lives as socially
responsible citizens. Many of the social innovations for this
initiative have come directly from our employees, including our
holistic approach to disaster management. We provided not only
the infrastructure, but also sustainable programs for the overall
development of the affected communities.
Our innovative approach of blending information technology
and local knowledge helped our project team track and monitor
processes, construction, labor, material, and monetary investments
seamlessly and effectively. This social innovation program
demonstrated the potential of public-private partnership. Through
this easy-to-replicate, scalable initiative, we helped construct and
deliver 2,262 houses at a cost of ` 30 crore, in a record time of
18months.
For the rehabilitation of flood-affected communities, the
government acquired land, identified layouts and provided
basic infrastructure. Private companies like Infosys took on the
construction work and implemented best practices in program
management to ensure the speedy completion of the project.
Of the many challenges our team faced, poor or no access to raw
materials, shortage of skilled labor, tough weather conditions, and
poor infrastructure were the most critical. To resolve these, best
practices in project management suited to local conditions were
devised and implemented. Risks were monitored and mitigated
through efficiency measures, including ordering material in bulk,
ensuring roads were laid in time, planning for potential disruption
of movement of materials during bad weather conditions, etc.
Theteam developed an in-house Flood Relief Management System
to monitor construction work at various sites on a real-time basis.
Delivering hope
Our team identified 18 villages in five districts Gulbarga, Yadgir,
Raichur, Belgaum and Dharwad on which to focus our efforts.
The team partnered with three non-governmental organizations
(NGOs) to gain local contacts and understand local practices.
Morethan 25 contractors were hired to work at the sites. Thejoint
effort of our team, NGO volunteers, contractors, government
officials and the public helped deliver the project on time and
before the monsoons in 2011.
The project benefited 2,262 families and gave our employees an
opportunity to contribute to their local community. Creating an
environment for local entrepreneurship, the initiative encouraged
villagers to set up businesses related to construction such as making
precast toilets, and manufacturing building blocks. The speedy
execution of the project helped renew faith in the execution of
rehabilitation projects in the country.
Our team also conducted several awareness programs on sanitation,
cleanliness and environmental sustainability. To increase the
green cover in this arid region, the team worked with the forest
department to plant saplings. Solar powered devices were also
supplied to households for energy-efficient lighting. Community
members were connected with banks to financially empower them.
Success speak
I am very grateful on behalf of the Government of Karnataka to
Infosys for building 1,249 houses in Gulbarga district. I commend
the professional attitude of the Infosys team in this endeavor.
Dr.R. Vishal, former Deputy Commissioner, Gulbarga
Relevance through innovation
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Relevance through innovation
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
The age of the digital consumer demands new solutions. Infosys
BrandEdge is the first comprehensive Cloud-based platform for
enterprises who know that digital marketing represents the future.
BrandEdge simplifies the challenges of digital marketing and
empowers marketing at both the enterprise and consumer levels.
This hosted cloud and services-based solution has seen excellent
resonance in the market. It provides access to niche marketing
areas of large enterprises. And this in turn leads to large-scale
transformation of a company's marketing opportunities.
The solution is part of the Infosys Edge suite of products that
won the NASSCOM business innovation award in February, 2013.
Agile and cost-effective, BrandEdge helps our clients leverage
viral channels such as mobile and social to effectively engage with
digital consumers. It is also the first-of-its-kind initiative that
covers both the consumer and enterprise sides of marketing, using
comprehensive dashboards, tools, wizards, easy-to-understand
analytics reports, and a host of digital marketing services.
Alltogether, the client enjoys a fully integrated marketing solution
to effectively reach today's digital consumers.
Sharpened by research
The vision for BrandEdge emerged from extensive blueprinting
workshops conducted by the Infosys BrandEdge team jointly with
key clients and partners. Workshops were conducted through
a novel series of agile HTML prototyping, resulting in clearly
identifying client needs, then refining and mapping these to the
Infosys Edge products. These needs include :
Templated campaign management capability which enables
campaign creation and tracking, and risk and governance
management, using intelligence gathered from previous
campaigns
Workflow management functionality that dynamically builds
workflows based on selected campaign type and orchestrates
campaign execution processes
Knowledge management functionality that enhances
collaboration among stakeholders through communities,
document sharing, a recommendation engine and Web 2.0
features
Comprehensive analytics for campaign / project efficiency
measurement and collaboration
An integration framework that allows seamless integration of
additional tools (existing and future) with the platform
An administration layer allowing simplified infrastructure
management and role-based user management.
As opposed to current solutions available in the market, BrandEdge
is highly configurable and flexible. The Software as a Service (SaaS)
nature of BrandEdge, coupled with our highly scalable global
delivery network, allows for unprecedented global scalability.
Multiplier effect
A leading global advertising agency selected BrandEdge to provide
a unified digital marketing platform to drive marketing campaigns
and projects spanning multiple customers and countries. Their aim
is to reach new markets and support the growing needs of their
customers. To support marketing activities of their customers
businesses, the client needed to collaborate seamlessly, adopt and
apply best practices, standardize business processes and adhere to
local requirements across countries.
The BrandEdge campaign workflow management system makes
it easier for users to access, adopt and achieve better efficiencies
in daily tasks. Real-time performance monitoring of projects
is made simpler. The recommendation engine enables reuse of
past campaign templates. The Knowledge Management system
facilitates intelligent and contextualized collaboration among
internal and external stakeholders.
Based on a flexible and dynamic metadata model that uses
information about users to customize their individual log-in
screens, BrandEdge provides for easier and faster roll-out for
various account teams and campaigns. The hosted model allows
the client to manage their cash flow more efficiently, therefore
resulting in lower total cost.
This was our first client who used the BrandEdge platform to
provide B2B campaign management services across its customer
base. BrandEdge was able to fulfill the client's B2B needs and
create value for the client and their customers, underscoring its
larger value proposition, which is unique in the Digital Marketing
Platform space. The successful partnership also underscores our
capabilities as an end-to-end service provider.
Relevance through innovation
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Income
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
4
,
7
6
1
6
,
8
6
0
9
,
0
2
8
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3
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Operating proft (PBIDTA)
Market capitalization
Basic EPS
(1)
Book value
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
1
,
5
8
4
2
,
3
2
5
2
,
9
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.
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5
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(1)

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
1
,
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1
,
8
5
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,
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8
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9
,
0
4
7
Historical data
in ` crore, except per share data
(1)
Excluding extraordinary and exceptional items.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Income
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
4
,
7
6
1
6
,
8
6
0
9
,
0
2
8
1
3
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3
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,
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6
5
Operating proft (PBIDTA)
Market capitalization
Basic EPS
(1)
Book value
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
1
,
5
8
4
2
,
3
2
5
2
,
9
8
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4
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1
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1
5
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
3
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,
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0
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2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
2
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.
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.
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.
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.
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2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
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.
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(1)

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
1
,
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,
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7
Letter to the shareholder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
The year at a glance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Board and committees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Directors' report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Management's discussion and analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Risk management report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
CEO and CFO certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Abridged financial statements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Consolidated financial statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Corporate governance report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Shareholder information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Global presence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Notice of the 32nd Annual General Meeting
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
2 | Letter to the shareholder
Dear Shareholder,
We are pleased to inform you that we have ended fiscal 2013 with
a growth of 19.6% in rupee terms and 5.8% in U.S. dollar terms.
As per the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in
rupees, our consolidated revenues for fiscal 2013 stood at ` 40,352
crore, a year-on-year growth of 19.6%. The profit after tax was
` 9,421 crore, a year-on-year growth of 13.3%. Inaccordance with
the IFRS in U.S. dollar, our annual revenue for fiscal 2013 stood at
US $7,398 million, a year-on-year growth of 5.8%, while our net
income stood at US$1,725 million, a year-on-year growth of 0.5%.
Out of the total revenue, North America and Europe accounted
for 62.2% and 23.1% respectively, while India and the Rest of the
World contributed 2.1% and 12.6% respectively. We expanded our
global footprint this fiscal with a new delivery center in Munich,
Germany. We also opened a second office in the city of Nagoya
in Japan, a new delivery center in Milwaukee, Wisconsin and an
onshore operations center in the Metro Atlanta Area, U.S. Our BPO
subsidiary opened a new delivery center in San Jos, CostaRica.
We are pleased to announce a final dividend of ` 27 per share for
fiscal 2013. Earlier in the fiscal, we paid an interim dividend of
` 15 per share.
Liquid assets of the company, including cash and cash equivalents,
current available-for-sale financial assets, investment in certificates
of deposits and government bonds were ` 23,958 crore at the end of
this fiscal, versus ` 20,968 crore as on March 31, 2012.
Infosys and its subsidiaries added 235 new clients this fiscal, taking
our total client base to 798. The number of our million-dollar
clients has gone up to 448 this fiscal from 399 in the previous fiscal.
Consulting, Package Implementation and Others contributed
31.4% of our revenues for the year ended March 31, 2013.
Weacquired Lodestone Holding AG, a leading global management
consultancy firm, for a cash consideration of US $219 million and
up to US $112 million as deferred purchase price.
Business IT services contributed 62.9% of our revenues this fiscal.
Services like infrastructure testing, developed by integrating our
expertise across infrastructure management and testing services,
are clearly driving incremental growth for this business. In fiscal
2013, we won more than 15 large, integrated outsourcing deals
worth over a billion dollars in total contract value.
Our India Business Unit continues to see good traction. We
were selected by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) to
further strengthen and transform the new phase of the MCA
21 V2 project. We have recently been engaged to develop the
Haryana State Portal project that has been formulated under
the National e-Governance Plan to provide easy and convenient
services to citizens via the Internet. The Department of Industrial
Policy and Promotion, Ministry of Commerce and Industry
Government of India launched the first phase of eBiz, India's first
Government-to-Business portal, which has been developed by us
in a public-private partnership model.
Infosys Public Services, our U.S.-based subsidiary, has won deals
across segments including healthcare and government in the last
fiscal. The District of Columbia awarded us a contract valued
at US $49.5 million for one year to implement the District of
Columbia Access System (DCAS), a state-of-the-art health and
human services solution.
We continue to see momentum in the Products, Platforms and
Solutions space which contributed 5.7% of our revenues in the last
fiscal. We won 51 deals (excluding Finacle

) across industries and


geographies, taking the client count to over 75. We have decided
Our new strategic direction is being received very
well by our clients, industry bodies and analysts
alike. We have witnessed early successes and the
road ahead is both encouraging and promising.
S. D. Shibulal
Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Letter to the shareholder | 3
to set aside up to US$100 million to invest in this space. Finacle


continued its business momentum with 48 wins this fiscal.
Our clients are increasingly looking at Mobility to drive growth,
efficiency and customer centricity, and we are their trusted partners
in this journey. Our researchers filed 97 unique patent applications
in India and the U.S.
We added 37,036 employees (net addition of 6,694) this fiscal, and
the total employee strength for the year ended March 31, 2013 was
1,56,688, for Infosys and its subsidiaries.
Over the last fiscal, we received several prestigious awards and
recognitions. Infosys Cloud Ecosystem Hub won the 2012
Golden Peacock Award for the most innovative product / service.
The National Association of Software and Services Companies
(NASSCOM) awarded the prestigious Business Innovation Award
to Infosys Edge. We were named a 2013 Computerworld Honors
Laureate in recognition of our use of information technology to
promote and advance public welfare, benefit society and business,
and change the world for the better. Our enterprise mobility
services were highly rated by various analysts, including a leader
rating in The Forrester Wave: Enterprise Mobility Services,
Q12013 report. Ovum, the global analyst firm, recognized Flypp
Digital Experience Platform for its well-developed ecosystem of
services, large repository of apps (comparable to Google Play and
the App Store) and monetization processes. Wewere recognized as
one of the Achievers 50 Most Engaged Workplaces in the U.S.
for our leadership and innovation towards engaging employees.
We were ranked second in the 2012 Global Outsourcing 100 List
compiled annually by the International Association of Outsourcing
Professionals (IAOP). Infosys China was listed among the Top
10 Global Service Providers in China by the China Council for
International Investment Promotion for the second consecutive
year. Infosys BPO won the Award for Innovation in Learning at the
Best Learning & Development Awards 2012, the Golden Peacock
HR Excellence Award 2012 and the Award for Institution Building
at the Asia Pacific HRM Congress Awards, 2012.
Earlier this year, we became the first Indian company to be listed
on NYSE Euronext London. With this, we further strengthened
our focus on the European market which is increasingly becoming
astrategic market for us with our business, investor and employee
base growing in the region.
I am pleased to inform you that Leo Puri, a Senior Advisor of
McKinsey & Company's Asia-Pacific Financial Institution Practice,
has been appointed Additional Director of the Company with effect
from April 11, 2013.
The just-concluded financial year marks the completion of the
32nd year of our exciting journey. In a little over three decades, we
have, as an organization, crossed frontiers we had never imagined
were possible. We have pioneered many firsts including a global
delivery model which is a widely accepted industry standard today.
We have established benchmarks that were never before achieved
in the industry. Most importantly, we have proven beyond doubt
that it is possible to build a world-class organization by operating
legally, ethically and with fairness, transparency and integrity.
Along the way, we have created jobs, improved livelihoods and
enabled our industry to establish its dominance in the global
playing field. In every way possible, we have rewarded the people
who have not only believed in the Infosys dream but have also
played their part in keeping it alive. Looking back, we take pride in
what we have been able to accomplish so far.
However, this journey has not been easy and we have encountered
obstacles along the way. Time and again, our resilience has been
put to the test. We had to overcome challenges that could have
changed the fate of our organization. Be it game-changing trends in
technology, industry and business models, or regulatory challenges,
we had to steer ourselves clear of turbulent waters many a time.
This required us to transform ourselves as an organization to
adapt to changing business environments and also the changing
business priorities of our clients.
We passed through one such transformation recently. We embarked
on our new strategic direction of Building Tomorrow's Enterprise
which provides our clients with the framework of innovation to
leverage the opportunities provided by the emerging future and to
prepare for its challenges. This new strategic direction has set us
on a journey to redefine the industry for long-term, sustainable and
high-quality growth.
It is times like these that have witnessed our organizational growth
slowing down. Sometimes, these slowdowns were also caused
by reasons beyond our control. Hindsight gives us the luxury to
realize these facts. In the eye of the storm though, every slowdown
led to concerns over the strength and relevance of the strategic
choices we made as an organization.
If we tell you that this anxiety in the marketplace does not bother
us, we would not be speaking the truth. Yes, it does cause the rare
moment of self-doubt. However, like every time in the past when
our strategic choices were being questioned, this time too, we have
the utmost conviction in our strategic choices. We also have the
same unstinting confidence in our ability to succeed.
Our confidence takes firm roots in several aspects. Almost 98%
of our revenues come from repeat business. This is testament to
the trust that our clients place in us and in our ability to adapt to
their changing business needs. Our new strategic direction is being
received very well by our clients, industry bodies and analysts
alike. We have witnessed early successes and the road ahead is
both encouraging and promising. We have immense confidence in
the capabilities of our biggest asset our people. Every time in
the past when we had to dig deep within to pull ourselves out of
turbulent times, it is the passion, commitment and never-say-die
attitude of our people that have helped us succeed. This time will
be no different. Last, but not the least, we are confident that we
will succeed because we are a learning organization. We are as
committed to learning from our successes and right choices as from
our failures and bad choices. We will continue to do what we are
best at fulfill our responsibilities towards all our stakeholders.
We will leave no stone unturned in doing what it takes to work
with them, and for them. We are listening and we are learning.
As we enter another financial year, we look forward to receiving
your continued trust and support.
Bangalore
April12, 2013
S. D. Shibulal
Chief Executive Officer and
Managing Director
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
IFRS Consolidated (in crore)
Revenues Revenues
2011 2012 2013
2
7
,
5
0
1
3
3
,
7
3
4
4
0
,
3
5
2
6
,
8
2
3
8
,
3
1
6
9
,
4
2
1
6
,
0
4
1
6
,
9
9
4
7
,
3
9
8
1
,
4
9
9
1
,
7
1
6
1
,
7
2
5
2011 2012 2013 2011 2012 2013 2011 2012 2013
Net income Net income
IFRS Consolidated (in US$ million)
Indian GAAP Standalone
in ` crore, except per share data
2013 2012 Growth (%)
Financial performance
Income 36,765 31,254 17.6
Gross profit 15,103 13,419 12.5
Operating profit (PBIDTA) 11,015 10,061 9.5
Profit after tax 9,116 8,470 7.6
EPS (par value of ` 5/- each) : Basic 158.76 147.51 7.6
Diluted 158.76 147.50 7.6
Dividend Per share 42.00 47.00 (10.6)
Financial position
Capital expenditure 1,847 1,296 42.5
Fixed assets 5,588 4,649 20.2
Cash and cash equivalents 22,289 19,898 12.0
Net current assets 25,945 22,428 15.7
Total assets 43,028 35,815 20.1
Debt
Net worth 36,059 29,757 21.2
Cash and cash equivalents / total assets (%) 51.1 55.6 (8.1)
Market capitalization 1,65,917 1,64,592 0.8
IFRS Consolidated
in ` crore, except per share data
2013 2012 Growth (%)
Revenues 40,352 33,734 19.6
Gross profit 15,072 13,926 8.2
Operating income 10,429 9,779 6.6
Net income 9,421 8,316 13.3
EPS (par value of ` 5/- each) : Basic 164.87 145.55 13.3
Diluted 164.87 145.54 13.3
in US $ million, except per share data
2013 2012 Growth (%)
Revenues 7,398 6,994 5.8
Gross profit 2,761 2,876 (4.0)
Operating income 1,909 2,013 (5.2)
Net income 1,725 1,716 0.5
EPS (par value of ` 5/- each) : Basic 3.02 3.00 0.7
Diluted 3.02 3.00 0.7
4 | The year at a glance
Standing: Ashok Vemuri
Director and Head of Americas, and
Global Head of Manufacturing and
Engineering Services
Deepak M.Satwalekar
Independent Director
Ravi Venkatesan
Independent Director
Dr.Omkar Goswami
Independent Director
B.G.Srinivas
Director and Head of Europe, and
Global Head of Financial Services and
Insurance
Prof.Jeffrey S.Lehman
Independent Director
R.Seshasayee
Independent Director
V.Balakrishnan
Director and Head of Infosys BPO,
Finacle and India Business Unit
LeoPuri
Independent Director
Srinath Batni
Director and Head of Delivery
Excellence
David L.Boyles
Independent Director
AnnM.Fudge
Independent Director
K.V.Kamath
Chairman of the Board
S.Gopalakrishnan
Executive Co-Chairman of the Board
S.D.Shibulal
Chief Executive Officer and
ManagingDirector
Sitting:
As on April 11, 2013
Rajiv Bansal
Chief Financial Officer
Srikantan Moorthy
Senior Vice President and
Group Head of Human Resources
Basab Pradhan
Senior Vice President and Head of Global Sales,
Marketing and Alliances
B.G.Srinivas
Director and Head of Europe, and
Global Head of Financial Services and Insurance
Srinath Batni
Director and Head of Delivery Excellence
Stephen R. Pratt
Senior Vice President and Managing Partner
Worldwide Consulting and System Integration
S.Gopalakrishnan
Executive Co-Chairman of the Board
S.D.Shibulal
Chief Executive Officer and
Managing Director
Nandita Gurjar
Senior Vice President and Group Head of
Education and Research
Ashok Vemuri
Director and Head of Americas, and
Global Head of Manufacturing and
Engineering Services
U.B.Pravin Rao
Senior Vice President and Global Head of
Retail, Consumer Packaged Goods,
Logistics and Life Sciences
Prasad Thrikutam
Senior Vice President and
Global Head of Energy, Utilities,
Communications and Services
U. Ramadas Kamath
Senior Vice President and Head of
Administration, Facilities,
Infrastructure and Security
Chandrashekar Kakal
Senior Vice President and
Global Head of Business IT Services
V.Balakrishnan
Director and Head of Infosys BPO,
Finacle and India Business Unit
Sanjay Purohit
Senior Vice President and
Global Head of Products,
Platforms and Solutions
Fromleft to right :
As on April 1, 2013
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Board and committees | 5
The Board of Directors
K.V.Kamath
Chairman of the Board
S.Gopalakrishnan
Executive Co-Chairman of the Board
S.D.Shibulal
Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director
AnnM.Fudge
Independent Director
AshokVemuri
Director and Head of Americas, and
Global Head of Manufacturing and Engineering Services
V.Balakrishnan
Director and Head of Infosys BPO, Finacle and India Business Unit
DavidL.Boyles
Independent Director
DeepakM.Satwalekar
Independent Director
Prof.JeffreyS.Lehman
Independent Director
LeoPuri
(1)
Independent Director
Dr.Omkar Goswami
Independent Director
Ravi Venkatesan
Independent Director
R.Seshasayee
Independent Director
Srinath Batni
Director and Head of Delivery Excellence
B.G.Srinivas
Director and Head of Europe, and
Global Head of Financial Services and Insurance
Board and committees Infosys Limited
Executive Council
S.Gopalakrishnan
Executive Co-Chairman of the Board
S.D.Shibulal
Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director
AshokVemuri
Director and Head of Americas, and
Global Head of Manufacturing and Engineering Services
V.Balakrishnan
Director and Head of Infosys BPO, Finacle and India Business Unit
Basab Pradhan
Senior Vice President and Head of Global Sales, Marketing and Alliances
Chandrashekar Kakal
Senior Vice President and Global Head of Business IT Services
Nandita Gurjar
(2)
Senior Vice President and Group Head of Education and Research
Prasad Thrikutam
Senior Vice President and Global Head of Energy, Utilities,
Communications and Services
U.B.Pravin Rao
Senior Vice President and Global Head of Retail,
Consumer Packaged Goods, Logistics and Life Sciences
Rajiv Bansal
(3)
Chief Financial Officer
U. Ramadas Kamath
Senior Vice President and Head of Administration, Facilities, Infrastructure
and Security
Sanjay Purohit
(4)
Senior Vice President and Global Head of Products, Platforms and Solutions
Srikantan Moorthy
(4)
Senior Vice President and Group Head of Human Resources
Srinath Batni
Director and Head of Delivery Excellence
B.G.Srinivas
Director and Head of Europe, and
Global Head of Financial Services and Insurance
Stephen R. Pratt
Senior Vice President and Managing Partner, Worldwide Consulting and
Systems Integration
(1)
Appointed with effect from April11, 2013
(2)
Change in role designation with effect from April1, 2013
(3)
Appointed as the CFO and member of the Executive Council (EC) with effect from
November1, 2012
(4)
Member of the EC with effect from April1, 2013
Board Committees
Audit committee
DeepakM.Satwalekar
Chairperson
Ravi Venkatesan
R.Seshasayee
Compensation committee
AnnM.Fudge
Chairperson
DavidL.Boyles
Ravi Venkatesan
Investor grievance committee
Dr.Omkar Goswami
Chairperson
DeepakM.Satwalekar
Prof. Jeffrey S. Lehman
Nominations committee
Prof. Jeffrey S. Lehman
Chairperson
AnnM.Fudge
Ravi Venkatesan
Risk management committee
DavidL.Boyles
Chairperson
Dr.Omkar Goswami
R.Seshasayee
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
6 | Board and committees
Infosys BPO Limited
V.Balakrishnan
Chairperson
Gautam Thakkar
(1)
Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director
Chandrashekar Kakal
Director
Jayanth R. Varma
Independent Director
Dr.Omkar Goswami
Independent Director
Infosys Consulting India Limited
Chandrashekar Kakal
Chairperson
S.D.Shibulal
Director
B.G.Srinivas
Director
Infosys Public Services Inc.
Prof. Jeffrey S. Lehman
Chairperson
Eric S. Paternoster
President and Chief Executive Officer
AshokVemuri
Director
Infosys Technologies (Australia) Pty. Limited
B.G.Srinivas
Chairperson
Jackie Korhonen
Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director
V. G. Dheeshjith
Director
U.B.Pravin Rao
Director
Srinath Batni
Director
Infosys Technologies (China) Co. Limited
AshokVemuri
Chairperson
V. R. Rangarajan
Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director
V. G. Dheeshjith
Director
T. P. Prasad
Director
Srinath Batni
Director
The Board of Directors Subsidiaries
Infosys Technologies (Shanghai) Co. Limited
AshokVemuri
Chairperson
V. R. Rangarajan
Director and Legal Representative
Srinath Batni
Director
Infosys Technologies (Sweden) AB
S.D.Shibulal
Chairperson
Eric S. Paternoster
Director
Rajesh Krishnamurthy
Director
B.G.Srinivas
Director
Infosys Technologies S. de R. L. de C. V., Mexico
AshokVemuri
Sole Manager
Infosys Tecnologia do Brasil Ltda
Claudio Henrique Elsas
(1)
Legal Administrator
Lodestone Holding AG
B.G.Srinivas
Chairperson
Ronald Hafner
Chief Executive Officer
V.Balakrishnan
Director
Stephen R. Pratt
Director
U. B. Pravin Rao
Director
(1)
Appointed with effect from April1, 2013
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Directors' report | 7
To the members,
We are delighted to present the report on our business and operations
for the year ended March31, 2013.
1. Results of our operations
in ` crore, except per share data
2013 2012
Income from software services and
products 36,765 31,254
Software development expenses 21,662 17,835
Gross profit 15,103 13,419
Selling and marketing expenses 1,870 1,453
General and administration expenses 2,218 1,905
Operating Profit Before Interest,
Depreciation, Taxes and Amortization
(PBIDTA) 11,015 10,061
Interest
Depreciation 956 794
Operating profit 10,059 9,267
Other income 2,215 1,829
Net profit before exceptional item and tax 12,274 11,096
Dividend income
(1)
83 578
Net profit before tax 12,357 11,674
Provision for taxation 3,241 3,204
Net profit after tax and exceptional item 9,116 8,470
Profit and Loss account balance brought
forward 19,993 15,591
Intercompany dividend
Reserves on termination of Infosys
Consulting Inc. (84)
Amount available for appropriation 29,109 23,977
Dividend
Interim 862 862
Special dividend 574
Final 1,550 1,263
Total dividend 2,412 2,699
Dividend tax 403 438
Amount transferred to general reserve 911 847
Balance in Profit and Loss account 25,383 19,993
Earnings Per Share (EPS) before
exceptional item
(2)

Basic 157.55 139.07
Diluted 157.55 139.06
EPS after exceptional item
(2)

Basic 158.76 147.51
Diluted 158.76 147.50
Notes : 1 crore = 10 million

(1)
Dividend received of ` 83 crore and ` 578 crore from the wholly-owned subsidiary,
Infosys Australia Pty. Limited, during the years ended March31, 2013 and
March31, 2012, respectively.

(2)
Equity shares are at par value of ` 5/- each.
2. Business
Our total income increased to ` 36,765 crore from ` 31,254 crore
in the previous year, at a growth rate of 17.6%. Our software export
revenues aggregated to ` 35,932 crore, up by 17.8% from ` 30,514
crore in the previous year. Out of the total revenue, 63.8% came from
North America, 21.8% from Europe, 2.3% from India and 12.1%
from the Rest of the World. Our revenues from India have increased to
` 833 crore from ` 740 crore, with a growth rate of 12.6%. The share
of the fixed-price component of the business was 40.0%, compared
to 39.3% during the previous year.
Directors' report
Our gross profit amounted to ` 15,103 crore (41.1% of revenue)
as against ` 13,419 crore (42.9% of revenue) in the previous year.
The Profit Before Interest, Depreciation, Taxes and Amortization
(PBIDTA) amounted to ` 11,015 crore (30.0% of revenue) as against
` 10,061 crore (32.2% of revenue) in the previous year. Sales and
marketing costs were 5.1% and 4.6% of our revenue for the years
ended March 31, 2013 and March 31, 2012, respectively. General
and administration expenses were 6.0% and 6.1% of our revenues
during the current year and previous year, respectively. The net profit
before exceptional item and tax was ` 12,274 crore (33.4% of revenue)
as against ` 11,096 crore (35.5% of revenue) in the previous year.
We seek long-term partnerships with our clients that will enhance
their value while addressing their IT requirements. Our client-centric
approach has resulted in high levels of client satisfaction. We derived
97.8% of our consolidated revenues from repeat business. We, along
with our subsidiaries, added 235 new clients, including a substantial
number of large global corporations. The total client base at the end
of the year stood at 798. The client list for the current and previous
years on a consolidated basis are as follows :
in Nos.
2013 2012
Million-dollar clients 448 399
Five-million-dollar clients 213 190
Ten-million-dollar clients 137 132
Twenty-million-dollar clients 80 79
Thirty-million-dollar clients 62 64
Forty-million-dollar clients 49 50
Fifty-million-dollar clients 40 40
Sixty-million-dollar clients 33 28
Seventy-million-dollar clients 28 23
Eighty-million-dollar clients 19 17
Ninety-million-dollar clients 17 16
Hundred-million-dollar clients 12 13
Two Hundred-million-dollar clients 3 2
Three Hundred-million-dollar clients 1
During the year 2012-13, we added 23.11 lakh sq. ft. of physical
infrastructure space. The total available space as on March31, 2013
stands at 316.44 lakh sq. ft. The number of marketing offices as at
March31, 2013 was 69 as compared to 65 in the previous year.
3. Subsidiaries
During the year under review, we entered into share purchase
agreement with Lodestone Holding AG to purchase 100% shareholding
in Lodestone Holding AG, as a result of which Lodestone Holding
AG has become a 100% wholly-owned subsidiary of Infosys Limited.
The cost of acquisition is CHF 311 million. Lodestone HoldingAG,
headquartered in Zurich, is a global consulting firm advising
international companies on strategy and process optimization as well
as IT transformation. With a value-integration approach, Lodestone
Holding AG pursues a combination of management and IT consulting.
Founded in 2005, the firm has presence in 17 countries across five
continents. Lodestone Holding AG's advisory services are primarily
geared to the life science, chemical and financial services industries
along with the investment, automotive and consumer goods sectors.
We have 10 subsidiaries (excluding step-down subsidiaries) : Infosys
BPO Limited; Infosys Technologies (Australia) Pty. Limited; Infosys
Technologies (China) Co. Limited; Infosys Consulting India Limited;
Infosys Technologies S. de R. L. de C. V.; Infosys Technologies
(Sweden) AB; Infosys Tecnologia do Brasil Ltda; Infosys Public
Services Inc.; Infosys Technologies (Shanghai) Co. Limited; and
Lodestone Holding AG. We have 26 step-down subsidiaries : Infosys
BPO s.r.o.; Infosys BPO (Poland) Sp.Z.o.o; McCamish SystemsLLC;
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
8 | Directors' report
Portland Procurement Services Pty. Limited; Portland Group Pty.
Limited; Lodestone Management Consultants (Canada) Inc.;
Lodestone Management Consultants Inc.; Lodestone Management
Consultants Pty. Limited; Lodestone Management Consultants (Asia
Pacific) Limited (liquidated); Lodestone Management Consultants
AG; Lodestone Augmentis AG; Hafner Bauer & dman GmbH;
Lodestone Management Consultants (Belgium) S.A.; Lodestone
Management Consultants GmbH, Austria; Lodestone Management
Consultants Pte Ltd.; Lodestone Management Consultants SAS;
Lodestone Management Consultants s.r.o; Lodestone Management
Consultants GmbH, Germany; Lodestone Management Consultants
China Co., Ltd; Lodestone Management Consultants Ltd; Lodestone
Management Consultants B.V.; Lodestone Management Consultants
Ltda; Lodestone Management Consultants sp. z.o.o.; Lodestone
Management Consultants Portugal, Unipessoal, Lda; S.C. Lodestone
Management Consultants S.R.L; and Lodestone Management
Consultants S.R.L.
As per Section 212 of the Companies Act, 1956, we are required
to attach the, Balance Sheet, Statement of Profit and Loss and other
documents of our subsidiaries. The Ministry of Corporate Affairs,
Government of India vide its Circular No. 2/2011 dated February8,
2011, has provided an exemption to companies from complying
with Section 212, provided such companies publish the audited
consolidated financial statements in the Annual Report. Accordingly,
the Annual Report 2012-13 does not contain the financial statements
of our subsidiaries. Please refer statement pursuant to Section 212
of the Companies Act, 1956 for the summary financial performance
of our subsidiaries. The audited financial statements and related
information of subsidiaries will be available on our website,
www.infosys.com. These documents will also be available for inspection
during business hours at our registered office in Bangalore, India.
4. Products and platforms
Infosys Products, Platforms and Solutions (PPS) are geared to drive
innovation-led growth for our clients that will power tomorrow's
enterprise, today. Combining our market-leading products
Cloud-based hosting and platform operations our offerings help
enterprises accelerate growth, maximize profitability and increase
asset efficiency. Our PPS offerings have been recognized as an industry
best practice for developing and managing software assets by Forrester
Research, in a July 2012 report Asset-Based IT Services Shift Service
Vendors Operating Models.
Our PPS portfolio includes :
Finacle
Finacle partners with banks to transform process, product and
customer experience, arming them with accelerated innovation
that is key to building tomorrow's bank. Our solutions address the
core banking, e-banking, mobile banking, customer relationship
management, wealth management, treasury, and Islamic banking
requirements of retail, corporate and universal banks worldwide.
Keeping up with global trends, Finacle

also offers new-age solutions


like digital commerce for enabling cashless transactions and financial
inclusion for banking the unbanked. With these offerings Finacle


enables banks to stay ahead of changing customer demands,
competition and mounting global regulations as they transform into
tomorrow's banks. The Finacle R&D unit is engaged in research and
development of new technologies in the banking domain.
Today Finacle

is the choice of 168 banks across 81 countries and


powers operations across 49,600 branches globally. It enables its
customer banks to serve 447 million accounts and 359 million
consumers worldwide. Finacle

is regarded as a leader in the core


banking market space by industry analysts for years now. 44% of the
banks leveraging Finacle

are among the World's Top 1000.


Infosys Edge suite of Products and Platforms
Infosys Edge suite of products, platforms and solutions caters to
next-generation market needs driven by global trends, including
digital consumers, emerging economies, new commerce and
healthcare. Our offerings leverage technologies in the areas of
cloud computing, mobility, Big Data, rich media and social media.
By combining products from us and our partners, Cloud-based
hosting and platform operations, we help clients achieve the business
outcomes they seek. Infosys Edge is adopted by more than 75 global
clients across industries and has also won key industry recognitions.
Products
Our products include :
Infosys AssistEdge : A customer service experience product for contact
centers and provides an integrated service experience across channels
including web, chat, phone and social media.
Infosys BigDataEdge : Empowers IT and business teams to quickly
discover, analyze and act on information to drive real-time business
decisions.
Flypp : A digital experience product that includes a white-labeled
application marketplace which helps our partners actively engage with
their consumers across digital channels.
Infosys Customer Self-Service Energy Manager : Helps utilities ensure
customer delight through sustainable energy management and
revitalized customer service.
SpeedSolve : A collaborative, chat-based customer support product
from Infosys and AT&T to reduce call transfer rates, call handle time,
and call volumes.
Infosys Digital Transformation : Helps publishers provide their digital
consumers with a rich, integrated and seamless content experience.
Infosys Meter Data Management Appliance : An out-of-the-box
meter data management solution that helps utilities streamline their
meter-to-cash process and realize value from their advanced metering
infrastructure.
Infosys Account Origination System : Enables enterprise-class
customer onboarding with data capture and due diligence capabilities
across multiple regulations.
Infosys Alert and Case Management System : Supports end-to-end
management of cases, alerts, and exceptions across departments for
enterprises.
Infosys Forward Compliance System : Enables enterprises to effectively
manage and monitor complex regulatory compliance requirements
around Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) and its various
Inter-Government Agreements (IGA).
Infosys Trade Origination System : Helps companies strategically
differentiate their brokerage services by providing their customers
with a superior trading experience.
Infosys Transaction Reconciliation System : Provides end-to-end
capabilities for managing the diverse reconciliation needs of an
enterprise, from source-loading to exception management and
resolution.
Infosys Health Benefit Exchange : A novel, transparent, and competitive
insurance hub designed for individuals and small businesses to buy
qualified plans.
Infosys iTransform ICD-10 Migration Suite : A suite designed to
automate all stages of migration to ICD-10 and help organizations
turn compliance into a competitive advantage.
Note : ICD-10 is the 10th revision of the International Statistical
Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD), a medical
classification list by the World Health Organization (WHO).
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Directors' report | 9
Infosys mConnect Multi-channel Mobile Middleware : A middleware
that is designed to optimize user experience through its context-aware
mobile multimode middleware across channels and platforms.
Infosys Omni-channel Personalization Engine : Helps retailers foster
consumer relationship by presenting personalized content to their
consumers across channels.
Infosys Cloud Ecosystem Hub : Helps enterprises create, adopt and
manage their hybrid cloud ecosystem.
Platforms
Our suite of business platforms are built around specific themes
that provide significant opportunities to enterprises. This suite
drives deeper engagement with digital consumers, builds smarter
organizations and addresses the needs of emerging markets. Our
offerings are powered by best-in-class domain expertise, IP and cloud
computing. Our focus is on delivering guaranteed business outcomes
that impact our client's top-line or bottom-line. We host, operate and
manage these business platforms on a subscription-based pricing
model, providing our clients with rapid time-to-value.
Our platforms include :
Infosys BrandEdge : Simplifies digital marketing across the organization
through a comprehensive Cloud-based platform.
Infosys CommerceEdge : Drives multi-channel commerce by
enhancing consumer experience, driving traffic and increasing order
value.
Infosys Credit Servicing Platform : An integrated credit servicing and
asset management platform, for managing multiple loans and asset
classes across the globe for financial institutions.
Infosys IT Asset Performance Management Platform : Maximizes return
on IT asset investments by enhancing performance, and mitigating
risks while optimizing costs.
Infosys SocialEdge : Helps in monetizing digital demand by harnessing
the power of social media to deepen consumer and employee
engagement for enterprises.
Infosys Source-to-Pay Platform : Helps enterprises realize rapid and
sustainable savings across their source-to-pay lifecycle.
Infosys TalentEdge : Enables enterprises to deepen employee
engagement and simplify the entire hire-to-retire lifecycle of the
human resource function.
Infosys TradeEdge : Facilitates global companies to accelerate
long-term growth and profitability in emerging markets.
Infosys WalletEdge : Enables the financial ecosystem of consumers,
merchants, telecoms, banks, governments, and enterprises, to process
payments.
Infosys Edge suite of products and platforms has won key industry
recognitions. Infosys Cloud Ecosystem Hub won the 2012 Golden
Peacock Award for the most innovative product / service. Our Edge
suite of platforms won the NASSCOM Business Innovation Award
for 2013.
5. Quality
We continue our journey of delivering value to our clients through
significant investments in quality programs. We have adopted several
external benchmarks and certifications. Infosys is certified under
various standards to meet client demands and enhance value delivery.
These include TL 9000-SV, ISO 9001, AS EN 9100, ISO 20000,
OHSAS 18001, ISO 14001, ISO 27001 and ISO 13485 and SEI
CMMi Level 5. Infosys is the first IT Services / BPO organization
in India, covering multiple locations across India, to receive the
ISO 22301 accredited certification awarded by British Standards
Institution. In addition, Infosys BPO has been certified for SSAE 16
audit standard and PCI-DSS 2.0 standard across different delivery
centers. Datacenters in India, U.S. and Australia which cater hosting
services to us and our clients have been certified for ISO 27001.
Our Quality department handles large change management initiatives
to drive quality and productivity improvements across our Company.
It is managed through the Balanced Scorecard and Infosys Scaling
Outstanding Performance (iSOP) program adopted from the Malcolm
Baldrige National Quality Award (MBNQA).
Our Quality department has ensured that process and technology
capability is built to deliver the offerings in alignment with our
Company strategy. The Quality department has been instrumental
in building capability for program management of business
transformation, PPS, cloud and mobility service, etc. Further, Quality
department has developed accelerators and enablers with integrated
methodology, tools and reusable assets. It has also provided service
delivery platforms for key offerings.
We continue to fine-tune our Business Value Articulation (BVA)
framework, which ensures alignment of our approaches to deliver
and maximize value to our clients. Our Business Value Realization
program is an initiative comprising frameworks, methodologies,
processes and systems, to promote articulation and assurance of
business value for various engagements. We leveraged this BVA
program extensively across services / domains and were able to
make a substantial impact on our clients' business value. The process
excellence and transformation program has delivered significant
benefit across multiple service lines.
Our Quality department is spearheading various key initiatives and
driving excellence across the organization. We proactively adopted
the latest external and internal industry best practices. We have
institutionalized the incremental and breakthrough improvements by
adopting customized programs on Six-sigma and lean methodologies
for IT. This has resulted in improving the efficiency and impacted
effectiveness in IT services / operations leading to significant savings
for our clients.
6. Infosys Labs
Infosys Labs focuses on defining and driving the research and
innovation agenda for us. It is a dedicated research group comprising
technology and domain-focused members. At Infosys Labs, we have
identified large, multidisciplinary problem spaces that embody
the challenges faced by our clients and we are creating technology
solutions to solve them.
Infosys Labs has set up a Center of Innovation for Tomorrow's
Enterprise (CITE) which manages the research on the seven core
themes for Building Tomorrow's Enterprise. The themes are focused
on Digital Consumers, Emerging Economies, Healthcare Economy,
Sustainable Tomorrow, New Commerce, Smarter Organizations and
Pervasive Computing.
Our Enterprise Technology Research group focuses on topics such
as semantic technology, context aware systems, intelligent sensing,
multi-channel convergence, large data modeling and simulation,
next generation computing platform visualization, and immersive
experiences.
Our Center for Services Innovation focuses on software engineering
aspects like software dependability, preventive maintenance,
distributed service delivery, modernization and automation and
optimization.
Infosys Labs is structured to deliver value to clients and Infosys
business groups along the dimensions of Optimization, Transformation
and Innovation.
We have set up innovation centers with a number of our clients,
university partners, technology partners and industry research
consortiums.
We focus on developing Intellectual Property (IP) assets that will
enable new and differentiated products, platforms, solutions and
services for our business groups.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
10 | Directors' report
This year, over 334 articles were published by Infosys Labs' researchers
in leading journals, magazines, books and conference proceedings.
Infosys Labs Briefings, our highly respected peer-reviewed journal,
published issues in areas such as Big Data and model-based software
engineering.
We collaborate with leading national and international universities
such as the University of Southern California, University of
Cambridge, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Indian
Institute of Technology Bombay Monash Research Academy,
Purdue University, Queens University Belfast, Indraprastha Institute of
Information Technology, Delhi, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore,
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Bangalore. Last year,
wecollaborated with institutions like National ICT Australia (NICTA)
and Office of the Chief Scientist of Israel. We are a member of several
global research consortia, including India-U.K. Advanced Technology
Centre of Excellence in Next Generation Networks, Systems and
Services, and Smart Services Cooperative Research Consortium,
Australia.
This fiscal, Infosys Labs' IP Cell filed 97 unique patent applications
in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), the Indian
Patent Office and other jurisdictions. The aggregate unique patent
applications filed stand at 532 and are under various stages of
processing. The total number of patents granted is 87.
7. Branding
The Infosys brand is a key intangible asset of the Company.
Our brand promise Building Tomorrow's Enterprise communicates
the value we bring to our clients. It is the expression of how we provide
insight on what's ahead and then partner with clients to help them
transform and thrive in a changing world. We do this by uncovering
opportunities for innovation-led growth through strategic consulting
and co-creating disruptive solutions. We then enable clients to sustain
that advantage with smarter operations. It is the unfailing delivery
of our brand promise that makes us the right technology partner for
clients, from over 30 countries. The Infosys brand has been recognized
by leading publications and independent industry bodies globally. To
name just a few, we are :
Ranked 19th position in a survey of innovative companies based
on an innovation premium principle of stock market valuation
Ranked first globally for our corporate governance practices by
IR Global Rankings (IRGR)
Accorded the top position in the National Council for Work
Experience (NCWE) Awards 2013, making us one of the U.K.'s
best internship providers
Recognized as one of the Achievers 50 Most Engaged Workplaces
in the United States (U.S.)
We are regularly rated by global industry analysts as a leader in key
services and solutions across domains.
Refer to the Awards and recognition section below for more details.
Our marketing reach extends globally through advertisements, web
initiatives and social media conversations. We promote our brand
through trade and general publications. We participate in premier
business and industry events around the world. Confluence, our
flagship client event, is consistently well-attended and highly-rated
by our client and industry attendees.
8. Awards and recognition
In 2012-13, as in the years preceding, we earned a number of awards
and honors from various industry bodies and media organizations
across the globe. Some of the significant awards are :
Infosys and British Telecom jointly won the prestigious Global
Telecoms Business Innovation Award 2012 under the Business
Service Innovation category.
The Infosys RioTinto relationship won the Outsourcing Excellence
Award, for Best New Process / Application from Outsourcing Center,
an Alsbridge company.
We were awarded the Pegasystems Excellence in Solution
Development Award for the best-in-class insurance service delivery
platform.
Spirit AeroSystems recognized Infosys with the Platinum Award for
consistent high-quality engineering services.
We received the 2012 IT Partner of the Year Award from Analog
Devices, a global leader in high-performance semiconductors for
signal processing applications.
The Asian Banker Technology Implementation Awards 2012
awarded Finacle

along with DBS Bank as the Best Core Banking


Implementation for Regional and International Banks Award.
Another Finacle

client, ING Vysya Bank won the Best Corporate


Internet Banking Initiative Award.
Finacle

also jointly won first place in the Core Banking Technology


Provider of the Year category at the Banker's Innovation in Banking
Technology Awards, 2012.
We have been identified as one of the top 25 performers in the
Caring for Climate Initiative by United Nations Global Compact
(UNGC) and UN Environment Program.
We have also been recognized as an innovation leader in India in
KPMG's 2012 Global Technology Innovation Survey.
We were recognized as one of the Achievers 50 Most Engaged
Workplaces in the U.S. for our leadership and innovation towards
engaging employees.
We were ranked second in the 2012 Global Outsourcing 100 List
compiled annually by the International Association of Outsourcing
Professionals (IAOP) for our performance across all four survey
assessment categories, namely, size and growth, customer references,
organizational competencies, and management capabilities.
For the second consecutive year, we have won the P&G Global
Business Services Organization's External Business Partner
Excellence Award for the quality of our execution, commitment
to relationship and work with P&G's ecosystem of partners and
co-creating innovation.
Infosys China has been listed among the Top 10 Global Service
Providers in China by the China Council for International
Investment Promotion for the second consecutive year.
Infosys BPO won the Award for Innovation in Learning at the Best
Learning and Development Awards 2012.
Infosys BPO won the Golden Peacock HR Excellence Award 2012.
Infosys BPO won the Award for Institution Building at the Asia
Pacific HRM Congress Awards 2012.
We were declared the winners of 2012 Asia's Most Admired
Knowledge Enterprises (MAKE) study by Teleos, in association
with the KNOW Network for the 10th time, for developing
knowledge-based products and services.
Infosys BPO has been awarded the prestigious 2012 Optimas
Award for Managing Change, recognizing exemplary achievements
in workforce management and for successfully integrating new
employees from around the globe into the organization.
Infosys BPO won the Gold Award for Marketing Excellence in the
category of Marketing with Social and Interactive Media at the
Information Technology Services Marketing Association (ITSMA)
Awards 2012.
We have received the Microsoft Platform Modernization Award for
sales achievement for our Legacy Modernization solution, which
helps customers migrate to Microsoft platforms.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Directors' report | 11
We were awarded the National Energy Conservation Award 2012 for
our energy conservation efforts at our campuses in Jaipur andPune.
Finacle

has been ranked as a long-term leader in the Forrester


Wave, Global Banking Platforms, Q4 2012.
The Institute of Directors, India, conferred the prestigious Golden
Peacock Award to Infosys Cloud Ecosystem Hub, recognizing the
Hub as the Most Innovative Product / Service of 2012.
The National Association of Software and Services Companies
(NASSCOM) presented their prestigious Business Innovation Award
for 2013 to Infosys Edge for its original concept, business viability,
scalability, R&D investments, and overall impact on the industry.
9. Capital expenditure
This year, we capitalized ` 1,422 crore. This comprises ` 640 crore
(includes ` 62 crore transferred from Infosys Australia) for investment
in computer equipment, ` 30 crore (includes ` 21 crore transferred
from Infosys Australia) in Intellectual Property rights, ` 1 crore on
vehicles and the balance of ` 751 crore (includes ` 13 crore transferred
from Infosys Australia) on infrastructure investments. We invested
` 145 crore to acquire 119.35 acres of land in Bangalore, Hubli,
Mysore, and Thiruvananthapuram.
Last year, we added ` 807 crore to our gross block. This comprises
` 245 crore for investment in computer equipment (includes ` 10
crore transferred from Infosys Consulting Inc., on its termination),
` 17 crore in Intellectual Property rights, ` 2 crore on vehicles and
the balance of ` 543 crore on infrastructure investments. We invested
` 158 crore to acquire 371 acres of land in Bangalore, Bhubaneswar,
Mangalore, Nagpur and Indore.
10. Liquidity
We continue to be debt-free and maintain sufficient cash to meet our
strategic objectives. We clearly understand that the liquidity in the
Balance Sheet has to balance between earning adequate returns and
the need to cover financial and business risks. Liquidity also enables
us to make a rapid shift in direction, should the market so demand.
During fiscal 2013, internal cash flows have more than adequately
covered working capital requirements, capital expenditure, investment
in subsidiaries and dividend payments. As at March 31,2013, we had
liquid assets of ` 22,289 crore as against ` 19,898 crore at the previous
year-end. These funds have been invested in deposits with banks,
highly-rated financial institutions, liquid mutual funds, certificates of
deposit and tax free bonds. The tax free bonds are disclosed under
non-current investments.
11. Increase in share capital
During the year, we issued 6,165 shares on the exercise of stock
options under the 1999 Employee Stock Option Plans. As a result
of this, the outstanding issued, subscribed and paid-up equity shares
increased from 57,42,30,001 as at March31, 2012 to 57,42,36,166
shares as at March31, 2013.
12. Appropriations
Dividend
Our policy is to pay dividend of up to 30% of the consolidated net
profit after tax. In October 2012, we paid an interim dividend of
` 15/- per share. We recommended a final dividend of ` 27/- per share
(par value of ` 5/- each), making in all ` 42/- per share as dividend
for the year.
The total dividend amount pay out (excluding dividend tax) for the
current year is ` 2,412 crore, as against ` 2,699 crore in the previous
year. The dividend for the previous year includes a special dividend
of ` 10/- per share for the completion of 10 years of Infosys BPO
operations amounting to ` 574 crore. Dividend (including dividend
tax) as a percentage of consolidated net profit after tax is 29.9% as
compared to 29.7% in the previous year.
The register of members and share transfer books will remain closed
from June 1, 2013 to June 15, 2013 (both days inclusive). Our Annual
General Meeting is scheduled to be held on June 15, 2013.
Transfer to reserves
We propose to transfer ` 911 crore (10% of the standalone net profit
for the year) to the general reserve. An amount of ` 25,383 crore is
proposed to be retained in the Statement of Profit and Loss.
13. Corporate governance
We continue to be a pioneer in benchmarking our corporate
governance policies with the best in the world.
Our efforts are widely recognized by investors in India and overseas.
We have undergone the corporate governance audit by ICRA and
Credit Rating Information Services of India Limited (CRISIL). ICRA
has rated our corporate governance practices at CGR 1 and CRISIL
has assigned CRISIL GVC Level 1 rating to us.
We comply with the recommendations of the N. R. Narayana Murthy
Committee on Corporate Governance constituted by the Securities
and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). For fiscal 2013, the compliance
report is provided in the Corporate governance report section of the
Annual Report. The auditors' certificate on compliance with the
mandatory recommendations of the committee is provided in the
Annexure to the directors' report section.
We have documented our internal policies on corporate governance.
In line with the committee's recommendations, the Management's
discussion and analysis of the financial position of the Company is
provided in this Annual Report.
During the year, we continued to fully comply with the U.S.
Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Several aspects of the Act, such as the
Whistleblower Policy and Code of Conduct and Ethics, have been
incorporated in our Company policy.
14. Listing in NYSE
During the year, we withdrew the listing of our American Depositary
Shares (ADSs) from NASDAQ and listed the same in the New York
Stock Exchange (NYSE) and NYSE Euronext London and Paris. The
delisting and listing is to leverage the NYSE-Euronext partnership to
seek listing in Paris and London stock exchanges which are home to
many of our investors, clients and employees. This will also empower
our investor base and increase the trading window available for our
global investors. We believe this will support our aspirational and
strategic goals to grow the Company.
15. Conservation of energy, research and development,
technology absorption, foreign exchange earnings
and outgo
The particulars as prescribed under Sub-section (1)(e) of Section 217
of the Companies Act, 1956, read with the Companies (Disclosure of
particulars in the report of the Board of Directors) Rules, 1988, are
provided in the Annexure to the directors' report section.
16. Particulars of employees
In terms of the provisions of Section 217 (2A) of the Companies Act,
1956, read with the Companies (Particulars of Employees) Rules,
1975, the names and other particulars of employees are set out in the
Annexure to the directors' report section. However, as per the provisions
of Section 219 (1)(b)(iv) of the Companies Act, 1956, the Annual
Report excluding the aforesaid information is being sent to all the
members of the Company and others entitled thereto. Any member
interested in obtaining such particulars may write to the Company
Secretary at the registered office of the Company. The same will also
be published on our website, www.infosys.com
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
12 | Directors' report
17. Directors' responsibility statement as required under
Section 217 (2AA) of the Companies Act, 1956
The financial statements are prepared in accordance with the
accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants
of India and the requirements of the Companies Act, 1956, to the
extent applicable to us, and guidelines issued by SEBI on the historical
cost convention as a going concern and on the accrual basis. There
are no material departures from prescribed accounting standards in
the adoption of the accounting standards.
The Board of Directors accepts responsibility for the integrity and
objectivity of these financial statements. The accounting policies used
in the preparation of the financial statements have been consistently
applied except as otherwise stated in the notes accompanying the
respective tables. The estimates and judgments related to the financial
statements have been made on a prudent and reasonable basis, in
order that the financial statements reflect in a true and fair manner
the form and substance of transactions, and reasonably present our
state of affairs and profits for the year.
We have taken sufficient care to maintain adequate accounting records
in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, to
safeguard the assets of the Company and to prevent and detect fraud
and other irregularities.
18. Directors
The Board inducted LeoPuri as Additional Director with effect from
April11, 2013. We seek your support in confirming his appointment
as director liable to retire by rotation.
In accordance with the retirement policy for the Company's Board,
SridarA.Iyengar retired from the Board effective August13, 2012.
We place on record our deep sense of appreciation for the services
rendered by SridarA.Iyengar during his tenure as a Board member.
As per Article 122 of the Articles of Association, S. D. Shibulal,
Srinath Batni, Deepak M. Satwalekar, Dr. Omkar Goswami and
R Seshasayee retire by rotation in the forthcoming Annual General
Meeting. All of them, being eligible, seek re-appointment.
19. Auditors
The auditors, B S R & Co., Chartered Accountants, retire at the
ensuing Annual General Meeting and have confirmed their eligibility
and willingness to accept office, if re-appointed.
20. Fixed deposits
We have not accepted any fixed deposits and, as such, no amount
of principal or interest was outstanding as of the Balance Sheet date.
21. Human resources management
Our employees are the most valuable assets of the Company.
We encourage innovation, meritocracy and the pursuit of excellence.
We have set up a scalable recruitment and human resources
management process. We added 22,019 (gross) and 1,333 (net)
employees this year (excluding employees transferred within Infosys
group companies), taking our total strength to 1,26,397 from 1,24,789
at the end of the previous year. The Infosys Group added 6,694 (net)
and 37,036 (gross) employees this year, taking the total strength to
1,56,688 from 1,49,994 at the end of the previous year. Our attrition
rate stands at 16.3% compared to 14.7% for the previous year. Over
the last year, we received 3,78,994 applications from prospective
employees and we continue to remain an employer of choice in the
industry.
22. Education and Research
Competency development continues to be a key area of strategic focus
for us. We launched new programs for our employees in keeping with
the changes in the use of technology in education. We enhanced our
technology led training efforts in multiple areas. With over 1,000
videos on various topics and many multimedia artifacts for learning,
we now have a rich repository of technology-assisted learning.
During fiscal 2013, the total training provided for Infoscions was over
1.4 million person days. Many of our employees also took external
certifications creating a large pool of certified people.
Our flagship industry-academia partnership program, Campus
Connect, made significant progress through the launch of electives to
help engineering colleges run new programs within their curricula.
This has been very well received by the academia.
During fiscal 2013, we engaged with 1,700 faculty members who
in turn trained 60,800 students. With this, the total number of
beneficiaries covered are over 8,970 faculty members and 2,51,800
students from 358 engineering institutions.
Another program that is a testimony to our commitment to education
is SPARK, a program that exposes students in schools and colleges to
the current opportunities and developments in IT and aims to inspire
them and raise their aspirations. As part of this program, we engaged
with over 1,59,800 students during the year. From its launch in
2008, the program has reached over 8,42,000 students. Over 96,570
students participated in Aspirations 2020 in fiscal 2013, the coding
contest we conduct for engineering students.
Our knowledge management system set a new record by winning the
Global Most Acknowledged Knowledge Enterprise (MAKE) award for
the ninth time.
Like previous years, our researchers continued to demonstrate their
thought leadership in several areas through their publications at
global conferences and through contributions to book chapters and
publications.
23. Infosys Leadership Institute
The Infosys Leadership Institute (ILI) was established with an aim
to develop world-class corporate leaders. The institute identifies
potential candidates and supports the development required to take
on key leadership positions within the Company. ILI aims to be a
globally recognized institution that remains relevant to Infosys while
advancing the field with original thought leadership.
Over the last year, ILI has ramped up the team to 15 members in
both the Leadership and Organizational Development and Decision
Solutions departments.
In fiscal 2013, ILI also showcased thought leadership through
collaborations with leading researchers across the globe including
pioneering a new evidence-based Charismatic Leadership course in
partnership with academic partners.
24. Sustainability initiatives
Our sustainability charter is driven by our core values and ethics.
Our sustainability themes and actions are inextricably intertwined
in our everyday business practices. Our sustainability actions rest
on three pillars viz., Social contract, Resource intensity and Green
innovation.
Social contract
Today, businesses have an extended set of stakeholders local
communities, social organizations and the society with the ability
to influence the future of business. These stakeholders have ethical,
social and environmental expectations that extend beyond financial
goals and legal expectations implicit social contracts that enterprises
must honor. We believe that these social covenants are fundamental to
nurturing stakeholder trust and ensuring business continuity.
Education
Campus Connect Program : This Infosys-academia flagship program,
is focused on a partnership with engineering colleges, to enhance the
pool of highly capable talent for growth requirements in the IT space.
Launched in 2004, the Campus Connect program has enabled over
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Directors' report | 13
8,970 faculty members and 2,51,800 students across 358 engineering
colleges, till date.
Project Genesis : It is an industry-academia partnership program,
focused on degree colleges, that enables academicians to handle
queries and apprehensions of students about a career in the BPO
industry. The objective of this program is to help academicians interact
with the student community, informing and updating them on trends
and technologies in the IT domain. It covers students from Tier 2
and Tier 3 cities in India, helping to bridge the skill gap between
industry requirements and graduate education. Project Genesis has
covered 3,200 faculty in 1,700 institutes, involving 1,00,000 students
in fiscal 2013.
SPARK Program : SPARK is a volunteer-driven program that aims at
raising the aspirations of students and has the following offerings
SPARK-Rural Reach Program, SPARK-Catch Them Young, SPARK- On
Campus Events and SPARK-Guru. The nation-wide program creates
excitement amongst students about Information Technology (IT),
educates them about the role of IT in business, and prepares them
for the opportunities that the industry has to offer to the youth in the
country. Over 8,42,000 students have benefited from this program
since its inception in 2008. The program has involved 35,644
Infosys employees as volunteers, who invested their personal time on
Saturdays for these offerings. This year, the SPARK program covered
the following beneficiaries :
Particulars FY 2013 Total
(1)
Events completed 607 3,577
Students 1,59,827 8,42,167
Girl students 76,212 3,40,802
Rural students 81,757 4,77,904
Faculty enabled 4,613 27,814
Employee volunteers 4,388 35,644
(1)
The cumulative total since the start of the program until fiscal 2013.
Infosys won NASSCOM's NExT Practices Awards 2012, the top
honor for designing and implementing innovative programs in
creating capacity and capabilities for IT and ITeS talent, through
its Campus Connect and Project Genesis programs. The award
recognizes companies that have been leaders in bridging the industry's
demand-supply gap and addressing employability concerns.
Community development
Promoting the cause of health and hygiene in rural India, the Infosys
Foundation invested ` 10 crore and started the Parishudh Initiative.
We collaborated with over 10 Non-governmental Organizations
(NGO) in North Karnataka since its inception 18 months ago.
TheParishudh initiative has helped 10,000 families build toilets in over
300 villages and has created opportunities for economic development
through entrepreneurial development. Over 20 entrepreneurs have
been encouraged to run their own business through this initiative.
Over50,000 people have been benefited by the Parishudh Initiative.
We have also been conducting awareness sessions to educate over
three lakh families on the need for good hygiene and sanitation. Many
policy related changes aimed at the welfare of rural communities have
been submitted to the governments of Karnataka and India. Our team
has also developed an easily replicable model of project management
to scale up this program.
Resource intensity
In the face of accelerated depletion of natural resources, incremental
increases in resource efficiency are not sufficient and beyond a point,
optimization gets prohibitively expensive. Resource intensity is about
doing far more with far less. It is about finding transformational ways
to de-intensify and achieve the same or better outcome using fewer
resources.
In 2007, we launched our environmental sustainability initiatives
and have since taken great strides towards becoming a sustainable
organization. We are committed to becoming carbon neutral by 2017.
As part of this initiative, the Company has committed to reduce its per
capita electricity consumption by 50% over 2007-08 levels by 2017
and source 100% of electricity requirement from renewable resources.
In recognition of this, we were listed among top 25 performers in
Caring for Climate initiative. Launched by the United Nations Secretary
General Ban Ki-moon in 2007, Caring for Climate is the UN Global
Compact (UNGC) and UN Environment Programme's initiative aimed
at advancing the role of business in addressing climate change. Caring
for Climate is endorsed by nearly 400 companies from 65 countries.
We are the only global consulting and technology company to make it
into the top 25 performers list. For more information, refer to : http://
www.infosys.com/newsroom/features/pages/caring-climate-initiative.aspx
Green innovation
Business imperatives like environmental sustenance and resource
conservation are providing new opportunities for enterprises to
leverage and stimulate innovation and spur business growth. Green
innovation is about addressing sustainability challenges through
innovation, differentiation, driving efficiencies and creating new
avenues for growth to become trendsetters.
Infosys Labs, our research and innovation department continues to
drive innovation across the seven themes of our strategic direction,
Building Tomorrow's Enterprise through the Center for Innovation
for Tomorrow's Enterprise (CITE). The institute for research on
sustainability is part of CITE and focuses on business research in the
area of enterprise sustainability; collaborates with universities and
research bodies to bring the latest developments and thinking to our
clients; partners with our business units to bring in sustainability
aspects in their offerings; and designs new offerings to address
enterprise sustainability challenges.
A detailed report on our sustainability initiatives and actions is
published in the Business Responsibility Report 2012-13 and Sustainability
Report 2012-13. For more details, visit our website, www.infosys.com
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
14 | Directors' report
SEBI has issued the Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee
Stock Purchase Scheme Guidelines, 1999. This is effective for all stock
option schemes established after June19, 1999. In accordance with
these guidelines, the excess of the market price of the underlying
equity shares as of the date of the grant over the exercise price of the
option, including up-front payments, if any, is to be recognized and
amortized on a straight-line basis over the vesting period.
We have the 1998 Stock Option Plan and 1999 Stock Option Plan,
where the options are issued to the employees at an exercise price not
less than the fair market value. For fiscal 2013 and 2012 there was no
stock compensation cost. During fiscal 2013 and 2012, stock options
under the 1998 Plan and 1999 Plan have not been granted. Hence,the
weighted average fair values of grant during these years are nil.
All stock options under the 1998 and 1999 Employees Stock Option
Plans were granted at the prevalent market price on the date of grant.
Accordingly, we have calculated the compensation cost arising on
account of stock options granted using the intrinsic value method.
Hence, the disclosure in terms of Clause 12.1 (n) of SEBI (Employees
Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme)
Guidelines, 1999, is not applicable.
2013 2012
No. of options Weighted average
exercise price (`)
No. of options Weighted average
exercise price (`)
1998 Plan
Outstanding at the beginning of the year 50,070 683
Forfeited (480) 862
Exercised (49,590) 734
Outstanding at the end of the year Nil Nil
Vested at the end of the year Nil Nil
1999 Plan
Outstanding at the beginning of the year 11,683 2,121 48,720 962
Forfeited (5,518) 2,121 (8,185) 430
Exercised (6,165) 2,121 (28,852) 643
Outstanding at the end of the year Nil 11,683 2,121
Vested at the end of the year Nil 7,429 2,121
Restricted Stock Unit (RSU) Plan
We have received the approval of our shareholders, through a postal
ballot, to implement a RSU Plan. The plan permits the grant of RSU,
to certain eligible employees of the Company. The purpose of the
RSU Plan is to motivate key employees and encourage them to align
their individual aspiration with the objectives of the Company. We
have not yet issued any units under the plan during the year ended
March31, 2013.
26. Infosys Science Foundation
The Infosys Science Foundation, a not-for-profit trust, was set up in
2009 by Infosys and some of its management to promote research
in the sciences. The Infosys Prize, instituted by the foundation,
recognizes exemplary research by scholars and scientists connected
to India. It hopes to inspire young Indians to choose a vocation in
scientific research.
25. Employee Stock Option Plan (ESOP)
We had introduced various stock option plans for our employees. The details of options granted under the 1998 Stock Option Plan (the 1998
Plan) and the 1999 Stock Option Plan (the 1999 Plan) are as follows :
1998 Plan 1999 Plan
Total grants authorized by the plan (No.) 1,17,60,000 ADS 5,28,00,000 shares
Pricing formula on date of grant Not less than 90% of
fair market value Fair market value
Variation in terms NA NA
Ratio of ADS to equity shares 1 ADS = 1 equity share NA
Options granted during the year (No.)
Weighted average price per option granted (`) NA NA
Options vested as at March31, 2013 (No.)
Options exercised during the year (No.) 6,165
Total number of shares arising as a result of exercise of options 6,165
Money raised on exercise of options (` crore) 1.31
Options forfeited and lapsed during the year (No.) 5,518
Total number of options in force at the end of the year (No.)
Grant to senior management
Employees receiving 5% or more of the total number of options granted during the year
Employees granted options equal to or exceeding 1% of the issued capital
Diluted EPS on issue of shares on exercise calculated in accordance with AS 20
(Before exceptional items) 157.55 157.55
Diluted EPS on issue of shares on exercise calculated in accordance with AS 20
(After exceptional items) 158.76 158.76
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Directors' report | 15
The prize is given annually across six categories :
Category Areas of accomplishment
Physical Sciences Earth Sciences, Physics and Chemistry
Mathematical Sciences Mathematics and Statistics
Engineering and Computer
Science
All branches of Engineering
Life Sciences Biology, Medicine and Plant Science
Social Sciences Anthropology, Economics, Political
Science, Psychology and Sociology
Humanities Archeology, History, Philosophy, Legal
Theory and Literary Studies
The Infosys Prize 2012 presentation was held in New Delhi on
January3, 2013. Dr. Gro Harlem Brundtland, former Prime Minister of
Norway and former Director General of the World Health Organization,
felicitated the laureates with a 22 karat gold medallion and a citation
each and a prize purse of ` 50 lakh per category. The inaugural
Humanities Prize was given jointly in Literary Studies and History. For
more details about the Infosys Science Foundation, visit our website,
www.infosys-science-foundation.com
27. Infosys Foundation
We established the Infosys Foundation in 1996, as a not-for-profit
trust to support our social initiatives. The Foundation supports
programs and organizations devoted to the welfare of the destitute,
rural poor, and economically disadvantaged sections of the society.
The Infosys USA Foundation is active in the areas of Science,
Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) education, and the
promotion of arts and culture. The Foundation has committed a grant
of US$380,000 for the New York City Science Education Initiative
of the New York Academy of Sciences (NYAS). The program is
developed in association with the New York City Department of Youth
and Community Development (DYCD) to train and mentor students
of underserved communities of New York and Citizen Schools of
New Jersey in STEM. We have also worked with the Wayne County
Community College District (WCCCD) to offer our world-renowned
software development training program to grow Detroit's technology
talent pool.
A summary of the work done by the Foundation is provided in the
Additional information section in the Annual Report published on our
website, www.infosys.com
We express our gratitude to the honorary trustees of the Foundation
for contributing their valuable time and energy to its activities.
28. Green initiatives
During fiscal 2011, we started a sustainability initiative with the aim
of going green and minimizing our impact on the environment. Like
the previous years, this year too we are publishing only the statutory
disclosures in the print version of the Annual Report along with the
Abridged standalone financial statements prepared in compliance
with Section 219 of the Companies Act, 1956 and Clause 32 of the
Listing Agreement. Additional details are available on our website,
www.infosys.com
29. Business Responsibility Report
SEBI, vide its circular CIR/CFD/DIL/8/2012 dated August 13, 2012, had
proposed to mandate inclusion of Business Responsibility Reports as
part of the Annual Report for listed entities. According to the proposal,
the report should describe measures taken by the listed companies
along with key principles enunciated in the National Voluntary
Guidelines on Social, Environmental and Economic Responsibilities of
Business framed by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs. This is intended
to be adopted by companies in India to report their Corporate Social
Responsibility (CSR) activities and initiatives. We have always
been at the forefront of voluntary disclosures to ensure transparent
reporting on all matters related to our Company's governance and
business operations. We had voluntarily published our first Business
Responsibility Report 2011-12 based on SEBI's proposal. This year too,
we are publishing the report to cover aspects related to our strategy
on CSR, green initiatives and activities taken up for the year 2012-13.
The Infosys Business Responsibility Report is available on our website,
www.infosys.com
We also publish the Infosys Sustainability Report annually. Our
report follows the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) framework.
This is a comprehensive report that covers all aspects of our
sustainability activities pertaining to our Social contract, Resource
intensity and Green innovation. The report is audited by an external
auditor, Det Norske Veritas AS (DNV). We have been consistently
receiving an A+ rating from GRI and DNV for our Sustainability
Reports. For more details on the Infosys Sustainability Report, visit
www.infosys.com
Acknowledgments
We thank our customers, vendors, investors and bankers for their
continued support during the year. We place on record our appreciation
of the contribution made by our employees at all levels. Our consistent
growth was made possible by their hard work, solidarity, cooperation
and support.
We thank the governments of various countries where we have our
operations. We also thank the Government of India, particularly
the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology, the
Ministry of Commerce, the Ministry of Finance, the Customs and
Excise Departments, the Income Tax Department, the Reserve Bank of
India, the State Governments, the Software Technology Parks (STPs)
Bangalore, Bhubaneswar, Chandigarh, Chennai, Gurgaon, Hyderabad,
Jaipur, Mangalore, Mysore, Pune, and Thiruvananthapuram and other
government agencies for their support, and look forward to their
continued support in the future.
for and on behalf of the Board of Directors
Bangalore
April12, 2013
S.D.Shibulal
Chief Executive Officer and
Managing Director
S.Gopalakrishnan
Executive Co-Chairman
of the Board
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
16 | Directors' report
Annexure to the directors' report
a) Particulars pursuant to Companies (Disclosure of
particulars in the report of the Board of Directors)
Rules, 1988
Conservation of energy
This year, the Infosys Green Initiatives team won several accolades
for achievements in water and energy efficiency. We were rated the
19th greenest company in the world by Newsweek. We won the first
prize in the National Energy Conservation award in the BPO sector.
Wewon two awards in the Emerson Cup 2012 for building and energy
efficiency, and for new building designs as well as retrofits of old
buildings for improving energy efficiency.
On the green building certifications, we received a LEED Platinum
rating (highest level) from Indian Green Building Council for our
second building in Thiruvananthapuram for its sustainable features.
Additionally we received the GRIHA 5-star (highest level) green
building rating from the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy
for two of our buildings in Chennai and Hyderabad. We were the
only company this year to get the GRIHA 5-star rating for two of our
buildings.
About two million sq. ft. of our buildings have received the highest
ratings for green buildings in India (LEED Platinum and GRIHA
5-star) and another four million sq. ft. of our new buildings are in
various stages of green certification.
This year, we have reduced our per capita energy consumption by
11%. We have been able to do this through integrated design principles
applied to our new buildings, retrofitting our existing buildings and
optimizing operations. Over the past two years, we have started to
re-engineer our air conditioning plants to the highest efficiency levels
and we have achieved a reduction of 7.2 MW in the connected load.
We are using over 50 million units of green power annually with a
combination of onsite and offsite green sources. We have an installed
solar power plant capacity of 500 kW, and an additional 400 kW is
being installed.
We have a comprehensive water conservation strategy which
encompasses rainwater harvesting, use of water efficient fixtures for
our buildings, and 100% recycling of waste water. This year, we have
reduced our per capita water consumption by about 14%. We have
commissioned our first biogas plant in the Mysore campus to process
food waste from the food courts and generate biogas that is being used
in the food court kitchens.
For details on our sustainability initiatives, visit www.infosys.com
IT infrastructure
Our operations are less energy-intensive than those in the
manufacturing sector. However, we have taken significant measures
to reduce IT infrastructures energy consumption by adopting a
multi-pronged strategy. Our Green IT strategy covers equipment from
end-point fabric to those in data centers and server rooms. It also
employs a full life-cycle approach by covering the entire gamut from
procurement to e-waste disposal of IT equipment. Energy efficiency
is one of our key architecting parameters, along with performance,
scalability, security and availability. This, coupled with the advantage
of performance improvements and energy efficiency of the latest
equipment deployed as per our technology refresh cycle, directly
contributes to optimized energy consumption.
We have deployed optimized desktop power management
configuration and tools designed to schedule the shutdown of
desktops. Terminator, a home grown tool, reminds users to switch-off
their computer after working hours and automatically shuts down
the machine after a pre-defined time. About 96% of total desktops
powered-on on a given day are being shut down post working hours,
out of which around 8% of desktops are shut down by Terminator.
Also, in line with our technology refresh cycle, we have replaced
around 11,000 old desktops with new power-efficient ones this year.
Continuing adoption of latest technology concepts like virtualization,
consolidation and cloud, to reduce physical footprint of servers, we
have further expanded our internal private cloud capacity. MyCloud
used for software development and testing purposes now has a
capacity of around 6,000 virtual machines. Around 27% of instances
provisioned on MyCloud this year were catered out of released virtual
machines, facilitating a seamless reuse.
Further, deploying the next round of virtualization and consolidation
of network attached storage (NAS) filers, around 39% of NAS filers
have been virtualized this year. This has reduced the power demand
of NAS boxes by around 29%. In addition, we have deployed tools
that automatically check and shut down idle, project-specific servers
yielding power savings.
Data centers and sever rooms, being large consumers of energy in
an IT landscape, have been standardized using an eco-friendly room
design which incorporates power and cooling best practices. Taking
forward our efforts in restructuring the existing data centers and server
rooms, we have revamped and released around 750 sq. ft. of server
room / lab space this year. Also, using hot-cold isle separation and
custom-made cages for consolidation of racks, we have optimized air
conditioning usage.
Video and Audio Conferencing (VC and AC) usage has increased
steadily this year too, indirectly cutting down the travel requirements
and hence, the carbon footprint. We have doubled the VC capacity
and have rolled out a new plug-in for self-booking. This has resulted
in an increase of VC usage of around 62% year-on-year. On the other
hand, AC usage has increased by around 40% year-on-year.
Research and Development (R&D)
The following are our R&D highlights for fiscal 2013:
Infosys Labs collaborated with University of Illinois,
Urbana-Champaign in dependable cloud computing to develop
techniques and validation tools for high assurance cloud computing
test bed.
We signed a joint research agreement with National ICT Australia
(NICTA) to partner in innovation.
We signed an MoU with Queen's University Belfast to establish
a research, education and commercialization model, to develop
solutions and IP for combatting cyber security threats.
The official publication of the Association for the Advancement of AI
(AAAI, Spring 2012 issue) includes a detailed report on the first
AAAI workshop on Activity Context Representation organized by
Infosys Labs.
Infosys Labs was invited to hold the Activity Context-Aware
System Architecture Workshop at International Joint Conference
on Artificial Intelligence 2013 in Beijing.
We had a major presence in the Service Research and Innovation
Institute (SRII) conference held at San Jose in July 2012.
We played a vital role in hosting the SRII Conference 2012 at
Infosys Mysore. Infoscions presented five papers and one tutorial
and participated in Big Data and EU-India panels. A paper on Cloud-
based next generation service and key challenges was awarded the best
paper at SRII India conference, Mysore.
Our researchers actively participated in the sixth edition of Indian
Software Engineering Conference (ISEC 2013).
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Directors' report | 17
Several high profile events and lectures by eminent researchers were
conducted at Infosys. These included :
IP Lecture Series by Prof. Srividhya Raghavan from the University
of Oklahoma
Medical research and information technology, a talk by
Dr.Phyllis M. Wise, Vice President and Chancellor, University
of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
The Usefulness of Seemingly Useless Knowledge, a talk by
Dr.Helga Nowotny, President of the European Research Council
When and How Can We Compute Approximate Solutions to
Intractable Problems, a talk by Dr. Sanjeev Arora, Professor at
Princeton University
Data, Learning and Automation, a talk by Hugh Durrant-Whyte,
CEO NICTA
We have set up a Non-Functional Requirement Lab and a Mobility
Lab as part of our product R&D investments.
Product Research and Development Center
The Product Research and Development Center was set up to
accelerate design and development of our offerings through cutting-
edge engineering innovation. The Center continues to :
Develop products and platforms to cater to next generation market
needs driven by global mega trends, including digital consumers,
emerging economies, new commerce and healthcare
Create Intellectual Properties (IP) around Infosys products and
platforms, leveraging technologies in the areas of cloud computing,
mobility, analytics and social media
Pioneer unique approaches to accelerate innovation, enhance
product architecture and shorten release cycles
Education and Research
The e-commerce Research Lab of the E&R unit continues to focus
on the areas of :
Application of game theory and mechanism design to carbon
economics and IT services, and computational sustainability
Machine learning and image processing related to face detection,
face recognition, image clustering, and virtual applications of image
processing
Data mining, Big Data aspects of large data clustering and
classification, and agent-mining interaction
Social Media analysis
Evolutionary computation and genetic algorithms
Econometric modeling
Distributed and cloud computing
Supply chain management and robust optimization
Software architecture
Education technology
Biologically Inspired computing is an upcoming field of research
where we are working on new computing paradigms like peptide
computing modeling. We are working with modeling of cognition
and emotion with the objective of building more intelligent systems.
Research and development expenditure
The R&D centers of the Company (Finacle and Infosys Labs) located
at Bangalore, Bhubaneswar, Chandigarh, Chennai, Pune, Hyderabad,
Mysore and Thiruvananthapuram have been accorded approval for
weighted deduction by the Department of Scientific and Industrial
Research (DSIR) effective November 23, 2011.
The eligible R&D revenue and capital expenditure are ` 247 crore and
` 3 crore for the year ended March 31,2013 and ` 75 crore towards
revenue expenditure for the year ended March31, 2012. The overall
R&D expenditure for fiscal 2013 and 2012 is as follows :
in ` crore
2013 2012
Revenue expenditure 907 655
Capital expenditure 6 5
Total 913 660
R&D expenditure / total revenue (%) 2.5% 2.1%
Future plan of action
We will continue to focus on and collaborate with leading national
and international universities, product vendors and technology start-
up companies. We are creating an ecosystem to co-create business
solutions on client-specific business themes.
Foreign exchange earnings and outgo
Activities relating to exports, initiatives taken to increase
exports, development of new export markets for products and
services, and export plans
We have established a substantial direct marketing network around
the world, including North America, Europe and Asia Pacific.
These offices are staffed with sales and marketing specialists who sell
our services to large international clients.
Activity in foreign currency
in ` crore
2013 2012
Earnings 36,107 31,187
Expenditure 17,144 13,532
Net foreign exchange earnings (NFE) 18,963 17,655
NFE / Earnings (%) 52.5% 56.6%
for and on behalf of the Board of Directors
Bangalore
April12, 2013
S.D.Shibulal
Chief Executive Officer and
Managing Director
S.Gopalakrishnan
Executive Co-Chairman
of the Board
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
18 | Directors' report
b) Auditors' certificate on corporate governance
The Members of Infosys Limited
We have examined the compliance of conditions of Corporate Governance by Infosys Limited (the Company), for the year ended 31 March,
2013, as stipulated in Clause 49 of the Listing Agreement of the Company with the stock exchanges.
The compliance of conditions of Corporate Governance is the responsibility of the management. Our examination was limited to procedures
and implementation thereof, adopted by the Company for ensuring the compliance of the conditions of Corporate Governance. It is neither an
audit nor an expression of opinion on the financial statements of the Company.
In our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us, we certify that the Company has complied with
the conditions of Corporate Governance as stipulated in the above-mentioned Listing Agreement.
We further state that such compliance is neither an assurance as to the future viability of the Company nor the efficiency or effectiveness with
which the management has conducted the affairs of the Company.
for B S R & Co.
Chartered Accountants
Firm's registration No. 101248W
Bangalore
April12, 2013
Natrajh Ramakrishna
Partner
Membership No. 32815
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1
9

Statement pursuant to Section 212 of the Companies Act, 1956
in `crore
Subsidiary Financial
period ended
Holding company's interest
as at March31, 2013
Shares held by the holding company
in the subsidiary
Net aggregate profits / (losses) for
the current period
(1)
Net aggregate profits / (losses) for
previous financial years
(1)
Dealt with or
provided
Not dealt with
or provided
Dealt with or
provided
Not dealt with
or provided
Infosys Technologies (Australia) Pty.
Limited
(2)
Mar31, 2013 100.00% in equity shares 1,01,08,869 shares of AUD 0.11 par
value, fully paid up 2 494
Infosys Technologies (China) Co. Limited Dec31, 2012 100.00% in capital NA (10) 25
Infosys Technologies S. de R. L. de C. V. Dec31, 2012 100.00% in capital 17,49,99,990 equity shares of MXN
1 par value, fully paid up (2) (5)
Infosys BPO Limited Mar31, 2013 99.98% in equity shares 3,38,22,319 equity shares of ` 10 par
value, fully paid up 428 1,386
Infosys BPO s.r.o.
(3)
Mar31, 2013 99.98% in equity shares NA (3) 26
Infosys BPO (Poland) Sp.Z.o.o
(3)
Mar31, 2013 99.98% in equity shares NA 49 77
Infosys Technologies (Sweden) AB Dec31, 2012 100.00% in equity shares 1,000 equity shares of SEK 100 par
value, fully paid up 1
Infosys Tecnologia do Brasil Ltda Dec31, 2012 100.00% in equity shares 4,00,00,000 equity shares of BRL
1 par value, fully paid up (17) (34)
Infosys Consulting India Limited Mar31, 2013 100.00% in equity shares 10,00,000 equity shares of ` 10 par
value, fully paid up 1 5
Infosys Public Services Inc. Mar31, 2013 100.00% in equity shares 1,00,00,000 equity shares of
US$0.50 par value, fully paid up (10) (5)
McCamish Systems LLC
(3)
Mar31, 2013 99.98% in equity shares NA (16) (62)
Infosys Technologies (Shanghai) Co.
Limited
Dec31, 2012 100.00% in capital NA
(16) (5)
Portland Group Pty. Limited
(3)
Mar31, 2013 99.98% in equity shares NA (4) (1)
Portland Procurement Services Pty.
Limited
(3)
Mar31, 2013 99.98% in equity shares NA
4
Lodestone Holding AG
(4)
Dec31, 2012 100% in shares 2,800 Class A Shares of CHF 1,000
each and 26,710 Class B Shares of
CHF 100 each, fully paid up (3)
Lodestone Management Consultants
GmbH
(5)
Dec31, 2012 100% in shares NA

Lodestone Management Consultants Pty.
Limited
(5)
Dec31, 2012 100% in shares NA
(8)
Lodestone Management Consultants
(Belgium) S.A.
(5)(6)
Dec31, 2012 99.90% in shares NA
(1)
Lodestone Management Consultants
Ltda.
(5)(6)
Dec31, 2012 99.99% in shares NA
(12)
Lodestone Management Consultants
(Canada) Inc.
(5)
Dec31, 2012 100% in shares NA

Lodestone Management Consultants
AG
(5)
Dec31, 2012 100% in shares NA
4
Lodestone Augmentis AG
(5)
Dec31, 2012 100% in shares NA
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Subsidiary Financial
period ended
Holding company's interest
as at March31, 2013
Shares held by the holding company
in the subsidiary
Net aggregate profits / (losses) for
the current period
(1)
Net aggregate profits / (losses) for
previous financial years
(1)
Dealt with or
provided
Not dealt with
or provided
Dealt with or
provided
Not dealt with
or provided
Hafner Bauer & dman GmbH
(5)
Dec31, 2012 100% in shares NA
Lodestone Management Consultants
China Co., Ltd.
(5)
Dec31, 2012 100% in shares NA (2)
Lodestone Management Consultants
s.r.o.
(5)
Dec31, 2012 100% in shares NA
Lodestone Management Consultants
GmbH
(5)
Dec31, 2012 100% in shares NA 6
Lodestone Management Consultants
SAS
(5)
Dec31, 2012 100% in shares NA 1
Lodestone Management Consultants
Ltd.
(5)
Dec31, 2012 100% in shares NA (1)
Lodestone Management Consultants
B.V.
(5)
Dec31, 2012 100% in shares NA 1
Lodestone Management Consultants sp.
z.o.o.
(5)
Dec31, 2012 100% in shares NA (1)
Lodestone Management Consultants
Portugal, Unipessoal, Lda.
(5)
Dec31, 2012 100% in shares NA (2)
S.C. Lodestone Management Consultants
S.R.L.
(5)
Dec31, 2012 100% in shares NA
Lodestone Management Consultants Pte
Ltd.
(5)
Dec31, 2012 100% in shares NA (1)
Lodestone Management Consultants Inc.
(5)
Dec31, 2012 100% in shares NA 4
Lodestone Management Consultants
S.R.L
(5)(7)
NA 100% in shares NA
Notes : 1. The above details are as on March31, 2013
2. During the year, the Company received a dividend of ` 83 crore (AUD 15 million) from its wholly-owned subsidiary Infosys Technologies (Australia) Pty. Limited

(1)
Net aggregate profits / (losses) of the subsidiary so for as it concerns the members of the holding company

(2)
On July4, 2012 the Board of Directors of Infosys Australia, have passed a resolution approving in principle the transfer of assets and liabilities to Infosys Limited effective April1, 2012. Infosys Australia is currently being liquidated

(3)
Wholly-owned subsidiary of Infosys BPO Limited

(4)
On October22, 2012, Infosys acquired 100% voting interest in Lodestone Holding AG

(5)
Wholly-owned and controlled subsidiaries of Lodestone Holding AG acquired on October22, 2012

(6)
Majority-owned and controlled subsidiaries

(7)
Incorporated effective January10, 2013
K.V.Kamath
Chairman
S.Gopalakrishnan
Executive Co-Chairman
S.D.Shibulal
Chief Executive Officer and
Managing Director
DeepakM.Satwalekar
Director
Dr.Omkar Goswami
Director
DavidL.Boyles
Director
Prof.JeffreyS.Lehman
Director
R.Seshasayee
Director
AnnM.Fudge
Director
Ravi Venkatesan
Director
Srinath Batni
Director
V.Balakrishnan
Director
Bangalore
April12, 2013
AshokVemuri
Director
B.G.Srinivas
Director
RajivBansal
Chief Financial Officer
N.R.Ravikrishnan
Company Secretary
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2
1

Statement pursuant to Section 212 of the Companies Act, 1956
in `crore except employee data
Subsidiary Exchange rate as at
March31, 2013
Issued and
subscribed
share capital
Reserves Loans Total
assets
Total
liabilities
Investments Turnover Profit /
(Loss)
before
taxation
Provision
for
taxation
Profit /
(Loss)
after
taxation
No. of
Employees Long-term Current Total
Infosys Technologies (Australia) Pty.
Limited
(1)(2)
1 AUD = ` 56.63 4 35 46 46 2 6 4 2
Infosys Technologies (China) Co.
Limited 1 RMB = ` 8.75 107 40 213 213 569 (19) (9) (10) 3,073
Infosys Technologies S. de R. L. de
C. V. 1 MXN = ` 4.40 65 5 87 87 164 3 5 (2) 797
Infosys BPO Limited INR 34 1,839 2,447 2447 579 151 730 1831 554 126 428 21,875
Infosys BPO s.r.o.
(3)
1 CZK = ` 2.70 3 27 6 54 54 87 (3) (3) 540
Infosys BPO (Poland) Sp.Z.o.o
(3)
1 PLN = ` 16.64 4 170 227 227 265 61 12 49 1,629
Infosys Technologies (Sweden) AB 1 SEK = ` 8.33 1 2 2 6 4
Infosys Tecnologia do Brasil Ltda 1 BRL = ` 27.02 109 (51) 84 84 128 (17) (17) 393
Infosys Consulting India Limited INR 1 6 13 13 7 7 1 1
Infosys Public Services Inc. 1 USD = ` 54.29 23 (13) 68 362 362 602 (10) (10) 182
McCamish Systems LLC
(3)
1 USD = ` 54.29 164 (163) 22 191 191 261 (16) (16) 439
Infosys Technologies (Shanghai) Co.
Limited 1 RMB = ` 8.75 231 5 268 268 1 (12) 4 (16) 17
Portland Group Pty. Limited
(3)
1 AUD = ` 56.63 18 12 123 123 35 35 172 (7) (3) (4) 151
Portland Procurement Services Pty.
Limited
(3)
1 AUD = ` 56.63 17 25 51 51 10 2 (2) 4
Lodestone Holding AG
(4)
1 CHF = ` 57.00 37 66 116 219 219 38 (3) (3)
Lodestone Management Consultants
GmbH
(5)
1 EUR = ` 69.50 1 (1) 2 1 1 2 3
Lodestone Management Consultants
Pty. Limited
(5)
1 AUD = ` 56.63 (25) 45 35 35 20 (11) (3) (8) 45
Lodestone Management Consultants
(Belgium) S.A.
(5)(6)
1 EUR = ` 69.50 4 6 46 46 22 (1) (1) 35
Lodestone Management Consultants
Ltda.
(5)(6)
1 BRL = ` 27.02 (19) 39 29 29 13 (18) (6) (12) 68
Lodestone Management Consultants
(Canada) Inc.
(5)
1 CAD = ` 53.44 1 2 2 2 2
Lodestone Management Consultants
AG
(5)
1 CHF = ` 57.00 1 41 184 184 1 1 256 9 5 4 222
Lodestone Augmentis AG
(5)
1 CHF = ` 57.00 1 1 1 1 2
Hafner Bauer & dman GmbH
(5)
1 CHF = ` 57.00
Lodestone Management Consultants
China Co., Ltd.
(5)
1 RMB = ` 8.75 12 (7) 9 9 12 (3) (1) (2) 68
Lodestone Management Consultants
s.r.o.
(5)
1 CZK = ` 2.70 2 2 3 10
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Subsidiary Exchange rate as at
March31, 2013
Issued and
subscribed
share capital
Reserves Loans Total
assets
Total
liabilities
Investments Turnover Profit /
(Loss)
before
taxation
Provision
for
taxation
Profit /
(Loss)
after
taxation
No. of
Employees Long-term Current Total
Lodestone Management Consultants
GmbH
(5)
1 EUR = ` 69.50 1 32 119 119 188 8 2 6 232
Lodestone Management Consultants
SAS
(5)
1 EUR = ` 69.50 1 (2) 5 5 8 1 1 9
Lodestone Management Consultants
Ltd.
(5)
1 GBP = ` 82.23 1 (10) 13 70 70 123 (5) (4) (1) 306
Lodestone Management Consultants
B.V.
(5)
1 EUR = ` 69.50 1 (2) 5 9 9 11 1 1 9
Lodestone Management Consultants
sp. z.o.o.
(5)
1 PLN = ` 16.64 3 (3) 7 7 15 (1) (1) 73
Lodestone Management Consultants
Portugal, Unipessoal, Lda.
(5)
1 EUR = ` 69.50 5 (4) 4 4 7 (2) (2) 26
S.C. Lodestone Management
Consultants S.R.L.
(5)
1 RON = ` 15.76 2 (1) 3 3 5 17
Lodestone Management Consultants
Pte Ltd.
(5)
1 SGD = ` 43.72 (21) 31 16 16 9 (1) (1) 26
Lodestone Management Consultants
Inc.
(5)
1 USD = ` 54.29 1 (13) 34 41 41 53 4 4 38
Lodestone Management Consultants
S.R.L
(5)(7)
1 ARS = ` 10.62
Notes : 1. Proposed dividend from other subsidiaries is nil.
2. The above details are as at March31, 2013. Information on subsidiaries is provided in compliance with General Circular no 2/2011 dated February8, 2011 issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Government of India. We undertake to make
available the audited annual accounts and related information of subsidiaries, where applicable, upon request by any of our shareholders. The annual accounts will also be available for inspection during business hours at our registered office in
Bangalore, India. The same will also be available on our website, www.infosys.com

(1)
During the year, the Company received a dividend of ` 83 crore (AUD 15 million) from its wholly-owned subsidiary Infosys Technologies (Australia) Pty. Limited

(2)
On July4, 2012 the Board of Directors of Infosys Australia, have passed a resolution approving in principle the transfer of assets and liabilities to Infosys Limited effective April1, 2012. Infosys Australia is currently being Liquidated

(3)
Wholly-owned subsidiary of Infosys BPO Limited

(4)
On October22, 2012, Infosys acquired 100% voting interest in Lodestone Holding AG

(5)
Wholly-owned and controlled subsidiaries of Lodestone Holding AG acquired on October22, 2012

(6)
Majority-owned and controlled subsidiaries

(7)
Incorporated effective January10, 2013
K.V.Kamath
Chairman
S.Gopalakrishnan
Executive Co-Chairman
S.D.Shibulal
Chief Executive Officer and
Managing Director
DeepakM.Satwalekar
Director
Dr.Omkar Goswami
Director
DavidL.Boyles
Director
Prof.JeffreyS.Lehman
Director
R.Seshasayee
Director
AnnM.Fudge
Director
Ravi Venkatesan
Director
Srinath Batni
Director
V.Balakrishnan
Director
Bangalore
April12, 2013
AshokVemuri
Director
B.G.Srinivas
Director
RajivBansal
Chief Financial Officer
N.R.Ravikrishnan
Company Secretary
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Management's discussion and analysis | 23
Overview
The financial statements have been prepared in compliance with the
requirements of the Companies Act, 1956, guidelines issued by the
Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) and the Generally
Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India. Our Management
accepts responsibility for the integrity and objectivity of these financial
statements, as well as for the various estimates and judgments used
therein. The estimates and judgments relating to the financial
statements have been made on a prudent and reasonable basis, so that
the financial statements reflect in a true and fair manner the form and
substance of transactions, and reasonably present our state of affairs,
profits and cash flows for the year.
I Industry structure and developments
Changing economic and business conditions, evolving consumer
preferences, rapid technological innovation and adoption and
globalization are creating an increasingly competitive market
environment that is driving corporations to transform the manner in
which they operate. Companies in this environment are now focusing
even more on their core business objectives, such as revenue growth,
profitability and asset efficiency.
Technology has evolved from merely driving cost efficiency. It is now
also driving tangible business value. The ability to define, design,
develop, implement and maintain advanced technology platforms and
business solutions to address business needs has become a competitive
advantage and a priority for corporations worldwide.
As a result, there is an increasing need for highly-skilled professionals
in the market to help corporations transform their business, optimize
operations and drive innovation by leveraging technology. At the same
time, enterprises are reluctant to expand their internal IT departments
and increase costs. These factors have led to the increased reliance
of corporations on their outsourcing providers and are expected to
continue to drive future growth for outsourced technology services.
1. Increasing trend towards offshore technology
services
Corporations are increasingly turning to offshore service providers to
meet their need for higher quality and cost-competitive technology
solutions. As a result, offshore service providers have become critical
to the operations of many enterprises and these service providers
continue to grow in recognition and sophistication. In view of this,
the addressable market for offshore technology services has expanded.
2. The India advantage
India is widely recognized as the premier destination for offshore
technology services. According to the NASSCOM Performance Review
2013, IT-BPM exports (IT services and Business Process Management)
from India are estimated to grow in fiscal 2014 by 12-14%, to
US$85 87 billion. There are several key factors contributing to the
growth of IT and IT-enabled services (ITES) in India and by Indian
companies.
3. Evolution of technology outsourcing
The nature of technology outsourcing is changing. Historically,
enterprises either outsourced their technology requirements entirely,
or on a standalone, project-by-project basis. In an environment of
rapid technological change, globalization and regulatory changes, the
complete outsourcing model is often perceived to limit a company's
operational flexibility and not fully deliver potential cost savings and
efficiency benefits. Similarly, project-by-project outsourcing is also
Management's discussion and analysis
perceived to result in increased operational risk and coordination
costs and as failing to leverage technology service providers' full
range of capabilities. To address these issues, companies are looking at
outsourcing approaches that require their technology service providers
to develop specialized systems, processes and solutions along with
cost-effective delivery capabilities.
4. Global Delivery Model
Our Global Delivery Model allows us to take work to the location
where the best talent is available and where it makes the best economic
sense with the least amount of acceptable risk. Our Global Delivery
Model enables us to derive maximum benefit from :
Our large pool of highly-skilled technology professionals
24-hour execution capabilities across multiple time zones
The ability to accelerate delivery times of large projects by
simultaneously processing project components
The cost competitiveness across geographic regions
The built-in redundancy to ensure uninterrupted services, and
A knowledge management system that enables us to reuse solutions
where appropriate.
In a typical offshore development project, we assign a team of our
technology professionals to visit a client's site to determine the
scope and requirements of the project. Once the initial specifications
of the project have been established, our project managers return
to the relevant global development center to supervise a larger
team of technology professionals dedicated to the development or
implementation of the solution. Typically, a small team remains at the
client's site to manage project coordination and address changes in
requirements as the project progresses. Teams return to the client's
site when necessary to ensure seamless integration. To the extent
required, a dedicated team provides ongoing maintenance from our
global development centers. The client's systems are linked to our
facilities enabling simultaneous processing in our global development
centers. Our model ensures that project managers remain in control
of execution throughout the life of the project, regardless of their
geographical location.
We have successfully executed projects at all of our global development
centers. We have 87 global development centers, of which 32 are
located in India, 17 are in North and South America, 22 are in the
Asia-Pacific region and 16 are in Europe. Our largest development
centers are located in India. Approximately 71.5% of the total billed
person months for our services rendered during fiscal 2013 originated
from our global development centers in India, with the balance efforts
being rendered at client sites and our global development centers
located outside India.
Our Global Delivery Model mitigates risks associated with providing
offshore technology services to our clients. For our communications
needs, we use multiple service providers and a mix of terrestrial and
optical fiber links with alternate routing. In India, we rely on two
telecommunications carriers to provide high-speed links connecting
our global development centers. Internationally, we rely on multiple
links on submarine cable paths provided by various service providers
to connect our Indian global development centers with network
hubs in other parts of the world. Our significant investment in
redundant infrastructure enables us to provide uninterrupted service
to ourclients.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
24 | Management's discussion and analysis
II Financial condition
Sources of funds
1. Share capital
At present, we have only one class of shares equity shares of par
value ` 5/- each. Our authorized share capital is ` 300 crore, divided
into 60 crore equity shares of ` 5/- each. The issued, subscribed and
paid up capital stood at ` 287 crore as at March31, 2013 (same as
the previous year).
During the year, employees exercised 6,165 equity shares issued under
the 1999 Stock Option Plan. Consequently, the issued, subscribed and
outstanding shares increased by 6,165. The details of options granted,
outstanding and vested as at March31, 2013, are provided in the Notes
to the consolidated financial statements section in the Annual Report.
2. Reserves and surplus
Capital reserve
The balance as at March31, 2013 amounted to ` 54 crore, same as
the previous year.
Securities premium
The addition to the securities premium account of ` 1 crore during
the year is on account of premium received on issue of 6,165 equity
shares, on exercise of options under the 1999 Stock Option Plan.
General reserves
An amount of ` 911 crore representing 10% of the net profit for the
year ended March31, 2013 (previous year ` 847 crore) was transferred
to the general reserves account from the Statement of Profit and Loss.
Statement of Profit and Loss
The balance retained in the Statement of Profit and Loss as at
March31,2013 is ` 25,383 crore, after providing the interim and final
dividend for the year of ` 862 crore and ` 1,550 crore, respectively;
and dividend tax of ` 403 crore thereon. The total amount of profits
appropriated to dividend including dividend tax was ` 2,815 crore,
as compared to ` 3,137 crore in the previous year.
On October7, 2011, the Board of Directors of Infosys Consulting Inc.,
approved the termination and winding down of the entity, entered
into a scheme of amalgamation and initiated its merger with Infosys
Limited. The termination of Infosys Consulting Inc., became effective
on January12, 2012. Consequent to this, there was a reduction of ` 84
crore in the Statement of Profit and Loss of previous year.
Shareholder funds
The total shareholder funds increased to ` 36,059 crore as at
March31,2013 from ` 29,757 crore as at March31, 2012.
The book value per share increased to ` 627.95 as at March31, 2013,
compared to ` 518.21 as at March31, 2012.
Application of funds
3. Fixed assets
Capital expenditure
We incurred a capital expenditure of ` 1,847 crore (` 1,296 crore in
the previous year) comprising additions to gross block of ` 1,422 crore
for the year ended March31, 2013. The entire capital expenditure was
funded out of internal accruals.
Additions to gross block
During the year, we capitalized ` 1,422 crore to our gross block
comprising ` 640 crore for investment in computer equipment,
` 30 crore on Intellectual Property rights, ` 1 crore on vehicles and
the balance of ` 751 crore on infrastructure investments.We invested
` 145 crore to acquire 119.35 acres of land in Bangalore, Mysore,
Thiruvananthapuram and Hubli. The expenditure on buildings, plant
and machinery, office equipment and, furniture and fixtures, were
` 326 crore, ` 114 crore, ` 58 crore and ` 108 crore, respectively for
the year.
During the previous year, we capitalized ` 807 crore to our gross
block, including investments in computer equipment of ` 245 crore
(includes computer equipment having gross book value of ` 10 crore
transferred from Infosys Consulting Inc., on its termination), ` 17
crore on Intellectual Property rights, ` 543 crore on infrastructure
investments and ` 2 crore on vehicles. We invested ` 158 crore to
acquire 371 acres of land in Bangalore, Bhubaneswar, Mangalore,
Nagpur and Indore.
Deductions to gross block
During the year, we deducted ` 521 crore (net book value of ` nil)
from the gross block on retirement of assets and ` 14 crore on disposal
of various assets. During the previous year, we retired / transferred
various assets with a gross block of ` 559 crore (net book value of
` nil) and ` 9 crore on disposal of various assets.
Capital expenditure commitments
We have a capital expenditure commitment of ` 1,139 crore, as at
March31, 2013 as compared to ` 949 crore as at March31, 2012.
4. Investments
We made several strategic investments during the past years aimed at
procuring business benefits and operational efficiency.
Majority-owned subsidiary
Infosys BPO Limited
We established Infosys BPO Limited as a majority-owned and controlled
subsidiary on April 3, 2002, to provide BPM services. Infosys BPO
seeks to leverage the benefits of service delivery globalization, process
redesign and technology to drive efficiency and cost effectiveness in
customer business processes.
On January4, 2012, Infosys BPO acquired 100% of voting interest in
Portland Group Pty. Limited, a leading strategic sourcing and category
management services provider based in Sydney, Australia for a cash
consideration of ` 200 crore.
Lodestone Holding AG
On October22, 2012, Infosys acquired 100% of the outstanding share
capital of Lodestone Holding AG, a global management consultancy firm
headquartered in Zurich, Switzerland. The acquisition was executed
through a share purchase agreement for an upfront cash consideration
of ` 1,187 crore and a deferred consideration of ` 608crore.
Wholly-owned subsidiaries
During the year, we invested in our subsidiaries, for the purpose of
operations and expansion, as follows :
Subsidiary In foreign currency ` crore
Infosys Technologies S. de R.L. de
C.V., Mexico MXN 25 million 11
Infosys Tecnologia do Brasil Ltda BRL 18 million 49
Infosys Technologies (Shanghai)
Co. Limited USD 26 million 141
Lodestone Holding AG CHF 207.35 million 1,187
Please refer statement pursuant to Section 212 of the Companies Act,
1956 for the summary financial performance of our subsidiaries. The
audited financial statements and related information of subsidiaries
will be available on our website, www.infosys.com
During the year, the assets and liabilities of Infosys Australia were
transferred to the Company.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Management's discussion and analysis | 25
5. Deferred tax assets / liabilities
We recorded deferred tax assets of ` 640 crore as at March31, 2013
(` 459 crore as at March 31, 2012) and deferred tax liability of
` 318crore as at March31, 2013 (` 270 crore as at March31, 2012).
Deferred tax assets primarily comprises of deferred taxes on fixed
assets, unavailed leave, trade receivables, and other provisions which
are not tax deductible in the current year.
The movement in deferred tax liabilities is on account of the increase
in provision for branch profit tax for our overseas branches.
We assess the likelihood that our deferred tax assets will be recovered
from future taxable income. We believe it is more likely than not that
we will realize the benefits of these deductible differences.
6. Trade receivables
Trade receivables amounted to ` 6,365 crore (net of provision for
doubtful debts amounting to ` 85 crore) as at March 31, 2013,
compared to ` 5,404 crore (net of provision for doubtful debts
amounting to ` 80 crore) as at March 31, 2012. These debts are
considered good and realizable. Debtors are at 17.3% of revenues
for the year ended March 31, 2013, same as the previous year,
representing a Days Sales Outstanding of 63 days, same as in the
previous year. The age profile of debtors is as follows :
in %
Days 2013 2012
0 30 56.5 56.6
31 60 33.1 31.3
61 90 4.4 2.3
Above 90 6.0 9.8
100.0 100.0
Provisions are generally made for all debtors' outstanding for more
than 180 days as also for others, depending on the Management's
perception of the risk. The need for provisions is assessed based
on various factors, including collectability of specific dues, risk
perceptions of the industry in which the customer operates and
general economic factors that could affect the customer's ability to
settle. The movement in provisions for doubtful debts during the
year is as follows :
in ` crore
2013 2012
Opening balance 80 83
Add : Amount provided 28 59
Less : Amount written-off 23 62
Closing balance 85 80
Provision for bad and doubtful debts as a percentage of revenue is
0.08% for the year ended March31, 2013, as against 0.19% for the year
ended March31, 2012. The unbilled revenues as at March31, 2013
and March31, 2012, amounted to ` 2,217 crore and ` 1,766crore,
respectively.
7. Cash and cash equivalents
The bank balances in India include both rupee accounts and foreign
currency accounts. The bank balances in overseas current accounts
are maintained to meet the expenditure of the overseas branches and
project related expenditure overseas.
Deposits with financial institutions and corporate bodies represent
surplus money deployed in the form of short-term deposits.
Our treasury policy calls for investing cash surplus in a combination
of instruments. (a) Deposits in highly-rated scheduled banks and
financial institutions (b) Debt mutual funds (c) Tax free bonds in
highly-rated and Government-backed entities (d) Certificate of
deposits, Commercial paper or any other similar instrument issued
by highly-rated banks and financial institutions.
8. Loans and advances
in ` crore
2013 2012
Loans to subsidiaries 184
Pre-paid expenses 65 53
Interest accrued but not due 91 31
For supply of goods and services 46 20
Withholding and other taxes receivable 732 654
Others 12 14
Capital advances 439 433
Unbilled revenues 2,217 1,766
Advance income tax 1,019 929
Loans and advances to employees 193 144
Electricity and other deposits 59 61
Rental deposits 52 28
Restricted deposits
(1)
724 461
Mark-to-market gain on forward and
options contracts 88
Total 5,921 4,594
(1)
An amount of ` 724 crore (` 461 crore as at March31, 2012) deposited with the Life
Insurance Corporation of India to settle leave obligations as and when they arise during
the normal course of business. This amount is considered as restricted cash and hence
not considered as cash and cash equivalents.
Loans to subsidiaries comprised of ` 116 crore to Lodestone Holding
AG and ` 68 crore to Infosys Public Services Inc.
The withholding and other taxes receivable represents transaction
taxes paid in various domestic and overseas jurisdictions which are
recoverable.
Unbilled revenues consist primarily of costs and earnings in excess of
billings to the client on fixed-price, fixed-timeframe, and time-and-
material contracts.
Capital advances represent amount paid in advance on capital
expenditure.
The details of advance income taxes are as follows :
in ` crore
2013 2012
Domestic tax 1,018 925
Overseas tax 1 4
Total 1,019 929
Our loan schemes provide for personal loans and salary advances that
are provided primarily to employees in India who are not executive
officers or directors. The loans and advances are recoverable within
24 months.
Electricity and other deposits represent electricity deposits, telephone
deposits, insurance deposits and advances of a similar nature.
Rentdeposits are for buildings taken on lease by us for our software
development centers and marketing offices located across the world.
9. Liabilities
in ` crore
2013 2012
Trade payables 178 68
Accrued salaries and benefits 468 447
Other liabilities
Provision for expenses 914 824
Retention monies 69 42
Withholding and other taxes 587 454
Gratuity obligations unamortized
amount 15 18
Rental deposit from subsidiaries 27 7
Payable for acquisition of business 82
Others 36 31
Advances received from clients 20 14
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
26 | Management's discussion and analysis
2013 2012
Mark-to-market loss on forward and
option contracts 28
Unearned revenue 726 519
Unclaimed dividend 3 2
Total 3,125 2,454
Liabilities for accrued salaries and benefits include the provision
for bonus and incentive payable to the staff. Provision for expenses
represent amounts accrued for other operational expenses.
Retentionmonies represent monies withheld on contractor payments
pending final acceptance of their work. Withholding and other taxes
payable represent local taxes payable in various countries in which
we operate and the same will be paid in due course.
Effective July 1, 2007, we revised the employee death benefits
provided under the gratuity plan, and included all eligible employees
under a consolidated term insurance cover. Accordingly, the
obligations under the gratuity plan reduced by ` 37 crore, which is
being amortized on a straight line basis to the Statement of Profit and
Loss over 10years, representing the average future service period of
employees. An amount of ` 3 crore was amortized during the year.
Theunamortized balance as at March31, 2013 was ` 15 crore.
Payable for acquisition of business represents deferred consideration,
payable to shareholders of Lodestone at the end of three years of
acquisition, contingent upon employment for a period of three years
and is recognized proportionately.
Advances received from clients represent monies received for the
delivery of future services. Unearned revenue consists primarily of
advance client billing on fixed-price, and fixed-timeframe contracts
for which related costs were not yet incurred. Unclaimed dividends
represent dividends paid, but not encashed by shareholders, and are
represented by a bank balance of the equivalent amount.
10. Provisions
in ` crore
2013 2012
Proposed dividend 1,550 1,837
Tax on dividend 263 298
Income taxes 1,274 967
Unavailed leave 502 379
Post-sales client support and warranties 199 123
Total 3,788 3,604
Proposed dividend includes the final dividend recommended.
Onapproval by our shareholders, this will be paid after the Annual
General Meeting.
Provisions for taxation represent estimated income tax liabilities, both
in India and overseas. Provisions for taxation as at March 31, 2013 is
` 1,274 crore compared to ` 967 crore as at March 31, 2012.
Provisions for unavailed leave is towards our liability for leave
encashment valued on an actuarial basis. The provision for post-sales
client support and warranties is towards likely expenses for providing
post-sales client support on fixed-price contracts.
III Results of operations
The function-wise classification of Statement of Profit and Loss is as
follows :
in ` crore
Year ended March31,
2013 % 2012 %
Income from software
services and products 36,765 100.0 31,254 100.0
Software development
expenses 21,662 58.9 17,835 57.1
Gross profit 15,103 41.1 13,419 42.9
Year ended March31,
2013 % 2012 %
Selling and marketing
expenses 1,870 5.1 1,453 4.6
General and administration
expenses 2,218 6.0 1,905 6.1
4,088 11.1 3,358 10.7
Operating profit before
depreciation 11,015 30.0 10,061 32.2
Depreciation and
amortization 956 2.6 794 2.5
Operating profit 10,059 27.4 9,267 29.7
Other income 2,215 6.0 1,829 5.9
Profit before exceptional
item and tax 12,274 33.4 11,096 35.6
Dividend income 83 0.2 578 1.8
Profit before tax 12,357 33.6 11,674 37.4
Tax expense 3,241 8.8 3,204 10.3
Profit after tax and
exceptional item 9,116 24.8 8,470 27.1
1. Income
Of the total revenues for the year ended March31, 2013, approximately
97.7% were derived from our overseas operations whereas 2.3% were
derived from our domestic operations, same as the previous year.
Our revenues are generated primarily on fixed-price or fixed-timeframe
or time-and-material basis. Revenues from software services on
fixed-price and fixed-timeframe contracts are recognized as per the
proportionate-completion method. On time-and-material contracts,
revenue is recognized as the related services rendered. Revenue from the
sale of user licenses for software applications is recognized on transfer
of the title in the user license, except in multiple arrangement contracts,
where revenue is recognized as per the proportionate-completion
method.
The segmentation of software services by project type is as follows :
in %
2013 2012
Fixed-price 44.5 41.1
Time-and-material 55.5 58.9
Total 100.0 100.0
Our revenues are also segmented into onsite and offshore revenues.
Onsite revenues are for those services which are performed at our
client locations or at our global development centers, as part of
software projects, while offshore revenues are for services which are
performed at our software development centers in India.
The segmentation of revenues by location (including product revenue)
is as follows :
in %
2013 2012
Onsite 51.4 50.8
Offshore 48.6 49.2
Total 100.0 100.0
The services performed onsite generate higher revenues per capita,
but at lower gross margins in percentage as compared to the services
performed at our own facilities. Therefore, any increase in the onsite
effort impacts our margins. The details of effort mix for software
services and products in person months are as follows :
in %
2013 2012
Onsite 26.7 26.8
Offshore 73.3 73.2
Total 100.0 100.0
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Management's discussion and analysis | 27
The details of revenues are as follows :
in ` crore
2013 2012
Income
Software services 35,163 29,755
Software products 1,602 1,499
Total 36,765 31,254
2. Expenditure
Software development expenses
in ` crore
2013 % 2012 % Growth
%
Revenues 36,765 100.0 31,254 100.0 17.6
Software development
expenses :
Salaries and bonus 17,786 48.4 13,782 44.1 29.1
Technical
sub-contractors 1,731 4.7 2,483 7.9 (30.3)
Overseas travel
expenses 993 2.7 682 2.2 45.6
Cost of software
packages 583 1.6 462 1.5 26.2
Third party items
bought for service
delivery to clients 149 0.4 162 0.5 (8.0)
Communication
expenses 75 0.2 52 0.2 44.2
Post-sales customer
support and warranties 79 0.2 60 0.2 31.7
Deferred consideration 85 0.2
Other expenses 181 0.5 152 0.5 19.1
Total 21,662 58.9 17,835 57.1 21.5
We incurred software development expenses at 58.9% of revenues,
compared to 57.1% during the previous year. Employee costs relate to
salaries paid to employees in India and include overseas staff expenses.
The increase in salaries and bonus is primarily due to increase in
compensation and addition of employees during the year. During
fiscal 2013, we added 22,019 employees (gross) and 1,333 employees
(net) as compared to 33,201 employees (gross) and 16,069 employees
(net) (excluding movement to and from our subsidiaries) during the
previous year.
The utilization rates of billable employees for the years ended
March31, 2013 and March31, 2012 are as follows :
in %
2013 2012
Including trainees 69.0 69.6
Excluding trainees 72.6 76.6
The cost of technical sub-contractors includes ` 500 crore towards
purchase of services from subsidiaries for the year ended March31,
2013, as against ` 1,809 crore in the previous year. The details of
such related party transactions are available in the Notes to accounts
section of the Annual Report. The balance amount was utilized toward
availing the services of external consultants to augment skill sets
required in various projects. We continue to engage the services of
these consultants on a need basis.
The overseas travel expenses representing cost of travel overseas for
software development constituted approximately 2.7% and 2.2%
respectively of total revenue for the years ended March31, 2013 and
March 31, 2012. Overseas travel expenses include visa charges of
` 308 crore (0.8% of revenues) for the year, compared to ` 202 crore
(0.6% of revenues) in the previous year.
Cost of software packages primarily represents the cost of software
packages and tools procured for our internal use. These packages and
tools enhance the quality of our services and also meet the needs of
software development. The cost of software packages was 1.6% and
1.5% respectively of the revenues for the years ending March31, 2013
and March31, 2012. Third party items bought for service delivery to
clients include software and hardware procured from third parties for
resale to clients primarily in India.
A major part of our revenues is generated from offshore software
development. We use high-end communication tools in order to
establish real-time connections with our clients. The communication
expenses represent approximately 0.2% of revenues for both the
years ending March31, 2013 and March31, 2012. The provision for
post-sale customer support and warranties saw a charge of ` 79 crore
for fiscal 2013 against the charge of ` 60 crore for fiscal 2012.
Deferred consideration represents compensation payable to
shareholders of Lodestone at the end of three years of acquisition
contingent upon employment for a period of three years and is
recognized proportionately.
Other expenses representing staff welfare, computer maintenance,
consumables and rent approximate to 0.5% of revenues during the
year (same as the previous year).
Gratuity
During the year, the Company has aligned the gratuity entitlement
for majority of its employees prospectively to the Payment of Gratuity
Act. This amendment has resulted in a curtailment gain of ` 69 crore
for the year ended March 31, 2013 which has been recognized in the
Statement of Profit and Loss.
Gross profit
The gross profit during the year was ` 15,103 crore representing
41.1% of revenues compared to ` 13,419 crore representing 42.9%
of revenues in the previous year.
Selling and marketing expenses
We incurred selling and marketing expenses at 5.1% of our total
revenues, compared to 4.6% in the previous year. Selling and
marketing expenses primarily consist of employee costs which include
bonus payment. All other expenses excluding the employee cost were
1.1% of revenues during the year as compared to 1.0% in the previous
year. The number of sales and marketing personnel increased from
1,020 as at March31, 2012 to 1,152 as at March31, 2013. We and
our subsidiaries added 235 new clients as compared to 172 in the
previous year.
General and administration expenses
We incurred general and administration expenses amounting to 6.0%
and 6.1% of our total revenues, during the current year and previous
year, respectively. All other expenses excluding the employee cost were
4.3% of revenues during the year as compared to 4.4% in the previous
year. Employee costs increased as the number of administration
personnel increased from 5,389 as at March31, 2012 to 6,204 as at
March31, 2013.
3. Operating profits
We earned an operating profit (PBIDTA) of ` 11,015 crore, representing
30.0% of total revenues compared to ` 10,061 crore, representing
32.2% of total revenues, during the previous year.
4. Depreciation
We provided ` 956 crore and ` 794 crore towards depreciation for the
years ended March31, 2013 and March31, 2012 representing 2.6% and
2.5% of total revenues. The depreciation for the years ended March31,
2013 and March31, 2012 includes an amount of ` 48crore and ` 41
crore, toward 100% depreciation on assets costing less than ` 5,000 each.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
28 | Management's discussion and analysis
5. Other income, net
Our treasury policy calls for investing cash surplus in a combination of
instruments. (a) Deposits in highly-rated scheduled banks and financial
institutions (b) Debt mutual funds (c) Tax free bonds in highly-rated
and Government backed entities (d) Certificate of deposits, Commercial
paper or any other similar instrument issued by highly-rated banks and
financial institutions. The increase in interest income during the year
was on account of higher cash generation in the business and higher
average cash surplus.
We use foreign exchange forward contracts and option contracts to
hedge our exposure to movements in foreign exchange rates.
Foreign exchange gains / (losses) include transaction and translation
gain of ` 189 crore and ` 344 crore for the years ended March 31, 2013
and March 31, 2012, respectively and forward / option contracts gain
of ` 68 crore and a loss of ` 263 crore for the years ended March 31,
2013 and March 31, 2012, respectively.
The composition of currency-wise revenues for the years ended
March31, 2013 and March31, 2012 is as follows :
in %
Currency 2013 2012
U.S. dollar (USD) 72.1 72.9
U.K. Pound (GBP) 6.0 6.2
Euro (EUR) 8.1 7.6
Australian Dollar (AUD) 8.3 7.6
Others 5.5 5.7
Total 100.0 100.0
6. Sensitivity to rupee movement
Every 1% movement in the Indian rupee against the U.S. dollar has
an impact of approximately 40 basis points on the operating margin.
7. Provision for tax
We have provided for our tax liability both in India and overseas. The
Indian statutory corporate tax rate for the year ended March31, 2013
is 32.445%. Export profits for the year were entitled to tax benefits
under the SEZ scheme of the Government of India. The Company
had also claimed tax benefit under the STP scheme for export profits
earned by certain STP units up to the year ended March31, 2011.
We have our operations both under the Software Technology Park
(STP) scheme and Special Economic Zone (SEZ) scheme.
The profits attributable to operations under the STP scheme were
exempted from income tax for a consecutive period of 10 years from
the financial year in which the unit started producing computer
software, or March31, 2011, whichever was earlier.
For the current year, approximately 23.04% of revenues came from
the SEZ at Mahindra City unit 1, Chennai, Chandigarh SEZ unit,
Mangalore SEZ unit 1 and Pune SEZ unit 1, which were eligible
for deduction based on 50% of the profits of the units, and 10.89%
of revenues came from other SEZ units, which were eligible for
deduction based on entire profits of these units. The balance 66.07%
of revenues came from STP units, which were subject to full tax in
India. We pay taxes in various countries in which we operate, on the
income that is sourced to those countries.
The effective tax rate decreased to 26.2% in fiscal 2013 as compared
to 27.4% in fiscal 2012, mainly on account of tax benefit accrued from
research and development for Finacle and Infosys Labs, and reduction
in inter-company dividend received from a subsidiary, partially offset
by increase in non-operating income.
8. Net profit after tax and exceptional item
Our net profit increased by 7.6% to ` 9,116 crore for the year
ended March31, 2013 from ` 8,470 crore in the previous year. This
represents 24.8% and 27.1% of total revenue for the years ended
March31, 2013 and March31, 2012, respectively.
9. Earnings Per Share (EPS) after exceptional item
Our basic EPS after exceptional item increased by 7.6% during the
year to ` 158.76 per share from ` 147.51 per share in the previous year.
The outstanding shares used in computing basic EPS increased from
57,41,99,094 for the year ended March31, 2012 to 57,42,32,838 for
the year ended March31, 2013.
10. Exceptional items
We received dividend of ` 69 crore (net of taxes of ` 14 crore) and
` 484 crore (net of taxes of ` 94 crore) respectively for fiscal 2013
and 2012, from our wholly-owned subsidiary Infosys Australia Pty.
Limited and the same is shown as an exceptional item.
11. Segmental profitability
Our operations predominantly relate to providing end-to-end
business solutions that leverage technology, thereby enabling clients
across the globe from various industry segments to enhance business
performance. Accordingly, revenues represented along industry classes
comprise the primary basis of segmental information set out in these
financial statements. Secondary segmental reporting is performed on
the basis of the geographical location of clients. The details of income
and operating income by industry and geographical segments are
provided in this section.
Industry segments
in ` crore
FSI
(1)
MFG
(2)
ECS
(3)
RCL
(4)
Total
Segmental revenues
2013 12,775 7,657 7,506 8,827 36,765
2012 11,172 6,117 6,572 7,393 31,254
Growth % 14.3 25.2 14.2 19.4 17.6
Segmental operating income
2013 3,976 2,026 2,284 2,729 11,015
2012 3,535 1,926 2,050 2,550 10,061
Growth % 12.5 5.2 11.4 7.0 9.5
Segmental operating profit (%)
2013 31.1 26.5 30.4 30.9 30.0
2012 31.6 31.5 31.2 34.5 32.2
(1)
Financial Services and Insurance
(2)
Manufacturing
(3)
Energy, Utilities, Communications and Services
(4)
Retail, Consumer Packaged Goods, Logistics and Life Sciences
Geographical segments
in ` crore
North
America
Europe India Rest of
the World
Total
Segmental revenues
2013 23,454 8,026 833 4,452 36,765
2012 20,346 6,614 740 3,554 31,254
Growth % 15.3 21.3 12.6 25.3 17.6
Segmental operating income
2013 6,997 2,344 182 1,492 11,015
2012 6,818 2,123 219 901 10,061
Growth % 2.6 10.4 (16.9) 65.6 9.5
Segmental operating profit (%)
2013 29.8 29.2 21.8 33.5 30.0
2012 33.5 32.1 29.6 25.4 32.2
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Management's discussion and analysis | 29
12. Liquidity
Our growth has been financed largely through cash generated
from operations. The net cash generated from our operations was
` 6,942 crore and ` 5,861 crore for the years ended March31, 2013
and March31, 2012, respectively. Net cash provided by / (used in)
investing activities was ` (2,824) crore and ` 659 crore for the years
ended March 31, 2013 and March 31, 2012, respectively. Net cash
used in financing activities was ` 3,319 crore and ` 2,298 crore for
the years ended March31, 2013 and March31, 2012, respectively.
13. Related party transactions
These have been discussed in detail in the Notes to the abridged financial
statements section of this report.
14. Events occurring after the Balance Sheet date
No significant events occurred after the Balance Sheet date.
IV Consolidated financial performance
Our total income increased to ` 40,352 crore from ` 33,734 crore in
the previous year, a growth of 19.6%. Our software export revenues
aggregated to ` 39,511 crore, up by 19.8% from ` 32,986 crore in the
previous year.
Our gross profit amounted to ` 16,173 crore (40.1% of revenue) as
against ` 14,863 crore (44.1% of revenue) in the previous year.
Sales and marketing costs were at 5.0% and 5.2% of our revenue for
the years ended March 31, 2013 and March 31, 2012, respectively.
General and administration expenses were at 6.5% and 7.1% of our
revenues during the current year and previous year, respectively.
The Profit before Interest, Depreciation, Taxes and Amortization
amounted to ` 11,533 crore (28.6% of revenue) as against ` 10,723
crore (31.8% of revenue) in the previous year. The net profit before
exceptional item and tax was ` 12,799 crore (31.7% of revenue) as
against ` 11,699 crore (34.7% of revenue) in the previous year.
V Opportunities and threats
1. Our strengths
We believe our competitive strengths include leadership in
sophisticated solutions that enable clients to deliver improved business
results in addition to optimizing the efficiency of their business, our
proven Global Delivery Model, commitment to quality and process
execution, strong brand and long-standing client relationships, status
as an employer of choice, ability to scale, innovate and lead makes us
a competitive player.
2. Our strategy
We seek to further strengthen our position as a leading global
consulting and technology company by :
Strengthening our strategic partnership with our clients
Increasing our relevance to clients by being able to work in the
entire spectrum of their business, and
Delivering higher business value to clients through the alignment of
our structure and offerings to their business objectives.
To achieve these goals, we seek to increase business from existing
and new clients, continue to enhance our engagement models and
offerings, expand geographically, continue to develop deep industry
knowledge, pursue alliances and strategic acquisitions, enhance brand
visibility and continue to invest in infrastructure and employees.
3. Our competition
We operate in a highly competitive and rapidly changing market and
compete with :
Consulting firms such as Accenture Limited, Atos Origin S.A.,
Capgemini S.A., and Deloitte Consulting LLP
Divisions of large multinational technology firms such as Hewlett-
Packard Company and IBM Corporation
IT outsourcing firms such as Computer Sciences Corporation, and
Dell Perot Systems
Offshore technology services firms such as Cognizant Technology
Solutions Corporation, Tata Consultancy Services Limited and
Wipro Technologies Limited
Software firms such as Oracle Corporation and SAP AG
BPO firms such as Genpact Limited, Exl Service Holdings and WNS
Global Services
In-house IT departments of large corporations, and
Specialty platform and SaaS companies.
For larger projects, we compete with other technology services
providers in response to requests for proposals. Clients often cite our
Global Delivery Model, comprehensive end-to-end solutions, ability
to scale, superior quality and process execution, industry expertise,
experienced management team, talented professionals, track record
and competitive pricing as reasons for awarding us contracts.
In the future, we expect intensified competition from some of the firms
above, and may also experience competition from new companies.
In particular, we expect increased competition from firms that
strengthen their offshore presence in India or other low-cost locations
and from firms in market segments that we have recently entered.
We understand that price alone cannot constitute a sustainable
competitive advantage. We believe that the principal competitive
factors in our business are :
Attracting and retaining high-quality management, technology
professionals, and sales personnel
Articulating and demonstrating long-term value to potential
customers
Effectively integrating onsite and offshore execution capabilities to
deliver high quality, seamless, scalable, cost-effective services
Increasing the scale and breadth of service offerings to provide
one-stop solutions for customer needs
Keeping pace with ever-changing technology and customer
requirements
Strong and well-recognized brand
Proven track record of performance excellence and customer
satisfaction
Financial strength to be able to invest in personnel and infrastructure
to support the evolving demands of customers
High ethical and corporate governance standards to ensure honest
and professional business practices and protect the reputation of
the Company and its customers
We believe we compete favorably with respect to these factors.
VI Outlook, risks and concerns
This section lists forward-looking statements that involve risks and
uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from those
anticipated in these statements as a result of certain factors. This
section lists our outlook, risks and concerns :
Our revenues and expenses are difficult to predict and can vary
significantly from period to period, which could cause our share
price to decline.
We may not be able to sustain our previous profit margins or levels
of profitability.
The economic environment, pricing pressure, and decreased
employee utilization rates could negatively impact our revenues
and operating results.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
30 | Management's discussion and analysis
Our revenues are highly dependent on clients primarily located in
the U.S. and Europe, as well as on clients concentrated in certain
industries, and an economic slowdown or other factors that affect
the economic health of the U.S., Europe or those industries, or
any other impact on the growth of such industries, may affect our
business.
Currency fluctuations may affect the results or our operations or
the value of our ADSs.
Our success depends largely upon our highly-skilled technology
professionals and our ability to hire, attract, motivate, retain and
train these personnel.
Any inability to manage our growth could disrupt our business and
reduce our profitability.
We may face difficulties in providing end-to-end business solutions
for our clients, which could lead to clients discontinuing their work
with us, which in turn could harm our business.
Intense competition in the market for technology services could
affect our cost advantages, which could reduce our share of business
from clients and decrease our revenues.
Our revenues are highly dependent upon a small number of clients,
and the loss of any one of our major clients could significantly
impact our business.
Legislation in certain countries in which we operate, including
the U.S. and the U.K., may restrict companies in those countries
from outsourcing work to us, or may limit our ability to send our
employees to certain client sites.
Restrictions on immigration may affect our ability to compete and
provide services to clients in the U.S., Europe and other jurisdictions,
which could hamper our growth or cause our revenues to decline.
Our success depends largely on our Management team and key
personnel and our ability to attract and retain them.
Our failure to complete fixed-price, fixed-timeframe contracts or
transaction-based pricing contracts within budget and on time may
negatively affect our profitability.
Our client contracts can typically be terminated without cause and
with little or no notice or penalty, which could negatively impact
our revenues and profitability.
Our engagements with clients are singular in nature and do not
necessarily provide for subsequent engagements.
Our client contracts are often conditioned upon our performance,
which, if unsatisfactory, could result in less revenue than previously
anticipated.
Some of our long-term client contracts contain benchmarking
provisions which, if triggered, could result in lower future revenues
and profitability under the contract.
Our increasing work with governmental agencies may expose us
to additional risks.
Our business will suffer if we fail to anticipate and develop new
services and enhance existing services in order to keep pace with
rapid changes in technology and in the industries on which we
focus.
Compliance with new and changing corporate governance and
public disclosure requirements adds uncertainty to our compliance
policies and increases our costs of compliance.
Disruptions in telecommunications, system failures, or virus attacks
could harm our ability to execute our Global Delivery Model, which
could result in client dissatisfaction and a reduction of our revenues.
We may be liable to our clients for damages caused by disclosure
of confidential information, system failures, errors or unsatisfactory
performance of services.
We are investing substantial cash assets in new facilities and physical
infrastructure, and our profitability could be reduced if our business
does not grow proportionately.
We may be unable to recoup our investment costs to develop our
software products.
We may engage in acquisitions, strategic investments / partnerships/
alliances or other ventures that may or may not be successful.
We may be the subject of litigation which, if adversely determined,
could harm our business and operating results.
The markets in which we operate are subject to the risk of
earthquakes, floods, tsunamis and other natural and man-made
disasters.
Our net income would decrease if the Government of India reduces
or withdraws tax benefits and other incentives it provides to us or
when our tax holidays expire or terminate.
In the event that the Government of India or the government
of another country changes its tax policies in a manner that is
adverse to us, our tax expense may materially increase, reducing
our profitability.
We operate in jurisdictions that impose transfer pricing and other
tax-related regulations on us, and any failure to comply could
materially and adversely affect our profitability.
Wage pressures in India and the hiring of employees outside India
may prevent us from sustaining our competitive advantage and may
reduce our profit margins.
Terrorist attacks or a war could adversely affect our business, results
of operations and financial condition.
Regional conflicts in South Asia could adversely affect the Indian
economy, disrupt our operations and cause our business to suffer.
Changes in the policies of the Government of India or political
instability could delay the further liberalization of the Indian
economy and adversely affect economic conditions in India
generally, which could impact our business and prospects.
Our international expansion plans subject us to risks inherent in
doing business internationally.
It may be difficult for holders of our ADSs to enforce any judgment
obtained in the U.S. against us or our affiliates.
Holders of ADSs are subject to the SEBI's Takeover Code with
respect to their acquisitions of ADSs or the underlying equity
shares, and this may impose requirements on such holders with
respect to disclosure and offers to purchase additional ADSs or
equity shares.
The laws of India do not protect IP rights to the same extent as those
of the U.S., and we may be unsuccessful in protecting our IP rights.
We may also be subject to third party claims of IP infringement.
Our ability to acquire companies organized outside India depends
on the approval of the Government of India and / or the Reserve
Bank of India, and failure to obtain this approval could negatively
impact our business.
Indian laws limit our ability to raise capital outside India and may
limit the ability of others to acquire us, which could prevent us from
operating our business or entering into a transaction that is in the
best interests of our shareholders.
Historically, our ADSs have traded at a significant premium to
the trading prices of our underlying equity shares, and may not
continue to do so in the future.
Sales of our equity shares may adversely affect the prices of our
equity shares and ADSs.
Negative media coverage and public scrutiny may adversely affect
the prices of our equity shares and ADSs.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Management's discussion and analysis | 31
Indian law imposes certain restrictions that limit a holder's ability
to transfer the equity shares obtained upon conversion of ADSs
and repatriate the proceeds of such transfer, which may cause our
ADSs to trade at a premium or discount to the market price of our
equity shares.
An investor in our ADSs may not be able to exercise preemptive
rights for additional shares and may thereby suffer dilution of such
investor's equity interest in us.
ADS holders may be restricted in their ability to exercise voting
rights.
VII Internal control systems and their
adequacy
The CEO and CFO certification provided in the CEO and CFO
Certification section of the Annual Report discusses the adequacy of
our internal control systems and procedures.
VIII Material developments in human
resources / industrial relations, including
number of people employed
Our culture and reputation as a leader in the technology services
industry enables us to attract and retain some of the best talent in
India.
Human capital
Our professionals are our most important assets. We believe that the
quality and level of service that our professionals deliver is among the
highest in the global technology services industry. We are committed
to remain among the industry's leading employers.
As at March 31, 2013, the Group employed approximately 1,56,700
employees, of which approximately 1,47,000 are technology
professionals, including trainees. During fiscal 2013, we recorded
6,694 new hires, net of attrition. Our culture and reputation as a
leader in the technology services industry enables us to recruit and
retain some of the best available talent in India. The key elements that
define our culture include recruitment, training and development
and compensation.
Recruitment
We have built our global talent pool by recruiting new students
from premier universities, colleges and institutes in India and
through need-based hiring of project leaders and middle managers.
We typically recruit only students in India who have consistently
shown high levels of achievement. We also selectively recruit students
from campuses in the U.S., the U.K., Australia and China. We rely on
a rigorous selection process involving a series of aptitude tests and
interviews to identify the best applicants. This selection process is
continually assessed and refined based on the performance tracking
of past recruits.
Our reputation as a premier employer enables us to select from a
large pool of qualified applicants. For example, during fiscal 2013,
we received approximately 3,79,000 employment applications,
interviewed 48,123 applicants and extended offers of employment to
27,303 applicants. In fiscal 2013, we added 1,333 new employees,
net of attrition. These statistics do not include Infosys BPO and our
wholly-owned subsidiaries, which together, recruited 5,361 new hires,
net of attrition, during fiscal 2013.
Training and development
Competence development of our people continues to be a key area of
strategic focus for us. We launched new programs to align with the
needs of the Infosys 3.0 strategy. In keeping with the changes in the
use of technology in education, we enhanced our technology lead
training efforts in multiple areas.
Our flagship industry-academia partnership program, Campus
Connect, also launched the technology enabled co-teach program to
reach out to students in engineering institutions.
The knowledge management system at Infosys won the Indian
Most Admired Knowledge Enterprise (MAKE) award winner for
the eighth time. Our researchers continued to demonstrate their
thought leadership in several areas through their publications at
global conferences and through contributions to book chapters and
publications.
Compensation
Our technology professionals receive competitive salaries and benefits.
We have a performance-linked compensation program that links
compensation to individual performance, as well as our Company
performance.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
32 | Risk management report
Risk management report
The following section discusses the various dimensions of enterprise risk management in the Company. Readers are cautioned that the risk related information
outlined here is not exhaustive and is for information purpose only. The discussion may contain statements, which may be forward-looking in nature.
Ourbusiness model is subject to uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those reflected in the forward-looking statements.
Readers are advised to refer to detailed discussion of risk factors and related disclosures in regulatory filings and to exercise their own judgment in assessing
risks associated with the Company.
A. Overview
Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) at Infosys encompasses practices
relating to identification, assessment, monitoring and mitigation of
various risks to key business objectives. ERM at Infosys seeks to both
minimize adverse impact of risks on our key business objectives and
to enable the company leverage market opportunities effectively.
The corporate scorecard enunciates our key business objectives
through a set of specific goals to be achieved in the short term and
strategic goals aimed at achieving our aspirations in the medium term.
Our business objectives typically include goals relating to dimensions
such as financial, client and market, Operational excellence and
Talent & Leadership. There are linkages between risks and key
business objectives. Several risks can impact the achievement of a
business objective. Similarly, one risk can impact the achievement of
several business objectives.
Further, risk management practices at Infosys seek to sustain
and enhance long-term competitive advantage of the company.
Risk management is integral to our business model, described
as the Predictable, Sustainable, Profitable and De-risked (PSPD)
model. Ourcore values and ethics provide the platform for our risk
management practices.
B. Key components of Infosys risk management framework
1. Risk management governance structure
Our risk management occurs across the enterprise at various levels. These levels also form the various lines of defense in our risk management.
The key roles and responsibilities regarding risk management in the company are as follows :
Level Key roles and responsibilities
Board of Directors
(Board)
Corporate governance oversight of risk management performed by the Executive Management
Approving key business objectives to be achieved by the company. Ensure that Executive Management focuses on
managing risks to those key business objectives
Review the performance of Risk Management Committee
Dimensions of
Key Business Objectives
Financial
Clients and Markets
Operational Excellence
Talent and Leadership
Risk Governance Structure
Board of Directors
Risk Management Committee
Risk Council
Ofce of Risk Management
Unit Heads
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Strategy
Operations Counter-party
Industry
Resources
Regulatory
Environment
Risk Identifcation
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Integration
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Risk
Reporting and
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Risk Entity Levels
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Risk management report | 33
Level Key roles and responsibilities
Risk Management
Committee (RMC)
Comprises three independent directors
David L. Boyles, Chairperson
Dr. Omkar Goswami
R.Seshasayee
Assisting the Board in fulfilling its oversight responsibilities with regard to Enterprise Risk Management.
Reviewing risk management practices and actions deployed by the Executive Management in respect of identification,
impact assessment, monitoring, mitigation and reporting of key risks to the achievement of business objectives, as
per Infosys risk framework
Reviewing and approving risk related disclosures
Risk Council (RC) Comprises Co-Chairman, Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and Chief Financial Officer (CFO)
Responsible for day to day oversight of risk management, including, identification, impact assessment, monitoring,
mitigation and reporting
Reviewing enterprise risks to the achievement of business objectives periodically, initiating mitigation actions,
identifying owners for mitigation actions and reviewing progress of mitigation actions
Formulation and deployment of risk management policies and procedures
Providing updates to Risk Management Committee and the Board from time to time on the enterprise risks and
actions taken
Office of Risk
Management (ORM)
Headed by Chief Risk Officer (CRO)
Comprises the network of risk managers from business units and specialist groups
Facilitating the execution of risk management practices in the enterprise, in the areas of risk identification, impact
assessment, monitoring, mitigation and reporting
Providing periodic updates to Risk Council and quarterly updates to Risk Management Committee on risks to key
business objectives and their mitigation
Working closely with mitigation action owners in deploying mitigation measures and monitoring their effectiveness.
Working closely with internal audit and quality audit teams for identification, monitoring and mitigation of
operational risks.
Unit Heads Responsible for managing their functions as per the Company's risk management practices
Ensure compliance to policies and procedures laid out by the company in their respective business units
Responsible for managing risks concomitant to the business decisions relating to their unit, span of control or area
of operations
Responsible for ensuring effectiveness of risk mitigation actions in their units
Reporting risk events and incidents in a timely manner relating to their unit
The Infoscion Adhering to risk management policies and procedures
Implementation of prescribed risk mitigation actions
Reporting risk events and incidents in a timely manner
2. Key business objectives
At Infosys, we have a multi-horizon strategy planning process, and we
revalidate on an annual basis, the strategic themes and the business
objectives for the company. The business objectives span across
the four performance dimensions financial, clients and markets,
operational excellence and global talent and leadership, and balance
between the short and the medium term. The corporate performance
objectives to be achieved during the year are encapsulated in the
corporate scorecard which has the performance metrics and targets.
The corporate performance is measured, monitored and managed on
an on-going basis.
The focus of risk management is to assess risks to the achievement
of key business objectives as enunciated in the corporate scorecard
and to deploy mitigation measures. The periodic review meetings of
Risk Management Committee and Risk Council focus on reviewing
risks to the achievement of key business objectives and actions taken
to mitigate them.
There are linkages between risks and key business objectives.
Several risks can impact the achievement of a business objective.
Similarly, one risk can impact the achievement of several business
objectives. For example, risks related to slowdown in key economies
where we operate, risks relating to our competitive position and risk
of adverse currency fluctuations could impact our business objectives
related to growth.
3. Risk categories
The following broad categories of Risks to the business objectives have
been considered in our risk management framework :
Strategy : Risks emanating out of the choices we make on markets,
business mix, resources and delivery model which can potentially
impact our competitive advantage in medium and long term.
Further, this includes aspects relating scalability and sustainability
of business.
Industry : Risks relating to inherent characteristics of our industry
including, competitive structure, emergence of new business
models, technological landscape, extent of linkage to economic
environment and regulatory structure.
Counter-party : Risks arising from our association with entities for
conducting business. The counterparties include clients, vendors,
alliance partners and their respective industries. Apart from credit
risk, counterparty risks include those relating to litigation and loss
of reputation.
Resources : Risks arising from inappropriate sourcing or sub-optimal
utilization of key organizational resources such as financial capital,
talent and infrastructure.
Operations : Risks inherent to business operations including those
relating to client acquisition, service delivery to clients, business
support activities, information security, IP, physical security and
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
34 | Risk management report
business activity disruptions. Operational risks are assessed
primarily on three dimensions, business process effectiveness,
compliance to policies and procedures and strength of underlying
controls.
Regulatory environment : Risks due to adverse developments in
regulatory environment that could potentially impact our business
objectives and lead to loss of reputation.
4. Key risk management practices
The key risk management practices include those relating to
identifying key risks to our business objectives, impact assessment,
risk monitoring, mitigation actions, reporting and integration with
strategy and business planning.
Risk identification and impact assessment : Mechanisms for
identification and prioritization of risks include risk survey, business
risk environment scanning and focused discussions in Risk Council and
Risk Management Committee. Risk register and internal audit findings
also provide inputs for risk identification and assessment. Risk survey
of executives across units, functions and subsidiaries is conducted
on an annual basis to seek inputs on key risks. Further, periodic
assessment of business risk environment is carried out to identify
significant risks to the achievement of business objectives and
prioritizing the risks for action. Scenario-based risk assessments are
also carried out. Operational risks are assessed primarily on three
dimensions, namely, strength of underlying controls, compliance to
policies and procedures and business process effectiveness.
Risk monitoring and mitigation : For identified top risks, dash boards
are created that track external and internal indicators relevant for
risks, so as to indicate the risk level and its likelihood of occurrence.
The trend line assessment of top risks, analysis of exposure and
potential impact are carried out. Mitigation plans are finalized, owners
are identified and progress of mitigation actions are monitored and
reviewed. Further, for those business objectives, whose achievement
is at risk, periodic reviews are conducted to deploy actions.
Risk reporting : Risks to the achievement of key business objectives,
trend line of risk level, impact and mitigation actions are reported
and discussed in Risk Council and Risk Management Committee on
a periodic basis. Key external and internal incidents with potential
impact are reported and reviewed at appropriate forums such as
Information Security Council. Risks relating to client project execution
and client account level risks are reported to and discussed at
appropriate levels within the Company. Periodic update is provided to
the Board highlighting key risks, their impact and mitigation actions.
Key risk factors are disclosed in regulatory filings.
Integration with strategy and business planning : Identified risks to
the business objectives in the near term, medium term and long term
are used as one of the key inputs for the development of strategy and
annual business plan. Key strategic initiatives are identified to mitigate
specific risks.
C. Highlights of risk management during the
year
Our risk management practices continue to focus on minimizing
adverse impact of risks on our key business objectives relating to
growth, profitability, talent engagement, operational efficiency and
to enable the company leverage market opportunities effectively.
Our business momentum relative to competition and competitive
position in key market segments required close monitoring during
the year. Periodic reviews of our business momentum relative to
competition and competitive position in key markets were conducted
and actions were deployed in this regard. Impact of risks relating
to slow economic recovery in key markets, our competitive position
and differentiation in market segments, volatile currency movements
and talent engagement aspects required continuous focus during the
year. Our active management of currency risks minimized the impact
in a volatile currency market. Our focus on credit risk management
through periodic credit quality assessments and focused collection
mechanisms resulted in stable credit risk indicators. We continued
our emphasis on mitigating talent management related risks relating to
supply chain, both onsite and offshore, including attraction, retention,
engagement and competency development. Key developments in
regulatory environment relating to visas and its potential impact
required close monitoring and actions.
During the year, while key leading external indicators in the U.S.
showed improvement in the second half, macro environment in
Europe continued to lag. Eurozone crisis led to high volatility in
currencies from which we derive our revenues. Operational risks
in the areas including overseas employee administration, employee
engagement and deployment, information security, physical security
of development centers, project service delivery and contracts
management required close monitoring and actions.
We carried out various risk management activities as described below,
to identify, monitor and mitigate impact of risks :
Annual risk survey was conducted across functions to get inputs
on key risks to the achievement of business objectives, their
prioritization and mitigation actions to minimize impact.
Periodic assessment of risks, their potential impact on key business
objectives relating to growth, profitability, talent engagement,
market position and operational excellence were conducted.
Further, progress of mitigation actions and their effectiveness were
reviewed and discussed in Risk Council and Risk Management
Committee.
Risk assessment of our business momentum relative to competition
and competitive position in key market segments comprising
geographies, industries and service lines were conducted and
actions were reviewed.
Regularly assessed business risk environment including trend line
of key external indicators and internal business indicators along
with assessments by market segments, top clients growth, Europe
exposures, currency risk and credit risk.
Assessed top risks through trend line of risk levels through
dashboard indicators, exposure, potential impact and assessment
of progress of mitigation actions.
Reviewed key operational risks and actions based on inputs from the
internal risk register, external assessments, internal audit findings
and key incidents. Reviewed operational risk areas including client
service delivery, information security, physical security and business
continuity management.
Monitored key developments in regulatory environment relating to
visas and impact assessments.
Periodically reviewed global talent supply chain management
related aspects including attraction, retention and engagement.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
CEO and CFO certification | 35
CEO and CFO certification
To
The Board of Directors
Infosys Limited
Bangalore
We, S.D.Shibulal, Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director, and Rajiv Bansal, Chief Financial Officer of Infosys Limited, to the best of
our knowledge and belief, certify that :
1. We have reviewed the Balance Sheet, Statement of Profit and Loss and Cash Flow Statement (standalone, consolidated and abridged) and all
the notes on accounts and the Directors' report.
2. Based on our knowledge and information, these statements do not contain any materially untrue statement or omit to state a material fact
necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect
to the period covered by this report.
3. Based on our knowledge and information, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, present in all
material respects a true and fair view of the Company's affairs, the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the Company
as at, and for, the periods presented in this report, and are in compliance with the existing accounting standards and / or applicable laws and
regulations.
4. To the best of our knowledge and belief, there are no transactions entered into by the Company during the year that are fraudulent, illegal
or violative of the Company's Code of Conduct and Ethics.
5. We are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures and internal controls over financial reporting for the
Company, and we have :
a. Designed such disclosure controls and procedures or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision
to ensure that material information relating to the Company, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others
within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared.
b. Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our
supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements
for external purposes in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India.
c. Evaluated the effectiveness of the Company's disclosure, controls and procedures.
d. Disclosed in this report changes, if any, in the Company's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the Company's
most recent fiscal year that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's internal control over financial
reporting.
6. We have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of Company's internal control over financial reporting's, wherever applicable, to the
Company's auditors and the audit committee of the Company's Board of Directors (and persons performing the equivalent functions) :
a. There were no deficiencies in the design or operation of internal controls, that could adversely affect the Company's ability to record,
process, summarize and report financial data, and there have been no material weaknesses in internal controls over financial reporting
including any corrective actions with regard to deficiencies.
b. There were no significant changes in internal controls during the year covered by this report.
c. All significant changes in accounting policies during the year, if any, and that the same have been disclosed in the notes to the financial
statements.
d. There were no instances of fraud of which we are aware, that involve the Management or other employees who have a significant role
in the Company's internal control system.
7. We affirm that we have not denied any personnel, access to the audit committee of the Company (in respect of matters involving alleged
misconduct) and we have provided protection to whistleblowers from unfair termination and other unfair or prejudicial employment
practices.
8. We further declare that all Board members and senior managerial personnel have affirmed compliance with the Code of Conduct and Ethics
for the current year.
Bangalore
April12, 2013
S.D.Shibulal
Chief Executive Officer and
Managing Director
Rajiv Bansal
Chief Financial Officer
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
36 | Abridged financial statements
Report of the Independent Auditor on the Abridged Financial Statements
To the Members of Infosys Limited
The accompanying abridged financial statements, which comprise the abridged Balance Sheet as at 31 March, 2013, the abridged statement of
Profit and Loss, and abridged Cash Flow Statement for the year then ended, and related notes, are derived from the audited financial statements
of Infosys Limited (the Company) for the year ended 31 March, 2013. We expressed an unmodified audit opinion on those financial statements
in our report dated 12 April, 2013.
The abridged financial statements do not contain all the disclosures required by the Accounting Standards referred to in sub-section (3C) of
Section 211 of the Companies Act, 1956 (the Act) [applied in the preparation of the audited financial statements of the Company]. Reading the
abridged financial statements, therefore, is not a substitute for reading the audited financial statements of the Company.
Management's Responsibility for the Abridged Financial Statements
Management is responsible for the preparation of a summary of the audited financial statements on the basis described in Note 1.
Auditor's Responsibility
Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the abridged financial statements based on our procedures, which were conducted in accordance
with Standard on Auditing (SA) 810, Engagements to Report on Summary Financial Statements issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants
of India.
Opinion
In our opinion, the abridged financial statements derived from the audited financial statements of the Company for the year ended 31 March,
2013 are a fair summary of those financial statements, on the basis described in Note 1.
for B S R & Co.
Chartered Accountants
Firm's registration No. 101248W
Bangalore
12 April, 2013
Natrajh Ramakrishna
Partner
Membership No. 32815
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Abridged financial statements | 37
To the Members of Infosys Limited
Report on the Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying financial statements of Infosys Limited (the Company) which comprise the Balance Sheet as at 31 March,
2013, the Statement of Profit and Loss and the Cash Flow Statement for the year then ended and a summary of significant accounting policies
and other explanatory information.
Management's Responsibility for the Financial Statements
Management is responsible for the preparation of these financial statements that give a true and fair view of the financial position, financial
performance and cash flows of the Company in accordance with the Accounting Standards referred to in sub-section (3C) of Section 211 of the
Companies Act, 1956 (the Act). This responsibility includes the design, implementation and maintenance of internal control relevant to the
preparation and presentation of the financial statements that give a true and fair view and are free from material misstatement, whether due to
fraud or error.
Auditor's Responsibility
Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit. We conducted our audit in accordance with the
Standards on Auditing issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. Those Standards require that we comply with ethical requirements
and plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free from material misstatement.
An audit involves performing procedures to obtain audit evidence about the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. The procedures
selected depend on the auditor's judgment, including the assessment of the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether
due to fraud or error. In making those risk assessments, the auditor considers internal control relevant to the Company's preparation and fair
presentation of the financial statements in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances. An audit also includes
evaluating the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of the accounting estimates made by Management, as well as
evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements.
We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our audit opinion.
Opinion
In our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us, the financial statements give the information
required by the Act in the manner so required and give a true and fair view in conformity with the accounting principles generally accepted in India :
(i) in the case of the Balance Sheet, of the state of affairs of the Company as at 31 March, 2013;
(ii) in the case of the Statement of Profit and Loss, of the profit for the year ended on that date; and
(iii) in the case of the Cash Flow Statement, of the cash flows for the year ended on that date.
Report on Other Legal and Regulatory Requirements
1. As required by the Companies (Auditor's Report) Order, 2003 (the Order), as amended, issued by the Central Government of India in
terms of sub-section (4A) of section 227 of the Act, we give in the Annexure a statement on the matters specified in paragraphs 4 and 5 of
the Order.
2. As required by section 227(3) of the Act, we report that :
a. we have obtained all the information and explanations which to the best of our knowledge and belief were necessary for the purpose of
our audit;
b. in our opinion proper books of account as required by law have been kept by the Company so far as appears from our examination of
those books;
c. the Balance Sheet, Statement of Profit and Loss and Cash Flow Statement dealt with by this Report are in agreement with the books of
account;
d. in our opinion, the Balance Sheet, Statement of Profit and Loss, and Cash Flow Statement comply with the Accounting Standards referred
to in sub-section (3C) of Section 211 of the Companies Act, 1956; and
e. on the basis of written representations received from the directors as on 31 March, 2013, and taken on record by the Board of Directors,
none of the Directors are disqualified as on 31 March 2013, from being appointed as a Director in terms of clause (g) of sub-section (1)
of Section 274 of the Companies Act, 1956.
for B S R & Co.
Chartered Accountants
Firm's registration No. 101248W
Bangalore
12 April, 2013
Natrajh Ramakrishna
Partner
Membership No. 32815
Independent Auditors' Report
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
38 | Abridged financial statements
The Annexure referred to in our report to the members of Infosys Limited (the Company) for the year ended 31 March, 2013. We report that :
(i) (a) The Company has maintained proper records showing full particulars, including quantitative details and situation of fixed assets.
(b) The Company has a regular programme of physical verification of its fixed assets by which fixed assets are verified in a phased manner over
a period of three years. In accordance with this programme, certain fixed assets were verified during the year and no material discrepancies
were noticed on such verification. In our opinion, this periodicity of physical verification is reasonable having regard to the size of the
Company and the nature of its assets.
(c) Fixed assets disposed off during the year were not substantial, and therefore, do not affect the going concern assumption.
(ii) The Company is a service company, primarily rendering IT services. Accordingly, it does not hold any physical inventories. Thus, paragraph
4(ii) of the Order is not applicable.
(iii)(a) The Company has granted loans to bodies corporate covered in the register maintained under Section 301 of the Companies Act, 1956
(the Act). The maximum amount outstanding during the year was ` 188,54,74,274 and the year-end balance of such loan amounted to
` 184,48,87,863. Other than the above, the Company has not granted any loans, secured or unsecured, to companies, firms or parties
covered in the register maintained under Section 301 of the Act.
(b) In our opinion, the rate of interest and other terms and conditions on which the loans have been granted to the bodies corporate listed
in the register maintained under Section 301 of the Act are not, prima facie, prejudicial to the interest of the Company.
(c) In the case of the loans granted to the bodies corporate listed in the register maintained under section 301 of the Act, the borrowers have
been regular in the payment of the interest as stipulated. The terms of arrangement do not stipulate any repayment schedule and the
loans are repayable on demand. Accordingly, paragraph 4(iii)(c) of the Order is not applicable to the Company in respect of repayment
of the principal amount.
(d) There are no overdue amounts of more than ` 1 lakh in respect of the loans granted to the bodies corporate listed in the register maintained
under Section 301 of the Act.
(e) The Company has not taken any loans, secured or unsecured from companies, firms or parties covered in the register maintained under
Section 301 of the Act. Accordingly, paragraphs 4(iii)(e) to 4(iii)(g) of the Order are not applicable.
(iv) In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us, there is an adequate internal control system commensurate
with the size of the Company and the nature of its business with regard to purchase of fixed assets and sale of services. The activities
of the Company do not involve purchase of inventory and the sale of goods. We have not observed any major weakness in the internal
control system during the course of the audit.
(v) (a) In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us, the particulars of contracts or arrangements referred to in
Section 301 of the Act have been entered in the register required to be maintained under that section.
(b) In our opinion, and according to the information and explanations given to us, the transactions made in pursuance of contracts and
arrangements referred to in (v)(a) above and exceeding the value of ` 5 lakh with any party during the year have been made at prices
which are reasonable having regard to the prevailing market prices at the relevant time.
(vi) The Company has not accepted any deposits from the public.
(vii) In our opinion, the Company has an internal audit system commensurate with the size and the nature of its business.
(viii) The Central Government of India has not prescribed the maintenance of cost records under Section 209(1)(d) of the Act for any of the
services rendered by the Company.
(ix)(a) According to the information and explanations given to us and on the basis of our examination of the records of the Company, amounts
deducted / accrued in the books of account in respect of undisputed statutory dues including Provident Fund, Investor Education and
Protection Fund, Income Tax, Sales Tax, Wealth Tax, Service Tax and other material statutory dues have been regularly deposited during the
year by the Company with the appropriate authorities. As explained to us, the Company did not have any dues on account of Employees'
State Insurance, Customs Duty and Excise Duty.
According to the information and explanations given to us, no undisputed amounts payable in respect of Provident Fund, Investor
Education and Protection Fund, Income Tax, Sales Tax, Wealth Tax, Service Tax and other material statutory dues were in arrears as at
March 31, 2013 for a period of more than six months from the date they became payable.
Annexure to the Auditors' Report
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Abridged financial statements | 39
(b) According to the information and explanations given to us, there are no material dues of Wealth Tax and Cess which have not been
deposited with the appropriate authorities on account of any dispute. However, according to information and explanations given to us,
the following dues of Income Tax, Sales Tax, and Service Tax, have not been deposited by the Company on account of disputes :
Name of the statute Nature of dues Amount (in `) Period to which the amount
relates
Forum where dispute is
pending
Income Tax Act, 1961 Interest on Income-tax 50,84,704 Assessment year 2006-2007 CIT (Appeals), Bangalore
Income Tax Act, 1961 Demand under section
156
94,89,34,671 Assessment year 2009-2010 to
2011-12
CIT (Appeals), Bangalore
Service tax Service tax
(1)
5,75,63,973 July 2004 to October 2005 CESTAT-Bangalore
Service tax Service tax
(1)
2,57,84,864 January 2005 to March 2009 CESTAT-Bangalore
Service tax Service tax and penalty
(1)
23,15,21,178 February 2007 to March 2009 CESTAT-Bangalore
Service tax Service tax 4,19,72,658 April 2009 to March 2010 CESTAT-Bangalore
Service tax Service tax
(1)
191,28,86,144 April 2006 to September 2010 CESTAT-Bangalore
Service tax Service tax
(1)(2)
10,90,13,495 October 2004 to March 2009 CESTAT-Bangalore
Service tax Service tax 6,46,54,051 April 2010 to March 2011 CESTAT-Bangalore
Service tax Service tax 55,22,74,733 October 2010 to September
2011
CESTAT-Bangalore
APVAT Act, 2005 Inter-state sales 4,17,650 April 2006 to March 2007 Sales tax appellate Tribunal,
Andhra Pradesh
APVAT Act, 2005 Sales tax
(1)(2)
31,12,450 April 2007 to March 2008 High Court of Andhra
Pradesh
MVAT Act, 2005 Sales tax
(1)(2)
9,35,455 April 2006 to December 2007 Jt. Commissioner (Appeals)
MVAT Act, 2005 Sales tax 4,52,50,506 April 2006 to December 2007 Specified Officer of SEZ
Central Excise Act,
1944
Excise Duty & penalty
(1)
38,61,48,018 March 2009 to December 2009 CESTAT, Bangalore
Central Excise Act,
1944
Excise Duty & penalty
(1)
2,67,46,497 January 2010 to December
2010
Commissioner, Bangalore
Central Excise Act,
1944
Excise Duty & penalty
(1)
4,51,32,885 January 2011 to June 2011 CESTAT, Bangalore
KVAT Act, 2003 Sales tax, interest and
penalty
(1)(2)
24,53,43,982 April 2005 to March 2009 High Court of Karnataka
(1)
A stay order has been received against the amount disputed and not deposited.
(2)
Net of amounts paid under protest.
(x) The Company does not have any accumulated losses at the end of the financial year and has not incurred cash losses in the financial year
and in the immediately preceding financial year.
(xi) The Company did not have any outstanding dues to any financial institution, banks or debenture holders during the year.
(xii) The Company has not granted any loans and advances on the basis of security by way of pledge of shares, debentures and other securities.
(xiii) In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to us, the Company is not a chit fund / nidhi / mutual benefit
fund / society.
(xiv) According to the information and explanations given to us, the Company is not dealing or trading in shares, securities, debentures and
other investments.
(xv) According to the information and explanations given to us, the Company has not given any guarantee for loans taken by others from
banks or financial institutions.
(xvi) The Company did not have any term loans outstanding during the year.
(xvii) The Company has not raised any funds on short-term basis.
(xviii) The Company has not made any preferential allotment of shares to parties and companies covered in the register maintained under
Section 301 of the Act.
(xix) The Company did not have any outstanding debentures during the year.
(xx) The Company has not raised any money by public issues during the year.
(xxi) According to the information and explanations given to us, no material fraud on or by the Company has been noticed or reported during
the course of our audit.
for B S R & Co.
Chartered Accountants
Firm's registration No. 101248W
Bangalore
12 April, 2013
Natrajh Ramakrishna
Partner
Membership No. 32815
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
40 | Abridged financial statements
Abridged Balance Sheet
Statement containing salient features of Balance Sheet as per Section 219 (1)(b)(iv) of the Companies Act, 1956
in ` crore
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012
I. EQUITY AND LIABILITIES
1. SHAREHOLDERS' FUNDS
(a) Paid-up share capital
(i) Equity capital 287 287
(b) Reserves and surplus
(i) Capital reserve 54 54
(ii) Share premium account 3,065 3,064
(iii) General reserve 7,270 6,359
(iv) Surplus 25,383 19,993
36,059 29,757
2. NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES
(a) Deferred tax liabilities (net) 56
(b) Other long-term liabilities 120 21
176 21
3. CURRENT LIABILITIES
(a) Trade payables 178 68
(b) Other current liabilities 2,827 2,365
(c) Short-term provisions 3,788 3,604
6,793 6,037
TOTAL OF (1) TO (3) 43,028 35,815
II. ASSETS
1. Non-Current Assets
(a) Fixed Assets
(i) Tangible assets (original cost less depreciation) 4,425 4,045
(ii) Intangible assets (original cost less amortization) 28 16
(iii) Capital work-in-progress 1,135 588
5,588 4,649
(b) Non-current investments 2,764 1,068
(c) Deferred tax assets (net) 378 189
(d) Long-term loans and advances 1,529 1,431
(e) Other non-current assets 31 13
10,290 7,350
2. Current Assets
(a) Current investments 1,580 341
(b) Trade receivables 6,365 5,404
(c) Cash and cash equivalents 20,401 19,557
(d) Short-term loans and advances 4,392 3,163
32,738 28,465
TOTAL OF (1) TO (2) 43,028 35,815
Note : Complete Balance Sheet, Statement of Profit and Loss, other statements and notes thereto prepared as per the requirements of Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956 are
available on the Company's website, www.infosys.com
As per our report attached
for B S R & Co.
Chartered Accountants
Firm's Registration No. 101248W
Natrajh Ramakrishna
Partner
Membership No. 32815
K.V.Kamath
Chairman
S.Gopalakrishnan
Executive Co-Chairman
S.D.Shibulal
Chief Executive Officer and
Managing Director
DeepakM.Satwalekar
Director
Dr.Omkar Goswami
Director
DavidL.Boyles
Director
Prof.JeffreyS.Lehman
Director
R.Seshasayee
Director
AnnM.Fudge
Director
Ravi Venkatesan
Director
Srinath Batni
Director
V.Balakrishnan
Director
Bangalore
April12, 2013
AshokVemuri
Director
B.G.Srinivas
Director
RajivBansal
Chief Financial Officer
N.R.Ravikrishnan
Company Secretary
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Abridged financial statements | 41
Abridged Profit and Loss Account
Statement containing salient features of Profit and Loss account as per Section 219 (1)(b)(iv) of the Companies Act, 1956
in ` crore, except share and per share data
Particulars Note for the year ended March31,
2013 2012
I. Income
Income from software services and products 5 36,765 31,254
II. Other income 2,215 1,829
III. TOTAL 38,980 33,083
IV. Expenditure
(a) Employee benefit expenses 19,932 15,473
(b) Deferred consideration pertaining to acquisition 85
(c) Cost of technical sub-contractors 1,731 2,483
(d) Travel expenses 1,281 944
(e) Cost of software packages and others 734 625
(f) Communication expenses 289 203
(g) Professional charges 504 437
(h) Depreciation and amortization expense 956 794
(i) Other expenses 1,194 1,028
Total expenditure (a to i) 26,706 21,987
V. PROFIT BEFORE EXCEPTIONAL ITEM AND TAX (I-II) 12,274 11,096
VI. EXCEPTIONAL ITEM
Dividend income 11 83 578
VII. PROFIT BEFORE TAX (III-IV) 12,357 11,674
VIII. Tax expense
1. Current tax 3,361 3,147
2. Deferred tax (120) 57
IX. PROFIT FOR THE YEAR (V-VI) 9,116 8,470
X. EARNINGS PER EQUITY SHARE
Equity shares of par value ` 5/- each
Before exceptional item
Basic 157.55 139.07
Diluted 157.55 139.06
After exceptional item
Basic 158.76 147.51
Diluted 158.76 147.50
Number of shares used in computing earnings per share
Basic 57,42,32,838 57,41,99,094
Diluted 57,42,33,691 57,42,29,742
As per our report attached
for B S R & Co.
Chartered Accountants
Firm's Registration No. 101248W
Natrajh Ramakrishna
Partner
Membership No. 32815
K.V.Kamath
Chairman
S.Gopalakrishnan
Executive Co-Chairman
S.D.Shibulal
Chief Executive Officer and
Managing Director
DeepakM.Satwalekar
Director
Dr.Omkar Goswami
Director
DavidL.Boyles
Director
Prof.JeffreyS.Lehman
Director
R.Seshasayee
Director
AnnM.Fudge
Director
Ravi Venkatesan
Director
Srinath Batni
Director
V.Balakrishnan
Director
Bangalore
April12, 2013
AshokVemuri
Director
B.G.Srinivas
Director
RajivBansal
Chief Financial Officer
N.R.Ravikrishnan
Company Secretary

Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
42 | Abridged financial statements
Abridged Cash Flow Statement
in ` crore
Particulars For the year ended March31,
2013 2012
1 Cash flows from operating activities 6,942 5,861
2 Cash flows from investing activities (2,824) 659
3 Cash flows used in financing activities (3,319) (2,298)
4 Effect of exchange difference on translation of foreign currency cash and cash equivalents 45 60
5 Net increase in cash and cash equivalents 844 4,282
6 Bank balance taken over from Infosys Consulting Inc., U.S., pursuant to merger 110
7 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 19,557 15,165
8 Cash and cash equivalents at end of period 20,401 19,557
As per our report attached
for B S R & Co.
Chartered Accountants
Firm's Registration No. 101248W
Natrajh Ramakrishna
Partner
Membership No. 32815
K.V.Kamath
Chairman
S.Gopalakrishnan
Executive Co-Chairman
S.D.Shibulal
Chief Executive Officer and
Managing Director
DeepakM.Satwalekar
Director
Dr.Omkar Goswami
Director
DavidL.Boyles
Director
Prof.JeffreyS.Lehman
Director
R.Seshasayee
Director
AnnM.Fudge
Director
Ravi Venkatesan
Director
Srinath Batni
Director
V.Balakrishnan
Director
Bangalore
April12, 2013
AshokVemuri
Director
B.G.Srinivas
Director
RajivBansal
Chief Financial Officer
N.R.Ravikrishnan
Company Secretary
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Abridged financial statements | 43
Notes to the Abridged Financial Statements for the year ended March31, 2013
1. Company overview
Infosys Limited (Infosys or the Company), along with its majority-
owned and controlled subsidiary, Infosys BPO Limited (Infosys BPO),
and wholly-owned and controlled subsidiaries, Infosys Technologies
(Australia) Pty. Limited (Infosys Australia), Infosys Technologies
(China) Co. Limited (Infosys China), Infosys Consulting India
Limited (Infosys Consulting India), Infosys Technologies S. de
R. L. de C. V. (Infosys Mexico), Infosys Technologies (Sweden)
AB. (Infosys Sweden), Infosys Tecnologia do Brasil Ltda (Infosys
Brasil), Infosys Public Services Inc., U.S. (Infosys Public Services),
Infosys Technologies (Shanghai) Co. Limited (Infosys Shanghai)
and Lodestone Holding AG and its controlled subsidiaries (Infosys
Lodestone), is a leading global technology services corporation. The
Company provides business consulting, technology, engineering and
outsourcing services to help clients build tomorrow's enterprise.
In addition, the Company offers software products for the banking
industry.
The abridged financial statements have been prepared pursuant to
Rule 7A of the Companies (Central Government's) General Rules and
Forms, 1956 and are based on the annual accounts for the year ended
March31, 2013.
(Note 1 in the Notes to accounts of the annual standalone financial
statements).
2. Notes on accounts
Amounts in the abridged financial statements are presented in ` crore,
except for per share data and as otherwise stated. Certain amounts
that are required to be disclosed and do not appear due to rounding
off are detailed in note 13. All exact amounts are stated with the suffix
/-. One crore equals 10 million.
The previous year's figures have been regrouped / re-classified,
wherever necessary to conform to the current presentation.
(Note 2 in the Notes to accounts of the annual standalone financial
statements).
3. Dividend
The Board, in its meeting on October12, 2012, declared an interim
dividend of ` 15 per equity share. Further the Board, in its meeting
on April12, 2013, proposed a final dividend of ` 27 per equity share.
The proposal is subject to the approval of shareholders at the Annual
General Meeting to be held on June 15, 2013. The total dividend
appropriation for the year ended March31, 2013 amounted to ` 2,815
crore including corporate dividend tax of ` 403 crore.
During the year ended March 31, 2012, the amount of per share
dividend recognized as distributions to equity shareholders was ` 47.
The dividend for the year ended March31, 2012 includes ` 22 per
share of final dividend, ` 15 per share of interim dividend and ` 10
per share of special dividend 10 years of Infosys BPO operations.
The total dividend appropriation amounted to ` 3,137 crore including
corporate dividend tax of ` 438 crore.
(Note 2.1 in the Notes to accounts of the annual standalone financial
statements).
4. Capital commitments and contingent liabilities
in ` crore
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012
Contingent liabilities :
Outstanding guarantees and counter guarantees to various banks, in respect of the
guarantees given by those banks in favor of various government authorities and others 19 3
Claims against the Company, not acknowledged as debts
(1)

[Net of amount paid to statutory authorities ` 1,114 crore (` 1,114 crore)] 535 72
Commitments :
Estimated amount of unexecuted capital contracts (net of advances and deposits) 1,139 949
in million in ` crore in million in ` crore
Forward contracts outstanding
In USD 814 4,419 677 3,445
In Euro 50 348 20 136
In GBP 55 453 20 163
In AUD 70 396 23 121
Options contracts outstanding
In USD 50 254
5,616 4,119
(1)
Claims against the Company not acknowledged as debts include demand from the Indian income tax authorities for payment of additional tax of ` 1,088 crore (` 1,088 crore), including
interest of ` 313 crore (` 313 crore) upon completion of their tax review for fiscal 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008. The income tax demands are mainly on account of disallowance of a
portion of the deduction claimed by the Company under Section 10A of the Income Tax Act. The deductible amount is determined by the ratio of export turnover to total turnover. The
disallowance arose from certain expenses incurred in foreign currency being reduced from export turnover but not reduced from total turnover. The tax demand for fiscal 2007 and 2008
also includes disallowance of portion of profit earned outside India from the STP units and disallowance of profits earned from SEZ units. The matter for fiscal 2005, 2006, 2007 and
2008 are pending before the Commissioner of Income Tax ( Appeals) Bangalore. The Company is contesting the demand and the Management, including its tax advisors, believes that
its position will likely be upheld in the appellate process. The Management believes that the ultimate outcome of this proceeding will not have a material adverse effect on the Company's
financial position and results of operations. The Company received a draft Assessment Order from the income tax authorities for an amount of ` 575 crore for fiscal 2009. As the Company
is contesting this position like earlier years, the appellate authority would be approached upon receiving the final order.
(Note 2.20 in the Notes to accounts of the annual standalone financial statements).
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
44 | Abridged financial statements
5. Income from software services and products
in ` crore
Particulars Year ended March31,
2013 2012
Income from software services 35,163 29,755
Income from software products 1,602 1,499
36,765 31,254
(Note 2.16 in the Notes to accounts of the annual standalone financial
statements).
6. Cash and cash equivalents
in ` crore
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012
Cash on hand
Balances with banks
In current and deposit accounts 17,401 18,057
Others
Deposits with financial institutions 3,000 1,500
20,401 19,557
(Note 2.14 in the Notes to accounts of the annual standalone financial
statements).
7. Investment in Lodestone Holding AG
On October22, 2012, Infosys acquired 100% of the outstanding share
capital of Lodestone Holding AG, a global management consultancy
firm headquartered in Zurich, Switzerland. The acquisition was
executed through a share purchase agreement for an upfront cash
consideration of ` 1,187 crore and a deferred consideration of ` 608
crore.
The deferred consideration is payable to the selling shareholders
of Lodestone on the third anniversary of the acquisition date and
is contingent upon their continued employment for a period of
three years. The investment in Lodestone has been recorded at the
acquisition cost and the deferred consideration is being recognized
on a proportionate basis over a period of three years from the date
of acquisition. An amount of ` 50 crore and ` 85 crore,representing
the proportionate charge of the deferred consideration has been
recognized as an expense during the quarter ended March 31, 2013
and year ended March 31, 2013.
(Note 2.10.1 in the Notes to accounts of the annual standalone financial
statements).
8. Related party transactions
List of related parties :
Name of subsidiaries Country Holding as at
March31,
2013 2012
Infosys BPO India 99.98% 99.98%
Infosys China China 100% 100%
Infosys Consulting Inc.
(1)
U.S.
Infosys Mexico Mexico 100% 100%
Infosys Sweden Sweden 100% 100%
Infosys Shanghai China 100% 100%
Infosys Brasil Brazil 100% 100%
Infosys Public Services Inc. U.S. 100% 100%
Infosys BPO s.r.o.
(2)
Czech
Republic 99.98% 99.98%
Infosys BPO (Poland)
Sp.Z.o.o
(2)
Poland
99.98% 99.98%
Infosys Consulting India
Limited
(3)
India
100% 100%
McCamish Systems LLC
(2)
U.S. 99.98% 99.98%
Portland Group Pty. Limited
(2)(4)
Australia 99.98% 99.98%
Name of subsidiaries Country Holding as at
March31,
2013 2012
Portland Procurement Services
Pty. Limited
(2)(4)
Australia
99.98% 99.98%
Infosys Australia
(5)
Australia 100% 100%
Lodestone Holding AG
(6)
Switzerland 100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants (Canada) Inc.
(7)
Canada
100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants Inc.
(7)
U.S.
100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants Pty. Limited
(7)
Australia
100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants (Asia Pacific)
Limited
(7)(8)
Thailand

Lodestone Management
Consultants AG
(7)
Switzerland
100%
Lodestone Augmentis AG
(7)
Switzerland 100%
Hafner Bauer & dman
GmbH
(7)
Switzerland
100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants (Belgium) S.A.
(7)(9)
Belgium
99.90%
Lodestone Management
Consultants GmbH
(7)
Germany
100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants Pte Ltd.
(7)
Singapore
100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants SAS
(7)
France
100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants s.r.o.
(7)
Czech
Republic 100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants GmbH
(7)
Austria
100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants China Co., Ltd.
(7)
China
100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants Ltd.
(7)
U.K.
100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants B.V.
(7)
Netherlands
100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants Ltda.
(7)(9)
Brazil
99.99%
Lodestone Management
Consultants sp. z.o.o.
(7)
Poland
100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants Portugal,
Unipessoal, Lda.
(7)
Portugal
100%
S.C. Lodestone Management
Consultants S.R.L.
(7)
Romania
100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants S.R.L.
(7)(10)
Argentina
100%
(1)
On October7, 2011, the Board of Directors of Infosys Consulting Inc., approved the
termination and winding down of the entity, and entered into a scheme of amalgamation
and initiated its merger with Infosys Limited. The termination of Infosys Consulting
Inc., became effective on January12, 2012, in accordance with the Texas Business
Organizations Code. Effective January12, 2012, the assets and liabilities of Infosys
Consulting Inc., were transferred to Infosys Limited.
(2)
Wholly-owned subsidiaries of Infosys BPO.
(3)
On February9, 2012, Infosys Consulting India Limited filed a petition in the Honorable
High Court of Karnataka for its merger with Infosys Limited
(4)
On January4, 2012, Infosys BPO acquired 100% of the voting interest in Portland
Group Pty. Limited
(5)
On July4, 2012, the Board of Directors of Infosys Australia has passed a resolution
approving in principle the transfer of assets and liabilities to Infosys Limited effective
April1, 2012. Infosys Australia is currently being liquidated.
(6)
On October22, 2012, Infosys acquired 100% voting interest in Lodestone Holding AG
(7)
Wholly-owned and controlled subsidiaries of Lodestone Holding AG acquired on
October22, 2012
(8)
Liquidated effective February14, 2013
(9)
Majority-owned and controlled subsidiaries
(10)
Incorporated effective January10, 2013
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Abridged financial statements | 45
Infosys guarantees the performance of certain contracts entered into
by its subsidiaries.
List of key management personnel
Whole-time Directors
S. Gopalakrishnan, S. D. Shibulal, Srinath Batni, V. Balakrishnan,
AshokVemuri, B.G.Srinivas.
Executive Council members
U. B. Pravin Rao, U. Ramadas Kamath, Chandrashekar Kakal,
NanditaGurjar, Stephen R. Pratt, Basab Pradhan, Prasad Thrikutam,
RajivBansal (effective November 1, 2012).
Non-whole-time Directors
K. V. Kamath, Deepak M. Satwalekar, Dr. Omkar Goswami,
DavidL.Boyles, SridarA.Iyengar (retired with effect from August13,
2012), Prof. Jeffrey S. Lehman, R. Seshasayee, Ann M. Fudge,
RaviVenkatesan.
The details of amounts due to or due from as at March31, 2013 and
March31, 2012 are as follows :
in ` crore
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012
Trade Receivables
Infosys China 4 12
Infosys Australia 40
Infosys Public Services 160 131
204 143
Loans
Infosys Public Services 68
Lodestone Holding AG (including
subsidiaries) 116
184
Other receivables
Infosys Australia 1
Infosys BPO (including subsidiaries) 9 1
Infosys Public Services 11
Lodestone Holding AG (including
subsidiaries) 1
10 13
Unbilled revenues
Infosys Public Services 5
Trade payables
Infosys China 9 6
Infosys Australia 52
Infosys BPO (including subsidiaries) 72 2
Infosys Mexico 1
Infosys Sweden 1
82 61
Other payables
Infosys Australia 2
Infosys BPO (including subsidiaries) 10 8
Lodestone Holding AG (including
subsidiaries) 21
Infosys Consulting India 2 2
Infosys Public Services 17
33 29
Provision for expenses
Lodestone Holding AG (including
subsidiaries) 33
Infosys BPO (including subsidiaries) 1
34
Rental Deposit given for shared services
Infosys BPO 21 3
Rental Deposit taken for shared services
Infosys BPO 27 7
The details of the related party transactions entered into by the
Company, for the years ended March31, 2013 and March31, 2012
are as follows :
in ` crore
Particulars Year ended March31,
2013 2012
Capital transactions :
Financing transactions
Infosys Shanghai 141 82
Lodestone Holding AG 1,187
Infosys Mexico 11
Infosys Brasil 49 22
Infosys Consulting India 1
1,388 105
Loans :
Lodestone Holding AG 118
Infosys Public Services 66
Infosys Brasil (10)
Infosys China (25)
184 (35)
Revenue transactions :
Purchase of services
Infosys Australia
(1)
2 1,333
Infosys China 238 263
Infosys Consulting 146
Infosys Consulting India 2
Lodestone Holding AG (including
subsidiaries) 104
Infosys BPO (including subsidiaries) 135 27
Infosys Sweden 6 10
Infosys Mexico 13 27
Infosys Brasil 2 1
500 1,809
Purchase of shared services including
facilities and personnel
Infosys Consulting (including
subsidiaries) 2
Infosys BPO (including subsidiaries) 72 101
72 103
Interest income
Infosys Brasil 1
Lodestone Holding AG 2
Infosys Public Services 1
Infosys China 1
3 2
Sale of services
Infosys Australia 1 14
Infosys China 1 8
Infosys Brasil 1
Infosys Mexico 1 5
Infosys BPO (including subsidiaries) 58 34
Infosys Consulting 43
Infosys Public Services 439 171
500 276
Sale of shared services including facilities
and personnel
Infosys BPO (including subsidiaries) 39 57
Infosys Consulting 21
39 78
Dividend income
Infosys Australia 83 578
(1)
On July4, 2012, the Board of Directors of Infosys Australia has passed a resolution
approving in principle the transfer of assets and liabilities to Infosys Limited effective
April1, 2012. Infosys Australia is currently being liquidated.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
46 | Abridged financial statements
During the year ended March31, 2013, an amount of ` 10 crore (` 20
crore for the year ended March 31, 2012) was donated to Infosys
Foundation, a not-for-profit foundation, in which certain Directors
of the Company are trustees.
The following table describes the compensation to key managerial
personnel who comprise Directors and members of Executive Council :
in ` crore
Particulars Year ended March31,
2013 2012
Salaries and other employee benefits
(1)
50 45
(1)
Includes a one-time earn out payment of ` 6 crore made to Stephen R. Pratt during the
year ended March31, 2013.
(Note 2.25 in the Notes to accounts of the annual standalone financial
statements).
9. Research and development expenditure
in ` crore
Particulars Year ended March31,
2013 2012
Expenditure at the Department of
Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR)
approved R&D centers (eligible for
weighted deduction)
(1)
Capital Expenditure 3
Revenue Expenditure 247 75
Other R&D Expenditure
Capital Expenditure 3 5
Revenue Expenditure 660 580
Total R&D Expenditure
Capital Expenditure 6 5
Revenue Expenditure 907 655
(1)
DSIR has accorded weighted deduction approval for Finacle and Infosys Labs
R&D centers of Infosys located at Bangalore, Bhubaneswar, Chandigarh, Chennai,
Hyderabad, Mysore, Pune and Thiruvananthapuram. The approval is effective
November23, 2011.
The eligible R&D revenue and capital expenditure are ` 247 crore and ` 3 crore for the
year ended March31, 2013 and ` 75 crore towards revenue expenditure for the year
ended March31, 2012.
10. Segment reporting
The Company's operations predominantly relate to providing
end-to-end business solutions thereby enabling clients to enhance
business performance, delivered to customers globally operating in
various industry segments. Effective quarter ended June 30, 2011,
the Company reorganized its business to increase its client focus.
Consequent to the internal reorganization there were changes effected
in the reportable segments based on the management approach, as
laid down in AS 17, Segment reporting. The Chief Executive Officer
evaluates the Company's performance and allocates resources based
on an analysis of various performance indicators by industry classes
and geographic segmentation of customers. Accordingly, segment
information has been presented both along industry classes and
geographic segmentation of customers, industry being the primary
segment. The accounting principles used in the preparation of the
financial statements are consistently applied to record revenue
and expenditure in individual segments, and are as set out in the
significant accounting policies.
Industry segments for the Group are primarily Financial Services and
Insurance (FSI) comprising enterprises providing banking, finance and
insurance services, enterprises in Manufacturing (MFG), enterprises
in the Energy, Utilities, Communications and Services (ECS) and
enterprises in Retail, Consumer Packaged Goods, Logistics and
Life Sciences (RCL). Geographic segmentation is based on business
sourced from that geographic region and delivered from both onsite
and offshore. North America comprises the U.S., Canada and Mexico,
Europe includes continental Europe (both the east and the west),
Ireland and the U.K., and the Rest of the World comprising all other
places except those mentioned above and India. Consequent to the
above change in the composition of reportable segments, the prior
year comparatives have been restated.
Revenue and identifiable operating expenses in relation to segments
are categorized based on items that are individually identifiable to
that segment. Allocated expenses of segments include expenses
incurred for rendering services from the Company's offshore software
development centers and onsite expenses, which are categorized in
relation to the associated turnover of the segment. Certain expenses
such as depreciation, which form a significant component of total
expenses, are not specifically allocable to specific segments as the
underlying assets are used interchangeably. The Management believes
that it is not practical to provide segment disclosures relating to those
costs and expenses, and accordingly these expenses are separately
disclosed as unallocated and adjusted against the total income of
the Company.
Fixed assets used in the Company's business or liabilities contracted
have not been identified to any of the reportable segments, as the
fixed assets and services are used interchangeably between segments.
Accordingly, no disclosure relating to total segment assets and liabilities
are made. Geographical information on revenue and industry revenue
information are collated based on individual customers invoiced or in
relation to which the revenue is otherwise recognized.
(Note 2.27 in the Notes to accounts of the annual standalone financial
statements).
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Abridged financial statements | 47
Industry segments
Years ended March31, 2013 and March31, 2012 :
in ` crore
Particulars FSI MFG ECS RCL Total
Income from software services and products 12,775 7,657 7,506 8,827 36,765
11,172 6,117 6,572 7,393 31,254
Identifiable operating expenses 5,767 3,751 3,378 3,930 16,826
5,162 2,789 3,018 3,148 14,117
Allocated expenses 3,032 1,880 1,844 2,168 8,924
2,475 1,402 1,504 1,695 7,076
Segmental operating income 3,976 2,026 2,284 2,729 11,015
3,535 1,926 2,050 2,550 10,061
Unallocable expenses 956
794
Other income 2,215
1,829
Profit before exceptional item and tax 12,274
11,096
Dividend income 83
578
Profit before taxes 12,357
11,674
Tax expense 3,241
3,204
Profit for the year 9,116
8,470
Geographic segments
Years ended March31, 2013 and March31, 2012 :
in ` crore
Particulars North
America
Europe India Rest of
the World
Total
Income from software services and products 23,454 8,026 833 4,452 36,765
20,346 6,614 740 3,554 31,254
Identifiable operating expenses 10,699 3,733 472 1,922 16,826
8,869 2,995 368 1,885 14,117
Allocated expenses 5,758 1,949 179 1,038 8,924
4,659 1,496 153 768 7,076
Segmental operating income 6,997 2,344 182 1,492 11,015
6,818 2,123 219 901 10,061
Unallocable expenses 956
794
Other income, net 2,215
1,829
Profit before exceptional item and tax 12,274
11,096
Dividend income 83
578
Profit before taxes 12,357
11,674
Tax expense 3,241
3,204
Profit for the year 9,116
8,470
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
48 | Abridged financial statements
11. Exceptional item
During the years ended March 31, 2013 and March 31, 2012, the
Company received dividend of ` 83 crore and ` 578 crore (presented
net of taxes in the previous year) respectively from its wholly-owned
subsidiary Infosys Australia. The tax on dividend received for the
years ended March31, 2013 and March31, 2012 was ` 14 crore and
` 94 crore, respectively.
(Note 2.36 in the Notes to accounts of the annual standalone financial
statements).
12. Litigation
On May23, 2011, we received a subpoena from a grand jury in the
U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Texas. The subpoena
requires that we provide to the grand jury certain documents and
records related to our sponsorships for, and uses of, B1 business
visas. We are complying with the subpoena. In connection with the
subpoena, during a meeting with the U.S. Attorney's Office for the
Eastern District of Texas, we were advised that we and certain of
our employees are targets of the investigation. We are engaged in
discussions with the U.S. Attorney's Office regarding this matter,
however, we cannot predict the outcome of such discussions.
In addition, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has
reviewed our employer eligibility verifications on Form I-9 with
respect to our employees working in the U.S. In connection with
this review, we have been advised that the DHS has found errors in
a significant percentage of our Forms I-9 that the Department has
reviewed, and may impose fines and penalties on us related to such
alleged errors. At this time, we cannot predict the outcome of the
discussions with the DHS or other governmental authority regarding
the review of our Forms I-9.
In light of the fact that, among other things, the foregoing investigation
and review may not be complete and we remain in discussions with
the U.S. Attorney's Office regarding these matters, we are unable to
make an estimate of the amount or range of loss that we expect to
incur in connection with the resolution of these matters.
Further, in the event that any governmental authority undertakes
any actions that limit any visa program that we utilize or imposes
sanctions, fines or penalties on us or our employees, this could
materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations,
and financial condition.
(Note 2.34 in the Notes to accounts of the annual standalone financial
statements).
As per our report attached
for B S R & Co.
Chartered Accountants
Firm's Registration No. 101248W
Natrajh Ramakrishna
Partner
Membership No. 32815
K.V.Kamath
Chairman
S.Gopalakrishnan
Executive Co-Chairman
S.D.Shibulal
Chief Executive Officer and
Managing Director
DeepakM.Satwalekar
Director
Dr.Omkar Goswami
Director
DavidL.Boyles
Director
Prof.JeffreyS.Lehman
Director
R.Seshasayee
Director
AnnM.Fudge
Director
Ravi Venkatesan
Director
Srinath Batni
Director
V.Balakrishnan
Director
Bangalore
April12, 2013
AshokVemuri
Director
B.G.Srinivas
Director
RajivBansal
Chief Financial Officer
N.R.Ravikrishnan
Company Secretary
13. Details of rounded off amounts
The abridged financial statements are represented in ` crore. Those
items which were not represented in the abridged financial statement
due to rounding off to the nearest ` crore are given as follows :
Balance Sheet items
in ` crore
Note Description As at March31,
2013 2012
8 Related party transactions
Debtors
Infosys Australia 0.22
Infosys Brasil 0.12
Creditors
Infosys Brasil 0.07
Infosys Sweden 0.21
Other Receivables
Infosys Public Services 0.30
Other Payables
Infosys Mexico 0.04
Infosys Public Services 0.50
Deposit taken for shared services
Infosys Consulting India 0.14
Profit and Loss items
in ` crore
Note Description As at March31,
2013 2012
8 Related party transactions
Revenue transactions
Purchase of services Infosys
Brasil 0.13
Sale of services Infosys Australia 0.43
Sale of services Infosys Brasil 0.50 0.39
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Consolidated financial statements | 49
Independent Auditors' report on consolidated financial statements
To the Board of Directors of Infosys Limited
We have audited the accompanying consolidated financial statements of Infosys Limited (the Company) and its subsidiaries, which comprise
the consolidated Balance Sheet as at 31 March, 2013, the consolidated Statement of Profit and Loss and consolidated Cash Flows Statement for
the year then ended, and a summary of significant accounting policies and other explanatory information.
Management's Responsibility for the Consolidated Financial Statements
Management is responsible for the preparation of these consolidated financial statements that give a true and fair view of the consolidated financial
position, consolidated financial performance and consolidated cash flows of the Company in accordance with accounting principles generally
accepted in India. This responsibility includes the design, implementation and maintenance of internal control relevant to the preparation and
presentation of the consolidated financial statements that give a true and fair view and are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud
or error.
Auditor's Responsibility
Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audit. We conducted our audit in accordance
with the Standards on Auditing issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. Those Standards require that we comply with ethical
requirements and plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free from
material misstatement.
An audit involves performing procedures to obtain audit evidence about the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. The
procedures selected depend on the auditor's judgment, including the assessment of the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial
statements, whether due to fraud or error. In making those risk assessments, the auditor considers internal control relevant to the Company's
preparation and presentation of the consolidated financial statements that give a true and fair view in order to design audit procedures that are
appropriate in the circumstances. An audit also includes evaluating the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of
the accounting estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements.
We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our audit opinion.
Opinion
In our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given to us, the consolidated financial statements give a true
and fair view in conformity with the accounting principles generally accepted in India :
(i) in the case of the consolidated Balance Sheet, of the state of affairs of the Company as at 31 March, 2013;
(ii) in the case of the consolidated Statement of Profit and Loss Account, of the profit for the year ended on that date; and
(iii) in the case of the consolidated Cash Flow Statement, of the cash flows for the year ended on that date.
for B S R & Co.
Chartered Accountants
Firm's registration No. 101248W
Bangalore
12 April, 2013
Natrajh Ramakrishna
Partner
Membership No. 32815
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
50 | Consolidated financial statements
Consolidated Balance Sheet
in ` crore
Particulars Note As at March31,
2013 2012
EQUITY AND LIABILITIES
SHAREHOLDERS FUNDS
Share capital 2.1 286 286
Reserves and surplus 2.2 37,708 31,046
37,994 31,332
NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES
Deferred tax liabilities (net) 2.3 56
Other long-term liabilities 2.4 182 123
238 123
CURRENT LIABILITIES
Trade payables 189 23
Other current liabilities 2.5 3,941 3,059
Short-term provisions 2.6 3,969 3,820
8,099 6,902
46,331 38,357
ASSETS
NON-CURRENT ASSETS
Fixed assets
Tangible assets 2.7 4,807 4,375
Intangible assets 2.7 2,332 1,180
Capital work-in-progress 1,140 590
8,279 6,145
Non-current investments 2.9 377 4
Deferred tax assets (net) 2.3 469 265
Long-term loans and advances 2.10 1,832 1,667
Other non-current assets 2.11 31 15
10,988 8,096
CURRENT ASSETS
Current investments 2.9 1,739 368
Trade receivables 2.12 7,083 5,882
Cash and cash equivalents 2.13 21,832 20,591
Short-term loans and advances 2.14 4,689 3,420
35,343 30,261
46,331 38,357
SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND NOTES ON ACCOUNTS 1 & 2
As per our report attached
for B S R & Co.
Chartered Accountants
Firm's Registration No. 101248W
Natrajh Ramakrishna
Partner
Membership No. 32815
K.V.Kamath
Chairman
S.Gopalakrishnan
Executive Co-Chairman
S.D.Shibulal
Chief Executive Officer and
Managing Director
DeepakM.Satwalekar
Director
Dr.Omkar Goswami
Director
DavidL.Boyles
Director
Prof.JeffreyS.Lehman
Director
R.Seshasayee
Director
AnnM.Fudge
Director
Ravi Venkatesan
Director
Srinath Batni
Director
V.Balakrishnan
Director
Bangalore
April12, 2013
AshokVemuri
Director
B.G.Srinivas
Director
RajivBansal
Chief Financial Officer
N.R.Ravikrishnan
Company Secretary
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Consolidated financial statements | 51
Consolidated Statement of Profit and Loss
in ` crore, except per share data
Particulars Note For the year ended March31,
2013 2012
Income from software services and products 40,352 33,734
Other income 2.15 2,365 1,904
Total revenue 42,717 35,638
Expenses
Employee benefit expenses 2.16 22,565 18,340
Deferred consideration pertaining to acquisition (Refer to Note 2.27) 85
Cost of technical sub-contractors 1,459 777
Travel expenses 2.16 1,509 1,122
Cost of software packages and others 2.16 777 654
Communication expenses 2.16 361 274
Professional charges 506 483
Depreciation and amortization expense 2.7 1,099 928
Other expenses 2.16 1,557 1,361
Total expenses 29,918 23,939
PROFIT BEFORE TAX 12,799 11,699
Tax expense :
Current tax 2.17 3,518 3,313
Deferred tax 2.17 (148) 54
PROFIT FOR THE PERIOD 9,429 8,332
EARNINGS PER EQUITY SHARE
Equity shares of par value ` 5/- each
Basic 165.01 145.83
Diluted 165.01 145.83
Number of shares used in computing earnings per share 2.25
Basic 57,13,99,238 57,13,65,494
Diluted 57,14,00,091 57,13,96,142
SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND NOTES ON ACCOUNTS 1 & 2
As per our report attached
for B S R & Co.
Chartered Accountants
Firm's Registration No. 101248W
Natrajh Ramakrishna
Partner
Membership No. 32815
K.V.Kamath
Chairman
S.Gopalakrishnan
Executive Co-Chairman
S.D.Shibulal
Chief Executive Officer and
Managing Director
DeepakM.Satwalekar
Director
Dr.Omkar Goswami
Director
DavidL.Boyles
Director
Prof.JeffreyS.Lehman
Director
R.Seshasayee
Director
AnnM.Fudge
Director
Ravi Venkatesan
Director
Srinath Batni
Director
V.Balakrishnan
Director
Bangalore
April12, 2013
AshokVemuri
Director
B.G.Srinivas
Director
RajivBansal
Chief Financial Officer
N.R.Ravikrishnan
Company Secretary
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
52 | Consolidated financial statements
Consolidated Cash Flow Statement
in ` crore
Particulars Note For the year ended March31,
2013 2012
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
Profit before tax 12,799 11,699
Adjustments to reconcile profit before tax to cash provided by operating activities
Depreciation and amortization expense 1,099 928
Interest and dividend income (2,022) (1,834)
Loss/ (Profit) of sale of tangible assets 2.29.5 (1) (2)
Non cash transactions pertaining to acquisitions 28
Effect of exchange differences on translation of deferred tax liability and other assets 21 31
Effect of exchange differences on translation of foreign currency cash and cash equivalents (98) (86)
Effect of exchange differences on translation of subsidiaries 2.2 & 2.7 22 108
Changes in assets and liabilities
Trade receivables 2.29.1 (989) (1,189)
Loans and advances and other assets 2.29.2 (1,138) (850)
Liabilities and provisions 2.29.3 945 620
10,666 9,425
Income taxes paid 2.29.4 (3,293) (3,117)
NET CASH GENERATED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES 7,373 6,308
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
Payment towards capital expenditure 2.29.5 (2,095) (1,531)
Proceeds from sale of fixed assets 6
Payment for acquisition of business, net of cash acquired (1,157) (199)
Purchase of other investments 2.29.6 (1,744) (228)
Interest and dividend received 2.29.7 1,970 1,811
NET CASH PROVIDED BY/ (USED IN) INVESTING ACTIVITIES (3,020) (147)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Repayment of borrowings taken over from Lodestone (89)
Proceeds from issuance of share capital on exercise of stock options 1 6
Dividends paid net of intercompany dividend (2,684) (2,001)
Dividend tax paid (438) (327)
NET CASH USED IN FINANCING ACTIVITIES (3,210) (2,322)
Effect of exchange differences on translation of foreign currency cash and cash equivalents 98 86
NET INCREASE/ (DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS 1,241 3,925
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT THE BEGINNING OF THE PERIOD 20,591 16,666
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT THE END OF THE PERIOD 21,832 20,591
SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND NOTES ON ACCOUNTS 1 & 2
As per our report attached
for B S R & Co.
Chartered Accountants
Firm's Registration No. 101248W
Natrajh Ramakrishna
Partner
Membership No. 32815
K.V.Kamath
Chairman
S.Gopalakrishnan
Executive Co-Chairman
S.D.Shibulal
Chief Executive Officer and
Managing Director
DeepakM.Satwalekar
Director
Dr.Omkar Goswami
Director
DavidL.Boyles
Director
Prof.JeffreyS.Lehman
Director
R.Seshasayee
Director
AnnM.Fudge
Director
Ravi Venkatesan
Director
Srinath Batni
Director
V.Balakrishnan
Director
Bangalore
April12, 2013
AshokVemuri
Director
B.G.Srinivas
Director
RajivBansal
Chief Financial Officer
N.R.Ravikrishnan
Company Secretary
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Consolidated financial statements | 53
Company overview
Infosys Limited (Infosys or the Company), along with its
majority-owned and controlled subsidiary, Infosys BPO Limited
(Infosys BPO), and wholly-owned and controlled subsidiaries, Infosys
Technologies (Australia) Pty. Limited (Infosys Australia), Infosys
Technologies (China) Co. Limited (Infosys China), Infosys Consulting
India Limited (Infosys Consulting India), Infosys Technologies S.
de R. L. de C. V. (Infosys Mexico), Infosys Technologies (Sweden)
AB. (Infosys Sweden), Infosys Tecnologia do Brasil Ltda (Infosys
Brasil), Infosys Public Services, Inc, U.S. (Infosys Public Services)
Infosys Technologies (Shanghai) Co. Limited (Infosys Shanghai)
and Lodestone Holding AG and its controlled subsidiaries (Infosys
Lodestone), is a leading global technology services corporation.
The group of companies (the Group) provides business consulting,
technology, engineering and outsourcing services to help clients build
tomorrow's enterprise. In addition, the Group offers software products
for the banking industry.
1. Significant accounting policies
1.1. Basis of preparation of financial statements
These financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian
Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) under the historical
cost convention on the accrual basis except for certain financial
instruments which are measured at fair values. GAAP comprises
mandatory accounting standards as prescribed by the Companies
(Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, the provisions of the Companies
Act, 1956 and guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board
of India (SEBI). Accounting policies have been consistently applied
except where a newly issued accounting standard is initially adopted
or a revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in
the accounting policy hitherto in use.
The financial statements are prepared in accordance with the principles
and procedures required for the preparation and presentation of
consolidated financial statements as laid down under the Accounting
Standard (AS) 21, Consolidated Financial Statements. The financial
statements of Infosys the parent company, Infosys BPO and its
wholly-owned subsidiaries, Infosys China, Infosys Australia, Infosys
Mexico, Infosys Consulting India, Infosys Sweden, Infosys Brasil,
Infosys Public Services, Infosys Shanghai, Infosys Lodestone and its
controlled subsidiaries and controlled trusts have been combined
on a line-by-line basis by adding together book values of like items
of assets, liabilities, income and expenses after eliminating intra-
group balances and transactions and resulting unrealized gain/loss.
The consolidated financial statements are prepared by applying
uniform accounting policies in use at the Group. Minority interests
have been excluded. Minority interests represent that part of the net
profit or loss and net assets of subsidiaries that are not, directly or
indirectly, owned or controlled by the Company.
1.2. Use of estimates
The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with GAAP
requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect
the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating
to contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements
and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period.
Examples of such estimates include computation of percentage of
completion which requires the Group to estimate the efforts or costs
expended to date as a proportion of the total efforts or costs to be
expended, provisions for doubtful debts, future obligations under
employee retirement benefit plans, income taxes, post-sales customer
support and the useful lives of fixed assets and intangible assets.
Accounting estimates could change from period to period. Actual
results could differ from those estimates. Appropriate changes in
estimates are made as the Management becomes aware of changes
in circumstances surrounding the estimates. Changes in estimates
are reflected in the consolidated financial statements in the period in
which changes are made and, if material, their effects are disclosed in
the notes to the consolidated financial statements.
1.3. Revenue recognition
Revenue is primarily derived from software development and related
services and from the licensing of software products. Arrangements
with clients for software development and related services are either
on a fixed-price, fixed-timeframe or on a time-and-material basis.
Revenue on time-and-material contracts are recognized as the related
services are performed and revenue from the end of the last billing to
the Balance Sheet date is recognized as unbilled revenues. Revenue
from fixed-price and fixed-timeframe contracts, where there is no
uncertainty as to measurement or collectability of consideration, is
recognized based upon the percentage-of-completion method. When
there is uncertainty as to measurement or ultimate collectability,
revenue recognition is postponed until such uncertainty is resolved.
Cost and earnings in excess of billings are classified as unbilled revenue
while billings in excess of cost and earnings is classified as unearned
revenue. Provision for estimated losses, if any, on uncompleted
contracts are recorded in the period in which such losses become
probable based on the current estimates.
Annual Technical Services revenue and revenue from fixed-price
maintenance contracts are recognized ratably over the period in
which services are rendered. Revenue from the sale of user licenses
for software applications is recognized on transfer of the title in the
user license, except in case of multiple element contracts, which
require significant implementation services, where revenue for the
entire arrangement is recognized over the implementation period,
based upon the percentage-of-completion method. Revenue from
client training, support and other services arising due to the sale of
software products is recognized as the related services are performed.
The Group accounts for volume discounts and pricing incentives to
customers as a reduction of revenue based on the ratable allocation
of the discount/ incentive amount to each of the underlying revenue
transactions that result in progress by the customer towards earning
the discount/ incentive. Also, when the level of discount varies with
increases in levels of revenue transactions, the Group recognizes the
liability based on its estimate of the customer's future purchases. If
it is probable that the criteria for the discount will not be met, or if
the amount thereof cannot be estimated reliably, then discount is not
recognized until the payment is probable and the amount can be
estimated reliably. The Group recognizes changes in the estimated
amount of obligations for discounts using a cumulative catchup
approach. The discounts are passed on to the customer either as direct
payments or as a reduction of payments due from the customer.
The Group presents revenues net of value-added taxes in its
Consolidated Statement of Profit and Loss.
Profit on sale of investments is recorded on transfer of title from the
Group and is determined as the difference between the sale price and
carrying value of the investment. Lease rentals are recognized ratably
on a straight line basis over the lease term. Interest is recognized
using the time-proportion method, based on rates implicit in the
transaction. Dividend income is recognized when the Group's right
to receive dividend is established.
Significant accounting policies and notes on accounts
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
54 | Consolidated financial statements
1.4. Provisions and contingent liabilities
A provision is recognized if, as a result of a past event, the Group
has a present legal obligation that can be estimated reliably, and it is
probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle
the obligation. Provisions are determined by the best estimate of the
outflow of economic benefits required to settle the obligation at the
reporting date. Where no reliable estimate can be made, a disclosure
is made as contingent liability. A disclosure for a contingent liability is
also made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation
that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources.
Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect
of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision
or disclosure is made.
1.5. Post-sales client support and warranties
The Group provides its clients with a fixed-period warranty for
corrections of errors and telephone support on all its fixed-price,
fixed-timeframe contracts. Costs associated with such support
services are accrued at the time when related revenues are recorded
and included in cost of sales. The Group estimates such costs based
on historical experience and the estimates are reviewed annually for
any material changes in assumptions.
1.6. Onerous contracts
Provisions for onerous contracts are recognized when the expected
benefits to be derived by the Group from a contract are lower than
the unavoidable costs of meeting the future obligations under the
contract. The provision is measured at lower of the expected cost of
terminating the contract and the expected net cost of fulfilling the
contract.
1.7. Fixed assets, including goodwill, intangible assets
and capital work-in-progress
Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and
impairment, if any. Direct costs are capitalized until fixed assets are
ready for use. Capital work-in-progress comprises of the cost of fixed
assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the reporting
date. Intangible assets are recorded at the consideration paid for the
acquisition of such assets and are carried at cost less accumulated
amortization and impairment. Goodwill comprises the excess of
purchase consideration over the fair value of the net assets of the
acquired enterprise. Goodwill arising on consolidation or acquisition
is not amortized but is tested for impairment.
1.8. Depreciation and amortization
Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on the straight-line method
over the useful lives of assets estimated by the Management.
Depreciation for assets purchased / sold during a period is
proportionately charged. Individual low cost assets (acquired for
` 5,000/- or less) are depreciated over a period of one year from the
date of acquisition. Intangible assets are amortized over their respective
individual estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis, commencing
from the date the asset is available to the Group for its use. Leasehold
improvements are written off over the lower of the remaining primary
period of lease or the life of the asset. The Management estimates the
useful lives for the other fixed assets as follows :
Buildings 15 years
Plant and machinery 5 years
Office equipment 5 years
Computer equipment 2-5 years
Furniture and fixtures 5 years
Vehicles 5 years
Depreciation methods, useful lives and residual values are reviewed
at each reporting date.
1.9. Impairment
The Management periodically assesses, using external and internal
sources, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired.
An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying value of an
asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is
higher of the asset's net selling price and value in use, which means
the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the
continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal. An impairment
loss for an asset other than goodwill is reversed if, and only if, the
reversal can be related objectively to an event occurring after the
impairment loss was recognized. The carrying amount of an asset
other than goodwill is increased to its revised recoverable amount,
provided that this amount does not exceed the carrying amount that
would have been determined (net of any accumulated amortization
or depreciation) had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset
in prior years.
1.10. Retirement benefits to employees
Gratuity
In accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, Infosys
provides for gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan ('the Gratuity
Plan') covering eligible employees of the Company and Infosys BPO.
The Gratuity Plan provides a lump-sum payment to vested employees
at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of
an amount based on the respective employee's salary and the tenure
of employment with the Group.
Liabilities with regard to the Gratuity Plan are determined by actuarial
valuation at each Balance Sheet date using the projected unit credit
method. The Company fully contributes all ascertained liabilities to the
Infosys Limited Employees' Gratuity Fund Trust (the Trust). In case of
Infosys BPO, contributions are made to the Infosys BPO's Employees'
Gratuity Fund Trust. Trustees administer contributions made to
the Trust and contributions are invested in specific investments as
permitted by the law. The Group recognizes the net obligation of the
Gratuity Plan in the Balance Sheet as an asset or liability, respectively in
accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 15, 'Employee Benefits'. The
Group's overall expected long-term rate-of-return on assets has been
determined based on consideration of available market information,
current provisions of Indian law specifying the instruments in which
investments can be made, and historical returns. The discount rate
is based on the Government securities yield. Actuarial gains and
losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in actuarial
assumptions are recognized in the Consolidated Statement of Profit
and Loss in the period in which they arise.
Superannuation
Certain employees of Infosys are also participants in a defined
contribution plan. The Company has no further obligations to the
plan beyond its monthly contributions. Certain employees of Infosys
BPO are also eligible for superannuation benefit. Infosys BPO has no
further obligations to the superannuation plan beyond its monthly
contribution which are periodically contributed to a trust fund, the
corpus of which is invested with the Life Insurance Corporation of
India.
Provident Fund
Eligible employees receive benefits from a Provident Fund, which is
a defined benefit plan. Both the employee and the Company make
monthly contributions to the Provident Fund Plan equal to a specified
percentage of the covered employee's salary. The Company contributes
a part of the contributions to the Infosys Limited Employees Provident
Fund Trust. The trust invests in specific designated instruments as
permitted by Indian law. The remaining portion is contributed to
the government-administered Pension Fund. The rate at which the
annual interest is payable to the beneficiaries by the trust is being
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Consolidated financial statements | 55
administered by the Government. The Company has an obligation
to make good the shortfall, if any, between the return from the
investments of the trust and the notified interest rate.
In respect of Infosys BPO, eligible employees receive benefits from
a Provident Fund, which is a defined contribution plan. Both the
employee and Infosys BPO make monthly contributions to this
Provident Fund Plan equal to a specified percentage of the covered
employee's salary. Amounts collected under the Provident Fund Plan
are deposited in a government-administered Provident Fund. Infosys
BPO has no further obligations under the Provident Fund Plan beyond
its monthly contributions.
Compensated absences
The employees of the Group are entitled to compensated absences
which are both accumulating and non-accumulating in nature. The
expected cost of accumulating compensated absences is determined
by actuarial valuation based on the additional amount expected to
be paid as a result of the unused entitlement that has accumulated at
the Balance Sheet date. Expense on non-accumulating compensated
absences is recognized in the period in which the absences occur.
1.11. Research and development
Research costs are expensed as incurred. Software product
development costs are expensed as incurred unless technical and
commercial feasibility of the project is demonstrated, future economic
benefits are probable, the Company has an intention and ability to
complete and use or sell the software and the costs can be measured
reliably.
1.12. Foreign currency transactions
Foreign currency denominated monetary assets and liabilities are
translated into the relevant functional currency at exchange rates in
effect at the Balance Sheet date. The gains or losses resulting from
such translations are included in the Statement of Profit and Loss.
Non-monetary assets and non-monetary liabilities denominated in
a foreign currency and measured at fair value are translated at the
exchange rate prevalent at the date when the fair value was determined.
Non-monetary assets and non-monetary liabilities denominated in a
foreign currency and measured at historical cost are translated at the
exchange rate prevalent at the date of transaction.
Revenue, expense and cash-flow items denominated in foreign
currencies are translated into the relevant functional currencies using
the exchange rate in effect on the date of the transaction. Transaction
gains or losses realized upon settlement of foreign currency
transactions are included in determining net profit for the period in
which the transaction is settled.
The functional currency of Infosys, Infosys BPO and Infosys
Consulting India is the Indian rupee. The functional currencies for
Infosys Australia, Infosys China, Infosys Mexico, Infosys Sweden,
Infosys Brasil, Infosys Public Services, Infosys Shanghai and Infosys
Lodestone are their respective local currencies. The translation of
financial statements of the foreign subsidiaries from the local currency
to the functional currency of the Company is performed for Balance
Sheet accounts using the exchange rate in effect at the Balance Sheet
date and for revenue, expense and cash-flow items using a monthly
average exchange rate for the respective periods and the resulting
difference is presented as foreign currency translation reserve included
in Reserves and Surplus. When a subsidiary is disposed off, in part or
in full, the relevant amount is transferred to Profit or Loss.
1.13. Forward and options contracts in foreign currencies
The Group uses foreign exchange forward and options contracts to
hedge its exposure to movements in foreign exchange rates. The use
of these foreign exchange forward and options contracts reduce the
risk or cost to the Group and the Group does not use those for trading
or speculation purposes.
Effective April 1, 2008, the Group adopted AS 30, Financial
Instruments : Recognition and Measurement, to the extent that the
adoption did not conflict with existing accounting standards and
other authoritative pronouncements of the Company Law and other
regulatory requirements.
Forward and options contracts are fair valued at each reporting date.
The resultant gain or loss from these transactions are recognized in the
consolidated Statement of Profit and Loss. The Group records the gain
or loss on effective hedges, if any, in the foreign currency fluctuation
reserve until the transactions are complete. On completion, the gain
or loss is transferred to the consolidated Statement of Profit and
Loss of that period. To designate a forward or options contract as an
effective hedge, the Management objectively evaluates and evidences
with appropriate supporting documents at the inception of each
contract whether the contract is effective in achieving offsetting cash
flows attributable to the hedged risk. In the absence of a designation
as effective hedge, a gain or loss is recognized in the consolidated
Statement of Profit and Loss. Currently hedges undertaken by the
Group are all ineffective in nature and the resultant gain or loss
consequent to fair valuation is recognized in the consolidated
Statement of Profit and Loss at each reporting date.
1.14. Income tax
Income tax is accrued in the same period that the related revenue
and expenses arise. A provision is made for income tax annually,
based on the tax liability computed, after considering tax allowances
and exemptions. Provisions are recorded when it is estimated that a
liability due to disallowances or other matters is probable. Minimum
Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which
gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of tax credit against
future income tax liability, is recognized as an asset in the consolidated
Balance Sheet if there is convincing evidence that the Group will pay
normal tax after the tax holiday period and the resultant asset can
be measured reliably. The Group offsets, on a year on year basis, the
current tax assets and liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right
and where it intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.
The differences that result between the profit considered for income
taxes and the profit as per the financial statements are identified, and
thereafter a deferred tax asset or deferred tax liability is recorded
for timing differences, namely the differences that originate in one
accounting period and reverse in another, based on the tax effect of the
aggregate amount of timing difference. The tax effect is calculated on
the accumulated timing differences at the end of an accounting period
based on enacted or substantively enacted regulations. Deferred tax
assets in situations where unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward
business loss exists, are recognized only if there is virtual certainty
supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable
income will be available against which such deferred tax asset can be
realized. Deferred tax assets, other than in situations of unabsorbed
depreciation and carry forward business loss, are recognized only if
there is reasonable certainty that they will be realized. Deferred tax
assets are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying
values at each reporting date. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax
liabilities have been offset wherever the Group has a legally enforceable
right to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and
where the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities relate to
income taxes levied by the same taxation authority. Tax benefits of
deductions earned on exercise of employee share options in excess of
compensation charged to consolidated Statement of Profit and Loss
are credited to the share premium account.
1.15. Earnings per share
Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit after tax
by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during
the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the
net profit after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
56 | Consolidated financial statements
considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also the weighted
average number of equity shares that could have been issued upon
conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. The diluted potential
equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable, had the shares
been actually issued at fair value, which is the average market value
of the outstanding shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed
converted as of the beginning of the period, unless issued at a later
date. Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently
for each period presented.
The number of shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are
adjusted retrospectively for all periods presented for any share splits
and bonus shares issues including for changes effected prior to the
approval of the consolidated financial statements by the Board.
1.16. Investments
Trade investments are the investments made to enhance the Group's
business interests. Investments are either classified as current or
long-term based on Management's intention at the time of purchase.
Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair value of
each investment individually. Cost for overseas investments comprises
the Indian rupee value of the consideration paid for the investment
translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date of investment.
Long-term investments are carried at cost less provisions recorded to
recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the carrying value of
each investment.
1.17. Cash and cash equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash and cash on deposit with
banks and corporations. The Group considers all highly liquid
investments with a remaining maturity at the date of purchase of three
months or less and that are readily convertible to known amounts of
cash to be cash equivalents.
1.18. Cash Flow Statement
Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit
before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash
nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash
receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with
investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating,
investing and financing activities of the Group are segregated.
1.19. Leases
Lease under which the Group assumes substantially all the risks and
rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Such assets
acquired are capitalized at fair value of the asset or present value of
the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease, whichever
is lower. Lease payments under operating leases are recognized as an
expense on a straight line basis in the Consolidated Statement of Profit
and Loss over the lease term.
1.20. Government grants
The Group recognizes Government grants only when there is
reasonable assurance that the conditions attached to them shall
be complied with, and the grants will be received. Government
grants related to depreciable assets are treated as deferred income
and are recognized in the consolidated Statement of Profit and Loss
on a systematic and rational basis over the useful life of the asset.
Government grants related to revenue are recognized on a systematic
basis in the consolidated Statement of Profit and Loss over the
periods necessary to match them with the related costs which they
are intended to compensate.
2. Notes on accounts for the year ended
March31, 2013
Amounts in the financial statements are presented in ` crore, except
for per share data and as otherwise stated. Certain amounts that are
required to be disclosed and do not appear due to rounding off are
detailed in note 2.31. All exact amounts are stated with the suffix /-.
One crore equals 10 million.
The previous period figures have been regrouped / re-classified,
wherever necessary to conform to the current period presentation.
2.1. Share capital
in ` crore, except as otherwise stated
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012
Authorized
Equity shares, ` 5/- par value
60,00,00,000 (60,00,00,000) equity
shares 300 300
Issued, Subscribed and Paid Up
Equity shares, ` 5/- par value
(1)
287 287
57,42,36,166 (57,42,30,001) equity
shares fully paid-up
Less : 28,33,600 (28,33,600) equity
shares held by controlled trusts 1 1
286 286
[Of the above, 53,53,35,478
(53,53,35,478) equity shares, fully paid
up have been issued as bonus shares by
capitalization of the general reserve.]
286 286
Notes : Forfeited shares amounted to ` 1,500/- (` 1,500/-)

(1)
Refer to Note 2.25 for details of basic and diluted shares
The Board, in its meeting on October12, 2012, declared an interim
dividend of ` 15 per equity share. Further the Board, in its meeting
on April12, 2013, proposed a final dividend of ` 27 per equity share.
The proposal is subject to the approval of shareholders at the Annual
General Meeting to be held on June 15, 2013. The total dividend
appropriation for the year ended March31, 2013 amounted to ` 2,815
crore including corporate dividend tax of ` 403 crore.
Stock option plans
The Company has two Stock Option Plans.
1998 Stock Option Plan (the 1998 Plan)
The 1998 Plan was approved by the Board in December 1997 and
by the shareholders in January1998, and is for issue of 1,17,60,000
ADSs representing 1,17,60,000 equity shares. All options under the
1998 Plan are exercisable for ADSs representing equity shares. The
Compensation Committee comprising independent members of the
Board administers the 1998 Plan through the Infosys Employees
Welfare Trust (the Trust). All options had been granted at 100% of
fair market value. The 1998 Plan lapsed on January 6, 2008, and
consequently no further shares will be issued to employees under
this plan.
1999 Stock Option Plan (the 1999 Plan)
In fiscal 2000, the Company instituted the 1999 Plan. The shareholders
and the Board approved the plan in September1999, which provides
for the issue of 5,28,00,000 equity shares to the employees. The
Compensation Committee administers the 1999 Plan through the
Infosys Employees Welfare Trust (the Trust). Options were issued to
employees at an exercise price that is not less than the fair market
value. The 1999 Plan lapsed on June11, 2009, and consequently no
further shares will be issued to employees under this plan.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Consolidated financial statements | 57
The activity in the 1998 Plan and 1999 Plan during the years ended
March31, 2013 and March31, 2012 is as follows :
Particulars Year ended March31,
2013 2012
The 1998 Plan :
Options outstanding, beginning of the year 50,070
Less : Exercised 49,590
Forfeited 480
Options outstanding, end of the year
Options exercisable, end of the year
The 1999 Plan :
Options outstanding, beginning of the year 11,683 48,720
Less : Exercised 6,165 28,852
Forfeited 5,518 8,185
Options outstanding, end of the year 11,683
Options exercisable, end of the year 7,429
There were no options exercised under the 1998 Plan during the
quarter and year ended March31, 2013. The weighted average share
price of options exercised under the 1998 Plan during the year ended
March31, 2012 was ` 2,799.
The weighted average share price of options exercised under the 1999
Plan during the years ended March31, 2013 and March 31, 2012 was
` 2,374 and ` 2,702, respectively.
The following tables summarize information about the options
outstanding under the 1999 Plan as at March31, 2013 and March31,
2012 respectively. There were no options outstanding under the 1998
Plan as at March31, 2013 and March31, 2012 and under the 1999
Plan as at March31, 2013.
Range of exercise prices
per share (`)
As at March31, 2012
Number
of shares
arising out
of options
Weighted
average
remaining
contractual
life
(in years)
Weighted
average
exercise
price
(in `)
The 1998 Plan :
300-700
701-1,400

The 1999 Plan :
300-700
701-2,500 11,683 0.71 2,121
11,683 0.71 2,121
As at March 31, 2013 and March 31, 2012, the Company had Nil
and 11,683 number of shares reserved for issue under the 1999 Plan,
respectively.
2.2. Reserves and surplus
in ` crore
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012
Capital reserve Opening balance 54 54
Add : Transferred from Surplus
54 54
Foreign currency translation reserve
Opening balance 244 101
Add : Foreign currency translation during
the year 32 143
Foreign currency translation reserve
Closing balance 276 244
Securities premium account Opening
balance 3,069 3,062
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012
Add : Receipts on exercise of employee
stock options 1 6
Income tax benefit arising from exercise
of stock options 1
3,070 3,069
General reserve Opening balance 7,356 6,509
Add : Transferred from Surplus 911 847
8,267 7,356
Surplus Opening balance 20,323 15,964
Add : Intercompany dividend 15 11
Add : Net profit after tax transferred from
Statement of Profit and Loss 9,429 8,332
Amount available for appropriation 29,767 24,307
Appropriations :
Interim dividend 862 862
Special dividend 10 years of Infosys
BPO operations 574
Final dividend 1,550 1,263
Total dividend 2,412 2,699
Dividend tax 403 438
Amount transferred to general reserve 911 847
Surplus Closing balance 26,041 20,323
37,708 31,046
2.3. Deferred taxes
in ` crore
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012
Deferred tax assets
Fixed assets 358 297
Trade receivables 19 19
Unavailed leave 146 128
Computer software 46 36
Accrued compensation to employees 30 32
Accumulated losses 36
Others 96 23
731 535
Deferred tax liabilities
Intangible assets 3
Branch profit tax 315 270
318 270
Deferred tax assets after set off 469 265
Deferred tax liabilities after set off 56
Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities have been offset
wherever the Company has a legally enforceable right to set off current
tax assets against current tax liabilities and where the deferred tax
assets and deferred tax liabilities relate to income taxes levied by the
same taxation authority.
As at March31, 2013 and March31, 2012, the Company has provided
for branch profit tax of ` 315 crore and ` 270 crore, respectively, for
its overseas branches, as the Company estimates that these branch
profits would be distributed in the foreseeable future. Branch profit
tax balance increased by ` 18 crore during the year ended March31,
2013 due to foreign currency fluctuation impact.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
58 | Consolidated financial statements
2.4. Other long-term liabilities
in ` crore
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012
Others
Gratuity obligation unamortized
amount relating to plan amendment
(Refer to Note 2.22) 11 14
Payable for acquisition of business 105 70
Provision for expenses 5
Deferred income government grant
on land use rights 28 27
Accrued salaries and benefits
Bonus and incentives 38 7
182 123
2.5. Other current liabilities
in ` crore
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012
Accrued salaries and benefits
Salaries and benefits 148 99
Bonus and incentives 575 545
Other liabilities
Provision for expenses 1,283 1,085
Retention monies 79 51
Withholding and other taxes payable 695 506
Gratuity obligation unamortized
amount relating to plan amendment,
current (Refer to Note 2.22) 4 4
Payable for acquisition of business 9 4
Advances received from clients 36 15
Payable by controlled trusts 148 149
Unearned revenue 823 545
Mark-to-market loss on forward and
options contracts 42
Deferred income government grant
on land use rights 1 1
Accrued gratuity (Refer to Note 2.22) 2 2
Unpaid dividends 3 2
Premiums held in trust
(1)
117
Other payables 18 9
3,941 3,059
(1)
These amounts represent premiums collected from policyholders and payable to
insurance providers by a service provider maintaining the amounts in fiduciary capacity
2.6. Short-term provisions
in ` crore
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012
Provision for employee benefits
Unavailed leave 614 498
Others
Proposed dividend 1,550 1,837
Provision for
Tax on dividend 263 298
Income taxes (net of payments) 1,329 1,054
Post-sales client support and
warranties 213 133
3,969 3,820
Provision for post-sales client support and warranties
The movement in the provision for post-sales client support and
warranties is as follows :
in ` crore
Particulars Year ended March31,
2013 2012
Balance at the beginning 133 88
Provision recognized/ (reversal) 80 60
Provision utilized (17)
Exchange difference during the period 2
Balance at the end 213 133
Provision for post-sales client support is expected to be utilized over
a period of six months to one year.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Consolidated financial statements | 59
Profit / (loss) on disposal of fixed assets during the years ended
March 31, 2013 and March 31, 2012 are ` 1 crore and ` 2 crore,
respectively.
The Company has entered into lease-cum-sale agreements to acquire
certain properties. In accordance with the terms of these agreements,
the Company has the option to purchase the properties on expiry of
the lease period. The Company has already paid 99% of the value
of the properties at the time of entering into the lease-cum-sale
agreements. These amounts are disclosed as Land leasehold under
Tangible assets in the financial statements. Additionally, certain land
has been purchased for which, though the Company has possession
certificate, the sale deeds are yet to be executed as at March31, 2013.
2.8. Leases
The lease rentals charged during the year and the maximum
obligations on long-term, non-cancelable operating leases payable
as per the rentals stated in the respective agreements are as follows :
in ` crore
Particulars Year ended March31,
2013 2012
Lease rentals recognized during the year 249 190
in ` crore
Lease obligations payable As at March31,
2013 2012
Within one year of the Balance Sheet date 212 159
Due in a period between one year and five
years 440 281
Due after five years 113 74
The operating lease arrangements, are renewable on a periodic basis
and for most of the leases extend up to a maximum of 10 years from
their respective dates of inception and relate to rented premises. Some
of these lease agreements have price escalation clauses.
2.9. Investments
in ` crore, except as otherwise stated
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012
Non-current investments
Long-term investments at cost
Others (unquoted)
Investments in equity instruments 6 6
Less : Provision for equity
investments 2 2
4 4
Others (quoted)
Investments in tax-free bonds 373
373
377 4
Current investments at the lower of
cost and fair value
Unquoted
Liquid mutual fund units 1,739 32
Certificates of deposit 336
1,739 368
Aggregate amount of quoted investments
excluding interest accrued but not due of
` 7 crore included under Schedule 2.14
Short-term Loans and advances 373
Market value of quoted investments 387
Aggregate amount of non-current
unquoted investments 6
Aggregate amount of provision made for
non-current investments 2
2.7. Fixed assets
in ` crore, except as otherwise stated
Particulars
Original cost Depreciation and amortization Net book value
As at
April1,
2012
Additions/
acquisitions
during the
year
Deductions/
Retirement
during the
year
Foreign
exchange
difference
As at
March31,
2013
As at
April1,
2012
For the
year
Deductions/
Adjustments
during the
year
Foreign
exchange
difference
As at
March31,
2013
As at
March31,
2013
As at
March31,
2012
Tangible assets :
Land : Freehold 425 72 4 493 493 425
Leasehold 286 73 359 359 286
Buildings
(1)
3,867 333 1 4,199 1,226 272 (1) 1,497 2,702 2,641
Plant and equipment
(2)(3)
850 124 146 1 829 553 158 146 565 264 297
Office equipment
(2)(3)
411 67 54 1 425 243 79 52 1 271 154 168
Computer equipment
(2)(3)
1,386 702 211 10 1,887 1,093 406 203 10 1,306 581 293
Furniture and fixtures
(2)(3)
631 113 129 3 618 408 137 128 417 201 223
Leasehold improvements
(3)
132 44 5 181 94 30 (12) 4 140 41 38
Vehicles
(3)
8 19 1 26 4 3 (7) 14 12 4
7,996 1,547 546 20 9,017 3,621 1,085 510 14 4,210 4,807 4,375
Intangible assets :
Goodwill 1,091 1,153 2,244 2,244 1,091
Intellectual Property rights
and others 49 9 58 17 13 30 28 32
Land use rights 58 4 62 1 1 2 60 57
1,198 1,162 4 2,364 18 14 32 2,332 1,180
Total 9,194 2,709 546 24 11,381 3,639 1,099 510 14 4,242 7,139 5,555
Previous year 8,501 1,227 584 50 9,194 3,266 899 555 29 3,639 5,555
Notes : Net exchange difference on subsidiary fixed assets considered in foreign currency translation reserve is ` 10 crore and ` 21 crore for the years ended March31, 2013 and March31,
2012 respectively.

(1)
Buildings include ` 250/- being the value of 5 shares of ` 50/- each in Mittal Towers Premises Cooperative Society Limited.

(2)
During the years ended March31, 2013 and March31, 2012, certain assets which were old and not in use having gross book value of ` 525 crore and ` 570 crore respectively, (net
book value nil) were retired.

(3)
Includes certain assets having gross book value of ` 58 crore, accumulated depreciation of ` 30 crore and net book value of ` 28 crore taken over on acquisition of Lodestone which
was effective October22, 2012.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
60 | Consolidated financial statements
2.10. Long-term loans and advances
in ` crore
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012
Unsecured, considered good
Capital advances 520 444
Electricity and other deposits 33 29
Rental deposits 43 39
Restricted deposits (Refer to Note 2.26)
(1)
36 58
Other loans and advances
Advance income taxes (net of provisions) 1,092 1,037
MAT credit entitlement 14 39
Prepaid expenses 10 15
Loans and advances to employees
Housing and other loans 84 6
1,832 1,667
(1)
Balance held by controlled trusts
2.11. Other non-current assets
in ` crore
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012
Others
Advance to gratuity trust
(Refer to Note 2.22) 31 15
31 15
2.12. Trade receivables
(1)
in ` crore
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012
Debts outstanding for a period exceeding
six months
Unsecured
Considered doubtful 66 49
Less : Provision for doubtful debts 66 49

Other debts
Unsecured
Considered good 7,083 5,882
Considered doubtful 29 36
7,112 5,918
Less : Provision for doubtful debts 29 36
7,083 5,882
7,083 5,882
(1)
Includes dues from companies where Directors are
interested 21 7
Provision for doubtful debts
Periodically, the Company evaluates all customer dues to the
Company for collectability. The need for provisions is assessed
based on various factors including collectability of specific dues, risk
perceptions of the industry in which the customer operates, general
economic factors, which could affect the customer's ability to settle.
The Company normally provides for debtor dues outstanding for six
months or longer from the invoice date, as at the Balance Sheet date.
TheCompany pursues the recovery of the dues, in part or full.
2.13. Cash and cash equivalents
in ` crore
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012
Cash on hand
Balances with banks
In current and deposit accounts 18,728 19,059
Others
Deposits with financial institutions 3,104 1,532
21,832 20,591
Cash and cash equivalents as at March31, 2013 and March31, 2012
include restricted cash and bank balances of ` 305 crore and ` 268
crore, respectively. The restrictions are primarily on account of cash
and bank balances held as margin money deposits against guarantees,
cash and bank balances held by irrevocable trusts controlled by the
Company and unclaimed dividends.
The deposits maintained by the Company with banks and financial
institutions comprise of time deposits, which can be withdrawn by
the Company at any point without prior notice or penalty on the
principal.
The details of balances as on Balance Sheet dates with banks are as
follows :
in ` crore
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012
In current accounts
ABN AMRO Bank, China 41
ABN AMRO Bank, China
(U.S. dollar account) 2
ABN AMRO Bank, Denmark 1
ANZ Bank, Taiwan 2 2
Bank of America, Mexico 4 5
Bank of America, U.S. 904 598
Banamex, Mexico 1
Bank Zachodni WBK S.A. 3
Barclays Bank, U.K. 12
China Merchants Bank, China 1
Citibank NA, Australia 174 89
Citibank NA, Brazil 14 7
Citibank NA, China 46 2
Citibank NA, China (U.S. dollar account) 1 12
Citibank NA, Costa Rica 1
Citibank NA, Czech Republic 2 1
Citibank NA, Czech Republic
(Euro account) 4
Citibank NA, Czech Republic
(U.S. dollar account) 1
Citibank NA, Dubai 4
Citibank NA, India 14 1
Citibank NA, New Zealand 2 7
Citibank NA, South Africa 1
Citibank NA, Thailand 1 1
Citibank NA, Japan 16 9
Citibank EEFC (U.S. dollar account) 111
Commerzbank, Germany 8
Deutsche Bank, Belgium 10 6
Deutsche Bank, Czech Republic 3 1
Deutsche Bank, Czech Republic
(Euro account) 5 1
Deutsche Bank, Czech Republic
(U.S. dollar account) 2 2
Deutsche Bank, Germany 14 12
Deutsche Bank, Netherlands 11 3
Deutsche Bank, France 5 4
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Consolidated financial statements | 61
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012
Deutsche Bank, Philippines
(U.S. dollar account) 4 3
Deutsche Bank, Poland 12 1
Deutsche Bank, Poland (Euro account) 2 1
Deutsche Bank, Russia 1
Deutsche Bank, Russia (U.S. dollar
account) 1
Deutsche Bank, Switzerland 1 1
Deutsche Bank, Singapore 1 8
Deutsche Bank, Transze 1
Deutsche Bank, U.K. 70 32
Deutsche Bank, Spain 2 1
Deustche Bank, India 11 10
Deustche Bank EEFC (Euro account) 21 9
Deustche Bank EEFC
(U.S. dollar account) 64 23
Deutsche Bank EEFC
(Swiss Franc account) 2 2
HSBC Bank, Brazil 2
ICICI Bank, India 50 20
ICICI Bank EEFC (U.S. dollar account) 13 32
ICICI Bank EEFC (GBP Sterling
account) 6 1
ICICI Bank EEFC (Euro account) 2
ICICI Bank, U.K. 2
ING Belgium 2
Landbouwkrediet, Belgium 1
National Australia Bank Limited,
Australia 3
Nordbanken, Sweden 2 3
Royal Bank of Canada, Canada 15 5
RBS China 56
Shanghai Pudong Development Bank,
China 1
Standard Chartered Bank, UAE 1
State Bank of India 1
The Bank of Tokyo Mitsubishi UFJ,
Ltd., Japan 1 1
UBS AG, Switzerland 1
Westpac, Australia 2
Commonwealth Bank of Australia,
Australia 4
Punjab National Bank 3 1
Bank of New Zealand 12
1,722 989
in ` crore
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012
In deposit accounts
ANZ Bank 6
Allahabad Bank 275 852
Andhra Bank 704 510
Axis Bank 1,060 806
Bank of America, Mexico 15 6
Bank of Baroda 1,919 1,733
Bank of India 1,891 1,500
Bank of Maharashtra 475
Bank of China, China 25
Canara Bank 2,056 1,559
Central Bank of India 1,262 752
Citibank N.A., China 79 23
Corporation Bank 779 395
DBS Bank 40
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012
Deutsche Bank, Poland 55 41
Federal Bank 25 20
HDFC Bank 1,357
HSBC Bank, London 5
ICICI Bank 2,597 1,504
IDBI Bank 995 1,030
ING Vysya Bank 88 82
Indian Overseas Bank 441 600
Jammu and Kashmir Bank 25 25
Kotak Mahindra Bank 280 175
National Australia Bank Limited,
Australia 7 67
Nordbanken, Sweden 1 1
Oriental Bank of Commerce 824 714
Punjab National Bank 1,314
Ratnakar Bank 5 5
State Bank of Hyderabad 700 580
State Bank of Mysore 249
South Indian Bank 65 60
Syndicate Bank 550
Union Bank of India 80 602
Vijaya Bank 380 153
Yes Bank 200 141
16,814 17,951
In unpaid dividend accounts
HDFC Bank Unclaimed dividend
account 1 1
ICICI Bank Unclaimed dividend
account 2 1
3 2
In margin money deposits against
guarantees
Canara Bank 130 56
ICICI Bank 1
State Bank of India 58 61
189 117
Deposits with financial institutions
HDFC Limited 3,104 1,532
3,104 1,532
Total cash and cash equivalents as per
Balance Sheet 21,832 20,591
2.14. Short-term loans and advances
in ` crore
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012
Unsecured, considered good
Others
Advances
Prepaid expenses 79 51
For supply of goods and rendering
of services 59 36
Withholding and other taxes
receivable 800 682
Others 16 10
954 779
Restricted deposits (Refer to Note 2.26) 762 492
Unbilled revenues 2,435 1,873
MAT credit entitlement
(Refer to Note 2.17) 23 16
Interest accrued but not due 100 48
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
62 | Consolidated financial statements
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012
Loans and advances to employees
Housing and other loans 2 56
Salary advances 137 103
Electricity and other deposits 34 37
Rental deposits 24 16
Premiums held in trust
(1)
117
Mark-to-market gain on forward and
options contracts 101
4,689 3,420
Unsecured, considered doubtful
Loans and advances to employees 6 4
4,695 3,424
Less : Provision for doubtful loans and
advances to employees 6 4
4,689 3,420
(1)
These amounts represent premiums collected from policyholders and payable to
insurance providers by a service provider maintaining the amounts in fiduciary capacity
2.15. Other income
in ` crore
Particulars Year ended March31,
2013 2012
Interest received on deposits with banks
and others 1,797 1,807
Dividend received on investment in
mutual fund units 225 27
Miscellaneous income, net 87 17
Gains/ (losses) on foreign currency, net 256 53
2,365 1,904
2.16. Expenses
in ` crore
Particulars Year ended March31,
2013 2012
Employee benefit expenses
Salaries and bonus including overseas
staff expenses 22,033 17,793
Contribution to provident and other
funds 455 459
Staff welfare 77 88
22,565 18,340
Travel expenses
Overseas travel expenses 1,384 993
Travelling and conveyance 125 129
1,509 1,122
Cost of software packages and others
For own use 629 492
Third party items bought for service
delivery to clients 148 162
777 654
Communication expenses
Telephone charges 236 180
Communication expenses 125 94
361 274
in ` crore
Particulars Year ended March31,
2013 2012
Other expenses
Office maintenance 316 284
Power and fuel 215 184
Brand building 95 90
Rent 249 190
Rates and taxes, excluding taxes on
income 79 66
Repairs to building 39 42
Repairs to plant and machinery 44 41
Computer maintenance 84 64
Consumables 29 28
Insurance charges 45 36
Research grants 12 7
Marketing expenses 37 29
Commission charges 33 27
Printing and stationery 14 14
Professional membership and seminar
participation fees 16 15
Postage and courier 19 13
Advertisements 5 6
Provision for post-sales client support
and warranties 80 60
Commission to non-whole-time
directors 8 8
Freight charges 1 1
Provision for bad and doubtful debts
and advances 38 62
Books and periodicals 3 3
Auditor's remuneration 5 3
Bank charges and commission 5 4
Donations 11 26
Recruitment and training 8 5
Miscellaneous expenses 67 53
1,557 1,361
2.17. Tax expense
in ` crore
Year ended March31,
2013 2012
Current tax
Income taxes 3,518 3,313
Deferred taxes (148) 54
3,370 3,367
Income tax
The provision for taxation includes tax liabilities in India on the
Company's global income as reduced by exempt incomes and any
tax liabilities arising overseas on income sourced from those countries.
Infosys operations are conducted through Software Technology Parks
(STPs) and Special Economic Zones (SEZs). Income from STPs were
tax exempt for the earlier of 10 years commencing from the fiscal year
in which the unit commences software development, or March 31,
2011. Income from SEZs is fully tax exempt for the first five years,
50% exempt for the next five years and 50% exempt for another five
years subject to fulfilling certain conditions.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Consolidated financial statements | 63
2.18. Contingent liabilities and commitments (to the extent not provided for)
in ` crore
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012
Contingent liabilities :
Outstanding guarantees and counter guarantees to various banks, in respect of the guarantees
given by those banks in favor of various government authorities and others 19 23
Claims against the Company, not acknowledged as debts
(1)

[Net of amount paid to statutory authorities ` 1,114 crore (` 1,114 crore)] 535 72
Commitments :
Estimated amount of unexecuted capital contracts
(net of advances and deposits) 1,696 1,044
in million in ` crore in million in ` crore
Forward contracts outstanding
In USD 851 4,621 729 3,709
In Euro 62 431 38 258
In GBP 65 537 22 179
In AUD 70 396 23 122
Options outstanding
In USD 50 254
5,985 4,522
(1)
Claims against the Company not acknowledged as debts include demand from the Indian income tax authorities for payment of additional tax of ` 1,088 crore ( ` 1,088 crore), including
interest of ` 313 crore (` 313 crore) upon completion of their tax review for fiscal 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008. These income tax demands are mainly on account of disallowance of a
portion of the deduction claimed by the Company under Section 10A of the Income Tax Act. The deductible amount is determined by the ratio of export turnover to total turnover. The
disallowance arose from certain expenses incurred in foreign currency being reduced from export turnover but not reduced from total turnover. The tax demand for fiscal 2007 and 2008
also includes disallowance of portion of profit earned outside India from the STP units and disallowance of profits earned from SEZ units. The matter for fiscal 2005, 2006, 2007 and
2008 are pending before the Commissioner of Income Tax ( Appeals) Bangalore. The Company is contesting the demand and the Management, including its tax advisors, believes that
its position is likely to be upheld in the appellate process. The Management believes that the ultimate outcome of this proceeding will not have a material adverse effect on the Company's
financial position and results of operations. The Company received a draft Assessment Order from the income tax authorities for an amount of ` 575 crore for fiscal 2009. As the Company
is contesting this position like earlier years, the appellate authority would be approached upon receiving the final order.
The foreign exchange forward and option contracts mature between
one and 12 months. The following table analyzes the derivative
financial instruments into relevant maturity groupings based on the
remaining period as of the Balance Sheet date :
in ` crore
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012
Not later than one month 988 344
Later than one month and not later than
three months 1,794 790
Later than three months and not later than
one year 3,203 3,388
5,985 4,522
The Company recognized a gain on derivative financial instruments of
` 77 crore and a loss of ` 299 crore during the years ended March31,
2013 and March31, 2012, respectively, which is included in other
income.
2.19. Holding of Infosys in its subsidiaries and related
party transactions
List of related parties :
Name of subsidiaries Country Holding as at
March31,
2013 2012
Infosys BPO India 99.98% 99.98%
Infosys China China 100% 100%
Infosys Consulting Inc.
(1)
U.S.
Infosys Mexico Mexico 100% 100%
Infosys Sweden Sweden 100% 100%
Infosys Shanghai China 100% 100%
Infosys Brasil Brazil 100% 100%
Infosys Public Services, Inc. U.S. 100% 100%
Infosys BPO s.r.o
(2)
Czech
Republic 99.98% 99.98%
Name of subsidiaries Country Holding as at
March31,
2013 2012
Infosys BPO (Poland) Sp.Z.o.o
(2)
Poland 99.98% 99.98%
Infosys Consulting India Limited
(3)
India 100% 100%
McCamish Systems LLC
(2)
U.S. 99.98% 99.98%
Portland Group Pty. Limited
(2)(4)
Australia 99.98% 99.98%
Portland Procurement Services
Pty. Limited
(2)(4)
Australia 99.98% 99.98%
Infosys Australia Australia 100% 100%
Lodestone Holding AG
(5)
Switzerland 100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants (Canada) Inc.
(6)
Canada 100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants Inc.
(6)
U.S. 100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants Pty. Limited
(6)
Australia 100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants (Asia Pacific)
Limited
(6)(7)
Thailand 100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants AG
(6)
Switzerland 100%
Lodestone Augmentis AG
(6)
Switzerland 100%
Hafner Bauer & dman GmbH
(6)
Switzerland 100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants (Belgium) S.A.
(6)(8)
Belgium 99.90%
Lodestone Management
Consultants GmbH
(6)
Germany 100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants Pte Ltd.
(6)
Singapore 100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants SAS
(6)
France 100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants s.r.o.
(6)
Czech
Republic 100%
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
64 | Consolidated financial statements
Name of subsidiaries Country Holding as at
March31,
2013 2012
Lodestone Management
Consultants GmbH
(6)
Austria 100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants China Co., Ltd.
(6)
China 100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants Ltd.
(6)
U.K. 100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants B.V.
(6)
Netherlands 100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants Ltda.
(6)(8)
Brazil 99.99%
Lodestone Management
Consultants sp. z.o.o.
(6)
Poland 100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants Portugal,
Unipessoal, Lda.
(6)
Portugal 100%
S.C. Lodestone Management
Consultants S.R.L.
(6)
Romania 100%
Lodestone Management
Consultants S.R.L.
(6)(9)
Argentina 100%
(1)
On October7, 2011, the Board of Directors of Infosys Consulting Inc., approved the
termination and winding down of the entity, and entered into a scheme of amalgamation
and initiated its merger with Infosys Limited. The termination of Infosys Consulting
Inc., became effective on January12, 2012, in accordance with the Texas Business
Organizations Code. Effective January12, 2012, the assets and liabilities of Infosys
Consulting Inc., were transferred to Infosys Limited.
(2)
Wholly-owned subsidiaries of Infosys BPO.
(3)
On February9, 2012, Infosys Consulting India Limited filed a petition in the Honorable
High Court of Karnataka for its merger with Infosys Limited.
(4)
On January4, 2012, Infosys BPO acquired 100% of the voting interest in Portland
Group Pty. Limited
(5)
On October22, 2012, Infosys acquired 100% voting interest in Loadstone Holding AG
(6)
Wholly-owned and controlled subsidiaries of Lodestone Holding AG acquired on
October22, 2012
(7)
Liquidated effective February14, 2013
(8)
Majority-owned and controlled subsidiaries
(9)
Incorporated effective January10, 2013
List of key management personnel
Whole-time Directors
S. Gopalakrishnan, S. D. Shibulal, Srinath Batni, V. Balakrishnan,
AshokVemuri, B.G.Srinivas.
Executive Council members
U. B. Pravin Rao, U. Ramadas Kamath, Chandrashekar Kakal,
NanditaGurjar, Stephen R. Pratt, Basab Pradhan, Prasad Thrikutam,
RajivBansal (effective November 1, 2012).
Non-whole-time Directors
K. V. Kamath, Deepak M. Satwalekar, Dr. Omkar Goswami,
DavidL.Boyles, Sridar A.Iyengar (retired with effect from August13,
2012), Prof. Jeffrey S. Lehman, R. Seshasayee, Ann M. Fudge,
RaviVenkatesan.
Related party transactions
During the year ended March31, 2013, an amount of ` 10 crore (` 20
crore for the year ended March 31, 2012) was donated to Infosys
Foundation, a not-for-profit foundation, in which certain Directors
and officers of the Company are trustees.
Related parties include Infosys Science Foundation and Infosys
Technologies Limited Employees Welfare Trust which are controlled
trusts.
The following table describes the compensation to key managerial
personnel who comprise Directors and members of Executive Council :
in ` crore
Particulars Year ended March31,
2013 2012
Salaries and other employee benefits 51 46
2.20. Research and development expenditure
in ` crore
Particulars Year ended March31,
2013 2012
Expenditure at Department of Scientific
and Industrial Research (DSIR) approved
R&D centers (eligible for weighted
deduction)
(1)
Capital 3
Revenue 247 75
Other R&D Expenditure
Capital 3 5
Revenue 699 601
Total R&D Expenditure
Capital 6 5
Revenue 946 676
(1)
DSIR has accorded weighted deduction approval for Finacle and Infosys Labs
R&D centers of Infosys located at Bangalore, Bhubaneswar, Chandigarh, Chennai,
Hyderabad, Mysore, Pune and Thiruvananthapuram locations. The approval is
effective November23, 2011. The eligible R&D revenue and capital expenditure are
` 247 crore and ` 3 crore for the year ended March31, 2013 and ` 75 crore towards
revenue expenditure for the year ended March31, 2012.
2.21. Segment reporting
The Group's operations predominantly relate to providing end-to-end
business solutions thereby enabling clients to enhance business
performance, delivered to customers globally operating in various
industry segments. Effective quarter ended June30, 2011, the Group
reorganized its business to increase its client focus. Consequent to the
internal reorganization there were changes effected in the reportable
segments based on the management approach, as laid down in
AS17, Segment reporting. The Chief Executive Officer evaluates the
Group's performance and allocates resources based on an analysis of
various performance indicators by industry classes and geographic
segmentation of customers. Accordingly, segment information has been
presented both along industry classes and geographic segmentation
of customers, industry being the primary segment. The accounting
principles used in the preparation of the financial statements are
consistently applied to record revenue and expenditure in individual
segments, and are as set out in the significant accounting policies.
Industry segments for the Group are primarily Financial Services and
Insurance (FSI) comprising enterprises providing banking, finance and
insurance services, enterprises in Manufacturing (MFG), enterprises
in the Energy, Utilities, Communications and Services (ECS) and
enterprises in Retail, Consumer Packaged Goods, Logistics and
Life Sciences (RCL). Geographic segmentation is based on business
sourced from that geographic region and delivered from both onsite
and offshore. North America comprises the U.S., Canada and Mexico,
Europe includes continental Europe (both the east and the west),
Ireland and the U.K., and the Rest of the World comprising all other
places except those mentioned above and India. Consequent to the
above change in the composition of reportable segments, the prior
year comparatives have been restated.
Revenue and identifiable operating expenses in relation to segments
are categorized based on items that are individually identifiable to
that segment. Allocated expenses of segments include expenses
incurred for rendering services from the Company's offshore software
development centers and onsite expenses, which are categorized in
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Consolidated financial statements | 65
relation to the associated turnover of the segment. Certain expenses
such as depreciation, which form a significant component of total
expenses, are not specifically allocable to specific segments as the
underlying assets are used interchangeably. Management believes that
it is not practical to provide segment disclosures relating to those costs
and expenses, and accordingly these expenses are separately disclosed
as unallocated and adjusted against the total income of the Group.
Fixed assets used in the Groups business or liabilities contracted
have not been identified to any of the reportable segments, as the
fixed assets and services are used interchangeably between segments.
Accordingly, no disclosure relating to total segment assets and liabilities
are made. Geographical information on revenue and industry revenue
information is collated based on individual customers invoiced or in
relation to which the revenue is otherwise recognized.
Industry segments
Years ended March31, 2013 and March31, 2012 :
in ` crore
Particulars FSI MFG ECS RCL Total
Income from software services and products 13,680 8,888 8,129 9,655 40,352
11,830 6,933 7,233 7,738 33,734
Identifiable operating expenses 6,085 4,243 3,721 4,253 18,302
5,025 3,033 3,011 3,214 14,283
Allocated expenses 3,460 2,351 2,151 2,555 10,517
2,965 1,824 1,903 2,036 8,728
Segmental operating income 4,135 2,294 2,257 2,847 11,533
3,840 2,076 2,319 2,488 10,723
Unallocable expenses 1,099
928
Other income 2,365
1,904
Profit before tax 12,799
11,699
Tax expense 3,370
3,367
Profit for the period 9,429
8,332
Geographic segments
Years ended March31, 2013 and March31, 2012 :
in ` crore
Particulars North
America
Europe India Rest of the
World
Total
Income from software services and products 25,103 9,338 841 5,070 40,352
21,537 7,401 748 4,048 33,734
Identifiable operating expenses 11,263 4,308 500 2,231 18,302
9,096 3,214 369 1,604 14,283
Allocated expenses 6,622 2,442 189 1,264 10,517
5,664 1,911 168 985 8,728
Segmental operating income 7,218 2,588 152 1,575 11,533
6,777 2,276 211 1,459 10,723
Unallocable expenses 1,099
928
Other income, net 2,365
1,904
Profit before tax 12,799
11,699
Tax expense 3,370
3,367
Profit for the period 9,429
8,332
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
66 | Consolidated financial statements
2.22. Gratuity plan
The following table set out the status of the Gratuity Plan as required under AS 15. Reconciliation of opening and closing balances of the present
value of the defined benefit obligation and plan assets :
in ` crore
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
Obligations at year beginning 600 480 325 267 224
Service cost 201 157 178 80 51
Interest cost 37 39 25 19 16
Actuarial (gain)/ loss (25) (6) 17 (5) 1
Benefits paid (92) (70) (65) (36) (25)
Curtailment gain (69)
Obligations at year end 652 600 480 325 267
Defined benefit obligation liability as at the Balance Sheet date is fully funded
by the Group.
Change in plan assets
Plan assets at year beginning, at fair value 613 480 327 268 236
Expected return on plan assets 60 49 36 25 17
Actuarial gain 1 5
Contributions 100 154 182 69 35
Benefits paid (92) (70) (65) (36) (25)
Plan assets at year end, at fair value 681 613 480 327 268
Reconciliation of present value of the obligation and the fair value of the plan assets :
Fair value of plan assets at the end of the year/ period 681 613 480 327 268
Present value of the defined benefit obligations at the end of the year 652 600 480 325 267
Asset recognized in the Balance Sheet 31 15 2 2 1
Liability recognized in the Balance Sheet 2 2 2
Assumptions
Interest rate 7.95% 8.57% 7.98% 7.82% 7.01%
Estimated rate of return on plan assets 9.51% 9.45% 9.36% 9.00% 7.01%
Weighted expected rate of salary increase 7.27% 7.27% 7.27% 7.27% 5.10%
Net gratuity cost for the years ended March31, 2013 and March31,
2012 comprises of the following components :
in ` crore
Particulars Year ended March31,
2013 2012
Gratuity cost for the year
Service cost 201 157
Interest cost 37 39
Expected return on plan assets (60) (49)
Actuarial (gain) / loss (25) (6)
Curtailment (69)
Plan amendment amortization (4) (4)
Net gratuity cost 80 137
Actual return on plan assets 60 49
Gratuity cost, as disclosed above, is included under employee benefit
expenses and is segregated between software development expenses,
selling and marketing expenses and general and administration
expenses on the basis of number of employees.
As at March31, 2013 and March31, 2012, the plan assets have been
primarily invested in government securities. The estimates of future
salary increases, considered in actuarial valuation, take account of
inflation, seniority, promotion and other relevant factors such as
supply and demand factors in the employment market. The Group
expects to contribute approximately ` 73 crore to the gratuity trust
during fiscal 2014.
Effective July 1, 2007, the Company revised the employee death
benefits provided under the gratuity plan, and included all eligible
employees under a consolidated term insurance cover. Accordingly,
the obligations under the gratuity plan reduced by ` 37 crore, which
is being amortized on a straight line basis to the Statement of Profit
and Loss over 10 years representing the average future service period
of the employees. The unamortized liability as at March31, 2013 and
March31, 2012 amounted to ` 15 crore and ` 18 crore, respectively
and disclosed under Other long-term liabilities and other current
liabilities.
During the year, the Company has aligned the gratuity entitlement of
certain employees prospectively to the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972.
This amendment has resulted in a curtailment gain of ` 69 crore which
has been recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year
ended March31, 2013.
2.23. Provident Fund
The Group contributed ` 268 crore and ` 238 crore towards Provident
Fund during the years ended March31, 2013 and March31, 2012,
respectively.
The Guidance on Implementing AS 15, Employee Benefits (revised
2005) issued by Accounting Standards Board (ASB) states that
benefits involving employer established Provident Funds, which
require interest shortfalls to be recompensed are to be considered as
defined benefit plans. The Actuarial Society of India has issued the
final guidance for measurement of Provident Fund liabilities during
the quarter ended December31, 2011. The actuary has accordingly
provided a valuation and based on the following assumptions there
is no shortfall as at March 31, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 and 2009,
respectively.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Consolidated financial statements | 67
The details of fund and plan asset position are as follows :
in ` crore
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
Plan assets at year end, at fair value 2,399 1,816 1,579 1,295 997
Present value of benefit obligation at year end 2,399 1,816 1,579 1,295 997
Asset recognized in Balance Sheet
Assumptions used in determining the present value obligation of the interest rate guarantee under the Deterministic Approach :
Particulars As at March31,
2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
Government of India (GOI) bond yield 8.05% 8.57% 7.98% 7.83% 7.01%
Remaining term of maturity 8 8 7 7 6
Expected guaranteed interest rate 8.25% 8.25% 9.50% 8.50% 8.50%
2.24. Superannuation
The Group contributed ` 176 crore and ` 142 crore to the superannuation trust during the years ended March31, 2013 and March31, 2012,
respectively.
2.25. Reconciliation of basic and diluted shares used in computing earnings per share
Particulars Year ended March31,
2013 2012
Number of shares considered as basic weighted average shares outstanding 57,13,99,238 57,13,65,494
Add : Effect of dilutive issues of shares/ stock options 853 30,648
Number of shares considered as weighted average shares and potential shares outstanding 57,14,00,091 57,13,96,142
2.26. Restricted deposits
Deposits with financial institutions as at March31, 2013 include ` 798
crore (` 550 crore as at March31, 2012) deposited with Life Insurance
Corporation of India to settle employee-related obligations as and
when they arise during the normal course of business. This amount
is considered as restricted cash and is hence not considered cash and
cash equivalents.
2.27. Investment in Lodestone Holding AG
On October22, 2012, Infosys acquired 100% of the outstanding share
capital of Lodestone Holding AG, a global management consultancy
firm headquartered in Zurich, Switzerland. The acquisition was
executed through a share purchase agreement for an upfront cash
consideration of ` 1,187 crore and a deferred consideration of ` 608
crore.
The assets and liabilities taken over on Lodestone acquisition are as
follows :
in ` crore
Particulars
Tangible assets 28
Cash 30
Net current assets excluding cash 57
Deferred tax assets 18
Borrowings (89)
Net assets taken over on acquisition 44
Goodwill 1,143
Consideration 1,187
The deferred consideration is payable to the selling shareholders
of Lodestone on the third anniversary of the acquisition date and
is contingent upon their continued employment for a period of
three years. The investment in Lodestone has been recorded at the
acquisition cost and the deferred consideration is being recognized
on a proportionate basis over a period of three years from the date of
acquisition. An amount of ` 85 crore, representing the proportionate
charge of the deferred consideration has been recognized as an
expense during the year ended March31, 2013.
2.28. Litigation
On May23, 2011, we received a subpoena from a grand jury in the
U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Texas. The subpoena
requires that we provide to the grand jury certain documents and
records related to our sponsorships for, and uses of, B1 business
visas. We are complying with the subpoena. In connection with the
subpoena, during a meeting with the U.S. Attorney's Office for the
Eastern District of Texas, we were advised that we and certain of
our employees are targets of the investigation. We are engaged in
discussions with the U.S. Attorney's Office regarding this matter,
however, we cannot predict the outcome of such discussions.
In addition, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has
reviewed our employer eligibility verifications on Form I-9 with
respect to our employees working in the U.S. In connection with
this review, we have been advised that the DHS has found errors in
a significant percentage of our Forms I-9 that the Department has
reviewed, and may impose fines and penalties on us related to such
alleged errors. At this time, we cannot predict the outcome of the
discussions with the DHS or other governmental authority regarding
the review of our Forms I-9.
In light of the fact that, among other things, the foregoing investigation
and review may not be complete and we remain in discussions with
the U.S. Attorney's Office regarding these matters, we are unable to
make an estimate of the amount or range of loss that we expect to
incur in connection with the resolution of these matters.
Further, in the event that any governmental authority undertakes
any actions that limit any visa program that we utilize or imposes
sanctions, fines or penalties on us or our employees, this could
materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations,
and financial condition.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
68 | Consolidated financial statements
2.29. Schedules to Cash Flow Statements
2.29.1. Change in trade receivables
in ` crore, except as otherwise stated
Particulars Year ended March31,
2013 2012
As per the Balance Sheet 7,083 5,882
Less : Trade receivables taken over upon
acquisition of Lodestone 212
Less : Trade receivables taken over upon
acquisition of Portland Group 40
Less : Opening balance considered 5,882 4,653
989 1,189
2.29.2. Change in loans and advances and other assets
in ` crore
Particulars Year ended March31,
2013 2012
As per the Balance Sheet (current and non
current) 6,552 5,102
Less : Loans and advances and other
assets taken over upon acquisition
of Portland Group 4
Less : Loans and advances and other
assets taken over upon acquisition
of Lodestone 150
Gratuity obligation unamortized
amount relating to plan
amendment
(1)
15 18
Interest accrued but not due 100 48
MAT credit entitlement 37 55
Advance income taxes 1,092 1,037
Capital Advance 520 444
4,638 3,496
Less : Opening balance considered
(2)
3,500 2,646
1,138 850
(1)
Refer to Note 2.22
(2)
includes ` 4 crore of loans and advances and other assets taken over upon acquisition of
Portland Group for the year ended March31, 2013
2.29.3. Change in liabilities and provisions
in ` crore
Particulars Year ended March31,
2013 2012
As per the Balance Sheet (current and non
current) 8,281 7,025
Less : Liabilities and provision taken over
upon acquisition of Portland Group 23
Liabilities and provision taken over
upon acquisition of Lodestone 292
Unpaid dividend 3 2
Retention monies 79 51
Gratuity obligation unamortized
amount relating to plan
amendment 15 18
Payables for acquisition of business 114 74
Provisions separately considered in
Cash Flow Statement
Income taxes 1,329 1,054
Proposed dividend 1,550 1,837
Tax on dividend 263 298
4,636 3,668
Less : Opening balance considered
(1)
3,691 3,048
945 620
(1)
includes ` 23 crore of liabilities and provisions taken over upon acquisition of Portland
Group for the year ended March31, 2013
2.29.4. Income taxes paid
in ` crore
Particulars Year ended March31,
2013 2012
Charge as per the Profit and Loss account 3,370 3,367
Add/ : Increase/ (Decrease) in advance
(Less) income taxes 55 44
Increase/ (Decrease) in deferred
taxes
(1)
166 (48)
Deferred taxes taken over upon
acquisition of Lodestone (18)
Income tax provision taken over
upon acquisition of Lodestone 13
Increase/ (Decrease) in MAT credit
entitlement (18) (8)
(Increase) / Decrease in income tax
provision (275) (237)
Income tax benefits arising from
exercise of stock options (1)
3,293 3,117
(1)
excludes exchange difference of ` 18 crore and ` 8 crore for the years ended March31,
2013 and March31, 2012, respectively.
2.29.5. Payment towards capital expenditure
in ` crore
Particulars Year ended March31,
2013 2012
Additions as per the Balance Sheet
(1)
2,709 1,227
Less : Profit on sale of tangible assets 1 2
Less : Fixed assets taken over upon
acquisition of Portland Group 3
Less : Fixed assets taken over upon
acquisition of Lodestone 58
Less : Goodwill recognized upon
acquisition of Portland Group 175
Less : Goodwill recognized upon
acquisition of Lodestone 1,143
Less : Goodwill recognized upon
acquisition of Seabury & Smith 10
Less : Opening capital work-in-progress 590 264
Add : Closing capital work-in-progress 1,140 590
Add : Opening retention monies 51 26
Less : Closing retention monies 79 51
Add : Closing capital advance 520 444
Less : Opening capital advance 444 261
2,095 1,531
(1)
excludes exchange fluctuation of ` 24 crore and ` 50 crore (excluding exchange
fluctuation of ` 14 crore and ` 29 crore on deductions) as at March31, 2013 and
March31, 2012, respectively.
2.29.6. Investment/ (disposal) of other investments
in ` crore
Particulars Year ended March31,
2013 2012
Opening balance considered 372 140
Less : Closing balance 2,116 368
(1,744) (228)
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Consolidated financial statements | 69
2.29.7. Interest and dividend received
Particulars Year ended March31,
2013 2012
Interest and dividend income as per
Profit and Loss account 2,022 1,834
Add : Opening interest accrued but not
due 48 25
Less : Closing interest accrued but not due 100 48
1,970 1,811
2.30. Function-wise classification of Statement of Profit
and Loss
in ` crore
Statement of Profit and Loss account for
the
Year ended March31,
2013 2012
Income from software services and
products 40,352 33,734
Software development expenses 24,179 18,871
GROSS PROFIT 16,173 14,863
Selling and marketing expenses 2,034 1,757
General and administration expenses 2,606 2,383
4,640 4,140
OPERATING PROFIT BEFORE
DEPRECIATION 11,533 10,723
Depreciation and amortization 1,099 928
OPERATING PROFIT 10,434 9,795
Other income 2,365 1,904
PROFIT BEFORE TAX 12,799 11,699
Tax expense :
Current tax 3,518 3,313
Deferred tax (148) 54
PROFIT FOR THE PERIOD 9,429 8,332
2.31. Details of rounded off amounts
The financial statements are presented in ` crore. Those items which
are required to be disclosed and which were not presented in the
financial statement due to rounding off to the nearest ` crore are
given as follows :
Balance Sheet Items
in ` crore
Note Description As at March31,
2013 2012
2.7 Fixed assets Buildings
Depreciation on deletions 0.05
Fixed assets Leasehold
improvements
Deletion during the period 0.33
Statement of Profit and Loss Items
in ` crore
Note Description Year ended March31,
2013 2012
Statement of
Profit and Loss
Minority interest 0.09 0.06
Additional dividend 0.02
As per our report attached
for B S R & Co.
Chartered Accountants
Firm's Registration No. 101248W
Natrajh Ramakrishna
Partner
Membership No. 32815
K.V.Kamath
Chairman
S.Gopalakrishnan
Executive Co-Chairman
S.D.Shibulal
Chief Executive Officer and
Managing Director
DeepakM.Satwalekar
Director
Dr.Omkar Goswami
Director
DavidL.Boyles
Director
Prof.JeffreyS.Lehman
Director
R.Seshasayee
Director
AnnM.Fudge
Director
Ravi Venkatesan
Director
Srinath Batni
Director
V.Balakrishnan
Director
Bangalore
April12, 2013
AshokVemuri
Director
B.G.Srinivas
Director
RajivBansal
Chief Financial Officer
N.R.Ravikrishnan
Company Secretary
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
70 | Corporate governance report
Our corporate governance philosophy
Corporate governance is an ethically driven business process that is
committed to values and conduct aimed at enhancing an organization's
wealth generating capacity. This is ensured by taking ethical business
decisions and conducting the business with a firm commitment to
values, while meeting stakeholders expectations. At Infosys, it is
imperative that our Company affairs are managed in a fair and
transparent manner. Good corporate governance ensures that we
engage in democratic and open processes and are held accountable for
our business decisions. This is vital to gain and retain investor trust.
Corporate governance norms and processes ensure effective
engagement with the changing business environment. These, of
course, have matured with time. The Cadbury Report published in
the U.K. in 1992 was one such significant event in modern corporate
governance, which recommended the arrangement of company
boards and accounting systems to reduce corporate governance
risks and failures. In 2002, the enactment of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act
resulted in the top management individually certifying the accuracy
of their company's financial information. The Dodd-Frank Wall Street
Reform and Consumer Protection Act looks to build a safer, more
stable financial system one that provides a robust foundation for
lasting economic growth and job creation.
We at Infosys consider it our inherent responsibility to disclose timely
and accurate information regarding our financials and performance, as
well as the leadership and governance of the Company.
The Board of Directors (the Board) is at the core of our corporate
governance practice and oversees how the Management serves and
protects the long-term interests of all our stakeholders. We believe
that an active, well-informed and independent Board is necessary
to ensure the highest standards of corporate governance. It is well
recognized that an effective Board of Directors is a pre-requisite for
strong and effective corporate governance. Our Board is at the core of
our corporate governance practice and oversees how the Management
serves and protects the long-term interests of all our stakeholders.
Our Board exercises its fiduciary responsibilities in the widest sense
of the term.
Our corporate governance philosophy is based on the following
principles :
Corporate governance standards should go beyond the law and
satisfy the spirit of the law, not just the letter of the law.
When in doubt, disclose. Ensure transparency and maintain a high
level of disclosure.
Clearly distinguish between personal conveniences and corporate
resources
Communicate externally, and truthfully about how the Company
is run internally
Comply with the laws of all the countries in which we operate
Have a simple and transparent corporate structure driven solely
by business needs
The Management is the trustee of the shareholders' capital and not
the owner
As at March31, 2013, the majority of our Board members eight out of
14 are independent members. Further, we have audit, compensation,
investor grievance, nominations and risk management committees,
Corporate governance report
The highest level of compliance is the best form of corporate governance.
N.R.Narayana Murthy
Chairman Emeritus, Infosys Limited
which comprise Independent Directors. As part of our commitment
to follow global best practices, we comply with the Euro shareholders
Corporate Governance Guidelines, 2000, and the recommendations
of the Conference Board Commission on Public Trusts and Private
Enterprises in the U.S. We also adhere to the United Nations Global
Compact (UNGC) policy. Further, a note on our compliance with the
corporate governance guidelines of six countries (Australia, Canada,
France, Germany, Japan and the U.K.) in their national languages is
available on our website, www.infosys.com
Corporate governance ratings
CRISIL
For several years now, CRISIL has consistently assigned us the CRISIL
Governance and Value Creation (GVC) Level 1 rating. This GVC
rating indicates our capability to create wealth for all our stakeholders
while adopting sound corporate governance practices.
ICRA
ICRA assigned the Corporate Governance Rating (CGR) 1 rating to
our practices. The rating is the highest on ICRA's scale of CGR1 to
CGR 6. We are the first company in India to be assigned the highest
CGR by ICRA. The rating reflects our transparent shareholding
pattern, sound Board practices, interactive decision-making process,
high level of transparency, disclosures encompassing all important
aspects of our operations, and our excellent track record in investor
servicing. ICRA has also appreciated our Board composition as
reasonably sized, cohesive and articulate. The rating also implies that
we follow practices that provide our financial stakeholders the highest
level of assurance on the quality of corporate governance.
Corporate governance guidelines
Over the years, the Board has developed corporate governance
guidelines to help fulfill our corporate responsibility towards our
stakeholders. These guidelines ensure that the Board will have the
necessary authority and processes in place to review and evaluate our
operations when required. Further, these guidelines allow the Board
to make decisions that are independent of the Management. The Board
may change these guidelines regularly to achieve our stated objectives.
A. Board composition
Size and composition of the Board
The current policy is to have an appropriate mix of Executive and
Independent Directors to maintain the independence of the Board,
and separate its functions of governance and management. As at
March 31, 2013, the Board consists of 14 members, six of whom
are Executive or whole-time Directors, and eight are Independent
Directors.
Two of the Executive Directors are our Founders. The Board
periodically evaluates the need for change in its composition and size.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Corporate governance report | 71
Composition of the Board, and directorships held as at March31, 2013
Name of the Director Age India listed
companies
(1)
All companies around
the world
(2)
Committee
memberships
(3)
Chairperson of
committees
(3)
Founders and whole-time Directors
S.Gopalakrishnan 58 1
S.D.Shibulal 58 3
Whole-time Directors
Srinath Batni 58 4
V.Balakrishnan 48 5 2 1
Ashok Vemuri 44 4
B.G.Srinivas 52 7
Independent Directors
DeepakM.Satwalekar 64 4 9 4 1
Dr.Omkar Goswami 56 7 13 10 4
DavidL.Boyles 64 2
Prof. Jeffrey S. Lehman 56 2
K.V.Kamath 65 1 3
R.Seshasayee 64 4 10 3
Ravi Venkatesan 50 3 1
AnnM.Fudge 61 4
Notes : There are no inter-se relationships between our Board members.

(1)
Excluding directorship in Infosys Limited and its subsidiaries.

(2)
Directorships in companies around the world (listed, unlisted and private limited companies), including Infosys Limited and its subsidiaries.

(3)
As required by Clause 49 of the Listing Agreement, the disclosure includes memberships / chairpersonship of the audit committee and investor grievance committee in Indian public
companies (listed and unlisted).
Responsibilities of the Independent Chairman, the
Executive Co-Chairman and the CEO and Managing
Director
Our current policy is to have an Independent Chairman of the Board
K.V.Kamath, an executive Co-Chairman S.Gopalakrishnan, and a
Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and Managing Director S.D.Shibulal.
The responsibility and authority of these officials are as follows :
The Chairman of the Board is the leader of the Board. As Chairman,
he will be responsible for fostering and promoting the integrity
of the Board while nurturing a culture where the Board works
harmoniously for the long-term benefit of the Company and all its
stakeholders. As an Independent Chairman of the Board, he will
bring an independent perspective to that role.
The Executive Co-Chairman will be responsible for working with
the CEO to maintain strong channels of communication between
the Company's management and the Board of Directors, and for
ensuring that the Directors receive all appropriate information in
a timely manner.
The CEO is responsible for corporate strategy, brand equity,
planning, external contacts and other management matters. Heis
also responsible for achieving the annual business targets and
acquisitions. The CEO, the other Executive Directors, and senior
management personnel are responsible for achieving targets. They
make periodic presentations to the Board on their responsibilities
and performance.
Board definition of Independent Directors
According to Clause 49 of the Listing Agreement with Indian stock
exchanges, an Independent Director is a person who is not an
officer or employee of the Company or its subsidiaries. Nor is he an
individual having a material pecuniary relationship or transactions
with the Company which, in the opinion of our Board of Directors,
would interfere in exercising independent judgment and carrying
out the responsibilities of a Director. We adopted a much stricter
definition of independence as required by the NYSE listing rules and
the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, U.S.
Board membership criteria
The nominations committee works with the entire Board to determine
the appropriate characteristics, skills and experience required for the
Board as a whole and for individual members. Board members are
expected to possess the expertise, skills and experience required to
manage and guide a high-growth, high-tech IT services company,
deriving revenue primarily from G-7 countries. Expertise in strategy,
technology, finance, quality and human resources is essential.
Generally, the members are between 40 and 60 years of age, and are
not related to any Executive Directors or Independent Directors. They
are not expected to serve in any executive or independent position in
any company that is in direct competition with us. Board members
are expected to rigorously prepare for, attend and participate in all
Board and applicable committee meetings. Each member is expected
to ensure that their other current and planned future commitments do
not materially interfere with their responsibilities with us.
Selection of new Directors
The Board is responsible for the selection of new Directors. The Board
delegates the screening and selection process involved in selecting new
directors to the nominations committee, which consists exclusively
of Independent Directors. The nominations committee in turn makes
recommendations to the Board on the induction of any new Directors.
Membership term
The Board constantly evaluates the contribution of the members
and periodically shares updates with the shareholders about
re-appointments according to the existing statute. The current law in
India mandates the retirement of one-third of the Board members (who
are liable to retire by rotation) every year, and qualifies the retiring
members for re-appointment. Executive Directors are appointed by
the shareholders for the tenure of a maximum period of five years, but
are eligible for re-appointment upon completion of their term. Subject
to the applicable provisions of law, non-Executive Directors generally
serve for a period of nine years (three terms of three years each) or up
to the age of retirement, whichever is earlier.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
72 | Corporate governance report
Retirement policy
The age of retirement for all Executive Directors is 60 years. The
nominations committee may, at its discretion, determine their
continuation as members of the Board upon superannuation /
retirement. The age of retirement for non-Executive Directors
and Independent Directors is 65 years. The age of retirement for
Independent Directors joining the Board on or after October15, 2010,
is 70 years. An independent Board Chair is generally permitted to
serve in the capacity until the age of 70 years.
Succession planning
The nominations committee works with the Board to plan for an
orderly succession of leadership within the Board and the Company,
and maintain contingency plans for succession in case of any
exigencies.
Board compensation policy
The compensation committee determines and recommends to the
Board the compensation payable to the Directors. All Board-level
compensation is approved by the shareholders and separately
disclosed in the financial statements. Remuneration for the Executive
Directors consists of a fixed component and a performance incentive.
The compensation committee makes a quarterly appraisal of
the performance of the Executive Directors based on a detailed
performance-related matrix. The annual compensation of the Executive
Directors is approved by the compensation committee, within the
parameters set by the shareholders at the shareholders' meetings.
The compensation payable to the Independent Directors is limited to
a fixed amount per year as determined and approved by the Board,
the sum of which does not exceed 1% of our net profits for the
year, calculated as per the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.
Theperformance of Independent Directors is reviewed by the Board
on an annual basis.
Cash compensation paid to Directors in fiscal 2013
In ` crore
Name of the Director Fixed salary Bonus /
Incentives
Commission Total Notice
period (in
months)
Basic salary Perquisites /
Allowances
Retiral
benefits
Total fixed
salary
Founders and whole-time Directors
S.Gopalakrishnan 0.36 0.12 0.08 0.56 0.09 0.65 6
S.D.Shibulal 0.36 0.12 0.08 0.56 0.09 0.65 6
Whole-time Directors
Srinath Batni 0.48 0.16 0.11 0.75 1.45 2.20 6
V.Balakrishnan 0.46 0.16 0.10 0.72 1.29 2.01 6
B.G.Srinivas 3.38 0.59 3.97 0.96 4.93 6
Ashok Vemuri 3.86 0.03 3.89 1.02 4.91 6
Independent Directors
DeepakM.Satwalekar 0.79 0.79 NA
Dr.Omkar Goswami 0.70 0.70 NA
Sridar A. Iyengar
(1)
0.46 0.46 NA
DavidL.Boyles 0.98 0.98 NA
Prof. Jeffrey S. Lehman 0.98 0.98 NA
K.V.Kamath 1.38 1.38 NA
R.Seshasayee 0.70 0.70 NA
AnnM.Fudge 0.98 0.98 NA
Ravi Venkatesan 0.79 0.79 NA
Notes : None of the above Directors is eligible for any severance pay, and none of them holds any stock options as at March31, 2013.

(1)
For the period April1, 2012 to August12, 2012
Shares / ADS held by Independent Directors as at March31,
2013
In numbers
Equity shares ADS
DeepakM.Satwalekar 56,000
Dr.Omkar Goswami 7,900
DavidL.Boyles 2,000
Prof. Jeffrey S. Lehman
K.V.Kamath
R.Seshasayee 62
AnnM.Fudge
Ravi Venkatesan 110
Non-Executive / Independent Directors' remuneration
Section 309 of the Companies Act, 1956, states that a Director, who
is not in the whole-time employment of the Company, or a Managing
Director, may be paid remuneration by way of commission, if the
Company, by special resolution, authorizes such payment. Members of
the Company, at the Annual General Meeting held on June22, 2007,
approved by way of a special resolution the payment of remuneration
in the form of commission to non-Executive Directors, at a sum not
exceeding 1% per annum of our net profits for each year for a period
of five years, from April1, 2008 to March31, 2013. We have paid
` 7.76 crore (US $1,429,167) as commission to our non-Executive
Directors for the year ended March31, 2013.
The aggregate amount was arrived at according to the following
criteria :
in ` crore US $
Fixed Board fee
0.41 75,000
Board attendance fee
(1)
0.14 25,000
Independent Board Chair fee 0.81 150,000
Chairperson audit committee 0.16 30,000
Members audit committee 0.11 20,000
Chairperson other committees 0.11 20,000
Members other committees 0.05 10,000
Travel fee (per meeting)
(2)
0.05 10,000
Notes : 1 US $ = ` 54.29

(1)
The Company normally has five regular Board meetings in a year. Independent
Directors are expected to attend four quarterly Board meetings and the Annual
General Meeting in person.

(2)
For Directors based overseas. Travel fee shown is as per the Board meeting. This
is based on the fact that these Independent Directors have to spend at least two
additional days in travel while attending Board meetings in India.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Corporate governance report | 73
The Board believes that the above commission structure is
commensurate with global best practices in terms of remunerating
non-Executive / Independent Directors of a Company of similar size,
and adequately compensates for the time and contribution made by
our non-Executive / Independent Directors.
Memberships in other Boards
Executive Directors may, with the prior consent of the Chairperson
of the Board of Directors, serve on the Boards of two other business
entities, provided that such business entities are not in direct
competition with our business operations. Executive Directors are
also allowed to serve on the Boards of corporate or government bodies
whose interests are germane to the future of the IT and software
business, or the key economic institutions of the nation, or whose
prime objective is to benefit society. Independent Directors are not
expected to serve on the Boards of competing companies. Other than
this, there are no limitations except those imposed by law and good
corporate governance practices. The outside directorships held by
each of our Directors are listed in the Composition of the Board and
Directorships table in this section.
B. Board meetings
Scheduling and selection of agenda items for Board
meetings
Dates for Board meetings in the ensuing year are decided in advance
and published as part of the Annual Report. Most Board meetings
are held at our registered office at Electronics City, Bangalore, India.
TheChairperson of the Board and the Company Secretary draft the
agenda for each meeting, along with explanatory notes, in consultation
with the CEO, and distribute these in advance to the Directors. Every
Board member can suggest inclusion of additional items in the agenda.
The Board meets at least once a quarter to review the quarterly results
and other items on the agenda, and also on the occasion of the Annual
General Meeting of the shareholders. Additional meetings are held
when necessary. Independent Directors are expected to attend at
least four Board meetings in a year. However, with the Board being
represented by Independent Directors from various parts of the world,
it may not be possible for each one of them to be physically present
at all the meetings. Hence, we use video / teleconferencing facilities
to enable their participation. Committees of the Board usually meet
the day before the formal Board meeting, or whenever the need arises
for transacting business. Six Board meetings were held during the
year ended March 31, 2013. These were held on April 13, 2012;
June 9, 2012 (coinciding with the Annual General Meeting of the
shareholders); July12, 2012; September10, 2012; October12, 2012,
and January11, 2013.
Attendance of Directors during fiscal 2013
Name of the Director No. of meetings
Held Attended
K.V.Kamath 6 6
S.Gopalakrishnan 6 5
S.D.Shibulal 6 6
DeepakM.Satwalekar 6 6
Dr.Omkar Goswami 6 5
Sridar A. Iyengar
(1)
6 3
DavidL.Boyles 6 5
Prof. Jeffrey S. Lehman 6 5
R.Seshasayee 6 5
Ravi Venkatesan 6 6
AnnM.Fudge 6 5
Srinath Batni 6 6
V.Balakrishnan 6 6
Name of the Director No. of meetings
Held Attended
Ashok Vemuri 6 4
B.G.Srinivas 6 6
Notes : All the above Directors, except R.Seshasayee, attended the Annual General
Meeting held on June9, 2012

(1)
SridarA.Iyengar retired from the Board on August13, 2012
Availability of information to Board members
The Board has unfettered and complete access to any information
within the Company, and to any of our employees. At Board meetings,
managers who can provide additional insights into the items being
discussed are invited.
Regular updates provided to the Board include :
Annual operating plans and budgets, capital budgets and updates
Quarterly results of our operating divisions or business segments
Minutes of meetings of audit, compensation, nominations, risk
management and investor grievance committees, as well as abstracts
of circular resolutions passed
The Board minutes of the subsidiary companies
General notices of interest received from Directors
Dividend data
Information on recruitment and remuneration of senior officers
just below the Board level, including appointment or removal of
the CFO and Company Secretary, if any
Materially important litigations, show-cause, demand, prosecution
and penalty notices
Fatal or serious accidents, dangerous occurrences, and issues
related to material effluents or pollution
Any materially relevant defaults in financial obligations to and by us
Any issue that involves possible public or product liability claims
of a substantial nature
Details of joint ventures, acquisitions of companies, or collaboration
agreements
Transactions that involve substantial payments toward goodwill,
brand equity or IP
Any significant development involving human resources
management
Sale of a material nature, or of investments, subsidiaries and assets,
which are not in the normal course of business
Details of foreign exchange exposure and the steps taken by the
Management to limit risks of adverse exchange rate movement
Non-compliance to any regulatory, statutory or listing requirements,
as well as to shareholder services, such as non-payment of dividend
and delays in share transfer
Discussion with Independent Directors
The Board's policy is to regularly have separate meetings with
Independent Directors, to update them on all business-related issues
and new initiatives. At such meetings, the Executive Directors and
other members of the Management make presentations on relevant
issues.
In addition, our Independent Directors meet periodically at an
executive session that does not have any of the Executive Directors or
members of the Management in attendance.
Materially significant related party transactions
There have been no materially significant related party transactions,
monetary transactions or relationships between the Company
and Directors, the Management, subsidiaries or relatives, except
for those disclosed in the financial statements for the year ended
March31,2013.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
74 | Corporate governance report
C. Board committees
Currently, the Board has five committees : the audit committee,
compensation committee, nominations committee, investor grievance
committee and risk management committee. All committees consist
entirely of Independent Directors.
The Board, in consultation with the nominations committee, is
responsible for constituting, assigning, co-opting and fixing terms
of service for committee members. It delegates these powers to the
nominations committee.
The Chairperson of the Board, in consultation with the Company
Secretary and the committee chairperson, determines the frequency
and duration of the committee meetings. Normally, all the committees
meet four times a year. Recommendations of the committees are
submitted to the entire Board for approval.
The quorum for meetings is either two members or one-third of the
members of the committee, whichever is higher.
1. Audit committee
Our audit committee (the committee) comprises three Independent
Directors :
DeepakM.Satwalekar, Chairperson
R.Seshasayee
Ravi Venkatesan
The Company Secretary acts as the Secretary to the Committee.
In India, we are listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and the
National Stock Exchange (NSE). We are also listed on the New York
Stock Exchange (NYSE), NYSE Euronext Paris and the NYSE Euronext
London stock exchanges. In India, Clause 49 of the Listing Agreement
makes it mandatory for listed companies to adopt an appropriate
audit committee charter. The Blue Ribbon Committee set up by
the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) recommends
that every listed company adopt an audit committee charter. This
recommendation has also been adopted by the NYSE.
The primary objective of the committee is to monitor and provide
an effective supervision of the Management's financial reporting
process, to ensure accurate and timely disclosures, with the highest
levels of transparency, integrity and quality of financial reporting. The
committee oversees the work carried out in the financial reporting
process by the Management, the internal auditors and the independent
auditor, and notes the processes and safeguards employed by each of
them. The committee has the ultimate authority and responsibility
to select, evaluate and, where appropriate, replace the independent
auditor in accordance with the law. All possible measures must be
taken by the committee to ensure the objectivity and independence
of the independent auditor.
The audit committee charter is available on our website, www.infosys.com
Audit committee attendance during fiscal 2013
Four audit committee meetings were held during the year on April12,
2012; July11, 2012; October11, 2012, and January10, 2013.
No. of meetings
Held Attended
DeepakM.Satwalekar 4 4
Sridar A. Iyengar
(1)
4 2
R.Seshasayee 4 4
Ravi Venkatesan 4 4
(1)
Ceased to be a member of the committee with effect from August13, 2012
Audit committee report for the year ended March31, 2013
Each member of the committee is an Independent Director, according
to the definition laid down in the audit committee charter, and Clause
49 of the Listing Agreement with the relevant Indian stock exchanges.
The Management is responsible for the Company's internal
control over financial reporting and the financial reporting
process. The independent auditors are responsible for performing
an independent audit of the Company's financial statements in
accordance with the generally accepted auditing standards, and for
issuing a report thereon. The committee's responsibility is to monitor
these processes. The committee is also responsible for overseeing
the processes related to the financial reporting and information
dissemination. This is to ensure that the financial statements are true,
fair, sufficient and credible. In addition, the committee recommends
to the Board of Directors the appointment of the Company's internal
and independent auditors.
In this context, the committee discussed with the Company's auditors
the overall scope and plans for the independent audit. The Management
represented to the committee that the Company's financial statements
were prepared in accordance with the Indian GAAP and International
Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International
Accounting Standards Board (IFRS). The committee discussed with
the auditors, in the absence of the Management (whenever necessary),
the Company's audited financial statements, including the auditors'
judgment about the quality, not just the applicability, of the accounting
principles, the reasonableness of significant judgment and the clarity
of disclosures in the financial statements.
The committee also discussed with the auditors other matters required
by the Statement on Auditing Standards No. 114, as amended (AICPA,
Professional Standards, Volume1. AU section 380) The auditor's
communication with those charged with governance, and by the
Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
Relying on the review and discussions conducted with the Management
and the independent auditors, the committee believes that the
Company's financial statements are fairly presented in conformity
with Indian GAAP and IFRS.
The committee has also reviewed the internal control over financial
reporting put in place to ensure that the accounts of the Company
are properly maintained and that the accounting transactions are in
accordance with prevailing laws and regulations. In conducting such
reviews, the committee found no material discrepancy or weakness in
the Company's internal control over financial reporting.
The committee also reviewed the financial policies of the Company
and expressed its satisfaction with the same.
The Company's auditors provided to the committee written
disclosures and a letter required by applicable requirements of the
Public Company Accounting Oversight Board regarding the auditor's
communications with the committee concerning independence, based
on which the committee discussed the auditors' independence with
both the Management and the auditors. After review, the committee
expressed its satisfaction on the independence of both the internal
and the independent auditors. Moreover, the committee considered
whether any non-audit services provided by the independent audit
firm could impair such auditors' independence, and concluded that
there were no such services provided.
The committee secured compliance on the affirmation of the Board
of Directors to the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and NYSE
Euronext, London and Paris under the relevant rules of the exchanges
on composition of the committee and independence of the committee
members, disclosures relating to non-independent members, financial
literacy and financial expertise of members, and a review of the audit
committee charter.
Based on the committee's discussion with the Management and the
auditors and the committee's review of the representations of the
Management and the report of the auditors to the committee, the
committee has recommended the following to the Board of Directors :
The audited abridged financial statements prepared as per Indian
GAAP of Infosys Limited for the year ended March 31, 2013 be
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Corporate governance report | 75
accepted by the Board of Directors as a true and fair statement of
the financial status of the Company.
The audited financial statements prepared as per Indian GAAP of
Infosys Limited for the year ended March31, 2013 be accepted by
the Board of Directors as a true and fair statement of the financial
status of the Company.
The audited consolidated financial statements prepared as per
Indian GAAP of Infosys Limited and its subsidiaries for the year
ended March31, 2013 be accepted by the Board of Directors as a
true and fair statement of the financial status of the Group.
The audited consolidated financial statements prepared in Indian
rupee as per IFRS of Infosys Limited and its subsidiaries for the year
ended March31, 2013 be accepted by the Board of Directors as a
true and fair statement of the financial status of the Group.
The audited consolidated financial statements prepared in U.S.
dollar as per IFRS of Infosys Limited and its subsidiaries for the
year ended March 31, 2013, upon adoption by this committee,
beaccepted by the Board of Directors as a true and fair statement
of the financial status of the Group and included in the Company's
Annual Report on Form 20-F, to be filed with the U.S. Securities
and Exchange Commission.
The committee has recommended to the Board of Directors the
re-appointment of M/s. B S R & Co., Chartered Accountants, as the
statutory auditors of the Company for the fiscal ending March 31,
2014, and that the necessary resolutions for appointing them as
auditors be placed before the shareholders. The committee has also
recommended to the Board of Directors the appointment of KPMG,
India, as independent auditors of the Company for the IFRS financial
statements, for the fiscal year ending March31, 2014.
The committee recommended the appointment of Singhvi, Dev &
Unni (SDU), Chartered Accountants, as the internal auditors of the
Company for the fiscal ending March 31, 2014, to review various
operations of the Company, and determined and approved the fees
payable to them. The committee has also issued a letter in line with
recommendation No. 9 of the Blue Ribbon Committee on audit
committee effectiveness, which is to be provided in the financial
statements prepared in accordance with IFRS in the Annual Report
on Form 20-F.
In conclusion, the committee is sufficiently satisfied that it has
complied with its responsibilities as outlined in the audit committee
charter.
Mumbai
April 11, 2013
Sd/-
DeepakM.Satwalekar
Chairperson
2. Compensation committee
Our compensation committee (the committee) comprises three
Independent Directors. They are :
AnnM.Fudge, Chairperson
DavidL.Boyles
Ravi Venkatesan
The purpose of the compensation committee of the Board shall be
to discharge the Boards responsibilities relating to compensation
of the Companys executive directors and senior management.
The committee has the overall responsibility of approving and
evaluating the compensation plans, policies and programs for
executive directors and senior management.
The committee shall annually review and approve for the CEO,
theExecutive Directors and Executive Council : (a) the annual base
salary; (b) the annual incentive bonus, including the specific goals
and amount; (c) equity compensation; (d) employment agreements,
severance arrangements, and change in control agreements /
provisions; and (e) any other benefits, compensation or arrangements.
The committee, in consultation with the CEO, shall review the
performance of all the Executive Directors each quarter or at such
intervals as may be necessary, on the basis of the detailed performance
parameters set for each of the Executive Directors at the beginning
of the year. The committee may also regularly evaluate the usefulness
of such performance parameters, and make necessary amendments.
The compensation committee charter is available on our website,
www.infosys.com
Compensation committee attendance during fiscal 2013
Four compensation committee meetings were held during the year
ended March31, 2013. These were held on April13, 2012; July12,
2012; October12, 2012, and January11, 2013.
No. of meetings
Held Attended
AnnM.Fudge 4 4
Ravi Venkatesan 4 4
DavidL.Boyles 4 4
Compensation committee report for the year ended
March31,2013
During the year, the committee reviewed the performance of all
whole-time Directors and members of the Executive Council based
on detailed performance parameters set for each of the whole-time
Directors and Executive Council members, and approved the
payment of individual performance incentives to each one of
them. The committee has also evaluated the usefulness of such
performance parameters and suggested necessary changes to the
same. The-committee believes that the compensation and benefits
are adequate to motivate and retain the senior officers of the Company.
During the same period, the committee reviewed compensation
models used in the company across geographies. Based on its review,
the committee recommended changes to the global compensation
model in the U.S. and the restructure of the salary components in
India. Further, the committee also decided to include Management
development in its charter.
Apart from the said disclosures, none of the Directors had a material
beneficial interest in any contract of significance to which the
Company or any of its subsidiaries were party, during the fiscal.
Bangalore
April11, 2013
Sd/-
AnnM.Fudge
Chairperson
3. Nominations committee
Our nominations committee (the committee) comprises three
Independent Directors :
Prof. Jeffrey S. Lehman, Chairperson
Ravi Venkatesan
AnnM.Fudge
The purpose of the nominations committee of the Board of Infosys
Limited is to oversee the Companys nomination process for the top-
level Management and specifically to identify, screen and review
individuals qualified to serve as Executive Directors, non-Executive
Directors and Independent Directors consistent with criteria approved
by the Board and to recommend, for approval by the Board, nominees
for election at the annual meeting of shareholders.
The nominations committee also makes recommendations to the
Board on candidates for (i) nomination for election or re-election by
the shareholders; and (ii) any Board vacancies that are to be filled by
the Board.
The nominations committee may act on its own in identifying potential
candidates, inside or outside the Company, or may act upon proposals
submitted by the Chairman of the Board. The committee will review
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
76 | Corporate governance report
and discuss all documents pertaining to candidates and will conduct
evaluation of candidates in accordance with a process that it sees fit
and appropriate, passing on the recommendations for the nomination
to the Board.
The committee coordinates and oversees the annual self-evaluation
of the performance of the Board and of Individual Directors in the
governance of the Company.
The nominations committee charter is available on our website,
www.infosys.com
Nominations committee attendance during fiscal 2013
Four committee meetings were held during the fiscal year ended
March31, 2013. These were held on April13, 2012; July12, 2012;
October12, 2012, and January11, 2013.
No. of meetings
Held Attended
Prof. Jeffrey S. Lehman 4 4
Ravi Venkatesan 4 4
AnnM.Fudge 4 4
Nominations committee report for the year ended
March31, 2013
The nominations committee believes that a sound succession planning
of the senior leadership is the most important ingredient for creating a
robust future for the Company. Therefore, the committee has adopted
a rigorous process to ensure that the Board selects the right candidates
for senior leadership positions.
During the year, the committee discussed the retirement of members
of the Board according to statutory requirements. As a third of the
members have to retire every year based on their date of appointment,
S. D. Shibulal, Srinath Batni, Deepak M. Satwalekar, Dr. Omkar
Goswami and R. Seshasayee will retire at the ensuing Annual
General Meeting. The committee considered their performance and
recommended that the shareholders consider the necessary resolutions
for the re-appointment of these members.
During the year, the committee also coordinated and oversaw the
annual performance self-evaluation of the Board and of individual
Directors in the governance of the Company.
Bangalore
April12, 2013
Sd/-
Prof. Jeffrey S. Lehman
Chairperson
4. Investor grievance committee
Our investor grievance committee (the committee) comprises three
Independent Directors :
Dr.Omkar Goswami, Chairperson
DeepakM.Satwalekar
Prof. Jeffrey S. Lehman
N. R. Ravikrishnan, Company Secretary, is the Compliance Officer.
Investor grievance committee attendance during fiscal 2013
The committee has the mandate to review and redress shareholder
grievances. Four committee meetings were held during the year ended
March31, 2013. These were held on April13, 2012; July12, 2012;
October12, 2012, and January11, 2013.
No. of meetings
Held Attended
Dr.Omkar Goswami 4 4
DeepakM.Satwalekar 4 4
Prof. Jeffrey S. Lehman 4 4
Investor grievance committee report for the year ended
March31, 2013
The committee expresses satisfaction with the Company's performance
in dealing with investor grievances, and in its share-transfer system.
The details of complaints resolved during the fiscal ended March31,
2013 are as follows :
Nature of complaints Received Resolved Closing
Dividend / Annual Report
related 619 619
It has also been noted that the shareholding in dematerialized mode
as on March31, 2013 was 99.76% (99.73% as of March31, 2012).
Bangalore
April12, 2013
Sd/-
Dr.Omkar Goswami
Chairperson
5. Risk management committee
Our risk management committee (the committee) comprises three
Independent Directors :
DavidL.Boyles, Chairperson
Dr.Omkar Goswami
R.Seshasayee
The purpose of the risk management committee (the committee) of
the Board of Infosys Limited shall be to assist the Board in fulfilling
its corporate governance in overseeing the responsibilities with
regard to the identification, evaluation and mitigation of operational,
strategic and external environment risks. The committee has overall
responsibility for monitoring and approving the risk policies and
associated practices of the Company. The risk management committee
is also responsible for reviewing and approving risk disclosure
statements in any public documents or disclosures.
The risk management committee charter is available on our website,
www.infosys.com
Risk management committee attendance during fiscal 2013
Four risk management committee meetings were held during the year
ended March31, 2013. These were held on April12, 2012; July11,
2012; October11, 2012, and January10, 2013.
No. of meetings
Held Attended
DavidL.Boyles 4 4
Dr.Omkar Goswami 4 4
R.Seshasayee 4 4
Sridar A. Iyengar
(1)
4 2
(1)
Ceased to be a member of the committee with effect from August13, 2012
Risk management committee report for the year ended
March31, 2013
The committee reviewed the Company's risk management practices
and activities on a quarterly basis. This included review of risks to the
achievement of key business objectives covering growth, profitability,
talent aspects, operational excellence and actions taken to mitigate
them. Further, the trend lines of top risks in terms of exposure,
risk levels, potential impact and progress of mitigation plans were
reviewed along with key operational risks. As per the scheduled
annual calendar, the committee reviewed risk management in the areas
of competitive position in key market segments, business momentum
relative to competition, talent supply chain and engagement,
information security, high risk projects, contracts management and
financial risks. The committee also reviewed the results of the annual
risk survey and discussed priorities of risk mitigation. The Committee
updated the Board on a regular basis regarding all aspects of risk
management.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Corporate governance report | 77
While acknowledging the very competitive and dynamic nature of
business environment, the committee believes that the Infosys Risk
Framework along with risk assessment, monitoring, mitigation and
reporting practices are adequate to effectively manage the foreseeable
material risks. In conclusion, the committee is sufficiently satisfied
that it has complied with its responsibilities as outlined in the risk
management committee charter.
Bangalore
April11, 2013
Sd/-
DavidL.Boyles
Chairperson
D. Management review and responsibility
Formal evaluation of officers
The compensation committee of the Board approves the compensation
and benefits for all Executive Board Members as well as members
of the Executive Council. Another committee, headed by the CEO,
reviews, evaluates and decides the annual compensation of our officers
from the level of Vice President upwards, excluding members of the
Executive Council.
Board interaction with clients, employees, institutional
investors, the government and the media
The Executive Co-Chairman, the CEO and Managing Director, and
the CFO handle all interactions with investors, the media and various
governments. The CEO and the Executive Co-Chairman manage most
of the interactions with clients and employees.
Risk management
We have an integrated approach to manage risks inherent in various
aspects of our business. More details are provided in the Risk
management report section of the Annual Report.
Management's discussion and analysis
A detailed report on this subject is provided in the Management's
discussion and analysis section of the Annual Report.
E. Shareholders
Disclosures regarding the appointment or
re-appointment of directors
According to the Articles of Association, one-third of the directors
retires by rotation, and, if eligible, seeks re-appointment at the
Annual General Meeting of shareholders. According to Article
122 of the Articles of Association, S. D. Shibulal, Srinath Batni,
Deepak M. Satwalekar, Dr. Omkar Goswami and R. Seshasayee
will retire in the ensuing Annual General Meeting. The Board has
recommended the re-appointment of all the retiring Directors.
Thedetailed profiles of all these Directors are provided in the Notice
convening the Annual General Meeting.
Communication to the shareholders
The quarterly reports are hosted on our website. The report contains
select financial data extracted from the audited financial statements
under the Indian GAAP, and unaudited financial statements under the
IFRS. The quarterly report, along with additional information, is also
posted on our website. Moreover, the quarterly/ annual results and
official news releases are generally published in The Economic Times,
The Times of India, Business Standard, Business Line, Financial Express
and Udayavani (a regional daily published from Bangalore). Quarterly
and annual financial statements, along with segmental information, are
also posted on our website. Earnings calls with analysts and investors
are broadcast live on the website and their transcripts are published on
the website thereafter. Any specific presentations made to analysts and
others are also posted on our website. The proceedings of the Annual
General Meeting are webcast live for shareholders across the world.
The video archives are also available on our website, www.infosys.com
Investor grievance and share transfer
We have a Board-level investor grievance committee to examine
and redress shareholders' and investors' complaints. The status
on complaints and share transfers is reported to the entire Board.
The details of shares transferred and the nature of complaints are
provided in the Shareholder information section of the Annual Report.
For shares transferred in physical form, the Company provides
adequate notice to the seller before registering the transfer of shares.
The share-transfer committee of the Company will meet as often as
required to approve share transfers. For matters regarding shares
transferred in physical form, share certificates, dividends, and
change of address, shareholders should communicate with Karvy
Computershare Private Limited, our registrar and share-transfer agent.
Their address is published in the Shareholder information section of
the Annual Report.
Share transactions in electronic form can be effected in a much
simpler and faster manner. After a confirmation of a sale / purchase
transaction from the broker, shareholders should approach the
depository participant with a request to debit or credit the account for
the transaction. The depository participant will immediately arrange
to complete the transaction by updating the account. There is no
need for a separate communication to the Company to register the
share transfer.
Details of non-compliance
There has been no instance of non-compliance with any legal
requirements, nor have there been any strictures imposed by any stock
exchange, SEBI or SEC, on any matters relating to the capital market
over the last three years.
Auditors' certificate on corporate governance
As required by Clause 49 of the Listing Agreement, the auditors'
certificate is given in the Annexure to the directors' report section in
the Annual Report.
CEO and CFO certification
As required by Clause 49 of the Listing Agreement, the CEO and CFO
certification is provided in the CEO and CFO certification section of
the Annual Report.
Code of conduct
In compliance with Clause 49 of the Listing Agreement, the Company
has adopted a Code of Conduct and Ethics (the code). This code is
applicable to the members of the Board, the Executive Council and all
employees of the Company and its subsidiaries. The Code of Conduct
is available on our website, www.infosys.com
All the members of the Board and the Executive Council, and senior
financial officers have affirmed compliance to the code as at March31,
2013. A declaration to this effect, signed by the CEO and the Managing
Director, and the CFO, is provided in the CEO and CFO certification
section of the Annual Report.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
78 | Corporate governance report
General body meetings
The details of the last three Annual General Meetings are as follows :
Financial year ended Date and time Venue Special resolution passed
March31, 2010 June12, 2010, at 3 p.m. IST Christ University Auditorium, Hosur Road, Bangalore, India None
March31, 2011 June11, 2011, at 3 p.m. IST Christ University Auditorium, Hosur Road, Bangalore, India None
March31, 2012 June9, 2012, at 3 p.m. IST Christ University Auditorium, Hosur Road, Bangalore, India Remuneration in the
form of commission to
nonExecutive Directors
The Board's policy is to have separate meetings regularly with
Independent Directors to update them on all business-related issues
and new initiatives. At such meetings, the Executive Directors and
other members of the senior Management share points of view and
leadership thoughts on relevant issues.
We also facilitate the continual education requirements of our
Directors. Each Director is entitled to a training fee of US $5,000
per annum. Independent Directors are allowed to attend educational
programs in the areas of Board / corporate governance.
Mechanism for evaluating non-Executive Board
members
The Board evaluates the performance of non-Executive / Independent
Directors through a peer-evaluation process every year. Each Board
member makes a presentation to the Board highlighting their
contributions and thought leadership initiatives pursued during the
year. A scale of 1 to 3 is used by every Board member during the
evaluation of each of the external Board members.
Independent Directors have three key roles governance, control and
guidance. Some of the performance indicators based on which the
Independent Directors are evaluated include :
Ability to contribute to and monitor our corporate governance
practices
Ability to contribute by introducing international best practices to
address top-management issues
Active participation in long-term strategic planning
Commitment to the fulfillment of a Director's obligations and
fiduciary responsibilities; these include participation at the Board
and committee meetings
Whistleblower policy
In April 2012, the Board adopted the revised Whistleblower Policy
that adopts global best practices. We have established a mechanism
for employees to report concerns about unethical behavior, actual or
suspected fraud, or violation of our Code of Conduct or Ethics policy.
It also provides for adequate safeguards against the victimization of
employees who avail of the mechanism, and allows direct access to the
Chairperson of the audit committee in exceptional cases. We further
affirm that no employee has been denied access to the audit committee.
F. Compliance with the corporate
governance codes
Corporate Governance Voluntary Guidelines, 2009
The Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Government of India, published
the Corporate Governance Voluntary Guidelines in 2009. These
guidelines encourage the use of better practices through voluntary
adoption, which not only serve as a benchmark for the corporate
sector but also help them in achieving the highest standards of
corporate governance. These guidelines provide corporate India a
framework to govern themselves voluntarily according to the highest
standards of the ethical and responsible conduct of business. The
Ministry hopes that the adoption of these guidelines will also translate
into a much higher level of stakeholders' confidence, which is crucial
Compliance with non-mandatory requirements of
Clause 49 of the Listing Agreement
Clause 49 of the Listing Agreement (the Clause) mandates us to
obtain a certificate from either the auditors or practicing Company
Secretaries regarding the compliance to conditions of corporate
governance as stipulated in the Clause, and annex the certificate with
the Directors' report, which is sent annually to all our shareholders.
We have obtained a certificate to this effect, which is provided as
an Annexure to the directors' report. The Clause further states that
the non-mandatory requirements may be implemented as per our
discretion. However, the disclosures of compliance with mandatory
requirements, and the adoption (and compliance) / non-adoption of
the non-mandatory requirements shall be made in this section of the
Annual Report.
We comply with the following non-mandatory requirements :
The Board
Independent Directors may have a tenure not exceeding, in
the aggregate, a period of nine years on our Board. None of the
Independent Directors on our Board has served for a tenure exceeding
nine years from the date when the new Clause 49 became effective.
Remuneration committee
We have instituted a compensation committee. A detailed note on
the compensation / remuneration committee is provided under the
Compensation committee section in this report.
Shareholders' rights
The Clause states that a half-yearly declaration of financial
performance, including a summary of the significant events in the
last six months, may be sent to each shareholder.
We communicate with investors regularly through mail, telephone
and face-to-face meetings either at investor conferences, Company
visits or on roadshows.
We also leverage the internet in communicating with our investor base.
We generally announce quarterly financial results within two weeks
of the close of a quarter. After the announcement of the quarterly
financial results, a business television channel in India telecasts a live
discussion with our Management. This enables a large number of
retail shareholders in India to understand our operations better. The
announcement of quarterly results is followed by media briefings on
several television channels, press conferences and earnings conference
calls. The earnings calls are webcast live on the internet so that
information is available to all at the same time. Further, transcripts of
the earnings calls are posted on our website, www.infosys.com, within
a week.
Training of Board members
All new non-Executive Directors inducted into the Board are given
an orientation. Presentations are made by various Executive Directors
and senior Management giving an overview of our operations, to
familiarize the new non-Executive Directors with the operations.
The new non-Executive Directors are given an orientation on our
services, group structure and subsidiaries, Constitution, Board
procedures, matters reserved for the Board, and our major risks and
risk managementstrategy.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Corporate governance report | 79
to ensuring the long-term sustainability of and value-generation by
businesses. The guidelines broadly focus on areas such as Board of
Directors, responsibilities of the Board, audit committee functions,
roles and responsibilities, the appointment of auditors, compliance
with secretarial standards, and a mechanism for whistleblower
support. We substantially comply with the Corporate Governance
Voluntary Guidelines.
Revised Clause 49 of the Listing Agreement
SEBI, with a view to improving corporate governance standards in
India and enhancing the transparency and integrity of the market,
constituted a committee on corporate governance under the
chairmanship of N.R.Narayana Murthy. The committee issued two
sets of recommendations : the mandatory recommendations and the
non-mandatory recommendations.
SEBI has incorporated the recommendations made by the
N. R. Narayana Murthy Committee on corporate governance
in Clause 49. A revised Clause 49 was made effective from
January1,2006. We fully comply with the revised Clause 49 of the
Listing Agreement.
Naresh Chandra Committee
Following instances of irregularities involving auditors in the U.S.
and India, the Government of India, by an order dated August 21,
2002, constituted a high-level committee under the chairmanship of
Naresh Chandra to examine the auditor-company relationship and
to regulate the role of auditors. Chapters 2, 3 and 4 of the Naresh
Chandra Committee report are relevant to us. We comply with these
recommendations.
Kumar Mangalam Birla Committee
SEBI appointed a committee on corporate governance on May 7,
1999, under the chairmanship of Kumar Mangalam Birla, to promote
and raise the standards of corporate governance. SEBI adopted the
recommendations of the committee on January25, 2000. We comply
with these recommendations.
Euroshareholders Corporate Governance
Guidelines2000
Euroshareholders is the confederation of European shareholders
associations, constituted to represent the interests of individual
shareholders in the European Union. The guidelines are based on the
general principles of corporate governance issued by the Organization
for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 1999, but
are more specific and detailed. Subject to the statutory regulations in
force in India, we comply with these recommendations.
We comply with the findings and recommendations of the Conference
Board Commission on Public Trust and Private Enterprises in the U.S.
The Conference Board Commission on Public Trust and Private
Enterprises was convened to address the circumstances which led
to corporate irregularities and the subsequent decline of confidence
in the American capital markets. The commission addressed three
key areas executive compensation, corporate governance, and
audit and accounting issues, and issued its first set of findings
and recommendations. We substantially comply with these
recommendations.
OECD Principles of Corporate Governance
The governments of the 30 countries in the OECD have recently
approved a revised version of the OECD's Principles of Corporate
Governance, adding new recommendations for good practice in
corporate behavior with a view to rebuilding and maintaining
public trust in companies and stock markets. We comply with
these recommendations. A detailed compliance report, with the
recommendations of various committees listed in this section, is
available on our website, www.infosys.com
United Nations Global Compact (UNGC)
Announced by the then United Nations Secretary-General, Kofi Annan,
at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, in January1999,
and formally launched at the UN Headquarters in July2000, the UNGC
calls on companies to embrace 10 principles in the areas of human
rights, labor standards and environment. TheUNGC is a value-based
platform designed to promote institutional learning. It utilizes the
power of transparency and dialogue to identify and disseminate good
practices based on universal principles. The 10 principles are drawn
from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International
Labor Organization's Fundamental Principles on Rights at Work, and
the Rio Principles on Environment and Development.
The UNGC recommends that companies embrace, support and enact,
within their sphere of influence, a set of core values in the areas of
human rights, labor standards, the environment and anti-corruption.
According to these principles, businesses should :
Support and respect the protection of internationally-proclaimed
human rights
Ensure that they are not complicit in human rights abuses
Uphold the freedom of association and the effective recognition of
the right to collective bargaining
Support the elimination of all forms of forced and compulsory labor
Support the effective abolition of child labor
Eliminate discrimination with respect to employment and
occupation
Support a precautionary approach to environmental challenges
Undertake initiatives to promote greater environmental
responsibility
Encourage the development and diffusion of environment-friendly
technologies
Work against corruption in all its forms, including extortion and
bribery
Source : www.unglobalcompact.org
On August27, 2001, we adopted the United Nations Global Compact
policy and became a partner with the United Nations in this initiative.
A strong sense of social responsibility is an integral part of our value
system. We adhere to the principles of the UNGC and continue
to report our progress to UNGC's (communication on progress)
framework.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
80 | Shareholder information
Corporate
Infosys was incorporated in Pune, in 1981, as Infosys Consultants Private
Limited, a private limited company under the Indian Companies Act,
1956. We changed our name to Infosys Technologies Private Limited
in April 1992, and to Infosys Technologies Limited in June 1992,
when we became a public limited company. We made an initial public
offering in February1993 and were listed on stock exchanges in India
in June1993. Trading opened at ` 145 per share, compared to the IPO
price of ` 95 per share. In October1994, wemade a private placement
of 5,50,000 shares at ` 450 each to Foreign Institutional Investors (FIIs),
Financial Institutions (FIs) and body corporates.
In March 1999, we issued 20,70,000 American Depositary Shares
(ADSs) (equivalent to 10,35,000 equity shares of par value of
` 10/- each) at US$34 per ADS under the ADS Program, and the same
were listed on the NASDAQ National Market. All the above data is
unadjusted for the issue of stock split and bonus shares. In July2003,
June2005 and November2006, we successfully completed secondary
ADR issues of US$294 million, US$1.1 billion and US$1.6 billion
respectively.
During fiscal 2012, we changed our name from Infosys Technologies
Limited to Infosys Limited to mark the shift from being a technology
solutions provider to a business transformation partner for our clients.
During fiscal 2013, we withdrew the listing of our ADSs from
NASDAQ, and listed the same in the New York Stock Exchange
(NYSE), London and Paris Stock Exchanges. The delisting and listing
is made to leverage the NYSE-Euronext partnership which are home
to many of our investors, clients and employees. This will empower
our investor base and increase the trading window available for our
global investors. We believe this will help support our aspirational and
strategic goals to grow the Company.
The address of our registered office is Electronics City, Hosur Road,
Bangalore 560 100, Karnataka, India.
Bonus issues and stock split
Fiscal 1986 1989 1991 1992 1994 1997 1999 2005 2007
Bonus 1:1 1:1 1:1 1:1 1:1 1:1 1:1 3:1 1:1
Note : In addition to issue of bonus shares, the Company split the stock in the ratio of
2for1 in fiscal2000.
Dividend policy
The dividend policy is to distribute up to 30% of the consolidated
Profit After Tax (PAT) of the Infosys group as dividend.
Unclaimed dividend
Section 205 of the Companies Act, 1956, mandates that companies
transfer dividend that has been unclaimed for a period of seven years
from the unpaid dividend account to the Investor Education and
Protection Fund (IEPF). In accordance with the following schedule,
the dividend for the years mentioned as follows, if unclaimed within
a period of seven years, will be transferred to the IEPF :
Year Type of
dividend
Dividend
per share
(`)
Date of
declaration
Due date
for transfer
Amount
(`)
(1)
2006 Final
(2)
38.50 Jun 10, 06 Jul 9, 13 14,43,981
2007 Interim 5.00 Oct 11, 06 Nov 10, 13 6,08,925
Final 6.50 Jun 22, 07 Jul 21, 14 8,52,174
2008 Interim 6.00 Oct 11, 07 Nov 10, 14 10,38,306
Final
(3)
27.25 Jun 14, 08 Jul 13, 15 26,86,354
2009 Interim 10.00 Oct 11, 08 Nov 10, 15 20,01,480
Final 13.50 Jun 20, 09 Jul 25, 16 18,96,194
2010 Interim 10.00 Oct 09, 09 Nov 14, 16 16,88,850
Final 15.00 Jun 12, 10 Jul 17, 17 22,97,040
Shareholder information
Year Type of
dividend
Dividend
per share
(`)
Date of
declaration
Due date
for transfer
Amount
(`)
(1)
2011 Interim
(4)
40.00 Oct 15, 10 Nov 20, 17 36,44,720
Final 20.00 Jun 11, 11 Jul 16, 18 27,22,660
2012 Interim

15.00 Oct 12, 11 Nov 17, 18 22,57,860
Final
(5)
32.00 June9,12 July14, 19 36,03,040
2013 Interim

15.00 Oct 12, 12 Nov 17, 19 24,21,945
(1)
Amount unclaimed as at March31, 2013.
(2)
Includes silver jubilee special dividend of ` 30/- per share.
(3)
Includes special dividend of ` 20/- per share.
(4)
Includes 30th year special dividend of ` 30/- per share.
(5)
Includes special dividend of ` 10/- per share on the successful completion of 10 years of
Infosys BPO operations.
The Company sends periodic communication to the concerned
shareholders, advising them to lodge their claims with respect to
unclaimed dividend. Shareholders are cautioned that once unclaimed
dividend is transferred to the IEPF, no claim shall lie in respect thereof
with the Company.
Dividend remitted to IEPF during the last three years
Fiscal Amount (`)
2013 5,47,274
2012 14,57,330
2011 4,48,296
Investor services
Tentative calendar
Quarter
ending
Earnings release Quiet period
June30, 2013 July12, 2013 Jun 15, 2013 to Jul 14, 2013
Sep 30, 2013 October11, 2013 Sep 16, 2013 to Oct 13, 2013
Dec 31, 2013 January14, 2014 Dec 16, 2013 to Jan 16, 2014
Mar 31, 2014 April15, 2014 Mar 15, 2014 to Apr 17, 2014
Annual General Meeting
Date and time June15, 2013, Saturday, 3:00 p.m. IST
Venue The Christ University Auditorium,
Hosur Road, Bangalore 560 029
Book closure dates June1, 2013 to June15, 2013 (both
days inclusive)
Dividend payment date June17, 2013
Investor awareness
Maintaining the highest standards of corporate governance is not a
matter of mere form, but of substance. In continuation of our efforts in
that direction, we have provided a synopsis of some of your rights and
responsibilities as a shareholder on our website, www.infosys.com. We
encourage you to visit our website and read the document. We hope
that the document will give you appropriate guidance, though in brief,
on any questions regarding your rights as a shareholder.
Dematerialization of shares and liquidity
Infosys shares are tradable compulsorily in the electronic form,
and, through Karvy Computershare Private Limited, Registrars and
Share Transfer Agents, we have established connectivity with both
the depositories, that is, National Securities Depository Limited
(NSDL) and Central Depository Services (India) Limited (CDSL).
TheInternational Securities Identification Number (ISIN) allotted to
our shares under the Depository System is INE009A01021.
As at March 31, 2013, 99.76% of our shares were held in a
dematerialized form and the rest in a physical form.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Shareholder information | 81
We were the first company in India to pay a one-time custodial fee of
` 44.43 lakh to NSDL. Consequently, our shareholders do not have
to pay depository participants, the custodial fee charged by NSDL on
their holding.
Shares held in demat and physical mode as at March 31, 2013 are
as follows :
Category Number of % to total
equity shareholders shares
Demat mode
NSDL 3,25,565 56,74,00,085 98.81
CDSL 89,830 54,55,019 0.95
Total 4,15,395 57,28,55,104 99.76
Physical mode 449 13,81,062 0.24
Grand total 4,15,844 57,42,36,166 100.00
To enable us to serve our investors better, we request shareholders
whose shares are in the physical mode to dematerialize their shares
and update their bank accounts with the respective depository
participants.
Secretarial audit
As a measure of good corporate governance practice, the Board of Directors
of the Company appointed Parameshwar G. Hegde, Practicing Company
Secretary, to conduct Secretarial Audit of records and documents of the
Company. The Secretarial Audit Report confirms that the Company has
complied with all the applicable provisions of the Companies Act, 1956,
Depositories Act, 1996, Listing Agreements with the Stock Exchanges,
and all the Regulations and Guidelines of the Securities and Exchange
Board of India (SEBI) as applicable to the Company. The audit also covers
the reconciliation on a quarterly basis, the total admitted capital with
NSDL and CDSL, and the total issued and listed capital. The audit has
confirmed that the total issued/ paid up capital is in agreement with the
aggregate total number of shares in physical form and the total number of
dematerialized shares held with NSDL and CDSL. Further, the Company
voluntarily adheres to the various Secretarial Standards issued by the
Institute of Company Secretaries of India.
Investor complaints
Nature of complaints Received Attended
2013 2012 2013 2012
Dividend/ Annual
Report related 619 571 619 571
We attended to most of the investors' grievances/ correspondences
within a period of 10 days from the date of receipt of such grievances.
The exceptions have been for cases constrained by disputes or legal
impediments.
Designated e-mail address for investor services
In terms of Clause 47 (f) of the Listing Agreement, the designated
e-mail address for investor complaints is investors@infosys.com
Legal proceedings
There are certain pending cases related to disputes over title to shares
in which we had been made a party. However, these cases are not
material in nature.
Shareholders holding more than 1% of the shares
The details of shareholders (non-founders) holding more than 1% of
the equity as at March31, 2013 are as follows :
Name of the shareholder No. of shares %
Life Insurance Corporation of India
(1)
3,42,33,932 5.96
Abu Dhabi Investment Authority
(2)
1,28,05,232 2.23
Oppenheimer Developing Markets Fund
(2)
1,22,13,462 2.13
Franklin Templeton Investment Funds
(2)
1,04,46,667 1.82
Vanguard Emerging Markets Stock Index
Fund
(2)
98,11,452 1.71
Aberdeen Global Indian Equity Fund
Mauritius Limited
(2)
92,50,000 1.61
HDFC Trustee Company Ltd
(3)
90,67,090 1.58
Government of Singapore
(2)
79,56,790 1.39
ICICI Prudential Life Insurance Company
Limited
(1)
74,35,168 1.29
Aberdeen Global Emerging Markets Equity
Fund
(2)
70,66,073 1.23
The Aberdeen Emerging Markets
Institutional Fund
(2)
61,71,515 1.07
(1)
Insurance company
(2)
Foreign institutional investor
(3)
Indian mutual fund
Distribution of shareholding as at March31, 2013
Range of equity
shares held
No. of
shareholders
% No. of shares %
1 16,978 4.08 16,978 0.00
2-10 1,93,831 46.61 12,78,676 0.22
11-50 1,35,506 32.59 35,98,999 0.63
51-100 31,014 7.46 24,44,867 0.43
101-200 15,062 3.62 22,89,391 0.40
201-500 9,579 2.30 31,72,435 0.55
501-1,000 5,206 1.25 38,56,845 0.67
1,001-5,000 5,483 1.32 1,26,61,065 2.20
5,001-10,000 1,247 0.30 89,06,936 1.55
10,001 and above 1,937 0.47 46,51,26,757 81.00
Total 4,15,843 100.00 50,33,52,949 87.66
Equity shares
underlying ADS 1 0.00 7,08,83,217 12.34
Total 4,15,844 100.00 57,42,36,166 100.00
Share transfers in physical form
Shares sent for physical transfer are effected after giving a 15-day
notice to the seller for confirmation of the sale. Our share transfer
committee meets as often as required. The total number of shares
transferred in physical form during the year was 300 as against 19,922
for the previous year.
Listing on stock exchanges
Codes India Global
NSE BSE NYSE
Exchange INFY 500209 INFY
Reuters INFY.NS INFY.BO INFY.N
Bloomberg NINFO IN INFO IN INFY:US
The listing fees for fiscal 2014 have been paid for all of the above stock
exchanges in India and overseas.
ISIN Code for ADS : US4567881085
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
82 | Shareholder information
Stock market data relating to shares listed in India and NYSE
Our market capitalization is included in the computation of the BSE-30 Sensitive Index (Sensex), the BSE Dollex, the S&P CNX NIFTY Index,
and NYSE. The monthly high and low quotations, as well as the volume of shares traded at the BSE, the NSE, NASDAQ and NYSE for the current
year are provided as follows :
Shareholding pattern
Category March31, 2013 March31, 2012
Shareholders
(No.)
Voting
strength (%)
Number of
shares held
Shareholders
(No.)
Voting
strength (%)
Number of
shares held
Founders holding
Indian founders 19 16.04 9,20,85,078 19 16.04 9,20,85,078
Total founders holding (A) 19 16.04 9,20,85,078 19 16.04 9,20,85,078
Public shareholding
Institutional investors
Mutual funds 358 5.42 3,11,47,526 323 4.69 2,69,24,474
Banks, financial institutions and
insurance companies 215 12.09 6,94,45,010 220 11.88 6,81,94,570
Foreign institutional investors 800 40.52 23,26,53,231 928 39.02 22,40,73,032
Others
Private corporate bodies 2,993 0.59 33,63,588 3,531 0.54 30,79,221
Indian public 4,03,766 11.17 6,41,53,228 4,46,862 12.97 7,44,66,566
NRIs/ OCBs/ foreign nationals 7,641 1.28 73,64,106 8,213 0.87 50,44,665
Trusts 50 0.55 31,41,180 42 0.52 29,99,073
Qualified foreign investor 1 0 2
Total public shareholding (B) 4,15,824 71.62 41,12,67,871 4,60,138 70.49 40,47,81,601
Equity shares underlying ADS (C) 1 12.34 7,08,83,217 1 13.47 7,73,63,322
Total (A + B + C) 4,15,844 100.00 57,42,36,166 4,60,139 100.00 57,42,30,001
Stock market data Exchanges in India
BSE NSE Total volume
High (`) Low (`) Volume (No.) High (`) Low (`) Volume (No.) (BSE & NSE)
(No.)
2012
April 2,855.20 2,311.95 60,73,636 2,858.45 2,310.90 4,59,90,610 5,20,64,246
May 2,484.35 2,311.85 24,63,698 2,482.90 2,311.30 2,36,30,377 2,60,94,075
June 2,520.05 2,387.80 20,66,903 2,522.55 2,385.60 1,79,16,376 1,99,83,279
July 2,501.10 2,125.00 38,53,791 2,499.40 2,123.80 3,13,61,268 3,52,15,059
August 2,471.50 2,205.85 14,83,070 2,477.20 2,205.75 1,66,41,279 1,81,24,349
September 2,632.80 2,338.45 15,06,129 2,632.10 2,339.45 1,86,75,519 2,01,81,648
October 2,609.10 2,328.85 37,80,056 2,609.65 2,329.60 2,75,10,851 3,12,90,907
November 2,469.15 2,294.10 19,31,437 2,470.65 2,296.30 1,51,84,570 1,71,16,007
December 2,436.00 2,264.55 15,18,515 2,439.15 2,266.25 2,08,85,052 2,24,03,567
2013
January 2,814.65 2,307.60 41,25,812 2,814.65 2,308.85 4,19,05,688 4,60,31,500
February 2,960.10 2,754.65 14,50,250 2,959.80 2,755.25 1,82,21,663 1,96,71,913
March 3,004.75 2,853.40 12,47,340 3,004.35 2,852.75 2,00,26,320 2,12,73,660
Total
(1)
3,004.75
(1)
2,125.00 3,15,00,637
(1)
3,004.35
(1)
2,123.80 29,79,49,573 32,94,50,210
Volume traded/ average
outstanding shares (%) FY 2013 6 59 65
FY 2012 7 65 72
FY 2011 6 52 58
Notes : The number of shares outstanding is 50,33,52,949. ADSs have been excluded for the purpose of this calculation.

(1)
Represents yearly high and yearly low of equity shares.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Shareholder information | 83
Stock market data NASDAQ
High ($) Low ($) High (`) Low (`) Volume (No.)
2012
April 57.60 45.66 3,037.82 2,408.11 49,543,826
May 47.61 42.10 2,670.44 2,361.39 40,462,771
June 45.06 42.18 2,506.24 2,346.05 40,197,544
July 46.05 38.17 2,562.68 2,124.16 49,061,662
August 43.64 39.24 2,423.33 2,179.00 32,815,053
September 48.72 42.20 2,575.34 2,230.69 36,647,338
October 49.65 42.67 2,671.67 2,296.07 53,647,092
November 44.66 41.71 2,423.70 2,263.60 38,231,639
December
(1)
44.03 41.46 2,421.65 2,280.30 37,377,484
Total 377,984,409
Notes : 1 ADS = 1 equity share. The U.S.dollar have been converted into the Indian rupee at the monthly closing rates. The number of ADSs outstanding as at March31, 2013 was
70,883,217.

(1)
Quotations for the month ended December31, 2012 include quotations for ADS traded on the NASDAQ Global Select market till December11, 2012, and NYSE from
December12, 2012. There are no trades in NYSE Euronext London and Paris stock exchanges since admission to trading on the February20, 2013.
Stock market data NYSE Euronext, New York
High ($) Low ($) High (`) Low (`) Volume (No.)
2013
January 53.02 42.52 2,822.25 2,263.34 59,486,096
February 54.58 51.12 2,967.51 2,779.39 35,487,828
March 55.06 52.21 2,989.21 2,834.48 31,224,735
Total
(1)
57.60
(1)
38.17
(1)
3,037.82
(1)
2,124.16 126,198,659
Notes : 1 ADS = 1 equity share. The U.S.dollar have been converted into the Indian rupee at the monthly closing rates. The number of ADSs outstanding as at March31, 2013 was
70,883,217. The percentage of volume traded for the year (377,984,409 + 126,198,659 = 504,183,068) at all the stock exchanges overseas, namely the NASDAQ and NYSE, to
the total float was 711.29% as against 619.85% in the previous year.
The Company began trading of its ADSs on NYSE Euronext's London and Paris markets on February20, 2013. The Paris listing is on the NYSE Euronext Paris Professional
Segment and is addressed to qualified investors.
There were no trades on the ADS stock in the NYSE Euronext London and Paris stock exchanges since the admission to trading on the February20, 2013 till March31,2013.
Hence quotes are not available.

(1)
Represents yearly high and yearly low of ADS
ADS premium compared to price quoted on BSE
Outstanding ADSs
Our ADS as evidenced by American Depositary Receipts (ADRs) are traded in the U.S. on the NYSE Euronext at New York, London and Paris
under the ticker symbol INFY. The currency of trade of ADS in the U.S. is USD and at London and Paris is Euro (EUR). Each equity share is
represented by one ADS. The ADRs evidencing ADSs began trading on the NYSE, New York, from December12, 2012, and NYSE Euronext
London and Paris from February20, 2013, when they were listed pursuant to the Listing Agreement entered with the NYSE. As at March31,2013,
there were 32,479 record holders of ADRs evidencing 7,08,83,217 ADSs (1 ADS = 1 equity share).
3,500
3,000
2,500
2,000
1,500
1,000
500
0
10.00
8.00
6.00
4.00
2.00
0
(2.00)
(4.00)
10.00
8.00
6.00
4.00
2.00
0
(2.00)
(4.00)
ADR (`)
Equity (`)
Premium (%)
Apr 12
3,038
2,855
6.41
May 12
2,670
2,484
7.49
Jun 12
2,506
2,520
(0.56)
Jul 12
2,563
2,501
2.48
Aug12
2,423
2,472
(1.98)
Sep12
2,575
2,633
(2.20)
Oct 12
2,672
2,609
2.41
Nov 12
2,424
2,469
(1.82)
Dec 12
2,422
2,436
(0.57)
Jan 13
2,822
2,815
0.25
Feb 13
2,968
2,960
0.27
Mar 13
2,989
3,005
(0.53)
(`) (%)
Note : Based on monthly high prices
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
84 | Shareholder information
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Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Shareholder information | 85
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Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
86 | Shareholder information
Investor contacts
For queries relating to financial statements
Rajiv Bansal
Chief Financial Officer
Tel. : 91 80 2852 1705 Fax : 91 80 2852 0754
Email : rajivbansal@infosys.com
For queries relating to shares/ dividend/ compliance
N. R. Ravikrishnan
Company Secretary and Compliance Officer
Tel. : 91 80 4116 7750 Fax : 91 80 2852 0754
Email : Ravikrishnan_nr@infosys.com
Investor correspondence in India
Gargi Ray
Assistant Financial Controller
Tel. : 91 80 4116 7747 Fax : 91 80 2852 0754
Email : gargi_ray@infosys.com
Investor correspondence in the U.S.
Sandeep Mahindroo
Principal Investor Relations
Tel. : 1 646 254 3133 Fax : 1 646 254 3101
Email : sandeep_mahindroo@infosys.com
Registrar and share-transfer agents
Karvy Computershare Private Limited
Registrars and Share Transfer Agents
Plots No. 17 to 24, Near Image Hospital
Vittalrao Nagar, Madhapur
Hyderabad 500 081, India
Tel. : 91 40 2342 0818
91 40 4465 5000
Fax : 91 40 2342 0814
Email : einward.ris@karvy.com
Depository bank (ADS)
Addresses of regulatory authority/ stock exchanges
Depository for equity shares in India
United States
Deutsche Bank Trust Company Americas
Trust & Securities Services
60 Wall Street, 27th Floor
MS# NYC60-2727
New York, NY 10005, U.S.
Tel. : 1 212 250 1905 Fax : 1 212 797 0327
India
Deutsche Bank AG
Trust & Securities Services
222, Dr. D. N. Road, Kodak House
1st Floor, Fort, Mumbai 400 001, India
Tel. : 91 22 6658 4380 89 Fax : 91 22 2207 9614
In India
Securities and Exchange Board of India
Plot No. C4-A, G Block, Bandra Kurla Complex
Bandra (East), Mumbai 400 051
Tel. : 91 22 2644 9000
91 22 4045 9000
Fax : 91 22 2644 9016 20
91 22 4045 9016 20
National Stock Exchange of India Limited
Exchange Plaza, Plot No. C/1, G Block
Bandra Kurla Complex
Bandra (East), Mumbai 400 051
Tel. : 91 22 2659 8100 Fax : 91 22 2659 8237
Bombay Stock Exchange Limited
Phiroze Jeejeebhoy Towers
Dalal Street, Mumbai 400 001
Tel. : 91 22 2272 1233 Fax : 91 22 2272 2041
National Securities Depository Limited
Trade World, A Wing, 4th and 5th Floors
Kamala Mills Compound
Senapathi Bapat Marg, Lower Parel
Mumbai 400 013
Tel. : 91 22 2499 4200 Fax : 91 22 2497 6351
Custodian in India (ADS)
ICICI Bank Limited
Securities Market Services
Empire Complex, F7/ E7 First Floor
414, Senapati Bapat Marg, Lower Parel
Mumbai 400 013, India
Tel. : 91 22 6667 2030/ 2026 Fax : 91 22 6667 2740/ 2779
Sponsor Bank for ADS in Europe
BNP Paribas Securities Services
CTS-Services Aux Emetteurs
Les Grands Moulins De Pantin
75450 Paris Cedex 09, France
Tel : 33 1 57 43 19 46 Fax : 33 57 53 86 24
Outside India
New York
NYSE Euronext, New York
11 Wall Street
New York, NY 10005
Tel. : 1 212 656 3000 Fax : 1 212 656 5549
London
NYSE Euronext, London
Cannon Bridge House
1 Cousin Lane
London EC4R 3XX
Tel. : 44 20 7623 0444
Paris
NYSE Euronext, Paris
39 rue Cambon
F 75039 Paris Cedex 01
Tel. : 33 1 49 27 10 00
Central Depository Services (India) Limited
Phiroze Jeejeebhoy Towers, 17th Floor
Dalal Street, Fort, Mumbai 400 001
Tel. : 91 22 2272 3333 Fax : 91 22 2272 3199
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Global presence | 87
Asia Pacific
Global presence Infosys Limited
Hong Kong
01-03, 66/F, The Center,
99 Queen's Road Central, Hong Kong
Tel. : 852 3965 3350
Fax : 852 3965 3222
Japan
Izumi Garden Wing 2F, 1-6-3, Roppongi,
Minato-ku, Tokyo 106 0032
Tel. : 81 3 5545 3251
Fax : 81 3 5545 3252
Regus Hirokoji Garden Avenue Center
4th FL. Hirokoji Garden Avenue 4-24-16
Meieki Nakamura-ku, Nagoya city,
Aichi Japan 450-0002
Tel. : 81 52 856 9535
Fax : 81 52 856 9501
Malaysia
Merak Block, Suite B
Persiaran Multimedia
1st Floor, Cyberjaya,
Kuala Lumpur 63000, Malaysia.
Tel. : 60 383 203 829
Level 13A -1, Mercu UEM
Jalan Stesen Sentral 5,
Kuala Lumpur Sentral,
Kuala Lumpur 50470.
Tel. : 60 03 2772 1200
Mauritius
4th Floor, B Wing
Ebne Cyber Towers, Reduit, Mauritius
Tel. : 230 401 9200
Fax : 230 464 1318
New Zealand
Auckland
Level 7, 92 Albert Street
Auckland NZ 1010, PO Box 91397
Victoria St West, Auckland NZ 1142
Tel. : 64 9 301 9900
Fax : 64 9 365 1713
Wellington
Level 7, 16 Willis Street, PO Box
11289 Manners Street, Wellington,
New Zealand.
Tel. : 64 4 470 9300
Fax : 64 4 472 4616
Singapore
04-01/06, 1 Changi Business Park
Crescent, Singapore 486025
Tel. : 65 6572 8400
Fax : 65 6572 8405
Level 43, Unit 02,
Suntec Tower 2, 9 Temasek Blvd
Singapore 038989
Tel. : 65 6572 8400
Fax : 65 6572 8400
United Arab Emirates
Dubai
506 and 805, Liberty House, DIFC
P. O. Box 506846, Dubai
Tel. : 971 4 508 0200
Fax : 971 4 508 0225
Sharjah
Z3 Office 11, SAIF Zone
P. O. Box 8230, Sharjah
Tel. : 971 6 557 1068
Fax : 971 6 557 3768
Europe
Belgium
Regus Park Atrium 11,
Rue des Colonies / Kolonienstraat
B 1000 Brussels
Tel. : 32 2 517 62 30
Fax : 32 2 517 67 00
Czech Republic
Regus Business Center
Prague Stock Exchange
Rybna Street 682 / 14, 11005 Prague 1
Tel. : 420 222 191 387
Fax : 420 222 191 700
Denmark
Regus Copenhagen, Larsbjoernsstraede 3
1454 Copenhagen
Tel. : 45 33 3772 94
Fax : 45 33 3243 70
Finland
Regus Mannerheimintie 12 B
00100 Helsinki
Tel. : 358 925 166 239
Fax : 358 925 166 100
France
Paris
Tour Opus 12, 4th Floor
77 Esplanade du Gnral de Gaulle
92 914 Paris La Defense 9
Tel. : 33 1 56 39 12 00
Fax : 33 1 56 39 12 01
Toulouse
7, Avenue Didier Daurat, 2nd Floor,
Blagnac, 31700 Toulouse
Tel. : 33 5 34 50 92 77
Fax : 33 5 34 50 91 90
Germany
Frankfurt
OpernTurm, 22. Stock,
Bockenheimer Landstrasse 2,
60323 Frankfurt am Main
Tel. : 49 (0)69 269566 100
Fax : 49 (0)69 269566 200
Munich
Landsberger Strasse 155
80687 Muenchen, Germany
Tel. : 49 89 57959 131
Fax : 49 89 57959 200
Stuttgart
Liebknechtstrasse 33,
D 70565 Stuttgart
Tel. : 49 711 7811 570
Fax : 49 711 7811 571
Walldorf
Partner Port
Altrottstr. 31, 69190 Walldorf
Tel. : 49 6227 73 4350
Fax : 49 6227 73 4359
Ireland
Regus Pembroke House
30 Pembroke Street, Upper Dublin 2
Tel. : 353 1 234 2470
Fax : 353 1 234 2575
Italy
Infosys Limited Regus,
Via Torino 2, 20123, Milano, Italy
Tel. : 39 02 7254 6456
Fax : 39 02 7254 6400
Norway
Regus Business Center
Ibsen AS, C. J. Hambrosplass 2C
1st Floor, Oslo 0164
Tel. : 47 22 99 60 42
Fax : 47 22 99 60 10
Russia
4/430, 4. Lesnoy Pereulok,
Moscow 125047
Tel. : 7 495 642 8710
Fax : 7 495 225 8500
Spain
CUZCO IV
Paseo de la Castellana 141-8
28046, Madrid
Tel. : 34 91 572 6584
Fax : 34 91 572 6606
Sweden
Stureplan 4C, 4tr
114 35, Stockholm
Tel. : 46 8 463 1112
Fax : 46 8 463 1114
Switzerland
Basel
Regus Basel City Center
Innere Margarethenstrasse 5,
4051 Canton of Basel,
Tel. : 41 61 204 4545
Fax : 41 61 204 4500
Geneva
18, Avenue Louis-Casai
1209 Geneva
Tel. : 41 22 747 7894
Fax : 41 22 747 7900
Zurich
Prime Tower
Hardstrasse 201
8005 Zrich
Tel. : 41 44 448 28 00
Fax : 41 44 448 28 80
The Netherlands
World Trade Center
H-Tower, 23rd Floor
Zuidplein 190
1077 XV Amsterdam
Tel. : 31 20 796 5500
Fax : 31 20 796 5501
Regus World Trade Center,
H Tower 4th Floor, Zuidplein 36,
1077 XV Amsterdam
Tel. : 31 207997800
Fax : 31 207965501
United Kingdom
London
14th and 15th Floor
10 Upper Bank Street
Canary Wharf
London E 14 5NP
Tel. : 44 20 7715 3300
Fax : 44 20 7715 3301
Swindon
Regus
Windmill Hill Business Park,
Whitehill Way, Swindon,
Wiltshire, SN5 6QR, U.K.
Tel. : 44 1793 441 453
Fax : 44 2077 153 301
India
Bangalore
Electronics City, Hosur Road
Bangalore 560 100
Tel. : 91 80 2852 0261
Fax : 91 80 2852 0362
Bagmane Constructions Pvt. Ltd SEZ,
Mahadevpura, Doddanekundi Village,
Krishnarajpuram Hobli,
Bangalore East Taluk
Bangalore 560048
Tel : 91 80 33613970
Fax : 91 80 33613091
Infosys Center Point
Offshore Development Center
Plot No. 26A, Electronics City,
Hosur Road, Bangalore 560 100
Tel. : 91 80 2852 0261
Fax : 91 80 2852 0362
Manipal Center
N 403 and 405, North block
Dickenson Road,
Bangalore 560042
Tel : 91 80 25592088
Fax : 91 80 25592087
Reddy Building
K 310, 1st Main, 5th Block,
Koramangala, Bangalore 560 095
Tel. : 91 80 2553 2591
Fax : 91 80 2553 0391
Salarpuria Infozone
3rd and 4th Floor, Wing A, No. 39(pt),
41(pt) and 42(pt)
Electronics City, Hosur Road
Bangalore 560 100
Tel. : 91 80 2852 0261
Fax : 91 80 2852 0362
Bhubaneswar
Plot No. E / 4, Info City
Bhubaneswar 751 024
Tel. : 91 674 232 0032
Fax : 91 674 232 0100
Chandigarh
Block A and B, Ground Floor
DLF Building, Plot No. 2
Rajiv Gandhi Technology Park
Kishangarh, Chandigarh 160 101
Tel. : 91 172 502 1100
Fax : 91 172 504 6222
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
88 | Global presence
Plot No. 1
Rajiv Gandhi Technology Park
Kishangarh, Chandigarh 160 101
Tel. : 91 172 503 8000
Fax : 91 172 504 6860
Chennai
138 Old Mahabalipuram Road
Sholinganallur, Chennai 600 119
Tel. : 91 44 2450 9530
Fax : 91 44 2450 0390
Mahindra Industrial Park
TP 1/1, Central Avenue
Techno Park SEZ, Mahindra World City
Natham Sub Post, Chengelpet
Kancheepuram District
Chennai 603 002
Tel. : 91 44 4741 1111
Fax : 91 44 4741 5151
Gurgaon
Infosys Limited, 7th Floor, Tower-B
Unitech Cyber Park, Gurgaon 122001
Tel. : 91 124 3922000
Fax : 91 124 4004356
Hyderabad
Survey No. 210, Manikonda Village
Lingampally, Rangareddy (Dist.)
Hyderabad 500 032
Tel. : 91 40 6642 0000
Fax : 91 40 2300 5223
SEZ Survey No. 41(pt), 50(pt) Pocharam
Village, Singapore Township PO,
Ghatkesar Mandal, Rangareddy District,
Hyderabad 500088
Tel. : 91 40 40600000
Fax : 91 40 66341356
Jaipur
3rd and 4th floor, Building No. 1
Plot No. IT-A-001-A1, Mahindra World
City (SEZ) Village Kalwara, Tehsil
Sanganer Jaipur Ajmer Road District
Jaipur, Rajasthan 302037
Tel. : 91 141 395 6000
Fax : 91 141 395 6100
Mangalore
Kuloor Ferry Road, Kottara
Mangalore 575 006
Tel. : 91 824 245 1485
Fax : 91 824 245 1504
Kamblapadavu
Kurnad Post, Pajeeru Village
Bantwal Taluk 574 153
Dakshina Kannada (Dist.)
Tel. : 91 824 228 4492
Fax : 91 824 228 4491
Mumbai
85, C, Mittal Towers, 8th Floor,
Nariman Point, Mumbai 400 021
Tel. : 91 22 2284 6490
Fax : 91 22 2284 6489
Mysore
No. 350, Hebbal, Electronics City,
Hootagalli, Mysore 570 027
Tel. : 91 821 240 4101
Fax : 91 821 240 4200
Pune
Plot No. 1, Rajiv Gandhi Infotech Park,
Hinjewadi, Taluka Mulshi, Pune 411 057
Tel. : 91 20 2293 2800
Fax : 91 20 2293 2832
Plot No. 24/2 and 24/3
Rajiv Gandhi Infotech Park
Phase II, Village Maan
Taluka Mulshi, Pune 411 057
Tel. : 91 20 3982 7000
Fax : 91 20 3982 8000
Thiruvananthapuram
3rd Floor, Bhavani Technopark
Thiruvananthapuram 695 581
Tel. : 91 471 398 2222
Fax : 91 471 270 0889
Plot No. 1, Technopark Campus II, Attipara
Village, Trivandrum Bypass Road,
Thiruvananthapuram 695 581
Tel. : 91 471 398 2222
Fax : 91 471 270 0889
Global presence Infosys Limited (contd.)
North America
Canada
Calgary
Suite 1000, 888, 3rd Street SW
Bankers Hall, West Tower
Calgary, AB T2P 5C5
Tel. : 1 403 444 6896
Fax : 1 403 444 6699
Montreal
1000 de la Gauchetiere Street West
Suite 2400
Montreal QC Canada H3B 4W5
Tel. : 1 514 448 2157, 1 514 448 7471
Fax : 1 514 448 5101
Toronto
5140 Yonge Street, Suite 1400 Toronto
Ontario, M2N 6L7
Tel. : 1 416 224 7400
Fax : 1 416 224 7449
United States
Atlanta
3200 Windy Hill Road
Suite 100-W, Atlanta, GA 30339
Tel. : 1 770 799 1860
Fax : 1 770 799 1861
Bellevue
3326 160th Avenue SE
Suite 300, Bellevue, WA 98008
Tel. : 1 425 256 6200
Fax : 1 425 256 6201
Bentonville
2700 SE S Street, Suite 200
Bentonville, AR 72712
Tel. : 1 479 271 4600
Fax : 1 479 271 4601
Bridgewater
400 Crossing Boulevard
Suite 101, Bridgewater, NJ 08807
Tel. : 1 908 450 8200
Fax : 1 908 450 8201
Charlotte
13777 Ballantyne Corporate PL
Suite 250, Charlotte, NC 28277
Tel. : 1 704 972 0320
Fax : 1 704 972 0311
Delaware
1000 N West Street
Suite 1200, Wilmington, DW 19801
Tel. : 1 302 295 4910
Fax : 1 302 295 4801
Fremont
6607 Kaiser Drive
Fremont, CA 94555
Tel. : 1 510 742 3000
Fax : 1 510 742 3090
Hartford
95 Glastonbury Blvd
Glastonbury, CT 06033
Tel. : 1 860 494 4139
Fax : 1 860 494 4140
Houston
6002 Rogerdale, Suite 550
Houston, Texas 77072
Tel. : 1 281 493 8698
Fax : 1 281 493 8601
Jacksonville (Regus)
841 Prudential Drive, 12th Floor
Jacksonville, FL 32207
Tel. : 1 904 371 1900
Fax : 1 904 371 1901
Lisle
2300 Cabot Drive
Suite 250, Lisle, Illinois 60532
Tel. : 1 630 482 5000
Fax : 1 630 505 9144
Milwaukee
10850 West Park Plaza
Suite 800
Milwaukee, WI 53224
Tel. : 1 414 353 4888
Fax : 1 414 353 4548
Minneapolis
80 South, 8th Street
Suite 900
Minneapolis, MN 55402
Tel. : 1 612 349 5258
Fax : 1 510 248 2022
New York
630 Fifth Avenue
Suite 1600, Rockefeller Center
New York, NY 10111
Tel. : 1 646 254 3100
Fax : 1 646 254 3101
Phoenix
10835 N 25th Avenue
Suite 200, Phoenix
AZ 85029
Tel. : 1 480 655 3598
Fax : 1 480 655 3501
Plano
6100, Tennyson Parkway
Suite 200, Plano
TX 75024
Tel. : 1 469 229 9400
Fax : 1 469 229 9598
Quincy
Two Adams Place
Quincy, MA 02169
Tel. : 1 781 356 3100
Fax : 1 781 356 3150
Reston
12021 Sunset Hills Road
Suite 340, Reston, VA 20190
Tel. : 1 703 234 3798
Fax : 1 703 234 3701
Rockville
800 King farm Boulevard
Suite-505
Rockville, MD 20850
Tel. : 301 354 8600
Fax : 301 354 8601
Southfield
3000 Town Center
Suite 2850
Southfield, MI 48075
Tel. : 1 248 603 4300
Fax : 1 248 208 3315
South Africa
Johannesburg
West Towers, 2nd Floor, Maude Street
Sandton, Johannesburg, 2195
South Africa
Tel. : 27 11 881 5600
Fax : 27 11 881 5611
India (contd.)
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Global presence | 89
Infosys BPO Limited
Infosys Technologies (Australia) Pty. Limited
Infosys Technologies (China) Co. Limited
Australia Melbourne
Level 5, 818, Bourke Street
Docklands VIC 3008, P. O. Box 528
Collins Street
West Melbourne VIC 8007
Tel. : 61 3 9860 2000
Fax : 61 3 9860 2999
Canada Toronto
5140, Yonge Street, Suite 1400
Toronto ON M2N 6L7
Tel. : 416 224 7400
Fax : 416 224 7449
Costa Rica San Jose
Building N Piso 2, Forum 2, Lindora,
Santa Ana San Jose, 10901 Costa Rica
Tel. : 506 2542 3701
India Bangalore
Electronics City, Hosur Road
Bangalore 560 100
Tel. : 91 80 2852 2405
Fax : 91 80 2852 2411
Salarpuria Infozone
Wing A, No. 39(pt), 41(pt) and 42(pt)
Electronic City, Hosur Road
Bangalore 560100
Tel. : 91 80 4067 0035
Fax : 91 80 4067 0034
Australia
Brisbane
Level 14, 116 Adelaide Street,
Brisbane QLD 4000
Tel. : 61 7 3231 9800
Fax : 61 7 3231 9899
Beijing
Unit 1501, Central Tower, China
Overseas Plaza, No. 8 GuanghuaDongli,
Jianguomenwai Avenue,
Chaoyang District, Beijing, China
Tel. : 010 57335000
Fax : 010 57335001
Infosys Consulting India
Limited
India
Plot No.26-A, Ground Floor
Electronic City, Hosur Road,
Bangalore 560 100
Tel. : 91 80 6688 1144
Fax : 91 80 6688 2140
Infosys Technologies
(Shanghai) Co. Limited
Room 401, 501, Building 5
No. 555 Dong Chuan Road,
Min Hang District, Shanghai, China
Tel. : 86 21 58842003
27, SJR Towers
Bannerghatta Road, J. P. Nagar, III Phase,
Bangalore 560 078
Tel. : 91 80 5103 2000
Fax : 91 80 2658 8676
India Chennai
Temple Steps 6th and 7th Floor
No. 184, Annasalai Saidapet
Chennai 600 015
Tel. : 91 44 6600 7000
Fax : 91 44 6600 7005
Unit of Ramanujam IT city SEZ,
Hardy towers, 3rd and 4th floor,
TRIL infopark ltd, Taramani,
Rajivgandhi Salai (OMR)
Chennai - 600113.
Tel. : 91 44 66855111
Fax : 91 44 66855107
India Gurgaon
7th floor Tower A, B and C
Building No. 6, DLF Cyber City
Developer Limited
Special Economic Zone
Sector 24 and 25 DLF PH-3, Gurgaon
Tel. : 91 124 4583 700
Fax : 91 124 4583 701
Melbourne (Head Office)
Level 5, 818 Bourke Street
Docklands VIC 3008
P. O. Box 528, Collins Street,
West Melbourne VIC 8007
Tel. : 61 3 9860 2000
Fax : 61 3 9860 2999
Dalian
10/F, Ascendas Software Park Phase 2,
No. 7, Hui Xian Yuan
Dalian Hi-tech Industrial Zone
Dalian, China
Tel. : 86 411 39981001
Infosys Public
Services Inc.
Plano
6100, Tennyson Parkway
Suite 200, Plano, TX 75024
Tel. : 1 469 229 9400
Fax : 1 469 229 9598
Infosys Technologies S. de
R. L. de C. V.
Mexico
Corporativo Santa Maria
Boulevard Diaz, Ordaz Numero 130
Monterrey, Mexico CP 64650
Tel. : 521 81 8850 9300
Fax : 521 81 8850 9301
India Jaipur
Plot No. E-142-143, Chatrala Circle,
Sitapura Industrial Area
Jaipur 302022
Tel. : 91 141 2771 325
Fax : 91 141 2771 325
IT-A-001
Mahindra World City
Special Economic Zone
Village Kalwara, Tahsil Sanganer
Jaipur 302029
Tel. : 91 141 3956 000
Fax : 91 141 3956 100
India Pune
Plot No. 1, Building No. 4
Pune Infotech Park, Hinjewadi,
Taluka Mulshi, Pune 411 057
Tel. : 91 20 2293 2900
Fax : 91 20 2293 4540
Plot No. 24/2 and 24/3
Rajiv Gandhi Infotech Park
Phase II, Village Maan
Taluka Mulshi, Pune 411 057
Tel. : 91 20 2293 2800
Fax : 91 20 2293 4540
Melbourne (Lonsdale Street)
Level 21, 150 Lonsdale Street
Melbourne VIC 3000
P. O. Box 528, Collins Street West
Melbourne VIC 8007
Tel. : 61 3 9860 2000
Fax : 61 3 9860 2997
Hangzhou
Bldg A2, No. 301 Binxing Road Binjiang
District, Hangzhou 310052
Tel. : 86 571 87930030
Fax : 86 571 87930001
Nanjing
Room 1807, 281 North Zhongshan
Road, Gulou District Nanjing, China
Infosys Tecnologia do
Brasil Ltda
Brazil
Rua Da Paisagem, 220
Edificio Lumiere, Andar : 5 E 6
Vila Da Serra, Nova Lima
Minas Gerais - CEP 34.000-000, Brazil
Tel. : 55 31 33068900
Fax : 55 31 33068901
Infosys Technologies
(Sweden) AB
Stureplan 4C, 4tr
114 35, Stockholm
Tel. : 46 8 463 1112
Fax : 46 8 463 1114
Philippines
2nd and 3rd Floor
Trade Hall Metro, Market, Bonifacio
Global City, Fort Bonifacio Taguig City
Metro Manila, Philippines
Tel. : 632 729 1111
Fax : 632 729 1111
5th, 6th, 7th and 12th Floor
Site 3, Vector 2 Building,
Northgate Cyberzone,
Filinvest Corporate City,
Alabang, Muntinlupa City, Philippines
Tel. : 632 823 0000
Fax : 632 823 0000
United Kingdom
14th Floor, 10 Upper Bank Street,
Canary Wharf, London E14 5NP
Tel. : 44 20 7715 3388
Fax : 44 20 7715 3301
United States Atlanta
3200 Windy Hill Rd, Suite 100-W
Atlanta, GA 30339
Tel. : 770 799 1958
Fax : 770 799 1861
United States Bridgewater
400 Crossing Boulevard
1st Floor, Bridgewater, NJ 08807
Tel. : 1 908 450 8209
Fax : 1 908 842 0284
Sydney
Level 3, 77 Pacific Highway
P. O. Box 1885
North Sydney NSW 2055
Tel. : 61 2 8912 1500
Fax : 61 2 8912 1555
Shanghai
Bldg A, No. 6, 3158 Long Dong Avenue,
Zhangjiang Hi-tech Park,
Shanghai 201203
Tel. : 86 21 58843000
Fax : 86 21 58843001
Global presence Subsidiaries of Infosys Limited
Lodestone Holding AG
Obstgartenstrasse 27, Kloten
Postfach 201, Kloten
8058 Zurich, Switzerland
Tel. : 41 44 434 11 00
Fax : 41 44 434 11 01
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
90 | Global presence
Global presence Subsidiaries of Infosys Limited (contd.)
Lodestone Management Consultants AG
Obstgartenstrasse 27, Kloten
Postfach 201, Kloten
8058 Zurich, Switzerland
Tel. : 41 44 434 11 00
Fax : 41 44 434 11 01
Lodestone Management Consultants AG
Innere Margarethenstrasse 5, 5th floor
4051 Basel, Switzerland
Tel. : 41 61 204 45 45
Fax : 41 61 204 45 00
Lodestone Management Consultants SAS
153, boulevard Haussmann
75008 Paris, France
Lodestone Management
Consultants GmbH
Parkring 2
85748 Garching b. Mnchen, Germany
Tel. : 49 89 30 76 67 60
Fax : 49 89 30 76 67 6 99
Lodestone Management Consultants Pty.
Limited
Suite 35: The Upper Deck
Jones Bay Wharf
PO Box 67, 26-32 Pirrama Road
Pyrmont NSW 2009, Australia
Tel. : 61 2 8571 8300
Fax : 61 2 9571 6933
Lodestone Management
Consultants Pty. Ltd
Level 12, 459 Little Collins Street
Melbourne, VIC 3000, Australia
Tel. : 61 3 9606 2700
Lodestone Management Consultants B.V.
Winthontlaan 200, 3526 KV Utrecht
P.O. Box 85183
3508 AD Utrecht, Netherlands
Tel. : 31 30 750 8998
Fax : 31 30 289 8560
Lodestone Management
Consultants sp. z o.o.
ul. Klecinska 125
54-413 Wroclaw
Poland
Tel. : 48 71 798 57 10
Fax : 48 71 798 57 11
Lodestone Management
Consultants GmbH
Enenkelstrasse 26
1160 Vienna, Austria
Lodestone Management
Consultants Portugal,
Unipessoal LDA
Rua Rodrigo da Fonseca 82, 2.
Esquerdo
1250-193 Lisboa
Portugal
Lodestone Management Consultants
(Belgium) S.A.
Industriepark Dobbelenberg,
Metrologielaan 10
1130 Brussels, Belgium
Tel. : 32 2 609 55 30
Fax : 32 2 609 55 40
SC Lodestone Management
Consultants S.R.L.
12D Samuil Vulcan Street
Bulding A, 5th District,
051702 Bucharest, Romania
Tel. : 40 21 202 31 36
Fax : 40 21 202 31 00
Lodestone Management
Consultores Ltda
Rua Quintana, n 887
3o. Andar, CEP : 04569-011, So Paulo,
Brazil
Tel. : 55 11 5102 4252
Fax : 55 11 5102 3776
Lodestone Management Consultants
(Canada) Inc.
2425 Matheson Blvd E
8th Floor, Mississauga, ON,
Canada L4W 5K4
Tel. : 1 905 361 6400
Lodestone Management
Consultants China Co., Ltd.
Room 2301, Lu Jia Zui Plaza, 1600
Century Avenue
Pu Dong District, Shanghai 200122,
China
Tel. : 86 21 6035 5200
Fax : 86 21 6035 5211
Lodestone Management Consultants Inc.
5 Concourse Parkway, Suite 3027
Atlanta, GA 30328, U.S.
Tel. : 1 770 391 2100
Fax : 1 770 391 2101
Lodestone Management
Consultants s.r.o.
Klimentsk 46, 110 02 Prague 1
Czech Republic
Tel. : 420 222 191 211
Fax : 420 222 191 200
Creative concept and design by Communication Design Group, Infosys.
2013 Infosys Limited, Bangalore, India. Infosys acknowledges the proprietary rights in the trademarks and product names of other companies mentioned in this report.
Subsidiaries of Infosys BPO Limited
Subsidiaries of Lodestone Holding AG
Infosys BPO s.r.o
Czech Republic
Holandsk - 872/9, 9,63900, Brno
Tel. : 420 515 914 600
Fax : 420 543 236 349
Infosys BPO Poland Sp. Z.o.o.
Pomorska 106A
91-402 Lodz
Tel. : 48 42 278 15 00
Fax : 48 42 278 15 01
UL. Gdanska 47
90-729 Lodz, Poland
Tel. : 48 42 291 82 05
Fax : 48 42 291 80 73
McCamish Systems LLC
6425 Powers Ferry Road, 3rd Floor
Atlanta, GA 30339
Tel. : 1 770 690 1500
Fax : 1 770 690 1800
500 SW 7th St Suite 200
Des Moines, IA 50309
Tel. : 1 515 365 1236
Fax : 1 515 365 0236
Portland Group Pty. Limited
Brisbane
L18, Brisbane Club Tower
241 Adelaide Street
Brisbane QLD 4000 Australia
Tel. : 61 7 3009 8100
Fax : 61 7 3009 8123
Melbourne
Suite 602, 10 Yarra St
South Yarra VIC 3141 Australia
Tel. : 61 3 8825 3899
Fax : 61 3 8825 3898
Perth
Level 1, 99 St Georges Terrace
Perth WA 6000 Australia
Tel. : 61 8 9254 9313
Fax : 61 8 9254 9388
Sydney
Level 8, 68 Pitt St
Sydney NSW 2000 Australia
Tel. : 61 2 9210 4399
Fax : 61 2 9210 4398
Subsidiary of Portland Group Pty. Limited
Portland Procurement Services Pty.
Limited
Sydney
Level 8, 68 Pitt St
Sydney NSW 2000 Australia
Tel. : 61 2 9210 4399
Fax : 61 2 9210 4398
Infosys Limited
Regd. Office : Electronics City, Hosur Road
Bangalore 560 100, India
Tel. : 91 80 2852 0261
Fax : 91 80 2852 0362
www.infosys.com
April12, 2013
Dear member,
You are cordially invited to attend the thirty-second Annual General Meeting of the members to be held on Saturday,
June15,2013 at 3:00 p.m. IST at the Christ University Auditorium, Hosur Road, Bangalore 560 029, Karnataka, India.
The Notice of the meeting, containing the business to be transacted, is enclosed herewith.
Attendees who are differently-abled and require assistance at the Annual General Meeting are requested to contact :
Charles Henry Hawkes
Vice President and Regional Head Facilities
Infosys Limited,
Electronics City, Hosur Road
Bangalore 560 100, India
Tel.: 91 80 2852 0261 Ext.: 2250
Mobile : 91 98450 15990
Very truly yours,
K.V.Kamath
Chairman of the Board
Enclosure : Notice
ii
Notes
1. A member entitled to attend and vote at the AGM is entitled to
appoint a proxy to attend and vote in the meeting and the proxy
need not be a member of the Company.
2. The instrument appointing the proxy must be deposited at the
registered office of the Company not less than 48 hours before
the commencement of the meeting.
3. Members / proxies should bring the duly filled Attendance Slip
attached herewith to attend the meeting.
4. The Register of Directors' Shareholding, maintained under Section
307 of the Companies Act, 1956, will be available for inspection
by the members at the AGM.
5. The Register of Contracts, maintained under Section 301 of the
Companies Act, 1956, will be available for inspection by the
members at the registered office of the Company.
6. The Register of Members and Share Transfer Books will remain
closed from June1, 2013 to June15, 2013 (both days inclusive).
7. The certificate from the Auditors of the Company certifying that
the Company's 1998 Stock Option Plan and 1999 Stock Option
Plan are being implemented in accordance with SEBI Guidelines,
1999 (Employees Stock Option Scheme and Employees Stock
Purchase Scheme), and in accordance with the resolution of
the members passed at the general meeting will be available for
inspection by the members at the AGM.
8. Subject to the provisions of Section 206A of the Companies
Act, 1956, dividend as recommended by the Board of Directors,
ifdeclared at the meeting, will be paid on June17, 2013 to those
members whose names appear on the Register of Members as on
May31, 2013.
9. Members whose shareholding is in the electronic mode are
requested to inform change of address and updates of savings
bank account details to their respective depository participants.
Members are encouraged to utilize the Electronic Clearing System
(ECS) for receiving dividends.
10. Members are requested to address all correspondence, including
dividend matters, to the Registrar and Share Transfer Agents,
Karvy Computershare Private Limited, Plot No. 17 to 24, Near
Image Hospital, Vittalrao Nagar, Madhapur 414, Hyderabad
500081, India.
11. Members wishing to claim dividends, which remain unclaimed,
are requested to correspond with the Company Secretary, at the
Company's registered office. Members are requested to note that
dividends not encashed or claimed within seven years from the
date of transfer to the Company's Unpaid Dividend Account, will,
as per Section 205A of the Companies Act, 1956, be transferred
to the Investor Education and Protection Fund.
12. Infosys is concerned about the environment and utilizes
natural resources in a sustainable way. Recently, the Ministry
of Corporate Affairs (MCA), Government of India, through its
Circular Nos.17/2011 and 18/2011, dated April21, 2011 and
April29, 2011 respectively, permitted companies to send official
documents to their shareholders electronically as part of its green
initiatives in corporate governance.
Recognizing the spirit of the circular issued by the MCA, we
are sending documents like the Notice convening the general
meetings, Financial Statements, Directors' Report, Auditors' Report,
etc., to the email address provided by you with your depositories.
We request you to update your email address with your depository
participant to ensure that the annual report and other documents
reach you on your preferred email account.
Notice
Notice is hereby given that the thirty-second Annual General Meeting
(AGM) of the members of Infosys Limited will be held on Saturday,
June15, 2013, at 3:00 p.m. IST at the Christ University Auditorium,
Hosur Road, Bangalore 560 029, Karnataka, India, to transact the
following business :
Ordinary business
Item No. 1 Adoption of accounts
To receive, consider and adopt the Balance Sheet as at March31, 2013,
the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year ended on that date and
the Report of the Directors and the Auditors thereon.
Item No. 2 Declaration of dividend
To declare a final dividend for the financial year endedMarch31,2013.
Item No. 3 Re-appointment of S.D.Shibulal
To appoint a director in place of S.D.Shibulal, who retires by rotation
and, being eligible, seeks re-appointment.
Item No. 4 Re-appointment of Srinath Batni
To appoint a director in place of Srinath Batni, who retires by rotation
and, being eligible, seeks re-appointment.
Item No. 5 Re-appointment of DeepakM.Satwalekar
To appoint a director in place of DeepakM.Satwalekar, who retires
by rotation and, being eligible, seeks re-appointment.
Item No. 6 Re-appointment of Dr.Omkar Goswami
To appoint a director in place of Dr.Omkar Goswami, who retires by
rotation and, being eligible, seeks re-appointment.
Item No. 7 Re-appointment of R.Seshasayee
To appoint a director in place of R.Seshasayee, who retires by rotation
and, being eligible, seeks re-appointment.
Item No. 8 Appointment of auditors
To appoint auditors to hold office from the conclusion of this AGM
until the conclusion of the next AGM and to fix their remuneration
and to pass the following resolution thereof :
Resolved that B S R & Co., Chartered Accountants (firm registration
No. 101248W), be and are hereby re-appointed as the auditors
of the Company to hold office from the conclusion of this AGM
to the conclusion of the next AGM on such remuneration as may
be determined by the Board of Directors in consultation with the
auditors, and the remuneration may be paid on a progressive billing
basis to be agreed between the auditors and the Board of Directors.
Special business
Item No. 9 Appointment of LeoPuri as Director, liable
to retire by rotation
To consider and, if thought fit, to pass with or without
modification(s), the following as an ordinary resolution
Resolved that LeoPuri, who was appointed as an Additional Director
and who holds office until the date of this AGM pursuant to Section
260 of the Companies Act, 1956 and in respect of whom the Company
has received a notice in writing from a member under the provisions
of Section 257 of the Companies Act, 1956 proposing his candidature
for the office of a Director, be and is hereby appointed as a Director
to retire by rotation.
Registered office :
Electronics City, Hosur Road
Bangalore 560 100
India
Bangalore
April12, 2013
by order of the Board of Directors
for Infosys Limited
N. R. Ravikrishnan
Company Secretary
iii
Explanatory statement under Section
173 (2) of the Companies Act, 1956
Item No. 9
Leo Puri was appointed with effect from April 11, 2013, as an
Additional Director of the Company pursuant to Section 260 of the
Companies Act, 1956 (the Act), read with Article 114 of the Articles
of Association of the Company.
In terms of the provisions of Section 260 of the Act, LeoPuri will hold
office up to the date of the ensuing AGM. The Company has received
a notice in writing from a member along with a deposit of ` 500 for
proposing the candidature of LeoPuri for the office of a Director of the
Company under the provisions of Section 257 of the Act.
Leo Puri is not disqualified from being appointed as Director in
terms of Section 274 (1)(g) of the Act. The Company has received
the requisite Form DD-A from LeoPuri, in terms of the Companies
(Disqualification of Directors under Section 274 (1)(g) of the
Companies Act, 1956) Rules, 2003, confirming his eligibility for such
appointment.
No director, except Leo Puri, to whom the resolution relates, is
interested or concerned in the resolution.
The Board recommends the resolution for approval of the members.
Registered office :
Electronics City
Hosur Road
Bangalore 560 100
India
Bangalore
April12, 2013
by order of the Board of Directors
for Infosys Limited
N. R. Ravikrishnan
Company Secretary
Additional information on Directors
recommended for re-appointment
S.D.Shibulal
S.D.Shibulal is the co-founder, Member of the Board, Chief Executive
Officer and Managing Director of Infosys. Prior to becoming the CEO
and Managing Director, Shibu served as the Chief Operating Officer
between June2007 and August2011. Earlier, Shibu held a number
of senior leadership roles, including Head of Worldwide Sales and
Customer Delivery, Worldwide Head of Customer Delivery, and Head
of Infosys Manufacturing and Distribution, and Internet Consulting
practice.
As a co-founder of the Company, he was instrumental in the
development of Infosys' Global Delivery Model, which established a
new standard for the delivery of outsourced IT services and helped
set the stage for the Company's evolution into a leading multinational
business consulting and IT services provider.
As the CEO, Shibu is focused on strengthening strategic partnerships
with clients, increasing client relevance and evolving the Company's
business model towards achieving Infosys' aspirations of becoming
the next generation global consulting and IT services corporation.
Shibu is the Chair of the World Economic Forum's Global Agenda
Council on Emerging Multinationals and the Co-Chair of the
Confederation of Indian Industries (CII) National Committee on IT,
ITES and e-Commerce. He is a member of the Board of Trustees, the
International Advisory Board and the Metropolitan College Dean's
Advisory Board of Boston University. He is also a Board member of
the Foundation Globethics.net, the Seoul International Business
Advisory Council (SIBAC), The Leaders Council of the International
Business Leaders Forum and the Global Corporate Governance
Forum's Private Sector Advisory Group.
Shibu holds a Master's degree in Computer Science from Boston
University and a Master's degree in Physics from the University of
Kerala.
Companies (other than Infosys and its subsidiaries) in which
S.D.Shibulal holds directorship and committee memberships
Directorships
None
Chairperson of Board committees
None
Member of Board committees
None
Shareholding in the Company
S.D.Shibulal holds 24,69,711 equity shares of the Company.
Srinath Batni
Srinath Batni was inducted as a Member of the Board of Infosys in
May 2000. He is currently responsible for Delivery Excellence across
the Company. Since joining the Company in June1992, he has held
various positions from project management to heading business units.
He is also a Director on the Boards of Infosys Technologies (Australia)
Pty. Limited, Infosys Technologies (China) Co. Limited, and Infosys
Technologies (Shanghai) Co. Limited. Srinath is the member of the
Infosys Foundation Trust and Infosys Employees Welfare Trust.
Srinath was responsible for implementing production management
and materials management systems at one of the leading public sector
heavy engineering and manufacturing units for almost a decade since
1977. Prior to joining Infosys in 1992, he was a Project Manager for a
French subsidiary in India since 1990. He has been a member of the
Executive Council of the National Association of Software and Services
Companies (NASSCOM) since 2005.
Srinath received a Bachelor's degree in Mechanical Engineering from
Mysore University in 1975 and a Master's degree in Mechanical
Engineering from the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore in 1979.
Companies (other than Infosys and its subsidiaries) in which
Srinath Batni holds directorship and committee memberships
Directorships
None
Chairperson of Board committees
None
Member of Board committees
None
Shareholding in the Company
Srinath Batni holds 5,69,884 equity shares of the Company.
DeepakM.Satwalekar
Deepak M. Satwalekar served as the Chief Executive Officer and
Managing Director at HDFC Standard Life Insurance Company
Limited from 2000 to 2008. Earlier, he served as the Managing
Director of Housing Development Finance Corporation (HDFC)
between 1993 and 2000. He has been a consultant to the World
Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the U.S. Agency for International
Development (USAID) and the United Nations Human Settlements
Programme (Habitat).
Deepak is a recipient of the Distinguished Alumnus Award from the
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay. He is on the Advisory
Council of IIT Bombay and has been the Chairman and member of
several expert groups related to industry, government and the Reserve
Bank of India.
Deepak serves on the India Advisory Board of a large European bank
and is on the Board of Trustees of several not-for-profit organizations
engaged in the field of primary education for the underprivileged
sections of society in rural and urban India. He also advises a firm that
is involved in establishing a network of BPO companies in rural India.
Deepak holds a B.Tech. in Mechanical Engineering from IIT Bombay
and an MBA from the American University, Washington D.C.
Companies (other than Infosys and its subsidiaries) in which
DeepakM.Satwalekar holds directorship and committee
memberships
Directorships
Franklin Templeton Asset Management India Private Limited
Asian Paints Limited
Piramal Enterprises Limited
Germinait Solutions Private Limited
The Tata Power Company Limited
IL&FS Transportation Networks Limited
National Stock Exchange of India Limited
Indian Mortgage Guarantee Corporation Private Limited
Chairperson of Board committees
Piramal Enterprises Limited
Investor Grievance Committee
Member of Board committees
The Tata Power Company Limited
Indian Institute of Human Settlements
Audit Committee
Shareholding in the Company
Deepak holds 56,000 equity shares of the Company.
Dr.Omkar Goswami
Dr. Omkar Goswami is the Founder and Chairman of the
Corporate & Economic Research Group (CERG) Advisory Private
Limited. A professional economist, Omkar taught and researched
economics for 18 years at various universities in India and overseas.
Omkar has served on several government committees. He was the
Chairman of the Committee on Industrial Sickness and Corporate
Re-structuring in 1993, and member of the Working Group on
the Companies Act, the CII Committee on Corporate Governance,
theRakesh Mohan Committee on Railway Infrastructure Reform, the
Vijay Kelkar Committee on Direct Tax Reforms, the Naresh Chandra
Committee on Auditor-Company Relationship and the N.R.Narayana
Murthy SEBI Committee on Corporate Governance Reforms, among
others. Omkar became the Editor of Business India in March 1997.
He served as the Chief Economist of the Confederation of Indian
Industry (CII) from August 1998 to March 2004.
Omkar has been a consultant to the World Bank, the International
Monetary Fund, the Asian Development Bank and the Organization
for Economic Co-operation Development. He is a well-known
columnist, and has written three books and over 70 research papers
on economic history, industrial economics, public sector, bankruptcy
laws and procedures, economic policy, corporate finance, corporate
governance, public finance, tax enforcement and legal reforms.
Omkar did his Master's in Economics from the Delhi School of
Economics in 1978 and his D. Phil (Ph.D.) from Oxford in 1982.
Companies (other than Infosys and its subsidiaries) in which
Dr.Omkar Goswami holds directorship and committee
memberships
Directorships
CERG Advisory Private Limited
Dr. Reddy Laboratories Limited
IDFC Limited
Crompton Greaves Limited
DSP Blackrock Investment Managers Private Limited
Ambuja Cements Limited
Cairn India Limited
Godrej Consumer Products Limited
Avantha Power and Infrastructure Limited
Bajaj Finance Limited
Max Healthcare Institute Limited
Chairperson of Board committees
Dr. Reddy Laboratories Limited
Crompton Greaves Limited
Audit Committee
Cairn India Limited
Investor Grievance Committee
Member of Board committees
IDFC Limited
Investor Grievance Committee
IDFC Limited
Cairn India Limited
Godrej Consumer Products Limited
Bajaj Finance Limited
Audit Committee
Shareholding in the Company
Dr.Omkar Goswami holds 7,900 equity shares of the Company.
iv
R.Seshasayee
A chartered accountant by profession, R.Seshasayee started his career
with Hindustan Lever Limited in 1971. He joined Ashok Leyland in
1976 and was appointed Executive Director in 1983, Deputy Managing
Director in 1993, and Managing Director in April1998. Heis currently
the Executive Vice Chairman of Ashok Leyland Limited. Seshasayee
has spearheaded the growth and development of Ashok Leyland into
a globally competitive manufacturer of commercial vehicles.
He has been the Chairman of IndusInd Bank since 2007, and was the
National President of the Confederation of Indian Industry from 2006
to 2007. He was also the President of the Society of Indian Automobile
Manufacturers from 2001 to 2003.
Seshasayee has served on several government committees, including
the JJ Irani Committee on Company Law. He is a member of the
Board of Trade, an advisory body on policies relating to trade and
commerce. He has been a member of several government delegations
including the delegations to the Doha Ministerial Round of World
Trade Organization (WTO) in 2001 and the Hong Kong Ministerial in
2005. He has served on the Board of Governors of several educational
institutions, and been a part of professional committees such as the
Accounting Standards Board and the Research Committees of the
Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. He has also been a
Director on the Boards of ICICI Bank and E.I.D Parry (India) Limited.
He is the recipient of several awards, including the Star of Italian
Solidarity Award from the government of Italy, the Sir Jehangir
Ghandy Medal for Industrial and Social Peace from XLRI, Jamshedpur,
the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Institute of Chartered
Accountants of India.
Companies (other than Infosys and its subsidiaries) in
which R.Seshasayee holds directorship and committee
memberships
Directorships
Ashok Leyland Limited
Ashley Alteams India Limited
Hinduja Foundries Limited
IndusInd Bank Limited
Hinduja Group India Limited
Hinduja Leyland Finance Limited
Hinduja National Power Corporation Limited
Hinduja Energy (India) Limited
Chairperson of Board committees
None
Member of Board committees
Ashok Leyland Limited
Investor Grievance Committee
Hinduja Energy (India) Limited
Audit Committee
Shareholding in the Company
Seshasayee holds 62 equity shares of the Company.
LeoPuri
LeoPuri is a Senior Advisor to McKinsey & Company's Asia-Pacific
Financial Institution Practice. He has served as a Senior Partner of
the firm, and has 25 years of experience working in consulting to
financial institutions. Between 2007 and 2011, he was a Managing
Director with Warburg Pincus & Company, a leading private equity
firm, responsible for investments in India and financial institutions
in relevant Asian markets.
At McKinsey, he worked with clients on major transformation agendas
in retail, corporate and international banking. He worked with over
30 financial institutions across North America, Europe and Asia on
issues related to strategy and operations.
Leo has published research articles on multiple topics, including
contributing to Banking in Asia and several McKinsey Quarterly
articles. His previous roles within the firm have included Leadership
of the Financial Services Practice in South-East Asia and India.
Leo holds a Master's degree in Politics, Philosophy and Economics
from Oxford University and a Master's degree in Law from Cambridge
University. He is currently based in Mumbai.
Companies (other than Infosys and its subsidiaries) in which
LeoPuri holds directorship and committee memberships
Directorships
Max Bupa Health Insurance Limited
MaxLife Insurance Company Limited
Bennett Coleman and Company Limited
Chairperson of Board committees
Max Life Insurance Company Limited
Audit Committee
Member of Board committees
Bennett Coleman and Company Limited
Audit Committee
Shareholding in the Company
LeoPuri does not hold any equity shares of the Company.
Attendance record of the Directors seeking
appointment / re-appointment
Directors Number of meetings
Held Attended
S.D.Shibulal 6 6
Srinath Batni 6 6
DeepakM.Satwalekar 6 6
Dr.Omkar Goswami 6 5
R.Seshasayee 6 5
LeoPuri
(1)

(1)
Appointed with effect from April11, 2013
Disclosure in terms of Clause 49 (IV) (G) (ia) of the Listing Agreement
There are no inter-se relationships between the Board members.
v

Infosys Limited
Registered Office : Electronics City, Hosur Road, Bangalore 560 100, India
Additional information and practice not required under the Companies Act, 1956
Infosys' Board acknowledges the fact that not all shareholders attend the Annual General Meeting (AGM) and even though a proposal may have
received the assent of the requisite majority of shareholders present at the AGM, the overall shareholder response to any proposal is not captured
or known.
Infosys believes that determining and disclosing the overall shareholder response to the proposals placed before the shareholders in a general
meeting is a valuable corporate governance practice. Over the past 10 years, we have consistently made available a non-mandatory ballot through
the postal system / internet as a channel for all shareholders to informally express their views on the resolutions tabled before the shareholders
in the AGM. The non-mandatory ballot has helped the Company assess the general view of the absentee shareholders on the resolutions set out
in the Notice.
The non-mandatory ballot through the internet is not in substitution of, or in addition to, your right as a shareholder to vote at the AGM.
The non-mandatory ballot through the internet will not have the force of a legally binding vote and will not be construed as a vote at the AGM.
The result of the non-mandatory ballot through the internet will not impact the votes cast at the AGM. For your vote to be valid, ensure that you
are present in person or send the nominated proxy in person to attend the AGM.
Please note that regardless of you participating in the non-mandatory ballot through the internet, you as a shareholder are entitled to attend and
vote at the AGM or to appoint a proxy to attend the AGM.
The Company has appointed Parameshwar Hegde, Practicing Company Secretary, who in the opinion of the Board is a duly qualified person, as
the Scrutinizer for the non-mandatory ballot through the internet. The Scrutinizer will collate all non-mandatory ballots and the results of the
same will be disclosed at the AGM proceedings.
Instructions for participating in the non-mandatory ballot through the internet
To access the non-mandatory ballot portal, use the following URL :
From Infosys website :
http ://www.infosys.com/agm2013
From Karvy website :
http ://karisma.karvy.com/infosys
Instructions for voting
1. Shareholders will have to choose between three modes of holding holding shares in physical form, holding shares in a demat account
with a depository participant connected to the National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) or holding shares in a demat account with a
depository participant connected to the Central Depository Services (India) Limited (CDSL).
2. Investors having a demat account with a depository participant connected to NSDL : Enter the depository participant identification number
(DP ID) and client identification number (Client ID). Example : DP ID IN302902 and Client ID 11111111
3. Investors having a demat account with a depository participant connected to CDSL : Enter the 16-digit demat account number.
Example : Demat Account Number is 1234567832145678
4. Investors holding shares in physical form : Enter the registered folio number. Example : Folio ITL000123
5. If valid entries are done as mentioned in steps 2, 3 or 4, you will be able to cast your ballot successfully. Cast your ballot by clicking on the
check box corresponding to each resolution and make your selection by choosing In Favor, Against or Abstain. Alternatively, you can also
click the SELECT ALL button and cast your ballot.
6. Click the SAVE / NEXT button to preview the options that you had selected in the previous step.
7. Click the SUBMIT button to cast your vote for the online ballot.
8. Investors may cast their non-mandatory ballot only once on a resolution, using a specific demat account. If an investor has multiple demat
accounts, he / she will be able to participate in the non-mandatory ballot separately, for each demat account, by using the respective DP ID
and Client ID.
9. The portal will be open for voting from June1, 2013 to June13, 2013 between 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. IST.

Infosys Limited
Registered Office : Electronics City, Hosur Road, Bangalore 560 100, India
Proxy Form
Thirty-second Annual General Meeting June15, 2013
Regd. Folio No. / DP Client ID
I / We ........................ of ............. in the district of
................................ being a member / members of the Company hereby appoint .................... of
..... in the district of . or failing him / her ..................of
..... in the district of .... as my / our proxy to vote for me / us on my /our
behalf at the THIRTY-SECOND ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING of the Company to be held at the Christ University Auditorium, Hosur Road,
Bangalore 560 029, Karnataka, India, at 3:00 p.m. IST on Saturday, June15, 2013 and at any adjournment(s) thereof.
Signed this . day of 2013.

Fifteen Paise
Revenue
Stamp

Signature of the member
Note : This form, in order to be effective, should be duly stamped, completed, signed and deposited at the Registered Office of the Company, not less than 48 hours before the meeting.
............................................................................................. Please tear here ............................................................................................

Infosys Limited
Registered Office : Electronics City, Hosur Road, Bangalore 560 100, India
Attendance Slip
Thirty-second Annual General Meeting June15, 2013
Regd. Folio No. / DP Client ID
Number of shares held
I certify that I am a member / proxy for the member of the Company.
I hereby record my presence at the Thirty-second Annual General Meeting of the Company at the Christ University Auditorium, HosurRoad,
Bangalore 560 029, Karnataka, India, at 3:00 p.m. IST on Saturday, June15, 2013.

Name of the member / proxy Signature of the member / proxy
(in BLOCK letters)
Note : Please fill this attendance slip and hand it over at the entrance of the meeting hall. Members are requested to bring their copies of the Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
for the meeting.
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Christ University Auditorium
Hosur Road,
Bangalore 560 029
Karnataka, India.
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Notes
Infosys Annual Report 2012-13
Notes
www.infosys.com