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DialogStart

NORSOK M-506 Corrosion Rate Model, Rev. 2, June 2005


Continue Exit Information
The NORSOK M-506 corrosion rate model calculates the CO
2
corrosion rate
on basis of given temperature, pH, CO
2
partial pressure and shear stress.
The model is valid for temperature 5 - 150 C, pH 3.5 - 6.5,
CO
2
partial pressure 0.1 - 10 bar and shear stress 1 - 150 Pa.
The model is not applicable when the H
2
S partial pressure is higher than 0.5 bar,
or when the ratio between the partial pressure of CO
2
and H
2
S is less than 20.
The model can lead to underprediction of the corrosion rate when the total content
of organic acids exceeds 100 ppm and the CO2 partial pressure is less than 0.5 bar.
NORSOK M-506
CO
2
CORROSION RATE MODEL
Page 1
NORSOK M-506 Main menu
Corrosion rate
without inhibitor effect
Calculate corrosion rate
0
0
C
bar
mole%
CO2 pressure
CO2 fugacity
Calculate shear stress
Calculate pH
Parameter study
Accumulated corrosion
Calculate humidity
Print
Save in new file / Load file
Save in current file
Show current file
Help
Exit
Project
Identifier
Equipment
Temperature
Pressure
Mole percent CO2 in gas
Shear stress
pH
Glycol concentration
Inhibitor efficiency
Comment
CO2 fugacity
Use as input:
Pa
%
%
bar
mm/year
Input
Run the corrosion rate model
Options on input
Options
Output
DialogHum
NORSOK M-506 Humidity Menu
Calculate
test 6
200
10
1
100
OK
Cancel
Print
Save in new file/Load file
Save in current file
Show current file
Help
Project
Identifier
Equipment
Temperature
Pressure
Water mass flow
Total mass flow
Comment
Relative humidity
Dew point
C
bar
kmole/h
kmole/h
%
C
Input
Run
Output
Options
Page 4
DialogFlow
NORSOK M-506 Flow Menu
Calculate
11
5
1
0
11
11
C
bar
m/s
MSm/day
OK
Cancel
Print
Save in new file/Load file
Save in current file
Show current file
Expert input
Help
50
0.9
0.8
1024
850
6.254
1.334
1.1
0.03
0.5
7.06
cp
cp
cp
Project
Identifier
Equipment
Temperature
Pressure
Superficial liquid velocity
Gas flow
Watercut
Diameter (ID)
Comment
Shear stress
Liquid viscosity
Default
Roughness
Compressibility
Specific gravity
Water density
Oil density
Gas density
Water viscosity
Oil viscosity
Gas viscosity
Inversion point
Max rel. liq. visc.
%
mm
Pa
cp
m
kg/m
kg/m
kg/m
Input
Run
Output
Options
Other input
Page 5
DialogFlow
NORSOK M-506 Flow Menu
cp
cp
cp
kg/m
kg/m
kg/m
Options
Other input
Page 6
DialogBicarb
NORSOK M-506 pH Menu
Calculate
60
5
1
Condensed water
Formation water
C
bar
bar
OK
Cancel
Print
Save in new file/Load file
Save in current file
Show current file
Help
Project
Identifier
Equipment
Temperature
Pressure
Mole percent CO2 in gas
Comment
Calculated pH
pH in condensed water saturated with Fe2+
Input
Run
Output
Option
Page 7
DialogBicarb
NORSOK M-506 pH Menu
pH in condensed water saturated with Fe2+
Output
Page 8
DialogChart
NORSOK M-506 Parameter Study
Update chart
Temperature
20
150
pH
3.5
4.5
5.5
1E-5
10
5
0
0
Default
CO2 pressure = 1E-5 bar, Shear stress = 10 Pa,
Return
Print
Save
Help
Zoom Zoom
Range Min
Max
C
C
1. value
3. value
2. value
CO2 pressure
Shear stress
Pressure
Glycol conc.
Inh. efficiency
bar
Pa
bar
%
%
1. variable parameter 2. variable parameter Other input parameters Options
Chart title
Page 9
DialogAcc
NORSOK M-506 Accumulated Corrosion
CO2 Return
1
jan-2002
des-2002
60
5
1
4
4
0
0
Calc pH
Calc shear
Acc. off
Show chart
Help
Insert line
Delete line
Clear table
Zoom in
Zoom out
Print
Save
Load
Line number
Start date
End date
Temperature
Pressure
Shear stress
pH
Glycol conc.
Inhibitor eff.
C
bar
bar
Pa
%
%
Input Options
Page 10
DialogHelp
NORSOK M-506 Help Menu
OK
THE SAVE MENU

The save menu provides two different alternatives:
1. Save data in a new separate Excel file
2. Load a previous saved Excel file and add saved data to this file
If it is wanted to save data in a new separate Excel file the parameters that are
supposed to be saved must be turned on in this save menu. Click the button called
"Create new file" when the desired parameters are turned on, and then the program
will ask for the file name before the program returns to the previous shown menu.
In this case the current data will be saved as the first set of data in the new file.
If it is wanted to use a previous saved file to save new data the file can be loaded by
pressing the Load button. In such cases it has no meaning to turn on or off any
parameters in the save menu because the same parameters that have been saved
in the loaded file earlier will still be saved in this file. When a file is loaded in this way
the actual parameters will not be saved automatic. The data will only be saved by
clicking the buttons called "Save in current file" in the different menus.
Click the Cancel button to return to the previous menu without creating a new file or
loading an old file.
Helpmenu for the NORSOK M-506 user interface
Page 11
DialogSave
NORSOK M-506 Save Menu
Calculated liquid viscosity
Create new file Cancel Load file Help
Project
Equipment
Identifier
Comment
Temperature
Pressure
Total mass flow
CO2 mass flow
Mole% CO2
CO2 pressure
CO2 fugacity
Shear stress
pH
Glycol concentration
Inhibitor efficiency
Glycol correction factor
Corrosion rate without inhibitor or glycol effect
Corrosion rate with inhibitor or glycol effect
Bicarbonate
Ionic strength
Calculated pH
pH in solution satureted with Fe2+
Superficial liquid velocity
Superficial gas velocity
Liquid flow
Gas flow
Watercut
Diameter (ID)
Water density
Oil density
Gas density
Water viscosity
Oil viscosity
Gas viscosity
Inversion point
Max rel. liq. viscosity
Roughness
Spesific gravity
Compressibility
Calculated shear stress
Water mass flow Relative humidity Dew point
Choose which paramaters to save
All menues
Humidity menu
Main menu
pH menu
Flow menu
Page 12
DialogSave
NORSOK M-506 Save Menu
Calculated liquid viscosity
Help
Corrosion rate without inhibitor or glycol effect
Calculated shear stress
All menues
Humidity menu
Main menu
pH menu
Flow menu
Page 13
DialogShow
Show Data
Return
Print
Help
Zoom in
Zoom out
Page 14
SheetModell
Input
Temperature (C) 60 Glycol factor 1
pCO2 (bar) 2
pH 5 Inhibitor factor 1
Shear stress (Pa) 19
Result
Corrosion rate (mm/y) 11.0291465 CR with inhibitor effect 11.02915
Calculations
Lowest temp 60
Highest temp 80
Lowest temp. Highest temp. 5 C
K 10.695 9.949
pCO2 factor 1.53687518 1.53687518
Shear factor 1 1
pH factor 0.671 0.60360857 0.857
Corrosion rate 11.0291465 9.22939911
a -0.0899874
b 16.4283888
Calculation of corrosion rate with NORSOK Standard M-506 Rev.2, June 2005
Page 15
SheetModell
Used pCO2 2
Used pH 5
Used shear 19
15 C 20 C 40 C 60 C 80 C 90 C 120 C 150 C
0.801 0.782 0.782 0.671 0.603609 0.39016 0.1902 0.0365
Page 16
242681024.xls.ms_office
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A B C D E F G H I J K L
INPUT QL SM/D 8.2067 QG MMSM3/D 0 VISC.O CP 1.1 LIM 1.53366
ROUGH 5.00E-05 WC 0.11 D(M) 0.011 SP.GR 0.8
RO.O 8.50E+02 kg/m3 T 11 P(BAR) 5 Z 0.9
RO.L 869.14 RO.G 6.25404 R0.GSC 0.96478 VISC.W 1.3336 Waterdensity 1024
VISC.L 1.51133 VL(M/S) 1 VG(M/S) 0 VM(M/S) 1
VISC.G 0.03 LAMDA 1 VISC.M 1.51133 RO.M 869.14
2 2 Cr0.5
FLOW SMOOTH
REGIME: PIPE
REGIME VG CRIT 18.5292 M/S LIQUID 623.557 YEARS TO FAILURE OF ST52 STEEL BY MESA ATTACK
VL CRIT 0.24162 M/S ************************************************************************************************
VL CRIT 0.27 M/S OBSTACLE
507.703 YEARS TO FAILURE
POSSIBLESTRAT
SLUG
ANNULAR
ATOMIZED
LIQUID
LIQUID, STRATIFIED,DISPERSED,ANNULAR
NLIM= 2.84E+12 RE 6325.91
YIELD= 426 Pa FRICT 0.01001 OBSTACLE:
SMOOTH PIPE: TAU 4.34977 REL-AMP 0.94
EXPONENT 0.99742 V EQ 1 EXPONENT 0.99025
LIFETIME 623.557 YEARS F 134 LIFETIME 507.703 YEARS
CANNOT EXEED: 623.557 YEARS TAUAMP 1.08744 CANNOT EXEED: 507.703 YEARS
227598 DAYS 185311 DAYS
FATIGUE IF TREATED AS SLUG FLOW
RE 6324.56
HOLD UP 0.98345 0.98345 ALPHA L 0.98345
ROM 854.859
VISCM 1.48681
FO 0.01001 OBSTACLE:
TAUW 6.16099 REL-AMP 0.94
EXPONENT 0.99912 TAUAMP 0.36966 EXPONENT 0.99025
LIFETIME 16085 YEARS F-SLUG 5.45455 LIFETIME 12472.6 YEARS
CANNOT EXEED: 16085 YEARS L-UNIT 0.22 M CANNOT EXEED: 12472.6 YEARS
5871029 DAYS L-SLUG 0.22 M 4552486 DAYS
TAUMEAN 4.34977 PA Taumean slug: 0.31161 TOO LOW!
V EQ 0.99998 NET TIME TO FAILURE:
Page 17
NORSOK M-506
Calculated results from the NORSOK M-506 CO
2
corrosion rate model
Equipment Identifier Temperature Pressure
CO
2
partial
pressure mole% CO
2
CO
2
fugacity Shear stress pH
Inhibitor
efficiency
C bar bar % bar Pa %
c 20 1 0.1 10 0.1 10 5 0
c 20 1 0.1 10 0.1 10 5 0
c 68 1 0.16 16 0.16 10 5 0
18 8/31/2014
NORSOK M-506
Glycol
concentration
Glycol
reduction
factor
Spesific
gravity
Water
viscosity
Maximum
relative liquid
viscosity
Corrosion rate
without
inhibitor effect
Corrosion rate
with inhibitor
or glycol effect Comment
% cp mm/year mm/year
0 1 0.8 1.089 7.06 0.83 0.83
10 0.84 0.8 1.089 7.06 0.83 0.7
10 0.84 0.8 0.4373 7.06 1.1 0.93
19 8/31/2014
NORSOK M-506
0
0.002
0.004
0.006
0.008
0.01
0.012
3.5 53.5 103.5 153.5 203.5
C
o
r
r
o
s
i
o
n

r
a
t
e

/

(
m
m
/
y
e
a
r
)

Temperature / (C)
Pressure = 55 bar, Shear stress = 64 Pa, CO2 = 5 mole%
pH=4
pH=5
pH=6
0
0.002
0.004
0.006
0.008
0.01
0.012
0 50 100 150 200
C
o
r
r
o
s
i
o
n

r
a
t
e

/

(
m
m
/
y
e
a
r
)

Temperature / (C)
CO2 pressure = 1E-5 bar, Shear stress = 10 Pa,
pH=4
pH=5
pH=6
Page 20
SheetAccChart
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
1.2
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
C
o
r
r
o
s
i
o
n

r
a
t
e

/

(
m
m
/
y
e
a
r
)

Time / date
Corrosion
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
A
c
c
u
m
u
l
a
t
e
d

c
o
r
r
o
s
i
o
n

/

m
m

Time / date
Accumulated corrosion
Page 21
M506Chart
Calculated results from the NORSOK M-506 CO
2
corrosion model, rev. 2
Temperature / (C) pH=3.5 pH=4.5 pH=5.5
20 4.427861 3.616083 1.884596
26.5 5.686505 4.643975 2.420303
33 6.945149 5.671867 2.95601
39.5 8.203793 6.699759 3.491717
46 8.65226 7.156366 3.369722
52.5 9.033212 7.565365 3.192918
59 9.414164 7.974365 3.016114
65.5 9.69586 7.920688 2.815738
72 9.959509 7.782889 2.611077
78.5 10.22316 7.64509 2.406415
85 8.602593 6.189111 1.482072
91.5 6.890631 4.747182 0.618993
98 6.758233 4.67026 0.679807
104.5 6.625835 4.593339 0.740621
111 6.493436 4.516417 0.801435
117.5 6.361038 4.439496 0.862249
124 5.980939 3.917955 0.786504
130.5 5.446028 3.118527 0.62541
137 4.911116 2.319099 0.464316
143.5 4.376205 1.519671 0.303222
150 3.841293 0.720242 0.142128
CO2 pressure 1 bar
Shear stress 5 Pa
Trykk 80 bar
Glycol concentration 0 % (concentration)
Inhibitor reduction factor 0
Page 22
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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q
Actual dialog number 0 use pressure or fugacity 1 pressure in B9
Recent dialog number 1 Use of expertmenu in dialog flow 1 1
Dialog to check the input 0
INPUTPARAMETER VALUE lovlig input ny input hvis kolonne C = FALSE min max unit choiseunit value in model units unit Old value in case of cancel Old unit Calculation of other parameters
Temperature FALSE 5 150 1 C 0 C 60 1
pH FALSE 3.5 6.5 0 4
CO2 content in gas FALSE FALSE 0.09 10 3 mole% 0 bar (CO2 trykk) 1 1 fugasity of CO2 in bar 0 fugasity in chosen unit (in bar if mole% or flow is chosen) 0
Shear stress FALSE 1 150 Pa 0 Pa 10
Trykk FALSE 1 1000 1 bar 0 bar 5 1 fugasitycoeffisient 1
Glycol concentration 0 TRUE 0 100 % (concentration) 1 fraction 0
Inhibitor reduction factor 0 TRUE 0 100 % 1 fraction 0
Liquid flow FALSE 0 13564.8 1 Sm3/day 0 Sm3/day 0 1
Gas flow TRUE 0 0.2812 1 MSm3/day 0 Sm3/day 1
Watercut FALSE 100 0 100 0
Diameter (ID) FALSE 100 0 mm 0 m
Inversion point use default TRUE 0.5 0.3 0.9 0.5 use default
max relative liq visc use default TRUE 7.06 1 100 1 7.06 cp use default
Tetthet vann use default TRUE 1024 995 1050 kg/m3 1024 kg/m3 use default lign for vanntetthet sfa T er gitt i celle Q20, kopieres evt til Celle B20 1000
Viskositet vann use default TRUE 1 0.17 1.1 1 cp 1 cp use default 1 Liquid viscositet 0 cp
Tetthet olje use default TRUE 850 600 1100 kg/m3 850 kg/m3 use default
Viskositet olje use default TRUE 1.1 0.2 200 1 cp 1.1 cp use default
tetthet gass use default TRUE 10 1 1700 kg/m3 10 kg/m3 use default
viskositet gass use default TRUE 0.03 0.02 0.06 1 cp 0.03 cp use default
Ruhet use default TRUE 50 0 100 um 0.00005 m use default
Z use default TRUE 0.9 0.8 1 0.9 use default
sp.gr use default TRUE 0.8 0.5 1 0.8 use default
Total mass flow TRUE 1 0.001 1000000 kmole/h 0 kmole/h
Alle input OK FALSE
grafisk fremstilling beregning av verdier for grafisk fremstilling
Temperature / (C) pH=4 pH=5 pH=6 Temperature / (C) pH=4 pH=5 pH=6
20 0.004757 0.00389 0.00203 20 0.00476 0.00389 0.00203
26.5 0.006109 0.00499 0.0026 26.5 0.00611 0.00499 0.0026
33 0.007461 0.00609 0.00318 33 0.00746 0.00609 0.00318
39.5 0.008813 0.0072 0.00375 39.5 0.00881 0.0072 0.00375
46 0.009295 0.00769 0.00362 46 0.0093 0.00769 3.62E-03
52.5 0.009704 0.00813 0.00343 52.5 0.0097 0.00813 3.43E-03
59 0.010113 0.00857 0.00324 59 0.01011 0.00857 3.24E-03
65.5 0.010416 0.00851 0.00303 65.5 0.01042 0.00851 3.03E-03
72 0.010699 0.00836 0.00281 72 0.0107 0.00836 2.81E-03
78.5 0.010983 0.00821 0.00259 78.5 0.01098 0.00821 2.59E-03
85 0.009242 0.00665 0.00159 85 0.00924 0.00665 1.59E-03
91.5 0.007402 0.0051 0.00067 91.5 0.0074 0.0051 6.65E-04
98 0.00726 0.00502 0.00073 98 0.00726 0.00502 7.30E-04
104.5 0.007118 0.00494 0.0008 104.5 0.00712 0.00494 7.96E-04
111 0.006976 0.00485 0.00086 111 0.00698 0.00485 8.61E-04
117.5 0.006834 0.00477 0.00093 117.5 0.00683 0.00477 9.26E-04
124 0.006425 0.00421 0.00085 124 0.00643 0.00421 8.45E-04
130.5 0.005851 0.00335 0.00067 130.5 0.00585 0.00335 6.72E-04
137 0.005276 0.00249 0.0005 137 0.00528 0.00249 4.99E-04
143.5 0.004701 0.00163 0.00033 143.5 0.0047 0.00163 3.26E-04
150 0.004127 0.00077 0.00015 150 0.00413 0.00077 1.53E-04
Opsjoner for grafisk fremstilling
choise Parameter Unit Label on button on DialogChart Use default options
use velocity or shear stress 1 Shear stress Pa velocity TRUE
chartlist 1 chartlist 2
Temperature pH
pH Pressure
Pressure Shear stress
Shear stress
1.parameter 2. parameter 3. parameter 4. parameter
Valgt index 1 1 Old value for first parameter 1
Valgt parameter Temperature pH Pressure Shear stress
unit C bar Pa
input in line 7 8 11 10
line in model 2 4 6 5
Lovlig min max Default Value in model unit
Range, min 5 TRUE 5 5 5
Range, max 150 TRUE 150 150 150
1. value 4 TRUE 3.5 6.5 4.25 4
2. value 5 TRUE 3.5 6.5 5 5
3. value 6 TRUE 3.5 6.5 5.75 6
All legal TRUE
Options for accumulated corrosion
time,end Dec-2005
Show chart or table : 1 Show Table Label on ButtonShow:Show chart time,start Jan-2005 LineNumber 1 1 Data saved 0 FALSE
Integrated chart or not : 1 Integrated Label on ButtonIntegrate: Acc. off legal time and line TRUE Min time 0 Max time 73200 Accumulated dialog activated 0 FALSE
legal line TRUE
Options for calculation of pH
INPUTPARAMETER VALUE lovlig input ny input hvis kolonne C = FALSE min max unit choiseunit value in model units unit Old value in case of cancel Old unit
Bicarbonate 0 TRUE 0 0 32000 2 mg/l 0 M 0 2 Use condenced water 1 TRUE
Ionic strenght 0 TRUE 0 0 175 2 g/l 0 M 0 2 Saturated pH
Options for calculation of maximum flow rate
INPUTPARAMETER VALUE lovlig input ny input hvis kolonne C = FALSE min max
Ratio gas/liquid flow 0.00E+00 TRUE 0 0 1E+12
Options for saving and plotting data at main menu
Parameter Project EquipmentIdentifier Temperature Pressure Total mass flow CO2 Partial Pressure Mole % CO2 CO2 mass flow CO2 fugacity Shear stress pH Inhibitor efficiency Glycol concentration Glycol reduction factor Superficial liquid velocity
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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q
Saving status 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Default status 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Current dialog status 2 default Saving macro turned on 0 FALSE Data saved yet 0 FALSE
Next line in sheet M506Data 8
Units when saving 1 1 3 1
Shear stress calculations
St52 Cr0.5
Max recommended shear stress
Max recommended liquid superficial velocity m/s Sm3/day m/s Sm3/day
Max recommended gas superficial velocity m/s MSm3/day m/s MSm3/day
DialogHeight small
Sheets position
Sheet line column old line old column
SSH97Data 1 1 1 1
Calculation of humidity
flow/kmole/h min max legal all input legal Old value
Flow of H2O 0.001 1000000 FALSE FALSE
Total flow 0.001 1000000 FALSE
vanndamptrykk 1.55E+01 bar
Saturation temperature C Relativ fuktighet %
Data for plot of accumulated corrosion
Line start date end date time periode / year time Acc corr
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R S T U V W X Y Z AA AB AC AD AE AF AG AH AI
Old value 1
Superficial gas velocity Liquid flowGas flow Diameter (ID) Watercut RoughnessSpesific gravity Compressibility Water density Oil density Gas densityWater viscosity Oil viscosityGas viscosity Inovation point Max rel liq visc Liquid viscosity Bicarbonate
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R S T U V W X Y Z AA AB AC AD AE AF AG AH AI
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 1 1 1 2
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AJ AK AL AM AN AO AP AQ AR AS AT AU AV AW AX AY AZ BA
Ionic strength Water mass flow Maximum superficial liquid velocity, C-steel Maximum superficial gas velocityy, C-steel Maximum liquid flowy, C-steel Maximum gas flowy, C-steel Maximum recommended shear stress, C-steel Maximum superficial liquid velocity, Cr0.5-steel Maximum superficial gas velocityy, Cr0.5-steel Maximum liquid flowy, Cr0.5-steel Maximum gas flowy, Cr0.5-steel Maximum recommended shear stress, Cr0.5-steel Regime Calculated shear stress Calculated pH pH in solution saturated with Fe2+ Rel. humidity Dew point
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AJ AK AL AM AN AO AP AQ AR AS AT AU AV AW AX AY AZ BA
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2
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BB BC BD BE
Classification in other systems Corrosion rate Corrosion rate with inhibitor efficiency Comment
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BB BC BD BE
0 1 1 1
0 0 0 1
x
Calculated results from NORSOK M-506
Project a
Equipment a
Identifier c
Comment d
INPUT
Temperature 90 C
Pressure 10 bar
Total mass flow - kmole/h
CO
2
content in gas 10 mole%
Shear stress 10 Pa
pH 5
Glycol concentration 10 %
Inhibitor efficiency 5 %
OUTPUT
CO
2
fugacity 0.98 bar
Glycol reduction factor 0.8449
Corrosion rate 2.2 mm/year
Corrosion rate with inhibitor or glycol effect 1.9 mm/year
x
8/31/2014
x
Calculated results from NORSOK M-506
Project
Equipment
Identifier
Comment
INPUT
Temperature 30 C
Pressure 10 bar
Total mass flow - kmole/h
CO
2
content in gas 10 mole%
Bicarbonate concentration mg/l
Ionic strength g/l
OUTPUT
pH 3.9
pH in condensed water saturated with Fe
2+
5
x
8/31/2014
x
Calculated results from NORSOK M-506
Project ssh
Equipment a
Identifier v
Comment test
INPUT
Temperature 20 C
Pressure 10 bar
Total mass flow 100 kmole/h
Water mass flow 2 kmole/h
OUTPUT
Relative humidity 855.2 %
Dew point 60 C
x
8/31/2014
x
Calculated results from NORSOK M-506
Project
Equipment
Identifier
Comment
INPUT
Temperature 50 C
Pressure 10 bar
Superficial liquid velocity 6 m/s
Superficial gas velocity 6 m/s
Watercut 100
Diameter (ID) 100 mm
Water density 1024 kg/m
3
Oil density 850 kg/m
3
Gas density 10.83 kg/m
3
Water viscosity 0.5956 cp
Oil viscosity 1.1 cp
Gas viscosity 0.03 cp
Maximum relative liquid viscosity 0.5956
Inversion point 0.5
Maximum relative liquid viscosity 7.06
Rougness 5.00E-05 m
Compressibility 0.9
Specific gravity 0.8
OUTPUT
Liquid viscosity 0.5956 cp
Shear stress -17 Pa
x
8/31/2014
SheetHelp
ABOUT THE NORSOK M-506 CORROSION RATE CALCULATION MODEL
This computer program is developed based on the corrosion rate model given as
equations in this Standard. The corrosion rate equations given in NORSOK M-506
describe the formal model which shall apply, while the computer program itself is an
optional aid which the users of the model may apply such that they possess an
efficient tool to conduct corrosion rate calculations and parameter studies.
It is an overall principle for the use of this program that the program is an aid in CO2
corrosion rate assessments, but that the user of the program is responsible for the
results and the final material selections. Therefore the user of the program must
perform a critical evaluation of all results and the applicability of these in each case
and in each system/part of a system.
As the computer program is distributed electronically and may be used on computers and
program versions outside the control of NTS/NORSOK, users of the computer program
are sole responsible to verify that the computer calculations are in accordance with the
equations in this standard.
The CO2 corrosion rate calculation program shall only be used by experienced
material engineers.
The program covers only calculation of corrosion rates where CO2 is the corrosive
agent. It does not include additional effects of other constituents which may influence
the corrosivity, e.g. contamination of O2, H2S etc. If such constituents are present,
which is common in e.g. produced water systems, these effects must be evaluated
separately.
The model is valid for temperature 5 - 150 C, pH 3.5 - 6.5, CO2 partial pressure
0.1 - 10 bar and shear stress 1 - 150 Pa. The model is not applicable when the H2S
partial pressure is higher than 0.5 bar, or when the ratio between the partial pressure
of CO2 and H2S is less than 20. The model can lead to underprediction of the
corrosion rate when the total content of organic acids exceeds 100 ppm and the CO2
partial pressure is less than 0.5 bar.
Design principles for material selection and the philosophies which shall apply are
given in NORSOK standard M-001 "Material Selection". The requirements in
NORSOK M-001 shall always apply, and shall be used when generating input data
and when interpreting results from this CO2 corrosion rate calculation program. It is
important to note that the program may use or generate data which are outside the
limits of NORSOK M-001. One example is corrosion inhibitor efficiency, where
NORSOK M-001 provides maximum allowable values, while this program accepts all
values from 0 to 100%. In case of conflict, NORSOK M-001 shall apply.
The computer program has a main dialogue box, denoted as the "Main Menu",
where all corrosion rate calculations can be performed. All input parameters can be
entered into the program directly at this stage for point calculations.
As options and support functions, it is possible to calculate several of the main input
parameters by selecting optional dialogue boxes. Such options are:
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* pH calculations
* shear stress calculations
* humidity calculations for gas systems
These program routines are included in order to make the material selection
specialist able to generate adequate input data for corrosion rate prediction based on
data normally presented in process flow diagrams and design basis documents. The
support program routines are prepared to give adequate accuracy for corrosion rate
calculations, and shall not be used for other purposes, e.g. genuine process, scale or
flow calculations.
The program is explained in more detail in NORSOK Standard M-506.
It is important that your computer uses a period as a decimal separator. The program
will not be able to calculate correctly if other symbols are used as decimal separator.
The decimal separator can be changed from the option called International or
Regional and Language Options in the control panel.
Minimum screen resolution must be 600x800.
The current version of the model is Revision 2, issued in June 2005.
It supersedes Revision 1, issued in May 1998. Major changes from Revision 1 are
extension of the lower temperature limit from 20 to 5 C and improved correlations for
pH calculation at high pressure and high ionic strength.
Please note that whilst every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the
NORSOK standards neither OLF nor TBL or any of their members will assume
liability for any use thereof.
The effect of inhibitor is given in percent. Allowed range is from 0 to 100 %. The
inhibitor efficiency equals the value of the corrosion rate adjusted for the inhibitor
effect divided with the corrosion rate without any inhibitor effect multiplied with 100. If
no inhibitor effect on the calculation of the corrosion rate is desired, enter 0 %
inhibitor efficiency.


RESULTS
FUGACITY
The CO2 fugacity will be calculated based on given temperature, pressure and given
amount of CO2.

GLYCOL CORRECTION FACTOR
The glycol correction factor will be calculated based on the given glycol
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concentration. The glycol correction factor equals the value of the corrosion rate
adjusted for the effect of glycol divided with the corrosion rate without any glycol
effect.

CORROSION RATE WITHOUT GLYCOL OR INHIBITOR EFFECT
The calculated corrosion rate without any correction factors will be shown when the
button called "Calculate corrosion rate" is pressed.

CORROSION RATE WITH GLYCOL OR INHIBITOR EFFECT
The calculated corrosion rate with correction factor will be shown when the button
called "Calculate corrosion rate" is pressed. If the effect of inhibitor is higher than the
effect of glycol, the corrosion rate with only the inhibitor effect will be shown. If the
effect of glycol is higher than the effect of inhibitor, the corrosion rate with only the
glycol effect will be shown. If there is no effect of glycol or inhibitor, only the corrosion
rate without any correction factors will be shown.
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MAIN MENU

OPTIONS

UNITS
Press the unit buttons to change the unit of temperature, pressure and CO2 partial
pressure.

CALCULATE CORROSION RATE
Press this button to calculate the corrosion rate by the NORSOK M-506 model.

USE AS INPUT: CO2 PARTIAL PRESSURE OR FUGACITY
Use this option to select partial pressure or fugacity as input. The fugacity of CO2
(calculated if not given as input) is always used in the corrosion model.

CALCULATE SHEAR STRESS
The wall shear stress can be calculated from given liquid and gas velocities. Press
this button to enter the menu for calculation of shear stress.

CALCULATE pH
The pH can be calculated from the given bicarbonate concentration. Press this
button to enter the menu for calculation of pH.

PARAMETER STUDY
Press this button to get a graphic representation of the corrosion rate as function of
the input parameters.

ACCUMULATED CORROSION
Press this button to enter a menu where it is possible to get a time dependent
representation of the corrosion rate.

CALCULATE HUMIDITY
The relative humidity can be calculated. Press this button to enter the menu for
calculation of relative humidity.

PRINT
Press this button to print the input and output values.

SAVE IN NEW FILE
Press this button to save the input and output values in a separate Excel file. The
data can either be saved in a new Excel file or a previous saved file can be loaded
and then the saved data will be added to this file.

SAVE IN CURRENT FILE
Press this button to save the input and output values in the same file that has been
used for saving values before. Values for the same parameters that have been
saved in this file before will be saved.

SHOW CURRENT FILE
Press this button to see the data that has been saved in the current file.

EXIT
Exit the NORSOK M-506 model.
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INPUT PARAMETERS
PROJECT, EQUIPMENT, IDENTIFIER AND COMMENT
The project name, equipment, identifier and any comments can be given. These
names can be saved together with other data when the save buttons are pressed.

TEMPERATURE
Allowed range is from 5 C to 150 C. The temperature can be given in C or F.

TOTAL PRESSURE
Allowed range is from 1 bar to 1000 bar. The total pressure can be given in bar or psi.
The total pressure must be higher then the CO2 partial pressure.

TOTAL MASS FLOW
Allowed range is from 0.001 to 1000000 kmole/h. The total mass flow is required to
calculate the CO2 partial pressure when the amount of CO2 is given in kmole/h. The
total mass flow will therefore only be shown in the menu when kmole/h is chosen as
the unit for the CO2 amount.

CO2
Allowed range for the fugacity of CO2 is from 0.1 to 10 bar, but the CO2 pressure
can not be higher than the given total pressure. Due to lack of data points at fugacities
below 0.3 bar, the calculation is uncertain at CO2 fugacities below 0.3 bar.
The amount of CO2 can be given in bar, psi, mole% or kmole/h. It is possible to specify
either the CO2 partial pressure or the CO2 fugacity by using the option called
"Use as input: CO2 pressure or CO2 fugacity".
SHEAR STRESS
Allowed range is from 1 to 150 Pa.

pH
Allowed range: 3.5 to 6.5.

GLYCOL CONCENTRATION
The glycol concentration is given in percent. Allowed range is from 0 to 100 %. If you
don't want any glycol effect on the calculation of the corrosion rate, just enter 0 % of
glycol.

INHIBITOR EFFICIENCY
The effect of inhibitor is given in percent. Allowed range is from 0 to 100 %. The
inhibitor efficiency equals the value of the corrosion rate adjusted for the inhibitor
effect divided with the corrosion rate without any inhibitor effect multiplied with 100. If
no inhibitor effect on the calculation of the corrosion rate is desired, enter 0 %
inhibitor efficiency.


RESULTS
FUGACITY
The CO2 fugacity will be calculated based on given temperature, pressure and given
amount of CO2.

GLYCOL CORRECTION FACTOR
The glycol correction factor will be calculated based on the given glycol
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concentration. The glycol correction factor equals the value of the corrosion rate
adjusted for the effect of glycol divided with the corrosion rate without any glycol
effect.

CORROSION RATE WITHOUT GLYCOL OR INHIBITOR EFFECT
The calculated corrosion rate without any correction factors will be shown when the
button called "Calculate corrosion rate" is pressed.

CORROSION RATE WITH GLYCOL OR INHIBITOR EFFECT
The calculated corrosion rate with correction factor will be shown when the button
called "Calculate corrosion rate" is pressed. If the effect of inhibitor is higher than the
effect of glycol, the corrosion rate with only the inhibitor effect will be shown. If the
effect of glycol is higher than the effect of inhibitor, the corrosion rate with only the
glycol effect will be shown. If there is no effect of glycol or inhibitor, only the corrosion
rate without any correction factors will be shown.
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THE FLOW MENU

OPTIONS

UNITS
Press the unit buttons to change the unit of temperature, pressure, liquid flow, gas
flow and viscosity.

CALCULATE
Press this button to calculate the shear stress and flow regime.

OK
Press this button to get back to the main menu and use the calculated shear stress
in the corrosion rate model.

CANCEL
Press this button to get back to the main menu without using the calculated shear
stress. All the values in the flow menu will be restored.

PRINT
Press this button to print the input and output values.

SAVE IN NEW FILE
Press this button to save the input and output values in a separate Excel file. The
data can either be saved in a new Excel file or a previous saved file can be loaded
and then the saved data will be added to this file.

SAVE IN CURRENT FILE
Press this button to save the input and output values in the same file that has been
used for saving values before. Values for the same parameters that have been
saved in this file before will be saved.

SHOW CURRENT FILE
Press this button to see the data that has been saved in the current file.

EXPERT INPUT
Press this button to show the parameters viscosity, density, inversion point,
roughness, compressibility and specific gravity. When the user interface starts,
default values will be used for these parameters until the user choose to use other
values.

DEFAULT CHECK BOXES
There are default check boxes for the density, viscosity, inversion point, roughness,
compressibility and specific gravity. When a default option is turned on, a built in
function or default value is used for the actual parameter.


INPUT PARAMETERS

PROJECT, EQUIPMENT, IDENTIFIER AND COMMENT
The project name, equipment, identifier and any comments can be given. These
names can be saved together with other data when the save buttons are pressed.

TEMPERATURE
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Allowed range is from 5 C to 150 . The temperature can be given in C or F.

TOTAL PRESSURE
Allowed range is from 1 bar to 1000 bar. The total pressure can be given in bar or psi.

LIQUID VELOCITY / LIQUID FLOW
Allowed range is from 0 to 20 m/s. The liquid flow rate can be given as liquid
superficial velocity (unit m/s) or liquid flow (unit Sm3/day). Press the unit button to
switch between these units. Superficial liquid velocity equals the actual liquid velocity
multiplied with the liquid volume fraction.

GAS VELOCITY / GAS FLOW
Allowed range is from 0 to 40 m/s. The gas flow rate can be given as gas superficial
velocity (unit m/s) or gas flow (unit millions of Sm3/day). Press the unit button to
switch between these units. Superficial gas velocity equals the actual gas velocity
multiplied with the liquid volume fraction.

WATERCUT
Allowed range is from 0 to 100 %. The watercut gives the amount of water in the
liquid phase.

DIAMETER
The diameter can be any positive number. The calculation of shear stress is requires
turbulent flow. This means that the diameter and the flow velocities must be given values
that results in a Reynold number above 2300.

DENSITY
The allowed ranges for the density of water, oil and gas are:
995 to 1050 kg/m3 for water density,
600 to 1100 kg/m3 for oil density,
1 to 1700 kg/m3 for gas density.

VISCOSITY
The allowed ranges for the viscosity of water, oil and gas are:
0.17 to 1.1 cp for water viscosity,
0.2 to 200 cp for oil viscosity,
0.02 to 0.06 cp for gas viscosity.
The viscosity of water, oil and gas can be given in cp (centipoise) or N*s/m2.

ROUGHNESS
Allowed range for the roughness of the steel is 0 to 100 m.

COMPRESSIBILITY
Allowed range is from 0.8 to 1. The compressibility gives the deviation from ideal
gas.

SPECIFIC GRAVITY
Allowed range is from 0.5 to 1.

INVERSION POINT
Allowed range is from 0.3 to 0.9. The inversion point is the watercut that gives the
maximum liquid viscosity.

MAXIMUM RELATIVE LIQUID VISCOSITY
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Allowed range is from 1 to 100. This number gives the ratio between the liquid
viscosity at the inversion point and the viscosity of pure oil.


RESULTS

SHEAR STRESS
The shear stress will be calculated on basis of the given input values.

LIQUID VISCOSITY
The liquid viscosity will be calculated on basis of given input values. The liquid
viscosity will only be shown if the button called "Expert input" is pressed and all the
input parameters are shown in the flow menu.

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THE PARAMETER STUDY MENU

OPTIONS

RETURN
Press this button to get back to the main menu.

UPDATE CHART
If you change a value in this menu, the chart will not be updated unless you press
the update chart button.

PRINT
Press this button to print the chart as it is shown on the screen.

SAVE
Press this button to save the chart and a table with corresponding data in a separate
Excel file.

ZOOM BUTTONS
Use these buttons to make the chart on the screen bigger or smaller.

CHART TITLE
If the default check box is turned on a default chart title will be used. Otherwise, any
chart title may be given.


PARAMETERS

1. VARIABLE PARAMETER
The 1. variable parameter represents the parameter at the x-axis on the chart.
Temperature, pH, CO2 partial pressure and shear stress can be chosen as 1.
variable parameter. If CO2 is given in mole% the pressure, and not the CO2 partial
pressure, can be given as 1. variable parameter.

RANGE VALUES
The minimum and maximum range values represent the minimum and maximum
values on the x-axis.

2. VARIABLE PARAMETER
The 2. variable parameter represents the parameter witch is varied in the three lines
in the chart. Temperature, pH, CO2 partial pressure and shear stress can be chosen
as 2. variable parameter, but the 2. variable parameter can't be equal to the 1.
variable parameter. If CO2 is given in mole% the pressure, and not the CO2 partial
pressure, can be given as 2. variable parameter.
THE FIRST, SECOND AND THIRD VALUES
These data represent the values of the second parameter in the three different lines
in the chart.

OTHER INPUT PARAMETERS
See help on main menu.

UNITS
It is not possible to change the units in the Parameter study menu. The units will be
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the same as in the Main menu, with exception of the CO2 amount if given as
kmole/h. The CO2 amount will then be re-calculated to mole% CO2 in the Parameter
Study menu.

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THE ACCUMULATED CORROSION MENU


ACCUMULATED CORROSION
Accumulated corrosion is corrosion given in mm as function of time. Accumulated
corrosion in a line in the table shown on the screen is set equal to the accumulated
corrosion in the line above plus the calculated corrosion rate in the actual line
multiplied with the time difference between the two lines.


OPTIONS

CALC pH
Press this button to go to the pH calculation menu.

CALC SHEAR
Press this button to go to the shear stress calculation menu.

ACC. OFF / ACC. ON
Use this button to switch from accumulated corrosion (given in mm) actual corrosion
(given in mm/year).
SHOW CHART / SHOW TABLE
Use this button to switch between a table with the results and a graphic presentation
of the results.

INSERT LINE
Use this button to insert a new line with the given input values and a corresponding
corrosion rate in the table.

DELETE LINE
Delete the data in the line specified in the menu.

CLEAR TABLE
Press this button to delete all the data in the table.
ZOOM BUTTONS
Use these buttons to make the chart on the screen bigger or smaller.
RETURN
Press this button to get back to the main menu. The values in the table for
accumulated corrosion will be lost if they have not been saved.
PRINT
Prints the data shown at the screen. If the table with data is shown, the table will be
printed, and if the chart is shown, the chart will be printed.
SAVE
Save the table with the results.
LOAD
Load a previous saved table with accumulated corrosion data and recalculates the
table.

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PARAMETERS

LINE NUMBER
Allowed range is from 1 to 50. The line number specifies the actual line in the table.
If the button called "Insert line" is pressed, the data will be inserted in the line with
the specified line number. If the button called "Delete line" is pressed, the data in the
specified line number will be deleted.

DATE
Both start date and end date must be specified for each line with data. Dates are
entered as month (three letters) - year (four numbers). Example: Feb-1998.

OTHER PARAMETERS
See help on main menu.

UNITS
It is not possible to change the units in the Accumulated corrosion menu. The units
will be the same as in the Main menu.
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THE pH MENU

OPTIONS

UNITS
Press the unit buttons to change the unit of bicarbonate, ionic strength, temperature,
pressure and amount of CO2.

CALCULATE
Press this button to calculate the pH.

CONDENSED / FORMATION WATER
Choose condensed water or formation water. If conduced water is chosen both the
bicarbonate concentration and the ionic strength will be set to 0 g/l.

OK
Press this button to get back to the main menu and use the calculated pH in the
model.

CANCEL
Press this button to get back to the main menu without using the calculated pH. All
the values in this menu will be restored.

PRINT
Press this button to print the input and output values.

SAVE IN NEW FILE
Press this button to save the input and output values in a separate Excel file. The
data can either be saved in a new Excel file or a previous saved file can be loaded
and then the saved data will be added to this file.

SAVE IN CURRENT FILE
Press this button to save the input and output values in the same file that has been
used for saving values before. Values for the same parameters that have been
saved in this file before will be saved.

SHOW CURRENT FILE
Press this button to see the data that has been saved in the current file.


INPUT PARAMETERS

PROJECT, EQUIPMENT, IDENTIFIER AND COMMENT
The project name, equipment, identifier and any comments can be given. These
names can be saved together with other data when the save buttons are pressed. It
is not necessary to enter any text to these parameters.

TEMPERATURE
Allowed range is from 5 C to 150 C. The temperature can be given in C or F.

TOTAL PRESSURE
Allowed range is from given CO2 partial pressure to 1000 bar. if the CO2 partial pressure
is below 1 bar, the minimum total pressure is 1 bar. The total pressure can be given in bar
or psi.
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TOTAL MASS FLOW
Allowed range is from 0.001 to 1000000 kmole/h. The total mass flow is required to
calculate the CO2 partial pressure when the amount of CO2 is given in kmole/h. The
total mass flow will therefore only be shown in the menu when kmole/h is chosen as
the unit for the CO2 amount.

CO2
Allowed range for the fugacity of CO2 is from 0 to 50 bar, but the CO2 pressure
can not be higher than the given total pressure. It is possible to specify either the CO2
partial pressure or the CO2 fugacity by using the option called "Use as input: CO2
pressure or CO2 fugacity" in the main menu. The amount of CO2 can also be given
in either bar, psi, mole% or kmole/h.
BICARBONATE
Allowed range is from 0 to 20000 mg/l. The concentration of bicarbonate can be
given in mg/l or molar. The molecular weight of bicarbonate (HCO3-) is 61.02 g/mole.
This means that 1 M bicarbonate equals 61.02 g bicarbonate/l.

IONIC STRENGTH
Allowed range is from 0 to 175 g/l. The ionic strength can be given in g/l or molar.
When the ionic strength is given in g/l it is assumed that NaCl is the dominant specie
in the solution. The molecular weight of NaCl is 58.44 g/mole. This means that an
ionic strength of 1 M equals an ionic strength of 58.44 g/l.


RESULTS

pH
The pH will be calculated on basis of the given input values.

For condensed water systems, the pH in a solution saturated with iron carbonate is
also calculated.

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THE SAVE MENU

The save menu provides two different alternatives:
1. Save data in a new separate Excel file
2. Load a previous saved Excel file and add saved data to this file
If it is wanted to save data in a new separate Excel file the parameters that are
supposed to be saved must be turned on in this save menu. Click the button called
"Create new file" when the desired parameters are turned on, and then the program
will ask for the file name before the program returns to the previous shown menu.
In this case the current data will be saved as the first set of data in the new file.
If it is wanted to use a previous saved file to save new data the file can be loaded by
pressing the Load button. In such cases it has no meaning to turn on or off any
parameters in the save menu because the same parameters that have been saved
in the loaded file earlier will still be saved in this file. When a file is loaded in this way
the actual parameters will not be saved automatic. The data will only be saved by
clicking the buttons called "Save in current file" in the different menus.
Click the Cancel button to return to the previous menu without creating a new file or
loading an old file.
THE SHOW MENU


RETURN
Press this button to get back to the previous menu.

PRINT
Prints the data shown in the table at the screen.

ZOOM BUTTONS
Use these buttons to make the table on the screen bigger or smaller.

SCROLL BARS
Use the scroll bars to move the table up, down, left or right.
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SheetHelp
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SheetHelp
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SheetHelp
THE HUMIDITY MENU 1


OPTIONS

CALCULATE
Press this button to calculate the relative humidity and the dew point.

OK
Press this button to get back to the main menu.

CANCEL
Press this button to get back to the main menu. All the values in this menu will be
restored.
PRINT
Press this button to print the input and output values.

SAVE IN NEW FILE
Press this button to save the input and output values in a separate Excel file. The
data can either be saved in a new Excel file or a previous saved file can be loaded
and then the saved data will be added to this file.

SAVE IN CURRENT FILE
Press this button to save the input and output values in the same file that has been
used for saving values before. Values for the same parameters that have been
saved in this file before will be saved.

SHOW CURRENT FILE
Press this button to see the data that has been saved in the current file.


INPUT PARAMETERS
PROJECT, EQUIPMENT, IDENTIFIER AND COMMENT
The project name, equipment, identifier and any comments can be given. These
names can be saved together with other data when the save buttons are pressed. It
is not necessary to enter any text to these parameters.

TEMPERATURE
Allowed range is from -16 C to 200 C. The temperature can be given in C or F.

TOTAL PRESSURE
Allowed range is from 1 bar to 500 bar. The total pressure can be given in bar or psi.

TOTAL MASS FLOW
Allowed range is from 0.001 to 1000000 kmole/h.

WATER MASS FLOW
Allowed range is from 0.001 to 1000000 kmole/h.

RESULTS

RELATIVE HUMIDITY
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SheetHelp
The relative humidity given in percent will be calculated on basis of the given input
values. The calculated humidity is only valid for pure water, that is water with no glycol.
DEW POINT
The dew point will be calculated for pure water on basis of the given input values.
Page 57
NORSOK M-506
NORSOK M-506, CALCULATION OF ACCUMULATED CORROSION
Line
no. Start time End time
Temperatur
e Pressure Total flow CO
2
CO
2
fugacity
Shear
Stress pH
Glycol
conc.
Inhibitor
efficiency
Corrosion
rate
Accumulated
corrosion
Date Date C bar kmole/h kmole/h bar Pa % % mm/year mm
x
8/31/2014
NORSOK M-506
NORSOK M-506, CALCULATION OF ACCUMULATED CORROSION
Line
no. Start time End time Temperature Pressure CO
2
CO
2
fugacity
Shear
Stress pH Glycol conc.
Inhibitor
efficiency
Corrosion
rate
Accumulated
corrosion
Date Date C bar bar bar Pa % % mm/year mm
x
8/31/2014