Mr. Brad F.

Andrews
Vice President, Operations
Sea World, Inc.
7007 Sea World Drive
Orlando, Florida 32821
Dear Mr. Andrews:
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE
Silver Spring, Maryland 2091 0
OCT - 7 1992
Enclosed is Permit No. 774, issued to Sea World, Inc. authorizing
the importation of two (2) adult female killer whales (Orcinus
orca) and one (1) calf from Sealand of the Pacific, Ltd., 1327
Beach Drive, Victoria, B.C. V8S 2N4, under the provisions of the
Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 (MMPA). Permit No. 774 also
authorizes the importation, for purposes of public display under
Section 104 of the MMPA, of the male killer whale, "Tillikum,"
that was imported to Sea World under Agreement No. 1Q for medical
treatment otherwise unavailable. It is required that you review
and comply with the Permit, the Special and General Conditions
attached thereto, and the enclosed MMPA and regulations prior to
and while engaging in the authorized activities.
Please note that Special Condition B.1.b. requires that, prior to
importation, you determine, to the extent practicable, that
lactation/nursing has ceased and the killer whale calf to be
imported has been weaned. Special Condition B.1.c. requires
that, at least 30 days prior to import, you submit an importation
plan which must be approved before you initiate final importation
arrangements. Special Condition B.2.a. requires that you or your
agent notify the Director, Southeast Regional Office, National
Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) ten days in advance of the
importation in order for the Regional Director to arrange for an
observer to monitor the importation, should he determine that to
be desirable. Special Condition B.3.a. requires submission of a
summary report of prejpost transport procedures thirty days after
the importation.
You are reminded that the killer whale is listed on Appendix II
of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of
Wild Fauna and Flora. For information on importation
requirements for Appendix II animals, you may contact the Office
of Management Authority, u.s. Fish and Wildlife Service, P.O. Box
3507, Arlington, Virginia 22203-3507.
P 2 \AI
2
The fee for this permit is $200.00. We would appreciate
receiving a check for this amount payable to the National Oceanic
and Atmospheric Administration. Please submit the check to
Chief, Permits Division, Office of Protected Resources, National
Marine Fisheries Service, 1335 East-West Highway, Room 7324,
Silver Spring, MD 20910.
Enclosures
Sincerely
Na cy Foster, Ph.D.
Director
Office of Protected Resources
UNITEO STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE
1335   a s t ~ W e s t Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910
THE DIRECTOR
Public Display Permit No. 774
Sea World, Inc., 7007 Sea World Drive, Orlando, Florida 32821, is
hereby authorized to import the marine mammals specified below
for public display subject to the provisions of the Marine Mammal
Protection Act of 1972 {16 u.s.c. 1361-1407), the Regulations
Governing the Taking and Importing of Marine Mammals {50 CFR Part
216), and the Conditions hereinafter set out.
A. Number and Kind of Marine Mammals
Two {2) adult females, and one (1) calf killer whale
(Orcinus orca) may be imported from Sealand of the Pacific
and permanently maintained for public display purposes. The
male killer whale, "Tillikum," that was imported to Sea
World under Agreement No. 1Q for medical treatment otherwise
unavailable may also be imported and permanently maintained
for public display purposes.
B. Special Conditions
1. Import/Display
a. The importation authorized by this Permit shall be
conducted as described, and for the purposes set
forth, in the application.
b. Prior to the importation, the Permit Holder must
determine, to the extent practicable, that
lactation/nursing has ceased and the killer whale
calf to be imported has been weaned.
c. At least 30 days prior to importation, the Permit
Holder must submit a detailed importation plan in
writing to the Director, Office of Protected
Resources. This plan must address: the plans and
facilities for transport and maintenance of the
requested animals; include the Permit Holder's
determination in accordance with paragraph 1.b.;
state that the killer whales to be imported have
been determined by the Permit Holder to be ready
THE ASSISTANT ADMINISTRATOR
FOR FISHERIES
2
for importation/transport and describe the manner
in which this determination was made by the Permit
Holder; and state the point in time or action upon
which the Permit Holder will assume sole
responsibility for the care and maintenance of the
killer whales to be imported. Following the
Director's review and approval of this plan the
Permit Holder may proceed with final importation
arrangements; specific dates and times of import
shall be provided in accordance with notification
condition 2.a.
d. No marine mammals taken or imported hereunder may
be used in a humanjmarine mammal swim program
where a member of the public is allowed to enter
the water with a marine mammal for recreational
swimming, snorkeling or scuba diving activities,
unless specifically authorized by the Assistant
Administrator for Fisheries. For purposes of this
condition, a member of the public is any general
visitor or customer who engages in an interactive
swimming activity with a marine mammal.
e. The authority to import the marine mammals as
authorized herein shall extend from the date of
issuance through December 31, 1993. The terms and
conditions of the Permit shall remain in effect as
long as the marine mammals, and/or the progeny of
such marine mammals, imported hereunder are
maintained in captivity under the authority and
responsibility of the Permit Holder.
2. Notification
a. The Permit Holder or its agent is required to
notify the Director, Southeast Region, 9450 Koger
Blvd., st. Petersburg, FL 33702 in writing, at
least ten days in advance of the importation.
This notification must include the planned
departure and estimated arrival times and dates,
transport mode(s) and route including port of
entry and any intermediary stops, and the names
and qualifications of the individuals accompanying
the animals during transport. A copy of this
notification should also be provided to the Chief,
permits Division, Office of Protected Resources.
At the discretion of the Regional Director a NMFS
observer may be assigned to monitor the
importation. Ten days advance notice to the
Regional Director and the Permits Division is also
required for any future transfers of these animals
to other Sea World facilities.
3
b. Upon the death of each animal the Permit Holder is
required to notify the Chief, Permits Division,
Office of Protected Resources by telephone, so
that, if practicable, arrangements may be made for
a qualified observer to be present at the
necropsy.
c. The Permit Holder must provide notification
concerning the animal/human interaction history of
each of the animals referred to in A. to all
personnel whose responsibilities include the
handling, training, or other direct interaction
with or management of the animals referenced in
A., including any activities in which Permit
Holder personnel enter the primary enclosure
(i.g., pool) in which any of these animals are
held.
3. Reporting
a. Thirty days after the importation, the Permit
Holder must submit a summary report of pre and
post-transport procedures, including any
isolation/quarantine procedures, used to determine
the health of the animals both prior to and
following the import, including any medical tests.
b. The Holder shall submit a report by December 31,
1992, and annually thereafter, describing the
health and condition of all marine mammals held.
This report shall be submitted to the Assistant
Administrator for Fisheries, National Marine
Fisheries Service, 1335 East-West Highway, Suite
7324, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910.
c. General Conditions
All applicable General Conditions attached as Section C and
the U.S. Department of Agriculture care and maintenance
standards shall apply and are made a part hereof.
OCT -7 1992
Date
C. GENERAL CONDITIONS
1. Responsibilities of Permit Holders
a. The Permit Holder, in effecting the taking andjor
importing authorized by this permit, will be considered to
have accepted and to be prepared to comply with the provi-
sions of this Permit, applicable Regulations, and the Act.
b. The Holder shall be responsible for the activities of
any individual who is operating under the authority of the
Holder's Permit relating to the taking, importing,
transportation, or maintenance and care of any marine mammals
authorized to be taken or imported hereunder.
c. Under the terms of the Regulations, a violation of any
of the terms and conditions of this Permit shall subject the
Holder andjor any individual who is operating under the
authority of the Holder's Permit to penalties provided in the
Act.
d. All personnel of the Holder, including veterinarians,
requiring State or Federal licenses to practice their profes-
sion shall be, and so long as employed by the Holder in that
capacity, remain, duly licensed under the appropriate law.
e. As stated in Section -216.34 of the Regulations:
1. This Permit must be in the possession of the person
to which it was issued, or an agent of s ~   h person,
during:
a. The time of the authorized taking or importing;
b. The period of any transit of such person or agent
which is incident to such taking or importing;
and
c. Any other time while any marine mammal taken or
imported under thjs Permit is in the possessjon
of such person or agent.
2. A duplicate copy of this Permit must be physically
attached to the container, package, enclosure or
other means of containment, in which the marine
mammal is placed for purposes of storage, transit,
supervision or care.
l
2. Requirements for Taking, Importing, and Transporting
Marine Mammals
a. No marine mammal authorized to be taken or imported
hereunder; as the case may be, shall be taken by the
Holder or any other person, in violation of the law of
any country having jurisdiction over the taking.
b. This Permit does not authorize the Holder or any
other person to take marine mammals in the territorial
waters of any country without the consent of such
country. The Holder is responsible for securing such
consent and complying with appropriate laws of that
country.
c. No marine mammal may be imported unless the Assis-
tant Administrator for Fisheries determines that the
methods of taking, hblding, and transporting marine
mammals in the country of origin are consistent with the
provisions and policies of the Act.
d. Importation of marine mammals is subject to the
provisions of 50 CFR Part 14. Importers are advised to
see 50 CFR Part 14 for importation requirements and
information.
e. The marine mammals authorized by this Permit to be
taken shall be taken in a manner determined by the
Assistant Administrator to be acceptable.
f. All marine mammals must be taken in a humane manner.
In the event the Assistant Administrator for Fisheries
determines that any method of taking authorized herein
or otherwise is not humane, taking by such method shall
  cease and taking shall not resume until an
acceptable method of taking has been prescribed by the
Assistant Administrator for Fisheries. Any inhumane
taking shall subject the Holder to the penalties of the
Act, including revocation of this Permit.
g. The Holder shall neither take nor import any mammal
which is pregnant, a lactating female, or is an unweaned
young mammal, unless such taking or importing is
specifically authorized in Section B of this Permit.
h. The Holder shall employ a duly certificated common
carrier by air, water, rail, or road in the transporta-
tion of any marine mammals, except that the Holder may
use a private vehicle for such transportation if such
vehicle is operated by Holder•s personnel and the
provisions of this subsection are complied with in the
course of the transportation involved.
2
i. All aspects of the transportation plans must be
found satisfactory by a duly licensed doctor of
veterinary medicine.
3. Veterinary Program
a. A doctor of veterinary medicine shall be on the
staff of the Holder, or otherwise generally available to
the Holder when needed, in order to:
1. ensure that the taking of marine mammals is
conducted in a humane manner;
2. provide prompt and appropriate medical treatment
of marine mammals being captured, transported,
or maintained in  
3. supervise medically necessary humane destruction
of sick, diseased, stressed, injured, or lame
animals; and
4. provide for the development and implementation
of an appropriate disease control program.
b. In the event of the humane destruction of an animal,
the Holder shall perform an autopsy on the animal
and within seven days of the death of such animals,
shall notify the appropriate regional office of the
National Marine Fisheries Service of the death and
send to such office a copy of the autopsy report.
c. Any pregnant animals shall receive proper veterinary
attention. All births involving any animal taken
under this Permit shall be reported to the Assistant
Administrator for Fisheries.
4. Records and Reports
a. The Holder shall submit a report within 30 days of
the taking or importing authorized herein, describing
the method and location of the taking. including any
problems or complications which might have arisen in
connection with the taking. The Holder shall submit a
report by January 1, following the date of issuance of
this Permit, and annually thereafter, describing the
health and condition of the marine mammals. These
reports shall be submitted to the Assistant Administra-
tor for Fisheries, National Marine Fisheries Service,
U.S. Department of Commerce, Silver Spring, MD 20910.
3
b. The Holder shall submit a report within 30 days of
the taking or importing of scientific specimen materials
listing the species, type of material, method of preser-
vation, and the disposition of the specimens. This
report shall be submitted to the Assistant Administrator
for Fisheries, National Marine Fisheries Service.
c. The Permit Holder shall maintain sufficient written
records regarding the·marine mammals taken or imported as
authorized herein to be taken or imported in its
possession or otherwise acquired, to allow for adequate
identification of each such mammal. Such records shall
include, but are not limited to, species, physical
description of the animal, date and location of
acquisition (whether by capture or other means), and
identifying characteristics, either natural or
artificially produced. Such records shall be available
for inspection by a duly authorized representative of the
Assistant Administrator for Fisheries at the facility in
which the animal is located.
d. In the event of mortality of these marine mammals,
the Holder shall provide a report of the death within 30
days, including autopsy and clinical history, in a form
consistent with accepted veterinary medical practices,
and a copy of the records required in Section C-4c of
this Permit.
e. In the event that any marine mammal is killed during
the course of taking or importing, said marine mammal
shall be considered as having been taken or imported, ~ n d
the number of live animals of the kind permitted to be
taken or imported shall be reduced accordingly, unless
the Assistant Administrator for Fisheries determines that
the death was due to causes beyond the control of the
Holder, and that the remains of the mammal were disposed
of in a satisfactory manner, in which case the Holder
shall be entitled to take or import an additional animal.
f. If, within 30 days of taking or importing a marine
m   ~   l dies or is determined by the Holder to be unaccep-
table for his purposes, the Holder shall be entitled to
take or import and additional mammal provided that the
unacceptable animal, or the remains of the dead animal,
is disposed of in a manner satisfactory to and approved
in advance by the Assistant Administrator for Fisheries
and provided further that in the case of death the
Assistant Administrator determines such death was due to
causes beyond the control of the older. The foregoing
replacement privilege, shall apply only in those cases in
which the Assistant Administrator determines that the
status of stock to which the animal in question belongs
will not be adversely affected by further taking.
4
5. Sale or Disposition of Mammals or Progeny
a. The Holder shall not sell or otherwise dispose of (1)
any mammal, the taking or importation of which is
authorized by this Permit, or the progeny of any such
mammal, or (2) any mammal in his possession or control on
the date of the issuance of this Permit or subsequently
acquired, which is of the same species as any mammal the
taking or importation ·of which is authorized by this
Permit, or the progeny of such a mammal except with the
approval of the Assistant Administrator and subject to
such terms and conditions as the Assistant Administrator
may prescribe. All animals subject to this paragraph
shall be marked or otherwise identified in a manner
satisfactory to the Assistant Admini£trator for
Fisheries.
b. In the event of the death of any marine mammal or of
the species of marine mammal authorized to be taken or
imported, the Holder shall make every reasonable attempt
to notify the scientific community of the availability of
specimen materials. The Holder may contact the
appropriate Regional Director or the Assistant
Administrator for assistance in this matter.
c. The Holder is authorized to deposit specimen
materials that have been taken or imported, into
scientific collections which meet the minimum standards
of collection curation and data recording and maintenance
as established by the scientific community. The
is authorized to export and re-import such materials as
necessary.
6. Display Program
a. Any marine mammal taken or imported pursuant to the
terms hereof may not be displayed at any facility of the
Holder other than the facility for which the permit
sought, unless specific permission is requested and
obtained from the Assist3nt   However, the
Holder hold the mammals at another facility
to the Assistant Administrator in the manner
required hereunder.
b. Any display program in which any of the marine
mammals taken or imported hereunder are to participate
shall be designed so as not to fatigue or overwork the
mammals. A duly licensed veterinarian shall certify to
the Assistant Administrator that any display program
involving any mammals taken or imported pursuant to this
Permit will not unduly fatigue or injure such animals.
5
7. Research Program
a. The Holder is authorized to conduct scientific
research on any marine mammal taken hereunder provided
such scientific research reasonably can be expected not
to cause death or permanent injury to the animal and is
approved in advance by the Assistant Administrator.
8. Inspection
Upon request by the Assistant Administrator, the Holder
shall permit any employee(s) of the National Marine
Fisheries Service or any other person(s) duly designated
by the Assistant Administrator, to inspect the Holder's
records and facilities insofar as such records and
facilities pertain to activities authorized by this
Permit, relate to species covered by this Permit, or
pertain to the Assistant Administrator's responsibilities
under the Act.
9. Transferability and Assignability
The Holder shall not transfer or assign the permit
granted herein to any other person, as person is defined
in Section 3(9) of the Act. This Permit is of no force
and effect if transferred or assigned to any other such
person.
10. Permit Amendments
a. The provisions of this Permit may be amended upon
reasonable notice by the Assistant Administrator.
11. Permit Fee
a. Section 216.31(d) (8) of the Regulations provides for
a reasonable fee to be charged to cover the costs of
issuance of this Permit. The fee for this Permit is
s J,.oo,oo.
6
)
MEMORANDUM FOR:
FROM:
SUBJECT:
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
National Oceanic end Atmospheric Administration
NATIONAL MARINE .::::==<viC:=
Silver Spring. Maryla,...d C
FEB 2 A 002.
PR - Nancy Foster, Ph.D.

PRl-  
Decision Whether to Hold a Hearing on the
Applications by Sea World, Inc. to Import
Several Killer Whales from Canadian
Facilities.
The 30-day public comment period for the Sea World applications
closed on February 13, 1992. We have reviewed the comments
received, including several requests for a hearing, and
supplemental information submitted by Sea World in response to
our repeated requests. On the basis of this review, I recommend
that the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) not hold a
hearing on either Sea World permit application.
Discussion
An administrative record exists sufficient to support F/PRl
development of the documentation on which to base a decision to
issue or deny issuance of the permits. All significant pre-
decisional issues appear to have been addressed either in
comments or in supplemental information submitted by Sea World.
While a hearing would allow for members of the public and Sea
World to elaborate on matters that have been raised, it would not
be likely to shed new or significant additional light on existing
issues, raise significant riew issues, or provide important and
relevant additional information essential to consider prior to
making a decision whether to issue the ·permits.
In addition to the primary considerations regarding a hearing as
stated-above, we are also concerned about the health and welfare
of the killer whales to be imported. Sea World has alleged that
the health and welfare of the juvenile male killer whale to be
imported is at some risk while he remains at the Marineland of
Canada facility in Niagara Falls, Ontario. Sea World continues
to allege that there is a continuing risk of an emergency
situation developing at the Sealand of the Pacific facility in
Victoria, British Columbia, where the health and welfare of one
or more of these killer whales could be thrown into considerable
jeopardy at any time. If issued, the permits can be exercised;
if denied, other options for disposition of these animals can be
arranged without delay. A hearing would postpone our decision on
these permits and delay the prompt resolution of the disposition
of these killer whales. It may be in their best interest for us
to move forward as quickly as possible to review all the facts
and make a prompt decision on the permits.
2
Background
Sea World has two applications pending before NMFS for public
display permits to import several killer whales from Canada and
to retain an adult male imported to Sea World under emergency
circumstances (see below). The killer whales proposed for import
are presently at Sealand of the Pacific, Victoria, British
Columbia, Canada (two adult females and two calves) and
Marineland of canada, Inc., Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada (a
single juvenile male killer whale).
On January 3, 1992, Sea World submitted an urgent request,
supported by the Canadian government, for an emergency
authorization to import a male adult killer whale from Canada.
On January 8, 1992, NMFS authorized-the emergency import under a
prov1.s1.on of the Marine Mammal Protection Act which allows the
import of marine mammals for the purpose of medical treatment
otherwise unavailable. On January 9, 1992, Sea World imported
the killer whale named "Tillikum," from Canada. Sea World's
continued holding of Tillikum is dependent upon NMFS review and
decision concerning the public display permit applications.
During the period in which this event unfolded, NMFS received a
number of comments and recommendations from various animal
welfare groups and the public. These comments were extensive,
substantive, and, for the most part, directly concerned the
Sealand of the Pacific facility and the killer whales held at
that facility that are the subject of one of the Sea World
applications.
In November 1991, NMFS conducted a public meeting as a forum for
public, animal welfare group, and public display industry comment
on the subject of killer whales, captivity, capture, etc. This
public meeting resulted in a summary administrative record on
these general issues. While this public meeting served the very
useful purpose of gathering important general comment and
background information for NMFS' consideration, it didjdoesjwill
not substitute for any hearing determined necessary for any
particular permit application. These Sea World applications are
for the import of specifically identified killer whales presently
being held in two different Canadian facilities. Consequently,
the November 1991 killer whale public meeting has no direct
relevance to my recommendation on whether a hearing is necessary
or appropriate on these particular applications.
Concurrence
In general, the issue of Sea World holding killer whales in
captivity is controversial. And a decision not to hold a hearing
on one or both of the Sea World applications will, as a result,
,I 't_
3
also be controversial. Consequently, I request your concurrence
with my recommendation not to hold a hearing on either Sea World
application to import killer whales presently held in Canadian
facilities.
I disagree Let's discuss
Ms. Ann D. Terbush
Chief, Permits Division
Office of Protected Resources
and Habitat Programs
February 5, 1993
Brad Andrews
Vice President
Zoological Operations
..
.
National Marine Fisheries Service
1335 East West Highway, Room 7324
Silver Spring, Maryland 20910
'   . ,.
,, ' .
'
.··.;''., .... ··"'
Dear Ms. Terbush:
Enc 1 osed is an updated Inventory Report reflecting the recent
addition of the killer whales from Sealand of the Pacific to Sea
World.
The means used to determine the health of the killer whales prior
to the import were precisely as described in our November 7, 1991
permit application and in supplemental correspondence dated
December 30, 1991; February 14, 1992; November 6, 1992; and
December 22, 1992. This information is incorporated by reference
into this report.
Also enclosed, pursuant to Special condition B.3.a. of Permit No.
774, is a summary report of the health of the killer whales.
Sea World, Inc.
7007 Sea World Drive
Orlando, FL 32821-8097
(407) 363-2661
FAX (407) 345-5397
11J1 Busch Entertainment
li11!IJ Corporation
ONE OF THE ANHEUSER BUSCH COMPANIES
Sincerely,
   
Brad Andrews
Vice President
Zoological Operations
MEMORANDUM
TO: Brad Andrews
FROM: Jim McBain D.V.M.
DATE: February S, 1993
SUBJECT: 30-Day Summary Report
The three killer whales transported to Sea World parks from
Sealand of the Pacific in Victoria, canada, are monitored and
examined daily by the curatorial and veterinary staffs. Routine
laboratory tests are performed when indicated. It is my opinion
that all three animals are doing well.
Nootka was re-introduced to Tilikum, the adult male from
Sealand, shortly after her arrival at Sea world of Florida. She
has had visual contact with the other killer whales at Sea World
of Florida but has not yet had physical contact.
The weanling male calf born December 24, 1991 and his mother
Haida have been physically isolated from the other killer whales
at sea World of Texas since there arrival; however, they have had
visual contact. As you would expect of a young growing animal, his
food intake has continued to increase.
JM:kg
OMB NO. 0648-0084, EXP 7(31/94
SN: ASN: LEX:
SP: ANREP: FNUM:
FOR NMFS USE ONLY
MARINE MAMMAL COLLECTION/INVENTORY REPORT
TYPE OF REPORT:_ Inventory Adjustment
NAME or ANIMAL HOLDER: Sea World, Inc.
DATEOFREPORT: 1-25-93
srr:CIES SCIEN11RC NAME: Orcin us orca COMMON NAME: Killer Whale
s EST DA1E LOCATION OFT AKE
AN!l'vlAL NAMF/ E BIRTH AUTIIOR TAKEN OR TAKE PLACE NAME AND COLLECTOR CURR DEATII OR DISPOSmON
IDENTIFICATION X YEAR DOCUMENT ACQUIRED TYPE LATITUDE-LONGITUDE OR SOURCE STAT DATE EXPLANATION
SWT-Oo-9376 F 774 01/08/93 Ex. Transferred from N/"A G-N
Sealand of the
_Vic±oria
Canada
SWT-Oo-9377 M 774 01/08/93 Ex   fr()m l\T I 71 lr,-N
Sealand of the
Pacific, Victoria
Canada
-
(CB 12/24/91)
SWF-Oo-9301 F 774 01/08/9 Ex Transferred from N/A r,-N
Sealand of the
Pacific. Victori;
Canada
NECRP
FILED
NMFS
I
September 16, 1994
Ms. Ann D. Terbush, Chief
Permits and Documentation Division
National Marine Fisheries Service
1315 East-West Highway
SSMC IV
Silver Spring, Maryland 20910
Dear Ms. Terbush:
  ~ V  
.. \ , ....
Brad Andrews
Vice President
Zoological Operations
SEP 2 I l99L1.
This letter is to inform you that an adult female killer whale at
Sea World of Florida (SWF-Oo-9301} died on September 13, 1994.
Although tests results are not yet final, it is possible that the
death may be related to the delivery of a stillborn calf by this
killer whale on August 18, 1994.
Once the actual cause of the whale's death has been determined, we
will forward that information to you.
Sincerely,
Brad Andrews
Vice President
Zoological Operations
BA/cls
Sea World, Inc.
7007 Sea World Drive
Orlando, FL 32821-8097
(407) 363-2661
FAX (407) 345-5397
Busch Entertainment
Corporation
ONE OF THE ANHEUSER BUSCH COMPANIES
~ .
· ~ ®   e a WOrld
October 13, 1994
Ms. Ann D. Terbush, Chief
Permits and Documentation Division
National Marine Fisheries Service
1315 East-West Highway
SSMC IV
Silver Spring, Maryland 20910
Dear Ms. Terbush:
.; ... _.._·.·
Brad Andrews
Vice President
Zoological Operations
In light of the recent amendments to the Marine Mammal Protection
Act, Sea World is not required to submit copies of necropsy reports
to the National Marine Fisheries Service { "NMFS") • Nonetheless, as
a courtesy to NMFS, we are enclosing a copy of the necropsy report
for the adult killer whale at Sea World of Florida (SWF-Oo-9301)
which died on September 13, 1994.
Sincerely,
Brad Andrews
Vice President
Zoological Operations
jas
Enclosure
cc: Dr. Barbara A. Kahn
USDA/APHIS
Sea World, Inc.
7007 Sea World Drive
Orlando, FL 32821-8097
(407) 363-2661
FAX ( 407) 345-5397
1\91 Busch Entertainment
~ Corporation
ONE Of TH£ AN•iEUSER BUSCH COMPANIES
MARiNE MAMMAL COLLECflON/lNYENTORY REPORT
TYPE OF REPORT: INVENTORY UPDATE
DATE OF REPORT: __ .!.;;_                         ____________ ..,....
NAME OF ANIMAL HOLDER: Sea World, Inc.
' ..
SPECIES SCIENTIFIC                                 ______ _ COMMON NAME: Killer Whale
.
s EST DATE LOCATION OF TAKE . NECRP
ANIMAL NAMFJ E BIR1H AOTHOR TAKEN OR TAKE PLACE NAME AND COLLECTOR CURR DEATH OR DISPOSITION FILED
IDENTIFICATION X YEAR DOCUMENT ACQUIRED TYPE LATITUDE-LONGITUDE OR SOURCE STAT DATE EXPLANATION NMFS
SWF-Oo-9301 F 1!774 01/08/93 LM Transferred from N/A D-N 09/13/94 Yes
..
Sealand of the Bacterial septicemia
Pacific, Victoria,
Canada
..
'
'
. --
I
.
-·······j
- --·--
Sea World of Florida
GROSS NECROPSY REPORT
  Sea World of Florida PROSECTOR: Drs. Terry W. Campbell. Mike
Walsh, Deke Buesse, Dan Hawkins. Allister Webb
/SPECIES : orcinus orca
II> NUMBER: SWF 009301 AGE: > 14 yrs SEX: _F_
OF DEATH: 9/13/94 DATE OF NECROPSY: 9/13/94
MORPHOMETRieS: (Metric Only)
  2730Kg TOTAL LENGTH: 541 em
HISTORY
This adult female Killer whale delivered a stillborn calf on 8/18/94. There
was no gross pathology noted in the calf. Following parturition the mother
a large amount of blood, however the vaginal hemorrhage stopped quickly.
She remained clinically normal until two days before her death when she began
ac:ting lethargic. Laboratory test results were suggestive of a septicemia.
The animal was immediately treated with systemic antibiotics. The following
day, she began to vomit and later she prolapsed her vagina and cervix. Her
condition began to deteriorate in spite of therapy. During an attempt to
re!duce the prolapse, it was determined that her urinary bladder was trapped
in the prolapsed tissue. The animal died during the attempt to reduce the
prolapse.
-. . -·.-; .,. ;--·.
Page 2 I.D. NO. SWF 00 9301
Code: in parenthesis, to follow samples taken when necessary
c = culture; V = virology; M = metals;
P = pesticides; E = electron microscope samples
GENERAL EXTERNAL APPEARANCE: (oral cavity, external nares, skin, eyes)
Large prolapsed mass protruding from urogenital slit, see under reproductive
tract.
SUBDERMAL CONDITION: (blubber, muscles, lymph nodes)
NSGL (no significant gross lesions]. Blubber thickness: mid-dorsal= 8 em,
mid-lateral = 5.5 em, mid-ventral = 5 em.
CRANIAL EXAM: (ears, melon, pterygoid sinus)
NSGL
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM: (brain, pituitary, spinal cord)
NSGL
THORACIC CAVITY: (pleura)
NSGL, no fluid was found, thyroid gland appeared normal.
UPPER RESPIRATORY SYSTEM: (nasal sacs, nares, larynx)
NSGL, Histology indicated a diffuse tracheitis.
LOWER RESPIRATORY SYSTEM: (trachea, bronchi, lungs, lymph nodes}
Lungs appeared diffusely congested, the ventral pleura of the cranial 1/3 of
the left lung appeared edematous and contained a clear, straw colored fluid.
the pleural lymph nodes appeared enlarged and pale.
Histology: acute, severe,   pneumonia.
Cultures: Pseudomonas aeruginosa
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM: (heart, aorta, major vessels)
NSGL, normal amount of fat in the coronary groove of the heart. Heart weight
was 7.3 Kg.
..
Pac;;re 3 I.D. NO. SWF 00 9301
ABDOMINAL CAVITY: {lymph nodes)
abdominal lymph nodes were tremendously enlarged, especially the
mesenteric nodes. The largest nodes were cystic and contained a foul smelling
fluid. Histology of lymph nodes indicated moderate hyperplasia with
erythrophagocytosis. Cultures revealed Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
DIC;ESTIVE SYSTEM: (esophagus, stomach, intestine, cecum, rectum, lymph nodes)
stomach was grossly distended with fluid that. filled all compartments.
was approximately two pounds of partially digested fish in the first
compartment. The mucosa of the duodenal ampula contained ecchymosis
throughout. The majority of the intestinal serosa also contained diffuse
ecc::hymosis. The intestinal mucosa appeared normal, however the intestinal
content was more formed than normal. The lymph nodes along the intestinal
tract were enlarged. Histology revealed acute, diffuse congestion involving
muc::osa of stomach compartments and intestine. Culture revealed Pseudomonas
aeruginosa.
LI,7ER: (biliary system)
NSGL, l,iver weight was 59.4. Kg. Histology revealed mild, muitifocal
hepatitis. Cultures revealed Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
 
Nsc:;L, Histology revealed acute congestion.
SPLEEN:
NSGL, the spleen contained a number of serosal scars.
Th1e spleen weighed 1. 0 Kg. Histology revealed acute congestion.
RE:PRODUCTIVE SYSTEM: {testicles, ovaries)
Th,e cervix and vagina had prolapsed through the genital slit. The urinary
bladder and uterus were behind the prolapsed vagina and were. partially
outside the body cavity. The gross appearance of the reproductive tract
following reduction of the prolapse was normal. The uterus appeared normal
for a postparturient animal. The right horn was the pregnant horn and the
right ovary contained a large corpus luteum. Uterine cultures revealed
Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
URINARY SYSTEM: (kidneys, ureter, bladder, urethra)
The urinary bladder was prolapsed with the cervix and vagina. The urinary
bladder was distended with urine, the ureters were markedly dilated, the
right kidney had two cystic areas, one 3 x 3.5 em area on the lateral caudal
surface and one 3 x 6 em multilobulated area on the mid-lateral area.
The left kidney weighed 7.3 Kg and the right kidney weighed 8.3 Kg. Histology
of the kidney revealed acute congestion. Cultures revealed Pseudomonas
ae.ruginosa.
ADIRENAL  
NSGL, adrenal weight combined was 0.7 Kg. Histology revealed acute, moderate
co,ngestion.
SKELETAL SYSTEM:
NS:GL
SUMMARY:
No parasites seen.
S'E
1
ECIAL TESTS:
1. Histology of necropsy tissues.
2. Bacterial cultures of urine (x2], uterus(right endometrium], liver,
mesenteric lymph nodes (x2], lung (x2], intestine, left mammary gland.
3. Virus isolation (spleen, lymph nodes, liver, lung]
4. Immunologic panel
Page 4 I.D. NO. SWF 00 9301
GROSS SUMMARY:
1. Generalized lymphadenopathy
2. Diffuse intestinal serosal hemorrhages
3. cranial gastrointestinal stasis (paralytic ileus]
4. Lungs - edematous, possible anterior, ventral pneumonia.
5. Prolapsed cervix, vagina, urinary bladder, and uterus.
TENTATIVE DIAGNOSIS:
Bacterial septicemia.The generalized l)rmphadenopathy may have resulted from
the septicemia. The enlarged lymph nodes may have been·a result of a previous
disorder. Pseudomonas aeruqinosa was isolated from the lung [x2], kidney,
mesenteric lymph nodes [x2], liver, uterus, and intestine. A blood culture
taken 24 hours prior to death was also positive for Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
The origin of the systemic infection may have been an acute, Pseudomonas
aeruginosa pneumonia.
CONCLUSIONS: {after histology & clinical pathology review)
Histopathologic findings combined with bacteriologic cultures of Pseudomonas
aeruginosa from postmortem samples of lung indicate fulminant Pseudomonas
aeruginosa pneumonia. Cultures of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from the blood
collected antemortem and from other organs collected postmortem indicate
Pseudomonas septicemia. The hemorrhage and erythrophagocytosis in various
sites are probably secondary to the bacteremia.
DATE: 10/3/94
-;e:; tJ. £   /rJIY)
SIGNED: Terry W. Campbell, DVM, PhD
Sea World of Florida
7007 Sea World Drive
Orlando, FL 32821
,,
Mr. Brad Andrews
Vice President
Zoological Operations
7007 Sea World Drive
Orlando, Florida 32821-8097
Dear Mr. Andrews:
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
National Oceanic and AtiT'ID&pheric AdiT'Iinistration
NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE
Silver Spring, Maryland 2081 0
DEC I 6 1992
Thank you for your recent letter notifying the National Marine
Fisheries Service (NMFS) of your intent to import the killer
whales from Sealand of the Pacific authorized under Permit No.
744. Some additional information is needed before we can approve
your plan for importation.
Special Conditions B.l.b. and B.l.c. of your permit require that:
+ B.l.b. Prior to the importation, the Permit Holder must
determine, to the extent practicable, that
lactation/nursing has ceased and the killer whale calf
to be imported has been weaned.
+ B.l.c. At least 30 days prior to importation, the Permit
Holder must submit a detailed importation plan in
writing to the Director, Office of Protected Resources.
This plan must address: the plans and facilities for
transport and maintenance of the requested animals;
include the Permit Holder's determination in accordance
with paragraph l.b.; state that the killer whales to be
imported have been determined by the Permit Holder to
be ready for importation/transport and describe the
manner in which this determination was made by the
Permit Holder; and state the point in time or action
upon which the Permit Holder will assume sole
responsibility for the care and maintenance of the
killer whales to be imported. Following the Director's
review and approval of this plan the Permit Holder may
proceed with final importation arrangements; specific
dates and times of import shall be provided in
accordance with notification condition 2.a.
We do not agree that it is premature to make determinations
thirty days in advance of the proposed importation/transport
regarding whether the killer whale calf has been weaned and
whether each of the killer whales is ready for
importation/transport, although we do agree that their readiness
for importation/transport should be reassessed as close to
transport as possible. Such determinations thirty days in
2
advance are possible and are necessary for us to evaluate the
proposed importation plan prior to authorizing the import
activities. In this regard, your letter mentioned data available
"comparing observed food consumption and absence of nursing of
the calf with similar behavior of the six other killer whales
that have been successfully weaned at Sea World parks." To the
extent this data demonstrates the readiness of the killer whale
calf for import/transport or that the calf has been weaned, it
would be helpful if you would supply data on this calf
specifically to include:
1. Food consumption - date of initiation of solid food
- amount of kcaljday at initiation
of solid food, mid-weaning, and
currently (i.e. last 30 days).
2. Frequency of nursing activity
- at time of initial solid food
introduction, mid-weaning, and
currently (i.e. last 30 days).
3. Behavioral training sessions preparing for transport
process
- handling history
- stretcher training
- medical procedure training
We would also appreciate similar data on the other six calves for
comparison.
After receiving the requested information, a decision can be made
on your request. If you have any questions regarding this
request, please contact Ann Terbush or Art Jeffers on
301/713-2289.
Sincerely,
i W J J ~   ~
Michael F. Tillman, Ph.D.
Acting Director
Office of Protected Resources
.
Wlrld
VIA FAX
Brad Andrews
Vice President
Zoological Operations
December 22, 1992
Dr. Michael F. Tillman
Acting Director
Office of Protected Resources
National Marine Fisheries Service
1335 East-West Highway, Room 8268
Silver Spring, Maryland 20910
Re: Permit No. 774
Dear Dr. Tillman:
( '.1'.:'
DEC 2 4 ??? · .. ·: \
. . .
. : .. : :!: . : ffl.
' '
'. ',··
...
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. · ... ··.
In a letter dated November 6, 1992 we provided the Service
with notification of our intent to transport the killer whales from
Sealand of the Pacific between December 24, 1992 and January 31,
1993, along with details describing our import plan. We feel we
have provided all the necessary information.
Permit No. 774 requests a final determination at least thirty
days in advance of the transport that each ani rna 1 is fit for
transport. In our importation plan submitted November 6, 1992, we
stated the ani rna 1 s were in good he a 1 th and apparent 1 y fit for
transport. This determination was made by the Sea World and
Sealand veterinarians. The animals remain in apparent good health.
However, Sea World's importation plan reflected our best veterinary
judgment that a final determination thirty or more days prior to
transport does not necessarily mean the anima 1 will be fit for
transport thirty or more days later. Therefore, our importation
p 1 an stated it was premature to make a fi na 1 determination and
provided that such an assessment would be made nearer the time of
transport.
Sea World, Inc.
7007 Sea World Drive
Orlando, FL 32821-8097
(407) 363-2661
FAX (407) 345-5397
Ml Busch Entertainment
MJ Corporation
ONE OF THE ANHEUSER·BUSCH COMPANIES
Dr. Michael F. Tillman
December 22, 1992
Page 2
Based on your December 16 letter, NMFS apparently disagrees
with our position as to when a final determination regarding
fitness for transport should be made. In light of your position,
we will again certify that, as of the date of our November 6, 1992
letter, each of the animals was fit for transport. Each animal
remains fit for transport today. A copy of Dr. Jim McBain's
certification is attached. We will also continually monitor the
condition of the animals and will, immediately prior to transport,
undertake an addition a 1 assessment of each anima 1 's fitness for
transport to ensure that nothing has changed from the date of this
letter. We would, of course, not put the health of these animals
at risk.
Your December 16 letter also calls for a determination that
lactation/nursing has ceased. In our November 6, 1992 letter, we
were unable to make the determination that lactation/nursing had
ceased and the calf was completely weaned. Our importation plan
stated Sea World would provide the Service with this determination
at a later date by a comparison of food consumption and absence of
nursing behavior with that of other killer whales which have been
successfully weaned.
The Marine Mammal Protection Act ("MMPA") has no requirement
for a thirty day pretransport notification regarding either nursing
or fitness for transport. With respect to nursing animals, the Act
states it is unlawful to import a marine mammal that was "nursing
at the time of taking." 16 U.S.C. 1372 (b) (2). As you know, this
provision was included in the MMPA to prevent the separation of a
mother and nursing calf. The Sealand calf and mother will not be
separated during transport, or after transport for a significant
period, if at all.
Assuming the importation of a captive-born marine mammal is a
taking under the MMPA, an interpretation of the MMPA with which Sea
World disagrees, Sea World believes it is complying with the MMPA
by providing this determination "at the time of taking," not thirty
days before. Neverthe 1 ess, we can and do now make the deter-
mination that lactation/nursing has ceased. That determination is
also contained in Dr. McBain's attached certification. However,
Sea World's actions should not be construed as an admission that
the term "take" includes the transport of marine mammals already in
captivity.
Dr. Michael F. Tillman
December 22, 1992
Page 3
Your December 16 letter also states the two preceding
determinations "are necessary for [NMFS] to evaluate the proposed
importation p 1 an ... " We do not understand what these
determinations have to do with evaluating the remainder of the
importation plan. The remainder of the plan relates to: (1) the
plans and facilities for transport and maintenance of the animals,
and (2) the point in time at which Sea World will assume sole
responsibility for the care and maintenance of the killer whales.
The facilities, procedures and personnel associated with the
transport are not related to the two medical determinations since
neither Sea World nor NMFS would consider transporting an animal
not fit for transport. Similarly, the point in time at which Sea
World will assume sole responsibility for the care and maintenance
of the animals is not related to either determination.
The remaining information which you said would be helpful to
you regarding the food consumption, frequency of nursing activity
and behavioral training sessions for transport is also attached in
a memorandum from Dr. Dan Odell to me.
We believe this letter and the attached information fully
respond to your request for additional materials contained in your
December 16 letter. However, we have a significant matter of
concern which we must share with you.
It is your agency's position that permit holders have a
responsibility to provide sufficient information. We also believe
your agency has a responsibility to act in a timely manner. As you
know, the importation of a animal the size of the killer whale
requires advance chartering of aircraft, cranes and associ a ted
equipment, all at a significant expense. We believe if the Service
requests a plan thirty days in advance, then the Service has a
responsibility to act in a timely manner within those thirty days.
Sea World's importation plan was dated November 6, 1992 and,
according to the time-stamped copy, was received on November 12.
Having not heard from the Service after thirty days, Sea World
has initiated the preliminary steps necessary for making the final
transportation arrangements. Consequently, we will soon provide
you with the ten day not i fi cation of the p 1 an ned departure and
arrival times, etc., as required by permit condition B (ii)(a).
Dr. Mi chae 1 F. Ti 11 man
December 22, 1992
Page 4
We greatly appreciate your cooperation in this matter.
jas
Attachments
Sincerely,
  d _ ~ .

Brad Andrews
Vice President
Zoological Operations
Dr. Michael F. Tillman
Acting Director
Office of Protected Resources
National Marine Fisheries Service
1335 East-West Highway, Room 8268
Silver Spring, Maryland 2091 0
Dear Dr. Tillman:
· ~ . . .
·,,c
December 22, 1 992
This communication is to certify that on November 6, 1992 and as of
this date the three killer whales housed at Sealand of the Pacific in Victoria,
B.C. are fit for transport. I plan to continually monitor the health of these
animals up to the transport date and will make a final health assessment
immediately prior to transport.
The weaning of the calf has progressed much as it did with the Sea
World killer whale calves. The calf was consuming more than one half of its
caloric intake in the form of solid food by 1 0 months of age. By 11 months
of age, nursing had become sporadic with nearly all nutrition in the form of
solid food. Between 11 and 11 1/2 months, there was a total of 2 minutes
6 seconds of nursing, which means virtually all caloric needs were being
supplied by herring and salmon. For the last 1 0 days there has been no
nursing by the calf, its intake of fish is at 24 to 25 pounds per day. The
calf's mother has made no attempts to encourage the calf to nurse nor has
milk· been seen from her during the last 2 weeks. It is clear from this
information that the weaning process is complete. The calf's mother is no
longer producing milk and the calf is fully weaned.
JMB:dd
Sea World of California
1720 South Shores Road
San Diego, CA 92109-7995
(619) 222-6363
Ml Busch Entertainment
1M Corporation
• ONE Of THE ANHEUSER-BUSCH COMPANIES
Sincerely,
V ~   ;&;;,h/4;
Jim McBain, D.V.M.
Corporate Director
Veterinary Medicine
 
TO: Brad Andrews
FROM: Dan Odell
DATE: December 22, 1992
SUBJECT: Killer Whale Calf Data
Interoffice
Correspondence
The following data are in reference to the NMFS' December 16,
1992 letter requesting information regarding food consumption,
frequency of nursing activity and behavioral training with respect
to the killer whale calf in Victoria, B.C.
Based on a sample of six killer whales which have been
successfully weaned at Sea World, the animals were first observed
playing with food between 25-79 days of birth (mean=SO days) . The
Sealand calf was first observed playing with food at 44 days. The
first observed swallowing of food for the six killer whales ranged
between 64-104 days (mean=81 days). The Sealand calf was first
observed swallowing food at 98 days. Five of six calves
successfully weaned at Sea World were observed consistently eating
food at between 98-149 days (mean=122 days) • The sixth calf (the
first one born at Sea World) was not given free access to fish when
she started eating the fish not eaten by her mother and, therefore,
is not included in the statistical analysis. The Sealand calf was
consistently eating food at 102 days. At eleven months of age,
five of six calves were not nursing. Here again, the first calf
born at Sea World is not included because she was treated
differently. She was fully weaned at 18 months of age. At eleven
months of age, the Sealand killer whale calf was not nursing. The
Sealand killer whale is now almost 12 months of age. The average
daily caloric intake for the six calves weaned at Sea World when
they were eleven months of age was 22,000 Kcal, with a range of
12, 000-32, 000 Kcal. The average daily caloric intake for the
Sealand calf at 11 months of age was 19,000 Kcal.
The range of observed nursing times of the start of weaning
was 2-7 minutes per day (mean=4.7 minutes) based on a sample of six
killer whales successfully weaned at Sea World. At the start of
weaning, the Sealand calf was nursing approximately 4 minutes per
day. We do not have daily nursing times at "mid-weaning" since 24
hour observations on calves are terminated at approximately 100
days of age. For purposes of this memo, I have defined the start
of weaning as the age at which the calf was first observed
swallowing whole fish.
Killer Whale Calf Data
December 22, 1992
Page 2
Behavioral training, the handling history, stretcher training,
and medical procedure training are all part of desensitization
training. For each baby killer whale, we undertake a process of
desensitization training to teach the whales, through positive
reinforcement, to accept outside stimuli and changes in the
environment. This is accomplished by reinforcing and teaching the
calf to follow and even mimic the older adult whales.
Desensitization training starts by building the animal's confidence
and having the animal approach the trainer and allow simple touch
or changes in the environment. For example, large objects are
introduced and the animal is taught to retrieve them. This is all
done as the animal starts to accept solid food. With respect to
the Sealand calf, this process was started a few months ago when
the calf started eating solid food consistently. These techniques
have prepared the calf for handling, medical procedures, and
transport.
 
Daniel K. Odell, Ph.D.
Research Biologist
Mr. Brad Andrews
Vice President
zoological Operations
Sea World, Inc.
7007 Sea World Drive
Orlando, Florida 32821-8097
Dear Mr. Andrews:
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT DF COMMERCE
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE
Silver Spring, Maryland 20910
DEC 2 9 1992
Thank you for your reply to our recent letter regarding your
intent to import the killer whales from Sealand of the Pacific
authorized under Permit No. 774. We have determined that the
information provided in your letter and attachments, in
combination with the information submitted in your letter dated
November 6, 1992, is sufficient to comply with the requirements
of special conditions B.1.b. and B.1.c. of Permit No. 774.
As required by Special Condition B.1.c., your importation plan as
described in the above referenced correspondence is approved and
you may proceed with final importation arrangements. Please be
reminded that, in accordance with Special Condition B.2.a. of
your permit, you must notify the Director, Southeast Regional
Office, National Marine Fisheries Service ten days in advance of
the importation.
I regret the delay in responding to your earlier letter, and we,
of course, agree that both your and any other permit holder's
letters should receive a timely reply. Nevertheless, I must
point out that the conditions of your permit require that
"Following the Director's review and approval of (your
importation] plan the Permit Holder may proceed with final
importation arrangements; ••• " This condition of your permit,
special condition B.1.c., along with Special Condition B.1.b.,
was restated in our letter to you of December 16, 1992.
Please do not misunderstand our position regarding when a final
determination of fitness for transport should be made. As we
stated in our December 16, 1992, letter, our position is that it
is not premature to make determinations thirty days in advance of
the proposed importation/transport regarding whether the killer
whale calf has been weaned and whether each of the killer whales
is ready for importation/transport. The necessary determinations
2
and supporting information in this regard were submitted
·subsequently in your letter of December 22, 1992. As we also
stated in our letter of December 16, 1992, we, of course, agree
that in the case of any importation or transport, a final
determination regarding fitness for transport should be made
immediately prior to transport.
If you have any questions regarding these matters, please contact
Ann Terbush or Art Jeffers on 301/713-2289.
cc: Barbara Heffernan
Sincerely,
~ ~   ~
Michael F. Tillman, Ph.D.
Acting Director
Office of Protected Resources
VIA FAX
December 29, 1992
Dr. Andrew J. Kemmerer
Brad Andrews
Vice President
Zoological Operations
. : . '   .
Director, Southeast Region
National Marine Fisheries Service
9450 Koger Boulevard
St. Petersburg, FL 33702
Dear Dr. Kemmerer:
Pursuant to Special Condition B (2) of Permit 774, Sea World hereby
provides ten days notice of its intent to import three killer
whales from Sealand of the Pacific to Sea World's facilities.
The transport mode is vi a charter 747-200 aircraft and charter
truck. The departure of the aircraft from Victoria, Canada is
planned for 8:00p.m. local time on January 7, 1993. Arrival at
the port of entry in San Antonio, Texas is estimated at 2:00 a.m.
local time on January 8, 1993. The aircraft is expected to depart
for Orlando at 4:00 a.m. Arrival in Orlando is estimated at 7:20
a.m. local time.
The names and qualifications of Sea World staff accompanying the
animals during the importation are attached.
Sea World, Inc.
7007 Sea World Drive
Orlando, FL 32821-8097 C C :
(407) 363-2661
FAX (407) 345-5397
rtl, Busch
W,: Corporation
Sincerely,

Brad Andrews
Vice President
Zoological Operations
Ann D. Terbush, Chief, Permits Division
National Marine Fisheries Service
IMPORTATION SUPERVISION:
Brad F. Andrews, Vice President/Zoological Operations
20 years experience with marine mammals
James F. McBain, D.V.M., Corporate Director of Veterinary Medicine
18 years of experience with marine mammals
James E. Antrim, Vice President/General Curator
19 years experience with marine mammals
Terry Campbell, D.V.M., Staff Veterinarian
4 years of experience with marine mammals
Thomas H. Reidarson, D.V.M., Staff Veterinarian
4 years of experience with marine mammals
Dee H. Cross, Jr., Supervisor/Animal Care
20 years experience with marine mammals
Robert Wagoner, Assistant Curator of Mammals
14 years of experience with marine mammals
Robin Friday, Assistant Curator of Animal Training
12 years of experience with marine mammals
Mark A. Ruther, Supervisor of Mammals
9 years of experience with marine mammals
Clinton Thad Lacinak, Jr., VP/Corporate Curator of Animal Training
19 years of experience with marine mammals
James J. Clarke, Assistant Curator of Animal Training
16 years of experience with marine mammals
Stewart Clark, Supervisor of Training
7 years of experience with marine mammals
Cynthia A. Swanson, Animal Care Specialist I
6 years of experience with marine mammals
Roger Loupe, Senior Trainer
4 years of experience with marine mammals
Additional personnel experienced in the care of marine mammals may
act under the direct supervision of Brad Andrews and veterinary
staff as appropriate.

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