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Algebra

Question 1
3
UCLES 2010 0580/23/M/J/10 [Turn over
For
Examiner's
Use

5 Amalie makes a profit of 20% when she sells a shirt for $21.60.

Calculate how much Amalie paid for the shirt.






Answer $

[2]


6 3
x
9
4
= 3
n
.

Find n in terms of x.





Answer n =

[2]


7 Shade the required regions in the Venn diagrams below.

A B
C
A B
C

[2]


8 Write as a single fraction in its simplest form

1
3 2
x x
+ .









Answer

[2]


Question 2
5
UCLES 2010 0580/23/M/J/10 [Turn over
For
Examiner's
Use

12 Expand and simplify 2(x 3)
2
(2x 3)
2
.













Answer

[3]


13 (a) Write down the number of lines of symmetry for the diagram below.



Answer(a)

[1]

(b) Write down the order of rotational symmetry for the diagram below.



Answer(b)

[1]

(c) The diagram shows a cuboid which has no square faces.

Draw one of the planes of symmetry of the cuboid on the diagram.









[1]



Question 3
6
UCLES 2010 0580/23/M/J/10
For
Examiner's
Use

14 Solve the equation 9
2
) 4 ( 3 = +
y
y .












Answer y =

[3]


15
G
O
H
N
g
h
NOT TO
SCALE


In triangle OGH, the ratio GN : NH = 3 : 1.

= g and = h.

Find the following in terms of g and h, giving your answers in their simplest form.

(a)



Answer(a) =

[1]

(b)






Answer(b) =

[2]


1
Question 4
7
UCLES 2010 0580/23/M/J/10 [Turn over
For
Examiner's
Use

16 Make y the subject of the formula.
5
) 2 ( +
=
y r
A












Answer y = [3]


17
40
O L
K
5.6 cm
NOT TO
SCALE


OKL is a sector of a circle, centre O, radius 5.6 cm.
Angle KOL = 40.

Calculate

(a) the area of the sector,







Answer(a)

cm
2
[2]

(b) the perimeter of the sector.










Answer(b)

cm [2]

2
Question 5
9
UCLES 2010 0580/23/M/J/10 [Turn over
For
Examiner's
Use

20
y
x
4
3
2
1
0 1 2 3 4


Find the three inequalities which define the shaded region on the grid.




















Answer











[5]



3
Question 6
3
UCLES 2011 0580/23/M/J/11 [Turn over
For
Examiner's
Use
4 Helen measures a rectangular sheet of paper as 197 mm by 210 mm, each correct to the nearest
millimetre.
Calculate the upper bound for the perimeter of the sheet of paper.









Answer

mm [2]


5
0
y
x
NOT TO
SCALE


The sketch shows the graph of y = ax
n
where a and n are integers.

Write down a possible value for a and a possible value for n.





Answer a =




n =

[2]



6 (a) Write 16 460 000 in standard form.


Answer(a)

[1]

(b) Calculate 7.85 (2.366 10
2
), giving your answer in standard form.







Answer(b)

[2]

Question 7
4
UCLES 2011 0580/23/M/J/11
For
Examiner's
Use
7 (a) Find the value of x when
x
27
24
18
=
.



Answer(a) x =

[1]

(b) Show that
3
2
1
6
1
=
7
4
.
Write down all the steps in your working.

Answer(b)







[2]


8 Solve the simultaneous equations.
x + 2y = 3
2x 3y = 13










Answer x =




y =

[3]


9 Eva invests $120 at a rate of 3% per year compound interest.

Calculate the total amount Eva has after 2 years.
Give your answer correct to 2 decimal places.











Answer $

[3]


4
Question 8
4
UCLES 2011 0580/23/M/J/11
For
Examiner's
Use
7 (a) Find the value of x when
x
27
24
18
=
.



Answer(a) x =

[1]

(b) Show that
3
2
1
6
1
=
7
4
.
Write down all the steps in your working.

Answer(b)







[2]


8 Solve the simultaneous equations.
x + 2y = 3
2x 3y = 13










Answer x =




y =

[3]


9 Eva invests $120 at a rate of 3% per year compound interest.

Calculate the total amount Eva has after 2 years.
Give your answer correct to 2 decimal places.











Answer $

[3]


Question 9
5
UCLES 2011 0580/23/M/J/11 [Turn over
For
Examiner's
Use
10 The cost of a cup of tea is t cents.

The cost of a cup of coffee is (t + 5) cents.

The total cost of 7 cups of tea and 11 cups of coffee is 2215 cents.

Find the cost of one cup of tea.














Answer

cents [3]



11 The volume of a solid varies directly as the cube of its length.
When the length is 3 cm, the volume is 108 cm
3
.

Find the volume when the length is 5 cm.















Answer

cm
3
[3]



5
Question 10
6
UCLES 2011 0580/23/M/J/11
For
Examiner's
Use
12 Federico changed 400 euros () into New Zealand dollars (NZ$) at a rate of 1 = NZ$ 2.1 .
He spent x New Zealand dollars and changed the rest back into euros at a rate of 1 = NZ$ d.

Find an expression, in terms of x and d, for the number of euros Federico received.












Answer

[3]



13
0
y
x
NOT TO
SCALE


The diagram shows the lines y = 1, y = x + 4 and y = 4 x .

On the diagram, label the region R where y [ 1, y [ x + 4 and y Y 4 x . [3]



Question 11
7
UCLES 2011 0580/23/M/J/11 [Turn over
For
Examiner's
Use
14
0
3
y
x
1
13
NOT TO
SCALE


The diagram shows the straight line which passes through the points (0, 1) and (3, 13).

Find the equation of the straight line.







Answer

[3]



15 A cylinder has a height of 12 cm and a volume of 920 cm
3
.

Calculate the radius of the base of the cylinder.














Answer

cm [3]



6
Question 12
8
UCLES 2011 0580/23/M/J/11
For
Examiner's
Use
16 Write
2
3
2
2
+
+
x x
as a single fraction.

Give your answer in its simplest form.











Answer

[3]



17
9 cm
20 cm
d cm
10 cm
NOT TO
SCALE


The diagrams show two mathematically similar containers.
The larger container has a base with diameter 9 cm and a height 20 cm.
The smaller container has a base with diameter d cm and a height 10 cm.

(a) Find the value of d.




Answer(a) d =

[1]


(b) The larger container has a capacity of 1600 ml.

Calculate the capacity of the smaller container.








Answer(b)

ml [2]



Question 13
3
UCLES 2012 0580/23/M/J/12 [Turn over
For
Examiner's
Use
4 Solve the inequality.
3y + 7 Y 2 y









Answer

[2]



5
9 cm
12 cm
5 cm 5 cm
NOT TO
SCALE


The diagram shows a quadrilateral.
The lengths of the sides are given to the nearest centimetre.

Calculate the upper bound of the perimeter of the quadrilateral.






Answer

cm [2]



6
C
A
B
28
9 cm
15 cm
NOT TO
SCALE


Calculate the area of triangle ABC.








Answer

cm
2
[2]


Question 14
4
UCLES 2012 0580/23/M/J/12
For
Examiner's
Use
7
Height (h cm) 0 < h Y 10 10 < h Y 15 15 < h Y 30
Frequency 25 u 9
Frequency density 2.5 4.8 v

The table shows information about the heights of some flowers.

Calculate the values of u and v.




Answer u =

v =

[2]



8 During her holiday, Hannah rents a bike.
She pays a fixed cost of $8 and then a cost of $4.50 per day.
Hannah pays with a $50 note and receives $10.50 change.

Calculate for how many days Hannah rents the bike.









Answer

days [3]



9 Make w the subject of the formula.
t = 2
a
w 3













Answer w =

[3]

7
Question 15
6
UCLES 2012 0580/23/M/J/12
For
Examiner's
Use
12 Without using your calculator, work out the following.
Show all the steps of your working and give each answer as a fraction in its simplest form.

(a)
12
11

3
1











Answer(a)

[2]


(b)
4
1

13
11











Answer(b)

[2]



13 (a) Find the value of 7p 3q when p = 8 and q = O5 .






Answer(a)

[2]


(b) Factorise completely.
3uv + 9vw







Answer(b)

[2]


Question 16
7
UCLES 2012 0580/23/M/J/12 [Turn over
For
Examiner's
Use
14 Simplify the following.

(a) ( )
3 2
4pq






Answer(a)

[2]

(b) ( )
4
1
8
16

x






Answer(b)

[2]



15 Solve the equation 2x
2
+ 6x 3 = 0 .
Show your working and give your answers correct to 2 decimal places.

























Answer x =

or x =

[4]


8
Question 17
11
UCLES 2012 0580/23/M/J/12 [Turn over
For
Examiner's
Use
20 Simplify fully.

x x x
x x
25 10
20
2 3
2
+























Answer

[5]


















Question 21 is printed on the next page.
9
Question 18
16
UCLES 2010 0580/43/M/J/10
For
Examiner's
Use

9 (a) The cost of a bottle of water is $w.

The cost of a bottle of juice is $j.

The total cost of 8 bottles of water and 2 bottles of juice is $12.

The total cost of 12 bottles of water and 18 bottles of juice is $45.

Find the cost of a bottle of water and the cost of a bottle of juice.





















Answer(a) Cost of a bottle of water = $




Cost of a bottle of juice = $

[5]


(b) Roshni cycles 2 kilometres at y km/h and then runs 4 kilometres at (y 4) km/h.
The whole journey takes 40 minutes.

(i) Write an equation in y and show that it simplifies to y
2
13y + 12 = 0.

Answer(b)(i)










[4]

10
16
UCLES 2010 0580/43/M/J/10
For
Examiner's
Use

9 (a) The cost of a bottle of water is $w.

The cost of a bottle of juice is $j.

The total cost of 8 bottles of water and 2 bottles of juice is $12.

The total cost of 12 bottles of water and 18 bottles of juice is $45.

Find the cost of a bottle of water and the cost of a bottle of juice.





















Answer(a) Cost of a bottle of water = $




Cost of a bottle of juice = $

[5]


(b) Roshni cycles 2 kilometres at y km/h and then runs 4 kilometres at (y 4) km/h.
The whole journey takes 40 minutes.

(i) Write an equation in y and show that it simplifies to y
2
13y + 12 = 0.

Answer(b)(i)










[4]

11
17
UCLES 2010 0580/43/M/J/10 [Turn over
For
Examiner's
Use

(ii) Factorise y
2
13y + 12.




Answer(b)(ii)

[2]

(iii) Solve the equation y
2
13y + 12 = 0.




Answer(b)(iii) y =

or y =

[1]

(iv) Work out Roshnis running speed.




Answer(b)(iv)

km/h [1]


(c) Solve the equation

u
2
u 4 = 0.

Show all your working and give your answers correct to 2 decimal places.























Answer(c) u =

or u =

[4]



Question 19
12
4
UCLES 2011 0580/43/M/J/11
For
Examiner's
Use
3
(x + 5) cm
2x cm
x cm
NOT TO
SCALE



The diagram shows a square of side (x + 5) cm and a rectangle which measures 2x cm by x cm.

The area of the square is 1 cm
2
more than the area of the rectangle.


(a) Show that x
2
10x 24 = 0 .

Answer(a)
































[3]

13
5
UCLES 2011 0580/43/M/J/11 [Turn over
For
Examiner's
Use
(b) Find the value of x.
















Answer(b) x =

[3]


(c) Calculate the acute angle between the diagonals of the rectangle.
















Answer(c)

[3]



14
Question 20
18
UCLES 2012 0580/43/M/J/12
For
Examiner's
Use
10 (a) Rice costs $x per kilogram.
Potatoes cost $(x + 1) per kilogram.
The total cost of 12 kg of rice and 7 kg of potatoes is $31.70 .

Find the cost of 1 kg of rice.









Answer(a) $

[3]


(b) The cost of a small bottle of juice is $y.
The cost of a large bottle of juice is $(y + 1).
When Catriona spends $36 on small bottles only, she receives 25 more bottles than when she
spends $36 on large bottles only.

(i) Show that 25y
2
+ 25y O 36 = 0 .

Answer(b)(i)











[3]

(ii) Factorise 25y
2
+ 25y O 36 .





Answer(b)(ii)

[2]

(iii) Solve the equation 25y
2
+ 25y O 36 = 0 .


Answer(b)(iii) y =

or y =

[1]


(iv) Find the total cost of 1 small bottle of juice and 1 large bottle of juice.


Answer(b)(iv) $

[1]


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