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jynfaxmifpkor®wjrefrmEdkifiHawmf

zGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'rlMurf;
(2008 ckESpf)

195

rmwdum
pOf
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taMumif;t&m
ed ' gef ;
tcef; (1) EdkifiHawmftajccHrlrsm;
tcef; (2) EdkifiHawmfzGJUpnf;wnfaqmufykH
tcef; (3) EdkifiHawmftBuD;tuJ
tcef; (4) Oya'jyKa&;
tcef; (5) tkyfcsKyfa&;
tcef; (6) w&m;pD&ifa&;
tcef; (7) wyfrawmf
tcef; (8) EkdifiHom;? EkdifiHom;rsm;\
rlvtcGifhta&;ESifhwm0efrsm;
tcef; (9) a&G;aumufwifajr§mufjcif;
tcef; (10) EdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm;
tcef; (11) ta&;ay:umvqdkif&mjy|mef;csufrsm;
tcef; (12) zGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'jyifqifjcif;
tcef; (13) EdkifiHawmftvH? txdrf;trSwfwHqdyf
oD c sif ; ES i f h N rd K Uawmf
tcef; (14) ul;ajymif;a&;umvjy|mef;csufrsm;
tcef; (15) taxGaxGjy|mef;csufrsm;

pmrsufESm
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tcef; (1)
EdkifiHawmftajccHrlrsm;

ed ' gef ;
jrefrmEdkifiHawmfonf ordkif;tpOftvmBuD;rm;aom EdkifiHawmfjzpfayonf/
uREkfyfwdkY wdkif;&if;om;jynfoltaygif;wdkYonf pnf;vHk;nDñGwfpGm wpfom;wnf;
aexdkifvmcJhMuNyD; tcsKyftjcmtmPmydkif vGwfvyfaomEdkifiHtjzpf xlaxmifum
xnf0gpGm &yfwnfcMhJ uayonf/
udkvdkeDe,fcsJUwdkY\usL;ausmfrIaMumifh 1885 ckESpfwGif EdkifiHawmftmPm
vH;k 0vufvw
G q
f ;kH ½H;I cJ&h ayonf/ wdik ;f &if;om;jynfot
l aygif;wdo
Yk nf pnf;vH;k nDñw
G rf I
pGr;f tm;jzifh e,fcsUJ qefu
Y siaf &;ESihf trsKd ;om;vGwaf jrmufa&;wdu
k yf rJG sm;udk toufaygif;
rsm;pGmpaw;í qifETJcJhMuaomaMumifh 1948 ckESpf Zefe0g&Dv 4 &uf aeYwGif
tcsKyt
f jcmtmPmydik f vGwv
f yfaomEdik if aH wmftjzpf jyefvnf&yfwnf Edik cf ahJ yonf/
vGwv
f yfa&;tjref&&S&d eftwGuf zGUJ pnf;tkycf sKyyf t
kH ajccHOya'udk tvsit
f jref
a&;qGJum 1947 ckESpf pufwifbmv 24 &ufaeYwGif wdkif;jynfjyKvTwfawmfu
twnfjyKjy|mef;cJhNyD; vGwfvyfa&;&&Sdaomtcg EdkifiHawmfwGif tqdkyg zGJUpnf;yHk
tajccHOya'jzifh ygvDref'rD u
kd a&pDpepfukd azmfaqmifusio
hf ;kH cJMh uayonf/ od&Yk mwGif
EdkifiHawmfü 'Drdkua&pDpepfudkyDjyifpGm usvifhoHk;EdkifrIr&Sdojzifh 1974 ckESpfwGif
wpfygwDyHkpHudktajccHvsuf zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'wpf&yfudk a&;qGJNyD; jynfvHk;uRwf
qE´cH,lyGJusif;yí twnfjyKjy|mef;um qdk&S,fvpf'Drdkua&pD EdkifiHawmftjzpf
BudK;yrf;wnfaxmifcJhjyefayonf/ 1988 ckESpfwGif EdkifiHawmfü jzpfay:vmonfh
tajctaet&yf&yfaMumifh tqdyk gzGUJ pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'rSmvnf; &yfqikd ;f oGm;cJ&h onf/
xYdkaemuff EdkifiHawmfat;csrf;om,ma&;ESifhzGHUNzdK;a&;aumifpDu jynfolrsm;\
vdktifqE´ESifhtnD ygwDpkH'Drdkua&pDpepfESifh aps;uGufpD;yGm;a&;pepfwdkYudk rdrdEdkifiHESifh
vdu
k af vsmnDaxGpmG xlaxmifEikd &f eftwGuf BuKd ;yrf;wnfaqmufay;cJah yonf/
tem*wfEdkifiHawmfwGif a&&SnftusKd;&SdNyD; cdkifrmonfh zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'
wpf&yf r&Srd jzpfvt
kd yfonft
h wGuf Edik if aH wmfat;csr;f om,ma&;ESihf zGUH NzKd ;a&;aumifpD
onf 1993 ckEpS rf pS í trsKd ;om;nDvmcHukd ac:,lusi;f yay;cJo
h nf/
trsdK;om;nDvmcHwGif EdkifiHa&;? vkHNcHKa&;? tkyfcsKyfa&;? pD;yGm;a&;? vlrIa&;ESifh
Oya'a&;&mponfh ½IaxmifhrsdK;pHkrS tawGUtMuHK<u,f0onfh yk*¾dKvfrsm;yg0ifouJhodkY
EdkifiHawmftwGif;wnf&Sdonfh NrdKUe,ftm;vHk;rS wdkif;&if;om;udk,fpm;vS,frsm;vnf;
yg0ifcMhJ uayonf/

2

trsKd;om;nDvmcHusif;y&mwGif tcuftcJtaESmifht,Sufrsm; MuHKawGUcJh&
aomfvnf; 2003 ckESpfwGif csrSwfcJhaom EdkifiHawmfa&SUqufoGm;rnfh rl0g'vrf;pOf
(7) &yfESifhtnD trsKd;om;nDvmcHudk 2004 ckESpfwGif rqkwfrepfaom ZGJvHkYvjzifh
qufvufusif;ycJh&m cdkifrmaom EdkifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'wpf&yf ay:ayguf
&eftwGuf tajccH&rnfrh rl sm;ESihf tao;pdwt
f ajccH&rnfrh rl sm;udk tESpo
f m&jynh0f pGm
csrw
S Ef ikd cf MhJ uojzifh 2007 ckEpS f pufwifbmv 3 &ufaeYwiG f trsK;d om;nDvmcHonf
atmifjrifpmG Ny;D ajrmufcahJ yonf/
uREyfk w
f Ykd wdik ;f &if;om;jynfot
l aygif;wdo
Yk nf trsKd ;om;nDvmcHu csrw
S af y;cJh
onfh tajccHrlrsm;ESifh tao;pdwftajccH&rnfhrlrsm;ESifhtnD þjynfaxmifpk
or®wjrefrmEdik if aH wmf zGUJ pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'udk a&;qGcJ MhJ uayonf/
uREyfk w
f w
Ykd ikd ;f &if;om;jynfot
l aygif;wdo
Yk nf jynfaxmifpkrNydKuGJa&;? wdkif;&if;om;pnf;vHk;nDñGwfrIrNydKuGJa&;ESifh
tcsKyftjcmtmPm wnfwHhcdkif NrJa&;[laom OD;wnfcsufrsm;udk
tpOfwpdu
k f rrSw
d rf okef pGNJ rpJ mG cH,al pmifx
h ed ;f oGm;Murnf[k oEé|d mef
csrw
S í
f vnf;aumif;?
EdkifiHawmfü w&m;rQwjcif;? vGwfvyfjcif;ESifh nDrQjcif;wnf;[laom
avmuygvw&m;rsm; xGef;um;apvsuf wdkif;&if;om;jynfoltrsm;
Nidrf;csrf;om,m0ajyma&;udk wnfwHhcdkifNrJatmif pOfqufrjywf
aqmif&u
G x
f ed ;f odr;f oGm;Murnf[k oEé|d mefcsrw
S í
f vnf;aumif;?
Edik if aH wmftwGi;f vlrsK;d a&;wef;wlrjI zifh ppfreS af om rsK;d csppf w
d "f mwf
jzpfonfh jynfaxmifppk w
d "f mwfukd cdik Nf rpJ mG arG;jrLvsuf xm0pOf pnf;vH;k
nDñGwfpGm twlwuG vufwGJaexdkifMurnf[k oEéd|mefcsrSwfí
vnf;aumif;?
urÇmNh ird ;f csr;f a&;ESihf Edik if t
H csi;f csi;f rdw0f wfrysuf aygif;oif; qufqaH &;
udk a&S;½Ivsuf Nird ;f csr;f pGm twl,OS w
f aJG exdik af &;rlrsm;udk apmifx
h ed ;f &ef
tpOfBuKd ;yrf;Murnf[k oEé|d mefcsrw
S í
f vnf;aumif;?
þjynfaxmifpo
k r®wjrefrmEdik if aH wmf zGUJ pnf;yHk tajccHOya'udk ouú&mZf -----—-ckEpS ?f
--------------—- v? --—--&uf? (c&pfEpS f ——----- ckEpS ?f —-----------—- v —----- &uf)
aeYwiG f jynfv;kH uRwq
f E´c,
H yl BJG u;D jzifh twnfjyKjy|mef;vdu
k Mf uonf/

3

tcef; (1)
Ed k i f i H a wmf t ajccH r l r sm;
Ed k i f i H a wmf
1/
jrefrmEdik if o
H nf tcsKyt
f jcmtmPmydik f vGwv
f yfonfEh ikd if jH zpfonf/
2/

Edik if aH wmfukd jynfaxmifpo
k r®wjrefrmEdik if aH wmf[k ac:wGi&f rnf/

3/

Ekid if aH wmfonf wkid ;f &if;om;vlrsK;d aygif;pkw
H Ydk pkaygif;aexdik Mf uaom Ekid if H jzpfonf/

4/
Edik if aH wmf\ tcsKyt
f jcmtmPmonf Edik if o
H m;rsm;xHrS qif;oufNy;D Edik if aH wmf
wpf0ef;vk;H ü wnfonf/
5/
EdkifiHawmf\ajrxk? a&xkESifh avxkwdkYyg0ifaom e,fedrdwfonf þzGJUpnf;ykH
tajccHOya' twnfjzpfonhaf eYwiG f wnf&o
dS nft
h wdik ;f jzpfonf/
tajccH r l r sm;
6/
Edik if aH wmfonf (u) jynfaxmifprk NyKd uaJG &;?
( c ) wdik ;f &if;om;pnf;vk;H nDñw
G rf rI NyKd uaJG &;?
( * ) tcsKyt
f jcmtmPmwnfwchH ikd Nf raJ &;?
(C) ppfreS í
f pnf;urf;jynf0h aom ygwDp'kH rD u
kd a&pDpepf xGe;f um;a&;?
( i ) EdkifiHawmfü w&m;rQwjcif;? vGwfvyfjcif;ESihf nDrQjcif;wnf;[laom
avmuygvw&m;rsm; ydrk x
kd eG ;f um;a&;ESihf
( p ) Edik if aH wmf\ trsK;d om;Edik if aH &;OD;aqmifrt
I cef;u@wGif wyfrawmfu
yg0ifxrf;aqmifEikd af &;wdu
Yk kd tpOfwpdu
k Of ;D wnfonf/
7/
Edik if aH wmfonf ppfreS í
f pnf;urf;jynf0h aom ygwDp'kH rD u
dk a&pDpepfukd usio
fh ;Hk
onf/
8/

Edik if aH wmfukd jynfaxmifppk epfjzihf zGUJ pnf;wnfaqmufonf/

4

9/

(u)

(c)
(*)

&S&d if;pGw
J ikd ;f (7)wdik ;f udk wkid ;f a'oBu;D (7)ck tjzpfvnf;aumif;? &S&d if;pGJ
jynfe,f(7)jynfe,fukd jynfe,f(7)jynfe,f tjzpfvnf;aumif; ykid ;f jcm;
owfrSwfonf/ xdkwkdif;a'oBuD;(7)ckESihf jynfe,f(7)jynfe,fwdkYonf
tqiht
f wef;wlnMD uonf?
xkw
d ikd ;f a'oBu;D (7)ckEiS fh jynfe,f(7)jynfe,fw\
Ykd trnfrsm;udk &S&d if;pGJ
twdik ;f ac:qdo
k ;kH EIe;f onf?
wdik ;f a'oBu;D wpfcck \
k trnfujkd zpfap? jynfe,fwpfe,fe,f\trnfukd
jzpfap ajymif;vJowfrSwfvdkvQif oufqdkif&mwdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf
jynfe,ftwGi;f aexdik Mf uaom Edik if o
H m;rsm;\qE´&,lNy;D Oya'jy|mef;
jcif;jzifh ajymif;vJowfrw
S &f rnf/

10/ Edik if aH wmfwiG yf g0ifonhf wdik ;f a'oBu;D rsm;? jynfe,frsm;? jynfaxmifpk e,fajrrsm;?
udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&pD&ifpkrsm;ponhf EdkifiHawmf\e,fajrtydkif;tjcm; [lorQonf
Edik if aH wmfrS rnfonft
h cgrQ cGrJ xGu&f /
11/

(u)

EdkifiHawmftcsKyftjcmtmPm\ cufrokH;jzmjzpfonfh Oya'jyKa&;
tmPm? tkycf sKyaf &;tmPmESifh w&m;pD&ifa&;tmPmwdu
Yk kd wwfEikd o
f rQ
ydik ;f jcm;ok;H pGjJ cif;ESifh tcsi;f csi;f tjyeftvSex
f ed ;f ausmif;jcif;wdjYk yKonf?
( c ) xkdodkYydkif;jcm;xm;onfh EdkifiHawmftmPmokH;&yfudk jynfaxmifpk?
wdik ;f a'oBu;D rsm;? jynfe,frsm;ESihf ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh pD&ifprk sm;tm;
cGaJ 0tyfEiS ;f onf/

12/

(u)

EdkifiHawmf\ Oya'jyKa&;tmPmudk jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf? wdkif;
a'oBu;D vTwaf wmfEiS fh jynfe,fvw
T af wmfrsm;tm; cGaJ 0tyfEiS ;f onf/
udk,fydkiftk yfcsKyfcGihf&pD&ifpkrsm;tm; þzGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'u
owfrw
S af om Oya'jyKa&;tmPmudk cGaJ 0tyfEiS ;f onf?
( c ) jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfwiG f NrKd Ue,fut
dk ajccHívnf;aumif;? vlO;D a&ukd
tajccHívnf;aumif;? a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufonfh vTwaf wmfwpf&yf?
wdkif;a'oBuD;rsm;ESifh jynfe,frsm;rS ukd,fpm;vS,fOD;a& wlnDpGm
a&G;aumufwifajr§mufonfh vTwfawmfwpf&yf[lí vTwfawmfESpf&yf
yg&So
d nf/

5

13/ wdkif;a'oBuD;(7)ckwGif wdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmfwpf&yfpDESifh jynfe,f(7)
jynfe,fwiG f jynfe,fvw
T af wmfwpf&yfpD &So
d nf/
14/ jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf? wdik ;f a'oBu;D vTwaf wmfEiS hf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfrsm;wGif
vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;tjzpf þzGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya't& owfrSwfonhfOD;a&
twdik ;f wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyu
f trnfpm&if;wifoiG ;f onhf wyfrawmfom;rsm;
yg0ifonf/
15/ avsmu
f efoifjh rwfaom vlO;D a&&So
d nfh wdik ;f &if;om;vlrsK;d rsm;twGuf oufqikd &f m
wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fESifh udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&pD&ifpk Oya'jyKa&;wGif
xdw
k ikd ;f &if;om;vlrsK;d ud,
k pf m;vS,rf sm; yg0ifciG &fh o
dS nf/
16/ Edik if aH wmftMu;D tuJEiS hf Edik if aH wmftyk cf sKyaf &;tBu;D tuJonf Ekid if aH wmfor®w
jzpfonf/
17/

(u)

(c)

(*)

EdkifiHawmftkyfcsKyfa&;tmPmudk jynfaxmifpk? wdkif;a'oBuD;ESihf
jynfe,frsm;tm; cGaJ 0tyfEiS ;f onf/ ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh pD&ifprk sm;tm;
ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKyaf &;tmPmudk þzGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya't& owfrw
S f
ay;onft
h wdik ;f cGaJ 0tyfEiS ;f onf?
jynfaxmifp?k wdik ;f a'oBu;D ESihf jynfe,f? jynfaxmifpek ,fajr? uk,
d yf ikd f
tkycf sKycf iG &fh pD&ifpEk iS hf c½dik t
f yk cf sKyaf &;wdw
Yk iG f umuG,af &;? vkjH cKH a&;?
e,fpyftkyfcsKyfa&;ponfh wm0efrsm;xrf;aqmif&ef wyfrawmf
umuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyu
f trnfpm&if;wifoiG ;f onfh wyfrawmfom;rsm;
yg0ifonf?
yk'fr 15 t& oufqdkif&m wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fESihf
ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh pD&ifpOk ya'jyKa&;wGif ud,
k pf m;vS,f yg0ifciG hf &&So
d nhf
wdkif;&if;om;vlrsKd;jzpfvQif xdkwdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fESihf
ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh pD&ifpk tkycf sKyaf &;wGif t"dutm;jzihf xkw
d idk ;f &if;om;
vlrsKd;rsm;a&;&mudk aqmif&GufEdkifa&;twGuf wdkif;&if;om;vlrsKd;
ud,
k pf m;vS,rf sm; yg0ifciG jfh yK&rnf/

6

18/

(u)

(c)
(*)
(C)

Edik if aH wmf\w&m;pD&ifa&;tmPmudk jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKy?f
wdkif;a'oBuD;w&m;vTwfawmfrsm;? jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmfrsm;ESihf
udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&pD&ifpkw&m;½kH;rsm; tygt0if tqifhqihfaom
w&m;½k;H rsm;tm; cGaJ 0tyfEiS ;f onf?
jynfaxmifpw
k iG f jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKyw
f pf&yf xm;&So
d nf/
jynfaxmifpkw&m;vTwfawmfcsKyfonf EdkifiHawmf\tjrihfqkH; w&m;½kH;
jzpfonf?
jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKyw
f iG f pmcReaf wmftrderYf sm; xkwyf ikd cf iG fh
tmPmrsm;&So
d nf?
wdkif;a'oBuD;wdkif;wGif wdkif;a'oBuD;w&m;vTwfawmf wpf&yfpD
vnf;aumif;? jynfe,fwdkif;wGif jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmf wpf&yfpD
vnf;aumif; xm;&Sdonf/

19/

atmufygwdu
Yk kd w&m;pD&ifa&;rlrsm;tjzpf owfrw
S o
f nf –
(u) Oya'ESit
fh nD vGwv
f yfpmG w&m;pD&ifa&;?
( c ) Oya't&uefo
Y wfcsurf sm;rSty jynfoaYl &SUarSmufwiG f w&m;pD&ifa&;?
( * ) trIrsm;wGif Oya't& ckcaH csycGiEhf iS hf t,lcyH idk cf iG &hf &Sad &;/

20/

(u)

wyfrawmfonf tiftm;awmifw
h if;Ny;D pGr;f &nfxufjrufaom acwfrD
onfh wpfcw
k nf;aom rsK;d cspw
f yfrawmf jzpfonf?
( c ) wyfrawmfonf wyfydkif;qdkif&mudpötm;vHk;udk vGwfvyfpGmpDrHcefYcGJ
pD&ifaqmif&u
G yf ikd cf iG hf &So
d nf?
( * ) wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfonf vufeufudkifwyfzGJUtm;vHk;\
tBuD;tuJ jzpfonf?
(C) wyfrawmfonf Edik if aH wmfvjkH cKH a&;ESiu
hf muG,af &;wGif jynfol wpf&yfv;kH
yg0ifa&;twGuf pDraH qmif&u
G cf iG hf &So
d nf?
( i ) jynfaxmifpkrNydKuGJa&;? wkdif;&if;om;pnf;vHk;nDñGwfrIrNydKuGJa&;ESifh
tcsKyftjcmtmPmwnfwHhcdkifNrJa&;wdkYudk umuG,fapmifha&Smuf&ef
wyfrawmfwiG f t"duwm0ef &So
d nf?
( p ) wyf r awmf o nf Ed k i f i H a wmf z G J U pnf ; yH k t ajccH O ya'ud k umuG , f
apmifah &Smuf&ef t"duwm0ef &So
d nf/

7

21/

(u)
(c)
(*)
(C)

Edik if o
H m;wdik ;f onf þzGUJ pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'wGif owfrw
S jf y|mef;xm;
onfh wef;wlnrD Qrt
I cGit
hf a&;? vGwv
f yfrt
I cGit
hf a&;? w&m;rQwrI
tcGit
hf a&;wdYk cHpm;cGihf &So
d nf?
w&m;½H;k \ cGijhf yKcsurf &&Su
d Edik if o
H m;wpfO;D udk 24 em&Dxuf ausmv
f eG í
f
csKyaf ESmifxm;cGihf r&Sad p&?
jynfolwkdY\ at;csrf;om,ma&;ESifh w&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;a&;wkdYonf
Edik if o
H m;wdik ;f \wm0ef jzpfonf?
EdkifiHom;rsm;\ vGwfvyfcGifh? vkyfydkifcGifh? cHpm;cGifh? wm0efESifh
wm;jrpfcsurf sm; xda&mufcikd rf mjynfph akH p&ef vdt
k yfaomOya' jy|mef;
&rnf/

22/

Edik if aH wmfonf —
(u) wkdif;&if;om;rsm;\ pum;? pmay? tEkynm? ,Ofaus;rIwdkYudk
zGUH NzKd ;wk;d wufap&ef ulnaD qmif&u
G rf nf?
( c ) wkdif;&if;om;tcsif;csif; pnf;vHk;nDñGwfa&;? cspfMunfav;pm;a&;ESifh
½dik ;f yif;ulnaD &;wdYk wd;k wufjzpfxeG ;f ap&ef ulnaD qmif&u
G rf nf?
( * ) wd;k wufzUHG NzKd ;rIenf;yg;aeonfh wkid ;f &if;om;rsm;\ ynma&;? use;f rma&;?
pD;yGm;a&;? vrf;yef;qufoG,fa&; ponfwkdYyg0ifaom vlrIpD;yGm;a&;
wd;k wufzUHG NzKd ;a&;twGuf ulnaD qmif&u
G rf nf/

23/

Edik if aH wmfonf awmifov
l ,form;rsm;\ (u) tcGit
hf a&;rsm; umuG,af pmifah &Smuf&ef vdt
k yfonfOh ya'rsm; jy|mef;
aqmif&u
G rf nf?
( c ) pdu
k yf sK;d xkwv
f yk o
f nfh aumufyo
J ;D ESrH sm; oifw
h ifrh Qwonfh wefz;kd &&S&d ef
ulnaD qmif&u
G rf nf/

24/ EdkifiHawmfonf tvkyform;rsm;\ tcGifhta&;rsm; umuG,fapmifha&Smuf&ef
vdt
k yfonfOh ya'rsm; jy|mef;aqmif&u
G rf nf/
25/ Edik if aH wmfonf todynm&Si?f twwfynm&Sirf sm;\tusK;d udk ulnaD qmif&u
G f
rnf/

8

26/

(u)
(c)

Edik if 0hH efxrf;rsm;onf ygwDEikd if aH &;ESihf uif;&Si;f &rnf?
EdkifiHawmfonf EdkifiHh0efxrf;rsm;\ vkyfief;cGiftmrcHcsuf&&Sda&;?
pm;0wfaerIzv
l akH &;? tdraf xmif&iS t
f rsK;d orD;0efxrf;rsm; rD;zGm;jcif;qdik &f m
tusKd;cHpm;cGifh&&Sda&;ESifh tNidrf;pm;0efxrf;rsm; pm;0wfaerI oufom
acsmifcsad &;wdt
Yk wGuf vdt
k yfonfOh ya'rsm; jy|mef;&rnf/

27/ EdkifiHawmfonf trsKd;om;,Ofaus;rI zGHUNzdK;wkd;wufckdifrma&;ESifh apmifha&Smuf
xde;f odr;f a&;twGuf ulnaD qmif&u
G rf nf/
28/

Edik if aH wmfonf (u) jynfolrsm;\ ynma&;ESifhusef;rma&; wdk;wufapa&;wdkYtwGuf
tav;xm;aqmif&u
G &f rnf?
( c ) jynforl sm;\ ynma&;ESiu
hf se;f rma&;wdw
Yk iG f wdik ;f &if;om;jynforl sm;u
yg0ifaqmif½f u
G Ef ikd &f ef vdt
k yfrnfOh ya' jy|mef;aqmif&u
G &f rnf?
( * ) tcrJrh oifrae& rlvwef;ynma&;pepf azmfaqmif&rnf?
(C) bufpHktawG;tac: t,ltqrSefuefí tusihfpm&dwåaumif;rGefNyD;
EdkifiHawmfwnfaqmufa&;twGuf tusKd;jyKrnfh acwfrDynma&;pepf
azmfaqmif&rnf/

29/ Ekid if aH wmfonf vufrv
I ,f,mrSpufrv
I ,f,modYk ul;ajymif;Ekid &f ef enf;ynm?
t&if;tES;D ? pufypön;f ? ukeMf urf; tp&So
d nfwu
Ykd kd twwfEikd q
f ;kH jznfq
h nf;&rnf/
30/ Ekid if aH wmfonf pufrv
I ufrv
I yk if ef;rsm; wd;k wufzUHG NzKd ;a&;twGuf vdt
k yfonfh
enf;ynm? t&if;tESD;? pufypönf;? ukefMurf; tp&SdonfwdkYudk twwfEdkifqHk;
jznfq
h nf;&rnf/
31/ EkdifiHawmfonf jynfolrsm; tvkyfvufrJhenf;yg;ap&ef wwfEdkiforQ ulnD
aqmif&u
G &f rnf/

9

32/

Edik if aH wmfonf (u) rdcifEiS u
fh av;oli,frsm;? rdbrJu
h av;rsm;? usq;kH aomwyfrawmfom;
rsm;\ uav;rsm;? tdkrif;rpGrf;olrsm;? roefrpGrf;olrsm;tm; Munfh½I
apmihaf &Smuf&rnf?
( c ) roefrpGr;f jzpfvmaom wyfrawmfom;rsm;tm; oihw
f ifah vsmufywfpmG
aexdkifpm;aomufEkdifap&efESihf toufarG;ynmudk tcvGwfoif,l
Ekid af p&ef pDraH qmif&u
G &f rnf/

33/ Ekid if aH wmfonf vli,frsm; rsK;d csppf w
d "f mwf &Sio
f efxufjrufa&;? tawG;tac:
rSeu
f efa&;ESifh Avig;wef wd;k wufzUHG NzKd ;a&;wdt
Yk wGuf aqmif&u
G &f rnf/
34/ Nidrf0yfydjym;a&;ESihfaomfvnf;aumif;? jynfolYudk,fusihfw&m;ESifhaomf
vnf;aumif;? jynfolYusef;rma&;ESifhaomfvnf;aumif;? þzJGUpnf;yHktajccHOya'yg
tjcm;jy|mef;csuw
f EYkd iS afh omfvnf;aumif; rqefu
Y siv
f Qif Edik if o
H m;wdik ;f onf bmom
omoema&;wGif vGwfvyfpGm,lqEkdifaom tcGihfta&;? vGwfvyfpGmudk;uG,f
aqmufwnfEidk af om tcGit
fh a&;wdu
Yk kd tnDtrQ&&Sad p&rnf/
35/

Ekid if aH wmf\pD;yGm;a&;pepfonf aps;uGupf ;D yGm;a&;pepf jzpfonf/

36/

Ekid if aH wmfonf (u) trsKd;om;pD;yGm;a&; wdk;wufzGUHNzdK;a&;twGuf EdkifiHawmf? a'oqdkif&m
tzGJUtpnf;rsm;? or0g,rtzGJUtpnf;rsm;? zufpyftzGJUtpnf;rsm;?
yk*v
¾ u
d ponfh pD;yGm;a&;tiftm;pktm;vH;k udk pD;yGm;a&;vkyif ef;rsm;wGif
yg0ifaqmif&u
G cf iG jhf yKonf?
( c ) pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;rsm;wGif w&m;ojzifh,SOfNydKifjcif;udk ysufjym;ap&ef
wpfOD;wpfa,mufujzpfap? tpktzJGUujzpfap vuf0g;BuD;tkyf
aqmif&GufrI odkYr[kwf aps;upm;rIjyKjcif;jzifh trsm;jynfolwdkY\
tusK;d pD;yGm;udk xdcu
kd ef pfemapjcif;rS wm;qD;umuG,rf nf?
( * ) trsm;jynfolwdkY\ aexdkifrItqifhtwef;jr§ifhwifa&;ESihf taxGaxG
t&if;tES;D rsm; wd;k wufzUHG NzKd ;a&;wdu
Yk kd a&S;½Iaqmif&u
G rf nf?

10

(C)
(i)

pD;yGm;a&;qdik &f mvkyif ef;rsm;udk Edik if yH ikd o
f rd ;f ,ljcif;rjyK?
w&m;0ifxkwfa0xm;aom aiGaMu;udk w&m;r0ifaiGaMu;tjzpf
owfrw
S jf cif;rjyK/

37/

Edik if aH wmfonf (u) Ekid if aH wmf&dS ajrtm;vH;k ? ajray:ajratmuf? a&ay:a&atmuf ESihf avxk
twGi;f &Sd o,HZmwypön;f tm;vH;k \ yif&if;ydik &f iS f jzpfonf?
( c ) EdkifiHydkifo,HZmwypönf;rsm;tm; pD;yGm;a&;tiftm;pkrsm;u xkwf,l
ok;H pGjJ cif;udk uGyu
f BJ u;D MuyfEikd &f ef vdt
k yfonfOh ya' jy|mef;&rnf?
( * ) Edik if o
H m;rsm;tm; ypön;f ydik q
f ikd cf iG ?hf tarGqufccH iG ?hf ud,
k yf ikd v
f yk u
f ikd cf iG ?hf
wDxiG cf iG Ehf iS hf rlyikd cf iG w
hf u
Ydk kd Oya'jy|mef;csuEf iS t
hf nD cGijhf yK&rnf/

38/

(u)

EdkifiHom;wdkif;onf Oya'ESifhtnD a&G;aumufwifajr§mufcGifhESifh
a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufcyH ikd cf iG hf &So
d nf?
( c ) a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufxm;aom jynfoUl ud,
k pf m;vS,u
f kd oufqikd &f m
rJqE´&iS rf sm;u þzGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'wGif jy|mef;xm;csurf sm;ESihf tnD
wm0efrjS yefvnf½yk o
f rd ;f cGihf &So
d nf/

39/ Ed k i f i H a wmf o nf ppf r S e f í pnf ; urf ; jynf h 0 aom ygwD p H k ' D r d k u a&pD p epf
xGef;um;a&;twGuf EdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm;udk pepfwuszGJUpnf;Edkif&ef vdktyfonfhOya'
jy|mef;aqmif&u
G &f rnf/
40/

(u)

wdkif;a'oBuD;wpfckwGifjzpfap? jynfe,fwpfe,fwGifjzpfap? udk,fydkif
tkyfcsKyfcGifh&pD&ifpkwpfpkwGifjzpfap? tkyfcsKyfa&;qdkif&mvkyfief;rsm;udk
þzGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csurf sm;ESit
hf nD aqmif&u
G Ef ikd jf cif;
r&Sdonfh ta&;ay:tajctae ay:aygufvQif EdkifiHawmfor®wonf
xdkwdkif;a'oBuD;? jynfe,f odkYr[kwf udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&pD&ifpk\
tkyfcsKyfa&;qdkif&mtcGifhtmPmudk okH;pGJaqmif&GufcGihf&Sdonf/ xdkodkY
aqmif&Guf&mü vdktyfvQif xdkwdkif;a'oBuD;? jynfe,f okdYr[kwf
ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf pD&ifpEk iS hf oufqikd o
f nfh Oya'jyKtcGit
hf mPmrsm;udk

11

þzGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'wGif owfrw
S jf y|mef;csurf sm;ESit
hf nD Edik if aH wmf
or®wu ok;H pGaJ qmif&u
G cf iG fh &So
d nf?
( c ) wdkif;a'oBuD;wpfckwGifjzpfap? jynfe,fwpfe,fwGifjzpfap? udk,fydkif
tkyfcsKyfcGifh&pD&ifpkwpfpkwGifjzpfap? jynfolrsm;\ touftdk;tdrf
pnf;pdru
f kd xdyg;tEÅ&m,fjyKrnfh ta&;ay:tajctae ay:aygufvQif
odrYk [kwf ay:ayguf&ef vkaH vmufaomtaMumif;&Sv
d Qif xdt
k EÅ&m,fukd
wyfrawmfonf þzGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'wGif owfrw
S jf y|mef;xm;csuf
rsm;ESit
hf nD wm;qD;umuG,af pmifah &SmufciG hf &So
d nf?
( * ) EdkifiHawmf\ tcsKyftjcmtmPmudk qlylaomif;usef;rI? tMurf;zufrI
paom t"r®enf;jzifh &,l&efaqmif&Gufjcif;? odkYr[kwf BudK;yrf;
tm;xkwfjcif;aMumifh jynfaxmifpkNydKuGJaprnfh? wdkif;&if;om;pnf;vkH;
nDñGwfrINydKuGJaprnfh odkYr[kwf tcsKyftjcmtmPm vufvGwfqkH;½IH;
aprnhf ta&;ay:tajctaeay:aygufvQif wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;
OD;pD;csKyfonf EdkifiHawmftmPmudk þzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'wGif
owfrw
S jf y|mef;csurf sm;ESit
hf nD &,lo;Hk pGcJ iG hf &So
d nf/
41/ EdkifiHawmfonf vGwfvyfíwuf<uNyD; buffrvdkufaom EdkifiHjcm;a&;0g'udk
usio
hf ;Hk onf/ urÇmNh ird ;f csr;f a&;ESihf Edik if t
H csi;f csi;f rdw0f wfrysuaf ygif;zuf qufqaH &;
udak &S;½Ionf/ Edik if t
H csi;f csi;f Nird ;f csr;f pGmtwl,OS w
f aJG exdik af &;rlrsm;udk apmifx
h ed ;f onf/
42/

(u)
(c)

Edik if aH wmfonf rnfonfEh ikd if u
H rdk Q pwifusL;ausmw
f u
kd cf u
kd jf cif;rjyK?
Edik if aH wmftwGi;f rnfonfEh ikd if jH cm;wyfzUJG udrk Q wyfcsciG rhf jyK/

43/ rnfonfhjypfrIqdkif&mOya'rQ aemufaMumif;jyeftmPm oufa&mufap&ef
jy|mef;cGihf r&Sad p&/
44/

vlo
Y u
d m© ndK§ ;EGr;f ao;odraf ponfh jypf'Pfjy|mef;cGihf r&Sad p&/

45/

Edik if aH wmfonf obm0ywf0ef;usiu
f kd umuG,x
f ed ;f odr;f apmifah &Smuf&rnf/

12

46/ þzGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csufrsm;udk teuft"dyÜm,fzGifhqdkjcif;?
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf? wdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmfrsm;ESifh jynfe,fvTwfawmfrsm;u
jy|mef;onfh Oya'rsm;onfvnf;aumif;? jynfaxmifp?k wdik ;f a'oBu;D rsm;? jynfe,frsm;
ESihf ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf pD&ifprk sm;\ tkycf sKyrf q
I ikd &f mtmPmydik rf sm;\ aqmif&u
G cf suf
rsm;onfvnf;aumif;? EdkifiHawmfzGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'ESifh nDñGwfrI&Sd?r&Sdpdppfjcif;?
jynfaxmifpEk iS hf wdik ;f a'oBu;D tMum;? jynfaxmifpEk iS hf jynfe,ftMum;? wdik ;f a'oBu;D
tcsi;f csi;f ? jynfe,ftcsi;f csi;f ? wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fEiS hf ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf
pD&ifpktMum;? udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&pD&ifpktcsif;csif; jzpfay:onfh EdkifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHk
tajccHOya'qdik &f m tjiif;yGm;rIrsm;udk Mum;emqH;k jzwfjcif;ESihf þzGUJ pnf;yHk tajccHOya'u
tyfESif;onfh tjcm;wm0efrsm; aqmif&Gufjcif;wdkYudk jyKEdkif&ef EdkifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHk
tajccHOya'qdik &f m cH½k ;kH wpf½;kH udk zGUJ pnf;&rnf/
47/ þtcef;ygtajccHrlrsm;ESifh tcef;(8)? EdkifiHom;? EdkifiHom;rsm;\ rlv
tcGit
hf a&;ESiw
hf m0efrsm; tcef;wGiyf g&Sad om ]]Edik if aH wmf}} qdo
k nfrmS a&SUaemuf pum;&yf
wdkY\ t"dyÜm,fudkaxmufí þzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya't& Oya'jyKrItcGifhtmPmudk
aomfvnf;aumif;? tkyfcsKyfrItcGifhtmPmudkaomfvnf;aumif; usifhoHk;aom
tzGJUtpnf; odkYr[kwf yk*¾dKvfudkqdkvdkonf/
48/ EdkifiHawmftajccHrlrsm;onf Oya'jyKvTwfawmfrsm;u Oya'jy|mef;&mwGif
vnf;aumif;? þzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'ESifh tjcm;Oya'rsm;yg jy|mef;csufrsm;udk
oufqdkif&mu teuft"dyÜm,fzGifhqdk&mwGifvnf;aumif; vdkufem&rnfhvrf;ñTefrsm;
jzpfonf/

tcef; (2)
EdkifiHawmfzGJUpnf;wnfaqmufykH

13

tcef; (2)
Ed k i f i H a wmf z G J U pnf ; wnf a qmuf y k H
49/ Edik if aH wmfukd atmufygwdik ;f a'oBu;D (7)ck? jynfe,f(7)jynfe,fEiS fh jynfaxmifpk
e,fajrrsm;jzihf ydik ;f jcm;owfrw
S o
f nf (u) ucsijf ynfe,f?
( c ) u,m;jynfe,f?
( * ) u&ifjynfe,f?
(C) csi;f jynfe,f?
( i ) ppfuikd ;f wdik ;f a'oBu;D ?
( p ) weoFm&Dwikd ;f a'oBu;D ?
(q) yJc;l wdik ;f a'oBu;D ?
( Z ) rauG;wdik ;f a'oBu;D ?
(ps) rEÅav;wdik ;f a'oBu;D ?
(n) rGejf ynfe,f?
( # ) &cdik jf ynfe,f?
( X ) &efuek w
f ikd ;f a'oBu;D ?
( ! ) &Sr;f jynfe,f?
( ¡ ) {&m0wDwikd ;f a'oBu;D ESifh
(P) jynfaxmifpek ,fajrrsm;/
50/

(u)

EdkifiHawmf\NrdKUawmfjzpfonhf aejynfawmfudk EdkifiHawmfor®w\
wdkuf½dkuftkyfcsKyfrIatmufwGifxm;&Sdonhf jynfaxmifpke,fajrtjzpf
owfrw
S o
f nf?

14

(c)

EdkifiHawmf umuG,fa&;? vkHNcKHa&;? tkyfcsKyfa&;? pD;yGm;a&;ponfwdkYESihf
pyfvsOf;NyD; xl;jcm;aomtajctae&Sdonhfe,fajrrsm;udk jynfaxmifpk
e,fajrtjzpf owfrw
S &f efvt
kd yfvQif Oya'jy|mef;Ny;D Edik if aH wmfor®w\
wdkuf½dkuftkyfcsKyfrIatmufwGifxm;&Sdonhf jynfaxmifpke,fajrtjzpf
owfrw
S Ef ikd o
f nf/

51/

EdkifiHawmfudk atmufygtwkdkif; pkpnf;onf (u) aus;&Gmrsm;udk aus;&Gmtkypf t
k jzpf pkpnf;onf?
( c ) &yfuu
G rf sm;udk NrKd U odrYk [kwf NrKd Ue,ftjzpf pkpnf;onf?
(*) aus;&Gmtkypf Ek iS &fh yfuu
G rf sm; odrYk [kwf NrKd Ursm;udk NrKd Ue,ftjzpfppk nf;onf?
(C) NrKd Ue,frsm;udk c½dik t
f jzpf pkpnf;onf?
( i ) c½dik rf sm;udk wdik ;f a'oBu;D odUk r[kwf jynfe,ftjzpf pkpnf;onf?
( p ) ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'owGif xdak 'otwGi;f &Sd NrKd Ue,frsm;udk ud,
k yf ikd f
tkycf sKycf iG &fh a'otjzpf pkpnf;onf?
(q) ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wdik ;f wGif xdw
k ikd ;f twGi;f &Sd NrKd Ue,frsm;udk c½dik t
f jzpf
pkpnf;Ny;D ,if;c½dik rf sm;udk ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wdik ;f tjzpf pkpnf;onf?
( Z ) wdkif;a'oBuD;wpfck odkYr[kwf jynfe,fwpfe,fwGif udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyf
cGihf&wdkif; odkYr[kwf udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&a'o&Sdygu udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyf
cGihf&wdkif;? udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&a'oESihf c½dkifrsm;udk wdkif;a'oBuD;
odrYk [kwf jynfe,ftjzpf pkpnf;onf?
(ps) wdik ;f a'oBu;D rsm;? jynfe,frsm;ESifh jynfaxmifpek ,fajrrsm;udk Edik if aH wmf
tjzpf pkpnf;onf/

52/

(u)

EdkifiHawmfe,fedrdwfudk jyifqifowfrSwf&ef vdktyfygu EdkifiHawmf
or®wonf jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmftBu;D trSL;xH Edik if aH wmfe,ferd w
d f
jyifqifowfrw
S af &;twGuf jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf\ oabmxm;udk
&,lay;yg&ef yxrOD;pGm taMumif;Mum;&rnf?

15

(c)

EdkifiHawmfe,fedrdwf jyifqifowfrSwfa&;twGuf EdkifiHawmfor®w\
taMumif;Mum;pm &&So
d nft
h cg jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmftBu;D trSL;onf
atmufygtwdkif; vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;\qE´udk &,l&rnf (1) wdik ;f a'oBu;D rsm;ESijfh ynfe,frsm;rS ud,
k pf m;vS,Of ;D a&wlnpD mG
a&G;aumufwifajr§mufxm;onhf vTwfawmfwGif yg&Sdaom
vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;\ xuf0ufausmf axmufcq
H E´r?J
(2) NrdKUe,fudk tajccHívnf;aumif;? vlOD;a&udk tajccHí
vnf;aumif; a&G;aumufwifajr§mufxm;onhf vTwfawmfwGif
yg&Sdaom udk,fpm;vS,frsm;\ xuf0ufausmf axmufcHqE´rJ?
(3) xdv
k w
T af wmfEpS &f yf&dS oufqikd &f m e,ferd w
d Ef iS t
fh usK;H 0ifaom
wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,frS vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;\
xuf0ufausmf axmufcq
H E´r/J
( * ) txufygtwdik ;f axmufcq
H E´rJ toD;oD;&&Sv
d Qif Edik if aH wmf e,ferd w
d u
f kd
vdt
k yfovdk jyifqifowfrw
S af y;&ef jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmftBu;D trSL;
u Edik if aH wmfor®wxH taMumif;Mum;&rnf?
(C) txuf y gowf r S w f x m;aom enf ; vrf ; rsm;ES i h f t nD vT w f a wmf
wpf&yf&yfujzpfap? xdkvTwfawmfESpf&yf&Sd oufqdkif&me,fedrdwfESihf
tusKH ; 0if a om wd k i f ; a'oBuD ; od k Y r [k w f jynf e ,f r S v T w f a wmf
ukd,fpm;vS,frsm;ujzpfap e,fedrdwfjyifqifa&;ESihf pyfvsOf;NyD;
oabmrwlaMumif; qk;H jzwfvQif jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf\ oabmxm;
udk&,laqmif&Guf&rnf/ jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf ukd,fpm;vS,f
pkpak ygif;\ av;yko
H ;Hk ykEH iS t
fh xufu axmufcv
H Qif Edik if aH wmfe,ferd w
d u
f kd
vdt
k yfovdk jyifqifowfrw
S af y;&ef jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmftBu;D trSL;
u Edik if aH wmfor®wxH taMumif;Mum;&rnf?

16

53/

(i)

jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf\ oabmxm;udk &&Sdonhftcg EdkifiHawmf
e,fedrdwf jyifqifowfrSwfa&;ESifh pyfvsOf;í EdkifiHawmfor®wu
vdt
k yfovdk aqmif&u
G &f rnf/

(u)

wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fwpfe,f\ e,fedrdwfudk jyifqif
owfrw
S &f ef taMumif;ay:aygufvmygu ,if;e,ferd w
d Ef iS fh tusK;H 0if
onhf NrdKUe,ftwGif; aexdkifMuaom qE´rJay;ydkifcGihf&Sdolrsm;\
qE´oabmxm;udk OD;pGmyxr&,l&rnf?
,if;odkY&,lonhftcg ,if;NrdKUe,ftwGif; aexdkifMuonhf qE´rJ
ay;ydik cf iG &fh o
dS Ol ;D a& pkpak ygif;\ xuf0ufausmf axmufcq
H E´rrJ &vQif
,if;e,ferd w
d f jyifqifowfrw
S jf cif;udk aqmif&u
G jf cif; vk;H 0rjyK&?
,if;NrKd Ue,ftwGi;f aexdik Mf uaomqE´rJ ay;ydik cf iG &fh o
dS Ol ;D a&pkpak ygif;\
xuf0ufausmu
f e,ferd w
d jf yifqifoihaf Mumif; axmufcq
H E´raJ y;vQif
,if;e,ferd w
d Ef iS fh tusK;H 0ifonhf oufqikd &f mwdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf
jynfe,fvw
T af wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;\ qE´&,l&rnf?
oufqdkif&mwdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f
pkpak ygif;\ av;yko
H ;Hk ykEH iS t
fh xuf axmufcq
H E´r&J &Sv
d Qif jynfaxmifpk
vTwaf wmf\ oabmwlncD suu
f &kd ,lNy;D Edik if aH wmfor®wu wdik ;f a'o
Bu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fwpfe,f\ e,ferd w
d u
f kd jyifqifowfrw
S af y;&rnf?
oufqdkif&mwdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf wpf&yf&yfu
e,fedrdwfjyifqif&ef oabmrwlaMumif; qkH;jzwfvQif jynfaxmifpk
vTwfawmf\ tqkH;tjzwfudk &,l&rnf?
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f pkpkaygif;OD;a&\ av;ykHokH;ykHESihf
txufu e,fedrdwfjyifqifoihfaMumif; axmufcHqE´rJay;vQif
EdkifiHawmfor®wu wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,f\e,fedrdwfudk
vdt
k yfovdk jyifqifowfrw
S af y;&rnf/

(c)

(*)

(C)

(i)

(p)

17

54/ oufqdkif&mwdkif;a'oBuD;? jynfe,f? udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&wdkif; odkYr[kwf
ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'otwGi;f ü&Sad om aus;&Gm? aus;&Gmtkypf ?k &yfuu
G ?f NrKd U? NrKd Ue,f
odkYr[kwf c½dkife,fedrdwfrsm; jyifqif&ef? zGJUpnf;&ef odkYr[kwf trnfajymif;vJ&ef
ay:aygufvQif oufqdkif&m wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,f0efBuD;csKyfu
Edik if aH wmfor®wxH axmufcw
H ifjyNy;D Edik if aH wmfor®wu vdt
k yfovdk aqmif&u
G af y;
&rnf/
55/ ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wdik ;f wpfcck \
k trnfujkd zpfap? ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'o
wpfcck \
k trnfujkd zpfap ajymif;vJowfrw
S v
f v
kd Qif wdik ;f a'oBu;D wpfcck \
k trnfukd
jzpfap? jynfe,fwpfe,fe,f\ trnfujkd zpfap ajymif;vJowfrw
S o
f nhf enf;vrf;twdik ;f
ajymif;vJowfrw
S &f rnf/
56/ uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf wkid ;f ESihf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf a'orsm;ukd atmufygtwkid ;f
owfrSwfonf (u) ppfudkif;wdkif;&Sd av&SD;NrdKUe,f? v[,fNrdKUe,fESihf eef;,Gef;NrdKUe,fwdkYudk
pkpnf;Ny;D em*ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'o?
( c ) &Srf;jynfe,f&Sd &GmiHNrdKUe,fESihf yif;w,NrdKUe,fwdkYudk pkpnf;NyD;
"Eku,
kd yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'o?
( * ) &Srf;jynfe,f&Sd [kdykef;NrdKUe,f? qDqdkifNrdKUe,fESihf yifavmif;NrdKUe,fwdkYudk
pkpnf;Ny;D ytd0k ;f ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'o?
(C) &Srf;jynfe,f&Sd erhfqefNrdKUe,fESihf refwkHNrdKUe,fwdkYudk pkpnf;NyD; yavmif
ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'o?
( i ) &Srf;jynfe,f&Sd ukef;Murf;NrdKUe,fESihf avmufudkifNrdKUe,fwdkYudk pkpnf;NyD;
ud;k uefu
Y ,
kd yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'o?

18

(p)

&Sr;f jynfe,f&dS [dyk efNrKd Ue,f? rdik ;f armNrKd Ue,f? yef0ikd Nf rKd Ue,f? em;zef;NrKd Ue,f?
rufref;NrdKUe,fESihf yefqef;(yef;crf;)NrdKUe,f ajcmufNrdKUe,f wdkYudk c½dkif
ESpcf ½dik zf UJG Ny;D ]]0}} ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wdik ;f /

tcef; (3)
EdkifiHawmf tBuD;tuJ

19

tcef; (3)
EdkifiHawmfor®wESifh 'kwd,or®wrsm;
57/

Edik if aH wmfor®wESihf 'kw,
d or®wrsm;onf Edik if aH wmfukd ud,
k pf m;jyKonf/

58/ EdkifiHawmfor®wonf jynfaxmifpkor®wjrefrmEdkifiHawmf wpf0ef;vkH;wGif
Edik if o
H m;tm;vk;H \ txGwt
f xdyaf e&m &&So
d nf/
59/ Edik if aH wmfor®wESifh 'kw,
d or®wrsm;\ t&nftcsi;f rsm;rSm atmufygtwdik ;f
jzpfonf (u) Edik if aH wmfEiS fh Edik if o
H m;rsm;tay: opöm&So
d l jzpf&rnf?
( c ) rdrdESihfrdrd\rdbESpfyg;vkH; EdkifiHawmf\tmPm ydkifeuftwGif;ü
arG;zGm;aom wdik ;f &if;om;rSjzpfonhf jrefrmEdik if o
H m; jzpf&rnf?
( * ) a&G;cs,w
f ifajrm§ ufjcif;cH&olonf tenf;qk;H touf 45 ESpjf ynfNh y;D ol
jzpf&rnf?
(C) EdkifiHawmfta&;t&mrsm;jzpfaom EdkifiHa&;? tkyfcsKyfa&;? pD;yGm;a&;?
ppfa&;ponhf tjrifrsm;&S&d rnf?
( i ) or®wtjzpf a&G;cs,fwifajr§mufcH&onhf tcsdefESihfwpfqufwnf;
tenf;qk;H tESpf 20 Edik if aH wmfwiG f tajccsaexdik cf o
hJ jl zpf&rnf?
>cif;csu/f Edik if aH wmf\cGijhf yKcsujf zifh Edik if jH cm;odYk w&m;0ifomG ;a&mufonfh
umvrsm;udv
k nf; Edik if aH wmfwiG f tajccsaexdik cf o
hJ nfh umv
tjzpf xnfo
h iG ;f a&wGu&f rnf/
( p ) rdru
d ,
kd w
f ikd af omfvnf;aumif;? rdr\
d rdb wpfyg;yg; aomfvnf;aumif;?
rdrd\ZeD; odkYr[kwf cifyGef;aomfvnf;aumif;? rdrd\ w&m;0if
om;orD;wpfO;D OD;aomfvnf;aumif;? xdw
k &m;0ifom;orD;wpfO;D OD;\ ZeD;

20

(q)

60/

(u)
(c)

(*)

odrYk [kwf cifyeG ;f aomfvnf;aumif; Edik if jH cm;tpd;k &\ aus;Zl;opömawmf
udk cH,al pmihaf &Smuf½akd ool odrYk [kwf Edik if jH cm;tpd;k &\ vufatmufcH
jzpfol odrYk [kwf wdik ;f wpfyg;\ Edik if o
H m;jzpforl sm; rjzpfap&? xdo
k rl sm;
onf EdkifiHjcm;tpdk;&\ vufatmufcHjzpfolaomfvnf;aumif;?
wdkif;wpfyg;\ EdkifiHom;aomfvnf;aumif; cHpm;&aom tcGihfta&;
rsm;ESifh aus;Zl;cHpm;cGirfh sm;udk cHpm;Edik cf iG &fh o
dS rl sm; rjzpfap&?
vTwfawmfa&G;aumufyGJü a&G;aumufwifajr§muf cHydkifcGihftwGuf
owfrSwfxm;onhf t&nftcsif;rsm;tjyif EdkifiHawmfor®wtwGuf
oD;jcm;owfrw
S x
f m;aom t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESiv
fh nf; jynfph &Hk rnf/
EdkifiHawmfor®wudk or®wa&G;cs,fwifajr§mufa&;tzGJUjzihf a&G;cs,f
wifajrm§ uf&rnf?
or®wa&G;cs,fwifajr§mufa&;tzGJUudk jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfudk,fpm;
vS,t
f pktzGUJ oH;k zGUJ jzifh atmufygtwdik ;f zGUJ pnf;&rnf (1) wdik ;f a'oBu;D rsm;ESifh jynfe,frsm;rS ud,
k pf m;vS,Of ;D a& wlnpD mG
a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufonhf vTwaf wmf&dS a&G;aumufwifajrm§ uf
jcif;cH&aom vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;tpktzGUJ ?
(2) NrdKUe,fudktajccHívnf;aumif;? vlOD;a&udktajccHí vnf;
aumif; a&G;aumufwifajr§mufonhfvTwfawmf&Sd a&G;aumuf
wifajrm§ ufjcif;cH&onhf vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;tpktzGUJ ?
(3) azmfjyygvTwaf wmfEpS &f yftwGuf wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyf
utrnf p m&if ; wif o G i f ; onh f wyf r awmf o m;vT w f a wmf
ud,
k pf m;vS,rf sm;tpktzGUJ /
,if;tpktzGUJ wpfzUJG pDu'kw,
d or®wwpfO;D pDukd vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,f
rsm;xJrSjzpfap? vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fr[kwfolrsm;xJrS jzpfap
a&G;cs,w
f ifajrm§ uf&rnf?

21

(C)

(i)

(p)

61/

'kwd,or®wrsm;onf EdkifiHawmfor®wtwGuf owfrSwfxm;onfh
t&nftcsif;rsm;ESihf jynhfpkHjcif;&Sd?r&Sdudk jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfESihf
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfwiG f yg0ifaom vTwaf wmfEpS &f yf\ tBu;D trSL;
rsm;ESifh 'kw,
d tBu;D trSL;rsm; yg0ifonht
f zGUJ u pdppf&rnf?
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,f tm;vk;H yg0ifaom or®wa&G;cs,f
wifajr§mufa&;tzGJUu EdkifiHawmfor®wavmif;rsm;jzpfonhf 'kwd,
or®woHk;OD;teuf rdrdwdkYBudKufESpfoufonhf 'kwd,or®wwpfOD;udk
Edik if aH wmfor®wtjzpf qE´raJ y; a&G;cs,w
f ifajrm§ uf&rnf?
xdo
k Ykd Edik if aH wmfor®wESihf 'kw,
d or®wrsm; a&G;cs,w
f ifajrm§ ufEikd &f ef
vdt
k yfonhOf ya'udk jy|mef;ay;&rnf/

(u)

EdkifiHawmfor®w odkYr[kwf 'kwd,or®wwdkY\ &mxl;oufwrf;onf
ig;ESpf jzpfonf?
( c ) ,if;&mxl;oufwrf; ukeq
f ;Hk onht
f cg Edik if aH wmfor®wtopf a&G;cs,f
wifajr§mufNyD;onhf tcsdeftxd EdkifiHawmfor®wESihf 'kwd,or®wrsm;
onf rdrw
d \
Ykd vkyif ef;wm0efrsm;udk qufvufxrf;aqmif&rnf?
( * ) EdkifiHawmfor®wESihf 'kwd,or®wrsm;onf &mxl;oufwrf; ESpfBudrf
xufyí
kd xrf;aqmifjcif;rjyK&?
(C) EdkifiHawmfor®w odkYr[kwf 'kwd,or®wtjzpf Mum;jzwfwm0ef,l&
onhu
f mvudk &mxl;oufwrf;wpfc[
k k rowfrw
S &f ?
( i ) taMumif;wpf&yf&yfaMumihf Edik if aH wmfor®w odrYk [kwf 'kw,
d or®w
&mxl;ae&m vpfvyfonhftwGuf tpm;xdk;a&G;cs,fwifajr§mufygu
,if;Edik if aH wmfor®w odrYk [kwf 'kw
k ,
d or®wtopf\ &mxl;oufwrf;
onf rlv&mxl;oufwrf;ukeq
f ;Hk onftxdom jzpf&rnf/

62/ EdkifiHawmfor®w odkYr[kwf 'kwd,or®wrsm;onf rnfonhfvTwfawmf
uk,
d pf m;vS,rf Q rjzpfap&/
63/ EdkifiHawmfor®w odkYr[kwf 'kwd,or®wrsm;onf vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f
jzpfvQif vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,ftjzpfrSvnf;aumif;? EdkifiHh0efxrf;jzpfvQif EdkifiHh

22

0efxrf;tjzpfrv
S nf;aumif; Edik if aH wmfor®w odrYk [kwf 'kw,
d or®wrsm;tjzpf a&G;cs,f
wifajr§mufjcif;cH&onhfaeYrSpí EkwfxGufNyD; odkYr[kwf tNidrf;pm;,lNyD;jzpfonf [k
rSw,
f &l rnf/
64/ Edik if aH wmfor®w odrYk [kwf 'kw,
d or®wrsm;onf Edik if aH &;ygwDwpfcck \
k tzGUJ 0if
jzpfvQif EdkifiHawmfor®w odkYr[kwf 'kwd,or®wrsm;tjzpf a&G;cs,fwifajr§mufjcif;cH
&onhaf eYrpS í rdrw
d &Ykd mxl;oufwrf;twGi;f ,if;ygwDtzGUJ tpnf;\ ygwDvyk if ef;rsm;wGif
yg0ifaqmif&u
G jf cif;rjyK&/
65/ EdkifiHawmfor®wESifh 'kwd,or®wrsm;onf atmufygtwdkif; uwdopöm
jyK&rnf –
]]uREyfk —f —onf jynfaxmifpo
k r®wjrefrmEdik if aH wmfEiS fh Edik if o
H m;rsm;tay: opöm
apmiho
f ½d akd oNy;D jynfaxmifprk NyKd uaJG &;? wdik ;f &if;om;pnf;vk;H nDñw
G rf rI NyKd uaJG &;?
tcsKyftjcmtmPmwnfwHhcdkifNrJa&;wdkYudk xm0pOfOD;xdyfyefqif aqmif&Guf
ygrnf/
uREkfyfonf þEdkifiHawmfzGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'udk xdef;odrf;apmifhodvdkufem
½dak oNy;D Edik if aH wmf\Oya'rsm;udk vdu
k ef musio
fh ;Hk aqmif&u
G yf grnf/ rdr\
d wm0ef
0wå&m;rsm;udk ajzmihrf wfreS u
f efpmG jzihf tpGr;f ukeaf qmif&u
G yf grnf/ jynfaxmifpk
or®wjrefrmEdik if aH wmfwiG f w&m;rQwjcif;? vGwv
f yfjcif;ESifh nDrQjcif;wnf;[laom
avmuygvw&m;rsm; ydrk x
kd eG ;f um;a&;twGuf aqmif&u
G yf grnf/
uREyfk o
f nf jynfaxmifpo
k r®wjrefrmEdik if aH wmftusK;d iSm Edik if aH wmftm; rdr\
d
toufEiS u
fh ,
kd u
f t
kd yfEiS ;f onf[k av;eufwnfMunfpmG aMunmí uwdopöm
jyKonf/}}
66/ Edik if aH wmfor®w odrYk [kwf 'kw,
d or®wrsm;onf þzGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'ESifh
tjcm;Oya'rsm;u tyfEiS ;f xm;aom wm0efEiS v
fh yk yf ikd cf iG rfh sm;udk usio
hf ;Hk xrf;aqmif&rnf/
67/ Edik if aH wmfor®wESifh 'kw,
d or®wrsm;onf vpm? p&dw?f aiGaMu;&aom tjcm;
rnfonh&f mxl;udrk Q vufcjH cif;rjyK&/

23

68/ EdkifiHawmfor®wESihf 'kwd,or®wrsm;onf rdrdwdkYOD;pD;onhf wpfpD;yGm;wnf;
jzpfaom rdom;pkydkif ajr? tdrf? taqmufttkH? pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;? pkaiGESihf tjcm;
tzd;k wefypön;f rsm;udk wefz;kd ESiw
fh uG pm&if;jyKpNk y;D jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf tBu;D trSL;xH
ay;yd&Yk rnf/
69/ Edik if aH wmfor®wESifh 'kw,
d or®wrsm;onf Oya'jziho
f wfrw
S x
f m;onhf vpm?
p&dwfESihf taqmifta,mifrsm; &&Sdap&rnf/ oihfwihfavsmufywfonhf tdrfawmf
wpfaqmifpu
D v
kd nf; &&Sad p&rnf/
70/ Edik if aH wmfor®wESifh 'kw,
d or®wrsm;onf pGypf jJG ypfwifc&H í &mxl;rS &yfpcJ &H
jcif;rSty wm0efNy;D qk;H ojzihf tem;,lygu Oya'ESit
hf nD tNird ;f pm;vpmESihf oifw
h ihf
avsmufywfaom axmufyrhH rI sm; &&Sad p&rnf/
71/

(u)

(c)

(*)

EdkifiHawmfor®wudkjzpfap? 'kwd,or®wwpfOD;OD;udkjzpfap atmufyg
taMumif;wpf&yf&yfjzihf pGypf jGJ ypfwifEikd o
f nf (1) Edik if aH wmf\aus;Zl;opömawmfukd azmufzsujf cif;?
(2) þzGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csufrsm;udk azmufzsuf
usL;vGejf cif;?
(3) tusio
fh u
d m© ysujf ym;jcif;?
(4) þzGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'wGif jy|mef;xm;aom Edik if aH wmfor®w
odrYk [kwf 'kw,
d or®w\t&nftcsi;f ysu,
f iG ;f jcif;?
(5) Oya't&ay;tyfaomwm0efrsm;ukd ausyeG pf mG raqmif&u
G jf cif;/
Edik if aH wmfor®w odrYk [kwf 'kw,
d or®wwpfO;D OD;udk pGypf jJG ypfwifvykd gu
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfwGifyg0ifaom vTwfawmfESpf&yfrS vTwfawmf
wpf&yf&yf\ vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,f pkpak ygif;OD;a&teuf tenf;qk;H
av;ykHwpfykHu vufrSwfa&;xdk;NyD; rdrdwdkY\pGyfpJGcsufudk oufqdkif&m
vTwaf wmftBu;D trSL;xH wifjy&rnf?
,if;pGyfpGJcsufudk oufqdkif&mvTwfawmf\ vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f
pkpak ygif;OD;a&teuf tenf;qk;H ok;H yHEk pS yf u
Hk axmufcrH o
S m qufvuf
ta&;,laqmif&u
G &f rnf?

24

(C)

(i)

(p)

(q)

vTwfawmfwpf&yf&yfu pGyfpGJcsufudk ta&;,laqmif&Guf&ef axmufcH
vQif tjcm;vTwaf wmfwpf&yfu ,if;pGypf cJG suu
f t
kd zGUJ zGUJ í pkpH rf;ppfaq;
&rnf?
pGyfpGJcsufudkpkHprf;ppfaq;onhftcg EdkifiHawmfor®w odkYr[kwf 'kwd,
or®w ud,
k w
f ikd af omfvnf;aumif;? ud,
k pf m;vS,jf zihaf omfvnf;aumif;
acsycGiafh y;&rnf?
pGypf cJG suu
f kd pkpH rf;ppfaq;Ny;D onht
f cg pGypf cJG suu
f kd ppfaq;aom odrYk [kwf
pkHprf;ppfaq;apaomvTwfawmf\ vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f pkpkaygif;
OD;a&teuf tenf;qkH;okH;ykHESpfykHu xdkpGyfpGJcsufonf rSefuefNyD;
pGyfpGJcH&aomjypfrIonf EdkifiHawmfor®w odkYr[kwf 'kwd,or®wtm;
&mxl;wGif qufvufxrf;&Gufap&ef roihfaMumif;qkH;jzwfvQif pGyfpGJcH
&aom EdkifiHawmfor®w odkYr[kwf 'kwd,or®wtm; &mxl;rS&yfpJ&ef
,if;vTwaf wmfu jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmftBu;D trSL;xH wifjy&rnf?
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmftBuD;trSL;onf wifjycsuf &&SdvQif&&Sdcsif;
pGyfpGJcH&aom EdkifiHawmfor®w odkYr[kwf 'kwd,or®wtm; &mxl;rS
&yfpaJ Mumif; aMunm&rnf/

72/ Edik if aH wmfor®w odrYk [kwf 'kw,
d or®w wpfO;D OD;onf rdr\
d &mxl;oufwrf;
rukeq
f ;Hk rD qE´tavsmufEw
k x
f u
G v
f v
kd Qif Ekwx
f u
G cf iG jfh yK&rnf/
73/

(u)

Edik if aH wmfor®wonf &mxl;oufwrf; rukeq
f ;Hk rDEw
k x
f u
G af omaMumihf
jzpfap? uG,fvGefaomaMumihfjzpfap? xm0pOfrpGrf;aqmifEdkifaom
aMumihfjzpfap? wpfpkHwpfckaom taMumif;aMumihfjzpfap EdkifiHawmf
or®w&mxl;ae&m vpfvyfvQif 'kwd,or®wESpfOD;teuf EdkifiHawmf
or®w a&G;cs,fwifajr§mufpOftcgu 'kwd,qE´rJtrsm;qkH; &&Sdonhf
'kw,
d or®wu ,m,Dor®wtjzpf xrf;aqmif&rnf?

25

( c ) Edik if aH wmfor®w&mxl;ae&m vpfvyfomG ;onhf tcsed o
f nf jynfaxmifpk
vTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;usif;yaecsdefjzpfvQif vpfvyfoGm;onhf
EdkifiHawmfor®w&mxl;udk ckepf&uftwGif; jznfhpGufEdkifa&;twGuf
,m,Dor®wu jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf tBuD;trSL;xH aqmvsifpGm
taMumif;Mum;&rnf?
( * ) ,m,Dor®wxHrS taMumif;Mum;pmud&k &So
d nht
f cg vpfvyfomG ;onhf
EdkifiHawmfor®wudk 'kwd,or®wtjzpf OD;pGma&G;cs,fwifajr§muf
ay;cJhonhf oufqdkif&mvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm; tpktzGJUu
'kw,
d or®w wpfO;D udk a&G;cs,w
f ifajrm§ ufay;a&;twGuf jynfaxmifpk
vTwaf wmftBu;D trSL;u aqmif&u
G af y;&rnf?
(C) oufqdkif&m vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm; tpktzGJUonf 'kwd,
or®wwpfOD;udk a&G;cs,fwifajr§mufNyD;ygu jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf
ud,
k pf m;vS,f tm;vk;H yg0ifonhf or®wa&G;cs,w
f ifajrm§ ufa&;tzGUJ u
'k w d , or® w ok H ; OD ; teuf rd r d w d k Y B ud K uf E S p f o uf o nf h y k * ¾ d K vf u d k
Edik if aH wmfor®wtjzpf a&G;cs,w
f ifajrm§ uf&rnf?
( i ) jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf tpnf;ta0;usi;f ycsed rf [kwv
f Qif jynfaxmifpk
vTwaf wmftBu;D trSL;onf ,m,Dor®wxHrS taMumif;Mum;pm&&So
d nfh
aeYrpS í 21 &uftwGi;f jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmftpnf;ta0;udk ac:,lNy;D
vpfvyfaom EdkifiHawmfor®w a&G;cs,fwifajr§muf Edkifa&;twGuf
txufygenf;vrf;twdik ;f aqmif&u
G &f rnf?
( p ) 'kwd,or®wwpfOD;OD;onf &mxl;oufwrf;rukefqkH;rD EkwfxGufaom
aMumihfjzpfap? uG,fvGefaomaMumihfjzpfap? xm0pOfrpGrf;aqmifEdkif
aomaMumihfjzpfap? wpfpkHwpfckaom taMumif;aMumihfjzpfap 'kwd,
or®w &mxl;ae&m vpfvyfvQif jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf tpnf;ta0;
usi;f ycsed jf zpfygu ,if;'kw,
d or®wudk a&G;cs,w
f ifajrm§ uf ay;cJah om
vTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,frsm;tpktzGJUu ckepf&uftwGif; 'kwd,
or®wwpfOD; a&G;cs,fwifajr§mufay;a&;twGuf EdkifiHawmfor®wu
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf tBu;D trSL;xH aqmvsipf mG taMumif;Mum;&rnf?

26

(q)

jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmftpnf;ta0; usi;f ycsed rf [kwv
f Qif jynfaxmifpk
vTwfawmftBuD;trSL;onf EdkifiHawmfor®w\ taMumif;Mum;pm&&Sd
onfah eYrpS í 21 &uftwGi;f jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmftpnf;ta0;udk
ac:,lNyD; oufqdkif&mvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;tpktzGJUu 'kwd,
or®wwpfO;D udk a&G;cs,w
f ifajrm§ ufay;a&;twGuf owfrw
S x
f m;onhf
enf;vrf;twdik ;f aqmif&u
G &f rnf/

tcef; (4)
Oya'jyKa&;

27

tcef; (4)
Oya'jyKa&;
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf zGJUpnf;jcif;
74/ jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfwiG f atmufyg vTwaf wmfEpS &f yfyg0ifonf –
(u) yk'rf 109 yg jy|mef;csurf sm;ESit
hf nD NrKd Ue,fukd tajccHívnf;aumif;?
vlOD;a&udk tajccHívnf;aumif; a&G;aumufwifajr§mufonhf
vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;ESifh wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyu
f trnf
pm&if;wifoGif;aom wyfrawmfom; vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;jzihf
zGUJ pnf;onhf jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf?
( c ) yk'fr 141 yg jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifhtnD wdkif;a'oBuD;rsm;ESifh jynfe,f
rsm;rSO;D a&wlnpD mG a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufonhf vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,f
rsm;ESifh wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyu
f trnfpm&if; wifoiG ;f aom
wyfrawmfom; vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;jzihf zGUJ pnf;onhf trsK;d om;
vTwfawmf/
vTwfawmftoD;oD;\ tBuD;trSL;ESifh 'kwd,tBuD;trSL;rsm;
75/ vTwaf wmftoD;oD;\ tBu;D trSL;? 'kw,
d tBu;D trSL;rsm;ESifh ywfoufNy;D ouf
qdkif&m vTwfawmfoufwrf;wpfckpDtwGuf vTwfawmfyxrtpnf;ta0; pwif
usi;f yonhaf eYwiG f vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm; uwdopömjyKEikd &f efEiS fh vTwaf wmfOuú|?
'kwd,Ouú| a&G;aumufwifajr§mufay;&ef usif;yaom vTwfawmftpnf;ta0;udk
BuD;rSL;BuD;Muyfay;&rnhf tBuD;trSL;tm; obmywd[kvnf;aumif;? jynfaxmifpk
vTwfawmftBuD;trSL;ESihf 'kwd,tBuD;trSL;udk em,uESifh 'kwd,em,u[k
vnf;aumif;? jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf? trsK;d om;vTwaf wmf? wdik ;f a'oBu;D vTwaf wmf odrYk [kwf
jynfe,fvTwfawmf tBuD;trSL;ESihf 'kwd,tBuD;trSL;udk Ouú|ESihf 'kwd,Ouú|[k
vnf;aumif; ac:a0:ok;H pG&J rnf/

28

jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf em,uESihf 'kwd,em,ursm;\ wm0efxrf;aqmifjcif;
76/ (u) jynfolYvTwfawmf oufwrf;wpfck pwifonhf aeY&ufrS vaygif; 30
jynfhajrmufonhf aeY&uftxd trsKd;om;vTwfawmfOuú|ESihf 'kwd,
Ouú|wdkYonf jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfem,uESihf 'kwd,em,u
wm0efudkyg xrf;aqmif&rnf/ usefoufwrf;umvtwGuf jynfolY
vTwfawmfOuú|ESihf 'kwd,Ouú|wdkYonf jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf
em,uESifh 'kw,
d em,u wm0efuykd g xrf;aqmif&rnf?
( c ) jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfem,uonf em,uwm0efudk xrf;aqmif
EdkifpGrf;r&Sdonhftcg 'kwd,em,uonf em,uwm0efudk ,m,D
xrf;aqmif&rnf/
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfem,u\ vkyfief;wm0ef
77/ jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfem,uonf (u) jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf tpnf;ta0;rsm;udk Bu;D MuyfuyG u
f &J rnf?
( c ) jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf tpnf;ta0;odYk wufa&mufí rdecYf eG ;f ajymMum;
vkad Mumif; Edik if aH wmfor®wu taMumif;Mum;vQif Edik if aH wmfor®wtm;
zdwMf um;&rnf?
( * ) jynf a xmif p k v T w f a wmf tpnf ; ta0;ü aqG ; aEG ; aqmif & G u f q J
taMumif;t&m wpf&yf&yfESihfpyfvsOf;í vdktyfvQif zJGUpnf;yHktajccH
Oya't& zJGUpnf;onhf jynfaxmifpktqifh tzJGUtpnf;wpf&yf&yfudk
udk,fpm;jyKaom tzJGUtpnf;rsm; odkYr[kwf yk*d¾Kvfrsm;udk jynfaxmifpk
vTwaf wmfoYkd wufa&muf&iS ;f vif; wifjyap&ef zdwMf um;cGi&hf o
Sd nf?
(C) zJUG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya't&aomfvnf;aumif;? Oya'wpf&yf&yft&aomf
vnf;aumif; owfrSwfxm;onhf tjcm;wm0efESihf vkyfydkifcGifhrsm;udk
aqmif&u
G &f rnf/
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0; usif;yjcif;
78/ jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf\ yxrtBurd f ykrH eS t
f pnf;ta0;udk jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf\
yxrtpnf;ta0; pwifonfhaeYrS 15 &uftwGif;usif;y&rnf/ jynfaxmifpk
vTwaf wmftpnf;ta0;rsm;udk jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf em,uu ac:,lusi;f y&rnf/

29

79/ jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf ykrH eS t
f pnf;ta0;udk jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf em,uu
wpfESpfvQif tenf;qkH;wpfBudrf ac:,lusif;y&rnf/ ykHrSeftpnf;ta0; wpfBudrfESifh
wpfBudrftMum; t&SnfMumqkH; umvonf 12 vxufrydkap&/
80/ jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmftpnf;ta0;ü atmufygudpö&yfrsm;udkaqmif&Guf
onf (u) Ekid if aH wmfor®w ajymMum;onfh rdecYf eG ;f udk rSww
f rf;wifjcif;?
( c ) EdkifiHawmfor®wuay;ydkYaom o0PfvTmESihf em,uu cGihfjyKaom
tjcm;o0PfvmT rsm;udk zwfMum;jcif;? rSww
f rf;wifjcif;?
( * ) Oya'Murf; wifoiG ;f jcif;? aqG;aEG;jcif;? qk;H jzwfjcif;?
(C) jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfu twnfjyKxm;onfh Oya'Murf; wpf&yf&yfEiS fh
pyfvsO;f í Edik if aH wmfor®w\ oabmxm;rSwcf surf sm;udk aqG;aEG;jcif;?
qk;H jzwfjcif;?
( i ) zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csurf sm;t& jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfu
aqmif&u
G &f rnfh udp&ö yfrsm;ESihf pyfvsO;f í aqG;aEG;jcif;? qk;H jzwfjcif;?
( p ) jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfoYkd wifoiG ;f onft
h pD&ifcpH mrsm;udk aqG;aEG;jcif;?
qk;H jzwfjcif;? rSww
f rf;wifjcif;?
(q) tqdw
k ifoiG ;f jcif;? aqG;aEG;jcif;? qk;H jzwfjcif;?
( Z ) ar;cGe;f ar;jref;jcif;? ajzMum;jcif;?
(ps) jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf em,uu cGijhf yKonfu
h pd &ö yfrsm;ESifh pyfvsO;f í
aqmif&u
G jf cif;/
81/ jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf\ tqk;H tjzwf &,lrnfu
h pd &ö yfrsm;? oabmwlncD suf
&,lrnfu
h pd &ö yfrsm;? twnfjyKcsu&f ,lrnfh udp&ö yfrsm;udk atmufygtwdik ;f aqmif&u
G f
&rnf –
(u) jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0; usif;yqJumvjzpfvQif ,if;
tpnf;ta0;ü aqG;aEG;qk;H jzwf&rnf?
( c ) jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0; usif;yqJumv r[kwfvQif
teD;uyfqkH; jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;ü aqG;aEG;qkH;jzwf
&rnf?

30

(*)

trsm;jynfot
l usK;d iSm tvsit
f jrefaqmif&u
G &f rnfh udp&ö yfrsm;udk txl;
tpnf;ta0; odrYk [kwf ta&;ay:tpnf;ta0; ac:,l usi;f yí aqG;aEG;
qk;H jzwf&rnf/

82/ jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf txl;tpnf;ta0;udjk zpfap? ta&;ay:tpnf;ta0;udk
jzpfap usi;f y&efvt
kd yfvQif jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf em,uu ac:,lusi;f yEdik o
f nf/
83/ jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf tpnf;ta0;udk ac:,lusi;f yay;&ef Edik if aH wmf or®wu
taMumif;Mum;vQif jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfem,uonf jynfaxmifpk vTwaf wmf txl;
tpnf;ta0;udjk zpfap? ta&;ay:tpnf;ta0;udjk zpfap tjrefq;Hk ac:,lusi;f y&rnf/
84/ jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmftpnf;ta0; ac:,lusif;yay;&ef jynfaxmifpk
vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,f pkpak ygif;OD;a&teuf tenf;qk;H av;ykw
H pfyu
Hk awmif;qdv
k Qif
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfem,uu txl;tpnf;ta0;udk tjrefq;Hk ac:,lusi;f y&rnf/
85/

(u)

(c)

86/

(u)

jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf tpnf;ta0;wpf&yf\ yxraeYwiG f jynfaxmifpk
vTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;odkY wufa&mufcGifh&dSonfh vTwfawmf
ukd,fpm;vS,f pkpkaygif;OD;a&\ xuf0ufausmfOD;a& wufa&mufvQif
,if;tpnf;ta0; txajrmufonf/ tu,fí txrajrmufygu
tpnf;ta0;udk a&TUqdik ;f &rnf?
yk'frcGJ (u) t& tpnf;ta0; txrajrmufonfhtwGuf a&TUqdkif;
usi;f y&aom tpnf;ta0;rsm;ESifh tpnf;ta0; txajrmufNy;D aemuf
qufvuf usif;yaom tpnf;ta0;rsm;wGif jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf
tpnf;ta0;odYk wufa&mufciG &fh o
Sd nfh vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,f pkpak ygif;
OD;a&teuf tenf;qk;H ok;H ykw
H pfyHk wufa&mufvQif tpnf;ta0;rsm;
txajrmufonf/
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfwGif tqkH;tjzwfjyK&rnfh taMumif;t&m
wpf&yfEiS phf yfvsO;f í rJcq
JG ;Hk jzwf&mü zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'wGif tjcm;enf;
jy|mef;xm;jcif;r&dv
S Qif tpnf;ta0;odYk wufa&mufí qE´raJ y;onfh

31

(c)

jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,frsm;\ rsm;&mqE´rJjzihf qkH;jzwf
&rnf?
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf tpnf;ta0;rsm;wGif rJcq
JG ;Hk jzwfonfh udprö sm;ü
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfem,u odkYr[kwf em,uwm0ef xrf;aqmif
aeonfh 'kw,
d em,uonf qE´rrJ ay;&/ axmufcq
H E´rEJ iS hf uefu
Y u
G f
qE´rJ ta&twGucf si;f wlnaD eonfh udp&ö yfwiG o
f m tEkid rf J ay;&rnf/

87/ jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf ukd,fpm;vS,fwpfOD;onf jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf
tpnf ; ta0;wpf & yf w G i f jynf a xmif p k v T w f a wmf e m,u\ cG i h f j yKcsuf r &bJ
tpnf;ta0;wufa&muf&ef tenf;qHk; &ufaygif; 15 &uf wpfqufwnf;ysufuGuf
vQif owfrSwfxm;onhf enf;vrf;rsm;ESihftnD ta&;,l&ef jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf
em,uu oufqdkif&mvTwfawmfodkY taMumif;Mum;&rnf/ jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf
tpnf;ta0;wufa&muf&ef cGihfrJhysufuGufonfh &ufaygif; 15 &ufudk a&wGuf&mü
tpnf;ta0;a&TUqdik ;f xm;onhu
f mvudk xnho
f iG ;f a&wGujf cif; rjyK&/
88/ jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfonf vTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,fae&mtcsKdU vpfvyf
aeapumrl jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfvkyfief;rsm;udk aqmif&GufcGihf&Sdonf/ xdkYtjyif
tcGit
fh a&;r&So
d w
l pfO;D u jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmftpnf;ta0;odYk wufa&mufjcif;?
qE´rJay;jcif; odkYr[kwf vTwfawmfvkyfief;wpf&yf&yfwGif yg0ifaqmif&GufcJhjcif;udk
aemif t cgwG i f r S ppf a q;awG U &S d a pumrl jynf a xmif p k v T w f a wmf \ qH k ; jzwf
aqmif&u
G cf surf sm;onf ysujf y,fjcif; r&Sad p&/
89/ jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf\ aqmif&u
G cf surf sm;ESifh rSww
f rf;rsm;udk trsm;jynfol
od&SdEdkif&ef xkwfjyef&rnf/ odkY&mwGif Oya'wpf&yf&yft&jzpfap? jynfaxmifpk
vTwfawmf\ qHk;jzwfcsuft&jzpfap wm;jrpfxm;onhf aqmif&Gufcsufrsm;ESihf
rSww
f rf;rsm;udk xkwjf yefjcif;rjyK&/
90/ zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya't& zGUJ pnf;onfh jynfaxmifpt
k qifh tzGUJ tpnf; wpf&yf&yf
udk udk,fpm;jyKaom tzGJUtpnf;0ifrsm;onf em,u\ cGifhjyKcsufjzifh jynfaxmifpk
vTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;odkY wufa&mufonfhtcg rdrdtzGJUtpnf;ESifh oufqdkifaom
Oya'Murf;rsm; okrYd [kwf udp&ö yfrsm;ESiphf yfvsO;f í &Si;f vif;ajymqdk aqG;aEG;cGi&hf o
Sd nf/

32

91/ zJUG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya't& zJUG pnf;onfh jynfaxmifpt
k qifh tzJUG tpnf;rsm;onf
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf tpnf;ta0;okYd wifjyoifah om rdrt
d zJUG tpnf;ESihf oufqikd f
onfh tajctaet&yf&yfukd em,u\ cGijhf yKcsujf zifh wifjyEdik o
f nf/
92/

(u)

(c)

(*)

jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf ud,
k pf m;vS,rf sm;onf zGUJ pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'yg
jy|mef;csurf sm;ESiv
hf nf;aumif;? jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfqikd &f m Oya'yg
jy|mef;csurf sm;ESiv
hf nf;aumif; rqefu
Y siv
f Qif jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf
ESifh jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf yl;aygif;aumfrwDwdkYwGif vGwfvyfpGm
ajymqdck iG Ehf iS hf qE´raJ y;ydik cf iG &hf o
Sd nf/ xdo
k Ykd jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfEiS hf
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf yl;aygif;aumfrwDwdkYwGif wifjyaqG;aEG;jcif;?
aqmif&Gufjcif;wdkYESifhpyfvsOf;í jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,f
wpfO;D tm; jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfqikd &f m Oya'rSty tjcm;Oya't&
ta&;,ljcif;rjyK&?
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;odkYwufa&muf&ef zdwfMum;jcif;
cH&aom zGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya't& zGJUpnf;onfh jynfaxmifpktqifh
tzGUJ tpnf;wpf&yf&yfukd ud,
k pf m;jyKaom tzGUJ tpnf;0ifrsm; odrYk [kwf
yk*Kd¾ vrf sm;onf zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csurf sm;ESiahf omfvnf;
aumif;? jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfqikd &f m Oya'ygjy|mef;csurf sm;ESiahf omf
vnf;aumif; rqefYusifvQif jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfwGif vGwfvyfpGm
ajymqdkcGifh&dSonf/ jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfwGif wifjyajymqdkrIrsm;ESifh
pyfvsO;f í ,if;tzGUJ tpnf;0ifrsm; odrYk [kwf yk*Kd¾ vrf sm;tm; jynfaxmifpk
vTwaf wmfqikd &f mOya'rSty tjcm;Oya't& ta&;,ljcif;rjyK&?
yk'rf cGJ (u) ESihf (c) wGif yg&Sad om yk*Kd¾ vrf sm;onf txufyg tcGit
hf a&;
rsm;ukd usifhokH;Mu&mwGif ukd,fxdvufa&mufusL;vGefrIrsm; &SdcJhygu
,if;wkdYonf jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf\ pnf;rsOf;? pnf;urf;? vkyfxkH;
vkyfenf;rsm;t& vnf;aumif;? wnfqJOya'rsm;t& vnf;aumif;
ta&;,ljcif;cH&rnf/

33

93/ jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0; wufa&mufaeaom jynfaxmifpk
vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fwpfOD;udkjzpfap? jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfem,u\ cGifhjyKcsuf
odrYk [kwf zdwMf um;csut
f & ,if;tpnf;ta0;odYk wufa&mufaeaom yk*Kd¾ vw
f pfO;D udk
jzpfap zrf;qD;&efvdktyfygu cdkifvkHaomtaxmuftxm;udk jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf
em,uxH wifjy&rnf/ jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfem,u\ BudKwifcGifhjyKcsuf r&&SdbJ
zrf;qD;jcif;rjyK&/
94/ jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfuaomfvnf;aumif;? ,if;vTwaf wmf\ tcGit
hf mPm
t&aomfvnf;aumif; jzefcY sx
d w
k af 0onfh tpD&ifcpH mrsm;? pm&Gupf mwrf;rsm;? vTwaf wmf
rSww
f rf;rsm;ESihf pyfvsO;f í w&m;pGq
J ykd ikd cf iG hf r&daS p&/
Oya'jyKjcif ;
95/ (u) jynfolYvTwfawmfwGifjzpfap? trsKd;om;vTwfawmfwGifjzpfap pwif
wifoiG ;f onfh Oya'Murf;udk vTwaf wmfEpS &f yfv;kH u twnfjyKvQif ,if;
Oya'Murf;udk jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfu twnfjyKonf[k rSw,
f &l rnf?
( c ) Oya'Murf;wpf&yfESifhpyfvsOf;í jynfolYvTwfawmfESifh trsKd;om;
vTwfawmfwdkY oabmuGJvGJygu jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfwGif aqG;aEG;
qk;H jzwf&rnf/
96/ jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfonf Z,m; 1 wGif azmfjyxm;aom jynfaxmifpk
Oya'jyKpm&if;yg udpö&yfrsm;ESifhpyfvsOf;í jynfaxmifpkwpf0ef;vHk;twGufaomf
vnf;aumif;? jynfaxmifpk\wpfpdwfwpfa'o twGufaomfvnf;aumif; tmPm
oufa&mufap&ef Oya'jyKciG &fh o
dS nf/
97/

(u)

jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfonf Oya'wpf&yfjy|mef;onft
h cg (1) zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya't& zGJUpnf;onfh jynfaxmifpktqihf
tzGJUtpnf; wpf&yf&yftm; ,if;Oya'ESihf oufqdkifonfh
enf;Oya'? pnf;rsOf;ESihfpnf;urf;rsm; xkwfjyefcGihfudk tyfESif;
Edik o
f nf?
(2) oufqikd &f mtzGUJ tpnf; odrYk [kwf tmPmydik t
f m; ,if;Oya'ESifh
oufqdkifonfh trdefYaMumfjimpm? trdefY? ñTefMum;csufESihf
vkyx
f ;kH vkyef nf;rsm; xkwjf yefciG u
fh kd tyfEiS ;f Edik o
f nf/

34

( c ) Oya'wpf&yfu tyfESif;onhf vkyfydkifcGihft&jyKvkyfaom enf;Oya'?
pnf;rsOf;? pnf;urf;? trdefYaMumfjimpm? trdefY? ñTefMum;csufESihf
vkyfxHk;vkyfenf;rsm;onf zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csufrsm;ESihf
vnf;aumif;? oufqdkif&mOya'yg jy|mef;csufrsm;ESihfvnf;aumif;
nDñw
G rf &I &dS rnf?
( * ) jynfolYvTwfawmfESihf trsKd;om;vTwfawmfESpf&yfvHk;u enf;Oya'?
pnf;rsOf; odkYr[kwf pnf;urf;wpf&yf&yfudk y,fzsuf&ef odkYr[kwf
jyifqifap&ef qHk;jzwfygu ,if;enf;Oya'? pnf;rsOf;odkYr[kwf
pnf;urf;udk jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfu y,fzsuo
f nf odrYk [kwf jyifqif
aponf[k rSw,
f &l rnf?
(C) enf;Oya'? pnf;rsOf; odkYr[kwf pnf;urf; wpf&yf&yfudk y,fzsuf&ef
odkYr[kwf jyifqifap&ef jynfolYvTwfawmfESihf trsKd;om;vTwfawmfwdkY
oabmuGv
J yJG gu jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfwiG f aqG;aEG;qH;k jzwf&rnf?
( i ) enf;Oya'? pnf;rsOf; odkYr[kwf pnf;urf; wpf&yf&yfudk y,fzsuf&ef
odkYr[kwf jyifqifap&ef yk'frcGJ ( * ) odkYr[kwf (C) t& qHk;jzwfygu
xdo
k Ykd y,fzsujf cif; odrYk [kwf jyifqifapjcif; rjyKrD ,if;enf;Oya'? pnf;rsO;f
odrYk [kwf pnf;urf;t& aqmif&u
G cf NhJ y;D aom trIupd rö sm;udk xdcu
kd jf cif;
r&Sad p&/
tjcm;udpö&yfrsm;ESifY pyfvsOf;í Oya'jyKjcif;
98/ jynfaxmifpk? wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fESihf udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&wdkif;
odrYk [kwf ud,
k yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'oOD;pD;tzGUJ Oya'jyKpm&if;rsm;wGif azmfjyrxm;aom
tjcm;udp&ö yfrsm;ESipfh yfvsO;f onfh Oya'jyKyikd cf iG t
fh mPmudk jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfoYkd
tyfEiS ;f onf/
jynfaxmifpke,fajrrsm;twGuf Oya'jyKjcif;
99/ wdik ;f a'oBu;D vTwaf wmf odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfujkd zpfap? ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKyf
cGi&hf wdik ;f OD;pD;tzGUJ odrYk [kwf ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf a'oOD;pD;tzGUJ udjk zpfap Oya'jyKciG hf

35

tyfESif;xm;aom udpörsm;ESifh pyfvsOf;í jynfaxmifpke,fajrrsm;twGuf Oya'
jy|mef;ay;&ef vdktyfygu jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfu vdktyfaomOya'ukd jy|mef;
ay;&rnf/
Oya'Murf;wifoGif;jcif;
100/ (u) zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya't& zGUJ pnf;onfh jynfaxmifpt
k qifh tzGUJ tpnf;
rsm;onf jynfaxmifpkOya'jyKpm&if;wGif yg&dSaomudpö&yfrsm;teuf
rdrdwdkY pDrHcefYcGJonfh udpö&yfrsm;ESifh pyfvsOf;onfh Oya' Murf;rsm;udk
owfrSwfxm;onfh enf;vrf;rsm;ESifhtnD jynfaxmifpk vTwfawmfodkY
wifoiG ;f cGi&hf o
Sd nf?
( c ) jynfaxmifpt
k pd;k &tzGUJ uom wifoiG ;f cGi&hf aSd om Edik if aH wmf\ trsK;d om;
pDru
H ed ;f ? ESppf Oft&tok;H cefrY eS ;f ajcaiGpm&if;ESihf tcGef taumufqidk &f m
Oya'Murf;rsm;udk owfrw
S x
f m;onfh enf;vrf;rsm;ESit
fh nD jynfaxmifpk
vTwaf wmfü aqG;aEG;qk;H jzwf&rnf/
101/ jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfüom aqG;aEG;qk;H jzwf&rnf[k zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'ü
owfrw
S af om Oya'Murf;rsm;rSty zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya't& zGUJ pnf;onfh jynfaxmifpk
tqifh tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;u jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfoYkd wifoiG ;f aom Oya'Murf;rsm;udk
owfrSwfxm;onhf enf;vrf;rsm;ESihftnD jynfolYvTwfawmfwGifjzpfap? trßKd;om;
vTwaf wmfwiG jf zpfap pwifaqG;aEG;aqmif&u
G cf iG &hf o
Sd nf/
102/ jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfüom aqG;aEG;qk;H jzwf&rnfh Oya'Murf;rsm;ESihf pyfvsO;f í
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf tpnf;ta0;ü aqG;aEG;jcif;rjyKrD tao;pdwf avhvmpdppf&ef
vdt
k yfygu jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf Oya'Murf;aumfrwDEiS hf trsK;d om;vTwaf wmf Oya'Murf;
aumfrwDwt
Ykd m; yl;aygif;avhvmpdppfapjcif;? ,if;yl;aygif;aumfrwD\ avhvmawGU&dcS suf
ESihf oabmxm;rSwcf surf sm;udk owfrw
S x
f m;onfh enf;vrf;rsm;ESit
hf nD Oya'Murf;
ESit
hf wl jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf tpnf;ta0;odYk wifjyaqmif&u
G af pjcif;wdu
Yk kd jyKEikd f
onf/
jynfaxmifpk\b@maiG t&toHk;qdkif&m Oya'Murf;wifoGif;jcif;
103/ (u) jynfaxmifpktpdk;&tzGJUudk,fpm; EdkifiHawmfor®w odkYr[kwf ,if;u
wm0efay;tyfonfh yk*¾dKvfonf jynfaxmifpk\ b@maiGt&toHk;
qdik &f m Oya'Murf;udk jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfoYkd wifjy&rnf?

36

(c )

(*)

(C)

(i)

(p)

jynfaxmifp\
k b@maiGt&toH;k qdik &f m Oya'Murf;wGiyf g&Sad om –
(1) zGUJ pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya't& zGUJ pnf;xm;aom jynfaxmifpt
k qifh
tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;\ tBu;D trSL;rsm;ESihf tzJUG tpnf;0ifrsm;\ vpm?
p&dwEf iS hf ,if;tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;\ toH;k p&dwrf sm;?
(2) jynfaxmifpu
k ay;qyf&ef wm0ef&adS om a<u;NrrD sm;? ,if;a<u;NrD
rsm;ESihf qufE,
T af om ukeu
f sp&dwrf sm;? jynfaxmifpu
k acs;,laiG
rsm;ESihf qufE,
T af om tjcm;ukeu
f sp&dwrf sm;?
(3) w&m;½H;k odrYk [kwf cH½k ;kH wpf½;Hk ½H;k \ pD&ifcsu?f trde?Yf 'Du&Dt&
ay;aqmif&ef&adS om toH;k p&dwrf sm;?
(4) wnfqOJ ya' wpf&yf&yft&jzpfap? tjynfjynfqikd &f m pmcsKyf
wpfcck t
k & jzpfapusc&H rnfh tjcm;toH;k p&dwrf sm;ESihf pyfvsO;f í
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfwGif aqG;aEG;ydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ odkYaomf
jiif;y,fjcif;? avQmí
h cGijfh yKjcif; rjyK&/
yk'rf cGJ (c) yg toH;k p&dwrf sm;rSty tjcm;toH;k p&dwrf sm; twGuu
f rkd l
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfu oabmwl twnfjyKjcif;? jiif;y,fjcif;? avQmh
í cGijhf yKjcif;wdu
Yk kd trsm;qE´EiS t
hf nD aqmif&u
G &f rnf?
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfu jy|mef;onfh jynfaxmifpk\ b@maiG
t&toH;k qdik &f m Oya'ygtwdik ;f jynfaxmifpt
k pd;k &tzJUG u vdt
k yfovdk
aqmif&u
G &f rnf?
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfu oufqdkif&m b@ma&;ESpftwGuf jy|mef;
xm;onf h jynf a xmif p k \ b@maiG t &toH k ; qd k i f & m Oya'yg
vsmxm;aom&aiGrsm;ESihf cGijhf yKxm;aom oH;k aiGrsm;tjyif aemufxyf
&aiGrsm; vsmxm;&efEiS hf oH;k aiGrsm; cGijhf yK&ef vdt
k yfonft
h cg aemufxyf
b@maiG cGJa0oHk;pGJa&;Oya'udk txufyg enf;vrf;rsm;twdkif;
jy|mef;aqmif&u
G &f rnf?
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfu jy|mef;onfh aemufxyfb@maiG cGJa0
oHk;pGJa&;Oya'ygtwdkif; jynfaxmifpktpdk;&tzGJUu vdktyfovdk
aqmif&u
G &f rnf/

37

Oya'uJYodkYtmPmwnfaomtrdefY
104/ jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfonf Ekid if aH wmfor®wu Oya'uJo
h Ykd tmPmwnfaom
trdew
Yf pf&yfudk xkwjf yefNy;D ,if;trdeu
Yf kd twnfjyKay;&ef jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfoYkd
wifjyonft
h cg –
(u) Oya'uJo
h Ykd tmPmwnfaom trdeu
Yf kd twnfjyK? rjyK qk;H jzwf&rnf?
( c ) twnfjyK&ef qkH;jzwfygu ,if;trdefY qufvuftmPmwnf&rnfh
tcsed u
f mvudk owfrw
S af y;&rnf?
( * ) twnfjyKcsufr&&SdvQif Oya'uJhodkY tmPmwnfaomtrdefYonf
twnfrjyKonfah eYrpS í tmPmwnfjcif;rS &yfp&J rnf/
Oya'tjzpf xkwfjyefaMunmjcif;
105/ (u) Ed k i f i H a wmf o r® w onf jynf a xmif p k v T w f a wmf r S ay;yd k Y v monf h
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfu twnfjyKaom odkYr[kwf jynfaxmifpk
vTwaf wmfu twnfjyKonf[k rSw,
f &l rnfjzpfaom Oya'Murf;rsm;udk
vufc&H &do
S nfah eY\ aemufwpfaeYrS 14 &uftwGi;f vufrw
S af &;xd;k í
Oya'tjzpf xkwjf yefaMunm&rnf?
( c ) EdkifiHawmfor®wonf Oya'Murf;wpf&yfudk vufrSwfa&;xdk;í
Oya'tjzpf xkwfjyefaMunm&ef owfrSwfxm;onfh umvtwGif;
rdrd\oabmxm; rSwfcsufESifhtwl Oya'Murf;udk jynfaxmifpk
vTwaf wmfoYkd jyefvnfay;ydEYk ikd o
f nf?
( * ) Edik if aH wmfor®wu vufrw
S af &;xd;k í Oya'tjzpf xkwjf yefaMunm&ef
owfrSwfxm;onfh umvtwGif; Oya'Murf;udk EdkifiHawmfor®wu
rdrd\ oabmxm;rSwfcsufjzifh jyefvnfay;ydkYjcif; rjyKvQifaomf
vnf;aumif;? Oya'Murf;udk vufrw
S af &;xd;k í Oya'tjzpf xkwjf yef
aMunmjcif; rjyKvQifaomfvnf;aumif;? owfrSwfumv jynfhajrmuf
onfh aeY&ufwGif Oya'Murf;onf EdkifiHawmfor®w\ vufrSwf
a&;xd;k csuu
f kd &&dNS y;D ouJo
h Ykd Oya'jzpfvm&rnf/
106/ (u)

EkdifiHawmfor®wxH ay;ydkYxm;aom Oya'Murf;ukd EkdifiHawmfor®wu
rdrd\ oabmxm;rSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtwl owfrSwfumvtwGif;
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfokdY jyefvnfay;ykdYvQif jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf

38

(c)

(*)

onf EkdifiHawmfor®w\ oabmxm;rSwfcsufrsm;ukd aqG;aEG;okH;oyf
NyD;aemuf EkdifiHawmfor®w\ oabmxm;rSwfcsufukd vufcHí
Oya'Murf;udk jyifqif&ef qk;H jzwfEidk o
f nf okrYd [kwf Ekid if aH wmfor®w\
oabmxm;rSwcf suu
f kd vufrcHbJ Oya'Murf;ukd rlvtwkid ;f twnf
jyK&ef qk;H jzwfEidk o
f nf?
EkdifiHawmfor®w\ oabmxm;rSwfcsufESifhtnD jyifqifxm;aom
Oya'Murf; okdYr[kwf EkdifiHawmfor®w\ oabmxm;rSwfcsufukd
vufrcHbJ rlvtwkdif; twnfjyKaom Oya'Murf;tm; jynfaxmifpk
vTwfawmf\ qkH;jzwfcsufjzihf jyefvnfay;ykdYvmonfhtcg EkdifiHawmf
or®wonf Oya'Murf; jyefvnf&&SdonfhaeY\ aemufwpfaeYrS
ckepf&uftwGi;f vufrw
S af &;xk;d í Oya'tjzpf xkwjf yefaMunm&rnf?
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfu jyefvnfay;ykaYd om Oya'Murf;ukd owfrw
S f
umvtwGif; EkdifiHawmfor®wu vufrSwfa&;xkd;jcif; rjyKvQif
owfrw
S u
f mv jynfah jrmufonfh aeY&ufwiG f Oya'Murf;onf Ekid if aH wmf
or®w\ vufrw
S af &;xk;d csuu
f dk &&SNd y;D ouJo
h Ydk Oya'jzpfvm&rnf/

107/ EkdifiHawmfor®wu vufrSwfa&;xdk;NyD;aom Oya'rsm; okdYr[kwf EkdifiHawmf
or®w\ vufrSwfa&;xkd;csuf &&SdNyD;ouJhodkY rSwf,l&rnfjzpfaom Oya'rsm;udk
Edik if aH wmfjyefwrf;wGif xkwjf yefaMunm&rnf/ xdOk ya'wGif oD;jcm;azmfjycsuf rygvQif
xkwjf yefaMunmonfah eYrpS í tmPmwnf&rnf/
108/ jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfonf (u) Ekid if aH wmfor®wu wifjyonfh tjynfjynfqikd &f m? a'oqkid &f m odrYk [kwf
EkdifiHtcsif;csif;qdkif&m pmcsKyfrsm;? oabmwlnDcsufrsm;udk twnfjyK
aqmif&u
G jf cif;? y,fzsujf cif;? Ekwx
f u
G jf cif;wkEYd iS hf pyfvsO;f í tqH;k tjzwf
ay;&rnf?
( c ) tjynfjynfqikd &f m? a'oqkid &f m odrYk [kwf Ekid if t
H csi;f csi;f qdik &f m pmcsKyf
rsm;? oabmwlnDcsufrsm;teuf rnfuJhodkYaom pmcsKyf odkYr[kwf
oabmwlnDcsuf trsKd;tpm;udk jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf\ twnfjyK
csuf&,l&efrvdkbJ csKyfqdkjcif;? y,fzsufjcif;? EkwfxGufjcif;wkdYudk
aqmif&u
G &f ef Ekid if aH wmfor®wtm; vkyyf ikd cf iG hf vTt
J yfEikd o
f nf/

39

jynfolYvTwfawmf
jynfolYvTwfawmfzG JUpnf;jcif;
109/ jynfolYvTwfawmfukd vTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,fOD;a& trsm;qHk; 440 OD;jzihf
atmufygtwkid ;f zJUG pnf;&rnf –
(u) NrdKUe,fukd tajccHívnf;aumif;? vlOD;a&ukd tajccHívnf;aumif;?
NrKd Ue,f 330 xuf ykrd v
dk mygu topfzUGJ pnf;onfh NrKd Ue,fukd wpfquf
wpfpyfwnf;jzpfaom oihfavsmfonfh NrdKUe,fwpfckckESihf yl;aygif;í
vnf;aumif; Oya'ESit
fh nD rJqE´e,fowfrw
S í
f a&G;aumufwifajrm§ uf
onhf 330 OD; xufrykdaom jynfolYvTwfawmf ukd,fpm;vS,frsm;?
( c ) wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyu
f Oya'ESit
fh nD trnfpm&if; wifoiG ;f
onhf 110 OD;xufrykdaom wyfrawmfom; jynfolYvTwfawmf
ud,
k pf m;vS,rf sm;/
jynfolYvTwfawmf obmywd wifajr§mufjcif;
110/ (u) jynfolYvTwfawmf oufwrf;wpf&yf\ yxrtBudrf jynfolYvTwfawmf
tpnf;ta0; pwifusif;yonhftcg jynfolYvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f
wpfO;D tm; obmywdtjzpf wifajrm§ uf&rnf?
( c ) obmywdonf jynfolYvTwfawmf a&SUarSmufwGif uwdopömjyK&rnf?
( * ) obmywdonf jynfolYvTwfawmfOuú|ESihf 'kwd,Ouú| a&G;aumuf
wifajr§mufNyD;onftxd jynfolYvTwfawmftpnf;ta0;udk BuD;Muyf
uGyu
f &J rnf/
jynfolYvTwfawmfOuú|ESihf 'kwd,Ouú| a&G;aumufwifajr§mufjcif;
111/ (u) (1) jynfolYvTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,frsm;onf jynfolYvTwfawmf
Ouú|wpfOD;ESihf 'kwd,Ouú|wpfOD;udk jynfolYvTwfawmf
ud,
k pf m;vS,rf sm;xJrS a&G;aumufwifajrm§ uf&rnf?

40

(2)

(c)

jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfOuú| odrYk [kwf 'kw,
d Ouú|ae&m vpfvyfvQif
teD;uyfqkH;usif;yaom jynfolYvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;wGif
tpm;xk;d a&G;aumufwifajrm§ uf&rnf?
(3) jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfOuú|onf Ouú|wm0efukd xrf;aqmifEikd pf rG ;f
r&S d o nh f t cg 'k w d , Ouú | onf Ouú | wm0ef u d k ,m,D
xrf;aqmif&rnf/
jynfolYvTwfawmfOuú|ESihf 'kwd,Ouú| a&G;aumufwifajr§muf&ef
enf;vrf;rsm;udk Oya'jy|mef;owfrw
S &f rnf/

jynfolYvTwfawmfOuú|\ vkyfief;wm0ef
112/ jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfOuú|onf (u) jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf tpnf;ta0;rsm;udk Bu;D MuyfuyG u
f &J rnf?
( c ) jynfolYvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;odkY wufa&mufí rdefYcGef;ajymMum;
vdak Mumif; Edik if aH wmfor®wu taMumif;Mum;vQif Edik if aH wmfor®wtm;
zdwMf um;&rnf?
( * ) jynfolYvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;ü aqG;aEG;aqmif&GufqJ taMumif;
t&mwpf&yf&yfESihf pyfvsOf;í vdktyfvQif zJGUpnf;yHktajccHOya't&
zJGUpnf;onhf jynfaxmifpktqifh tzJGUtpnf;wpf&yf&yfudk udk,fpm;
jyKaom tzJGUtpnf;0ifrsm; odkYr[kwf yk*d¾Kvfrsm;udk jynfolYvTwfawmf
tpnf;ta0;odYk wufa&muf &Si;f vif;wifjyap&ef zdwMf um;cGi&hf o
dS nf?
(C) zJUG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya't&aomfvnf;aumif;? Oya'wpf&yf&yft&aomf
vnf;aumif; owfrSwfxm;onhf tjcm;wm0efESihf vkyfydkifcGifhrsm;
aqmif&u
G &f rnf/
jynfolYvTwfawmfOuú|ESihf 'kwd,Ouú| wdkY\ wm0efxrf;aqmifjcif;ESifh &yfpJjcif;
113/ (u) jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfOuú|ESifh 'kw,
d Ouú|wdo
Yk nf aemufwpfBurd f jynfoYl
vTwfawmfoufwrf; yxrtpnf;ta0; pwifrusif;yrD tcsdeftxd
Ouú|ESifh 'kw,
d Ouú|wm0efukd xrf;aqmif&rnf?

41

(c)

jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfOuú| odrYk [kwf 'kw,
d Ouú|onf Ekwx
f u
G v
f Qijf zpfap?
jynfolYvTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,ftjzpfrS &yfpJjcif;cH&vQifjzpfap?
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf ud,
k pf m;vS,t
f jzpf qufvuf&yfwnfyikd cf iG fh r&Sv
d Qif
jzpfap? Ouú| odkYr[kwf 'kwd,Ouú|wm0efrS jynfolYvTwfawmf\
½kyo
f rd ;f jcif;udk cH&vQijf zpfap? uG,v
f eG v
f Qijf zpfap Ouú| odrYk [kwf 'kw,
d
Ouú|tjzpfrS &yfpNJ y;D jzpfap&rnf/

114/ jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfOuú|ESifh 'kw,
d Ouú|wd\
Yk wm0ef? vkyyf ikd cf iG Efh iS fh &ydik cf iG rfh sm;
udk Oya'jy|mef;owfrw
S &f rnf/
jynfolYvTwfawmfaumfrwD? aumfr&SifESihf tzGJUrsm; zGJUpnf;jcif;
115/ (u) jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfonf Oya'Murf;aumfrwD? jynfoaYl iGpm&if;aumfrwD?
vTwaf wmftcGit
hf a&;aumfrwD? tpd;k &\ tmrcHcsurf sm;? uwdrsm;ESifh
wm0efccH surf sm; pdppfa&;aumfrwDwu
Ykd kd jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf ud,
k pf m;vS,f
rsm;jzihf zGUJ pnf;&rnf?
( c ) umuG,fa&;ESihf vkHNcKHa&;qdkif&m udpörsm;udkvnf;aumif;? wyfrawmf
qdkif&m udpörsm;udkvnf;aumif; avhvmwifjyap&ef taMumif;
ay:aygufygu jynfolYvTwfawmfonf umuG,fa&;ESihf vkHNcKHa&;
aumfrwDudk wyfrawmfom; jynfolYvTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,frsm;jzihf
umvowfrSwfí zGJUpnf;&rnf/ xdkodkYzGJUpnf;onhf umuG,fa&;ESihf
vkHNcKHa&;aumfrwDonf vkyfief;vdktyfcsuft& wyfrawmfom;
r[kwaf om oihaf vsmo
f nhf jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf ud,
k pf m;vS,rf sm;udv
k nf;
xnho
f iG ;f zGUJ pnf;&ef vdt
k yfygu zGUJ pnf;Edik o
f nf?
( * ) jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfonf Oya'jyKa&;? tkycf sKyaf &;? wdik ;f &if;om;vlrsK;d rsm;
ta&;? pD;yGm;a&;? b@ma&;? vlraI &;? Edik if jH cm;a&;wdt
Yk jyif tjcm;a&;&m
udprö sm;udk avhvmwifjyap&ef vdt
k yfygu vTwaf wmf aumfrwDrsm;udk
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;jzihf umvowfrw
S í
f zGUJ pnf;Edik o
f nf?
(C) jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfonf jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf aumfrwDrsm;\ tzGUJ 0ifO;D a&?
wm0ef? vkyyf ikd cf iG ?fh &ydik cf iG Efh iS fh oufwrf;wdu
Yk kd owfrw
S af y;&rnf/

42

116/ jynfolYvTwfawmfonf trsKd;om;vTwfawmfESihf n§dEIdif;&ef udpöay:aygufvQif
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfEiS fh trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfwrYkd S ud,
k pf m;vS,Of ;D a& wlnpD mG yg0ifaom
yl;aygif;aumfrwDwpf&yfukd zGUJ pnf;aqmif&u
G Ef ikd af &;twGuf ,if;aumfrwDwiG f yg0ifrnhf
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf ud,
k pf m;vS,rf sm;udk a&G;aumufwifajrm§ uf wm0efay;tyfEikd o
f nf/
yl;aygif;aumfrwD\ oufwrf;onf oufqdkif&mvTwfawmfodkY tpD&ifcHpmwifoGif;
Ny;D onht
f csed t
f xd jzpfonf/
117/ jynfolYvTwfawmfESihf trsKd;om;vTwfawmfwdkYonff yk'fr 115 yk'frcGJ (u) ESihf
( c ) yg aumfrwDrsm;u aqmif&Guf&rnhfudpörsm;rSty taMumif;udpöwpf&yf&yfudk
vTwaf wmfEpS &f yfv;Hk u avhvm&ef&ydS gu ,if;vTwaf wmfrsm;\ Ouú|rsm;onf tcsi;f csi;f
nd§EIdif;í jynfolYvTwfawmfESihf trsKd;om;vTwfawmfwdkYrS udk,fpm;vS,fOD;a& wlnDpGm
yg0ifaom yl;aygif;aumfrwDwpf&yfudk zGJUpnf;aqmif&GufEdkifonf/ jynfolYvTwfawmf
onf xdkaumfrwDwGifyg0ifrnhf jynfolYvTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,frsm;udk a&G;aumuf
wifajr§muf wm0efay;tyfEdkifonf/ ,if;yl;aygif;aumfrwD\ oufwrf;onf
oufqikd &f mvTwaf wmfoYkd tpD&ifcpH m wifoiG ;f Ny;D onhf tcsed t
f xdjzpfonf/
118/ (u)

(c)

jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfonf jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfaumfrwDrsm;u avhvmaom
taMumif;udpörsm;rSty useftaMumif;udpörsm;udk avhvm&ef vdktyf
ygu aumfr&SiEf iS fh tzGUJ rsm;udk jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf ud,
k pf m;vS,rf sm;jzihf
vnf;aumif;? oihfavsmfonhf EdkifiHom;rsm; xnhfoGif;ívnf;aumif;
zGUJ pnf;Edik o
f nf?
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfonf txufygaumfr&SiEf iS fh tzGUJ rsm;udk zGUJ pnf;onhf
tcg ,if;aumfr&Sif odrYk [kwf tzGUJ rsm;\ tzGUJ 0ifO;D a&? wm0ef? vkyyf ikd cf iG ?fh
&ydik cf iG Efh iS o
fh ufwrf;udyk g owfrw
S af y;&rnf/

jynfolYvTwfawmf\ oufwrf;
119/ jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf\oufwrf;onf ,if;vTwaf wmf\ yxrtBurd f tpnf;ta0;
pwifusi;f yonhf aeY&ufrpS í ig;ESpf jzpfonf/

43

jynfolYvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;\ t&nftcsif;
120/ atmufygt&nftcsif;rsm;ESihf jynfhpHkolonf jynfolYvTwfawmfodkY vTwfawmf
ud,
k pf m;vS,t
f jzpf a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufcyH ikd cf iG &fh o
dS nf –
(u) touf 25 ESpjf ynfNh y;D ol?
( c ) Edik if o
H m;rdbESpyf g;rS arG;zGm;aom Ekid if o
H m;jzpfo?l
( * ) jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf ud,
k pf m;vS,t
f jzpf a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufc&H onhf
tcsed Ef iS fh wpfqufwnf; jynfaxmifpjk refrmEdik if aH wmfwiG f tenf;qH;k
10 ESpf tajccsaexdik cf o
hJ ?l
>cif;csu/f
Edik if aH wmf\ cGijfhyKcsujf zihf Edik if jH cm;odYk w&m;0ifomG ;a&muf
onhu
f mvrsm;udv
k nf; Ekid if aH wmfwiG f tajccsaexkid cf hJ
h iG ;f a&wGu&f rnf/
onhu
f mvtjzpf xnfo
(C) a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufjcif;qdik &f m Oya'wGif owfrw
S x
f m;onhf t&nf
tcsi;f rsm;ESifh jynhpf o
kH /l
jynfolYvTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,ftjzpf a&G;aumufwifajr§mufcHykdifcGihf r&Sdjcif;
121/ atmufygyk*d¾Kvfrsm;onf jynfolYvTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,ftjzpf a&G;aumuf
wifajrm§ ufcyH idk cf iG rhf &Sad p& (u) jypfrIwpfckckudk usL;vGefojzihf oufqdkif&mw&m;½Hk;\ jypfrIxif&Sm;
pD&ifjcif;cH&í axmif'PfuscaH e&ol?
( c ) zJUG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'tmPm rwnfru
D jzpfap? tmPmwnfNy;D rS jzpfap
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf ud,
k pf m;vS,t
f &nftcsi;f ysu,
f iG ;f aponhf jypfrjI zihf
jypf'PfcsrSwfcH&jcif;twGuf jynfolYvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,ftjzpf
a&G;aumufwifajrm§ uf cHyikd cf iG rfh &Sad Mumif; oufqidk &f mu owfrw
S o
f nhf
umv ukeq
f ;kH jcif; r&Sad o;ol?
( * ) pdwfayghoGyfonf[k oufqdkif&mOya'u jy|mef;xm;onhftwdkif;
owfrw
S jf cif;cH&ol?
(C) vlrt
GJ jzpf oufqidk &f mw&m;½H;k \ aMunmcHxm;&jcif;rS vGwaf jrmufciG fh
r&ao;ol?
( i ) Edik if jH cm;tpd;k &\ aus;Zl;opömudk cH,al pmihaf &Smuf½akd ool odrYk [kwf
Edik if jH cm;tpd;k &\vufatmufcjH zpfol odrYk [kwf wdik ;f wpfyg;\ Ekid if o
H m;
jzpfo?l

44

(p)

(q)

(Z)

(ps)
(n)

(#)

Edik if jH cm;tpd;k &\ vufatmufcjH zpfoal omfvnf;aumif;? wdik ;f wpfyg;\
EdkifiHom;aomfvnf;aumif; cHpm;&aom tcGihfta&;rsm; odkYr[kwf
aus;Zl;cHpm;cGirfh sm;udk cHpm;Edik cf iG &fh o
dS ?l
EdkifiHjcm;wdkif;jynfwpfckck\ tpdk;& odkYr[kwf bmoma&;tzJGUtpnf;
odkYr[kwf tjcm;tzJGUtpnf;rsm;rS aiGaMu;? ajr? tdrf? taqmufttHk?
,mOf? ypön;f ponfwu
Ykd kd wdu
k ½f u
kd jf zpfap? oG,0f u
kd af omenf;jzihf jzpfap
taxmuftyH&h ,lo;kH pJo
G l odrYk [kwf ,if;odYk taxmuftyHh &,lo;kH pJo
G nhf
tzJUG tpnf;0ifjzpfo?l
EdkifiHa&;udpötwGuf bmoma&;udk taMumif;jyKí qE´rJay;&ef
aomfvnf;aumif;? qE´rJray;&efaomfvnf;aumif; ajymqdkjcif;?
a[majymjcif;? aMunmcsux
f w
k jf yefjcif;ESifh ,if;odjYk yKvyk &f ef tm;ay;
vIaYH qmfjcif;jyKol odrYk [kwf ,if;odjYk yKvyk o
f nhf tzJUG tpnf;0ifjzpfo?l
omoemh0efxrf;?
Edik if 0hH efxrf;?
>cif;csu/f
,if;pum;&yfonf –
zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya't& zGUJ pnf;aom vTwaf wmfrsm;ESihf
tzGJUtpnf;rsm;wGif a&G;cs,fcefUtyfjcif;cH&onfh
wyfrawmfom;rsm;tygt0if EdkifiHh0efxrf;rsm;ESifh
roufqikd af p&/
EdkifiHawmfydkifaiGaMu;? ajr? tdrf? taqmufttHk? ,mOf? ypönf; ponf
wku
Yd w
kd u
dk ½f u
kd jf zpfap? oG,0f u
kd af omenf;jzifjh zpfap &,lo;kH pGo
J l odrYk [kwf
,if;odYk &,lo;kH pJo
G nhf tzJUG tpnf;0ifjzpfo?l
>cif;csu/f (1) Edik if aH wmfyikd af iGaMu;[laom pum;&yfwiG f tNird ;f pm;
vpm? p&dwf? aiGaMu;aomfvnf;aumif;? EkdifiHawmf
tusK;d twGuf aqmif&u
G o
f jzihf Ekid if aH wmfu w&m;0if
axmufychH s;D jri§ x
fh m;aom vpm? p&dw?f aiGaMu;aomf
vnf;aumif; ryg0if?
(2) EdkifiHawmfydkifajr? tdrf? taqmufttHk? ,mOf?
ypön;f [laompum;&yfwiG f Oya'wpf&yf&yft&aomf
vnf;aumif;? wm0eft&aomfvnf;aumif; Ekid if aH wmf

45

(X)

u oHk;pJGcGihfjyKxm;aom odkYr[kwf EdkifiHawmfxHrS
tcaMu;aiGjzihf iSm;&rf;oHk;pJGaom EdkifiHawmfydkif ajr?
tdr?f taqmufttHEk iS fh tcef;rsm;? tjcm;taqmuf
ttHkESihf tcef;rsm;? EkdifiHawmfydkif av,mOf? &xm;?
oabFm? armfawmf,mOf? ypönf;ponfrsm; ryg0if/
zJUG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya' tmPmrwnfru
D jzpfap? tmPmwnfNy;D rSjzpfap
jynfolYvTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,ft&nftcsif; ysuf,Gif;aponhf
a&G;aumufyJGqdkif&m w&m;rJhjyKusifhrI usL;vGefjcif;aMumihf odkYr[kwf
a&G;aumufyq
GJ ikd &f m Oya'ESit
fh nD aqmif&u
G &f ef ysuu
f u
G jf cif;aMumihf
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf ud,
k pf m;vS,t
f jzpf a&G;aumufwifajrm§ uf cHyikd cf iG fh
r&SdaMumif; oufqkdif&mu owfrSwfxm;onhfumv ukefqHk;jcif; r&Sd
ao;ol/

wyfrawmfom; jynfolYvTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,frsm;\ t&nftcsif;
122/ wyfrawmfom; jynfolYvTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,frsm;tjzpf wyfrawmf
umuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfu Oya'ESihftnD trnfpm&if; wifoGif;aom wyfrawmfom;
rsm;onf jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf ud,
k pf m;vS,rf sm;twGuf owfrw
S x
f m;onhf t&nftcsi;f
rsm;ESifh jynhpf &kH rnf/
jynfolYvGwfawmftpnf;ta0;usif;yjcif;
123/ jynfolYvTwfawmf\ oufwrf;wpf&yf pwifaom yxrtBudrf ykHrSeftpnf;
ta0;udk taxGaxGa&G;aumufyGJ pwifusif;yonfhaeY&ufrS &ufaygif; 90 twGif;
usi;f y&rnf/
124/ (u)
(c)

zGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya' tmPmwnfNyD;aemuf yxrtBudrfjynfolY
vTwaf wmf ykrH eS t
f pnf;ta0;udk Ekid if aH wmfat;csr;f om,ma&;ESizhf UHG NzKd ;a&;
aumifpu
D ac:,lusi;f y&rnf?
jynfolYvTwfawmf\ aemifoufwrf;rsm;twGuf yxrtBudrf ykHrSef
tpnf;ta0;rsm;udk zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csuEf iS t
fh nD wm0ef
qufvuf xrf;aqmifvsuf&Sdaom jynfolYvTwfawmfOuú|u ac:,l
usi;f y&rnf/

46

125/ (u)

(c)

yxrtBudrfusif;yaom jynfolYvTwfawmf ykHrSeftpnf;ta0;wGif
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf uk,
d pf m;vS,rf sm;onf jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf obmywd
a&SUarSmufü Z,m; 4 wGif azmfjyxm;onfhtwdkif; uwdopömjyK&rnf?
uwdopömrjyK&ao;aom jynfolYvTwfawmf ukd,fpm;vS,frsm;onf
pwifwufa&mufaom jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf tpnf;ta0;wGif vTwaf wmf
Ouú| a&SUarSmufü uwdopömjyK&rnf/

126/ jynfolYvTwfawmfykHrSeftpnf;ta0;ukd jynfolYvTwfawmfOuú|u wpfESpfvQif
tenf;qk;H wpfBurd f ac:,lusi;f y&rnf/ ykrH eS t
f pnf;ta0;wpfBurd Ef iS hf wpfBurd t
f Mum;
t&SnfMumqkH;umvonf 12 v xuf rykdap&/
127/ jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf tpnf;ta0;ü atmufygudp&ö yfrsm;udk aqmif&u
G o
f nf –
(u) Ekid if aH wmfor®w ajymMum;onfrh ed cYf eG ;f ukd rSww
f rf;wifjcif;?
( c ) Ekid if aH wmfor®wu ay;ykaYd omo0PfvmT ESihf Ouú|u cGijhf yKaom tjcm;
o0PfvmT rsm;ukd zwfMum;jcif;? rSww
f rf;wifjcif;?
( * ) Oya'Murf;wifoiG ;f jcif;? aqG;aEG;jcif;? qk;H jzwfjcif;?
(C) zGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csufrsm;t& jynfolYvTwfawmfu
aqmif&u
G &f rnfh udp&ö yfrsm;ESihf pyfvsO;f í aqG;aEG;jcif;? qk;H jzwfjcif;?
( i ) jynfolYvTwfawmfokdY wifoGif;onfh tpD&ifcHpmrsm;ukd aqG;aEG;jcif;?
qk;H jzwfjcif;? rSww
f rf;wifjcif;?
( p ) tqkw
d ifoiG ;f jcif;? aqG;aEG;jcif;? qk;H jzwfjcif;?
(q) ar;cGe;f ar;jref;jcif;? ajzMum;jcif;?
( Z ) jynfolYvTwfawmfOuú|u cGifhjyKonfh udpö&yfrsm;ESifh pyfvsOf;í
aqmif&u
G jf cif;/
128/ (u)

jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf tpnf;ta0;wpf&yf\ yxraeYwiG f jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf
tpnf;ta0;okdY wufa&mufcGihf&Sdonfh vTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,f
pkpkaygif;OD;a&\ xuf0ufausmfOD;a& wufa&mufvQif ,if;tpnf;
ta0; txajrmufonf/ tu,fí txrajrmufygu tpnf;ta0;udk
a&TUqdik ;f usi;f y&rnf?

47

(c)

yk'frcGJ (u) t& tpnf;ta0; txrajrmufonfhtwGuf a&TUqkdif;
usi;f yaom tpnf;ta0;rsm;ESihf tpnf;ta0; txajrmufNy;D aemuf
qufvufusi;f yaom tpnf;ta0;rsm;wGif jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf tpnf;
ta0;okdY wufa&mufcGihf&Sdonfh vTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,f pkpkaygif;
OD;a&teuf tenf;qk;H ok;H ykw
H pfyHk wufa&mufvQif ,if;tpnf;ta0;
rsm; txajrmufonf/

129/ (u)

jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfwiG f tqH;k tjzwfjyK&rnfh taMumif;t&m wpf&yfEiS fh
pyfvsOf;í rJcGJqHk;jzwf&mü zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'wGif tjcm;enf;
jy|mef;xm;jcif; r&Sv
d Qif tpnf;ta0;odYk wufa&mufí qE´raJ y;onhf
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf uk,
d pf m;vS,rf sm;\ rsm;&mqE´rjJ zihf qH;k jzwf&rnf?
( c ) jynfolYvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;rsm;wGif rJcGJqHk;jzwfonhf udpörsm;ü
jynfolYvTwfawmfOuú| odkYr[kwf Ouú|wm0ef xrf;aqmifaeonfh
'kwd,Ouú|onf qE´rJray;&/ axmufcHqE´rJESihf uefYuGufqE´rJ
ta&twGucf si;f wlnaD eonfu
h pd &ö yfwiG o
f m tEdik rf aJ y;&rnf/

130/ (u)

(c)

jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf ud,
k pf m;vS,w
f pfO;D onf jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf tpnf;
ta0;wpf&yfwGif jynfolYvTwfawmf\ cGihfjyKcsufr&bJ tpnf;ta0;
wufa&muf&ef tenf;qH;k &ufaygif; 15 &uf wpfqufwnf; ysuu
f u
G f
vQif owfrSwfxm;onhf enf;vrf;rsm;ESihftnD xdkjynfolYvTwfawmf
udk,fpm;vS,f\ae&m vpfvyfonf[k jynfolYvTwfawmfu aMunm
Edik o
f nf/ jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf tpnf;ta0; wufa&muf&ef cGirfh yhJ suu
f u
G f
onfh &ufaygif; 15 &ufukd a&wGu&f mü tpnf;ta0; a&TUqdik ;f xm;onfh
umvudk xnfo
h iG ;f a&wGujf cif; rjyK&?
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;odkY wufa&muf&rnfh jynfolY
vTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,fwpfOD;onf jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf tpnf;
ta0;wpf & yf w G i f vT w f a wmf \ cG i h f j yKcsuf r &bJ tpnf ; ta0;
wufa&muf&ef &ufaygif; 15 &uf wpfqufwnf;ysufuGufaMumif;
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfem,uxHrS taMumif;Mum;csuf &&Sv
d Qif jynfoYl
vTwfawmfu ,if;vTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,ftm; owfrSwfxm;onfh
enf;vrf;rsm;ESit
fh nD ta&;,l&rnf/

48

131/ jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfonf vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,af e&mtcsKUd vpfvyfaeapumrl
jynfolYvTwfawmfvkyfief;rsm;udk aqmif&GufcGifh&Sdonf/ xdkUtjyif tcGihfta&; r&Sdol
wpfO;D u jynfov
Yl w
T af wmftpnf;ta0;odYk wufa&mufjcif;? qE´raJ y;jcif; odUk r[kwf
vTwfawmfvkyfief; wpf&yf&yfwGif yg0ifaqmif&GufcJhjcif;udk aemiftcgwGifrS ppfaq;
awGU&Sad pumrl jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf\ qH;k jzwfaqmif&u
G cf surf sm;onf ysujf y,fjcif; r&Sad p&/
132/ jynfolYvTwfawmf\ aqmif&Gufcsufrsm;ESihf rSwfwrf;rsm;udk trsm;jynfol
od&EdS ikd &f ef xkwjf yef&rnf/ od&Yk mwGif Oya'wpf&yf&yft&jzpfap? jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf\
qHk;jzwfcsuft&jzpfap? wm;jrpfxm;onfh aqmif&Gufcsufrsm;ESihf rSwfwrf;rsm;udk
xkwjf yefjcif;rjyK&/
133/ (u)

(c)

jynfolYvTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,frsm;onf zJGUpnf;yHktajccHOya'yg
jy|mef;csufrsm;ESihfvnf;aumif;? jynfolYvTwfawmfqdkif&m Oya'yg
jy|mef;csufrsm;ESihfvnf;aumif; rqefYusifvQif jynfolYvTwfawmfESihf
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfaumfrwDww
Ykd iG f vGwv
f yfpmG ajymqdck iG Ehf iS fh qE´rJ ay;cGihf
&So
d nf/ xko
d Ykd jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfEiS hf jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfaumfrwDrsm;wGif
wifjyaqG;aEG;jcif;? aqmif&u
G jf cif;wdEYk iS fh pyfvsO;f í jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf
udk,fpm;vS,fwpfOD;tm; jynfolYvTwfawmfqdkif&m Oya'rSty tjcm;
Oya't& ta&;,ljcif;rjyK&?
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf tpnf;ta0;odjYk zpfap? jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf aumfrwD
wpf&yf&yf\ tpnf;ta0;odjYk zpfap wufa&muf&ef cGijhf yKjcif; odrYk [kwf
zdwMf um;jcif;cH&aom zJUG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya't& zJUG pnf;onhf jynfaxmifpk
tqihf tzJGUtpnf;wpf&yf&yfudk udk,fpm;jyKaom tzJGUtpnf;0ifrsm;
odrYk [kwf yk*K¾d vrf sm;onf zJUG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csurf sm;ESiafh omf
vnf;aumif;? jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfqikd &f m Oya'yg jy|mef;csurf sm;ESiafh omf
vnf;aumif; rqefYusifvQif jynfolYvTwfawmf okdYr[kwf jynfolY
vTwfawmfaumfrwDrsm;wGif vGwfvyfpGm ajymqdkcGifh&Sdonf/ jynfolY
vTwfawmf okdYr[kwf jynfolYvTwfawmfaumfrwDrsm;wGif wifjy
ajymqdrk rI sm;ESifh pyfvsO;f í ,if;tzJUG tpnf;0ifrsm; odrYk [kwf yk*K¾d vrf sm;
tm; jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfqikd &f m Oya'rSty tjcm;Oya't& ta&;,ljcif;
rjyK&?

49

(*)

134/ (u)

yk'frcGJ (u) ESifh ( c ) wGif yg&Sdaom yk*d¾Kvfrsm;onf txufyg tcGihf
ta&;rsm;ukd usio
hf ;Hk Mu&mwGif uk,
d x
f v
d ufa&mufusL;vGerf rI sm;&Scd yhJ gu
,if;wko
Yd nf jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf\ pnf;rsO;f pnf;urf;? vkyx
f ;Hk vkyef nf;rsm;
t&vnf;aumif;? wnfqJOya'rsm;t&vnf;aumif; ta&;,ljcif;
cH&rnf/

jynfov
Yl w
T af wmftpnf;ta0; wufa&mufaeaom jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf
udk,fpm;vS,fwpfOD;udkjzpfap? vTwfawmfOuú|\ cGifhjyKcsuf odkYr[kwf
zdwfMum;csuft& ,if;tpnf;ta0;odkY wufa&mufaeaom yk*d¾Kvf
wpfO;D udk jzpfap zrf;qD;&efvt
kd yfygu cdik v
f akH omtaxmuftxm;udk
jynfolYvTwfawmfOuú|xH wifjy&rnf/ jynfolYvTwfawmfOuú|\
BuKd wifciG jfh yKcsurf &&Sb
d J zrf;qD;jcif;rjyK&?
( c ) jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf aumfrwDwpf&yf&yf\ tpnf;ta0;wGiaf omfvnf;
aumif;? jynfolYvTwfawmfu zJGUpnf;aom aumfr&Sif odkYr[kwf tzJGU
wpfckck\ tpnf;ta0;wGifaomfvnf;aumif; tpnf;ta0; wuf
a&mufaeonhf ,if;aumfrwD? aumfr&Sif odkYr[kwf tzJGU\ tzJGU0if
wpfOD;tm; zrf;qD;&efvdktyfygu cdkifvHkaomtaxmuftxm;udk
oufqikd &f maumfrwD? aumfr&Sif odrYk [kwf tzJUG \ tBu;D trSL;rSwpfqifh
jynfolYvTwfawmfOuú|xH wifjy&rnf/ jynfolYvTwfawmf Ouú|\
BuKd wifciG jhf yKcsuf r&&Sb
d J zrf;qD;jcif;rjyK&?
( * ) jynfolYvTwfawmf odkYr[kwf jynfolYvTwfawmfaumfrwD odkYr[kwf
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu zJUG pnf;aomaumfr&SiEf iS fh tzJUG tpnf;ta0; usi;f y
csed rf [kwv
f Qif jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,w
f pfO;D tm; zrf;qD;ygu
xdkodkY zrf;qD;jcif;ESihf pyfvsOf;onfh cdkifvHkaomtaxmuftxm;udk
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfOuú|xH aqmvsipf mG wifjy&rnf/
135/ jynfolYvTwfawmfuaomfvnf;aumif;? ,if;vTwfawmf\ tcGifhtmPmt&
aomfvnf;aumif; jzefYcsdxkwfa0onhf tpD&ifcHpmrsm;? pm&Gufpmwrf;rsm;? vTwfawmf
rSww
f rf;rsm;ESipfh yfvsO;f í w&m;pJq
G ykd ikd cf iG hf r&Sad p&/

50

Oya'Murf;wifoGif;jcif;
136/ Z,m; 1 yg jynfaxmifpkOya'jyKpm&if;wGif azmfjyaom udpö&yfrsm;teuf
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfwiG o
f m Oya'Murf; wifoiG ;f qH;k jzwf&rnf[k zGUJ pnf;yHt
k ajccH
Oya'ü jy|mef;xm;onfh udpö&yfrsm;rSty usefudpö&yfrsm;udk owfrSwfxm;onfh
enf;vrf;rsm;ESit
hf nD jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfwiG f Oya'Murf; pwifwifoiG ;f cGi&fh o
dS nf/
137/ (u)

(c)

(*)

138/ (u)

(c)

jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfu jy|mef;onfh Oya't&jyKonfh enf;Oya'?
pnf;rsOf; odkYr[kwf pnf;urf;wpf&yf&yfudk xkwfjyefNyD;onfhtcg
oufqdkif&mtzGJUtpnf;onf rdrdxkwfjyefonhf enf;Oya'? pnf;rsOf;
odrYk [kwf pnf;urf;udk teD;uyfq;kH usi;f yaom jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf yHrk eS f
tpnf;ta0;umvwGif vTwfawmfOuú|u cGihfjyKonhf tpDtpOfjzihf
vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;xH jzefaY 0wifjy&rnf?
enf;Oya'? pnf;rsOf; odkYr[kwf pnf;urf;wpf&yf&yfonf oufqdkif&m
Oya'yg jy|mef;csufrsm;ESihf nDñGwfrIr&SdaMumif; awGU&Sdygu ,if;
enf;Oya'? pnf;rsOf; odkYr[kwf pnf;urf;udk y,fzsuf&ef odkYr[kwf
jyifqifap&ef enf;Oya'? pnf;rsO;f odrYk [kwf pnf;urf; jzefaY 0wifjyaom
aeY&ufrS &ufaygif; 90 twGi;f vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;u jynfoYl
vTwaf wmfwiG f tqdw
k ifoiG ;f Edik o
f nf?
enf;Oya'? pnf;rsOf; odkYr[kwf pnf;urf;wpf&yf&yfudk y,fzsuf&ef
odrYk [kwf jyifqifap&ef qH;k jzwf&mwGif jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfEiS fh trsK;d om;
vTwaf wmfwYkd oabmuGv
J yJG gu jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfoUkd wifjy&rnf/
zGUJ pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya't& zGUJ pnf;onfh jynfaxmifpt
k qifh tzGUJ tpnf;
wpf&yf&yfu wifoiG ;f aom Oya'Murf;rsm;udk jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf
u owfrSwfxm;onfh enf;vrf;rsm;ESihftnD ay;ydkYvmvQif jynfolY
vTwfawmfwGif pwifwifoGif;aom Oya'Murf;[k rSwf,lí jynfolY
vTwaf wmfü aqG;aEG;qH;k jzwf&rnf?
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;onf jynfaxmifpOk ya'jyKpm&if;wGif
yg&Sdaomudpö&yfrsm;teuf jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfüom Oya'Murf;

51

(*)
139/ (u)

(c)

(*)

wifoiG ;f qH;k jzwf&rnf[k zGUJ pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'ü owfrw
S jf y|mef;xm;
onhf udp&ö yfrsm;rSty useu
f pd &ö yfrsm;ESifh pyfvsO;f aom Oya'Murf;rsm;udk
Oya'ESit
fh nD jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfoYkd pwifwifoiG ;f cGi&fh o
dS nf/ ,if;Oya'
Murf;rsm;udk owfrSwfxm;onhf enf;vrf;rsm;ESihftnD jynfolY
vTwaf wmfü aqG;aEG;qH;k jzwf&rnf?
jynfolYvTwfawmfu twnfjyKonhf Oya'Murf;rsm;udk qufvuf
aqG;aEG;qH;k jzwfEikd &f ef trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfoYkd ay;yd&Yk rnf/
jynfolYvTwfawmfonf trsKd;om;vTwfawmfu ay;ydkYaom Oya'Murf;
wpf&yfudk vufcH&&Sdonhftcg trsKd;om;vTwfawmfu qHk;jzwfonfh
twdkif; oabmwlaMumif; odkYr[kwf oabmrwlaMumif; odkYr[kwf
jyifqifcsurf sm;jzifh oabmwlaMumif; qH;k jzwfEikd o
f nf/ xdOk ya'Murf;
udk jynfolYvTwfawmf\ qHk;jzwfcsufESifhtwl trsKd;om;vTwfawmfodkY
jyefvnfay;yd&Yk rnf?
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu ay;ydcYk o
hJ nhOf ya'Murf;udk trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfu
jyifqifcsufrsm;jzifh jyefvnfay;ydkYvmvQif jynfolYvTwfawmfonf
trsKd;om;vTwfawmf\ jyifqifcsufudk vufcHygu ,if;Oya'Murf;udk
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfem,uxH ay;yd&Yk rnf?
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfonf trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfoYkd ay;ydcYk ahJ om Oya'Murf;
wpf&yfESifhpyfvsOf;í trsKd;om;vTwfawmfESihf oabmuJGvJGvQif
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf\ tqH;k tjzwf &,l&rnf/

140/ zJGUpnf;yHktajccHOya't& zJGUpnf;onhf jynfaxmifpktqifh tzJGUtpnf;
wpf&yf&yfukd ud,
k pf m;jyKaom tzJUG tpnf;0ifrsm;onf –
(u) jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfOuú|\ cGijhf yKcsujf zifh jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf tpnf;ta0;
odYk wufa&mufonht
f cg rdrt
d zJUG tpnf;ESifh oufqikd af om Oya'Murf;
rsm; okrYd [kwf udp&ö yfrsm;ESipfh yfvsO;f í &Si;f vif;ajymqdak qG;aEG;cGihf &do
S nf?
( c ) jynfolYvTwfawmfaumfrwDrsm;? aumfr&Sifrsm;ESihf tzJGUrsm;\ tpnf;
ta0;rsm;odkY ,if;aumfrwD? aumfr&Sif odkYr[kwf tzJGUtBuD;trSL;\
cGijhf yKcsujf zihf wufa&mufonht
f cg rdrt
d zJUG tpnf;ESifh oufqikd af om
Oya'Murf;rsm; okdYr[kwf udpö&yfrsm;ESihfpyfvsOf;í &Sif;vif;ajymqdk
aqG;aEG;cGi&hf o
dS nf/

52

trsKd ; om;vT w f a wmf
trsKd;om;vTwfawmf zGJUpnf;jcif;
141/ trsKd;om;vTwfawmfudk vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fOD;a& trsm;qkH; 224 OD;jzihf
atmufygtwdik ;f zGUJ pnf;&rnf –
(u) ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wdik ;f odrYk [kwf ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'o wpfcpk rD S
ud,
k pf m;vS,w
f pfO;D pD yg0ifapNy;D oufqikd &f m jynfaxmifpek ,fajrrsm;
tygt0if wd k i f ; a'oBuD ; od k Y r [k w f jynf e ,f w pf c k p D t wG u f
udk,fpm;vS,f 12 OD;uspD wlnDpGmjzihf a&G;aumufwifajr§mufonhf
trsKd;om; vTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,f 168 OD;?
( c ) oufqikd &f m jynfaxmifpek ,fajrrsm; tygt0if wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf
jynfe,fwpfckpDtwGuf udk,fpm;vS,fav;OD;uspDjzihf wyfrawmf
umuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfu Oya'ESihftnD trnfpm&if; wifoGif;onhf
wyfrawmfom; trsKd;om;vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f 56 OD;?
( * ) yk'frcGJ (u) ESihf ( c ) wGif azmfjyxm;onhftwdkif; zGJUpnf;&mwGif
oufqikd &f m jynfaxmifpek ,fajrqdo
k nfrmS zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya't&
owfrSwfxm;onhf jynfaxmifpke,fajrrsm;onf vnf;aumif;?
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfu Oya'jy|mef;í owfrw
S af om jynfaxmifpk
e,fajrrsm;onfvnf;aumif; trsKd;om;vTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,f
a&G;aumufwifajr§muf&ef udpötvdkYiSm tqdkyge,fajryg0ifcJhonhf
jynfe,f odrYk [kwf wdik ;f wGijf zpfap? wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fwiG f
jzpfap yg0ifjcif;udq
k o
dk nf/
trsKd;om;vTwfawmf obmywd wifajr§mufjcif;
142/ trsK;d om;vTwaf wmf obmywdwifajrm§ ufjcif;udk yk'rf 110 yg jynfoYl vTwaf wmf
obmywdwifajrm§ ufjcif;qdik &f m jy|mef;csurf sm;twdik ;f aqmif&u
G &f rnf/

53

trsKd;om;vTwfawmf Ouú|ESihf 'kwd,Ouú| a&G;aumufwifajr§mufjcif;
143/ trsKd;om;vTwfawmfOuú|ESihf 'kwd,Ouú| a&G;aumufwifajr§mufjcif;udk
yk'rf 111 yg jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfOuú|ESifh 'kw,
d Ouú| a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufjcif;qdik &f m
jy|mef;csurf sm;twdik ;f aqmif&u
G &f rnf/
trsKd;om;vTwfawmfOuú|\ vkyfief;wm0ef
144/ trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfOuú|\ vkyif ef;wm0efonf yk'rf 112 yg jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf
Ouú|\ vkyif ef;wm0efqikd &f m jy|mef;csurf sm;twdik ;f jzpfonf/
trsKd ; om;vT w f a wmf Ouú | ES i h f 'k w d , Ouú | wd k U \ wm0ef x rf ; aqmif j cif ; ES i f h
&yf p J j cif ;
145/ trsKd;om;vTwfawmfOuú|ESifh 'kwd,Ouú|wdkY\ wm0efxrf;aqmifjcif;ESifh
&yfpJjcif;wdkYonf yk'fr 113 yg jynfolYvTwfawmfOuú|ESihf 'kwd,Ouú|wdkY\ wm0ef
xrf;aqmifjcif;? &yfpjJ cif;qdik &f m jy|mef;csurf sm;twdik ;f jzpfonf/
146/ trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfOuú|ESifh 'kw,
d Ouú|wd\
Yk wm0ef? vkyyf ikd cf iG Efh iS fh &ydik cf iG fh
rsm;udk Oya'jy|mef;owfrw
S &f rnf/
trsKd;om;vTwfawmfaumfrwD? aumfr&SifESifh tzGJUrsm; zGJUpnf;jcif;
147/ (u) trsKd;om;vTwfawmfonf Oya'Murf;aumfrwD? jynfolYaiGpm&if;
aumfrwD? vTwfawmftcGifhta&;aumfrwD? tpdk;&\tmrcHcsufrsm;?
uwdrsm;ESihf wm0efcHcsufrsm; pdppfa&;aumfrwDwdkYudk trsKd;om;
vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;jzihf zGUJ pnf;&rnf?
( c ) umuG,fa&;ESihf vkHNcKHa&;qdkif&m udpörsm;udkvnf;aumif;? wyfrawmf
qdkif&m udpörsm;udkvnf;aumif; avhvmwifjyap&ef taMumif;
ay:aygufygu trsKd;om;vTwfawmfonf umuG,fa&;ESihf vkHNcKHa&;
aumfrwDukd wyfrawmfom; trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;jzihf
umvowfrSwfí zGJUpnf;&rnf/ xdkodkYzGJUpnf;onhf umuG,fa&;ESihf
vkNH cKaH &;aumfrwDonf vkyif ef;vdt
k yfcsut
f & wyfrawmfom; r[kwf

54

(*)

(C)

aom oihfavsmfonfh trsKd;om;vTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,frsm;udkvnf;
xnho
f iG ;f zGUJ pnf;&ef vdt
k yfygu zGUJ pnf;Edik o
f nf?
trsKd;om;vTwfawmfonf Oya'jyKa&;? tkyfcsKyfa&;? wdkif;&if;om;
vlrsKd;rsm;ta&;? pD;yGm;a&;? b@ma&;? vlrIa&;? EdkifiHjcm;a&;wdkYtjyif
tjcm;a&;&m udpörsm;udk avhvmwifjyap&ef vdktyfygu vTwfawmf
aumfrwDrsm;udk trsKd;om;vTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,frsm;jzihf umv
owfrw
S í
f zGUJ pnf;Edik o
f nf?
trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfonf trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfaumfrwDrsm;\ tzGUJ 0if
OD;a&? wm0ef? vkyyf ikd cf iG ?fh &ydik cf iG Efh iS fh oufwrf;wdu
Yk kd owfrw
S af y;&rnf/

148/ trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfonf jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfEiS fh ndE§ idI ;f &efupd ö ay:aygufvmvQif
trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfEiS fh jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfwrYkd S ud,
k pf m;vS,Of ;D a& wlnpD mG yg0ifaom
yl;aygif;aumfrwDwpf&yfukd zGUJ pnf;aqmif&u
G Ef ikd af &;twGuf ,if;aumfrwDwiG yf g0ifrnhf
trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;udk a&G;aumufwifajrm§ uf wm0efay;tyfEikd o
f nf/
yl;aygif;aumfrwD\ oufwrf;onf oufqikd &f mvTwaf wmfoYkd tpD&ifcpH m wifoiG ;f Ny;D
onhf tcsed t
f xdjzpfonf/
149/ trsKd;om;vTwfawmfESihf jynfolYvTwfawmfwdkYonf yk'fr 147 yk'frcGJ (u) ESihf
( c ) yg aumfrwDrsm;u aqmif&Guf&rnhf udpörsm;rSty taMumif;udpöwpf&yf&yfudk
vTwaf wmfEpS &f yfv;Hk u avhvm&ef&ydS gu ,if;vTwaf wmfrsm;\ Ouú|rsm;onf tcsi;f csi;f
nd§EIdif;í trsKd;om;vTwfawmfESihf jynfolYvTwfawmfwdkYrS udk,fpm;vS,fOD;a& wlnDpGm
yg0ifaom yl;aygif;aumfrwDwpf&yfukd zGUJ pnf;aqmif&u
G Ef ikd o
f nf/ trsK;d om; vTwaf wmf
onf xdak umfrwDwiG yf g0ifrnhf trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;udk a&G;aumuf
wifajr§muf wm0efay;tyfEdkifonf/ ,if;yl;aygif;aumfrwD\ oufwrf;onf
oufqikd &f mvTwaf wmfoYkd tpD&ifcpH mwifoiG ;f Ny;D onhf tcsed t
f xdjzpfonf/
150/ trsK;d om;vTwaf wmf aumfr&SiEf iS t
hf zGUJ rsm; zGUJ pnf;jcif;udk yk'rf 118 yg jynfoYl
vTwaf wmfaumfr&SiEf iS hf tzGUJ rsm; zGUJ pnf;jcif;qdik &f m jy|mef;csurf sm;twdik ;f aqmif&u
G f
&rnf/

55

trsKd;om;vTwfawmf\ oufwrf;
151/ trsK;d om;vTwaf wmf\ oufwrf;onf jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf\oufwrf;ESit
fh nD
jzpfonf/ jynfolYvTwfawmf\oufwrf; ukefqkH;aomaeYwGif trsKd;om;vTwfawmf\
oufwrf;onfvnf; ukefqkH;onf/
trsKd;om;vTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,frsm;\ t&nftcsif;
152/ trsKd;om;vTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,frsm;onf (u) touf 30 ESpf jynfNh y;D olrsm; jzpf&rnf?
( c ) toufuefYowfcsufrSty yk'fr 120 wGif azmfjyxm;onfh jynfolY
vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;tjzpf a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufcyH ikd cf iG &fh adS om
t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESihf jynhpf &kH rnf?
( * ) yk'fr 121 wGif azmfjyxm;onfh jynfolYvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,ftjzpf
a&G;aumufwifajr§mufcHydkifcGihf r&Sdapaom jy|mef;csufrsm;ESihfvnf;
oufqikd af p&rnf/
wyfrawmfom; trsKd;om;vTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,frsm;\ t&nftcsif;
153/ wyfrawmfom; trsKd;om;vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;tjzpf wyfrawmf
umuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfu Oya'ESihftnD trnfpm&if;wifoGif;onhf wyfrawmfom;
rsm;onf trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;twGuf owfrw
S x
f m;onhf t&nftcsi;f
rsm;ESifh jynfph &kH rnf/
trsKd;om;vTwfawmf tpnf;ta0; usif;yjcif;
154/ (u) trsKd ; om;vT w f a wmf o uf w rf ; pwif o nf h a eY & uf o nf jynf o l Y
vTwaf wmfoufwrf; pwifonfh aeY&ufjzpfonf?
( c ) trsKd;om;vTwfawmf\ yxrtBudrf ykHrSeftpnf;ta0;udk ,if;
vTwaf wmf\oufwrf; pwifonfah eYrS ckepf&uftwGi;f usi;f y&rnf/
155/ trsKd;om;vTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;usif;yjcif;udk yk'fr 124 rS 135 xdyg
jynfolYvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;usif;yjcif;qdkif&m jy|mef;csufrsm;twdkif; aqmif&Guf
&rnf/

56

Oya'Murf;wifoGif;jcif;
156/ jynfaxmifpkOya'jyKpm&if;wGif azmfjyaom udpö&yfrsm;teuf jynfaxmifpk
vTwaf wmfwiG o
f m Oya'Murf;wifoiG ;f qH;k jzwf&rnf[k zGUJ pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'ü jy|mef;
xm;onfh udp&ö yfrsm;rSty useu
f pd &ö yfrsm;udk owfrw
S x
f m;onfh enf;vrf;rsm;ESit
fh nD
trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfwiG f Oya'Murf; pwifwifoiG ;f cGi&fh o
dS nf/
157/ (u)

jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfujy|mef;onfh Oya't&jyKonhf enf;Oya'?
pnf;rsOf; odkYr[kwf pnf;urf;wpf&yf&yfudk xkwfjyefNyD;onfhtcg
oufqdkif&m tzGJUtpnf;onf rdrdxkwfjyefonfh enf;Oya'? pnf;rsOf;
odkYr[kwf pnf;urf;udk teD;uyfqHk;usif;yaom trsKd;om;vTwfawmf
yHrk eS t
f pnf;ta0;umvwGif vTwaf wmfOuú|u cGijfh yKonft
h pDtpOfjzihf
vTwaf wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,rf sm;xH jzefaY 0wifjy&rnf?
( c ) enf;Oya'? pnf;rsOf; odkYr[kwf pnf;urf;wpf&yf&yfonf oufqdkif&m
Oya'yg jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifh nDñGwfrIr&SdaMumif; awGU&Sdygu ,if;
enf;Oya'? pnf;rsOf; odkYr[kwf pnf;urf;udk y,fzsuf&ef odkYr[kwf
jyifqifap&ef enf;Oya'? pnf;rsO;f odrYk [kwf pnf;urf; jzefaY 0 wifjyaom
aeY&ufrS &ufaygif; 90 twGif; vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;u
trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfwiG f tqdw
k ifoiG ;f Edik o
f nf?
( * ) enf;Oya'? pnf;rsOf; odkYr[kwf pnf;urf;wpf&yf&yfudk y,fzsuf&ef
odrYk [kwf jyifqifap&ef qH;k jzwf&mwGif trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfEiS fh jynfoYl
vTwaf wmfwYkd oabmuGv
J yJG gu jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfoYkd wifjy&rnf/

158/ (u)

zGUJ pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya't& zGUJ pnf;onhf jynfaxmifpt
k qihf tzGUJ tpnf;
wpf&yf&yfu wifoiG ;f aom Oya'Murf;rsm;udk jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf
u owfrSwfxm;onhf enf;vrf;rsm;ESihftnD ay;ydkYvmvQif trsKd;om;
vTwaf wmfwiG f pwifwifoiG ;f aom Oya'Murf;[k rSw,
f í
l trsK;d om;
vTwaf wmfü aqG;aEG;qH;k jzwf&rnf?
( c ) trsKd;om;vTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,frsm;onf jynfaxmifpkOya'jyK
pm&if;wGif yg&Sdaom udpö&yfrsm;teuf jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfüom
Oya'Murf; wifoiG ;f qH;k jzwf&rnf[k zGUJ pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'ü owfrw
S f
jy|mef;xm;onhf udpö&yfrsm;rSty usefudpö&yfrsm;ESihfpyfvsOf;aom

57

(*)

159/ (u)

Oya'Murf;rsm;udk Oya'ESit
fh nD trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfoYkd pwif wifoiG ;f
cGi&fh o
dS nf/ ,if;Oya'Murf;rsm;udk owfrw
S x
f m;onhf enf;vrf;rsm;ESifh
tnD trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfü aqG;aEG;qH;k jzwf&rnf?
trsKd;om;vTwfawmfu twnfjyKonfhOya'Murf;rsm;udk qufvuf
aqG;aEG;qH;k jzwfEikd &f ef jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfoYkd ay;yd&Yk rnf/

trsKd;om;vTwfawmfonf jynfolYvTwfawmfu ay;ydkYaom Oya'Murf;
wpf&yfukd vufc&H &So
d nht
f cg jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu qH;k jzwfonht
f wdik ;f
oabmwlaMumif; odrYk [kwf oabmrwlaMumif; odrYk [kwf jyifqifcsuf
rsm;jzifh oabmwlaMumif; qH;k jzwfEikd o
f nf/ xkOd ya'Murf;udk trsK;d om;
vTwfawmf\ qHk;jzwfcsufESifhtwl jynfolYvTwfawmfodkY jyefvnf
ay;yd&Yk rnf?
( c ) trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfu ay;ydcYk o
hJ nhOf ya'Murf;udk jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu
jyifqifcsufrsm;jzifh jyefvnfay;ydkYvmvQif trsKd;om;vTwfawmfonf
jynfolYvTwfawmf\ jyifqifcsufudk vufcHygu ,if;Oya'Murf;udk
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf em,uxH ay;yd&Yk rnf?
( * ) trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfonf jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfoYkd ay;ydcYk ahJ om Oya'Murf;
wpf&yfEiS pfh yfvsO;f í jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfEiS fh oabmuJv
G v
GJ Qif jynfaxmifpk
vTwfawmf\ tqHk;tjzwf &,l&rnf/
160/ zJUG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya't& zJUG pnf;onhf jynfaxmifpt
k qifh tzJUG tpnf; wpf&yf&yf
udk ud,
k pf m;jyKaom tzJUG tpnf;0ifrsm;onf –
(u) trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfOuú|\ cGijhf yKcsujf zifh trsK;d om;vTwaf wmf tpnf;
ta0;odkY wufa&mufonhftcg rdrdtzJGUtpnf;ESihf oufqdkifaom
Oya'Murf;rsm; okdYr[kwf udpö&yfrsm;ESihf pyfvsOf;í &Sif;vif;ajymqdk
aqG;aEG;cGi&hf o
dS nf?
( c ) trsK;d om;vTwaf wmf aumfrwDrsm;? aumfr&Sirf sm;ESifh tzJUG rsm;\ tpnf;
ta0;rsm;odkY ,if;aumfrwD? aumfr&Sif odkYr[kwf tzJGUtBuD;trSL;\
cGihfjyKcsufjzihf wufa&mufonfhtcg rdrdtzJGUtpnf;ESihf oufqdkifaom
Oya'Murf;rsm; odkYr[kwf udpö&yfrsm;ESifhpyfvsOf;í &Sif;vif;ajymqdk
aqG;aEG;cGi&hf o
dS nf/

58

wdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmf odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf
wdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmf odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf zGJUpnf;jcif;
161/ wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfukd atmufygtwdik ;f zGUJ pnf;&rnf –
(u) wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,frsm;wGif NrKd Ue,fwpfNrKd Ue,fvQif ESpOf ;D uspD
a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufonhf wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf
ud,
k pf m;vS,rf sm;?
( c ) wdkif;a'oBuD;rsm;wGif xdkwdkif;a'oBuD; &&SdNyD;aom odkYr[kwf
xdkwdkif;a'oBuD;twGif; udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&pD&ifpk &&SdNyD;aom
wdik ;f &if;om;vlrsK;d rsm;rSty usew
f ikd ;f &if;om;vlrsK;d rsm;teuf avsmu
f ef
oihfjrwfaom vlOD;a&jzpfonfh EdkifiHawmf&Sd vlOD;a&pkpkaygif;\
okn'orwpf&mcdik Ef eI ;f ESifh txuf&adS Mumif; oufqikd &f mu owfrw
S f
aom wdkif;&if;om;vlrsKd;toD;oD;u vlrsKd;wpfrsKd;vQif wpfOD;uspD
a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufonhf wdik ;f a'oBu;D vTwaf wmf ud,
k pf m;vS,rf sm;?
( * ) jynfe,frsm;wGif xdkjynfe,f&&SdNyD;aom odkYr[kwf xdkjynfe,ftwGif;
udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGihf& pD&ifpk&&SdNyD;aom wdkif;&if;om;vlrsKd;rsm;rSty
usew
f ikd ;f &if;om;vlrsK;d rsm;teuf avsmu
f efoihjf rwfaom vlO;D a&jzpfonfh
Edik if aH wmf&dS vlO;D a& pkpak ygif;\ okn'orwpf&mcdik Ef eI ;f ESifh txuf&dS
aMumif; oufqdkif&mu owfrSwfaom wdkif;&if;om;vlrsKd;toD;oD;u
vlrsKd;wpfrsKd;vQif wpfOD;uspD a&G;aumufwifajr§mufonhf jynfe,f
vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;?
(C) yk'rf cGJ (u) ESifh ( c ) odrYk [kwf yk'rf cGJ (u) ESifh ( * ) wdt
Yk & a&G;aumuf
wifajr§mufonhf vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fpkpkaygif;\ okH;ykHwpfykHESifh
nDrQaom wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyu
f Oya'ESit
fh nD trnfpm&if;
wifoGif;onhf wyfrawmfom;wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,f
vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;/

59

wdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmf odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf obmywdwifajr§mufjcif;
162/ wdik ;f a'oBu;D vTwaf wmf odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf obmywdwifajrm§ ufjcif;
udk yk'rf 110 yg jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf obmywdwifajrm§ ufjcif;qdik &f m jy|mef;csurf sm;twdik ;f
aqmif&u
G &f rnf/
wdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmf odkYr[kwf jynfe,f vTwfawmfOuú|ESihf 'kwd,Ouú|
a&G;aumufwifajjrr§ m uf j cif ;
163/ wdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmf odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfOuú|ESifh 'kwd,Ouú|
a&G;aumufwifajr§mufjcif;udk yk'fr 111 yg jynfolYvTwfawmf Ouú|ESihf 'kwd,Ouú|
a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufjcif;qdik &f m jy|mef;csurf sm;twkid ;f aqmif&u
G &f rnf/
wdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmf odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfOuú|\ vkyfief;wm0ef
164/ wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfOuú|onf –
(u) wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;rsm;udk
Bu;D MuyfuyG u
f &J rnf?
( c ) wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;odkYwuf
a&mufí rdefYcGef;ajymMum;vdkaMumif; EdkifiHawmfor®wu taMumif;
Mum;vQif Edik if aH wmfor®wtm; zdwMf um;&rnf?
( * ) wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyu
f rdecYf eG ;f ajymMum;vdak Mumif;
taMumif;Mum;vQif vdt
k yfovdk pDpOfaqmif&u
G af y;&rnf?
(C) wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;ü aqG;aEG;
aqmif&GufqJ taMumif;t&m wpf&yf&yfESihf pyfvsOf;í vdktyfvQif
zGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya't& zGJUpnf;onhf wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf
jynfe,ftqihf tzGUJ tpnf;wpf&yf&yfukd ud,
k pf m;jyKaom tzGUJ tpnf;
0ifrsm; odrYk [kwf yk*Kd¾ vrf sm;udk wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf
odYk wufa&muf&iS ;f vif;wifjyap&ef zdwMf um;cGi&fh o
dS nf?
( i ) zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya't&aomfvnf;aumif;? Oya'wpf&yf&yft&aomf
vnf;aumif; owfrSwfxm;onhf tjcm;wm0efESihf vkyfydkifcGihfrsm;
aqmif&u
G &f rnf/

60

wdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmf odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf Ouú|ESihf 'kwd,Ouú|wdkY\
wm0efxrf;aqmifjcif;ESifh &yfpJjcif;
165/ wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfOuú|ESihf 'kw,
d Ouú|wd\
Yk wm0ef
xrf;aqmifjcif;ESihf &yfpjJ cif;udk yk'rf 113 yg jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf Ouú|ESifh 'kw,
d Ouú|wd\
Yk
wm0efxrf;aqmifjcif;ESihf &yfpjJ cif;qdik &f m jy|mef;csurf sm;twdik ;f aqmif&u
G &f rnf/
166/ wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfOuú|ESifh 'kw,
d Ouú|wd\
Yk wm0ef?
vkyyf ikd cf iG Efh iS fh &ydik cf iG rfh sm;udk Oya'jy|mef;owfrw
S &f rnf/
wdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmf odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf aumfrwDESifh tzGJUrsm;
zG J U pnf ; jcif ;
167/ (u) wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfonf zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccH Oya'
t& tyfESif;xm;onhf Oya'jyKa&;? wdkif;&if;om;vlrsKd;rsm; ta&;udk
avhvmwifjyEdik af pa&;twGuf vdt
k yfonht
f cg aumfrwDEiS fh tzGUJ rsm;udk
oufqikd &f m wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf ud,
k pf m;vS,f
rsm;jzihf zGUJ pnf;Edik o
f nf?
( c ) wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfonf txufygaumfrwDEiS fh
tzJUG rsm;wGif oihaf vsmo
f nhf Edik if o
H m;rsm;udk xnho
f iG ;f zJUG pnf;Edik o
f nf?
( * ) wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfonf aumfrwDEiS t
fh zJUG rsm;
udk zJUG pnf;onht
f cg ,if;aumfrwD odrYk [kwf tzJUG rsm;\ tzJUG 0ifO;D a&?
wm0ef? vkyyf ikd cf iG ?fh &ydik cf iG Efh iS fh oufwrf;udyk g owfrw
S af y;&rnf/
wdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmf odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf\ oufwrf;
168/ wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf\oufwrf;onf jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf
\ oufwrf;ESihftnDjzpfonf/ jynfolYvTwfawmf\ oufwrf;ukefqkH;aomaeYwGif
wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf\oufwrf;onfvnf; ukeq
f ;Hk onf/

61

wd k i f ; a'oBuD ; vT w f a wmf od k Y r [k w f jynf e ,f v T w f a wmf u d k , f p m;vS , f r sm;\
t&nftcsif;
169/ wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;onf –
(u) yk'fr 120 wGif azmfjyxm;onfh jynfolYvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,ftjzpf
a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufcyH ikd cf iG &fh adS om t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESifh jynhpf &kH rnf?
( c ) yk'fr 121 wGif azmfjyxm;onfh jynfolYvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,ftjzpf
a&G;aumufwifajr§mufcHydkifcGihf r&Sdapaom jy|mef;csufrsm;ESihfvnf;
oufqikd af p&rnf/
wyf r awmf o m; wk d i f ; a'oBuD ; vT w f a wmf od k Y r [k w f jynf e ,f v T w f a wmf
udk,fpm;vS,frsm;\ t&nftcsif;
170/ wyfrawmfom; wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;
tjzpf wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfu Oya'ESihftnD trnfpm&if;wifoGif;onhf
wyfrawmfom;rsm;onf wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf ud,
k pf m;vS,rf sm;
twGuf owfrw
S x
f m;onhf t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESifh jynhpf &kH rnf/

wkdif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmf odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;usif;yjcif;
171/ (u)

wkdif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfoufwrf; pwifonfh
aeY&ufonf jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfoufwrf;pwifonfh aeY&ufjzpfonf?
( c ) wkdif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf\ yxrtBudrf ykHrSef
tpnf;ta0;ukd ,if;vTwfawmf\ oufwrf;pwifonfhaeYrS 15 &uf
twGi;f usi;f y&rnf/
172/ (u) zJUG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya' tmPmwnfNy;D aemuf yxrtBurd f wkid ;f a'oBu;D
odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf ykrH eS t
f pnf;ta0;ukd Ekid if aH wmfat;csr;f
om,ma&;ESihf zGUH NzKd ;a&;aumifpu
D ac:,lusi;f y&rnf?
( c ) wkdif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf\ aemifoufwrf;rsm;
twGuf yxrtBurd f ykrH eS t
f pnf;ta0;rsm;ukd zJUG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg

62

jy|mef ; csuf E S i f h t nD wm0ef q uf v uf xrf ; aqmif v suf & S d a om
wkid ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfOuú|u ac:,lusi;f y&rnf/
173/ (u)

(c)

yxrtBudrfusif;yaom wkdif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf
ykHrSeftpnf;ta0;wGif wkdif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf
ukd,fpm;vS,frsm;onf wkdif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf
obmywda&SUarSmufü Z,m; 4 wGif azmfjyxm;onft
h wdik ;f uwdopöm
jyK&rnf?
uwdopömrjyK&ao;aom wkid ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf
uk,
d pf m;vS,rf sm;onf pwifwufa&mufaom wkid ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf
jynfe,fvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;wGif vTwfawmfOuú|a&SUarSmufü
uwdopömjyK&rnf/

174/ wkid ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf ykrH eS t
f pnf;ta0;ukd wkid ;f a'oBu;D
odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfOuú|u wpfEpS v
f Qif tenf;qk;H wpfBurd af c:,l usi;f y&rnf/
ykrH eS t
f pnf;ta0; wpfBurd Ef iS w
hf pfBurd t
f Mum; t&SnMf umqk;H umvonf 12 v xuf
rykad p&/
175/ wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmftpnf;ta0;ü atmufygudp&ö yfrsm;
aqmif&Gufonf –
(u) Edik if aH wmfor®wajymMum;onhf rdecYf eG ;f udk rSww
f rf;wifjcif;?
( c ) EdkifiHawmfor®wu ay;ydkYaom o0PfvTmESihf Ouú|u cGihfjyKaom
tjcm;o0PfvmT rsm;udk zwfMum;jcif;? rSww
f rf;wifjcif;?
( * ) wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,f0efBuD;csKyfajymMum;onhf rdefYcGef;udk
rSww
f rf;wifjcif;?
(C) Oya'Murf;wifoiG ;f jcif;? aqG;aEG;jcif;? qk;H jzwfjcif;?
( i ) zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csurf sm;t&vnf;aumif;? wnfqJ Oya'
wpf&yf&yfyg jy|mef;csurf sm;t&vnf;aumif;? wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf
jynfe,fvTwfawmfu aqmif&Guf&rnhf udpö&yfrsm;ESifh pyfvsOf;í
aqG;aEG;jcif;? qk;H jzwfjcif;?

63

( p ) wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfodkY wifoGif;onhf tpD&if
cHpmrsm;udk aqG;aEG;jcif;? qk;H jzwfjcif;? rSww
f rf;wifjcif;?
(q) tqdw
k ifoiG ;f jcif;? aqG;aEG;jcif;? qk;H jzwfjcif;?
( Z ) ar;cGe;f ar;jref;jcif;? ajzMum;jcif;?
(ps) wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfOuú|u cGijfh yKonhu
f pd &ö yf
rsm;ESiphf yfvsO;f í aqmif&u
G jf cif;/
176/ wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf\ tqH;k tjzwf&,lrnhf udp&ö yfrsm;?
oabmwlncD su&f ,lrnhf udp&ö yfrsm;? twnfjyKcsuf &,lrnfu
h pd &ö yfrsm;udk atmufyg
twdik ;f aqmif&u
G &f rnf –
(u) wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;usif;yqJ
umvjzpfvQif ,if;tpnf;ta0;ü aqG;aEG;qH;k jzwf&rnf?
( c ) wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;usif;yqJ
umvr[kwfvQif teD;uyfqHk; wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,f
vTwaf wmftpnf;ta0;ü aqG;aEG;qH;k jzwf&rnf?
( * ) trsm;jynfoltusKd;iSm tvsiftjrefaqmif&Guf&rnfh udpö&yfrsm;udk
txl;tpnf;ta0; odrYk [kwf ta&;ay:tpnf;ta0; ac:,lusi;f yí
aqG;aEG;qH;k jzwf&rnf/
177/ wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf txl;tpnf;ta0;udkjzpfap?
ta&;ay:tpnf;ta0;udjk zpfap usi;f y&efvt
kd yfvQif oufqikd &f mwdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf
jynfe,fvw
T af wmfOuú|u ac:,lusi;f yEdik o
f nf/
178/ wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmftpnf;ta0;udk ac:,lusi;f yay;&ef
wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,f0efBuD;csKyfu taMumif;Mum;vQif wdkif;a'oBuD;
odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfOuú|onf vTwfawmftxl;tpnf;ta0;udkjzpfap?
ta&;ay:tpnf;ta0;udjk zpfap tjrefq;Hk ac:,lusi;f y&rnf/
179/ wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf tpnf;ta0;udk ac:,lusi;f yay;&ef
wkdif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f pkpkaygif;OD;a&teuf
tenf;qkH;av;ykHwpfykHu awmif;qdkvQif wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf
Ouú|u txl;tpnf;ta0;udk tjrefq;Hk ac:,lusi;f y&rnf/

64

180/ (u)

(c)

wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;wpf&yf\
yxraeYwiG f wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf tpnf;ta0;
odkY wufa&mufcGihf&Sdonhf vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f pkpkaygif;OD;a&\
xuf0ufausmfOD;a& wufa&mufvQif ,if;tpnf;ta0; txajrmuf
onf/ tu,fí txrajrmufygu tpnf;ta0;ukd a&TUqkdif;usif;y
&rnf?
yk'frcGJ (u) t& tpnf;ta0;txrajrmufonfhtwGuf a&TUqdkif;
usif;yaom tpnf;ta0;rsm;ESihf tpnf;ta0;txajrmufNyD;aemuf
qufvufusif;yaom tpnf;ta0;rsm;wGif wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf
jynfe,fvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;udk wufa&mufcGifh&Sdonhf vTwfawmf
ud,
k pf m;vS,f pkpak ygif;OD;a&teuf tenf;qk;H ok;H ykw
H pfyHk wufa&muf
vQif ,if;tpnf;ta0;rsm; txajrmufonf/

181/ (u)

wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfwGif tqkH;tjzwfjyK&rnhf
taMumif;t&mwpf&yfEiS fh pyfvsO;f í rJcq
JG ;Hk jzwf&mü zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccH
Oya'wGif tjcm;enf;jy|mef;xm;jcif;r&SdvQif tpnf;ta0;odkY wuf
a&mufí qE´rJay;onhf wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf
ud,
k pf m;vS,rf sm;\ rsm;&mqE´rjJ zihf qk;H jzwf&rnf?
( c ) wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;rsm;wGif
rJcq
JG ;Hk jzwfonhu
f pd rö sm;ü wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf
Ouú| odkYr[kwf Ouú|wm0efxrf;aqmifaeonhf 'kwd,Ouú|onf
qE´rrJ ay;&/ axmufcq
H E´rEJ iS fh uefu
Y u
G q
f E´rJ ta&twGucf si;f wlnD
aeonhf udp&ö yfwiG o
f m tEdik rf aJ y;&rnf/

182/ wd k i f ; a'oBuD ; od k Y r [k w f jynf e ,f v T w f a wmf u d k , f p m;vS , f w pf O D ; onf
wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;wpf&yfwGif wdkif;a'oBuD;
odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf\ cGijfh yKcsurf &bJ tpnf;ta0;wufa&muf&ef tenf;qk;H
&ufaygif; 15 &uf wpfqufwnf; ysuu
f u
G v
f Qif owfrw
S x
f m;onhf enf;vrf;rsm;ESit
fh nD
xdkwdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f\ ae&mvpfvyfonf[k
wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfu aMunmEdik o
f nf/ wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf

65

jynfe,fvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;wufa&muf&ef cGihfrJhysufuGufonfh &ufaygif;
15 &ufukd a&wGu&f mü tpnf;ta0; a&TUqdik ;f xm;onhf umvudk xnho
f iG ;f a&wGujf cif;
rjyK&/
183/ wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfonf vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f
ae&mtcsdKU vpfvyfaeapumrl wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf vkyfief;
rsm;udk aqmif&u
G cf iG &fh o
dS nf/ xdjYk yif tcGit
fh a&;r&So
d w
l pfO;D u wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf
jynfe,fvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;odkY wufa&mufcJhjcif;? qE´rJay;cJhjcif; odkYr[kwf
vT w f a wmf v k y f i ef ; wpf & yf & yf w G i f yg0if a qmif & G u f c J h j cif ; uk d aemif t cgwG i f r S
ppfaq;awGU&Sdapumrl wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf\ qkH;jzwf
aqmif&u
G cf surf sm;onf ysujf y,fjcif;r&Sad p&/
184/ wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf\ aqmif&u
G cf surf sm;ESifh rSww
f rf;
rsm;udk trsm;jynfolod&SdEdkif&ef xkwfjyef&rnf/ odkY&mwGif Oya'wpf&yf&yft&jzpfap?
wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf\ qH;k jzwfcsut
f &jzpfap wm;jrpfxm;onhf
aqmif&u
G cf surf sm;ESifh rSww
f rf;rsm;udk xkwjf yefjcif;rjyK&/
185/ (u)

wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;onf
zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csurf sm;ESiv
fh nf;aumif;? wdik ;f a'oBu;D
odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfqdkif&m Oya'ygjy|mef;csufrsm;ESihf
vnf;aumif; rqefu
Y siv
f Qif wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf
ESifh wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfu zGUJ pnf;onhf aumfrwD
ESihf tzGJUwdkYwGif vGwfvyfpGmajymqdkcGihfESifh qE´rJay;cGihf&Sdonf/ xdkodkY
wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf? vTwfawmfaumfrwDESihf
tzGJUrsm;wGif wifjyaqG;aEG;jcif;? aqmif&Gufjcif;wdkYESihfpyfvsOf;í
wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,fwpfOD;udk
wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfqdkif&mOya'rSty tjcm;
Oya't& ta&;,ljcif;rjyK&?

66

(c)

(*)

186/ (u)

wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;odkY wuf
a&muf&ef cGijfhyKjcif; odrYk [kwf zdwMf um;jcif;cH&aom zGUJ pnf;ykH tajccHOya'
t& zGUJ pnf;onhf wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,ftqihf tzGUJ tpnf;
wpf&yf&yfukd ud,
k pf m;jyKaom tzGUJ tpnf;0ifrsm; odrYk [kwf yk*Kd¾vrf sm;onf
zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csurf sm;ESiafh omfvnf;aumif;? wdik ;f a'o
Bu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfqikd &f m Oya'yg jy|mef;csurf sm;ESiafh omf
vnf;aumif; rqefu
Y siv
f Qif wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf
odrYk [kwf vTwaf wmfu zGUJ pnf;onhf aumfrwDEiS fh tzGUJ rsm;wGif vGwv
f yfpmG
ajymqdck iG &fh o
dS nf/ wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf odrYk [kwf
vTwaf wmfuzGUJ pnf;onhf aumfrwDEiS fh tzGUJ rsm;wGif wifjyajymqdrk rI sm;ESifh
pyfvsO;f í ,if;tzGUJ tpnf;0ifrsm; odrYk [kwf yk*Kd¾vrf sm;tm; wdik ;f a'oBu;D
odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfqdkif&m Oya'rSty tjcm;Oya't&
ta&;,ljcif; rjyK&?
yk'frcGJ (u) ESifh ( c ) wGif yg&Sdaomyk*¾dKvfrsm;onf txufyg
tcGit
hf a&;rsm;udk usio
hf ;kH Mu&mwGif uk,
d x
f v
d ufa&muf usL;vGerf rI sm;
&SdcJhygu ,if;wdkYonf wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf\
pnf;rsOf;pnf;urf;? vkyfxkH;vkyfenf;rsm;t&vnf;aumif;? wnfqJ
Oya'rsm;t&vnf;aumif; ta&;,ljcif;cH&rnf/
wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf tpnf;ta0; wufa&muf
aeaom wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf ukd,fpm;vS,f
wpfO;D udjk zpfap? vTwaf wmfOuú|\ cGijfh yKcsuf odrYk [kwf zdwMf um;csut
f &
,if;tpnf;ta0;odkY wufa&mufaeaom yk*¾dKvfwpfOD;udkjzpfap
zrf;qD;&efvdktyfygu cdkifvkHaomtaxmuftxm;udk oufqdkif&m
wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfOuú|xH wifjy&rnf/ wdik ;f
a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfOuú|\ BuKd wifciG jfh yKcsurf &&Sb
d J
zrf;qD;jcif;rjyK&?

67

(c)

(*)

wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfu zGJUpnf;aom aumfrwD
odrYk [kwf tzGUJ wpfcck \
k tpnf;ta0;wufa&mufaeonhf ,if;aumfrwD
odrYk [kwf tzGUJ \ tzGUJ 0ifwpfO;D tm; zrf;qD;&efvt
kd yfygu cdik v
f aHk om
taxmuftxm;udk oufqikd &f maumfrwD odrYk [kwf tzJUG \ tBu;D trSL;
rSwpfqifh oufqikd &f mvTwaf wmfOuú|xH wifjy&rnf/ xdv
k w
T af wmfOuú|
\ BuKd wifciG jfh yKcsurf &&Sb
d J zrf;qD;jcif; rjyK&?
wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0; odkYr[kwf
vTwaf wmfu zGUJ pnf;onhaf umfrwD odrYk [kwf tzGUJ wpfcck \
k tpnf;ta0;
usif;ycsdefr[kwfvQif wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf
uk,
d pf m;vS,w
f pfO;D tm; zrf;qD;ygu xdo
k zYkd rf;qD;jcif;ESipfh yfvsO;f onhf
cdkifvkHaom taxmuftxm;udk wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,f
vTwaf wmfOuú|xH aqmvsipf mG wifjy&rnf/

187/ wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfuaomfvnf;aumif;? ,if;
vTwaf wmf\ tcGit
fh mPmt&aomfvnf;aumif;? jzefcY sx
d w
k af 0onhf tpD&ifcpH mrsm;?
pm&Gupf mwrf;rsm;? vTwaf wmfrw
S w
f rf;rsm;ESipfh yfvsO;f í w&m;pGq
J ykd ikd cf iG fh r&Sad p&/
Oya'jyKjcif ;
188/ wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfonf Z,m; 2 wGif azmfjyxm;
aom wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fOya'jyKpm&if;yg udpö&yfrsm;ESihfpyfvsOf;í
wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,f wpf0ef;vH;k twGuaf omfvnf;aumif;? wdik ;f a'oBu;D
odkYr[kwf jynfe,f wpfpdwfwpfa'otwGufaomfvnf;aumif; tmPm oufa&muf
ap&ef Oya'jyKciG &hf o
dS nf/
189/ (u)

wkdif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfonf Oya'wpf&yf
jy|mef;onft
h cg (1) zJUG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya't& zJUG pnf;onfh wkid ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf
jynfe,ftqifh tzJGUtpnf;wpf&yf&yftm; ,if;Oya'ESifh

68

(c)

(*)

(C)

(i)

ouf q k d i f o nf h enf ; Oya'? pnf ; rsOf ; ES i f h pnf ; urf ; rsm;
xkwjf yefciG u
hf dk tyfEiS ;f Ekid o
f nf?
(2) oufqidk &f mtzJUG tpnf; odrYk [kwf tmPmykid t
f m; ,if; Oya'ESihf
oufqkdifonfh trdefYaMumfjimpm? trdefY? ñTefMum;csufESifh
vkyx
f ;Hk vkyef nf;rsm;xkwjf yefciG u
hf dk tyfEiS ;f Ekid o
f nf/
Oya'wpf&yfu tyfESif;onfh vkyfykdifcGifht& jyKvkyfaomenf;Oya'?
pnf;rsOf;? pnf;urf;? trdefYaMumfjimpm? trdefY? ñTefMum;csufESifh
vkyfxkH;vkyfenf;rsm;onf zJGUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifh
vnf;aumif;? oufqkdif&mOya'yg jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifhvnf;aumif;
nDñw
G rf &I &dS rnf?
wkdif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfu jy|mef;onfhOya'
t&jyKonfh enf;Oya'? pnf;rsOf; odkYr[kwf pnf;urf; wpf&yf&yfukd
xkwfjyefNyD;onfhtcg oufqkdif&m tzJGUtpnf;onf rdrdxkwfjyefonfh
enf;Oya'? pnf;rsOf; okdYr[kwf pnf;urf;ukd teD;uyfqkH;usif;yaom
wkid ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf ykrH eS t
f pnf;ta0;umvwGif
vTwfawmfOuú|u cGihfjyKonfh tpDtpOfjzifh vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f
rsm;xH jzefaY 0wifjy&rnf?
enf;Oya'? pnf;rsOf; odkYr[kwf pnf;urf;wpf&yf&yfonf oufqkdif&m
Oya'ygjy|mef;csufrsm;ESifh nDñGwfrIr&SdaMumif; awGU&Sdygu ,if;
enf;Oya'? pnf;rsOf; odkYr[kwf pnf;urf;ukdy,fzsuf&ef okdYr[kwf
jyifqifap&ef enf;Oya'? pnf;rsO;f okrYd [kwf pnf;urf; jzefaY 0wifjyaom
aeY&ufrS &ufaygif; 90 twGif; vTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,frsm;u
wkid ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfwiG f tqkw
d ifoiG ;f Edik o
f nf?
enf;Oya'? pnf;rsOf; okdYr[kwf pnf;urf;wpf&yf&yfukd y,fzsuf&ef
okrYd [kwf jyifqifap&ef wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfu
qk;H jzwfygu xko
d yYdk ,fzsujf cif; odrYk [kwf jyifqifapjcif;rjyKrD enf;Oya'?
pnf;rsO;f okrYd [kwf pnf;urf;t& aqmif&u
G cf NhJ y;D aom trIupd rö sm;ukd
xdcu
dk jf cif;r&Sad p&/

69

Oya'Murf;wifoGif;jcif;
190/ (u) zJUG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya't& zJUG pnf;onhf wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,f
tqifh tzJUG tpnf;rsm;onf Z,m; 2 wGif azmfjyxm;aom wdik ;f a'oBu;D
odrYk [kwf jynfe,f Oya'jyKpm&if;yg udp&ö yfrsm;teuf rdrw
d pYkd rD cH efcY o
GJ nfh
udpö&yfrsm;ESihf pyfvsOf;aom Oya'Murf;rsm;udk owfrSwfxm;onhf
enf;vrf;rsm;ESihftnD wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfodkY
wifoiG ;f cGi&hf o
dS nf?
( c ) wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,f tpd;k &tzJUG uom wifoiG ;f cGi&fh adS om
wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fa'oEÅ&pDrHudef;? ESpfpOf t&toHk;
cefrY eS ;f ajcaiGpm&if;ESifh tcGet
f aumufqikd &f m Oya'Murf;rsm;udk owfrw
S f
xm;onfh enf;vrf;rsm;ESifhtnD wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,f
vTwaf wmfoYkd wifoiG ;f &rnf/
191/ wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,frsm;onf Z,m; 2
wGif azmfjyxm;aom wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fOya'jyKpm&if;yg udpö&yfrsm;
teuf wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,ftpd;k &tzJUG uom Oya'Murf; wifoiG ;f &rnf[k
zJUG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'ü owfrw
S jf y|mef;xm;onfh udp&ö yfrsm;rSty useu
f pd &ö yfrsm;ESihf
pyfvsO;f aom Oya'Murf;rsm;udk owfrw
S x
f m;onfh enf;vrf;rsm;ESit
fh nD wdik ;f a'oBu;D
odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfoYkd wifoiG ;f cGi&hf o
dS nf/
192/ (u)

(c)

zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya't& zGUJ pnf;onhf wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,f
tqihf tzGJUtpnf;wpf&yf&yfudk udk,fpm;jyKaom tzGJUtpnf;0ifrsm;
teuf wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f
jzpfaom tzGJUtpnf;0ifrsm;onf vTwfawmftpnf;ta0;rsm;wGif
rdrdtzGJUtpnf;ESihf oufqdkifaom Oya'Murf;rsm; odkYr[kwf udpö&yf
rsm;ESipfh yfvsO;f í &Si;f vif;ajymqdk aqG;aEG;cGiEfh iS fh qE´raJ y;ydik cf iG &fh o
dS nf?
zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya't& zGUJ pnf;onhf wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,f
tqihf tzGJUtpnf;wpf&yf&yfudk udk,fpm;jyKaom tzGJUtpnf;0ifrsm;
teuf wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,f

70

r[kwaf om tzGUJ tpnf;0ifrsm;onf vTwaf wmfOuú|\ cGijfh yKcsujf zihf
vTwfawmftpnf;ta0;odkY wufa&mufonhftcg rdrdtzGJUtpnf;ESihf
oufqdkifaom Oya'Murf;rsm; odkYr[kwf udpö&yfrsm;ESihfpyfvsOf;í
&Si;f vif;ajymqdk aqG;aEG;cGi&fh o
dS nf/
wdkif;a'oBuD; odkUr[kwf jynfe,f\ b@maiGt&tokH;qdkif&m Oya'Murf;
wif o G i f ; jcif ;
193/ (u)

(c)

wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,ftpd;k &tzJUG uom wifoiG ;f cGi&fh adS om
wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,f? ESpfpOf b@maiGt&toHk;qdkif&m
Oya'Murf;udk owfrw
S x
f m;onfh enf;vrf;rsm;ESit
hf nD wdik ;f a'oBu;D
odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfoYkd wifoiG ;f &rnf?
yk'frcGJ(u)yg Oya'Murf;ESifh pyfvsOff;í jynfaxmifpk\ b@maiG
t&toHk;qdkif&mOya' odkYr[kwf aemufxyf b@maiGcGJa0oHk;pGJa&;
Oya't& wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,ftvdkuf jynfaxmifpk
b@m&efyakH iGr&S &So
d nfh b@maiGrsm; tygt0if wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf
jynfe,f t&toHk;cefYrSef;ajcaiGpm&if;udk oufqdkif&m0efBuD;csKyf\
axmufcHwifjycsuftay: oufqdkif&m wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf
jynfe,fvw
T af wmfu vdt
k yfovdak qG;aEG;í oabmwl twnfjyKjcif;?
jiif;y,fjcif;? avQmí
h cGijhf yKjcif;wdu
Yk kd trsm;qE´EiS t
hf nD aqmif&u
G &f rnf/
,if;odUk aqmif&u
G &f mwGif (1) zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya't& zGJUpnf;xm;aom wdkif;a'oBuD;
odrYk [kwf jynfe,ftqifh tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;\ tBu;D trSL;rsm;ESihf
tzGJUtpnf;0ifrsm;\ vpm? p&dwfESifh ,if;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;\
toH;k p&dwrf sm;?

71

(2)

(3)

(4)
(5)

zGUJ pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya't& zGUJ pnf;xm;aom ud,
k yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf
pD&ifpOk ;D pD;tzGUJ tBu;D trSL;rsm;ESihf tzGUJ tpnf;0ifrsm;\vpm?
p&dwEf iS hf ,if;tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;\ toH;k p&dwrf sm;?
wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fu ay;qyf&ef wm0ef&adS om
a<u;NrrD sm;? ,if;a<u;NrrD sm;ESihf qufE,
T af om ukeu
f sp&dwrf sm;?
wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fuacs;,laiGrsm;ESifh quf
ET,af omukeu
f sp&dwrf sm;?
w&m;½Hk; odkYr[kwf cHk½Hk;wpfckck\ pD&ifcsuf? trdefY? 'Du&Dt&
ay;aqmif&ef&adS om toH;k p&dwrf sm;?
wdik ;f a'oBu;D vTwaf wmf odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfu jy|mef;
onfh Oya'wpf&yf&yft& usc&H rnfh tjcm;toH;k p&dwrf sm;ESihf
pyfvsOf;í wdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmf odkUr[kwf jynfe,f
vTwfawmfwGif aqG;aEG;ydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ odkYaomf jiif;y,fjcif;?
avQmí
h cGijhf yKjcif; rjyK&/

194/ wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfonf wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf
jynfe,ftpdk;&u wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,f\ &aiGoHk;aiGvsmxm;csufudk
owfrw
S x
f m;onhf enf;vrf;rsm;ESit
fh nD wifoiG ;f vmvQif tqk;H tjzwfay;&rnf/
Oya'tjzpf xkwfjyefaMunmjcif;
195/ (u) wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyo
f nf (1) wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfu twnfjyKaom
Oya'Murf;rsm;udk vufc&H &So
d nfah eY\ aemufwpfaeYrS ckepf&uf
twGif; owfrSwfxm;aom enf;vrf;rsm;ESifhtnD vufrSwf
a&;xd;k í Oya'tjzpf xkwjf yefaMunm&rnf?

72

(2)

ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf wdik ;f odrYk [kwf ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf a'o
OD;pD;tzJGUu twnfjyKaom Oya'Murf;rsm;udk vufcH&&Sdonfh
aeY\ aemufwpfaeYrS 14 &uf twGif; vufrSwfa&;xdk;í
Oya'tjzpf xkwjf yefaMunm&rnf/

(c)

wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,f0efBuD;csKyfu vufrSwfa&;xdk;í
Oya'tjzpf xkwfjyefaMunm&ef owfrSwfxm;onhf umvtwGif;
Oya'Murf;udk 0efBuD;csKyfu vufrSwfa&;xdk;í Oya'tjzpf xkwfjyef
aMunmjcif;rjyKvQif owfrSwfumv jynfhajrmufonfhaeY&ufwGif
Oya'Murf;onf 0efBuD;csKyf\ vufrSwfa&;xdk;csufudk &&SdNyD;ouJhodkY
Oya'jzpfvm&rnf?

(*)

wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyu
f vufrw
S af &;xd;k Ny;D aom
Oya'rsm;ESifh wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKy\
f vufrw
S f
a&;xdk;csufudk &&SdNyD;ouJhodkY rSwf,l&rnfjzpfaom Oya'rsm;udk
EdkifiHawmfjyefwrf;wGif xkwfjyefaMunm&rnf/ xkdOya'wGif oD;jcm;
azmfjycsurf ygvQif xkwjf yefaMunmonfah eYrpS í tmPmwnf&rnf/

udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh& wdkif;OD;pD;tzGJUESifh udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&
a'oOD ; pD ; tzG J U
196/ ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wdik ;f odrYk [kwf ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'oOD;pD;tzGUJ rsm;tm;
rdrdwdkYwdkif; odkUr[kwf a'otwGuf Z,m; 3 wGif azmfjyxm;aom Oya'jyK pm&if;yg
udp&ö yfrsm;ESipfh yfvsO;f onfh Oya'jyKciG t
hf mPmrsm;udk cGaJ 0tyfEiS ;f onf/

73

jynfolYvTwfawmf? trsKd;om;vTwfawmfESihf wkdif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmf odkYr[kwf
jynfe,f vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fwdkY\ wm0ef? vkyfydkifcGihfESifh &ydkifcGihfrsm;
197/ jynfolYvTwfawmf? trsKd;om;vTwfawmfESihf wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,f
vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fwdkY\ wm0ef? vkyfydkifcGihfESihf &ydkifcGihfrsm;udk Oya'jy|mef;
owfrw
S &f rnf/
Oya'rsm;\ tusKd;oufa&mufrI
198/ vTwaf wmftqifq
h ifEh iS hf ud,
k yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf pD&ifpOk ;D pD;tzGUJ rsm;u jy|mef;onhf
Oya'rsm;\ tusK;d oufa&mufrrI mS atmufygtwdik ;f jzpfonf (u)

jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf? wdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmf? jynfe,fvTwfawmf?
udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh& wdkif;OD;pD;tzGJU odkYr[kwf udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&
a'oOD;pD;tzGUJ u jy|mef;vku
d o
f nfh Oya'ygjy|mef;csuw
f pf&yf&yfonf
vnf;aumif;? wnfqJOya'wpf&yf&yfonfvnf;aumif; zGJUpnf;yHk
tajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csufwpf&yf&yfESifh qefYusifaevQif zGJUpnf;yHk
tajccHOya'ygtwdik ;f vku
d ef musio
hf ;kH &rnf?

(c)

wdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmf odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfu jy|mef;
vdu
k o
f nfh Oya'ygjy|mef;csuw
f pf&yf&yfonf jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfu
jy|mef;onfh Oya'yg jy|mef;csufwpf&yf&yfESifh qefYusifaevQif
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfu jy|mef;onfh Oya'ygtwkid ;f vku
d ef musio
hf ;Hk
&rnf?

(*)

udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh& wdkif;OD;pD;tzGJU odkYr[kwf udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&
a'oOD;pD;tzGUJ u jy|mef;vdu
k o
f nfh Oya'ygjy|mef;csuw
f pf&yf&yfonf
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfu jy|mef;onfOh ya'yg jy|mef;csuw
f pf&yf&yfEiS hf

74

qefu
Y siaf evQif jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfu jy|mef;onfh Oya'ygtwdik ;f
(C)

vku
d ef musio
hf ;kH &rnf?
udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh& wdkif;OD;pD;tzGJU odkYr[kwf udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&
a'oOD;pD;tzGUJ u jy|mef;vdu
k o
f nfh Oya'ygjy|mef;csuw
f pf&yf&yfonf
oufqdkif&m wdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmf odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfu
jy|mef;onfhOya'yg jy|mef;csufwpf&yf&yfESifh qefYusifaevQif
oufqdkif&m wdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmf odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfu
jy|mef;onfOh ya'ygtwdik ;f vdu
k ef musio
hf ;kH &rnf/

tcef; (5)
tkyfcsKyfa&;

75

tcef; (5)
tkyfcsKyfa&;
jynfaxmifpktpdk;&tzGJU
199/ (u)
(c)

Ekid if aH wmftyk cf sKyaf &;tBu;D tuJonf Ekid if aH wmfor®wjzpfonf?
(1) Ekid if aH wmf\ tkycf sKyaf &;tmPmukd jynfaxmifpk wkid ;f a'oBu;D ESihf
jynfe,frsm;tm; cGaJ 0tyfEiS ;f onf?
(2) uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf pD&ifprk sm;tm; uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKyaf &;tmPmudk
zGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya't& owfrSwfay;onfhtwkdif; cGJa0
tyfEiS ;f onf/

jynfaxmifpktpkd;&tzGJU zGJUpnf;jcif;
200/ EkdifiHawmfwGif jynfaxmifpktpkd;&tzGJUukd atmufazmfjyygyk*d¾Kvfrsm;jzifh
zGUJ pnf;onf (u) Ekid if aH wmfor®w?
( c ) 'kw,
d or®wrsm;?
( * ) jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D rsm;?
(C) jynfaxmifpak &SUaecsKy/f
trsKd;om;umuG,fa&;ESihfvHkNcHKa&;aumifpD zGJUpnf;jcif;
201/ zGUJ pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya't&aomfvnf;aumif;? Oya'wpf&yf&yft&aomfvnf;
aumif; ay;tyfvmonfw
h m0efrsm;udx
k rf;aqmifEikd &f ef Edik if aH wmfor®w OD;aqmifonhf
trsK;d om;umuG,af &;ESiv
fh NkH cKH a&;aumifpu
D kd atmufygyk*Kd¾ vrf sm;jzihf zGUJ pnf;onf –
(u) Edik if aH wmfor®w?
( c ) 'kw,
d or®w?
( * ) 'kw,
d or®w?
(C) jynfoUl vTwaf wmfOuú|?
( i ) trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfOuú|?
( p ) wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKy?f
(q) 'kw,
d wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKy?f

76

(Z)
(ps)
(n)
(#)

umuG,af &;0efBu;D Xme0efBu;D ?
Edik if jH cm;a&;0efBu;D Xme0efBu;D ?
jynfxaJ &;0efBu;D Xme0efBu;D ?
e,fpyfa&;&m0efBu;D Xme0efBu;D /

EkdifiHawmfor®w\ wm0ef ESihf vkyfykdifcGifh
202/ Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf\ oabmwlncD sujf zifh –
(u) jynfaxmifpt
k pk;d &0efBu;D Xmersm;ukd vkt
d yfovkd owfrw
S Ef idk o
f nf/ xkjYdyif
0efBu;D Xmersm;ukd jyifqifowfrw
S jf cif;? jznfph u
G jf cif; jyKEidk o
f nf?
( c ) jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;OD;a&ukd vkdtyfovkd owfrSwfEkdifonf/ xkdYjyif
owfrw
S Of ;D a&ukd wd;k jcif;? avQmjh cif; jyKEidk o
f nf/
203/ Edik if aH wmfor®wonf jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmftm; wm0efc&H rnf/ 'kw,
d or®w
rsm;onf Edik if aH wmfor®wtm;vnf;aumif;? Edik if aH wmfor®wrSwpfqihf jynfaxmifpk
vTwaf wmftm;vnf;aumif; wm0efc&H rnf/
204/ Edik if aH wmfor®wonf (u) jypf'Pfvw
G Nf ird ;f cGifh ay;ydik cf iG &fh o
dS nf?
( c ) trsK;d om;umuG,af &;ESifh vHNk cKH a&;aumifp\
D axmufccH suEf iS t
fh nD
vGwNfird ;f csr;f omcGihf ay;ydik cf iG &fh o
dS nf/
205/ Edik if aH wmfor®wonf Oya'ESit
fh nD (u) *kPx
f ;l aqmifbUJG rsm;? *kPx
f ;l aqmifwq
H yd rf sm; cs;D jri§ t
fh yfEiS ;f jcif;jyKEikd o
f nf?
( c ) cs;D jri§ t
fh yfEiS ;f xm;onhf *kPx
f ;l aqmifbUJG rsm;? *kPx
f ;l aqmifwq
H yd rf sm;udk
jyefvnf½yk o
f rd ;f jcif; jyKEikd o
f nf/
206/ Edik if aH wmfor®wonf jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf\oabmwlncD sujf zihf Edik if jH cm;
wdkif;jynfrsm;ESihfoHwrefqufoG,fjcif;? oHwreftquftoG,f jzwfawmufjcif;
jyKEdkifonf/ odkY&mwGif csufcsif;ta&;,laqmif&Guf&ef vdktyfonfhtajctaersdK;ü

77

Edik if aH wmfor®wonf trsK;d om;umuG,af &;ESifh vHNk cKH a&;aumifpED iS n
fh Ed§ iId ;f vsuf Edik if jH cm;
wdik ;f jynfwpfcck Ek iS fh oHwreftquftoG,f jzwfawmufEikd o
f nf/ Edik if aH wmfor®wonf
rdr\
d ta&;,laqmif&u
G cf suu
f kd jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfoYkd wifjytwnfjyKcsuf &,l&rnf/
207/ Edik if aH wmfor®wonf Oya'ESit
fh nD (u) rdrEd ikd if \
H oHwrefrsm;udk ceft
Y yfjcif;? jyefvnfac:,ljcif; jyKEikd o
f nf?
( c ) Edik if jH cm;oHwrefrsm;tm; ceft
Y yf&ef oabmwlncD suaf y;jcif;? Edik if jH cm;
oHwrefrsm;tm; jyefvnfac:,l&ef taMumif;Mum;jcif;jyKEikd o
f nf?
( * ) Edik if jH cm;oHwrefrsm;\ ceft
Y yfvmT rsm;udk vufcjH cif;jyKonf/
208/ Edik if aH wmfor®wonf Oya'ESit
fh nD 0efxrf;tzGUJ tpnf; tBu;D trSL;rsm;udk
ceft
Y yfjcif;? xkwyf ,fjcif; jyKEikd o
f nf/
209/ Edik if aH wmfor®wonfOya'ESit
fh nD –
(u) jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf\ twnfjyKcsufjzihf aqmif&GufcGifh&Sdaom
tjynfjynfqikd &f m? a'oqdik &f m odrYk [kwf Edik if t
H csi;f csi;f qdik &f mpmcsKyf
rsm;udk csKyq
f jkd cif;? twnfjyKaqmif&u
G jf cif;? y,fzsujf cif;? pmcsKyrf sm;rS
Ekwx
f u
G jf cif; jyK&rnf?
( c ) jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf\ twnfjyKcsu&f ,l&efrvdt
k yfbJ aqmif&u
G cf iG hf
&Sdaom tjynfjynfqdkif&m? a'oqdkif&m odkYr[kwf EdkifiHtcsif;csif;
qdik &f mpmcsKyrf sm;udk csKyq
f jkd cif;? twnfjyKaqmif&u
G jf cif;? y,fzsujf cif;?
pmcsKyrf sm;rSEw
k x
f u
G jf cif; jyKEikd o
f nf/
210/ Edik if aH wmfor®wonf Edik if aH wmf\rl0g'rsm;ESifh Edik if aH wmf\tajctaet&yf&yf
wdu
Yk kd jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf tpnf;ta0;wGijf zpfap? jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf odrYk [kwf
trsK;d om;vTwaf wmf tpnf;ta0;wGijf zpfap? Edik if w
H pf0ef;vH;k odjYk zpfap tcgtm;avsmpf mG
rdecYf eG ;f ajymMum;cGi?fh o0PfvmT ay;ydcYk iG fh &So
d nf/

78

211/ Edik if aH wmfor®wonf vdt
k yfvQif jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf ta&;ay: tpnf;
ta0;udkjzpfap? txl;tpnf;ta0;udkjzpfap ac:,lusif;yay;&ef jynfaxmifpk
vTwaf wmfem,utm; taMumif;Mum;Edik o
f nf/
212/ (u)

(c)

(*)

(C)

(i)

(p)

Edik if aH wmfor®wonf jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf tpnf;ta0;wpfcEk iS fh
wpfct
k Mum; Edik if aH wmf\b@maiG t&toH;k qdik &f m udp&ö yfrsm;rSty
csucf si;f ta&;,laqmif&u
G &f ef vdt
k yfaom tkycf sKyaf &;qdik &f mudp&ö yf
rsm;twGuf Oya'uJo
h Ykd tmPmwnfaomtrdeu
Yf kd xkwjf yefciG &fh o
dS nf?
Edik if aH wmfor®wonf yk'rf cGJ (u) t& xkwjf yefco
hJ nhf Oya'uJo
h Ykd
tmPmwnfaomtrdeu
Yf kd ½kyo
f rd ;f jcif;r&Sv
d Qif ,if;trdeYf xkwjf yefonfh
aeY&ufrS &ufaygif; 60 twGi;f usi;f yaomteD;uyfq;kH jynfaxmifpk
vTwaf wmf tpnf;ta0;odw
Yk ifjyí twnfjyKcsu&f ,l&rnf/ &ufaygif;
60 twGif; jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf tpnf;ta0;usif;y&efr&SdvQif
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmftxl;tpnf;ta0;udk ac:,lusif;yapí
twnfjyKcsuf &,l&rnf?
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf\ twnfjyKcsurf &&Sv
d Qif Oya'uJo
h Ykd tmPm
wnfaomtrdeo
Yf nf twnfrjyKonfah eYrpS í tmPmwnfjcif;rS &yfpJ
&rnf?
Edik if aH wmfor®wonf jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf\ oabmwlncD sujf zihf
xdkOya'uJhodkY tmPmwnfaomtrdefYudk vdktyfaomumvtydkif;
tjcm;txd qufvuftwnfjzpfapEdik o
f nf?
Oya'uJhodkY tmPmwnfaomtrdefY xkwfjyefaMunmonhfaeYrSpí
&ufaygif; 60 twGi;f ½kyo
f rd ;f Ny;D jzpfapumrl xkOd ya'uJo
h Ykd tmPm
wnfaomtrdefYudk teD;uyfqHk;usif;yrnfh jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf
tpnf;ta0;odw
Yk ifjy&rnf?
Oya'uJhodkY tmPmwnfaomtrdefYwGif zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya't&
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfu qH;k jzwfyikd cf iG rfh &Sad om jy|mef;csuyf g&Sv
d Qif
,if;jy|mef;csuo
f nf ysujf y,f&rnf/

79

213/ Edik if aH wmfor®wonf –
(u) Edik if aH wmftm; usL;ausmw
f u
kd cf u
kd jf cif;cH&vQif zGUJ pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'ESit
fh nD
zGJUpnf;xm;aom trsKd;om;umuG,fa&;ESihf vHkNcHKa&;aumifpDESihf
n§Ed idI ;f vsuf ppfa&;t&vdt
k yfovdk aqmif&u
G yf ikd cf iG &fh o
dS nf?
( c ) rdr\
d aqmif&u
G cf suu
f kd jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmftpnf;ta0; usi;f y
aecsdefjzpfvQif ,if;tpnf;ta0;odw
Yk ifjyí twnfjyKcsu&f ,l&rnf/
jynfaxmifpkv T w f a wmf t pnf ; ta0; usif ; yaecsd e f r[k w f v Qif
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf ta&;ay:tpnf;ta0; ac:,lapí wifjy
twnfjyKcsuf &,l&rnf?
( * ) jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf\ oabmwlncD sujf zifo
h m ppfaMunmEdik o
f nf?
ppfajyNird ;f Edik o
f nf/
214/ EdkifiHawmfor®wonf jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfu twnfjyKjy|mef;onfh
Oya'rsm;udk zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csufrsm;ESihftnD ta&;,laqmif&GufNyD;
vufrw
S af &;xd;k &rnf/ ,if;odYk vufrw
S af &;xd;k Ny;D aomOya'rsm;udk Edik if aH wmfjyefwrf;wGif
xkwjf yefaMunm&rnf/
215/ EdkifiHawmfor®wonf zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya't&aomfvnf;aumif;? Oya'
wpf&yf&yft&aomfvnf;aumif; rdrt
d m;tyfEiS ;f xm;onfh wm0efEiS v
fh yk yf ikd cf iG rfh sm;udk
usio
hf ;kH aqmif&u
G rf I odw
Yk nf;r[kwf usio
hf ;kH aqmif&u
G o
f nht
f aejzifh jyKcahJ omjyKvkyfrI
twGuf rnfonfv
h w
T af wmf? rnfonfw
h &m;½H;k wGirf Q ajz&Si;f &ef wm0efr&Sad p&/ od&Yk mwGif
þuJhodkYwm0efr&Sdapjcif;onf EdkifiHawmfor®wtm; zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'yg pGyfpGJ
jypfwifjcif;ESifh pyfvsO;f onfh jy|mef;csurf sm;ESifh oufqikd jf cif;r&Sad p&/
jynfaxmifpktpkd;&\tkyfcsKyfrItcGihftmPm
216/ zJUG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csurf sm;ESirhf qefu
Y siv
f Qif jynfaxmifp\
k tkycf sKyrf I
tmPmonf jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfu Oya'jyKEidk af om tkycf sKyrf q
I idk &f m udp&ö yfrsm;okYd
vnf; oufa&mufysUH ESo
YH nf/

80

217/ zJUG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csurf sm;ESihf rqefu
Y siaf pbJ jynfaxmifp\
k
tkycf sKyrf t
I mPmonf Ekid if aH wmfor®wüwnf&o
dS nf/ þpum;&yfaMumifh jynfaxmifpk
vTwaf wmfonf tmPmykid t
f zJUG tpnf;wpf&yf&yftm;vnf;aumif;? tmPmykid yf *k Kd¾ vf
wpfO;D OD;tm;vnf;aumif; wm0efEiS v
hf yk yf idk cf iG rhf sm; ay;tyfjcif;rjyKEidk [
f k rrSw,
f &l / xkUd jyif
,if;pum;&yfaMumifh wnfqJOya'rsm;t& oufqkdif&m tmPmykdiftzJGUtpnf;
wpf&yf&yftm;jzpfap? oufqikd &f mtmPmydik yf *k Kd¾vw
f pfO;D OD;tm;jzpfap tyfEiS ;f xm;onfh
wm0efEiS hf vkyyf idk cf iG rhf sm;ukd Edik if aH wmfor®wtm; vTaJ jymif;ay;tyfonf[v
k nf; rrSw,
f &l /
218/ (u)
(c)

(*)

(C)

jynfaxmifpktpkd;&\ tkyfcsKyfa&;qkdif&m ta&;,laqmif&Gufcsuf
tm;vk;H ukd Edik if aH wmfor®w\trnfjzifh ta&;,laqmif&u
G &f rnf?
Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf rdr\
d oabmtwkid ;f aqmif&u
G &f ef zJUG pnf;ykt
H ajccH
Oya'ujy|mef;xm;onfh udpö&yfrsm;rSty jynfaxmifpktpkd;&u
aqmif&u
G cf iG &hf adS om udp&ö yfrsm;twGuf vnf;aumif;? tqkyd gudp&ö yf
rsm;ukd jynfaxmifpt
k pk;d &0efBu;D rsm;tm; cJaG 0tyfEiS ;f &efvnf;aumif;?
Oya'wpf&yf&yft&aqmif&u
G &f ef wm0ef&adS omyk*Kd¾ vt
f m; cJaG 0tyfEiS ;f
&efvnf;aumif; vkt
d yfonhef nf;Oya'rsm; jy|mef;cGi&hf o
dS nf?
EkdifiHawmfor®w\trnfjzifh xkwfjyefaomtrdefYrsm;ESifhcsKyfqkdaom
pmcsKypf mwrf;rsm;onf Ekid if aH wmfor®wu jy|mef;onfeh nf;Oya'rsm;wGif
azmfjyxm;aom enf;vrf;rsm;ESifhtnD jzpfap&rnf/ xkdYjyif xkdokdY
aqmif&u
G x
f m;onft
h rdeYf okrYd [kwf pmcsKypf mwrf;rsm;onf Edik if aH wmf
or®w\trdeYf odrYk [kwf pmcsKypf mwrf; r[kwaf omaMumifh rckid v
f [
Hk k
jiif;qkyd idk cf iG rhf &Sad p&?
Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf yk'rf cGJ (u)? ( c ) ESiYf ( * ) &Sd jy|mef;csurf sm;\
a,bk,soabmukdrxdcu
kd af pbJ rdr\
d wm0ef0wå&m;rsm;ukd e,fajr
a'otvku
d jf zpfap? tpk;d &Xmeqkdif&m vkyfief;tvkdufjzpfap cJGa0
tyfEiS ;f Ekid o
f nf/

219/ jynfaxmifpt
k pk;d &onf Ekid if aH wmfwnfNird af &;? &yf&mG at;csr;f om,ma&;ESihf
w&m;Oya'pk;d rk;d a&;ukd xde;f odr;f apmifah &Smufonf/

81

220/ jynfaxmifpktpkd;&onf zJGUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifhtnD
jynfaxmifpktpkd;&\ rl0g'rsm;ukdcsrSwf&rnf/ ,if;rl0g'rsm;ESifhtnD vkdtyfaom
pDrHudef;rsm;ukda&;qJGí jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf\ oabmwlnDcsufjzifh taumif
txnfazmf aqmif&u
G &f rnf/
221/ jynfaxmifpt
k pk;d &onf b@ma&;aumfr&SiEf iS n
hf E§d idI ;f &&So
d nfh jynfaxmifp\
k
ESpfpOf t&tokH;cefYrSef;ajcaiGpm&if;udktajcjyKvsuf jynfaxmifpk\b@maiG
t&tok;H qkid &f m Oya'Murf;ukad &;qJí
G zJUG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csurf sm;ESihf tnD
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfoYdk wifoiG ;f twnfjyKcsu&f ,l&rnf/
222/ jynfaxmifpt
k pk;d &onf rdrw
d ifoiG ;f onfh jynfaxmifp\
k b@maiG t&tok;H
qkid &f mOya'Murf;ukd b@ma&;ESprf ukeq
f ;Hk rD jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfu jy|mef;jcif;rjyK
Ekid v
f Qif jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfu aemufq;Hk jy|mef;xm;onfh jynfaxmifp\
k b@maiG
t&tok;H qkid &f mOya'yg omreftok;H p&dwf cGijhf yKcsuaf bmiftwGi;f ok;H pJcG iG &hf o
dS nf/
223/ jynfaxmifpktpkd;&onf zJGUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifhtnD
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfu Oya'jyKEkdifaom udpö&yfrsm;ESifhpyfvsOf;í vkdtyfonfh
Oya'Murf;ukd jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfoYdk wifoiG ;f Ekid o
f nf/
224/ jynfaxmifpt
k pk;d &tzJUG \ 0efBu;D Xmersm;onf ,if;wk\
Yd vufatmuf&dS tpk;d &Xme?
tpk;d &tzJUG tpnf;rsm;u vkyif ef;wm0efrsm;ukd aqmif&u
G Mf u&mwGif zJUG pnf;ykH tajccHOya'yg
jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifhtnDjzpfap&efvnf;aumif;? wnfqJOya'yg jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifh
tnDjzpfap&efvnf;aumif; pDrcH efUcJjG cif;? vrf;ñTejf cif;? Bu;D Muyfjcif;? ppfaq;jcif; jyK&rnf/
225/ jynfaxmifpt
k pk;d &onf wkikd ;f a'oBu;D tpk;d & odrYk [kwf jynfe,ftpk;d &wdu
Yk
vnf;aumif;? ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&wdkif;OD;pD;tzJGU odkYr[kwf ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&
a'oOD;pD;tzJUG wku
Yd vnf;aumif; vkyif ef;rsm;ukt
d aumiftxnfazmfaqmif&u
G Mf u&mwGif
xda&mufatmifjrifr&I adS pa&;twGuf aygif;pyfnE§d iId ;f ay;onf/

82

226/ jynfaxmifpt
k pk;d &onf zJUG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'qkid &f m tjiif;yGm;rIrsm;ESihf e,ferd w
d f
jyifqifowfrw
S af &;qkid &f m tjiif;yGm;rIrsm;rSty –
(u) wkid ;f a'oBu;D ESih f jynfe,ftMum;? wkid ;f a'oBu;D tcsi;f csi;f ? jynfe,ftcsi;f csi;f ?
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fEiS hf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf pD&ifpt
k Mum;?
uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf pD&ifpk tcsi;f csi;f jzpfymG ;onfh tkycf sKyrf q
I idk &f m tjiif;
yGm;rIrsm;ESifhpyfvsOf;í aygif;pyfnd§EIdif;ajz&Sif;ay;jcif;? vkdtyfvQif
tqk;H tjzwfay;jcif;jyKonf?
( c ) wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fESifh jynfaxmifpke,fajrtMum;?
udk,fydkiftyk cf sKycf iG &hf pD&ifpEk iS hf jynfaxmifpek ,fajrtMum; jzpfymG ;onfh
tkycf sKyaf &;qdik &f m tjiif;yGm;rIrsm;ESiphf yfvsO;f í aygif;pyfnE§d iId ;f ajz½Si;f
ay;jcif;? vdt
k yfvQit
f qk;H tjzwfay;jcif;jyKonf/
227/ jynfaxmifpt
k pk;d &onf Oya'ESit
hf nD (u) jynfaxmifpkqkdif&m 0efxrf;tzJGUtpnf;rsm;ukd vkdtyfovkd zJGUpnf;
Ekdifonf/ ,if;okdYzJGUpnf;&mwGif vkyfief;wm0efESifh vkyfykdifcGifhrsm;ukd
owfrw
S af y;&rnf?
( c ) vkt
d yfaom0efxrf;rsm;ukd ceft
Y yfEidk o
f nf/
228/ jynfaxmifpt
k pk;d &onf –
(u) jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfu tcgtm;avsmpf mG csrw
S o
f nft
h yk cf sKyaf &;qkid &f m
qkH;jzwfcsufrsm;ukd taumiftxnfazmfaqmif&Guf&rnf/ rdrd\
ta&;,laqmif&Gufcsufrsm;ukd jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfokdY jyefvnf
tpD&ifc&H rnf?
( c ) Edik if aH wmf\ tajctaet&yf&yfEiS phf yfvsO;f í jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfoYdk
tcgtm;avsmpf mG wifjy&rnf/
b@ma&;aumfr&SifzJGUpnf;jcif;
229/ (u) b@ma&;aumfr&Siu
f kd atmufygyk*Kd¾ vrf sm;jzifh zGUJ pnf;&rnf –
(1) Edik if aH wmfor®w
- Ouú|
(2) 'kw,
d or®wrsm;
- 'kw,
d Ouú|rsm;
(3) jynfaxmifpak &SUaecsKyf
- tzJUG 0if

83

(4)
(5)

(c)

(6)
(7)
(1)

(2)

jynfaxmifppk m&if;ppfcsKyf
- tzJUG 0if
wdik ;f a'oBu;D 0efBu;D csKyrf sm;ESihf - tzJUG 0ifrsm;
jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyrf sm;
aejynfawmfaumifpOD uú|
- tzJUG 0if
jynfaxmifpb
k @ma&;0efBu;D - twGi;f a&;rSL;
b@ma&;aumf r &S i f u d k zJ G U pnf ; onf h t cg tzJ G U 0if t jzpf
xrf;aqmif&rnf&h mxl;ae&mwGif taMumif;wpfpw
kH pf&maMumifh
wm0efay;tyfjcif;cH&ol r&Sad o;ygu Edik if aH wmfor®wonf
xdak e&mtwGuf oifah vsmo
f nfyh *k K¾d vw
f pfO;D OD;tm; ,m,DtzJUG 0if
tjzpf wm0efay;tyfEikd o
f nf?
b@ma&;aumfr&Sizf UJG pnf;jcif;udk Edik if aH wmfor®wu xkwjf yef
aMunm&rnf/ xdjYk yif b@ma&;aumfr&Sit
f wGuf vdt
k yfaom
trde?Yf ñTeMf um;csuf ponfrsm;udv
k nf; Edik if aH wmfor®w odrYk [kwf
EkdifiHawmfor®wu wm0efay;tyfonfh yk*¾dKvfu xkwfjyef
aMunmEdik o
f nf/f

b@ma&;aumfr&Sif\ wm0efESifh vkyfydkifcGifh
230/ (u) jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;Xmersm;\ t&toHk;cefYrSef;ajc aiGpm&if;rsm;ESifh
jynfaxmifpt
k qifh tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;\ t&toH;k cefrY eS ;f ajc aiGpm&if;rsm;udk
Edik if aH wmfor®wu wm0efay;tyfaom 'kw,
d or®wwpfO;D u OD;aqmif
pdppfí jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D Xmersm; tygt0if jynfaxmifpk tqifh
tzGJUtpnf;rsm;\ t&toHk;aiGpm&if; vsmxm;csufudk b@ma&;
aumfr&Sio
f Ykd wifjy&rnf?
(c)

wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,f t&toH;k aiGpm&if;rsm;udk Edik if aH wmf
or®wu wm0efay;tyfaom use'f w
k ,
d or®wwpfO;D u OD;aqmifppd pfNy;D
wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,f t&toH;k aiGpm&if; vsmxm;csuu
f kd
b@ma&;aumfr&Sio
f Ykd wifjy&rnf?

84

(*)

b@ma&;aumfr&Sio
f nf (1)

jynfaxmifpek ,fajr toH;k p&dwrf sm;yg&Sad om jynfaxmifp\
k
t&toH;k cefrY eS ;f ajcaiGpm&if;? wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,f
rsm;twGuf jynfaxmifpkb@m&efyHkaiGrS b@maiGrsm;udk
oifah vsmo
f vdk jznfq
h nf;ay;jcif;? txl;udpöwpf&yftaejzifh
axmufyjhH cif;? acs;aiGrsm; cGijhf yKjcif;tygt0if jynfaxmifp\
k
b@maiG t&toH;k qdik &f m Oya'Murf; odUk r[kwf aemufxyf
b@maiGcaGJ 0oH;k pGaJ &; Oya'Murf;udk jynfaxmifpk vTwaf wmfoYkd
axmufcw
H ifjy&rnf?

(2)

b@ma&;qdik &f m aqmif&u
G o
f ifo
h nfu
h pd rö sm;udk tBujH yKEikd af &;
twGuf aqmif&u
G &f rnf?

(3)

cdik rf maomb@ma&;pepf jzpfay:apa&;twGuf jynfaxmifpk
vTwaf wmfu Oya'jy|mef;í wm0efay;tyfonfh udp&ö yfrsm;udk
aqmif&u
G &f rnf/

(C)

b@ma&;aumfr&Sio
f nf jynfaxmifp\
k t&toH;k cefrY eS ;f ajcaiGpm&if;?
wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,frsm;tm; jynfaxmifpb
k @m&efyakH iGrS
b@maiGrsm;udk oifhwifhavsmufywfpmG jznfq
h nf;ay;jcif;? txl;udpö
wpf&yftaejzifh axmufyjhH cif;? vdt
k yfrnfah cs;aiGrsm; xkwfacs;jcif;wdkY
yg0ifonfh jynfaxmifpk\b@maiGt&toHk;qdkif&m Oya'Murf;udk
jynfaxmifpkvw
T af wmfoYdk wifjyEdik af &;twGuf Edik if aH wmfor®wxHoYkd
axmufcw
H ifjy&rnf?

(i)

b@ma&;aumfr&Sifonf vdktyfygu b@ma&;uRrf;usifolrsm;\
tBuÓ
H Pfrsm;udk &,lEidk o
f nf/

85

jynfaxmifpkb@m&efyHkaiGodkY ay;oGif;&rnfhtcGeftcrsm;
231/ (u) jynfaxmifpo
k nf wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,frsm;uaumufccH iG &hf dS
aom Z,m; 5 yg tcGet
f crsm;rSty tjcm;tcGet
f crsm;udk Oya'ESihf
tnDaumufcí
H jynfaxmifpb
k @m&efyakH iGoYkd ay;oGi;f &rnf?
( c ) wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,frsm;u aumufc&H efowfrw
S x
f m;onfh
&aiGrsm;ESihf tcGet
f ctrsK;d tpm;rsm;udk jynfaxmifpek ,fajrrsm;twGuf
aumufc&H ef&ydS gu jynfaxmifpu
k Oya'ESit
hf nDaumufcNH y;D jynfaxmifpk
b@m&efyakH iGoYkd ay;oGi;f &rnf?
( * ) jynfaxmifpo
k nf jynfaxmifpb
k @m&efyakH iGukd Oya'ESit
fh nD oH;k pGcJ iG hf
&So
d nf/
jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;rsm;ESifh 'kwd,0efBuD;rsm;
jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;rsm; cefYtyfwm0efay;jcif;
232/ (u) Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf atmufazmfjyyg t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESijfh ynfph o
Hk rl sm;
ukd jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D rsm;tjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;Ekid o
f nf (1) touf 40 ESpf jynfNh y;D ol?
(2) toufuefYowfcsufrSty yk'fr 120 wGifazmfjyxm;onfh
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf uk,
d pf m;vS,rf sm;twGuf owfrw
S x
f m;onfh
t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESihf jynfph o
Hk ?l
(3) yk'rf 121 wGif azmfjyxm;onfh jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,f
rsm;tjzpf a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufcyH ikd cf iG rhf &Sad paom jy|mef;csuf
rsm;ESiv
hf nf; Nipd eG ;f jcif;r&So
d ?l
(4) Ekid if aH wmfEiS hf Ekid if o
H m;rsm;tay: opöm&So
d /l
( c ) EkdifiHawmfor®wonf jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;rsm;tjzpf cefYtyfwm0ef
ay;&ef (1) vTwaf wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,rf sm;xJu jzpfap? vTwaf wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,f
r[kwo
f rl sm;xJujzpfap yk'frcGJ (u) yg owfrSwfxm;onfh
t&nftcsif;rsm;ESifhjynfhpkHaom oifhavsmfonfh yk*d¾Kvfrsm;ukd
a&G;cs,&f rnf?

86

(2)

(*)

(C)

(i)

(p)

(q)
(Z)
(ps)

umuG,af &;0efBu;D Xme? jynfxaJ &;0efBu;D XmeESihf e,fpyfa&;&m
0efBuD;Xmersm;twGuf wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfxHrS
oifah vsmo
f nfh wyfrawmfom;rsm;\trnfpm&if;ukd &,l&rnf?
(3) umuG,af &;0efBu;D Xme? jynfxaJ &;0efBu;D XmeESihf e,fpyfa&;&m
0efBu;D Xmersm;tjyif tjcm;0efBu;D Xmersm;wGif wyfrawmfom;
rsm;tm; jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D rsm;tjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;vkv
d Qif
wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyEf iS hf n§Ed iId ;f aqmif&u
G &f rnf/
Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf rdrad &G;cs,x
f m;onfh yk*K¾d vrf sm;\ trnfpm&if;
ESihf wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyx
f rH &S &So
d nfh wyfrawmfom;rsm;\
trnfpm&if;wdu
Yk pdk pk nf;í jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfoYdk wifoiG ;f vsuf
oabmwlncD suf &,l&rnf?
jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D \ t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESirhf jynfph akH Mumif; txift&Sm;
rjyEkid yf gu jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfonf Ekid if aH wmfor®wu trnfpm&if;
wifoiG ;f onfyh *k K¾d vt
f m; jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D tjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&ef
jiif;y,fciG rhf &Sad p&?
Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D tjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&ef
jynfaxmifpkvTGwfawmf\ oabmwlnDcsufr&&Sdonfh yk*d¾Kvftpm;
trnfpm&if;opfudk jynfaxmifpv
k w
GT af wmfoYdk xyfrw
H ifoiG ;f cGi&fh o
dS nf?
EkdifiHawmfor®wonf jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf\ oabmwlnDcsuf
&&SNd y;D onfyh *k K¾d vrf sm;tm; jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D rsm;tjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0ef
ay;&rnf/ xkdodkYcefYtyfwm0efay;&mwGif EkdifiHawmfor®wonf
jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D wpfO;D csi;f tvku
d f wm0ef,&l rnfh 0efBu;D Xme odrYk [kwf
0efBu;D Xmersm;ukd owfrw
S af y;&rnf?
Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D rsm; ceft
Y yfwm0efay;onfh
tcgwkid ;f jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfoYdk taMumif;Mum;&rnf?
jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D rsm;onf Ekid if aH wmfor®wtm; wm0efc&H rnf?
jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D onf vTwaf wmfwpf&yf&yf\uk,
d pf m;vS,jf zpfvQif
jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;tjzpf cefYtyfwm0efay;jcif;cH&onfhaeYrSpí
vTwaf wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,t
f jzpfrS Ekwx
f u
G Nf y;D jzpfonf[k rSw,
f &l rnf?

87

(n)

(#)

(1)

jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;onf EkdifiHh0efxrf;jzpfvQif jynfaxmifpk
0efBu;D tjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;jcif;cH&onfhaeYrSpí wnfqJ
0efxrf;pnf;rsOf;pnf;urf;rsm;ESifhtnD EkdifiHh0efxrf;tjzpfrS
tNird ;f pm;,lNy;D jzpfonf [krw
S ,
f &l rnf?
(2) umuG,af &;0efBu;D Xme? jynfxaJ &;0efBu;D XmeESiYf e,fpyfa&;&m
0efBuD;Xmersm;twGuf jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;rsm;tjzpf cefYtyf
xm;jcif;cH&aom wyfrawmfom;rsm;onf wyfrawmfrS tNird ;f pm;
,l&ef odrYk [kwf Ekwx
f u
G &f efrvk/d
jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;onf EkdifiHa&;ygwDwpfckck\ tzGJU0ifjzpfvQif
jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D tjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;jcif;cH&onfah eYrpS í rdrd
&mxl;oufwrf;twGi;f ,if;ygwDtzGUJ tpnf;\ ygwDvyk if ef;rsm;wGif
yg0ifaqmif&u
G jf cif;rjyK&/

jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;wpfOD;OD;tm; pGyfpGJjypfwifjcif;
233/ (u) jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D wpfO;D OD;tm; atmufygtaMumif;wpf&yf&yfjzifh pGypf JG
jypfwifEidk o
f nf (1) Ekid if aH wmf\aus;Zl;opömawmfudk azmufzsujf cif;?
(2) zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csuw
f pf&yf&yfudk azmufzsuf
usL;vGejf cif;?
(3) tusio
hf u
d m© ysujf ym;jcif;?
(4) zGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'wGif owfrSwfxm;onfh jynfaxmifpk
0efBu;D \ t&nftcsi;f ysu,
f iG ;f jcif;?
(5) Oya't&ay;tyfaomwm0efrsm;ukd ausyeG pf mG raqmif&u
G jf cif;/
( c ) jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D wpfO;D OD;tay:pGypf jJG ypfwifvydk gu Ekid if aH wmfor®w
odrYk [kwf 'kw,
d or®wukd pGypf jJG ypfwifjcif;qdik &f m yk'rf 71 yg jy|mef;
csurf sm;ESit
hf nD aqmif&u
G &f rnf?
( * ) jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D wpfO;D OD;tay: pGypf jJG ypfwifro
I nf rSeu
f efí pGypf cJG H
&olonf jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D &mxl;wGif qufvufwm0efxrf;aqmif
ap&ef roifah Mumif;pkpH rf;ppfaq;onfv
h w
T af wmfu qk;H jzwfwifjyvQif

88

(C)

Ekid if aH wmfor®wu pGypf jJG ypfwifjcif;cH&onfh jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D tm;
wm0efr&S yfp&J rnf?
pGypf jJG ypfwifro
I nf rrSeu
f efaMumif; pkpH rf;ppfaq;onfh vTwaf wmfu
qkH;jzwfygu xkdokdYqkH;jzwfaMumif; oufqkdif&mvTwfawmfOuú|onf
Ekid if aH wmfor®wxH wifjytpD&ifc&H rnf/

'kwd,0efBuD;rsm; cefYtyfwm0efay;jcif;
234/ (u) Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D rsm;tm; taxmuftuljyK&ef
vTwaf wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,rf sm;xJujzpfap? vTwaf wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,rf [kwo
f l
rsm;xJujzpfap atmufazmfjyygt&nftcsi;f rsm;ESifh jynfph o
Hk rl sm;ukd
'kw,
d 0efBu;D rsm;tjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;Ekid o
f nf –
(1) touf 35 ESpf jynfNh y;D ol?
(2) toufuefo
Y wfcsurf t
S y yk'rf 120 wGif azmfjyxm;aom
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;twGuf owfrw
S x
f m;onfh
t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESijhf ynfph o
Hk ?l
(3) yk'rf 121 wGif azmfjyxm;onfh jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,f
rsm;tjzpf a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufcyH ikd cf iG rhf &Sad paom jy|mef;csuf
rsm;ESiv
hf nf; Nipd eG ;f jcif;r&So
d ?l
(4) Ekid if aH wmfEiS hf Ekid if o
H m;rsm;tay:opöm&So
d /l
( c ) EkdifiHawmfor®wonf 'kwd,0efBuD;rsm; cefYtyfwm0efay;&mwGif
umuG,af &;? jynfxaJ &;ESihf e,fpyfa&;&mwm0efrsm; ay;tyf&efjzpfygu
wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyx
f rH S oihaf vsmo
f nfw
h yfrawmfom;rsm;\
trnfpm&if;ukd &,l&rnf?
( * ) Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf umuG,af &;0efBu;D Xme? jynfxaJ &;0efBu;D XmeESihf
e,fpyfa&;&m0efBu;D Xmersm;tjyif tjcm;0efBu;D Xmersm;wGif wyfrawmf
om;rsm;tm; 'kw,
d 0efBu;D rsm;tjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;vkv
d Qif wyfrawmf
umuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyEf iS hf ndE§ idI ;f aqmif&u
G &f rnf?
(C) Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf 'kw,
d 0efBu;D rsm;tm; ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&mwGif
wm0ef,&l rnf0h efBu;D Xmersm;ukd owfrf w
S af y;&rnf?

89

(i)

(p)

'kw,
d 0efBu;D rsm;onf oufqidk &f mjynfaxmifp0k efBu;D tm;vnf;aumif;?
oufqkdif&mjynf a xmif p k 0 ef B uD ; rS w pf q if h Ek d i f i H a wmf o r® w tm;
vnf;aumif; wm0efc&H rnf?
'kw,
d 0efBu;D tjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;jcif;cH&olonf vTwaf wmfwpf&yf
&yf\ ud,
k pf m;vS,af omfvnf;aumif;? Edik if 0hH efxrf;aomfvnf;aumif;?
wyfrawmfom;aomfvnf;aumif;? EdkifiHa&;ygwDwpfckck\ tzGJY0if
aomfvnf;aumif; jzpfygu yk'rf 232 yk'rf cGJ (ps)? (n) ESihf ( # ) yg
jy|mef;csurf sm;ESiv
hf nf; oufqikd af p&rnf/

jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; ESifh 'kwd,0efBuD;wdkY\ &mxl;oufwrf;? &mxl;rSEkwfxGufjcif;?
wm0efrS&yfpJjcif;ESifh vpfvyf&mxl;ae&mwGif jznfhpGufcefYxm;jcif;
235/ (u) jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;ESifh 'kwd,0efBuD;wdkY\ &mxl;oufwrf;onf
omreftm;jzifh Ekid if aH wmfor®w\ &mxl;oufwrf;twkid ;f jzpfonf?
( c ) jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; odkYr[kwf 'kwd,0efBuD;onf &mxl;oufwrf;
rukeq
f ;Hk rD taMumif;wpfcck ak Mumihf rdro
d abmqE´tavsmuf &mxl;rS
Ekwx
f u
G v
f v
dk Qif xko
d EYdk w
k x
f u
G v
f adk Mumif; Ekid if aH wmfor®wxH pmjzihf
wifjyNy;D &mxl;rS Ekwx
f u
G Ef idk o
f nf?
( * ) Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf –
(1) ay;tyfonfhwm0efukd ausyGefpGm rxrf;aqmifEkdifaom
jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D odrYk [kwf 'kw,
d 0efBu;D wpfO;D OD;tm; &mxl;
rSEw
k x
f u
G &f ef ñTeMf um;Ekid o
f nf/ ñTeMf um;onft
h wdik ;f vku
d ef m
jcif;rjyKvQif wm0efr&S yfp&J rnf?
(2) &mxl ; rS E k w f x G u f & rnf h od k Y r [k w f wm0ef r S & yf p J c H & rnf h
wyfrawmfom; jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D odrYk [kwf 'kw,
d 0efBu;D ESiYf
ywfoufvQif wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfESifh n§dEdIif;
aqmif&u
G &f rnf/
(C) &mxl;rSEw
k x
f u
G jf cif;aMumifjh zpfap? wm0efr&S yfpcJ &H jcif;aMumifjh zpfap?
uG,fvGefjcif;aMumifhjzpfap? tjcm;taMumif;wpfckckaMumifhjzpfap?
jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D odrYk [kwf 'kwd,0efBuD;&mxl;ae&m vpfvyfvQif

90

(i)

(p)

EkdifiHawmfor®wonf zGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'yg jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;
odrYk [kwf 'kw,
d 0efBu;D cefx
Y m;jcif;ESiphf yfvsO;f onfh jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifh
tnD jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D topf odrYk [kwf 'kw,
d 0efBu;D topftm; ceft
Y yf
wm0efay;Ekid o
f nf/ xko
d Ykd ceft
Y yfwm0efay;jcif;cH&onfh jynfaxmifpk
0efBuD; odkYr[kwf 'kwd,0efBuD;\ &mxl;oufwrf;onf EkdifiHawmf
or®w\ use&f o
dS nf&h mxl;oufwrf;twGuo
f m jzpfap&rnf?
(1) jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; odrYk [kwf 'kw,
d 0efBu;D rsm;tm; cefYtyf
wm0efay;onfh Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf &mxl;oufwrf;rukeq
f ;Hk rD
Ekwx
f u
G af omaMumihjf zpfap? uG,v
f eG af omaMumifjh zpfap? wpfpHk
wpfcak om taMumif;aMumihjf zpfap Ekid if aH wmfor®w &mxl;
vpfvyfygu tpm;xk;kd a&G;cs,f wifajrm§ ufvu
dk o
f nfh Ekid if aH wmf
or®wtopfu jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;topfrsm; odkYr[kwf
'kw,
d 0efBu;D topfrsm;ukd ceft
Y yfwm0efay;Ny;D onfh tcsed t
f xd
jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;rsm;ESifY 'kwd,0efBuD;rsm;onf rdrdwkdY\
vkyif ef;wm0efrsm;ukd qufvufxrf;aqmif&rnf?
(2) tpm;xk;d ceft
Y yf wm0efay;jcif;cH&onfh jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D
topfrsm;ESiYf 'kw,
d 0efBu;D topfrsm;\ &mxl;oufwrf;onf
Ek d i f i H a wmf o r® w topf \ usef & S d o nf h &mxl ; ouf w rf ;
ukeq
f ;Hk onftxdom jzpf&rnf/
jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D ESihf 'kw,
d 0efBu;D rsm;\ wm0efrsm;? vkyyf idk cf iG rhf sm;ESihf
&ykid cf iG rhf sm;ukd Oya'jy|mef;owfrw
S &f rnf/
jynfaxmifpka&SUaecsKyfESifh 'kkwd,a&SUaecsKyf

236/ jynfaxmifp\
k a&SUaecsKyu
f kd jynfaxmifpak &SUaecsKy[
f k ac:a0:&rnf/
jynfaxmifpka&SUaecsKyf cefYtyfwm0efay;jcif;
237/ (u) Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf Oya'tBuÓ
H Pfrsm;&,lEidk &f efEiS hf Oya'qkid &f m
wm0efrsm;ay;tyfEkdif&ef vTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,frsm;xJujzpfap?

91

(c)

(*)

(C)

vTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,f r[kwfolrsm;xJujzpfap atmufazmfjyyg
t&nftcsif;rsm;ESifhjynfhpkHonfh yk*d¾KvfwpfOD;OD;tm; jynfaxmifpk
vTwaf wmf\ oabmwlncD sujf zifh jynfaxmifpak &SUaecsKyt
f jzpf ceft
Y yf
wm0efay;&rnf –
(1) touf 45 ESpf jynfNh y;D ol?
(2) toufuefo
Y wfcsurf t
S y yk'rf 120 wGif azmfjyxm;aom
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,rf sm;twGuf owfrw
S x
f m;onfh
t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESihf jynfph o
Hk ?l
(3) yk'rf 121 wGif azmfjyxm;onfh jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,f
rsm;tjzpf a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufcyH ikd cf iG rhf &Sad paom jy|mef;csuf
rsm;ESiv
hf nf; Nipd eG ;f jcif;r&So
d ?l
(4) (uu) wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,f w&m;vTwfawmf
w&m;olBu;D tjzpf tenf;qk;H ig;ESpf aqmif&u
G cf o
hJ l
okrYd [kwf
( c c ) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,ftqifx
h uf redrahf om
w&m;a&;t&m&Sd okdYr[kwf Oya't&m&Sd &mxl;wGif
tenf;qk;H 10 ESpf wm0efxrf;aqmifco
hJ l okrYd [kwf
( * * ) w&m;vTwaf wmfa&SUaetjzpf tenf;qk;H tESpf 20 trI
vku
d yf gaqmif&u
G cf o
hJ l okrYd [kwf
(CC) xifay:ausmfMum;onfh *kPfowif;&Sdaom Oya'
ynm&Sit
f jzpf Ekid if aH wmfor®wu,lqol/
(5) Ekid if aH wmfEiS hf Ekid if o
H m;rsm;tay: opöm&So
d /l
jynfaxmifpak &SUaecsKyt
f wGuf owfrw
S x
f m;onfh t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESihf
rjynfph aHk Mumif; txift&Sm;rjyEkidk yf gu jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfonf
EkdifiHawmfor®wu trnfpm&if;wifoiG ;f onfyh *k K¾d vt
f m; jynfaxmifpk
a&SUaecsKyt
f jzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&ef jiif;y,fciG rhf &Sad p&?
Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf jynfaxmifpak &SUaecsKyt
f jzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&ef
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf\ oabmwlncD surf &&So
d nfh yk*K¾dvt
f pm; trnf
pm&if;opfudk jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfoYkd xyfrw
H ifoiG ;f cGi&fh o
dS nf?
jynfaxmifpak &SUaecsKyo
f nf jynfaxmifpt
k pk;d &tzGUJ 0if jzpfonf?

92

(i)
(p)

(q)

(Z)

jynfaxmifpak &SUaecsKyo
f nf Ekid if aH wmfor®wtm; wm0efc&H rnf?
jynfaxmifpak &SUaecsKyo
f nf vTwaf wmfwpf&yf&yf\ uk,
d pf m;vS,jf zpfvQif
jynfaxmifpka&SUaecsKyftjzpf cefYtyfwm0efay;jcif;cH&onfhaeYrSpí
vTwaf wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,t
f jzpfrS Ekwx
f u
G Nf y;D jzpfonf[k rSw,
f &l rnf?
jynfaxmifpka&SUaecsKyfonf EkdifiHh0efxrf;jzpfvQif jynfaxmifpk
a&SUaecsKyt
f jzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;jcif;cH&onfah eYrpS í wnfq0J efxrf;
pnf;rsOf;pnf;urf;rsm;ESifhtnD EkdifiHh0efxrf;tjzpfrS tNidrf;pm;,lNyD;
jzpfonf[k rSw,
f &l rnf?
jynfaxmifpka&SUaecsKyfonf EkdifiHa&;ygwDwpfckck\ tzGJU0ifjzpfvQif
jynfaxmifpka&SUaecsKyftjzpf cefYtyfwm0efay;jcif;cH&onfh aeYrpS í
rdr&d mxl;oufwrf;twGi;f ,if;ygwDtzJUG tpnf;\ ygwDvyk if ef;rsm;wGif
yg0ifaqmif&u
G jf cif;rjyK&/

jynfaxmifpka&SUaecsKyftm; pGyfpJGjypfwifjcif;
238/ jynfaxmifpak &SUaecsKyt
f m; pGypf jJG ypfwifvykd gu jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D wpfO;D OD;tm;
pGypf jJG ypfwifjcif;qkid &f m yk'rf 233 &Sd jy|mef;csurf sm;ESit
hf nD aqmif&u
G &f rnf/
'kwd,a&SUaecsKyf cefYtyfwm0efay;jcif;
239/ (u) Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf jynfaxmifpak &SUaecsKyt
f m; taxmuftuljyK&ef
vTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,frsm;xJujzpfap? vTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,f
r[kwo
f rl sm;xJujzpfap atmufazmfjyygt&nftcsi;f rsm;ESihf jynfph o
Hk nfh
yk*K¾d vw
f pfO;D OD;tm; rdro
d abmqE´tavsmuf 'kwd,a&SUaecsKyftjzpf
ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&rnf –
(1) touf 40 ESpf jynfNh y;D ol?
(2) toufuefo
Y wfcsurf t
S y yk'rf 120 wGif azmfjyxm;aom
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,rf sm;twGuf owfrw
S x
f m;onfh
t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESifh jynfph o
Hk ?l
(3) yk'rf 121 wGif azmfjyxm;onfh jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,f
rsm;tjzpf a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufcyH ikd cf iG rhf &Sad paom jy|mef;csuf
rsm;ESiv
hf nf; Nipd eG ;f jcif;r&So
d ?l

93

(4)

(uu) wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmf
w&m;olBuD;tjzpf tenf;qkH; ig;ESpfaqmif&GufcJhol
okrYd [kwf
( c c ) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f tqifx
h ufredrahf om
w&m;a&;t&m&Sd okdYr[kwf Oya't&m&Sd &mxl;wGif
tenf;qk;H 10 ESpf wm0efxrf;aqmifco
hJ l okrYd [kwf
( * * ) w&m;vTwaf wmfa&SUaetjzpf tenf;qk;H 15 ESpf trI
vku
d yf gaqmif&u
G cf o
hJ l okrYd [kwf
(CC) xifay:ausmfMum;onfh *kPfowif;&Sdaom Oya'
ynm&Sit
f jzpf Ekid if aH wmfor®wu ,lqol/
(5) Ekid if aH wmfEiS hf Ekid if o
H m;rsm;tay: opöm&So
d /l
( c ) 'kwd,a&SUaecsKyfonf jynfaxmifpka&SUaecsKyftm; vnf;aumif;?
jynfaxmifpka&SUaecsKyfrSwpfqifh EkdifiHawmfor®wtm;vnf;aumif;
wm0efc&H rnf?
( * ) 'kwd,a&SUaecsKyftjzpf cefYtyfwm0efay;jcif;cH&olonf vTwfawmf
wpf&yf&yf\ udk,fpm;vS,faomfvnf;aumif;? EdkifiHh0efxrf; aomf
vnf;aumif;? Edik if aH &;ygwDwpfcck \
k tzGUJ 0ifaomfvnf;aumif; jzpfygu
yk'fr 237 yk'frcGJ ( p ) ?(q)ESifh ( Z ) yg jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifhvnf;
oufqikd af p&rnf/
jynf a xmif p k a &S U aecsKyf E S i f h 'k w d , a&S U aecsKyf w d k Y \ &mxl ; ouf w rf ; ? &mxl ; rS
EkwfxGufjcif;? wm0efrS&yfpJjcif;ESifY vpfvyf&mxl;ae&mwGif jznfhpGufcefYxm;jcif;
240/ (u) jynfaxmifpak &SUaecsKyEf iS hf 'kw,
d a&SUaecsKyw
f \
Ykd &mxl;oufwrf;onf
omreftm;jzifh Ekid if aH wmfor®w\ &mxl;oufwrf;twkid ;f jzpfonf?
( c ) jynfaxmifpka&SUaecsKyf odkYr[kwf 'kwd,a&SUaecsKyfonf &mxl;
oufwrf;rukeq
f ;Hk rD taMumif;wpfcck ak Mumifh rdro
d abmqE´tavsmuf
&mxl;rSEw
k x
f u
G v
f v
dk Qif xko
d EYdk w
k x
f u
G v
f adk Mumif; Ekid if aH wmfor®wxH
pmjzihw
f ifjyNy;D &mxl;rSEw
k x
f u
G Ef idk o
f nf?
( * ) Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf ay;tyfonfw
h m0efudk ausyeG pf mG rxrf;aqmifEidk f
aom jynfaxmifpak &SUaecsKyf odrYk [kwf 'kw,
d a&SUaecsKyt
f m; &mxl;rS

94

(C)

(i)

(p)

Ekwx
f u
G &f ef ñTeMf um;Ekid o
f nf/ ñTeMf um;onft
h wkid ;f vku
d ef mjcif; rjyKvQif
wm0efr&S yfp&J rnf?
&mxl;rSEw
k x
f u
G jf cif;aMumifjh zpfap? wm0efr&S yfpcJ &H jcif;aMumihjf zpfap?
uG,fvGefjcif;aMumihfjzpfap? tjcm;taMumif;wpfckckaMumifhjzpfap
jynfaxmifpak &SUaecsKyf odrYk [kwf 'kw,
d a&SUaecsKy&f mxl;ae&m vpfvyfvQif
Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jynfaxmifpak &SUaecsKyf
odrYk [kwf 'kw,
d a&SUaecsKyf cefx
Y m;jcif;ESiphf yfvsO;f onfh jy|mef;csuf
rsm;ESit
hf nD jynfaxmifpak &SUaecsKyt
f opf odrYk [kwf 'kw,
d a&SUaecsKyf
topftm; ceft
Y yfwm0efay;Ekid o
f nf/ xko
d Ydk ceft
Y yfwm0ef ay;jcif;cH&onfh
jynfaxmifpak &SUaecsKyf odrYk [kwf 'kw,
d a&SUaecsKy\
f &mxl;oufwrf;onf
Ekid if aH wmfor®w\ use&f o
dS nf&h mxl;oufwrf; twGuo
f m jzpfap&rnf?
(1) jynfaxmifpka&SUaecsKyfESifh 'kwd,a&SUaecsKyfwdkYtm; cefYtyf
wm0efay;onfh Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf &mxl;oufwrf; rukeq
f ;Hk rD
EkwfxGufaomaMumifhjzpfap? uG,fvGefaomaMumihfjzpfap?
wpfpkHwpfckaom taMumif;aMumihfjzpfap EkdifiHawmfor®w
&mxl;vpfvyfvQif tpm;xkd;a&G;cs,fwifajr§mufvkdufonfh
Ekid if aH wmfor®wtopfonf ,if;wkt
Yd m;qufvufwm0efay;Ekid f
onf okrYd [kwf zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csurf sm;ESit
hf nD
jynfaxmifpak &SUaecsKyt
f opfEiS hf 'kw,
d a&SUaecsKyt
f opfrsm;udk
ceft
Y yfwm0efay;Edik o
f nf/ ,if;odYk ceft
Y yfwm0efay;rnf qkyd gu
jynfaxmifpak &SUaecsKyt
f opfEiS hf 'kw,
d a&SUaecsKyt
f opfrsm;udk
ceft
Y yfwm0efay;Ny;D onft
h csed t
f xd jynfaxmifpak &SUaecsKyEf iS Yf
'kwd,a&SUaecsKyfwdkYtm; ,if;wdkY\ vkyfief;wm0efrsm;ukd
qufvufxrf;aqmifapEkid o
f nf?
(2) tpm;xk;d ceft
Y yfwm0efay;jcif;cH&onfh jynfaxmifpak &SUaecsKyf
topfEiS hf 'kw,
d a&SUaecsKyt
f opfw\
Ykd &mxl;oufwrf;onf
Ekid if aH wmfor®wtopf\ use&f o
dS nf&h mxl;oufwrf; ukeq
f ;Hk
onftxdom jzpf&rnf/
jynfaxmifpak &SUaecsKyEf iS hf 'kw,
d a&SUaecsKyw
f \
Ykd wm0efrsm;? vkyyf idk cf iG fh
rsm;ESihf &ykid cf iG rhf sm;ukd Oya'jy|mef;owfrw
S &f rnf/

95

jynfaxmifpkpm&if;ppfcsKyfESifh 'kwd,pm&if;ppfcsKyf
241/ jynfaxmifp\
k pm&if;ppfcsKyu
f kd jynfaxmifppk m&if;ppfcsKy[
f k ac:a0:&rnf/
jynf
ynfaxmifpkpm&if;ppfcsKyf cefYtyfwm0efay;jcif;
242/ (u) Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf Ekid if aH wmf\ t&tok;H pm&if;rsm;ukd ppfaq;í
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfokdY wifjyEkdif&ef vTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,frsm;
xJ u jzpf a p? vT w f a wmf u k d , f p m;vS , f r [k w f o l r sm;xJ u jzpf a p
atmufazmfjyyg t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESihf jynfph o
Hk nfyh *k Kd¾ vw
f pfO;D OD;tm;
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf\oabmwlncD sujf zifh jynfaxmifppk m&if;ppfcsKyf
tjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&rnf –
(1) touf 45 ESpf jynfNh y;D ol?
(2) toufuefo
Y wfcsurf t
S y yk'rf 120 wGif azmfjyxm;aom
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,rf sm;twGuf owfrw
S x
f m;onfh
t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESifh jynfph o
Hk ?l
(3) yk'rf 121 wGif azmfjyxm;onfh jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,f
rsm;tjzpf a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufcyH ikd cf iG rhf &Sad paom jy|mef;csuf
rsm;ESiv
hf nf; Nipd eG ;f jcif;r&So
d ?l
(4) (uu) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,ftqifx
h ufredrahf om
pm&if;ppft&m&Sd &mxl;wGif tenf;qk;H 10 ESpf aqmif
&Gucf o
hJ l okrYd [kwf
( c c ) rSwfykHwifpm&if;ukdif okdYr[kwf vufrSwf&jynfolY
pm&if;ukid t
f jzpf tenf;qk;H 20 ESpf aqmif&u
G cf o
hJ l
okrYd [kwf
( * * ) xifay:ausmfMum;onfh *kPfowif;&Sdaom pm&if;
ynm&Sif okdYr[kwf pm&if;tif;ynm&Sif odkYr[kwf
pD;yGm;a&;ynm&Sit
f jzpf Ekid if aH wmfor®wu ,lqol/
(5) Edik if aH wmfEiS fh Edik if o
H m;rsm;tay: opöm&So
d /l
( c ) jynfaxmifppk m&if;ppfcsKyt
f wGuf owfrf w
S x
f m;aom t&nftcsi;f rsm;
ESihf rjynfph aHk Mumif; txift&Sm;rjyoEkid yf gu jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf

96

(*)

(C)
(i)

(p)

(q)

onf EkdifiHawmfor®wu trnfpm&if;wifoGif;onfh yk*d¾Kvftm;
jynfaxmifppk m&if;ppfcsKyt
f jzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&ef jiif;y,fciG fh r&Sad p&?
Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf jynfaxmifppk m&if;ppfcsKyt
f jzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&ef
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf\ oabmwlnDcsufr&&Sdonfh yk*d¾Kvftpm;
trnfpm&if;opfudk jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfoYdk xyfrw
H ifoiG ;f cGi&fh o
dS nf?
jynfaxmifppk m&if;ppfcsKyo
f nf Ekid if aH wmfor®wtm; wm0efc&H rnf?
jynfaxmifppk m&if;ppfcsKyo
f nf vTwaf wmfwpf&yf&yf\ uk,
d pf m;vS,f
jzpfvQif jynfaxmifppk m&if;ppfcsKyt
f jzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;jcif;cH&onfh
aeYrpS í vTwaf wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,t
f jzpfrS Ekwx
f u
G Nf y;D jzpfonf[k rSw,
f l
&rnf?
jynfaxmifpkpm&if;ppfcsKyfonf EkdifiHh0efxrf;jzpfvQif jynfaxmifpk
pm&if;ppfcsKyt
f jzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;jcif;cH&onfah eYrpS í wnfqJ 0efxrf;
pnf;rsOf;pnf;urf;rsm;ESifhtnD EkdifiHh0efxrf;tjzpfrS tNidrf;pm;,lNyD;
jzpfonf[k rSw,
f &l rnf?
jynfaxmifppk m&if;ppfcsKyo
f nf Ekid if aH &;ygwDwpfcck \
k tzGUJ 0ifjzpfvQif
jynfaxmifpkpm&if;ppfcsKyf odkYr[kwf 'kwd,pm&if;ppfcsKyftjzpf
cefYtyfwm0efay;jcif;cH&onfhaeYrSpí rdrd&mxl;oufwrf;twG i f ;
,if;ygwDtzJUG tpnf;\ ygwDvyk if ef;rsm;wGif yg0ifaqmif&u
G jf cif;rjyK&/

jynfaxmifpkpm&if;ppfcsKyftm; pGyfpGJjypfwifjcif;
243/ jynfaxmifppk m&if;ppfcsKyt
f m; pGypf jJGypfwifvykd gu jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D wpfO;D OD;tm;
pGypf jJG ypfwifjcif;qdik &f m yk'rf 233 yg jy|mef;csurf sm;ESit
hf nD aqmif&u
G &f rnf/
'kwd,pm&if;ppfcsKyf cefYtyfwm0efay;jcif;
244/ (u) Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf jynfaxmifppk m&if;ppfcsKyt
f m; taxmuftuljyK&ef
vTwaf wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,rf sm;xJujzpfap? vTwaf wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,f r[kwf
olrsm;xJujzpfap atmufazmfjyyg t&nftcsif;rsm;ESifhjynfhpkHonfh
yk*K¾d vw
f pfO;D OD;tm; rdro
d abmqE´tavsmuf 'kw,
d pm&if;ppfcsKyt
f jzpf
ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&rnf –

97

(1)
(2)

(c)
(*)

touf 40 ESpf jynfNh y;D ol?
toufuefYowfcsufrSty yk'fr 120 wGifazmfjyxm;aom
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,rf sm;twGuf owfrw
S x
f m;onfh
t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESifh jynfph o
Hk ?l
(3) yk'rf 121 wGiaf zmfjyxm;onfh jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,f
rsm;tjzpf a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufcyH ikd cf iG rhf &Sad paom jy|mef;csuf
rsm;ESiv
hf nf; Nipd eG ;f jcif;r&So
d ?l
(4) (uu) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,ftqifx
h uf redrahf om
pm&if;ppft&m&Sd &mxl;wGif tenf;qkH; 10 ESpf
aqmif&u
G cf o
hJ l okrYd [kwf
( c c ) rSwfykHwifpm&if;ukdif okdYr[kwf vufrSwf&jynfolY
pm&if;ukid t
f jzpf tenf;qk;H 15 ESpf aqmif&u
G cf o
hJ l
okrYd [kwf
( * * ) xifay:ausmfMum;onfh *kPfowif;&Sdaom pm&if;
ynm&Sif okdYr[kwf pm&if;tif;ynm&Sif odkYr[kwf
pD;yGm;a&;ynm&Sit
f jzpf Ekid if aH wmfor®wu ,lqol/
(5) Ekid if aH wmfEiS hf Ekid if o
H m;rsm;tay: opöm&So
d /l
'kw,
d pm&if;ppfcsKyo
f nf jynfaxmifppk m&if;ppfcsKyt
f m;vnf;aumif;?
jynfaxmifppk m&if;ppfcsKyrf w
S pfqifh Ekid if aH wmfor®wtm;vnf;aumif;
wm0efc&H rnf?
'kw,
d pm&if;ppfcsKyt
f jzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;jcif;cH&olonf vTwaf wmf
wpf&yf&yf\ udk,fpm;vS,faomfvnf;aumif;? EdkifihH0efxrf;aomf
vnf;aumif;? Edik if aH &;ygwDwpfcck \
k tzGUJ 0ifaomfvnf;aumif; jzpfygu
yk'rf 242 yk'rf cGJ ( i ) ? ( p ) ESihf (q) yg jy|mef;csurf sm;ESiv
hf nf;
oufqikd af p&rnf/

jynfaxmifpkpm&if;ppfcsKyfESihf 'kwd,pm&if;ppfcsKyfwkdY\ &mxl;oufwrf;? &mxl;rS
EkwfxGufjcif;? wm0efrS&yfpJjcif;ESifhvpfvyf&mxl;ae&mwGif jznfhpGufcefYxm;jcif;
245/ (u) jynfaxmifppk m&if;ppfcsKyEf iS fh 'kw,
d pm&if;csKyw
f \
Ydk &mxl;oufwrf;onf
omreftm;jzifh Ekid if aH wmfor®w\ &mxl;oufwrf;twkid ;f jzpfonf?

98

(c)

(*)

(C)

(i)

jynfaxmifppk m&if;ppfcsKyf odrYk [kwf 'kw,
d pm&if;ppfcsKyo
f nf &mxl;
oufwrf;rukeq
f ;Hk rD taMumif;wpfcck ak Mumifh rdro
d abmqE´tavsmuf
&mxl;rSEw
k x
f u
G v
f v
dk Qif xko
d EYdk w
k x
f u
G v
f adk Mumif; Ekid if aH wmfor®wxH
pmjzihw
f ifjyNy;D &mxl;rSEw
k x
f u
G Ef idk o
f nf?
Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf ay;tyfonfw
h m0efudk ausyeG pf mG rxrf;aqmif
Ekid af om jynfaxmifppk m&if;ppfcsKyf odrYk [kwf 'kw,
d pm&if;ppfcsKyt
f m;
&mxl ; rS E k w f x G u f & ef ñT e f M um;Ek d i f o nf / ñT e f M um;onf h t wk d i f ;
vku
d ef mjcif;rjyKvQif wm0efr&S yfp&J rnf?
&mxl;rS Ekwx
f u
G jf cif;aMumifjh zpfap? wm0efrS &yfpcJ &H jcif;aMumihjf zpfap?
uG,fvGefjcif;aMumihfjzpfap? tjcm;taMumif;wpfckckaMumifh jzpfap
jynfaxmifppk m&if;ppfcsKyf odrYk [kwf 'kw,
d pm&if;ppfcsKyf &mxl;ae&m
vpfvyfvQif Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jynfaxmifpk
pm&if;ppfcsKyf odrYk [kwf 'kw,
d pm&if;ppfcsKycf efx
Y m;jcif;ESihf pyfvsO;f onfh
jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifhtnD jynfaxmifpkpm&if;ppfcsKyftopf odkYr[kwf
'kw,
d pm&if;ppfcsKyt
f opftm; ceft
Y yfwm0efay;Ekid o
f nf/ xko
d Ydk ceft
Y yf
wm0efay;jcif;cH&onfh jynfaxmifppk m&if;ppfcsKyf odrYk [kwf 'kw,
d
pm&if;ppfcsKy\
f &mxl;oufwrf;onf Ekid if aH wmfor®w\ use&f o
dS nfh
&mxl;oufwrf;twGuo
f m jzpfap&rnf?
(1) jynfaxmifppk m&if;ppfcsKyEf iS fh 'kw,
d pm&if;ppfcsKyw
f t
Ykd m; ceft
Y yf
wm0ef a y;onf h Ek d i f i H a wmf o r® w onf &mxl ; ouf w rf ;
rukefqkH;rD EkwfxGufoGm;aomaMumifhjzpfap? uG,fvGefaom
aMumihfjzpfap? wpfpkHwpfckaom taMumif;aMumihfjzpfap
Ekid if aH wmfor®w&mxl; vpfvyfygu tpm;xk;d a&G;cs,w
f ifajrm§ uf
vku
d o
f nfh Ekid if aH wmfor®w topfonf ,if;wkt
Yd m; qufvuf
wm0efay;Ekid onf okrYd [kwf zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csuf
rsm;ESifhtnD jynfaxmifpk pm&if;ppfcsKyftopfESihf 'kwd,
pm&if;ppfcsKyt
f opfrsm;udk ceft
Y yfwm0efay;Edik o
f nf/ ,if;odYk
ceft
Y yfwm0efay;rnfqykd gu jynfaxmifppk m&if;ppfcsKyt
f opfEiS fh
'kwd,pm&if;ppfcsKyftopfrsm;udk cefYtyfwm0efay;NyD;onfh
tcsed t
f xd jynfaxmifppk m&if;ppfcsKyEf iS hf 'kw,
d pm&if;ppfcsKyf

99

(p)

wdkYtm; ,if;wdkY\vkyfief;wm0efrsm;ukd qufvufxrf;aqmif
apEkid o
f nf?
(2) tpm;xk d ; cef Y t yf wm0ef a y;jcif ; cH & onf h jynf a xmif p k
pm&if;ppfcsKyt
f opfEiS fh 'kw,
d pm&if;ppfcsKyt
f opfw\
Ydk &mxl;
oufwrf;onf EkdifiHawmfor®wtopf\ usef&Sdonfh&mxl;
oufwrf;ukeq
f ;Hk onftxdom jzpf&rnf/
jynfaxmifpkpm&if;ppfcsKyfESifh 'kwd,pm&if;ppfcsKyfwkdY\ wm0efrsm;?
vkyyf idk cf iG rfh sm;ESiYf &ykid cf iG rhf sm;ukd Oya'jy|mef;owfrw
S &f rnf/

jynfaxmifpk&mxl;0eftzGJU zGJUpnf;jcif;
246/ (u) Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf Ekid if 0hH efxrf;a&G;cs,af &;? avhusiahf &;wm0efEiS hf
Ekid if 0hH efxrf; pnf;rsO;f pnf;urf;owfrw
S af &; wm0efrsm;xrf;aqmifEidk &f ef
jynfaxmifp&k mxl;0eftzGUJ zGUJ pnf;&rnf?
( c ) Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf atmufazmfjyygt&nftcsi;f rsm;ESihf jynfph o
Hk rl sm;
tm; jynfaxmifp&k mxl;0eftzGUJ Ouú|ESihf tzGUJ 0ifrsm;tjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0ef
ay;&rnf –
(1) touf 50 ESpf jynfNh y;D ol?
(2) toufuefo
Y wfcsurf t
S y yk'rf 120 wGif azmfjyxm;aom
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,rf sm;twGuf owfrw
S x
f m;onfh
t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESifh jynfph o
Hk ?l
(3) yk'rf 121 wGif azmfjyxm;onfh jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,f
rsm;tjzpf a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufcyH ikd cf iG rhf &Sad paom jy|mef;csuf
rsm;ESiv
hf nf; Nipd eG ;f jcif;r&So
d ?l
(4) tawGUtBuK&H ifu
h suaf om todynm&Si?f twwfynm&Sijf zpfo?l
(5) Ekid if aH wmfEiS hf Ekid if o
H m;rsm;tay: opöm&So
d ?l
(6) Ekid if aH &;ygwD0if r[kwo
f ?l
(7) vTwaf wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,f r[kwo
f /l
( * ) jynfaxmifp&k mxl;0eftzGUJ Ouú|ESihf tzGUJ 0ifrsm;onf Edik if 0hH efxrf;jzpfvQif
jynfaxmifp&k mxl;0eftzGUJ Ouú|ESihf tzGUJ 0ifrsm;tjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;jcif;
cH&onfah eYrpS í wnfq0J efxrf; pnf;rsO;f pnf;urf;rsm;ESit
hf nD Edik if hH
0efxrf;tjzpfrS tNird ;f pm;,lNy;D jzpfonf[k rSw,
f &l rnf?

100

(C)
(i)
( p)

jynfaxmifp&k mxl;0eftzGUJ Ouú|onf Ekid if aH wmfor®wtm;vnf;aumif;?
tzGJU0ifrsm;onf jynfaxmifpk&mxl;0eftzGJUOuú|ESihf ,if;rSwpfqifh
Ekid if aH wmfor®wtm;vnf;aumif; wm0efc&H rnf?
jynfaxmifpk&mxl;0eftzGJUOuú|ESifh tzJGU0ifrsm;\ oufwrf;onf
omreftm;jzifh Ekid if aH wmfor®w\ &mxl;oufwrf;twkid ;f jzpfonf?
jynfaxmifp&k mxl;0eftzGUJ zGUJ pnf;jcif;? Ouú|ESifh tzGUJ 0ifw\
Ydk wm0efrsm;?
vkyyf idk cf iG rfh sm;? &ykid cf iG rfh sm;? &mxl;rSEw
k x
f u
G jf cif;ESihf wm0efr&S yfpjJ cif;
wku
Yd dk Oya'jy|mef;owfrw
S &f rnf/
wkdif;a'oBuD; tpdk;&tzGJU okdYr[kwf jynfe,ftpkd;&tzGJU

247/ (u)
(c)

wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,f\ tkyfcsKyfa&;tBuD;trSL;ukd
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKy[
f k ac:a0:&rnf?
wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,f\tpkd;&tzGJU0ifukd wkdif;a'oBuD;
okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D [k ac:a0:&rnf/

wdkif;a'oBuD;tpdk;&tzGJU odkYr[kwf jynfe,ftpkd;&tzGJU zGJUpnf;jcif;
248/ (u) wkdif;a'oBuD;wGif wkdif;a'oBuD;tpkd;&tzGJU? jynfe,fwGif jynfe,f
tpk;d &tzGUJ zGUJ pnf;xm;&So
d nf?
( c ) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,ftpk;d &tzGUJ ukd atmufazmfjyyg yk*K¾d vf
rsm;jzifh zGUJ pnf;onf (1) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKy?f
(2) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D rsm;?
(3) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fOya'csKy/f
( * ) Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf oufqidk &f mwkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f
vTwaf wmf\oabmwlncD sujf zifh –
(1) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D Xmersm;ukd vkt
d yfovkd
owf r S w f E k d i f o nf / xd k Y j yif owf r S w f 0 ef B uD ; Xmersm;ud k
jyifqifjcif;? jznhpf u
G jf cif;jyKEikd o
f nf?
(2) wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,f0efBuD;OD;a&ukd vkdtyfovkd
owfrw
S Ef idk o
f nf/ xkjYd yif owfrw
S Of ;D a&ukd wk;d jcif;? avQmjh cif;
jyKEidk o
f nf/

101

wkdif;a'oBuD;tpkd;& odkYr[kwf jynfe,ftpkd;&\ tkyfcsKyfrItcGihftmPm
249/ zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csurf sm;ESirhf qefu
Y siv
f Qif wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf
jynfe,ftpd;k &\ tkycf sKyrf t
I mPmonf wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfu
Oya'jyKEkdifaomudpö&yfrsm;okdY oufa&mufysHUESHUonf/ xkdYjyif jynfaxmifpk Oya'
wpf&yf&yft& wkdif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,ftpkd;&tm; aqmif&GufcGifhjyKonfh
udp&ö yfrsm;okv
Yd nf; oufa&mufysUH ESUH onf/
250/ wkid ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,ftpk;d &onf jynfaxmifpt
k pk;d &u Ekid if aH wmf
wnfNidrfa&;? &yf&Gmat;csrf;om,ma&;ESifh w&m;Oya'pkd;rkd;a&;wkdYukd xdef;odrf;
apmifah &Smuf&mwGif uln&D efwm0ef&o
dS nf/
251/ wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,ftpk;d &onf jynfaxmifpt
k pk;d &u csrw
S x
f m;
onfh rl0g'rsm;ESifhaomfvnf;aumif;? jynfaxmifpkOya'rsm;ESifhaomfvnf;aumif;
rqefu
Y siaf pbJ wkid ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,ftwGi;f taumiftxnfazmf aqmif&u
G f
rnfv
h yk if ef;rsm;ESiphf yfvsO;f onfh pDru
H ed ;f rsm;ukd oufqidk &f mwkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf
jynfe,fvw
T af wmf\ oabmwlncD sujf zifh taumiftxnfazmf aqmif&u
G &f rnf/
252/ wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,ftpk;d &onf zJUG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;
csurf sm;ESit
hf nD jynfaxmifp\
k ESppf Oft&tok;H cefrY eS ;f ajcaiGpm&if;tay: tajcjyKvsuf
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f\b@maiG t&tok;H qkid &f m Oya'Murf;ukd jy|mef;
ay;Ekid af &;twGuf oufqidk &f mwkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfoYdk wifoiG ;f
&rnf/
253/ wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,ftpk;d &onf rdrw
d ifoiG ;f onfh wkid ;f a'oBu;D
okdYr[kwf jynfe,f\b@maiG t&tokH;qkdif&mOya'Murf;ukd b@ma&;ESpf
rukefqkH;rD oufqkdif&mwkdif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfu jy|mef;jcif;
rjyKEidk v
f Qif wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfu aemufq;Hk jy|mef;xm;onfh
wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,f\b@maiG t&tokH;qkdif&mOya'yg omref
tok;H p&dwf cGijhf yKcsuaf bmiftwGi;f ok;H pJcG iG &hf o
dS nf/

102

wdkif;a'oBuD;tpdk;& odkYr[kwf jynfe,ftpdk;&rsm;u aumufcH&rnfh tcGeftcrsm;
254/ (u) wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,frsm;u Z,m; 5 yg tcGeftcrsm;udk
Oya'ESifhtnDaumufcHí wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fb@m
&efyakH iGoYkd ay;oGi;f &rnf?
( c ) wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,frsm;onf wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf
jynfe,fb@m&efyakH iGrsm;udk Oya'ESit
hf nD oH;k pGcJ iG &hf o
dS nf/
255/ wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,ftpk;d &onf zJUG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;
csufrsm;ESifhtnD Z,m; 2 &Sd wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,f Oya'jyKpm&if;yg
udp&ö yfrsm;ESiphf yfvsO;f í vkt
d yfonfOh ya'Murf;ukd wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f
vTwaf wmfoYdk wifoiG ;f Ekid o
f nf/
256/ wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,ftpk;d &onf (u) wkdif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,f0efBuD;Xmersm;ESifh ,if;wkdY\
vufatmuftpk;d &Xmersm;? tzJUG tpnf;rsm;\vkyif ef;aqmif&u
G rf rI sm;ukd
zJUG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csurf sm;ESit
hf nD jzpfap&efvnf;aumif;?
wnfqOJ ya'ygjy|mef;csurf sm;ESit
hf nD jzpfap&efvnf;aumif; pDrcH efcY jGJcif;?
vrf;ñTejf cif;? Bu;D Muyfjcif;? ppfaq;jcif; jyK&rnf?
( c ) rdrdwdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,ftwGif; wm0efxrf;aqmifvsuf
&Sad om e,fbuf0efxrf;tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;\ vkyif ef;aqmif&u
G rf rI sm;udk
vnf; Oya'ESit
hf nD Bu;D Muyfjcif;? ppfaq;jcif;? aygif;pyfnEd§ idI ;f ay;jcif;
jyKEidk o
f nf/
257/ wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,ftpd;k &onf Edik if 0hH efxrf;qdik &f m jynfaxmifpk
Oya'ESit
hf nDvnf;aumif;? jynfaxmifpt
k pd;k &ESihf BuKd wifnEd§ iId ;f ívnf;aumif; rdrd
wm0ef,l taumiftxnfazmf&onfv
h yk if ef;rsm;udk aqmif&u
G Ef idk &f ef (u) wkid ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fqikd &f m e,fbuf0efxrf;tzGUJ tpnf;
rsm;udk vdt
k yfovdk zGUJ pnf;Ekid o
f nf?
( c ) vdt
k yfaom e,fbuf0efxrf;rsm;udk ceft
Y yfEidk o
f nf/

103

258/ wkid ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,ftpd;k &onf (u) oufqdkif&mwkdif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfu tcg
tm;avsmpf mG csrw
S o
f nfh tkycf sKyaf &;qdik &f mqH;k jzwfcsurf sm;udk taumif
txnfazmf aqmif&Guf&rnf/ rdrd\ta&;,laqmif&Gufcsufrsm;udk
oufqikd &f mwkid ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfoYkd jyefvnf
tpD&ifc&H rnf?
( c ) rdred ,fajra'o\ tajctaet&yf&yfEiS phf yfvsO;f onfh tpD&ifcpH mudk
jynfaxmifpt
k pd;k &ESihf oufqikd &f mwdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,f
vTwaf wmfoYkd wifjy&rnf/
259/ wdkif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,ftpdk;&onf jynfaxmifpktpdk;&u tcg
tm;avsmpf mG ay;tyfvmonfv
h yk if ef;wm0efrsm;udk xrf;aqmif&rnf/
wkdif;a'oBuD;tpdk;&tzGJU½Hk; okdYr[kwf jynfe,ftpdk;&tzGJU½kH;
260/ wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,ftaxGaxGtyk cf sKyaf &;OD;pD;Xme tBu;D trSL;onf
&mxl;tavsmuf oufqidk &f mwkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,ftpk;d &tzJUG \ twGi;f
a&;rSL;jzpfonf/ xkdYtjyif wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,ftaxGaxGtkyfcsKyfa&;
OD;pD;Xmeonf oufqidk &f mwkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,ftpk;d &tzGUJ ½k;H vnf;jzpfonf/
wkdif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,f 0efBuD;csKyf
wkdif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,f0efBuD;csKyf cefYtyfwm0efay;jcif;
261/ (u) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyo
f nf atmufyg t&nf
tcsi;f rsm;ESihf jynfph &Hk rnf –
(1) touf 35 ESpf jynfNh y;D ol?
(2) toufuefo
Y wfcsurf t
S y yk'rf 120 wGif azmfjyxm;onfh
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,rf sm;twGuf owfrw
S x
f m;aom
t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESihf jynfph o
Hk ?l

104

(3)

(c)

(*)

(C)

(i)

yk'rf 121 wGif azmfjyxm;onfh jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,f
rsm;tjzpf a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufcyH ikd cf iG rhf &Sad paom jy|mef;csuf
rsm;ESiv
hf nf; Nipd eG ;f jcif;r&So
d ?l
(4) Ekid if aH wmfEiS hf Ekid if o
H m;rsm;tay: opöm&So
d /l
Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf oufqidk &f mwkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f
0efBu;D csKyt
f jzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&ef (1) oufqkdif&m wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf
uk,
d pf m;vS,rf sm;xJu owfrw
S x
f m;onfh t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESihf
jynfph aHk om oihaf vsmo
f nfh vTwaf wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,w
f pfO;D tm;
a&G;cs,&f rnf?
(2) a&G;cs,x
f m;onfh vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,\
f trnfpm&if;ukd
oufqkdif&m wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfodkY
ay;ykv
Yd suf oabmwlncD su&f ,l&rnf/
Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf\
oabmwlncD su&f &SNd y;D onfh vTwaf wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,t
f m; oufqidk &f m
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrY d [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyt
f jzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&rnf?
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyt
f wGuf owfrw
S x
f m;aom
t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESihf rjynfph aHk Mumif; txift&Sm;rjyEkid yf gu wkid ;f a'oBu;D
okrYd [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfonf Ekid if aH wmfor®wu trnfpm&if;
wifoGif;onfh vTwfawmfu,
dk pf m;vS,t
f m; wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf
jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyt
f jzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&ef jiif;y,fciG fh r&Sad p&?
Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyt
f jzpf
ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&ef wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf\
oabmwlncD surf &&So
d nfh yk*K¾dvt
f pm; trnfpm&if;opfudk wkid ;f a'oBu;D
okrYd [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfoYkd xyfrw
H ifoiG ;f cGifh &So
d nf/

105

wkdif;a'oBuD;0efBuD;rsm; okdYr[kwf jynfe,f0efBuD;rsm;
wkdif;a'oBuD;0efBuD;rsm; okdYr[kwf jynfe,f0efBuD;rsm; cefYtyfwm0efay;jcif;
262/ (u) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyo
f nf –
(1) oufqkdif&mwkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf
ud,
k pf m;vS,rf sm;xJujzpfap? vTwaf wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,rf [kwo
f l
rsm;xJujzpfap yk'rf 261? yk'rf cGJ (u) yg jy|mef;csuw
f iG f
owfrw
S x
f m;onfh t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESijfhynfph aHk om oifah vsmo
f nfh
yk*K¾d vrf sm;ukd a&G;cs,&f rnf?
(2) vkHNcKHa&;ESihfe,fpyfa&;&m wm0efay;tyfEkdif&ef wyfrawmf
umuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyx
f rH S oihaf vsmo
f nfh wyfrawmfom;rsm;\
trnfpm&if;ukd awmif;cH&rnf?
(3) oufqidk &f m wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,ftwGi;f &Sd uk,
d yf idk f
tkycf sKycf iG &hf wkid ;f OD;pD;tzGUJ odrYk [kwf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf a'o
OD;pD;tzGUJ xHrS ,if;wd\
Yk Ouú|trnfpm&if;ukd &,l&rnf?
(4) oufqidk &f m wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,ftwGi;f &Sd wkid ;f &if;
om;vlrsK;d a&;&m aqmif&u
G &f eftwGuf a&G;aumufwifajrm§ uf
xm;onfh vTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,frsm;\ trnfpm&if;ukd
oufqidk &f m a&G;aumufyJG aumfr&Six
f rH S &,l&rnf/
( c ) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyo
f nf rdrad &G;cs,x
f m;onfh
yk*K¾d vrf sm;ESiw
hf yfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyx
f rH &S &So
d nfw
h yfrawmfom;
rsm;\ trnfpm&if;ukpd pk nf;Ny;D oufqidk &f mwkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf
jynfe,fvw
T af wmfow
Ykd ifoiG ;f vsuf oabmwlncD su&f ,l&rnf?
( * ) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D rsm;twGuf owfrw
S x
f m;aom
t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESihf rjynfph aHk Mumif; txift&Sm;rjyEkid yf gu wkid ;f a'oBu;D
okrYd [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfonf wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f
0efBu;D csKyu
f trnfpm&if;wifoiG ;f onfh yk*K¾d vrf sm;tm; wkid ;f a'oBu;D
okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D rsm;tjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&ef jiif;y,fciG fh
r&Sad p&?

106

(C)

(i)

(p)

(q)

wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyo
f nf wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf
jynfe,f0efBu;D tjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&ef wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf
jynfe,fvw
T af wmf\ oabmwlncD surf &&So
d nfyh *k K¾d vt
f pm; trnf
pm&if;opfudk oufqidk &f mwkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f vTwaf wmfoYkd
xyfrw
H ifoiG ;f cGi&fh o
dS nf?
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyo
f nf wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf
jynfe,fvw
T af wmf\ oabmwlncD su&f &SNd y;D onfh yk*K¾d vrf sm;udak omf
vnf;aumif; uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wkid ;f Ouú| okrYd [kwf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh
a'oOuú|rsm;\ trnfpm&if;ESihf wkid ;f &if;om;vlrsK;d a&;&m aqmif&u
G f
&ef a&G;aumufwifajr§mufxm;onfh vTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,frsm;\
trnfpm&if;ygyk*K¾d vrf sm;udak omfvnf;aumif; wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf
jynfe,f0efBuD;rsm;tjzpf cefYtyfwm0efay;&ef EkdifiHawmfor®wxH
wifjy&rnf?
EkdifiHawmfor®wonf wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwfjynfe,f0efBuD;csKyfu
wifjyvmonfhyk*d¾Kvfrsm;tm; oufqkdif&m wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf
jynfe,f0efBu;D rsm;tjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&rnf/ xko
d cYkd eft
Y yfwm0ef
ay;&mwGif wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D wpfO;D csi;f tvku
d f
wm0ef,l&rnfh0efBuD;Xme odkYr[kwf 0efBuD;Xmersm;ukd oufqdkif&m
0efBu;D csKyEf iS hf n§Ed iId ;f vsuo
f wfrw
S af y;&rnf?
Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf –
(1) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D rsm;jzpfonfh uk,
d yf idk f
tkycf sKycf iG &hf wkid ;f Ouú|ESifh uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'oOuú|rsm;tm;
oufqkdif&mukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&wkdif; odkYr[kwf ukd,fykdif
tkycf sKycf iG &fh a'oa&;&mrsm;ukd aqmif&u
G &f efwm0efay;tyf&rnf?
(2) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D rsm;jzpfonfh wkid ;f &if;om;
vlrsKd;a&;&maqmif&Guf&ef a&G;aumufwifajr§mufxm;onfh
vTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,frsm;tm; oufqkdif&m wkdif;&if;om;
vlrsK;d a&;&mrsm;ukad qmif&u
G &f ef wm0efay;tyf&rnf/

107

(Z)

oufqidk &f muk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wkid ;f Ouú| okrYd [kwf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh
a'oOuú|tm;vnf;aumif;? oufqkdif&m wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf
jynfe,ftwGi;f &Sd wkid ;f &if;om;vlrsK;d a&;&m aqmif&u
G &f ef a&G;aumuf
wifajr§mufxm;onfh vTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,ftm;vnf;aumif;
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D tjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&mwGif
Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'wGif owfrw
S x
f m;onfh
toufuefo
Y wfcsuu
f dk avsmaY yghay;&rnf?
(ps) Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf 0efBu;D csKyEf iS n
hf Ed§ iId ;f í uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wkid ;f
odrYk [kwf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf a'oqkid &f m 0efBu;D rsm;tm;vnf;aumif;?
wkid ;f &if;om;vlrsK;d a&;&m0efBu;D rsm;tm;vnf;aumif; tjcm;0efBu;D Xme
wm0efrsm;ukv
d nf; yl;wGw
J m0efay;tyfEidk o
f nf?
(n) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyo
f nf vkNH cKaH &;ESifh e,fpyf
a&;&mwm0efrsm;rSty tjcm;wm0efrsm;twGuf wyfrawmfom;rsm;tm;
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D tjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;vkv
d Qif
wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyx
f rH S trnfpm&if;awmif;cHí ,if;trnf
pm&if;ukd oufqkdif&mwkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf\
oabmwlncD su&f ,lvsuf Ekid if aH wmfor®wxH wifjy&rnf?
( # ) Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyEf iS hf
0efBu;D rsm; ceft
Y yfwm0efay;jcif;rsm;ukd oufqidk &f mwkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf
jynf e ,f v T w f a wmf o k d Y v nf ; aumif ; ? jynf a xmif p k v T w f a wmf o d k Y
vnf;aumif; taMumif;Mum;&rnf?
( X ) (1) wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,f0efBuD;csKyfonf EkdifiHawmf
or®wtm; wm0efc&H rnf?
(2) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D rsm;onf oufqidk &f m
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyt
f m;vnf;aumif;?
oufqidk &f mwkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyf rSwpfqifh
Ekid if aH wmfor®wtm;vnf;aumif; wm0efc&H rnf/
( ! ) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyEf iS hf 0efBu;D rsm;\ &mxl;
oufwrf;onf omreftm;jzifh EkdifiHawmfor®w\ &mxl;oufwrf;
twkid ;f jzpfonf?

108

(¡)

(1)

(2)

wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D onf Ekid if 0hH efxrf;jzpfvQif
wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,f0efBuD;tjzpf cefYtyfjcif;
cH&onfah eYrpS í wnfq0J efxrf; pnf;rsO;f pnf;urf;rsm;ESit
fh nD
Ekid if 0hH efxrf;tjzpfrS tNird ;f pm;,lNy;D jzpfonf[k rSw,
f &l rnf?
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,ftpk;d &tzGUJ rsm;\ vkNH cKaH &;ESifh
e,f p yf a &;&m0efBuD;Xmersm;wGif wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf
jynfe,f0efBu;D tjzpf cefx
Y m;jcif;cH&aom wyfrawmfom;rsm;onf
wyfrawmfrt
S Nird ;f pm;,l&ef okrYd [kwf Ekwx
f u
G &f efrvk/d

wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,f0efBuD;csKyf odkYr[kwf 0efBuD;wpfOD;OD;tay:
pGyfpGJ jypfwifjcif;
263/ (u) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyf okrYd [kwf 0efBu;D wpfO;D OD; tm;
atmufygtaMumif;wpf&yf&yfaMumifh pGypf jJG ypfwifEidk o
f nf –
(1) Ekid if aH wmf\aus;Zl;opömawmfudk azmufzsujf cif;?
(2) zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csuw
f pf&yf&yfudk azmufzsuf
usL;vGejf cif;?
(3) tusio
fh u
d m© ysujf ym;jcif;?
(4) zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'wGif jy|mef;xm;onfh wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf
jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyf odrYk [kwf 0efBu;D \t&nftcsi;f ysu,
f iG ;f jcif;?
(5) Oya't&ay;tyfaomwm0efrsm;ukd ausyeG pf mG raqmif&u
G jf cif;/
( c ) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyf odrYk [kwf 0efBu;D wpfO;D OD;
tay:azmfjyygtaMumif;wpf&yf&yfjzifh pGypf jJG ypfwifvydk gu oufqidk &f m
wkdif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmf okdYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,f
pkpkaygif;OD;a&teuf tenf;qkH;av;ykHwpfykHu vufrSwfa&;xkd;NyD;
rdrw
d \
Ykd pGypf cJG suu
f kd oufqidk &f mvTwaf wmfOuú|xH wifjy&rnf?
( * ) oufqidk &f m vTwaf wmfOuú|onf pkpH rf;ppfaq;a&;tzGUJ ukd zGUJ pnf;í
pGypf cJG suu
f dk pkpH rf;ppfaq;ap&rnf/ pkpH rf;ppfaq;&rnfh vkyif ef;yrmP
ukad xmuf½í
I pkpH rf;ppfaq;rINy;D pD;&rnfu
h mvukv
d nf; owfrw
S af y;&rnf?

109

(C)

(i)

pGypf cJG suu
f pdk pHk rf;ppfaq;onft
h cg pGypf jJG ypfwifjcif;cH&aom wkid ;f a'oBu;D
okdYr[kwf jynfe,f0efBuD;csKyf odkYr[kwf 0efBuD;tm; ukd,fwdkifaomf
vnf;aumif;? uk,
d pf m;vS,jf zihaf omfvnf;aumif; acsycGiafh y;&rnf?
(1) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyf odrYk [kwf 0efBu;D
wpfO;D OD;tay: oufqidk &f mwkid ;f a'oBu;D vTwaf wmf okrYd [kwf
jynfe,fvw
T af wmf\ pGypf jJG ypfwifrEI iS pfh yfvsO;f í pkpH rf;ppfaq;
a&;tzGUJ u pkpH rf;ppfaq;awGU&Scd surf sm;ukd wifjyvmvQif vTwaf wmf
Ouú|onf oufqkdif&mwkdif;a'oBuD; vTwaf wmf okrYd [kwf
jynfe,fvTwfawmfodkY wifjy&rnf/ oufqkdif&m vTwfawmf
uk,
d pf m;vS,pf pk ak ygif;OD;a& tenf;qk;H ok;H ykEH pS yf u
Hk pGypf jJG ypfwifrI
onfreS u
f efí pGypf cJG &H olonf wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f
0efBu;D csKyf okrYd [kwf 0efBu;D &mxl;wGif qufvufxrf;&Guaf p&ef
roifah Mumif;qk;H jzwfvQif Ouú|onf xkq
d ;Hk jzwfcsuu
f kd Ekid if aH wmf
or®wxH wifjytpD&ifc&H rnf?
(2) Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf wifjycsu&f &Sv
d Qif pGypf jJG ypfwifjcif;cH&onfh
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyf odrYk [kwf 0efBu;D tm;
&mxl;rS&yfp&J rnf?
(3) pGypf jJG ypfwifro
I nf rrSeu
f efaMumif; oufqikd &f mvTwaf wmfu
qkH;jzwfvQif xkdokdYqkH;jzwfaMumif;ukd vTwfawmfOuú|onf
Ekid if aH wmfor®wxH wifjytpD&ifc&H rnf/

wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,f0efBuD;csKyf odkYr[kwf 0efBuD;wpfOD;OD; EkwfxGufjcif;?
wm0efrS&yfpJjcif;ESifY vpfvyf&mxl;ae&m jznfhpGufcefYxm;jcif;
264/ (u) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyf odrYk [kwf 0efBu;D wpfO;D OD;onf
&mxl;oufwrf;rukeq
f ;Hk rD taMumif;wpfcck ak Mumifh rdro
d abm qE´
tavsmuf &mxl;rSEw
k x
f u
G v
f v
dk Qif xko
d EYkd w
k x
f u
G v
f adk Mumif; Ekid if aH wmf
or®wxH pmjzihw
f ifjyNy;D &mxl;rSEw
k x
f u
G Ef idk o
f nf?

110

(c)

(*)

(C)

Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf –
(1) vkyif ef;wm0efudk ausyeG pf mG rxrf;aqmifEidk af om wkid ;f a'oBu;D
okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyf odrYk [kwf 0efBu;D tm; &mxl;rS
Ekwx
f u
G &f ef ñTeMf um;Ekid o
f nf/ ñTeMf um;onft
h wkid ;f vku
d ef mjcif;
rjyKvQif wm0efr&S yfp&J rnf?
(2) &mxl ; rS E k w f x G u f & rnf h ok d Y r [k w f wm0ef r S & yf p J c H & rnf h
wyfrawmfom; wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,f0efBuD;ESifh
ywfoufvQif wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfESifh n§dEdIif;
aqmif&u
G &f rnf/
&mxl;rSEw
k x
f u
G jf cif;aMumifjh zpfap? wm0efr&S yfpcJ &H jcif;aMumihjf zpfap?
uG,fvGefjcif;aMumifhjzpfap? tjcm;taMumif;wpfckckaMumifhjzpfap
wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,f0efBuD;csKyf odkYr[kwf 0efBuD;&mxl;
ae&mvpfvyfvQif EkdifiHawmfor®wonf wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf
jynfe,f0efBuD;csKyf okdYr[kwf 0efBuD;rsm; cefYtyfwm0efay;jcif;ESifh
pyfvsO;f í zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg oufqidk &f mjy|mef;csurf sm;ESit
fh nD
vpfvyfonf&h mxl;ae&mwGif jznfph u
G cf efx
Y m;Ekid o
f nf/ xko
d Ykd jznfph u
G f
cefx
Y m;jcif;cH&onfh yk*K¾d v\
f &mxl;oufwrf;onf Ekid if aH wmfor®w\
use&f o
dS nf&h mxl;oufwrf;twGuo
f m jzpfap&rnf?
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyEf iS fh 0efBu;D rsm;\wm0efrsm;?
vkyyf idk cf iG rfh sm;ESiYf &ykid cf iG rhf sm;udk Oya'jy|mef;owfrw
S &f rnf/

wkdif;a'oBuD;Oya'csKyf okdYr[kwf jynfe,fOya'csKyf
265/ wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f\a&SUaecsKyu
f kd wkid ;f a'oBu;D Oya'csKyf okrYd [kwf
jynfe,fOya'csKy[
f k ac:a0:&rnf/
wkdif;a'oBuD;Oya'csKyf okdYr[kwf jynfe,fOya'csKyf cefYtyfwm0efay;jcif;
266/ (u) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyo
f nf Oya'tBuÓ
H Pfrsm;
&,lEidk &f efEiS fh Oya'qkid &f mwm0efrsm;ay;Ekid &f ef vTwaf wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,f
rsm;xJujzpfap? vTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,fr[kwfolrsm;xJujzpfap

111

(c)

(*)

atmufazmfjyyg t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESihf jynfph o
Hk w
l pfO;D OD;tm; wkid ;f a'oBu;D
okdYr[kwf jynfe,fOya'csKyftjzpf cefYtyfwm0efay;Ekdifa&;twGuf
oufqkdif&mwkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfodkY wifjy
oabmwlncD su&f ,lí Ekid if aH wmfor®wxH wifjy&rnf (1) touf 40 ESpf jynfNh y;D ol?
(2) toufuefo
Y wfcsurf t
S y yk'rf 120 wGif azmfjyxm;onfh
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,rf sm;twGuf owfrw
S x
f m;aom
t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESihf jynfph o
Hk ?l
(3) yk'rf 121 wGif azmfjyxm;onfh jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,f
rsm;tjzpf a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufcyH ikd cf iG rhf &Sad paom jy|mef;csuf
rsm;ESiv
hf nf; Nipd eG ;f jcif;r&So
d ?l
(4) (uu) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,ftqihx
f ufredrahf om
w&m;a&;t&m&Sd odkYr[kwf Oya't&m&Sd&mxl;wGif
tenf;qkH; ig;ESpf wm0efxrf;aqmifcJhol okdYr[kwf
c½kid t
f qihx
f ufredrahf om w&m;a&;t&m&Sd okrYd [kwf
Oya't&m&Sd&mxl;wGif tenf;qkH; 10 ESpf wm0ef
xrf;aqmifco
hJ l okrYd [kwf
( c c ) w&m;vTwaf wmfa&SUaejzpfvQif tenf;qk;H 15 ESpf trI
vku
d yf gaqmif&u
G cf o
hJ /l
(5) Ekid if aH wmfEiS hf Ekid if o
H m;rsm;tay: opöm&So
d /l
Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fOya'csKyt
f jzpf
wm0efay;tyf&ef oufqkdif&mwkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,f
0efBu;D csKyu
f oufqidk &f mvTwaf wmf\ oabmwlncD sujf zifh wifjyvm
onfh yk*d¾Kvftm; wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,fOya'csKyftjzpf
ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&rnf?
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fOya'csKyt
f wGuf owfrw
S x
f m;aom
t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESirhf jynfph aHk Mumif; txift&Sm;rjyEkid yf gu oufqidk &f m
wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfonf oufqkdif&m
wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyu
f trnfpm&if;wifoiG ;f onfh

112

(C)

(i)
(p)

yk*K¾d vt
f m; wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fOya'csKyt
f jzpf ceft
Y yf
wm0efay;&ef jiif;y,fciG rhf &Sad p&?
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyo
f nf wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf
jynfe,fOya'csKyt
f jzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&ef wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf
jynfe,fvw
T af wmf\oabmwlncD surf &&So
d nfh yk*K¾d vt
f pm; trnf
pm&if;opfudk oufqidk &f mwkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f vTw
G af wmfoYkd
xyfrw
H ifoiG ;f cGi&fh o
dS nf?
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fOya'csKyo
f nf oufqidk &f m wkid ;f a'oBu;D
okrYd [kwf jynfe,ftpk;d &tzGUJ 0if jzpfonf?
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fOya'csKyo
f nf (1) oufqidk &f mwkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyrf w
S pfqifh
Ekid if aH wmfor®wtm; wm0efc&H rnf?
(2) jynf a xmif p k a &S U aecsKyf t m;vnf ; aumif ; ? ouf q k d i f & m
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyt
f m;vnf;aumif;
wm0efc&H rnf/

wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,fOya'csKyftm; pGyfpGJjypfwifjcif;
267/ wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fOya'csKyt
f m; pGypf jJG ypfwif&efupd ö ay:ayguf
vQif wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyf odrYk [kwf 0efBu;D wpfO;D OD;tm; pGypf JG
jypfwifjcif;qkid &f m yk'rf 263 yg jy|mef;csurf sm;ESit
hf nD aqmif&u
G &f rnf/
wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,fOya'csKyf\ &mxl;rSEkwfxGufjcif;? wm0efrS
&yfpJjcif;ESifh vpfvyfonfh&mxl;ae&mwGif jznfhpGufcefYxm;jcif;
268/ &mxl;rSEw
k x
f u
G jf cif;? wm0efr&S yfpjJ cif;? vpfvyfonf&h mxl;ae&mwGif jznfph u
G f
cefx
Y m;jcif;? Ekid if 0hH efxrf;jzpfygu tNird ;f pm;,lNy;D jzpfonf[k rSw,
f jl cif;wkEYd iS phf yfvsO;f í
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyf okrYd [kwf 0efBu;D rsm;twGuf owfrw
S x
f m;onfh
yk'rf 262 (¡)ESiYf 264 yg jy|mef;csurf sm;onf wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f
Oya'csKyEf iS v
fh nf; oufqidk af p&rnf/

113

269/ wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fOya'csKy\
f wm0efrsm;? vkyyf idk cf iG rfh sm;ESihf
&ykid cf iG rhf sm;ukd Oya'jy|mef;owfrw
S &f rnf/
wkdif;a'oBuD;pm&if;ppfcsKyf okdYr[kwf jynfe,fpm&if;ppfcsKyf
270/ wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f\pm&if;ppfcsKyu
f kd wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf
jynfe,fpm&if;ppfcsKyf [kac:a0:&rnf/
wkdif;a'oBuD;pm&if;ppfcsKyf okdYr[kwf jynfe,fpm&if;ppfcsKyf cefYtyfwm0efay;jcif;
271/ (u) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,ft&tok;H aiGpm&if;rsm;ukd ppfaq;í
oufqidk &f mwkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfoYdk wifjyEkid &f ef
wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,f0efBuD;csKyfonf vTwfawmf ukd,fpm;
vS,rf sm; xJujzpfap? vTwaf wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,rf [kwo
f rl sm;xJujzpfap
atmufazmfjyyg t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESihf jynfph o
Hk w
l pfO;D OD;tm; wkid ;f a'oBu;D
okrYd [kwf jynfe,fpm&if;ppfcsKyt
f jzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;Ekid af &;twGuf
oufqkdif&m wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfokdY wifjy
oabmwlncD su&f ,lí Ekid if aH wmfor®wxH wifjy&rnf (1) touf 40 ESpf jynfNh y;D ol?
(2) toufuefo
Y wfcsurf t
S y yk'rf 120 wGif azmfjyxm;onfh
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,rf sm;twGuf owfrw
S x
f m;aom
t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESihf jynfph o
Hk ?l
(3) yk'rf 121 wGif azmfjyxm;onfh jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,f
rsm;tjzpf a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufcyH ikd cf iG rhf &Sad paom jy|mef;csuf
rsm;ESiv
hf nf; Nipd eG ;f jcif;r&So
d ?l
(4) (uu) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fpm&if;ppft&m&Sx
d uf
redrfhaom&mxl;wGif tenf;qk;H ig;ESpf aqmif&u
G cf o
hJ l
okrYd [kwf c½kid t
f qihpf m&if;ppft&m&Sdxuf redrfhaom
&mxl;wGif tenf;qk;H 10 ESpf aqmif&u
G cf o
hJ l okrYd [kwf
( c c ) rSwfykHwifpm&if;ukdif odkYr[kwf vufrSwf&jynfolY
pm&if;ukid t
f jzpf tenf;qk;H 15 ESpf aqmif&u
G cf o
hJ /l
(5) Ekid if aH wmfEiS hf Ekid if o
H m;rsm;tay: opöm&So
d /l

114

(c)

(*)

(C)

(i)

Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fpm&if;ppfcsKyt
f jzpf
wm0efay;tyf&ef oufqid k &f mwkid ;f a'oBu;D okrY d [kwf jynfe,f 0efBu;D csKyu
f
oufqidk &f mvTwaf wmf\ oabmwlncD sujf zihf wifjyvmonfyh *k K¾d vt
f m;
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fpm&if;ppfcsKyt
f jzpf ceft
Y yfwm0ef
ay;&rnf?
wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,fpm&if;ppfcsKyftwGuf owfrSwfxm;
aom t&nftcsif;rsm;ESifhrjynfhpkHaMumif; txift&Sm;rjyEkdifygu
oufqkdif&m wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfonf
oufqidk &f m wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyu
f trnfpm&if;
wifoiG ;f onfyh *k K¾d vt
f m; wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fpm&if;ppfcsKyf
tjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&ef jiif;y,fciG rhf &Sad p&?
wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyo
f nf wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf
jynfe,fpm&if;ppfcsKyt
f jzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&ef wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf
jynfe,fvw
T af wmf\ oabmwlncD surf &&So
d nhf yk*Kd¾ vt
f pm; trnf
pm&if;opfukd oufqikd &f mwdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfoYkd
xyfrw
H ifoiG ;f cGi&fh o
dS nf?
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fpm&if;ppfcsKyo
f nf (1) oufqidk &f mwkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyrf w
S pfqifh
Ekid if aH wmfor®wtm; wm0efc&H rnf?
(2) jynfaxmifpkpm&if;ppfcsKyftm; vnf;aumif;? oufqkdif&m
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyt
f m; vnf;aumif;
wm0efc&H rnf/

wkdif;a'oBuD; pm&if;ppfcsKyf okdYr[kwf jynfe,fpm&if;ppfcsKyftm; pGyfpGJjypfwifjcif;
272/ wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fpm&if;ppfcsKyt
f m; pGypf jJG ypfwif&ef udpaö y:ayguf
vQif wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,f0efBuD;csKyf odkYr[kwf 0efBuD;wpfO;D OD;tm;
pGypf jJGypfwifjcif;qdik &f m yk'rf 263 yg jy|mef;csurf sm;ESit
hf nD aqmif&u
G &f rnf/

115

wkdif;a'oBuD;pm&if;ppfcsKyf okdYr[kwf jynfe,fpm&if;ppfcsKyf&mxl;rS EkwfxGufjcif;?
wm0efrS&yfpJjcif;ESifh vpfvyfonfh&mxl;ae&mwGif jznfhpGufcefYxm;jcif;
273/ &mxl;rSEw
k x
f u
G jf cif;? wm0efr&S yfpjJ cif;? vpfvyfonf&h mxl;ae&mwGif jznfph u
G f
cefx
Y m;jcif;? Ekid if 0Hh efxrf;jzpfygu tNird ;f pm;,lNy;D jzpfonf[k rSw,
f jl cif;wkEYd iS phf yfvsO;f í
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyf odrYk [kwf 0efBu;D rsm;twGuf owfrw
S x
f m;onfh
yk'rf 264 yg jy|mef;csurf sm;onf wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fpm&if;ppfcsKyEf iS v
hf nf;
oufqidk af p&rnf/
274/ wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fpm&if;ppfcsKy\
f wm0efrsm;? vkyyf idk cf iG rhf sm;ESihf
&ykid cf iG rhf sm;udk Oya'jy|mef;owfrw
S &f rnf/
ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&wkdif;OD;pD;tzGJUESifh ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&a'oOD;pD;tzGJU
275/ uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wkid ;f okrYd [kwf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'o\ tkycf sKyaf &;tzGUJ ukd
ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&wkdif;OD;pD;tzGJU okdYr[kwf ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&a'oOD;pD;tzGJU[k
ac:a0:&rnf/
uk d , f y k d i f t k y f c sKyf c G i h f & wk d i f ; OD ; pD ; tzG J U ES i h f uk d , f y k d i f t k y f c sKyf c G i f h & a'oOD ; pD ; tzG J U
zGJUpnf;jcif;
276/ (u) uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wkid ;f ESifh uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'owko
Yd nf uk,
d yf idk f
tkycf sKycf iG &fh pD&ifprk sm;jzpfMuonft
h m;avsmpf mG tqift
h wef;wlnMD uonf?
( c ) uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wkid ;f ESifh uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'orsm;wGif uk,
d yf idk f
tkycf sKycf iG &fh wkid ;f OD;pD;tzGUJ ESihf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf a'oOD;pD;tzGUJ rsm;
toD;oD;zGUJ pnf;xm;&So
d nf/ ,if;OD;pD;tzGUJ rsm;onf zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'
Z,m; 3 t& cGaJ 0tyfEiS ;f onfh Oya'jyKa&;tmPmukd usio
hf ;Hk onf?
( * ) uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wkid ;f OD;pD;tzGUJ okrYd [kwf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'o
OD;pD;tzGUJ wGif tzGUJ 0ifO;D a& tenf;qk;H 10 OD; yg0ifap&rnf?

116

(C)

(i)

(p)

(q)

uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wkid ;f OD;pD;tzGUJ okrYd [kwf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'o
OD;pD;tzGUJ ukd atmufygyk*K¾d vrf sm;jzifh zJUJG pnf;&rnf –
(1) uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wkid ;f okrYd [kwf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'o
twG i f ; &Sd NrdKUe,frsm;rS a&G;aumufwifajr§mufxm;aom
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,rf sm;?
(2) vkNH cKaH &;wm0efjzpfap? e,fpyfa&;&mwm0efjzpfap ay;tyfEidk &f ef
wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyu
f Oya'ESit
hf nD trnfpm&if;
wifoiG ;f onfh wyfrawmfom;uk,
d pf m;vS,rf sm;?
(3) yk'rf cGiJ ,f (1) ESih f (2) yg yk*K¾v
d rf sm;u a&G;cs,jfznfph u
G f cefx
Y m;onfh
uk,
d pf m;vS,rf sm;/
yk'rf cGJ (C) yk'rf cGiJ ,f (1) ESihf (2) yg uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf wkid ;f odrYk [kwf
ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&a'o OD;pD;tzGJU0ifrsm;onf rdrdwdkYtcsif;csif;
n§d EiId ;f vsuf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf wkid ;f okrYd [kwf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh
a'otwGi;f &Sd NrKd Ue,frsm;rS a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufxm;aom vTwaf wmf
uk,
d pf m;vS,rf sm;teuf oifah vsmo
f w
l pfO;D tm; uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wkid ;f
Ouú| okrYd [kwf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'o Ouú|tjzpf a&G;cs,&f rnf/
xko
d Ydk a&G;cs,o
f nfh yk*K¾d v\
f trnfpm&if;ukd oufqidk &f mwkid ;f a'oBu;D
okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyrf w
S pfqifh Edik if aH wmfor®wxH wifjy&rnf?
EkdifiHawmfor®wonf trnfpm&if;wifoGif;vmonfh yk*d¾Kvftm;
oufqidk &f muk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wkid ;f Ouú| odrYk [kwf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKyf
cGi&fh a'oOuú|tjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&rnf?
ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&wkdif;Ouú| odkYr[kwf ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&
a'oOuú|onf &mxl;tavsmuf oufqidk &f mwkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf
jynfe,f0efBu;D jzpfonf/ odjYk zpfí zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'wGiyf g&Sad om
wdik ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D ESihf oufqikd o
f nfjh y|mef;csuf
rsm;teuf cefYtyfonfhenf;vrf;rSvGJí usefjy|mef;csufrsm;onf
uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wkid ;f Ouú| odrYk [kwf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'o Ouú|ESihf
oufqidk af p&rnf?

117

(Z)

(ps)

(n)

oufqidk &f m uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wkid ;f Ouú| odrYk [kwf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKyf
cGi&fh a'oOuú|ESihf OD;pD;tzGUJ 0ifrsm;onf –
(1) oufqidk &f muk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wkid ;f odrYk [kwf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKyf
cGi&fh a'otwGi;f aexkid Mf uonfh oufqidk &f m uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKyf
cGihf&wkdif; odkYr[kwf ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&a'o &&SdNyD;aom
wkid ;f &if;om;vlrsK;d rsm;rSty usefwkdif;&if;om;vlrsKd;rsm;teuf
avsmfuefoihfjrwfaomvlOD;a&jzpfonfh vlOD;a&tenf;qkH;
10000 ESihftxuf&SdaMumif; oufqidk &f mu owfrw
S o
f nfh
wkid ;f &if;om;vlrsK;d rsm;&Sv
d Qif ,if;wdik ;f &if;om;vlrsK;d uk,
d pf m;vS,f
wpfO;D uspu
D dk OD;pD;tzJUG 0iftjzpf a&G;cs,cf efx
Y m;&rnf/ ,if;okYd
a&G;cs,cf efx
Y m;jcif;cH&aom OD;pD;tzJUG 0ifonf yk'rf 169 yg
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,rf sm;
twGuf owfrw
S x
f m;onfh t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESihf jynfph &Hk rnf?
(2) uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wkid ;f OD;pD;tzGUJ odrYk [kwf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKyf
cGi&fh a'oOD;pD;tzGUJ wGif tzGUJ 0ifO;D a& 10 OD; rjynfah o;ygu
tzGUJ 0ifO;D a& tenf;qk;H 10 OD; jynfah p&ef vkt
d yfonft
h zGUJ 0if
OD;a&ukd oufqkdif&m ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&wkdif; odkYr[kwf
uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'otwGi;f aexkid o
f rl sm;xJrS yk'rf 169yg
wkid ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf uk,
d pf m;vS,rf sm;
twGuf owfrSwfxm;onhf t&nftcsif;rsm;ESifhjynfhpkHaom
oihfavsmfonfh yk*d¾Kvfrsm;tm; rdrdwkdYoabmqE´tavsmuf
a&G;cs,f jznfph u
G cf efx
Y m;&rnf/
wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfonf ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGihf& wkdif;OD;pD;
tzJUG ESihf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'oOD;pD;tzGUJ wkw
Yd iG f OD;pD;tzGUJ 0ifppk ak ygif;\
av;ykHwpfykHjzpfonfh OD;pD;tzJGU0ifOD;a&ukd wyfrawmfom;rsm;jzifh
vkt
d yfovkjd znfph u
G w
f m0efay;Ekid o
f nf?
ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&wkdif; okdYr[kwf ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&a'oOD;pD;
tzGUJ 0ifrsm;tjzpfwm0efay;tyf&ef wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyu
f
Oya'ESifhtnD trnfpm&if;wifoGif;onfh wyfrawmfom;rsm;onf

118

(#)

(X)

wkdif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,frsm;\
t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESihf jynfph &Hk rnf?
(1) oufqidk &f m uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wkid ;f OD;pD;tzGUJ Ouú| odrYk [kwf
uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'oOD;pD;tzGUJ Ouú|onf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKyf
cGi&fh wkid ;f odrYk [kwf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'oOD;pD;tzGUJ 0ifrsm;\
trnfpm&if;ukd aMunm&rnf?
(2) uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wkid ;f odrYk [kwf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'o
OD;pD;tzGJUOuú|onf oufqkdif&m wkdif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf
jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyt
f m;vnf;aumif;? oufqkdif&m0efBuD;csKyfrS
wpfqifh Ekid if aH wmfor®wtm;vnf;aumif; wm0efc&H rnf?
(3) uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wkid ;f odrYk [kwf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'o
OD;pD;tzGUJ 0ifrsm;onf ,if;wk\
Yd Ouú|tm; wm0efc&H rnf?
(4) uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wkid ;f odrYk [kwf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'o
OD;pD;tzGJUOuú|ESihf tzGJU0ifwkdYESifhywfoufí &mxl;oufwrf;
owfrSwfjcif;? ta&;,ljcif;? &mxl;rSEkwfxGufjcif;? wm0efrS
&yfpjJ cif;? vpfvyf&mxl;ae&mrsm;wGif jznfph u
G cf efx
Y m;jcif;wkYd
twGuf Oya'jy|mef;owfrw
S af y;&rnf/
uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wkid ;f odrYk [kwf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'o Ouú|ESifh
OD;pD;tzJUG 0ifw\
Ydk wm0efrsm;? vkyyf idk cf iG rfh sm;ESihf &ykid cf iG rfh sm;ukd Oya'
jy|mef;owfrw
S af y;&rnf/

ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&wkdif;OD;pD;tzGJU okdYr[kwf ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&a'oOD;pD;tzGJU
rsm;\ tkyfcsKyfrItcGihftmPm
277/ zGUJ pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csurf sm;ESirhf qefu
Y siv
f Qif ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf
wdkif;OD;pD;tzGJU odkYr[kwf udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&a'oOD;pD;tzGJU\ udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfrI
tmPmonf atmufygudp&ö yfrsm;odYk oufa&mufysUH ESo
YH nf –
(u)
Z,m; 3 yg udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&wdkif;OD;pD;tzGJU odkYr[kwf udk,fydkif
tkycf sKycf iG &hf a'oOD;pD;tzGUJ u Oya'jyKciG &hf o
dS nfh udp&ö yfrsm;?
(c)
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfujy|mef;onfh Oya'wpf&yf&yft& udk,fydkif
tkycf sKycf iG &hf wdik ;f OD;pD;tzGUJ odrYk [kwf ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf a'oOD;pD; tzGUJ tm;
aqmif&u
G cf iG jhf yKonfu
h pd &ö yfrsm;?

119

(*)

oufqikd &f mwdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfu jy|mef;onfh
Oya'wpf&yf&yft& udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&wdkif;OD;pD;tzGJU odkYr[kwf
ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf a'oOD;pD;tzGUJ tm; aqmif&u
G cf iG jhf yKonfu
h pd &ö yfrsm;/

278/ ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf wdik ;f OD;pD;tzGUJ odrYk [kwf ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf a'oOD;pD;
tzGUJ onf jynfaxmifpt
k pd;k &u Edik if aH wmfwnfNird af &;? &yf&mG at;csr;f om,ma&;ESihf
w&m;Oya'pd;k rd;k a&;udk xde;f odr;f apmihaf &Smuf&mwGif uln&D efwm0ef&o
dS nf/
279/ ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf wdik ;f OD;pD;tzGUJ odrYk [kwf ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf a'oOD;pD;
tzGUJ onf (u) jynfaxmifpt
k pd;k &\ rl0g'rsm;ESirhf qefu
Y siaf pbJ rdred ,fajra'otwGi;f
bufpzkH UHG NzKd ;wd;k wufa&;twGuf taumiftxnfazmfaqmif&u
G Ef ikd &f ef
vkyif ef;tpDtpOfrsm;udak &;qGv
J suf oufqikd &f mwdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf
jynfe,ftpd;k &ESihf n§Ed iId ;f xm;&S&d rnf?
( c ) ESpfpOft&toHk; cefYrSef;ajcaiGpm&if;udka&;qGJvsuf zGJUpnf;yHktajccH
Oya'yg jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifhtnD oufqdkif&mwdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf
jynfe,f tpd;k &ESin
hf Ed§ iId ;f í oabmwlncD su&f ,l&rnf?
( * ) oufqikd &f mwdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,f\b@maiG t&toH;k
qdik &f mOya'yg rdrEd iS o
hf ufqikd o
f nfch iG jhfyKb@maiGukd owfrw
S x
f m;onfh
b@ma&;pnf;rsO;f pnf;urf;rsm;ESit
hf nD oH;k pGcJ iG &hf o
dS nf?
(C) b@ma&;ESprf ukeq
f ;kH rD oufqikd &f mwdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,f
vTwaf wmfu b@maiGt&toH;k qdik &f mOya'udk jy|mef;jcif;rjyKEikd o
f jzifh
oufqdkif&mwdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,ftpdk;&xHrS b@maiG
t&toH;k qdik &f mcGijhf yKcsuu
f kd tcsed rf rD &&Syd gu wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf
jynfe,fvw
T af wmfu aemufq;kH jy|mef;xm;onfh b@maiG t&toH;k
qdik &f m Oya'ygcGijhf yKxm;onfh omreftoH;k p&dwaf bmiftwGi;f oH;k pGcJ iG hf
&So
d nf/

120

280/ ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf wdik ;f OD;pD;tzGUJ odrYk [kwf ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf a'oOD;pD;tzGUJ onf
rdred ,fajra'otwGi;f wm0efxrf;aqmifvsu&f adS om e,fbuf0efxrf;tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;\
vkyif ef;aqmif&u
G rf rI sm;udk Oya'ESit
hf nD Bu;D Muyfjcif;? aygif;pyf n§Ed iId ;f jcif;jyKEikd o
f nf/
281/ ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf wdik ;f OD;pD;tzGUJ odrYk [kwf ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf a'oOD;pD;tzGUJ onf
rdred ,fajra'o\ tajctaet&yf&yfEiS phf yfvsO;f onfh tpD&ifcpH mudk jynfaxmifpt
k pd;k &ESihf
oufqikd &f mwkid ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,ftpd;k &xHoYkd wifjy&rnf/
282/ ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf wdik ;f OD;pD;tzGUJ odrYk [kwf ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf a'oOD;pD;
tzGUJ onf jynfaxmifpt
k pd;k &? wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,ftpd;k &u tcgtm;avsmpf mG
ay;tyfvmonfv
h yk if ef;wm0efrsm;udk xrf;aqmif&rnf/
ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&wkdif; odkYr[kwf ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&a'oOD;pD;tzJGU½kH;
283/ oufqdkif&mukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&wkdif; odkYr[kwf ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&a'o
taxGaxGtyk cf sKyaf &;OD;pD;XmetBu;D trSL;onf &mxl;tavsmuf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh
wkid ;f odrYk [kwf uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh a'oOD;pD;tzJUG \twGi;f a&;rSL;tjzpf aqmif&u
G &f rnf/
xkdYjyif ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&wkdif; odkYr[kwf ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&a'o taxGaxG
tkyfcsKyfa&;OD;pD;Xmeonf oufqkdif&mukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&wkdif; odkYr[kwf ukd,fykdif
tkycf sKycf iG &fh a'o OD;pD;tzJUG ½k;H vnf; jzpfonf/
jynfaxmifpke,fajrjzpfonfh aejynfawmftkyfcsKyfa&;
284/ (u) jynfaxmifpek ,fajrjzpfonfh aejynfawmfwiG f zJUG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'
tmPmoufa&mufonfhaeYü wnf&Sdaeaom aejynfawmfpnfyif
om,ma&;e,ferd w
d t
f wGi;f &Sd c½kid Ef iS Nhf rKd Ue,frsm; tm;vH;k yg0ifonf?
( c ) Edik if aH wmfor®wonf jynfaxmifpek ,fajrjzpfonfh aejynfawmftwGi;f &Sd
c½kid Ef iS Nhf rKd Ue,frsm;ukd vkt
d yfovkd jyifqifowfrw
S Ef ikd o
f nf/

121

aejynfawmfaumifpD zGJUpnf;jcif;
285/ (u) aejynfawmfaumifpDOuú|ESifh aumifpD0ifrsm;onf atmufazmfjyyg
t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESihf jynfph &kH rnf –
(1) touf 35 ESpf jynfNh y;D ol?
(2) toufuefo
Y wfcsurf t
S y yk'rf 120 wGif azmfjyxm;onfh
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,rf sm;twGuf owfrw
S x
f m;aom
t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESihf jynfph o
Hk ?l
(3) yk'rf 121 wGif azmfjyxm;onfh jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,f
rsm;tjzpf a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufcyH ikd cf iG rhf &Sad paom jy|mef;csuf
rsm;ESiv
hf nf; Nipd eG ;f jcif;r&So
d ?l
(4) Edik if aH wmfor®wu owfrw
S af om tjcm;t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESihf
vnf; jynfph o
kH /l
( c ) Edik if aH wmfor®wonf (1) aejynfawmfaumifpw
D pf&yfudk zJUG pnf;xm;&S&d rnf?
(2) yk'rf cGJ (u) wGif azmfjyowfrw
S x
f m;aom t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESihf
jynfph o
kH nfyh *k K¾ v
d rf sm;ukd aejynfawmfaumifpOD uú|ESihf aumifp0D if
rsm;tjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&rnf?
(3) jynfaxmifpek ,fajrjzpfonfh aejynfawmf\ vHNk cKH a&;qkid &f m
udp&ö yfrsm;ukd nd§EIdif;aygif;pyfay;Edkifa&;twGuf aumifpD0if
okrYd [kwf aumifp0D ifrsm;tjzpf wm0efay;tyfEikd &f ef wyfrawmf
umuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyx
f rH S owfrw
S t
f &nftcsi;f ESihf jynfph o
Hk nhf
oihaf vsmaf om wyfrawmfom; okrYd [kwf wyfrawmfom;rsm;\
trnfpm&if;ukd &,l&rnf?
(4) aejynfawmfaumifpDwGif Ouú|tygt0if tzJGU0ifOD;a&ukd
Oya'ESit
hf nD vkt
d yfovko
d wfrw
S Ef ikd o
f nf/
( * ) aejynfawmfaumifpOD uú|onf Edik if aH wmfor®wtm; vnf;aumif;?
aumifp0D ifrsm;onf aejynfawmfaumifpOD uú|ESihf aejynfawmfaumifpD
Ouú|rSwpfqifh Edik if aH wmfor®wtm;vnf;aumif; wm0efc&H rnf?

122

(C) aejynfawmfaumifpDOuú|ESifh aumifpD0ifwpfOD;OD;onf vTwfawmf
wpf&yf&yf\ uk,
d pf m;vS,jf zpfvQif aejynfawmfaumifpOD uú| okrYd [kwf
aumifpD0iftjzpf cefYtyfwm0efay;jcif;cH&onfhaeYrSpí vTwfawmf
uk,
d pf m;vS,t
f jzpfrS Ekwx
f u
G Nf y;D jzpfonf[k rSw,
f &l rnf?
( i ) aejynfawmfaumifpOD uú|ESihf aumifp0D ifrsm;onf Edik if 0hH efxrf;jzpfvQif
aejynfawmfaumifpOD uú| okrYd [kwf aumifp0D iftjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0ef
ay;jcif;cH&onfah eYrpS í wnfq0J efxrf;pnf;rsO;f pnf;urf;rsm;ESit
hf nD
Edik if 0hH efxrf;tjzpfrS tNird ;f pm;,lNy;D okrYd [kwf Ekwx
f u
G Nf y;D jzpfonf[k
rSw,
f &l rnf?
( p ) aejynfawmf\ vHNk cKH a&;qkid &f mudp&ö yfrsm;ukd aygif;pyfnE§d idI ;f ay;Edik af &;
twGuf cefYtyfwm0efay;jcif;cH&onfh wyfrawmfom;aejynfawmf
aumifp0D if okrYd [kwf aumifp0D ifrsm;onf wyfrawmfrSEkwfxGuf&ef
okrYd [kwf tNird ;f pm;,l&efrvk?d
(q) aejynfawmfaumifpDOuú| okdYr[kwf aumifpD0ifwpfOD;OD;onf
EdkifiHa&;ygwDwpfckck\ tzJGU0ifjzpfvQif aejynfawmfaumifpDOuú|
okrYd [kwf aumifp0D iftjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;tyfjcif;cH&onfah eYrpS í
rdr&d mxl;oufwrf;twGi;f ,if;ygwDtzJUG tpnf;\ ygwDvyk if ef;rsm;wGif
yg0ifaqmif&u
G jf cif;rjyK&/
aejynfawmfaumifpDOuú|ESifh aumifpD0ifrsm;\ &mxl;oufwrf;? &mxl;rSEkEw
f u
G f
k x
jcif;? wm0efrS&yfpJjcif;ESifh vpfvyf&mxl;ae&mwGif jznfhpGufcefYxm;
jcif;
m;jcif
286/ (u) (1) aejynfawmfaumifpOD uú|ESihf aumifp0D ifw\
Ydk &mxl;oufwrf;
onf omreftm;jzifh Edik if aH wmfor®w\ &mxl;oufwrf; twkid ;f
jzpfonf?
(2) aejynfawmfaumifpOD uú|ESihf aumifp0D ifwpfO;D OD;onf &mxl;
oufwrf;rukeq
f ;kH rD taMumif;wpfcck ak Mumifh rdro
d abmqE´
tavsmuf &mxl;rSEw
k x
f u
G v
f kdvQif xdkokdYEkwfxGufvkdaMumif;
Edik if aH wmfor®wxH pmjzifw
h ifjyNy;D &mxl;rSEw
k x
f u
G Ef ikd o
f nf?

123

(3)

(c)

Edik if aH wmfor®wonf (uu) ay;tyfonfw
h m0efudk ausyeG pf mG rxrf;aqmifEikd af om
aejynfawmfaumifpDOuú| okdYr[kwf aumifpD0if
wpfOD;OD;tm; &mxl;rSEw
k x
f u
G &f ef ñTeMf um;Edik o
f nf/
ñTeMf um;onht
f wdkif; vdkufemjcif;rjyKvQif wm0efrS
&yfp&J rnf?
( c c ) &mxl;rSEkwfxGuf&rnfh okdYr[kwf wm0efrS&yfpJcH&rnhf
wyfrawmfom;aejynfawmfaumifp0D ifEiS hf ywfoufvQif
wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfESifh nd§EIdif;aqmif&Guf
&rnf/
(4) &mxl;rSEw
k x
f u
G jf cif;aMumifjh zpfap? wm0efr&S yfpcJ &H jcif;aMumifh
jzpfap? uG,v
f eG jf cif;aMumifjh zpfap? tjcm;taMumif; wpfcck k
aMumifjh zpfap aejynfawmfaumifpOD uú| okrYd [kwf aumifp0D if
&mxl;ae&mvpfvyfygu Edik if aH wmfor®wonf zJUG pnf;yHt
k ajccH
Oya'ygjy|mef;csurf sm;ESit
hf nD aejynfawmfaumifpOD uú|topf
okrYd [kwf aumifpD0iftopftm; cefYtyfwm0efay;Edkifonf/
xko
d Ydk ceft
Y yfwm0efay;jcif;cH&onfh aejynfawmfaumifpOD uú|
topf okrYd [kwf aumifp0D iftopf\ &mxl;oufwrf;onf
Edik if aH wmfor®w\ use&f o
dS nf&h mxl;oufwrf;twGuo
f m jzpfap
&rnf/
aejynfawmfaumifpD zJUG pnf;jcif;? Ouú|ESiahf umifp0D ifrsm;\ wm0efrsm;?
vkyyf idk cf iG rhf sm;ESihf &ykid cf iG rhf sm;ukd Oya'jy|mef;owfrw
S &f rnf/

aejynfawmfaumifpD½Hk;
287/ aejynfawmftaxGaxGtyk cf sKyaf &;OD;pD;Xme\tBu;D trSL;onf &mxl;tavsmuf
aejynfawmfaumifpt
D wGi;f a&;rSL;jzpfonf/ aejynfawmftaxGaxGtyk cf sKyaf &;OD;pD;
Xmeonf aejynfawmfaumifp½D ;kH jzpfonf/
c½dkifESihf NrdKUe,fftkyfcsKyfa&;
288/ c½dik t
f qihEf iS fh NrKd Ue,ftqihw
f \
Ykd tkycf sKyaf &;udk Edik if 0hH efxrf;rsm;tm; wm0efay;
aqmif&u
G af p&rnf/

124

&yfuGuf odkYr[kwf aus;&Gmtkyfpk tkyfcsKyfa&;
289/ &yfuu
G f odrYk [kwf aus;&Gmtkypf \
k tkycf sKyaf &;udk &yf&mG uMunfñakd v;pm;Ny;D
odum© orm"d&o
dS nhf yk*Kd¾vw
f pfO;D OD;udk Oya'ESit
fh nD ceft
Y yfwm0efay;aqmif&u
G af p&rnf/
Ek d i f i H h 0 ef x rf ;
290/ EdkifiHh0efxrf;rsm; cefYxm;jcif;? &mxl;wdk;jr§ifhjcif;? tNidrf;pm;,ljcif;? pnf;urf;
xdef;odrf;jcif;? trIxrf;pnf;urf;owfrSwfjcif;ESifh ta&;,ljcif;rsm;udk Oya'ESifhtnD
aqmif&u
G &f rnf/
291/ Edik if 0hH efxrf;jzpfonfh wyfrawmfom;rsm;\ vkyif ef;obm0onf xl;jcm;rI&o
Sd nfh
tavsmuf wyfrawmfom;rsm;twGuf wyfrawmfqidk &f mOya'rsm;ESit
hf nD aqmif&u
G f
&rnf/
292/ Edik if 0hH efxrf;jzpfonfh jrefrmEdik if &H w
J yfzUJG 0ifrsm;\ xl;jcm;onfv
h yk if ef;obm0t&
,if;wdEYk iS yhf wfoufí oD;jcm;Oya' jy|mef;aqmif&u
G &f rnf/

tcef; (6)
w&m;pD&ifa&;

125

tcef;(6)
w&m;pD&ifa&;
w&m;½kH;rsm;zGJUpnf;jcif;
293/ Ekid if aH wmf\ w&m;pD&ifa&;qdik &f m½k;H rsm;ukd atmufygtwdik ;f zGUJ pnf;onf –
(u) jynfaxmifpkw&m;vTwfawmfcsKyf? wkdif;a'oBuD;w&m;vTwfawmfrsm;?
jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmfrsm;? ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&wkdif; w&m;½kH;rsm;?
ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&a'ow&m;½kH;rsm;? c½kdifw&m;½kH;rsm;? NrdKUe,f
w&m;½k;H rsm;ESihf Oya't&wnfaxmifaom tjcm;w&m;½kH;rsm;?
( c ) ppfbufqidk &f mw&m;½k;H rsm;?
( * ) Ekid if aH wmfzUJG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'qkid &f mck½H ;Hk /
jynfaxmifpkw&m;vTwfawmfcsKyf
jynfaxmifpkw&m;vTwfawmfcsKyfzGJUpnf;jcif;
294/ Ekid if aH wmfwiG f jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKyw
f pf&yf xm;&So
d nf/ ppfbuf
qkdif&mw&m;½kH;rsm;ESifh EkdifiHawmfzGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'qkdif&mckH½kH;\ pD&ifykdifcGifh
tmPmrsm;ukdrxdckdufapbJ jynfaxmifpkw&m;vTwfawmfcsKyfonf EkdifiHawmf\
tjrifq
h ;Hk w&m;½k;H jzpfonf/
jynfaxmifpkw&m;vTwfawmfcsKyf\ rlvpD&ifykdifcGifhtmPmrsm;
295/ (u) jynfaxmifpkw&m;vTwfawmfcsKyfüom atmufygudpö&yfrsm;twGuf
rlvrIp&D ifyikd cf iG t
hf mPmrsm;&So
d nf –
(1) jynfaxmifpkEdkifiHawmfu csKyfqdkaom jynfaxmiftcsif;csif;
qdik &f m pmcsKyrf sm;ESihf pyfvsO;f íS ay:aygufvmaomudp&ö yfrsm;?
(2) jynfaxmifpt
k pk;d &ESihf wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,ftpk;d &
wdt
Yk Mum; jzpfymG ;onfh zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'qdik &f m jyóemrsm;
rSty tjcm;tjiif;yGm;rIrsm;?

126

(3)

(c)

(*)
(C)

(i)

wdik ;f a'oBu;D tcsi;f csi;f ? jynfe,ftcsi;f csi;f ? wdik ;f a'oBu;D ESihf
jynfe,ftcsi;f csi;f ? jynfaxmifpek ,fajrESihf wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf
jynfe,ftcsif;csif;wdkYtMum; jzpfyGm;onfh zGJUpnf;ykHtajccH
Oya'qdik &f m jyóemrsm;rSty tjcm;tjiif;yGm;rIrsm;?
(4) Oya'wpf&yf&yft& owfrw
S x
f m;aom tjcm;udp&ö yfrsm;/
jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKyo
f nf Edik if aH wmf\ tjrifq
h ;Hk w&m;½k;H
jzpfonft
h m;avsmpf mG aemufq;Hk tNy;D tjywf t,lc0H if&m w&m;½k;H jzpf
onf?
jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKy\
f pD&ifcsurf sm;onf trItm;vk;H wGif
tNy;D tjywfjzpfí t,lc0H ifciG rhf &Sad p&?
jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKyo
f nf zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;
csuw
f pf&yf&yfujkd zpfap? tjcm;Oya'ygjy|mef;csuw
f pf&yf&yfujkd zpfap
rqefu
Y siaf pbJ wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwaf wmf\
pD&ifcsurf sm;udk qk;H jzwfEikd af om t,lcrH pI &D ifyikd cf iG t
hf mPm&So
d nf/ xkt
Yd jyif
tjcm;w&m;½k;H rsm;ucsrw
S af om pD&ifcsurf sm;udv
k nf; Oya'ESit
hf nD
ppfaq;qk;H jzwfEidk af om t,lcrH pI &D ifyikd cf iG t
hf mPm&So
d nf?
jynfaxmifpkw&m;vTwfawmfcsKyfonf Oya'ESifhtnD jyifqifrIpD&if
ydik cf iG t
hf mPm&So
d nf/

296/ jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKyo
f nf –
(u) atmufygpmcReaf wmftrderYf sm;udk xkwyf ikd cf iG t
hf mPm&So
d nf –
(1) a&SUawmfoiG ;f pmcReaf wmftrde?Yf
(2) tmPmay;pmcReaf wmftrde?Yf
(3) wm;jrpfappmcReaf wmftrde?Yf
(4) tmPmydik af r;pmcReaf wmftrde?Yf
(5) trIac:pmcReaf wmftrde/Yf
( c ) Edik if aH wmftwGi;f ta&;ay:tajctaersm;ay:aygufaMumif; aMunm
onfah 'owGif pmcReaf wmftrdeYf xkwq
f ifah y;&ef avQmufxm;csurf sm;
udk &yfqikd ;f xm;&rnf/

127

w&m;pD&ifa&;qdkif&m b@maiGt&tokH;pm&if;
297/ jynfaxmifpkw&m;vTwfawmfcsKyfonf w&m;pD&ifa&;qdkif&m b@maiGt&
tok;H pm&if;rsm;udk zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csurf sm;ESit
hf nD jynfaxmifp\
k
ESppf Ofb@maiGt&tok;H qdik &f m Oya'Murf;wGif xnfo
h iG ;f wifjyEkid &f ef jynfaxmifpk
tpd;k &xH wifjy&rnf/
w&m;pD&ifa&;qdkif&m tajctaewifjyjcif;
298/ jynfaxmifpw
k &m;olBu;D csKyo
f nf jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmftpnf;ta0;wGif jzpfap?
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf odrYk [kwf trsK;d om;vTwaf wmftpnf;ta0;wGijf zpfap Edik if aH wmf
odkYr[kwf trsm;jynfolwdkYESifhoufqdkifonfh ta&;BuD;aomw&m;pD&ifa&;qdkif&m
tajctaeudk tcgtm;avsmpf mG wifjyEdik o
f nf/
jynfaxmifpkw&m;olBuD;csKyfESihf jynfaxmifpkw&m;vGTwfawmfcsKyfw&m;olBuD;rsm;
cefYftyf wm0efay;jcif;
299/ (u) jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKy\
f tBu;D trSL;ukd jynfaxmifpw
k &m;
olBu;D csKy[
f k ac:&rnf?
( c ) jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKyw
f iG f jynfaxmifpw
k &m;olBu;D csKyf tyg
t0if jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKyf w&m;olBu;D rsm;OD;a&tenf;qk;H
ckepfO;D rS trsm;qk;H 11 OD;txd ceft
Y yfEidk o
f nf?
( * ) (1) Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf jynfaxmifpw
k &m;olBu;D csKyt
f jzpf ceft
Y yf
oifah om yk*K¾d v\
f trnfpm&if;ukd jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfoYdk
wifoiG ;f oabmwlncD suf &,l&rnf?
(2) yk'rf 301 wGif owfrw
S x
f m;aom jynfaxmifpw
k &m;olBu;D csKyf
ESifh jynfaxmifpk w&m;vTwfawmfcsKyf w&m;olBuD;rsm;\
t&nftcsif;rsm;ESifh rjynfhpkHaMumif; txift&Sm;rjyEkdifygu
jynfaxmifpk vTwaf wmfonf Ekid if aH wmfor®wu jynfaxmifpk
w&m;olBuD;csKyftjzpf cefYtyf&ef trnfpm&if;wifoGif;olukd
jiif;y,fciG rhf &Sad p&?
(3) EkdifiHawmfor®wonf jynfaxmifpkw&m;olBuD;csKyftjzpf
ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&ef jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf\oabmwlncD suf

128

(4)

(C)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

300/ (u)
(c)

r&&Sdonfh yk*d¾Kvftpm; trnfpm&if;opfukd jynfaxmifpk
vTwaf wmfoYdk xyfrw
H ifoiG ;f cGi&hf o
dS nf?
Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf\ oabmwlnD
csuf&&Sdonfh yk*d¾Kvftm; jynfaxmifpkw&m;olBuD;csKyftjzpf
ceft
Y yf&rnf/
Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf jynfaxmifpw
k &m;olBu;D csKyEf iS fh n§Ed iId ;f
um jynfaxmifpkw&m;vTwfawmfcsKyf w&m;olBuD;rsm;tjzpf
ceft
Y yfoifah om yk*K¾d vrf sm;\ trnfpm&if;ukd jynfaxmifpk
vTwaf wmfoYdk wifoiG ;f oabmwlncD suf &,l&rnf?
yk'rf 301 wGif owfrw
S x
f m;aom jynfaxmifpw
k &m;olBu;D csKyf
ESifh jynfaxmifpkw&m;vTwfawmfcsKyf w&m;olBuD;rsm;\
t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESihf rjynfph aHk Mumif; txift&Sm;rjyEkid yf gu
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfonf Ekid if aH wmfor®wu jynfaxmifpk
w&m;vTwaf wmfcsKyf w&m;olBu;D rsm;tjzpfceft
Y yf&ef trnf
pm&if;wifoiG ;f olrsm;ukd jiif;y,fciG rfh &Sad p&?
Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTw
G af wmfcsKyf w&m;
olBuD;tjzpf cefYtyfwm0efay;&ef jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf\
oabmwlncD surf &&So
d nfh yk*K¾d vt
f pm; trnfpm&if;opfudk
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfoYdk xyfrw
H ifoiG ;f cGi&hf o
dS nf?
Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf\ oabmwlnD
csu&f &So
d nfh yk*K¾d vrf sm;tm; jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKyf
w&m;olBu;D rsm;tjzpf ceft
Y yf&rnf/

jynfaxmifpw
k &m;olBu;D csKyf okrYd [kwf jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKyf
w&m;olBu;D rsm;onf ygwDEidk if aH &;ESihf uif;&Si;f &rnf?
jynfaxmifpw
k &m;olBu;D csKyf okrYd [kwf jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKyf
w&m;olBu;D rsm;onf Ekid if 0hH efxrf;jzpfvQif jynfaxmifpw
k &m;olBu;D csKyf
okrYd [kwf jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKyf w&m;olBu;D tjzpf ceft
Y yf

129

wm0efay;jcif;cH&onfah eYrpS í wnfq0J efxrf;pnf;rsO;f pnf;urf;rsm;
ESit
hf nD tNird ;f pm;,lNy;D jzpfonf[k rSw,
f &l rnf/
jynfaxmifpkw&m;olBuD;csKyfESihf jynfaxmifpkw&m;vGTwfawmfcsKyf w&m;olBuD;rsm;\
t&nftcsif;rsm;
301/ jynfaxmifpw
k &m;olBu;D csKyEf iS hf jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKyf w&m;olBu;D
rsm;onf atmufygt&nftcsi;f rsm;ESihf jynfph &Hk rnf –
(u) touf 50 ESpx
f ufri,f? touf 70 ESpx
f ufrBu;D ol?
( c ) toufuefYowfcsufrSty yk'fr 120 wGifazmfjyxm;onfh jynfolY
vTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,frsm;twGuf owfrSwfxm;aomt&nftcsif;
rsm;ESihf jynfph o
Hk ?l
( * ) yk'rf 121 wGif azmfjyxm;onfh jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,rf sm; tjzpf
a&G;aumufwifajr§mufcHydkifcGifh r&Sdapaom jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifhvnf;
Nipd eG ;f jcif;r&So
d ?l
(C) (1) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwaf wmf w&m;olBu;D
tjzpf tenf;qk;H ig;ESpf aqmif&u
G cf o
hJ l okrYd [kwf
(2) wk d i f ; a'oBuD ; ok d Y r [k w f jynf e ,f t qif h x uf r ed r f h a om
w&m;a&;t&m&Sd okrYd [kwf Oya't&m&S&d mxl;wGif tenf;qk;H 10
ESpf wm0efxrf;aqmifco
hJ l okrYd [kwf
(3) w&m;vTwaf wmfaf &SUaetjzpf tenf;qk;H 20 ESpf trIvu
dk yf g
aqmif&u
G cf o
hJ l okrYd [kwf
(4) xifay:ausmMf um;onfh *kPo
f wif;&Sad om Oya'ynm&Sit
f jzpf
Ekid if aH wmfor®wu ,lqol/
( i ) Ekid if aH wmfEiS Ehf idk if o
H m;rsm;tay:opöm&So
d ?l
( p ) Ekid if aH &;ygwD0ifr[kwo
f ?l
(q) vTwaf wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,rf [kwo
f /l

130

jynfaxmifpkw&m;olBuD;csKyfESifh jynfaxmifpkw&m;vTwfawmfcsKyf w&m;olBuD;
rsm;tm; pGyfpJGjypfwifjcif;
302/ (u) EkdifiHawmfor®w odYkr[kwf jynfolYvTwfawmf odkYr[kwf trsKd;om;
vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;onf jynfaxmifpw
k &m;olBu;D csKyf okrYd [kwf
jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKyf w&m;olBu;D wpfO;D OD;tm; atmufyg
taMumif;wpf&yf&yfjzifh pGypf jGJ ypfwifEidk o
f nf (1) Ekid if aH wmf\aus;Zl;opömawmfuadk zmufzsujf cif;?
(2) zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csuw
f pf&yf&yfudk azmufzsuf
usL;vGejf cif;?
(3) tusio
hf u
d m© ysujf ym;jcif;?
(4) yk'rf 301 wGif jy|mef;xm;aom jynfaxmifpw
k &m;olBu;D csKyf
ESihf jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKyf w&m;olBu;D rsm;\ t&nf
tcsi;f ysu,
f iG ;f jcif;?
(5) Oya't&ay;tyfaomwm0efrsm;ukd ausyeG pf mG raqmif&u
G jf cif;/
( c ) Ekid if aH wmfor®wu pGypf jJG ypfwif&efvt
dk yfygu(1) rdr\
d pGypf cJG suu
f kd jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfem,uxHwifjy&rnf?
(2) jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfem,uonf pkHprf;ppfaq;a&;tzGJUudk
zGUJ pnf;í Oya'ESit
hf nD pkpH rf;ppfaq;ap&rnf?
(3) pkHprf;ppfaq;a&;tzGJUukd zGJUpnf;&mwGif jynfolYvTwfawmfESifh
trsKd;om;vTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,fOD;a& wlnDpGmyg0ifapNyD;
,if;tzGUJ 0ifrsm;xJrS oifah vsmo
f w
l pfO;D OD;ukd pkpH rf;ppfaq;a&;
tzGUJ Ouú|tjzpf wm0efay;&rnf?
(4) pkpH rf;ppfaq;&rnfh vkyif ef;yrmPukd axmuf½í
I pkpH rf;ppfaq;rI
Ny;D pD;&rnfh tcsed u
f mvukv
d nf; owfrw
S af y;&rnf?
(5) EkdifiHawmfor®wonf rdrd\pGyfpGJcsufESifh pyfvsOf;í rdrd
uk,
d w
f ikd af omfvnf;aumif;? uk,
d pf m;vS,af pvTwí
f aomfvnf;
aumif; pkpH rf;ppfaq;a&;tzGUJ a&SUarSmufwiG f &Si;f vif;wifjy
Ekdifonf/ oufqk dif&mtaxmuftxm;rsm;ESifh oufao
rsm;ukv
d nf; wifjyEkid cf iG &hf o
dS nf?

131

(6)

(*)

pGypf cJG suu
f dk pkpH rf;ppfaq;onft
h cg pGypf jJG ypfwifjcif;cH&oltm;
uk,
d w
f idk af omfvnf;aumif;? uk,
d pf m;vS,jf zifah omfvnf;aumif;
acsycGiahf y;&rnf?
( 7 ) pGyfpGJjypfwifrIESifhpyfvsOf;í pkHprf;ppfaq;a&;tzGJUu pkHprf;
awGU&Sdcsufudk wifjyvmonfhtcg jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf
em,uonf jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfoYdk wifjy&rnf?
( 8 ) jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,f pkpak ygif;OD;a&\ ok;H ykEH pS yf Hk
u pGypf jJG ypfwifro
I nf rSeu
f efípGypf cJG &H olonf jynfaxmifpk
w&m;olBuD;csKyf okYdr[kwf jynfaxmifpkw&m;vTwfawmfcsKyf
w&m;olBu;D &mxl;wGif qufvufxrf;&Guaf p&ef roifah Mumif;
qk;H jzwfvQif jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfem,uonf xkq
d ;Hk jzwfcsuf
ukd Ekid if aH wmfor®wxH wifjytpD&ifc&H rnf?
( 9 ) ,if;okYd wifjytpD&ifco
H nft
h cg Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf pGypf JG
jypfwifjcif;cH&onfh jynfaxmifpkw&m;olBuD;csKyf okdYr[kwf
jynfaxmifpkw&m;vTwfawmfcsKyf w&m;olBuD;ukd &mxl;rS
&yfp&J rnf?
(10) pGypf jJG ypfwifro
I nf rrSeu
f efaMumif; jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfu
qkH;jzwfvQif xkdodkYqkH;jzwfaMumif;ukd jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf
em,uonf Ekid if aH wmfor®wxH wifjytpD&ifc&H rnf/
jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf odrYk [kwf trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;u
pGypf jJG ypfwif&ef vdt
k yfygu (1) Ekid if aH wmfor®w okrYd [kwf 'kw,
d or®wukd pGypf jJG ypfwifjcif;ESihf
pyfvsO;f í yk'rf 71 yg jy|mef;csurf sm;ESit
hf nD aqmif&u
G &f rnf?
(2) jynfaxmifpkw&m;olBuD;csKyf okdYr[kwf jynfaxmifpkw&m;
vTwaf wmfcsKyf w&m;olBu;D wpfO;D OD;tay: pGypf jJG ypfwifro
I nf
rSeu
f efí pGypf cJG &H olonf jynfaxmifpw
k &m;olBu;D csKyf okrYd [kwf
jynfaxmifpkw&m;vTwfawmfcsKyf w&m;olBuD;&mxl;wGif
qufvufxrf;&Gufap&efroifhaMumif; pkHprf;ppfaq;onfh
vTwaf wmfu qk;H jzwfwifjyvQif Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf pGypf JG

132

(3)

jypfwifjcif;cH&onfh jynfaxmifpkw&m;olBuD;csKyf okdYr[kwf
jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKyf w&m;olBu;D tm; &mxl;rS&yfpJ
&rnf?
pGyfpGJjypfwifrIonf rrSefuefaMumif; pkHprf;ppfaq;onfh
vTwaf wmfu qk;H jzwfygu xko
d q
Ydk ;Hk jzwfaMumif; oufqidk &f m
vTwaf wmfOuú|onf Ekid if aH wmfor®wxH wifjytpD&ifc&H rnf/

jynfaxmifpkw&m;olBuD;csKyfESihf jynfaxmifpkw&m;vTwfawmfcsKyf w&m;olBuD;rsm;\
&mxl;oufwrf;
303/ jynfaxmifpw
k &m;olBu;D csKyEf iS fh jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKyf w&m;olBu;D
rsm;onf atmufygtaMumif;wpf&yf&yf ray:aygufvQif touf 70 ESpf jynfo
h nf
txd wm0efxrf;aqmifciG &hf o
dS nf –
(u) rdro
d abmtavsmuf &mxl;rSEw
k x
f u
G jf cif;?
( c ) zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csurf sm;ESit
fh nD pGypf jJG ypfwifjcif;cH&í
&mxl;rS &yfpcJ &H jcif;?
( * ) Oya't& owfrw
S af omaq;tzGUJ \ ppfaq;csut
f & ud,
k pf w
d Ef pS yf g;
teuf wpfyg;yg;onf xm0pOfcsKdU,Gif;oGm;jcif;aMumifh wm0efukd
qufvufxrf;aqmifEidk pf rG ;f r&Sad Mumif; awGU&S&d jcif;?
(C) uG,v
f eG jf cif;/
304/ jynfaxmifpw
k &m;olBu;D csKyEf iS hf jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKyf w&m;olBu;D
rsm;\ wm0efrsm;? vkyyf idk cf iG rhf sm;? &ykid cf iG rhf sm;udk Oya'jy|mef;owfrw
S &f rnf/
wkdif;a'oBuD;w&m;vTwfawmfrsm; okdYr[kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmfrsm;
wk d i f ; a'oBuD ; w&m;vT w f a wmf r sm; ok d Y r [k w f jynf e ,f w &m;vT w f a wmf r sm;
zJGUpnf;jcif;
305/ wkid ;f a'oBu;D wGif wkid ;f a'oBu;D w&m;vTwaf wmfuv
kd nf;aumif;? jynfe,fwiG f
jynfe,fw&m;vTwaf wmfuv
kd nf;aumif; xm;&So
d nf/

133

wdkif;a'oBuD;w&m;vTwfawmfrsm; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmfrsm;\ pD&if
ykdifcGifhtmPmrsm;
306/ wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmfrsm;wGif Oya'ESifhtnD
atmufygw&m;pD&ifyikd cf iG t
hf mPmrsm;&So
d nf –
(u) rlvrIupkd &D ifjcif;?
( c ) t,lcrH u
I pkd &D ifjcif;?
( * ) jyifqifru
I pkd &D ifjcif;?
(C) Oya'wpf&yf&yft& owfrw
S x
f m;aom udp&ö yfrsm;ukpd &D ifjcif;/
307/ (u)
(c)

w&m;pD&ifa&;qdik &f mudpt
ö vdiYk mS rEÅav;wdik ;f a'oBu;D w&m;vTwaf wmf
onf aejynfawmftwGi;f &Sd w&m;½k;H rsm;\w&m;vTwaf wmfjzpfonf?
wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,ftwGi;f &Sd a'owpfcck u
k kd jynfaxmifpk
e,fajrtjzpfowfrw
S v
f Qif w&m;pD&ifa&;qdik &f m udpt
ö vdiYk mS oufqikd &f m
wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwaf wmfonf ,if;jynfaxmifpk
e,fajrtwGi;f &Sd w&m;½k;H rsm;\ w&m;vTwaf wmf jzpfonf/

wkid ;f a'oBu;D w&m;vTwaf wmf okrYd [kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwaf wmfw&m;olBu;D csKyEf iS Yf
w&m;olBuD;rsm; cefYtyfjcif;
308/ (u) (1) wkdif;a'oBuD;w&m;vTwfawmf okdYr[kwf jynfe,fw&m;
vTwaf wmf\tBu;D trSL;ukd wkid ;f a'oBu;D w&m;vTwaf wmf w&m;
olBu;D csKyf okrYd [kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwaf wmf w&m;olBu;D csKyf
[kac:&rnf?
(2) wkdif;a'oBuD;w&m;vTwfawmf okdYr[kwf jynfe,fw&m;
vTwaf wmfwiG f wdik ;f a'oBu;D w&m;vTwaf wmf w&m;olBu;D csKyf
okrYd [kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwaf wmf w&m;olBu;D csKyf tygt0if
wkdif;a'oBuD;w&m;vTwfawmf w&m;olBuD;rsm; okdYr[kwf
jynfe,fw&m;vTwaf wmfw&m;olBu;D rsm;OD;a& tenf;qk;H ok;H OD;
rS trsm;qk;H ckepfO;D txd ceft
Y yfEidk o
f nf?
( c ) (1) Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf jynfaxmifpw
k &m;olBu;D csKy?f oufqidk &f m
wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,f0efBuD;csKyfwkdYESifh n§dEdIif;NyD;

134

(2)

(3)
(4)

oufqidk &f m wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwaf wmf
w&m;olBuD;csKyftjzpfcefYtyf&ef trnfpm&if;ukdjyKpkí ,if;
trnfpm&if;ukv
d nf;aumif;? oufqidk &f m wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf
jynfe,f0efBuD;csKyfonf jynfaxmifpkw&m;olBuD;csKyfESifh
n§dEdIif;NyD; oufqkdif&mwkdif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,f
w&m;vTwaf wmf w&m;olBu;D rsm;tjzpfceft
Y yf&ef trnfpm&if;ukd
jyKpkí ,if;trnfpm&if;rsm;ukdvnf;aumif; oufqkdif&m
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfoYkd ay;yk&Yd rnf?
yk'rf 310 wGif owfrw
S x
f m;aom wkid ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf
jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmf w&m;olBuD;csKyfESifh wkdif;a'oBuD;
okrYd [kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwaf wmf w&m;olBu;D \ t&nftcsi;f
rsm;ESifhrjynhfpkHaMumif; txift&Sm;rjyEkdifygu oufqkdif&m
wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfonf EkdifiHawmf
or®wu jynfaxmifpw
k &m;olBu;D csKy?f oufqidk &f mwkid ;f a'oBu;D
okdYr[kwf jynfe,f0efBuD;csKyfwkdYESifh n§dEdIif;NyD; oufqkdif&m
wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmfw&m;
ol B uD ; csKyf t jzpf cef Y t yf & ef v nf ; aumif ; ? oufqkdif&m
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okdYr[kwf jynfe,f0efBuD;csKyfu jynfaxmifpk
w&m;olBu;D csKyEf iS hf n§Ed iId ;f Ny;D wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f
w&m;vTwaf wmf w&m;olBu;D rsm;tjzpf ceft
Y yf&efvnf;aumif;
trnfpm&if; ay;ydo
Yk rl sm;ukd jiif;y,fciG rfh &Sad p&?
yk'rf cGiJ ,f (2) t& jiif;y,fjcif;cH&aomyk*K¾d vrf sm;tpm; trnf
pm&if;opfudk owfrw
S x
f m;onft
h wkid ;f xyfrw
H ifoiG ;f cGi&fh o
dS nf?
EkdifiHawmfor®wonf oufqkdif&mwkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf
jynfe,fvw
T af wmfu oabmwlno
D rl sm;ukd oufqidk &f mwkid ;f
a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwaf wmfw&m;olBu;D csKyf
tjzpfvnf;aumif;? oufqkdif&mwkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf
jynfe,fw&m;vTwaf wmf w&m;olBu;D rsm;tjzpf vnf;aumif;
ceft
Y yf&rnf/

135

309/ (u)

(c)

wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwaf wmfw&m;olBu;D csKyrf sm;ESihf
wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwaf wmfw&m;olBu;D rsm;onf
ygwDEikd if aH &;ESifh uif;&Si;f &rnf?
wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwaf wmfw&m;olBu;D csKyrf sm;ESihf
wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwaf wmfw&m;olBu;D rsm;onf
Edik if 0hH efxrf;jzpfvQif wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwaf wmf
w&m;olBu;D csKyt
f jzpfvnf;aumif;? wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,f
w&m;vTwaf wmf w&m;olBu;D tjzpfvnf;aumif; ceft
Y yfwm0efay;jcif;
cH&onfhaeYrSpí wnfqJ 0efxrf;pnf;rsOf;pnf;urf;rsm;ESifhtnD
tNird ;f pm;,lNy;D jzpfonf[k rSw,
f &l rnf/

wkdif;a'oBuD;w&m;vTwfawmf okdYr[kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmfw&m;olBuD;csKyf
rsm;ES i f h wk d i f ; a'oBuD ; w&m;vT w f a wmf ok d Y r [k w f jynf e ,f w &m;vT w f a wmf
w&m;olBuD;rsm;\t&nftcsif;
310/ wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmf w&m;olBuD;csKyfrsm;ESifh
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwaf wmf w&m;olBu;D rsm;onf atmufyg
t&nftcsi;f rsm;ESihf jynfph &Hk rnf –
(u) touf 45 ESpx
f ufri,f? touf 65 ESpx
f ufrBu;D ol?
( c ) toufuefo
Y wfcsurf t
S y yk'rf 120 wGif azmfjyxm;onfh jynfoYl
vTwaf wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,rf sm;twGuf owfrw
S x
f m;aom t&nftcsi;f
rsm;ESijhf ynfph o
Hk ?l
( * ) yk'rf 121 wGif azmfjyxm;onfh jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,rf sm;tjzpf
a&G;aumufwifajr§mufcHydkifcGifh r&Sdapaom jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifhvnf;
Nipd eG ;f jcif;r&So
d ?l
(C) (1) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,ftqifx
h ufredrahf om w&m;a&;
t&m&Sd okrYd [kwf Oya't&m&S&d mxl;wGif tenf;qk;H ig;ESpf
wm0efxrf;aqmifcJhol okdYr[kwf c½kdiftqifhxufredrfhaom
w&m;a&;t&m&Sd odrYk [kwf Oya't&m&S&d mxl;wGif tenf;qk;H
10 ESpf wm0efxrf;aqmifco
hJ l okrYd [kwf

136

(2)

(i)
(p)
(q)

w&m;vTwaf wmfa&SUaetjzpf tenf;qk;H 15 ESpf trIvu
dk yf g
aqmif&u
G cf o
hJ l okrYd [kwf
(3) xifay:ausmMf um;onfh *kPo
f wif;&Sad om Oya'ynm&Sit
f jzpf
Ekid if aH wmfor®wu ,lqol/
Ekid if aH wmfEiS hf Ekid if o
H m;rsm;tay:opöm&So
d ?l
Ekid if aH &;ygwD0ifr[kwo
f ?l
vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf [kwo
f /l

wkdif;a'oBuD;w&m;vTwfawmf okdYr[kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmf w&m;olBuD;csKyf
ES i f h wd k i f ; a'oBuD ; w&m;vT w f a wmf ok d Y r [k w f jynf e ,f w &m;vT w f a wmf
w&m;olBuD;rsm;tm; pGyfpJGjypfwifjcif;
311/ (u) wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwaf wmf w&m;olBu;D csKyu
f kd
vnf;aumif;? wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmf
w&m;olBu;D udv
k nf;aumif; atmufygtaMumif;wpf&yf&yfjzifh pGypf JG
jypfwifEidk o
f nf (1) Ekid if aH wmf\aus;Zl;opömawmfuakd zmufzsujf cif;?
(2) zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csuw
f pf&yf&yfukd azmufzsuf
usL;vGejf cif;?
(3) tusio
hf u
d m© ysujf ym;jcif;?
(4) yk'fr 310 wGif jy|mef;xm;aomwdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf
jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmf w&m;olBuD;csKyfESifh wdkif;a'oBuD;
odrYk [kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwaf wmf w&m;olBu;D \ t&nftcsi;f
ysu,
f iG ;f jcif;?
(5) Oya't& ay;tyfaomwm0efrsm;ukd ausyeG pf mG raqmif&u
G jf cif;/
( c ) Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwaf wmf
w&m;olBuD;csKyfukdvnf;aumif;? wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,f
0efBuD;csKyfonf oufqkdif&mwkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,f
w&m;vTwaf wmf w&m;olBu;D wpfO;D OD;ukv
d nf;aumif; pGypf jJG ypfwif&ef

137

(*)

(C)

(i)

(p)

vkt
d yfygu rdr\
d pGypf cJG suu
f dk wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf
Ouú|xH ay;yd&Yk rnf?
wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;onf
oufqdkif&m wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmf
w&m;olBu;D csKyu
f v
kd nf;aumif;? oufqikd &f mwdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf
jynfe,fw&m;vTwaf wmf w&m;olBu;D udv
k nf;aumif; pGypf jJG ypfwif&ef
vdt
k yfygu oufqikd &f mwdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf
ud,
k pf m;vS,f pkpak ygif;OD;a&teuf tenf;qk;H av;ykw
H pfyu
Hk vufrw
S f
a&;xdk;NyD; rdrdwdkY\pGyfpGJcsufudk oufqdkif&mwdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf
jynfe,fvw
T af wmfOuú|xH wifjy&rnf?
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfOuú|onf pkpH rf;ppfaq;a&;
tzGUJ ukd zGUJ pnf;í Oya'ESit
hf nD pkpH rf;ppfaq;ap&rnf/ pkpH rf;ppfaq;&rnfh
vkyif ef;yrmPudak xmuf½í
I pkpH rf;ppfaq;rINy;D pD;&rnfh tcsed u
f mv
udv
k nf; owfrw
S af y;&rnf?
(1) Ekid if aH wmfor®w okrYd [kwf wkid ;f a'oBu;D 0efBu;D csKyf okrYd [kwf
jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyu
f pGypf jJG ypfwifvQif pkpH rf;ppfaq;a&;tzGUJ ukd
oufqkdif&mwkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf
uk,
d pf m;vS,rf sm;jzihf zGUJ pnf;í ,if;tzGUJ 0ifrsm;xJrS oihaf vsmo
f l
wpfO;D OD;ukd pkpH rf;ppfaq;a&;tzGUJ Ouú|tjzpf wm0efay;&rnf?
(2) Ekid if aH wmfor®w okrYd [kwf oufqidk &f mwkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf
jynfe,f0efBuD;csKyfonf rdrd\pGyfpGJcsufESifhpyfvsOf;í rdrd
uk,
d w
f idk af omfvnf;aumif;? ud,
k pf m;vS,af pvTwí
f aomfvnf;
aumif; pkpH rf;ppfaq;a&;tzGUJ a&SUarSmufwiG f &Si;f vif;wifjy
Ekid o
f nf/ oufqidk &f mtaxmuftxm;rsm;ESihf oufaorsm;ukd
vnf; wifjyEkid cf iG &hf o
dS nf/
pGyfpGJcsufukd pkHprf;ppfaq;onfhtcg pGyfpGJjypfwifjcif;cH&oltm;
uk,
d w
f idk af omfvnf;aumif;? uk,
d pf m;vS,jf zifah omfvnf;aumif; acsy
cGiahf y;&rnf?

138

(q)

pGypf jJG ypfwifrEI iS phf yfvsO;f í pkpH rf;ppfaq;a&;tzGUJ u pkpH rf;awGU&Scd suu
f dk
wifjyonft
h cg wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfOuú|onf
wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfoYdk wifjy&rnf?
( Z ) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf uk,
d pf m;vS,f pkpak ygif;OD;a&\
ok;H ykEH pS yf u
Hk pGypf jJG ypfwifro
I nf rSeu
f efí pGypf cJG &H olonf wkid ;f a'oBu;D
okrYd [kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwaf wmf w&m;olBu;D csKyf okrYd [kwf wkid ;f a'oBu;D
okrYd [kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwaf wmf w&m;olBu;D &mxl;wGif qufvuf
xrf;&Gufap&ef roifhaMumif;qkH;jzwfvQif wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf
jynfe,fvTwfawmf Ouú|onf wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,f
w&m;vTwaf wmf w&m;olBu;D csKyt
f wGujf zpfvQif Ekid if aH wmfor®wxHoYdk
vnf;aumif;? wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmf
w&m;olBu;D twGujf zpfvQif oufqidk &f m wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f
0efBu;D csKyx
f o
H Ykd vnf;aumif; xkq
d ;Hk jzwfcsuu
f w
dk ifjy&rnf/ wkid ;f a'oBu;D
okrYd [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyo
f nf azmfjyygwifjycsuu
f dk &&So
d nft
h cg
Ekid if aH wmfor®wxH qufvufwifjy&rnf?
(ps) ,if;okw
Yd ifjycsurf sm;&&So
d nft
h cg Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf pGypf jJG ypfwif
jcif;cH&onfh wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmf
w&m;ol B uD ; csKyf ok d Y r [k w f wk d i f ; a'oBuD ; ok d Y r [k w f jynf e ,f
w&m;vTwaf wmf w&m;olBu;D udk &mxl;rS&yfp&J rnf?
(n) pGypf jJG ypfwifro
I nf rrSeu
f efaMumif; oufqikd &f m wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf
jynfe,fvw
T af wmfuqk;H jzwfvQif xko
d q
Ydk ;Hk jzwfaMumif;ukd wkid ;f a'oBu;D
okdYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmfOuú|onf wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf
jynfe,fw&m;vTwaf wmf w&m;olBu;D csKyt
f wGujf zpfvQif Ekid if aH wmfor®w
xHov
Ydk nf;aumif;? wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,f w&m;vTwaf wmf
w&m;olBuD;twGufjzpfvQif oufqkdif&m wkdif;a'oBuD; okdYr[kwf
jynfe,f0efBu;D csKyx
f o
H v
Ydk nf;aumif; wifjy&rnf/

139

wdkif;a'oBuD;w&m;vTwfawmf odkYr[kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmfw&m;olBuD;csKyf
ES i f h wd k i f ; a'oBuD ; w&m;vT w f a wmf od k Y r [k w f jynf e ,f w &m;vT w f a wmf
w&m;olBuD;rsm;\ &mxl;oufwrf;
312/ wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmf w&m;olBuD;csKyfrsm;ESifh
wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmf w&m;olBuD;rsm;onf atmufyg
taMumif;wpf&yf&yf ray:aygufvQif touf 65 ESpf jynfhonftxd wm0ef
xrf;aqmifciG &fh o
Sd nf (u) rdro
d abmtavsmuf &mxl;rSEw
k x
f u
G jf cif;?
( c ) zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csurf sm;ESit
hf nD pGypf jJG ypfwifjcif;cH&í
&mxl;rS&yfpcJ &H jcif;?
( * ) Oya't&owfrw
S af omaq;tzGUJ \ ppfaq;csut
f & ud,
k pf w
d Ef pS yf g;
teuf wpfyg;yg;onf xm0pOfcsKdU,Gif;oGm;jcif;aMumifh wm0efudk
qufvufxrf;aqmifEidk pf rG ;f r&daS Mumif; awGU&d&S jcif;?
(C) uG,v
f eG jf cif;/
313/ wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmf w&m;olBuD;csKyfrsm;ESifh
wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmf w&m;olBuD;rsm;\ wm0efrsm;?
vkyyf ikd cf iG rhf sm;? &ydik cf iG rhf sm;udk Oya'jy|mef;owfrw
S &f rnf/
wdkif;a'oBuD;w&m;vTwfawmf odk Yr[kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmf\ BuD;MuyfrI
atmuf&Sd w&m;½kH;rsm;
314/ wdkif;a'oBuD; odk Yr[kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmf BuD;MuyfrIatmufü
atmufygtwdik ;f w&m;½k;H tqifq
h if&h o
Sd nf –
(u) wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,ftwGi;f ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf pD&ifprk &dv
S Qi–f
(1) c½dik w
f &m;½k;H rsm;?
(2) NrKd Ue,fw&m;½k;H rsm;/
( c ) wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,ftwGi;f ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf pD&ifp&k v
Sd Qi–f
(1) ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf wdik ;f ü
(uu) ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf wdik ;f w&m;½H;k ?
( c c ) NrKd Ue,fw&m;½k;H rsm;/

140

(2)

(*)

(C)

ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf a'oü
(uu) ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf a'ow&m;½k;H ?
( c c ) NrKd Ue,fw&m;½k;H rsm;/
(3) useaf 'orsm;ü
(uu) c½dik w
f &m;½k;H rsm;?
( c c ) NrKd Ue,fw&m;½k;H rsm;/
jynfaxmifpek ,fajrü
(1) c½dik w
f &m;½k;H rsm;?
(2) NrKd Ue,fw&m;½k;H rsm;/
Oya't&wnfaxmifxm;aom tjcm;w&m;½k;H rsm;/

c½dkifw&m;½kH;ESifY NrdKUe,fw&m;½Hk;rsm;\ pD&ifykdifcGifhtmPmrsm;
315/ c½dik w
f &m;½k;H rsm;? ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh wdik ;f w&m;½k;H rsm;? ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh
a'ow&m;½kH;rsm;onf Oya'ESifhtnD jypfrIqdkif&mrlvrIrsm;? w&m;rrlvrIrsm;udk
vnf;aumif;? t,lcHrIrsm;ESifh jyifqifrIrsm;udkvnf;aumif;? Oya'wpf&yf&yft&
owfrw
S x
f m;aomudp&ö yfrsm;ukv
d nf;aumif; pD&ifyikd cf iG t
hf mPm&So
d nf/
316/ NrKd Ue,fw&m;½k;H rsm;onf Oya'ESit
hf nD jypfrq
I ikd &f mrlvrIrsm;? w&m;rrlvrI
rsm;udv
k nf;aumif;? Oya'wpf&yf&yft& owfrw
S x
f m;aomudp&ö yfrsm;udv
k nf;aumif;
pD&ifyikd cf iG t
hf mPm&So
d nf/
317/ jynfaxmifpw
k pf0ef;vk;H wGif w&m;pD&ifa&;qdik &f mudpt
ö 00udk zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccH
Oya't&jzpfap? tjcm;Oya'wpf&yf&yft&jzpfap zGJUpnf;onfhw&m;½kH;rsm;wGif
Oya'ESit
hf nDcefx
Y m;aom w&m;olBu;D rsm;u pDraH qmif&u
G &f rnf/
318/ (u)

wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmf BuD;MuyfrIatmuf&dS
w&m;½Hk;tqifhqifhwGif w&m;olBuD;rsm;cefYxm;jcif;? pD&ifydkifcGifhrsm;
tyfESif;jcif;? wm0efrsm;? vkyfydkifcGihfrsm;ESifh &ydkifcGihfrsm; owfrSwfjcif;
wdo
Yk nf Oya'ESit
hf nD jzpfap&rnf?

141

(c)

jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKy?f wkid ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,f
w&m;vTwaf wmfrsm;ESihf usew
f &m;½k;H rsm;wGif t&m&dt
S qif0h efxrf;rsm;?
tjcm;tqihf0efxrf;rsm;yg0ifonfh 0efxrf;tzGJUtpnf;zGJUpnf;jcif;?
wm0efrsm;? vkyyf ikd cf iG rhf sm;ESihf &ydik cf iG rhf sm;owfrw
S jf cif;wdo
Yk nf Oya'ESit
hf nD
jzpfap&rnf/
ppfbufqdkif&mw&m;½kH;rsm;

319/ yk'rf 293 yk'rf cGJ (c) t& ppfbufqikd &f mw&m;½k;H rsm;udk Edik if aH wmfzUJG pnf;ykH
tajccHOya'ESihf tjcm;Oya't&zGUJ pnf;í wyfrawmfom;rsm;twGuf w&m;pD&if&rnf/
EdkifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHk tajccHOya'qdkif&mcHk½Hk;
EdkifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'qdkif&mcHk½Hk; zGJUpnf;jcif;
320/ Edik if aH wmfzUJG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'qdik &f mcH½k ;kH ukd Ouú|tygt0if tzGUJ 0if ud;k OD; jzifh
zGUJ pnf;&rnf/
321/ EdkifiHawmfor®wonf rdrda&G;cs,fxm;onfh tzGJU0if okH;OD;? jynfolYvTwfawmf
Ouú|u a&G;cs,fxm;onfh tzGJU0ifokH;OD;ESifh trsKd;om;vTwfawmfOuú|u a&G;cs,f
xm;onfh tzGUJ 0if ok;H OD; pkpak ygif; ud;k OD;\ trnfpm&if;ukv
d nf;aumif;? ,if;wkt
Yd euf
Edik if aH wmfzUJG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'qdik &f mcH½k ;kH Ouú|tjzpf wm0efay;tyf&ef tzJUG 0ifwpfO;D \
trnfukdvnf;aumif;? jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfodkY wifoGif;vsuf oabmwlnDcsuf
&,l&rnf/
EdkifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'qdkif&mcHk½Hk;\ vkyfief;wm0ef
322/ Edik if aH wmfzUJG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'qdik &f mck½H ;Hk \ vkyif ef;wm0efrsm;rSm atmufyg
twdik ;f jzpfonf –
(u) zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csurf sm;udk teuft"dymÜ ,fziG q
hf jkd cif;?
( c ) jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf? wdik ;f a'oBu;D vTwaf wmf? jynfe,fvw
T af wmf
odrYk [kwf ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf wdik ;f OD;pD;tzGUJ ESihf ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf

142

(*)

(C)

(i)

(p)
(q)

a'oOD;pD;tzGUJ wdu
Yk jy|mef;onfOh ya'rsm;onf zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccH Oya'ESihf
nDñw
G jf cif;&S-d r&Sd pdppfjcif;?
jynfaxmifp?k wdik ;f a'oBu;D rsm;? jynfe,frsm;ESihf ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf
pD&ifprk sm;\ tkycf sKyrf q
I ikd &f mtmPmydik rf sm;\ aqmif&u
G cf surf sm;onf
zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'ESihf nDñw
G jf cif; &S-d r&Sd pdppfjcif;?
jynfaxmifpEk iS hf wdik ;f a'oBu;D tMum;? jynfaxmifpEk iS hf jynfe,ftMum;?
wkid ;f a'oBu;D ESihf jynfe,ftMum;? wdik ;f a'oBu;D tcsi;f csi;f ? jynfe,f
tcsi;f csi;f ? wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fEiS hf ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf
pD&ifpktMum;? udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&pD&ifpktcsif;csif; jzpfay:onfh
zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'qdik &f m tjiif;yGm;rIrsm;udk qk;H jzwfjcif;?
wdik ;f a'oBu;D ? jynfe,f odrYk [kwf ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh pD&ifpw
k u
Ykd
jynf a xmif p k O ya'ud k taumif t xnf a zmf aqmif & G u f & mwG i f
jynfaxmifpEk iS hf wdik ;f a'oBu;D ? jynfe,f odrYk [kwf ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf
pD&ifpw
k \
Ykd tcGit
hf a&;ESihf wm0efrsm;ESiphf yfvsO;f í ay:aygufonfh
tjiif;yGm;rIrsm;udk qk;H jzwfjcif;?
jynfaxmifpek ,fajrrsm;ESiphf yfvsO;f í Ekid if aH wmfor®wutaMumif;Mum;
vmonfh udp&ö yfrsm;ukd pdppfq;Hk jzwfjcif;?
jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfu jy|mef;onfhOya'rsm;u ay;tyfonfh
vkyif ef;wm0efrsm;/

EdkifiHawmfzGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'qdkif&mckH½kH; qkH;jzwfcsuf\ tusKd;oufa&mufrI
323/ w&m;½k;H wpf½;Hk onf trIwpfru
I kd ppfaq;pD&if&mwGif Oya'wpf&yf&yfyg jy|mef;
csufonf zGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'ESifh qefYusifrI&Sd-r&Sd? nDñGwfrI&Sd-r&Sd tjiif;yGm;rI
ay:aygufygu xdktjiif;yGm;rIESifh pyfvsOf;í EdkifiHawmfzGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'qdkif&m
ck½H ;Hk uvnf; wpfpw
Hk pf&mqk;H jzwfcsuf csrw
S x
f m;jcif;r&Sad o;vQif tqdyk gw&m;½k;H onf
trIppfaq;pD&ifjcif;udk&yfqdkif;xm;NyD; rdrd\xifjrifcsufudk owfrSwfxm;onfh
enf;vrf;rsm;ESit
hf nD Edik if aH wmfzUJG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'qdik &f m ck½H ;Hk odw
Yk ifjyí tqk;H tjzwf
&,l&rnf/ ,if;tjiif;yGm;rIEiS phf yfvsO;f í Edik if aH wmfzUJG pnf;ykH tajccHOya'qdik &f mck½H ;Hk \
qk;H jzwfcsuo
f nf trItm;vk;H ESihf oufqidk af p&rnf/

143

324/ Edik if aH wmfzUJG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'qdik &f mck½H ;Hk \ qk;H jzwfcsuo
f nf tNy;D tjywf
twnfjzpfonf/
EdkifiHawmfzGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'qdkif&mckH½kH;\ t"dyÜm,fzGifhqdkcsuf? qkH;jzwfcsufESifh
oabmxm;&,l&ef wifoGif;jcif;
325/ zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'qdik &f mck½H ;Hk \ t"dymÜ ,fziG q
hf ckd su?f qk;H jzwfcsu?f oabmxm;
&,l&efudpörsm;udk atmufazmfjyygyk*¾dKvfrsm;onf EdkifiHawmfzGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'
qdik &f mck½H ;Hk odYk wdu
k ½f u
kd w
f ifoiG ;f cGi&hf o
dS nf –
(u) Edik if aH wmfor®w?
( c ) jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfem,u?
( * ) jynfoUl vTwaf wmfOuú|?
(C) trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfOuú|?
( i ) jynfaxmifpw
k &m;olBu;D csKy?f
( p ) jynfaxmifpak &G;aumufyaJG umfr&SiOf uú|/
326/ atmufygyk*¾dKvf odkYr[kwf tzGJUtpnf;rsm;onf zGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'qdkif&m
ckH½kH;\ t"dyÜm,fzGifhqdkcsuf? qkH;jzwfcsuf? oabmxm;&,l&efudpörsm;udk owfrSwf
xm;aom enf;vrf;rsm;ESifhtnD EdkifiHawmfzGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'qdkif&mckH½kH;odkY
wifoiG ;f cGi&hf o
dS nf –
(u) wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,f0efBu;D csKy?f
( c ) wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfOuú|?
( * ) ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf wdik ;f OD;pD;tzGUJ odrYk [kwf ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf a'o
OD;pD;tzGUJ Ouú|?
(C) jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf odrYk [kwf trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,t
f m;vk;H
\ tenf;qk;H 10 &mcdik Ef eI ;f ta&twGu&f adS om ud,
k pf m;vS,rf sm;/
EdkifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'qdkif&mcHk½Hk; Ouú|ESifh tzGJU0ifrsm; cefYtyfwm0ef
ay;jcif;
327/ Edik if aH wmfor®wonf jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf\ oabmwlncD suf &&SNd y;D onfh
Ouú|ESihf tzGUJ 0ifrsm;tm; Edik if aH wmfzUJG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'qdik &f m cH½k ;kH Ouú|ESihf tzGUJ 0if
rsm;tjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&rnf/

144

328/ Edik if aH wmfzUJG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'qdik &f m cH½k ;kH tzGUJ 0if\ t&nftcsi;f ESihf rjynfph kH
aMumif; txift&Sm;rjyEdkifygu jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfonf EdkifiHawmfor®wu
pkpnf;trnfpm&if;wifoiG ;f onfh yk*Kd¾vrf sm;tm; Edik if aH wmfzUJG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'qdik &f mcH½k ;kH
tzGUJ 0iftjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&ef jiif;y,fciG rhf &Sad p&/
329/ Edik if aH wmfor®wonf Edik if aH wmfzUJG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'qdik &f m cH½k ;kH tzGUJ 0iftjzpf
ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&ef jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf\ oabmwlncD suf r&&So
d nft
h zGUJ 0if
ae&mtwGuf trnfpm&if;opfukd zGUJ pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csurf sm; ESit
hf nD
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfoYkd xyfrw
H ifoiG ;f cGi&hf o
dS nf/
330/ Edik if aH wmfzUJG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'qkid &f m cH½k ;kH tzGUJ 0ifwpfO;D onf (u) vTwfawmfwpf&yf&yf\ udk,fpm;vS,fjzpfvQif EdkifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHk
tajccHOya'qdik &f m cH½k ;kH tzGUJ 0iftjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;jcif;cH&onfh
aeYrSpí vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,ftjzpfrS EkwfxGufNyD;jzpfonf[k
rSw,
f &l rnf?
( c ) Edik if 0hH efxrf;jzpfvQif Edik if aH wmfzUJG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'qdik &f m ck½H H;k tzGUJ 0if
tjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;jcif;cH&onfah eYrpS í wnfq0J efxrf;pnf;rsO;f
pnf;urf;rsm;ESifhtnD 0efxrf;tjzpfrS tNidrf;pm;,lNyD;jzpfonf[k
rSw,
f &l rnf?
( * ) Edik if aH &;ygwDwpfcck ük tzGUJ 0ifjzpfvQif Edik if aH wmfzUJG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'
qdik &f m ck½H ;Hk tzGUJ 0iftjzpf wm0efay;tyfjcif;cH&onfah eYrpS í rdr&d mxl;
oufwrf;twGif; ,if;ygwDtzGJUtpnf;\ ygwDvkyfief;rsm;wGif yg0if
aqmif&u
G jf cif;rjyK&/
331/ EdkifiHawmfzGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'qdkif&m ckH½kH;tzGJU0ifwpfOD;OD;onf &mxl;
oufwrf;rukefqkH;rD taMumif;wpfckckaMumifh rdrdoabmqE´tavsmuf &mxl;rS
Ekwx
f u
G v
f v
kd Qif xdo
k EYkd w
k x
f u
G v
f akd Mumif; Edik if aH wmfor®wxH pmjzifw
h ifjyNy;D &mxl;rS
Ekwx
f u
G Ef ikd o
f nf/

145

332/ taMumif;wpfcck ak Mumifh Edik if aH wmfzUJG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'qdik &f m ck½H ;Hk tzGUJ 0if
&mxl;ae&mvpfvyfvQif Edik if aH wmfor®wonf zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csuf
rsm;ESit
hf nD Edik if aH wmfzUJG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'qdik &f m ck½H ;Hk tzGUJ 0iftopftm; ceft
Y yf
wm0efay;Edik o
f nf/
EdkifiHawmfzGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'qdkif&m ckH½kH;tzGJU0if\ t&nftcsif;
333/ Edik if aH wmfor®w? jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfOuú|ESihf trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfOuú|wko
Yd nf
vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;xJujzpfap? vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fr[kwfolrsm;xJu
jzpfap atmufazmfjyyg t&nftcsif;rsm;ESifh jynfhpHkolrsm;teufrS tzGJU0if okH;OD;pDudk
a&G;cs,&f rnf (u) touf 50 ESpf jynfNh y;D ol?
( c ) toufuefo
Y wfcsurf t
S y yk'rf 120 wGif azmfjyxm;onfh jynfoYl
vTwaf wmf uk,
d pf m;vS,rf sm;twGuf owfrw
S x
f m;aom t&nftcsi;f
rsm;ESihf jynfph o
Hk ?l
( * ) yk'fr 121 wGif azmfjyxm;onfY jynfolYvTwfawmf ukd,fpm;vS,frsm;
tjzpf a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufcyH ikd cf iG rhf &Sad paom jy|mef;csurf sm;ESiv
hf nf;
Nipd eG ;f jcif;r&So
d ?l
(C) (1) wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwaf wmf w&m;olBu;D
tjzpf tenf;qk;H ig;ESpf aqmif&u
G cf o
hJ l okrYd [kwf
(2) wk d i f ; a'oBuD ; ok d Y r [k w f jynf e ,f t qif h x uf r ed r f h a om
w&m;a&;t&m&Sd okrYd [kwf Oya't&m&S&d mxl;wGif tenf;qk;H 10
ESpf wm0efxrf;aqmifco
hJ l okrYd [kwf
(3) w&m;vTwaf wmfaf &SUaetjzpf tenf;qk;H 20 ESpf trIvu
dk yf g
aqmif&u
G cf o
hJ l okrYd [kwf
(4) xifay:ausmMf um;onfh *kPo
f wif;&Sad om Oya'ynm&Sit
f jzpf
Ekid if aH wmfor®wu ,lqol/
( i ) Ekid if aH &;ygwD0ifr[kwo
f ?l
( p ) vTwaf wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,rf [kwo
f ?l
(q) Edik if aH &;? tkycf sKyaf &;? pD;yGm;a&;? vHNk cKH a&;tjrif&o
dS ?l
( Z ) Edik if aH wmfEiS hf Edik if o
H m;rsm;tay: opöm&So
d /l

146

Ed k i f i H a wmfzGzGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'qdkif&m ckH½kH;Ouú|ESifh tzGJU0ifrsm;tm; pGyfpJG
jypf w if j cif ;
334/ (u) Edik if aH wmfzUJG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'qdik &f m ck½H ;Hk Ouú|ESihf tzGUJ 0ifwpfO;D OD;tm;
atmufygtaMumif;wpf&yf&yfjzifh pGypf jJG ypfwifEikd o
f nf –
(1) Edik if aH wmf\ aus;Zl;opömawmfukd azmufzsujf cif;?
(2) zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csuw
f pf&yf&yfukd azmufzsuf
usL;vGejf cif;?
(3) tusio
hf u
d m© ysujf ym;jcif;?
(4) yk'rf 333 wGif owfrw
S x
f m;onfh Edik if aH wmfzUJG pnf;ykt
H ajccH
Oya'qdik &f m ck½H ;Hk tzGUJ 0if\ t&nftcsi;f ysu,
f iG ;f jcif;?
(5) Oya't& ay;tyfaom wm0efrsm;ukd ausyeG pf mG raqmif&u
G jf cif;/
( c ) Edik if aH wmfzUJG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'qdik &f m ck½H ;Hk Ouú|ESihf tzGUJ 0ifwpfO;D OD;tay:
pGypf jJG ypfwifvykd gu jynfaxmifpw
k &m;olBu;D csKyf odrYk [kwf jynfaxmifpk
w&m;vTwfawmfcsKyf w&m;olBuD;wpfOD;OD;tm; pGyfpGJjypfwifjcif;ESifh
pyfvsO;f í yk'rf 302 yg jy|mef;csurf sm;ESit
hf nD aqmif&u
G &f rnf/
EdkifiHawmfzGzJGUpnf;yHktajccHOya'qdkif&mcHk½Hk;\ oufwrf;
335/ EdkifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'qdkif&mcHk½Hk;\ oufwrf;onf jynfaxmifpk
vTwfawmf\ oufwrf;ESifhtnD ig;ESpfjzpfonf/ odkY&mwGif oufwrf;ukefqHk;NyD;
jzpfaomfvnf; vuf&w
dS m0efxrf;aqmifvsu&f adS om Edik if aH wmfzUJG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'
qdkif&mcHk½Hk;onf zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya't& EdkifiHawmfor®wu EdkifiHawmfzGJUpnf;yHk
tajccHOya'qdik &f mcH½k ;kH topf zGUJ pnf;Ny;D onft
h csed t
f xd rdr\
d vkyif ef;wm0efrsm;udk
qufvufwm0efxrf;aqmif&rnf/
336/ Edik if aH wmfzUJG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'qdik &f mck½H ;Hk \ zGUJ pnf;rI? qufo,
G rf ?I ck½H ;Hk Ouú| ESihf
tzGUJ 0ifrsm;\ wm0efrsm;? vkyyf ikd cf iG rhf sm;? &ydik cf iG rhf sm; ponfwu
Ykd kd Oya'jy|mef; owfrw
S f
&rnf/

tcef; (7)
wyf r awmf

147

tcef;(7)
wyfrawmf
337/ wyf r awmf o nf Ed k i f i H a wmf u muG , f a &;twG u f t"d u tusqH k ; aom
vufeufuikd w
f yfzUGJ jzpfonf/
338/ Edik if aH wmftwGi;f &Sd vufeufuikd t
f zJUG tpnf;tm;vH;k onf wyfrawmf\uGyu
f rJ I
atmufwiG &f &dS rnf/
339/ Edik if aH wmftm;jynfwiG ;f ? jynfytEÅ&m,frsm;rSumuG,af &;twGuf wyfrawmfu
OD;aqmif&rnf/
340/ wyfrawmfonf trsK;d om;umuG,af &;ESifh vHNk cKH a&;aumifp\
D oabmwlncD suf
jzihf EkdifiHawmfvHkNcHKa&;ESihf umuG,fa&;wGif jynfolwpf&yfvHk;yg0ifa&;twGuf pDrH
aqmif&u
G cf iG &hf o
dS nf/ wyfrawmf\OD;aqmifrjI zihf jynfopYl pfr[mAsL[mudk azmfaqmif
&rnf/
341/ Edik if aH wmfwiG f Edik if aH wmfEiS fh Edik if o
H m;rsm;twGuf ab;tEÅ&m,frsm;usa&muf
vmvQif wyfrawmfuulnaD qmif&u
G &f rnf/
342/ Edik if aH wmfor®wonf trsK;d om;umuG,af &;ESifh vHNk cKH a&;aumifp\
D tqdjk yK
axmufccH sujf zihf wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyu
f kd ceft
Y yfwm0efay;&rnf/
343/ ppfbufw&m;pD&if&mwGif (u) wyfrawmfom;rsm;twGuf tzJUG jzihjf zpfap? wpfO;D wnf;jzpfap Oya'ESifh
tnD pD&ifEikd o
f nf?
( c ) wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf\ tqHk;tjzwfonf tNyD;tjywf
jzpfonf/

148

344/ roefrpGr;f jzpfomG ;aom wyfrawmfom;rsm;ESihf aoqH;k aom odrYk [kwf usq;kH aom
wyfrawmfom;rsm;\rdom;pkrsm;tm; axmufyahH pmihaf &Smufa&;wdt
Yk wGuf Oya'jy|mef;
&rnf/

tcef; (8)
EkdifiHom;? EkdifiHom;rsm;\
rlvtcGifhta&;ESifh wm0efrsm;

149

tcef;(8)
EdkfifiHom;? EdkifiHom;rsm;\ rlvtcGifhta&;ESifh wm0efrsm;
345/ atmufazmfjyygt&nftcsi;f wpf&yf&yfEiS jhf ynfph o
kH rl sm;onf jynfaxmifpo
k r®w
jrefrmEdik if aH wmf\ Edik if o
H m;rsm;jzpfMuonf (u) jynfaxmifpo
k r®wjrefrmEdik if aH wmf\ wdik ;f &if;om;rdbESpyf g;rS arG;zGm;ol?
( c ) þzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya' twnfjyKjy|mef;onfhaeYwGif Oya't&
Edik if o
H m;jzpfNy;D ol/
346/ Edik if o
H m;jzpfjcif;? Edik if o
H m;jyKjcif;ESihf Ekid if o
H m;tjzpfr&S yfpjJ cif;wdo
Yk nf Oya'
jzifjh y|mef;onft
h wdik ;f jzpfap&rnf/
347/ Ekid if aH wmfonf rnfou
Yl rkd qdk Oya't&mwGif wef;wlnrD QtcGit
hf a&;&&Sad p&rnf/
xkjYd yif Oya'\tumtuG,u
f v
kd nf; wef;wlnrD QpmG &,lyikd cf iG ahf y;&rnf/
348/ EkdifiHawmfonf jynfaxmifpkor®wjrefrmEdkifiHawmf\ rnfonfhEdkifiHom;udkrQ
vlrsK;d ? Zmwd? ud;k uG,&f mbmom? &mxl;XmeEÅ&? tqift
h wef;? ,Ofaus;rI? trsK;d om;?
trsK;d orD;? qif;&Jcsr;f omwdu
Yk kd taMumif;jyKícGjJ cm;rIr&Sad p&/
349/ Edik if o
H m;rsm;onf atmufygvkyif ef;rsm;udk vkyu
f ikd af qmif&u
G &f mwGiw
f n
l aD om
tcGit
fh vrf;&&Sad p&rnf (u) jynfo0Yl efxrf; wm0efxrf;aqmifr?I
( c ) tvkyv
f yk u
f ikd rf ?I
( * ) ukeo
f ,
G af &mif;0,f azmufum;rI?
(C) pD;yGm;a&;vkyif ef; vkyu
f ikd rf ?I
( i ) twwfynmESihf toufarG;0rf;ausmif;rI?
( p ) 0dZmÆ ynm? odyyHÜ nmESihf enf;ynm&yfrsm; &SmazGazmfxw
k rf /I

150

350/ trsKd;orD;rsm;onf wlnDaomtvkyftwGuf trsKd;om;rsm;cHpm;cGifh&Sdaom
tcGit
hf a&;ESiv
hf pmwku
Yd kd cHpm;cGi&hf o
dS nf/
351/ rdcifrsm;? uav;oli,frsm;ESihf ud,
k 0f efaqmiftrsK;d orD;rsm;onf Oya't&
owfrw
S x
f m;aom oufqikd &f mtcGit
hf a&;rsm;udk tnDtrQcpH m;cGi&hf adS p&rnf/
352/ Edik if aH wmfonf tvkyt
f udik cf efx
Y m;&mwGijf zpfap? Edik if 0hH efxrf;a&G;cs,w
f m0ef
ay;&mwGijf zpfap owfrw
S af omt&nftcsi;f ESijhf ynfph ykH gu jynfaxmifpo
k r®wjrefrm
Ekid if aH wmf\ rnfonfEh ikd if o
H m;udrk Q vlrsK;d ? Zmwd? ud;k uG,&f mbmom omoem? trsK;d om;?
trsKd;orD;udktaMumif;jyKvsuf &mxl;a&G;cs,fcefYxm;jcif;udk cGJjcm;rIrjyK&/ odkY&mwGif
trsK;d om;rsm;ESio
hf mavsmu
f efoifjh rwfonfh &mxl;wm0efrsm;twGuf trsK;d om;rsm;tm;
a&G;cs,cf efx
Y m;jcif;udk þyk'rf t& t[eft
Y wm;rjzpfap&/
353/ rnfolYudkrQ wnfqJOya'ESifhtnDrSwpfyg; toufudkjzpfap? yk*¾dKvfqdkif&m
vGwv
f yfru
I jkd zpfap epfemqH;k ½I;H rIr&Sad p&/
354/ Edik if o
H m;wdik ;f onf Edik if aH wmfvjkH cKH a&;? w&m;Oya'pd;k rd;k a&;? &yf&mG at;csr;f
om,ma&; odrYk [kwf jynfow
l \
Ykd ud,
k u
f siw
hf &m;tusKd ;iSm jy|mef;xm;onfOh ya'rsm;
ESihf rqefu
Y siv
f Qif atmufygtcGit
hf a&;rsm;udk vGwv
f yfpmG oH;k pGaJ qmif&u
G cf iG &hf o
dS nf (u) rdrd\ ,HkMunfcsuf? xifjrif,lqcsufrsm;udk vGwfvyfpGm xkwfazmf
ajymqkcd iG ?hf a&;om;jzefaY 0cGi?hf
( c ) vufeufrygbJ Nird ;f csr;f pGmpka0;cGi?hf pDwef;vSnv
hf nfciG ?hf
( * ) toif;tzGUJ odrYk [kwf tpnf;t½H;k rsm; zGUJ pnf;aqmif&u
G cf iG ?hf
(C) wkdif;&if;om;vlrsKd; wpfrsKd;ESifhwpfrsKd; odkYr[kwf wkdif;&if;om;vlrsKd;
tcsif;csif;ukdvnf;aumif;? tjcm;bmomomoemukdvnf;aumif;
xdcu
kd ef pfemrIr&Sad pbJ rdrcd spcf ifjrwfE;kd onfh pum;? pmay? ,Ofaus;rI?
udk;uG,fonfhbmomomoemESifh "avhxHk;wrf;rsm;udk vGwfvyfpGm
aqmif&u
G yf ikd cf iG /hf
355/ Edik if o
H m;wdik ;f onf jynfaxmifpo
k r®wjrefrmEkid if aH wmftwGi;f rnfonft
h &yf
a'oürqkd Oya'ESit
hf nD tajcpdu
k af exkid cf iG &hf o
dS nf/

151

356/ Edik if aH wmfonf Edik if o
H m;rsm;\ w&m;0if&&Syd ikd q
f idk x
f m;aom a&TUajymif;Ekid f
aomypön;f ? ra&TUrajymif;Ekid af omypön;f rsm;ESiphf yfvsO;f í Oya't& umuG,af y;&rnf/
357/ þzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifhrqefYusifvQif EdkifiHawmfonf
Edik if o
H m;rsm;\ aetdrOf ypmvHNk cKH rI? ypön;f vHNk cKH rI? pmay;pm,lEiS hf tjcm;qufo,
G af &;
qdik &f mvHNk cKH rIrsm;twGuf Oya't&umuG,af y;&rnf/
358/ Edik if aH wmfonf aus;uRejf yKrIEiS hf vluek u
f ;l rIrsm;udk wm;jrpfonf/
359/ EdkifiHawmfonf Oya'usL;vGefí jypf'Pfay;jcif;udkcH&ojzifh tvkyf'Pf
xrf;aqmifcikd ;f jcif;ESihf trsm;jynfot
l usK;d twGuaf qmif&u
G &f ef Edik if aH wmfu Oya'ESihf
tnD wm0efcsxm;jcif;rSwpfyg; t"r®apcdik ;f jcif;udk wm;jrpfonf/
360/ (u)

(c)

bmomomoema&;qkdif&m udk;uG,faqmufwnfrIonf pD;yGm;a&;?
b@ma&;? Edik if aH &;? tjcm;avmuDa&;&m aqmif&u
G rf w
I pfcck Ek iS hf qufpyf
aeygu yk'rf 34 yg bmomomoema&;qdik &f m vGwv
f yfciG rhf sm;wGif
ryg0ifap&?
xko
d Ykd bmomomoema&;ESiphf yfvsO;f í vGwv
f yfaomtcGit
hf a&;rsm;
udak y;xm;aomfvnf; trsm;jynfot
l usK;d udpEö iS hf jyKjyifa&;udpw
ö t
Ydk wGuf
Edik if aH wmf\Oya'jyKjcif;udk rwm;jrpf&/

361/ Edik if aH wmfonf Ak'b
¨ momomoemawmfukd Edik if aH wmf\ Edik if o
H m;trsm;qH;k
udk;uG,f&mjzpfaom *kPfxl;0daooESifhjynfhpHkonfh bmomomoemjzpfonf[k
Edik if aH wmfu todtrSwjf yKonf/
362/ EkdifiHawmfonf c&pf,mefbmomomoem? tpövmrfbmomomoem? [dE´L
bmomomoemESifh ewfudk;uG,faombmomwdkYudk þzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'tmPm
wnfaomaeYü Edik if aH wmfwiG &f adS eMuaom ud;k uG,&f mbmomrsm;[lí todtrSwjf yKonf/
363/ Edik if aH wmfonf todtrSwjf yKxm;aom bmomomoemrsm;udk wwfEikd o
f rQ
ulnaD pmifah &Smufrnf/

152

364/ Edik if aH &;udpt
ö vdiYk mS bmomomoemudk tvGo
J ;kH pm;rjyK&/ xdjYk yif vlrsK;d a&;
aMumifah omfvnf;aumif;? bmoma&;aMumifah omfvnf;aumif; wpfzufEiS w
hf pfzuf?
wpf*P
kd ;f ESiw
hf pf*P
kd ;f rke;f wD;jcif;? &efrjl cif;? pdw0f rf;uGjJ cif;wpfrsK;d rsK;d ay:aygufvmap&ef
&nf&,
G af om odrYk [kwf ay:aygufvm&eftaMumif;&Sad om tjyKtrlonf þzGUJ pnf;yHk
tajccHOya'ESifh qefYusifonf/ xdktjyKtrlrsKd;twGuf jypf'Pfay;Edkif&ef Oya'
jy|mef;Edik o
f nf/
365/ Edik if o
H m;wdik ;f onf Oya'ESit
hf nD rdrw
d t
Ykd jrwfwEk;d xm;&Sad om pmay? ,Ofaus;rI?
tEkynmESi"hf avhx;kH wrf;wdu
Yk kd vGwv
f yfpmG jyKpyk sK;d axmifaqmif&u
G yf ikd cf iG hf &So
d nf/
,if;odaYk qmif&u
G &f mwGif wkid ;f &if;om;pnf;vH;k nDñw
G af &;udk xdyg;rIr&Sad p&ef a&SmifMuOf
&rnf/ xdjYk yif rdrw
d \
Ykd aqmif&u
G rf o
I nf tjcm;wdik ;f &if;om; vlrsK;d wpfrsK;d udjk zpfap?
vlrsK;d rsm;udjk zpfap xdcu
kd ef pfemapEdik v
f Qif oufqikd o
f rl sm;tcsi;f csi;f n§Ed idI ;f í ajyvnfrI
&&SNd y;D rSom aqmif&u
G cf iG &hf o
dS nf/
366/ EdkifiHom;wdkif;onf EdkifiHawmfucsrSwfxm;aom ynma&;qdkif&mrl0g'rsm;ESifh
tnD (u) ynmoifMum;ydik cf iG &hf o
dS nf?
( c ) Oya'jzifjh y|mef;onfh roifrae&tajccHynmrsm;udk oifMum;&rnf?
( * ) odyyHÜ nmpl;prf;&SmazGr?I pmayESihf tEkynmacwfrw
D ;dk wufap&ef wDxiG f
MuHqazmfxkwfa&;om;rIESifh ,Ofaus;rIudpörsm;wGif vGwfvyfpGm
okawoejyK azmfxw
k af qmif&u
G cf iG &hf o
dS nf/
367/ Edik if o
H m;wkid ;f onf Ekid if aH wmfucsrw
S x
f m;aom use;f rma&;qkid &f mrl0g'rsm;ESifh
tnD use;f rma&;apmifah &Smufru
I dk cH,cl iG &fh o
dS nf/
368/ Edik if aH wmfonf ynm&nfx;l cReaf om Edik if o
H m;rsm;tm; vlrsK;d ? ud;k uG,&f mbmom?
trsKd;om;? trsKd;orD;cGJjcm;rIrxm;&SdbJ ,if;wdkY\ t&nftcsif;tvdkuf csD;ajr§muf
axmufyrhH nf/

153

369/ (u)

(c)

EdkifiHom;wdkif;onf þzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'ESifhjzpfap? oufqdkif&m
Oya'rsm;ESijhfzpfap rqefu
Y siv
f Qif jynfov
Yl w
T af wmf? trsK;d om;vTwaf wmf?
wdik ;f a'oBu;D vTwaf wmf odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmf wpf&yf&yfwiG f
a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufciG Ehf iS hf a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufcyH ikd cf iG &hf o
dS nf?
oufqdkif&m rJqE´&Sifrsm;onf vTwfawmfwpf&yf&yfrS vTwfawmf
ud,
k pf m;vS,u
f kd Oya'ESit
hf nD wm0efrS jyefvnf½yk o
f rd ;f cGi&hf o
dS nf/

370/ EdkifiHom;rsm;onf EdkifiHawmftwGif; trsKd;om;pD;yGm;a&; zGHUNzKd;wdk;wufapa&;
twGuf pD;yGm;a&;vkyif ef;rsm;udk Oya'ESit
hf nD vGwv
f yfpmG vkyu
f ikd af qmif&u
G cf iG &hf o
dS nf/
371/ EdkifiHawmfonf trsKd;om;pD;yGm;a&;zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufapa&;twGuf enf;ynm?
t&if;tES;D ? pufryI pön;f ? ukeMf urf; tp&So
d nfwu
Ykd kd &&Sad p&efun
l rD nf/
372/ þzGUJ pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csurf sm;ESiv
hf nf;aumif;? wnfqOJ ya'rsm;yg
jy|mef;csurf sm;ESiv
hf nf;aumif; rqefu
Y siaf pbJ pD;yGm;a&;udprö sm;udk aqmif&u
G &f mwGif
ypön;f ydik q
f idk cf iG ?hf oH;k pGcJ iG Ehf iS hf ud,
k yf ikd w
f x
D iG cf iG ?hf rlyikd cf iG w
hf u
Ykd kd Edik if aH wmfu tmrcHonf/
373/ jypfru
I sL;vGeo
f l rnfou
Yl rkd qdk ,if;jypfru
I sL;vGeo
f nft
h csed u
f twnfjzpfvsuf
&Sdaom oufqdkif&mOya't&om jypfrIxif&Sm;pD&if&rnf/ xdkYjyif ,if;Oya't&
csrw
S Ef ikd af om jypf'Pfxufyí
kd csrw
S jf cif;rjyK&/
374/ wpfO;D wpfa,mufonf pD&ifyikd cf iG &hf adS omw&m;½H;k u jypfrw
I pf&yftwGuf jypfrI
xif&mS ;pD&ifjcif;cH&vQijf zpfap? trIrt
S Ny;D tjywfvw
T jf cif;cH&vQijf zpfap tqdyk gjypfrI
xif&mS ;pD&ifonfph &D ifcsuf odrYk [kwf trIrt
S Ny;D tjywfvw
T o
f nfph &D ifcsuu
f kd tqifjh rifh
w&m;½H;k uy,fzsuNf y;D trIut
kd opfwpfzefjyefvnfppfaq;ap&ef trdecYf srw
S o
f nft
h cg
rSwpfyg; ,if;jypfrt
I wGuf xdo
k t
l m; xyfrpH pfaq;jcif;rjyK&/
375/ jypfru
I sL;vGeaf Mumif; pGypf cGJ &H olwpfO;D OD;onf Oya'ESit
fh nD ckcaH csycGi&hf adS p&rnf/
376/ Edik if aH wmfvNkH cKH a&;? w&m;Oya'pd;k rd;k a&;? trsm;jynfoal t;csr;f om,ma&;ESihf
trsm;jynfot
l usK;d iSm Oya'ESit
hf nD BuKw
d ifumuG,x
f m;&S&d efvt
kd yfaomudpö okrYd [kwf

154

wnfqOJ ya'wpf&yf&yft& cGijhf yKonfu
h pd rö w
S pfyg; pD&ifyikd cf iG &hf adS om w&m;olBu;D \
csKyrf ed rYf &&Sb
d J rnfou
Yl rkd Q 24 em&Dxufyí
kd csKyaf ESmifjcif;rjyK&/
377/ þtcef ; ü ay;tyf x m;aom tcG i f h t a&;wpf & yf & yf u d k &,l v d k y gvQif
owfrw
S cf surf sm;ESit
hf nD jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKyo
f Ykd avQmufxm;ydik cf iG hf &S&d rnf/
378/ (u)

(c)

þtcef;ü ay;tyfxm;aomtcGit
hf a&;rsm;ESiphf yfvsO;f í avQmufxm;
vmonfu
h pd &ö yfrsm;wGif jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKyo
f nf atmuf
azmfjyyg pmcReaf wmftrdew
Yf pf&yf&yfukd oifah vsmo
f nft
h wkid ;f xkwq
f ifh
ay;cGit
hf mPm&S&d rnf (1) a&SUawmfoiG ;f pmcReaf wmftrde?Yf
(2) tmPmay;pmcReaf wmftrde?Yf
(3) wm;jrpfappmcReaf wmftrde?Yf
(4) tmPmydik af r;pmcReaf wmftrde?Yf
(5) trIac:pmcReaf wmftrde/Yf
jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKyo
f Ykd tyfEiS ;f onfph mcReaf wmftrderYf sm;
xkwfqifhcGifhtmPmonf tjcm;w&m;½kH;rsm;tm; wnfqJOya'rsm;
t& tyfESif;xm;onfh pmcRefawmftrdefYoabmrsKd;oufa&mufonfh
trdex
Yf w
k q
f ifyh ikd cf iG t
hf mPmudk rxdcu
kd af p&/

379/ atmufazmfjyyg tajctaewpf&yf&yfay:aygufcsed w
f iG f trsm;jynfov
l jkH cKH a&;
twGuf vdktyfonfhudpörSwpfyg; yk'fr 377 yg tcGifhta&;rsm;awmif;cHydkifcGifhudk
&yfqikd ;f xm;jcif;rjyK& (u) ppfrufjzpfymG ;csed ?f
( c ) wkid ;f wpfyg;rS usL;ausm0f ifa&mufwu
kd cf u
kd cf sed ?f
( * ) qlyal omif;use;f rIrsm; jzpfay:aecsed /f
380/ EdkifiHjcm;wkdif;wpfyg;ESifhqufqHaom EkdifiHom;wkdif;onf jynfwGif;üjzpfap?
jynfyüjzpfap Edik if aH wmf\umuG,af pmifah &Smufru
I kd awmif;cHciG &hf o
dS nf/

155

381/ atmuffazmfjyyg tajctaeESifhtcsdeftcgrSwpfyg; EkdifiHom;rsm;\w&m;0if
&ydik cf iG &hf adS om epfemcsurf sm;twGuf Oya'jzifo
h wfrw
S x
f m;aom &,lyikd cf iG rhf sm;udk
jiif;y,fjcif;rjyK& (u) wkid ;f wpfyg;rS usL;ausm0f ifa&mufwu
dk cf u
kd cf sed ?f
( c ) qlyal omif;use;f rIrsm; jzpfay:aecsed ?f
( * ) ta&;ay:tajctae jzpfay:aecsed /f
382/ umuG,fa&;wyfzGJU0ifrsm; odkYr[kwf Nidrf0yfydjym;a&;ESifh vHkjcHKa&;wm0ef
xrf;aqmif&aomwyfzGJU0ifrsm;tm; ,if;wdkY\wm0ef0wå&m;rsm;udk ausyGefpGm
xrf;aqmifEidk af &;ESihf pnf;urf;ao0yfrrI sm;&Sad pa&;wdt
Yk wGuf þtcef;ü ay;tyfxm;
aomtcGifhta&;rsm;teuf uefYowf&ef odkYr[kwf zsufodrf;&ef vdktyfaom
tcGit
hf a&;rsm;udk Oya'jy|mef;í uefo
Y wfjcif; odrYk [kwf zsuo
f rd ;f jcif;jyK&rnf/
383/ Edik if o
H m;wdik ;f onf atmufygwdu
Yk kd apmifx
h ed ;f &efwm0ef&o
dS nf (u) jynfaxmifprk NyKd uaJG &;?
( c ) wkid ;f &if;om;pnf;vH;k nDñw
G rf rI NyKd uaJG &;?
( * ) tcsKyt
f jcmtmPmwnfwcHh ikd Nf raJ &;/
384/ EdkifiHom;wdkif;onf þzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csufrsm;udk vdkufem
apmifx
h ed ;f &ef wm0ef&o
dS nf/
385/ jynfaxmifpo
k r®wjrefrmEdik if aH wmf\ vGwv
f yfa&;? tcsKyt
f jcmtmPmESihf
e,fajrwnfwchH ikd Nf raJ &;wku
Yd kd umuG,af pmifah &Smufa&;onf Edik if o
H m;wdik ;f \ wm0ef
jzpfonf/
386/ EkdifiHom;wkdif;onf Oya'jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifhtnD ppfynmoifMum;&efESifh
Edik if aH wmfumuG,af &;twGuf ppfrx
I rf;&efwm0ef&o
dS nf/
387/ EdkifiHom;wkdif;onf jynfaxmifpkpdwf"mwfudktajccHí wdkif;&if;om;vlrsKd;
tcsif;csif; pnf;vHk;nDñGwfa&;ESifh jynfolwpf&yfvHk;at;csrf;om,ma&;wdkYtwGuf
BuKd ;yrf;tm;xkwaf qmif&u
G &f ef wm0ef&o
dS nf/

156

388/ acwfrzD UHG NzKd ;wd;k wufaom Edik if aH wmfBu;D ay:xGe;f apa&;onf Edik if o
H m;wdik ;f \
wm0efjzpfonf/
389/ Ed k i f i H o m;wd k i f ; onf Oya't& ay;aqmif & rnf h t cG e f t aumuf r sm;ud k
ay;aqmif&ef wm0ef&o
dS nf/
390/ Ekid if o
H m;wkid ;f onf atmufazmfjyygudp&ö yfrsm;wGif Ekid if aH wmftm; uln&D ef
wm0ef&o
dS nf (u) trsK;d om;,Ofaus;rItarGtESpu
f kd xde;f odr;f apmihaf &Smufjcif;?
( c ) obm0ywf0ef;usiu
f kd xde;f odr;f apmifah &Smufjcif;?
( * ) vlpY rG ;f tm;t&if;tjrpfzUGH NzKd ;wd;k wufa&; jrifrh m;vmap&ef BuKd ;yrf;jcif;?
(C) trsm;jynfoyl ikd yf pön;f rsm;ukd xde;f odr;f apmihaf &Smufjcif;/

tcef; (9)
a&G;aumufwifajr§mufjcif;

157

tcef;(9)
a&G ; aumuf w if a jr§ m uf j cif ;
vTwfawmfrsm;odkY jynfolYudk,fpm;vS,frsm; a&G;aumufwifajr§mufjcif;
391/ vTwaf wmfrsm;odYk jynfou
Yl ,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;udk a&G;aumufwifajrm§ uf&mwGif (u) a&G;aumufypJG wifusi;f yonfah eY&ufü touf 18 ESpf jynfí
h Oya't&
t&nftcsif;ysuf,Gif;olr[kwfonfhtjyif qE´rJay;ydkifcGifh&Sdaom
Edik if o
H m;ESihf Oya't& qE´raJ y;cGi&hf o
dS w
l ikd ;f onf qE´raJ y;ydik cf iG &hf o
dS nf?
( c ) qE´raJ y;ydik cf iG &hf adS omEdik if o
H m;ESihf Oya't& qE´raJ y;cGi&hf o
dS w
l ikd ;f onf
a&G;aumufyw
JG pf&yfü rJqE´e,fwpfe,fwiG f vTwaf wmfwpf&yfpt
D wGuf
qE´rw
J pfro
J m ay;ydik cf iG &hf o
dS nf?
( * ) xkjYd yif þzGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csurf sm;ESit
hf nD qE´raJ y;ydik f
cGifh&Sdaom oufqdkif&mwkdif;&if;om;rsm;onf rdrdwdkY\wdkif;a'oBuD;
odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmftwGuf wdkif;&if;om;vlrsKd;vTwfawmf
ud,
k pf m;vS,rf sm; a&G;aumufwifajrm§ uf&mwGiv
f nf; qE´raJ y;ydik cf iG hf
&So
d nf?
(C) vQKUd 0Suq
f E´raJ y;jcif;pepfuu
kd sio
hf ;Hk &rnf/
392/ atmufygyk*Kd¾ vrf sm;onf qE´raJ y;ydik cf iG rhf &Sad p& (u) omoemh0efxrf;rsm;?
( c ) axmif'PfuscaH e&olrsm;?
( * ) pdwaf yghoyG af eonf[k oufqikd &f mOya'u jy|mef;xm;onft
h wkid ;f
owfrw
S jf cif;cH&olrsm;?
(C) vlrt
JG jzpf qk;H jzwfaMunmcHxm;&jcif;rS vGwaf jrmufciG rhf &ao;olrsm;?
( i ) a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufjcif;qdik &f mOya't& wm;jrpfjcif;cH&olrsm;/
393/ vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,af vmif;wpfO;D onf a&G;aumufyw
JG pf&yfwiG f (u) vTwaf wmfwpf&yftwGuo
f m a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufcyH ikd cf iG &hf o
dS nf?
( c ) rJqE´e,fwpfe,fwiG o
f m a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufc&H ef,OS Nf yKd icf iG &hf o
dS nf/

158

394/ (u)

(c)

jynfaxmifpek ,fajr odUk r[kwf jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfu Oya'jy|mef;
í owfrw
S x
f m;aom jynfaxmifpek ,fajrrsm;twGi;f rSw
D if;aexdik Mf u
aom rJqE´&Sifrsm;onf jynfolYvTwfawmfESifh trsKd;om;vTwfawmf
ud,
k pf m;vS,rf sm;udo
k m a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufciG &hf o
dS nf?
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfu Oya'jy|mef;í jynfaxmifpek ,fajrtjzpf
owfrw
S v
f u
kd af om e,fajrwpfcck rk S a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufxm;onfh
wkid ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fvw
T af wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,o
f nf Oya'wGif
oD;jcm;cGifhjyKxm;jcif;r&SdvQif ,if;vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,ftjzpf
qufvuf&yfwnfyikd cf iG rhf &Sad p&/

395/ þzGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csurf sm;t&aomfvnf;aumif;? a&G;aumuf
wifajrm§ ufjcif;qdik &f m Oya'ygjy|mef;csurf sm;t&aomfvnf;aumif;? t&nftcsi;f
ysuf,Gif;olr[kwfygu EdkifiHom;wdkif;onf vTwfawmfwpf&yf&yfodkY a&G;aumuf
wifajrm§ ufcyH ikd cf iG &hf o
dS nf/
vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fwm0efrS jyefvnf½kyfodrf;jcif;
396/ (u) vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,w
f pfO;D udk atmufygtaMumif;wpf&yf&yfaMumifh
wm0efrjS yefvnf½yk o
f rd ;f cGi&hf o
dS nf (1) Edik if aH wmf\aus;Zl;opömawmfukd azmufzsujf cif;?
(2) þzGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csuw
f pf&yf&yfukd azmufzsuf
usL;vGejf cif;?
(3) tusio
hf u
d m© ysujf ym;jcif;?
(4) þzGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'wGif owfrw
S x
f m;onfh oufqidk &f m
vTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,\
f t&nftcsi;f ysu,
f iG ;f jcif;?
(5) Oya't&ay;tyfaomwm0efrsm;ukd ausyeG pf mG raqmif&u
G jf cif;/
( c ) oufqikd &f mrJqE´e,f\rlvrJqE´&iS rf sm;teuf tenf;qk;H wpf&mckid Ef eI ;f
wdkYu wm0efrSjyefvnf½kyfodrf;vkdaom vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fESihf
ywfoufonhw
f ikd w
f ef;csuu
f kd jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyaJG umfr&Six
f H
wifjy&rnf?

159

(*)
(C)

(i)

jynfaxmifpak &G;aumufyaJG umfr&Siu
f Oya'ESit
fh nDppHk rf;ppfaq;&rnf?
pGypf cJG suu
f pkd pHk rf;ppfaq;onht
f cg oufqikd &f mvTwaf wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,f
udk,fwdkifaomfvnf;aumif;? udk,fpm;vS,fjzihf aomfvnf;aumif;
acsycGiafh y;&rnf?
jynfaxmifpak &G;aumufyaJG umfr&Siu
f xdpk yG pf cJG suo
f nfreS u
f efNy;D pGypf cJG H
&olonf vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,ftjzpf qufvufxrf;&Gufap&ef
roihaf Mumif; oabm&&Sv
d Qif jynfaxmifpak &G;aumufyaJG umfr&Sio
f nf
Oya'ESit
fh nD aqmif&u
G &f rnf/

397/ jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfonf a&G;aumufwifajr§mufjcif;qdkif&m udpörsm;ESihf
pyfvsOf;ívnf;aumif;? wm0efrSjyefvnf½kyfodrf;jcif;qdkif&m udpörsm;ESihfpyfvsOf;í
vnf;aumif; vkt
d yfaomOya'rsm;udk jy|mef;&rnf/
jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sif zJGUpnf;jcif;
398/ (u) Edik if aH wmfor®wonf jynfaxmifpak &G;aumufyaJG umfr&Sif wpf&yfukd
zGJUpnf;&rnf/ ,if;odkYzGJUpnf;&mwGif þzGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'yg
jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D cefx
Y m;jcif;ESipfh yfvsO;f onhf jy|mef;csurf sm;ESit
fh nD
jynfaxmifpak &G;aumufyaJG umfr&SiOf uú|tygt0if tzGUJ 0if tenf;qk;H
ig;OD;udk ceft
Y yfwm0efay;Edik o
f nf?
(c)

jynfaxmifpak &G;aumufyaJG umfr&SiOf uú|ESifh tzGUJ 0ifrsm;onf (1) touf 50 ESpf jynfNh y;D oljzpf&rnf?
(2) toufuefo
Y wfcsurf t
S y jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfu,
kd pf m;vS,rf sm;
twGuf owfrw
S x
f m;onht
f &nftcsi;f rsm;ESifh jynfph o
Hk jl zpf&rnf?
(3) (uu) jynfaxmifpkw&m;olBuD;csKyf odkYr[kwf jynfaxmifpk
w&m;vTwaf wmfcsKyf w&m;olBu;D tjzpfjzpfap? wdik ;f a'o
BuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmfw&m;olBuD;
tjzpf jzpfap? tvm;wl&mxl;wm0ef wpfcck w
k iG jf zpfap
tenf;qk;H ig;ESpf aqmif&u
G cf o
hJ jl zpf&rnf odrYk [kwf

160

(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)

( c c ) wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,ftqifx
h ufredrahf om
w&m;a&;t&m&Sd odkYr[kwf Oya't&m&Sd&mxl;wGif
tenf;qkH; 10 ESpf wm0efxrf;aqmifcJholjzpf&rnf
odrYk [kwf
( * * ) w&m;vTwfawmfa&SUaetjzpf tenf;qkH; 20 ESpf trI
vku
d yf gaqmif&u
G cf o
hJ jl zpf&rnf odrYk [kwf
(CC) xifay:ausmMf um;onhf *kPo
f wif;&Sad om yk*K¾d vt
f jzpf
Edik if aH wmfor®wu ,lqoljzpf&rnf/
odum© orm"dEiS jfh ynfph NHk y;D tawGUtBuK&H ihu
f suo
f l jzpf&rnf?
jynfolYvTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,ftjzpf a&G;aumufwifajr§muf
cHyidk cf iG rfh &Sad paom jy|mef;csurf sm;ESifh Nipd eG ;f jcif;r&So
d l jzpf&rnf?
EdkifiHawmfESihf EdkifiHom;rsm;tay:opöm&Sdoljzpf&rnf?
EdkifiHa&;ygwD0ifr[kwfoljzpf&rnf?
vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fr[kwfoljzpf&rnf?
vpm? p&d w f ? aMu;aiG & aomtjcm;rnf o nf h & mxl ; ud k r Q
vufcHjcif;rjyKol jzpf&rnf/

jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sif\ wm0efrsm;
399/ jynfaxmifpak &G;aumufyaJG umfr&Si\
f wm0efrsm;rSmatmufygtwdik ;f jzpfonf (u) vTwaf wmfa&G;aumufyrJG sm; usi;f yjcif;?
( c ) vTwaf wmfa&G;aumufyrJG sm;udk Bu;D Muyfjcif;? aumfr&Sit
f zGUJ cGt
J qifq
h ifu
h kd
zGUJ pnf;jcif;ESihf Bu;D Muyfapjcif;?
( * ) rJqE´e,frsm;owfrw
S jf cif;ESihf jyifqifowfrw
S jf cif;?
(C) rJpm&if;rsm;jyKpjk cif;ESihf jyifqifjcif;?
( i ) obm0ab;tEÅ&m,faMumifh aomfvnf;aumif;? e,fajrvHkjcHKa&;
tajctaet& aomfvnf;aumif; vGwfvyfNyD;w&m;rQwaom
a&G;aumufyJG usi;f yEdik jf cif;r&So
d nfh rJqE´e,frsm;\ a&G;aumufyrJG sm;udk
a&TUqdik ;f jcif;?
( p ) a&G;aumufyq
JG ikd &f m odrYk [kwf Edik if aH &;ygwDrsm;qdik &f m enf;Oya'rsm;udk
þzGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csufrsm;ESifhtnD vnf;aumif;?

161

(q)
(Z)

vkyx
f ;kH vkyef nf;rsm;? ñTeMf um;csupf onfrsm;udk oufqikd &f mOya'rsm;
ESit
hf nDvnf;aumif; xkwjf yefjcif;?
a&G;aumufyq
JG ikd &f m tjiif;yGm;rIrsm;udk ppfaq;Edik af &;twGuf Oya'ESihf
tnD a&G;aumufycJG t
kH zGUJ rsm; zGUJ pnf;jcif;?
Oya'wpf&yf&yft& ay;tyfonfw
h m0efrsm;udk xrf;aqmifjcif;/

jynf a xmif p k a &G ; aumuf y G J a umf r &S i f O uú | od k Y r [k w f tzG J U 0if r sm;tm;
pGyfpJGjypfwifjcif;
400/ (u) EdkifiHawmfor®wonf jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&SifOuú|
odrYk [kwf tzGUJ 0ifwpfO;D OD;tm; atmufygtaMumif;wpf&yf&yfjzihf pGypf JG
jypfwifEikd o
f nf –
(1) Edik if aH wmf\ aus;Zl;opömawmfukd azmufzsujf cif;?
(2) þzGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csuw
f pf&yf&yfukd azmufzsuf
usL;vGejf cif;?
(3) tusio
hf u
d m© ysujf ym;jcif;?
(4) þzGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'wGif oufqikd &f myk*Kd¾ vt
f wGuf owfrw
S f
xm;onfh t&nftcsi;f ysu,
f iG ;f jcif;?
(5) Oya't& ay;tyfaomwm0efrsm;udk ausyeG pf mG raqmif&u
G jf cif;/
( c ) jynfaxmifpw
k &m;olBu;D csKyf odrYk [kwf jynfaxmifpw
k &m;vTwaf wmfcsKyf
w&m;olBu;D wpfO;D OD;udk pGypf jJG ypfwifjcif;ESifh pyfvsO;f onhf þzGUJ pnf;ykH
tajccHOya'yg jy|mef;xm;onhef nf;vrf;rsm;ESit
fh nD aqmif&u
G &f rnf/
401/ (u)

(c)

jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sif Ouú| odkYr[kwf tzGJU0ifonf
&mxl;wm0efxrf;aqmifaepOf taMumif;wpfcck ak Mumifh rdro
d abmqE´
tavsmuf &mxl;rSEw
k x
f u
G v
f v
kd Qif xdo
k EYkd w
k x
f u
G v
f akd Mumif; Edik if aH wmf
or®wxH pmjzifw
h ifjyNy;D &mxl;rSEw
k x
f u
G Ef ikd o
f nf?
&mxl;rSEw
k x
f u
G jf cif;aMumifjh zpfap? wm0efr&S yfpcJ &H jcif;aMumifjh zpfap?
uG,fvGefjcif;aMumifhjzpfap? tjcm;taMumif;wpfckckaMumifhjzpfap
jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sif Ouú| odkYr[kwf tzGJU0ifae&m

162

(*)

vpfvyfvQif EdkifiHawmfor®wonf þzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'yg
jynfaxmifp0k efBu;D cefx
Y m;jcif;ESiphf yfvsO;f onfh jy|mef;csurf sm;ESit
hf nD
a&G;aumufyGJaumfr&SifOuú|topf odkYr[kwf tzGJU0iftopftm;
ceft
Y yfwm0efay;Edik o
f nf?
jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sif Ouú| odkYr[kwf tzGJU0ifonf
Edik if 0Hh efxrf;jzpfvQif jynfaxmifpak &G;aumufyaJG umfr&SiOf uú| odrYk [kwf
tzGUJ 0iftjzpf ceft
Y yfwm0efay;jcif;cH&onfah eYrpS í wnfq0J efxrf;
pnf;rsO;f ? pnf;urf;rsm;ESit
hf nD Edik if 0Hh efxrf;tjzpfrS tNird ;f pm;,lNy;D
jzpfonf[k rSw,
f &l rnf/

jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sif\ qHk;jzwfcsufESifh aqmif&Gufcsufrsm;
402/ atmufygudpö&yfrsm;ESifhpyfvsOf;í jynfaxmifpka&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sif\
qH;k jzwfcsuEf iS hf aqmif&u
G cf surf sm;onf tNy;D tjywftwnfjzpfap&rnf –
(u) a&G;aumufwifajrm§ ufjcif;qdik &f mvkyif ef;rsm;?
( c ) a&G;aumufycJG t
kH zGUJ rsm;\ qH;k jzwfcsurf sm;? trderYf sm;ESiphf yfvsO;f onfh
t,lcrH rI sm;ESihf jyifqifrrI sm;?
( * ) Edik if aH &;ygwDqikd &f m Oya't&aqmif&u
G af omudp&ö yfrsm;/
403/ jynfaxmifpak &G;aumufyaJG umfr&SiOf uú|ESihf tzGUJ 0ifrsm;\wm0efrsm;? vkyyf ikd f
cGirhf sm;ESihf &ydik cf iG rhf sm;udk Oya'jy|mef;owfrw
S &f rnf/

tcef; (10)
EdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm;

163

tcef;(10)
EdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm;
EkdifiHa&;ygwDrsm;zJGUpnf;jcif;
404/ Edik if aH &;ygwDwpf&yfonf –
(u) jynfaxmifpkrNydKuGJa&;? wdkif;&if;om;pnf;vHk;nDñGwfrIrNydKuGJa&;ESifh
tcsKyt
f jcmtmPmwnfwchH ikd Nf raJ &;wdu
Yk kd OD;wnfcsux
f m;&S&d rnf?
( c ) Edik if aH wmf\aus;Zl;opömudk apmiho
f ½d akd o&rnf/
405/ Edik if aH &;ygwDwpf&yfonf –
(u) ppfreS í
f pnf;urf;jynf0h aom ygwDp'kH rD u
kd a&pDpepfukd vufcu
H sio
hf ;kH &rnf?
( c ) þzGUJ pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'ESihf wnfqOJ ya'rsm;udk av;pm;vdu
k ef m&rnf?
( * ) Edik if aH &;ygwDtjzpf Oya'ESit
hf nD zGUJ pnf;rSwyf w
kH ifxm;&rnf/
406/ Edik if aH &;ygwDwpf&yfonf Edik if aH wmftwGi;f Oya'ESit
hf nD (u) vGwv
f yfpmG pnf;½H;k cGi&fh o
dS nf?
( c ) a&G;aumufyrJG sm;wGif yg0if,OS Nf yKd icf iG &hf o
dS nf/
EdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm; qufvuf&yfwnfykdifcGifhr&Sdjcif;
407/ Edik if aH &;ygwDwpf&yf&yfonf atmufygtaMumif;wpfcck Ek iS hf Nipd eG ;f vQif qufvuf
&yfwnfyikd cf iG rhf &Sad p& (u) wnfqOJ ya't& rw&m;toif;tjzpf aMunmcH&jcif;?
( c ) Edik if aH wmftm; vufeufpu
JG ikd í
f awmfveS yf ek u
f efaeaom aomif;use;f ol
tzGJUtpnf; odkYr[kwf tMurf;zufvkyf&yfrsm;ukd usL;vGefonf[k
EkdifiHawmfu owfrSwfaomtzJGUtpnf;ESifh yk*¾dKvfrsm; okdYr[kwf
rw&m;toif;tjzpf aMunmcHxm;&aom tzJUG tpnf;ESihf wdu
k ½f u
kd f
jzpfap? oG,0f u
kd í
f jzpfap qufo,
G jf cif; okrYd [kwf tm;ay;ulnjD cif;?
( * ) Edik if jH cm;wdik ;f jynfwpfcck rk S tpd;k & odrYk [kwf bmoma&;tzGUJ tpnf;
odrYk [kwf tjcm;tzGUJ tpnf;wpfcck k odrYk [kwf yk*Kd¾ vw
f pfO;D OD;xHrS aiGaMu;?

164

(C)

ypön;f ? tjcm;taxmuftyHu
h kd wdu
k ½f u
kd jf zpfap? oG,0f u
kd í
f jzpfap
&,lo;kH pGjJ cif;?
bmoma&;udk Edik if aH &;twGuf tvGo
J ;kH pm;jyKjcif;/

408/ Edik if aH &;ygwDwpf&yf&yfonf yk'rf 407 yg jy|mef;csuw
f pf&yf&yfEiS hf Nipd eG ;f aMumif;
rSwfyHkwifcGifhay;Edkifaom tzGJUtpnf;uawGU&SdvQif EdkifiHa&;ygwDtjzpf rSwfyHk
wifxm;jcif;udyk ,fzsu&f rnf/
409/ jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfonf EdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm;ESifhpyfvsOf;onfh vdktyfaom
Oya'rsm;udk jy|mef;&rnf/

tcef; (11)
ta&;ay:umvqdkif&m jy|mef;csufrsm;

165

tcef;(11)
ta&;ay:umvqdkif&mjy|mef;csufrsm;
410/ wdik ;f a'oBu;D wpfcw
k iG jf zpfap? jynfe,fwpfe,fwiG jf zpfap? jynfaxmifpek ,fajr
wpfckwGifjzpfap? udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh& pD&ifpkwpfpkwGifjzpfap tkyfcsKyfa&;qkdif&m
vkyfief;rsm;udk zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csufrsm;ESihftnD aqmif&GufEdkifpGrf;
r&SdaMumif; od&SdvQifaomfvnf;aumif;? oufqdkif&ma'otmPmydkiftzGJUtpnf;u
wifjyvQiaf omfvnf;aumif; Edik if aH wmfor®wonf trsK;d om;umuG,af &;ESiv
fh NkH cKH a&;
aumifpDESihfn§dEdIif;NyD; Oya'uJhodkY tmPmwnfonfhtrdefYxkwfjyefí ta&;ay:
tajctae aMunmEkid o
f nf/
411/ yk'rf 410 t& ta&;ay:tajctae aMunmonfu
h pd &ö yfwiG f Ekid if aH wmf
or®wonf (u) oufqdkif&mwdkif;a'oBuD;? jynfe,f odkYr[kwf udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&
pD&ifpk\ tkyfcsKyfa&;tmPmudk &,loHk;pJGcGifh&Sdonf/ xdkYjyif ,if;
tkycf sKyaf &;tmPmudk oihaf vsmo
f nfh tzJUG tpnf;wpf&yf&yf zGUJ pnf;í
jzpfap? oihaf vsmo
f nfh yk*Kd¾ vw
f pfO;D OD;tm;jzpfap tyfEiS ;f aqmif&u
G af p
Ekid o
f nf?
(c) ,if;odaYk qmif&u
G &f mwGif vdt
k yfygu oufqikd &f mwdik ;f a'oBu;D ? jynfe,f
odrYk [kwf ud,
k yf ikd t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf pD&ifprk sm;u Oya'jyKyikd cf iG &fh adS omudp&ö yfrsm;
teuf tkycf sKyaf &;qdik &f mudp&ö yfrsm;twGuf Oya'jyKciG t
fh mPmudo
k m
usihfoHk;cGifh&Sdonf/ odkY&mwGif Oya'jyKcGihftmPmudkrl rnfonfhtzJGU
tpnf; odrYk [kwf rnfonfyh *k K¾d vu
f rkd Q tyfEiS ;f aqmif&u
G af pjcif;rjyK&/
412/ (u)

wdik ;f a'oBu;D wpfcw
k iG jf zpfap? jynfe,fwpfe,fwiG jf zpfap? jynfaxmifpk
e,fajrwpfckwGifjzpfap? udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh& pD&ifpkwpfpkwGifjzpfap?
,if;wdkY\ wpfpdwfwpfa'owGifjzpfap jynfolrsm;\touftdk;tdrf

166

(c)

pnf;pdru
f kd xdyg;tEÅ&m,fjyKrnfh ta&;ay:tajctaeay:aygufvQif
odkYr[kwf xdkodkYay:ayguf&ef vHkavmufaomtaMumif;&SdaMumif;
od&SdvQifaomfvnf;aumif;? xdkodkYay:ayguf&ef vkHavmufaom
taMumif;&SdaMumif; oufqdkif&ma'o tmPmydkiftzGJUtpnf;u
wif j yvQif a omf v nf ; aumif ; Ed k i f i H a wmf o r® w onf trsKd ; om;
umuG,fa&;ESihf vHkNcHKa&;aumifpDESihf n§dEIdif;NyD; Oya'uJhodkY tmPm
wnfonfh trdex
Yf w
k jf yefí ta&;ay:tajctae aMunmEkid o
f nf?
yk'rf cGJ (u) t& Edik if aH wmfor®wonf trsK;d om;umuG,af &;ESifh vkNH cKaH &;
aumifpED iS fh n§Ed idI ;f &mwGif tzGUJ 0ifrsm;pkn
H pD mG wufa&mufEikd jf cif;r&Syd gu
tzGUJ 0ifrsm;jzpfaom wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKy?f 'kw,
d wyfrawmf
umuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf? umuG,fa&;0efBuD;Xme 0efBuD;? jynfxJa&;
0efBuD;Xme 0efBuD;wdkYESihf n§dEIdif;NyD; ta&;ay:tajctaeudk tcsdefrD
xkwfjyefaMunmEdkifonf/ ,if;odkY xkwfjyefaMunmcsufudk trsKd;om;
umuG,fa&;ESihf vkHNcKHa&;aumifpDodkY tjrefqkH;wifjy twnfjyKcsuf
&,l&rnf/

413/ yk'rf 412 t& ta&;ay:tajctae aMunmonfh udp&ö yfwiG f (u) ta&;ay:tajctaeaMunmcsuf tusK;d oufa&mufonfeh ,fajra'o
twGi;f rlvtajctaeodYk tjrefjyefvnfa&muf&adS pjcif;iSm a'oqdik &f m
tmPmydkiftzGJUtpnf;rsm;? ,if;tzJGUtpnf;0ifrsm;? e,fbufqdkif&m
0efxrf;tzJUG tpnf;rsm;? ,if;tzGUJ tpnf;0ifrsm;u wnfqOJ ya'rsm;ESifh
tnD wm0efxrf;aqmif&mwGif xda&mufrI&Sdap&ef wyfrawmf\
tultnDukd &,laqmif&u
G Ef ikd o
f nf?
( c ) Edik if aH wmfor®wonf vdt
k yfygu ppftyk cf sKyaf &;trdew
Yf pf&yf xkwjf yef
Edik o
f nf/ ,if;ppftyk cf sKyaf &;trdew
Yf iG f wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyf
tm; tkycf sKyaf &;qdik &f m vkyyf ikd cf iG Efh iS fh wm0efrsm;udv
k nf;aumif;? &yf&mG
at;csr;f om,ma&;ESifh w&m;Oya'pd;k rd;k a&;ESifh oufqikd o
f nfh w&m;
pD&ifa&;qdik &f m vkyyf ikd cf iG Ehf iS fh wm0efrsm;udv
k nf;aumif; owfrw
S af y;&
rnf/ wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyo
f nf ,if;vkyyf ikd cf iG Efh iS fh wm0efrsm;udk

167

rdru
d ,
kd w
f ikd f usio
fh ;kH aqmif&u
G jf cif; odrYk [kwf oihaf vsmo
f nfh ppfbuf
tmPmydik f wpfO;D OD;udk usio
hf ;kH aqmif&u
G af pjcif;jyKEikd o
f nf/
414/ Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf Oya'uJo
h t
Ykd mPmwnfonfh trdex
Yf w
k jf yefí ta&;ay:
tajctae aMunmonfhtcg (u) ,if;trdew
Yf iG f ta&;ay:tajctae tusK;d oufa&mufonfh e,fajr
a'oESifh tcsed u
f mvwdu
Yk kd owfrw
S af zmfjy&rnf?
( c ) vdktyfygu ta&;ay:tajctae tusKd;oufa&mufonfh e,fajr
a'otwGi;f aexdik Mf uaom Ekid if o
H m;rsm;\ rlvtcGit
hf a&;wpf&yf&yf
udjk zpfap? wpf&yfxufyí
kd jzpfap vdt
k yfovdk uefo
Y wfEidk o
f nf odrYk [kwf
&yfqikd ;f xm;Edik o
f nf/
415/ EkdifiHawmfor®wonf ta&;ay:tajctaeaMunmí yk'fr 410 ESihf 411
t& ta&;,laqmif&Gufcsufrsm;udkvnf;aumif;? yk'fr 412 ESifh 413 t& ta&;,l
aqmif&Gufcsufrsm;udk vnf;aumif; yk'fr 212 ( c ) ? ( * ) ESifh ( i ) wdkYESifhtnD
aqmif&u
G &f rnf/
416/ yk'fr 415 t& EkdifiHawmfor®w\wifjycsufudk jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf
tpnf;ta0;u twnfjyKonft
h jyif tcsed u
f mv xyfrw
H ;kd jri§ o
hf wfrw
S v
f Qif xkOd ya'uJo
h Ydk
tmPmwnfaomtrdefYonf wdk;jr§ifhowfrSwfonfhtcsdefumvukefqHk;onftxd
tmPmwnf&rnf/
417/ Ekid if aH wmf\tcsKyt
f jcmtmPmudk qlyal omif;use;f rI? tMurf;zufrEI iS hf t"r®
enf;rsm;jzihf &,l&efaqmif&u
G jf cif; odrYk [kwf BuKd ;yrf;tm;xkwjf cif;aMumihf jynfaxmifpk
NyKd uaGJ prnf?h wdik ;f &if;om;pnf;vH;k nDñw
G rf I NyKd uaGJ prnfh odrYk [kwf tcsKyt
f jcmtmPm
vufvw
G q
f ;kH ½H;I aprnfh ta&;ay:tajctae ay:aygufvQif odrYk [kwf ay:ayguf&ef
vHak vmufaomtaMumif;awGU&Sv
d Qif Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf trsK;d om;umuG,af &;ESifh
vHNk cKH a&;aumifpED iS hf n§Ed idI ;f Ny;D Oya'uJo
h t
Ydk mPmwnfonfh trdex
Yf w
k jf yefí ta&;ay:

168

tajctae aMunmEkid o
f nf/ ,if;trdew
Yf iG f ta&;ay:tajctae tusK;d oufa&muf
onfeh ,fajronf Ekid if w
H pf0ef;vH;k jzpfaMumif;ESifh tcsed u
f mv owfrw
S cf suo
f nf trdeYf
xkwjf yefonfah eYrS wpfEpS t
f xd jzpfaMumif;azmfjy&rnf/
418/ (u)

(c)

yk'rf 417 t& ta&;ay:tajctae aMunmonhu
f pd &ö yfwiG f Ekid if aH wmf
or®wonf Ekid if aH wmftwGi;f rlvtajctaeokYd tjrefjyefvnfa&muf&dS
apjcif;iSm vkdtyfonhf ta&;,laqmif&GufrIrsm;jyKEkdif&ef wyfrawmf
umuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyt
f m; Ekid if aH wmf\ Oya'jyKa&;? tkycf sKyaf &;ESifh w&m;
pD&ifa&;tmPmrsm;ukd vJt
T yfaMumif; aMunm&rnf/ ,if;okaYd Munm
onhaf eYrpS í vTwaf wmftm;vH;k ESifh OD;pD;tzJUG rsm;\ Oya'jyKa&;qkid &f m
vkyif ef;rsm;ukd &yfqidk ;f xm;onf[k rSw,
f &l rnf/ ,if;vTwaf wmfrsm;\
ouf w rf ; uk e f q H k ; onh f t cg ouf q k d i f & mvT w f a wmf r sm;onf
tvkt
d avsmuf zsuo
f rd ;f Ny;D jzpfonf[k rSw,
f &l rnf?
xko
d w
Ydk yfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyt
f m; Ekid if aH wmf\tmPmukd vJt
T yf
aqmif&GufaponfhaeY&ufrSpí zJGUpnf;yHktajccHOya'wGif rnfokdYyif
jy|mef;yg&Sad pumrl Ekid if aH wmfor®wESifh 'kw,
d or®wrsm;rSty zJUG pnf;yHk
tajccHOya'ESit
fh nD oufqidk &f mvTwaf wmfrsm;\ oabmwlncD sujf zihf
ceft
Y yfwm0efay;xm;aom tzGUJ tpnf;0ifrsm;? uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf wkid ;f
OD;pD;tzJGU okdYr[kwf ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&a'o OD;pD;tzJGU0ifrsm;tm;
wm0efr&S yfpNJ y;D jzpfonf[rk w
S ,
f &l rnf/

419/ Ekid if aH wmftmPmvJt
T yfjcif;cH&onhf wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyo
f nf Oya'
jyKa&;tmPm? tkycf sKyaf &;tmPmESifh w&m;pD&ifa&;tmPmwku
Yd dk usio
fh ;kH aqmif&u
G cf iG fh
&So
d nf/ wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyo
f nf Oya'jyKa&;tmPmukd rdru
d ,
dk w
f idk jf zpfap?
rdru
d ,
dk w
f idk yf g0ifonhf tzJUG tpnf;wpf&yf zJUG pnf;íjzpfap usio
hf ;kH aqmif&u
G Ef idk o
f nf/
tkyfcsKyfa&;tmPmESihf w&m;pD&ifa&;tmPmrsm;ukd oihfavsmfonhf tzJGUtpnf;
wpf&yf&yfudk zJUG pnf;íjzpfap? oifah vsmo
f nhf yk*Kd¾ vw
f pfO;D OD;tm;jzpfap vJt
T yfusio
fh ;kH
aqmif&u
G af pEkid o
f nf/

169

420/ wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfonf ta&;ay:tajctae aMunmxm;pOf
umvtwGi;f vkt
d yfonhef ,fajra'owGif Ekid if o
H m;rsm;\ rlvtcGit
fh a&;wpf&yf&yfudk
jzpfap? wpf&yfxufykdíjzpfap vkdtyfovkduefYowfEkdifonf okdYr[kwf &yfqkdif;xm;
Ekid o
f nf/
421/ Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf (u) yk'fr 417 ESifh 418 t& ta&;ay:tajctaeaMunmí wyfrawmf
umuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyt
f m; Ekid if aH wmftmPm vJt
T yfaqmif&u
G af ponhf
udpöukd jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf yHkrSeftpnf;ta0; usif;ycsdefjzpfvQif
,if;tpnf;ta0;odjYk zpfap? jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf yHrk eS t
f pnf;ta0;
usi;f ycsed rf [kwv
f Qif jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf ta&;ay:tpnf;ta0;
ac:,lapíjzpfap tpD&ifcw
H ifjy&rnf?
(c) wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyu
f ¤if;tm;ay;tyfxm;onfw
h m0efudk
Ny;D ajrmufatmif aqmif&u
G jf cif;rjyKEidk af o;ojzifh owfrw
S t
f csed u
f mv
wkd;jr§ihfay;&ef tusKd;taMumif;azmfjyvsuf wifjyvmygu trsKd;om;
umuG,fa&;ESihf vkHNcKHa&;aumifpDESihf n§dEIdif;NyD; omreftm;jzifh
wpfBudrfvQif ajcmufvtxd ESpfBudrfwkd;jr§ihfay;Ekdifonf/ ,if;okdY
wk;d jri§ afh y;onfu
h pd u
ö dk jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf ta&;ay:tpnf;ta0;
ac:,lapí tpD&ifcH wifjy&rnf/
422/ Ekid if aH wmfor®wonf wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyu
f ¤if;tm;ay;tyfxm;
onhw
f m0efudk Ny;D ajrmufatmifaqmif&u
G Nf y;D pD;aMumif; wifjyvmonht
f cg jynfaxmifpk
vTwaf wmf oufwrf;rukeq
f ;kH ao;ygu jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf ta&;ay:tpnf;ta0;
ac:,lapí tpD&ifcHwifjyNyD;onhfaeYrSpíjzpfap? jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfoufwrf;
ukeq
f ;kH Ny;D jzpfygu wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyx
f rH S wifjycsuv
f ufc&H &So
d nhf aeYrpS í
jzpfap yk'fr 418 t& wyfrawmfumuG,af &;OD;pD;csKyt
f m; Ekid if aH wmftmPm vJt
T yf
aqmif&GufapcJhonhftrdefYukd trsKd;om;umuG,fa&;ESihfvkHNcKHa&;aumifpDESihfn§dEIdif;NyD;
y,fzsuaf Mumif; aMunm&rnf/
423/ EkdifiHawmfor®wonf yk'fr 422 t& wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfxHrS
tpD&ifcHpmukd &&Sdonhftcg jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfoufwrf; rukefqHk;ao;ygu

170

vTwfawmf tm;vHk;ESihf OD;pD;tzJGUrsm;\ Oya'jyKa&;qkdif&mvkyfief;rsm;tm; ,m,D
&yfqidk ;f xm;jcif;ukd y,fzsu&f rnf/ xkaYd emuf zJUG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'yg tkycf sKyaf &;ESifh
w&m;pD&ifa&;qkid &f m tzJUG tpnf;topfrsm;ukd zJUG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'ESit
fh nD zJUG pnf;
wm0efay;tyf&rnf/ ,if;tzJGUtpnf;rsm;onf usef&Sdaom vTwfawmfoufwrf;
twGuo
f m wm0efxrf;aqmif&rnf/
424/ Ekid if aH wmfor®wESihf 'kw,
d or®wrsm;onfvnf;aumif;? jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfOuú|
ESihf trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfOuú| wko
Yd nfvnf;aumif; jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf oufwrf;
ukeq
f ;Hk apumrl zJUG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'ESit
hf nD Ekid if aH wmfor®wtopfEiS hf 'kw,
d or®w
topfwu
Ydk v
dk nf;aumif;? jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfOuú|topfEiS hf trsK;d om;vTwaf wmfOuú|
topfwu
Ydk v
dk nf;aumif; a&G;cs,w
f ifajrm§ ufNy;D onftxd qufvufwnf&o
dS nf/
425/ trsKd;om;umuG,fa&;ESifhvkHNcKHa&;aumifpDonf jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf
oufwrf;ukefqkH;oGm;csdefwGif wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfu ¤if;tm;ay;tyf
xm;onfhwm0efudk NyD;ajrmufatmifaqmif&Gufjcif;rjyKEdkifao;ojzifh owfrSwftcsdef
umv wdk;jr§ifhay;&ef tusKd;taMumif;azmfjyvsuf wifjyvmygu omreftm;jzifh
wpfBurd v
f Qif ajcmufvtxd ESpBf urd w
f ;kd jri§ ahf y;Edik o
f nf/
426/ trsK;d om;umuG,af &;ESiv
hf NHk cKaH &;aumifpo
D nf Ekid if aH wmfor®wu yk'rf 417
ESifh 418 t& ta&;ay:tajctaeaMunmí wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyftm;
Ekid if aH wmftmPmudk vTt
J yfaqmif&u
G af ponfu
h pd Eö iS phf yfvsO;f í wyfrawmfumuG,af &;
OD;pD;csKyfu ¤if;tm;ay;tyfxm;onfh wm0efNyD;ajrmufatmif aqmif&GufNyD;aMumif;
wifjyonft
h pD&ifcpH mudk vufc&H &So
d nft
h cg yk'rf 418 t& wyfrawmfumuG,af &;
OD;pD;csKyftm; EdkifiHawmftmPm vTJtyfaqmif&GufapcJhonfhtrdefYudk y,fzsufaMumif;
aMunm&rnf/
427/ trsK;d om;umuG,af &;ESiv
hf NHk cKaH &;aumifpo
D nf (u) zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'ESit
hf nD vTwaf wmfrsm;zGUJ pnf;jcif; rjyKEidk af o;rD
Oya' jyKa&;? tkyfcsKyfa&;ESifh w&m;pD&ifa&;tmPmwkdYukd usifhokH;
aqmif&u
G o
f nf?

171

(c)

þzGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csufrsm;ESihftnD EkdifiHawmfor®w
topf a&G; cs,fw if a jr§ m uf NyD ; jynf a xmif p k t qif h tmPmyk d i f
tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;ukd zGUJ pnf;Ny;D onft
h csed x
f d Ekid if aH wmftmPmukd usio
hf ;Hk
aqmif&u
G cf iG &fh o
dS nf/ xko
d u
Ydk sio
fh ;Hk aqmif&u
G &f mwGif Oya'jyKa&;tmPm
uk d ud k , f w k d i f u sih f o k H ; aqmif & G u f & rnf / tk y f c sKyf a &;tmPmES i f h
w&m;pD&ifa&;tmPmrsm;ukd jynfaxmifpt
k qif?h wkid ;f a'oBu;D okrYd [kwf
jynfe,ftqifEh iS fh uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &fh pD&ifpt
k qifrh sm;twGuf oihaf vsmf
onf h tzG J U tpnf ; rsm; zG J U pnf ; íjzpf a p? oih f a vsmf o nf h y k * d ¾ K vf
wpfO;D OD;tm;jzpfap vTt
J yfusio
hf ;Hk aqmif&u
G af pEkid o
f nf/

428/ trsK;d om;umuG,af &;ESihf vkNH cKaH &;aumifpo
D nf zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg tqifh
qifhaom tmPmykdiftzGJUtpnf;rsm;? ukd,fykdiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&wkdif; OD;pD;tzGJU okdYr[kwf
uk,
d yf idk t
f yk cf sKycf iG &hf a'o OD;pD;tzGUJ rsm;ESihf a&G;aumufyaJG umfr&Siw
f u
Ydk dk zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccH
Oya'wGif jy|mef;xm;aom oufqkdif&mt&nftcsif;ESifh nDñGwfonfhyk*d¾Kvfrsm;jzifh
zGUJ pnf;wm0efay;tyf&rnf/
429/ trsKd;om;umuG,fa&;ESifh vkHNcKHa&;aumifpDonf yk'fr 426 t& trdefYukd
y,fzsuaf Mumif; aMunmonhaf eYrpS í ajcmufvtwGi;f zJUG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;
csurf sm;ESit
fh nD taxGaxGa&G;aumufyGJ usi;f yay;&rnf/
430/ yk'rf 428 t& zJUG pnf;xm;onht
f zJUG tpnf;rsm;onf taxGaxGa&G;aumufyrGJ sm;
usi;f yNy;D zJUG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'ESit
fh nD zJUG pnf;onfh Oya'jyKa&;? tkycf sKyaf &;ESifh w&m;
pD&ifa&;qkid &f m tzJUG tpnf;rsm; zJUG pnf;Ny;D onftxd rdrw
d \
Ydk vkyif ef;wm0efrsm;ukd
qufvufaqmif&u
G &f rnf/
431/ trsKd;om;umuG,fa&;ESifhvkHNcHKa&;aumifpDonf EkdifiHawmftmPmukd usifhokH;
&mwGif Ekid if aH wmfor®wtrnfjzifh azmfjyaqmif&u
G &f rnf/
432/ ta&;ay:tajctae xkwfjyefaMunmxm;pOf umvtwGif;wGif EkdifiHawmf
or®wukd,fpm;jzpfap? wyfrawmfumuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyfu EkdifiHawmftmPmukd

172

usifhoHk;aeonfh umvtwGif;jzpfap? trsKd;om;umuG,fa&;ESifh vkHNcKHa&;aumifpDu
Ekid if aH wmftmPmukd usio
hf ;kH aeonhf umvtwGi;f jzpfap vHNk cKH a&;? wnfNird af &;? &yf&mG
at;csrf;om,ma&;ESihf w&m;Oya'pkd;rkd;a&;wkdYukd rlvtajctaeokdY tjrefjyefvnf
a&muf&adS pjcif;iSm vkt
d yfonhf ta&;,laqmif&u
G rf jI yKEidk &f ef vkyyf idk cf iG Efh iS w
hf m0efrsm;
ay;tyfjcif;cH&onhf tmPmykdiftzJGUtpnf;wpf&yf&yf? ,if;tzJGUtpnf;0ifwpfOD;OD;?
e,fbuf0efxrf; tzJUG tpnf;wpf&yf&yf? ,if;tzJUG tpnf;0ifwpfO;D OD;? ppfbufqidk &f m
tzJUG tpnf;wpf&yf&yf? ,if;tzJUG tpnf;0if wpfO;D OD;\ w&m;0ifaqmif&u
G cf surf sm;onf
twnfjzpfap&rnf/ ,if;w&m;0if aqmif&Gufcsufrsm;tay: taMumif;jyKvsuf
w&m;pJq
G cdk iG rfh &Sad p&/

tcef; (12)
zGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya' jyifqifjcif;

173

tcef;(12)
zJGUpnf;yHktajccHOya'jyifqifjcif;
433/ þzJUG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'yg jy|mef;csuw
f pf&yf&yfujdk yifqifvydk gu atmufazmfjy
yg owfrw
S x
f m;aomenf;vrf;twkid ;f aqmif&u
G &f rnf –
(u) zJGUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'ukdjyifqif&ef wifoGif;aomtqkdukd Oya'
rlMurf;tjzpfjzifh wifoiG ;f &rnf?
( c ) zJUG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'ukjd yifqif&ef tqkw
d ifoiG ;f aom Oya'rlMurf;wGif
tjcm;tqkrd sm; ryg&Sad p&/
434/ zJUG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'ukjd yifqif&ef Oya'rlMurf;ukd jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfwiG f
wifoiG ;f &rnf/
435/ zJGUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'ukdjyifqif&ef Oya'rlMurf;ukd jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf&Sd
vTwaf wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,f pkpak ygif;\ 20 &mckid Ef eI ;f u wifjyvmvQif tqkyd gjyifqifcsuf
Oya'rlMurf;ukd jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmfu vufcaH qG;aEG;&rnf/
436/ (u)

þzJUG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'\ tcef;(1) yk'rf 1 rS 48 xd? tcef;(2) yk'rf
49 rS 56 xd? tcef;(3) yk'fr 59? 60? tcef;(4) yk'fr 74? 109? 141?
161? tcef;(5) yk'rf 200? 201? 248? 276? tcef;(6) yk'rf 293? 294?
305? 314? 320? tcef;(11) yk'rf 410 rS 432 xd? tcef;(12) yk'rf 436
wdkU&Sd jy|mef;csufrsm;udk jyifqifvkdvQif jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf
uk d , f p m;vS , f tm;vk H ; \ 75 &mck d i f E I e f ; ausmf u jyif q if & ef
oabmwlvufcHNyD;aemuf jynfvkH;uRwfqE´cH,lyJG usif;yí qE´rJ
ay;ykid cf iG &hf o
dS t
l m;vk;H \ qE´rjJ zifo
h m jyifqif&rnf?

174

(c)

yk'rf cGJ (u) wGiaf zmfjyxm;onfh jy|mef;csurf sm;rSty tjcm;jy|mef;csuf
rsm;ukd jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf uk,
d pf m;vS,t
f m;vk;H \ 75 &mckid Ef eI ;f
ausmf axmufcq
H E´rjJ zifo
h m jyifqif&rnf/

tcef; (13)
EdkifiHawmftvH? txdrf;trSwfwHqdyf?
oDcsif;ESifhNrdKUawmf

175

tcef; ( 13 )
EdkifiHawmftvH? txdrf;trSwfwHqdyf? oDcsif;ESihfNrdKUawmf
437/ (u)

(c)
438/ (u)

(c)

Edik if aH wmftvHonf atmufwiG af zmfjyxm;onft
h wdik ;f jzpfonf?

Edik if aH wmftvHEiS hf pyfvsO;f í Oya'jy|mef;&rnf/
Edik if aH wmftxdr;f trSww
f q
H yd o
f nf atmufygtwdik ;f jzpfonf?

Ekid if aH wmftxdr;f trSww
f q
H yd Ef iS fh pyfvsO;f í Oya'jy|mef;&rnf/

176

439/ (u)

EdkifiHawmfoDcsif;tjzpf atmufazmfjyyg vuf&Sd EdkifiHawmfoDcsif;udk
owfrw
S o
f nf?

EdkifiHawmfoDcsif;
w&m;rQw-vGwv
f yfjcif;eJrY aoGwdjYk ynf-wdaYk jrrsm;vlcyford ;f -Nird ;f csr;f apzd-Yk
cGiw
hf n
l rD Q-0g'jzLpifwjhJ ynfwdjYk ynf-wdaYk jrjynfaxmifpt
k arG-tNrw
J nfwahH pt"d|mefjyKay-xde;f odr;f pdaYk v/
(urÇmraus-jrefrmjynfwdb
Yk ;kd bGm;tarGppfr-Ykd cspjf rwfE;kd ay)2
jynfaxmifpu
k -kd toufay;vd-Yk wdu
Yk muG,rf av/
'gwdjYk ynf-'gwdaYk jr-wdyYk ikd ef ufajr/
wdjYk ynf-wdaYk jr-tusK;d udk nDnmpGm-wdw
Yk pfawG
xrf;aqmifygpdaYk v-wdw
Yk m0efay
tzd;k wefajr/
(c)

Ekid if aH wmfocD si;f ESihf pyfvsO;f í Oya'jy|mef;&rnf/

440/ aejynfawmfonf Edik if aH wmf\ NrKd Uawmf jzpfonf/

tcef; (14)
ul;ajymif;a&;umv jy|mef;csufrsm;

177

tcef;(14)
ul;ajymif;a&;umvjy|mef;csufrsm;
441/ jynfv;Hk uRwq
f E´c,
H yl w
JG iG f qE´raJ y;cGi&hf o
Sd t
l m;vk;H \ xuf0ufausmrf aJ y;onfh
qE´rJ\rJtrsm;jzifh twnfjyKjy|mef;vkdufonfh þzGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'onf
jynfaxmifpv
k w
T af wmf yxrtBurd t
f pnf;ta0;pwifusi;f yonfah eYrpS í Edik if aH wmf
wpf0ef;vk;H ü tmPmwnfonf/
442/ þzGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya' tmPmrwnfrD Ekid if aH wmf\tcsKyt
f jcmtmPmudk
Edik if aH wmfat;csr;f om,ma&;ESizhf UHG NzKd ;a&;aumifpu
D qufvuf usio
hf ;kH aqmif&u
G &f rnf/
443/ þzGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya' tmPmwnfonfhaeYrwkdifrD EdkifiHawmfat;csrf;
om,ma&;ESihf zGUH NzKd ;a&;aumifpu
D zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya' taumiftxnfazmfa&;twGuf
BuKd wifaqmif&u
G o
f nfh vkyif ef;&yfrsm;onf þzGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya't& aqmif&u
G f
onf[k rSwf,l&rnf/
444/ (u) þzJUG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya' tmPmwnfonfah eYü wnf&adS eaom tpd;k &
tzJUG onf zJUG pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya't& wm0efay;tyfonhf tpk;d &tzJUG
ray:aygufrD rdrw
d \
Ykd oufqikd &f mwm0efrsm;udk qufvufaqmif&u
G f
&rnf?
( c ) þzGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya' tmPmwnfonfah eYü wnf&adS eaomw&m;½k;H
rsm;onf zGUJ pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya't& wnfaxmifonhw
f &m;½k;H rsm; ray:
aygufrD qufvufí w&m;pD&ifyikd cf iG t
hf mPmrsm; ok;H pJaG qmif&u
G &f rnf/
tqdkyg w&m;½kH;rsm;wGif rNyD;rjywf usef&Sdaeao;aom w&m;rrIrsm;?
jypfrq
I ikd &f m trIrsm;ESihf tcGeaf wmftrIrsm;udk trIpwifppfaq;pOfu
usio
fh ;Hk onhf Oya'rsm;ESit
fh nD qufvufppfaq; pD&if&rnf/

178

445/ jynfaxmifpo
k r®wjrefrmEdik if aH wmfonf Ekid if aH wmfNird 0f yfyjd ym;rIwnfaqmufa&;
tzGJUESifh EdkifiHawmfat;csrf;om,ma&;ESifhzGHUNzdK;a&;aumifpDwdkY\ rl0g'vrf;ñTefrIrsm;?
Oya'rsm;? enf;Oya'rsm;? pnf;rsOf;rsm;? trdefYjyefwrf;rsm;? aMunmcsufrsm;udk
vnf;aumif;? EkdifiHawmfNidrf0yfydjym;rIwnfaqmufa&;tzGJUESifh EdkifiHawmfat;csrf;
om,ma&;ESihf zGUH NzKd ;a&;aumifpw
D \
Ykd aqmif&u
G cf surf sm;? wm0efrsm;ESi&hf ydik cf iG rhf sm;udk
vnf;aumif; qufco
H nf/ ,if;tzJUG ? okrYd [kwf tzGUJ 0ifwpfO;D OD;? odrYk [kwf tpk;d &tzJUG 0if
wpfOD;OD;\ wm0eft&aqmif&Gufcsufrsm;tay: taMumif;jyKvsuf ,if;wkdYtm;
w&m;pJq
G jdk cif;? ta&;,ljcif;r&Sad p&/
446/ wnfqJOya'rsm;onf jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmfu y,fzsufjcif;? jyifqifjcif;
rjyKao;rD þzJUG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'ESirhf qefu
Y sio
f rQ twnfjzpfonf/
447/ wnfqeJ nf;Oya'rsm;? pnf;rsO;f rsm;? pnf;urf;rsm;? trdeaYf Mumfjimpmrsm;? trdeYf
rsm;? ñTeMf um;csurf sm;ESihf vkyx
f ;Hk vkyef nf;rsm;ukd jynfaxmifpt
k pk;d &tzJUG u y,fzsujf cif;?
jyifqifjcif;rjyKao;rD þzJUG pnf;ykt
H ajccHOya'ESihf rqefu
Y sio
f rQ twnfjzpfonf/
448/ þzGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya' tmPmpwifwnfonfhaeYwGif EdkifiHawmfat;csrf;
om,ma&;ESihf zGUH NzKd ;a&;aumifpv
D ufatmufü zGUJ pnf;xm;&So
d nfh wyfrawmftygt0if
Xmeqkdif&mtzGJUtpnf;rsm;ü trIxrf;&GufqJjzpfMuaom EkdifiHh0efxrf;rsm;onf
jynfaxmifpkor®wjrefrmEdkifiHawmftpkd;&u tjcm;jy|mef;jcif;rjyKorQ qufvuf
trIxrf;&rnf/

tcef; (15)
taxGaxG jy|mef;csufrsm;

179

tcef; ( 15 )
taxGaxGjy|mef;csufrsm;
449/ þzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'onf EdkifiHawmftwGif;&Sd Oya'tm;vHk;\tajccH
Oya'jzpfonf/
450/ jrefrmpmonf ½H;k oH;k pm jzpfonf/
451/ EkdifiHawmfonf Oya'jyK&mwGifvnf;aumif;? tkyfcsKyf&mwGifvnf;aumif;
EdkifiHawmftajccHrlrsm;ESifhtnD tav;*½kjyK aqmif&Guf&rnf/ okdY&mwGif xdkodkY
aqmif&u
G af p&ef rnfonfw
h &m;½k;H wGirf Q w&m;pGq
J cdk iG rhf &Sad p&/
452/ þzGUJ pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'\ ed'gef;? yk'rf rsm;? yk'rf cGrJ sm;? pum;vH;k pkrsm;? pum;vH;k
wpfvHk;csif;\ teuft"dyÜm,f? oabmt,ltqrsm; zGifhqdk&mü jrefrmpmjzifh
a&;om;xm;csurf sm;tay:wGio
f m tajcjyK&rnf/
453/ þzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'yg pum;&yfrsm;udk teuft"dyÜm,fzGifhqdk&mwGif
wnfqpJ um;&yfrsm; teuft"dymÜ ,f zGiq
hf akd &;Oya'udk ud;k um;&rnf/
454/ þzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya' jrefrmpmrlwpfckudk trsKd;om;armfuGef;wdkufwGif
armfueG ;f wifxm;&S&d rnf/ xdpk mrlonf þzGUJ pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya'&Sd jy|mef;csurf sm;twGuf
tNy;D tjywf oufaot&mwnfap&rnf/
455/ jynfaxmifpktpdk;&onf jynfaxmifpktpdk;&uom vkyfudkifaqmif&Guf&ef
owfrw
S x
f m;aom pD;yGm;a&;vkyif ef;wpf&yf&yfukd Edik if aH wmf\tusK;d pD;yGm;tvdiYk mS (u) wdik ;f a'oBu;D tpd;k &tzGUJ odrYk [kwf jynfe,ftpd;k &tzGUJ udk jynfaxmifpk
tpd;k &tzGUJ ESihf zufpyfvyk u
f ikd af qmif&u
G &f efjzpfap? pnf;urf;owfrw
S f
csujf zifh vkyu
f ikd af qmif&u
G &f efjzpfap cGijhf yKEikd o
f nf?

180

(c)

or0g,rtzGUJ tpnf;? pD;yGm;a&;tzGUJ tpnf; odrYk [kwf yk*Kd¾ vw
f pfO;D OD;
udk jynfaxmifpktpdk;&tzGJUESifh zufpyfvkyfudkifaqmif&Guf&efjzpfap?
pnf;urf;owfrw
S cf sujf zihf vkyu
f ikd af qmif&u
G &f efjzpfap cGijhf yKEikd o
f nf/

456/ þzGUJ pnf;yHt
k ajccHOya' tmPmrwnfru
D mvu jynfaxmifpjk refrmEdik if aH wmf
tpd;k &ESihf tjcm;Edik if t
H pd;k &wdYk csKyq
f t
kd wnfjzpfcahJ om pmcsKyrf sm;t&aomfvnf;aumif;?
oabmwlncD surf sm;t& aomfvnf;aumif; ay:xGuv
f maom w&m;rQwonfw
h m0ef
rsm;udk tqdyk gtjcm;Edik if u
H vnf; jynfaxmifpjk refrmEdik if EH iS fh pyfvsO;f í xm;&St
d yfaom
y#dnmOfrsm;udk av;pm;ygu jynfaxmifpo
k r®wjrefrmEdik if aH wmfuvnf; av;pm;onf/
457/ (u)

(c)

þzGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya' tmPmrwnfrDu jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkifiH
awmftpdk;&ESifh csKyfqdkxm;&SdcJhaom y#dnmOfrsm;ESihf pyfvsOf;íjzpfap?
wm0efrsm;ESihf pyfvsO;f íjzpfap jynfaxmifpjk refrmEdik if aH wmftpd;k &tm;
w&m;pGJqdkEdkifaom tcGifhta&;t& w&m;pJGqdk&ef ay:aygufcJhvQif
jynfaxmifpt
k pd;k &tm; w&m;pGq
J Edk ikd o
f nf?
jynfaxmifpkor®wjrefrmEdkifiHawmfonf jynfaxmifpkor®w jrefrm
EdkifiHawmf\trnfjzifh w&m;pGJqdkEdkifonf/ xdkenf;wlyif w&m;
pGq
J jkd cif;udck EH ikd o
f nf/

181

Z,m; 1
jynf a xmif p k O ya'jyKpm&if ;
(yk'fr 96 udk &nfñTef;onf)
1/

EkdifiHawmfumuG,fa&;ESifhvkHNcKHa&;u@
(u) jynfaxmifpjk refrmEdik if aH wmfEiS hf jynfaxmifpjk refrmEdik if aH wmf\ e,fajr
tpdwt
f ydik ;f rsm;umuG,af &;? ,if;odu
Yk muG,af &;twGuf pDrjH yifqif
jcif;?
( c ) umuG,af &;ESihf vHNk cKH a&;qdik &f m pufrv
I ufrv
I yk if ef;rsm;?
( * ) ZD0ESi"hf mwkponfv
h ufeufrsm;tygt0if vufeufc,
J rf;rD;ausmufrsm;
ESihf aygufuaJG pwwfonfyh pön;f rsm;?
(C) tPkjrLpGrf;tif? tPkjrLavmifpm? tPkjrLa&mifjcnfESifh ,if;wkdYudk
jzpfxeG ;f apaom "mwfowåKyif&if; tajctjrpfrsm;?
( i ) ppfaMunmjcif;ESihf ppfajyNird ;f jcif;?
( p ) Edik if aH wmfwnfNird af &;? at;csr;f om,ma&;ESihf w&m;Oya'pd;k rd;k a&;?
(q) &JwyfzUJG /

2/

EkdifiHjcm;a&;u@
(u) oHwrefa&;&m? aumifppfa&;&mESihf tjcm;a&;&mqdik &f m ud,
k pf m;vS,rf sm;?
( c ) ukvor*¾?
( * ) tjynfjynfqikd &f m? a'oqdik &f mESihf ESpjf ynfaxmifqikd &f m nDvmcHrsm;?
aqG;aEG;yGrJ sm;? tpnf;ta0;rsm;? toif;rsm;ESihf tjcm;tzJUG tpnf;rsm;
wGif yg0ifaqmif&u
G af &;ESihf ,if;wd\
Yk qH;k jzwfcsurf sm;udk txajrmuf
apa&;?
(C) tjynfjynfqdkif&mESifh a'oqdkif&mpmcsKyfrsm;? oabmwlnDcsufrsm;?
uGeAf if;&Si;f rsm;? ESpjf ynfaxmifqikd &f moabmwlncD surf sm;? pmcsKyrf sm;
udk csKyq
f akd &;ESihf txajrmufapa&;?

182

(i)
(p)

(q)

3/

Edik if u
H ;l vufrw
S rf sm;ESihf rnforl nf0gjzpfaMumif; oufaocHvufrw
S f
rsm;?
jynf0ifciG Ahf ZD m? jynfaxmifpjk refrmEdik if t
H wGi;f okYd 0ifciG jhf yKa&;? aexdik f
cGijhf yKa&;? Ekid if rH S xGucf mG cGijhf yKa&;? vl0ifrBI u;D Muyfa&;ESihf jynfEiS 'f Pf
ay;a&;?
jypfrIusL;vGefoltm; oufqdkif&mEdkifiHokdY jyefvnfvTJtyfay;a&;ESifh
oufqikd &f mEkid if rH S awmif;qdak &;/

b@ma&;ESifh pDrHudef;u@
(u) jynfaxmifpt
k &toH;k cefrY eS ;f ajcaiGpm&if;?
( c ) jynfaxmifpb
k @m&efyakH iG?
( * ) aiGpuúLxkwv
f yk af &;? '*Fg;oGe;f vkyaf &;?
(C) jrefrmEkid if aH wmfA[db
k PfEiS hf aiGa&;aMu;a&;tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;?
( i ) Edik if jH cm;oH;k aiG xde;f odr;f Bu;D Muyfa&;?
( p ) t&if;tES;D ESiahf iGaMu;aps;uGu?f
(q) tmrcHvyk if ef;?
( Z ) 0ifaiGceG ?f
(ps) ukeo
f ,
G v
f yk if ef;cGe?f
(n) wHqyd af cgif;cGe?f
(#) taumufceG ?f
( X ) atmifbmavxD?
( ! ) tcGet
f ,lcjH cif;?
( ¡ ) jynfaxmifp\
k 0efaqmifrv
I yk if ef;rsm;?
(P) jynfaxmifpyk ikd yf pön;f rsm; a&mif;csjcif;? iSm;&rf;jcif;ESihf tjcm;enf;jzifh
aqmif&u
G jf cif;?
(w) jynfaxmifpb
k @m&efyakH iGrsm; xkwaf cs;jcif;?
(x) jynfaxmifpb
k @m&efyakH iGrsm; &if;ES;D jrK§ yEf jHS cif;?
(') jynfwiG ;f jynfyrSaiGacs;,ljcif;?
( " ) jynfaxmifpt
k wGuf ypön;f &,ljcif;?
( e ) jynfyrS aiGaMu;tultnDEiS hf taxmuftyh/H

183

4/

pD;yGm;a&;u@
(u) pD;yGm;a&;?
( c ) ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;?
( * ) or0g,r?
(C) aumfyakd &;&Si;f ? bkwt
f zGUJ ? vkyif ef;? ukrP
Ü ?D tpkpyf?
( i ) oGi;f uke?f xkwu
f ek Ef iS ,
fh if;ukeyf pön;f rsm;\ t&nftaoG;owfrw
S jf cif;?
( p ) [dw
k ,fEiS w
fh nf;cdck ef;?
(q) c&D;oGm;vma&;vkyif ef;/

5/

pk d u f y sKd ; a&;ES i f h a rG ; jrLa&;u@
(u) ajr,mpDrcH efcY rJG ?I
( c ) ajrvGw?f ajrvyfEiS fh ajr½dik ;f rsm; azmfxw
k jf cif;?
( * ) aMu;wdik Ef iS fh ajrpm&if;?
(C) ajrwdik ;f ?
( i ) jynfaxmifpu
k pDrcH efcY o
JG nfh qnfajrmif;? wmwrHEiS fh pdu
k yf sK;d a&&&Sad &;
vkyif ef;rsm;?
( p ) rd;k av0o? ZvaA'ESifh ajrivsiw
f ikd ;f wma&;?
(q) pmcsKypf mwrf;rSwyf w
kH ifjcif;?
( Z ) pufrv
I ,f,m?
(ps) pdu
k yf sK;d a&;okawoe?
(n) "mwfajrMoZmESifh yd;k owfaq; xkwv
f yk af &;?
( # ) yifv,fig;vkyif ef;?
( X ) wd&pämefrsK;d yGm;a&;? a&m*gumuG,af &;? ukoa&;ESifh okawoevkyif ef;
rsm;/

6/

pGrf;tif? vQyfppf? owåKESifh opfawmu@
(u) a&eH? obm0"mwfaiGUESifh jynfaxmifpkOya't& ab;tEÅ&m,f jzpf
avmufatmif avmifuRr;f apwwfonf[k owfrw
S x
f m;aom tjcm;
t&nftcJ ponfrsm;?

184

(c)
(*)
(C)
(i)
(p)
(q)

jynfaxmifpk vQypf pf"mwftm; xkwv
f yk jf zefjY zL;a&;?
owåKrsm;? owåKwiG ;f rsm;? owåKwiG ;f tvkyo
f rm;ab;uif;a&;? obm0
ywf0ef;usix
f ed ;f odr;f a&;ESihf jyefvnfjyKjyifwnfaqmufa&;?
ausmufrsu&f wem?
ykv?J
opfawm?
awm½kdif;wd&pämefrsm;? obm0tyifrsm;ESifh obm0e,fajrrsm;
tygt0if ywf0ef;usiu
f muG,af &;ESihf xde;f odr;f a&;/

7/

pufrIvufrIu@
(u) jynfaxmifpt
k qihu
f aqmif&u
G rf nfh pufrv
I yk if ef;rsm;?
( c ) pufrZI ek rf sm;?
( * ) xkwv
f yk o
f nfyh pön;f rsm;twGuf tajccHpcH sed pf ñ
H eT ;f rsm;?
(C) odyEHÜ iS efh nf;ynm? odyEHÜ iS efh nf;ynmqdik &f m okawoe?
( i ) tav;wif;awmif;? twdik ;f twmponfwu
Ykd kd pHjyKjcif;?
( p ) rlydkifcGihfrsm;? wDxGifrIrlydkifcGihfrsm;? ukeftrSwf wHqdyfrsm;? pufrIqdkif&m
'DZikd ;f rsm;ponfh todÓPfqikd &f mypön;f rsm;/

8/

ydkYaqmifa&;? qufoG,fa&;ESifh aqmufvkyfa&;u@
(u) jynfwiG ;f a&aMumif;o,f,yl aYkd qmifa&;?
( c ) a&aMumif;vrf;rsm;jyKjyifxed ;f odr;f a&;?
( * ) a&t&if;tjrpfEiS fh jrpfacsmif;rsm; zGUH NzKd ;wd;k wufa&;?
(C) yifv,fa&aMumif;o,f,yl aYkd qmifa&;?
( i ) yifv,fu;l oabFmqdyu
f rf;Bu;D rsm;?
( p ) rD;jywdu
k ?f rD;jyoabFmESifh rD;jytpDtrHrsm;?
(q) oabFmwnfaqmufa&;? jyifqifxed ;f odr;f a&;?
( Z ) avaMumif;o,f,yl aYkd qmifa&;?
(ps) avaMumif;yso
H ef;a&;? xde;f odr;f a&;ESifh av,mOfuiG ;f wnfaqmufa&;?
(n) uke;f vrf;o,f,yl aYkd qmifa&;?

185

(#)
(X)
(!)
(¡)

9/

rD;&xm;?
jynfaxmifpu
k pDrcH efcY o
JG nfv
h rf;rBu;D rsm;? wHwm;Bu;D rsm;?
pmwdkuf? aMu;eef;? w,fvDzkef;? zuf(pf)? tD;ar;vf? tifwmeuf?
tifx&meufEiS fh tvm;wl qufo,
G af &;rsm;?
½kyfjrifoHMum;? N*dK[fwkqufoG,fa&;? toHvTifhtoHzrf;vkyfief;ESifh
tvm;wl qufoG,fa&;rsm;? tdrf&mESifh taqmufttkHrsm;/

vlrIa&;u@
(u) ynmoifMum;a&;qdik &f m oif½;kd ñTe;f wrf;? oif½;kd rmwdum? oifjyenf;
pepf? okawoe? pDru
H ed ;f ? pDrcH suEf iS phf rH sm;?
( c ) wuúodkvf? 'D*&Daumvdyf? odyÜHponfhoifwef;rsm;ESifh tqifhjrifhynm
tjcm;tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;?
( * ) jynfaxmifpu
k owfrw
S o
f nfh pmar;yGrJ sm;?
(C) ud,
k yf ikd af usmif;rsm;ESihf oifwef;rsm;?
( i ) trsK;d om;tm;upm;?
( p ) trsK;d om;use;f rma&;?
(q) wdik ;f &if;aq;ynmESifh wdik ;f &if;aq;0g;zGUH NzKd ;wd;k wufa&;?
( Z ) ukov
kd jf zpfaq;½Hrk sm;ESiahf q;cef;rsm;? yk*v
¾ u
d aq;½Hrk sm;ESiahf q;cef;rsm;?
(ps) rdcifEiS u
hf av;apmifah &Smufa&;?
(n) MuufajceDtoif;?
( # ) tpm;taomuf? aq;0g;? aq;ypön;f ESihf tvSuek pf onfwYkd wkya&maESm
xkwv
f yk af &mif;csjcif;rS umuG,af &;?
( X ) uav;oli,frsm;? vli,frsm;? trsKd;orD;rsm;? roefrpGrf;olrsm;?
oufBu;D &G,t
f rkd sm;? tajctaerJrh sm;tm; apmifah &Smufa&;?
( ! ) u,fq,fa&;ESihf jyefvnfxal xmifa&;udp&ö yfrsm;?
( ¡ ) rD;owfwyfzUJG ?
(P) tvkyfvkyfcsdef? em;csdef? tvkyfydwf&ufrsm;ESifh vkyfief;cGifqdkif&m
ab;tEÅ&m,f uif;&Si;f a&;?
(w) 0gPdZyÆ #dyu©?

186

(x)
(')
(")

(e)
(y)

vlrl zI v
l akH &;?
tvkyo
f rm;tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;?
jynfaxmifpu
k pDrcH efcY o
JG nfh (1) a&S;a[mif;,Ofaus;rI odrYk [kwf ordik ;f 0ifa'orsm;? taqmuf
ttHkrsm;? txdrf;trSwfrsm;? rSwfwrf;rsm;? ausmufpmrsm;?
rifpmrsm;? ayyk&ydu
k rf sm;? vufa&;pmrsm;? vuf&mrsm;? ½ky0f w¬K
ypön;f rsm;? a&S;a[mif;okawoevkyif ef;rsm;?
(2) jywdkufrsm;? pmMunfhwdkufrsm;/
pmay? obif? *Dw? ½dk;&myef;? ½kyf&Sif? AD'D,kd?
arG;zGm;jcif;ESihf aoqH;k jcif;qdik &f m rSwyf w
kH ifa&;/

10/

pDr Hc efYc GJa &;u@
(u) taxGaxGtyk cf sKyaf &;?
( c ) &Gmajr? NrKd Uajr pDrcH efcY aJG &;?
( * ) tdrif mS ;? ajriSm;?
(C) rl;,pfaq;0g;ESihf pdwu
f akd jymif;vJapwwfaomaq;0g;?
( i ) Edik if aH wmfvQKd U0Sucf sux
f ed ;f odr;f a&;qkifd &f mudprö sm;?
( p ) toif;tzGUJ rsm;?
(q) tusO;f axmif?
( Z ) e,fpyfa'ozGUH NzKd ;wk;d wufa&;?
(ps) oef;acgifpm&if;?
(n) Edik if o
H m;jzpfjcif;? Edik if o
H m;jyKjcif;? Edik if o
H m;tjzpfr&S yfpjJ cif;? ½kyo
f rd ;f jcif;?
Edik if o
H m;pdppfa&;ESihf rSwyf w
Hk ifvyk if ef;?
( # ) bGJUxl;? *kPfxl;/

11/

w&m;pD&ifa&;u@
(u) w&m;pD&ifa&;?
( c ) a&SUaersm;?
( * ) jypfrq
I idk &f m Oya'rsm;? usix
hf ;Hk rsm;?

187

(C)

(i)
(p)
(q)
(Z)
(ps)
(n)
(#)

w&m;rOya'rsm;? usifhxkH;rsm;tygt0if? y#dnmOf? tEknmw pD&if
qk;H jzwfa&;? w&m;pGq
J ydk idk cf iG &hf adS om epfemcsurf sm;? vlrt
JG jzpfc,
H jl cif;?
,krH w
S t
f yfEjHS cif;ESihf ,krH w
S t
f yfEx
HS m;ojzifh pDryH idk cf iG &hf o
dS rl sm;? tarGxed ;f ESihf
ypönf;xdef;? rdom;pkqkdif&mOya'rsm;? tkyfxdef;olrsm;ESifh tkyfxdef;
cH&olrsm;? ypön;f vTaJ jymif;jcif;? tarGqufcaH &;?
oufaocHOya'?
umvpnf;urf;owf?
trIwefz;dk owfrw
S jf cif;?
oD;jcm;oufomcGi?hf
Edik if jH cm;pD&ifyidk cf iG t
hf mPm?
yifv,fa&aMumif;pD&ifyikd cf iG ?hf
yifv,f"m;jyrIrsm;? EdkifiHwumyifv,fjyif odkYr[kwf aumif;uif,Hü
usL;vGefaomjypfrIrsm;? tjynfjynfqdkif&mOya'ukd azmufzsufí
ajrjyif odkYr[kwf EdkifiHwumyifv,fjyif odkYr[kwf aumif;uif,Hü
usL;vGeaf omjypfrrI sm;/

188

Z,m; 2
wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fOya'jyKpm&if;
(yk'fr 188 udk &nfñTef;onf)
1/

b@ma&;ESifhpDrHudef;u@
(u) wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,ft&toH;k cefrY eS ;f ajcaiGpm&if;?
( c ) wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fb@m&efyakH iG?
( * ) ajr,mcGe?f
(C) ,pfrsKd ;cGef (rl;,pfaq;0g;ESihf pdwu
f akd jymif;vJapwwfonfh aq;0g;rsm;
ryg)?
( i ) taqmufttHkESifh ajrcGef? a&cGef? vrf;rD;cGef? bD;cGefponfh pnfyif
om,ma&;qkid &f m tcGet
f crsm;?
( p ) wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,frsm;\ 0efaqmifrv
I yk if ef;rsm;?
(q) wkid ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fyikd yf pön;f rsm; a&mif;csjcif;? iSm;&rf;jcif;ESihf
tjcm;enf;jzifah qmif&u
G jf cif;?
( Z ) wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fb@m&efyaHk iGrsm; jynfwiG ;f üxkwaf cs;
jcif;?
(ps) wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fb@m&efyaHk iGrsm; jynfwiG ;f ü &if;ES;D
jrK§ yEf jHS cif;?
(n) a'oEÅ&pDru
H ed ;f ?
( # ) tao;pm;aiGacs;vkyif ef;/

2/

pD;yGm;a&;u@
(u) jynfaxmifpku jy|mef;onfh Oya'ESihftnD wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf
jynfe,ftwGi;f aqmif&u
G o
f nfh pD;yGm;a&;udprö sm;?
( c ) jynfaxmifpku jy|mef;onfh Oya'ESihftnD wkdif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf
jynfe,ftwGi;f aqmif&u
G o
f nfh ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;udprö sm;?
( * ) jynfaxmifpku jy|mef;onfh Oya'ESihftnD wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf
jynfe,ftwGi;f aqmif&u
G o
f nhf or0g,rudprö sm;/

189

3/

pk d u f y sKd ; a&;ES i f h a rG ; jrLa&;u@
(u) v,f,mpdu
k yf sK;d a&;?
( c ) tyifEiS o
fh ;D ESzH suyf ;kd rTm;a&m*g umuG,af &;ESifh ESrd ef if;a&;?
( * ) "mwfajrMoZm pepfwus oH;k pGaJ &;ESifh obm0ajrMoZmrsm; pepfwus
xkwv
f yk o
f ;kH pGaJ &;?
(C) pdu
k yf sK;d a&; acs;aiGEiS fh pkaiGrsm;?
( i ) wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fu pDrHcefYcGJcGihf&Sdaom qnfajrmif;?
wmwrH? a&uef? a&Ekwaf jrmif;ESifh pdu
k yf sK;d a&&&Sad &;vkyif ef;rsm;?
( p ) a&csKid g;vkyif ef;?
(q) jynfaxmifpu
k jy|mef;onhf Oya'ESit
fh nD wd&pämefarG;jrLa&;ESifh pepf
wus xde;f ausmif;a&;/

4/

pGrf;tif? vQyfppf? owåKESifh opfawmu@
(u) jynfaxmifpu
k pDrcH efcY cJG iG &hf o
dS nfh tBu;D pm;vQypf pf"mwftm; xkwv
f yk f
jzefYjzL;a&;rSty r[m"mwftm;vkdif;ESifh qufoG,fjcif;r&Sdaom
wkdif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fu pDrHcefYcGJcGifh&Sdonfh tvwfpm;ESifh
tao;pm; vQypf pf"mwftm; xkwv
f yk jf zefjY zL;a&;?
( c ) qm;ESiq
hf m;xGuyf pön;f ?
( * ) wkdif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,ftwGif; ausmufrsuf&wem jzwf
awmufjcif;? aoG;jcif;?
(C) aus;&Gmxif;pku
d cf if;?
( i ) tyef;ajzpcef;rsm;? wd&pämefO,smOf? ½kua© A'O,smOf/

5/

pufrIvufrIu@
(u) jynfaxmifpt
k qihu
f aqmif&u
G &f ef owfrw
S x
f m;onhf pufrv
I yk if ef;
rsm;rSty tjcm;pufrv
I yk if ef;rsm;?
( c ) tdrw
f iG ;f pufrv
I ufrv
I yk if ef;rsm;/

6/

ydkYaqmifa&;? qufoG,fa&;ESifh aqmufvkyfa&;u@
(u) wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fu pDrHcefYcGJcGifh&Sdonfh qdyfurf;rsm;?
oabFmqdyrf sm;? qdycf rH sm;?

190

(c)
(*)

wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fu pDrcH efcY cJG iG &hf o
dS nfv
h rf;rsm;? wHwm;rsm;?
wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,ftwGif;om oGm;vmonfh yk*¾vdu
,mOfrsm; pepfwusajy;qGEJ ikd af &;/

7/

vlrIa&;u@
(u) jynfaxmifpku csrSwfxm;onfh wdkif;&if;aq;qdkif&m rl0g'rsm;ESifh
rqefu
Y siaf om wdik ;f &if;aq;qdik &f mudprö sm;?
( c ) wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,ftwGi;f vlr0I efxrf;vkyif ef;rsm;?
( * ) rD;ab;ESihf obm0ab;tEÅ&m,frsm; BuKd wifumuG,af &;?
(C) ukew
f ifuek cf svyk if ef;?
( i ) wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fu pDrcH efcY cJG iG &hf o
dS nfh –
(1) ,Ofaus;rItarGtESprf sm;xde;f odr;f a&;?
(2) jywku
d Ef iS phf mMunfw
h u
dk rf sm;/
( p ) Zmwf½?kH ½ky&f iS ½f EkH iS hf AD',
D ½kd ?kH
(q) "mwfy?kH yef;cs?D yef;yk ponfjh yyGrJ sm;/

8/

pDr Hc efYc GJa &;u@
(u) pnfyifom,ma&;?
( c ) NrKd U&GmESihf td;k tdrzf UHG NzKd ;wd;k wufa&;?
( * ) *kPx
f ;l aqmifvufrw
S rf sm;ESihf *kPx
f ;l aqmifqyk pön;f rsm;/

191

Z,m; 3
ud k , f y d k i f t k y f c sKyf c G i h f & wd k i f ; od k Y r [k w f
udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGihf&a'o OD;pD;tzGJU\ Oya'jyKpm&if;
(yk'fr 196 udk &nfñTef;onf)
1/ NrKd UjyESifh aus;&GmpDru
H ed ;f rsm;?
2/ vrf;wHwm;rsm; azmufvyk ?f wnfaqmuf? jyKjyifxed ;f odr;f a&;?
3/ jynfou
Yl se;f rma&;?
4/ pnfyifom,ma&;vkyif ef;?
5/ rD;ab;tEÅ&m,fBuKd wifumuG,af &;?
6/ pm;usuaf jrrsm;xde;f odr;f a&;?
7/ opfawmrsm;umuG,x
f ed ;f odr;f a&;?
8/ jynfaxmifpu
k jy|mef;onfh Oya'ESit
hf nD obm0ywf0ef;usif xde;f odr;f a&;?
9/ NrKd UESifh aus;&Gmrsm;twGi;f a&ESifh vQypf pfr;D qdik &f mudp?ö
10/ NrKd Ursm;ESifh aus;&Gmrsm;\ aps;rsm;qdik &f mudp/ö

192

Z,m; 4
uwdopömjyKcsuf odkYr[kwf usrf;opömqdkcsuf ykHpH
(yk'fr 125 udk &nfñTef;onf)
jynfolUvTwfawmf?

uGsEkfyf ———---——— onf

trsKd;om;vTwfawmf?
udk,fpm;vS,ftjzpf
wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fvTwfawmf

a&G;cs,fcH&NyD;jzpfojzihf EdkifiHawmfzGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'udk xdef;odrf;umuG,f apmifh
a&SmufNyD; EdkifiHawmf\ Oya'rsm;udkvnf; vdkufemygrnf/ jynfaxmifpkor®w
jrefrmEdik if aH wmfEiS hf Edik if o
H m;rsm;tay: opömapmifo
h ½d adk oygrnf/ jynfaxmifpk rNyKd uaGJ &;?
wdkif;&if;om;pnf;vkH;nDñGwfrIrNydKuGJa&;? tcsKyftjcmtmPmwnfwHh cdkifNrJa&;wdkYudk
xm0pOfOD;xdyfyefqifaqmif&Gufygrnf/ xkdYjyif,ckuGsEfkyfxrf;aqmifrnfjzpfaom
wm0ef0wå&m;rsm;udk ajzmifrh wfreS u
f efpmG aqmif&u
G rf nf[k av;eufwnfMunfpmG
uwdopömjyKygonf/
usrf;opömqdkygonf/

193

Z,m; 5
wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,frsm;u aumufcH&rnfh
tcG e f t crsm;
(yk'fr 254 udk &nfñTef;onf)
1/ ajr,mcGe?f
2/ ,pfrsKd ;cGe?f
3/ wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,fu pDrcH efcY cJG iG &fh o
dS nfh qnfrsm;? wmwrHrsm;udk
t&if;cHonfh a&cGef? wmwrHcGefESifh xdkqnfrsm;? wmwrHrsm;\ a&tm;jzifh
xkwv
f yk &f &So
d nfh vQypf pf"mwftm;oH;k pGcJ ?
4/ wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fu pDrHcefYcGJcGihf&Sdonfhvrf;rsm;? wHwm;rsm;
jzwfoef;c?
5/ (u)
(c)

a&csKid g;vkyif ef;tay:wGif pnf;Muyfaumufco
H nfh b@mawmfaMu;?
owfrw
S x
f m;aom tuGmta0;twGi;f yifv,fig;zrf;vkyif ef;tay:
wGif pnf;MuyfaumufcHonfh b@mawmfaMu;/

6/ wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,f uke;f vrf;? a&vrf;oH;k ,mOfrsm;qdik &f m Oya't&
pnf;MuyfaomtcGe?f
7/ wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fykdifypönf;rsm; a&mif;&aiGESifh iSm;&rf;crsm;?
,if;ypön;f rsm;rS &&Sad om tjcm;tusK;d tjrwfrsm;?
8/ wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,frsm;u 0efaqmifrv
I yk if ef;rsm;twGuf owfrw
S f
aumufco
H nfh tcaMu;aiGrsm;? tcGet
f crsm;ESifh tjcm;&aiGrsm;?

194

9/ wdkif;a'oBuD;w&m;vTwfawmf odkYr[kwf jynfe,fw&m;vTwfawmf tygt0if
wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,ftwGi;f &Sd w&m;½H;k rsm;u csrw
S o
f nfh 'PfaiGrsm;?
0efaqmifrt
I wGuf aumufco
H nfh tcGet
f crsm;ESifh tjcm;&aiGrsm;?
10/ wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf jynfe,fb@m&efyHkaiGrsm; xkwfacs;ojzifh &&Sdaom
twd;k rsm;?
11/ wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,f\ &if;ES;D jrK§ yEf rHS jI zif&h &So
d nfh tusK;d tjrwfrsm;?
12/ wdik ;f a'oBu;D odrYk [kwf jynfe,ftwGi;f &Sd opfawmrsm;rS atmufygypön;f rsm;
xkwf,lonfhtwGuf aumufcHonfhtcGeftcrsm; (u) uRef ; ES i f h o wf r S w f a omopf r mrsm;rS t y usef o pf r sm;tay:wG i f
aumufco
H nft
h cGe?f
( c ) xif;? rD;aoG;? Budrf? 0g;? iSufodkuf? &Sm;ap;? oeyfcg;? xif;&SL;qD?
opfarT;? ysm;xGuyf pön;f rsm; ponfwt
Ykd ay: aumufco
H nft
h cGe/f
13/ rSwyf w
kH ifaMu;?
14/ yGcJ eG ?f
15/ qm;cGe?f
16/ jynfaxmifpk b@m&efyakH iGrS &&So
d nfb
h @maiGrsm;?
17/ wd k i f ; a'oBuD ; od k Y r [k w f jynf e ,f t wG i f ; &S d pnf y if o m,ma&;qd k i f & m
tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;\ xnf0h ifaiGrsm;?
18/ ydik &f iS rf ay:aom oGi;f xm;aiGrsm;ESiyhf pön;f rsm;?
19/ &wemodu
k /f