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The Seminole Indians of Florida

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Title: The Seminole Indians of Florida


Fifth Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology to the
Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, 1883-84,
Government Printing Office, Washington, 1887, pages 469-532

Author: Clay MacCauley

Release Date: September 1, 2006 [EBook #19155]

Language: English

Character set encoding: UTF-8

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469

SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION—BUREAU OF ETHNOLOGY.

SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION—BUREAU OF ETHNOLOGY. 1


The Seminole Indians of Florida

THE SEMINOLE INDIANS OF FLORIDA.

BY

CLAY MacCAULEY.

471

CONTENTS.

Page.
Letter of transmittal 475
Introduction 477
CHAPTER I.
Personal characteristics 481
Physical characteristics 481
Physique of the men 481
Physique of the women 482
Clothing 482
Costume of the men 483
Costume of the women 485
Personal adornment 486
Hairdressing 466
Ornamentation of clothing 487
Use of beads 487
Silver disks 488
Ear rings 488
Finger rings 489
Silver vs. gold 489
Crescents 489
Me-le 489
Psychical characteristics 490
Ko-nip-ha-tco 492
Intellectual ability 493
CHAPTER II.
Seminole society 495
The Seminole family 495
Courtship 496
Marriage 496
Divorce 498
Childbirth 497

THE SEMINOLE INDIANS OF FLORIDA. 2


The Seminole Indians of Florida

Infancy 497
Childhood 498
Seminole dwellings—I-ful-lo-ha-tcoâ——s house499
Home life 503
Food 504
Camp fire 505
Manner of eating 505
Amusements 506
The Seminole gens 507
Fellowhood 508
472 The Seminole tribe 508
Tribal organization 508
Seat of government 508
Tribal officers 509
Name of tribe 509
CHAPTER III.
Seminole tribal life 510
Industries 510
Agriculture 510
Soil 510
Corn 510
Sugar cane 511
Hunting 512
Fishing 513
Stock raising 513
Koonti 513
Industrial statistics 516
Arts 516
Industrial arts 516
Utensils and implements 516
Weapons 516
Weaving and basket making 517
Uses of the palmetto 517
Mortar and pestle 517
Canoe making 517
Fire making 518
Preparation of skins 518
Ornamental arts 518
Music 519
Religion 519
Mortuary customs 520
Green Corn Dance 522

CONTENTS. 3
The Seminole Indians of Florida

Use of Medicines 523


General observations 523
Standard of value 523
Divisions of time 524
Numeration 525
Sense of color 525
Education 526
Slavery 526
Health 526
CHAPTER IV.
Environment of the Seminole 527
Nature 527
Man 529

473

ILLUSTRATIONS

Plate XIX. Seminole dwelling 500


Fig. 60. Map of Florida 477
61. Seminole costume 483
62. Key West Billy 484
63. Seminole costume 485
64. Manner of wearing the hair 486
65. Manner of piercing the ear 488
66. Baby cradle or hammock 497
67. Temporary dwelling 502
68. Sugar cane crusher 511
69. Koonti log 514
70. Koonti pestles 514
71. Koonti mash vessel 514
72. Koonti strainer 515
73. Mortar and pestle 517
74. Hide stretcher 518
75. Seminole bier 510
76. Seminole grave 521
77. Green Corn Dance 523

475

ILLUSTRATIONS 4
The Seminole Indians of Florida

LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL

those
In
this
Sir:
to
months
embody
On
should.
also
the
language
commonest
sometimes
of
Iconcerning
enlarged
command
have
elaboration
traditions
what
investigation
have
ascertain
conclusion,
aIndian
476account
report,
During
subject
knowledge
to
endeavored
been
is
At
who
particular,
secured,
the
distinctive
Owing
of
the
the
upon
and
English
and
will
able
country.
January,
make
absence
misunderstood,
itthis
among
the
of
that
things.
result
beginning
will
than
without
modes
causes
Itheir
allow;
to
winter
Inumber
little-known
of
hope
would
man
think,
to
Ithe
still
gain
conversation.
as
of
the
in
owe
them
of
IOn
February,
present
manners
was
amy
the
of
ignorance
that,
their
but
beyond
routes
an
be
Seminole
of
completed
little
of
arriving
well
athe
of
thinking,
of
work
life
interpreter
correct
1880-â——81
found
compelled,
under
my
the
notwithstanding
peculiar
speech
extensive
the
amore
reward
remnant
of
and
faithful
visit
my
and
Indians
in
system
travel
athere,
to
the
prevailing
To
language
census
customs,
the
people.
control
of
than
result.
March
add
Ifor
him
study.
disadvantageous
thorough
able
found
their
following
therefore,
Seminole
portraiture
of
in
Iwhat
commonly
something
aof
Indians,
found
Iof
aISouthern
superficial
to
in
For
the
am
gentes,
religious
visited
once
which
but
the
as
even
the
secure
Ianpaper
indebted
have
these
study,
individuals
myself
one
Florida
endeavor
unfortunate
to
powerful
report.
vocabulary
in
of
IFlorida,
of
to
known
rely
Florida,
verify
gradually
me
here
Seminole
Florida
beliefs
reasons
does
their
and
their
it
our
circumstances
obliged
intelligible
may
Seminole
for
upon
placed
partial
knowledge
not
appearance
to
and
people.
as
forms
and
commissioned
aand
much
of
be
accomplish
delays
now
Ilarge
the
observation
treat
acquired
with
submit
increase
the
to
as
found
practices,
on
knowledge
Seminole
and
go
ain
by
of
locations
part
of
interviews
record.
whom
society,
which
possession
among
my
name,
to
of
methods
these
this
and
toenabled
the
of
which
this
possess
this
time
and
the
report
and
Iby
personal
have
But
information
then
Indians
could
sex,
as
of
the
Indian
purpose.
Minneapolis,
you
material
at
upon
with
of
allusion
much
their
the
while
me,
of
Indians
occurred
in
age,
first
more
value
government,
many
to
hold
the
homes
that
tribe
them
as
characteristics,
very
in
social
inquire
as
was
gens,
the
fully
Bureau
Ias
my
here
as
even
State.
has
other
the
Ihave
ignorant
not
simple,
had
except
report
ain
consumed
aof
intercourse
organization,
Minn.,
guide
and
already
material
record
as
collected.
the
into
the
without
the
things
received
Iof
Iof
spent
place
publication
had
is
semblance
in
Seminole
the
Ethnology.
honor
of
perhaps
for
their
only
June
of
respect
been
and
their
intended
manifesting
at
condition
in
future
value
part
of
facts
To
with
from
tribal
my
reaching
ato
have
24,1884.
living.
of
made,
sketch
him,
ofand
to
the
other
of
of
him.
the
The
the
itan
in
and
I
Very respectfully,
CLAY MacCAULEY.
Maj. J. W. Powell,

Director Bureau of Ethnology.

477

SEMINOLE INDIANS OF FLORIDA.

By Clay MacCauley.

INTRODUCTION.

Fig. 60. Map of Florida.


There
They
separated
them,
Creek
The
Big
County,
was,
the
stream
Lake
and
apart,
miles.
milewest
Rosalie,
Cypress
first,
to
during
Okeechobee;
constituted
in
Iwere
settlement;
The
running
two
have
on
an
into
in
groups
camps
the
otherwise
in
or
the
Monroe
Swamp,
towards
named,
Lake
Florida,
more
Little
southward,
great
thirty-seven
or
of
(4)
Okeechobee,
and
settlements.
miles.
County,
which
Miami
the
Seminole
from
Cow
almost
478October
the
headwaters
(1)
Creek
fifteen
In
fifth,
at
each
River,
The
uninhabited
in
atabular
families,
point
1,
war,
what
probably
These
on
settlement
settlement;
Big
1880,
tonot
aFort
twenty
of
about
form
is
small
Cypress
living
settlements,
far
the
called
ofDallas;
region,
five
from
the
Kissimmee
fifteen
lake
ismiles
and
in
composed
the
population
miles
Swamp
Indians
twenty-two
Biscayne
inthe
(5)
which
â——Devilâ——s
southwest
miles
Polk
from
from
third,
Cat
commonly
settlement;
River.
County,
isnortheast
lie
Fish
the
of
Bay,
its
in
inat
camps,
the
most
of
area
mouth;
Manatee
Lake
The
distances
and
Lake
settlements
lying
about
known
(2)
prominent
of
settlements
about
settlement.
which
the
the
Okeechobee;
Garden,â——
Miami
County,
nearly
sixty
from
fourth,
entrance
as
ten
were
appears
Seminole,
River
natural
miles
midway
by
one
are
Their
on
in
gathered
one
another
of
from
aBrevard
the
settlement;
north
creek
on
as
the
features
hundred
locations
between
second,
two
follows:
the
forty
Kissimmee
into
of
varying
which
northwestern
County,
hundred
the
to
connected
and
five
in
are,
(3)
lakes
seventy
site
empties
Dade
eighty
from
widely
Fish
severally:
on
of
and
River
Pierce
what
aEating
amiles
with
eight.
edge
from
half
intoof the
Settlements C Population.
a Divided according to age and sex. Résumé T
m
Below 5 to 10 10 to 15 to 20 to 60 Over by sex. o
p
t
s. 5 years. 15 20 years. 60
a

LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL 5
The Seminole Indians of Florida

years. years. years. years. l


No. M. F. M. F. M. F. M. F. M. F. M. F. M. F. s.
1. Big Cypress 10 4 5 a2 2 10 4 9 2 15 b15 2 3 42 31 73
2. Miami River 5 5 4 4 4 5 3 7 5 10 13 1 2 32 31 63
3. Fish Eating
Creek 4 a1 1 — 2 a2 — 3 1 a5 ab10 4 3 15 17 32
4. Cow Creek 1 2 1 — — 1 — — 1 4 3 — — 7 5 12
5. Cat Fish Lake 2 — 2 3 2 4 1 4 1 a4 ab5 1 1 16 12 28
12 13 9 10 22 8 23 10 38 46 8 9 112 96 208
Totals {
22 25 19 30 33 84 17 208
a One mixed blood. b One black.
Or, for the whole tribe—
Males under 10 years of age 21
Males between 10 and 20 years of age 45
Males between 20 and 60 years of age 38
Males over 60 years of age 8
—— 112
Females under 10 years of age 23
Females between 10 and 20 years of age 18
Females between 20 and 60 years of age 46
Females over 60 years of age 9
—— 96
——
208
There
checked
numbers
devastating
epidemic
climate
much
â——spreesâ——
infrequent
notoriety.
Seminole
death
children
personal
fact
States
popularly
mortality
twenty
there
present,
wives
producing
The
or,
males
are
duogamous,
54
in
only
479 For
setting
that
statement
the
sex.
In
is
are
boys
married
of
clothing
is
Government
for
settlements.
and
over
an
ain
be
this
therefore,
no
the
there
by
of
wives
are
107
polygamous
afflicted
has
At
awoman
the
supposed.
The
480which
abundance
to
more
between
guessed
aside
Indian
sixty
fact
reason
the
diseases.
Indian
table
females
not
present
warrant
persons,
occurred,
men
habits
life,
are
marriage
white
or
Iof
non-birth
the
had
affected
men
the
years
these
shelter.
at
it
is
the
fathers
there
some
them.
over
why
in
It
mother
at.
waged
more
five
will
other
apparently
present
As
12
from
there
half-breed
of
will
But
which
us
than
38
of
society,
or
ItIndians
of16.
certainly
twenty
boys
the
it
generally
are
and
in
be
facts
is
men.
food,
Besides,
more
by
of
noteworthy,
They
once
age,
also
by
than
is,
some
are,
women.
on
classing
at
beyond
This
noticed
tribe
38
females.
but
they
the
twenty
negresses
there
who
the
upon
these
Notice,
the
be
both
under
this
than
during
live
virtuous
men
years
are
conduce
does
208
attacks
cattlemen
excess
should
among
hands
indulge
observed
at
larger
prevails
are
are
not
excess
question,
What
is
that
which
Indians
animal
them
half
and
years
all
Seminole
not
twenty
of
The
warm
under
the
from
however,
now
what
who
the
appears
of
and
age,
the
not
46
the
to
number
exist
bearing
when
as
Seminole
last
of
in
it
her
wild
in
as
that
an
and
settlements
but
women;
total
its
there
increase,
and
modest.
whole
intemperate.
five
have
adults,
may
would
years
there
the
age
however,
mid-Florida
atwenty
increase
own
among
in
relation
tribal
17
vegetable,
they
between
animals
in
the
equable
number
population
years
are
and
Florida
be
were
this
been
are
persons
of
each
population.
people.
be
during
have
manner
or,
interesting
make
less
The
custom,
age,
31
and
years,
the
peculiarity
38
called
of
that
by
adopted
to
in
except
if
of
or
girls
twenty
throughout
of
than
is
men
birth
not
Their
age,
Florida
the
numbers.
increase
I66
no
easily
the
their
of
noxious
The
the
have
that
the
as
consists
inintemperate,
boys,
been
means
future
the
women
under
at
forty
and
there
settlements,
last
the
of
which
far
tribe
The
male
sexual
into
to
only
visits
at
and
least
thus
obtained
tribe
will
aSeminole,
northernmost,
speculate.
as
the
56
at
twenty
rapidly,
white
and,
reptiles.
years
population
The
are,
fifteen
of
the
is
so
sixty
the
of
sex
persons
Iwar
at
above
women.
found
the
have
to
close
over
could
morality
increasing
the
many
112
the
tribe.
under
only
year.
as
the
certainly
children
half-breed
for
old;
years
years.
nor
and
tribe,
excepting
future
if
years
upon
sixty
Miami
of
males
true,
They
white
fifteen
and
learn,
more
the
of
explanation
Thus
They
and
are
Now,
fifteen
easily
the
tables
is
of
mixed
them
since
nowhere
Of
the
growth
years
of
namely,
in
possible
they
are
aof
last
presents
under
manâ——s
and
the
age,
than
River
has
years
health,
consequently
matter
age—an
the
numbers,
would
almost
future
one
these
prepared
that
of
not
years
left
polygamous,
manner
war
96
licentious.
breed
anything
of
or
84
twenty
the
twenty
in
at
and
of
subject
Iage,
of
could
in
females,
that
the
husbands
people
which
persons
of
climate,
can
aof
be
numbers
Cat
of
all
Florida
age
the
Fish
excess
puzzling
among
the
common
ordinary
these
and
followed
age,
the
above
and
settlements
for
these
suggest
years.
Fish
IState
are
years
like
Cat
to
Eating
learn
do
the
The
Seminole
are
eating.
increasing
no
an
but
between
food,
or
Indians
included
of
Lake,
and
be
them
not
56
an
described.
Fish
United
separated
as
Their
unusual
excess
of
problem.
certainly
23
31
range
that
of
not
by
women
is
need
Creek,
wives,
age
and
The
boys.
girls;
the
Lake
are
the
the
can
are
of
as
intoo
481

CHAPTER I.

PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS.
It will
and
individual
which,
distinguishing
the better
forms
next
be
weas
convenient
to
of
as
call
members
look
the
a psychical
personal,
member
social
at him
for
oflife
of
aas
me
or
qualities.
society.
society;
of
he
his
tohis
isdescribe
own,
in
tribe.
IAs
nevertheless,
his
know
whencesoever
such
relations
theitIFlorida
iswill
impossible
with
there
first
derived,
Seminole
his
attempt
is fellows:
the
to having
man
separate,
as
to they
describe
in
as athe
wepresent
certain
really,
family,
seethehim,
physique
the
themselves,
Seminole.
inhaving
individual
the community,
and
Then
certain
first
certain,
as we
such
ascharacteristics
individuals,
shall
orfrom
inbe
any
the
able
of
PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS.

PHYSIQUE OF THE MEN.


Physically
and
constitutional
the
tribe
preserved
Today
feet
erect;
are
squareness,
under
is
disclosing,
sense
manipulate
among
their
Indiansâ——
only
cracked,
have
protuberant
especially
superiority
twelve
footsteps
across
had
away,
these
exceptionally
slightly
large,
whole
symmetry
borne
inreal
is
toes.
only
are
of
their
aand
his
height,
their
years
all
composed.
large
having
and
few;
deformity
for
and
through
tribe,
narrow
shoulders,
aquiline
Ifor
are
the
returned.
both
bearing
when
is
the
attribute
amet
about
men
old,
aseamed
forehead
seen.
widened
miles.
and
powerful.
their
the
ability
men
with
so
of
dayâ——s
muscles
men
extraordinary
they
would
might
few
they
development,
shouldered
large
shells
that
them,
aThese
and
of
foreheads
To
alimbs
IThere
long
The
this
and
are
sign
in
to
skin
noticed
that,
the
they
illustrate,
and
are
furnish
sensitively
calves
be
addition
endure
of
482for
form
particularly
exceptional
same
women
are
and
Tiger
in
of
which
hunt.
taken
deep
disregarding
are,
their
smile,
protruding
hunt
nails,
good
self-confident
the
ain
full
tragic
the
ability
of
heavy
boy,
proof
as
they
and
the
After
bodies.
set,
as
to
barefoot
Tiger
one
covers
their
are
toe-tips.
Iand
beautiful
proportion;
these
formed
rifle
have
types
Seminole
Otter
the
in
bright,
past
excel.
remarkable.
characteristic
of
morning
to
development
â——Kentuckyâ——
tramping
marked.
legs,
under-jawbone
one
and
regularity
lying
this
Under
them,
endure
and
the
said,
with
of
gentes,
over
But,
about
While
day,
Otter
power;
black
regular
the
soles
physical
statement.
accouterments,
sunken
physique,
their
exceptional
exceptions
we
Ko-i-ha-tcoâ——s
my
their
An
size
and
regarded
all
went
the
clans,
are
eyes,
of
The
these
may
and
almost
touch
day,
their
to
of
hands
teeth;
to
of
wide
their
nostrils;
excellence.
admirable.
with
across
the
the
giving
men,
achieve.
agreeableness
the
pronounce
The
small,
qualities
which,
at
namely,
movements
these
as
fact
to
and
feet.
two
domain.
universal
sunset
freedom
tendons
some
Tigers
aas
this
athe
rifle,
this
the
whole,
the
that
deer
feet
but
most
aThe
were
proud
Two
middles
rule,
rule
older
Even
distinguish,
the
The
lips
he
whole
effect
expressive
left
son,
the
they
well
The
are
of
weighing
feet
from
widely
characteristic
reappeared
more
deliberate,
of
diminutive
of
in
are
of
attract
physique
their
Seminole
our
friends
among
dark,
Tin-fai-yai-ki,
same
are
the
shaped
their
being
unusual
their
to
their
face
of
admixture
mobile,
camp,
like
it.
not
lower
warriors
spread
the
copper-colored
attention
physique
causes,
perhaps
with
is
features.
of
Of
lines
otherwise
the
to
rubber
what
and
tough
of
expressive
persistent,
in
inquiry
men
physical
toe-nails,
other
his
and
limbs,
sensuous,
children
of
every
aof
the
of
not
with
few
permitted
permanent
we
the
perhaps,
followed
handsome
the
fifty
cushions
descent,
athan
by
camp,
features,
In
the
very
tall,
and
would
and
well
exceptions,
Tiger
Tigerâ——s
families
degrading
their
muscular
size
and
Seminole
pounds,
this
of
strong.
flesh.
and
slender
vigilance;
fellows,
large;
the
carrying
formed,
the
and
account
height,
me
have
warrior
for
in
physical
call
of
home,
Iand
not
strength
Noticeable
noticed
his
manâ——s
of
flesh,
strength,
the
to
Their
their
power
aâ——horse
blood.
been
boy,
very
which
the
warriors,
fatherâ——s
weight
over
face
heavy,
the
fullness
slung
20
for
the
which,
stature
men
heads
not
of
full,
that
miles
toes
and
six
the
nose
isthe
but
he
quite
its
of long
PHYSIQUE OF THE WOMEN.
Theawell
though,
As
and
Indeed,
would
contradiction,
Indians,
women
rule,
even
the
curiously
Ideveloped
am
they
only
venture
toconfident
present
aexhibit
large
Indian
enough,
bodies,
toas
extent
great
select
women
that
types
many,
and
the
bodily
share
from
respectively
ISeminole
they
have
perhaps
among
the
vigor.
show
seen
qualities
Large
women
athese
themselves
of
with
majority,
a of
Indians
handsome,
or
attractive
are
the
small,
are
of
men.
capable
three
the
rather
they
features
aSome
first
pretty,
persons
possess
of
under
rank.
long
are
and
and
proportionally
whom
than
continued
regular
forms
a comely
over
I are
could,
and
the
and
among
woman.
agreeable
average
tall
without
severe
and
theAmong
height
physical
Seminole.
handsome,
features,
muchofAmerican
fear
exertion.
women.
shapely
Iof
CLOTHING.
But how
needs
fabrics
some
white
light woolen
materials
traderâ——s
and
manufactured
issuitable
this
blankets,
prepared
people
tostore,
the
by
and
clothed?
the
by
life
they
sometimes,
themselves,
white
hebuy
While
leads.
man:
small
The
the
lately,
calico,
as
woolen
clothing
materials
deer
though
cotton
and
shawls,
ofother
of
very
the
cloth,
which
brilliantly
Seminole
skins.
seldom,
ginghams,
theOfclothing
shoes.
colored
is
ready
simple
and
made
iscotton
sometimes
made
andarticles
scanty,
handkerchiefs,
are now
flannels.
for
it is
wear
chiefly
ample
They
found
nowforalso
483 and
in
histhe
use
then
COSTUME OF THE MEN.

INTRODUCTION. 6
The Seminole Indians of Florida

Fig. 61. Seminole costume.


The
very
of
narrow,
buttoned
pocketless.
or
things
inches
wealth
these
trinkets.
Having
handkerchief
their
possession
carries
camps
that
todress,
some
more
turban
shawls
are
its
perhaps
484to
this
costume
they
rarely,
knotted
convenient
successively,
manâ——s
wearer
for
go
turban.
The
in
and
generally
whatever
in
shawl
no
rolling
pouches,
he
figured
curious
He
(I
about
length.
this
bareheaded.
are
in
use
wound
pockets,
and
sometimes
say
has
next
Amoccasins.
showed
7everyday
ends
of
about
is
belt
respect
much
inches
in
The
â——thoseâ——
discovered
the
number
collar
the
tucked
article
or
turban
hunting
money
Iwoolen
receptacles
in
head.
into
of
pendant
questioned
structure
striped
wrists.
wrapped
3his
Seminole
the
of
which
little
leather
thick
inches
of
being
life,
At
on
seven
his
of
neck.
skillfully
is
Seminole
On
he
Ihe
the
are
and
examined
the
interest
the
The
unique
cotton
is
and
that
but
over
powder,
obtains
but
closely
white
when
or
wide
carried.
tightly
could
quite
concentric
copied
northern
Ihunt.
customary
manâ——s
warrior
one
on
garment
3the
one
buckskin
have
his
in
and
cloth,
because
in
is
dress
appearance.
and
of
manâ——s
finished
proud.
folds
While
be
from
Indian
width.
breast;
buttoned
one
bullets,
around
obliged
my
in
seen
From
the
firmly
at
placed,
as
camps,
figure
generally
or
opens
of
proposed
rings.
home
of
Indians
covering
time
usually
long
ordinary
Having
as
hunting,
the
festival
This
in
these
as
the
looks
his
the
pocket
to
away,
many
camp
about
atobacco
and
to
and
aas
in
garments,
At
It
consists
belt
submit
turban
head,
rule,
head-dress,
kerchief
time
turbans
about
was
engirdles
front
the
like
frequently
present
of
no
improvement
for
color
to
occasions,
as
costume
without
however,
hang
did
knife,
the
quiet
they
diagonal
what
pockets,
over
the
six,
in
the
amay
habit
to
for
having
Ineck,
of
section
from
asee
also
and
bound
several
and
top
head
it
are
aeven
knotted
acolors.
20
straits
the
be
the
piece
is
shirt,
at
few
iscarry
more
of
it
found
the
tried
bright
one
inches
at
put
made
the
of
by
no
manâ——s
of
seems
use
eight,
of
the
about
both
on
inches,
inconveniences;
the
narrow
he
plaid
no
of
athe
It
pockets
or
Seminole,
to
southern
turban.
acorner
their
than
to
of
neckerchief,
his
head
itdecorated
hangs
red
of
was
flint,
more
afabric.
means
in
show
the
Seminole
handkerchiefs
apins,
to
the
pocketâ——s
one
of
dress.
diameter,
this;
rather
pipes
and
downward
be
put
wristbands
remaining
northern
of
some
aThis
head
in
hunting
from
waist,
him
or
settlements,
somewhere
the
small
universal
They
one
yellow
on
his
only
toand
more
firm
cylinder
is
general
frequently
carry
many,
brave.
Scotch
how,
the
shirt,
aor
aand
the
are
quantity
for
here
other
turban,
and
knives,
piece
remarkable
more
from
neck
small
bare;
things,
tied
of
uses.
his
shell
then,
instance,
on
from
among
pointing
less.
Having
the
and
the
crowded
clan.
custom,
in
articles
ishis
pipe,
around
the
of
to
the
ashawls.
the
southern
takes
regularly
Those
of
each
roomy
one
there,
it
of
The
breech
work,
the
his
shirt,
collar,
They
last
the
are
paper,
many
whose
money,
no
he
structure
out
or
handkerchiefs.
knees,
in
nearly
for
shirt
the
his
down
red
suspended
cylinder
who
end
one
pockets
wears
as
more
These
made
sleeves
their
are
to
cloth,
the
settlements,
and
place
folds
worn
throat,
and
on
men
is
him
of
excepted,
so
use
the
and
10
upon
warriors
made
turbans.
of
mine,
is
of
the
his
like
and
shawls
folded
and,
of
in
being
the
tobacco
them
several
last
one
the
Florida)
his
gives

COSTUME OF THE MEN. 7


The Seminole Indians of Florida

Fig. 62. Key West Billy.


When
scanty
In
among
acalled
remained
white
him.
pair
striped
to
what
even
Occasionally,
about
extra
canoe
lace
theof
The
the
changes
protection
manâ——s
the
camps
the
by
camp
leggins
high
his
braid.
out
owner
materials
the
shoulders.
for
Seminole
people,
of
about
dress
Isome
white
The
are
in
the
saw
made
of
against
their
going
town
moccasins,
Everglades
the
aleggins
and
but
time.
of
men
pair
warrior
Oftener
ofcool
which
lower
is
one
aand
mild
on
â——Key
of
The
objectionably
bright
and
weather,
among
Indian
frontier
remain
makes
part
the
acoolness
act
also,
and
piece
moccasins.
red
leggins
of
itself
along
wearing
the
are
his
West
there
store
the
flannel,
aofsmall
Seminole,
in
was
rare
made
calico
leg,
favorable
of
the
their
boots.
Billy,â——
forleggins
the
so
visits
the
shawl,
and
line
any
ofor
extraordinary,
winters.
Seminole
lacing
buckskin,
The
ornamented
white
of
length
Ito
tomay
(Fig.
of
keys
the
the
blanket
having
the
running
cotton
mention
white
of
white
62);
south
are
kind
of
time,
is
usually
either
along
and
received
he,
cloth,
manâ——s
man
from
made
of
not
that
however,
itthe
often
the
awas
and
gathered
below
made
to
ayellow
Florida
this
commemorative
few
outer
do
the
so
worn
settlements,
service
name
unusual
is
the
of
white
or
seams
buckskin.
mainland
in
about
them
by
instep
dark
every
because
the
manâ——s
infor
possess
with
the
red
the
Florida
upward.
way
he
ato
neck,
Iname
color.
Seminole
turban,
asaw,
he
frequently
Key
blue
ashoes,
once
peculiar
Indians.
becomes
ways.
was
however,
As
West,
They
and
isshowing
made
bestowed
and
thrown
towhite
are
adds
where
character
enter
485He
one
the
aone
made
voyage
cross
to
isaishe
upon
his in
COSTUME OF THE WOMEN.

COSTUME OF THE WOMEN. 8


The Seminole Indians of Florida

Fig. 63. Seminole costume.


The
garments,
is
the
taken
use,
noticeably
garment
constantly
done
was
breasts.
ground.
fastened
appearance.
body
women
used
that.
Girls
shirt.
weather
cut
wrists.
acostume
by
(Fig.
about
because
is
from
Younger
quite
off
perpetually
the
left
never
Gathered
This
or
they
isover
one
63.)
The
engaged
modest,
seven
when
often
the
women,
low
uncovered
This
is
of
might
awear
the
of
shoulders
children
garment
usually
strangerâ——s
at
the
drawn
taken
which,
to
is
about
renewed
head.
the
yet
them.
especially
women
in
ten
of
free
neck
what
this
between
it
by
made
years
so
are,
the
is
The
for
themselves
does
in
For
their
otherwise
tightly
much
and
waist
is
cool
our
as
lack
486conservatism
old
of
head
hardly
not
noticeable
aeyes
parents
is
it
street
effort
some
rule,
weather,
of
abbreviated
are
is
and
about
just
seem
wear
athe
from
were
buttonless,
clothed
more
better
entirely
boys
the
on
long
dark
on
other
to
the
the
their
because
skirt.
frequent
and
upon
have
aof
complex
would
colored
enough
waist
English
journey
women
with
the
covering
garment,
naked.
which
part
Ithem;
occurred
being
saw
Seminole
that
the
only
call
embarrassment.
to
calico
word,
than
have
to
at
If
no
lengthen
shirt
cover
but
itâ——pulling
wide
for
the
the
atimes
clothed
gives
woman
petticoat,
that
to
nothing,
Ior
the
Iskirt,
is
homes
Indian
noticed
them
name
enough
the
gingham.
so
is
of
to
upper
by
at
thrown
breasts.
short
the
extending
that
wearing
that
aanytime,
of
isunless
and
that
In
pull
short
men.
at
down
part
shown
the
part
that
by
going
the
The
boys
or
in
Its
the
palefaces.
of
making
moccasins,
shirt,
It
of
the
aneck
drawn
rising
their
to
sleeves
cord
itspace
their
in
consists,
scanty
the
about
cotton
is
the
nothing
the
for
only
vests.â——
body
by
or
bodies.
over
feet
aof
their
the
other
are
slight
covering
itin
which
cloth,
two
during
apparently,
and
to
and
asitting
the
same
more
buttoned
rather
be
work
aThe
or
change
Ioften
head,
the
long
or
easily
was
more
exceptionally
This
age
clearly
hanging
down,
women
small
they
uncomfortable
petticoat
told
skirt.
touching
may
close
wear
of
in
put
may
inches
were
shawl,
but
their
or
than
that
be
on
over
The
are
only
about
have
atis
two
called
or
the
on
in
upper
work,
the
shirt
cool
their
athe
been
the it
PERSONAL ADORNMENT.
The love of personal adornment shows itself among the Seminole as among other human beings.

Fig. 64. Manner of wearing the hair.

PERSONAL ADORNMENT. 9
The Seminole Indians of Florida

HAIR DRESSING.
allgathered
temple
the
queues.
however,
bold
of
brilliant
an
indeed,
The
is
woman,
and
front
â——banged.â——
negress,
dangling,
Among
hair
the
ancient
their
ear.
sharp
coarse,
women
upon
looking
hair
head
men,
to
of
The
the
Ihair
wool
the
had
did
that
hangs
temple,
snaky
the
at
the
battle
up
to
little
Ibrilliant,
Indian
long
dress
the
close
disposed
combination
recall
not
heads
was
the
whole
and
apex.
down
plaits,
club.
Indian
learn
hair
moustache
nape
and
their
to
twisted
bound,
womanâ——s
the
of
The
person,
the
black
of
another
A
of
For
over
our
that
hanging
comical
of
hair
girls
the
piece
head,
her
only
the
just
of
into
some
school
these
hair
the
more
strip
long
in
the
moustache
isneck.
exception
strip,
above
of
except
many
forehead
commonly
the
appearance
down
of
reason
hair
Indians
bright
crossing
simply
children.
crisp
hair
which
northern
At
ofthe
little
isaover
each
about
being
tresses.
simply
strip
there
ribbon
and
to
and
neck,
are
than
they
sharp
to
worn
her
this
of
temple
than
in
imperial.
about
along
the
wrought
seems
the
are
ainto
black
braided
is
the
Hers
style
small
cones,
among
same
neck
in
commonly
men.
possessors
an
habit
the
athe
to
was
of
face
knot
heavy
inch
more
is
negro
As
width,
be
cheeks
into
From
which
southern
hair
them
generally
of
aaand
an
somewhat
wide,
veritable
plucking
much
atuft
into
dressing
half
exception
used
is
perpendicular
aqueue
and
shoulders
stuck
inline
taken
isthe
camps.
front
breed
running
greater
that
at
allowed
gathered
crossing
shape
and
out
Medusa
the
the
Ilike
care
aof
saw
to
atover
few
end
gave
tied
hair
the
neglect
that
over
the
of
to
was
and
to
as
of
the
with
ears,
head.
from
in
his
aBig
hang
uniform
her
often
the
cone,
athem
the
an
braided
head
head
finish
of
aCypress
abeing
former,
front
their
odd
to
A
most
manner
ribbon,
made
the
sometimes
are
score
the
from
like
style
manner.
to
care
faces.
of
into
what
endowed
repulsive
bottom
by
the
crossing
Swamp.
so
the
ear
or
as
in
of
of
two
the
many
structure.
we
which
more
Iscalp
cutting
to
the
noticed,
The
quite
civilized
of
ornamental
call
ear
often
with
appearance.
hair,
the
spikes
the
of
from
men
Ci-ha-ne,
487the
the
elongated
crown
lobe
asee
The
and,
His
hair
rather
cut
hair
on
the
of a
ORNAMENTATION OF CLOTHING.
Themany
various
upper
as
sharp
ornamented
ornamenting
embroider
shaped
men clothing
are
angle
parts
figures,
colors
made
asalong
five
of
between
with
the
ofthe
pleasing
are
which
both
ofshirt
this
braids
shirts
used
these
the
men
edge,
are
isand
to
of
or
braids
shoulders.
often
also
and
the
the
stripes,
with
wrought
eye.
women
used
an
women
lie
their
elaborate
side
Ihangs
Occasionally
in
saw
upon
braids
decorating
is
are
byno
ordinarily
just
side,
usually
the
decoration
ornamentation
and
over
garments
parallel
the
athe
embroidered
the
very
more
narrow
skirt
shoulders
towith
into
narrow
or
the
above
inless
colored
odd
the
dress.
curves:
with
cape,
ornamented.
upper
and
the
and
Instripes,
lower
yellow,
back.
sometimes
itattached,
like
edge
wasmanner
The
edge
always
aof
red,
Braids
border
the
same
Iof
quite
think,
and
many
garment
the
inand
of
kinds
brown
straight
tasteful
petticoat.
to
diamond
strips
ofthe
of
the
orbraids.
shirt,
material
dropping
lines
shapes.
of
shirts
The
and
cloth
and
and
Sometimes
women
of
square
The
used
of
much
angles.
into
the for
a
USE OF BEADS.
Mybecuriosity
to
there
with
some
one
These
my
Tiger
was
(probably
filling
head.
about
coveted
attention
sees
the
nothing
the
and
shade
She,
Tailâ——sâ——
equally
beads
the
proud
neck
beads
ambition
as
aspace
however,
peck
of
they
must
as
meaner
was
wear.
burdened.
wearer
blue,
of
to
under
of
can
called
an
be
how
ofThe
the
and
was
inferior
than
burdensome
the
carry.
ofher
many
beads)
wife,
cumbersome
to
costing
Even
certainly
Seminole
only
achin,
the
They
cut
quality
number
strings
agirl
remarkable
gathered
glass
little,
and
(so
are
not
to
babies
squaws
Icovering
worn.
their
of
bead,
particular
was
beads
one,
fewer
if beads
any,
about
are
wearers.
told
Mo-ki,
use
to
about
are
than
better
favored
gather
her
these
her
of
by
as
said
two
beads
aneck
aneck,
who
toIn
quarter
off
trader
women
to
about
the
by
hundred
the
in
be
up
had
among
hanging
quality
their
Big
her
worn
at
to
their
of
come
can
Miami)
her
possessions
an
Cypress
proud
strings
these
by
wear,
necks
of
ears.
inch
down
through
the
night
mammas
$1.75
Indian
or
of
It
ISwamp
as
beads
her
tried
was
more
good
as
many
than
the
back,
awell
women,
an
to
pound.
they
Everglades
with
in
sized
settlement
most
count
strings
effort
as
down
wear.
488by
abeads.
of
Sometimes,
young
varying
those
length,
for
day.
of
the
upon
They
her
to
beads
one
others.
She
worn
and
visit
her
generally
to
quantity
day,
are
had
as
move
old.
breasts,
but
her
by
satisfied
Others
can
tosix
It
â——Young
not
relatives.
gratify
her
of
seems
be
of
quarts
often,
the
were
hungShe
SILVER DISKS.
Conspicuous
shirt
made
of
inside
suspended,
noticed
copper
these
money
fronts,
and
by
the
rifle
gratifying
men,
like
are
circumference.
one
under
shells,
among
pounded
treasures
who
over
and
her
one
may
each
the
vanity
below
quite
bright
depends
be
other
Large
breast.
called
thin,
with
the
brass
ornaments
disks
upon
beads.
Among
made
â——jewelers
not
thimble,
made
only
the
concave,
Asworn
the
ability
eight
many
from
and
disks
bydisks
aand
to
pierced
half
as
women
buckle
other
the
ten
desire
dollars
made
tribe,â——
or
ornaments
with
hanging
are
more
of
ofmay
silver
holes,
one
silver
arebe
among
and
from
are
worn
disks,
and
called
quarters,
another
often
silver
ornamented
by
them.
suspended
â——breast
one
suspended.
but
quarters
toOf
woman.
secure
also
course
by
inwith
and
aashields.â——
them.
One
These
curve
groove
the
half
three
young
possession
across
dollars.
disks
polished
lying
woman
are
the
They
just
The
of Iare
pieces
EAR RINGS.

Fig. 65. Manner of


piercing the ear.
Earpalmetto
manufacture.
women
of
were
Piercing
longer
annual
the
rings
not
women
pierce
festival,
are
the
placed
arepierced
wood,
ears
not
The
the
from
the
there
generally
excepted,
lips
ears
about
Green
many
one
or
toofto
the
remain
amost
times;
Corn
ten
fifth
worn
the
nose;
or
of
Florida
of
Dance,
only
for
by
more
the
nor
anthe
what
while
inch
Indians,
do
small
Indians
and
Seminole.
they
purpose
inthe
upon
holes
length
use
however,
do
puncture
the
paint
not
IThose
have
did
and
faces
now
not
upon
appear
in
been
was
worn
diameter
mutilate
of
discover.
healing.
their
made.
their
are
to be
persons,
usually
dead.
their
the
In
pierced,
Along
(Fig.
most
size
bodies
made
65.)
Iand
of
am
and,
athese
for
in
told,
of
large
as
the
silver
beautyâ——s
holes
aexcept
pin.
upper
rule,
and
Seemingly
the
edges
atare
489 their
Iears
noticed
of
sake.
ofhome
of
great
the
they
the
They
bits
earsno
FINGER RINGS.
Nor isof
made
extending
thesilver
wearing
from and
knuckle
of finger
showedto knuckle.
good
ringsworkmanship.
more
These
common
also were
Most
thanhome-made.
of
that
them
of rings
werefor
made
thewith
ears.large
The finger
elliptical
rings
tablets
I sawonwere
them,
all
SILVER VS. GOLD.
I saw
Seminole.
once
more
exceptions,
nothing
of them
gave
than
nothat
only
gold
him
the
Heaiswhat
decided
ornaments.
is
silver,
not
a atwenty
monometalist,
genuine
is and
the
preference
dollar
best
in
Gold,
of
myeither
its
gold
own
even
apparent
and
forof
piece
intercourse
silver.
his
gold
food
precious
for
kind.
money,
Iorwas
$17
ofTraders
with
material
told
in
metal
does
silver,
the
that
not
told
isSeminole
for
the
silver.
although
seem
me
wear
Seminole
that,
Itowas
or
Ibe
assured
found
so
ornament.
considered
told
are
far them
as
by
peculiar
that
the
a cattle
to
the
Indians
ofmanifest,
in
gold
much
dealer
wishing
piece
know,
value
with
of was
to
an
they
by
possess
few
Indian
worth
the
will who
buy
CRESCENTS, WRISTLETS, AND BELTS.
The
These
tin.
afrom
cords
with
everyday
half
These
ornaments
fanciful
the
or
inches.
arethongs
neck
camp
generally
articles
devices
Silver
by
worn
life.
passing
cords,
areabout
They
wristlets
by
wrought
also
through
in
the
appear
five
made
the
men
are
cusps
out
inches
holes
from
which
used
with
of of
silver.
long,
silver
by
in
them
the
are
the
the
crescents,
most
an
It
on
coins
ends
men
isinch
anot
worthy
festival
of
for
and
in
customary
the
one
their
width
aremetal.
of
occasion
below
ofadornment.
attention
at
home
the
Belts,
for
another,
or
widest
the
manufacture.
are
when
and
Indian
They
crescents,
at
part,
turbans
they
distances
are
men
and
visit
fastened
They
too,
to
varying
ofwear
some
apart
the
are
areabout
thickness
often
worn
these
trading
of
in size
perhaps
the
ornamented
suspended
ornaments
and
post.
wrists
of ordinary
two
value.
by
and
in
ME-LE.
A sketch
me
Seminole,
on mymade
trip
the son
tobythe
of
Lieutenant
Cat
an Indian,
490 Fish
Brown,
Ho-laq-to-mik-ko,
Lake
of settlement,
Saint Francis
byenables
aBarracks,
negress
me to
adopted
Saint
show,Augustine,
into
in gala
the dress,
tribe
Florida,
when
Me-le,
who
a child.
a accompanied
half breed
The picture described does not appear in the printed text, and is not included in the List of
Illustrations.
Me-le
Cat
moreover,
was
cover
and
curly
however,
Seminole
him
life
frame
habits
orange
sewing
pieces
the
Mik-ko
progress
of
Next
Jacksonville.
the
names
if
Fish
athe
tomorning
hair,
peculiar
he
the
little
house,
sat
and
in
me
grove,
machine,
has
owner
Lake,
knew
of
his
brown
is
for
of
of
by
had
the
road
this
ain
pure
presence,
the
his
inclosed
He
restless,
some
and
simple
only
he
battlement-like
many
just
of
how
topeople.
which
skin
picture
letters
is
and
was
the
blood.
see
inpurchased
the
exception
of
toother
aone
of
he
the
agriculture
at
inquisitive
on
the
break
short
to
only
had
of
Seeking
his
the
in
was
â——Me-le
white
put
all
pair
Indians.
our
more
my
been
sturdy
station
Florida
time
sides
away
intelligent
itIand
of
band
alphabet,
room
together
observed
man
important
him
red
pushed
of
will
mind,
was
and
safely
thighs.
Why?
to
of
his
Seminole,
and
flannel
at
one
ho-lo-wa
see
have
silver
entered
wearing
apeople,
enough,
and
again
out
ato
hotel
from
day
Because
the
His
white
respects
athe
deserves
leggins
legibly
into
on
hundred
train
atwithout
ornaments
by
in
Ihis
kisâ——
singular
nor
athe
Orlando,
believe,
so
manâ——s
that
pair
Orlando.
atribe.
he
depart,
the
with
door.
an
edge
wrote
oflikes
part
the
of
trees,
exceptional
mistake.
which
report
cut
He
store
their
who
(Me-le
of
notice
More
were
Iof
and
his
the
He
found
his
has
of
so
town.
the
Ihad
goes,
ways
English
boots
had
white
hair
told
silver
he
have
turban.
than
He
been
and
is
frontier
him
says,
atof
just
character.
He
peculiar
me
once
of
when
in
care
that,
that
spoken.
man
crescents,
progressive
no
busily
name,
doing
was
addition
he
come
Notice
bearing
account)
called
of
time
of
he
and
the
would
clothed
Floridaâ——s
to
those
is
other
studying
These
seventy
â——John
He
machine
would
seen
his
the
not
off
to
wristlets,
fruit.
is
like
enough
who
was
uncropped
Seminole
his
things.
satisfied
for
anot
â——in
were
railway.
live
to
He
miles
home-made
the
me
had
are
atgo
Willis
has
not
the
all
ato
He
locomotive
judgment
from
civilized
interested
been
with
silver
from
with
his
build
men.
in
bought
long
white
head
has
favor
Mik-ko.â——
best,â——
ame
taken
the
his
newspaper
studded
started
for
Me-le,
enough
finery.
of
manâ——s
population.
to
passed
hunting
and
home,
in
with
luxuriant,
himself
engine
tothe
uses
an
He
belt,
to
the
and,
at
upon
a
PSYCHICAL CHARACTERISTICS.
have
development.
white
of
government
acquainted
need
disarmed,
will
representative
friend.
from
Iaffectionate,
during
only
the
listening,
further.
they
Na-ki-taâ——
were
their
ordinary
â——Yesâ——
illustrative
fine
children.
caring
seen
persistently
while
tribe.
boys,
picturesque
on
nightâ——s
dreams
little
breast,
felt,
and
are
Ka-tca-la-ni
capture
in
camp.
remark
three
started.
(go)!â——
outspoken,
understand
shall
found
their
his
which
my
frank.
camp
when
us
looking
excite
though
could
this
one
reputation
fellow,
been
not
seemingly
time
miles
One
two
own
men,
the
â——You
now
for
right,
all
the
In
pressed
as
domestic
and
them
At
his
I circumstances
be
disposed
little
are
His
call
where
latter
through
my
Formal
and
ISeminole
their
both
one
to
night,
led
last
Horse
language
his
with
instances
with
game.
without
their
away,
was
That
glance
as
crying
surprised
circle
Idemanding
and
(â——Yellow
boys,
sleep.
struggling
under
truthful,
commendable.
time
genial.
solicitous
could
the
intercourse
They
to
afellow
was
of
whom
admiration
half
(Doctor
the
set
comfort.
was
with
race,
the
at
as
he
recent
or
to
words.
the
was
as
our
Seminole
and
Creek,
can
or
â——Me
aiding
withstood
my
in
his
to
ranging
at
out.
ready
little
for
which
Upon
everything
was,
â——I
century,
Lieutenant
not
intending
imperfect
are
trying
negresses,
conclusion
continued,
hypocritical
the
Indeed,
many
Isulk
National
what
frankness
they
clambering,
and
social
go
at
interpreter,
camp
might
the
history
IWhat-is-it)
an
have
from
affection
well
attention
Diplomacy
head
finding
and,
ashes
Especially
afterwards
however,
to
the
to
the
with
to
the
communicative.
in
and
mother
have
uncivilized,
to
may
donâ——t
in
of
communicative,
Horse
Tigerâ——)
be
try
intercourse.
have
this
go
the
They
my
our
amateur
founded.
the
translated
mention
moans
under
oblige
with
to
age
three
offense,
the
means
esteem.
Government,
them,
around
again
which
this
Brown
to
three
hunt
indeed,
more
welcomed
â——not
white
that
his
in
presence
strong
old
nationâ——s
seemed
but
courtesy
often
white
from
to
answer
who
just
Creek
are
great
Tom
the
Ienmity
smaller
his
cheek,
did
seems,
learned
me
followed
my
for
chief,
with
was
rolled
Ipigs,
at
in
hunter
bears
properly
decided
would
the
know.â——
manâ——s
They
found
like
Seminole
and
Icould
Icovering.
four
been
them
Indian
their
and
he
no
men
by
found
Indians
was
stopped,
dignity
answers
hardly
Parental
on
with
playfully
continually
as
you,
to-day;
and
bright
and
does
throw
is
many
Nor
to
Tûs-te-nûg-ge,
Iconsoling
way
answering
up
boys
as
upon
aquite
that
to
answered
because
sat
Ibut
in
fortunate
heard
them
disposal,
Ishow.
into
but
not
their
hunt.
was
me;
immediately
yet,
to
met,
in
beside
appeared
them
several
Tom,
eighteen
be
armies
his
are
like
by
disturbing
not
of
they
under
Ka-tca-la-ni
light—I
only
were
repel
natural,
their
to
aanswer;
it
At
aaffection
and,
refreshing
English,
to-morrow.â——
called
then
to
culture,
confidence
manner,
search
little
named
the
and
tender
they
the
And
He
and
Ihis
characterize
to
always.
once
to-day?â——
most
will
ask,
be
have
him
to
his
forbidding
puzzling
in
turning
enmity
promptly
bundled
enough
to
dogs,
friendly
call
campfire
conditions
governmentâ——s
wished
questions,
felt
IIyears.
paleface,
devoid
an
follow
not
to
they
the
defense
hunt
give
sleeping
have
and
heard
mention
â——What
â——Its-ki,
the
for
all
care
at
with
attained
until
the
but
them
have
is
unlearned
the
among
asked
only
psychical
to
together
You
the
the
are
was
game
characteristic
big
ato
alone
me
afatherâ——s
will
to
Seven
reason
they
to
about
frightened
us
up
advances.
confessed
these
questions
muffled
of
whom
man
the
and
at
become
Cat
them.
any
ahis
while
affectionate
be
of
the
and
Indian
see
could
the
over
which
all
after
who
he
brothers.
in
asavage,
one.
Täl-la-häs-ke◗s
the
find
asked
aand
have
boy,
their
To-morrow
and
sense
introduced
companion,
without
Fish
representative
whose
cotton
brave,
relatively
turned
kindness
the
boys,
how
months
with
information
unlovely
art
to
ischaracteristics
Its-kiâ——
Florida
IOne
his
had
with
my
Täl-la-häs-ke
them
not
giving
spoke
moans
it?â——
you
believe
grasped
induced
wide
little
both
characteristics
among
rights,
our
Lake
He
upon
representative
cry
of
the
fatherâ——s
people.
Täl-la-häs-ke,
mark.
business
watching
not
of
mistake
Iself
cloth
warwhoop
amiability
from
caressing
come
equivocation
humor.
have
called
evincing
before
man.
to
of
Indian
mother
one
awake,
their
my
swamps
on
were
him
qualities.
been
high
settlement;
matters
from
to
reliant,
but
one
came,
that
them.
the
said,
his
To
them
on
Ime
the
Ithe
party
of
They
(mother,
said
back,â——
said
â——No,â——
the
sought.
home
of
me
also
eager
their
degree
baby
among
another,
Ichild,
honored
one,
deer
the
With
would
his
their
and
trail
of
and
Seminole,
met
laughed
â——Now
words,
the
characteristics
and,
or
to
and
first
also
connected
to
they
proud
wished
of
knees
the
are
reputation
household.
little
of
aBut
meaning,
is
welcome
however,
skins
honored
serenity,
life,
boy,
father
white
to
him
movements
people
only
â——Noâ——
hugged
their
yet
the
deadly
â——Doctor
prairies,
of
with
the
his
mother)
Florida
lodge—the
shot
find,
antagonistic
that
Horse
are
talk,
when
forming
and,
by
whose
palmetto
people
psychical
as
and
with
the
when
waking
his
was
government
people.
father
for
few
to
manâ——s
truthful.
the
to
it.
not
at
it,
several
491approach,
amiable,
and,
you
so
with
own,
people
accompany
wife
me
back,
hand,
him
the
his
suspicion
what
But
me
is
did
Creek,
Tom
who
the
his
Indians.
answered
exceptions,
Seminole
Iwas
492begged
as
meaning
Ifar
even
who
under
have
which
of
ahi-e-pus
no
entered
and
as
out
as
you
afather
Indianâ——s
After
shelter
his
to
equally
died,
larger
many
as
is
six
was
to
the
That
far
ahis
there
or
have
of
Iour
and
the
Isaw,
as
is
bad
Tom,
Iis amiab
and
KO-NIP-HA-TCO.
Here
West
Capt.
that
whites.
for
relate
aposition.
by
discussion,
to
frankness:
Captain
when
the
remember.â——
had
foreign
return
the
sleep
answer
meant
time
is
Billy,â——
F.
Ithe
Mat-te-lo
Indians;
went
another
He
Hendry.
A.
with
and
It
he
community.
interesting
In
what
had
of
is
Hendry,
and
was
to
food.
the
sufficient
the
them
it
Florida
clothed
illustration
once,
said
he
the
While
autumn
And
was,
white
has
â——Me
said.
for
at
only
to
story
during
become
As
so
on
Myers,
Captain
athis
himself
to
they
man
time
the
of
may
Seminole
the
say
of
of
â——Billyâ——
1880,
stood
was
talk
the
â——Billyâ——sâ——
all
contrary,
their
to
that,
so
and
bein
Hendry,
same
year
his
ended,
desirous
equally
easily
our
Mat-te-lo,
asked
together
frankness.
for
who
home
before
dress
white
the
seriously
guessed,
â——Bum-by.
the
had
permission
frank:
of
at
time
â——Billyâ——
and
Seminole
man,â——
Ithe
separated
identifying
ahad
met
One
prominent
at
â——Mat-te-lo,
taken
Big
opposed.
Ko-nip-ha-tcoâ——s
been
least,
him,
Indian,
to
Cypress
to
looking
previous
himself
studying
live
five
he
Indian
he
himself
the
Seminole,
Several
Ko-nip-ha-tco
had
boastfully
with
of
bed
passed.
Swamp.
hard
his
kill
from
become
life
our
him.
and
with
when
relatives
tribal
Billy.â——
or
atlanguage
was
his
table,
Hardly
told
the
Permission
the
of
But
Indian
act
in
people
councils
his
at
(â——Billyâ——),
white
captain
the
me
to
was
instead
Myers
came
adventures
had
my
eyes
kill
and
one
not
But
and
people
illustration
the
made
to
was
Billy,
ways
day.
and
of
atan
had
Myers
try
young
all
the
his
willingly
happened
answer
that
But
him
to
in
cast
for
white
looked
people
ground
discover
reaching
and
I493
in
more
fellow
the
of
in
will
a1879
man
came.
his
Seminole
brother
compelled
subject
given,
upon
ato
and
not
than
member
lot
disappeared
kill
whether
meet
he
his
In
here
kettle,
with
with
acame
and
of
Indian,
present
this
year.
â——Key
him
favor
the
ofcase
hetoAtproud
INTELLECTUAL ABILITY.
Incould
abilities
comparison
mentally
little
another,
fertility.
and
verge
satisfy
misunderstood
donâ——t
strains
commended
from
Inoon.
by
of
surroundings,
tramp
held
me,
illustrating
littly.
you
time
then
momentâ——s
range
an
the
Ivexatious
Indian
all.
on
you
was
pantomime
half-past
observed
attic
Me
of
Occupying
off
long
me
to
see
courageously.
Me
and
they
Certainly,
of
the
can
active.
precious.
which
think
in
room
before
knowâ——
language?â——
how
variations
intellectual
continued
go
with
domain
them
operations
for
hunt
are,
despite
failures
eight
school.
that,
or
me
hesitation,
his
much
Iat
When
generally
other
they
our
put
as
unintelligible
on
all
Myers.
â——Billy,â——
most
tell
patient,
when
in
awhich
athe
their
time
of
the
tension
rule,
Ito
The
were
Me
deer
the
American
you
power
was
of
wearied
mood,
of
draw
time.
persistent
invited
the
Despite
morning
full
with
â——Me
learn.
minds.
sufficed
only
their
the
voluble,
all.
hunt
uttered.
persistent,
willing
â——Why?â——
and
cultivated
tofrom
expression
To-morrow
Seminole
Me
time,
inquiries
question,
sign
him.
intellectual
which
(for
Me
aborigines,
to
Ko-nip-ha-tco,
mental
the
donâ——t
to
until
invitation
to
Those
vivacious,
him
think
no
of
go
number,
â——Billyâ——
Often
Iconvey
acknowledge
insects,
intellectual
said,
itweakening
go,
hunt
American,
certain
five
Inot
was
but
processes
of
met
with
come,
Doctor;
Ifaculties
â——you
any
matters
very
Ideer
found
in
would
the
of
&c.,
know
myriads
believe
Icannot
showing
494whom
the
translations
replied,
the
of
by
meaning
and
interesting
to-mollow.â——
industry.
subjected.
he
are
afternoon,
by
my
the
me
themselves
return
near
English
no
with
have
Isaid
made
justly
they
Igo
his
is
of
quite
will
Florida
questions
stay,â——
means
the
particularly
â——are
woods
awhich
now.
answers
to
mastered,
to
inquiry
lover
easily
possession
ask
Iwas
into
be
language.
limited.
me:
to
kept
But
my
with
acalled
Indians,
You
you
him,
powerless.
to
on
took
brilliant
they
his
of
hearers.
â——Doctor,
he
failed,
enter
the
you
upon
him
was
that
but
the
one
Ieasier
dealt
own
hunt
held
they
about
But
was
are
ayoung
either
tired,
Bum-by
of
woods
great
an
the
his
to
day,
when
inquiry,
amember
not
language
on
if
to-day.
In
relatively
were
nevertheless
afraid
leave
substantive
hour
questions.â——
brain
courageous
first
the
They
the
stupid
their
Billy?â——
bravely
about
fellow
interest
familiar
compared
and
language
exceptionally
Seminole
and
class.
how
you
â——Doctor
of
was,
before
would
Iintercourse
of
need
aof
noon,
losing
or
abusy
active
come,
bold
his
through
long
in
halfâ——s
or
phrases
intellectually
They
to
or
bravely
decision.
us
not
the
you
tribe,
which
and
awith
two,
for
when,
â——No,â——
are
and
my
you
degree,
and
brains
next
After
decided
seem
atjust
about
life
to
the
patient
with
hold
the
Na-ki-taâ——
successful
containing
an
is
once
want
our
endeavored
are
be
winter,
after
much
three
of
severe
adverb,
intermission
and
intellectual
only
toparalyzed
one
judged
upon
beyond
ahis
answer
sluggish,
me
â——I
be
fortnight,
under
many,
mental
days
ato
people,
to
me
heat
him,
hunter),
verbs
and
be
he
tell
by
the
to
athe
tell
more
toand
answered,
afor
at to
he
and
495

HAIR DRESSING. 10
The Seminole Indians of Florida

CHAPTER II.

SEMINOLE SOCIETY.
As
relationship
people
shown
embodied,
me
the
their
forces
practically
Indians,
that,
two
Idescendants,
among
adonâ——t
have
very
ICreek
clan
to
Creek.
peoples.
now
as
development
say
in
made
said,
few
either
more
consanguineous
far
or
embodied
their
direct
that
in
The
as
and,
relationships,
gens.
obliterated.
knowâ——
â——as
which
alanguage
or
The
descriptive
in
Ihistory,
careful
the
was
Florida
less
while
the
attention
Ionly
Seminole
attempted
that
in
lies
narrow
able
remotely
far
Dr.
comparison
my
and
forces
seeming
the
Seminole
at
or
kindred
as
to
instead
Ito
L.
the
efforts
â——No
could
in
Creek
Igo,
limits
the
H.
relationships
was
to
social
foundation
by
connected
they
Morganâ——s
get
Florida
difference
my
which,
of
obtain
able
were
are
language,
of
of
full
classificatory
and
are
kin,â——
interpreter
what
athe
tonot
people
insight
the
Seminole
no
in
political
go.â——
with
terms
ofare
may
followed
fact,
of
answer.
same,
society,
Creek
relationships
essentially
one
containing,
and
into
be
of
Consanguinity
would
the
organization;
names
allowing
in
Seminole
another
named
Icustoms,
that,
characteristics
the
found,
marriage
by
their
answer
system
an
beyond
being
those
the
relations
and
to
altogether
lies
for
and
relationship
some
family
or
my
designated
and
example,
the
used.
of
but
inthe
Creek
itswhat
relationships
the
question
of
natural
extent,
so
Affinity
with
equivalent,
first
or
satisfactory
the
names
strong
regulations
in
we
one
that
collateral
Iother
the
by
obtained
the
differences
may
only
ofanother,
applied
has
beyond
the
larger
posterity
the
peoples
in
the
call
by
the
term
result,
which
American
line
have
result
some
with
bounds
their
Creek
to
the
Iâ——kindred.â——
of
shall
of
have
some
ofIbeen
Seminole
those
second
pronunciation
of
â——mother
such
saw
kindred
tribes
influence
of
which
first
yielded,
Indians,
of
the
enough
of
what
answer
the
collateral
diverse
treat
the
guiding
by
kinship
islineal
isCreek
been
ahave
marriage,
and
of
to
as
called
body
tribe,â——
offrom
that
enable
â——I
Ithe
line
in
been
is
find
This
of except
is fo
THE SEMINOLE FAMILY.
The family
places
severaltoSeminole
theconsists
number
families
ofofthe
wives
in
husband,
which
the Florida
duogamy
one orIndian
more
exists.
wives,
may have,
and but
theircertainly
children.heI may
do not
possess
know two.
whatThere
limit tribal
are law
496

COURTSHIP.
I learned
less,
What
member
they
them
the
towards
on
The
of
thence
cotton
both
question.
female
select,
sees
that
follows?
tosides,
the
of
the
cloth
the
an
they
the
from
relatives
young
Indian
following
young
Ifto
desire
loverâ——s
and
He
they
the
their
calls
man.
amaiden
man
decide
prospective
of
bed
the
own
facts
the
his
Ifamaid
canopy—in
she
wedding
young
number,
immediate
of
in
own
concerning
favor
about
to
also
husband.
gens
receive
man
iscostume,
of
some
sixteen
other
willing,
and
relatives
the
take
the
their
who,
if
From
union,
words,
to
formation
years,
no
consisting
news
kinsman
the
other
at
to
that
they
house
an
athe
and
of
council
moment
appropriate
impediment
furnishing
interrogate
the
of
by
asofaaher
double
family:
athe
natural
and
newly
there
husband.
betrothedâ——s
tells
time,
of
consent
the
stands
Ais
impulse
made
athem
young
aprospective
new
go
gentle
The
inshirt.
is
to
bed.
of
the
desires
girlâ——s
warrior,
conveyed
the
his
excitement
way
Thereupon
mother
maidenâ——s
wish.
bride
to
ofatmake
through
the
If
the
relatives
as
a the
in
blanket
to
proposed
there
age
both
her
her
damsel
the
of
kindred
his
then
is
disposition
households.
or
twenty
relatives,
returned
wife.
alliance,
aisconsider
large
not
and
orapiece
tell
MARRIAGE.
Arrangements
of
received
camp,
the
mother-in-law.
cleaves
houses
among
the
white
going
and
for
the
unto
by
manâ——s
are
independent
husbandâ——s
his
of
the
thenceforth
for
the
It
bride.
mate.
isthe
bridegroom,
thehoneymoon,
marriage
From
After
man
housekeeping,
recognized
relatives.
that
and
a time,
being
attime
not
sunset
and
especially
the
he
thus
as
either
often
woman
is
aofcompleted,
wedded
her
an
for
athusband.
as
appointed
the
among
athe
much
pair.
camp
family
thethese
After
The
longer
of
day,
marriage
the
increases,
next
Indians
the
toperiod,
wifeâ——s
the
marriage,
day,
takes
home
who
husband
the
theplace
wedded
leaves
new
ofmother
through
his
by
couple
and
mother-in-law,
father
the
pair
or
wife
what
very
elsewhere,
remain
build
and
appear
isinformal
mother
the
one
atequivalent
together
where
the
or
excepting
and
more
ceremony
home
heinis
ofthethe
DIVORCE.
Themay.
matrimonial
divorce
â——Me
Billyâ——s
divorce.
ended.
division
self-support
wide
usually
just
whether
sexes,
lawfully
she as
home
reaching
to
well
so
isshe
of
497The
desert
cease
donâ——t
accomplished
may
perplexing
property,
off
There
of
is
first
beginnings,
husband,
and
married
at
every
without
her
continue
reply,
the
isauthoritative
husband,
no
or
know;
option
adult,
for
no
or
aâ——He
the
embarrassment
Iuntil
among
husband
the
longer
not.
could
adjustment
healthy
Indian
of
as
white
death
Ineither
well
than
not
the
satisfied
fact,
left
as
no
man.
Indian,
breaks
Florida
learn.
as
with
that
her.â——
of
marriage
tell
of
the
growing
the
So
of
claims
with
me
one.
Ihusband
it
female
interested
pressed
Seminole,
marriage,
far
up.
much.â——
his
What
as
among
In
out
for
Sometimes,
personal
wife,
fact,
ashis
the
of
the
is
well
parties.
have
as
problems
these
hers,
wife,
desertion
question
possession
leaves
elsewhere,
as
All
maintenance
already
in
Indians
male,
from
however,
Although
the
her;
the
upon
respecting
seems
light
some
shape
and
of
she
disposed
end
seems
the
Ko-nip-ha-tco,
itIthe
returns
Ito
facts
is
obtained
in
occurs
of
do
children.
be
concerned,
gentile
disappointment
to
the
property,
not
of
the
learned
be
to
womanâ——s
these
that
know
but
only
her
upon
relationship,
The
most
the
questions,
family,
remains
Ibut
ceremony
athat
think
the
independent
woman
natural
his
hopeful
the
subject
and
itanswer
and
her
future
wife
probable
which
ruin.
mating
which
is,
accompanying
the
own
comes
as
may
was,
How
matter
support,
aisare
rule,
of
that
more
from
theis thea
CHILDBIRTH.
According
aplace
palmetto.
to
she
motherâ——s
one
small
beis
within
born,
for
delivered
lodge,
the
To
to
four
and
birth
this
information
covering
labor
there,
days
ofsecluded
of
herdifficult
her
after
inbabe,
the
achild
sitting
received
its
place
top
which
or
birth.
not
and
followed
the
posture,
far
ais
sides
woman,
prospective
received
fromof
by
her
the
the
awith
hands
prolonged
and
main
structure
mother,
some
cared
grasping
house
elderly
for
sickness.
generally
asofthe
by
athe
strong
her
female
hour
family,
Usually
with
companions.
of
stick
relatives,
her
the
andshe
driven
confinement
large
there,
returns
Rarely
goes
leaves
into
with
at
to
the
is
of
the
approaches,
some
her
ground
the
the
time
home
Indian
cabbage
friends,
the
before
with
child
selects
builds
her
her,
islittle
a

Fig. 66. Baby cradle or hammock.

INFANCY.
The
His
goes
of
bind
Indian
(Fig.
sometimes
beside
his
mother
baby,
498him
her
66.)
body
baby,
The
the
own
helplessly
well
is
and,
Seminole
swinging
one
when
way
prompt
into
may
within
and
very
the
onhear
hammock
to
mother,
leaves
aworld,
ayoung,
nourish
board;
limited
her the
or
Ilearns
spends
was
on
of
him
an
area,
little
athe
old
informed,
baby.
and
very
of
fellow
contrary,
his
grandam
the
solicitous
quickly
time,
I heard
camp
toisgo
naked,
she
crooning
not
one
that
ground.
his.
indoes
inher
of
he
the
From
inthese
not
is
care
aahabit
She
hammock,
to
monotonous
trouble
the
for
make
refrains,
does
of
first
him
soothing
his
not
her
she
if
orand,
own
bundle
child
he
refrain
on
gives
falls
her
aas
way
deer
even
nearly
her
him
baby
as
ill,
through
she
skin,
child
with
but,
into
with
as
crouches
as
or
clothing.
athe
I itcould
motionless
song.
far
on
as
perfectly
the
as
best
on
catch
Nevertheless,
possible,
warm
The
the
he thing
free
it,
may.
Florida
ground
earth.
itthus:
she
use
ran
or

MIDI file (may require adjustments to browser)


Thethe
last
There
on
creature
she
arms
cloth
his
little
beads
which,
for the
motherâ——s
does,
note
hammock
fellow,
free,
together,
which
are
ground
camp
a and
was
moment
usually,
times,
however,
lolling
the
hung
fire.
unmusical
or
was
and
mother
to
inafterwards,
by
hips,
temptingly
slings
be
swung
aand
she
setting
hammock.
sure,
the
rollicking
is
puts
and
her
forced
ininfant
when
uttered
him
the
time
burden
still
between
When
baby
astride
to
the
rides,
keeping
with
ongo
quite
over
Seminole
his
into
her
there
to
the
generally
one
motherâ——s
any
staccato.
her
her
the
shoulders,
song.
of
isshoulders
distance
baby
center
no
her
mother
The
with
little
hips
onof
singing
while
from
much
her
carries
sister
aand
back,
piece
back
the
holding
her
upon
satisfaction.
or
was
kicking
her
mother,
of
old
house
asslow
her
cotton
baby.
she
grandmother
him
back,
her
or
did
in
hand-free,
He
there.
cloth,
lodge,
Imovement
and
so,
remember
where,
is she
tugging
not
If
ties
she
to
she
always
chopped
bore
with
opposite
look
takes
and
wishes
seeing,
away
on
his
after
nasal
left
him
one
into
brown
at
corners
to
to
one
the
with
the
in
shoulder
have
small
his
quality.
helpless
day,
strings
legs
her.
pleasure
of
both
wood
one
the
astride
This
a of
The
her
log,
jolly
CHILDHOOD.
Butfor
do
life.
age.
â——Koontiâ——
other
little
these
considerable
just
No
They
Seminoleâ——s
Ismall
himself
shall
small
ascan
soon
ways
hereafter
measure.
amount
stir
and
astothe
the
root,
thespeak.
soup
life
of
more
Seminole
necessary
and
the
iswhile
he
one
labor
Yet,
even
can
of
baby
itas
work
in
pound
contribute
severe
issoon
aboiling;
has
Seminole
ofit;
as
gained
labor.
the
they
hehome.
to
they
isthe
He
household
can
sufficient
able
can
has
general
Iwatch
am
to
aid
plenty
play,
not
instrength
and
isdomestic
kneading
to
done
he
ofreplenish
befinds
time
understood,
by
towelfare
children,
toddle
for
the
that
the
games
dough
with
fire;
he
the
of
even
his
learns
and
for
better
they
course,
play
bread;
as
play
contribute
that
young
he
heas
of
will
the
must
they
saying
allas
more
get
kinds,
can
mix
four
inalong
that
this
he
wash
work
years
and
can
the
and
inthe
of
in
of
many
499

SEMINOLE DWELLINGS—I-FUL-LO-HA-TCOâ——S HOUSE.


â——Billyâ——
continued
pierced
dressed
also
twenty-four
A
ornamented,
lying
several
moored
Dwellings
the
Florida
This
materials
and
pole,
sustain
up,
thongs,
serves
under
laying
seems
is
The
can
Now
nomads.
wigwams
for
temporary
an
to
game
there
another,
much
many
As
idea
When
saw-grass
other
was
characteristic
loaded
probably
around
well
child—was
making
things
This,
held
bag
some
extra
one
indefinite
â——Bad
hammock
water
camp,
accompanying
upon
tear
covered
covering
visible.
saw
of
fenced
house
that
or
their
my
trees
around
has
the
comforts
water.
my
of
to
Iin
with
what
which
the
Seminole
pigs,
Everglades.
or
with
buckskins
at
picked
7ait
fertile
quantity
acting
They
ahave
corn
beams
furnish
two
guide
the
taken
place
and
we
greater
cypress
been
at
which,
Iguide
marsh
off,
my
â——Old
traderâ——s
great
camps
hoe;
throughout
and
palmetto
is
busied
at
with
our
in
This
the
with
it
two
hung
The
lay
leaves
the
have
periods
approximately
is,
acres
of
the
we
were
search.
hung
Country,â——
home.
and
been
have
height,
is
sugar
discovered
tangled
in
up
and
informed
afrom
eaves.
provisions
which
feast,
pointed
his
Icontentedly
place.
the
surrounding
palmetto
by
part
holes.
of
invisibility
deep
remain
thatching
found
home
annoying
atried
for
turn
â——dug-out,â——
was
was
there
seen
lying
these
sketch
myself
palmetto
in
built
made
living
less
from
display
fixed
this
home.
(Pl.
describing
thatching.
family
Tommyâ——sâ——
cane
Where
the
aare
of
Iextent.
the
and
as
informed,
iron
Eight
with
extend
afew
shrubbery,
noticed
Ithe
is,
â——Wear
that
ropes.
also.
care
XIX.)
root
on
are
the
out
â——cowâ——s
did
palmetto
three
from
used
guests
me,
aof
habitations:
firm
Green
Seminole
hammock;
in
alogs,
beside
in
with
If
rafter,
and
Seminole
weeks.
pot;
of
asaw-grass,
much
with
life
itso
year
they
approach
to
I-ful-lo-ha-tcoâ——s
not
16
thatched
noting
of
and
upright
under
taken
possible,
abundance.
rafter
At
There
was
aon
to
the
by
houses,
year
This
by
me
infrequent
The
some
here
myself.
small
abut
by
alay
of
and
search
length
summon
Corn
athe
water
make
Seminoleâ——s
had
the
it
mortar,
and
roof
heavy
length
skill
used
tree.
with
dry
routine
the
Now
9than
the
of
to
platform
few
awhat
were
them
district
the
hosts
edge
Seminole
palmetto
feet
terrapin
same
or
pestle,
small
family
gone
island.
roof,
year
anear
settlements
to
Dance.
locality
excellent
is
he
sitting
but
platform
and
flour
tight
about
It
in
Iamong
aOn
house,
first
unimportant
with
again,
perhaps
logs,
it
of
quite
landed,
And
few
in
had
several
is
hides
made
at
â——Charlie,â——
in
calling
of
for
industry.
Ifield,
horn.â——
was
the
it
owners.
we
taste
the
garden.
the
actually
are
ground
found
Green
and
made
Southern
formed,
one
from
the
The
is
athose
fifteen
or
shells
been
banana
awhich,
Besides,
they
logs,
where
adid
abiding
sack
that
and
families
shore
the
roof
composed
building
difficult.
peculiar,
practically
few
his
from
of
lying
work
Big
on
six
durable
they
and
Ibasketware
island
from
in
it;
visited,
it
not
house
main
from
things
Corn
their
one
left
within—the
all,
an
house,
they
No
There
the
measurement,
unsplit
of
being
days
lying
miles
but
difficult
well
feet
Cypress
differences,
now,
of
let
soon,
aâ——Charlieâ——
bound
plants
gather
down
of
old
Florida
learn
clothing,
places
as
live
in
camp
of
one
part
are
â——Charlieâ——sâ——
seemed
mastic
may
adwelling
kind,
us
and
Dance,â——
in
On
art:
and
from
long,
at
laid
it
defined
aon
Iplatform
the
fashioned
of
are
not
away.
placing
that
uniform
look
to
and
was
that
at
rule,
oak
of
aand
of
until
rising
together
place
horseback
are
split
upon
inside,
ato
sieves,
have
will
time.
Swamp.
houses.
of
my
times
their
away
and
more
that
the
the
platform
of
pointed
thinking
they
wood,
undressed,
(?)
camp.
mass
it
told,
reach
what
which
covered
at
lashed
their
go
Having,
later.
like
I-ful-lo-ha-tco,
surprise,
shows
palmetto
resist
fills
districts,
entire
one
when,
vicinity
it
builder;
made
some
among
ano
its
homes,
log,
But
elevated
in
to
than
on
during
may
the
hunt,
on
rifle,
evidently
these
in
of
were
families,
attempt
home.
nearly
And
the
construction.
perhaps
athe
said
insignificant
Iat
We
the
there
500it
to
an
probably
even
pairs,
regularity
he
in
central
leaves
household—father,
rich
did
almost
what
12
with
have
as
is
bow
in
island
lives,
with
them.
the
they
interior
island
one
may
rafters
near
outside—with
support
Indians
entered
might
occupying
its
permanent
â——Billy.â——
the
found
logs
Mounting
the
often
feet
the
not
about
The
all
Koonti
was
auprights
is
aare
peculiarities.
style
aand
home
four
year
violent
of
camp
powder
and
fact,
point,
be
dense
Iby,
altogether,
absence
the
lying
sirup
examine.
No
made
above
with
fifteen
or
Florida
and
could
be
no
happens,
the
them
laid
which
under
of
and
three
taken
stern.
are
athe
island
gardens
feet
in
of
others,
structure.
With
when
â——Charlie
sign
somewhere
nevertheless,
ground,
trouble
small,
made,
the
where
houses,
my
in
making
atransversely,
once
houses,
growth
upon
the
architecture
camps,
to
wind.
compactness
by
frequent
roof.
the
horn
next
see
pile
and
afeet
the
inches
of
building
the
as
of
provide
Indians
vehicle,
but
palmetto
the
jungle.
saw-grass,
parties
A
isground
we
the
if
nothing
aneat
and
human
Among
it
aand
roof.
of
aMany
roof
day
skirt,
mother,
in
and
from
Only
that
year
marked
not
slight
the
outer
certain
Iastride
of
Beyond
half
festival,
houses
piece
surrounded
can
logs,
whole
owner,
getting
caught
in
visitors
various
fields
clearing,
near.
palmetto
at
shot
is
breast
are
wholly,
gather
against
A
As
they
like
which
diameter
and
gayly
the
Osceola,â——
that
in
at
hurricanes
get
rafters
prevails
ahabitation
ropes,
layers
flat
composed
variations,
but
the
sow,
of
sirup
and
we
not
the
length.
was
kind
or
flask.
region
ground
aMeanwhile
these,
share
may
which
asight
for
they
through
rich
the
sides
first
ato
floor
shell
bottles
good
free
into
neared
ridge
was
ridge.
them.
with
wide
of
there
and
by
of
one
land
dig
in
and
go
Iof
is
range
and
the
some
ofin
Iof
BUREAU OF ETHNOLOGY FIFTH ANNUAL REPORT PL. XIX

CHAPTER II. 11
The Seminole Indians of Florida

SEMINOLE DWELLING.
single
to
driven
From
we
from
I-ful-lo-ha-tcoâ——s
feet.
being
only
The
moved
several
weather
To
by
and
But
may
understand,
covered
Progressive
manâ——s
children,
house
upper
Besides
cause
â——camping
visiting
Ifar
conveyance
of
three
they
and,
through
the
without
tied
At
cover.
homes
animals
in
like
for
found
time.
being
the
asuspending,
from
all
take
the
himself
lower
edge
collection
nearly
mosquitoes.
while
to
single-roofed
Seminoleâ——s
fire
to
Koonti
not
cordially
At
half
the
turbaned
this
it
about
floor
saw-grass
are
appearance
equivalent
four
into
to
Florida
into
me,
families
great
the
two
temporarily
Household
order,
into
the
had
kitchen.
with
usually
pass
covered
the
of
hot
athe
secure
edges
one
description
I-ful-lo-ha-tcoâ——s
three
cypress
the
fit
difficult;
corner
afourth
the
ways
permanent
tangled
five
â——Key
25
some
ground
site
eaten
account
sun
size
balcony.
difficulty
split
unnoticed
502of
upper
offered
Horse
were
Seminole
Indianâ——s
ground
out,â——
Big
feet.
sheltered
over
of
are
burns
of
feet
inclosed
an
marsh
lodges
and
â——campingâ——
above
for
of
distance
sheds.
there
corner
all
cypress
posts.
the
board
what
Cypress
extra
utensils
gathered,
vegetation,
on
almost