Quick English Tenses

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01 TENSES SIMPLE PRESENT Biasa terjadi / fakta / kenyataan saat ini I/you/we/they = V1, do He/she/it = (V1+s/es), does • • • • 02 PRESENT CONTINUOUS Sedang terjadi saat ini I = am You/we/they = are He/she/it = is • • • • 03 PRESENT PERFECT Telah terjadi saat ini, tanpa keterangan waktu I/you/we/they = have He/she/it = has • • • • 04 PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS Telah terjadi, dan masih sedang berlangsung saat ini I/you/we/they = have He/she/it = has • • • • STRUCTURES S + (V1±s/es) + O S + do/does + not + V1 + O Do/Does + S + V1 + O ? W5H + do/does + S + V1 ? S + am/is/are + (V1+ing) + O S + am/is/are + not + (V1+ing) + O Am/Is/Are + S + (V1+ing) + O ? W5H + am/is/are + S + (V1+ing) ? S + have/has + V3 + O S + have/has + not + V3 + O Have/Has + S + V3 + O ? W5H + have/has + S + V3 ? S + have/has + been + (V1+ing) + O S + have/has + not + been + (V1+ing) + O Have/Has + S + been + (V1+ing) + O ? W5H + Have/Has + S + been + (V1+ing) + O ? • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • EXAMPLES He goes to school by car They play tennis every day I do not like this car She does not drink coffee Do I know you? Does she like me? What do they eat? How does he drive? They are watching TV now I am playing the piano now She is not making a cake I am not working now Are you writing a poem? Is she talking to John? What is he looking for? Where is she waiting? I have seen that girl He has finished the homework They have not entered the room He has not bought a car Have they done the work? Has he drunk the juice? What have you seen? How far has he walked? You have been sleeping here since yesterday She has been sailing for three days He has not been playing soccer since last month They have not been studying since last night Have you been reading since morning? Has it been raining all day? How long have you been writing? What has he been watching?

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SIMPLE PAST Telah terjadi, disertai keterangan waktu, atau baru saja terjadi I = was you/we/they = were He/she/it = was

• • • • • • • • •

S + V2 + O S + did + not + V1 + O S + was/were + . . . S + was/were + not + . . . Did + S + V1 + O ? W5H + Did + S + V1 + O ? W5H + V2 + O ? Was/Were + S + . . . ? W5H was/were + S + . . . ? S + was/were + (V1+ing) + O S + was/were + not + (V1+ing) + O Was/Were + S + (V1+ing) + O ? W5H + Was/Were + S + (V1+ing) + O ? S + had + V3 + O S + had + not + V3 + O Had + S + V3 + O ? W5H + had + S + V3 + O ?

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PAST CONTINUOUS Sedang terjadi pada waktu lampau I = was you/we/they = were He/she/it = was

• • • •

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PAST PERFECT Telah (selesai) terjadi pada waktu lampau

• • • •

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

I saw Clara last night They got married in 1995 I did not see her last night They did not come this morning I was sick last week We were at home yesterday She was not late last Monday They were not here this morning Did you see him yesterday? Did she go to the party last night? Where did you go last month? Who did you meet? What happened to them? Who gave you the car? Was I sleep yesterday? Were they here this morning? Who was in the class this morning? Why were they so happy last night? Intan was cooking an hour ago They were watching TV at seven o’clock last night He was not reading at nine o’clock this morning They were not sleeping an hour ago Was I falling asleep at the meeting? Were they go to the party last Saturday? Who was crying this morning? What were they talking about after dinner? The rain had stopped when I left He thought you had gone to the beach The sun had not risen before I woke up We had not worked at the moment Had the rain stopped when you left? Had they visited Paris by the end of the month? Who had meet Mr. William? What had she written?

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PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS Sudah terjadi dan masih berlangsung pada waktu lampau

• • • •

S + had been + (V1+ing) + O S + had not been + (V1+ing) + O Had + S + been + (V1+ing) + O ? W5H + had + S + been + (V1+ing) + O ? S + shall/will + V1 + O S + shall/will + not + V1 + O Shall/Will + S + V1 + O ? W5H + Shall/Will + S + V1 + O ? S + shall/will + be + (V1+ing) + O S + shall/will + not + be + (V1+ing) + O Shall/Will + S + be + (V1+ing) + O ? W5H + shall/will + S + be + (V1+ing) + O ? S + should/would + V1 + O S + should/would + not + V1 + O Should/Would + S + V1 + O ? W5H + should/would + S + V1 + O ? S + should/would + be + (V1+ing) + O S + should/would + not + be + (V1+ing) + O Should/Would + S + be + (V1+ing) + O ? W5H + should/would + S + be + (V1+ing) + O ?

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SIMPLE FUTURE Akan terjadi pada waktu yang akan datang I/we = shall/will He/she/it/you/they = will

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FUTURE CONTINUOUS Akan sedang terjadi pada waktu yang akan datang I/we = shall/will He/she/it/you/they = will

• • • •

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FUTURE PAST Akan terjadi pada waktu lampau I/we = should He/she/it/you/they = would

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FUTURE PAST CONTINUOUS Akan sedang terjadi pada waktu lampau I/we = should He/she/it/you/they = would

• • • •

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

He had been studying art for a long time Diana said that she had been sewing He had not been studying art for a long time Diana said that she had not been sewing Had he been studying when you came? Had she been cooking when John called her? How long had you been waiting this morning? What had you been doing when Lisa met you? I will go to Holland next month I shall be at home on Sunday They will not come next week We shall not be there tonight Will you come to the party? Shall we visit them tomorrow? When will they come back? Where shall we go tonight? Helen will be sleeping when we arrive home tonight I will be teaching at eight o’clock tomorrow They will not be in Boston next week She will not be swimming at this time tomorrow Will you be using your car this evening? Will she be sleeping at nine o’clock tonight? When will your father be retiring? Where will you be living next year? I should be in Paris the next day Karin promised me that she would help me I should not be in Paris the next day I said to them that they would not learn Physics Would you have a test the following week? Should you go to Germany the next day? What would you do the day before? Where should they go the following month? I should be studying before going to school She would be going to the market when we came I should not be washing when they visited me She would not be cleaning the kitchen after lunch Should they be playing soccer when we came? Would you be living in Europe the following month? What should you be doing when they visited you? Who would be watching TV at that time?

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FUTURE PERFECT Akan telah (selesai) terjadi pada waktu yang akan datang I/we = shall/will He/she/it/you/they = will

• • • •

S + shall/will + have + V3 + O S + shall/will + not + have + V3 + O Shall/Will + S + have + V3 + O ? W5H + shall/will + S + have + V3 + O ?

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

By the end of this year, I will have completed my work We shall have reached the village in half an hour George will not have finished his dinner by that time In an hour, he will not have finished all the tasks Will the train have arrived by that time? Will you have come by this time tomorrow? Which train will have arrived in an hour? What will he have finished before night? By the end of this year, I will have been studying for two years By 2008, this home will have been standing thirty years By the end of this year, I will not have been studying for two years By 2008, this home will not have been standing thirty years Will he have been waiting half an hour? Will John have been driving six hours by seven o’clock? How long will this factory have been going? How many books shall we have been reading by tomorrow night? I should have slept if you come late He would have finished his work if he had got help I should not have slept if you come earlier He would have not finished his work if he had not got help Would they have reached the island if the boat had not got a trouble? Would Susan have been married is she had not got an accident? When would they have finished the work? Why would he have ignored the chance? At this time yesterday, He would have been studying for two hours By March 1990, we should have been living here for six years At this time yesterday, He would not have been studying for two hours By March 1990, we should not have been living here for six years Would James have been studying for two hours at this time yesterday? Should we have been playing cards for three hours by that time? How long would John have been observing birds in 1995? How long should they have been living here in 1990?

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FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS Akan sudah dan masih terjadi di waktu yang akan datang I/we = shall/will He/she/it/you/they = will

• • • •

S + shall/will + have been + (V1+ing) + O S + shall/will + not + have been + (V1+ing) + O Shall/Will + S + have been + (V1+ing) + O? W5H+shall/will+S + have been + (V1+ing) + O? S + should/would + have + V3 + O S + should/would + not + have + V3 + O Should/Would + S + have + V3 + O? W5H + should/would + S + have + V3 + O? S + should/would + have been + (V1+ing)+O S + should/would +not + have been + (V1+ing)+O Should/Would + S + have been + (V1+ing) + O? W5H+should/would+S+have been+(V1+ing) + O?

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FUTURE PAST PERFECT Akan telah (selesai) terjadi pada waktu lampau I/we = should He/she/it/you/they = would

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FUTURE PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS Akan telah dan sedang terjadi pada waktu lampau I/we = should He/she/it/you/they = would

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