Adjectives ending in -ED –ING

Adjectives that end in -ing are used to describe things and situations. They have an active meaning They describe someone that is doing something (acting) or something that is causing something to us making us feel in a certain way. Gli aggettivi in –ing servono a descrivere cose, persone e situazioni. Hanno un significato attivo e descrivono qualcuno che sta facendo qualcosa o qualcosa che sta causando qualcosa e ci fa sentire in un certo modo. Adjectives that end in -ed are used to describe how people feel. They have a passive meaning. They describe someone 'receiving' some kind of action, made to feel in a certain. Gli aggettivi in –ed servono a descrivere come si sente la gente. Hanno un significato passivo e descrivono qualcuno che riceve una certa azione che fa sentire in un certo modo. Albert is working in a supermarket. Everyday he does exactly the same thing again and again. He doesn't enjoy his job any more and would like to do something different. Albert's job is boring. Albert is bored. The -ing adjective tells you about something (the job) . The -ed adjective tells you how somebody feels about something (The man is bored because the job is boring). My girlfriend is bored. - (My girlfriend feels bored) My girlfriend is boring. - (My girlfriend is a boring person) I am confused. - (I don't understand something) I am confusing. - (I will cause you to be confused) I'm interested in 1960 music. (This is my personal feeling) I was really tired yesterday. 1960 music is interesting. 1960 music makes me feel interested.). The news was shocking. (The news gives us a shocking feeling) My job is interesting. I'm interrested in my job. My job is tiring. I'm always tired when I finish work. My job is satisfying. I'm satisfied with my job. The lecture was boring. I felt very bored. To make it clearer, let's have a look at the following examples: Per chiarire meglio, guardate gli esempi seguenti: a talking woman a singing bird a winning team a smiling girl They all 'do' something: the man is talking, the bird is singing, the team is winning, the girl is smiling. The –ing adjectives have an active meaning: talking, singing, winning and smiling are used to describe an action. Tutti fanno qualcosa: l’uomo parla, l’uccello canta, la squadra vince, la ragazza sorride. L’aggettivo ha un significato attivo: talking, singing, winning e smiling sono usati per descrivere un’azione. The lesson is annoying. I find geography an interesting subject. It was an exciting football match.

We're having a relaxing day off. Now look at these examples with adjectives ending in -ed: Adesso osserva gli esempi seguenti: a smashed window. a satisfied customer. a frightened child a surprised teacher These adjectives are used with a passive meaning. Something has been done to the object (the window) or something/someone has caused people to be in a certain state (the child, the customer, the teacher) or feel in a certain way. The adjectives smashed, satisfied, frightened, surprised describe states or feelings as a result of something done: the window has been smashed, the customer has been satisfied, the child has been frightened, the teacher has been surprised. Questi aggettivi sono usati con un significato passivo. Qualcosa è stato fatto all’oggetto (la finestra) o qualcosa/qualcuno ha fatto che le persone siano in un certo stato (il bambino, il cliente, l’insegnante) o che provino un certo sentimento. Gli aggettivi smashed, satisfied, frightened, surprised descrivono stati o sentimenti come risultato di qualcosa subito: la finestra è stata frantumata, il cliente è stato soddisfatto, il bambino è stato spaventato, l’insegnante è stato sorpreso. She is annoyed. I am interested in geography. Everyone was excited during the football match. We all feel relaxed after a day off. She looks alarmed about something. A bored student complained to his teacher. She had big blue frightened eyes. The bird had a broken wing.

List of adjectives
amaze amuse astound astonish bewitch captivate challenge charm comfort concern convince encourage enchant energize entertain

sbalordire divertire Sbalordire/ stupire Stupire/ sorprendere Stregare, ammaliare Attrarre, affascinare sfidare, mettere alla prova Incantare, affascinare Consolare, confortare Preoccupare, concernere convincere incoraggiare incantare Stimolare, ravvivare Divertire, intrattenere

-ed adjective
amazed amused astounded astonished bewitched captivated challenged charmed comforted concerned convinced encouraged enchanted energized entertained

-ing adjective
amazing amusing astounding astonishing bewitching (seducente) captivating challenging (stimolante) charming comforting concerning convincing encouraging enchanting energizing entertaining

amazement amusement astonishment bewitchment captivation challenge charm comfort concern conviction encouragement enchantment energy entertainment

enthrall excite fascinate flatter fulfill gratify interest intrigue move please relax relieve satisfy soothe surprise tempt thrill titilate touch welcome

Affascinare, ammaliare Eccitare, stimolare affascinare Adulare, lusingare Realizzare, appagare accontentare, compiacere interessare intrigare Muovere,trasferire piacere rilassare allievare soddisfare Calmare, lenire sorprendere tentare Entusiasmare, fremere titllare Toccare, commuovere Dare il benvenuto

enthralled excited fascinated flattered fulfilled gratified interested intrigued moved pleased relaxed relieved satisfied soothed surprised tempted thrilled titilated touched welcomed

enthralling exciting fascinating flattering fulfilling gratifying interesting intriguing Moving (toccante) pleasing (pleasant) relaxing relieving satisfying soothing surprising tempting thrilling titilating touching welcoming

enthrallment excitement fascination flattery fulfillment gratification interest intrigue movement a pleasure relaxation relief satisfaction surprise temptation thrill titilation touch welcome

aggravate alarm annoy bewilder bore confound confuse depress devastate disappoint discourage disgust dishearten dismay displease distress disturb embarrass exasperate exhaust fatigue frighten frustrate horrify humiliate

Aggravare, peggiorare allarmare Irritare, infastidire Confondere, sconcertare annoiare Confondere, sconcertare Confondere, disorientare deprimere devastare deludere scoraggiare disgustare demoralizzare Costernare, sgomentare scontentare angosciare disturbare Mettere in imbarazzo esasperare Esaurire, stancare affaticare spaventare frustrare atterrire umiliare

-ed adjective
aggravated alarmed annoyed bewildered bored confounded confused depressed devastated disappointed discouraged disgusted disheartened dismayed displeased distressed disturbed embarrassed exasperated exhausted fatigued frightened frustrated horrified humiliated

-ing adjective
aggravating alarming annoying bewildering boring confounding confusing depressing devastating disappointing discouraging disgusting disheartening dismaying displeasing distressing disturbing embarrassing exasperating exhausting fatiguing frightening frustrating horrifying humiliating

aggravation alarm annoyance bewilderment boredom confusion depression devastation disappointment discouragement disgust disheartenment dismay displeasure distress disturbance embarrassment exasperation exhaustion fatigue fright frustration horror humiliation

insult irritate mortify mystify overwhelm perplex perturb puzzle shock sicken terrify tempt threaten tire trouble unnerve unsettle upset vex worry

Insultare, offendere irritare Mortificare, umiliare Confondere le idee Sommergere, schiacciare Rendere perplesso perturbare sconcertare sconvolgere Nauseare, disgustare Terrorizzare, spaventare tentare minacciare stancare Disturbare, importunare innervosire Turbare, scombussolare Turbare, sconvolgere Irritare, contrariare Preoccupare, turbare

insulted irritated mortified mystified overwhelmed perplexed perturbed puzzled shocked sickened terrified tempted threatened tired troubled unnerved unsettled upset vexed (vext) worried

insulting irritating mortifying mystifying overwhelming perplexing perturbing puzzling shocking sickening terrifying Tempting (allettante) threatening tiring troubling unnerving unsettling upsetting vexing worrying

an insult irritation mortification mystification overwhelmingness perplexity perturbation puzzlement a shock sickness terror temptation a threat tiredness trouble unsettledness vexation worry

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