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CONFIDENTIAL EH/APR 2010/CHE203/280

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA


FINAL EXAMINATION
COURSE
COURSE CODE
EXAMINATION
TIME
FLUID MECHANICS
CHE203/280
APRIL 2010
2 HOURS
INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES
1.
2.
3.
This question paper consists of three (3) questions.
Answer ALL questions in the Answer Booklet. Start each answer on a new page.
Do not bring any material into the examination room unless permission is given by the
invigilator.
Please check to make sure that this examination pack consists of:
i) the Question Paper
ii) a one - page Appendix
iii) an Answer Booklet - provided by the Faculty
DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO
This examination paper consists of 5 printed pages
Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL
CONFIDENTIAL 2 EH/APR 2010/CHE203/280
QUESTION 1
a) Give a definition to fluid.
(2 marks)
b) A reservoir of 0.952 m
3
volume is full and contains 1200 kg of glycerin. Determine the
following properties of the glycerin :
i) Weight
ii) Density
iii) Specific weight
iv) Specific gravity
c) Determine the pressure at the bottom of the tank shown in Figure 1 below.
(1 mark)
(1 mark)
(1 mark)
(1 mark)
Figure 1 Tank containing air, oil and water
(3 marks)
Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL
CONFIDENTIAL 3 EH/APR 2010/CHE203/280
d) Calculate P
A
- PB for the differential manometer shown in Figure 2.
Mercury (sg = 13.54)
Figure 2 A differential manometer to measure pressure difference
(3 marks)
QUESTION 2
a) Oil flows through a 25 mm diameter horizontal pipe with mean velocity of 0.3 m/s. Given
that the viscosity of oil, u = 4.8 *10~
2
kg/ms and the density p= 800 kg/m
3
, calculate:
i) Friction head loss and resultant pressure drop in a 45 m length of pipe
(6 marks)
ii) Maximum velocity
(2 marks)
iii) Velocity at 5 mm from the pipe wall
(4 marks)
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CONFIDENTIAL 4 EH/APR 2010/CHE203/280
b) Water with a dynamic viscosity.u, of 1.14 x 10"
3
Ns/ m
2
flows along a horizontal pipe of
50 mm diameter. If the pipe has an absolute roughness, J;, of 0.00005 m, calculate the
head loss due to friction per km of pipe for a flow rate of 40 liters/min.
Given : 1 m
3
= 1000L
(8 marks)
QUESTION 3
a) For the siphon shown in Figure 3, determine
i) Discharge
iii) Pressure at point A, B, C and D
(4 marks)
(9 marks)
1 ^ ^ ^
3.0 m
=P=
Oil
(sg = 0.86)
10.0 m
50-mm
inside
diameter
25-mm
diameter
^
+D-
Figure 3 Siphon used to withdraw oil from a tank
b) Water is flowing over a rectangular weir of width 35 cm into a cylindrical tank of
diameter 75 cm. In 20 seconds the depth of water in the tank rises 1.2 m. By assuming
a discharge coefficient of 0.9 for this weir, calculate the height of water above the weir in
mm.
(5 marks)
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CONFIDENTIAL 5 EH/APR 2010/CHE203/280
c) In Figure 4, water is flowing from section 1 to section 2 at a constant rate where water
can be considered as incompressible fluid. Area at section 1 is 750 mm
2
with the water
has an average velocity of 5.4 m/s. Diameter at section 2 is 50 mm.
i) Calculate velocity at section 2
(4 marks)
ii) What can you conclude about the relationship between area and velocity for this
system? Explain
(3 marks)
iii) Calculate discharge and mass flow rate
(3 marks)
Figure 4 A pipe conveying water
END OF QUESTION PAPER
Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL