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(b) l=0 m=0

l=1 m=-1,0,1

l=2 m=-2,-1,0,1,2

l=3 m=-3,-2,-1,0,1,2,3 [5]

2(a) The probability distribution for the full quantum state, in 3 dimensions is:

(note that is real so

we can write a simple square, while the spherical harmonic is complex, so we have

. Notice that the spherical harmonic does not depend on )

The radial part of the probability is . This has a maximum

If

so , since You can verify with a

sketch that this is a maximum, not a minimum. Note that for hydrogen ( ) wed have

. The helium atom in this sense is half the size of hydrogen. [5]

(b) .

=

substituting , we get:

= 2.5 atomic units [5]

(check that for hydrogen you would get twice the value, Z=5 au)

(c )

so [5]

3)Initially the extranuclear electron of tritiums wavefunction equals the ground state

of a hydrogen atom . It is undisturbed by the decay, so initially its

wavefunction is unchanged . We have a superposition

of states.

However if a measurement of the energy is carried out on

the He+ion, we will find the electron in one of the eigenstates of the He ion.

The probability of finding the i-th state is given by .

The 1s state of an atom of charge Z is =

since the spherical harmonics are normalised, the angular integral=1.

The radial part of the integral

Hence the probability . [10]

b) since the angular integral is zero, ie

. [2]

4)a) [3]

NB note that in this solution we include the normalisation constant

whereas in the original question we use the unnormalised spherical harmonic

. The eigenvalues are unaffected.

b)

Hence,

[5]

Hence the eigenvalue is

[5]

(NB remember that

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