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# APPLICATION

Statement of the Problem
The said study aims to produce an ink from used motor oil and soot.
Objective of the Study
• General Objective:
The said study aims to produce an ink from used motor
oil and soot.
• Specific Objectives:
The study aims to answer the following questions:
1. What will be the degree of adsorption of each set-up
by determining the Retention Factor?
2. Will there be a significant difference on the grayscale
of the five set-ups through the differences of the amount of soot?
Scope and Limitation of the Study
METHODOLOGY
Acquisition of
Materials
• Used motor
oil and soot
from motor
vehicle
exhausts
respectively.
Preparation of Ink
• Mixture of
used motor
oil and soot
with
different
proportions.
Ink for Printer
Cartridges
• Prepared ink
form used
motor oil
and soot.
Paradigm of making oil-based inks for printer
cartridges.
Filtering the used motor oil
Boiling the filtered motor oil
0 g
0.05 g
0.10 g
0.20 g 0.15 g
The five set-ups
AAA
The printing process
Scaling. (inset: Grayscale and Value
Finder
TM
)
Paper chromatography set-up
distance traveled by component from application point
R
f
= ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
distance traveled by solvent from application point
RESULTS
Table 1. Color Quality of the Printouts in Replicate 1.
Table 1 shows the grayscale of the different set-ups. It
clearly shows that considering the amounts of soot in each set-up, still it
obtained the same value of grayscale.
Set-ups Trials Average
1 2 3
S
0
1 1 1 1
S
1
1 1 1 1
S
2
1 1 1 1
S
3
1 1 1 1
S
4
1 1 1 1
Table 2. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) on the significant
difference of the grayness to the value of soot added
ONE-WAY ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE (ANOVA)
H0: NO DIFFERENCES BETWEEEN THE MEANS OF THE 5 GROUPS
HA: AT LEAST ONE OF THE MEANS IS NOT THE SAME AS OTHER
MEANS
(ALPHA = 0.05)
ACCEPT H0 AT ALPHA = 0.05
NO DIFFERENCES BETWEEEN THE MEANS OF THE
5 GROUPS
Results via Statext v1.4.2
Table 3. Summary of the R
f
of the Different Ink Mixtures
Soot
(g)
Distance of the solvent
(cm)
Distance of the solute
(cm)
Retention Factor
(R
f
)
0 10.8 0 0
0.05 11.2 0 0
0.10 10.2 0 0
0.15 10.8 0 0
0.20 10.8 0 0
Table 3 shows the retention factor values of the five inks as result to the paper
chromatography. All of the values of the distance of solute were zero, so were
the retention factors. This means that the inks are greatly adsorbed by the
filter papers.
CONCLUSIONS
In the Grayscale and Value Finder
TM
all of the set-ups have the
same grayscale values of one. This means that all of the printouts in
the different set-ups produced the same grayscales and without
considering the amount of soot in each set-up, still it produced a black
printout.
The Rf values of the five setups are all zero which means that
the inks have a very good adsorption quality.
The Analysis of Variance showed that there is no significant
difference between the means of the five groups. The null hypothesis
was accepted which means that there is no significant difference
between the means of the five groups. Thus, there is no significant
difference on the amount of soot on each set-up on the grayscale of
the printouts that they will produce.
RECOMMENDATIONS
The researcher would like to recommend for
the future researcher to continue my study to try
different brands of printers not only Canon iP1900
series. This will strengthen the fact that the
prepared ink that we made was not only
applicable to only one brand of printer but on a
wider range of quality printers available in the
country.
Picture Credits
[1] http://static.rappler.com/images/shoreline-of-estancia-
20131123.jpg
[2]http://media3.snbcnews.com/j/msnbc/Components/Photos/
060828/060828_oilspill_hmed_9a.grid-6x2.jpg
mbnails/800_ys6lpzodtxg1jxyb7qghyahoycycfrqc.jpg
[4]https://encryptedtbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS_c
ycMCCVkYLr51A4NL5rVs_DNENdwTDkRw7rk1MBFSsvf26gw
[5]http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2644/4112897318_9f2d3a95a
4.jpg
[6]http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_Yif0SVKPxHM/TF_Z0mg0IcI/AAA
AAAAAAcU/v55YqjeTLk4/s1600/DSC02313.JPG
Picture Credits
[7]http://www.pricesindian.com/computers/images/printer/C
anon_IP_2580_7.jpg
[8] http://images-cdn.martjackhosting.com/s3/martjack-
ezone/9dbc8469-24cb-4068-8c6f-
99a5997011eb/Images/ProductImages/Source/600351347-
Z1.jpg;width=269