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-•’-üµ¿-¢√-®Ωç 14 °∂œ-v•-´-J 2007 Ñ-Ø√-úø’ £j«-ü¿®√-¶«-ü˛ 2

Abhilash: Oh, are they? If I had become a 4. Most corporate hospitals


doctor, many more would have are after money.
been alive. After somebody/ something.
-Ççí∫x-¶µ«-≠æ-ù 273 (Å´¤-Ø√? ؈’ doctor †ßª·uçõ‰ Éçé¬ = äéπ-JE/ äéπ N≠æ-ߪ÷Eo
î√™«-´’çC -•A-èπ◊ç-úË-¢√∞¡Ÿx) îË>-éÀ\ç--éÓ-´ôç.
Abhilash: How's your dad? Animish: You and your jokes. a) He is after a good career.
jokes.)
v°æ¨¡o:
(O’ Ø√†o ᙫ ÖØ√o®Ω’?) (†’-´‹y, F ´’ç* ´%Ah ¢√u°æéπç éÓÆæç
Animish: (He's = He is) near normal. (He ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ v°æߪ’-Ao-Ææ’h-Ø√oúø’/ îË>-éÀ\ç--éÓ-´-ö«-EéÀ v°æߪ’-Ao-
was) discharged from hospital the i) Mr.Natwar Singh said though India is
English conversation ™ after ¢√úø’éπ– ÅüÌ-éπ\-õ‰- Ææ’h-Ø√oúø’.
day before (yesterday.) b) Most young men and women are after supporting ... there is no compromise. Ñ
-Å-®·Ø√, N’í∫û√ ´÷ô-©ûÓØÁjØ√, î√™« common.
computer jobs. is was
(ü∆ü∆°æ¤ éÓ©’-èπ◊-†oõ‰d. ÇÆæpvA †’ç* É°æ¤púø’ after, after combinations Ö°æ-ßÁ÷í∫ç ¢√éπuç™ •ü¿’©’ ®√¢√L éπü∆.
¢Á·†oØË Núø’-ü¿© î˨»®Ω’.) îª÷ü∆lç: î√™«-´’çC ߪ·´B ߪ·´-èπ◊©’ computer jobs ii) The UPA deputy secretary said Sonia
(´÷´‚©’ ûÁ©’í∫’ – ¢Á·†oØË discharge Gandhi will visit quake hit areas.
Look at the following expressions from ¢Áçô- °æ-úø’-ûª’-Ø√o®Ω’. Ñ
Åߪ÷u®Ω’. Conversational English ™ the dialogue above. Å®·ûË äéπ ´uéÀh N≠æߪ’ç îÁÊ°p-ô-°æ¤púø’ He is sub-clause would visit
¢√éπuç™ ûÓ ¢Á·ü¿-
äéÓ\-≤ƒJ 'He's = he is' omit îË≤ƒh®Ω’. 1) May be because of the after effects of the after you Åçõ‰ – F éÓÆæ¢Ë’ îª÷Ææ’h-Ø√oúø’ FÍéüÓ ©-¢√yL éπü∆! N´-Jç--îªí∫-©®Ω’.
Å™«Íí the day before yesterday ÅE drugs he has been taking.
-ï-¢√-•’:
£æ…E ûª©-°õ‰d ÖüËl-¨¡çûÓ – ÅØË Å®Ωnç èπÿú≈ ÖçC. – Ç®˝.áÆˇ.´’Ê£«≠ˇ, éπ®Ω÷o™¸
°æ‹Jhí¬ ÅØË •ü¿’©’, the day before 2) How about the after care services of the c) The enemies were after him.
Åçö«®Ω’.) hospital? ¨¡vûª’-´¤©’ ÅûªúÕ éÓÆæç ¢Áûª’-èπ◊-ûª’-Ø√o®Ω’. You have raised a very good doubt.
In both the sentences above, no dates/

After some one's heart


days are mentioned. So, change, 'said' in
both the sentences into, 'has said', and the
sentences will be absolutely correct. The
tense of has said is present tense, and the
sub clause verbs being also in present
tense, there would be nothing wrong with
Abhilash: (It's) good to hear that. 3) They look after their patients well. 5. After some one's heart. the sentences. But the sentences as read
(N†-ö«-EéÀ ÆæçûÓ-≠æçí¬ ÖçC) 4) ... corporate hospitals which are after äéπ®Ω’ ¶«í¬ É≠æd-°æúË. by the news reader, and as quoted by you
Animish: He's been advised complete rest money. a) It's a song after my heart. are wrong.
for another week, though. He is 5) Medicine was the course after my heart. ÅC Ø√èπ◊ ¶«í¬ É≠æd-¢Á’i-†-§ƒô. Suppose the dates/ days of their saying
still very weak. May be because of 1. After effects: are mentioned. Then in the first sentence
´’çü¿’©’ ™«çöÀN áèπ◊\-´í¬ b) It's a place after her heart.
the after effects of the drugs he's ¢√úøôç ´©x ´îËa °∂æL-û√©’/ à Ææç°∂æ’-ô† ûª®Ω’¢√- 'is supporting' is correct as
ÅC Ç¢Á’èπ◊ †*a† v°æü˨¡ç. it is a present action likely
been taking. ûÁjØ√ éπLÍí °∂æL-û√©’– ´·êuçí¬ É•sç-ü¿’©’. EXERCISE: VOCABULARY EXERCISE.
(Å®·Ø√, ÉçéÓ-¢√®Ωç °æ‹Jhí¬ Nv¨»çA a) Lack of appetite and nausea are the after to continue into the future,
Match the words under A with their mean- but, the second verb 'is no
BÆæ’-éÓ-´’E Ææ©£æ…. Éçé¬ ¶«í¬ F®Ω- effects of antibiotics.
ings under B. compromise' should be
Ææçí¬/ •©-£‘«-†çí¬ ÖØ√o®Ω’. Çߪ’† AØ√-©ØË éÓJéπ -™‰éπ-§Ú-´-ôç (Å®Ω’*)/ ÇéπL -™‰éπ-§Ú- A B changed into, 'would be
BÆæ’-èπ◊ç-ô’†o ´’ç-ü¿’© ûª®√yA v°æ¶µ«´ç ´-ôç, ¢√çûª’©’ ´îËa-ôx-E-°œç-îªôç, antibiotics
¢√úÕ† -ûª®√y-ûª ´îËa °∂æL-û√©’. Nausea A. Teach 1. walk no compromise', as the
´©x-ØË¢Á÷.)
(Ø√Ɯߪ÷) = ¢√çûª’©’ ´îËa feeling (éπúø’°æ¤ B. Check 2. pull idea is indicative of future
Abhilash: How about the after care services
of the hospital? A°æpôç) Nauseate = úÓèπ◊ °æ¤öÀdç-îªúøç. C. Tug 3. watch 'is no compromise' is cer-
Antibiotics = Bacteria (Ææ÷éπ~ t-@-´¤-©)†’ îªçÊ° D. Observe 4. instruct tainly incorrect on the part of the news
(Ç ÇÆæp-vA™ ¢Ájü¿uç ûª®√yA ÊÆ´© ´’çü¿’©’. OöÀ™ î√™«¢√öÀ Ê°®Ω’ *´®Ω 'cin' ÅE E. Trek 5. verify reader.
Ææçí∫-ûËçöÀ?) ´Ææ’hçC. (After effects †’ side effects ÅE 6. signify In the case of (ii) Sonia Gandhi would visit
Animish: Excellent. They look after their èπÿú≈ Åçö«®Ω’.) is correct. The news reader is wrong in
patients well. Rather rare these Answer: A - 4 B - 5 C - 2 D - 3 E - 1.
b) People are yet to recover from the after reading as 'will visit'.
days of corporate hospitals which
are mostly after money.
effects of the year before the last's tsuna-
mi.
v°æ¨¡o: You have raised a very good doubt and
éÀçü¿öÀ àú≈C ´·çü¿õ‰ú≈C Ææ’Ø√O’ i) burial, fire, ... require, retire, .. -OöÀ pro- clarifying it is my pleasure. Look at the fol-
(î√™« ¶«í∫’çC. Patients úø•’s éÓÆæ¢Ë’ v°æ¶µ«-¢√© †’ç* v°æï-Lçé¬ éÓ©’-éÓ-™‰ü¿’. nunciation
îª÷ÊÆ corporate hospitals Ö†o Ñ ûÁ©’-°æ-í∫-©®Ω’. lowing sentence:
(í∫´’-Eç-îªçúÕ: effects of tsunami = Ææ’Ø√O’ ii)
He told me yesterday that he is a bank
Ææ´÷--üµ¿’© ü¿í∫_®Ω 鬰晫 ÖçúË-¢√-JE
pronunciation
®ÓV™x é¬Ææh Å®Ω’üË.) v°æûªuéπ~ v°æ¶µ«´ç – ´’†’-≠æfl©’ îªE-§Ú-´ôç, É∞¡Ÿx, à´’ç-ö«®Ω’? ü∆E ûÁ©-°æçúÕ.
Corporate hospitals = ¢√ùÀ-ïu-°æ-®Ωçí¬ manager here. (E†o îÁ§ƒpúø’ Ø√ûÓ, Åûª-E-éπ\úø,
-ï-¢√-•’:
îÁô’x ™«çöÀN éÌô’d-èπ◊-§Ú-´ôç, v§ƒù, ÇÆœh †≠ædç. – ™«´ùu, éÌûªh-í∫÷úÁç
Íé´©ç ™«¶µ«© éÓÆæ¢Ë’ ¢Ájü∆u-†oç-CçîË After effects of tsunami = Ææ’Ø√O’ °æ®Óéπ~/ Branch Manager í¬ ÖØ√o-†E). The verb 'is'
in the sub clause, though the MC Verb told
ÇÆæp-vûª’©’. D®Ω`-é¬-Léπ v°æ¶µ«-¢√©’ = Ææ®Ωyç éÓ™p-®·†¢√J i) Ñ éÀçü¿ ÉÆæ’h†opronunciation ™
Abhilash: (Do) you mean their fees are low? is in the past tense is correct.
Hü¿-Jéπç, EÆæq-£æ…-ߪ’ûª, ¢√uüµ¿’©’ ™«çöÀN.) a) cat, bag, rat, bank a ûÁLÊ°
c) Some Japanese are still suffering from the That's so because not only when
(Åçõ‰ ¢√∞¡x fees ûªèπ◊\-´ç-ö«¢√?) ¨¡¶«lEo Ç Åéπ~®Ωç éÀçü¿ UûªûÓ -
after effects of radiation. ûÁ-L-ߪ’-°æ-®Ω’-Ææ’hØ√oç. Öü∆: cat - é¬ö¸ he told me yesterday, but also
Animish: Not low, but not high either. You
Radiation °æ®Óéπ~ v°æ¶µ«-¢√-©ûÓ éÌçûª´’çC ï§ƒØ˛ – -é¬- éÀçü¿ Uûª cat ™ é¬ ¨¡•lçí¬ now he is here and likely, in future too, he
get your money's worth of treat-
will be here. Cases like this are exceptions
ment there. ¢√-R}çé¬ ¶«üµ¿-°æ-úø’-ûª’-Ø√o®Ω’. Å®Ωnç îËÆæ’éÓ¢√L.
2. After care = ´÷´‚©’ ¢Ájü¿uç Å®·çûª®√yûª b) bird ™«çöÀ ´÷ô™x 'ir' ¨¡•lç English èπ◊ to the rule. Refer also to spoken English
(ûªèπ◊\-¢Ëç-é¬-ü¿’, Å™« ÅE áèπ◊\-¢√-é¬ü¿’. v°æûËuéπç. Ñ ¨¡•lç Ææ÷*ç-îª-ö«-EéÀ > í∫’®Ω’h- ¢√-úø’- lessons Nos. 135, 136, 137 and 138.
v°æ¨¡o:
®ÓT í∫’Jç* BÆæ’-èπ◊ØË ñ«ví∫-ûªh©’.
´’†ç-°õ‰d ê®Ω’aèπ◊ ûªT† ¢Ájü¿uç
a) I am always regular about the after care
ûª’Ø√oç. Öü∆: Bird - •>ú˛ curd - éπ>ú˛.
©Gµ-Ææ’hçC.) c) ã ´÷ô-™ E à Åéπ~®Ωç O’ü¿®·Ø√ ' ' í∫’®Ω’h Öçõ‰
measures my doctor has suggested. i)
worth = N©’´ Ç Åéπ~®Ωç ûÁLÊ° ¨¡¶«lEo ØÌéÀ\ °æ©’-èπ◊û√ç. ÉçTx≠ˇ ´÷ö«x-úø-ö«-EéÀ, ®√ߪ’-ú≈-EéÀ Ææ’´÷-®Ω’í¬
Abhilash: Had I had my will, I would have
´÷ doctor Ææ÷*ç-*† ¢Ájü∆u-†çûª®Ω ñ«ví∫-ûªh© burial - ¶„J-ߪ’™¸ fire - °∂æߪ’ general- ïv†™¸
áEo °æü∆©’ ´ÊÆh ÆæJ-§Ú-ûª’çC?
become a doctor. Medicine was
N≠æߪ’ç™ -ØË-ØÁ°æ¤p-úø÷ Æævéπ-´’çí¬-ØË Öçö«†’. interrupt- Éçô-®Ω°ˇd. ii) Being ᙫ-¢√-ú≈™ îÁ°æpí∫-©®Ω’.
b) The after care services of the hospital are poor.
the course after my heart, but dad (Åéπ~®Ωç éÀçü¿ ' ' í∫’®Ω’h Ç ¨¡¶«lEo ûªèπ◊\´ °æ-LÍ陫
-ï-¢√-•’:
– Èé. ¢Áçéπ-õ‰-¨¡y®Ω’x, *†-´’-†-í∫’çúøç
wouldn't just let me do it. ¢Ájü∆u-†ç-ûª®Ω ÊÆ´© N≠æ-ߪ’ç™ Ç ÇÆæpvA -Åüµ∆y-†¢Ë’. Ææ÷*-Ææ’hçC). marry - ´÷J mature - ¢Á’Å
(Ø√ É≠æd-v°æ-é¬-®Ω¢Ë’ Åߪ·uçõ‰, ØËE-°æp-öÀéÓ 3. Look after = Take care = ñ«ví∫ûªh BÆæ’-éÓ-´úøç measure - ¢Á’ï (ï, pleasure ™ 'ï— ™«í∫) i) Oxford/ Longman's dictionaries *´®Ω
doctor ÅßË’u-¢√-úÕE. Medicine Ø√èπ◊ (´·êuçí¬ äéπ ´uéÀh Ç®Óí∫uç N≠æ-ߪ’ç™). murder- ´’>úø murmur- ´’>´’ owe - ã 'defining vocabulary' list
ÅE Öçô’çC.
î√™« É≠æd-¢Á’i† course. é¬F ´÷Ø√†o a) My sister looked after me when I was ill. require - Jéπyߪ’ retire - Jôߪ’ scatter - Åçü¿’™ °æü∆©’ ØË®Ω’a-èπ◊çõ‰ î√©’, ´÷´‚-©’í¬
††’o Medicine îËߪ’-E-´y-™‰ü¿’.) Ø√èπ◊ ï•’sí¬ Ö†o°æ¤púø’ ´÷ sister ††’o ≤ƒ\>ô sorry - ≤ƒJ survive - Ææ´-®·¢˛ tire - ´÷ö«x-úø-ö«-EéÀ.
Animish: Thank God he wouldn't. Many per- îª÷Ææ’-èπ◊çC/ Ææ°æ-®Ωu©’ îËÆœçC/ ÊÆ´©’ îËÆœçC. ôߪ’. ii) Being = Å™« Öçúøôç ´©x, Åçü¿’-´©x ÅE.
sons are still alive. b) Its parents having been washed away by the ii) Ææ´÷-üµ¿’-© -é¬-°æJ = Being tall, he can play well = §Òúø’í¬_
(Çߪ’† E†’o medicine îËߪ’-E-´y-éπ-§Ú- floods, there is none to look after the child.
burial ground/ grave yard/ cemetery Öçúøôç ´©x/ -§Ò-úø’-í∫-´ôç ´©x Åûª†’ ¶«í¬
´ôç ´’ç*-ü¿-®·çC. î√™«-´’çC Éçé¬ ûªLx-ü¿ç-vúø’©’ ´®Ω-ü¿™ éÌô’d-èπ◊-§Ú-´-ôçûÓ Ç Gúøf†’ keeper.
Çúø-í∫-©úø’.
-•-AÍé ÖØ√o®Ω’.) îª÷ÊÆ-¢√-∞Îx-´®Ω÷ ™‰®Ω’.
- M. SURESAN