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Module 3
Label Switched Paths
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Section 3
Operation
Alcatel-Lucent GMRE+ASON
Operation Rel.3.2
3FL35093AAAAZZZZZ Issue Ed02
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First edition Belgard, Steffen 2006-06-01 01
Remarks Author Date Editi
on
Document History
Section 3 · Module 3 · Page 3
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Module Objectives
Upon completion of this module, you should be able to:
Learn how to setup LSPs
Get to know the management
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Module Objectives [cont.]
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Table of Contents
Switch to notes view!
Page
1 LSP Setup 7
1.1 Introduction 8
1.2 Mandatory Parameters 9
1.3 Optional parameters 10
1.4 Example 11
1.5 Exercise 13
2 LSP Management 14
2.1 Priority Changing 15
2.2 Nominal Route 16
2.3 „Move“ current route 18
2.4 Shutdown and deletion 20
2.5 Exercise 21
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Table of Contents [cont.]
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1 LSP Setup
Section 3 · Module 3 · Page 8
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1 LSP Setup
1.1 Introduction
VC4
VC4
VC4 Label Switched Path
Cross connection with label switch
Cross connection with label switch
Cross connection with label switch
ASON
Note: Label Switched Paths are always bi-directional in GMPLS. Whereas MPLS defines LSP as uni-
directional.
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1 LSP Setup
1.2 Mandatory Parameters
Mandatory parameters to setup LSPs:
InLink
<integer> - denotes local ingress interface address or index (e.g. drop port)
InLabel
n-0-0-0-0 - the GMPLS label (S-U-K-L-M) position at ingress interface
DestLSR
<IP4value> - the IP address of NNI session destination LSR
DestLink
<integer> - denotes egress interface address or index at the DestLSR (e.g. drop port)
DestLabel
n-0-0-0-0 - the GMPLS label (S-U-K-L-M) position at egress interface of the DestLSR
LspTraffic
VC4, VC4-4c, VC4-16c or VC4-64c
ProtRestType
GUARANTEED - Guaranteed
PRC - Protection Restoration Combined
SBR - Source Based Restoration
SNCP – Subnetwork Connection Protection
UNPROTECTED - Unprotected
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1 LSP Setup
1.3 Optional parameters
Optional following parameters can be configured
SourceTNA, DestTNA
Can be used on UNI links instead of specifying InLink+InLabel and DestLink+DestLabel
The GMRE will automatically select the Links and Labels from the TNA addresses
Priority
<integer> - the GMRE supports by default 5 priority levels (1..5, where 1 is the highest priority)
ReversionMode:
< Automatic | Manual > - Automatic reversion will try to revert the nominal route after 5 minutes
without alarm on it.
NominalRoute, BackupRoute
<list of Hops> Hop = <NodeAddr>#<TeLink>/<Databearer>/<GMPLS Label>
Allows the operator to specify the explicit route the LSP should take for (SNCP Main) nominal and
(SNCP Main) backup paths
If provided, all Hops must be provided
Only NodeAddr & TeLink are mandatory
BackupRoute is optional
SpareNominalRoute, SpareBackupRoute
<list of Hops> Hop = <NodeAddr>#<TeLink>/<Databearer>/<GMPLS Label>
Similar to the definition of the NominalRoute and Backup Route for specifying the SNCP Spare routes.
LinkDiversity
<list of Hops Hop = <NodeAddr>#<TeLink>
specifies the list of the TELinks which the path has to be diverse to if the GMRE is calculating the
route
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1 LSP Setup
1.4 Example
LSP index
LSP setup configuration is always accepted, if there is no syntax error or no errors on the Ingress (current)
node.
To check if the LSP is physically setup in the network, use the ‘show lsp’ commands or the CLI notification
feature.
If the setup fails, GMRE will try to setup the path later on.
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1 LSP Setup
1.4 Example [cont.]
Node Role
Actual Route
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1 LSP Setup
1.5 Exercise
Setup of Label Switched Paths
Please set up a path to a remote node
Configure it according the training manual
Watch the results
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2 LSP Management
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2 LSP Management
2.1 Priority Changing
Standard Priority 5
Priority 1
The Priority attributes can be changed at any time, even while the LSP is active.
Priority
The GMRE will not make any immediate consequent action
However in the network, there could be indirect consequent actions if some protection or restoration
events take place due to the new priority ‘distribution’
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2 LSP Management
2.2 Nominal Route
Label Switched Path
=
Subnetwork Connection
1
2
TE-Link 100001
Databearer
Databearer 13050201
TE-Link 100002
Tail side interface
To determine routes the "addresses" of the tail interfaces have to be used as follows.
<nodeIP>#<TE-Link ID>/<databearer>/<label>
Example:
config ... 10.10.255.1/100001/13050101/1-0-0-0-0, 10.10.255.2/100002/13050201/1-0-0-0-0 …
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2 LSP Management
2.2 Nominal Route [cont.]
New nominal route
Old nominal route
The configured nominal route can be modified permanently for maintenance actions, e.g. resolve
deadlocks, re-arrange the network manually, etc.
The Nominal Route can be modified at any time without causing a traffic hit
  ‘hitless’ move of nominal traffic
Based on the current status of the Nominal route, the following sequences should follow:
Nominal path is active:
A temporary SNCP is created with the new Nominal route, switched to the new, then the old Nominal
route is torn down
Nominal path is inactive:
The new Nominal path is immediately taken over and the usual reversion attempts to nominal take
place
The Spare Nominal Route for SNCP can also be modified
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2 LSP Management
2.3 „Move“ current route
Maintenance
„Move“ traffic
The current route can be modified at any time without causing a traffic hit
This can be applied to the nominal or backup paths and is ‘temporary’
Used in maintenance scenarios to do with Locking and Freeing ports
First the port which needs to be freed must be Locked by setting the Databearer AdminState=Down. In this
state:
Existing LSPs on the Databearer are unaffected
New LSPs will not be able to use the Locked port
Once all LSPs have been moved away from it, the Databearer will automatically become
AdminState=Down
The ‘move from’ command is used to move traffic away from the corresponding TE-Link(s)
On completion of the maintenance actions, when the Databearer AdminState is set to UP, the LSPs
automatically revert back to their original routes.
Attention: If protection and/or restoration is defined for LPSs running on this databearer,
AdminState=down will cause restoration.
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2 LSP Management
2.3 „Move“ current route [cont.]
Adminstate SHUTTINGDOWN
By setting the adminstate of the databearer to 'SHUTTINGDOWN', it will remain 'UP‚ until all traffic is
moved from. Up on this it will go DOWN automatically.
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2 LSP Management
2.4 Shutdown and deletion
LSPs are gracefully deleted simply by setting the LSP AdminState=DOWN
The LSP configuration will remain in the GMRE ingress node and in persistency. This allows the LSP to be
setup again by simply setting AdminState=UP
While LSPs are in AdminState=DOWN, network resources are not used or reserved.
To completely delete the LSP configuration and from persistency, the ‘delete lsp’ command can be used.
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2 LSP Management
2.5 Exercise
Try out the LSP management
Change priority
Change the nominal route
Change the current route
Tear down your created LSPs
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End of Module
Label Switched Paths

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