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Example 3-13

Kanawha, West Virginia Stockton-Lewiston Raw Coal


Theoretical air fraction =
1.3 (F)
The stoichiometric reaction equation is:
aC +bH2 +cO2 +dN2 +eS +fO2 +3.76fN2 -> aCO2 +bH2O +(3.76f+d)N2
Component
i
lbs i/lb
moles i/
Mole
Component moles j
dry coal
lb coal
factors
j
/lb coal
C
0.48
0.04
a
CO2
0.04
H2
0.033
0.0165
b
H2O
0.0165
O2
0.067 0.002094
c
O2 0.013903
N2
0.01 0.000357
d
N2 0.226885
S
0.006 0.000188
e
SO2 0.000188
Ash
0.404
Sum =
1 0.059138
wet total
0.29748
From oxygen mole balance:
dry total
0.28098
f =a +e -c +b/2 =
0.046344
The stoichiometric air-fuel ratio is (28.9)(4.76)f =
and the actual air fuel ratio is (28.9)(4.76)Ff =
Then the actual reaction equation is:
aC +bH2 +cO2 +dN2 +eS + FfO2 +(3.76)FfN2 -> aCO2 +bH2O
+[(3.76)Ff+d]N2 +eSO2 +(F-1)fO2
The steady flow first law gives:
Q = Hp-Hr = a[hf+dh(T)]|CO2 +b[hf+dh(T)]|H2O + e[hf+dh(T)]|SO2
+[d+3.76Ff]dh(T)|N2 +(F-1)fdh(T)|O2 = 0
Heat of Formation, Btu/lb-mole->
-169184
-103966
Flue gas comp.:
(F-1)f
d+3.76Ff
a
b
lb-mole/lb fuel
0.013903 0.226885
0.04
0.0165
TEMPERATURE
ENTHALPY, BTU/LB-MOLE
R
K
O2
N2
CO2
H2O
536.7
540
720
900
1080
1260
1440
1620
1800
1980
2160
2340
2520
2700
2880
3060
3240
3420

298.15
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600
1700
1800
1900

0
23
1301
2617
3977
5377
6812
8278
9767
11277
12803
14345
15899
17466
19044
20632
22230
23839

0
23
1278
2543
3826
5135
6473
7840
9234
10652
12093
13553
15030
16522
18028
19544
21071
22607

0
30
1722
3573
5553
7638
9811
12059
14368
16728
19133
21574
24047
26546
29069
31612
34172
36748

0
27
1485
2979
4518
6106
7745
9438
11185
12988
14845
16753
18711
20715
22762
24848
26971
29128

+eSO2
wet
dry
xj
xj
0.134465 0.142361
0.055467 ------0.046737 0.049482
0.762701
0.80749
0.00063 0.000667
1

6.375
8.288

-127619
e
0.000188
SO2
0
32
1828
3768
5827
7980
10205
12486
14811
17171
19559
21970
24401
26847
29307
31780
34263
36755

Q
Btu/lb of
fuel
-8506.7
-8499.5
-8104.9
-7700.6
-7285.6
-6859.1
-6421.2
-5972.5
-5513.9
-5046.5
-4571.1
-4088.8
-3600.4
-3106.6
-2608.0
-2105.2
-1598.7
-1088.7

3600
3780
3960
4140
4320
4500
4680
4860
5040
5220
5400
5580
5760
5940
6120
6300
6480
6660
6840
7020
7200
7380
7560
7740
7920
8100
8280
8460
8640
8820
9000
9180
9360
9540
9720
9900
10080
10260
10440
10620
10800

2000
2100
2200
2300
2400
2500
2600
2700
2800
2900
3000
3100
3200
3300
3400
3500
3600
3700
3800
3900
4000
4100
4200
4300
4400
4500
4600
4700
4800
4900
5000
5100
5200
5300
5400
5500
5600
5700
5800
5900
6000

25458
27086
28725
30373
32030
33698
35374
37059
38753
40455
42166
43885
45612
47346
49088
50836
52591
54352
56120
57893
59672
61457
63247
65043
66843
68650
70461
72277
74099
75927
77760
79599
81444
83295
85153
87017
88889
90769
92657
94552
96457

TEMPERATURE
___________

39338
41940
44553
47177
49809
52450
55098
57754
60416
63084
65759
68438
71123
73812
76507
79206
81909
84616
87328
90043
92763
95486
98213
100943
103677
106414
109155
111899
114646
117397
120150
122907
125668
128433
131202
133974
136751
139532
142316
145105
147897

31315
33531
35773
38040
40328
42637
44966
47312
49674
52051
54443
56848
59264
61693
64133
66583
69042
71510
73988
76473
78966
81466
83973
86487
89007
91533
94065
96603
99145
101693
104246
106803
109366
111934
114507
117085
119668
122256
124849
127447
130050

39257
41765
44281
46803
49332
51866
54405
56950
59499
62053
64611
67173
69740
72310
74885
77462
80044
82630
85219
87811
90407
93005
95608
98214
100822
103434
106049
108668
111289
113913
116541
119171
121805
124441
127081
129723
132368
135016
137667
140321
142979

ENTHALPY, KJ/G-MOLE
-------------------

R
K
______________

0
180

24151
25702
27259
28822
30390
31963
33540
35122
36707
38295
39887
41481
43079
44678
46281
47885
49492
51101
52712
54324
55939
57555
59173
60793
62414
64037
65661
67287
68914
70543
72173
73805
75438
77073
78709
80347
81986
83626
85268
86912
88558

O2
N2
CO2
H2O
SO2
____________________________________________

0
100

-8.683
-5.779

-8.670
-5.768

-9.364
-6.456

-9.904
-6.615

-10.552
-7.217

-575.8
-60.1
457.9
978.3
1500.7
2024.9
2551.0
3078.6
3607.7
4138.2
4670.0
5203.0
5737.2
6272.4
6808.7
7345.8
7884.0
8423.0
8962.9
9503.6
10045.0
10587.2
11130.2
11673.7
12218.0
12763.0
13308.6
13854.9
14401.7
14949.2
15497.4
16046.1
16595.5
17145.6
17696.4
18247.7
18799.8
19352.6
19906.0
20460.4
21015.4

360

200

536.7
540
720
900
1080
1260
1440
1620
1800
1980
2160
2340
2520
2700
2880
3060
3240
3420
3600
3780
3960
4140
4320
4500
4680
4860
5040
5220
5400
5580
5760
5940
6120
6300
6480
6660
6840
7020
7200
7380
7560
7740
7920
8100
8280
8460
8640
8820
9000
9180

298.15
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600
1700
1800
1900
2000
2100
2200
2300
2400
2500
2600
2700
2800
2900
3000
3100
3200
3300
3400
3500
3600
3700
3800
3900
4000
4100
4200
4300
4400
4500
4600
4700
4800
4900
5000
5100

-2.868

-2.857

0.000
0.054
3.025
6.084
9.244
12.499
15.835
19.241
22.703
26.212
29.761
33.344
36.957
40.599
44.266
47.958
51.673
55.413
59.175
62.961
66.769
70.6
74.453
78.328
82.224
86.141
90.079
94.036
98.013
102.009
106.023
110.054
114.102
118.165
122.245
126.339
130.447
134.569
138.705
142.854
147.015
151.188
155.374
159.572
163.783
168.005
172.24
176.488
180.749
185.023

0.000
0.054
2.971
5.911
8.894
11.937
15.046
18.223
21.463
24.760
28.109
31.503
34.936
38.405
41.904
45.429
48.978
52.548
56.137
59.742
63.361
66.995
70.64
74.296
77.963
81.639
85.323
89.015
92.715
96.421
100.134
103.852
107.577
111.306
115.041
118.781
122.525
126.274
130.027
133.784
137.545
141.309
145.078
148.85
152.625
156.405
160.187
163.973
167.763
171.556

-3.414
0.000
0.069
4.003
8.305
12.907
17.754
22.806
28.030
33.397
38.884
44.473
50.148
55.896
61.705
67.569
73.480
79.431
85.419
91.439
97.488
103.562
109.66
115.779
121.917
128.073
134.246
140.433
146.636
152.852
159.081
165.321
171.573
177.836
184.109
190.393
196.686
202.989
209.301
215.622
221.951
228.29
234.637
240.991
247.354
253.725
260.103
266.4889
272.882
279.283
285.691

-3.282
0.000
0.062
3.452
6.925
10.501
14.192
18.002
21.938
26.000
30.191
34.506
38.942
43.493
48.151
52.908
57.758
62.693
67.706
72.79
77.941
83.153
88.421
93.741
99.108
104.52
109.973
115.464
120.99
126.549
132.139
137.757
143.403
149.073
154.768
160.485
166.222
171.98
177.757
183.552
189.363
195.191
201.034
206.892
212.764
218.65
224.548
230.458
236.38
242.313
248.258

-3.736
0
0.074
4.25
8.758
13.544
18.548
23.721
29.023
34.428
39.914
45.464
51.069
56.718
62.404
68.123
73.87
79.642
85.436
91.25
97.081
102.929
108.792
114.669
120.559
126.462
132.376
138.302
144.238
150.184
156.14
162.106
168.081
174.065
180.057
186.058
192.068
198.086
204.111
210.145
216.186
222.235
228.292
234.356
240.427
246.506
252.592
258.685
264.785
270.893
277.007

9360
9540
9720
9900
10080
10260
10440
10620
10800

5200
5300
5400
5500
5600
5700
5800
5900
6000

189.311
193.614
197.933
202.267
206.618
210.987
215.375
219.782
224.21

175.352
179.152
182.955
186.761
190.571
194.384
198.201
202.023
205.848

292.109
298.535
304.971
311.416
317.87
324.334
330.806
337.288
343.779

254.215
260.184
266.164
272.157
278.161
284.177
290.204
296.244
302.295

283.128
289.257
295.392
301.534
307.683
313.838
320
326.169
332.346