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1.

5 Thermochemistry
Fundamentals of Chemistry
Catalyst
• Answer the following questions in your science
notebook.
1. What is the phase change called when a gas changes
into a liquid?
2. What is the phase change called when a gas changes
directly into a solid?
3. What is the density of a liquid that has a mass of
63.5g and a total volume 194 mL?

• Topic of the Day: 1.5 Thermochemistry
• Vocabulary: Endothermic and Exothermic
• Date: 8/29
SCIENCE JOKE OF THE DAY
Objectives
• I can define endothermic and exothermic.
• I can explain what phase changes are
endothermic and exothermic using kinetic
energy.
• I can use the specific heat formula.
• I can explain what a constant is in a formula.
• I can use a constant in a formula.
• Topic of the day: 1.5 Thermochemistry
• Date: 8/29
Pre-Investigation: Part I
• The steps for today’s lab are written on the
cards in front of you.

• With your partner put the cards in the order
you think you’ll complete today’s lab.

• You may not do the lab until you have the
cards in the correct order.
Investigation 1.5 (20 mins.)
• Copy down the table below to record your results.
• Lab Notes:
– Use only the materials at your station
– Be careful not to break the thermometers- they will tip
over if you leave them leaning in the cup and don’t
hold on to them.
– Clean up after yourselves!
Compound
Initial Water
Temperature (°C)
Final Water
Temperature (°C)
Observations
CaCl
2

NH
4
NO
3

KNO
3

Topic of the Day:
1.5 Thermochemistry
Essential Question: How is heat
transfer described and calculated?
Review: What is energy?
• Energy: the ability to do work

• Types of energy:
– Kinetic energy: movement
– Potential energy: position
– THERMAL ENERGY: HEAT
A. How can we describe heat (thermal energy)
transfer?
1. Heat always flows from a warmer object to a
colder object
– Cold is the absence of heat. Cold DOES NOT transfer!

2. Endothermic: Heat energy is absorbed from the
surroundings
– Heat goes INTO an object
– Usually associated with an increase in temperature
3. Exothermic: Heat energy is released to the
surroundings
– Heat goes OUT of an object
– Usually associated with a decrease in temperature

A. How can we describe heat (thermal energy)
transfer?
B. What are the units for energy?
1. Joules: SI unit of energy
– Raises the temperature of 1g of water 0.2390°C

2. Calories: Used in the US commonly as a
measure of energy in food
– Raises the temperature of 1g of water 1°C


C. What is specific heat capacity?
1. Specific Heat Capacity: C
p

2. A measure of how good or bad a substance is
at heating up or cooling down.
– Metals have a very LOW specific heat capacity ->
they get hot/cold quickly
– Water has a very HIGH specific heat capacity ->
takes a lot more energy to raise/lower the
temperature



Where do I find the formula for
specific heat capacity?
Note: Change in Enthalpy is the total change in heat.
Where do I find the specific heat (C
p
)?
• Note: The specific heat capacity of water is a
constant.
• This number does not change for water!
• Every material has its own specific heat capacity
that must be given to you to plug into a formula.
SCIENCE JOKE OF THE DAY
This
specific
heat for
steel won’t
change!!
Example #1: Q = m(ΔT)c
What is the amount of heat required, in joules,
to raise 92 g of water for a total temperature
change of 50°C?
Example #2: Q = m(ΔT)c
What is the amount of heat required, in calories,
to raise 92 g of water for a total temperature
change of 50°C?
D. How do I calculate the heat of
vaporization and heat of fusion?
1. Q = amount of energy (J or cal)
2. m = mass (grams)
3. ΔH
fus
or ΔH
vap
= depends on the substance and
must be given to you (kJ/kg)
Example #3: Q = m ΔH
vap

How much energy will it take to vaporize a
300kg sample of chloroform if the heat of
vaporization is 247 kj/kg?
Independent Practice
• Complete the problems on your worksheet ON
YOUR OWN for the first 10 minutes!
• For the second 10 minutes you may talk to your
partners to help you through your work!
• If you have a question…
1. Look at your beautiful notes
2. Ask a peer for a clarification or explanation (you
won’t learn if you just copy answers!)
3. Raise your hand and I’ll come by! (But only if you’ve
done 1 and 2 first! )
• When you finish your practice packet, complete
the vocabulary words for today!
Summary
• Copy and use the following sentence stems to
summarize the main points from today.
• Today we learned ____________.
• Both endothermic and exothermic process
_______.
• The main difference between endothermic
and exothermic process is ___________.
• The specific heat formula is similar to the
density formula because _______.
Exit Ticket
Once your exit slip is graded, write your mastery score on
your exit slip.
-> 1/5 = 20%
-> 2/5 = 40%
-> 3/5 = 60%
-> 4/5 = 80%
-> 5/5 = 100%

• Take out your schedule/mastery tracker and fill in the
exit ticket for 1.5!!
• REMEMBER, NEXT CLASS YOUR VOCABULARY PACKET
IS DUE AND YOU HAVE YOUR VOCABULARY QUIZ!!