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326

TIIi:OUY OF AllCHlTECTUllE. Book IL


the circle or ellipsis traced on the axis of the cylinder, that is, pi and plO to I'l, and
i'lO
: (/2 and fj9 in k'2 and /;'(;, tvc. In order to avoid unnecessary repetition, the
Ji(/s. 494,
495, 496. are similarly figured, and will by insjieetiou indicate the corresponding lines.
117:5. In the last figure the line E'E' is the a])proxiniate developenient of the circum-
ference of the circles which follow the section UE perpendicular to the axis of the cylinder,
divided into 12 e(]ual yartfi,
Jig.
494. For which purpose there have been transferred upon
this line on each side of the point D, six of the divisions of the circle, and through these
))oints iuive been drawn an efpial number, of indefinite parallels to the lines traced ujjon the
cylinder m
Jiff.
494. : then taking the point D' as correspondent to D, the length of these
lines is determined by transferring to each of them their relative dimensions, measured
from DE in AG for the superior surface of the cylinder, and from DE to HO for
the base.
1174. In respect of the two elliptical surfaces which terminate this solid, what has been
above stated, on the manner of describing a curve by means of ordinates, will render further
explanation on that point needless.
DEVELOPEJIENT OF RIGHT AND OBLIQUE CONES.
1 1 75. Tlie reasoning which has been used in respect of cylinders and prisms, Is ap-
plicable to cones and pyramids.
1 1 76. In right pyramids, with regular and symmetrical bases, the edges or arrisses from
the base to the apex are equal, and the sides of the polygon on which they stand being
equal, their developenient must be composed of similar isosceles triangles, which in their
union will form throughout, part of a regular polygon, inscribed in a circle whose inclined
sides will be the radii. Thus, in considering the base of the cone A B
(^Jig. 497.) as a
regular polygon
of an infinite number of sides, its developement becomes a sector of a
circle A"B"U"'C"
(jiff.
498.) uhose radius is equal to the side AC of the cone, and the
arc equal to the
circumference of the circle which is its base.
1 1 77 Upon this may be traced the developement
of the curves which would result from
the cone cut according to the lines DI, EF, and GH,
which are the ellipsis, the parabola,
and the hyperbola.
For this purpose the circumference
of the base of the cone
must be
divided into equal
parts ;
from each point lines must be
drawn to the centre C,
representmg
in this case the apex of the cone. Having
transferred, by means of parallels, to I I, the
divisions of the
semi-circumference
AFB of the plan, upon the line A B', forming the base
uf the vertical
projection
of the cone
(fg.
497.)
to the points
1'2',
F3
,
and
4^,
which, be-
cause of the
uniformity of the
curvature of the circle will also represent the divisions on the
plan marked 8, 7 F', 6,
and 5 ;
from the summit C in the elevation of the cone, the hues
Cr C'2' C'F C'3'
C'4' are to be
drawn, cutting the plans DI, EF, and GH of the ellipse,
of the parabola, and' of the
hyperbola; then by the
assistance of these
intersections their
figures may be drawn on the plan, the first in IDpTp" ;
the second in FE'F
;
the third in
TT//^ TT/'
1178
'
To obtain the points of the
circumference
of the
ellipse upon the
developement
(
fin. 498.),
from the points n, o,p,
q,
r of the line DI
(fff.
497.),
draw parallels to the base
for the purpose of transferring
their
heights upon CB' at the points
1 2, 3,4, 5.
Iheu
transfer CD upon the developement,
in C"n"', C'V", C"p''',
C"q"\C
r
V ^"'l
"\*,^^
'f
"'^
order below, C""". C"o"", C'>"",
C
'q'%
"r"" ;
and CI from C" m I' and I '. Ihe