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Chem 1311

Gas Laws Prelab Questions



1. If you increase the temperature, what happens to the speed of the particles? Explain.
Temperature indicates the average kinetic energy of gas particles. Since kinetic energy equals
mass times velocity, an increase in temperature would cause an increase in velocity.

2. What is the formula to convert Celsius temperature to Kelvin? K = C + 273.15

3. What are the standard conditions for a gas? Are you at standard conditions in the lab? The
standard temperature and pressure for gas measurements are 0C (273.15 K) and 1 atm (760 mm
Hg), respectively. In the lab, the average atmospheric pressure in Plano is approximately 30 mm
Hg (www.PlanoWeather.com) and room temperature (22-23C), which are not standard
conditions.

4. For each of the laws listed below: state in words and with a formula (be sure to include what
must be held constant).
a. Boyle's law: Pressure times Volume equals constant # of moles times constant
temperature times the gas constant, PV = nRT
b. Charles' law: Volume divided by Temperature equals constant # of moles times gas
constant divided by constant pressure, V/T = nR/P
c. Gay-Lussac's law: Pressure divided by Temperature equals constant # of moles times gas
constant divided by constant volume, P/T = nR/V

5. What is the Ideal Gas Law in formula form? What is the value for the proportionality constant
with units? Why are those units for important? PV = nRT, R = 0.082058 L*atm/K*mol, The
units are important because the gas constant equalizes the relationship between the variables. If
the units were different then the value of the gas constant would be inaccurate, which is why the
units for pressure, volume, temperature, and quantity must be expressed or converted to the units
of the gas constant for the relationship to be accurately expressed.

6. Write the balanced equations for the CaCo
3
, BaCo
3
, Li
2
CO
3
, and Na
2
CO
3
reactions with
hydrochloric acid.
a. CaCO
3(s)
+ 2 HCl
(aq)
CaCl
2(aq)
+ H
2
O
(l)
+ CO
2(g)

b. BaCO
3(s)
+ 2 HCl
(aq)
BaCl
2(aq)
+ H
2
O
(l)
+ CO
2(g)

c. Li
2
CO
3(s)
+ 2 HCl
(aq)
2 LiCl
(aq)
+ H
2
O
(l)
+ CO
2(g)

d. Na
2
CO
3(s)
+ 2 HCl
(aq)
2 Na
2
Cl
(aq)
+ H
2
O
(l)
+ CO
2(g)


7. Calculate the molar mass of these same four metallic carbonates. Show all work.

1 mol Ca = 40.078 g
1 mol C = 12.0107 g
3 mol O
2
= 47.9982 g
1 mol CaCO
3
= 100.0869 g

1 mol Ba = 137.327 g
1 mol C = 12.0107 g
3 mol O
2
= 47.9982 g
1 mol BaCO
3
= 197.3359 g

2 mol Li = 13.882 g
1 mol C = 12.0107 g
3 mol O
2
= 47.9982 g
1 mol Li
2
CO
3
= 73.8909 g

2 mol Na = 45.9795 g
1 mol C = 12.0107 g
3 mol O
2
= 47.9982 g
1 mol Na
2
CO
3
= 105.9884g