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MftY
2ot3 rNEeNfrrtoNr\L
1. Two particles I and B, of mass 2 kg and 3 kg respectively, are moving towards each other
in opposite directions along the same straight line on a smooth horizontal surface. The
parlicles collide directly. Immediately before the collision the speed ofl is 5 m s
I
and
the speedofB is 6 m s-r. The magnitude of the impulse exertedonBbyl is 14Ns. Find
(a) the speed of ,4 immediately after the collision,
(3)
(b)
the speed of B immediately after the collision.
(3)
ft-s
a
Vp
lYlorn
A
blare-'
to
e
lmou[se-
-- r+
ln.^$
ger
-
Lxln
ci-Il SxL+
Ln-6
=
Lr-Z+ 3V6
-bB (-
o_
Vc
2Vn
= -tf
vft.4
-
=>
-8 =-9+3Vg
=)
3Vs= -*
... Vg't
2-
Figure I
A particle of weight 8 N is attached at C to the ends of two light inextensible strings lC
and.BC. The other ends, I and -8,
are attached to a fixed horizontal ceiling. The particle
hangs at rest in equilibrium, with the strings in a vertical plane. The string lC is inclined
at 35' to the horizontal and the string BC is inclined at25" to the horizontal, as shown in
Figure 1. Find
(i) the tension in the string lC,
(ii) the tension in the string BC.
(8)
(oStn'LS
Ts
(os2S
=)
TB= TA-C"sS
Cos2,S
*8
fr+4--O
<-)
Tn Srn3S+ GSrn2S
= E
=)
Tinb,njS+ r1Q'3s
CosLS
:)
o. RSSSS33
.-ta=
I
=)
'i-a
=
8.31.,
,n3S*
Te
"
+
'Sao.r
3.
6
-{
t^"
5rP-'$3.148196
'>
{nnar =7r,tNA
- 11'6
k
+"
.$:"*
ag
Figure 2
A fixed rough
plane is inclined at 30o to the horizontal. A small smooth pulley P is fixed
at the top of the p1ane. Two parlicles A and B, of mass 2 kg and 4 kg respectively, are
attached to the ends of a light inextensible string which passes over the pulley P. The part
of the string from I to P is parallel to a line of greatest slope of the plane and B hangs
freely below P, as shown in Figure 2. The coefficient of friction between I and the plane
i,
*.
tritiutty z is held at rest on the plane. The parlicles are released from rest with
!3
the string taut and I moves up the plane.
Find the tension in the string immediately after the particles are released.
(e)
\,Ld4_ s.Xstcx-
frh:
t'6^
=)
{"{o-{
Sre
}ur^-.{Lo- pL"r-
=
30.
45-T
--
k".
o
+g-r-
f3
T=
*aru
--
(r
-b):
T=
-:
^,
*b
4. At time r
:
0, two balls I and B are projected vertically upwards. The ball I is projected
vertically upwards with speed 2 m s
1
from a point 50 m above the horizontal ground.
The ball -B
is projected vertically upwards from the ground with speed 20 m s
1.
At time
l: 7 seconds, the two balls are at the same vertical height, h metres, above the ground.
The balls are modelled as particles moving freely under gravity. Find
(a) the value of 7,
(s)
(b) the value of ft.
(2)
S
.
-
(so-h)
Lt,
-
2^
V
(
=
-1.8
L, r
---q.8
:{
s
t{
V
A
t
.I
,20
g
=
6t+!atl
-4
h- 50 = LT
-
*-\ro
h
--
eor-
+'1T"
=)
!/.
SO =x
+/-rcf
:)
-SO=
-lgr
o
@
*.1T1,
."
T=7
b)
h= 2o(?)-
q,r(?)'
,
Eb
5.
Figure 3
A particle P of mass 0.6 kg slides with constant acceleration down a line of greatest slope
of a rough plane, which is inclined at 25" to the horizontal. The particle passes through
two points A and B, where AB: 10 m, as shown in Figure 3. The speed of P at A is
2 m sr. The particle P takes 3.5 s to move from I to B. Find
(a)
the speed of
p
at B,
(3)
(b) the acceleration of P,
e)
(c) the coefficient of friction between P and the plane.
(5)
{r***__ltNr
NK-- s.3z1o6qtr'
ts\
^
f
"o'b59a2s
-'
{L^r
=
s'j21oE981^
0.53tosZs .f\
=r,rc.
z)
L'+8+715
-S'3210818110
S
-- lO
S=tr"t
+!aL'--)
tO
'++fo.(s.s)'
(r
2-
v
b)
..-^,y
avt
t
=3.S
a) V
=tr.+at
V=2-+(H,X|)
.
+
c)
a.+8tr11s
-
o
6(T)= s'321o81trl,r
.'-
),\--
O.+l
(zsp)
blanl
c\.
6,
lln
this question i and
j
are horizontal unit vectors due east and due north respectively.
Position vectors ore given with respect to a
fixed
origin O.)
A ship 5 is moving with constant velocity (3i +
3j) km h
r.
At time t: 0, the position
vector of S is (-4i + 2j) km.
(a) Find the position vector of S at time I hours.
(2)
A ship 7 is moving with constant velocity ()i + ni) km h
r.
At time I
:
0, the position
vector of 7 is (6i + j)
km. The two ships meet at the point P.
(b) Find the value ofr.
(s)
(c) Find the distance OP.
(4)
67
=64"
")
v
'
(e)
s=
(-I).
b) r=(t)--(l)
fi
2+3t
ol+tn
-) 2-+L=
c)
P"
(-;)- (t
)
=
(;
)
.
(i)
2b
=
-S+3t"
=
5b
t'L
-,
I
+2n
i
2a:
$ =)fPlS
=
8.2Sha,.
(3sg)
----
1
Figure 4
A truck of mass 1750 kg is towing a car of mass 750 kg along a straight horizontal road.
The two vehicles are
joined
by a light towbar which is inclined at an angle d to the road,
as shown in Figure 4. The vehicles are travelling at 20 m s
I
as they enter a zone where
the speed limit is 14 m s
1.
The truck's brakes are applied to give a constant braking force
on the truck. The distance travelled between the instant when the brakes are applied and
the instant when the speed ofeach vehicle is 14 m s
I
is 100 m.
(a) Find the deceleration of the truck and the car.
(3)
I
u
v
a\
t
+)
A. -l'OL
?''-
Note -
6lls*
bre tL'ng
tprr,rtorr-
rs'TH(I)ST
r-oz
4-
r. oL
()
urt\dLz-s")s+e$r
R+
S@ +360 +o.qT
-O-tr
.2S00y1.02
=1
(tt6O 2
2SSo
:.
[2, i45ON
.-...._-.....-
=)
T-hcust.
5l+.,
(ssp)
-_-.--.-.-.
1
16()
V
2
, (,tZ+,l*a.S t1[ -
*OD+ZOOa
=)
?-@a= -2OY
The constant braking force on the truck
car also experience constant resistances
Given that cos d
:
0.9, find
(b) the lorce in the towbar,
(c) the value ofR.
=20
=
tg
has magnitude R newtons. The truck and the
to motion of 500 N and 300 N respectively.
(4)
(4)
b) Car
3oO
+ o.1T
=?E>Q-oz)
R
tr
D A
8.
t'
C
A
<-------->
0.2m
2m
Figure 5
A uniform rod lB has length 2 m and mass 50 kg. The rod is in equilibrium in a horizontal
position, resting on two smooth supports at C and D, where AC
:
O.2 metres and
DB: x metres, as shown in Figure 5. Given that the magnitude of the reaction on the rod
at D is twice the magnitude of the reaction on the rod at C,
(a) find the value ofx.
(6)
The support at D is now moved to the point E on the rod, where EB
:
0.4 metres. A
particle of mass m kg is placed on the rod at B, and the rod remains in equilibrium in a
horizontal position. Given that the magnitude of the reaction on the rod at E is four times
the magnitude ofthe reaction on the rod at C,
(b) find the value of m.
A
J,
so3
.xm
a)
t=
il.
,1,
+ 3r= sga
L. !9q
3u
-)
*{*
=
Lo4
so9
Bt 4r(yp.k+(x1.8
"
SOSxl
C*z
a
$5x
I's
=
5o3r
t
r.) t2SO.
ol= 32OJ
+
r.^{
\aul1p,
"'
t/.=!@
b)
.'.
k-- Ea
l+J
z(=
rya.
2q
s
Q.6
f"\
16)
'-)
3'$e-- SoS
t.-V
-) $r(
=
SO5'i
n^5
t+
/3,5w5