UNIT 2 Continue

The Use of Tense Each tense has a basic and a progressive form. Present Tense First principal part of the verb. 1. Action going on in the present time. He writes a letter. 2. Action that occurred in the past but is written in the present is called historical present. Stories and novels are often written in this tense. She opens the door each morning. 3. Repeated or habitual action Tom spokes a pack of cigarettes a day. 4. Timeless truth Four and four is eight. Past Tense 1. Action that took place at some time in the past. (The time could be made definite by adding such words as last week or tomorrow) 2. A completed action or condition. He closed the door. Future Tense 1. Action that will take place at some point in the future. Mary will take the test next week. Present Perfect Tense Add the auxiliary verbs have or has to the third principal part of the verb. 1. Action that started in the past and continued in the future. I have worked there for two years. 2. Complete action at an indefinite time She has seen that show before. Past Perfect Tense Add had to the third principal part of the verb.

1. Action completed before another past action. He had researched the subject and then wrote the paper. The action that came first is in the past perfect tense, and the other is in the past tense. Future Perfect Tense 1. Future action completed before another action. I will have finished this book before you arrive. (use this tense sparingly.) The most important rule about tenses is that you must be consistent. Do no shift your tense. When you write sentences using compound verbs, be sure you keep the tense the same. Mary enters the room and sits down. (Correct) Mary entered the room and sat down. (Correct) Mary enters the room and sat down. (Incorrect, tenses do not match) Exercise 45 Directions: Rewrite each sentence, keeping the second verb the same tense as the first. Example: She washes the dishes and put them away. She washes the dishes and puts them away. 1. The teacher took my paper and writes several comments.

2. She found the book on the sidewalk and returns it to the teacher.

3. Mary saw the accident and calls the police.

4. The museum is open seven days a week but the library was not.

5. The policeman keeps a close watch on all activities and immediately reported anything unusual.

6. Terry ran into the house and sees her mother on the floor.

7. I turned the key and start the car.

8. Mr. Jones painted my room and leaves brushes on my desk.

9. Tom took his book to the library and sits down to read the newspaper.

10.Mother cleaned my room and throws away my term paper.

Exercise 46 Directions: Underline the verbs in the following summary of Guy de Maupassant’s “The Necklace.” Choose the tense you prefer and correct any verbs that shift from that tense. Mathilde Loisel, a Parisian housewife, married a minor clerk. She is unhappy because she is poor. She often dreams about money and fine clothes. She was even more unhappy after visiting Jeanne Forrestier, a rich woman and former schoolmate. One day Loisel, Mathilde’s husband, brings home an invitation to an exclusive dinner party. Mathilde angrily tore up the invitation. She has nothing to wear. Loisel gave her money for a party dress. She is still unhappy. She had no jewelry. Loisel makes a suggestion. She has a rich friend with beautiful jewelry. She can borrow from her friend. Mathilde agrees and borrowed an expensive diamond necklace.

At the party Mathilde was very popular. She dances and enjoys herself. After the party she and her husband hurry away. She didn’t want to be seen in her old shawl. She arrives home tired but happy. Then she has a terrible experience. She lost the necklace. In desperation, Loisel buys one for 36,000 francs. He uses all his money and inheritance, and borrowed more at a high rate of interest. For the next ten years, Mathilde and Loisel make many sacrifices. She gave up her nice apartment and takes on many hard jobs. She climbed many stairs and throws buckets of water to clean floors. She haggles with shopkeepers for bargains. The hard work took away her beauty. One Sunday, Mathilde takes a walk and sees Jeanne. Jeanne does not recognize her at first. She was so changed. Mathilde tells Jeanne of her years of hard work. Jeanne looks at her in amazement. The necklace is a fake. It was worth about 500 francs. Exercise 47 Directions: write the correct verb form, indicated in parentheses. Example: worked Melissa (work) on her project. (past) ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ 1. Tom (lose) his way in the forest. (present tense) 2. She (sing) on the stage many times. (present perfect) 3. He (see) that show before. (past perfect) 4. Joan (laugh) at the joke. (past) 5. She (buy) several articles at the Price Club. (future) 6. Joan (take) the flowers to her friend in the hospital. (past) 7. Robert (give) his time most generously. (present perfect) 8. The boys (go) on a long trip last week. (past) 9. The wind (blow) fiercely all night. (past perfect) 10. My little brother (eat) the entire pie. (past) 11. Tim (ride) his bike to school each morning. (present)

____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ Exercise 48

12. Shirley (lose) her book. (present perfect) 13. She almost (break) the vase. (past) 14. Lori (steal) the material from her friends. (past perfect) 15. John (write) the letter tomorrow. (future) 16. She (leave) the room. (past) 17. We (visit) our Uncle Bill yesterday. (past) 18. Joe (work) for his uncle. (present perfect) 19. She (rise) from her chair. (present) 20. Jane (choose) the material for per prom dress. (past perfect)

Directions: on a separate piece of paper, write original sentences using the given verb and tense. Example: past perfect of see The boys had seen that video before.

1. 2. Present tense of take 3. Future of go 4. Past perfect of write 5. Present perfect of finish 6. Present perfect of teach 7. Past perfect of take 8. Past progressive of rise 9. Future progressive of write 10.Present emphatic of sing 11.Present progressive of fly 12.Past emphatic of go 13. Past perfect of send 14.Future of bring 15.Present perfect of break 16.Past progressive of write 17.Present perfect of take 18.Future of paint 19.Present perfect of walk 20.Past of draw 21.Past progressive of draw

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