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# CONFIDENTIAL EH/APR 2010/CHE203/280

## UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

FINAL EXAMINATION
COURSE
COURSE CODE
EXAMINATION
TIME
FLUID MECHANICS
CHE203/280
APRIL 2010
2 HOURS
INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES
1.
2.
3.
This question paper consists of three (3) questions.
Do not bring any material into the examination room unless permission is given by the
invigilator.
Please check to make sure that this examination pack consists of:
i) the Question Paper
ii) a one - page Appendix
iii) an Answer Booklet - provided by the Faculty
DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO
This examination paper consists of 5 printed pages
Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL
CONFIDENTIAL 2 EH/APR 2010/CHE203/280
QUESTION 1
a) Give a definition to fluid.
(2 marks)
b) A reservoir of 0.952 m
3
volume is full and contains 1200 kg of glycerin. Determine the
following properties of the glycerin :
i) Weight
ii) Density
iii) Specific weight
iv) Specific gravity
c) Determine the pressure at the bottom of the tank shown in Figure 1 below.
(1 mark)
(1 mark)
(1 mark)
(1 mark)
Figure 1 Tank containing air, oil and water
(3 marks)
Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL
CONFIDENTIAL 3 EH/APR 2010/CHE203/280
d) Calculate P
A
- PB for the differential manometer shown in Figure 2.
Mercury (sg = 13.54)
Figure 2 A differential manometer to measure pressure difference
(3 marks)
QUESTION 2
a) Oil flows through a 25 mm diameter horizontal pipe with mean velocity of 0.3 m/s. Given
that the viscosity of oil, u = 4.8 *10~
2
kg/ms and the density p= 800 kg/m
3
, calculate:
i) Friction head loss and resultant pressure drop in a 45 m length of pipe
(6 marks)
ii) Maximum velocity
(2 marks)
iii) Velocity at 5 mm from the pipe wall
(4 marks)
Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi IMARA CONFIDENTIAL
CONFIDENTIAL 4 EH/APR 2010/CHE203/280
b) Water with a dynamic viscosity.u, of 1.14 x 10"
3
Ns/ m
2
flows along a horizontal pipe of
50 mm diameter. If the pipe has an absolute roughness, J;, of 0.00005 m, calculate the
head loss due to friction per km of pipe for a flow rate of 40 liters/min.
Given : 1 m
3
= 1000L
(8 marks)
QUESTION 3
a) For the siphon shown in Figure 3, determine
i) Discharge
iii) Pressure at point A, B, C and D
(4 marks)
(9 marks)
1 ^ ^ ^
3.0 m
=P=
Oil
(sg = 0.86)
10.0 m
50-mm
inside
diameter
25-mm
diameter
^
+D-
Figure 3 Siphon used to withdraw oil from a tank
b) Water is flowing over a rectangular weir of width 35 cm into a cylindrical tank of
diameter 75 cm. In 20 seconds the depth of water in the tank rises 1.2 m. By assuming
a discharge coefficient of 0.9 for this weir, calculate the height of water above the weir in
mm.
(5 marks)
Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL
CONFIDENTIAL 5 EH/APR 2010/CHE203/280
c) In Figure 4, water is flowing from section 1 to section 2 at a constant rate where water
can be considered as incompressible fluid. Area at section 1 is 750 mm
2
with the water
has an average velocity of 5.4 m/s. Diameter at section 2 is 50 mm.
i) Calculate velocity at section 2
(4 marks)
ii) What can you conclude about the relationship between area and velocity for this
system? Explain
(3 marks)
iii) Calculate discharge and mass flow rate
(3 marks)
Figure 4 A pipe conveying water
END OF QUESTION PAPER
Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL