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Section 1 Page 1

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7750 Service Router Product Overview
7750 SR
Product Overview
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Product Overview
Objectives
Upon successful completion of this module, you will be able to
describe:
The differences in the chassis and system architecture of the SR-7 and
the SR-12 compared to the SR-1
The new 7750 SR-c4 / c12
7750 SR system components
The system architecture of the cards
The difference between the control and data plane
A packet walkthrough

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7750 Service Router Family
7750 SR-12
1Tb/s system capacity
10 I/O slots 20 MDA/ISA
slots
50 Gb/s per-slot, scaling to
100Gb/s (future)
High Availability and ISSU
Scalable multi-service
routing for residential,
business and mobile
services
7750 SR-1
40Gb/s system capacity
Fixed I/O with 2 MDA/ISA
slots
Scalable multi-service
routing for residential,
business and mobile
services
7750 SR-7
500Gb/s system capacity
5 I/O slots 10 MDA/ISA
slots
50 Gb/s per-slot, scaling to
100Gb/s (future)
High Availability and ISSU
Scalable multi-service
routing for residential,
business and mobile
services

SR-12 - Dimensions: 24.5H x 17.5W x 25.25D
Redundancy:
AC Power (1 + 1)
DC Power (1 + 1)
Cooling Fans (2 + 1)
Switch Fabrics/Control Processor Modules (SF/CPM) (1 + 1)
SR-7 - Dimensions: 14H x 17.5W x 23.5D
Redundancy:
AC Power (1 + 1)
DC Power (1 + 1)
Cooling Fans (1 + 1)
Switch Fabrics/Control Processor Modules (SF/CPM) (1 + 1)
SR-1 - Dimensions: 2.625"H x 17.5"W x 22.25"D
Redundancy:
AC/DC power (1 AC +1 DC)
DC power (1+1)
Cooling Fans
MDA: Media Dependant Adaptor
ISSU: In Service Software Upgrade
3
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Introducing the 7750 SR -c4 -c12
7750 SR-c4
7750 SR-c4 supports up to 90 Gb/s (HD) switching capacity
Support for up to 4 Compact Media Adapters (CMAs), 2 Media Dependent Adapters
(MDA)s, or a mix of both
7750 SR-c12 supports up to 90 Gb/s (HD) switching capacity
Support for up to 12 Compact Media Adapters (CMAs), 6 Media Dependent Adapters
(MDA)s, or a mix of both
Target markets include:
Enterprise and verticals for evolving mission-critical legacy networks to IP/MPLS
Fixed and mobile operators requiring a scaled service router with lower speed
interfaces for smaller POPs
7750 SR-c12

The 7750 SR-c12 features redundant Control Forwarding Modules (CFM-XP), a Chassis Control
Module (CCM-XP), Compact Media Adapters (CMA), redundant AC and/or DC power supply modules,
a fan tray and air filter.
Redundancy is achieved when two AC or two DC input supplies are installed. Each supply provides
1200W of power. For redundancy, two AC or two DC systems must be cabled and powered on at all
times. The 7750 SR-c12 system is cooled by 10 integrated high speed fans housed on one fan tray
The 7750 SR-c4 has a single Control Forwarding Module and power supply built into the chassis.
The 7750 SR-c4 offers up to 90Gbps half duplex of capacity and full multi-service edge feature set.
It supports two (2) integrated 10 Gigabit Ethernet XFP ports as well as up to two (2) additional
MDAs or up to four (4) CMAs. Redundant power supply in either AC or DC configurations is also
provided.
Both flavors support a wide range of MDA and MDA-XP as well as 7710 SR CMA interfaces and include
SyncE support
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The Alcatel-Lucent 7750 SR Family (1)
1
2
3
4
5
A
B
SR-7
A
1
SR-1
1 2 3 4 5 A B 6 7 8 9 10
SR-12

Modular design with hot-swappable components
Switch Fabric (SF) and Control Processing Module (CPM)
Input/Output Module (IOM)
Media Dependent Adapters (MDA)s
MDA
1
MDA
2
The Alcatel-Lucent Service Router comes in three chassis options: the SR-1, SR-7, and SR-12.
The modular design of the 7750 provides the ability to add or remove hot-swappable cards as
required. There are two types of card slots:
SF/CPM Card Slot
The Switch Fabric (SF) and Control Processing Module (CPM) contains the switch fabric and the
control processor complex. The switch fabric consists of multiple switching elements that are
responsible for sending cells received on one port out another. The processor complex is
responsible for the overall control of the system.
IOM Card Slot
I/O modules (IOM) are responsible for connecting media dependent adaptors (MDA), which provide
physical interface termination, into the system. The IOM processes received frames from an
interface to accomplish all switching decisions. It implements per service QoS functions, access
control lists (ACLs) and accounting, formats frames into cells to be switched through the core fabric,
and sends cells to the fabric. Frames to be sent out interfaces are first received from the fabric as
cells, re-assembled into frames and processed to accomplish egress specific encapsulation as well
as per service egress QoS, filtering and accounting functions.
A CPU section manages the forwarding hardware in each Flexible FastPath complex and
participates in the distributed control plane used in the system.
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Product Overview
The Alcatel-Lucent 7750 SR Family (2)

Modular design with hot-swappable components
Chassis Control Module (CCM)
Modular design with hot-swappable components
Media Dependent Adapters (MDA)s
Compact Media Adapters (CMA)s
CMA
1
2
3
4
1
3
9
5
7
8
10
11
12
The Chassis Control Module (CCM) is located on the front of the 7750 SR. The CCM accommodates
up to six compact flash memory cards (three per CFM) that can be used to copy and store system
boot, software images, and configuration files and logs. The CCM provides the console and
management interfaces to the 7750 SR as well as alarm information for the CFM and power supplies.
The CCM supports the following external system interfaces: compact flash slots, console ports,
mgmt ports, alarm indicators and system LEDs.
For compatibility a set of 7750 SR Media Dependent Adapters (MDA) are equally supported through
the use of the Media Carrier Modules (MCM-XP), which slots into two compact media adapter slots.
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The SR-12 Shelf
SR-12 features:
Slots for up to ten IOM cards
Two hot-swappable SF/CPM card
slots; 200 Gbps or 500 Gbps SF/CPM
cards available
Up to twenty hot-swappable MDAs
Hot-swappable cooling fans
Switch fabric/control redundancy
when two SF/CPMs installed
Power redundancy when two power
sources are connected

The SR-12, with 12 vertical slots, is the largest of the Service Routers. The chassis weighs
approximately 73 lbs (33 kg) and fits into a standard 19 inch rack.
The 2 slots in the middle are reserved for two SF/CPM cards. Two SF/CPM cards provides for full
switching and control redundancy. The remaining 10 slots are available for IOM cards. Each IOM
card can hold two MDAs.
All the modules (SF/CPM, IOM, MDA, cooling fans, air filter and power modules) are hot-swappable,
field-replaceable units.
Note: There are two different versions of the SF/CPM module: SFM2 and SFM3. The SFM2 initially
included two variations: SFM-400G for the SR-12 router and SFM-200G for the SR-7 router. These
SFM modules have 500G and 250G capacity, but when these SFMs were named, the line cards could
only utilize 400G and 200G of the capacity, respectively. The SFM-400G has subsequently been
renamed SFM-500G.
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The SR-12 Front and Rear

5
5
1 2 3 4 5 A B 6 7 8 9 10
1 2 3 4 5 A B 6 7 8 9 10
6
6
7 8
3
4
2
1
1
2
3
4
SR-12 Front
1. SF/CPM A
2. SF/CPM B
3. MDA 1
4. MDA 2
5. Cable management system
6. IOM slot numbers (from 1 to 10 left to right)
7. Air vent / Air Filter Access
8. ESD strap connector
SR-12 Rear
1. Grounding lugs
2. Cooling fan trays
3. DC power connectors
4. Status connectors
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Switch Fabric/Control Plane Module (SF/CPM) Cards
Redundant SF/CPMs
are supported on the
SR-7 and SR-12

The Switch Fabric/Control Processing Module: SF/CPM
A Switch Fabric module (SF/CPM) contains two logically separate functions that are physically co-located to
conserve chassis slots.
The first function is a 500Gbps switch (full duplex) constructed from multiple switching elements
The second function is the core control processing for the system. The control processing sub-system
uses a pair of processors that perform all of the centralized chassis management functions and
implements the protocol stacks (BGP, OSPF, ISIS, MPLS, etc.). The processors connect into the switch
fabric as well, sending and receive control plane traffic through this mechanism
Contains three compact flash slots for:
System and bootup images
Configuration files
Logging and accounting files
SR-1
1 SF/CPM integrated with the IOM on the motherboard
No redundancy possible
SR-7
2 load sharing, redundant SF/CPMs, located in slots A and B
Full redundancy
SR-12
2 load sharing, redundant SF/CPMs, located in slots A and B
Full redundancy
In a redundant configuration the SF/CPM allows for hitless switchover using non-stop routing and
non-stop service capabilities
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SF/CPM Front Panel
1. BITs port
2. DTE/DCE selector for the console port
3. Serial console port
4. Auxiliary port
5. Alarm port
6. Alarm cutoff/lamp test button
7. Ethernet management port
8. Compact flash card slots
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
LEDs

1. BITS port: a RJ-45 connector, used for a network clock source.
2. DTE/DCE selector for the console port: This allows the use of either straight through or cross-
over cable connections to the console port.
3. Serial console port: a DB-9 serial port used to connect a terminal or PC. Used for initial system
startup as well as system configuration and monitoring. The default port configuration is
115200, 8, N, 1.
4. Auxiliary port: The AUX port is used for a modem, GPS or other auxiliary device connection. On
the SF/CPM3 the AUX port has is an RJ45. (DB-9 on the SF/CPM2)
5. Alarm port: a DB-9 serial port, used to connect to external alarm devices that report conditions
that trigger critical or major alarms.
6. Audible Alarm Cutoff/Lamp Test (AAC/LT) button: pressing the button verifies the operability of
LEDs. The Audible Alarm Cutoff is used to silence external alarms until the next alarm
condition occurs.
7. Management Ethernet port connector and LEDs:
Link LED: Amber indicates 10 M/bps
Amber (blinking) indicates half-duplex mode
Green indicates 100 M/bps
Unlit indicates operationally down
Data LED: Green (blinking) indicates RX/TX activity
Amber (blinking) indicates an error condition
8. Compact flash (CF) cards, cf1 ,cf2, and cf3:
cf1 and cf2 are used for logging, configuration, image file backups
cf3 stores the Boot Loader File and the Boot Options File (and possibly the boot image and
configuration files configurable)
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Alcatel-Lucent 7750 SR IOMs, MDAs and SFPs
Small Form-Factor
Pluggable (SFP) optics
2 MDAs per IOM
10 IOMs per SR-12
5 IOMs per SR-7

The Input/Output Module: IOM
The SR7 and SR12 support four IOM types which result in four chassis modes:
Mode a The default mode corresponding to the 20 Gbps IOM with 2MB Pchip memory, called
iom-20g
Mode b The mode corresponding to the 20Gbps IOM with 4MB of PChip memory, called iom-
20g-b
Mode c The mode corresponding to the upgraded IOM featuring a faster CPU and additional
RAM, called iom2-20g
Mode d The mode corresponding to the upgraded IOM featuring FlexPath II forwarding
complex and additional RAM, called iom3
The Media Dependent Adaptor: MDA
There are many types of MDAs, a few examples are: 60-port 10/100 Base TX Ethernet MDA, 20-port
100BaseFX MDA, 5/10-port Gigabit Ethernet MDA, 1-port 10GigEthernet MDA, 4-port OC-3c/STM-
1/OC-12c/STM-4 ATM MDA, 1-port OC-192c/STM-64 SONET/SDH MDA, Versatile Services Module XP,
and many more.The wide variety of MDAs assures the flexibility to the user to build the network
according to the needs.
The Small From-factor Pluggable transceiver: SFP
The SFPs are small optical modules available in a variety of formats and allow the hot-swappable
replacement of a single module instead of an entire board.
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Alcatel-Lucent 7750 SR c4 c12 CMAs, MCMs / MDAs
1 MDA per MCM
12 CMAs per c-12
4 CMAs per c-4
6 MCMs per c-12
2 MCMs per c-4

The Chassis Control Module (CCM) is located on the front of the 7750 SR. The 7750 SR c-12 CCM accommodates
up to six compact flash memory cards (three per CFM) that can be used to copy and store system boot,
software images, and configuration files and logs. The CCM provides the console and management interfaces
to the 7750 SR as well as alarm information for the CFM and power supplies.
The 7750 SR-c12 contains redundant Control and Forwarding Modules (CFM). CFMs use the same FP2 chipset
located on the IOM3s. The CFM connects directly to the midplane and carries traffic between line cards. The
midplane provides high-speed access to the CFM-XP, MDAs and CMAs
The Compact Media Adapter: CMAs
CMAs are interface adapters supporting applications requiring lower port densities.
Examples of CMAs include:
8-port CHAN DS1/E1 CMA
4-port DS3/E3 CMA
2-port OC3/12-STM1/4 SFP CMA
8-port T1/E1 ATM/IMA CMA
1-port CH OC3/STM1 CES CMA
1-port GigE CMA -XP SFP
5-port GigE CMA-XP SFP
Note: CMAs are supported on the 7750 SR c4 / c12 platforms only
The 7750 SR c-4 / c-12 both support Media Dependent Adapters (MDAs). MDAs are used in conjunction with
Media Carrier Modules (MCM). MDAs are installed in MCMs, which are then installed in the 7750 SR c-4 / c-12.
The MCM takes up two CMA slots in the 7750 SR c-4 / c-12.
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Input/Output Modules (IOM3-XP)
50 Gbps wire-rate forwarding
Support in hardware for synchronous Ethernet timing for all optical SFP
applications
Can co-exist and is interoperable with IOM2-20g and IOM-20g-b IOM
Use Chassis Mode that aligns with the earliest generation of IOM installed
Supported in both the 7750 SR-12 and 7750 SR-7 chassis
Support for chassis Mode D when a chassis is configured entirely with IOM3s

A 7750 SR will be able to operate with a mix of 50Gbps IOM3-XP and 20 Gbps IOM-b and IOM-2s as
well as IMMs allowing the customer to replace the 20 Gbps IOMs as capacity demands increase.
The 7750 SR IOM3-XPs:
Up to 50 Gbps of forwarding performance per each IOM3-XP, up to 25 Gbps per MDA slot
Supported in both the 7750 SR-12 and 7750 SR-7 chassis
Support for most of the existing MDAs with backward and forward compatibility as per latest SR
OS Release Notes
Supports all new high performance MDA-XP
Supports hot removal and hot insertion
64K queues that can be flexibly assigned to any MDA or port, and to either ingress or egress
Support in hardware for synchronous Ethernet timing for all optical SFP applications. (Note:
SynchE is not supported on the SR1 and ESS1 platforms)
Can co-exist and is interoperable with IOM2-20g and IOM-20g-b IOMs (must use Chassis Mode that
aligns with the earliest generation of IOM installed)
Support for chassis Mode D when a chassis is configured entirely with IOM3-XP IOMs
Support expanded scalability, enabled in future releases of SR OS
ARP table size of up to 500K in chassis mode D as well as a MAC table size of 500K for the
7750
SR platform
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Media Dependent Adapters (MDA-XP)
IOM-20g-b or IOM2-20g supports
10Gbps per MDA slot
IOM3-xp supports 50 Gbps
dynamically allocated across the MDA
slots
Support oversubscription logic able to
handle traffic prioritization based on
ToS or DSCP bits under overload
conditions
Support in hardware for synchronous
Ethernet timing for all optical SFP
application
VSM-CCA-XP
Second generation VSM MDA
10 Gbps tunable DWDM XFP
4 Port 10 GigE XFP MDA-XP
48 Port GigE XFP MDA-XP
20 Port GigE SFP MDA-XP

VSM-CCA-XP
MDA-XP:
Supported on both the 7750 SR-12, 7750 SR-7 7750 SR-c12 and 7710SR chassis
Supports hot removal and hot insertion
Support oversubscription logic able to handle traffic prioritization based on ToS or DSCP bits
under overload conditions
Note: Regarding the 48 Port GigE XFP MDA-XP, up to 480 GigE ports per 1/3 rack
Support in hardware for synchronous Ethernet timing for all optical SFP applications
Note: SynchE is not supported on the SR1 and ESS1 platforms
Can interoperate with IOM3 using the 25Gbps interface bandwidth between MDA and IOM3 or can
can function at 10Gbps backplane when slotted into an IOM-20gb or IOM2-20g
Support in hardware for synchronous Ethernet timing for all optical SFP/XFP applications
VSM CCA-XP supports the original feature set of the VSM while providing twice the throughput at
up to 25Gbps half duplex (12.5Gbps full duplex)
Supported on the 7750 SR-12 and 7750 SR-7 with IOM-20-b, and IOM3-XP.
Can be provisioned as a VSM-CCA, replicating the original VSM-CCA MDA capabilities at 10Gbps
10 Gbps tunable DWDM XFP optical transceiver supports both 10Gbps Ethernet and SONET/SDH,
allowing the router to be configured to utilize any of the 89 supported channels in the DWDM c-
band grid.
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Small Form-Factor Pluggable (SFP) optics
Features:
Hot-swappable
Only the required SFPs need to be installed
Mix and match different types on a single MDA
Some Alcatel-Lucent SFPs have Digital Diagnostics Monitoring capability
including:
Temperature
Supply voltage
Transmit (TX) bias current
TX output power
Received (RX) optical power

Small Form Factor Pluggable Interfaces
Small Form-factor Pluggable (SFP) transceivers are small optical modules available in a variety of
formats.
Alcatel-Lucent strongly recommends the use of SFPs that are tested and verified by Alcatel-Lucent.
Alcatel-Lucent programs its SFPs with the optics type and part number. This enables an operator to
easily determine the SFP type and replacement part number when troubleshooting.
The use of Small Form factor Pluggable (SFP) optics enables further flexibility in populating MDAs
with the required optics on a per-port basis. The combination of hot-pluggable MDAs and optics
means that carriers can defer much of the capital expense of each PoP customer interface until a
firm order for service is received.
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Product Overview
Integrated Media Module (IMM)
Leverages full 50 Gb/s (full duplex)
slot capacity in 7750 SR
Integrates IOM & MDA onto a single,
full-slot interface module
Supported in 7750 SR-12 and 7750
SR-7 chassis
Can co-exist with existing IOM2-20g-
b, IOM2-20g and IOM3-XPs
Support for chassis Mode D when a
chassis is configured entirely with
IOM3-XP or IMMs
Support in hardware for synchronous
Ethernet timing for all optical
SFP/XFP applications

Current IMM options include:
1-port 40GigE IMM
1-port 100GigE IMM
4-port 10GigE IMM
5-port 10GigE IMM
8-port 10GigE IMM (oversubscribed)
10-port 10GigE IMM
12-port 10GigE IMM
48-port GigE (SFP) IMM
48-port GigE (10/100/1000Base-T) IMM
The IMMs are full-slot modules:
Supported in 7750 SR-12 and 7750 SR-7 chassis
Support in hardware for synchronous Ethernet timing for all optical SFP/XFP applications
Can co-exist and is interoperable with existing IOM2-20g-b, IOM2-20g and IOM3-XPs, and all MDA,
ISA, and MDA-XP modules
Support for chassis Mode D when a chassis is configured entirely with IOM3-XP or IMMs
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Integrated Media Module (IMM) (cont)
1-port 100G and 12-port 10G Ethernet IMMs
IMMs operate in a non-redundant mode
utilizing both installed SFMs to achieve up to
100 Gbps capacity per slot
OC-768c/STM-256c DWDM IMM
1-port 40 Gbps SONET/SDH high speed interface

1-port 100GigE IMM
1-port OC-768c/STM-256c DWDM IMM
12-port GigE IMM
1-port 100GigE IMM and 12-port GigE IMM:
Supported in the 7750 SR-7 chassis with 200G or 400G SF/CPMs, 7750
SR-12 chassis with 400G SF/CPMs only
12-port 10GE SFP+ IMM also enables up to 100 Gbps of combined throughput across 12 SFP+
ports
Can co-exist and are interoperable with IOM3-XP, other IMMs, IOM2-20g and IOM-20g-b IOMs
(must use Chassis Mode that aligns with the earliest generation of IOM installed)
Maximum of 64K queues for ingress and 64K queues for egress, that can be flexibly assigned to
any port
Support for chassis Mode D when a chassis is configured entirely with IOM3-XP and IMMs
The 1-port 100G Ethernet CFP and 12-port 10G Ethernet SFP+ IMMs are Release 9.0 additions to
the IMM family
Can co-exist and are interoperable with IOM3-XP, other IMMs, IOM2-20g and IOM-20g-b
IOMs (must use Chassis Mode that aligns with the earliest generation of IOM installed)
OC-768c/STM-256c DWDM IMM designed for use in transponderless applications where the
lambda is launched from the router into the optical cloud for long reach interconnects
Offers fully tunable c-band (50Ghz spacing)
Can reach distances in excess of 1000 kilometers (with amplifiers and DCMs). OTU3 framing or
SONET-over-OTU3 framing, G.709 FEC and enhanced FEC are standard features.
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Multi-Service Integrated Service Adapters (MS-ISA)
Enable high-performance application-specific processing on a single ISA
card (MS-ISA)
Software licenses enable different applications
Application Assurance (AA):
AA-VPN for business service
AA-ESM for residential service
Video Service Delivery:
FCC, RET and Local/Zoned ADI
IPSec Security Gateway:
Remote Access
Site-to-Site
Scalable, high performance encryption
Broadband:
cgNAT, L2 aware NAT, L2TP Network Server (LNS)

Traffic requiring additional high-touch processing is diverted to ISA card with no performance
impact on other applications
Reduces the need for external platforms to support these services
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Product Overview
Switch Fabric &
Control Processor
Module
(SF/CPM)
CPU
CPU
CPU
IOM:
Fully-distributed forwarding and packet processing engine
Up to 50 Gbps (FD) wire-rate forwarding with services enabled
Up to 10 IOMs per system
SF/CPM:
Two SF/CPM per system for full redundancy
Switch fabric supports up to 1 Tbps (HD)
Control Processor Module for system control,
centralized protocol processing and management
System Component Summary
I/O Module
(IOM)
100 Gb/s
Bus
Auto-
Detecting
10 or 25
Gb/s Bus
Media
Dependant
Adapter
(MDA)
Integrated
Service
Adapter
(ISA)
I
n
t
e
g
r
a
t
e
d

M
e
d
i
a
M
o
d
u
l
e

(
I
M
M
)
ISA:
Adds advanced services
to the 7750
IMM:
Full slot card combining IOM/MDA
High density/High capacity I/O
MDA:
Provide physical Line Termination
2 MDAs per IOM; 20 MDAs per system
Up to 25 Gbps (FD) supported per MDA
Ethernet, SONET/SDH, ATM, CES, ASAP

The slide above shows three levels in the hierarchy:
MDAs and IMMs provide the physical interfaces that receive and send the traffic over the links
connected to those interfaces. The interfaces can be Ethernet, SONET/SDH, ATM/Frame Relay or
channelized SONET/SDH
IOMs perform all the encapsulation and data plane forwarding operations for packets entering
(ingress) and leaving (egress) the interfaces. The IOM Flexible Fast Path Complex, under the
control of the IOM CPU, determines how packets are handled
The SF/CPM has two functions:
The Switch Fabric (SF) switches packets among the IOMs based on decisions made by the IOM
flexible fast path.
The Control Processing Module (CPM), a dual processing complex, is the main control center of
the router. It is the control plane manager and makes control decisions that are then passed
down to the IOMs. The CPM functions include system control, centralized routing protocol
processing (to update the IOMs in case of a change), and management.
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Alcatel-Lucent SR IOM Components
The IOM consists of:
Flexible Fast Path complexes
Traffic Manager - Buffering, policing, shaping, QoS functionality
Network Processers - Packet classification, L2 and L3 FIB lookups, ACL lookups
A Control CPU and memory
Controls processing of locally stored Forwarding Information Bases (FIB)
Fabric Access modules
Provide access to the Switch Fabric of the SF/CPM

MDA
1
MDA
2
Fabric
Access
IOM
IOM
Control
CPU
Flexible Fast
Path Complex
To Fabric A
To Fabric B
The FIB is stored on the Flexible Fast Path processor. The FFPP provides hardware-accelerated assistance in
the lookup of IP addresses within the FIB.
The Flexible Fast Path Complex consists of:
1. The Ingress and Egress Traffic Manager (TM) with memory
Receive packet fragments from the MDA for multiple streams and re-assembles these into frames
Implement QoS policies
Pull scheduled frames from buffer memory, segment them into cells and output them
2. Network processors
Performs all of the QoS classification, destination determination, encapsulation and ACL filter
processing
It is completely programmable so modifications to any supported forwarding standard can be
accomplished with a firmware upgrade
The network processor supports external Content Addressable Memory (CAM) for storing ACLs and
other data
It also supports external memory for storing search trees, statistics, and other data
Local processor on each IOM:
Controls processing of local Forwarding Information Bases (FIB) stored on each IOM
Manages forwarding tables and ACLs stored in each flexible fast path
The IOM local processor is considered part of the distributed control plane, responsible for controlling
the processes that help forward traffic
The local CPU also manages the MDA ports and channels, gathers statistics and billing data and provides
the CPM with all necessary information on received control plane data over the ingress interfaces
The fabric access device (FA) connects the Flexible FastPath complexes to the switch fabric.
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Product Overview
SF/CPM Architecture
Switch Fabrics are load sharing and active
Initially one CPM is active while the second one is in standby mode
I/O Module 1
I/O Module 10
FA TM NP
CPU-0 CPU-1
Memory Memory
FA
SF/CPM B
SF/CPM A
MEM
TM NP
Memory Memory
MEM
CPU-0 CPU-1
Processing Complex A
Processing Complex B
FFP
Fabric
Access
FFP
Fabric
Access
FFP
Fabric
Access
FFP
Fabric
Access
Switch Fabric A
SE
SE
SE
SE
Switch Fabric B

SE
SE
SE
SE
SE
SE
SE
SE
SE
SE
SE
SE
MDA
MDA
MDA
MDA
The SF/CPM consists of:
1. The Switch Fabric with Switching Elements (SE)
2. The Fabric Access that connects the SF with the Traffic Manager
3. The Traffic Manager
4. The Network Processor and memory
5. CPUs with memory
Switch Fabric - The fabric is available in two versions, 200 Gbps or 500 Gbps, both providing full-
duplex switching. The SR switching elements are designed with the added ability to schedule
traffic on each egress port independently of all other ports. This feature is important to
operators who want granular control over ingress to egress port traffic scheduling, enabling
them to guarantee traffic rates between each connection point.
Fabric Redundancy - Each switching element (SE), along with its associated serial links, is totally
independent from all others. On nodes with two SF/CPMs installed , both fully operational
fabrics load share traffic. If a switching element or any of its serial links fail, only traffic passing
over that link or SE at the time of the failure is affected. In most cases this will have no effect
on traffic flow, as the switching capacity of each fabric equals or exceeds the total bandwidth
required to support all installed IOMs.
Processing Complex - Responsible for the systems control plane processing and protocol stacks:
1. The SEs receive data from the IOMs and forward it to the traffic manager (TM)
2. The traffic manager forwards the data to the network processor (NP). The SF/CPM memory
buffer packets awaiting processing
3. The network processor pre-processes and prioritizes the packets so that the CPUs process
protocol or time sensitive packets first, followed by less urgent traffic
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Control Plane v Data Plane
MDA
FFPC
MDA
FA FA
CPM
Flexible Fast
Path Complex
IOM
FFPC
Switch Fabric
Fabric Access
MDA
FFPC
MDA
FA FA
CPM
IOM
FFPC
Switch Fabric
Control Plane Traffic
Data Plane Traffic

Control Plane and Data Plane
An important principle to understand is the difference between a routers control plane and data
plane.
The control plane is responsible for managing functions that include configuration operations,
routing protocols like OSPF and BGP, management interfaces like serial ports, telnet, and SNMP as
well as error handling and logging. The control plane assures the proper operation of the router as
configured by the administrator. Control plane traffic is overhead necessary for correct data plane
functionality.
The data plane focuses on the actual data traffic traversing through the network. It collects
packets at the ingress, performs a deep-packet inspection which provides a next-hop decision
(distributed in advance by the control plane) for the packet to egress accordingly. This process,
which includes encapsulation conversion, runs at wire speed.
Packets handled by data plane tasks usually travel through the device (router), while packets
handled by control plane tasks usually originate or terminate at the device.
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Chassis modes
Note: Chassis mode does not apply to the 7710SR, 7750SR-1, or ESS-1
IPv6
64K Queues
Scale ARP cache 500k
MAC FIB 500k
IOM3 D
2 Network Processors on egress
IPv6
ARP Cache 150K
MAC FIB 192K
VPRN Next Hop Label 128K
IOM2-20g
C
IPv6
ARP Cache 100K
MAC FIB 128K
VPRN Next Hop Label 16K
ESM, additional counters and routed CO/L3
group interfaces
IOM-20g-b
IOM2-20g
B
Supported for configuration compatibility IOM-20g not supported
IOM-20g-b
A
Features/Scaling IOM Support Chassis
Mode
7750 SR-7 & SR-12

Depending on the chassis type and IOM type, the following modes can be configured:
Chassis Mode A: This mode corresponds to scaling and feature set associated with iom-20g
Chassis Mode B: This mode corresponds to scaling and feature set associated with iom-20g-b
Chassis Mode C: This mode corresponds to scaling and feature set associated with iom2-20g
Chassis Mode D: This mode corresponds to scaling and feature set associated with iom3
When configuring a chassis mode, use Chassis Mode that aligns with the earliest generation of IOM
installed. If the chassis mode is not explicitly provisioned in the configuration file, the chassis will
come up in Mode A by default. In Mode A:
iom-20g-b comes online if provisioned as iom-20g or iom-20g-b
iom2-20g comes online if provisioned as iom-20g, iom-20g-b or iom2-20g
iom-10g comes online if provisioned as iom-10g
iom3 comes online if provisioned as iom3
Note All IOMs must be IOM3 in order to configure chassis mode D.
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7750 SR Ethernet MDAs
20 10 2 1 100 Gb/s 100 Gigabit Ethernet
200 100 20 10 1000 Mb/s 1000Base FX Ethernet*
200/20 100/10 20/2 10/1 1/10 Gb/s 1-10Gig + 10-1 Gigabit Ethernet
80 40 8 4 10 Gb/s 10 Gigabit Ethernet*
400 200 40 20 1 Gb/s Gigabit Ethernet*
SR-12 SR-7 SR-1
Ports per 7750 SR Ports per
MDA
Interface
Speed
MDA Type
20 16 4 2 10 Gb/s 10 Gigabit Ethernet*
10 8 2 1 10 Gb/s 10 Gigabit Ethernet
200 100 20 10 1 Gb/s Gigabit Ethernet
100 50 10 5 1 Gb/s Gigabit Ethernet
400 200 40 20 100 Mb/s 100Base FX Ethernet
400 200 40 20 10/100/1000 Mb/s 10/100/1000 TX Ethernet*
1200 600 120 60 10/100 Mb/s 10/100 Ethernet

* MDA Types supported on the IOM3
New in Release 6.1:
10-Port GigE High-Scale MDA Queuing MDA
1000BASE Ethernet MDA which supports 10 pluggable Optical SFPs
Supports up to 20,000 SAPs/Subscribers and up to 8,000 services on the iom2-20g
Extensive on-board queuing and buffering with either service scheduling classes per service on
the 7750SR translating to 160,000 ingress and 160,000 egress queues
The IOM3 supports up to 25G/MDA therefore some MDA Types which are considered to be
oversubscribed on the IOM2 are non-oversubscribed on the IOM3. For example the 2 port, 10
Gigabit Ethernet MDA Type is non-oversubscribed on the IOM3 and oversubscribed on the IOM2.
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7750 SR SONET/SDH MDAs
Ports per 7750 SR Ports per
MDA
Interface
Speed
MDA Type
SR-12 SR-7 SR-1
320 160 32 16
80 40 8 4
20 10 2 1 10 Gb/s OC-192c/STM-
64c
40 20 4 2 2.48 Gb/s OC-48c/STM-16c
320 160 32 16
160 80 16 8 622 Mb/s OC-12c/STM-4c
160 80 16 8 155 Mb/s OC-3c/STM-1c

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Product Overview
7750 SR Channelized MDAs
OC-12c/STM-4
2 Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC -
21Km/15Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC IR-1/S-4.1
50Km/40Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC LR-1/L-1.1
21Km/15Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC IR-1/S-1.1
2 Km 1310 nm Multimode SFP-LC -
OC-3c/STM-1
- - - Co-axial -
DS-3/E-3
20 10 2 1 622 Mb/s OC-12c/STM-4
Range Wavelength Fiber Type Connector Sub-Type
80 40 8 4 155 Mb/s OC-3c/STM-1
85Km/80Km 1550 nm Singlemode SFP-LC LR-2/S-4.2
80 40 8 4 DS-3/E-3
240 120 24 12
Ports per 7750 SR Ports per
MDA
Interface
Speed
MDA Type
SR-12 SR-7 SR-1

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Product Overview
7750 SR Any Service Any Port (ASAP) MDA

50Km/40Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC LR-1/L-1.1
80 40 8 4 155 Mb/s OC-3/STM-1
20 10 2 1 622 Mb/s OC-12 STM-4
80 40 8 4 DS3/E3
240 120 24 12
21Km/15Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC IR-1/I-1
2 Km 1310 nm Multimode SFP-LC SR-0
Range Wavelength Fiber Type Connector Sub-Type
Channelized interfaces that support:
- PPP, FR, cHLDC, and ATM for L2 and L3 services
- IMA
- APS
- MLPPP and LFI
Ports per 7750 SR Ports per
MDA
Interface
Speed
MDA Type
SR-12 SR-7 SR-1
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Product Overview
7750 SR Circuit Emulation Services (CES) MDA
21Km/15Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC IR-1/S-1.1
2 Km 1310 nm Multimode SFP-LC -
Range Wavelength Fiber Type Connector Sub-Type
50Km/40Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC LR-1/L-1.1
20 10 2 1 155 Mb/s OC-3/STM-1
Ports per 7750 SR Ports per
MDA
Interface
Speed
MDA Type
SR-12 SR-7 SR-1

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7750 SR ATM MDA
Range Wavelength Fiber
Type
Connector Sub-Type
OC-12c/STM-4
2 Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC -
12Km/2Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC SR-1/I-4
21Km/15Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC IR-1/S-4.1
50Km/40Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC LR-1/L-1.1
80 40 8 4 155 Mb/s
and
622 Mb/s
OC-3c/STM-1
and
OC-12c/STM-4
OC-3/STM-1
21Km/15Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC IR-1/I-1
2 Km 1310 nm Multimode SFP-LC SR-0
OC-3c/STM-1
85Km/80Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC LR-2/L-4.2
80 40 8 4 155 Mb/s
Ports per 7750 SR Ports per
MDA
Interface
Speed
MDA Type
SR-12 SR-7 SR-1

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7750 SR IMMs (Integrated Media Module)

120 60 -
12
10 Gb/s
10 Gigabit
Ethernet
10 5 -
1
100 Gb/s
100 Gigabit
Ethernet
SR-12 SR-7 SR-1
Ports per 7750 SR Ports per
IMM
Interface
Speed
IMM Type
80 40 -
8
10 Gb/s
10 Gigabit
Ethernet
40 20 -
4
10 Gb/s
10 Gigabit
Ethernet
480 240 - 48 1 Gb/s Gigabit Ethernet
IMM is a full-slot module that combines IOM3 and MDA functionality into a single full-slot line card
delivering a more dense Ethernet solution. Supported in 7750 SR-12 and 7750 SR-7 chassis, IMMs is
interoperable with existing IOM2-20g-b, IOM2-20g and IOM3s.
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7750 SR Ethernet SFP Types
100 m Copper Copper VHDCI/RJ-21 TX 10/100Base
70 Km 1470-1610 nm Singlemode SFP-LC CWDM
120 Km 1550 nm Singlemode SFP-LC EZX
70 Km 1550 nm Singlemode SFP-LC ZX
40 Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC EX
Rx: 1310 nm
Tx: 1490 nm BX10-D
Rx: 1490 nm
10 Km Tx: 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC BX10-U
10 Km 1310 nm Multimode &
Singlemode
SFP-LC LX
550 m 850 nm Multimode SFP-LC SX
100 m Copper Copper SFP-RJ-45 TX 1000Base
40 Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC EX
25 Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC FX-SM
Rx: 1310 nm
Tx: 1550 nm BX10-D
Rx: 1550 nm
10 Km Tx: 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC BX10-U
2 Km 1310 nm Multimode SFP-LC FX 100Base
Range Wavelength Fiber Type Connector Sub-Type Interface
Type

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Product Overview
7750 SR Ethernet SFP Types (cont)
80 Km 1550 nm Singlemode XFP-LC ZR
40 Km 1550 nm Singlemode XFP-LC ER
10 Km 1310 nm Singlemode XFP-LC LR
300 m 850 nm Multimode XFP-LC SR
80 Km 1550 nm Singlemode Simplex SC ZW/ZR
40 Km 1550 nm Singlemode Simplex SC EW/ER
10 Km 1310 nm Singlemode Simplex SC LW/LR 10GBase
Range Wavelength Fiber Type Connector Sub-Type Interface
Type

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Product Overview
7750 SR SONET/SDH SFP Types
40Km 1550 nm Singlemode Simplex SC IR-2/S-64.2b
7Km/2Km 1310 nm Singlemode Simplex SC SR-1/I-64.1 OC-192c/STM-64
85Km/80Km 1550 nm Singlemode SFP-LC LR-2/L-16.2
42Km/15Km 1550 nm Singlemode SFP-LC IR-2/S-16.2
OC-48c/STM-16
80 Km 1550 nm Singlemode Simplex SC LR-2/L-64.2
21Km/15Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC IR-1/S-16.1
12Km/2Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC SR-1/I-16
85Km/80Km 1550 nm Singlemode SFP-LC LR-2/L-4.2
21Km/15Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC IR-1/S-4.1
12Km/2Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC SR-1/I-4
500 m 1310 nm Multimode SFP-LC - OC-12c/STM-4
50Km/40Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC LR-1/L-1.1
21Km/15Km 1310 nm Singlemode SFP-LC IR-1/S-1.1
2 Km 1310 nm Multimode SFP-LC - OC-3c/STM-1
Range Wavelength Fiber Type Connector Sub-Type Interface
Type

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Product Overview
Ethernet
1-Port 10GigE (LAN/WAN PHY)
1-port 10 GigE (XFP)
2-port 10GigE(XFP)
5-port x GigE
10-port GigE
20-port GigE
60-port 10/100
20-port 100FX
20-port 10/100/1000
1-port 10 GigE + 10-port GigE
Combo MDA
Packet over SONET/SDH
1 x OC-192/STM-64
2 x OC-48/STM-16
4 x OC-48/STM-16
8 x OC-12/STM-4 or OC-3/STM-1
16 x OC-12/STM-4 or OC-3/STM-1
8 x OC-3/STM-1
16 x OC-3/STM-1
Channelized SONET/SDH
1 x OC-12/STM-4
4 x OC-3/STM-1
12 x DS-3
4 x DS3 Channelized
Channelized to DS-0 with up to 512
channels per MDA
ATM
4 x OC3/OC12 ATM MDA
16 x OC3 ATM MDA
Circuit Emulation Services
1-Port ChOC-3/STM-1 CES
Any Service Any Port
PPP/FR/ATM, including IMA
4-port ChOC-3/STM-1 ASAP
1-port ChOC-12/STM-4 ASAP
4-port ChDS3/E3 ASAP
12-port ChDS3/E3 ASAP
MDA-XP Ethernet
20-port GigE SFP-Fiber
20-Port 10/100/1000 Copper
2-port 10 GigE XFP
4-Port 10 GigE XFP
HS-MDA
10-Port GigE
7750 SR MDA Summary

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Product Overview
Ethernet MDA
60-port 10/100
20-port 100FX
Packet over SONET/SDH
2-port OC-48/STM-16
4-port OC-48/STM-16
8-port OC-3/STM-1
Channelized SONET/SDH
1 x OC-12/STM-4
4 x OC-3/STM-1
12 x DS-3
4 x DS3 Channelized
Channelized to DS-0 with up to 512
channels per MDA
ATM
4-port OC3/OC12 ATM
Circuit Emulation Services
1-Port ChOC-12/STM-4 CES
4-Port ChOC-3/STM-1 CES
Any Service Any Port
PPP/FR/ATM, including IMA
4-port ChOC-3/STM-1 ASAP
1-port ChOC-12/STM-4 ASAP
4-port ChDS3/E3 ASAP
12-port ChDS3/E3 ASAP
MDA-XP Ethernet
20-port GigE SFP-Fiber
20-Port 10/100/1000 Copper
1-port 10 GigE XFP
2-port 10 GigE XFP
10-port GigE (SFP)
CMAs
8-port CHAN DS1/E1 CMA
4-port DS3/E3 CMA
8-port 10/100TX CMA
1-port GIGE CMA
2-port OC3/12-STM1/4 SFP CMA
8-port T1/E1 ATM/IMA CMA
1-port CH OC3/STM1 CES CMA
1-port GigE CMA -XP SFP
5-port GigE CMA-XP SFP
7750 SR-c4/12 MDA Summary

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Product Overview
7750 SR 9.0 Summary
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Product Overview
Platform
PPPoE unnumbered interfaces
12x10GigE IMM and 1x100GigE IMM
7750 SR-c4 with 90Gbps capacity
VSM-CCA-XP MDA
Tunable DWDM XFP
IPv6 in 7750 SR in chassis mode B
12-slot enhanced fan tray
7-slot enhanced fan tray
IPv6 support in 7750 SR in chassis mode B
New IOM3/IMM strategy
Enhanced Mixed Mode operation on
7450 ESS with additional 7750 SR MDAs:
POS, ATM, CES,VSM and IMM capability
OC-768c/256c DWDM IMM
BITS-out support
Full SSM/ESMC support
Services
VID filters
MC-LAG support for IP services
Multiple VLAN registration protocol (MVRP)
ISID-level shaping on B-SAP
LAG active/standby operation without LACP
Block on group failure in VPLS and BGP
multi-homing
Support for BGP LSAP in mixed LSP SDP
IPsec IKEv2
MLPPP on multiple channel groups
PW switching for CPipe VLL service on 7750
SR-1 and 7450 ESS
Uni-directional APS with SONET/SDH
channelized and non-channelized interfaces
SONET APS (single chassis) support for
MLPPP on network ports
Routed VPLS
SDP-configurable tunnel destination address
IPv6 support on IPipe
Support for RFC 3107 BGP LSP for PBB-VPLS
services
LDP FEC to BGP label route switching
Hashing enhancements for consistent per-
service forwarding
SROS Summary Release 9.0

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Product Overview
Routing
Path MTU Discovery
BGP best-external
IP-VPN service label next-hop operation
IP/GRE tunnel termination
FIB prioritization per VPRN
Carrier-serving VPN ( Customer Serving
Carrier VPRN)
Multicast-VPN: MDT-SAFI
CFLOWD enhancements ( IPFIX and IPv6)
OSPFv2 multi-area adjacency (RFC 5185)
IPv6 BFD support: static, OSPFv3,BGP, VRRP
Flowspec
L3 services- using BGP anycast address
support
Soft reset on IOM3 for XP/IMM and Ethernet
MDAs
HA
SROS Summary Release 9.0

Management
IP interface stats with SNMP access on
network ports
MPLS
Uniform fail-over for LER/LSR FRR
Inter-area RSVP-TE
Exponential back-off retry timer frp RSVP
LSP paths
Multicast over LDP P2MP LSP
LSP automatic bandwidth adjustment
Multicast VPN: RSVP-TE P2MP PMSI
Multicast VPN: LDP P2MP PMSI
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Product Overview
AA support with 100 GigE Ethernet IMMs
A-performance record for ISA Load
ISA capacity overload threshold events
Transit AA subscribers
App performance stats for VoIP/Video ( MOS
scores)
Five-minute maximum throughput stats in per-AA
subscriber accounting
Subscriber attribute override of app-profile
values by CLI/SNMP
IPipe divert to AA
AA-LSA large session congestion mitigation
Application Assurance
SROS Summary Release 9.0

QoS
H-Pol support on 7750 SR-c4/12
MSS for H-Pol
Percentage based bandwidth in QoS policies
Policer mapping to local-queue
H-Pol support for IPv6 ESM
Queue parent weight override
BGP best-external
IP-VPN service label per next-hop operation
QoS virtual port support
QoS burst mangement
Synthetic loss measurement (ETH-SL)
TWAMP server
G.8032 ring automatic protection switching
CCM hold timers
Facility MEPs: port, physical, LAG, tunnel,
router IP
Eth-CFM and MC-LAG
SAA for Y1731 and 802.3ah
Extended Ethernet OAM mapping support
OAM
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Product Overview
40 | Presentation
Title | Month 2009
ESM-multicast support over subscriber interfaces
in routed CO model
Video-ISA with Alcatel-Lucent 5910 VSA service
pack 4 ( RET/FCC)
Video dual-stream selection
Video quality monitoring (VQM)
SLA override without SLA-profile change
LNS support for IPv6 sessions (L2TP)
Unified Radius interface
Carrier-grade NAT
NAT- configurable UDP inbound refresh
static-port forwarding
Inter chassis redundancy for large scale NAT
with IP filters
multiple port- range blocks
Lawful intercept
Dual-stack lite
Enhanced subscriber management
DHCPv6 local server
L2TP LAC in a VPRN
TPSDA
Priority capability for subscriber profiles
IPCP subnet negotiation
PPPoE idle timeout
N:1 with N>1 ATM mapping on ATM PWE3
LI activation enhancements
LI for LAC sessions
ESM IPv6 local user database for IPoE
Multicast support over PPPoE sessions
Remove/Add/Modify domain names in
RADIUS authentication
Pre-authentication in LUDB
RADIUS user-name foramt: DHCP option
61/60
NAT basic port forwarding
LNS over MPLS
L2TP tunnel switching with ESM
HSPDA offload fallback over ATM
SROS Summary Release 9.0

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Product Overview
Questions
1. How many MDAs can an SR-12 accommodate ?
a. 10
b. 12
c. 20
d. 24
2. Which 7750 SR versions support redundant switch fabrics? (Choose all that apply.)
a. SR1 and SR-c4
b. SR-7 and SR-12
c. SR-12 and SR-c12
3. What is the (HD) bandwidth of an IOM3?
a. 20 Gbps
b. 40 Gbps
c. 50 Gbps
d. 100 Gbps
4. Which versions of the 7750 SR use the SF/CPM card ? (Choose all that apply.)
a. SR-7
b. SR-12
c. SR-c4
d. SR-c12
5. Which Flexible Fast Path Complex component makes routing decisions?
a. Network processor
b. Traffic manager
c. Fabric access device
d. Switch element
6. The IOM and SF/CPM cards use the same chipset for their traffic managers and network
processors. T/F
a. T
b. F
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Product Overview
Answers
Switch to notes view!
1. How many MDAs can an SR-12 accommodate ?
a. 10
b. 12
c. 20
d. 24
2. Which 7750 SR versions support redundant switch fabrics? (Choose all that apply.)
a. SR1 and SR-c4
b. SR-7 and SR-12
c. SR-12 and SR-c12
3. What is the bandwidth of an IOM?
a. 20 Gbps
b. 40 Gbps
c. 50 Gbps
d. 100 Gbps
4. Which versions of the 7750 SR use the SF/CPM card ? (Choose all that apply.)
a. SR-7
b. SR-12
c. SR-c4
d. SR-c12
5. Which Flexible Fast Path Complex component makes routing decisions?
a. Network processor
b. Traffic manager
c. Fabric access device
d. Switch element
6. The IOM and SF/CPM cards use the same chipset for their traffic managers and network
processors. T/F
a. T
b. F
Section 1 Page 44
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All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2011
7750 Product Overview 1 0 44
7750 Service Router
Product Overview
End of Module
Hardware Overview