You are on page 1of 1

í∫’®Ω’-¢√®Ωç 18 -ï-†-´-J 2007 Ñ-Ø√-úø’ £j«-ü¿®√-¶«-ü˛ 2

Dhaval: I know what you mean. You are unwill- 3) Well, much might be said on
ing to express an opinion on because both sides. ÉC ´’†--èπ◊ É-•sçC
we are close. You are not being plain;

-Ççí∫x-¶µ«-≠æ-ù
éπL-TçîË Ææçü¿-®√s¥™x •ßª’-ô-°æ-úËç-
I can see that. ü¿’èπ◊ ¢√úø-ü¿í∫_ expression. ´uA-
260
(F Å®Ωnç Ø√èπ◊ ûÁ©’Ææ’. ´’†ç ¶«í¬ ÆæEo-£œ«- Í®-é¬-Gµ-v§ƒ-ߪ’çûÓ Ö†o Éü¿l-J™
Tushar: Hi Dhaval, you appear very excited.
ûªçí¬ Öçúø-ôç-´©x F ÅGµ-v§ƒßª’ç îÁ°æp-ö«-EéÀ á´Ko ØÌ°œpç-îª-èπ◊çú≈ ÖçúËç-ü¿’èπ◊
N´·-êçí¬ ÖØ√o´¤. †’´¤y- -Ö†o-ü¿’-†oô’x îÁ°æp- É™« ÅØÌa.
-v°æ-¨¡o:
(†’´¤y î√™« Ö-ûª’qéπ-ûªûÓ Ö†oô’x éπE-°œ-Ææ’h- ôç-™‰ü¿’. ÅC ؈®Ωnç îËÆæ’-éÓ-í∫-©†’.) a) Bharat: Privatisation is the best solution to
Ø√o´¤.) Tushar: I am not so sure I know much about
all our problems. (´’† Ææ´’-Ææu-©-Eoç-öÀéà Åûª’u-
Dhaval: That I am, and there is reason for it. these matters. Can I know the meaning of 'LEXICAL
ûªh´’ °æJ-≥ƒ\®Ωç w°j¢Ë-öÃ-éπ-®Ωù.
(Å´¤†’. Åçü¿’èπ◊ 鬮Ωùç ÖçC.) (Ñ N≠æ-ߪ÷©’ Ø√éπçûª ¶«í¬ ûÁL-ߪ’´¤.) GRAMMAR'?
Sharat: Not always, my dear friend. We can't
Tushar: What could it be? (à¢Á’i ÖçúÌa?) Dhaval: As an MLC I want to do something for
leave everything in private hands.What do - Krishna Vyas, Chennai (e-mail)
the people.
Dhaval: I am contesting the MLC elections.
(MLC í¬ v°æï-©-Íé-ü¿Ø√o îËߪ÷-©E ÖçC.) you say, Sampath? -ï-¢√-•’:
(؈’ ¨»Ææ-†-´’ç-úøL áEo-éπ-©èπ◊ §Úöà Tushar: These words show you are on the way
(ÅEo Nüµ∆-™«é¬ü¿’. v°æAD private -ߪ÷ï-´÷-Ø√u- 'Lexical' means, connected with the
to being a politician. You have my sup-
îËÆæ’h-Ø√o†’.) ©èπ◊ ´C-™‰-ߪ’™‰ç. †’¢Ëy-´’ç-ö«´¤, Ææç°æû˝?) words in a language / dealing with the
Tushar: Wish you all luck. But I'd like to know port. Go ahead. Wish you good luck. Sampath: Uh,... much might be said on both
words in a language. eg. Lexical items =
how you got the idea. the sides.
Words & phrases in a language.
(†’´¤y ®√ï-éÃ-ߪ’- Ø√-ߪ’èπ◊-úÕ-´ßË’u ¶«ô-™ØË (È®çúø’ -¢Áj°æ¤™« îÁ§Òpa.)
ÖØ√o-´E Ñ ´÷ô©’ ûÁ©’-°æ¤-ûª’-Ø√o®·. Fèπ◊ b) Prasanth: The team is better off without
Grammar, as you know, deals with the
(Fèπ◊ Ñ Ç™- ᙫ ´*açüÓ ûÁ©’-Ææ’-
Ø√ ´’ü¿l-ûª’ç-ô’çC. é¬-E-ß˝’. í∫’ú˛-©é˙!) Ganguly team
(í∫çí∫÷L ™‰èπ◊ç-õ‰ØË ¶«í∫’ç-ô’çC). rules of construction of sentences, by the
éÓ-¢√-©E ÖçC.)
correct use and placement of words.

It depends... So, you see, lexical, and grammar are two


different things. Lexical grammar, as
such, doesn't have any specific meaning.
We can't be sure of the meaning of the
phrase, lexical grammar, unless we know
Let's look at the following exchanges Prasanna: It will not be in the interests of the the context in which it is used.
Dhaval: (I) got it on my own. I wish to become
between Tushar and Dhaval in the conver- team. (Team What do
a minister too.
èπ◊ ÅC ´’ç*C é¬ü¿’).
sation above. you feel, Prakash?
1) Dhaval: What do you think of my decision?
(Ø√Íé ´*açDÇ™-. ´’çvA èπÿú≈ 鬢√- (†’¢Ëy-´’-†’-èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√o´¤, v°æé¬--¨¸?)
©-ØËC Ø√ éÓJéπ.) (Ø√ E®Ωgߪ’ç í∫’Jç* †’¢Ëy-´’-†’-èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√o´¤?) Prakash: Much might be said on both the
Tushar: Best of luck again.
Tushar: Well, what can I say? (-àç îÁ°æp-í∫-©†’?) sides. (È®ç-úø’ -N-üµ∆-™« îÁ§Òpa.)
5) It depends... =
(Åü¿%≠ædç E†’o ´Jç-î√-©ØË Ø√ éÓJéπ.) 2) Dhaval: Just What do you feel about it? Is it ´’†ç Éûª-N’-ü¿l¥çí¬ ´’† ÅGµ-v§ƒ-
Dhaval: Thank you. What do you think of my
a good decision?
-v°æ-¨¡o:
(ÅÆæ©’ ü∆E í∫’Jç* F ÅGµ- ߪ÷Eo -ûÁ-L-ߪ’°æ®Ω-îª-™‰-†°æ¤p-úø’, Eïçí¬ äéπ ÅGµ-v§ƒ-
decision? ߪ÷Eo ûÁ-L-ߪ’°æ®Ω-îª-™‰-†°æ¤p-úø’, äéπ °æJ-Æœn-AE Ææ-Jí¬_
v§ƒßª’ç à-N’öÀ? ´’ç* E®Ωg-ߪ’-¢Ë’Ø√?)
(Ø√ Ç™- í∫’Jç* F ÅGµ-v§ƒßª’ç?) Tushar: I'm afraid I can't say anything at this ÅçîªØ√ ¢Ëߪ’-™‰-†°æ¤púø’, Ñ ´÷ô, 'It depends...' 1. How do we use the following semi-mod-
Tushar: Well, what can I say? (àçîÁ°æp-í∫-©†’?)
stage. (Ñ ü¿¨¡™ ØËØËç îÁ°æp-™‰†’.) Åçö«ç. ÉC English ™ î√™« common els in conversation. Do give Telugu trans-
Dhaval: Just what do you feel about it? Is it a expression. Åçõ‰ äéπ °æ®Ωu-´-≤ƒ†ç î√™«¢√öÀO’ü¿
3) Tushar: Well much might be said on both lations also.
good decision? Çüµ∆-®Ω-°æúÕ Öçô’çC ÅE Å®Ωnç.
sides (È®çúø’ ¢Áj°æ¤™« îÁ°æp-´îª’a.) be at loss to, be supposed to, be likely to,
a) Kumar: Will he make it to the finals?
4) Tushar: As elections go these days we can't
(ÅÆæ©’ ü∆E í∫’Jç* F ÅGµ-v§ƒ-ߪ’-¢Ë’çöÀ? be bound to, be liable to, be opt to, be on
(Åûª†’ finals èπ◊ îË®Ω’-èπ◊ç-ö«-úøç-ö«¢√?)
be definite...
´’ç* E®Ωg-ߪ’-¢Ë’Ø√?) (áEo-éπ© -B®Ω’-†’ -•-öÀd -Ñ ®ÓV™x - Kavya: It depends.. the point of, be due to.
Tushar: I'm afraid I can't say anything at this
2. How do we use the following phrases:
´’-†¢Ë’ç îÁ°æp™‰ç éπ*a-ûªçí¬)
stage. Are you really serious about it? (
î√™«¢√öÀ O’ü¿ Çüµ∆-®Ω-°æúÕ Öçô’çC)
5) Tushar: It depends...
(Ñ ü¿¨¡™ ØËØËç îÁ°æp-™‰†’. Ñ N≠æߪ’ç b) Jagan: Are you sure Srikar and Tej will Will be able to, may be able to, should be
come? (Tej, Srikar able to, would be able to, might be able
(îÁ°æp™‰ç. î√™« ¢√öÀ-O’ü¿ Çüµ∆-®Ω-°æúÕ Öçô’çC.) ´≤ƒh-®ΩE †´’téπç Öçü∆?)
6) Tushar: I'm not so sure I know much about
†’´¤y Bv´ç-í¬ØË Å†’-èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√o¢√? )
Dhaval: I am serious, of course. I've already Ratna: It depends (îÁ°æp™‰ç) to, would have been able to
these matters.
told a number of people about and 6) I'm not so sure I know much about these 3. What is English translation to - 'îÁ°æ¤p
have done a bit of planning too.
(Ñ N≠æ-ߪ÷©’ Ø√éπçûª ûÁ©’-Ææ’-†E Ø√èπ◊ †´’téπç matters = ûÁTçC.—
™‰ü¿’.)
(Ñ N≠æߪ’ç™ ؈’ í∫öÀd-í¬ØË ÖØ√o†’. Ø√èπ◊ -Ñ N≠æ-ߪ÷©’ ûÁ©’-Ææ’-†-E †´’téπç ™‰ü¿’. - K. Rama Krishna, Ongole

-ï-¢√-•’:
É°æp-öÀÍé î√™«-´’ç-CéÀ ûÁL-ߪ’-ñ‰¨»†’. éÌçûª ûÁ©’-≤ÚhçC éπü∆?ûª’≥ƒ®˝ ÅGµ-v§ƒ-ߪ÷Lo ûÁ©’-Ææ’-éÓ-¢√-©E
üµ¿´∞¸ v°æߪ’ûªoç îËÊÆh, ûª’≥ƒ®˝ ûª† ÅGµ-v§ƒ-ߪ÷Lo éπ*a-
v°æù«-Réπ èπÿú≈ ûªßª÷-®Ω’-îË-Ææ’-èπ◊-Ø√o†’.) ûªçí¬ ûÁ-ߪ’-ñ‰-ߪ’-úøç-™‰-ü¿E. Real life situations ™ EXERCISE
Tushar: Then what's the big idea in asking my 1. Ç semi models ÅEo-çöÀ™ èπÿú≈ 'be' •ü¿’©’
´’†ç ´’† ÅGµ-v§ƒ-ߪ÷Lo éπ*a-ûªçí¬ Éö, Åö ûËLa Practise the following aloud in English.
opinion now?
îÁ°æp-™‰E Ææçü¿-®√s¥©’ î√™« Öçö«®·. Å™«ç-ô-°æ¤púø’ Ææçïß˝’: †’-¢Ìy-≤ƒh¢√ ´÷ûÓ picnic èπ◊? à 'be' form Å®·Ø√ (am, is are, will be,
(Åçû√ E®Ωg-®·ç--èπ◊-Ø√oéπ Ø√ ÅGµ-v§ƒßª’ç could be, etc) ¢√úø-´îª’a– time of action
´’† ÅGµ-v§ƒßª’ç éπ*a-ûªçí¬ ûÁ©°æ-èπ◊çú≈ ÖçúËç-ü¿’èπ◊ Nïß˝’: Í®°æ¤ °æJ-Æœn-AE •-öÀd Öçô’çC.
(tense) †’ •öÀd.
Åúø-í∫-ôç™ à-N’-öÀ ÖüËl¨¡ç?) ¢√úË expressions ÉO: Ææçïß˝’: Å´’-®√-´AéÀ -¢Á∞«l-´’-†’-èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√oç. ÅC
Dhaval: Just for the sake of it. Come on. Out 1) What can I say? (àç îÁ°æp-í∫-©†’?) = ØËØËç îÁ°æp- ´’ç* picnic spot éπü∆? 2. He will be able to do it
with your opinion. ™‰†’. Å-ô÷ îÁ°æp-™‰†’, É-ô÷ îÁ°æp-™‰†’ ÅE. Nïß˝’: ØËØË-´’çûª îÁ°æp-™‰†’. ü∆E í∫’-Jç-* -Ø√èπ◊ - = Åûªúø’ îËߪ’-í∫-©’í∫’û√úø’ (future).
(ÜJ-Í陉. F ÅGµ-v§ƒßª’ç îÁ°æ¤p.) a) You want my opinion after you've taken the Åç-ûªí¬ -ûÁ-L-ߪ’-ü¿’.Ñ picnic éπçõ‰ He may be able to do it
Tushar: Well, much might be said on both decision. What can I say? Åçü¿®Ωç éπLÆœ à-üÁjØ√ ´’ç* Ü®Ω’ = Åûª-úø’ îËߪ’-í∫-©í∫´îª’a (present/ future)
sides. †’´¤y E®Ωgߪ’ç BÆæ’-èπ◊†o ûª®√yûª Ø√ ÅGµ-v§ƒßª’ç ¢Á∞Ôxa éπü∆? He should be able to buy a car; he is rich.
(´’ç< îÁúø÷ È®çúø÷ ÖØ√o®· = äéπ ®Ωéπçí¬ îÁ°æp-´’çõ‰ àç îÁ°æp-í∫-©†’? Ææçïß˝’: ü∆E N≠æߪ’ç Åçûª í∫öÀdí¬ îÁ°æp-™‰†’ ؈’. Åûªúø’ üµ¿E-èπ◊úË. Car é̆-í∫L-T Öçú≈L.
´’ç*üË, ÉçéÓ-®Ω-éπçí¬ îÁúø÷†’.) b) What can I say?/ What do you want me to Nïß˝’: ´’Sx ≤ƒßª’çvûªç éπ©’ü∆lç. Å°æ¤púø’ E®Ωg-
He would be able to do it.
Dhaval: Why can't you be definite, Tushar? say? = (Now
àç îÁ°æp-†’?/ àç îÁ°æp-´’ç-ö«´¤? ®·ç--èπ◊çü∆ç.
(éπ*a-ûªçí¬ îÁ°æp-èπÿ-úøü∆, ûª’≥ƒ®˝?) that you've decided, I can only say that it's ANSWER Åûªúø’ é̆-í∫-©’í∫’û√úø’. (í∫ûªç-™ --†’ç*
Tushar: As elections go these days, we can't good = †’´¤y E®Ωgߪ’ç BÊÆ-Ææ’èπ◊Ø√o´¤ 鬕öÀd, ØË-†’ Sanjai: Will you join us for the picnic? ¶µºN-≠æu-ûª’h†’ v°æ≤ƒh-Nç-*-†-°æ¤púø’)
Vijay: Depends (on tomorrow's situation) Be able to= îËߪ’-í∫L-T Öçúøôç. °j´Fo DE
be definite whether contesting them is îÁ°æp-í∫-L-Tç-ü¿™«x ÅC ´’ç*-ü¿ØË).
good or bad. 2) I'm afraid I can't say anything at this stage = Sanjai: We're planning to go to Amaravathi. ®Ω÷§ƒç-ûª-®√™‰.
(É°æ¤úø’ áEo-éπ©’ ï®Ω’-í∫’-ûª’†o B®Ω’-†’-•öÀd Ñ ü¿¨¡™ (Éçûª-´-®Ωèπ◊ ´*a-† ûª®√yûª) ØËØËç Isn't it a good picnic spot? He would have been able to do it
îª÷ÊÆh, ¢√öÀ™x §Úöà îËߪ’ôç ÆæÈ®j-†ü∆, é¬ü∆ îÁ°æp-™‰†’. (Ø√ ÅGµ-v§ƒßª’ç É°æ¤púø’ îÁ°æpôç Ø√éÀ≠dçæ Vijay: I can't say much about it. I am not =
îËߪ’-í∫L-T ÖçúË-¢√úË é¬F îËߪ’-™‰ü¿’.
ÅE éπ*a-ûªçí¬ îÁ°æp™‰ç.) ™‰ü¿’.) sure I know much about it. We can 3. English ™ ´’†ç ¢√úË îÁ°æ¤p-™«xçöÀ §ƒü¿-®Ω-éπ~©
a) You're getting into action. I can't say any- go to some city instead of to (foot ware) èπ◊ ÆæÈ®j† ´÷ô ™‰ü¿’. ¢√∞¡Ÿx
Dhaval: What do you think are my chances of
thing at this stage= Amaravathi.
success? †’´¤y (F E®Ωg-ߪ÷Eo) Çîª-®Ω- shoes ¢√úø’-û√®Ω’, ™‰éπ-§ÚûË slippers. ÅN
Sanjai: It's difficult to say anything definite
(Ø√ Nï-ߪ÷-´-é¬-¨»© í∫’Jç* †’¢Ëy-´’-†’- ù™ °ôd-¶-ûª’-†o-°æ¤úø’ ØËØËç îÁ°æp-™‰†’ éπü∆. (؈’ ûÁí∫´¤. ÅJT§Úû√®·. ü∆EéÀ ´÷ô wear out.
about it.
èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√o´¤?) é¬ü¿çõ‰ -†’´¤y F E®Ωg-ߪ÷Eo ´÷®Ω’a-éÓ´¤ éπü∆? ÅE) -ÅJT§Ú®· *E-TûË, snap/ break.
Vijay: We meet again this evening. Let's
b) You've decided. What's there for me to say?
R
Tushar: It depends...
decide then.
(î√™« ¢√öÀ-O’ü¿ Çüµ∆-®Ω-°æúÕ Öçô’çC.) †’´¤y E®Ωg-®·ç--èπ◊-Ø√o´¤. ØË-†’ îÁÊ°p-üË-´·ç-Céπ? - M. SURESAN