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Featured arti cl e
Technetiumisa
chemicalelementthat
hasthesymbolTcand
theatomicnumber43.
Pronouncedteknee
s(h)eeum,thechemical
propertiesofthissilvery
grey,radioactive,
crystallinetransition
metalareintermediate
betweenrheniumand
manganese.Its
shortlivedisotopeTc99misusedinnuclear
medicineforawidevarietyofdiagnostictests.
Tc99isusedasagammarayfreesourceofbeta
particles,anditspertechnetateion(TcO4

)could
finduseasananodiccorrosionpreventerfor
steel(thispossibleuseishinderedby
technetium'sradioactivity).Thepertechnetate
formsatechnetiumdioxidelayeronthesteel
surface,thisTcO2formationexplainshowiron
powdercanbeusedtoremovetechnetiumfrom
water.Itisalsopossibletoabsorbtechnetiumon
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Sel ected bi ography
JacobusHenricus
van'tHoff
(18521911)wasa
Dutchphysicaland
organicchemist,and
recipientofthe
inauguralNobel
PrizeforChemistry.
Hisfirstmajorfindingsaccountedfor
thephenomenonofopticalactivityby
assumingthatthechemicalbonds
betweencarbonatomsandtheir
neighborsweredirectedtowardsthe
cornersofaregulartetrahedron.This
threedimensionalstructureperfectly
accountedfortheisomersfoundin
nature(stereochemistry).Heshares
creditforthisideawiththeFrench
chemistJosephLeBel,who
independentlycameupwiththesame
idea.HereceivedthefirstNobelPrize
forhisworkonrelatingthebehaviour
FromWikipedia,thefreeencyclopedia
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Welcometothechemistryportal.Chemistryisabranchof
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theworldandthebondsbetweenelements.Chemistryalso
dealswithcomposition,structure,andpropertiesofsubstances
andthetransformationsthattheyundergo.Inthestudyof
matter,chemistryalsoinvestigatesitsinteractionswithenergy
anditself.Becauseofthediversityofmatter,whichismostlyin
theformofcompounds,chemistsoftenstudyhowatomsof
differentchemicalelementsinteracttoformmolecules,andhowmoleculesinteractwith
eachother.
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activatedcarbon.
DmitriMendeleevpredictedmanyofthe
propertiesofelement43,whichhecalled
ekamanganese,wellbeforeitsactualdiscovery
(seeMendeleev'spredictedelements).In1937
itsisotopeTc97becamethefirstelementtobe
artificiallyproduced,henceitsname(fromthe
Greek,meaning"artificial").Most
technetiumproducedonEarthisabyproductof
fissionofuranium235innuclearreactorsandis
extractedfromnuclearfuelrods.Noisotopeof
technetiumhasahalflifelongerthan4.2million
years(Tc98),soitsdetectioninredgiantsin
1952helpedbolsterthetheorythatstarscan
produceheavierelements.Onearth,technetium
occursnaturallyonlyinuraniumoresasa
productofspontaneousfission;thequantities
areminutebuthavebeenmeasured.
Sel ected pi cture
Malachiteisacarbonatemineral,copper(II)
carbonatehydroxideCu
2
CO
3
(OH)
2
.It
crystallizesinthemonocliniccrystalsystem,and
mostoftenformsbotryoidal,fibrous,or
stalagmiticmasses.Itsbeautymaybeseenmost
strikinglyintheMalachiteRoomatthe
HermitageinSaintPetersburg.
Categori es
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FieldsofChemistry(books)
Analyticalchemistry:
Chromatography,
Spectroscopy
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biology
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Hi story and Phi l osophy of Chemi stry
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chemistryHormonalcontraception
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NylonOzoneParacetamol
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Chemi stry i n i ndustry
Typesofchemicalindustry:
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OleochemicalsPaints
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Polymers
Companies:AstraZenecaBayerBP
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Wi ki Proj ects
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Wikipedia:WikiProject
Chemicals/Dataisacollectionoflinks
andreferencesthatareusefulforchemistry
relatedworks.Thisincludesfreeonline
chemicaldatabases,publications,patents,
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ScienceisFun(http://scifun.chem.wisc.edu/)
UniversityofWisconsinMadisonChemistry
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unitconversion.info(http://www.unit
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whatequalswhat.
GeneralChemistryOnline
(http://antoine.frostburg.edu/chem/senese
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comprehensivecoverageofgeneralchemistry
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Chemistry(http://eu.wiley.com/WileyCDA
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ABCChemistry(http://abcchemistry.org)A
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Peri odi c
Tabl e
Periodictable
Group1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Alkali
metals
Alkaline
earth
metals
Pnicto
gens
Chal
co
gens
Halo
gens
Noble
gases
Period
1
Hydro
gen
1
H
He
lium
2
He
2
Lith
ium
3
Li
Beryl
lium
4
Be
Boron
5
B
Carbo
6
C
Nitro
gen
7
N
Oxy
gen
8
O
Fluor
ine
9
F
Neon
10
Ne
3
So
dium
11
Na
Magn
sium
12
Mg
Alumi
ium
13
Al
Sili
con
14
Si
Phos
phoru
15
P
Sulfur
16
S
Chlor
ine
17
Cl
Argon
18
Ar
4
Potas
sium
19
K
Cal
cium
20
Ca
Scan
dium
21
Sc
Tita
nium
22
Ti
Vana
dium
23
V
Chrom
ium
24
Cr
Manga
nese
25
Mn
Iron
26
Fe
Cobal
27
Co
Nicke
28
Ni
Coppe
29
Cu
Zinc
30
Zn
Galliu
31
Ga
Germa
nium
32
Ge
Arsen
33
As
Sele
nium
34
Se
Brom
35
Br
Kryp
ton
36
Kr
5
Rubid
ium
37
Rb
Stront
ium
38
Sr
Yttriu
39
Y
Zirco
nium
40
Zr
Nio
bium
41
Nb
Molyb
denum
42
Mo
Tech
netium
43
Tc
Ruthe
nium
44
Ru
Rho
dium
45
Rh
Pallad
ium
46
Pd
Silver
47
Ag
Cad
mium
48
Cd
Indium
49
In
Tin
50
Sn
Anti
mony
51
Sb
Tellur
ium
52
Te
Iodine
53
I
Xenon
54
Xe
6
Cae
sium
55
Cs
Barium
56
Ba
Haf
nium
72
Hf
Tanta
lum
73
Ta
Tung
sten
74
W
Rhe
nium
75
Re
Os
mium
76
Os
Iridiu
77
Ir
Plat
inum
78
Pt
Gold
79
Au
Mer
cury
80
Hg
Thalli
81
Tl
Lead
82
Pb
Bis
muth
83
Bi
Polo
nium
84
Po
Asta
tine
85
At
Radon
86
Rn
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7
Fran
cium
87
Fr
Ra
dium
88
Ra
Ruthe
fordiu
104
Rf
Dub
nium
105
Db
Sea
borgiu
106
Sg
Bohr
ium
107
Bh
Has
sium
108
Hs
Meit
nerium
109
Mt
Darm
stadti
110
Ds
Roent
geniu
111
Rg
Coper
nicium
112
Cn
Unun
trium
113
Uut
Flerov
ium
114
Fl
Unun
pentiu
115
Uup
Liver
moriu
116
Lv
Unun
septiu
117
Uus
Unun
octium
118
Uuo
Lan
thanu
57
La
Cerium
58
Ce
Prase
dymiu
59
Pr
Neo
dymiu
60
Nd
Prome
thium
61
Pm
Sama
rium
62
Sm
Europ
ium
63
Eu
Gadol
ium
64
Gd
Ter
bium
65
Tb
Dyspr
sium
66
Dy
Hol
mium
67
Ho
Erbiu
68
Er
Thuliu
69
Tm
Ytter
bium
70
Yb
Lute
tium
71
Lu

Actin
ium
89
Ac
Thor
ium
90
Th
Protac
tinium
91
Pa
Ura
nium
92
U
Neptu
nium
93
Np
Pluto
nium
94
Pu
Ameri
cium
95
Am
Curium
96
Cm
Berke
ium
97
Bk
Califo
nium
98
Cf
Einste
nium
99
Es
Fer
mium
100
Fm
Mend
levium
101
Md
Nobel
ium
102
No
Lawre
cium
103
Lr

black=Solid green=Liquid red=Gas grey=Unknown Coloroftheatomicnumbershowsstateofmatter(at0
Primordial Fromdecay Synthetic Bordershowsnaturaloccurrenceoftheelement
Backgroundcolorshowssubcategoryinthemetalnonmetalrange:
Metal
Metalloid
Nonmetal
Alkali
metal
Alkaline
earth
metal
Lan
thanide
Actinide
Transition
metal
Post
transition
metal
Polyatomic
nonmetal
Diatomic
nonmetal
Noble
Thi ngs you
can do
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