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We, the pro, are in strong affirmation of the RESOLVED: development assistance should be
prioritized over military aid in the Sahel region of Africa.
In order to parameterize the round, the pro would like to provide the following definitions:
Development assistance: flows provided by official agencies with the main objective of
economic and political development as well as welfare.
Military aid: assistance to promote the growth of the country’s national security apparatus and
the development of that apparatus
Sahel region of Africa: The area that covers all or part of 12 countries from the Atlantic coast to
the Red Sea.
The pro will also offer the following observation: In this round, we must focus on prioritizing
aid or assistance to major current issues facing the Sahel region, as opposed to already resolved
Contention 1: Major Problems now lie with Development assistance
Military assistance has clearly played a role in eradicating terrorist groups in the sahel. However,
with the help of the French military, the main issues--for example the seize of two-thirds of
Mali-- are now close to being resolved. The Foreign Minister of France, Laurent Fabius, states
that France would pull two-thirds of the soldiers in Mali by the end of January as planned. In fact
France has already decreased to a 1000 member military presence; which will bring an end to
their 3 month military plan. Even smaller scale attacks, in the past few months, have not called
into question France's continued efforts to remove troops. With the presence of military being
less prioritized, western nations are now focusing on the reconstruction of the nation. Pledges
were made on the basis of the "Plan for the Sustainable Recovery of Mali, 2013-2014", presented
by the Malian government, which says that an amount of 4.343 billion Euros is needed to fully
implement the plan. Marietou Diaby, a Malian country director for the NGO Oxfam States
"Donors must now support a new development contract between the people of Mali and their
government which tackles poverty, corruption and inequality - issues that lie at the heart of the
crisis,". Also, the US and European nations are planning to take a new approach on security
measures in the Sahel, which includes focusing on the democracy of the area to improve security
needs, rather than utilizing military assistance as they had before. With the major priorities of the
necessity for military force decreasing at a rapid rate, the region must now focus on much larger
scale problems, such as the 18 million people across the Sahel severely stricken with
Contention 2: Cleaning up the mess
Even though France's assistance might have been necessary in the past; with any military
intervention, consequences will arise. In fact, more than 467,000 people, around one third of the
population in northern Mali, are currently displaced due to the military intervention; and the
United Nations announced that it needs at least 222 million Euros to address immediate food and
other humanitarian needs. Military Intervention has also increased the serious food shortages that
now plague 4.3 million Malians. “Everyone understands that the future of the sub-region and
beyond depends on Mali’s stabilization and development" states the Foreign minister of France.
Other organizations have also seen the importance of prioritizing development in the Sahel
Region as a whole. The Bank pledged $1.5 billion in new regional investments over the next two
years, while the EU announced it would provide $6.75 billion to six Sahel countries over the next
seven years. The money is to be used for a number of development projects, including
agriculture and green energy in order to aid the Sahel region. The UN's original plan was to
install more than 12,600 troops into the Sahel, but rather have decreased that number to 5,000
and have now started to focus on more pressing issues, which include improving climate change
in the Sahel region, urging the African Union to champion this problem. Since military aid
caused displacement, food insecurity, and increase in poverty; these issues must be resolved
before millions more become engulfed in the major issues now plaguing the Sahel today. As UN
Secretary, General Ban Ki- moon, puts it, "The region has suffered too much and for too long.
We are here to listen and especially to act. Our message is clear: peace and development must go
hand in hand.”
For these reasons, we strongly urge a PRO ballot for Starr's Mill Ds. Thank You.