KONSTRUK-KONSTRUK DALAM MEMBINA ITEM SCIENCE SEKOLAH RENDAH (JPN SELANGOR) SCIENCE SECTION A

CONSTRUCT 1 : KNOWLEDGE 1. Fact : To recall specific and separated information. To test knowledge regarding science facts such as characteristic, phenomena. 2. Definition : Knowledge about meaning, an explanation or the use of the correct terminology. 3. Classification : Knowledge about class, group, set or parts 4. Sequence : Knowledge about the correct arrangement, direction or movement. 5. Method : Knowledge about steps or procedure in an investigation, or method/ways of carrying out something. 6. Principle : Knowledge about main idea, scheme and pattern which is used to arrange or form something such as phenomenon.

CONSTRUCT 2 : UNDERSTANDING & COMPREHENSION U1 : TRANSLATION The ability to express certain concept using words or other symbols. ✔ To change symbol/graph/picture into word/statement or vice versa U2 : INTERPRETATION

The ability to relate parts in a text and express it in a different way or form without changing the meaning.
✔ Express using own words. Summarise

✔ To explain chart, graph, map, table in the form of statements or vice versa. ✔ To explain the meaning of a word. U3 : EXTRAPOLATION The skills to forecast or expand information or tendency beyond the information given to explain the effect, outcome, and result. ✔ To form a pre-conclusion based on an observation, knowledge, experience ✔ To make prediction based on set/data/graph ✔ To forecast based on cause and effect ✔ To give inference, explain pattern or sequence

CONSTRUCT 3 : APPLICATION The skills to use ideas, concepts, principles, theories, procedures and generalizations to solve problems in a new situation

SCIENCE SECTION B / SAINS BAHAGIAN B - 15 KRITERIA

A. SPS/KPS 1– TO INFER / MEMBUAT INFERENS ( >< 4 SOALAN)
➢ The ability to make a logical statement to explain the cause and

effect of an observation. K1 To state a reasonable explanation of the observation.

Menyatakan satu penerangan yang munasabah tentang pemerhatian. K2 - To state other reasonable explanation of the observation. Menyatakan penerangan lain yang munasabah tentang pemerhatian. K3 - To state additional observations to test the accuracy of the inference (explanation). Menyatakan pemerhatian tambahan untuk menguji kejituan inferens.

B. SPS/KPS 2: TO PREDICT/ MEMBUAT RAMALAN (>< 2 SOALAN) ➢ Making a forecast about what will happen in the future based on prior knowledge gained through experience or collected data. K4 - To state what will happen by using previous data or information. Menyatakan apa yang berlaku dengan menggunakan data atau maklumat yang lepas (ramal berdasar data) K5 To state what will happen by extrapolating the data.

Menyatakan apa yang berlaku dengan mengekstrapolasi data. (ramal di luar data)

C. SPS /KPS 3: INTERPRETING INFORMATION/ MENTAFSIR MAKLUMAT ( >< 5/6 SOALAN)

➢ To get the information from an implicit idea such as pattern

(trend),relationship or conclusion from a given data in the form of bar chart, diagram, table. K6 - To make statements derived from the data or information gathered. (aim/purpose) Membuat penyataan tentang maksud data atau maklumat yang dikumpul (tujuan) . K7 - To state the pattern or trend from information gathered. Menyatakan pola atau corak daripada maklumat yang dikumpul. K8 - To state the relationship of the variables. Menyatakan hubungan antara pemboleh ubah. K9 To make conclusion based on the information gathered. Membuat kesimpulan berdasarkan data yang dikumpul.

D. SPS/KPS 4: TO CONTROL VARIABLES/ PEMBOLEH UBAH (>< 5/6 SOALAN)

➢ To identify variables (things to change, keep the same and to observe).

K10 - To state the variables needed in the investigation. Menyatakan 2 pembolehubah yang perlu digunakan dalam penyiasatan (maklumat). K11 - To state the things to change. Menyatakan pembolehubah dimanipulasi.

K12 - To state the things to observe. Menyatakan pembolehubah bergerak balas. K13 - To state the things to keep the same. Menyatakan pembolehubah dimalarkan.

E. SPS/ KPS 5: TO MAKE HYPOTHESES/ HIPOTESIS (>< 3 SOALAN)

➢ To state the relationship between the thing to change and the thing to observe and the validity of the statement can be tested. K14 variables. To suggest explanation/s for the relationship between

Mencadangkan penerangan tentang hubungan antara pembolehubah. K15 - To state explanation/s based from previous scientific principle or knowledge. Menyatakan penerangan berdasarkan prinsip sains atau pengetahuan yang lepas (berdasar penyataan/ lain) .

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