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CALIBRATION AND LEAK-BY TEST PROCEDURES

Calibration and Leak-by Test Procedures
All field-installed temperature, relative humidity, CO, CO2 and pressure sensors and gages, and all actuators
(dampers and valves) on all equipment shall be calibrated using the methods described below Alternate methods
may be used, if approved by the Owner before-hand All test instruments shall have had a certified calibration
within the last !2 months "ensors installed in the unit at the factory with calibration certification provided need not
be field calibrated
All procedures used shall be fully documented on the prefunctional chec#lists or other suitable forms, clearly
referencing the procedures followed and written documentation of initial, intermediate and final results
1. Sensor Calibration Methods
All "ensors $erify that all sensor locations are appropriate and away from causes of erratic operation $erify that
sensors with shielded cable, are grounded only at one end %or sensor pairs that are used to determine a
temperature or pressure difference, ma#e sure they are reading within &2'% of each other for temperature and
within a tolerance equal to 2( of the reading, of each other, for pressure )olerances for critical applications may
be tighter
A "ensors *ithout )ransmitters--"tandard Application +a#e a reading with a calibrated test instrument within ,
inches of the site sensor $erify that the sensor reading (via the permanent thermostat, gage or building
automation system (-A")) is within the tolerances in the table below of the instrument-measured value .f not,
install offset in -A", calibrate or replace sensor
- "ensors *ith )ransmitters--"tandard Application /isconnect sensor Connect a signal generator in place of
sensor Connect ammeter in series between transmitter and -A" control panel 0sing manufacturer1s
resistance-temperature data, simulate minimum desired temperature Ad2ust transmitter potentiometer 3ero until
4 mA is read by the ammeter 5epeat for the ma6imum temperature matching 2& mA to the potentiometer span
or ma6imum and verify at the -A" 5ecord all values and recalibrate controller as necessary to conform with
specified control ramps, reset schedules, proportional relationship, reset relationship and 78. reaction
5econnect sensor +a#e a reading with a calibrated test instrument within , inches of the site sensor $erify
that the sensor reading (via the permanent thermostat, gage or building automation system (-A")) is within the
tolerances in the table below of the instrument-measured value .f not, replace sensor and repeat %or pressure
sensors, perform a similar process with a suitable signal generator
C Critical Applications %or critical applications (process, manufacturing, etc) more rigorous calibration
techniques may be required for selected sensors /escribe any such methods used on an attached sheet
)olerances, "tandard Applications
"ensor
5equired
)olerance (98-) "ensor
5equired
)olerance (98-)
Cooling coil, chilled and condenser
water temps &4%
%low rates, water
5elative humidity
4( of design
4( of design
A:0 wet bulb or dew point 2&% Combustion flue temps ;&%
:ot water coil and boiler water temp !;% O6ygen or CO2 monitor &! ( pts
Outside air, space air, duct air temps &4% CO monitor &&! ( pts
*atthour, voltage < amperage !( of design =atural gas and oil flow rate !( of design
7ressures, air, water and gas >( of design "team flow rate >( of design
%low rates, air !&( of design -arometric pressure &! in of :g
File: 242415430.d! Commissioning Guide Specification --PECI "#2"#2014 1
--Large Buildings
CALIBRATION AND LEAK-BY TEST PROCEDURES
2. Valve and Damper Stroke Setup and Check
A ?+" 5eadout %or all valve and damper actuator positions chec#ed, verify the actual position against the -A"
readout
"et pumps or fans to normal operating mode Command valve or damper closed, visually verify that valve or
damper is closed and ad2ust output 3ero signal as required Command valve or damper open, verify position is full
open and ad2ust output signal as required Command valve or damper to a few intermediate positions .f actual
valve or damper position doesn1t reasonably correspond, replace actuator or add pilot positioner (for pneumatics)
- Closure for heating coil valves (=O)@ "et heating setpoint 2&'% above room temperature Observe valve open
5emove control air or power from the valve and verify that the valve stem and actuator position do not change
5estore to normal "et heating setpoint to 2&'% below room temperature Observe the valve close %or
pneumatics, by override in the ?+", increase pressure to valve by > psi (do not e6ceed actuator pressure rating)
and verify valve stem and actuator position does not change 5estore to normal
C Closure for cooling coil valves (=C)@ "et cooling setpoint 2&'% above room temperature Observe the valve
close 5emove control air or power from the valve and verify that the valve stem and actuator position do not
change 5estore to normal "et cooling setpoint to 2&'% below room temperature Observe valve open %or
pneumatics, by override in the ?+", increase pressure to valve by > psi (do not e6ceed actuator pressure rating)
and verify valve stem and actuator position does not change 5estore to normal
3. Coil Valve Leak Check
A +ethod !--*ater )emperature *ith 2-*ay $alve Calibrate water temperature sensors on each side of coil to be
within &2'% of each other )urn off air handler fans, close O"A dampersA #eep pump running +a#e sure
appropriate coil dampers are open =ormally closed valves will close Override normally open valves to the
closed position After !& minutes observe water delta ) across coil .f it is greater than 2'%, lea#age is probably
occurring 5eset valve stro#e to close tighter 5epeat test until compliance
- +ethod 2--Air )emperature *ith 2 or >-*ay $alve Calibrate air temperature sensors on each side of coil to be
within &2'% of each other Change mi6ed or discharge air setpoint, override values or bleed or squee3e bulb
pneumatic controller to cause the valve to close Air handler fans should be on After ; minutes observe air
delta ) across coil .f it is greater than !'%, lea#age is probably occuring 5eset valve stro#e to close tighter
5epeat test until compliance *ater lea#-by less than !&( will li#ely not be detected with this method
C +ethod > Coil /rain /own (not for >-way valves) 7ut systems in normal mode .f cooling coil valve, remove
all call for cooling or if heating coil valve put system in full cooling Close isolation valve on supply side of coil,
open air bleed cap, open drain-down coc# and drain water from coil *ater should stop draining, else there may
be a lea# through the control valve 5eturn all to normal when done
4. Isolation Valve or Sstem Valve Leak Check !"or valves not b coils#
A +ethod !--0ltra-sonic flow meter *ith full pressure in the system, command valve closed 0se an ultra-sonic
flow meter to detect flow or lea#age
-- END OF PROCEDURES--
File: 242415430.d! Commissioning Guide Specification --PECI "#2"#2014 2
--Large Buildings