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Worksheet 4.

3
Balancing chemical equations
NAME: CLASS:
INTRODUCTION
The law of conservation of mass states that Matter can be neither created nor destroyed; it can only
be changed from one form to another. For chemical equations, this means that there must be the
same number of each type of atom on both sides of a chemical equation.
alance the following equations by adding coefficients to the chemical formulas where needed. !dd
the missing states to each equation.
No.
1
"i
#
$%
&
'aq( ) !g*%
+
'aq( !g
#
$%
&
's( ) "i*%
+
'aq(
2 *i'*%
+
(
#
's( *i%'s( ) *%
#
' ( ) %
#
' (
3
,'s( ) %
#
' ( ,
&
%
-.
's(
4 /0
+
/%%0'aq( ) 1
#
/%
+
'aq( /0
+
/%%1'aq( ) /%
#
' ( ) 0
#
%' (
5
!l' ( ) 02'g( !l2
+
's( ) 0
#
' (
6 /
3
0
-#
'g( ) %
#
' ( /%
#
' ( ) 0
#
%' (
7
/u' ( ) !g*%
+
'aq( /u'*%
+
(
#
'aq( ) !g' (
8 /u' ( ) %
#
' ( /u%' (
9
1r%
+
's( 1r's( ) %
#
' (
10 /a' ( ) *
#
' ( /a
+
*
#
' (
11
0/l'aq( ) 4n'%0(
#
'aq( 4n/l
#
'aq( ) 0
#
%' (
12 /
#
0
&
'g( ) %
#
' ( 0
#
%' ( ) /%' ( ) /%
#
' (
13
/%
#
' ( ) a'%0(
#
'aq( a/%
+
's( ) 0
#
%' (
14 5b' ( ) 0
#
%' ( 5b%0'aq( ) 0
#
' (
15
/
6
0
-&
'g( ) %
#
' ( /%
#
' ( ) 0
#
%' (
For each of the following multiple7choice questions, select the correct response.
Page 1
Pearson Education Australia (a division of Pearson Australia Group Pty Ltd) 2008.
This pae fro! the Chemistry" For use with the IB Diploma Programme SL Teachers Resource !ay #e reproduced for classroo! use.
Worksheet 4.3
Balancing chemical equations
No. Question Answer
16 The following equation represents the reaction of copper with
concentrated nitric acid8
a/u's( ) b0*%
+
'aq( c/u'*%
+
(
#
'aq( ) d*%
#
'g( ) e0
#
%'l(
The set of coefficients that will balance this equation is8
A -, &, -, #, #
B +, 9, +, #, #
C +, 9, +, #, -
D -, &, -, #, -
17 2ron can react with water to produce iron o:ide and hydrogen
gas. The unbalanced equation is8
aFe's( ) b0
#
%'l( cFe
+
%
&
's( ) d0
#
'g(
The set of coefficients that will balance this equation is8
A +, &, -, &
B +, -, -, -
C ;, &, #, ;
D +, &, -, -
18
a0
#
$'g( ) b$%
#
'g( c$'s( ) d0
#
%'g(
The coefficients that correctly balance this equation are8
A #, &, ;, +
B #, -, +, #
C -, -, #, #
D -, #, +, -
19 <hat is the value of x when the following equation is correctly
balanced=
/
9
0
-9
'l( ) x%
#
'g( /%
#
'g( ) 0
#
%'g(
A -6
B #.
C #3
D +&
20 <hat is the value of x when the following equation is correctly
balanced=
*a0/%
+
'aq( ) 0
+
/
;
0
3
%
6
'aq(
/%
#
'g( ) x0
#
%'l( ) *a
+
/
;
0
3
%
6
'aq(
A #
B +
C &
D 3
Page 2
Pearson Education Australia (a division of Pearson Australia Group Pty Ltd) 2008.
This pae fro! the Chemistry" For use with the IB Diploma Programme SL Teachers Resource !ay #e reproduced for classroo! use.