Is s ue # 7 - Nov m be r 2007 e

TH E IND E PE ND E NT M AGAZ INE FO R TH E UBUNTU CO M M UNITY

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REV IEW :

W UBI INSTAL L

INTERV IEW : H OW TO :

H O W ARD CO UNTY L IBRARY

UBUNTU 7. W ITH M UL EDIA 10 TIM

UBUNTU STUDIO

CO NV ERT FRO M W IND O W S L EARNING SCRIBUS P ART 7 SIM PL INSTAL SSH Y L

INSTAL : L

UBUNTU STUD IO : STEP -BY-STEP INSTAL O F TH E M UL ED IA L TIM SPECIFIC ED ITIO N O F UBUNTU!

NE W S ON TH E FOR TH COM ING FU L CIR CL POD CAS T! L E

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TH E W IND OW S U BU NTU INS TAL E R L

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p.06 p.08 p.10 p.11 p.13 p.15 p.17 p.18

- W indow s t Ubunt p.21 o u p.23 p.24 p.25 p.27 p.28 - Audio/ ide o V p.29 p.31

P. 15

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Alt xt and im age s cont le aine d in t is m agazine are re las e d unde r t e Cre at e Com m ons At ribut h e h iv t ion-BySh are Al e 3.0 Unport d l ns e . Th is m e ans you can adapt copy, dis t ik e ice , ribut and t e rans m it t e art e s but onl h icl y unde r t e f l ing condit h ol ow ions : Y m us t at ribut t e w ork t t e original h or in s om e w ay (at las t a nam e , ou t e h o h aut e e m ail urland t t is m agazine by nam e (f l or ) o h ulcircl) and t e url w w .f l e m agazine .org (but not at ribut t e art e (s ) in e h w ul circl t e h icl any w ay t at s ugge s t t at t e y e ndors e you or your us e of t e w ork ). And If you al r, t h s h h h t e rans f orm , or buil upon t is w ork , you d h m us t dis t ribut t e re s ul e h t ing w ork unde r t e s am e , s im il or a com pat e l ns e . h ar ibl ice

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ED I O R I L T A

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e l e t t e Nov m be r is s ue of com o h e ne w t ings f you t is m ont . h or h h

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Th is m agazine w as cre at d us ing : e

Ne xt m ont w e w ilbe l h l aunch ing t e h h os t d by e . M at h as ans w e re d t e m os t com m on q ue s t t h ions about t e podcas t on page 22. If you w ant t be k e pt inf h o orm e d of alt ings lh (podcas t incl d) t e n I w oul re com m e nd you k e e p an ude h d e ye on our (s e e page 16 f t e l and URL O n or h ink ). t e re w ilbe m e e t h l ing dat s , de adl s , podcas t re las e inf and m ore . e ine e o Spe ak ing of t e podcas t M at h as alo w rit e n us s om e ne w s and h , t s t alo t e ne w s h col n w h ich w ilgiv you a t t of w h at um l e as e m ay w e lbe in t e ne xt podcas t Th e podcas t is t e re t com plm e nt l h . h o e t e m agazine and w ilh av dif e re nt cont nt I don't de cide w h at w il h l e f e . l be in t e podcas t M at doe s . h , t Ne xt m ont is , of cours e , Ch ris t as m ont and t at re m inds m e , if h m h h you'le xcus e m e , I m us t go and buy s om e Ch ris t as de corat l m ions f or ne xt m ont 's is s ue ... h
Ubunt is a com plt ope rat u e e ing s ys t m t at is pe rf ct f l ops , e h e or apt de s k t ops and s e rv rs . W h e t e r at e h h om e , s ch ool at w ork Ubunt or u cont ains alt e appl ions you'l lh icat l e v r ne e d incl e uding w ord proce s s ing, e m ail appl ion and icat w e b brow s e r . Y do not pay any ou l ns ing f e s . Y can dow nl ice e ou oad, us e and s h are Ubunt w it your u h f nds , f il s ch ool bus ine s s rie am y, or f abs ol e l not ing. or ut y h O nce ins t ld, your s ys t m is re adyal e e t o-us e w it a f l e t of product it h uls iv y, int rne t draw ing and graph ics e , appl ions , and gam e s . icat

Edit F l or, ulCircl M agazine e ronnie @ f l e m agazine .org ul circl

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NEW S
Ubuntu Score s Firs t M aj Pre or ins tal d Se rv r W in l e e
Earl ne xt ye ar, y D e lis e xpe ct d l e t announce o t at Ubunt h u Se rv r w ilbe e l ce rt ie d on D e l if l s e rv r l s . e ine Ubunt is u e xt m e l re y popul on t e ar h de s k t op, but it 's m ade com parat e l lt e progre s s on s e rv rs . iv y it l e Th at about t ch ange . D e lis e xpe ct d 's o l e t announce in t e f t q uart r of 2008 o h irs e t at it h as ce rt ie d Ubunt L h if u inux f it or s s e rv r l s . e ine In an int rv w w it Rick Be ck e r, D e l e ie h l P roduct Group's v ice pre s ide nt of s ol ions , Be ck e r s aid t at D e lis ut h l curre nt y in t e proce s s of ce rt ying l h if Ubunt f alit s e rv r l s . " u or l s e ine But w e are s t l e v ral ont s aw ay f ils e m h rom announcing a ce rt icat if ion. I'd s ay it l 'lbe announce d in Q1 ne xt ye ar ." eWeek h t p:/ urlul t / .f l e m agazine .org/ circl 03e 7df

F e lre e t e m ail w s s t e f o ne orie s t ne w s @ f l e m agazine .org o: ul circl Plas e incl a s ource URL e ude .

V ta W orrie s Caus e Bus ine s s e s to is Cons ide r M acs and L inux
A re ce nt s urv y e s h ow s t at 44 h pe rce nt of bus ine s s e s are cons ide ring M ac O S and L inux rat e r h t an s w it ing t h ch o V t is a. KACE, a s ys t m s e m anage m e nt appl iance com pany, announce d on Nov 19 t at it ne w s urv y . h s e re v ald t at 9 0 pe rce nt of t e W indow s e e h h us e rs are conce rne d about m igrat ing t o V t and t at 44 pe rce nt w oul cons ide r is a, h d de pl oying M acs or L inux-bas e d s ys t m s t e o av oid V t m igrat is a ion. W h il M icros of cl s t at V t e t aim h is a de pl e nt are incre as ing, anal t , s uch oym s ys s as F orre s t r, obs e rv t at bus ine s s V t e e h is a adopt ion h as be e n going e xt m e l s l l re y ow y and t at L h inux is be com ing a s e rious cont nde r f t e e nt rpris e de s k t e or h e op. eWeek h t p:/ urlul t / .f l e m agazine .org/ 87a9 d circl 9

H ans Re is e r, t e h ow ne r of Nam e s ys , w h ich of e rs f e f il s ys t m s f L e or inux, is on t rialor m urde r f ch arge s re l e d t h is at o w if 's dis appe arance e l t ye ar as . Re is e r de v l d Re is e rF t e de f t e ope S, h aul f e s ys t m on m any L il e inux dis t ribut ions . F e s of w are adv re t ocat s e h ol Re is e r's w ork on t e program in d h h igh re gard. Re is e r m arrie d a Rus s ian w om an w h o adv rt e d in a m ail e is -orde r bride cat ogue . Th e w om an, Nina Re is e r, al h ad t o ch il n w it t e de v l r, w dre h h e ope obt aine d cit ns h ip, and f e d f ize il or div orce . Nina Re is e r w as l t s e e n dropping of as f h e r ch il n at H ans Re is e r's m ot e r's dre h h om e , w h e re t e de v l r w as l ing, h e ope iv in Se pt m be r 2006. P ice f e ol ound h e r car, f l groce rie s , in a groce ry s t ulof ore park ing l not l ot ong be f ore t e coupl h e w as s ch e duld t appe ar in court f a e o or ch il s upport dis put . d e P ice ne v r f ol e ound a body. H ans Re is e r's at orne y argue d in court t at t h Nina fe d t Rus s ia and is in h iding, l o pos s ibl be caus e h e r e s t e s t y at ands t o be ne f f it inancial f l rom a m urde r y conv ion. Nina's div ict orce l ye r s aid aw t at H ans Re is e r's com pany, Nam e s ys , h h as no v ue . al Inf orm at ion W e e k h t p:/ urlul t / .f l e m agazine .org/ circl 74a52b

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NEW S
is a ne w dis t ribut ion bas e d on Ubunt 7.10 u w h ich is be ing s h ippe d w it ne w h l -cos t W al art ow m PCs , and a s pe cial m ot e rboard f h or de v l rs , bot be ing USD 19 9 and e ope h USD 59 re s pe ct e l Th e s of w are iv y. t re v v s around Googl Apps - you coul ole e d calit a W e b 2.0 dis t Th e y h av l ro. e re las e d v rs ion 1.0 (Init G) as an e e ial al a f t os e w h o w is h t t s t it Th e ph or h o e . 728M B ISO can be dow nl oade d f rom a t orre nt w h ich you can f ind at t e ir h w e bs it . " e 're cre at e W ing an O S e cos ys t m t at is com plt . W e com e e h e e w it alt e s of w are you ne e d t brow s e h lh t o t e w e b, e m ailins t h , ant m e s s age ... pl ay m ov s , m us ic, and conne ct t iP ie o ods ... cre at and e dit docum e nt , e s s pre ads h e e t , pre s e nt ions , dat s at abas e s , im age s ... out of t e box. Pl and pl h ug ay!" h t p:/ w w w .t ink gos .com t / h

Brough t t you by t e o h , pil e pis ode com ing m id D e ce m be r If ot . you h av any ide as f t e podcas t or w oul l e t t e part t e n plas e e m ailh e e or h d ik o ak h e t h os t M at h e w Ros s i, at podcas t f l e m agazine .org , t : @ ul circl m ul e dia us e rs . Sh e s ays : t im Th e h as re las e d a s cre e ncas t on h ow t e o ins t l alXubunt ont your com put r It u o e . goe s ov r dow nl e oading t e im age , h burning t e im age , ins t l Xubunt h al ing u, t e incl d program s , cus t izing h ude om your de s k t op, and s om e bas ic t rm inal e com m ands . If you are int re s t d, t e n e e h plas e ch e ck it out at e h t p:/ s cre e ncas t .ubunt t / s u.com / t l Ins al in g_Xubunt u

. Y can re ad t e f l v w at ou h ulre ie h t p:/ urlul t / .f l e m agazine .org/ circl cbc9 89 .

h as be e n re las e d. e M yt bunt is a v h u ariant of Ubunt w h ich , as u, t e nam e s ugge s t , act as a f h s s ront nd f -e or t e popul M yt TVm e dia ce nt s of w are . h ar h re t If not in M yt TV M yt bunt runs t e XFCE4 h , h u h de s k t w it alof t e re gul program s op h l h ar t at you'd e xpe ct out of Ubunt h u.

Ke l Rus h h as w rit e n an e xce l nt l y t l e art e , w it h is ins igh t int Ubunt and icl h o u h is appl ion of it at h om e . icat

In t e " is t h D row at W e e k l Ne w s lt e r" ch y e t Is s ue 227, Sus an L on doe s a re v w of int ie t e l e s t re las e of h at e (s e e t is is s ue 's h f a s t p-by-s t p ins t l or e e alof Ubunt St u udio), a dis t aim e d at ro

h t p:/ w w w .m yt bunt t / h u.org

h t p:/ urlul t / .f l e m agazine .org/ circl 359 e f c

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W rit e n by Robe rt Cl h am t ips

F AV R O FTH E M O NTH L O

In t is m ont 's fav h h l our of t e m ont w e 'ls h ow you h ow t ins t l h h l o alUbunt St u udio – a fav of Ubunt de dicat d t m ul e dia cre at l or u e o t im ion. Th is fav incl s alt e be s t ope n s ource m ul e dia s of w are f alyour ne e ds , f l or ude lh t im t or l rom s im pl im age e dit e ing t v o cre at o ide ion, s o you can m ak e t e m os t of your Ubunt PC. h u

U

Th e f t s t p irs e once you'v e ch os e n 'Ins t l al in t xt m ode ' is e t ch oos e your o pre f rre d e l anguage , f l e d by your count in t e ne xt ol ow ry h s t p. Y w ilt e n ge t t e de f t e ou lh h aul al rnat ins t l e yboard de t ct . t e e alk e or Se lct ye s e (t e de f t h aul opt ion), t e n h pre s s t e h k e ys it s ays if you h av e t em. h Af e r t k e yboard de t ct e ion, t e h f t of t e irs h h ardw are

de t ct e ion s cre e ns appe ars . Th is de t ct your h ardw are s o it can e s ins t lh e corre ct driv rs f alt e or your s ys t m . Th e re w ilbe e l s e v ral t e s e t rough out t e e of h h h ins t ls o don't w orry if I don't al , point t e m out h . In t e h ne xt s t p e you m us t ch oos e a h os t nam e f your or s ys t m . Th is e s h oul be s om e t ing t e as il d h o y ide nt y your PC on a ne t ork , if w e .g. 'f il s k t am y-de op'. If you don't h av a h om e ne t ork it doe s n't e w m at e r, j t e nt r a f nam e of t us e un your ch oice . Th e ne xt s t p is t part ion e o it your h ard driv . e

bunt St u udio us e s t e h al rnat ins t l e t od, s o t e e alm h unf unat l you can't us e it as a ort e y L e CD . If you don't h av iv e e xpe rie nce in us ing a t xt e ual e r us int rf , t e re is a guide t t e e ace h o h k e ys you'lne e d at t e bot om of l h t e ach s t p, s o if you ge t s t e uck , j t us l dow n! Bas ical you us e t e ook l y h arrow k e ys t s e lct an opt o e ion, t e n pre s s e nt r t s e lct it h e o e .

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Th is can be done in t e h us ual ay, w and if you are n't s ure , you can cance lh e ins t l ion and as k t al at s om e one . Th e opt ion you ch oos e h e re v arie s de pe nding on your circum s t ance s , s o go f t e one or h t at l s righ t As al ays , I m us t h ook . w s t s s t e im port re h ance of back ing up im port ant dat be f a ore going pas t t is s t p! W h e n you ge t t h e o t e e nd of t e part ioning s e ct h h it ion of t e ins t l w ildis pl a h alit l ay s um m ary of alyour part ioning l it opt ions , s o you'lbe abl t ch e ck l e o if anyt ing l s w rong. h ook Cont inuing te h ins t l ion, al at you'lbe l as k e d wh et ert e h h s ys t m t e is s e t t UTC. If you e im o are uns ure , j t go f t e de f t us or h aul of ye s , and if it t urns out t be o w rong you can ch ange it l e r at . O nce you'v de cide d, you can e m ov ont us e r s e t e o up.

In t e us e r h s e t you w il up l ne e d t e nt r o e your re al nam e , a us e rnam e and t e h us e r's pas s w ord. Th is us e r w ilbe t e s ys t m l h e adm inis t or, and h av f l rat e ulacce s s t t e s ys t m , s o ch oos e a s e cure o h e pas s w ord. Th e ins t lr al e w ilnow ins t l l al t e bas e Ubunt h u s ys t m w it your e h s e t ings . O nce t t e bas e s ys t m h e is ins t ld, you al e w ilbe as k e d about addit l ional pack age s t ins t l o al . Us e t e s pace h bar t s e lct o e m ul e it m s , t ipl e t e n cont h inue . M ak e s ure you ins t lh e alt 'Ubunt St u udio D e s k t op' opt ion – if you don't do t is t e n you w ilnot h h l ge t a graph ical e r int rf us e ace w h e n you re s t af e r t e ins t lTh e art t h al ! ins t lr w ilnow f al e l inal t e ize h ins t l ion, t e n prom pt you t al at h o

re s t . art

O nce you h av re s t e d you e art w ilge t t e Ubunt St l h u udio l ogin s cre e n, w h e re you can e nt r e your us e rnam e and pas s w ord. Now you can s t cre at art ing!

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W rit e n by Rob Ke rf t ia

H O W - TO

SI P E SSH M L I ST LATI N N A L O
3 Re pe at t e h abov s t p f e e or t e pack age h " inadyn" (Th is . w ilcom e in l h andy l e r at .) Y m igh t be w onde ring w h at ou you can do w it it W e l you can h . l , do a l of t ings - f ot h rom re m ot e fe t il rans f rs t running e o appl ions on your com put r icat e f rom anot e r one . Be f h ore you can do t at t ough , t e re are a h , h h f w m ore s t ps . F t you h av e e irs , e t k now h ow t conne ct t your o o o com put r re m ot l F t lt s e t e e y. irs e 's up a dynam ic D NS account s o you can acce s s your com put r e v an e as y t re m e m be r ia o s ubdom ain, not a lngt y IP e h addre s s . 1. Go t w w w . o dyndns . com and cl " at Account ick Cre e " unde rne at t e l h h ogin box at t e h t of t e page . op h 2. Ch oos e a us e rnam e , pas s w ord, and alt e re s t of t at lh h nice s t f uf.

SSH (Se cure Sh e l is a prot l ) ocolh at is us e d t re m ot l conne ct t anot e r com put r running an SSH s e rv r Th e s t t o e y o h e e . andard int rf e ace is a s im pl com m and l , al ough you can alo run graph ical e ine t h s (X11) appl ions on a L icat inux or BSD s e rv r Be l , w e w ilcov r s e t ing up a e . ow l e t cl nt s e rv r, and conne ct ie , e ing t e t o. h w

Se tting up a s e rv r e
1L aunch Synapt (or Ade pt if ic you us e Kubunt Sys t m > u) e Adm inis t ion > Synapt rat ic P age M anage r and e nt r your ack e pas s w ord.

4 W h e n as k e d " Appl t e f l ing y h ol ow ch ange s ?, cl Appl " ick y. 2 Se arch f t e " ns s h or h ope s e rv r"pack age and cl on t e e ick h e m pt ch e ck box. Ch oos e " ark y M f Ins t l ion"f or al at rom t e m e nu. h 5 Th e pack age s h oul ins t l Cl d al . ick " os e "and q uit Synapt Cl ic. Now you h av a s e rv r ins t ld! e e al e

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0 * * * * inadyn -u your_username -p your_password -a name.you.registered > /dev/null alon one l . I can't s t s s t is l ine re h e nough - don't de lt or ch ange e e anyt ing e le . h s 3. Conf irm your account w it h t e e m ailh e y s e nt you and l in. h t og 4. Cl t e " y Se rv s "l ick h M ice ink and ch oos e " Add Ne w H os t nam e " on t e ne w page t at com e s up. h h 5. Ch oos e a h os t nam e , s ubdom ain, and cl t e aut ick h ode t ct d re m ot IP l e e e ink unde rne at t e " Addre s s "f l h h IP ie d. Cl " at Ne w H os t . ick Cre e " 6. Ne xt go t your t rm inal , o e and t ype : gksudo gedit /etc/crontab pre s s Ent r and t e n t e h ype in your pas s w ord. 7. T ype in 8. Sav and q uit e . 9 . Y s h oul be abl t acce s s ou d e o your com put r v t e dom ain you e ia h re gis t re d in about an h our e . T conne ct t your com put r, o o e s im pl t y ype in: ssh [username]@[registered.subdomai n] f rom a t rm inalTh e f t t e you e . irs im conne ct f rom a part ar m ach ine , icul you m igh t ge t a m e s s age s aying " e aut e nt y of h os t Th h icit [s ubdom ain](IP addre s s ) can't be e s t is h e d."Y can s af l ignore abl ou e y t is - t h ype " s ."Ne xt you s h oul be ye , d prom pt d f a pas s w ord. If you e or e nt r t at corre ct y, you s h oul be at e h l d a com m and l prom pt - on your ine com put r! e

Som e ne at t rick s you can us e w it SSH : h

T ype : ssh -X username@subdomain at a t rm inalEnt r your e . e pas s w ord l e norm alNow , t ik . ype in t e nam e of a graph ical h appl ion at t e com m and icat h prom pt (l e " ik naut us "or il "h unar" It s h oul s h ow up on t ). d t e com put r you're at e xce pt h e , it running on your com put r 's e .

T ype : scp username@subdomain:/path/to/ file username_for_comp_you're_at@ localhost:~/ and t is w ilcopy t e f e int h l h il o your h om e f de r ol .

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W rit e n by D im it Boich e v t ar

H O W - TO

G ET A TERM I A LO N N YO UR D ESK TO P
Cre at a conf e igurat ion f e nam e d il De sk t opCons ol.ds (again, in a e t rm inal e ): nano ~/.devilspie/DesktopConsole.ds Input t e f l ing int t e f e h ol ow o h il (pre s s Ct + X t s av and e xit rl o e ): • s h oul at las t adj t Y ou d e us t e ge om e t l s t m at h ry ine o ch your s cre e n. • ad t e de v s pie w ik i, f Re h il or ot e r com m ands ! h Cre at a ne w gnom e -t rm inal e e prof e nam e d " e s k t il D opCons ol" e by doing t e f l ing: h ol ow • t e " ne ral t in h Ge " ab, unt ick " h ow m e nubar by de f t s aul ..." • te " in h Scrol l ing"t ab, s e lct e " Scrol l is "> D is abld. bar e • t e " f ct "t in h Ef e s ab, s e t " rans pare nt back ground"and T s h ade t " o None "(or t w h at v r o e e you pre f r) e Add de v s pie and gnom e il t rm inalo t e St up P e t h art rogram s in your s e s s ion:

Th is int re s t e ing cus t izat om ion w ilal your de s k t t be com e a f l f l l ow op o ul unct y ionale rm inalTh e obj ct e is t h av a gnom e t rm inal t . e iv o e e running righ t abov t e act e h ual back ground im age t at w on't be dis pl d by t e s t us bar or t e r h aye h at ick .

D

ow nl and ins t lh e oad alt de v s pie pack age . In a il t rm inalype : e t

sudo apt-get install devilspie M ak e a f de r f de v s pie in ol or il your h om e f de r by t ol yping: mkdir ~/.devilspie in a t rm inal e . Not s : e • e w ork s pace 4 but you can I us us e w h at v r you l e . e e ik

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in Sys t m > P f re nce s > e re e Se s s ions , " art P St up rogram s "t ab, add t e 2 program s : h devilspie and: gnome-terminal --window-withprofile=DesktopConsole L out t e n l in. og , h og Ch e ck t s e e t at de v s pie is o h il running be f ore t e gnom e h t rm inal e com m and.

H O W - TO

W rit e n by T t odd M il cam l e

CO NV RT F O M E R W I DOW S N

I coul giv you a f l d e uland com plt guide t doing s o— but it w oul be a nov lt e , e e o d e e t and not v ry pract e icalor t e ne w us e r Th e be s t t ing t h av w h e n conv rt f h . h o e e ing is a good at it t ude and a w il l ingne s s t larn. Th is is a bare -bone s guide — f a m ore o e or com plt one , s e arch t e f e e h orum s .

T

h e f t t ing you w ilne e d t irs h l o k now is h ow t ge t t e o h s of w are you w ant on your t com put r Be l v it or not it e as ie r e . ie e , 's t do t is in Ubunt t an it w as in o h u h W indow s . Sim pl cl Add/ m ov y ick Re e in t e Appl ions m e nu, and t e n h icat h s e arch f t e k ind of program you're or h l ing f . Cl t e ch e ck box ne xt ook or ick h t t e program , cl " K" and you o h ick O , s h oul be good t go. d o If you can't f ind a program in add/ m ov , t adding a re pos it re e ry ory w h ich h as it (a re pos it ory is an onl ine dat abas e of s of w are — Add/ m ov t Re e ge ne rat s it l t f e s is rom t e h re pos it orie s ) Se cond — de al w it appl ion ing h icat h angs and f e zing. In W indow s re t e re w as Ct -Al e lt f alyour h rl t -D e e or l

f e zing ne e ds . In Ubunt you re u, h av a bit m ore av abl t you. e ail e o Y can re s t your s e s s ion by ou art pre s s ing Ct -Al rl t -Back s pace — w h ich is h igh l e f e ct e in e v ry y f iv e cas e I'v e ncount re d. If you e e don't f e lik e dropping e l e v ryt ing j t be caus e one e h us appl ion f icat roze , you m ay w ant t righ t cl on one of your o ick pane l and add t o program s s w t e re : h and . w ilk ilw h at v r l l e e appl ion w indow you cl on, icat ick and w ilgiv you l e a l t of proce s s e s . is O f cours e , you h av t be e o m indf of com pat it if an ul ibily appl ion k e e ps h anging. icat Sof w are m ade f Edgy w on't t or w ork v ry w e lin Gut y. Y can e l s ou

11

ch e ck your s ys t m v rs ion in e e s ys t m m onit (f lf t e or ar e t ab), and you can us ual ch e ck t e v rs ion l y h e of t e s of w are be f h t ore you dow nl oad, or unde r t e " e l h H p" m e nu on t e " h About opt " ion. Th e re are s om e t ings t at are h h j t pl dif e re nt t at you'l us ain f , h l ne e d t ge t us e d t Th e m os t o o. not e of t e s e are w ork s pace s . abl h L inux giv s you f e our de s k t ops in one — j t t h e l k e e p t ings us o p h organize d. Y can s w it ou ch be t e e n t e m by pre s s ing Ct -Al w h rl t Righ t arrow (lf arrow alo e t s w ork s ), or by cl ing on t e gray ick h boxe s in t e bot om righ t h t . If organizat ion is your t ing you h m igh t alo w ant t cons ide r a s o " om e part ion."Th is is an are a h it of s pace t at you s e t as ide on h your h ard driv t at bot W indow s e h h and Ubunt can re ad (you can u f orm at t is part ion in F h it AT32, NTF or e xt but w it NTF you S 2, h S, m ay ne e d a conf igurat ion t oolor f L inux, and w it e xt you'lne e d a h 2, l pl ugin f W indow s ). If you w ant or t be abl t v w ce rt o e o ie ain f e s il f rom bot ope rat h ing s ys t m s (l e e ik pict s , m ov s , e t ure ie c.), t is is a h

w onde rf ide a t im plm e nt w h e n ul o e you ins t l alUbunt u. T m ak e it m ore acce s s ibl in o e L inux, you m ay w ant t ch ange your o ~ / om e f de r t point t t at driv . h ol o o h e Y can do t is by cl ing on Sys t m ou h ick e > Adm inis t ion > Us e rs and rat Groups . F ind your prof e , cl il ick prope rt s , cl t e adv ie ick h ance d t ab, and ch ange t e l ion of your h ocat h om e dire ct ory. Now , you're probabl us e d t y o dire ct orie s nam e d " indow s "and W " rogram F e s ."In L P il inux, t e s e are h alov r Conf l e . igurat ion f e s are il us ual unde r / t M ore im port l y e c. ant e xe cut e s are unde r / abl bin, w h il t e e h ls s im port e ant are unde r / r/ us bin. /ib l cont ains a bunch of l ibrarie s (s im il ar t .dlf e s in W indow s , but t e y w ork o lil h in a f undam e nt l dif e re nt w ay), al y f and / e dia w ilgiv you a l t of al m l e is l t e driv s you can acce s s . Th e re 's h e m ore , but t at s h oul giv you a h d e bas ic ide a of h ow it w ork s . Ubunt w ilk e e p alt e s e u l lh organize d v ry ne at y if you s t e l ick w it re pos it h orie s and Add/ m ov . In Re e ge ne ralh ough , you're going t w ant t o t k e e p alm ov s , pict s , and o l ie ure

ot e r m e dia in your h om e h dire ct ory, and j t m ak e us addit ional dire ct orie s t h e l o p organize t e m . h L t of — t h e l k e e p t ings as f o p h nice and ne at you're going t o w ant s h ort s . F a program , cut or it cal d a l 's l e aunch e r and you j t us h av t k now t e e xact nam e of e o h t e program t m ak e one h o (e xam pl, t e T rm inal e h e program is act l cal d gnom e -t rm inal ual y l e e in s om e dis t ribut ions ). T m ak e a l t a dire ct o ink o ory, run t e t rm inal h e (Appl ions > icat Acce s s orie s > T rm inaland t e ) ype : ln -s filename linkname Th is m e ans : m ak e a s ym bol ic l (l -s ) of t is f e in t is ink n h il h l ion. An e xam pl of t is ocat e h w oul be : d ln -s /home/user /home/user/Desktop Th at w oul m ak e a s h ort d cut t o your h om e dire ct ory on your de s k t op. T Ubunt I prom is e t at you'l ry u, h l ne v r w ant t go back ! e o

12

H O W - TO

W rit e n by Ronnie T e r t uck

P ART 7
Th is m ont w e w ildis cus s l ing. Y can h av t o t h l ink ou e w ype s of l s , one is w h e re you l int rnal ink ink e l y w it in your ow n docum e nt or e xt rnal w h e re you l t s om e t ing l e a w e b page . I'v m ade m y page l nice and t h e l y ink o h ik e ook idy f or t is one j t t s h ow you a f w nice t h us o e rick s .

H

e re is h ow m y page now l s: ook

W e w ant t e 'L ' h ink opt ion w h ich l s ook le t o ik w f oot print . s So cl ick t at and t e n draw a box around t e h h h t xt (or im age ) you w ant t be t e e o h l . ink Now I h av a PD F e 'L ' box ink around m y t xt e , incide nt l al y you can put t is box around anyt ing as it h h w ilal ays be on t s o you coul l w op d s urround an im age and s om e t xt e t if you w is h . D oubl cl ins ide oo e ick t at box t ge t it prope rt s h o s ie

Th is is te h Annot ion at P rope rt s ie w indow . At t e h m om e nt it s ays t e T h ype is 'L ', cl t at ink ick h dow n arrow and m ak e it 'Ext rnal e b-L ' t is now e W ink h giv s a pl t t e ace o ype in a w e b addre s s s o t ype one in and cl ick OK Not ing h se e m s t o h av e ch ange d but you w ils e e l l e r t at at h it w ilcre at a l . But h ow w il l e ink l pe opl k now it a l ?I can t l e 's ink e l

W h at I'ldo f t is s h ow you l irs h ow t cre at a bas ic l t a o e ink o w e b page . F t w e ne e d t cre at irs o e a 'h ot s pot around t e pie ce of ' h t xt t at w ilbe com e t e l . As e h l h ink you m ov ov r t e PD F icon in t e e e h h m e nu bar you w ils e e a dow n l arrow appe ar be s ide it cl t at , ick h dow n arrow t ge t t o ch oice s : o w

13

you now t at in t e f h h inal F t e PD h re ade r w on't k now t e l f h ink rom ordinary t xt s o w on't k now t e re e h is a l t e re , w h at I us ual do is ink h l y t m ak e t e t xt bl and o h e ue unde rl d j t t pre t nd it a ine us o e 's web l . ink D oubl cl on t e t xt box, e ick h e s e lct t e pie ce of t xt t at is e h e h going t be t e l , giv it a col o h ink e or and m ak e it unde rl d. ine Th at l s ook m ore l e a l ik ink you w oul d e xpe ct t s e e . o L t add a f w page s t t e e 's e o h docum e nt j t t s h ow h ow an us o int rnalink w ork s . In t e m ain e l h m e nu cl P ick age > Ins e rt and ch oos e t ins e rt f o our ne w page s . So m y docum e nt now h as a t al ot of f e page s . I'm iv j t going t us o put s om e l arge num be rs on e ach page s o t at w e can h dis t inguis h t e m f h rom one anot e r h .

So lt re t e s urn t page one and put o in a l t at w ilm ak e t e re ade r ink h l h j p t page 5. um o Again, cl ick t e PD F but on h t in t e m e nu and h ch oos e 'L ', ink draw t e box h around s om e t xt and again doubl cl t e PD F e e ick h box. Th is t e k e e p t e T im h ype as 'L ' ink and m ak e t e page num be r s h ow as h f e.Y iv ou'ls e e t e page pre v w on l h ie t e righ t ch ange t s h ow your page h o f e . Th e X and Y pos it iv ion is t lt o e you giv an e xact l ion on t e e ocat h l anding page , I'm going t m ak e bot o h of t e m ze ro w h ich w ilm ak e t e t h l h op of t e page t h ouch t e t of t e PD F h op h v w e r's dis pl are a m ak ing t e ie ay h page dis pl f l ay ul y. So lt giv t at a q uick t s t by e s e h e e xport ing t e docum e nt t a PD F f e . h o il In t e m ain m e nu h cl F e > Export > ick il Sav As PD F e Y ou'ls e e t e P l h re Fl t V rif r igh e ie

w indow , j t cl 'Ignore Errors ' us ick f now , w e 'lgo int t is in or l o h m ore de t s oon. ail Th at is your 'Sav As PD F' e now w h ich h as alt e opt lh ions you ne e d t o f ine t une your PD F f e but f il or now ch oos e a s av l ion at e ocat t e t of t e w indow t e n cl h op h h ick Sav . e Th is is m y e xport d PD F e f e in KPD F (I il us e KD E) w it h t e act e h iv e xt rnal e b l , and if I cl e w ink ick t e s e cond l : h ink It j ps m e um t page f e as o iv e xpe ct d. e

W e are al os t f h e d w it m inis h larning t e bas ics of Scribus , e h ne xt m ont w e w ilde le in t h l v o t e 'P -Fl t V rif r' and t e h re igh e ie h 'Sav As PD F' t e abs and opt ions .

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W rit e n by J on P t t as rat

REVEW I

W UBII ST LER 7. 0 N A L 1

Are you re ading t is m agazine be caus e you're int re s t d in Ubunt and L h e e u inux in ge ne ral Are you running s om e f ? orm of W indow s and w ant t t s om e t ing ne w ?D oe s t ink ing about ins t l s om e t ing as h uge as a ne w ope rat o ry h h al ing h ing s ys t m m ak e your k ne e s q uiv r and e e your brow be ad w it s w e at W h at I s ay t you is : Ne v r f ar -- W ubi is h e re ! h ? o e e

I
F rom t e of icial e bs it h f w e w w w .w ubi-ins t lr al .org e

can conf irm t at W ubi doe s t is h h w it lt e t no f s . W ubi it e lis h it l o us s f com pris e d of a s ingl e xe cut e e abl f e s o you can run it f il rom anyw h e re , h ard driv , fas h driv , e xt rnal D D , e l e e H foppy (W e l lt not e xagge rat )... l l e 's , e you ge t t e pict ?It h as a clan, h ure e m inim al t int rf is ic e ace cont aining onl y t re e opt h ions . O nce t os e opt h ions are f ld and f il e inal d, cl ins t l ize ick al and you're good t go. Th at h ow o 's e as y it is ! L t m e e xpl w h at W ubi doe s in e ain: e s s e nce is ins t l alUbunt on your u com put r as a s ingl "il,"no ne e d e e fe t part ion, f o it orm at re s ize or , anyt ing. Th e re w ilbe onl one h l y s ingl f e and one s ingl f e onl e il e il y. Th is w ilw ilh ol alof your Ubunt l l d l u ins t l ion as w e las any program s al at l you ins t lat r It is not ins t ld all e . al e int an e m ul e d e nv o at ironm e nt It is a .

norm al e t in e v ry s e ns e of s up e t e w ord. It us e s your nat e h iv h ardw are and pe rf orm ance is ide nt icalo a de dicat d t e ins t l ion. Th e W ubi F s t e s al at AQ at t at h ard-dis k acce s s is s l t y h igh l s l e r t an a de dicat d ow h e ins t l ion. Th rough out m y t e al at im w it a W ubi ins t l h av not h ad h alI e any problm s w it h ard-dis k e h acce s s s pe e d. Ubunt s e e m s t u o m e t be as q uick and s m oot as o h a de dicat d ins t l e al . Af e r ins t l ion you are t al at prom pt d t re boot your e o com put r, and upon re boot e ing you w ilbe s h ow n your ne w boot l m e nu w h ich w ill t your lis W indow s O S as w e las your l Ubunt ins t l ion. Ch oos ing t e u al at h Ubunt inux ins t l ion w il u-L al at l s h ow you t e plas ant Ubunt h e u

15

s pl h s cre e n. Alof t is is e as y as l h as cut ing a s t of but e r - ye s , t ick t t at e as y! I re m e m be r an h appl ion s om e ye ars ago t at icat h did t e s am e bas ic t ing, ins t l h h al L inux ins ide t e W indow s h e nv ironm e nt It w as now h e re ne ar . as pl and s im pl as t is ain e h ins t l ion w as . al at Th e re are a f w cav at t e e s o ins t l W ubi t at I t ink are al ing h h w ort not h ing. I h ope t e y ge t h f d at s om e point F t onl t e ixe . irs , y h 32-bit v rs ion of Ubunt is e u s upport d, s o if your com put r e e h as a 64-bit proce s s or you'lh av l e t s t t t e 32-bit v rs ion of o ick o h e t e O S. Th e de v l rs do pl h e ope an on adding t is in t e f ure but h h ut f now it is 32-bit onl Se cond, or y. H ibe rnat / pe nd is not e Sus av abl w h e n running unde r a ail e W ubi ins t lIf you don't l e your al . ik pre s e nt Ubunt s e t and w ant a u up de dicat d ins t lt e n you'lh av e al h , l e t e abily t ut ize h it o il h ibe rnat / us pe nd. Th ird, you e s s h oul t t av d ry o oid h ard re boot . s Th e W ubi ins t l Ubunt is alof u s us ce pt e t dam age during ibl o h ard re boot . Sim il t s ar o h ibe rnat ion/ us pe nd, on a s

de dicat d ins t l e albut it re al s h oul l y d not be a problm . e O t e r t an t e s e f w “ is s ue s ” I h h h e h av h ad a s t e Ubunt ins t lor e abl u alf q uit a w h il now . I h av be e n v ry e e e e plas e d by t is lt e pie ce of e h it l s of w are . I re com m e nd W ubi t t o anyone I k now t at is int re s t d in h e e pl aying w it or running h Ubunt Kubunt Xubunt on t e ir u/ u/ u h m ach ine s . It m ak e s an e as y j of ob ins t l ion and, if t e us e r ch oos e s , al at h unins t l ion. al at I h ope t is re v w / icl h as h ie art e h e l d you and pre s e nt d an ide a of pe e w h at W ubi is . Re m e m be r t at if you h are int re s t d, W ubi is out t e re f e e h or you t dow nl o oad. Go ch e ck it out !

Ov ral e l :

Ke e p up t dat by book m ark ing o e te h calndar e . •e e t M ings •e adl s D ine • las e D at s Re e e and m ore .
h t p:/ urlul t / .f l e m agazine .org/ circl 874173

I did a lt e m ore l ing and f it l ook ound a l ink f t e l e s t 7.10 de v l or h at e opm e nt Al a's of ph W ubi. h t p:/ w ubi-ins t lr t / al .org/ v l ine f l e de e / m ie d/ I did m y re v w f ie rom t e Re v h 377 v rs ion but e (as I w rit t is ) t e de v l rs are now up e h h e ope t Re v o 383. So if you w ant t ins t l o al7.10 on your s ys t m you'lne e d t us e one of t os e e l o h Al a re las e s . ph e

16

W rit e n by Ronnie T e r t uck

P LI G ST TI N O L N A O

W H AT I YO UR F V RI E S A O T EM A I CL NT/SUI E? L I E T
. If you w oul l e t cre at a polf F l d ik o e lor ulCircl M agazine e . Cre at your polin t at s ub-f e l h orum onl y.

Th is m ont 's polw as t e n f h l ak rom a polw h ich w as running on l t e n go t w w w .Ubunt orum s .org, go t t e 3rd P y f h o uF o h art orum t e n cl h ick

Ev ut ol ion be caus e : I can back up m y m ailo t a .ps t t ype f e (unl e Th unde rbird), it l s il ik ook pre t y (m uch be t e r t an t e ol Ev ut t t h h d ol ion unde r Re d H at 9 ), I can dow nl m ail s t l oad & il k e e p it on m y e m ail e rv r (PO P), I can us e s e PO P and IM AP, I alo us e O ut ook 2000, s o it s l h as t e s am e l & f e l O ut ook , I us e h ook e of l w e b-bas e d Y oo M ail m y s pam cat e r ah as ch and be caus e I us e f t ail m y " al as m as re " e m ail account . I us e Th unde rbird as m y m ain e -m ail ie nt cl , as I am us ing IM AP and t e n h av m ore or h e ls s t e s am e cl nt f m y t re e pl t orm s e h ie or h at f M acO S X, W indow s and L inux. I us e Gm ail and Ev ut ol ion. Gm ail e e m s t s o do a gre at j f t ring s pam s o m y e m ail ob il e is pre t y clan by t e t e it ge t t Ev ut t e h im s o ol ion. Th e m ain re as on I us e Ev ut ol ion is be caus e it incl s a calndar, t do l t e t t at I ude e o is , c. h can s ync w it m y P m P ot h al il . Th unde rbird - It doe s e xact y w h at i w ant it l t do. I alo l e t e int grat d e -m ail o s ik h e e program t at com e s w it O pe ra. h h

I us e Ev ut ol ion be caus e I'm t l t oo azy o ins t l om e t ing e le and t at w h at als h s h 's cam e w it m y ins t l ion. h al at W e b M ailI s t . oppe d us ing e m ail ie nt cl s al ong t e ago. im I h av m ut s e t t f t / e nd us ing e t up o e ch s m y gm ail ork s f m e . ...w or I'v j t dis cov re d s yl e e d cl s and e us e ph aw f now I'm gonna s t w it it it f t or ick h . 's as and pow e rf ul I us e Km ailor bot pe rs onal f h and bus ine s s e m ailTh e int grat . e ion w it h Kont , t e PIM , w as t e de ciding act h h f or I h ad us e d O ut ook 2xxx f act . l or s e v ral ars , t e n Th unde rbird f e ye h or t o or t re e ye ars , and now w h Km ail / Kont . Re al s at f d w it it act l y is ie h , t oo, and it of e rs m ore f at s t m e f e ure o t an Th unde rbird (a good cl nt as h ie w e l if alyou do is m ail l , l ).

h t p:/ urlul t / .f l e m agazine .org/ circl 67e e f c I l e t e s im pl y of t unde rbird t ik h icit h oo, but w h at re al got m e is t e s pam f t r, l y h il e it is t e be s t in t e w orl W h y?Be caus e h h d. you t lit w h at is s pam and w h at is not e l s pam . I de f e l pre f r Th unde rbird. I us e d init y e Km ailor a l f ong t e prior t t at unt I im o h , il dis cov re d t e j e h unk m ail cont s in rol Th unde rbird. Th at and it s im pl t 's e o s e t us e . up/

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W rit e n by Ian M cInt h t os

I TERVEW N I

A M Y D E G RO F F O M TH E F R H O W A RD CO UNTY L RA RY I B

In 2004, t e h m ade ne w s w h e n t e y s w it e d 300 of t e ir publ com put rs f h ch h ic e rom W indow s t an in-h ous e o L inux s ol ion. Re ce nt y, t e y upgrade d t e com put rs t a v rs ion of ut l h h e o e dis t ribut d by Groov W e t k t e ix. al o , H e ad of IT f t e l or h ibrary.

W e got int re s t d in L e e inux be caus e t o of our IT guys (f w orm e r Unix adm inis t ors ) w e re big f . W h at rat ans w e l e d about it w as t e e as e of ik h m anage m e nt f rom a re m ot l ion e ocat (w e h av 6 branch e s and, at t at e h point t o IT guys m anaging t e , w h m ach ine s ) and t e abily t s t of h it o rip f f unct ions , appl ions , and s e rv s icat ice t at w e did not w ant h . Th e f inancial pe ct w as alo as s at ract e , but it w as act l NO T t iv ual y t e f t t ing w e f lin l e w it . I h irs h e l ov h s e e it as an adde d bonus and a w onde rf s e rv ul ice t our com m unit o y t at I can of e r a s t am l d h f re ine de s k t AND s av m one y! op e

de s igne d and m anage d by M ik e Rick s e ck e r and L Sal . uis azar L ix bas ical j t h ad a uM l us y brow s e r, M ozil s t l rippe d t a, o bare e s s e nt s . W e put it on al ial l but t re e m ach ine s at e ach h branch , lav e ing NT on t os e w it h h M S O f ice 9 7. f L ix ran l e a t f ne arl 2 uM ik op or y ye ars , but cus t e rs w ant d om e m ore . Th e y w ant d w ord e proce s s ing, t e y w ant d acce s s h e t USB fas h driv s (w e 'd s h ut o l e t at dow n in L ix and it w as h uM not av abl on our NT v rs ion) ail e e s o w e s t e d t ink ing " h at art h w ne xt " ? O ne opt ion w as , of cours e , t o re buil and upgrade L ix. M ik e d uM be gan w ork on L ix 3.0 (as w e uM w e re t nt iv l cal it e at e y l ing ).

Th e y w e re running W indow s NT A . f orm e r IT pe rs on h ad s h ut dow n a gre at de al t e f of h unct ions , acce s s , e t c.

Th e f t s w it w as f irs ch rom t e NT h e nv ironm e nt I de s cribe d abov t e o L ix, [a L uM inux dis t ribut ion]

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At t e s am e t e , w e re s e arch e d h im t e v ndor w orl and w e f h e d, ound t o int re s t w e ing opt ions : a Canadian f irm cal d Us e rf , and l e ul a t ch nol cal d Groov buil e ogy l e ix, t by O pe n Se ns e Sol ions . ut W e ch os e Groov H ard t ix. o q uant y w h y - it j t f lm ore if us e t ope n and w e l e d ik v ry m uch t e e h s upport s t f af.

P ACs (w e w e nt f rom 128 t 512), and o w e s pe nt $ on t e s of w are (ye s , 25 h t 25 dol ). l ars W e pay f s upport f or rom O pe n Se ns e Sol ions - a fat ye arl rat t at is ut l, y e h about 1/ h of w h at w e pay f 10t or ot e r e nt rpris e -w ide s of w are . h e t H ad w e re m aine d a W indow s s h op and ch os e n XP ins t ad, w e e probabl w oul h av y d e re pl d t e h ardw are ace h e nt l ant ire y, icipat ing t e m ov t V t At h e o is a. around $ 800 f e ach or of 300 m ach ine s , t at h w oul h av cos t $ d e 240,000.

V ry s af t s ay. W e 'lcont e e o l inue t us e t e f o h unds f s e rv or ice com put r t e raining, book s , m ov s , program s , and h ardw are ie upgrade s .

W e e v uat d Ubunt f t o al e u or w m ont s . T be h one s t I w as s ol h o , d t n m inut s in, but I k ne w I h ad t e e o giv it m ore t e and us e . I am e im t y am aze d at t e us abily of rul h it Ubunt - I t ink it is dow n-righ t u h e lgant e .

O ur re q ue s t f h e l /h e l de s k s or p p t e t h av droppe d by 40% ick s e s ince t e W indow s NT days . h M os t cus t e rs s it at t e om h m ach ine and w ork aw ay, re q uiring no h e l Cus t e rs p. om w h o are ls s com f abl on a e ort e com put r h av q ue s t e e ions , but t e y are not L h inux-bas e d. Ins t ad " ow do I bol t xt "or e h d e ? " ow do I add a page bre ak ? h " Th e k ind w e 'd ge t w it any h appl ion. icat M os t h e l de s k t e t now are p ick s h ardw are problm s , a h ard driv e e dying or a m ach ine be ing unpl ugge d (one of t e m os t h com m on one s , act l ual y).

Som e of t e m one y w e s av d s o f h e ar h as gone t h ardw are - w e bough t o l e l 19 "fat s cre e ns f e v ry ov y l or e s ingl m ach ine . e

It cos t us around $ 20,000 t o upgrade t e m e m ory on t e 300 h h

Alin al t e y are f . l lh , ine

19

W e h av a f w s t f w h o are e e af re l ant t m ov t O pe nO f ice . uct o e o f Th e y m aint ain t at be caus e it is h f e , it is not as good. I re al re l y don't agre e w it t at opinion. W e h h are m ov ing als t f t Ubunt l af o u de s k t ops t is f l h aland w int r s o, e s oon, t e y w ilbe us ing h l O pe nO f ice . I do h ope t os e w h o f h are uncom f abl com e around. I ort e w ork h ard t do one -on-one o t raining and t be a ch e e rlade r o e f t em. or h

Th e s ol pie ce of e s of w are w e can't us e t h e re is t e CL h IENT f or our int grat d l e e ibrary s ys t m . It is a s h am e , e be caus e t is v ndor's h e pl pre s e nt d t us an, e o t re e ye ars ago, w as t h o be e nt l w e b-bas e d by now . ire y Th at v ndor ch ange d cours e , and e w h il I coul h av ch os e n t ch ange e d e o cours e w it t e m and abandon our h h v ion of L is inux s ys t m w ide , I w il e l not I can't lt any v ndor dict e . e e at h ow I s pe nd t paye r m one y. ax

L ibrary pat rons can and s h oul d re q ue s t an account ing of w h at s of w are t cos t , e s pe cial s l y w it V t on t e h orizon. h is a h P rons s h oul as k , 'w h y m ov at d e t V t W h at doe s it giv m e o is a? e as a cus t e r? om ' O ne V t us e r t d m e t e 3D is a ol h f unct ionaly w as 'cool I s aid, it '. 'w h at doe s t at do t ge t m y h o cus t e rs inf om orm at ion about m y col ct l ion? Th e re w as no ans w e r e " .

Th e onl problm is t at a f w y e h e w e bs it s , f e xam pl s om e e or e col ge grade s it s , re q uire l e e Int rne t Expl r and w on't w ork e ore h e re . And w e don't apol ogize f or t at w e e ncourage our cus t e rs h , om t e xpre s s t e ir f t ion. o h rus rat W e h ad one m ach ine t at k e pt h "urning of f no re as on"- of t f or cours e m any as s um e d it w as t e h "h ird rat "ope n s ource s of w are . t e t T urne d out t e us e r w as a lg h e s w inge r - s h e w as bum ping t e h pow e r s w it ! ch

I t ink t e bigge s t barrie r f h h acing l ibrarie s in doing w h at w e h av done e is f ar of t e unk now n. W e ran int e h o t is , of cours e . W h e n pe opl s t e d h e art USING t e s of w are t e y w oul of e n h t h d t com e int m y of ice s h e e pis h l and o f y s ay, " , t is is not a big de al and I um h ," w oul s m il and s ay, yup! d e

It w as m y plas ure ! I am proud of w h at e w e are doing and I w oul l e t h e l d ov o p ot e r groups us e Ubunt I w oul alo h u. d s l e t h e ar about ot e r proj ct or ik o h e s appl ions t at your re ade rs t ink icat h h w oul be nice addit d ions t our o de pl e nt oym ! Am y can be cont e d at act am yde grof @ h cl f ibrary.org

20

W rit e n by D e e pank Gupt t a

M Y STO RY

F OM W I DOW S R N TO UBUNTU

I am not t e k ind of pe rs on w h o f e l a s e ns e of pride in M icros of bas h ing. I re s pe ct M icros of as t e y put in a l of e f ort in orde r t h e s t t h ot f o m ak e a s t e ope rat abl ing s ys t m w h ich t e y updat re gul y w it s e rv e h e arl h ice pack s and f s . F t is re as on I us e d w indow s f about ixe or h or t re e or f h our ye ars . But t e n I h e ard f h rom a f nd, t at t e re is an O S nam e d Ubunt t at is s h ippe d f e of cos t w it no pos t ch arge s . rie h h u h re h al So, I de cide d t giv it a t W h e n I s t e d us ing Ubunt I larne d ov r t e t at Ubunt is a f be t e r ope rat o e ry. art u, e e im h u ar t ing s ys t m . e

I

w as a bit appre h e ns iv be f e ore ins t l Ubunt as I h ad al ing u h e ard a l of w orris om e ot st orie s about L inux in ge ne ral and h ow it re q uire s s pe cial com put r e k now ldge t ins t l . But w h e n I e o alit put in Ubunt L e CD , m y f ars u iv e w e re dis pe l d. T m y am aze m e nt l e o If ound t at it can run f h rom a L e iv CD w it out ins t l ion, al ing h al at l ow m e t pre v w alt e f at s of o ie lh e ure t e ope rat h ing s ys t m . Th e n I e w ork e d up t e courage t h o part ion m y h ard dis k and dual it boot w it W indow s (I s t l ant d h ilw e t cl ont W indow s ). Al ough o ing o t h t e ins t l ion w as e as y, t e h al at h gam e s w e re f t pl and al un o ay l m y h ardw are w as de t ct d e e prope rl I h ad a s e t y, back w h e n I f ound out t at I coul ne it e r h d h l t n t m y h uge col ct is e o l ion of e M P3s nor w at any m ov s in ch ie

s pit of h av e ing a l of m e dia pl rs . ot aye Th e re w e re t o problm s t be w e o ov rcom e . F t t e problm of e irs , h e acce s s ing m y m any ye ars of dat in a m y W indow s part ions and s e cond, it dow nl oading t e ne ce s s ary pack age s h f m ak ing proprie t or ary f orm at w ork . s I googld m y problm s and f e e ound a w h ol ne w re s ource – e Ubunt orum s .org. Th is f uf orum h ad m any cont ribut ors and l s and l s ot ot of pe opl re ady t h e l out I s t l e o p . il re m e m be r t at m y f t q ue s t h irs ion on te f h orum w as ans w e re d w it in 10 h m inut s ! Alo, t e re is a l of e s h ot docum e nt ion re garding t e f e at h re s of w are and t t ips t do w ork in o Ubunt By f l ing pos t and u. ol ow s art e s , I s oon h ad m y ow n icl cus t ize d s ys t m . I larne d m ore om e e about ope rat ing s ys t m s in t at e h s h ort t e t an I h ad be e n abl t im h e o

larn in ye ar of W indow s us e ! e I se l dom us e d t e com m and h l in W indow s and m y ine e xpe rie nce h as s h ow n t at h W indow s us e rs h av a f ar of e e t e t rm inalIn a W indow s h e . e nv ironm e nt t e com m and l , h ine is us e d m ainl w h e n you h av t y e o f t ings l e a v ix h ik irus , f or e xam pl, but in Ubunt t e e u, h com m and l is a w ay of le ! I ine if h av com e t l e t e com m and e o ov h l . ine Now , you m igh t be w onde ring w h y I de cide d t at Ubunt is a h u be t e r ope rat t ing s ys t m f m e e or w h e n I h ad t s pe nd s o m uch o t e st im ruggl t ins t l ing o al s of w are . W e l in t e pas t ye ar t l , h w it Ubunt I h av ne v r once h u e e be e n s t ruck by a v irus . I did not

21

e v n h av t buy a Nort e e o on s ubs cript ion f t at I h av or h . e ne it e r ne e de d t de f h o ragm e nt m y h ard dis k (t ank s t t e e xt h o h 3 f e s ys t m ), nor e ncount re d t e il e e h " ue Scre e n of D e at ."Th e re Bl h w e re t e s w h e n m y com put r im e w oul h ang, t ough I'v al ays d h e w be e n abl t us e a "orce q uit e o f " and h av ne v r h ad t s e nd an e e o e rror re port Alof t is and I ! l h h av n't e v n m e nt e e ione d t at I got h t e of ice s uit , a l h f e arge num be r of gam e s , an e xce l nt m e dia pl r l e aye (now t at I h av dow nl h e oade d t e h code cs and can e v n run .FL and e V

.RM V f e s in M pl r, s om e t ing B il aye h t at W indow s M e dia Pl r coul h aye d ne v r do) and a gre at ins t e ant m e s s e nge r t rough w h ich I can l h og int any ins t o ant m e s s aging account . L inux is alo a gre at pl f s at orm t o larn C program m ing. Y do not e ou h av t ins t l e o algigs of V ual udio, is St but can h av a gcc com pilr w h ich e e can do e v ryt ing you w ant and is e h onl 5-6 M Bs at t e m ax. W h at y h 's m ore , Anj a h as al os t alt e ut m lh f unct ionaly of any ot e r popul it h ar ID E. I us e d it t do m y Int o roduct ion t o P rogram m ing as s ignm e nt at s ch ool s w h il ot e r cl s m at s w e re bus y e h as e

arranging s of w are t run on t o W indow s . So, al ough I ge t f e acce s s t h re t W indow s and s om e ot e r o h M icros of proprie t t ary s of w are t f rom m y univ rs it s of w are e y's t dis t ribut ion program , I s t lind ilf m ys e lus ing Ubunt m ore and f u m ore as I f ind it t be a m ore o s t e , m ode s t and be t e r ov ral abl t e l ope rat ing s ys t m . It m ay not be e as fas h y in it cl s as l s aim W indow s and you do re q uire a ce rt ain w ork ing k now ldge of e com put rs , but once you s t e art us ing it you w ill e it , lov .

w it our ow n cont nt h e . H i, I'm M at h e w Ros s i and I w ilbe your t l h os t f t e or h . I am alo t e h os t of s h . H e re I w ilans w e r a f w l e q ue s t ions about t e ne w podcas t If you h . h av any q ue s t e ions , I can be cont e d act at podcas t f l e m agazine .org. @ ul circl

t e h os t . h s

No. W h at is cov re d in t e podcas t is at m y e h dis cre t ion.

Th at h as n't be e n de cide d ye t but , s ubs cribe t t e podcas t RSS f e d at o h e : h t p:/ urlul t / .f l e m agazine .org/ circl c79 6aa and you w ilf lind out as s oon w e de cide . W e can't w ait t bring you Epis ode 1. o But f now , you can ch e ck out or at h t p:/ pe nguince nt .co.nr/ t / ral

I w ilbe t e h os t and w e w ilh av a pane l l h , l e , and gue s t . s

Th e F l ulCircl P e odcas t w il l e t e l ik , h m agazine , be about alfav ll ors of Ubunt Th e s h ow is de s igne d t u. o com plm e nt t e m agazine ye t com e up e h

F l ulCircl P e odcas t w ilcom e out t e f t l h irs and t ird w e e k of e ach m ont . Th is is h h s ubj ct t ch ange , as are t e s ch e duls of e o h e

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W rit e n by Andre w f t rom w w w .T e ns O nL e inux.org

UBUNTU YO UTH

Th e f ure of O pe n Source is in t e Y ut h oung P opl of t e e oday;t at h 's w h y t is corne r of t e m agazine is f young pe opl or s im pl h h or e y t os e w h o are young at h e art h .

S

o you'v ins t ld t e l e s t e al e h at v rs ion of Ubunt you'v e u, e got your w ick e d aw e s om e Com piz F ion e f e ct s e t up — us f s now w h at ? I as k e d t e s am e q ue s t h ion about a ye ar ago w h e n I s t e d art w it Kubunt 6.06. So h e re are a h u f w t ings I cam e up w it t k e e p e h h o you f rom ge t ing bore d. t

By de f t Ubunt com e s w it aul , u h GNO M E, KD E, or XFCE. W h y not t ry s om e t ing dif e re nt Ice W M or h f ? Fl uxbox are t o al rnat e s . Th e y're w t e iv bot f t f e and in t e Ubunt h as , re h u re pos it orie s . J t go int Synapt (or us o ic Ade pt if you're a Kubunt us e r l e , u ik m e ) and s e arch f “ w indow or m anage rs ” .

be e n larning Ruby f t e pas t e or h f w m ont s and I'm re al e h l y e nj oying it F s om e t orial on . or ut s program m ing, s e e h t p:/ pine .f / e arnT rogram / t / m L oP or w w w .pyt on.org. O r if you're a h book pe rs on l e m e , t e a l ik ak ook at :
h t p:/ urlul t / .f l e m agazine .org/ d47a0 circl 9
f r_

or:
h t p:/ urlul t / .f l e m agazine .org/ circl b2a379

.

T t m e , you can larn a l rus e ot t is w ay. H e re 's w h at you do: h ope n your f e m anage r and pre s s il t e “ up one dire ct h ory” but on t t ice . Th is s h oul t e you t t e w d ak o h t lv l your ins t l ion. Y op e e of al at ou'l l s e e a bunch of dire ct orie s l e ik / r, / us proc, and / om e . L h ook t rough t e m and f h h ind out w h at t e y're f . I w oul h igh l h or d y re com m e nd L inux Re aly podcas t it e pis ode 11 f t is : or h
h t p:/ urlul t / .f l e m agazine .org/ circl 111c30

T us ing t e com m and l f a ry h ine or day. Us e it f e v ryt ing! T El s or e h ry ink or w 3m . T s om e CL gam e s . H e ck , ry I e v n t m anaging your m us ic e ry col ct l ion! It f t r t an a w indow e 's as e h m anage r and inf e l m ore fe xibl. init y l e Se e :
h t p:/ urlul t / .f l e m agazine .org/ circl 745c00

Th e nice t ing about t e h h Ubunt com m unit is t at u y h t e y're al ays ope n t your h w o ide as . Se nd in a f at e ure re q ue s t t your f orit proj ct If you o av e e . can code , t m ak ing s om e of ry t os e f at s pos s ibl. Y h e ure e ou coul e v n t w rit d e ry ing f or ! Now h av f e un, and re m e m be r t at you h av no re as on t be h e o bore d!

T larning a program m ing ry e l anguage l e Ruby or Pyt on. I h av ik h e

23

W rit e n by M at h e w Ros s i t t

SO UND BI ES T

H e re are s om e t ings you m ay h e ar on our s oon t be re las e d h o e podcas t If you h av an ide a or w ant t t e part t e n e m ail . e o ak h our h os t M at h e w Ros s i, at podcas t f l e m agazine .org , t @ ul circl

I

'm M at h e w Ros s i, h os t of t e t h , and h e re are m y pick s f t e big s t or h orie s in t e Ubunt w orl Th is m ont , I h u d. h w ilbe rounding up t e e v nt at l h e s t e Ubunt D e v l r Sum m it h u e ope . Th e f l icls can be f ulart e ound at h t p:/ f t / ridge .ubunt u.com / axonom y t / e rm / t 13. Som e of t e h igh l t h igh s f m e in or w rap up w e re : *Aut at and Ubunt om ix u col l aborat ion. H ol on, h ow can d you col l aborat w it Aut at e h om ix w h ich is k now n t be a bad boy in o t e Ubunt w orl h u d? *Ch ange s t t e l o h ogout dial I og. don't h av any problm s w it t e e e h h curre nt dial m ys e l It j t l e og f 's us ik . h ow pe opl w h ine d about t e e h de f t w al aul l pape r in Gut y. s *D e f ining a road m ap f or s upport ing L ocal Com m unit y (L oCo) t am s . Now t at a good e h 's ide a!

*Support f t e Cl s m at PC or h as e pl f at orm . Th at an int re s t 's e ing one . *Cre at ing an Ubunt M obil u e com m unit W e l h av y. l , ing Ubunt on u t e go is a gre at t ing. And w h o's h h going t craw l o around on t e f h orum s and h e l t os e w h o are in ne e d? p h Gre at ide a. *Eas y F e Sh aring! Th is is il de s pe rat l ne e de d. As f as I k now e y ar it is n't t e e as ie s t t ing t s e t up h h o s h aring be t e e n t o com put rs w w e w h e re one of t e com put rs is an h e Ubunt com put r u e . *Th e Scre e ncas t on CD bl print s ue . Now t is is s om e t ing t at I k now of h h h , and I w ilal ays e ndors e t e ide a. l w h Th e ide a is e xpl d w e lh e re aine l h t ps :/ w ik i.ubunt t / u.com / Scre e ncas t In s Ubunt uSpe c. It an e xce l nt ide a. 's l e *A W indow s ins t lr It an al . 's e int re s t e ing conce pt but I t e t e , ak h t radit ional t v w on it s aying w h y is ie , w oul you w ant t ins t l inux ins ide d o alL

W indow s if you h av h ad e nough e of it Good l t t e m anyw ay. ? uck o h *Th e 2.6.24 Ke rne lTh e Ke rne l . is t e m ak e or bre ak of any h L inux dis t ribut ion, and I w onde r if L inus agre e s w it m e ... It w il h l be int re s t e ing t s e e h ow big t e o h k e rne l ilge t Th e re las e w l . e candidat w e igh e d in at 11 e m e gabyt s . H ope f l it can e ul y s h e d s om e w e igh t in t e . im *Buil ding a com m unit around y " nt rpris e "Ubunt - Th at is e e u h e l ulTh e ne e d of an pf . Ent rpris e Ubunt com m unit e u y s h ow s h ow popul Ubunt is ar u be com ing in t e bus ine s s w orl h d. W e 'lj t h av t w ait and s e e . lus e o
And t at is m y w rap up of UD S Bos t h on, al it s t be anding f rom t e s ide l s . h ine Th e re is anot e r round up of t e day h h by day e v nt w h ich you can f e s ind in te h h t ps :/ w ik i.ubunt t / u.com / Ubunt e e k l uW y Ne w s lt e r/ s ue 64 e t Is

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LTTERS E

Ev ry m ont w e l e t publ h s om e of t e e m ail w e re ce iv . If you w oul l e t e h ik o is h s e d ik o s ubm it a lt e r f publ ion, com pl e nt or com pl , plas e e m ail t e t or icat im aint e it o: lt e rs @ f l e m agazine .org. PL e t ul circl EASE NOTE: s om e ltte rs m ay be e dite d f s pace re as ons . e or

T

h e re are l oads of w ays in w h ich you can cont ribut t e o Ubunt (s e e FCM # 6 lt e r), u e t program m ing is onl one of t os e y h w ays . F ins t or ance , if your ow n l anguage is s om e t ing ot e r t an h h h Engl h , t e n you can h e l is h p t rans l e s of w are and at t docum e nt ion t your ow n at o l anguage . Anot e r w ay t cont h o ribut t e o Ubunt is by s im pl going int t e u y o h f orum s or on IRC and h e l pe opl p e s ole any problm t e y are v e h h av ing. If you k now h ow t do o s om e t ing in Ubunt t e n you h u, h coul w rit a W ik i art e d e icl (h ttps ://w ik i. ubuntu. /) or if you com h av a gre at ide a on h ow Ubunt e u can be im prov d, you coul e d s ubm it it t t e ide a pool o h at h ttps ://w ik i. ubuntu. /Ide aPool com

L ETTER OF TH E M ONTH

W rit r of L t e r of t e M ont w ins e e t h h t o m e t Ubunt cas e badge s ! w al u

I m ade t is pum pk in by h print ing out t e Ubunt h u l and t ogo aping it t t e o h pum pk in. I us e d one of t os e pok e rs t at com e in h h pum pk in carv ing k it t s o pok e h ols in t e pum pk in e h al ong t e l s w h e re I h ad t cut t e n I h ine o , h j t cut al us ong t e l s . I de cide d t m ak e h ine o t e Ubunt pum pk in, be caus e I w ant d t h u e o

do s om e t ing dif e re nt f h f rom t e h st andard " cary"pum pk in. Not a l of s ot pe opl s aw t e pum pk in, but e h s om e one s aid t at t e onl pe rs on h h y t at w oul t ink it h d h w as s cary w oul be d BilGat s . l e w w w .l inuxl oop.com

Th os e are j t a f w of t e w ays in us e h w h ich you can h e l m ak e Ubunt a p u be t e r e xpe rie nce f e v ryone . Y t or e ou can f ind m ore w ays at h ttp://w w w . ubuntu. /com m unity/parti com cipate

I

t ink t e re w as a m is t e in t e h h ak h polit is s ue # 6. W indow m anage r l and de s k t e nv op ironm e nt are t o w dif e re nt t ings . f h

Gnom e , KD E and XFCE are de s k t e nv op ironm e nt , not s w indow m anage rs , al ough t h t e y h av buil w indow s h e t -in m anage rs (in orde r: M e t acit y, Kw in, xf m ), w e can't m ak e w conf ion w it t e s e t o t rm s . us h h w e Th e s e one s are ok ay: Com piz and Be ryl are re al w indow s l y m anage rs as t e y onl re pl h y ace met acit k w in or xf m . By t e y, w h w ay, Com piz f ion is not t e us h w indow m anage r it e l it j s f 's ut , t e re pl m e nt f Com pizh ace or e xt , m e rging ol com piz ras d

25

pl ugins w it Be ryl s . h one A w indow m anage r can be us e d in alot e r de s k t e nv l h op ironm e nt s (at las t in t e ory), but t e be s t e h h t ing is t k e e p t e de s k t h o h op e nv ironm e nt de f t one . W it t e aul h h int roduct ion of com pos it ing w indow m anage rs (t e one s t at h h m ak e alt os e cool f e ct , j t t lh e f s us o re m e m be r t e w indow m anage r is h t e one t at do t os e e f e ct t h h h f s o t e w indow s not t e de s k t h h op e nv ironm e nt it be cam e com m on ) t re pl t e de f t one w it o ace h aul h anot e r (coolone l e pe opl do h ) ik e w h e n put ing Com piz (F ion) in t us Gnom e . Th e y are act l ual y re pl acing M e t acit w it Com piz y h (ye t put ing e xt pl t ra ugins if t e y h are ins t l com piz f ion alo) al ing us s

I

t ink I'v m e t t e s am e problm h e h e as Ant ony St l o (L t e rs page h e l at e t of FCM # 6), m aybe m ine is e v n e w ors e ! I h av ins t ld t e m -xine and e al e ot m pl r w it w 32code cs in m y Gut y aye h s Gibbon, but I can not ope n m y H D v os (or m ov s ) w it t e m . Each ide ie h h t e I t t us e m pl r or t e m im ry o aye ot xine t ope n m y 720p or 1080p o m ov s , none of t e m w ork e d, it q uit ie h aut at l not l om ical y ong af e r I doubl t e cl e d t e H D m ov f e . ick h ie il So, plas e h e l m e and ot e r e p h f nds w it t e s am e problm ! rie h h e By t e w ay, I am a l h oyal ade r of re , I'v re ad al e l t e is s ue s , t e y are gre at I l e t e h h ! ik h v ry m uch , w h ich is v ry e e us e f . W h il on t e s ubj ct coul ul e h e , d you l t s om e dow nl is oading t s f ool or us in t e ne xt is s ue plas e ?Th ank h e you.

I

s it pos s ibl t h av an art e e o e icl e xpl aining a h ow t cre at a o e m e dia ce nt r w it t e e h h pack age s prov d on t e ide h re pos it ory?

Ed:

I

Ed:

t ink h is a gre at re s ource . I h av a e s ugge s t ion t ough : I t ink h h t e re s h oul be s om e s m al h d l bl s om e w h e re ne ar t e f urb h ront , lt ing pe opl w h o k now e t e not ing, not ing at al about h h l , w h at Ubunt is and w h e re t e y u h can larn m ore . e

Ed: .

Ed:

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W rit e n by Robe rt Cl h am t ips

Q& A

If you h av an Ubunt re l e d q ue s t e u at ion w h ich ne e ds ans w e ring, e m ail t us h e re it o at q ue s t ions @ f l e m agazine .org, and w e 'lpas s t e m t Robe rt f ans w e ring in ul circl l h o or a f ure is s ue . Plas e incl ut e ude as m uch inf orm at ion as you can about your problm . e

Q

Since I upgrade d t t e Gut y o h s Gibbon I h av onl be e n abl e y e t acce s s w e bs it s by us ing o e t e ir IP addre s s e s , and anyt ing h h e le Int rne t re l e d w on't w ork s e at w h y is t is ? h

Q

Can Ubunt us e m ore t an u h 4GB of RAM ?

A

Th e re are s e v ral im pl e s e w ays t s ole t is . Th e o v h e as ie s t one is j t t dis abl us o e ipv w h ich can be done by doing 6, 'gk s udo ge dit / t m odprobe .d/ ack l t in a e c/ bl is ' t rm inal de s u k at e (k e / t m odprobe .d/ ack l t in KD E), e c/ bl is t e n adding 'bl l t ipv t t e h ack is 6' o h e nd of t e f e . Re s t your PC and h il art ipv w ilbe dis abld. L 6 l e ook at t e h l be l t f ink ow o ind ot e r w ays t h o s ole t is . v h
h t ps :/ h e l t / p.ubunt u.com / com m unit W e bB y/ row s ingSl IPv ow 6IPv 4

A
Q

Q

If you w ant t us e m ore t an o h 4GB of RAM in Ubunt you u ne e d t dow nl t e 64 Bit o oad h v rs ion. W h e n on t e dow nl page e h oad you ne e d t ch oos e t e '64bit AM D o h and Int l e com put rs ' opt e ion.
h t p:/ ubunt orum s .org/ h ow t re ad.ph p?= t / uf s h t 605649

I w oul l e t larn s om e d ik o e bas ic com m ands in L inux. Are t e re any good s it s h e f t is ? or h

A

I'm running t e s e rv r e dit h e ion of Ubunt but ne e d a GUI. u, H ow can I ins t l ? alone

Th e Ubunt h e l s it h as a u p e good guide at h t ps :/ h e l t / p.ubunt u.com / co m m unit Us ingTh e T rm inal y/ e , w h ich w ils h ow alt e bas ic l lh com m ands f us ing a t rm inal or e in Ubunt Th e re is alo a m ore u. s ge ne ral guide at h t p:/ l t /inuxcom m and.org/w h ich appl s t aldis t ie o l ribut ions .
h t p:/ ubunt orum s .org/ h ow t re ad.ph t / uf s h p?=605836 t

A

Can Ubuntu Us e M ore Th an 4GB Of RAM ?

Us e 's udo apt ude ins t l it al ' f l e d by ubunt ol ow u-de s k t op, k ubunt u-de s k t or xubunt op ude s k t op, de pe nding on w h ich us e r int rf e ace you w ant Y w ilalo . ou l s ne e d t ins t l o algdm (Gnom e ) or k dm (KD E).
h t p:/ ubunt orum s .org/ h ow t re ad.ph p?= t / uf s h t 605801

I W oul L e To d ik L arn Som e Bas ic e Com m ands in L inux

27

W rit e n by At il Sol os s y t ta ym

M Y D ESK TO P

Y our ch ance t s h ow t e w orl your de s k t or PC. Em ail o h d op your s cre e ns h ot and s ph ot t m is c@ f l e m agazine .org and incl os o: ul circl ude a brie f paragraph about your de s k t op, your PC's s pe cs and any ot e r int re s t h e ing t idbit about your s e t s up.

I

am brand ne w t L o inux. M y f t and onl at e m pt s o f h as irs y t ar be e n w it Ubunt I am v ry s at f d w it m y ch oice . I t ink h u. e is ie h h t at de s k t m odif h op icat ions are e as y t pre f o orm by a ne w L inux us e r, t oo. Th e fav I us e is Ubunt St l or u udio. (Y can ge t it f ou rom t e h re pos it orie s . F ins t or ruct ions v it w w w .ubunt t is us udio.org) Th e icon pack age , D ropl Ne u, is av abl f ine ail e rom art .gnom e .org Y can ou dow nl t e m ous e t e m e f oad h h rom w w w .gnom e -l .org Se arch f ook or F dora Core 6 Curs ors . e

W rit e n by Ch andra Se k ar t

M Y D ESK TO P
M y de s k t cus t izat op om ion us e s onl w h at is av abl by de f t in Kubunt y ail e aul u Gut y Gibbon (7.10). H e re is h ow you m ay do it f yours e l s or f : *Enabl t e rans pare ncy f t e pane l or h . *Se t t e t am ount t around 50% . Th e t col I h av us e d is t e h int o int or e h de f t aul . *Th e w al l pape r is t e " t Badia"one w h ich com e s w it Kubunt h Al a h u. *Th e O SD on t e t is dis pl d j t as Am arok s t s pl h op aye us art aying a s ong. *Kat apulis us e d t ope n t e D igik am . t o h O t e r s pe cs : h *KD E 3.5.8. *Ace r AL 1702W w ide s cre e n m onit at a re s ol ion of 1440x9 00. or ut *nV IA Ge F ID orce 4000 M X. *256 M B RAM . *Int l lron running at 2.0 GH z. e Ce e

28

TO P A UD I /VD EO A P S 5 O I P
W rit e n by Andre w M in t

Y our m ont l l t of L h y is inux gam e s or appl ions icat f rom t e de pt s of t e Int rne t If you h av an ide a h h h e . e f a l t plas e e m ailm is c@ f l e m agazine .org or is , e : ul circl

H om e page : h t p:/ audacit ource f t / y.s orge .ne t /

H om e page : h t p:/ l m s .s ource f t /m orge .ne t /

A

udacit is a y s im pl ye t e pow e rf ul digit audio al e dit . St e d as or art a bas ic e dit by or D om inic M azzoni during graduat e s ch oolAudacit , y h as grow n t o incl ude f at s s uch as up t 16 ch anne l of e ure o s re cording, 16, 24, and 32 bit s am pls , rat s up e e t 9 6 KH z, e as y copying and pas t o ing, unl it d im e undos , m ixing, pl ug-ins , e f e ct , s upport f f s or pl ugins w rit e n in L SP V t AD A, ST, and Nyq uis t , and boas t W AV AIFF, M P3 (us ing L E), FL s , AM AC, and O GG s upport It no w onde r it w on t e Be s t . 's h P e ct f M ul e dia prize in t e 2007 roj or t im h Source F orge .ne t Com m unit Ch oice Aw ards . y T ins t l o alAudacit j t grab t e audacit y, us h y pack age in t e Univ rs e re pos it h e ory.

L

M M S (L inux M ul e dia t iM St udio) is anot e r gre at al h l purpos e s ound e dit . or Sim il t t e ar o h com m e rcial Cubas e or FLSt udio, L M S M com bine s a pow e rf ul s ynt e s ize r w it a h h gre at t rack e r/ e q ue nce r program t cre at an s o e am azing audio e dit . W it it you can alo or h , s capt ure input f rom M ID I k e yboards , w rit m us ic e w it a gre at s ong e dit add l h or, oops or be at , or s us e pl ugins f L SP and Cubas e (w it W INE). or AD A h Alw rappe d int a pow e rf ye t e as y t us e Qt l o ul o bas e d GUI. T ins t l M M S, alyou ne e d t do is ge t t e o alL l o h l m s pack age in t e Univ rs e re pos it m h e ory.

29

H om e page : h ttp://l e s . ource f iv s orge . t/ ne

H om e page : h t p:/ w w w .av m ux.org/ t / ide Av m ux w as cre at d f t os e ide e or h w h o don't ne e d t e k it e n s ink in h ch t e ir v o e dit . Ins t ad, h ide or e Av m ux of e rs a s im pl int rf ide f e e ace w it f at s s uch as h e ure cut ing/ t appe nding cl , f t rs , ips il e s upport f e ncoding and de coding or alt e popul f lh ar orm at (incl s uding AV ASF, Quick Tim e , M PEG, and I, W M V m uxing (and de m uxing) ), s upport O CR s ubt ls , and s cript , it e ing us ing ECM AScript And if you're a . Kubunt us e r, you'lbe gl t larn u l ad o e t at t e ne w v rs ion incl s a Qt h h e ude v rs ion al e ong w it t e de f t GTK. h h aul
av m ux is incl d in Ubunt ide ude u's M ul e rs e re pos it t iv ory.

I

H om e page : h ttp://w w w . de nl e . k iv org/ If you're a Kubunt us e r, you'l u l w ant t t Kde nl e . Th is nono ry iv l ar v o e dit incl s f l ine ide or ude ul FFM PEG s upport (s o it w ilim port l and e xport v ual any f irt l y orm at you t row at it incl h , uding AV I, M PEG, O GG, and V B), 4:3 and O 16:9 as pe ct rat , P and NTSC ios AL f orm at s upport D V burning, , D m ul rack e dit t i-t ing, bas ic audio and v o e f e ct and t ide f s rans it ions (w it re al im e pre v w s ), h -t ie s l s h ow s , and m ore . Alin a ide l rich KD E int rf e ace s upport ing t n e dif e re nt l f anguage s .
T ins t l o alKde nl e , j t ins t lh e iv us alt k de nl e pack age in t e univ rs e iv h e re pos it ory.

f v o e dit ide ing is m ore your s t e , t out L ES. It a yl ry iV 's pow e rf t uloolh at m ixe s a re al t t e e dit and a non-l ar e dit im or ine or int one pack age . Th row in s om e o nice add-ons , s cript , f t rs , and s il e s upport f v ual any f or irt l y orm at (it us e s M Pl r), and you'v j t aye e us s crat e d t e s urf ch h ace of w h at it is capabl of e .
Al ough L ES is one of t e gre at s t t h iV h e Ubunt e dit , it didn't m ak e it int t e u ors o h Ubunt re pos it u orie s . L il Ge t e b.ne t uck y, D h as a pack age at h t p:/ w w w .ge t b.ne t app.ph p? t / de / nam e =L i V ES.

30

H O W TO CO NTRI UTE B
W e are al ays l ing f ne w art e s t incl w ook or icl o ude in F l ulCircl. F art e guide l s , e or icl ine ide as , and f is s ue t or rans l ion, plas e s e e our w ik i: at e h t p:/ w ik i.ubunt t / u.com / Ubunt agazine uM Plas e e m ail e your art e s t art e s @ f l e m agazine .org icl o: icl ul circl

Ful Circl Te am l e
- Ronnie T e r uck ronnie @ f l e m agazine .org ul circl - Rob Ke rf ia adm in@ f l e m agazine .org ul circl - Robe rt Cl h am ips m rm onday@ f l e m agazine .org ul circl - M at h e w Ros s i t podcas t f l e m agazine .org @ ul circl Sam ue l Barrat t Robe rt Cl h am ips D anie l Coh e n Ph il H ö n ipp h Andre w M in V Aye r id Nicol Cappe l a l ini Ryan H art age l D av M aino id Andre w M in J e s Sav am age J onny D ov r e M at h e w H ol r t de Rich ard M il l s Alx Rus s e l e l J e s W il s am l iam

If you w oul l e t s ubm it ne w s , e m ail t d ik o it o: ne w s @ f l e m agazine .org ul circl Se nd your com m e nt or L s inux e xpe rie nce s t o: lt e rs @ f l e m agazine .org e t ul circl H ardw are / of w are re v w s s h oul be s e nt t s t ie d o: re v w s @ f l e m agazine .org ie ul circl Que s t ions f f ure int rv w s s h oul go t or ut e ie d o: q ue s t ions @ f l e m agazine .org ul circl L t and de s k t PC ph ot s h oul be is s op/ os d e m aild t e o: m is c@ f l e m agazine .org ul circl If you h av q ue s t e ions , you can v it our f is orum : w w w .f l e m agazine .org ul circl

H AV YOUR SAY E
If you w ant t h av your s ay in h ow o e F l ulCircl de v l , plas e at e nd our e e ops e t m ont l IRC m e e t h y ing. Y can f ou ind our ne xt Age nda at : h t p:/ urlul t / .f l e m agazine .org/ 2ba08 circl f W e w ant t e input of you, t e re ade r, h h t h e l us m ak e de cis ions t at af e ct o p h f t e m agazine . h Ne xt ge ne ralalw e l e , m e e t , l com ing: Me e t ings t e pl in t e IRC ch anne l ak ace h , w h ich is on t e h irc.f e node .ne t s e rv r O r you can us e re e . our w e bIRC page w h ich is at h t p:/ irc.f l e m agazine .org and it t / ul circl w ilal you t int ract w it our IRC l l ow o e h ch anne lrom w it in your w e b brow s e r f h .

Sunday 09 t D e ce m be r h . F riday 21s t D e ce m be r .

And our t ank s go out t h o ,t e h and t e m any t h rans l ion at t am s around t e w orl e h d.

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