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SCIENCE 2014

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SCIENCE

CURRENT ELECTRICITY. MAGNETISM, CONTROL &
COORDINATION AND ACID BASES & SALTS



F.M- 100
TIME 1 HR 30 MIN

SCIENCE 2014

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Q. 1. Why is Tungsten metal selected for making filaments of incandescent lamp bulbs?
Q. 2. Why pure iron is not used in making permanent magnets. Name materials used for making
permanent magnets. Describe how permanent magnets are made electrically? State two examples of
electrical appliances which use permanent magnets.
Q. 3. What are magnetic field lines? How is the direction of a magnetic field lines at a point
determined?
Q. 4. Draw two field lines around a bar magnet along its length on its two sides and mark the field
direction on these by arrows.
Q. 5. List any three properties of Magnetic lines of force.
Q. 6. Should the heating element of an electric iron be made of iron, silver or nichrome wire? Why.
Q. 7. What is the principle behind the working of an A/C generator? How can we find the direction of
the current in the armature of the generator?
Q. 8. If a wire is stretched to triple its original length, what happens to its resistively?
Q. 9. State the rule to find the direction of magnetic field produced around a current carrying
conductor. State the characteristics of magnetic force.
Q. 10. Give differences between magnetic and electric force.
Q. 11. What are the factors on which the strength of magnetic field produced by a current carrying
solenoid depends?
Q. 12. A bulb is rated at 220V- 100W. What is its resistance? Five such bulbs burn for 4 hrs. What is
the energy consumed? Calculate the cost if the rate is 50paise per unit?
Q. 13. Express ohms law mathematically. Draw a circuit diagram to verify Ohms law. Present the
relationship between the voltage applied across a conductor and the current flowing through it
graphically.
Q. 14. State Right hand thumb rule for finding the direction of magnetic field, around a current
carrying straight conductor. How will the magnetic field be affected :
On increasing the current
b. On changing the direction of flow of current.
Q. 15. What type of energy transformations take place in electric motor? Name two devices which
use electric motor as necessary component?
Q. 16. Why is much less heat generated in long electric than in filaments of electric bulb?
Q. 17. Should the heating element of an electric iron be made up of iron, silver or nichrome wire?
Q. 18. For longer operational life why dry cells should be used intermittently?
Q. 19. How does the resistance of wire change when 1) Its length is doubled 2) Area is doubled?
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Q. 20. An electric kettle rated 1000W, 220V is used to bring water at 20 degrees to its boiling point.
If the kettle is switched on for 10 minutes. Calculate:
The resistance of the element of kettle
b. Current flowing through the element
c. Mass of water in the kettle.
Q. 21. State Flemings Left and right hand rules. With a labeled diagram describe the working of an
electric motor. What is the function of commutate rings in a motor?
Q. 22. What is the effect on resistively of a pure metal with the increase in temperature?
Q. 23. What is a fuse? How does it function? Explain the terms: Short Circuiting, Overloading
Q. 24. The electrical resistivity of few materials is given below in ?m. Which one of these materials
has the highest electrical conductivity and which has the lowest?
A (6.84x10
-8
),
B (1.60x10
-8
),
C (1.00x10
-4
),
D (2.50x10
12
),
E(4.40x10
-5
)
and F (2.30x10
17
).
Q. 25 Why are some patients of diabetes treated by giving injections of insulin hormone?
Q. 26 What is the need for a system of control and co-ordination in an organism?
Q. 27. Differentitate between endocrine gland and exocrine gland?
Q. 28. Write some characteristics of hormones of animals?
Q. 29. Compare and contrast nervous and hormonal mechanisms for control and co-ordination in the
animals?
Q. 30. Give various functions performed by plant hormones?
Q. 31. What is reflex action and reflex arc? Explain with the help of examples:
Q. 32. Give the various functions of brain?
Q. 33. What is the difference between reflex action and walking?
Q. 34. During summer season, a milkman usually adds a very small amount of baking soda to milk.
Why?
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Q. 35. Tooth enamel is one of the hardest substances in our body. How does it undergo damage due to
eating chocolates and sweets? How do toothpastes prevent this damage?
Q. 36. How are all the acids and bases similar? Explain.
Q. 37. Baking soda is used in small amounts in making breads and cakes. It helps to make thes4e soft
and spongy. An aqueous solution of baking soda turns red litmus blue. It is also used in soda acid fire
extinguisher. Use this information to answer the following questions -
How does baking soda help to make cakes and breads soft and spongy?
How does it help in extinguishing fire?
Is the pH value of baking soda solution lower than or higher than 7?

Q. 38. Dry HCl gas does not turn blue litmus red whereas hydrochloric acid does. Give one reason.
Q. 39. A student drooped few pieces of marble in dilute hydrochloric acid contained in a test tube.
The evolved gas was passed through lime water. What change would be observed in lime water?
Write balanced chemical equation when (i) gas was evolved (ii) gas was passed through lime water.
Q. 40. Why is the formula of Plaster of Paris written as CaSO
4
.H
2
O? How is it possible to have half
of water molecule attached to CaSO
4
?
Q. 41. Why is sodium bicarbonate an essential ingredient of most antacids?
Q. 42. Sodium bicarbonate is an essential ingredient of baking powder. What is the function of it?
Q. 43. When electricity is passed through aqueous solution of NaCl, three products are obtained. Why
this process is called chlor-alkali process?
Q. 44. Fresh milk has a pH of 6. When it changes into curd, will its pH value increase or decrease?
Why?
Q. 45. A compound which is prepared from gypsum has the property of hardening when mixed with a
proper quantity of water. Identify the compound. Write the chemical equation for its preparation. For
what purpose it is used in hospitals?
Q. 46. Why does tooth decay start when the pH of mouth is lower than 5.5?
Q. 47. a. Plaster of Paris should be stored in a moisture proof container.
b. Distilled water does not conduct electricity whereas rain water does.
c. Bleaching powder pollutes when left open air.
d. Acetic acid is a weak acid while hydrochloric acid is a strong acid.
Q. 48 a. Sodium carbonate is regarded as a basic salt.
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b. Mention names of two oxides each which on reacting with
water give acids and bases.
Q. 49When the concentrated aqueous solution of a substance 'X' is electrolysed sodium hydroxide,
chlorine and hydrogen gas are produced. Name the substance 'X'. What is the special name of this
process?
Q. 50 A compound 'Y' loses water of crystallization when exposed to air. Identify compound and
write its formula.
(OR)
Q.50 Which of the following methods, A, B, C, D, or E is generally used for preparing the chlorides listed
below from (i) to (v). Answer by writing down the chloride and the letter pertaining to the
corresponding method. Each letter is to be used only once.
A. Action of an acid on a metal.
B. Action of an acid on oxide or carbonate.
C. Direct combination.
D. Neutralization of an alkali by an acid.
E. Precipitation (double decomposition).
(i) Copper (II) chloride.
(ii) Iron (II) chloride.
(iii) Iron (III) chloride.
(iv) Lead (II) chloride.
(v) Sodium chloride.

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