Effect of operating parameters in fuel reactor of chemical looping

combustion using computational fluid dynamic simulation
R. Sornumpol
1
, B. Chalermsinsuwan
1
,
2
, P. Piumsomboon
1
,
2
*
1
Department of Chemical Technology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University,
254 Phayathai Road, Patumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
2
Center of Excellence on Petrochemical and Materials Technology, Chulalongkorn
University,
254, Phayathai Road, Patumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
*e-mail: pornpote.p@chula.ac.th
Abstract
Mixing of particles is an important factor in fluidized-bed reactors. The horizontal
mixing of fuel particles affects the performance of the beds since it has a great influence on
the distribution of heat release from the fuel. In bubbling fluidized bed, the particle
movement is caused by rising bubbles. The bubbles transport particles upwards in their wakes
and particles then flow downwards. An important factor in the operation of a fluidized-bed
combustor is how the fuel particles are mixed. In bubbling fluidized bed, the particle
concentration is high, which it obstructs the horizontal mixing of fuel particles. Efficiency of
fuel reactor in a chemical looping combustion system can be improved by increasing mixing
behavior between oxygen carrier and fuel reactant. In the literature, there are many variables
affecting on mixing. In this study, the effect of operating parameters on hydrodynamics in the
fuel reactor was conducted by using commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)
simulator, ANSYS FLUENT. The CFD simulation of the bed hydrodynamics was based on
the concept of Euler–Euler two-fluid model in combination with Kinetic Theory of Granular
Flow (KTGF). Hydrodynamic behavior was investigated in a bubbling fluidized bed reactor.
The Gidaspow drag model was selected to use for computing the momentum exchange
coefficients. The mixing behavior of gas-solid bubbling fluidized bed had been studied in
terms of initial static bed height, properties of particle and fluidization velocity. The mixing
index was selected as response parameter to determine mixing efficiency or standard
deviation of solid volume fraction in axial and radial directions. The two-dimensional
Cartesian mathematical model was validated by comparing with literature experiment of Jung
et al. (2007). The simulated axial solid velocity, the granular temperature and the solid
volume fraction profiles were consistently matched with the experimental results. From the
analysis of variance, particle diameter and initial bed height had a significant effect on
mixing in axial direction.
Keywords: Fuel reactor, Computational fluid dynamics, Mixing, Analysis of variance

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