I s ue #5 - Se pt m be r 2007 s e

TH E IND E PE ND E NT M AG AZ INE FO R TH E U BU NTU CO M M U NITY

fulcircl l e

REV IEW :

BRI DGE CO NSTRUCTI N K I O T PUT YO UR ENGI NEERI NG SK I L TO TH E TEST LS

H OW TO :

W E PREV IEW TH E INCREDIBL NEW E FEATURES COM ING IN UBUNTU 7. 10

GUTSY GIBBON

I NTEREST GRO W S I EDUBUNTU N L EARNI NG SCRI BUS PART 5 FRO M V W ARE TO VRTUAL X M I BO

INSTAL : L

FL UXBUNTU : STEP-BY-STEP I NO T YO UR NO RM AL I TS NSTAL ! L

CoL Co GO L CO! o O
TE ACH E R TR AINING W ITH E D U BU NTU AT CONFE R E NCE
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H OW TO FIL A BU G E R E POR T IN L U NCH PAD A

BU G H U NT!

f l e m agaz ine is not afil e d w it or e ndors e d by Canonical t ul circl f iat h Ld.

fulcircl l e
fl uxbuntu
P. 20 P. 15 P. 08 P. 11 P. 06

Ne w s Fl or of t e M ont - Fl av h h uxbunt u H ow -To Re port Bugs w / L aunch pad Edubunt Gl s u ow From V w are t V ual M o irt Box L arning Scribus - Part 5 e Pre v w - Gut y Gibbon ie s Re v w - Bridge Cons t ion K it ie ruct M y O pinion - Ubunt Com paris ons u M y St - M y Trans it ory ion Ubunt Yout u h L te rs e t Q& A W e bs it of t e M ont e h h M y De s k t & M y PC op Th e Top 5 H ow t Cont o ribut e

p.04 p.06 p.08 p.11 p.15 p.20 p.23 p.27 p.30 p.31 p.32 p.33 p.35 p.36 p.37 p.38 p.40

P. 23

P.27

Alt xt and im age s cont le aine d in t is m agaz ine are re las e d unde r t e Cre at e Com m ons Atribut h e h iv t ion-By-Sh are Al e 3.0 ik Unport d l ns e . Th is m e ans you can adapt copy, dis t e ice , ribut and t e rans m it t e art e s but onl unde r t e f l ing condit h icl y h ol ow ions : You m us t atribut t e w ork t t e original h or in s om e w ay (at las t a nam e , e m ail url and t t is m agaz ine by nam e t e h o h aut e or ) o h (f l ulcircl) and t e url w w .f l e m agaz ine .org (but not atribut t e art e (s ) in any w ay t at s ugge s t t at t e y e ndors e you or your us e of t e e h w ul circl t e h icl h s h h h w ork ). And I you al r, t f t e rans f , or buil upon t is w ork , you m us t dis t orm d h ribut t e re s ul w ork unde r t e s am e , s im il or a com pat e l ns e . e h t ing h ar ibl ice

2

ED I O R I L T A

W

e l e t a bum pe r is s ue of Ful Circl. Not onl do you ge t an e xt pre v w art e on com o l e y ra ie icl t e s oon t be re las e d Gut y Gibbon (Ubunt 7.10), but you ge t an e xt H ow -To on h o e s u ra h ow t f e a bug re port on L o il aunch pad, court s y of M ath e w Re v lf e t e lrom Canonical and t e ne w M y O pinion f at ! W e 're j t t good t you f k s , but you're w ort it h e ure us oo o ol h .

Th is m agaz ine w as cre at d us ing : e

As I w rit t is Edit e h orialye t anot e r l , h arge com pany h as s e e n t e l t and s w it e d f h igh ch rom W indow s . M indBridge s av d 'bunch e s of m one y' (t e ir w ords , I s ure it a t ch nicale rm ) by e h 'm 's e t m ov t L ing o inux. Se e our re v pe d Ne w s page s f m ore L am or inux ne w s . M ore e xcit t t e m any Ubunt us e rs out t e re w as t e ne w s t at AM D w ilre las e code ing o h u h h h l e and s pe cif ions on ATI graph ics cards w h ich s h oul de l t m any an ATI ow ne r. Al ough I icat d igh t h 'd s ay j t buy an NVDI (I j ing! I j ing!) us I A 'm ok 'm ok And as a K DE us e r, I s o t m pt d t t t e l e s t be t of K DE4, it re al doe s l nice . I e 'm e e o ry h at a2 l y ook 'v t ouch e d on it brie fy in m y Gut y Gibbon art e and I t ink a s l m e d dow n f e m anage r (Dol in) l s icl h im il ph is a gre at ide a. And it l nice t ge t s om e f 'lbe o ancy e fe ct on m y K DE de s k t w it out s om e s ort f s op h of glch . W it an ol r NVDI card and K DE I e al ays h ad s om e glch h e re and t e re w it it h de I A 'v w it h h Com piz , Be ryl and Com piz Fus ion. Anyw ay, e nough babbl f ing rom m e , I h ope you e nj t is bum pe r is s ue and plas e , k e e p t os e oy h e h e m ail com ing! I prom is e you t at w e re ad e v ry l t one of t e m . s h e as h Al th e be s t, l Ronnie Edit FulCircl M agaz ine or, l e ronnie @ f l e m agazine . ul circl org

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NEW S
Ope n s ource rs de f at Appl's e e L inux- bl ing iPod m e as ure s ock
W it t e ne w range of h h iPods cam e an unw e l e com s urpris e f L or inux us e rs Appl h ad e fe ct e l e f iv y " ock e d" ope n-s ource bl iPod m anage m e nt t s ool f rom w ork ing w it t e ne w h h de v s . ice Al ough t e v t m aj y of pe opl w h o buy t h h as orit e iPods are h appy t us e iTune s t m anage o o t e ir digit cont nt and pl is t s om e h al e ayl s W indow s us e r pre f r W inam p t Appl's e o e s ofw are s ol ion. t ut Th is ch ange afe ct d alL f e l inux us e rs t oo, w h o, as t e re is no v rs ion of iTune s f t e h e or h L inux O S, us e t s l e gt pod and ool ik k Rh yt m box t ge t t e ir t s on t e ir 'pods . h o h une h H ow e v r, it w as onl a m ate r of days be f e y t ore crack L inux e xpe rt h av w ork e d out and s e publ h e d a w ork around, according t t e is o h ipodm inus it s bl " ank s t s om e une og: Th o ins pire d w ork by a f w h e roe s , w e 'v e e m anage d t w ork out h ow t ge t e v ryt ing o o e h w ork ing again" . Pock e tL int h tp:/urlul e m agaz ine .org/ t / .f l circl 205a46

Fe e lre e t e m ail w s s t s t f o ne orie o: ne w s @ f l e m agaz ine .org ul circl Plas e incl a s ource URL e ude .

Af r Ubuntu, W indow s L s te ook Incre as ingl Bad, Incre as ingl y y Arch aic, Incre as ingl Unf ndl y rie y
Paul Now ack M y re ce nt s w it t a ch o s ingl-boot Ubunt s e t e u up on m y Th ink pad T60 s im pl foors m e on a y l re gul bas is . M os t ar re ce nty it h ad t do l 's o w it t e e xpe rie nce of h h m aint aining t e s ofw are . Fre s h f h t rom a v ry e l W indow s 2000 e xpe rie nce and a f ong ourm ont W indow s XP e xpe rie nce al w it h ong h al ong-t e L im inux s ys adm in rol put m e in e s a gre at pos it t as s e s s Ubunt Th re e ion o u. prior ate m pt ov r t e ye ars at us ing L t s e h inux as m y dail de s k t O S h ad m e prim e d f y op or f ure . W e l Ubunt t e s L ail l , u ak inux w h e re I e 'v l h ope d it w oul go - e as y t us e , ong d o re l e , de pe ndabl, gre at appl ions t iabl e icat oo but m ore on t at l e r. I h as s om e h at t e lgance t it - be t you ne v r h e ard t at e o e h about a L inux de s k t be f . op ore Th e re are m any nigh t -and-day dife re nce s f be t e e n W indow s and Ubunt and, f a w u or guy t at doe s 80% s t h andard ofice t k s f as and t e re s t of t e t e I doing L h h im 'm inux adm in t k s , it w as ne arl alin f or of as y l av Ubunt afe r t e f t f w w e e k s of t e u t h irs e h t rans it ion. W e b2Journal . com h tp:/w e b2.s ys -con.com / ad/ t / re 3829 46.h t m

SCO Appl s f Ch apte r 11 ie or Bank ruptcy Prote ction, Bl e s L am inux
SCO Group h as announce d it is f ing il Ch apt r 11 e bank rupt w h ich cy, Z DNe ts Dana ’ Bl e nh orn point out ank s is not l uidat iq ion, but “ w h e re a court oficial ork s w it a cre dit ’ f w h ors com m ite e and t e s cont w it t e aim of t ak rol h h re paying de bt .” A bank rupt court in De l are , s cy aw h as t approv t e f ing be f o e h il ore it w ilproce e d. l I orm at nf ionW e e k re port t at CEO Darl cBride s h M bl e s com pe t ion f am it rom “ al rnat e ope rat t e iv ing s ys t m s , incl e uding L inux” f t e com pany’ or h s de cl . Th e cl cam e in an afidav M cBride ine aim f it f e d in s upport of t e bank rupt pe t ion. il h cy it Th e t ing is int re s t im e ing, if not ing e le . Jus t l t h s as m ont , a j h udge de cide d t at SCO doe s not ow n h t e copyrigh t t t e UNI code f w h ich it h as h s o h X or be e n col ct l ns ing f e s f ye ars . Nov l l ing ice e e or e l doe s . So SCO m ay h av t t e o urn as m uch as $ 25 m il of t os e f e s ov r t Nov l Th e t t l ion h e e o e l . rialo de cide t e s pe cif am ount w as s l e d t be gin h ic at o M onday. ITBus ine s s Edge h tp:/urlul e m agaz ine .org/ 9 bd t / .f l circl baf

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Ne xt Ubuntu, 'H ardy H e ron, to ' ge t f l upport ul s
Th e f t v rs ion of Ubunt s ch e duld f irs e u e or ne xt ye ar w ilbe cal d H ardy H e ron and w il l l e l be t e s e cond of Canonical L h 's inux product s t f at o e ure l ong-t rm s upport e . Ubunt De v l r Jono Bacon u e ope (lf) pos t d ne w s of t e ne w e t e h v rs ion on h is bl on e og W e dne s day 29 t Augus t 2007. h H e inv e d int re s t d pe opl t s ubm it f at it e e e o e ure re q ue s t f t e re las e at it L s or h e s aunch pad s it . Canonical ilh ol an Ubunt De v l r e w l d u e ope Sum m it in O ct r 2007 in Cam bridge , obe M as s ., t h as h out de t s and o ail im plm e nt ion pl , h e adde d. e at ans Ubunt ne xt updat , Gut y Gibbon, is due u's e s in O ct r and w ils port t e v rs ion num be r obe l h e 7.10, a re f re nce t t e ye ar and m ont of it e o h h s re las e . Fol ing t e s ix-m ont re las e e l ow h h e cycl, H ardy H e ron, or 8.04, is s ch e duld f e e or re las e in April e 2008. H ardy H e ron w ilbe t e s e cond re las e t l h e o f at e ure l ong-t rm s upport in w h ich Canonical e , s e l s upport and prov s bug f s f t re e l s ide ixe or h ye ars f de s k t v rs ions and f e ye ars f or op e iv or s e rv r v rs ions . Th e f t re las e t f at e e irs e o e ure l ong-t rm s upport w as Dappe r Drak e , e re las e d in June 2006. O rdinary v rs ions e e h av s upport f 18 m ont s . e or h C|Ne t Ne w s h tp:/urlul e m agaz ine .org/ e 77e t / .f l circl 3f

M indbridge s w itch e s to L inux, s av s e "bunch e s of m one y"
M indbridge didn't s t out as an ope n s ource art com pany -- f f ar rom it " e h ad a pre dom inanty . W l M icros of-orie nt d s h op," s ays Dav Ch ris t t e id ian, M indbridge CTO . But t e com pany, w h ich at t e h h t e ofe re d an " rane t in a box" appl ion, im f int icat be gan h os t t e s ofw are f it cl nt . " at ing h t or s ie s Th re q uire d us t ge t a good h andl on L o e inux, be caus e L inux w as t e onl ine xpe ns iv , cos t h y e e ficie nt w ay of h andl t at in a s cald f ing h e e nv ironm e nt Ch ris t s ays . " ," ian And I didn't w ant t add M icros of t our cus t e rs ' ov rh e ad." o to om e Th e m ore Ch ris t w ork e d w it L ian h inux, t e m ore h h e l e d it And, as t e y s ay, t e re s t is h is t ik . h h ory. L inux. com - h tp:/w w w .l t / inux.com /e at / 020 f ure 119

K DE 4. Re las e Sch e dul 0 e e Re v e d is
Th e K DE Re las e Te am h as e re v e d t e re las e s ch e dul is h e e f K DE 4.0. Th e f t v ibl or irs is e bit of K DE 4.0 w ilbe t e K DE s l h De v l e nt Pl f e opm atorm re las e e on O ct r, 30. Th is De v l e nt Pl f obe e opm atorm re las e cons is t of bit and pie ce s ne e de d e s s t de v l K DE appl ions . I incl s o e op icat t ude k de s upport k de l , k de pim l and , ibs ibs k de bas e / im e . Th e purpos e of t e K DE runt h De v l e nt Pl f e opm atorm re las e is t m ak e it e o e as ie r f t ird part de v l rs t port t e ir or h y e ope o h appl ions t K DE4 t ch nol and t icat o e ogy o s t de v l art e oping ne w appl ions . Th e f icat inal and l aw ait d re las e of t e K DE ong e e h De s k t 4.0 is pl op anne d f De ce m be r, 11t or h 2007, w e lin t e t be a Ch ris t as l im o m pre s e nt f e v ryone w h o h as be e n l or e onging f K DE 4.0. or K DE.org - h tp:/dot de .org/ t / .k 1189 160442/ FUL CIRCL - TH E PODCAST? L E I anyone out t e re w oul l e t f h d ik o cre at t e oficialul circl podcas t e h f f l e , plas e h e ad ov r t t is f e e o h orum t re ad: h h tp:/urlul e m agaz ine .org/ t / .f l circl 64add9 and s ubm it your propos alPlas e re ad . e th e te rm s and conditions care f l ul y. Cl ing date f propos al: os or s W e d. 31s t O ct r 2007. obe

V v L ing to Port Gam e s to ale ook L inux?
" ale is appare nty l ing f s e nior e ngine e rs V v l ook or t port gam e s t L o o inux. Th e y h av an e adv rt e m e nt up on t e oficial it l ing f a e is h f s e ook or Se nior Sofw are Engine e r w it e xpe rie nce in t h 's ys t m s e ngine e ring de s igning and de v l e e oping com m unicat ions s ofw are and h ardw are s ol ions t ut incl uding re s oling problm s s urrounding re al v e t e and non re alim e PC- bas e d s ys t m s us ing im t e C+ + and ne t ork program m ing al h m s and w gorit t e ir int ract w it ph ys ical v s .' O ne of t e h e ion h de ice h l s unde r t e j de s cript is t e s im pl ine h ob ion h e s t e m e nt 'Port W indow s -bas e d gam e s t t e at : o h L inux pl f .'" atorm Sl h dot - h tp:/urlul e m agaz ine .org/ as t / .f l circl 0b89 7e Job Ad: h tp:/urlul e m agaz ine .org/ t / .f l circl 488d75

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W rite n by Robe rt Cl h am t ips

F AV R O FTH E M O NTH L O

fl uxbuntu

Th is m ont w e w ilbe ins t l Fl h l al ing uxbunt an unoficial d of Ubunt w it t e Fl u, f buil u h h uxbox int rf . To ge t it go t h tp:/fuxbunt e ace , o t /l u.org/ n/ e node / and 3, ch oos e a dow nl l ion. oad ocat

1.Afe r back ing up your im port t ant dat burn t e CD us ing t e us ual a, h h proce dure , and ins e rt t e CD int t e h o h CD/ D driv . Re s t your PC and DV e art w ait f t e dis k t l or h o oad. 5.Th is w il l bring up t e h ins t lr. al e Ch oos e your nat e l iv anguage (righ t t e n ), h cl Ne xt ick .

t ype 's udo ubiq uity' t e n pre s s h Ent r (lf). e e t

3.O nce t e L in w indow (abov ) h og e appe ars , t ype fuxbunt as t e us e rnam e , l u h and l e cd as t e pas s w ord. iv h 4.You are lf w it a e t h s im pl e l e CD iv int rf e ace (lf), w it e t h f l ulacce s s t program s o by righ t cl ing or us ing t e s t ick h andard de s k t op icons . W h e n you are re ady t ins t l o al , s ingl cl 'Ete rm ' on t e de s k t and e ick h op,

2.W h e n t e dis k h as l h oade d (abov ), you can ch e ck t e dis k f e h or e rrors us ing t e 'Ch e ck CD f h or de f ct ' opt e s ion, t e n s t t e h art h ins t l ion w it t e 'St or ins t l al at h h art al Fl uxbunt opt u' ion.

6.To al you t ge t t e f t s t l ow o h as e dow nl oads , and t ge t t e corre ct o h t e z one ; Ubunt ne e ds t k now im u o your l ion. ocat Se lct it on e t e m ap h (righ t t e n ), h cont inue t o t e ne xt s t p. h e

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7.You m us t now s e lct e your k e yboard l ayout (righ t ). Ch oos e t e h corre ct one f or your PC, t e n h m ov on. e 8.Th e ins t lr now as k s f s om e al e or pe rs onal t s (be l ) t al it t de ail ow o l ow o aut at l f l f l f om ical ilin ie ds or y ins t l ion of ot e r appl ions , and al at h icat f cre at a us e r account I alo or ing . t s as k s f a nam e f t e PC, s o it can or or h be ide nt ie d on t e ne t ork (if you if h w h av one ) e

Driv (be l ). As al ays , be care f h e re , e ow w ul and as k if you are not s ure w h at t do. o Pick t e re lv h e ant opt ion, de pe nding on w h at you are doing.

t e ot e r ins t l ions , t is ins t lr h h al at h al e doe s not incl a m igrat ude ion as s is t f t ant or rans f rring your e docum e nt and s e tings . Th is is s t be caus e Fl uxbunt is bas e d on u Ubunt 6.06 – Dappe r Drak e . Th is is u a l t rm s upport (L ong e TS) v rs ion of e Ubunt w h ich m e ans t at it is u, h s upport d l e onge r t an a norm al h re las e . I alo m e ans it is not as upe t s t o-dat . I is your ch oice if you w oul e t d s t lik e t us e Fl ill o uxbunt but in m y u, opinion you w oul be be te r ins t l d t al ing an oficial las e of 7.04 (m aybe f re e Xubunt f ol r PCs ), and t e n u or de h ins t l t e fuxbox and fuxconf al ing h l l pack age s f rom t e re pos it s . h orie

10. Th e ins t lr w ilnow s h ow a al e l s um m ary of alt e opt lh ions you h av e ch os e n. Cl ins t l h e n you are s ure ick alw about t e opt h ions you h av ch os e n. e

9 .Th e ins t l ion w ilnow as k h ow al at l you w oul l e t part ion your H ard d ik o it

Afe r re s t ing, you w ilh av a f l t art l e ul Fl uxbunt ins t l ion, re ady f u al at or cus t iz at om ion. You w ilnot t at unl e l ice h ik

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W rite n by M atth e w Re v l t e l

H O W - TO

REP RTI G BUG S O N USI G L UNCH P D N A A
Trans l ations : s im pl w e b-bas e d s ofw are e t t rans l ion t at anyone can us e . at h Ans w e rs : e as y w ay t prov and as k f o ide or h e l w it Ubunt and ot e r s ofw are . p h u h t Bl print: f at ue e ure pl anning. Soyuz: pack age buil ding and dis t ribut ion m anage m e nt . As an Ubunt K ubunt or Edubunt u, u u us e r, you're m os t l e l t com e acros s ik y o L aunch pad's bug t rack e r. I 's one of t e t h e as ie s t bug t rack e rs t us e and h as o s om e uniq ue l pow e rf f at s . I you y ule ure f f t e ide a of re port a bug s l ty ind h ing igh l int idat im ing, don't w orry: in j t a f w us e m inut s you'lbe abl t re port t at bug e l e o h t at be e n annoying you f t e pas t f w h 's or h e weeks. Se arch ing be f ore re porting L t t e a s il e xam pl of a bug: e 's ak l y e im agine t at w h e n you us e h O pe nO fice .org W rit r t e F k e y f e h m ak e s t e s cre e n fas h re d. h l Nat l t is q uick l be com e s ural h y, y annoying. Rat e r t an f e in f t ion, h h um rus rat you de cide t lt t e Ubunt t am o e h u e k now about your problm . e M any f e s ofw are proj ct us e re t e s L aunch pad t m anage t e ir bug o h re port . Finding Ubunt is e as y, s u t ough . Sim pl v it h y is : h ttps ://bugs .aunch pad. t/ubuntu/ l ne Th e re , you'ls e e a buton m ark e d l t Re port a bug. Righ t now w e 're not going t act l re port t e bug. W it o ual y h h m il l ions of Ubunt us e rs , it l e l u 's ik y t at s om e one e le h as al ady h s re re port d it L e . aunch pad h e l us t ps o s av t e t e of Ubunt v unt e r e h im u's ol e bug s q uas h e rs by s e arch ing f or s im il bug re port . ar s

O ne of m y f orit book s * h as t is t s ay about s pace : 'Space is big - re al big - you j t w on't be l v h ow v ty, h uge l m ind-boggl y big it is . You av e h o l y us ie e as l y ingl m ay t ink it a l w ay dow n t e road t t e ch e m is t but t at j t pe anut t s pace .' h 's ong h o h , h 's us s o You coul s ay s om e t ing s im il about L d h ar aunch pad, Canonical w e b-bas e d s uit of f e s ofw are de v l e nt t s . 's e re t e opm ool

L

aunch pad is big – re al big – l y you j t w on't be l v h ow us ie e m any pe opl us e it h ow m any e , gigabyt s of dat it proce s s e s e a and h ow m any t ings it can do. You h m ay t ink your O gg V h orbis col ct l ion e is big, but t at j t pe anut t h 's us s o L aunch pad. I is s ue t re e of Ful Circl, Ch ris n h l e Row s on int roduce d L aunch pad's code h os t ing. But t at j t one part of h 's us L aunch pad. L aunch pad is alabout l col l aborat ion. I m ak e s it e as y f t or indiv idual and t am s t w ork s e o t t e r on f e s ofw are , t rough it oge h re t h s s ix m ain appl ions : icat Bug track e r: us e d by Ubunt u, Jok os h e r, Z ope 3 and ot e rs . h Code h os ting: publ y h os t and m irror icl code w it Baz aar v rs ion cont . h e rol

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Now 's a good t e t t ink h ow t im o h o de s cribe t e problm you're h av h e ing. You ne e d t cov r alt e im port o e lh ant point w it out m ak ing it t w ordy. s h oo Journal t ofe n re port ne w s s t s is s t orie by ans w e ring s ix s t andard q ue s t ions : w h o, w h at w h e re , w h e n, w h y and , h ow . You can us e a s im il m e t od t ar h o s um m aris e your bug re port : s W h at W h at h appe ne d t at you ? h w e re n't e xpe ct ing? H ow ?W h at did you do t m ak e t e o h bug h appe n? W h e re ?I w h ich appl ion (or part n icat of an appl ion) did t e bug occur? icat h W h e n?W h at w e re you doing be f ore t e bug occurre d?I re lv , w h at h f e ant e le w as t e com put r doing at t e s h e h s am e t e ? im W h y?W h at m ak e s you ce rt t at ain h t is is a bug and not an int nde d h e f at ? e ure I our e xam pl, w e m igh t com e up n e w it t e f l ing ans w e rs : h h ol ow W h at Scre e n fas h e s re d. ? l H ow ?Pre s s ing t e F k e y. h

W h e re ?I O pe nO fice .org W rit r. n f e W h e n?W h il e dit t xt e ing e . W h y?I e ne v r s e e n a w ord proce s s or 'v e m ak e t e s cre e n fas h re d be f . h l ore Puting t e s e ans w e rs t t e r, in as t h oge h f w w ords as pos s ibl, w ilgiv you your e e l e bug s um m ary. I t e cas e of our n h e xam pl, w e coul s ay: e d Scre e n fas h e d re d w h e n pre s s ing F k e y l in Ope nOf ice . W rite r. f org

I any of t e bug re port cov rs f h s e your is s ue , cl t e radio buton ick h t be s ide it and t e n cl t e h ick h Subs cribe t t is bug re port buton. o h t Subs cribing t a bug re port w ilgiv o l e you e m ail updat s w h e n t e bug's e h s t us ch ange s or s om e one adds a at com m e nt I you h av any f h e r . f e urt inf at on t e bug, you can add orm ion h your ow n com m e nt . O n t e ot e r h and, if you don't h h s e e a bug re port t at cov rs t e h e h is s ue you e ncount re d, s e lct No I e e 'd l e t re port a ne w bug at t e ik o h botom of t e page . Th e page w il t h l e xpand, al ing you t t l l ow o e l L aunch pad e xacty w h e re you f l ound t e bug and t e xpand on t e h o h s um m ary. W h e re did you f th e bug? ind You probabl al ady k now t at y re h Ubunt is m ade up of pack age s of u s ofw are . L t aunch pad t rack s bugs as t e y afe ct t e s e pack age s . To t l h f h e l L aunch pad w h e re you f ound t e h bug, you ne e d t k now t e nam e of o h t e pack age w h e re you f h ound t e h bug. Finding t e pack age nam e is h

Cl t e Re port a bug buton, e nt r ick h t e your bug s um m ary, t e n cl Cont h ick inue . L aunch pad w ils e arch f s im il bugs l or ar and l t t e s um m arie s of any it f is h inds . Ch e ck t e l t t s e e if any of t e bug h is o h re port cov r t e problm you f s e h e ound.

9

e as y. Cl Ch oos e ... be ne at t e I ick h h n w h at pack age did you f t is bug? ind h h e ade r. Now you can s e arch f t e or h e xact pack age nam e w h e re you f ound t e bug. I our e xam pl, e nt r h n e e “ ope nofice ”. Al ough L f t h aunch pad m ay re t urn a num be r of pack age nam e s s im il t your s e arch t rm , it ar o e 's us ual obv l y ious w h ich is t e righ t h pack age . For e xam pl, in our e xam pl e e t e re are s e v ral h e pack age s w h ich incl t e t rm “ ope nofice ” but t e ude h e f h m ain O pe nO fice .org pack age is f cal d s im pl “ ope nofice .org”. l e y f

you can ch oos e I don't k now . W riting a good bug re port Your s ingl l bug s um m ary al ady e ine re e xpl ains w h at w e nt w rong, s o t e m ain h aim of your bug re port " 's Furt e r h inf at orm ion" s e ct is t al ot e r ion o l ow h pe opl t re produce t e bug t e m s e le s . e o h h v I agine t at you're s iting ne xt t a m h t o de v l r w h o is h oping t f t e bug e ope o ix h and t at t e y'v ne v r s e e n t e bug h h e e h be f . ore Th ink back t h ow you original f o l ound y t e bug, t e n bre ak it dow n int s t ps . h h o e De s cribe t e s t ps you t h e ook and t e n add h ot e r re lv h e ant inf at orm ion, s uch as t e h v rs ion of Ubunt you're running, your e u h ardw are arch it ct e ure and s o on. Tak ing our e xam pl bug, you m igh t e w rit : e 1.O pe ne d a ne w docum e nt in O pe nO fice .org W rit r. f e 2.Pl d t e curs or in t e bl ace h h ank docum e nt . 3.Type d as norm alI t e cours e of . n h t yping, I h it t e F k e y and t e s cre e n h h fas h e d re d. l Furt e r inf t is h appe ne d on bot l e r h o: h h ow

and uppe r cas e Fs . Running Ubunt u 7.04 on x86. W h e n you're re ady, cl Subm it ick bug re port . W h at h appe ns ne xt Congrat at ul ions ! You'v s ubm ite d e t your bug re port ! Soon afe r you s ubm it your bug t re port you'lre ce iv a conf at , l e irm ion e m ailAt t e s am e t e , L . h im aunch pad w ils e nd an e m ailo t e Ubunt l t h u Bugs t am t lt t e m k now about e o e h your bug re port Th e y'lch e ck your . l re port ate m pt t re produce it and, if , t o t e y ne e d t as k you f m ore h o, or inf at orm ion.

L aunch pad m ak e s it re al e as y to l y re port bugs th at you f in Ubuntu. ind In a f uture is s ue of Ful Circl w e 'l l e l l at s om e of th e m ore adv ook ance d th ings you can do!

Don't w orry if you're not s ure w h ich pack age t ch oos e . Se lct t e one o e h t at s e e m s m os t l e l t be t e righ t h ik y o h one or, if you re al are n't s ure at al l y l ,

* O f cours e , t at Dougl Adam 's h 's as

f as t H it h ik e r's Guide t t e Gal ant ic ch o h axy.

10

W rite n by Ch ris Row s on t

H O W - TO

ED UBUNTU G L W S, O I TEREST G RO W S N
Th e CoL oCo t am original de cide d t e l y o ate nd and pre s e nt w it as lte L t h itl inux int roduct as pos s ibl, and t m ainl ion e o y f ocus on O pe n Source program s f or e ducat ional gain. I t ad, t e y de cide d t ns e h o j t go ah e ad and t e t e e xt s t ps us ak h ra e ne e de d t int o roduce L inux as w e l I t e ln h . e nd it be cam e a h uge de m ons t ion of rat t e pow e r of Edubunt t t e t ach e rs , h u o h e adm inis t ors and I pe rs onne lh at w e re rat T t pre s e nt . I as k e d about w h at s pons ors h ip and s upport H P and Canonicale nt in l pre paring f t is conf re nce . I w as or h e t e xpl d t at Canonical aine h prov d m one y ide t h os t a boot at t e conf re nce and o h h e court ous l e y prov d a ide conf re nce pack e of CDs , s t e rs ick and pam ph lt , e s w h ich h e l d in pe m ak ing t e h pre s e nt ion be m ore prof s s ionalI at e . t w as alo e xpl d t at Bryan s aine h Gart r f ne rom H P w as re al onl l y y t e re as a v unt e r, but w as h ol e e nt us ias t about h e l h ic ping out and s uppl ying t e t in-cl nt s e rv r f h h ie e or t e e v nt So, it w as clar t at e v n h e . e h e t ough H P and Canonicale nt h l s upport t e big part w as s t l t , h ilup o te l h ocale am m e m be rs w h o h ad t com m ite d t go. t o Th e “ pre s e nt ion” as I h av at e cal d it w as s e parat d int t o l , e e o w part . Th e f t w as a boot j t s irs h us out ide t e conf re nce room . I s h e t cons is t d e of s om e L ops , a apt De s k t op PC, a proj ct e or, s om e Edubunt u

O n June 20 and 21 t e Col h orado L ocal Com m unit (CoL y oCo) Te am m anne d and m aint aine d an Ubunt Edubunt boot and a t re e h our de m o s e s s ion u/ u h h at t e Te ch nol in Educat (T.I h ogy ion .E.) Conf re nce in Coppe r M ount e ain, Col orado. I h ad an opport y t s it dow n w it Dav O v rcas h and Jim unit o h id e H ut ins on f ch rom t e t am and h e ar about t e e xpe rie nce f t h and. h e h irs

T

o be gin, T.I is a Col .E. oradobas e d organiz at f ion ounde d in 19 86 by a group of t ach e rs e w it a v ion of t e im port h is h ant rol t ch nol w oul pl in e e ogy d ay e ducat ion. L t ye ar's conf re nce as e f at d ov r 165 dife re nt w ork s h ops e ure e f and s potigh t s e s s ions w it ov r 140 l h e dife re nt pre s e nt rs , m os ty cl s room f e l as t ach e rs . e

11

and Ubunt CDs , Pam ph lt and u e s s t e rs , s om e dais y-ch aine d pow e r ick st rips and an un-irone d t e cl h . abl ot

e v n e nt rt e e aine d s om e one f rom t e h Col orado De part e nt of Educat m ion. Th e CoL oCo m e m be rs not d ne ar ice t e e nd t at at las t 50 Ubunt CDs al h h e u l s e e m e d t h av “ dis appe are d” f o e rom t e h boot . h Th e Se cond, or “ f part w as t e un ,” h act de m o w it H P's t in-cl nt ual h h ie Edubunt s e rv r. As I unde rs t u e and, Jim s t e d of w it a nice lte int art f h itl roduct ion int t e w orl of f e and ope n s ource o h d re s ofw are and about alof t e be ne f s t l h it av abl. Afe r t e FO SS int e ach of ail e t h ro t e s e s s ion ate ndant re ce iv d a copy of h t s e Th e O pe n CD (h ttp://w w w . e ope ncd. th org). Jim m ade t e com m e nt t m e t at m os t t ach e rs h o h e and e ducat are com plt l unaw are ors e e y t at ope n s ource t ch nol e xis t at al h e ogy s l , and t at t is w as h is original ot at h h m iv ion f ate nding. At t e v ry las t H e h ope d or t h e e , t s h ow t ach e rs and e ducat t at o e ors h t e re are ot e r re s ource s out t e re t at h h h h are cos t re e ! -f From w h at I w as t d, s e v ral t e ol e of h appl ions m ade an ins t h it icat ant (e s pe cial Ste l l y l arium ) and t e m e m be rs h of CoL oCo w ale d around h e l k ping e v ryone dis cov r t e w e al of s ofw are e e h t h t av abl w it out l ns ing re s t ions ail e h ice rict

and av abl abs ol e l f e of ail e ut y re ch arge .
St l e l arium (be l ) ow

Us ing t e t am 's ow n h ardw are h e t e y de m ons t e d t e f at s of h rat h e ure Ubunt K ubunt and Edubunt u, u u, pas s e d out CDs and pam ph lt and e s ans w e re d q ue s t ions ranging f rom s e ting up t in-cl nt in s ch ool t t h ie s s o f inding good e ducat ional appl ions . icat Th e t am de m ons t e d v e rat arious appl ions l e Tux Paint and icat ik St l e l arium , ran v o cl , and ide ips s h ow e d h ow t in-cl nt l are s e t up. h ie abs V it t t e boot cam e f is ors o h h rom al l corne rs of e ducat - t ach e rs , ion e adm inis t ors , dis t t ch nol rat rict e ogy pe rs onne l and f rom rural and urban dis t s . Th e y m e nt rict ione d t at t e y h h

I addit t m y “ int rv w ” w it n ion o e ie h Jim and Dav I alo e -m aild Ne al id, s e M cBurne t t as k w h at h e t ough t to h about t e e xpe rie nce . Th is w as h is h re pl “ I h ad a bl t Th e m os t y: as . e fe ct e e ye -candy t s h ow t e f iv o h crow d s e e m e d t be St l o e l arium . W e z oom e d in on Sat urn and it inne r 's m oons , and w it t e running f t h im as e nough t at t e m oons coul be h h d s e e n t m ov . I 's be aut uland an o e t if , e ducat ional xpe rie nce f t ach e rs e or e t at t e y k now t e ir s t nt w il h h h ude s l e nj And it runs on m ul e oy. t ipl pl f s , s o it is e as y t de pl atorm o oy." St l e l arium (abov ) s e e m e d t be e o t e m os t l e d, but not t e onl one h ov h y

12

t ach e rs e nj d. From w h at I h e ar, e oye one of t e s e s s ion ate nde e s h t m e nt ione d t at h e coul w ait t h dn't o ins t l M P on alt e com put rs in alGI lh e h is l be caus e h e didn't h av t abs e o w orry about l ns ing re s t ions and ice rict no l onge r h ad t purch as e copie s of o Adobe Ph ot h op! os

L inux l by ne t ork -boot of of t e ab w ing f h t in-cl nt s e rv r! Th e e xcit m e nt of t e h ie e e h room buz z e d as alof t e ate nde e s l h t coul w ait t t out t is m ys t rious dn't o ry h e L inux t at t e y h ad h e ard s o m uch h h about Dav O v rcas h re m ark e d in . id e re t pe ct “ I t ink t e m os t e xcit part ros , h h ing of t e e nt day w as w h e n t e w h ol h ire h e room s udde nl h ad a nice w arm orange y " ow " com ing f gl rom it f rom alof t e l h Edubunt l u ogin s cre e ns .”

w e re t al f land as t e y w e re ot l ul y , h progre s s ing m any pe opl s t e oppe d by t t t ov rfow t e room . Th e y t d o ry o e l h ol m e t at at las t 10 pe opl as k e d if h e e t e y coul part h d icipat w it t e ir ow n e h h l ops and as t e t am s e t up e xt apt h e ra pat cabls and got t e m pl ch e h ugge d int t e ne t ork , t e y act l h ad t o h w h ual y o s h are s om e l ogins , be caus e t e re h w e re m ore pe opl t an ant e h icipat d! e Th e popul y of t e room w as v ry arit h e e v nt t Dav “ W e w e re t e onl ide o id; h y s e s s ion t h av ov r 30 pe opl t at o e e e h afe rnoon, and act l com plt l t ual y e e y f ld our room at around 50 il e part icipant !” s Afe r t e ate nde e s w e re driv n t t h t e o e xcit m e nt at h ow e as y it w as t e o us e L inux, Bryan (Th e H P Re pre s e nt iv ) gav a q uick de m o at e e of t e adm inis t or capabilie s of h rat it t e t in-cl nt s e rv r. H e q uick l h h ie e y im pre s s e d h is audie nce of s ys t m e adm inis t ors w it t e m ul ude of rat h h t it f at s av abl f cont l e ure ail e or rol ing program and l ogin acce s s on e ach indiv idual ach ine or t e e nt m h ire group. Th e t in-cl nt capabily w as h ie it de m ons t e d w it gre at s ucce s s rat h during t e t re e -h our s e s s ion on h h us ing ope n s ource s ofw are in t s ch ool. s

Th e s e s s ion t ook a s h ort re ce s s . W h e n e v ryone re t e urne d, t e y w e re h ins t e d t re boot t e ir com put rs ruct o h e and t ope n t e boot m e nu s o t at o h h t e y coul s e lct a s pe cif boot h d e ic de v . W h il t e s e s s ion audie nce ice e h w as aw ay t e q uad-proce s s or t inh h cl nt s e rv r w as s e t up and t e room ie e h w as re -rout d, s o t e ne t ork in t e e h w h room ran t rough t e s e rv r. I j t 5 h h e n us m inut s t e y h ad t e h rans f e d t is orm h w indow s l int a f l f ab o ul unct y ioning

Th e y pre pare d 30 l ogins be f h and ore and gav e ach ate ndant a us e r-nam e e t t e n s at back and w at e d as e ach h ch pe rs on q uick l s t e d t e xpl t rough y art o ore h alof t e e ducat l h ional appl ions t at icat h h ad be e n ins t ld on t e t in-cl nt al e h h ie s e rv r. Jim and Dav t d m e t at t e y e id ol h h

13

M y ne xt q ue s t w as t s e e if ion o t e re w e re any conce rns f h rom any of t e v it , and if s o h ow t e y h is ors h addre s s e d t e m . Th e ans w e r I h re ce iv d w as t at t e m ain conce rn e h h w as t at t e ate nde e s w e re not t e h h t h pe opl in ch arge , and s o t e y coul e h dn't ge t t ings ins t ld or t e y did not h al e h k now h ow t ge t s om e t ing s e t up. o h Th e CoL oCo t am re s ponde d t e o t e f t conce rn by e ncouraging us e rs h irs t t e t e O pe n CD t t e ir ne t ork o ak h o h w adm inis t ors and f out w h at rat ind coul be ins t ld, t e n ins t l h at dn't al e h alw w as pos s ibl. For t os e ne e ding h e l e h p in ge ting a t in-cl nt s e t or s om e t h ie up ot e r are a of s upport t e t am q uick l h h e y col ct d cont inf at l e e act orm ion, point d e v it t t e t am 's w e bs it and is ors o h e e as s ure d e v ryone t at if t e y onl e h h y as k e d t e y w oul f m e m be rs h d ind w il t com e out and h e l Th is h as l o ing p. ld t a curre nt t am proj ct f e o e e ocus e d on de v l e oping a w ay t ofe r l o f ocal s upport t s ch ool, or anyone e le o s s int re s t d in us ing any fav of e e l or Ubunt “ W e not onl s h are d gre at u. y ide as , but back e d it up w it h com m it e nt t act l h e l m ak e it m s o ual y p h appe n. Th e t rue s pirit of t e Ubunt h u com m unit w as h ope f l s h ow n in y ul y our w il l ingne s s t go ov r t e t in o e h op

hel ping pe opl ge t s t e d us ing t e O S,” e art h re m ark e d Dav O v rcas h . id e Afe r it w as alf h e d, t e y dis t t linis h ribut d e ov r f t Ubunt CDs and alo at las t e ify u s e f t copie s of Th e O pe n CD, not ify incl uding t e f t CDs f h ify rom t e boot h h be f ! O ne h undre d Ubunt CDs in 3 ore u h ours ?Not bad at al l ! As t e ate nde e s w e re lav s om e h t e ing e v n com m e nt d “ Your pre s e nt ion w as e e at t e 'cool e s s ion' f t e afe rnoon!” h s or h t I as k e d Jim and Dav w h at s urpris e d id t e m t e m os t and t e y re s ponde d t at h h , h h it w as t e am az ingl pos it e re s pons e h y iv t at alof t e ate nde e s h ad t ards h l h t ow O pe n Source s ofw are and Ubunt t u GNU/ inux. Th e y l L augh e d and t d m e ol about one m an w h o h ad a l op (ow ne d apt by h is dis t ) w h o w as act l t rict ual rying t y o ins t l alEdubunt righ t t e re ! Th e y t d m e u h ol t at h e le ral s pe nt an h our or t o h it l y w t rying t h ack h is BI S (w h ich w as o O pas s w ord prot ct d)! Jim re m ark e d t at e e h t is w as a re fe ct of t e s ad s t e of h l ion h at e nt us ias m f t ch nol in our h or e ogy e ducat s ys t m ; h ow e v r h e alo not d ion e e s e t at it w as a good s ign, be caus e it s h ow s h t at pe opl re al do w ant a ch ange . h e l y O v ral t e boot and t e 3 h our e lh , h h

s e s s ion w as a gre at s ucce s s and m any pe opl w e nt aw ay w it ne w e h ide as and t on h ow t act l ips o ual y m ak e s om e t ing h appe n in t e ir h h s ch ool dis t . or rict Th e CoL oCo t am h ope s t bring e o s e v ral ore in-de pt pre s e nt ions e m h at t t is conf re nce ne xt s um m e r and o h e cont inue t f t r grow t of int re s t o os e h e and k now ldge of Ubunt f bot e u or h t ach e rs and s t nt . Th e t am e ude s e e xpe ct t go l e w it l s o iv h ocal upport s opt ions w it in j t a f w w e e k s . h us e For inf on h ow t h e l w it a o o p h s im il init iv in your are a plas e ar iat e e f e lre e t cont t e CoL e f o act h oCo t am at any t e . e im Curre nt CoL oCo proj ct are : e s L ocal Support I iat e , Sofw are nit iv t Fre e dom Day and a Gut y Re las e s e Part y CoL oCo t am w e bs it is e e h ttp://w w w . Ubuntu- Rock s . org You can dow nl t e oad h pre s e nt ion s l s us e d in t e de m o at ide h f : rom h ttp://urlul . l e m agazine . f circl org/446 06e

14

H O W - TO
W rite n by L t uca De M arini

F O M V W A RE R M TO VRTUA L O X I B
* You can ins t lh e s pe e d up t s alt ool v ry e as il w it out h av t f t e m e y, h ing o ind h s om e w h e re e le . For e xam pl, you don't s e ne e d t dow nl t e f e V W are o oad h re M W ork s t ion Trialo e xt at t ract f rom it s arch iv t e I e h SO im age s of t e V W are h M t s . Th e e nt proce s s w ilbe q uick , ool ire l f t and painls s . as e And W h y w oul you pre f r V W are d e M Pl r ov r V ual aye e irt Box? O nl one re as on f now : V W are y or M Pl r ofe rs m ore Ne t ork m ode s . aye f w Nat l it is V W are in ge ne ralh at ural y, M t s upport t e s e m ode s . I f , t act at s h n act o iv e t e m , you'd h av t m anual e dit your h e o l y V ual ach ine in any cas e ! So, if you irt M can av us ing s pe cial t ork f at s , oid Ne w e ure s w it t V ual NOW ! ch o irt Box So you l e V ual ik irt Box and w ant t o s w it t t is w onde rf O pe n Source ch o h ul s ofw are , but you al ady h av a t re e V W are V ual ach ine you ofe n M irt M t us e ?Don’ w orry, it is t y but you t rick can conv rt a V W are v ual e M irt m ach ine int one t at w ilw ork in o h l V ual irt Box. W h y is t is conv rs ion h e abs ol e l conv nie nt f you?Re ad ut y e or on about H ow t I t l irt Box o ns alV ual and w h y you s h oul do it d . Ins tal V l ing irtual Box Dow nl V ual oad irt Box f your or L inux Sys t m h e re : e h ttp://w w w . irtual org/w ik i/Dow v box. nl oads L t s e e t e s t ps w e ne e d t e 's h e o ins t l irt Box on Ubunt alV ual u Fe is t Edgy y/ V ual re q uire s t e f l ing irt Box h ol ow de pe ndancie s : l an110 and ibxal l rce s 27 ibxe

I

V ual is a f e , O pe nSource al rnat e t V W are . An al rnat e s e rious l w ort a l ! I is m uch m ore conv nie nt t an QEm u (Anot e r irt Box re t e iv o M t e iv y h ook t e h h O pe nSource V ual e r) f s e v ral as ons : I h as an int iv Graph icalnt rf , it can h andl USB de v s s im pl us ing it you can s w it be t e e n irt iz or e re t uit e I e ace e ice y, ch w I SO dis c im age s q uick l and t e " pe e d up" t h as t e e as ie s t ins t l y h s ool h al .

n t is Guide I as s um e you k now h about V ual e rs and are act l irt iz ual y us ing V W are Pl r. So, w h y is M aye V ual be te r t an V W are irt Box t h M Pl r f you? aye or * I is Fre e Sofw are (O pe n Source ) t t * I can cre at and h andl any t e e V ual ach ine / V ual c w it no irt M irt Dis h problm . You can't do t at w it e h h V W are Pl r. You'd e it e r h av t M aye h e o dow nl and ins t l M W are Se rv r oad alV e (f e , but not ope n s ource ) t cre at a re o e ne w V ual ach ine and e dit it w it irt M h l it d opt im e ions or you'd h av t cre at e o e a ne w V ual ach ine f l ing a irt M ol ow w e ak h ow -t f o rom anot e r w e bs it . h e * Us ing it you'lh av t al , l e ot cont rol ov r your USB de v s , I e ice SO im age s , s ound and s o on, alt ings you lh cannot cont us ing V W are Pl r rol M aye (You'd h av t e dit your V ual e o irt M ach ine m anual l y)

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W h e n you ins t lh e .De b pack age , alt re m e m be r t e xpand t e t rm inal o h e w indow t s e e t e m e s s age s ins ide it o h . You m ay re ce iv a w arning about t e e h Us e r Groups . W e w ilcov r t at in t e l e h h ne xt s t p. e

Se lct your us e rnam e , t e n cl on e h ick t e M anage Groups buton. A ne w h t w indow w ilappe ar: l

Conv rting your e xis ting . m dk e v V irtual c Im age To a . di Fil Dis v e Now w e ne e d t conv rt your o e e xis t V W are dis c im age int a ing M o f at re adabl by V ual orm e irt Box. Don't w orry, you w on't l e any dat but os a, j t in cas e , you can al ays cre at us w e a back up copy of your v ual k irt dis be f ore w e s t ! art Firs t dow nl and ins t l e m u , oad alq f rom Synapt or t e t rm inal ic h e . Now ope n a t rm inal e and 'cd' int o t e f de r w h e re you’ e got your h ol v .v dk v ual c im age and e nt r: m irt dis e qemu-img convert harddrivename.vmdk raw-file.bin

You m ay ne e d t s e t s om e o pe rm is s ions be f ore you can run V ual irt Box. To do t is , go t Sys t m -h o e > Adm inis t ion --> Us e rs and Groups rat Th is w ilope n t e Us e rs and l h Groups s e tings w indow , afe r you t t e nt r t e s ys t m pas s w ord. e h e

I t is w indow , pre s s t e Add Group n h h buton and, f t rom t e l t add t e h is , h v boxus e rs Group. Cl O K , re s t t e ick art h PC and you are f h e d s e ting inis t pe rm is s ions . Running V irtual Box Now t at V ual is ins t ld and h irt Box al e f d, you can f it in t e m e nu: ixe ind h Appl ions — >Sys t m Tool— >I icat e s nnoTe k V ual irt Box. V ual w ilrun and you'l irt Box l l s e e t e f l ing s cre e n: h ol ow

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Nat l you’l av t ch ange ural y, lh e o h arddriv -nam e w it t e nam e of your e h h .v dk f e and raw -f e w it t e nam e m il il h h of t e ne w conv rt d f e you w ant t h e e il o cre at . Afe r a f w m inut s , t e e t e e h conv rs ion w ilbe com plt d. Now e l e e w e ’ e got a raw h ard dis k im age and v w e w ant t t o rans f orm it int a .v f e ! o di il W e ne e d a ne w appl ion, v icat ditool . You’lind it h e re : lf h ttp://w w w . irtual org/dow nl v box. oad/t e s tcas e /v ditool Dow nl it int t e . oad o h s am e dire ct w h e re you’ e got your ory v ne w raw .bin dis c im age f e . il NO TE: Dow nl oading t at v oolil h dit f e is not t e s im pls t t ing in t e w orl h e h h d. I you t and ope n it w it Fire f f f ry h ox, or e xam pl, a s t e range page w it w e ird h code in it w ilappe ar. To s av t is l e h v oolil, righ t cl on t e l and dit f e ick h ink ch oos e t s av t e f e . You can alo o e h il s t la dow nl m anage r t dow nl e l oad o oad t is f e f you. I s ugge s t you us e t e h il or h dow nl m anage r: Aria. I is in t e oad t h Ubunt re pos it s . u orie Now t at w e ’ e got v oolw e h v dit , ne e d t m ak e it e xe cut e . Righ t o abl cl on t e f e , ope n it prope rt s ick h il s ie and s e lct t e “ Exe cut e ” e h abl pe rm is s ion opt ion. I Gnom e / n Naut us , il

go int t e 'Pe rm is s ions ' t and act at o h ab iv e t e “ Al e xe cut f e as a program ”. h l ow ing il

e xam pl, w e 'lnow run it t opt iz e e l o im t e f e s iz e of t e .v im age f e . To h il h di il ge t a l t of alcom m ands , you’ e is l v j t got t e xe cut v ool it out us o e dit w h any ot e r opt h ion. L t opt iz e t e f e s iz e of t e e 's im h il h ne w l conv rt d .v f e . For now , y e e di il lts calit ne w -f e .v From t e e ’ l il di. h dire ct w h e re you h av t e f e , ory e h il run t is com m and in t e t rm inal h h e : LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/Virtual Box* ./vditool SHRINK newfile.vdi Now w e ’ als e t up. re l

At t is point w e ne e d t e t rm inal h , h e again. From t e s am e dire ct w h e re h ory you s t d v ool ore dit and t e .bin raw f e , h il run t is com m and f h rom t e cons ol: h e LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/VirtualBox * ./vditool DD new-file.vdi old-file.bin Re pl ne w -f e .v w it t e nam e of ace il di h h t e f e you w ant v oolo out . Th e h il dit t put s e cond f e nam e , ol il.bin, is t e nam e il d-f e h of t e raw dis c im age w e conv rt d t e h e e h .v dk im age t Nat l you ne e d t m o. ural y, o re pl ol il.bin w it t e corre ct ace d-f e h h f e nam e . il NO TE: I you w is h , re m e m be r t at you f h can run v oolor ot e r t k s t For dit f h as oo.

Cre ating a ne w V irtual ach ine M Jus t cl on t e " w " buton on ick h Ne t t e uppe r lf s ide of t e w indow : h e t h

Now you can f l t e W iz ard. ol ow h

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V ual ach ine , you h av t s e e it t irt M e o o be l v it ie e !). Now as s ign t e am ount of RAM h m e m ory t t e V ual ach ine (be l ). I o h irt M ow re com m e nd us ing no m ore t an t e h al h h f of your re al ys ical e m ory. ph m

ch oos e t e V ual c I age w e h irt Dis m j t conv rt d, t at is t e .v f e w e us e e h h di il obt aine d afe r t e conv rs ion. t h e You'ls e e t e s um m ary of your l h ne w V ual ach ine . Cl on Finis h irt M ick and t e re you are ! h Running and s e tting up your ne w V irtual ach ine M Th e M ach ine h as be e n cre at d e but w e ne e d t s e t it up a bit Som e o . v ry q uick and s im pl s t ps : e e e Cl on t e Se tings buton in t e ick h t t h uppe r lf part of t e V ual e t h irt Box w indow :

H e re are t e guide d s t ps : h e Cl on Ne xt I t is Scre e n you'l ick . n h l s e e t e V ual ach ine nam e and O S h irt M Type . As s ign t Nam e w h at v r you o e e l e but re m e m be r t corre cty s e t t e ik o l h O S Type , f e xam pl, W indow s XP or e (W indow s runs al os t at t e nat e m h iv m ach ine s pe e d int a V ual o irt Box H e re 's t e H ard Dis k s e lct page h e ion (righ t I you didn't ne e d t s w it f ). f o ch rom V W are t V ual M o irt Box, t at is , if you h h av n't got a e h ard dis k im age t us e , o cre at a ne w e one . O t e rw is e h (And t at t e h 's h purpos e of t is h H ow -To),

You'ls e e t e s e tings w indow . l h t Som e im port Se tings you m igh t ant t w ant t s e t are : o * Unde r t e adv h ance d t ab, t e re 's t e boot orde r of your h h ing V ual ach ine , t e s am e s e tings irt M h t

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you'd h av in a norm al O S. I e BI s ugge s t you t s e t it t CD/ D Rom o o DV and t e n H ard Dis k , s o t at it w ilbe h h l abl t boot any boot e CD you e o abl m ay ins e rt int t e driv . o h e * Unde r t e CD/ D-Rom opt h DV ion you'lh av t s e t M ount CD/ D l e o : DV Driv . You can ch oos e e it e r t h av e h o e V ual irt Box h andl your re al DV e CD/ D De v or m ount any I ice SO im age ! I n't s t at gre at h ? * Enabl s ound and s e t up your e Ne t ork conne ct w ion. I s ugge s t you t o s e t it on NAT. * Unde r t e USB opt you can h ion ch oos e w h e t e r t e nabl or dis abl h o e e USB h andl by V ual ing irt Box. Re m e m be r t at if you e nabl it w h il h e , e V ual w ilbe running, it w ils t al irt Box l l e any conne ct d USB de v s f e ice rom t e h re al ach ine . m Now w e 're re ady. Ch oos e your V ual ach ine f irt M rom t e l t and cl h is ick on t e St buton. I e v ryt ing is h art t f e h ok ay, t e m ach ine w ilrun, e v n if it h l e w ilh av t be s e t up s om e m ore l e o ins ide t e O S you’ us ing. For h re e xam pl, W I e ndow s w ilh av a l of l e ot problm s in t is part s ince s om e of it e h s V ual e d h ardw are h as ch ange d. irt iz

h ttp://w w w . irtual org/dow nl v box. oad /Us e rM anual . pdf Ch e ck Ch apt r 4 in t e m anual e h . Concl ions us V ual is a w onde rf irt Box ul v ual at Toolbut you'lprobabl irt iz ion , l y w ant s om e m ore inf at about orm ion it s ince t is is not int nde d as a , h e com plt us e r guide . Re ad t e e e h e nt M anual at I l e d in t e ire (Th ink h abov Ch apt r) and alo h av a e e s e l at t is page in t e V ual ook h h irt Box W e bs it f int re s t inf at e or e ing orm ion about ne t ork ing, s h aring f e s w il be t e e n gue s t and h os t O S'e s and w m uch m ore : h ttp://w w w . irtual org/w ik i/Us e r v box. _ H OW TOS H om e page : h ttp://w w w . irtual org v box.

W h e n I s t e d m y ol dis c im age art d conv rt d int a ne w com pre s s e d .v f e e e o di il ins ide a ne w V ual ach ine cre at d w it irt M e h V ual irt Box, W indow s XP re f e d t s t . us o art I h ad t ins e rt in t e CD-Rom of m y o h original indow s XP CD, boot f W rom CD and re s t ore t e w indow s ins t l ion! h al at W indow s , t is w ay, re conf h igure d and ins t ld e ach ne w v ual riph e ral o al e irt pe s t at at re boot e v ryt ing w as ok ay and al h e h l m y program s w h e re lf ins t ld w h e re e t al e t e y w e re . h Th e f inal e p is t ins t lh e St o alt V ual Addit irt Box ions t h av t e f t s t o e h as e pe rf ance pos s ibl int your v ual e d orm e o irt iz O S. Find t e ins t ions f t is s t p in h ruct or h e t e V ual h irt Box Us e r M anual e re : h

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H O W - TO
W rite n by Ronnie Tuck e r t L t is s ue w e l e d at cre at a s e t of col f us e in a docum e nt t is m ont w e w ildis cus s a v ry as ook ing ors or , h h l e pow e rf f at ule ure of Scribus : l rs . Jus t l e in GI P (and Ph ot h op) l rs can be s w it e d of/ t aye ik M os aye ch fon o h ide / v al h at v r it m s w e re pl d on t at l r. Th is can h e l e norm ous l in a l re e w e e e ace h aye p y arge docum e nt t h ide art e s t at are not ne e de d at t e o icl h h pre s e nt t e w it a f h e r adv age t at t e ls s t e re is v ibl, t e m ore re s pons iv Scribus w ilcont im h urt ant h h e h is e h e l inue t be . o

PART 5

S

o t is h is w h e re w e lf e t of l t is s ue f as (righ t ): W e cre at d s om e col s t e s , e or yl adde d a re ct angl and appl d one e ie col t f lh e re ct or o ilt angl and anot e r e h col t cre at a col d outine t t e or o e ore l o h s h ape . Th e big problm is t at t e box is e h h obs curing t e im age . W h at if w e coul h d s h ufl t e ir f fe h ront t back pl m e nt o ace , w oul t at f t is problm ?Ye s , dn't h ix h e and t at t e f t t ing w e 'lgo int h 's h irs h l o w it l rs . I t e ol days of h aye n h d anim at e v ryt ing w as paint d on ion e h e a s h e e t of clar pl t So you w oul e as ic. d h av a f ground, a back ground, a e ore

ch aract r and a m iddl ground. Now e e obv ious l t e y are in t e w rong orde r and y h h t e y ne e d t be s ort d in t e orde r of h o e h back ground, m iddl ground, ch aract r e e t e n f ground. Th is is e xacty t e s am e h ore l h w it our page h e re . W e cre at d t e t xt h e h e boxe s f t t e n t e im age and l ty t e irs , h h as l h re ct angl s o t at is t e f e h h ront t back o orde r t e y w ils t in unt w e s ay h l ay il ot e rw is e . h L f cl on t e re ct e t ick h angl t s e lct it e o e . Th e re 's t o w ays of ge ting t e s am e w t h re s ulh e re , w e can righ t cl on t e t ick h s e lct d e e re ct angl and e ch oos e L v l e e > L e r (righ t ow ) O r w e can go t t e m ain o h m e nu and ch oos e I e m > t Lvl L er e e > ow

Bot h giv t e e h s am e re s ul t (righ t ): M uch be te r. O ur t re ct angl is e now on a l e r lv lh an t e im age . ow e e t h L t e nl e 's arge t e re ct h angl by e cl ing on it and dragging one of t e ick h h andls t m ak e it t lr. e o al e

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Now it cov ring our t xt Again al 's e e . l w e h av t do is s e lct t e t xt box e o e h e and l e r it righ t No, not q uit . ow , ? e Th ink about it Th e re ct . angl is e cov ring t e t xt s o t e t xt is e h e , h e al ady on a l e r lv lh an t e re ow e e t h re ct angl, w e ne e d t e it e r rais e t e e o h h t xt abov t e re ct e e h angl lv l l e r e e e or ow t e re ct h angl again t put it be h ind e o t e t xt h e .

L rs w ork in aye t e e xact s am e h w ay as m y anal w it t e ogy h h t radit ional anim at ion, t ink of h l rs as be ing aye s h e e t of clar s e pl t t at w e as ic h can put it m s on. e Firs t t ing w e h ne e d t do is s h ow t e l t of l rs t at o h is aye h w e curre nty h av . I t e m ain m e nu, l e n h cl W indow s > L rs and you'ls e e t e ick aye l h L rs W indow (abov ). aye e At t e m om e nt w e h av one l r h e aye cal d Back ground. Th e L rs W indow l e aye alo h as f s our butons , f t rom lf t righ t e to t e y are : Add L r, De lt L r, Rais e h aye e e aye L r and L e r L r. You'lnot w e aye ow aye l ice h av a Rais e and L e r h e re t j t l e e ow oo us ik w e h av w it L v l, t is is be caus e e h e e s h l rs alo h av a lv l aye s e e e and t is is h s e parat f e rom t e it m h e lv l w e 'lcom e t e e but l o t at in a m om e nt For h . now , cl t e buton ick h t and Add a Ne w L r. aye W h e re it s ays Ne w L r, doubl lf cl aye e e t ick t e re and giv it a h e nam e (righ t ).

I e cal d m ine 'M y Ne w L r'. 'v l e aye Add s om e t xt and m aybe a s h ape e t t is ne w l r. M ak e s ure t at o h aye h you h av t is ne w l r s e lct d in e h aye e e your L rs W indow ot e rw is e you'l aye h l be puting your it m s on t e w rong t e h l r. aye TI At t e botom of t e Scribus P: h t h w indow , t e re 's a drop dow n m e nu h w h ich l t your l rs . Th is is a is s aye q uick w ay t s e lct your l rs w h e n o e aye you m ay h av t e L rs W indow e h aye cl e d t giv you m ore w ork s pace . os o e

Th is is pre ty m uch e v ryt ing f t e h or lv l. As w e las Rais e and L e r, e e s l ow you can alo ch oos e Rais e t Top s o and L e r t Botom . Th e s e are j t ow o t us q uick w ays t m ov f o e rom one e xt m e re t anot e r rat e r t an h av t cl o h h h e o ick t e m e nus doz e ns of t e s t m ak e h im o an it m t e abs ol e h igh e s t or l e s t e h ut ow . Now t l rs t e m s e le s . o aye h v

O k ay, I e adde d m y bit and 'v s bobs t m y l r. Th is is w h e re t e o aye h m agic h appe ns . Abov and t t e e o h lf of your ne w l r you'ls e e t re e e t aye l h icons , on t e lf is an e ye , in t e h e t h m iddl a print r and on t e righ t a e e h padl . Now , w e h av v ry lte on ock e e itl our page , but you im agine you're m ak ing a m agaz ine , l e t is , w h e re ik h

21

you h av doz e ns of page s and e art e s (e ach art e cons is t of t xt icl icl ing e and pos s ibl s om e im age s ). L t m e y e as s ure you, it can ge t v ry conf ing! e us But not if you us e l rs t your aye o adv age . H e re 's h ow I us e l rs in ant aye t e cre at of t is m agaz ine : I cre at h ion h e a l r pe r art e and on t at l r I aye icl h aye put alt e t xt and im age s f t at lh e or h art e . W h y?Be caus e by doing t at I icl h can l and/ h ide art e s t m ak e ock or icl o t ings ls s cl t re d and k e e p Scribus h e ute up t s pe e d. L t m e s h ow you h ow ... o e I te n h L rs aye W indow , cl ick t e e m pt box h y be s ide t e h Back ground l r, t is is in aye h t e padl h ock col n (righ t um ). Try s e lct your im age or f lr e ing il e t xt You can't I 's l e d. Unt t e e . . t ock ick h padl box t al acce s s t t at ock o l ow o h l r again. aye Unch e ck t e h box be l t e ow h e ye f t e or h Back ground l r (righ t aye ).

Don't panic! Th e l r is h idde n f aye rom v w . Ch e ck t e box t e nabl t e l r ie h o e h aye again. M ak e s ure t e Back ground l r is h aye s e lct d, righ t cl on t e im age and e e ick h s e lct Cut Now s e lct t e ne w l r, e . e h aye righ t cl anyw h e re you l e and ch oos e ick ik Pas t . Th at im age is now on t e ne w e h l r. I you don't be l v m e : t t aye f ie e ry urning t e ne w l r of t e n on and you'ls e e . h aye fh l it Th is is s om e t ing t re m e m be r . h o w h e n you us e m ul e l rs pe r t ipl aye art e , and t at e xacty w h y I k e e p icl h 's l it s im pl and us e one l r pe r e aye art e . icl

Now f an int re s t e fe ct s e lct t e or e ing f : e h ne w l r and cl t e L e r buton in aye ick h ow t t e L rs W indow . h aye O ur t xt is ov rw rit t e im age ! e e ing h W h y?Be caus e ale fe ct w ork f l f s rom t e h t dow n, w h e t e r it be lv l or l rs . op h e e s aye Th e im age w h ich pus h e d t e t xt as ide is h e now be l t e t xt and h as no e fe ct on ow h e f

W e 're al os t at t e point w h e re w e can put m h alt e s e art e s t t e r t f lh icl oge h o orm e nough k now ldge t cre at any publ ion, but e o e icat one l t t ing w e ne e d t k now be f as h o ore w e s t adding page s and t ink ing about art h e xport t PDF is t m pl e s . Te m pl e s ing o e at at are s im il t Paragraph St e s , Te m pl e s ar o yl at are page l ayout w h ich w e can appl t s y o page s and, l e St e s , if w e al r a ik yl t e t m pl e , alins t e at l ance s of t at t m pl e w il h e at l updat accordingl Te m pl e s are e y. at abs ol e l crucialo a good l ut y t ayout .

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W rite n by Ronnie Tuck e r t

P EVEW : G UTSY G I BO N R I B

Gus t Gibbon is t e code nam e f t e ne xt v rs ion of Ubunt 7.10, w h ich f l s t e h alye arl re las e cycl and prom is e s plnt of ne w f at s and y h or h e u, ol ow h f y e e e y e ure bug f s . As w e las a Gut y Ubunt t e re w ilof cours e be Gut y K ubunt Xubunt and ot e rs . W it it re las e im m ine nt w e pre s e nt a q uick run ixe l s u h l s u, u h h 's e dow n of j t s om e of t e ne w f at s you can e xpe ct in O ct r 2007. us h e ure obe

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NO M E h as be e n updat d t e o 2.20. Num e rous bugs h av e be e n f d and w ork on ixe int re s t ne w f at s h as e ing e ure gone int v o arious GNO M E product s as w e l By popul de m and, t e l . ar h v arious t e m e s , back grounds and h ot e r appe arance re l e d t s h av h at ool e now be e n m e rge d int a s ingl dial o e og (be l ), al ing f t r acce s s t ow l ow as e o m ore s e tings . t

W it an Ubunt pe cif ch ange , you h u-s ic can alo now ch oos e w h e t e r or not t s h o us e Com piz Fus ion in t e De s k t h op Efe ct t Th e Track e r inde xe r (be l ) f s ab. ow h as alo be e n adde d t t e de s k t s o h op, m ak ing it e as y and l t igh ning f t t as o s e arch f your docum e nt , ph ot , or s os m us ic, v os , ch at l , and alot e r ide ogs l h f e s . You can us e Track e r in t e s e arch il h dial t e f e s e lct Naut us , or t e og, h il e or, il h De s k bar applt e .

K DE w ilbe updat d t 3.5.7. Th is l e o re las e h as a re ne w e d f e ocus on K DE

PI appl ions s uch as K ont , M icat act K Al , and ot e rs . Th e PI arm h M appl ions h av re ce iv d a gre at icat e e de al ate nt w it bug f s , of t ion h ixe int rf e ace w ork , I AP and m ore . M K M ail now aut at l ins t ld is om ical y al e w it alprogram s ne e de d f GPG h l or (and S/ I E) e ncrypt de crypt MM ion/ ion and s igning/ e rif ion. Addit v icat ional l y, f ne w ins t l ions , alGPG or al at l com pone nt w ilbe corre cty s l l conf igure d. Se v ral h e r e ot appl ions h av re ce iv d a f w icat e e e f at e ure updat s as w e l Appl ions e l . icat s uch as K PDF, Um bre l and l o K De v l (ne it e r are ins t ld by e op h al e de f t in K ubunt Gam e s , and aul u), K ope t . K H TM L and K onq ue ror e re ce iv d s om e w ork as w e l Dol in e l . ph is t e ne w f e m anage r f K DE t at h il or h f ocus e s on us abily as w e las it l s im pl y. I is now t e de f t f e icit t h aul il m anage r in 7.10. Dol in w ilnot be ph l

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re pl acing K onq ue ror. K onq ue ror doe s it al w h il Dol in (be l ) f l , e ph ow ocus e s on be ing onl a f e m anage r al ing t e y il l ow h opt iz at of t e us e r int rf im ion h e ace f or t e t k of f e m anage m e nt So giv h as il . e Dol in a go, e s pe cial if you are ph l y ne w t t e K De s k t Env o h op ironm e nt .

l ops e s pe cial a ne w w ire ls s s t apt l y, e ack is us e d t at w ilal f a m uch be te r h l l or ow t w if pe rf ance and driv r m anage m e nt i orm e . Th e ne w fas h h andl m odul (UBI w il l ing e ) l al your fas h de v s (e .g. USB fas h l ow l ice l driv s e t t l t l e c.) o as onge r and w ork around any bad bl s t at com e up. UBI ock h alo m ak e s it pos s ibl t dynam ical s e o l y cre at , de lt and re -s iz e fas h part ions e e e l it (UBI v um e s ). M any de v driv rs h av ol ice e e be e n adde d t t e k e rne l l ing it t o h al ow o s upport a v rit e plt ora of de v s e abl e h ice and acce s s orie s .

W it t e ne w X.org m aint h h aine r, X in Ubunt is going t be on t e u o h lading e dge again, w it t e ne w e h h input and out h ot pl and m uch put ug m ore . Th e l e xis t problm of ong ing e not h av a graph icaloolo ing t t conf igure X w ilbe gone in Gut y l s w it t e ne w dis pl h h ayconf ig-gt s pe c. k W ork f t is s pe c h as be e n rol or h l ing al ong, w it a ne w UI be ing de s igne d. h L ty, w ork t m ak e t e X s e rv r as l o h e " unbre ak abl" h as be e n dis cus s e d e w it t e bul t h h l -proof s pe c. Th is w il e -x l al alt os e us e rs w h o ins is t on l ow lh h and e dit t e ir xorg.conf t ing h o re cov r in a nice r m anne r. e

7.10 w ilre las e w it t e 2.6.22-rc3l e h h bas e d k e rne lTh e k e rne l ilt e re f . w lh ore f at e ure s ignif icant e nh ance m e nt and s f s t at h av be e n m e rge d in t e ixe h e h l t f w m ont s int t e m ainl as e h o h ine (L inus ) k e rne lFor m as s iv pow e r, . e h e at and h e adach e re duct t e ion h k e rne l now f at s dynt s , w h ich in e ure ick l ops s h oul m e an m ore bate ry le apt d t if and burnf e l . And in de s k t , re aps ops m e dia ce nt r PCs , e t it re s ul in a e c. t s q uie t r, coolr e nv e e ironm e nt For .

Th e ne w GNO M E-pow e r-m anage r (abov ) w ilnow prof e your bate ry t e l il t o ge t a m ore accurat pict e ure of your bate ry le s pan and w ilnot act at any t if l iv e pow e r s av f at s unt t is is done , ing e ure ilh lading t be te r e xpe rie nce f l op e o t or apt us e rs .

You can now conf igure w h at driv r e you w ant t us e f your graph ic o or card, s e t up dual onit , ch ange m ors

24

t e de f t re s ol ion f alus e rs or h aul ut or l ch ange your m onit or's re f s h rat re e w it out h av t t h ing o urn t t e t rm inal o h e . A ne w GUI h as be e n adde d m ak ing it e as il t adj t your v o and y o us ide m onit s e tings . or t Com piz Fus ion is e nabld by e de f t in Ubunt 7.10 and w ilbring aul u l 3D de s k t v ual fe ct t at im prov op is e f s h e t e us abily and v ual h it is appe al t e of h s ys t m . Gut y Gibbon aut at l e s om ical y de t ct w h e t e r t e h ardw are is e s h h capabl of running Com piz Fus ion. I e f not it f l back t t e " e t y" , al s o h m acit w indow m anage r.

FACT: Code nam e s f Ubunt go f or u rom A-Z , h av an anim alype e t as s urnam e and incl a de s cript e f t nam e . Dappe r Drak e ude iv irs w as 'dappe r' be caus e of it pol h , t e gibbon is 'gut y' due t 's is h s o it brav ne w f at s and ne xt w ilcom e t e H ardy H e ron. s e e ure l h H ardy be caus e it w ilbe t e ne xt l t rm s upport (L l h ong e TS) re las e t ing ov r f e ak e rom t e s oon t be re t d Dappe r Drak e . h o ire

now be ofe re d t e opt of not onl f h ion y s av it t dis c, but alo ope ning it w it ing o s h t e Gde bi Pack age I t lr. I you h av h ns al f e e a dow nl oade d .de b f e in one of your il dire ct s , s im pl righ t cl ing it and orie y ick s e lct O pe n W it -> GDe bi Pack age e ing h I t lr w ilge t your ins t l ion on it ns al e l al at s w ay. Gnas h , t e l aw ait d f e fas h h ong e re l im plm e nt ion curre nty be ing de v l d e at l e ope by GNU, j t got e as ie r t ins t lGnas h us o al . f at s be te r s e curit abily t pl e ure t y, it o ay YouTube and ot e r fas h v os , and is h l ide m os ty SW F 7 com pl w it v and v l iant h 8 9 s oon t com e . o DigiK am 's 0.9 .2 s e rie s (lf) is e t s t s s ing re us abily and it s t it abily, h ow e v r, t e y h av n't f e h e orgote n about t bugf s , f at s , and f ixe e ure unct ionaly. Th e it

l e s t f at , t at m os t art t and at e ure h is s ph ot ograph e rs w ilbe f il w it , is l am iar h a L t Tabl. Ye s , you h e ard t at igh e h corre cty, a l t t e . A l t t e l igh abl igh abl as s is t art t and ph ot s is s ograph e rs w it re v w ing t e ir w ork e ns uring h ie h onl t e h igh e s t q ualy. A l t t e y h it igh abl w ils h ow t e art t t e ir l h is h im pe rf ct e ions in w h ich t e y can go h and t ouch up. I digiK am , t e l t n h igh t e f abl unct prov s t e us e r a ion ide h s im il e xpe rie nce . You can im port a ar ph ot drag it ont t e l t t e , o, o h igh abl and t ouch up onl t e are as t at y h h ne e d it Eas y t us e , brand ne w , ye t . o so f unct ional . K 3b (lf), now e t v rs ion e 1.0.1, is te lest h at re las e in e K ubunt u 7.10. Bug f s w e re t e num be r ixe h

K ubunt now h as it v ry ow n u s e appl ion (abov ) t at al s you t icat e h l ow o s im pl ins t l dow nl y ala oade d (l ) ocal pack age w it out us ing t e com m and h h l . So, if you go t a w e bs it t at is ine o e h ofe ring a .de b pack age f an f or appl ion you are int re s t d, you w il icat e e l

25

one priorit w it t is re las e f y h h e rom t e h pre v ious 1.0 v rs ion. e

be te r s upport f v ual at t or is iz ion. For t os e h w h o us e onl s t s , Rh yt m box now ine ore h s upport t e us e of M agnat s h une gif card's t and a gre aty re duce d m e m ory us age of l t e Jam e ndo dow nl are a. O f cours e , h oad w h at w oul a m us ic pl r be w it out t e d aye h h abily t put t at m us ic on port e it o h abl pl rs , and t is v rs ion of Rh yt m box aye h e h incl s be te r s upport f a w h ol raf, ude t or e t as w e las t e abily t w rit art t iPods . l h it o e o

Introducing th e Guts y Gibbon M ark Sh utlw ort te h Fols , al m e t int k l ow o roduce t e h Gut y Gibbon, w h o w ilbe s l s ucce e ding t e Fe is t Faw n as h y te f h ocus of our de v l e nt e opm l e in a f w s h ort w e e k s , f ov e or re las e in O ct r 2007. e obe Th e Gibbon w on t e G-race t h o be our e ngine e ring m as cot f or t is ne xt re las e , but it w as a h e cl e run. W e v ry m uch os e w ant d t h onour t e e o h t m e ndous cont re ribut ions of t e h GNU proj ct t Fre e Sofw are e o t by aw arding t e rol t t e h e o h Gl s y Gnu. Th is prom pt d an os e int ns e int rnal bat about e e de e t rade m ark s , at w h ich bot t e h h Fie ry Fox and t e I W e as e l h cy w e re h e ard. I t e e nd, n h h ow e v r, t e j e h udge , j and ury e l ionary (t at w oul be m e ) ocut h d t ook a l ing t t e Gibbon's ik o h e xt raordinary re ach , and t e h Gibbon w on out t righ .
Exce rpt f rom th e of icial s s f pre re las e .You can re ad th e f l e ul announce m e nt at:

K afe ine 0.8.4 (abov ) is t e 4t f e h h re las e in t e s t e 0.8 s e rie s . Th is e h abl l e s t re las e f s pre v at e ixe ious is s ue s w h il adding ne w f e unct ionaly in a it f w pl s . K afe ine is t e de f t e ace f h aul v o pl r in K ubunt 7.10. ide aye u

I K ubunt Am arok (abov ) is t e n u e h de f t m us ic pl r. Am arok m ak e s aul aye pl aying t e m us ic you l e e as ie r t an h ov h e v r be f e ore - and l s good doing it ook . W it re las e 1.4.6 com e s adde d f at s , h e e ure bug f s , and m ore . ixe Th e ne w Rh yt m box 0.11.1 (abov ) h e cont ains s e am ls s pl e ayback and Ubuntu 7. - Guts y Gibbon w il be 10 l re las e d in Octobe r th is ye ar. e

h ttp://urlul . l e m agazine . f circl org/ 306a35

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W rite n by Ph il H öh n t ipp

REVEW I

BRI G E CO NSTRUCTI N K I D O T

As you m ay h av e xpe ct d, t is gam e is alabout cons t ing bridge s . But is it any good?I w ilt t h e l you t f e e h l ruct lry o p o orm an opinion about it w it t is h h re v w . ie

W
Bridge Cons t ion Se t is a s ucce s s or of t e ruct h s ucce s s f f e w are gam e “ Bridge Buil r” ulre de and w as re las e d in 2002. I 2003 Bridge e n Cons t ion Se t , or “ Pont e x 2” as it is ruct if alo cal d, w as aw arde d t e I pe nde nt s l e h nde Gam e s Fe s t al iv Audie nce Aw ard (w w w . . ). Not be ing re las e d as igfcom e f e w are Bridge Cons t ion Se t is av abl re ruct ail e as a de m o w it f l e rs ions f L h ulv or inux, W indow s and M ac. Curre nty t e f l e rs ion l h ulv is av abl f $ .9 5 ail e or 19

h ttp://w w w . garage gam e s . com

henl aunch ing t e gam e you h are pre s e nt d an ordinary e m e nu. You can e it e r s t a h art ne w gam e and be gin cons t ing e as y bridge s and pl ruct ay yours e lt rough t e f e lv l of fh h iv e e s dificul e ach re pre s e nt be t e e n s ix f t y, ing w and t n m aps . Th at is w h at w oul us ual e d l y be cal d a cam paign. I you do not w ant l e f t s t w it t e s o cal d e as y m aps but o art h h l e go righ t ah e ad and prov t yours e lyou e o f are t e k ing of bridge cons t ing, you h ruct can j t l e v ry m ap or al ady us oad e re e xis t bridge f ing rom t e m e nu. I cas e h n you are ne w t bridge cons t ion, t e re o ruct h is a t orial h ich part arl e xpl ut w icul y ains h ow t pl t e gam e . A q uit im port o ay h e ant f unct is t e abily of us ing dife re nt ion h it f prof e s . Th is w ay you can buil s e v ral il d e bridge s on t e s am e m ap by j t s t ing h us art ov r and ov r again. O f cours e , t is e e h f unct can alo be us e d f m ul e ion s or t ipl pl rs not w ant t int rf re w it e ach aye ing o e e h ot e r's bridge s . h

Gam e pl ay Th e gam e it e lcoul be s f d de s cribe d as e as y t larn but h ard o e t m as t r. I is not dificult buil o e t f to d t e bridge , but it can be v ry h ard t h e o cons t ruct a bridge be ing ade q uat t e o t e m ap. Th e re are at las t t re e h e h h it e s w h ich m ak e m e s ay: t e ch h dificul of t is gam e s h oul not be f t y h d unde re s t at d. Be ing giv n a im e e s ce nario you onl h av a ce rt y e ain

27

am ount of m one y t cons t o ruct t e h bridge . De pe nding on t e m ap you h are pl aying t e re are s e v ral h e m at rial t be us e d. At s om e lv l e s o e e s you are s uppos e d t buil t e bridge o d h w it iron onl At ot e r lv l you can h y. h e e s us e dife re nt q ualie s of s t e lo f it e t s t ngt e n ce rt part of your re h ain s bridge . Th e s pe cialie s of Bridge it Cons t ion Se t com pare d t it ruct , o s pre de ce s s ors “ Bridge Buil r” and de “ Pont e x”, are f s ure t e us e of if or h cabls (be l ) and h ydraul e ow ics (botom ). t

Be s ide s t e m one y and t e dife re nt h h f m at rial t e re is at las t one m ore h it : e s h e ch t e bridge 's lngt . De pe nding on t e h e h h m ap t e re is a dife re nt am ount of s o h f cal d anch or point . Th e s e are t e l e s h pl s w h e re you can s t or f h your ace art inis bridge . De pe nding on t e am ount of h anch or point you h av t ch os e w h at s e o k ind of bridge you are going t cons t o ruct and buil You coul s ay, t e m ore d. d h anch or point , t e m ore s t it s h abily. Cons e q ue nty it is a h uge dificul t l f t o y h av onl one or t o anch or point at e y w s e ach s ide of t e bridge but none at t e h h m iddl. Th is w ay you do not onl h av t e y e o buil your bridge m ore s t e but you d abl alo ne e d t t e care of t e s e ct s o ak h ions ' w e igh t . To pl your bridge you can s an rot e around it z oom in and out and at , ch oos e be t e e n dife re nt grid s ys t m s . w f e W h e n t s t t e bridge you are giv n a e ing h e v ry us e f t . Th e s o cal d “ s t s s ” e ulool l e re f unct s h ow s you e xacty w h e re t e ion l h bridge 's part are unde r h igh s t s s and s re are cl e t bre ak . os o Graph ics Th is gam e 's graph ics can, of cours e , not be com pare d t an up t dat e go o o e s h oot r but t e y are s t lar aw ay f e h ilf rom bad. By e nabl s h adow s , l t ing igh ning, re fe ct and h igh graph ical t s you l ion de ail

ge t f le at d graph ics . Th ank s t ulf ure o t e e nabl/ abl f lcre e n m ode h e dis e ul s f unct ion, you can run Bridge Cons t ion Se t in a w indow and ruct e nj buil oy ding your bridge s w h il e cont l your m e dia pl r or rol ing aye ch ating w it Gaim / t h Pidgin or XCh at . Th is is pos s ibl be caus e of anot e r e h good f at : w h e n out of f e ure ocus , t e h gam e f e z e s and s t re ops f q ue nt re ing your CPU.

Sys te m Re q uire m e nts : W indow s 9 8/ E/ M 2000/ XP, L inux or O SX 10.1+ AM D, I e l G3 500+ M h z proce s s or nt or Nv idia TNT2 or V oodoo3 cl s of graph ics as card 64M B of m e m ory M ous e and K e yboard 100 M B f e h ard driv s pace re e

L ong Tim e Fun An adv age of t is gam e is ant h de f e l t e big com m unit Th e re init y h y. are h undre ds of cus t m ade m aps om av abl in t e int rne t Som e of ail e h e . t e m aim t be h ard t s ucce e d h o o w h il ot e rs im it e original e h at buil dings . W it t e int grat d m ap h h e e

28

e dit e v ryone can re cre at , or or e e s h oul I s ay re cons t , h is are a's d ruct m os t f ous bridge . Be caus e of t e am h dificul and t e ne arl inf e abily f t y h y init it t be e xt nde d, t is gam e m igh t be o e h e nj d f a l t e . oye or ong im

gam e s t f De pe nding on your ay un. k now ldge about ph ys ics you m igh t e v n e e e nj t e ph ys ical oy h back ground. But e v n e if you do not k now m uch about ph ys ics , l e m e , you can s t l e l ik ilus ogicalh ink ing t t s ucce e d. A big pl are t e l o us h ow s ys t m re q uire m e nt w h ich al t e us e e s l h ow of t is gam e e v n on ol com put rs . h e d e

Price : Gam e pl ay: Graph ics : L ong tim e f un: Sys te m re q . : Popul arity: Ov ral e l :

Concl ions and Rating us Bridge Cons t ion Se t can be f ruct un if you are w il t inv s t s om e t e l o ing e im and do not h e s it e t larn ne w s t f at o e uf by t and e rror. I is ce rt y not a rial t ainl gam e t j t m as t r. But if you do o us e e nj t e ch al nge , it is t y f t oy h l e rul un o s pe nd your t e cons t ing m ore or im ruct ls s s ucce s s f bridge s . A f e ul unny lte itl gim m ick are t e dife re nt v h icls h f e e pas s ing t e bridge s . Th e re are cars , h t rains and e v n a s h ip. Th is h e l t e e ps h

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W rite n by Dam on Rios t

M Y O PNI N I O

W H Y I M SI K O F ' C UBUNTU CO M P RI O NS A S
As a Ubunt us e r, I am v ry h appy u e w it m y dis t h ribut of ch oice . I h av no ion e f e l e it e r w ay about PCL e ing h inuxO S, and bas e d on t e PC-BSD art e , I t d PCh icl rie BSD and I w as im pre s s e d by it q uick s ins t lr, but t at w as about it al e h . Back t t e com paris ons , t e s e o h h com paris ons are inh e re nty faw e d in one l l w ay: bot of t e s e O pe rat Sys t m s h h ing e us e K DE (no t at not t e faw ) but t e h 's h l h aut ors ch os e t com pare t e m t h o h o Ubunt w it GNO M E. Since Canonical u h m ak e s t e ir dis t h ribut av abl w it ion ail e h GNO M E, K DE and Xf (t ough ce h s e parat l I t ink it onl f t com pare e y), h y air o l e w it l e , unls s of cours e t e aut or ik h ik e h h ch os e Ubunt s pe cif l t gripe about u ical o y GNO M E, w h ich appe ars t be t e cas e o h in one of t e com paris ons . h I h av s e e n ot e r com paris ons t at e h h obj ct e l t t ide nt y t e s t e iv y ry o if h rong and w e ak point of m ul e dis t , a Tux s t ipl ros m agaz ine round up of s e v n dis t e ros (is s ue 12) w as w on by M andriv I a. appre ciat t e s e art e s , as t e y are e h icl h de s igne d t al t e re ade r t o l h ow o m ak e an inf e d de cis ion. orm I as k e d w h y I t ink t at Ubunt is f h h u be te r, m y ans w e r w oul s im pl be : t d y 'be caus e it al s m e t com f abl l ow o ort y do w h at I ne e d t do (w h at v r t at o e e h is ), be te r t an any ot e r dis t t h h ro.' I t e f ure , I m ay ch ange m y n h ut pre f rre d dis t as I be com e m ore e ro, e xpe rie nce d w it L h inux, I l e t 'd ik o larn Sl w are , but f now , I am e ack or h appy w it Ubunt - on w h ich I h av h u e ins t ld GNO M E, K DE and Xf al e ce and it com m unit s y-bas e d ph il oph y. os

I you h av s om e t ing you w ant t ge t of your ch e s t e m ail t art e s @ f l e m agaz ine .org and i'm s ure you'lf e l uch be te r afe rw ards . f e h o f , it o icl ul circl le m t t Sam e e m ail addre s s if you w oul l e t pas s com m e nt on t is opinion. d ik o h

T

h e s e are j t t o of t e m any us w h of com paris ons t at I am h re f rring t e o:

PCL inuxOS:
h ttp://urlul . l e m agazine . f circl org/004418

PC- BSD:
h ttp://urlul . l e m agazine . f circl org/12d165

I t e int re s t of f l cl ure , I n h e uldis os did not l f t e s e l s . Th e f t ook or h ink irs one w as s e nt t m e by a f nd, a o rie PCL inuxO S us e r. Th e s e cond one w as in m y RSS re ade r. I did, h ow e v r, Googl " s Ubunt t s e e e e v u" o h ow m uch ot e r s t f w oul com e up. h uf d

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W rite n by Raf Fl t al orczak

M Y STO RY

M Y TRA NSI I N TO TO UBUNTU
m any W indow s us e rs t urning dow n L inux be caus e of it com plx int rf . I ch os e s e e ace Ubunt be caus e of t e am az ing u h com m unit w h ich gav m e alt e y e lh ne ce s s ary ans w e rs w it in m inut s . I h e e ncount re d s om e t e roubl but it w as n't e as h ard as I e xpe ct d it t be . L e m any, e o ik us e rs I e nj d t e s im pl y of t e oye h icit h s ys t m . I h as alt e ne ce s s ary program s e t lh t at I us e e xce pt f a f w t at I h av t h or e h e o us e f s ch ool ork . I re al w ant d, or w l y e h ow e v r, t ins t l e o alUbunt on m y u com put r, s e e ing h ow f t and re l e it e as iabl w as and alo be caus e of m y e nt us ias m . s h As I s e arch e d m ore I de cide d t t a o ry dual boot s e t I w as a pe rf ct pl f up. t e an or m e as m y W indow s e v nt l be cam e e ual y f l unw ant d s t f I e xpe ct d t e ulof e uf. e h ins t l ion t be s l ty m ore t y, but al at o igh l rick ins t ad it w as faw ls s . Th at w h e n I e l e 's re al s t e d t e xpl Ubunt I l art o y ore u. ins t ld m any dife re nt program s and al e f cus t iz e d m y de s k t I abs ol e l om op. ut y l e d it O f cours e as a ne w us e r I ov ! e ncount re d m any problm s and I e e h av t adm it I w as re al f t e d e o l rus rat y f rom t e t t e w h e n I got s t . I im o im uck t coul s om e t e s t e a l t e t d im ak ong im o f a s ol ion. But w h e n I f l ind ut , inal y s ole d t os e problm s I f lgood v h e e t and I k ne w I h ad larne d s om e t ing e h ne w . Th e m ore I larne d t e m ore I e h w ant d t k now s o I j e o oine d Ubuntu Forum s in orde r t larn and ge t o e h e l but alo t giv h e l t t os e p, s o e p o h w h o ne e d it . I s t e d w it Ubunt 6.10 and as art h u I larne d m ore I coul w ait f t e e dn't or h ne w re las e . I s pe nt t e w h ol nigh t e h e t k ing t ot e rs on t e f al o h h orum aw ait t e Fe is t Faw n re las e . ing h y e O nce again, ins t l ion w as faw ls s al at l e and w it in a f w days I h ad m y h e s ys t m running and cus t iz e d t e e om h w ay I l e it ik . M ay Ubuntu be w ith you!

I am a s t nt m aj ude oring in I orm at Sys t m s , s o I h av t unde rs t nf ion e e o and e v ry pos s ibl as pe ct of com put rs . H ow e v r, w h e n it com e s t L e e e e o inux, it w as m ore of a coincide nce ...

M

y s t s t e d w it an ov rory art h e e nt us ias t l e of larning h ic ov e ne w com put r s k il . I am a e l s s t nt m aj ude oring in I orm at Sys t m s , s o I h av t nf ion e e o unde rs t and e v ry pos s ibl as pe ct of e e com put rs . H ow e v r, w h e n it com e s e e t L o inux, it w as m ore of a coincide nce . I h e l m y aunt , uncls p s e and t e ir f nds w it com put rs as h rie h e t e y don't k now m uch at al I t is h ln h . cas e , I w as as k e d t re cov r s om e o e pict s f ure rom a dam age d h ard driv . e I e ne v r done t at be f , but I 'v e h ore de cide d t t anyw ay s ince I h ad o ry not ing t l e . I googld s om e h o os e re cov ry t ch niq ue s and I l e d one in e e ik part ar t at us e d t e K noppix l e icul h h iv CD. K noppix w ork e d pe rf cty and I e l w as abl t re cov r t e f e s e as il e o e h il y. Righ t aw ay I de cide d t re s e arch o L inux. I w as s urpriz e d by t e h s im pl y of us e . I w as one of t e icit h

31

W rite n by Sam ue l t Barre tt

UBUNTU YO UTH

Th e f ure of O pe n Source is in t e Young Pe opl of t ut h e oday; t at w h y h 's t is corne r of t e m agaz ine is f young pe opl or s im pl t os e w h o are h h or e y h young at h e art .

Se curity Alrt! e Se curity Alrt! e

L inux ope rat s ys t m be com e s e v r ing e e m ore popul t e re are undoubt dl ar h e y going t be s e curit t re at w h ich afe ct o y h s f us e rs s ys t m s w orl ide . So h ow can e dw you prot ct yours e l e f ? Anti- V irus O ne of t e m os t popul L h ar inux bas e d ant irus program s is Cl AV it is i-v am , prim aril us e d f s canning e m ail y or gat w ays but can alo be us e d t de t ct e s o e any f ure L ut inux and W indow s v e s . irus Cl AV can be ins t ld f am al rom Ubunt e u's re pos it s and m any pl orie ugins are alo s av abl s o it can int grat in t your ail e e e o f ourit m ail ie nt t s can f any nas t av e cl o or y s urpris e s in your atach m e nt . t s

is av abl f ail e rom t e Ubunt h u re pos it s . orie Us e r Acce s s Final and m os t im port l you l y anty can dram at l re duce t e ris k of ical y h s e curit atack s by cre at s e parat y t ing e account f e ach us e r rat e r t an s or h h s h aring account and pas s w ords , s al ing t e account t e m inim um l ow h h lv l acce s s t e y ne e d. None of e e of h t e s e s h oul h av root acce s s and if h d e pos s ibl root acce s s s h oul be k e pt e d t a m inim um am ount of account o s (us ual one account in m os t cas e s ). l y Ext s e curit it m s l e Dans ra y e ik Guardian and Adbl Pl (f ock us or f f can be ins t ld on a s ys t m ire ox) al e e t cont w h at a us e r s e e 's on t e o rol h int rne t t e s e program s can be e , h us e d in s ch oolofice and h om e , f e nv ironm e nt giv you t e s am e s ing h pow e r as e xpe ns iv com m e rcial e al rnat e s . t e iv

I

t not ofe n you w ilh e ar an s t l Ubunt us e r m e nt v e s or u ion irus s pyw are , t at be caus e curre nty h 's l t e re are no k now n L h inux v e s irus in t e w il But t is doe s n't m e an you h d. h s h oul run your Ubunt box d u unprot ct d, t e re h av be e n m any e e h e proof of conce pt v e s and as t e irus h

Fire w al l s Anot e r im port s t p t prot ct h ant e o e ing yours e lf f rom unw ant d acce s s t your e o com put r is a f w al O ne of t e m os t e ire l . h popul and e fe ct e f w al is Fire w al ar f iv ire l s l Buil r, it is bot cus t is abl and e as y de h om e t us e m ak ing k e e ping on t of your o op ne t ork s e curit s im pl. Fire w alBuil r w y e l de

32

LTTERS E

Ev ry m ont w e l e t publ h s om e of t e e m ail w e re ce iv . I you w oul l e t s ubm it a e h ik o is h s e f d ik o lte r f publ ion, e v n if it a com pl e nt or com pl , plas e e m ail t e t or icat e 's im aint e it o: lte rs @ f l e m agaz ine .org. PL e t ul circl EASE NOTE: s om e ltte rs m ay be e dite d f s pace re as ons . e or

I

'm l ing f ard t t e Com piz ook orw o h Fus ion incl ion in Gut y - but I us s can't h e l w onde ring if m y PC w il p l cope . Pre s um abl us e rs w ilbe y l abl t t e o urn of any s pe cial fe ct t at f e f s h t e y don't w ant - but is Ubunt in h u dange r of t urning int a re s ource h og? o Dianne Re uby

T

h e s ugge s t by one of t e ion h re ade rs re garding incl uding m os t of t e re pos it s in one DV h orie D ins t ad of s e nding a CD in t e e h Uunt K ubunt Sh ipI is v ry good. I u/ u t e n I ndia int rne t conne ct e ions are not v ry e afordabl. Th e m anuf uring cos t f e act dife re nce be t e e n a CD and DV m ay f w D not be t at m uch , and t e DV w oul be h h D d re al h e l ul l y pf . Sriniv M urt y as h Ed: I agre e com plt l Se v ralim e s e e y. e t I e h ad pe opl ins t l 'v e alUbunt but re m ov u e it s ince , w it no int rne t conne ct h e ion, t e y h can't acce s s re pos it s or h av bas ic orie e t ings l e M P3/ D pl h ik DV ayback .

e xam pl). Up t t is point it w as e o h v arying w it al os t e v ry is s ue . h m e - L t e f t page t ls w it ink h irs ite h art e s . I a pe rs on w ant t q uick l icl f s o y s e e an int re s t art e - it is j t a e ing icl us m ous e -cl aw ay. V ry conv nie nt ick e e . Again, t ank s f t e m agaz ine , h or h and k e e p up t e good w ork ! h Bartos z Ed: O k , guil on t is one , but I t y h bl e L am inuxge e k e ry (our w e b adm in) f ch anging t e PDF nam e s , h e 's or h good w it w e b s t f but not s o good h uf w it bas ic Engl h , s orry about t at h is h . As f l s t t e art e s : t e or ink o h icl h e nt Cont nt page is ch ock f l ire e s ulof h ot l s t lt you j p dire ct t an ink o e um o art e . Anot e r t you can z oom in icl h ip: t t e s cre e n s h ot , t e y are alk e pt o h s h l as f l iz e in t e PDF and you'ls e e uls h l alt e (gory? de t . lh ) ail

F

irs t lt m e congrat at you on e ul e t e gre at init iv of cre at a h iat e ing *bunt m agaz ine . u

I I re ad your m agaz ine PDF in f W indow s , t e l s ope n in I e rne t h ink nt Expl r e v n if t e de f t w e b ore e h aul brow s e r is Fire f Can t is be f d ox. h ixe f rom t e ne xt is s ue ? h Tabre z Iq bal Ed: Not guil Th is is a W indow s t y! problm t at I us e d t com e acros s e h o w h e n cl ing l s in M SN. Th e ick ink s ol ion s e e m s t be de e p w it in t e ut o h h Cont Pane l De f t Program s . rol > aul

I

n m y opinion Ful Circl m igh t be ne f l e it in t rm s of ov ralpol h if s om e e e l is s m als ugge s t l ions w e re t e n int ak o cons ide rat ion:

- st andardiz e is s ue nam ing conv nt e ion (f l e -is s ue 04-e ng.pdf is a good ul circl

33

D I

riv l e e FCM #4) doe s e (s inde e d s upport W ordPre s s . To do t is , appe nd h xm l rpc.ph p t t e URL in t e o h h Se rv r Addre s s , ie : e h tp:/bl onyyarus s o.com / l t / og.t xm rpc.ph p, al w it your us e rnam e and ong h pas s w ord inf Se t t e Journalype t o. h t o M ov e Type (al ough I e h e ard abl t h 'v Bl ogge r w ork s as w e l and l in as l ) og us ual . Tony Yarus s o

Il 'lappre ciat if you can h e l m e w it e p h t is ... t ank s in adv h h ance . Giancarl Giam m aria D. o Ed: Anyone out t e re w ant t h e l h o p Giancarl (and t e re s t of us ) by w rit o h ing s om e art e s , or a s e rie s , on ne t ork icl w adm inis t ion in Ubunt rat u?

T

P
S

j t re ad is s ue #4 of Ful Circl us l e and I re al l e d it and s ince you l ik y , acce pt lte rs and com m e nt f e t s rom you re ade rs , I l e t s ugge s t an 'd ik o art e about ne t ork adm inis t ion, icl w rat m aybe s om e appl ions t at can be icat h us e d f t is , norm al at w ork , w h e n I or h l y t k about Ubunt m y col ague s as k al u, l e about t is k ind of s t f and I don't h uf k now w h at t s ay, you k now , o w al l pape rs re s t ion, s e s s ion t e rict im l it , a dom ain, a us e r dom ain, t e im s h us ual day t day t ings a ne t ork o h w adm inis t or us e d t w indow s act e rat o iv dire ct coul us e . ory d

las e t lSt v Th om ps on t t e e l e e o ry us ing k cron in k de or l at ook t ch e proj ct at as e h ttp://w w w . gnom e f e s . il org/app. ph p? of id=756. s t_ Joh nath an H Pie naar Ed: um ... ok .

h is q ue s t is ge ne rals o I ion , can unde rs t and if you ne e d m ore de t s . Th e problm is ail e bas ical t is : w h e n I t t l h y ry o pl a m ov t at 1280 x 1024 (or ay ie h 's h igh e r), t e m ov s t m e rs as h ie am t ough m y com put r can't k e e p up. h e M y s e t is as f l s : up ol ow Ubunt 7.04 u Pe nt ium 4 2.8GH z 1GB RAM Nv idia FX59 50 (us ing t e driv r h e ins t ld by Aut at al e om ix) W h e n I us e d t run t e s am e o h t ing unde r W indow s 2000, I h ad no h pe rf ance is s ue s . Th e v o orm ide f at I t orm s ypical us e are h 264 in l y an AV or M at k a cont I ros aine r. I h av ins t ld Tot m , Gxine , e al e e M e diaPl r and V C. None of aye L t e m m ade a dife re nce in t rm s of h f e im prov pe rf ance . ing orm W al r Brandt te Ed: Can anyone out t e re in h Ubunt and h e l W al r ge t s om e u-l p t e s m oot v o pl back at 1280 x h ide ay 1024 re s ol ion?I h av t ough t a ut 'd e h 2.8Gh z CPU and 1GB of RAM w oul be m ore t an e nough pow e r. d h

e e n at my groce ry st : ore FulCircl w ine ! l e Rob K e rf ia Ed: L inuxge e k e ry, w h at are you doing at t e al ol h coh count r?Ge t back t w ork ! e o

34

W rite n by Robe rt Cl h am t ips

Q& A

I you h av an Ubuntu re l e d q ue s t w h ich ne e ds ans w e ring, e m ail t us h e re at f e at ion it o q ue s tions @ f l e m agazine . ul circl org, and w e 'lpas s t e m t Robe rt f ans w e ring in a f ure is s ue . l h o or ut Plas e incl as m uch inf ation as you can about your problm . e ude orm e

Q

: Are t e re any good racing h gam e s f Ubunt or u?

Se s s ions , and ch oos e K DE. You can s w it back t e s am e w ay. ch h h ttp://ubuntuf orum s . org/s h ow th re ad. p? ph t=51869 8

A
Q

: Th e re are l s of racing gam e s ot f Ubunt bot in t e re pos or u, h h and on ge t b.ne t M y pe rs onal de . f orit is Supe r TuxK art av e (h tp:/s upe rt art rl .de / al ough t / uxk .be ios ) t h m ore s e rious gam e rs m ay pre f r V t e Drif (h tp:/v t t) or M aniadriv t / drif.ne / e (h tp:/m aniadriv .raydium .org/ t / e ) h ttp://ubuntuf orum s . org/s h ow th re ad. ph p? t=521652 : H ow can I dual boot Ubunt u and K ubunt u?

Q

: W h at are t e be s t dock s h f Ubunt or u?

Q

: Are t e re any good w e bs it s f h e or cus t is ing t e l s of Ubunt om h ook u?

A

A

A

: De pe nding on t e De s k t h op e nv ironm e nt you us e , you can go t h tp:/w w w .gnom e -l .org, o t / ook h tp:/w w w .k de -l .org or t / ook h tp:/w w w .xf -l .org f cus t is ing t / ce ook or om t e w ay your PC l s . Th os e s it s alo h ook e s l t ot e rs f cus t is ing ot e r part ink o h or om h s of your PC. A good s it t at is m ainl f e h y or w al l pape rs is h tp:/w w w .de v art t / iant .com . h ttp://ubuntuf orum s . org/s h ow th re ad. p? ph t=521704

: Doing t is is as s im pl as h e going t a t rm inal o e and t yping 's udo apt ude ins t l ubunt it alk ude s k t op'.W h e n you re boot you w ils e e t e us ual l h Gnom e l og-in s cre e n, at w h ich you can s im pl cl O pt y ick ions >

: Th e dock you us e w il l pure l be pe rs onal y pre f re nce . For a t y ov r e rul e te t f h op ancy graph ical e fe ct , you'lw ant k iba-dock f s l (w w w .k iba-dock .org - A q uick googl e w ilge t you a v o). I f l ut is e s l ide t ul il y t e pow e r of com piz f ion or your h us ch os e n com pos it m anage r t e o de l e r out t iv s anding ph ys ics e fe ct ! I f s f you are l ing f a m ore s t e ook or abl s ol ion, Av ut ant W indow Nav or is igat a good ch oice (h tps :/l t /aunch pad.ne taw n - again / googl w ilge t you a v o). AW N e l ide giv s a nice com prom is e be t e e n e w s t it and graph ical fe ct . abily e f s h ttp://ubuntuf orum s . org/s h ow th re ad. ph p? t=521704

H ow can I dual boot Ubuntu and K ubuntu?

35

W rite n by Danie l t Coh e n

W EBSI E O FTH E M O NTH T

Th e aim of t is s e ct is t f de ce nt and re l iv l unk now n w e bs it s t at w ilh e l you w it your dail Ubunt ne e ds (and ge ne ral h ion o ind at e y e h l p h y u curios it I w il y). l s um up t e good and t e bad point of t e w e bs it , and -- w it any l -- t e w e bs it ow ne r w ilre ad t e art e and t e n re ct y any problm s h h s h e h uck h e l h icl h if e m e nt ione d!

dow n t e s ide , it is div d up int h ide o appl ions and gam e s , of w h ich t e y icat h t e n h av s ub-cat gorie s w h ich lt you h e e e s f w h at you w ant re al q uick l ind l y y. Now t e big adv age of t is s it is h ant h e t at e v ryt ing on t is w e bs it is t d h e h h e rie and t s t d l s , and as a re s ul bas ical e e ot t , l y, if it on t e re it w ilrun. M os t of t e m 's h l h are v ry s t e raigh t f ard, inv v s im pl orw oling y running a .e xe f e . H ow e v r, ot e rs t at il e h h re q uire m ore it giv s e xpl ins t ions e icit ruct t ge t it w ork ing. Som e of t e h ow t are o h o h os t d on ot e r w e bs it s , f ins t e h e or ance t e H al if 2 guide . Alof t e l s t at I h f e -L l h ink h ch e ck e d do w ork , w h ich s h ow s t at h e h m us t k e e p t e w e bs it up t dat . H e h e o e e v n incl s a s cre e ns h ot of t e e ude h program / gam e act l running. ual y Th e w e bs it is ul m inim al t in e t ra is ic, t at it bas ical alt xt w it a l at h 's l le y h ogo t e t I e ne v r s e e n t e w e bs it h op. 'v e h e

dow n, and alt e l s t rough out it lh ink h w ork (t at I t s t d). h e e Th e onl crit m I coul m ak e is y icis d t e l of a s e arch f at , h ack e ure h ow e v r t is is n't an is s ue be caus e e h of h is s e ns ibl cat gorie s . Th is is e e about as com plt as a w e bs it ge t e e e s – it h as e v ryt ing it ne e ds . No e h m ore , no ls s , and it h as e nough e cont nt t s t e o and up on it ow n. 's So t e botom l is , if you w ant h t ine t k now h ow t ins t l gam e of o o ala pie ce of s ofw are on w ine , t e n ge t t h ov r t Frank 's Corne r! e o

Frank 's Corne r h ttp://f rank s corne r. org/

F

ol ing up on l t w e e k 's l ow as WI NEDB, I h av a q uaint lte e itl w e bs it cal d Frank 's Corne r. e l e I apol e in adv ogis ance f any or re ade rs w h o are not int re s t d in any e e WI NE re l e d is s ue s , but t is w e bs it at h e is , in m y opinion, a re al m . L ing ge ook

36

W rite n by De e pank Gupta t

M Y D ESK TO P

Th is is your ch ance t s h ow t e w orl your f o h d ancy de s k t or PC. Plas e e m ail op e your s cre e ns h ot and ph ot t m is c@ f l e m agazine . and incl a brie f paragraph about s os o: ul circl org ude your de s k t your PC's s pe cif ions and any ot e r int re s t t op, icat h e ing idbit about your s e t s up.

To ge t t is l on t e de s k t f t ch ange t e t e m e by going t Sys t m ->Pre f re nce s ->Th e m e h ook h op, irs h h o e e t Clarl s (one of t e de f t t e m e s in Ubunt Th e n dow nl t e nouv XT- 1. icon o e ook h aul h u). oad h e 6 pack age f rom w w w .gnom e -l .org . Cl t e Cus t iz e buton and go t " cons " t Cl ook ick h om t o I ab. ick " ns t l and s e lct t e dow nl I al " e h oade d icon pack age . Th e n, dow nl t e m ous e curs or t e m e oad h h (av abl f ail e rom w w w .gnom e -l .org). To us e t is , gcurs or m us t be ins t ld. Afe r t at ch ange t e ook h al e t h h curs or by going t Sys t m ->Pre f re nce s ->Curs or Se lct o e e e ion. I orde r t av Re pe t iv St s s I ury (RSI I h av ins t ld t e 'w ork rav ' pack age w h ich can is n o oid it e re nj ) e al h e e t e h and icon in t e botom righ t on t e lf of t e not icat are a. Th e uppe r pane l as be e n h h t h e t h if ion h re m ov d and ins t ad of t at I h av t e M e nu buton in t e t lf f l e d by t e w ork s pace e e h e h t h op e t ol ow h w indow . Th is is f l e d by q uick -l ol ow aunch icons f Fire f Te rm inal or ox, and Root Te rm inal (Sys t m e Tool->Root Te rm inal I t e botom righ t I h av t e not icat are a and dat & t e w idge t s ). n h t , e h if ion e im s adde d t t e pane lTh e w al o h . l pape r is av abl at h tp:/urlul e m agaz ine .org/ 17f ail e : t / .f l circl b9 3

W rite n by Nicol Cappe l t a l ini I bough t m y com put r f e rom Sys t m 76. I is one of t e l t ge ne rat Gaz e l Pe rf ance m ode l. e t h as ion l e orm s H e re are t e s pe cs : h 2.0 GH z I e l nt Core 2 duo 2 x 1 GB DDR2 667 M H Z nV idia Ge Force 7300 FX CD/ D RW driv 80 GB DV e @ 7200 rpm PATA 5.5 l bs Spe ciale at s incl : pow e r buton, f ding l and t f ure ude t ol id, rack pad. I am running Fe is t Faw n (t ough l ing f ard t t e upcom ing Gus t re las e ). I us e t e com put r y h ook orw o h y e h e m ainl f t e big 5: m us ic, m ov s , ph ot , int rne t w ordproce s s ing. I alo do s om e l t e igh t w e b y or h ie os e , s igh -w program m ing. Th e s ys t m w ork s re al w e lf m e , and I h av done a s m alam ount of t e ak ing. I no com put r e l y lor e l w 'm e guru, but I e nj larning and doing w h at lte I can. I h av ins t ld cpu-f q e ncy s cal conf oy e itl e al e re ing, igure d print rs , and m anage d f e s h aring be t e e n our h om e ne t ork (incl s a M acBook , and a f ure M ini e il w w ude ut M ac). I alo f e lh at it w as a good bal s e t ance of price , pe rf ance , and w e igh t orm .

MY P C

37

W rite n by Andre w M in t

TO P STRATEGY GA M ES 5

Your m ont l Top5 l t of obs cure L h y is inux gam e s or appl ions f icat rom t e de pt s of t e I e rne t I you h av an h h h nt . f e ide a f a l t plas e e m ailm is c@ f l e m agazine . or is , e : ul circl org

Fre e col
H om e page : h ttp://f e col re . org/

Fre e Civ
H om e page : h ttp://f e civorg/ re .

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re e Col a is t rrif ope ne ic s ource cl one of Sid M e ie r's t urn-bas e d s t e gy h it rat , Col at (h e av y bas e d on Civ iz at oniz ion il il ion). You s t art in 149 2 as t e Dut , t e Brit h , t e Fre nch , or t e h ch h is h h Spanis h , and buil up your col by t d ony rading w it h nat e s , capt iv uring e ne m y t ns and s e tlm e nt , and ow te s re cruit s k il d (and uns k il d) l ing l e l abore rs . I e v n e t e incl s m ul aye r f L or TCP/P gam e s . ude t ipl or AN I You can ins t l e Col alFre one of t o w ays . You coul w d us e t e oficial atorm inde pe nde nt ins t lr, and run h f pl f al e j a -j f e col av ar re -0.7.0-ins t lr.j O r, you coul ge t al ar. e d t e unoficial tDe b. t Ubunt pack age . h f Ge ne u

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f t e one t ing you h h m is s about W indow s is t e l of Sid h ack M e ie r's Civ iz at il ion, Fre e Civ is f you. I can be or t cons ide re d an e xact cl of bot Civ iz at I and one h il ion Civ iz at I (you can e v n us e t e e xact ruls of il ion I e h e e it e r). You s t in t e s t h art h one age s as a t ribale ade r, l and buil up your e m pire t rough dipl acy, w onde rs , d h om s cie nce , and of cours e w arriors . To w in, you m us t e it e r cre at a s pace col or be t e l t m an h e ony h as st anding. I incl s AI and s e rv r-bas e d m ul aye r. t ude e t ipl To ge t Fre e Civ ins t lh e f e civ ie nt k pack age , alt re -cl -gt in t e univ rs e re pos it s . h e orie

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Gls t e

Bos W ars

L incity- NG

H om e page : h ttp://w w w . e s t. gl org/

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H om e page : h ttp://w w w . w ars . bos org/

ft urn-bas e d s t e gy gam e s are rat t s l f you, giv Gls t a t oo ow or e e ry. I 's a re alim e s t e gy gam e . And t -t rat it h as t e m os t be aut ul h if graph ics I e e v r s e e n (t e graph ics are be te r 'v e h t t an a l of com m e rcial h ot gam e s out t e re ). I 's bas e d in a f as t h t ant ical ra e w it batls be t e e n h um ans and h te w m age s . O n t e dow ns ide , t e re are h h onl t o civ iz at y w il ions (us e rs can cre at e ne w one s , but I h av n't s e e n any) and e t e gam e doe s n't ofe r t e abily t h f h it o s av . De s pit t e s e s h ort e e h com ings , Gls t is one of t e be s t RTS gam e s e h av abl f Ubunt ail e or u. Gls t doe s n't oficial m ak e Ubunt e f l y u pack age s , but t e re is an unoficial h f pack age at Ge tDe b. t. ne

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not e r gre at RTS, Bos W ars h (f e rl Batl of Surv al is orm y te iv ) s e t s om e t e in t e f ure and im h ut bas e d on t e St e gus e ngine h rat pow e ring Batl f M andicor, te or As t e rie s , and W arcraf I : Tide of ros tI Dark ne s s port W argus . Th e s t goe s ory t at t e f e w orl h as be e n al os t h h re d m com plt l w ipe d out I it pl is t e e e y . n s ace h Ele Em pire . You'lne e d t buil l e r it l o d as cannons , t s , robot s ol rs , and ank ic die t e rs and m ine m agm a and pow e r t ow o de f at t e I pe rial ne ral arin. e h m Ge Sz Be s ide s t e cam paign, it h as L and h AN dire ct I pl P ay. Bos W ars doe s n't ofe r an Ubunt f u pack age . L il Ge tDe b. t h as a Bos uck y, ne W ars pack age av abl f dow nl ail e or oad.

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ire d of f t igh ing?Gre g Sh arp w as w h e n h e cre at d L e incit y, a f e 2D cl of Sim Cit re one y. You m us t m anage a cit unt y il it re ach e s s us t ainabl de v l e nt e e opm or is e v acuat d v s pace s h ip. Th e re e ia is alo a s ce nario, w h e re you t e s ak ov r a cit w it als ort of dis as t rs . e y h l s e Unf unat l t e graph ics in 19 9 9 ort e y, h (t e l t m aj updat ) are n't t e h as or e h s am e graph ics w e 're us e d t in o 2007. Th e re f , s e v ral v l rs ore e de e ope s t e d a f cal d L art ork l incit e y-NG w it h a ne w GUI a 3D e ngine , and m uch , m ore . To ins t l incit alL y-NG, j t grab t e us h l y-ng pack age in t e univ rs e incit h e re pos it ory.

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H O W TO CO NTRI UTE B
W e are al ays l ing f ne w art e s t incl in f l w ook or icl o ude ulcircl. e For art e guide l s , ide as , and f is s ue t icl ine or rans l ion, plas e s e e our w ik i: at e h ttp://w ik i. ubuntu. /UbuntuM agazine com Plas e e m ail e your art e s t articls @ f l e m agazine . icl o: e ul circl org
I you w oul l e t s ubm it ne w s , e m ail t f d ik o it o: ne w s @ f l e m agaz ine .org ul circl Se nd your com m e nt or L s inux e xpe rie nce s t o: lte rs @ f l e m agaz ine .org e t ul circl H ardw are / ofw are re v w s s h oul be s e nt t s t ie d o: re v w s @ f l e m agaz ine .org ie ul circl Que s t ions f f ure int rv w s s h oul go t or ut e ie d o: q ue s t ions @ f l e m agaz ine .org ul circl L t and de s k t PC ph ot s h oul be e m aild t is s op/ os d e o: m is c@ f l e m agaz ine .org ul circl I you h av q ue s t f e ions , you can v it our f is orum : w w w .f l e m agaz ine .org ul circl

Inf ation orm Edit or Ronnie Tuck e r W e bm as t r e Rob K e rf ia Com m s M anage r Robe rt Cl h am ips M e e tings Ge ne ral e e t (al m ing l w e l e ): Sat com urday 13t h O ct r @ 1700 UTC obe Me e t ings t e pl in t e I ak ace h RC ch anne l ul #f l e m agazine , circl w h ich is on t e h irc.f e node .ne t s e rv r. O r you re e can us e our w e bIRC page w h ich w ilal you t int ract l l ow o e w it t e I h h RC ch anne lrom f w it in your w e b brow s e r. h

H AV YOUR SAY E
I you w ant t h av your s ay in h ow f o e Ful Circl de v l , plas e ate nd l e e ops e t our m ont l I h y RC m e e t ing. You can f our ne xtAge nda at ind :
h tp:/urlul e m agaz ine .org/2ba08 t / .f l circl f

You don't h av t s ay anyt ing but e o h w e do appre ciat t e input of you, e h t e re ade rs , t h e l us m ak e h o p de cis ions t at afe ct t e m agaz ine . h f h De t s are in t e pane lo t e righ t ail h t h .

De adl f Is s ue #6 is Sunday 14th Octobe r. ine or Proj cte d re las e date f is s ue #6 is Friday 26th Octobe r. e e or

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