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Multiple Choice Particle

physics week1
(chapter 1 + 2.1)
1. In the Standard Model a Gauge
boson is a
a) Force particle
b) Matter particle
2. The gluon is the force carrier for
a) Weak force
b) Gravity
c) The fifth force
d) Strong force
e) Electromagnetic force
3. Which of the four
fundamental forces has the
shortest range?
a) Strong
b) Weak
c) Electromagnetism
d) Gravity
4. Within the Standard Model a
generation is composed of
a) Two leptons (l,v)
b) Two quarks (q,q)
c) Two leptons and two quarks
d) Two leptons and one gauge boson
e) Two quarks and two gauge bosons
5. How many generations exists in
the Standard Model
a) 1
b) 3
c) 4
d) 6
e) 7
f) 8
6. The coordinate system of a
Feynman diagram is
a)
c)
d)
Time
Space
Momentum
Space
Momentum
Time
7. A particle with an arrow pointing
to the towards negative times in a
feynman diagram signifies a
a) Gauge boson
b) Particle
c) Anti-particle
d) Virtual particle
8. Which of the following
particles interacts with itself?
a) Neutrino
b) Photon
c) Gluon
9. Lepton number is
a) Violated in weak interactions
b) Violated in strong interactions
c) Conserved only in electromagnetic
interaction
d) Conserved for all forces
e) Conserved only in weak interaction
10. What determines the allowed
time of existance for a virtual
particle?
a) Time-energy uncertainty relation
b) Its momentum
c) Special relativity
d) Decay time
Solutions
1a, 2d, 3b, 4c, 5b, 6a, 7c, 8c, 9d,
10a
Multiple Choice Particle
physics week2
(chapter 2(section 2.2pp) + 3)
1. In the Standard Model a hadron
is
a) A particle made of leptons and possibly
anti-leptons
b) A particle only interacting strongly
c) A bound state of quarks and possibly
anti-quarks
2. A meson is made of
a) A quark anti-quark pair
b) Three quarks
c) An electron positron pair
d) Three anti-quarks
3. A baryon is made of
a) A quark anti-quark pair
b) Three quarks
c) An electron-positron-gamma state
d) Three anti-quarks
4. What is a pion?
a) A baryon
b) A meson
c) A lepton
5. Baryon number is
a) Violated in weak interactions
b) Conserved for all forces
c) Violated in strong interactions
d) Conserved only in electromagnetic
interaction
e) Conserved only in weak interaction
6. How many colours can a quark
have?
a) 2
b) 3
c) 5
d) 8
7. The proton is in the quark model
composed of
a) u-d-d
b) d-d-d
c) u-u-u
d) u-u-d
8. Lepton universality implies that
a) All lepton generations have identical
interactions
b) All lepton generations have the same
mass
c) All leptons have the same decay time
9. What fractions of the
fundamental unit charge (e) do
quark charges come in?
a) 2/3 and -1/3
b) 0 and 1
c) -1/2 and 1/2
10. Which of these quarks has
the shortest lifetime?
a) Up
b) Down
c) Charmed
d) Strange
e) Top
f) Bottom
Solutions
1c, 2a, 3b, 4b, 5b, 6b, 7d, 8a, 9a,
10e
Multiple Choice Particle
physics week3
(chapter 4 + 5 (upto 5.3))
1. Hypercharge, Y, is defined
as?
a) B + S
b) C + B + T
c) B + S + C + ~B + T
d) Q + B + S + C + ~B + T
2. If the isospin, I, for a particle
is I=1, we are dealing with
a) A decuplet
b) An isosinglet
c) An isodoublet
d) An isotriplet
e) A nonet
3. What is positronium?
a) A bound state of a proton and a positron
b) A bound state of an electron and a
positron
c) A bound state of a proton and an electron
4. The branching fraction denotes
a) The fraction of all decays leading to that
particular final state
b) The fraction of u-quarks in a hadron
c) The probability for a process to happen
5. Parity is conserved for?
a) Electromagnetic, strong and weak forces
b) Only electromagnetic and strong forces
c) Only strong forces
6. Parity transformation is
a) Reflecting position in the z-axis
b) Reflecting position in the x- and y-axis
c) Reflecting position in the origin
7. Charge conjugation is?
a) The operation which replaces all
particles by the antiparticles in the same
state
b) Summing up all charges in a decay
c) Combining charges of leptons and anti-
leptons
8. What are the possible
eigenvalues of the parity operator?
a) -1 and +1
b) -1/2 and +1/2
c) n!, n is an integer
d) +2/3 and -1/3
9. Which of the following particles
does not have distinct antiparticle?
a) p
b) Kaons
c) !
d) "
+
10. Within an isospin multiplet
particles differ in
a) Parity
b) Charm
c) Charge
d) Baryon number
Solutions
1c, 2d, 3b, 4a, 5b, 6c, 7a, 8a, 9c,
10c
Multiple Choice Particle
physics week4
(chapter 5 (from 5.3) + 6)
1. The dominant force in
Quarkonium is
a) The weak force
b) The strong force
c) The electromagnetic force
d) Gravity
2. Why do quarks need to have
color?
a) To ensure integer charge of hadrons
b) To explain the mass difference between
quarks
c) Because of the Pauli-principle
3. Hadrons only exist if their
total color charge is
a) Zero
b) Non-zero
c) 1
d) Same as the electric charge
4. What is a resonance?
a) A particle containing more than 3 quarks
b) An exited lepton
c) A shortlived particle
5. The width of a resonance is
related to
a) The spin of the resonance
b) The lifetime of the particle
c) The colour of the hadron
6. An possible exotic hadron is?
a) A hadron that decays via the weak force
b) A meson with colour
c) A hadron with more than 3 quarks
d) A baryon with spin 0
7. A quark diagram is NOT useful
for
a) Representing reactions at the quark level
b) Describing strong decay processes
c) Specifying the spin of a particle
d) Illustrating quark flavour changes in a
reaction
8. Charmonium is a fancy name for
a) A heavy baryon with a charm quark
b) A bound state formed by a pair
c) The D
0
meson
9. The weight diagram for mesons
and baryons represent
a) The charge and parity
b) The hypercharge and isospin (Y/I
3
)
c) The charge and isospin
of the particles
10. Baryons can have spin?
a) Either 1/2 or 3/2
b) Only 1/2
c) Either 0 or 1
d) Either 1/2 or 1
Solutions
1b, 2c, 3a, 4c, 5b, 6c, 7c, 8b, 9b,
10a
Multiple Choice Particle
physics week5
(chapter 7 + 8 (until 8.2.4))
1. What is a glueball?
a) A bound state of two gluons and a quark
b) A bound state of two gluons
c) A baryon with color
d) A colored meson
2. How many different gluons
exists?
a) 2
b) 3
c) 6
d) 8
e) 9
3. What is asymptotic freedom?
a) That the strong force weakens at short
distance
b) That at low energies the weak interaction
is much weaker than the electromagnetic
interaction
c) That the electromagnetic force falls of
with increasing distance
4. What is the spin of the gluon?
a) "
b) 0
c) 1
d) -"
5. Which quark(s) interacts the
strongest with the gluon?
a) u and d quarks
b) Interaction is the same
c) t and b quarks
d) They do not interact
6. Which boson is responsible
for the charged current
interactions?
a) Z
0
b) Photon
c) Gluon
d) W

e) Graviton
7. What is lepton-quark symmetry?
a) That quarks and leptons have identical
weak interaction vertices
b) That quarks and leptons have same
masses
c) That one can replace a quark with a
lepton in any strong reaction process
d) That leptons and quarks are the same
except for a factor 3 due to colour
8. Which one of the following
interaction vertices is wrong?
a)
b)
c)
d)
W+
u
W-
d
d
c
Z0
u
Z0
g
u
g
9. An important difference between
gluons and photons is
a) The gluon is massless
b) The gluon has spin 0
c) The gluon has colour charge
d) The gluon has zero electric charge
10. The range of the weak force is
very short because
a) The associated gauge-bosons are nearly
massless
b) The coupling constant is very small
c) The associated gauge-bosons are very
massive
d) The associated bosons W
+
and W
-
have
electric charge
Solutions
1b, 2d, 3a, 4c, 5b, 6d, 7a, 8c, 9c,
10c
Multiple Choice Particle
physics week6
(chapter 8 (until 8.2.4) + 9)
1. Does the lepton-quark
symmetry also include the anti-
particles?
a) Yes
b) No
c) Not anti-neutrinos
2. Weak neutral current
reactions involve emission,
absorption or exchange of a
a) B
0
b) Z
0
c) g boson
3. What does the unification
condition do?
a) Relate the coupling constant in vertices
containing #, Z0, W+-
b) Relate the charges in vertices containing
#, Z0, W+-
c) Relate the masses in vertices containing
#, Z0, W+-
4. The anomaly condition
relates
a) The electric charges of leptons and
quarks in a generation
b) The spin of all leptons and quarks
c) The parity of all leptons and quarks
5. In any process in which a Z0
boson can be exchanged, which
of the following can then
also be exchanged?
a) Muon
b) Photon
c) Gluon
d) Bluon
6. Which of the following
currents cannot change flavour?
a) Neutral currents
b) Charged currents
c) Colour currents
7. What is the spin of the
suggested Higgs-boson?
a) 0
b) "
c) 1
8. Which symmetry seems to
most important in the field of
particle physics?
a) Gauge symmetry
b) Lorentz symmetry
c) Rotation symmetry
d) Reflection symmetry
9. The concept of quark-mixing
implies that
a) The u,c,t quarks are mixed in the strong
interaction
b) The d,s,b quarks are mixed in the weak
interaction
c) The u,d,s quarks mix as they have
almost the same mass
10. At centre-of-mass energies
below 45 GeV, e
+
e
-
annihilation is
dominated by
a) ! exchange
b) Two W exchange
c) Z
0
exchange
Solutions
1a, 2b, 3a, 4a, 5b, 6a, 7a, 8a, 9b,
10a
Multiple Choice Particle
physics week7
(chapter 10)
1. Parity is NOT conserved in?
a) Weak interactions
b) Strong interactions
c) Electromagnetic interactions
2. Is nature invariant under the
combined Parity AND Charge
conjugation operator (CP)?
a) For all processes
b) For no process
c) Depends on the process
3. What is a 'Polar vector'?
a) One which direction is reversed by parity
transformation
b) A four-vector with negative energy
c) A vector with unit-length
d) One which direction is NOT reversed by
parity transformation
4. What is an axial-vector?
a) A vector perpendicular to the z-axis
b) A vector that is preserved under the
parity transformation
c) A higher dimensional vector projected
into 3 dimensions
5. What is helicity for a particle?
a) An extra spin contribution from an
external force acting on the particle
b) The quantized spin projected along the
direction of the motion of the particle
c) That the total angular momentum is only
determined by the spin
6. A particle is said to be left-handed if
a) It has positive helicity
b) It has negative helicity
c) The projection of its spin onto the
momentum direction is to the left
7. How do the neutral kaons (K
0
, )
convert into each other?
a) Via the weak interaction
b) Via the strong interaction
c) Via a mix of the strong and
electromagnetic interactions
8. What is K
0
! mixing?
a) A observed linear combination of K
0
and
states
b) A relativistic symmetry effect in the
neutral kaon decay
c) The neutral kaon eigenstates in strong
interactions
9. Which neutral kaon has the
shortest lifetime?
a) K
0
S
b) K
0
L
c) The same
d) Stable
10. In which of the following
properties are the K
0
s
and K
0
L
very
similar?
a) Their mass
b) Their lifetime
c) Their decay modes
Solutions
1a, 2c, 3a, 4b, 5b, 6b, 7a, 8a, 9a,
10a