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TestII PHY2020 Formula sheet

All problems worth 4 points total except #1; parts are worth the state
points!
"#$!% m&s
2
100 cm#1 m '$!'( inches#1 m 1 )m#1000 m
12 inches#1 *oot +2%0 *eet#1 mile 1 )" # 1000 "
1 hour # ',00 s -#,!( 10
.11
/m
2
&)"
2
1 0 # 1/1m 1 2att#1 0&s
3omparison between metric an 4n"lish units o* Force5 1 lb 6poun7 # 4!4+ /
8se*ul *ormulas5
9inear5 4
sprin"
# : )x
2
4
"ra;! potential
# m"h 6h is the hei"ht7
4
<inetic 4ner"=
# : m;
2
F#ma
p6the momentum7 # m; 6remember> p an ; are ;ectors> so p has both
si?e an @ i* itAs important @ irection7
I* there are no external *orces 6B momentum is conser;e7 and the
collision is elastic 6B ener"= is conser;e7 i* mass m
1
hits a stationary
mass m
2
then
;
1*inal
# ;
1initial
6m
1
.m
2
7&6 m
1
Cm
2
7 an ;
2*inal
# ;
1initial
62m
1
7&6 m
1
Cm
2
7
Dotational5 s#rE ;
linear
#r a
linear
#r Demember> use raians *or E>
> an in these an all *ormulas below!
1 rotation # ',0
o
6F. onAt useG7 # 2 raians
4
rot! <in! 4ner"=
# : I
2
96an"ular momentum7#I
I6moment o* Inertia7 is *or a point mass a istance HrA *rom the axis o*
rotation#mr
2
6I* =ou nee a moment o* inertia *or a special problem @
as lon" as thatAs not the Iuestion @ =ou will be "i;en it!7
torIue # I also> torIue # F times Hle;er armA>
where Hle;er armA is the istance o* closest approach to the axis o*
rotation o* the Force ;ector extene *orwars an bac)wars!
Jensit= is represente b= the -ree) letter K! K#L&M>
where L is the mass o* the obNect an M is the ;olume the obNect ta)es
up!
circum*erence o* a circle5 2r> where r is the raius
iameter # 2 1 raius
Ieal "as law PM#nDT> where n#number o* moles o* "as an D#%!' 0&mole
Temperature in Fahrenheit&3enti"rae&<el;in! 2ater *ree?es at '2
o
F> 0
o
3> an 2('
<> water boils at 212
o
F> 100
o
3> an '(' <
Practice Problems *or Test 2 3hapters %.1'
' si" *i"s on all answers @ I ha;e "i;en the units *or each answer line
6Partial creit5 minus : creit *or wron" placement o* ecimal point7
1! 61 point7 I* "ra;it= acts in the =.irection an an obNect is mo;in" in the =.
irection 6*or example *allin"7 with no air *riction> is the momentum in the =.
irection o* the mo;in" obNect constant 6conser;e7O 3ircle one5 6i* =ou
erase&chan"e&etc! @ ma)e it clear which =ou want7
Yes /o
/o
2! A ( )" obNect mo;in" at C1!+ m&s runs into a stationar= obNect> mass#10 )"! The
collision is elastic! There are no external *orces> so momentum is conser;e! 2hat
is the spee o* the tar"et 6the 10 )" mass7 a*ter the collisionO
To sol;e this> conser;e momentum an )inetic ener"=! 2e i this in class an "ot
the "eneral *ormula "i;en on the *ormula sheet>
;2*inal # ;1initial 62m17&6 m1Cm27> so ;tar"et

# 1!+ m&s 1 621( )"7&6( C 10 )"7#1!24 m&s
PPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPm&s
'a! 62 points7 A + )" obNect> ;initial # C' m&s alon" a *rictionless sur*ace 6no external
*orces7> collies an stic)s to"ether with a 2 )" obNect that was initiall= stationar=!
2hat is the spee a*ter the collision o* the two stuc) to"ether massesO
Qince the= stic)> an since momentum is conser;e =ou "et ;*inal o* the combine
masses5
pinitial # + )" 1 C' m&s # p*inal # 6+ )" C 2 )"7 1 ;*inal B ;*inal # 6+&(7 1 C' m&s so the spee
6ma"nitue o* the ;elocit=7 is 2!14 m&s
PPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPm&s!
'b! 62 points7 In problem 2a! Nust abo;e> how much @ i* an= . o* the initial )inetic
ener"= is lost in the collisionO 6units o* 0oules7 62 si" *i"s7
4<4
initial
# : m;
2
# : 1 + )" 1 6' m&s7
2
# 22!+ 0
4<4
*inal
# : 6+ C 2 )"7 1 62!14 m&s7
2
# 1,!1 0> so the ener"= lost is ,!4 0> which is 2%!,R
o* 4<4
initial

PPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPP0
4! A wheel with iameter (0 cm is rotatin" at + rotations per secon! How *ast
6linear spee> in m&s7 is the outer rim o* the wheel mo;in"O
;#r # + 1 2 ra &s # '1!42 ra&s B ;#'1!42 ra&s 1 0!'+ m # 11!0 m&s
PPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPm&s
+! I* some rotatin" obNect *ree *rom external torIues an mo;in" at an"ular spee
#(0 ra&s suenl= chan"es its moment o* inertia I *rom Iinitial to ouble the initial
moment o* inertia 6i! e! Inew # 2 Iinitial7> what is the new > in units o* ra&sO
Free *rom external torIues means an"ular momentum 69#I7 is conser;e! Thus
the new # 1&2 1 (0 ra&s # '+ ra&s> since new 1 Inew has to eIual the "i;en 6initial7
o* (0 ra&s times Iinitial! This is Nust li)e the spinnin" person in the chair who
increases their moment o* inertial b= mo;in" wei"hts *urther *rom the axis o*
rotation @ the= slow own when their moment o* inertial is bi""er so 9 is conser;e!
PPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPra&s
,! 3onsier the picture below! Sloc) #1 wei"hs +00 /> #2 wei"hs '00 /> #' wei"hs
200 /; bloc) #1 is 2 m *rom the *ulcrum&pi;ot point> #2 is 1 m awa= 6both on the le*t
as shown7> bloc) #' is 1 m to the ri"ht o* the *ulcrum> an bloc) #4 is 2 m to the
ri"ht o* the *ulcrum! I* all the bloc)s are to be in eIuilibrium 6no tippin" or
rotatin"7> what is the wei"ht o* bloc) #4> in /O
#1 #2 #' #4
T
In eIuilibrium means no net torIues!
sum o* torIue # 0 # +00 / 1 2 m C '00 / 1 1 m @ 200 / 1 1 m . #4 1 2 m #U #4 # ++0
/
PPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPP /
(! How man= "rams o* air are in a car trun)> ;olume 1!4 m
'
6the ensit= o* air is
about 0!001' "&cm
'
7
e;er= cm
'
o* the trun) contains 0!001' " o* air; 1m
'
# 6100 cm7
'
# 10
,
cm
'
> so the
trun) contains 1!4 m
'
1 10
,
cm
'
&m
'
1 0!001' "&cm
'
# 1%20 "!

PPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPP"
%a! 62 points7 A 1 )" roc)> with a ensit= o* + "&cm
'
> is in a small ;essel *loatin" in a
pool o* water! 2hat ;olume o* water> with a ensit= o* 1 "&cm
'
> i the ;essel
isplace when the roc) was place into the boatO 6Archimees principle!7
PPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPcm
'
The wei"ht o* the water isplace pro;ies the *lotation *orce to counter the
wei"ht o* the roc)> so 1 )" o* water is isplace> or 1>000 cm
'

%b! 62 points7 /ow the roc) is remo;e *rom the small ;essel an place irectl= in
the water! Instea o* =our answer in a!7> what ;olume o* water is now isplaceO
6hint5 the isplace water ;olume # ;olume o* roc)!7
PPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPcm
'
The ;olume o* the roc) is onl= 200 cm
'
6ensit=#L&Molume> so + "&cm
'
# 1000
"&M B M#200 cm
'
7
$! An ieal "as containe in a constant ;olume M> starts o** with some pressure
P1 an 200
o
F! The temperature o* the "as in this constant ;olume is now raise
to 400
o
F! 2hat is the new pressure P2 in terms o* P1O
PPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPPP x P1
PM#nDT> with T in units o* <el;in> so 200
o
F is 1,%
o
F abo;e the *ree?in" point o*
water> an thus 200
o
F is 6usin" 1,%&1!% to rescale the e"rees Fahrenheit into
e"rees 3enti"rae7 # $'!'
o
3#2('C$'!'#',,!' <! Qimilarl=> 400
o
F is 6400.'27&1!% #
204!4
o
3 which is 2('C204!4 # 4((!4 <! Qo P2 # P1 14((!4&',,!' # 1!'0' P1