CNCTS08 320 | Screw | Mechanical Engineering

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Taps: ISO Metric Screw Threads
Tolerance Position e
(large Allowance)
Tolerance Position g
(Small Allowance)
Tolerance Position h
(No Allowance)
Tolerance Position G
(Small Allowance)
Tolerance Position H
(No Allowance)
Internal Thread (Nuts) External Thread (Bolts)
ISO TOLERANCE SYSTEM
PREFERRED TOLERANCE CLASSES
Quality
Requirement
Length of Thread Engagement Length of Thread Engagement Length of Thread Engagement Length of Thread Engagement Length of Thread Engagement
Short Normal Long Short Normal Long Short Normal Long Short Normal Long Short
FINE
Close Fit
Applications
MEDIUM
General Purpose
Applications
COARSE
Difficult
Manufacturing
Applications
5g-6g 6g
8g
7g-6g
9g-8g
3h-4h
5h-6h
4h
6h
5h-4h
7h-6h 5G 6G
7G
7G
8G
4H
5H 6e 7e-6e
The ISO Metric Screw Thread Tolerance System provides for tolerance grades and tolerance positions (allowances) for the pitch diameter
and crest diameter
TOLERANCE GRADES
A series of numbers, 3 through 9, were established as
symbols, to reflect the size of the tolerance; the higher
the number the larger the tolerance.
FOR EXTERNAL THREADS
(lower case letter symbols)
Tolerance Position "e" has a large allowance. The upper limit is below basic by a large amount.
Tolerance Position "g" has a small allowance. The upper limit is below basic by a small amount.
Tolerance Position "h" has no allowance and the upper limit is basic.
FOR INTERNAL THREADS
(capital letter symbols)
Tolerance Position "G" has a small allowance. The lower limit is above basic by a small amount.
Tolerance Position "H" has no allowance and the lower limit is basic.
SELECTION OF TOLERANCE CLASSES
Two factors determine the selection of a suitable tolerance class:
1. Length of thread engagement (short, normal or long)
2. Quality requirement (fine, medium or coarse) See table below for preferred tolerance classes
NOTE: Tolerance Position "e" is not to be applied to pitches finer than 0.5 mm. Tolerance classes 6g and 6H are for commercial screw, bolt and nut threads.
Basic Designations: The letter "M" and the nominal size (basic major
diameter in millimeters) followed by "X" and the pitch in millimeters,
designates metric screw threads. For coarse series thread, the "X" and
pitch may be omitted.
Example: Coarse series threads; M6
other threads; M8 x 1
A complete designation comprises, in addition to the basic designation, the tolerance
class symbol separated by a dash. When the pitch and crest
diameter tolerance classes are identical, the symbol need only be given once.
Example: M20 x 2—6H
TOLERANCE POSITIONS
They define the maximum-material limits of the pitch and crest diam-
eters and indicate their relationship to the basic profile. For plating
requirements and ease of assembly, a series of tolerance positions
were established.
When the pitch and crest diameters have different tolerance classes, the pitch
diameter symbol is followed by the crest diameter symbol.
Example: M6 x 0.75—5g—6g
To indicate a specified thread fit between mating parts, the internal thread toler-
ance class symbol is followed by that of the external thread,
separated by a slash.
Example: M20 x 2—6H/5g—6g
When rounded root external threads are to be specified, the minimum root radius
value shall be added to the tolerance class designation.
Example: M6—5g —6g 0.100R
THREAD DESIGNATIONS
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