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Erik Erikson stages of development

Can I Make It In The World Of People And Things?
Erik Erikson
Erikson's stage theory characterizes an individual advancing through the eight
life stages as a function of negotiating his or her biological forces and
sociocultural forces. Each stage is characterized by a psychosocial crisis of these
two conflicting forces. If an individual does indeed successfully reconcile these
forces, he or she emerges from the stage with the corresponding virtue.

Industry vs. Inferiority

Industry vs. Inferiority (Latency, 5-12 years) Children are at the stage
where they will be learning to read and write, to do sum, to make things on their
own. Teachers begin to take an important role in the child’s life as they teach the
child specific skills.

It is at this stage that the child’s peer group will gain greater significance and will
become a major source of the child’s self esteem. The child now feels the need
to win approval by demonstrating specific competencies that are valued by
society, and begin to develop a sense of pride in their accomplishments.

Jean Piaget

Piaget's stage theory describes the cognitive development of children.
Cognitive development involves changes in cognitive process and abilities. In
Piaget's view, early cognitive development involves processes based upon
actions and later progresses into changes in mental operations.

His view of how children's minds work and develop has been enormously
influential, particularly in educational theory. His particular insight was the role of
maturation in children's increasing capacity to understand their world: they
cannot undertake certain tasks until they are psychologically mature enough to
do so.

Sigmund Freud

According to Freud the human mind is like an iceberg. It is mostly hidden
in the unconscious. He believed that the conscious level of the mind was similar
to the tip of the iceberg which could be seen, but the unconscious was
mysterious and was hidden. The unconscious also consists of aspects of
personality of which a person is unaware. The conscious on the other hand is
that which is within our awareness. The preconscious consists of that which is
not in immediate awareness but is easily accessible.