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Embryology Mnemonics

Mitosis: events at 4 stages Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase,


Telophase:
Prophase: Chromosomes and spindles are Produced.
Metaphase: chromosomes MetAlign themselves.
Anaphase: [Ana] divorced or separated.
Telophase: Tell-O'Brien his daughter cells are read.
Woffian duct (mesonepric duct! derivatives" #ardener$s
%EE&:
!emale:
#artner$s duct, cst
Male:
%eminal vesicles
Epididmis
E"aculator duct
&uctus de#erens
Potter syndrome: features POTTE':
Pulmonar hpoplasia
Oligohdrominios
T$isted s%in &$rin%l s%in'
T$isted #ace &Potter #acies'
E(tremities de#ects
'enal agenesis &)ilateral'
(etal alcool syndrome ((A%!: features (A%:
(acial hpoplasia* (ore)rain mal#ormation
Attention de#ecit disorder* Altered "oints
%hort stature* %eptal de#ects* %mall +.,
Tetrology of (allot P'O)e:
Pulmonar stenosis
'ight ventricular hpertroph
Overriding aorta
)entricular septal de#ect
*euroectoderm derivatives *euroectoderm gives rise
to:
*eurons
*euroglia
*eurohpophsis
pi*eurol &pineal' gland
(oregut derivatives -+ittle Em)ro People
&o +i%e %$allo$ing, Producing #as-:
+ungs
Esophagus
Pancreas
&uodenum &pro(imal'
+iver
%tomach
Pancreas
#all )ladder
,eart: primitive eart cambers in fetal eart -The
-ro%en )ein Al$as %tenoses, -ut )eins
Are %mooth-:
The order o# the compartments is:
.).t. )/runcus, bul)us
Primitive )entricle
Primitive Atrium
%inus venosus
The connections are:
-ul)otruncal "unction)entriculo)ul)ar #oramen
Atrioventricular canal
%inuatrial "unction
Tetrology of (allot -Pro)lems O# %mall
,earts-:
Pulmonar stenosis
Overriding aorta
0entricular %eptal de#ect
,pertroph o# right ventricle
Wee.s /0 10 4 of development: an event for eac 1ee% T2o:
-ilaminar germ disc.
1ee% Tree: Trilaminar germ disc.
1ee% (our: (ourlim)s appear.
+ung development pases -Ever Premature 3hild
Ta%es Air-:
Em)ronic period
Pseudoglandular period
3analicular peroid
Terminal sac period
Alveolar period
-rancial arc giving rise to aorta -Aor2 #rom
(our-:
Aorta is #rom #ourth arch.
Placenta-crossing substances -WA*T M ,ot
&og-:
Wastes
Anti)odies
*utrients
Teratogens
Microorganisms
,ormones* ,+0
&rugs
3ranial and spinal neural crest: ma4or derivatives #AME%:
#lial cells &o# peripheral ganglia'
Arachnoid &and pia'
Melanoctes
Enteric ganglia
%ch$ann cells
Tetrology of (allot -3on't &'OP the )a)-:
&e#ect &043'
'ight ventricular hpertroph
Overriding aorta
Pulmonar stenosis
Mesoderm components ME%O&E'M:
Mesothelium &peritoneal, pleural, pericardial'* Muscle &striated,
smooth, cardiac'
Em)rologic
%pleen* %o#t tissue* %erous linings* %arcoma* %omite
Osseous tissue* Outer laer o# suprarenal gland &corte('* Ovaries
&ura* &ucts o# genitalia
Endothelium
'enal
Microglia* Mesenchme* Male gonad
Tetrology of (allot -5,OP2+nternational 5ouse o#
Panca%es-:
5nterventricular septal de#ect
,potroph o# right ventricle
Overriding aorta
Pulmonar stenosis
Teratogenesis: 2en it occurs TEratogenesis is most
li%el during organogenesis22)et$een the:
Third and
Eighth $ee%s o# gestation.
)itelline duct: closure time )5telline duct normall
closes around $ee% )5 o# intrauterine li#e.