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Ecology

BIOZONE's Crossword Puzzle for Senior Biology
L
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I
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N C O L N I N D E X Z
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N B
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D
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S
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B
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O
E C
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S
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T R A T I F I C A T I O N
R L O S P O A
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D A P T A T I O N S T R G T
B
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I O R H Y T H M S P R O E I
A S H I T O O
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U B S T R A T E B R C N
F R U O H
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O M M E N S A L I S M T
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R A N
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S E C T P E
C A I H M N
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P
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L A G I O C L I M A X H
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A B I T A T O S I U
T I N C T
I P
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V M
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A R
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O C
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O N S U M E R A L I
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I M
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N P R E
O O U S
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U C C E S S I O N K N
O M T P
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L Q
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U A D R A T
D A U R A P
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N S
C G A D
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E N S I T Y O C
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F
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O O D W E
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B
H N L D I O O R N
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B I O T I C A E
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C O S Y S T E M E E
I F S T N E P
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R O D U C E R
N I M N
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I C H E R E A G
C O B
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T P Y
A
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D A P T A T I O N M
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I M I C R Y I T
T O T P
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U
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I O M A S S M
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I G R A T I O N I E R
O I O S E
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N D A N G E R E D C
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O M M U N I T Y
Across
1. A simple estimate of animal population density, based on data
obtained by mark and recapture techniques (2 words: 7, 5)
[Lincoln Index]
9. The state of being in layers, for example, vegetation in a
rainforest [Stratification]
10. Any evolutionary change in the characteristics of an
organism that makes it better able to survive in its environment
[Adaptations]
11. Innate patterns of growth and activity that appear to be
under the control of a biological clock [Biorhythms]
12. The material upon which an organism lives or to which it is
attached [Substrate]
13. A species interaction where one species benefits and the
other is unaffected [Commensalism]
Down
2. The ability of an ecosystem to resist external disturbance
[Inertia]
3. The existence of populations of organisms in zones, e.g. a
rock platform [Zonation]
4. The parts of the planet (air, land and water) containing living
things [Biosphere]
5. The range of a species or its arrangement in an area
[Distribution]
6. Organisms that feed on dead organic matter [Saprotrophs]
7. Applied to cycles, it describes the movement of chemical
elements from organism to physical environment to organism in
more or less circular pathways [Biogeochemical]
8. This process helps to identify and group similar organisms
together [Classification]
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Across
14. A line, strip or profile chosen for charting and analysis
[Transect]
17. Stage in plant succession preceding the natural climax but
which persists because of, for example, human intervention
[Plagioclimax]
18. The place where an organism lives [Habitat]
22. An organism that obtains its energy from other living
organisms [Consumer]
25. Progression in an ecosystem from colonization to climax
community [Succession]
27. A sampling method involving the sampling of organisms with
randomly selected sections of a known size [Quadrat]
29. The number of individuals per unit area [Density]
31. Interconnecting food chains in a community (2 words: 4,3)
[Foodweb]
33. Another name for a physical factor [Abiotic]
34. The name for a community and its physical environment
[Ecosystem]
35. An organism that makes its own food from raw materials and
sunlight energy [Producer]
36. The place of an organism in the environment, including its
habitat and its interactions with other organisms [Niche]
38. A feature that enhances survival and reproduction and is
part of an organism's make-up [Adaptation]
39. The resemblance of one animal to an animal of a different
species so that a third animal is deceived into confusing them
[Mimicry]
41. A name given in ecology for the weight of biological material
[Biomass]
42. The periodic movement of animals from one area to another,
usually associated with seasonal changes [Migration]
43. A species whose numbers have been reduced to a level
critical for the species survival is said to be this [Endangered]
44. An assemblage of populations living together with some
degree of interdependence [Community]
Down
15. A species that occurs naturally in an environment and has
not been introduced by humans [Native]
16. These cycle with ecosystems [Nutrients]
19. A group of individuals of one species living in an area
[Population]
20. A sampling technique involving tagging or marking, release
and recapture of organisms (3 words: 4, 3, 9) [Mark and
Recapture]
21. The increasing concentration of a substance in organisms
from their predecessors in the food chain [Biomagnification]
23. A sequence of organisms in which each is the food for the
next one in the sequence [Foodchain]
24. A species interaction where both species benefit from the
relationship [Mutualism]
26. The act of feeding by preying on other organisms [Predation]
28. A device used to collect and transfer small animals [Pooter]
30. Active demand by two or more individuals or species for a
resource [Competition]
32. In ecosystems this is not recycled [Energy]
37. Living things in ecosystems are called this [Biotic]
40. An unwanted species that is usually reproducing rapidly in a
new environment away from natural enemies [Pest]
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