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Using Leisure For Social Good

Part 2

Chapter 10
Using Leisure for Social Good
As nations become more industrialized,
industrialized
they become more reliant on leisure
as a tool for solving problems.
problems
The Recreation Movement
Leisure activities p
provided in an organized
g
way by social government or voluntary
agencies
Started
d in the
h 19th century: 4 main
streams of development:
1 Adult Education Movement
1.
2. Development of National, State,
Municipal Parks Network
3. Development of National Voluntary
Organizations and settlement houses
4. Playground Movement in cities
Model for R & LS
CONCERN FOR:

 Quality of Life

 Social Needs

 Educational Needs
Adult Education Movement
 Early 19th century civic concern for
improving intellectual cultivation and
providing continuing education for adults
 Trend in US and other countries
 The idea was that leisure if p
properly
p y used
could enhance intellectuality of people,
making them more informed citizens ex:
l
lyceum movement which
h h offered
ff d lectures
l
and readings to adults
 Public
P bli lib
libraries
i grew
Park Development:
National, State and Municipal
With increasing industrialization, concern for
natural heritage began in 19th century

• 1864 Congress set aside extensive


wilderness area for public recreational use
• 1872 First designated National Park was
Yellowstone founded in 1872
Yellowstone,
• 1864-1900 first state parks were
established
• 1856 first city park: Central park, NY
Voluntary Organizations
Provided education, recreation and community improvement

Settlement houses: neighborhood centers in slums in


east and midwest which sought to help poor people
adjust to urban life
University
U e s ty Settlement
Sett e e t in NYC
C 1886
886
Hull House in Chicago 1889

YMCA (1851 in Boston) and YWCA (1866) provided


recreation services
Urbanization
 Settlement Houses

• First neighborhood
g
service centers for
the poor and
underpriviledged

• Jane Addams
Jane Adams
Born in 1860 in Illinois
Founder Settlement House
Founder-Settlement
Movement
Social worker
Established Hull House in Chicago
Interest in needs of children, youth
& lives of immigrant & poor
families
K
Known as the
th mostt “dangerous
“d
woman in America”, received
Nobel Peace Prize
Denison Settlement House
Luther Halsey Gulick
Physician & Missionary

Interested in physical education and hygiene


•1886 YMCA physical
h lddirector, Jackson,
k MI
•1887 head of the gym Springfield, MA

Invented basketball with his student James


Naismith

Came up with YMCA symbol representing


unity
y of mind,, body
y and spirit
p

Lectured on significance of play, recreation


and sports

Invented and was first president of Campfire


girls
Changing Social & Political
ATTITUDES

EVERY CHILD HAS A RIGHT TO PLAY


Pioneer: Joseph Lee

 Organizations begin funding playgrounds

So begins a
consciousness for the less fortunate…
Playground Movement
Wave of Urbanization between 1800 and
1900 (urban population went from 14 to
30 million) by end of 19th century there
were 28 cities with over 100,000 residents
Crowded dark living conditions with
inadequate cooking and filthy bathroom
facilities
In such poor neighborhoods there were few
safe places for children to play
Boston Sand Garden first playground in
country designed specifically for kids
Joseph Lee
Born 1862
Father of the Playground movement
Came from a wealthy New England
family
He was a lawyer and philantropher
Saw boys get arrested for playing in
street
t eet
Organized playground for them
1898 helped create model playground
on Columbus
C l b Avenue
A iin Boston
B
(included play area for small
children, boys area and sports
f ld )
fields)
Using Leisure for Social Good

 1906 Antiquities Act

 1906 Playground Association of


America

 1916 National Park Service


Antiquities Act - 1906
Evolution of R & LS
 Community Focus (early 1900’s)
1900 s)

• Self-
S lf-supported
Self t d

• Self
Self-
lf-Funded
d d

• Decentralized
Post WW II
 Recreation Park and Leisure Services
evolved from a relatively minor area of
government responsibility to an
enormous complex enterprise
 Steady increase in sports, outdoor
recreation and fitness programs as well as
home based entertainment.
Transitions in Leisure’s Use
as a Social
S i lT Tooll
 Kids  all ages
 Summer  year-long
 Outdoor  indoor
 Urban  rural
 Voluntary  government
 Freely expressed  organized
 Simple  complex
 Facilities  programs
 Individual  group
Stages of R & LS

•Service to Youth (1890-1916)


•Diversionary Activities (1917-1955)
(1917 1955)
•Outdoor Recreation (1956-1976)
•Entrepreneurialism & Public
Policy (1977 - ??)
Contemporary Movements
 Playing
y g for Change:
g Peace Through
g Music
a multimedia movement created to inspire, connect, and bring
peace to the world through music. No matter whether people
come from different geographic,
geographic political,
political economic
economic, spiritual or
ideological backgrounds, music has the universal power to
transcend and unite us as one human race.
http://www playingforchange com/journey/introduction
http://www.playingforchange.com/journey/introduction

 The Fun Theory


This site is dedicated to the thought that something as simple as
fun is the easiest way to change people’s behavior for the better.
better
Be it for yourself, for the environment, or for something entirely
different, the only thing that matters is that it’s change for the
better
better. h
http://www.thefuntheory.com/
// h f h /

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