1-3 Origins of US Government

Origins of the US Government
Ancient Principles

• Israel
○ While Thomas Jefferson studied political philosophy he discovered that the

__________ had practiced the __________ and ______________ form of __________________________________. ○ Jefferson saw that ________ was failing as a leader when he acted as the “_______” of the people. ○ Instead, Moses created a “______________” where the power to govern was divided in an efficient _____________ manner.
Mo se s i li e Fa m s
Ruler’s Law to People’s Law

Individuals

○ As referenced in Exodus 18, Moses attempted to settle many of the people’s

issues himself. As a result, he could ___ be an effective ______. ○ Our Founders also believed that a very basic code of _______________ was fundamental to sustain People’s Law. (Franklin quote) • Anglo-Saxons ○ Jefferson noted that early _______________ culture imitated the Israelites “ancient principles.” ○ Anglo-Saxons were ________, organized in groups of ten, fifty, one hundred, and one thousand. Each group was responsible to the one above. ○ They also employed ______________. Laws protected the ______________ and _________ were required to hear petitions of the aggrieved. The noun “England” is derived from “Anglo-land” or “Engle-land” English Heritage Laws protected __________________ against trespassing. ○ The “wisest and most perfect ever”?? …according to T Jefferson (quote)

1-3 Origins of US Government ○ The English Constitution is made up of ______, ___________________, and • •

____________________. England has _______________________. Promotes the idea of ____________ Government – power is no longer held by an absolute ruler. The ______________ (1215) was the first document to offer limited government. ○ The Magna Carta is an example of a ______________: where _________ are held under the same _______. (_____________ monarchy  ________________ Monarchy) ○ A “rule of law” should always act in the interests of the _____________. King Charles I signed the __________________ (1628). ○ Three Important rights granted by the Petition of Right were:  ________________________________________  Could not force people to _______________________________  Could not establish ___________________________________ ○ After the Glorious Revolution (1688) Parliament forced William and Mary to sign the _________________. The rights granted here included:  People could ___________ the crown without ___________________.  Only _____________ had the right to _______________________. English ___________ evolved into a formal institution of government. ○ Two houses of Parliament: ______________  The two houses are: • House of _________ House of _______________

English Law comes to America

The first permanent English colony was ______________, Virginia (1607). ○ A monarch would give settlers a _______ to grant permission to create a colony. ○ Charters were designed to avoid _________. • Colonies’ structure of government ___________ that found in England. ○ Monarch  Governor (appointed) ○ Councils  House of Lords (appointed) ○ Parliament  House of Commons (elected)

1-3 Origins of US Government •

This system is reflected (though not exactly) in the American office of ____________ and representation in _____________ (the Senate and House of Representatives, both of which are elected).

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