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Ateneo de Zamboanga University

College of Law

SPECIAL PROCEEDINGS
1
st
Semester, AY 2014-2015
Prof. Elias Omar A. Sana

SOURCES:

1. Required - Rules of Court, Supreme Court Issuances, Supreme Court
Decisions, relevant/pertinent Laws.
2. Optional - Treatises, Legal Articles from Law Journals (i.e. IBP Journal)

REQUIREMENTS:

Recitation/Class Participation/Assigned Work - 40%
Mid-Term Exam - 30%
Final Exam - 30%

Optional Paper (Prior approval of topic required) - 5%
Topic due Aug 28, submission of paper by 31 Oct

REMINDERS:

1. Close notes/book/laptops/electronic devices when called for recitation.
2. Students shall be called for recitation at random. Voluntary recitation is
encouraged but at the request of the professor.
3. Students who come to class more than 20 minutes shall be marked late.
All late students will be called for recitation.

COURSE OUTLINE:

I. SPECIAL PROCEEDINGS IN GENERAL

A. Definition and Nature of Special Proceedings

1. Rule 1, Sec. 3(c) viz Rule 72, Sec. 1
2. Rule 72, Sec. 1

Hagans v. Wizlizemus 42 Phil 880 (1920)
Vda de Manalo v. CA 349 SCRA 135 (2001)
Natcher v. CA 366 SCRA 385 (2001)

B. Subject Matters of Special Proceedings - Rule 72 Sec. 1

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C. Jurisdiction of Special Proceedings - Batas Pambansa 129 (as amended
by Republic Act 7691), secs. 19 (2), (4), (6), (7), (8), 33(1)

Note: Keep in mind the difference between jurisdiction and venue

D. Applicability of Rules of Civil Actions - Rule 73 Sec. 2

II. RULES CONFERRING POWER ON ONE OVER THE PROPERTY OF
ANOTHER

A. Settlement of Estates

1. Venue and Jurisdiction Rule 73, Secs. 1-3

In re Intestate Estate of Kaw Singco 74 Phil. 239 (1943)
Rodriguez, et al. v. Borja, et al., 17 SCRA 418 (1966)
Malig v. Bush, 28 SCRA 449 (1969)
Garcia Fule v. CA 74 SCRA 189 (1976)
Manotok Realty, Inc. v. CA 149 SCRA 174 (1987)
Pereira v. CA 174 SCRA 154 (1989)

2. Presumption of Death Rule 73, Sec. 4 and Civil Code Articles 390-
391, Family Code Article 41
3. General Rule on Settlement of Estates Rule 78, Sec. 6

1) Exceptions:

a. Extrajudicial Settlement by Agreement among Heirs Rule 74
Sec. 1

Mendiola v. Mendiola 7 Phil 71 (1906)
Castillo v. Castillo 23 Phil 364 (1912)
Fule v. Fule 46 Phil 317 (1924)
Utulo v. Pasio Vda de Garcia 66 Phil 302 (1938)
Hernandez v. Andal 78 Phil 196 (1947)
Arcillas v. Montejo 26 SCRA 197 (1969)

b. Summary Settlement of Estates of Small Value Rule 74, Secs.
2-3

Guzman v. Anog 37 Phil 61 (1917)
Estate of Francisco v. Carreon 95 Phil 237 (1954)

2) Remedies against Extrajudicial Settlement or Partition
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a. Contribution from Distribution, Execution against Bond or Sale
of Realty of Decedent, Rule 74, Sec. 4
b. Petition for Relief Rule 38, Secs. 1, 3-6
c. Reopening by Intervention with Reglementary Period, Rule 19

Jerez v. Nietas 39 SCRA 904 (1969)

d. New Action to Annul Settlement within Reglementary Period

Ramos v. Ortuzar 89 Phil 730 (1951)
Pedrosa v. CA 353 SCRA 620 (2001)

4. Period for Claim of Minor or Incapacitated Person Rule 74 Sec. 5

5. Probate Proceedings

1) Jurisdiction and Venue BP 129 (as amended) Secs. 19 (4), 23

Heirs of Oscar R. Reyes v. Reyes, 345 SCRA 541 (2000)
Agtarap v. Agtarap, et al., G.R. No. 177099, 8 June 2011

2) Allowance/Disallowance of Will: Process, Rule 75, Sec. 1; Rule 76,
Secs. 1-5; Civil Code, Articles 838-839

Diez v. Serra 51 Phil 283 (1927)
Basa v. Mercado 61 Phil 632 (1935)
Cuizon v. Ramolete 129 SCRA 495 (1984)
Luzon Surety Co., Inc. v. Quebran, 127 SCRA 296 (1984)
Rodriguez, et al., v. Borja, et al., supra

3) Duty of Custodian/Executor of Will Rule 75, Secs. 2-5

4) Proof of Will Rule 76, Secs. 5-8, 12-13

Castaeda v. Alemany 3 Phil 426 (1904)
Mercado v. Santos 66 Phil 215 (1938)

5) Contest of Will Rule 76 Secs. 10-11

6) Allowance of Will Proved Outside of Philippines and Administration
of State, Rule 77, Civil Code Article 17

Fluemer v. Hix 54 Phil 610 (1930)
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6. Letters Testamentary and Administration

1) Executors and Administrators, Rule 78; Rule 88, secs. 15-16

Sioca v. Garcia, 44 Phil 711 (1923)
Lim v. Diaz-Millares, 18 SCRA 371 (1966)
Torres v. Javier, 34 Phil 383 (1916)

2) Opposition to Issuance, Rule 79

Paras v. Narciso, 35 Phil 244 (1916)
Duran v. Duran, 30 SCRA 331 (1967)

3) Special Administrators, Rule 80; Rule 86, sec. 8; Rule 81, sec. 4

Relucio v. San Jose, 91 Phil 365 (1952)
Manungas v. Loreto, G.R. No. 193161, 22 August 2011

4) Duties/General Powers of Executors, Administrators and Special
Administrators, Rule 84; Rule 81; Rule 83, sec. 1

Tan v. Go Chiong Lee, 46 Phil 200 (1924)
Government of the P.I. v. Testate Estate of De la Cruz, 48
Phil 982 (1939)
Lizarraga Hermanos v. Abada, 40 Phil 124 (1919)
Jocson de Hilado v. Nava, 69 Phil 1 (1938)
Wilson v. Rear, 55 Phil 44 (1939)

5) Accountability and Compensation of Executors and
Administrators, Rule 85; Rule 88, sec. 16

Tan v. Go Chiong Lee, supra
Borja v. Borja, et al., 101 Phil 911 (1957)
Intestate Estate of Carmen de Luna v. IAC, 179 SCRA 246
(1989)

6) Revocation of Administration, Death, Resignation and Removal of
Administrators and Executors; Effects of Acts performed before
Removal, Resignation or Death, Rule 82, secs. 2-3

Lizarraga Hermanos v. Abada, supra

7. Claims against the Estate

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1) State of Non-Claims, Rule 86, secs. 2,5; Rule 87, sec.1
Santos v. Maranang, 27 Phil 209 (1914)
Bank of the P.I. v. Hijos, Inc. 53 Phil 806 (1928)
Tan Sen Guan v. Go Siu San, 47 Phil 89 (1924)
Quinno v. Grospe, 169 SCRA 702 (1989)
Calma v. Tanedo, 66 Phil 594 (1938)

2) Solidary Obligation of Decedent, Rule 86, sec. 6

3) Mortgage Debt Due from Estate, Rule 86, sec. 7

4) Executors/Administrators Claim against Estate, Rule 86, sec. 8;
Rule 80

5) Process for Claims, Rule 86, secs. 9-10

6) Appeal from Judgment on a Claim against Estate, Rule 86, sec. 13;
BP 129 (amended by RA 7691), sec. 39;

8. Actions by or against Executors/Administrators

1) Claims that Survive, Rule 87, sec. 1, second clause; Rule 3, secs.
16, 17, 20; Rule 86, sec. 5

Paredes v. Moya, 61 SCRA 527 (1974)
Spouses Manalansan v. Castaeda, Jr., 83 SCRA 777 (1978)
Malolos v. Asia Pacific Finance Corp., 147 SCRA 61 (1987)
Luzon Surety Co., v. IAC, 151 SCRA 652 (1987)
Marini-Gonzales v. Lood, 148 SCRA 457 (1987)
Albano v. Agtarap, 22 Phil 345 (1912)
Heirs of Gregoire v. Baker, 51 Phil 75 (1927)
Aguas v. Llenos, 5 SCRA 959 (1962)

2) Claims that Do Not Survive, Rule 87, sec. 1, first clause; Rule 3,
secs. 16-17

Aguas v. Llenos, supra

3) Proceedings on Mortgage due Estate, Rule 87, sec. 5

4) Proceedings where Property Concealed, Embezzled or Fraudulently
Conveyed, Rule 87, secs. 6, 8-10

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5) Proceedings where Property Entrusted by Executor/Administrator
to Third Person, Rule 7, sec. 7

9. Payment of the Debts of the Estate, Sale, Mortgage or Encumbrance

1) General Rule if Estate is Sufficient, Rule 88, secs. 1,3; Rule 89,
sec.1; Civil Code, art. 939

Salvador v. Sta. Maria, 20 SCRA 603 (1967)
Pavia et. al., v. De la Rosa et. al., 8 Phil 70 (1907)
Benedicto v. Javellana, 10 Phil 197 (1908)

2) Exceptions; Sale, Mortgage or Encumbrance of Realty even if
Personally Sufficient to Pay Debts

a) When allowed, Rule 89, secs. 2, 5-6

Liwanag v. CA, 14 SCRA 922 (1965)
Godoy v. Orellano, 42 Phil 347 (1921)
Santos v. Ramon Catholic Bishop of Nueva Caceres, 45
Phil 895 (1924)
Vda. de Cruz v. Ilagan, 81 Phil 554 (1948)
Lebin v. Mirasol, G.R. No. 164255. 7 September 2011

b) Regulations for Grant of Authority, Rule 89, sec. 7

Baun v. Heirs of Baun, 53 Phil 654 (1929)
Ortaliz v. Register of Deeds of Occidental Negros, 55 Phil
33 (1930)

c) Opposition, Rule 89, sec. 3

d) Effect of Sale, Mortgage, or Encumbrance without Notice

Estate of Gamboa v. Floranza, 12 Phil 191 (1908)
Santos v. Roman Catholic Bishop of Caceras, supra

3) Payment of Debts if Provision Made in Will, Rule 88, sec. 2

4) Payment of Contingent Claims, Rule 88, secs. 4-5

5) Contributive Share of Devisees, Legatees or Heirs in Possession of
Portions of Estate for Debts, Rule 88, sec. 6

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6) Payment if Estate Insolvent or Assets Insufficient, Rule 86 secs. 7-
8

7) Orders of Payment of Debts, Rule 88, secs. 11-12

8) Order of Payment if Estate Insolvent, Rule 88, sec. 7, Civil Code,
Arts. 1059, 2239-2251

9) Time for Payment of Debts and Legacies; Period for Successor of
Deceased Administrator/Executor, Rule 88, secs. 15-16

10. Sale and Conveyance of Personalty or Reality for Other Reasons

1) When Beneficial to Interested Persons, Rule 89, sec. 4

2) Conveyance of Realty which Deceased Contracted to Convey during
Lifetime, rule 89, sec. 8

3) Conveyance of Realty which Deceased Held in Trust, Rule 89, sec.
9

De Jesus v. De Jesus, 3 SCRA 548 (1961)

11. Partition and Distribution of the Estate, Rule 90

Blas v. Muoz-Palma, 4 SCRA 900 (1962)
Villanueva v. Chavez, 24 Phil 170 (1913)
Castillo v. Bolaos, 62 Phil 641 (1935)
Reyes v. Baretto-Datu, 19 SCRA 86 (1967)
Dael v. IAC, 171 SCRA 524 (1989)
Ralla v. Untalan, 172 SCRA 858 (1989)
Sanchez v. CA, 279 SCRA 647 (1997)
Agtarap v. Agtarap, et. al., supra