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Lampiran B

NERACA PANAS
Berdasarkan hasil perhitungan Neraca Massa dapat dibuat Neraca Panas yaitu :
Basis waktu : 1 jam
Operasi : 24 jam per hari
Satuan : kkal
Suhu reterensi : 25º
Diketehui data kapasitas panas tiap senyawa gas pada suhu standar 25
o
C dengan
Satuan Kkal/Kg
o
C yaitu:
Senyawa A B (10
-3
) C (10
-6
) D (10
-9
)
Methane (CH
4
) 1,702 9,081 2,164 -2,703
Carbon dioxide (CO
2
) 5,457 1,045 13,381 -1,157
Hydrogen Sulfide (H
2
S) 3,931 1,490 5,631 -1,000
Water (H
2
O) 3,470 1,450 -3,450 0,121
Sumber : (HM Spencer & KK Kelley vol: 40)
Data kapasitas panas Untuk larutan yaitu:
senyawa A B (10
-3
) C (10
-6
)
MEA (C
2
H
7
NO) 17,817 3,988 -86,931
Sumber : (Lamp. A Sherwood & Prousnitz hal: 627)

1. ABSORBER
MEA 30 % (T = 40ºC)

T = 30ºC T = 60ºC

T = 60ºC
Treff = 25ºC (298 K)
T
2
= 30ºC (303 K)
AB-01
B-2

Panas Masuk
Q = m ∫

cp = (a + bt + ct
2
+ dt
3
) dtkkal/kg ºc

∫ (

)

= 15,8592 kg
( ( )

(

)

(

)

(

))kkal/kg ºC
=154,62897kkal.

QCO
2
= 43,6128 kg ∫ (

) dt kkal/kg ºc
( ( )

(

)

(

)

(

)

= 1194,03653kkal

∫ (

)

= 94,52 kg
( ( )

(

)

(

B-3

)

(

))
= 1649,32716kkal
Total Q
in
= QCH
4
+ QCO
2
+ QH
2
S + QH
2
O
= 154,62897 + 1194,03653 + 4,15807 + 1649,32716
= 3002,15073kkal
Panas larutan penyerap masuk absorber (panas larutan MEA 30 % berat)
yang keluar dari stripper yaitu = 88568,274 kkal
Panas penyerap QºR
MEA + CO
2
+ H
2
O MEA CO
2

Diketahui data entalphi pembentukan standar pada suhu 25ºc
(298 ºk) :ΔHºt :
ΔHºt MEA = - 62520 kkal/kg mol
ΔHºt CO
2
= - 94052 kkal/kg mol
ΔHºt H
2
O = - 68317 kkal/kg mol
ΔHºt MEA CO
2
= - 229710 kkal/kg mol
Sehingga =
Entalphi reaksi penyerapan standar pada suhu 25ºc (298k)
ΔHºR = ΔHºt produk - ΔHºtreaktan
= [()] () () ()
= - 4821 kkal/kg mol
Maka panas reaksi QºR
QºR = kg mol MEA CO
2
terbentuk X ΔHºR
B-4

( )
= 4773,79732kkal
Panas keluar :
Komponen gas

Cp = (a + bt + a
2
+ dt
3
) dt
Tref = 25ºc = 298 k
T
2
= 60ºc = 333 k

∫ (

)

= 15,8592 kg ( ( )

(

)

(

)

(

))
kkal/kg ºc
= 1156,53146kkal

∫ (

)

= 43,6128 kg ( ( )

(

)

(

)

(

))
kkal/kg ºc
= 8358,80203 kkal
B-5

∫ (

)

= 0,21 kg ( ( )

(

)

(

)

(

)) kkal/kg ºc
= 29,138012 kkal

Maka Q
Gas
= QCH
4
+ QCO
2
+ QH
2
S
= 1156,53146 + 8358,80203 + 29,138012
= 9544,471502 kkal
Komponen cairan
Q = m ∫

QMEA = 12,08056 kg ∫
(

)

dt
kkal/kg ºc
= 12,08056 kg ( ( )

(

)

(

)) kkal/kg ºc
= 7535,06749 kkal
QMEA. CO
2
= 12,7957 kg X 0,523 kkal/kgºc (35ºc) = 2229,4703 kkal
QH
2
O = m ∫

B-6

∫ (

)

( ( )

(

)

(

)

(

)

)

= 11603,84046 kkal
Maka Q
Liquid
= QMEA + QMEA.CO
2
+ QH
2
O
= 7535,06749 + 2229,4703 + 11603,84046
= 21368,37825kkal
Q
out
= Q
g
+ Q
i
= 9544,471502 + 21368,37825
= 30912,84975kkal
Q
steam
= Q
out
- Q
in
= 30912,84975 – 3002,15073
= 27910,69902kkal





B-7

Neraca Panas Total (AB-01)
Masuk (kkal) Keluar (kkal)
QCH
4
154,62897 QCH
4
1156,53146
QCO
2
1194,03653 QCO
2
8358,80203
QH
2
S 4,15807 QH
2
S 29,138012
QH
2
O 1649,32716 QMEA 7535,06749
Qsteam 27910,69902 QMEA CO
2
2229,4703
QH
2
O 116603,84046
Total 30912,84975 Total 30912,84975

2. HEATER
Steam = 150
0
C

(AB-01) (ST-01)
T = 60
0
C T = 90
0
C

Kondensat steam
Panas larutan masuk heater I (H - 01) = panas larutan keluar dari bottom
AB – 01
= 21368,37825 kkal
Panas larutan keluar heater I (H - 01)
Treff = 2590
T
2
= 9090
Q = m.cp.

H - 01
B-8

∫ (

)

(( )

(

)

(

)

)

= 14165,46351 kkal
QMEA CO
2
= 121.7357 x0,523kkal/kg ( ) = 4140,444822 kkal

∫ (

)

( ( )

(

)

(

)

(

)
= 217.62757 kkal.
Maka :
Qout = QMEA + Q MEA CO
2
+ QH
2
O
= 14165,46351 + 4140,444822 + 21721,62757
= 40027, 5359 kkal
Panas yang dibutuhkan dari pemanas
Qs = Qout – Qin
B-9

= 40027,5359 – 21368,37825
= 18659,15765kkal
Sebagai pemanas pada heater (H-01) digunakan saturated steam (uap jenuh) pada
kondisi suhu 150 dan tekanan 4,6 kg/cm
2
dari tabel steam diketahui data
entalphi :
Cair jenuh Hf = 151.2 kkal /kg
Laten kondensasi N = 504,9 kkal /kg
Uap jenuh Hg = 656,1 kkal /kg
Maka jumlah steam pemanas yang dibutuhkan (Ms)

= 36,95615 Kg
Sehingga :
Panas steam masuk heater (H-01)
Qin = ms x Hg
= 36,95615 Kg x 656,1 kkal/ kg
= 24246,92679kkal
Panas steam keluar heater (H – 01)
Qout = ms x Hf
= 36,95615 Kg x 151,2 kkal / kg
= 5587,76988kkal



B-10

Neraca Panas Total Heater (H-01)
Masuk (kkal) Keluar (kkal)
QMEA 7535,06749 QMEA 14165,46351
QMEA.CO
2
2229,4703 QMEA.CO
2
4140,444822
QH
2
O 1103,84046 QH
2
O 21721,62757
Qsteam
in
24246,92679 Q Steam
out
5587,76988
Total 45615,3057 Total 45615,3057

3. Strippel (ST-01)
T = 150
0
C

(H-01) Q Steam
T=90
0
C
Panas masuk streapper = panas laurat keluar heater (H-01)
= 40027,5359kkal
Panas pelucutan Q
o
R
MEA.CO
2
MEA + CO
2
H
2
O
Diketahui entalpi pembentukan standar komponen pada suhu 25 C
H f MEA = -62520 kkal / kg
H f CO
2
= -94052 kkal / kg
H f H
2
O = -68317 kkal / kg
H f MEA.CO
2
= 229710 kkal /kg
(sumber perrs, edisi 7)
Entalphi reaksi standar pada 25 (298 k)

ST - 01
B-11

= H f produk - H f reakta
= [(

)

]
= [() () ()][()]
= 4821 kkal / kg mol
Panas reaksi standar
Q = Kg mol MEA CO
2
terlucuti x ∆H
0
R

Panas keluar stripper (ST-01)
Panas yang keluar terdiri atas panas gas (Qg) keluar stripper dan panas
larutan (Q
1
) yang keluar bottom stripper.
Panas komponen uap (Qg)
Q = m∫

Diketahui = Tref = 25 C
T
2
= 95 C
Maka :
QCO
2
= 43,56924 kg ∫ (

)
B-12

(( )

(

)

(

)

(

)

)

∫ (

)

(( )

(

)

(

)

(

)

)

= 28862.15904 kkal
Maka Qg = QCO
2
+ QH
2
O
= 16670,77369 + 28862,15904
= 45532,93273kkal
Panas komponen cairan (Q
1
)
Q = m ∫

QMEA = 72,48337 kg ∫ (

dt
kkal/kg
B-13

((

)

(
)

( )

)

= 89848,68209 kkal
QH
2
O = 52,7595 kg ∫ (

) dT kkal/kg
= 52,7595 kg ( ()

(

-

)

(

)

(

)

= 13085,64608 kkal
Maka : Ql = QMEA + QH
2
O
= 89848,68209 + 13085,64608
= 102934,3282 kkal
Sehingga :
Q
total
= Q
g
+ Q
l

= 45532,93273 + 102934,3282
= 148467,2609 kkal
Panas yang dibutuhkan pada reboiler stripper
Q
1
+ Q
4
= Q
0
R + Q
3
atau Q4 = Q
0
R + Q
3
. Q
1

Atau Q
masuk
+ Q
reboiler
= Q
reaksi
+ Q
total
Q4 = 4773,797315 + 148467,2609 - 40027,5359
= 113213,5233 kkal
B-14

Sebagai pemanas pada reboiler stripper digunakan saturated steam atau uap
tanah pada kondisi suhu 150
0
C dan tekanan 4,9 kgf / cm
2
dari tabel steam (A.II.2
Hal.604 stoichiometry) Diketahui entalphi :
 Cairan jenuh Hf = 151,2 kkal/kg
 Laten kondensasi N = 504,9 kkal/kg
 Uap jenuh Hg = 656,1 kkal/kg
Maka jumlah steam pemanas yang dibutuhkan :

Sehingga :
panas steam yang masuk :
Q
in
= ms x Hg
= 224,2295946 x 656,1 kkal/kg
= 147117, 037 kkal
Panas steam yang keluar
= M
s
x H
f
= 224,2295946 kg x 151,2 kkal / kg
= 33903,5147kkal
Neraca Panas Total Stripper (ST-01)
Masuk (kkai) Keluar (kkai)
QMEA 14165,46351 QMEA 89848,68209
QMEA.CO
2
4140,444822 QH
2
O
(l)
13085,64608
QH
2
O 21721,62757 QH
2
O
(g)
28862,15904
QCO2 16670,77369
Qsteam 147117,037 Q Steam 33903,5147

Q R
4773,797315
Total 187144,5729 Total 187144,5729

B-15

4. Cooler (C-01)
Fungsi ; untuk menurunkan suhu gas keluar dari stripper sebelum masuk ke
tangki pengencer (TP -02)
t
air
= 30
0
C (303
0
K)
T = 40
0
C (313
0
K)
T = 106
0
C
(379 K)

t
air
= 37
0
C (310
0
K)
Panas larutan MEA masuk cooler (C-01) = panas larutan MEA keluar dari
Botton stripper (ST-01)
= 102934, 3282 kkal
Panas larutan MEA keluar Cooler I (C-01)

Tf = 25
o
C
T
2
= 40
o
C
QMEA = 72,48337 kg ∫

(

)

= 72,48337 kg ( ( )

(

)

(

) Kkal/

= 19411,64656kkal
QH
2
O = 52,7595 kg ∫

(3,470 + 1,450.

C - 01
B-16

)

= 52,7595 kg (3,470 (40-25) +

(

)

(

)

(

)

)

= 2780,494732 kkal
Maka :
Q1 = QMEA +QH
2
O
= 19411,64656 + 2780,494732
= 22192,14129kkal
Panas yang diserap pendingin Qserap
Qserap = Qmasuk – Q1
= 102934,3282-22192,14129
= 80742,18691kkal
Sebagai pendingin pada cooler I (c-01)digunakan air
- Suhu air masuk cooler t1= 30
o
C (303
o
k)
- Suhu air keluar cooler t2 = 37
o
C (310
o
k)
Maka jumlah air pendingin yang dibutuhkan :
m =

(

)

m =

(

)

m =

(()

(

)

(

)

(

)

)

=


= 3281,821676 kg
B-17

Sehingga panas air pendingin masuk cooler
Qin = 3281,821676 kg ∫

(

)
= 3281,821676 kg ( 3,470( )

(

)

(

)

+

(

)

) kkal/

= 57551,03058kkal
Panas air pendingin yang keluar
Qout = 3281,821676 kg ∫

(

)
= 3281,821676 kg ( 3,470( )

(

)

(

)

+

(

)

) kkal/

= 138293,2175kkal
Neraca Panas Total Cooler (C-01)
Komponen Masuk (kkal) Keluar (Kkal)
QMEA 89848,68209 19411,64656
QH
2
O 13085,64608 2780,494732
Q
Pendingin
57551,03058 1323,2175
Total 160485,3588 160485,3588

5. Tangki Pengencer (TP-02)
H
2
O Proses (T = 40 ºC)

MEA dari (C-01) T=40ºC (Larutan campuran MEA 30%)
T=40 ºC
TP-02
B-18

Panas masuk tangki pelarutan (TP-01)
 Panas larutan MEA keluar dari cooler 1 (C-01)

Tref = 25 ºC
T
2
= 40 ºC
∫ (

)

= 72,48337 kg ( ( )

( )

( )) kkal/kg ºc
= 19411,64656kkal
Panas H
2
O pelarut yang masuk tangki pelarutan (TP-01)

∫ (

)
= 116,3682 kg ( ( )

(

)

(

)

(

))
= 6132,756509 kkal
B-19

Q
in
= QMEA + QH
2
O
= 19411,64656 + 6132,756509
= 25544,40307kkal

Panas larutan MEA 30 % keluar tangki pengencer
Neraca panas tangki pengencer
Q
in
= Q
out

= 25544,40307 kkal
Neraca Panas Total (TP-02)
Komponen Masuk (kkal) Keluar (kkal)
QMEA 19411,64656 19411,64656
QH
2
O proses 6132,756509
QH
2
O 6132,756509
Total 2544,40307 2544,40307

6. Compressor Gas (CG-01)
Fungsi : menaikkan tekanan gas sintetik yang keluar absorber (AB-01).
Sebelum masuk tangki penampung gas (gas hader)
(air, T=30ºc) air (T=30ºc)
P1 = 1 atm
T1 = 60ºc

P
2
= 46 atm
Air, T = 45
0
C air, T = 45
0
C T
2
= ........
0
C
Data – data yang diketahui :
Tekanan gas masuk P
1
= 1 atm
Tekanan gas keluar P
2
= 46 atm
B-20

Rasio spesifik panas = 1,31
Laju air massa gas masuk compressor
Komponen Kg BM Kmol

. fraksi mol BM

CH
4
15,8592 16 0,9912 0,13741 2,19856
CO
2
43,6128 44 0,9912 0,13741 6,04604
H
2
S 0,21 34 0,00617647 8,56 .

0,0291
H
2
O 94,052 18 5,2251 0,72433 13,0379
Total 153,734 112 7,21367647 1,000006 21,3116

BM Campuran gas = ∑
= 21,3116 kg/mol
Penentuan jumlah stage :
()

Karena rasio kompresi compressor melebihi (RC) maksimun = 4 (Ulrich .
hal 160) maka digunakan multi stage adiabatic centrifugal compressor. Digunakan
3 stage compressor, dengan (RC) pada masing-masing stage :

(Rcn<Rc maksimun = 4, maka jumlah stage dapat digunakan :
a. Compressor Stage 1

= atm

= 60 ºc
T
2

P
2
Suhu gas masuk compressor T
1
= 60 ºC
Tekanan gas masuk compressor P
1
= 1 atm
B-21

Tekanan gas keluar compressor P
2
?
P
2
= Rc X P
1

= 3,5830 X 1 atm
= 3,5830 atm
Suhu gas keluar compressor T
2
:

(

)

......................................(pers. 3-9 smith – van ness hal-70)

(


)

= 81,5024 ºC
Tenaga yang dibutuhkan compressor :
-ws =

(

) [(

)

]
=

(


) [(


)

]
= 893,597275
Diambil efesiensi compressor = 90 %
Power compressor P=

=

= 30,38357
= 30,38357 X 1,34 X

HP
= 0,041 HP
Digunakan motor dengan efisiensi = 90 %
Power motor compressor :
BHP =

=

B-22

= 0,04524 HP
Neraca panas compressor stage 1
a. Panas gas masuk compressor stage 1 = panas gas yang keluar dari Absorber
(AB-01)
= 9544,471502 kkal
b. Panas gas yang keluar compressor stage 1
Q = m ∫

Q
C
H
4
= 15,8592 kg ∫
(

)
= 15,8592 kg ( ( )

(

)

(

)

(

))
= 1932,657667 kkal
QCO
2
= 43,6128 kg ∫
(

)
= 43,6128 kg ( ( )

(

)

(

)

(

))
= 13314,35013 kkal
QH
2
S = 0,21 kg ∫
(

)
B-23

( ( )

(

)

(

)

(

))
= 46,590727 kkal
Qtotal = QCH
4
+ QCO
2
+ QH
2
S
= 1932,657667 + 13314,35013 + 46,590727
= 15293,59853 kkal
Panas compressor gas:
Q
c
= Q
total
+ Q
In

= 15293,59853 – 9544,471502
= 5749,127026 kkal
Neraca Panas Total Compressor Stage 1 (CP-01)
Komponen Masuk (kkal) Keluar (kkal)
QCH
4
1156,53146 1932,657667
QCO
2
8358,80203 13314,35013
QH
2
S 29,138012 46,590727
Q
compressor
5749,127026
Total 15293,59852 15293,59852

7. Inter Cooler (IC-01)
Fungsi : untuk menurunkan suhu gas yang keluar dari compressor stage
1 sebelum masuk ke compressor stage II
T = 30 ºc (air)

Cp – 01 Cp - 02
IC -01
B-24

T = 81 ºC T = 50 ºC

Air T = 45
0
C

Panas gas masuk inter cooler (1C–01) = panas gas yang keluar dari compressor
stage 1
= 15293, 59852 Kkal
Panas gas keluar inter cooler yaitu :

QCH4 = 15,859 2kg (1,702 + 9,081. 10
-3
- 2,164. 10
-6
T
2
- 2,703. 10
-9
T
3
) dT
= 15,8592 kg ( 1,702 (50-25)
0
C +

(50
2
– 25
2
)
0
C

(50
3
.25
3
)
0
C

( 50
4
-25
4
)
0
C )
= 808,5112491Kkal
Q CO
2
= 43,6128 kg ∫

(5,457 + 1,045. 10
-3
– 13,38.10
-6
T
2
=1,157.10
-9
T
3
)
dT
= 43,6128 kg( ( )

(50
2
-
25
2
)
o
C

(50
3
-25
3
)
o
C +

(50
4
-25
4
)
0
C ) Kkal/Kg
o
C
= 5971,402202 Kkal
QH
2
S = 0,21 kg ∫

(3,931 + 1,490 . 10
-3
T – 15,716.10
-6
T
2
+ 0,232.10
-9
T
3
)
dT
= 0,21 kg (3,931 (50-25)
o
C +

(50
2
-25
2
)
o
C

B-25

(50
3
-25
3
)
o
C +

(50
4
-25
4
)
o
C ) Kkal/kg
o
C
= 20,81083949Kkal
Maka Q
Total
= QCH
4
+ QCo
2
+ QH
2
S
= 808,5112491 + 5971,402202 + 20,81083949
= 6800,724291 Kkal

Panas yang diserap pendingin :
Qserap = Qin – Qtotal
= 15293,59852 – 6800,724291
= 8492,874229 Kkal
Sebagai pendingin pada inter cooler (1C-01 ) digunakan air :
Suhu air masuk t1 = 30
o
C
Suhu air keluar t2 = 45
o
C
Jumlah air pendingin yang dibutuhkan :
m =

m =

∫ (

)

=

( ()

(

)

(

)

(

)

) Kkal/kg
o
C
=



= 160,8743241 Kg
Sehingga :
B-26

Panas air pendingin masuk intercooler :
Qin = 160,8743241 Kg ∫

(

)

= 160,8743241 Kg ( 3,470 ( )

(

)

(

)

(

)

)

= 2821,141445 Kkal
Panas Air Pendingin yang keluar
Qout = 160,8743241 Kg ∫

(

)

= 160,8743241 Kg ( 3,470 ( )

(

)

(

)

(

)

)

= 11314,01567Kkal
Neraca Panas Total Inter Cooler (IC-01)
Komponen Masuk (kkal) Keluar (kkal)
QCH
4
1932,65767
808,5112491
QCO
2
13314,35013
5971,402202
QH
2
S 46,590727
20,81083949
Qin 2821,141445

Qout
11314,01567
Total 18114,73997 18114,73997

8. Compresor Stage II (CP-02)
P
1
= 3,5830 atm
B-27

T
1
= 50
0
C

T
2

P
1
Suhu gas masuk compressor , T, = 50
o
C
Tekanan gas yang masuk P1 = 3,5830atm
Tekanan gas yang keluar P2
P2 = Rc x P1
= 3,5830 x 3,5830 atm
= 12,837889 atm
Suhu keluar compressor, T2

(

)

(pers. 3-9 Smith – Van Ness Hal. 70)
T2 = 50
o
C (

)



= 323
o
K x 1,3584
= 438,755
o
K (165,755
o
C)
Tenaga yang dibutuhkan oleh compressor :
-Ws =

(

) (

)



=

(

) (


)

= 723,1454
Diambil efesiensi compressor ƞ = 90%
Maka :
Power Compressor ρ = -Ws x m/ƞ
B-28

=

= 34,3123
= 34,3123 x 1,34.10
-3
Hp
= 0,0459Hp
Digunakan motor compressor BHP
BHP =

BHP =

= 0,051 Hp
Neraca panas compressor stage II
a. Panas gas yang masuk compressor stage II = panas gas sintetik yang keluar
intercooler (1c-01)= 6800,724291
b. Panas gas keluar compressor stage II

QCH
4
= 15,8592 kg ∫

(1,702 + 9,081.

T -2,164.

)15,8592 kg (1,702 (

)+

(

)

(

)

(

)

) kkal/

C
= 5684,9063kkal
QCO
2
= 43,6128 kg ∫

(5,457 + 1,045.

+13,38.

+1,157.

)dT
= 43,6128 kg (5,457 ( )

(

)

(

)

(

)

)
B-29

kkal/

C
= 33293,8327kkal
QH
2
S = 0,21 kg ∫

(3,931 + 1,490.

)dT
= 0,21 kg (3,91 ( )

(

)

(

)

+

(

)

) kkal/

C
= 115,60458kkal
Maka :
Q total = QCH
4
+ QCO
2
+ QH
2
S
= 5684,9063 + 33293,8327+115,60458
= 39094,34358 kkal
Panas compressi gas
Qc = Qtotal – Qm
= 39094,34358 – 6800,724291
= 32293,61929kkal
Neraca Panas Total Compressor Stage II (CP-02)
Komponen Masuk (kkal) Keluar (kkal)
QCH
4
808,5112491 5684,9063
QCO
2
5971,402202 33293,8327
QH
2
S 20,81083949 115,60458
Q
Compressor
32293,61929
Total 39094,34358 39094,34358


9. Inter Cooler II (IC-02)
Fungsi : menurunkan suhu gas yang keluar dari compressor stage II
B-30

Air (T = 30
0
C)

Cp – 02 Cp – 03 (T = 50
0
C)
T = 166
0
C

Air (T = 45
0
C)
a. Panas gas yang masuk ke (IC-02) = panas yang keluar dari (cp-02)
= 39094,34358
b. Panas gas yang keluar dari (1c-02)
Q = m
t1
ʃ
t2
CpdT
QCH
4
= 15,8592 kg ∫

(1,702 + 9,081.

)dT
= 808,5112491kkal
QCO
2
= 43,6128 kg ∫

(5,457 + 1,045.

)
= 5971,402202 kkal
QH
2
S = 0,21 kg ∫

(3,931+ 1.490.

)
= 20,81083949kkal
Q total = CH
4
+ QCO
2
+ QH
2
S
= 808,5112491 + 5971,402202 + 20,81083949
= 6800,724291 kkal
Panas yang diserap pendingin
Qs = 39094,34358-6800,724291
= 32293,61929kkal
IC-02
B-31

Sebagai pendingin pada intercooler II (1C-02) digunakan air
- suhu air masuk t1 = 30
o
C
- suhu air keluar t2 = 45
o
C
Jumlah air pendingin yang dibutuhkan :


(

)

= 611,714484 kg
Maka panas air pendingin masuk inter cooler II (1c-02)
Qin = 611,714484 kg ∫

(3,470 + 1,450.

)
= 10727,21264kkal
Panas air pendingin yang keluar
Qout = 611,714484 kg ∫

(3,470 + 1,450.

)
= 43020,83193 kkal
Neraca Panas Total Inter Cooler II (IC-02)
Komponen Masuk (kkal) Keluar (kkal)
Q CH
4
5684,9063 808,5112491
Q CO
2
33293,8327 5971,402202
Q H
2
S 115,60458 20,81083949
Q in 10727,21264
B-32

Q out 43020,83193
Total 49821,55622 49821,55622

10. Compressor Stage III
P1 : 12,8379 atm

T1 : 50
o
C

T
2

P
2
= 46 atm
Suhu gas masuk compressor T
1
: 50
o
C
Tekanan gas masuk P
1
: 12,8379 atm
Tekanan gas keluar P
2

P
2
: Rc x P
1

: 3,5830 x12,8379 atm
: 46 Atm
Suhu gas keluar T
2
T
2
: T
1
(

)

T
2
: 323
o
k x 1,3583
: 630,296
o
k (357,296
o
C)
Tenaga yang dibutuhkan compressor :
-Ws =

(

)(

)

-1

(


)(


)

= 1064,97
Diambil efesiensi compressor
B-33

Power compressor = -ws x m/

= 50,5315 α/s x 1,34.

= 0,0677 Hp
Digunakan motor dengan efesiensi
BHP =

=

= 0,0752Hp
Neraca Panas Compressor Stage III
a. Panas gas masuk compressor stage III = panas yang keluar dari inter cooler II
(1C-02)
= 6800,724291 kkal
b. Panas gas yang keluar

∫ (

)
( ( )

(

)

(

)

(

)

)

= 17399,49943kkal
B-34

QCO
2
= 43,6128 kg ∫

(5,457 + 1,045.

)
= 43,6128 kg (5,457 (( )

+

(

)

C -

(

)

(

)

) kkal/

= 73262,10465 kkal

∫ (

)
( ( )

(

)

(

)

(

)

)

= 1162,24408kkal
Qtotal = QCH
4
+ QCO
2
+ QH
2
S
= 17399,49943 + 73262,10465 + 1162,24408
= 91823,84816
Panas kompresi gas
Qc = Qtotal – Qin
= 91823,84816 – 6800,724291
= 85023,12387 kkal

B-35

Neraca Panas Total Compressor Stage III (CP-03)
Komponen Masuk (kkal) Keluar (kkal)
QCH
4
5684,9063 17399,49943
QCO
2
33293,8327 73262,10465
QH
2
S 115,60458 1162,24408
Qcompresor 85023,12387
Total 91823,84816 91823,84816

11. Cooler II (C-02)
Fungsi : Menurunkan suhu gas keluar dari compressor stage III (cp-03)
sebelum masuk ke tangki penampang gas (T-01)
Air (t = 30
0
C)

Cp – 03 T – (T = 40
0
C)
T = 357
0
C

Air (t = 37
0
C)
a. Panas gas yang masuk cooler II (c-02) = panas gas yang keluar dari
compressor stage III
= 91823,84816kkal
b. Panas yang keluar cooler II (c-02)
Q = m
t1
ʃ
t2
CpdT
QCH
4
= 15,8592 kg ∫

( + 9,081.

)dT
= 474,5172084kkal
QCO
2
= 43,6128 kg ∫

( + 1,045.

- 13,38.

)
C - 02
B-36

= 3582,761536 kkal
QH
2
S = 0,21 kg ∫

(3,931 + 1,490.

T – 15,716.

)
= 12,48199687kkal
Qtotal = QCH
4
+ QCO
2
+ QH
2
S
= 474,5172084 + 3582,761536 + 12,48199687
= 4069,760741 kkal
Panas yang diserap pendingin :
Qs = Qin – Qout
= 91823,84816 + 4069,760741
= 87754,08742kkal
Sebagai pendingin yang dibutuhkan pada cooler II digunakan air
- Suhu air masuk t
1
= 30
o
C
- Suhu air keluar t
2
= 37
o
C
Jumlah air pendingin yang dibutuhkan :

∫ (

)

= 3566,825192 kg
Maka panas air pendingin masuk cooler II (c-02)
B-37

Qin = 3566, 825192 kg (3,470 + 1,450.

= 62548,93957kkal
Panas air pendingin keluar cooler II (c-02)

∫ (

)
= 150303,027 kkal
Neraca Panas Total Cooler II (C-02)
Komponen Masuk, (kkal) Keluar, (kkal)
Q CH
4
17399,49943 474,5172084
Q CO
2
73262,10465 3582,761536
Q H
2
S 1162,24408 12,48199687
Q in 62548,93957
Q out 150303,027
Total 154372,7877 154372,7877